From: c stirling bartholomew (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Date: Mon Mar 04 2002 - 02:08:32 EST
on 3/3/02 8:32 PM, Kevin Cauley wrote:
> In Acts 2:38 we have . . . .
> PETROS DE EFH PROS AUTOUS METANOHSATE KAI BAPTISQHTW EKASTOS hUMWN EPI TW
> ONOMATI IHSOU XRISTOU EIS AFESIN AMARTIWN KAI LHYESQE THN DOREAN TOU hAGIOU
> Here is my question: Must the second part of this verse, KAI LHYESQE THN
> DOREAN TOU hAGIOU PNEUMATOS be grammatically equal (in its relationship to
> the verbs METANOHSATE and BAPTISQHTW) with the prepositional phrase EIS
> AFESIN AMARTIWN. I.E. if one gets AFESIN AMARTIWN does it necessarily
> follow from the grammar that one must get THN DOREAN TOU hAGIOU PNEUMATOS as
> well. Or is it possible that these could be two separately obtainable
> things the second being unrelated to the verbs of the first?
The KAI in KAI LHYESQE THN DOREAN TOU hAGIOU PNEUMATOS, can be taken as a
simple additive or as a consecutive. The latter option (KAI consecutivum)
would suggest that LHYESQE . . . is in some sense a consequence of what
precedes. BDF (#442.2) states that the consecutive KAI "is especially
frequent after imperatives . . . ." C.K. Barrett (Acts ICC, v.1 pp. 154-5)
suggests that the notion of consequence is found here but he cautions
against taking the imperative BAPTISQHTW as a conditional imperative.
If we go with the KAI consecutivum it might be best to see it as linked with
both METANOHSATE KAI BAPTISQHTW. Is there a conditional sense intended here?
Barrett doesn't think so but others like R. Pesch do. I am not sure how you
can accept the KAI consecutivum without having it reflect some vague sense
of conditionality back on the preceeding impertive(s). But it is late, I may
just be to tired after my walk on the beach to see how Barrett sorts this
Perhaps someone else can pick up on this one.
Clayton Stirling Bartholomew
Three Tree Point
P.O. Box 255 Seahurst WA 98062
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