From: Randy Leedy (Rleedy@bju.edu)
Date: Thu Mar 14 2002 - 22:55:19 EST
What are you doing up so late, Carl?
I guess I didn't make my question quite clear enough. Or else you're
too tired and should go to bed and try again in the morning. :-)
I'm not looking for examples where the development of particular word
forms has included a metathesis somewhere along the way. I'm looking
for words that synchronically exist in two different forms, where the
difference between the two involves a transposition of letters. A
theoretical example, since I used a Hebrew word for "sheep," would be
if PROBATON had a variant spelling PROTABON.
Do you know any such? I'll try to take a look at Smyth tomorrow; at
the moment I've got to crank out some grading and get to bed.
>>> "Carl W. Conrad" <email@example.com> 03/14/02 10:42PM
At 9:51 PM -0500 3/14/02, Randy Leedy wrote:
>A colleague of mine (who teaches Hebrew) has gotten curious about
>metathesis as a linguistic phenomenon, and he is interested in
>compiling some examples of words (from a variety of languages) with
>variant forms where the difference is a re-ordering of letters. He
>gave as examples a Hebrew word for sheep (KeBeS / KeSeB) and a
>Caribbean English variant: sandals / slandas.
>I can't think of any Greek words that have variant forms involving
>reordering the letters, though, to be honest, it seems like there
>might be a word or two rattling around in the dark recesses of the
>brain where I can't get to it. I wouldn't be surprised to see
>something of this sort in the non-literary papyri; does anyone know
>any Greek word(s) that are commonly written with such a variant
>spelling, whether in "street talk" or in more formal language?
The term is used for two common phenomena in Greek phonetic history:
(1) consonantal metathesis: very common is the phenomenon, when
nasal verbal (especially) roots become associated with consonantal Y
BAN + yO/E --> BAINW/BAINEIS/BAINEI, KTL ("y" for consonantal
FAN + yO/E --> FAINW/FAINEIS/FAINEI, KTL
OFEL + yO/E --> OFEILW/OFEILEIS/OFEILEI, KTL
FQER + yO/E --> FQEIRW/FQEIREIS/FQEIREI, KTL
The same phenomenon can also be seen in feminine adjectives where
to a liquid or nasal adjectival stem:
MELAN + yA --> MELAINA (fem. of MELAS, MELAINA, MELAN,
(2) vocalic metathesis: in Greek one sees this especially with
nouns that alternate short-vowel diphthongs with long-vowel +
consonant before a vocalic or consonantal case-ending:
BASILEU + S (nom. BASILEUS, dat. pl. BASILEUSI)
BASILHf + OS/A (gen. BASILHfOS, acc. sg. BASILHfA--"f" =
After loss of the digamma (still pronounced at the time of the
poems), the combinations in Attic BASILHOS and BASILHA suffered shift
quantity such that HO became EW and HA became EA (with long alpha).
There are other types of consonantal and vocalic metathesis too; see
##128, 402, 549, 559d, 56f.
Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Emeritus)
Most months:: 1647 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828)
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