Date: Mon May 21 2001 - 12:47:40 EDT
In a message dated 5/21/01 11:28:14 AM, email@example.com writes:
>12-DI HN AITIAN KAI TAUTA PASCW ALL OUK EPAISCUNOMAI OIDA GAR W
>PEPISTEUKA KAI PEPEISMAI OTI DUNATOS ESTIN THN PARAQHKHN MOU FULAKSAI(?)
>EIS EKEINHN THN HMERAN
>14-THN KAKHN PARAQHKHN FULAKSON(?) DIA PNEUMATOS AGIOU TOU ENOIKOUNTOS
>Pardon my transcription of FULASSW. That one letter escapes me.
>My question relates to the translation of PARAQHKH found in the KJV and
>NASB. Is there a textual variant here that Nestles doesn't give? The
>translation runs-"because he is able to keep that which I have committed
>unto him"(12) and "guard that which has been entrusted to you"(14). What
>is the origin/basis of this translation?
>Permit me one more question. I went to the b-greek archive and tried to
>access sunsite but it came up empty-no page found. Did I miss something?
walt seevers, I must admit that sometimes I have trouble with the archives.
There is a rather long string in the archives on this subject. The question
you are asking is really about the relationship of the genitive MOU to the
noun PARAQHKH. Some grammars talk of this as a genitive with a noun of
action. The key is that the noun has to indicate that someone is doing
something. The question is, "who is doing the action?" An illustration in
English that has a direct Greek counterpart would be the "love of Christ." Is
Christ doing the loving - the noun in the genitive would be the subject of
the action of loving. However, the noun in the genitive could be the
recipient of the action of loving, some call this the objective genitive
since the noun (pronoun) in the genitive receives the action. Now many will
question the necessity of such categories and will indicate that the writer
left the expression intentionally ambiguous so that the reader would see it
as both rather than either/or. In the case of the verse you refer to no
translations I know (or can remember) leaves it ambiguous. There is no
textual problem here. The translation I prefer because of the context (1 Tim.
6:20, the rest of 2 Tim. 1 and the first few verses in 2 Tim. 2) is the RSV.
"He is able to guard that which he has entrusted to me." Those who use such
categories call this objective genitive. Others simply indicate that it is a
genitive doing what genitives do, modifying a substantive, i.e., adding
meaning to the word PARAQHKH.
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