[b-greek] Re: Why does IAKWBOS --> James?

From: Daniel Riaño (danielrr@eresmas.net)
Date: Wed Feb 13 2002 - 11:54:19 EST

Barbara D. Colt wrote:

>Now, tell us where the spaniards got 'Diego.'

IAKWBOS has a long list of derivatives in most European languages
(Giacomo, Jacques, James, etc), and specially in Spanish, because of
the apostle's fame, who, tradition says, he visited Spain and is now
the national saint or Patron of Spain (he even appeared to the
Spaniards before the battle of Clavijo against the Arabs, and
produced a long list of miracles of popular taste)

 From the latinized form Iacobus comes the Spanish names Jacob and
Jacobo and Catalan Jaume, castillian Jaime, and the now not so common
Yago. However, the common form of the saint's name in Spanish is
Santiago < Sancti-Iacob.

Diego comes from Latin didacus>didacu>diaco>diago (up to here, a
perfectly regular derivation in Spanish), accented D'i-a-cus,
D'i-a-go, trisilabic, proparoxyton, and from here the very common
name Diaz. Later, -i-a- diptonged giving Dia-go, and from here Diego.
The form Diego appears already in the Cantar de Mio Cid, but this is
probably a modern orthography of the ancient copyists (maybe 13-14th
century) and in Cid's times (12th century) the form would have been
D'iago. Probably because Diago / Diego had no Saint in heaven, and
because of the similarity of this typically Spanish name with Saint
Yago, the name received an etymology from Santiago / Iacob, many
centuries ago, and this is what most people thinks. (See M. Pidal
edition of the "Cantar" for all the info)

Well, somewhat biblical...

Daniel Riaño Rufilanchas
Madrid, España

POR FAVOR, tomad nota de mi nueva dirección de correo: danielrr@eresmas.net

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