Date: Wed Mar 13 2002 - 09:20:44 EST
In a message dated 3/13/2002 6:06:29 AM Eastern Standard Time,
EGENETODE EN IKONIWi KATA TO AUTO EISELQEIN AUTOS EIS THN SUNAGWGHN TWN
IOUDAIWN KAILALHSAI hOUTWS hOSTE PISTEUSAI IOUDAIWN TE KAI hELLHNWN POLU
I am having some difficulty with Acts 14:1 and was wondering if anyone has
any ideas on....
1) how to best translate (and the precise function of) KATA TO AUTO near the
beginning of the verse and,
Perhaps part of the BGAD entry on KATA can clarify this for you
(II) With the acc.
c. KATA serves to isolate or separate by (Thu. 1, 138, 6 hOI KAQ' hEAUTOUS
hELLHNES 'the Greeks by themselves'; Polyb. 1, 24, 4; 5, 78, 3; 11, 17, 6;
Diod. S. 13,72, 8; Gen 30:40; 43:32; 2 Macc 13:13; Philo, Migr. Abr. 87; 90)
EXEIN TI KAQ' hEAUTON keep someth. to oneself Ro 14:22 (cf. Jos., Ant. 2,
255; Heliod. 7, 16,1). K. hEAUTON MENEIN live by oneself of the private
dwelling of Paul in Rome Ac 28:16. PISTIS NEKRA K. hEAUTHN faith by itself is
dead Js 2:17 (Simplicius in Epict. p. 3, 43 TO SWMA KAQ' AUTO NEKRON ESTIN).
hH KAT' OIKON EKKLHSIA thechurch in the house Ro 16:5; 1 Cor 16:19. KAT'
IDIAN s. IDIOS 4. KATA MONAS(Thu. 1, 32, 5; Menand., Epitr. 594 J, fgm. 158
Kock; Polyb. 4, 15, 11; Diod.S. 4, 51, 16; BGU 813, 15 [s. APF 2, '03, 97];
LXX) alone, by oneself Mk 4:10;Lk 9:18; Hm 11:8 (here, as well as BGU loc.
cit. and LXX, written as one word KATAMONAS).
Thus KATA AUTO would be translated somewhat in this fashion (in a very
"It happened in Iconium that they, by themselves, went into the synagogue of
the Jews . . ."
2) why two aorist infinitives are used later in the verse (LALhSAI and
Actually, there are not just 2 aorist infinitives. EISELQEIN is also an
aorist. It has been popular to speak of the aorist as representing
punctiliar action as opposed to a present or an imperfect which represents
continuing action. I would strongly recommend against CARELESSLY speaking in
this fashion. It actually represents nothing concerning the actuality of the
action. It represents the writer's VIEW of the action. I would say that this
whole matter is being considered as one event in the ongoing saga (regardless
of how many times they may have actually gone into the synagogue).
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