[b-greek] RE: Agency&Passive, Mk 14:57-59 False testimony

From: Carl W. Conrad (cwconrad@artsci.wustl.edu)
Date: Thu Jun 07 2001 - 08:18:18 EDT

It seems to me that this discussion is moving away from the Greek text
proper and getting increasingly involved in larger issues of NT
interpretation that involve hermeneutical principles of the sort that
list-members hold a very broad range of perspectives. PLEASE keep the focus
on the Greek text and NOT on broader issues of interpretation.

At 8:39 AM +0200 6/7/01, Iver Larsen wrote:
>>From Iver to Clay:
>> Iver raised the issue of the privacy of Jesus prediction of the fall of the
>> temple in Mk 13:2, suggesting that the false testimony in Mk 14:57-59 could
>> not be linked to remarks that were not publicly made.
>> I looked over the synoptic accounts of Jesus prediction of the fall of the
>> temple (MK13:2, Matt 24:2, Lk 21:6) and it seems that these remarks were
>> only semi-private. Real privacy in Mark's account does not arrive until Mk
>> 13:3 where we are told that Peter, James and John EPHRWTA AUTO KAT' IDIAN.
>> See also Matt 24:3.
>> Those who were available to hear Jesus prediction (hOI MAQTHAI) about the
>> temple could easily have been responsible for repeating Jesus words which
>> became the substance of the false testimony in Mk 14:57-59 even if they were
>> not the ones bearing false testimony. Assuming that hOI MAQTHAI is not being
>> used in the narrow sense of the twelve, it could even be possible that one
>> of those hearing Jesus actually participated in the false testimony directly
>> but this would be impossible to prove and is in a sense a question of little
>> importance.
>Although we are moving away from the agency/passive discussion, I'd like
>to make a couple
>of comments.
>The text of Mk 13:3 and parallels is not that clear as to exactly who were
>with Jesus when
>he predicted the destruction of the Temple. As he was probably returning
>to spend the
>night in Bethany after a day in the Temple, I think it is unlikely that
>the disciples
>mentioned are other than the 12. When only four names are mentioned in Mk
>13:3, I do not
>take this to mean that the other 8 were not present. Matthew 24:3 does not
>mention the
>four spokespersons, but says that his disciples came to him and when he
>was alone with
>them, he said... I have always understood the whole Olivet discourse to
>have been directed
>to the 12 disciples alone.
>A more important reason that Mk 14:58 probably refers to John 2:19, which
>that Jesus is
>falsely accused of not only destroying the temple, but also making the
>statement that he was going to build another temple within three days. It
>is no wonder
>that the Sanhedrin could not use such an outrageous claim for anything. No
>one would take
>it seriously, and of course, Jesus was speaking of a different temple
>altogether, which
>his opponents were going to tear down while he (or God) would rebuild it.
>The false testimony contains three elements:
>1) Destroy this Temple, representing God's presence (TON NAON TOUTON)
>2) Built with hands
>3) I will rebuild another temple within three days
>Numbers 1) and 3) are clear parallels to John 2:19, including TON NAON
>TOUTON, rather than
>TO hIERON, the Temple buildings including the huge Herodian stones of the
>outer wall,
>which is talked about in Mk 13:1-4. There is only one common element with
>Mk 13:2, the
>word "destroy".
>Number 2) - CEIROPOIHTOS - is not mentioned anywhere else in the gospels,
>but that does
>not mean that it cannot refer to something Jesus may have said. The false
>accusation could
>well be a conflation of two different sayings of Jesus. The "missing link"
>is that the
>physical NAOS in Jerusalem was "made by hands" and it was to be replaced
>by a new NAOS,
>not made by hands, that is Jesus himself and by extension His Body, the
>Church. This
>understanding is reflected in Acts 7:48 and Heb 9:11. It could well have
>been part of the
>teaching of Jesus that God would no longer dwell in the NAOS in Jerusalem,
>but would dwell
>in His Church.
>Iver Larsen
>B-Greek home page: http://metalab.unc.edu/bgreek
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Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics/Washington University
Home: 7222 Colgate Ave./St. Louis, MO 63130/(314) 726-5649
WWW: http://www.artsci.wustl.edu/~cwconrad/

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