ecològic
adj 1. organic
Aliments ecològics. - Organic food (or produce).
2. ecological

edat
n (f) age

expr edat de jubilació
(f) retirement age

expr edat mitjana
(f) Middle Ages

expr arribar a la majoria d'edat
to come of age

educació
n (f) education

expr educació física
(f) physical education / PE (Br.) / phys ed (Am.)

efecte
n 1. (m) effect
2. efectes (mpl) belongings

expr efecte hivernacle
(m) greenhouse effect

expr efectes personals
(mpl) personal belongings

expr fer efecte
to take effect
Les aspirines fan efecte aviat. - The aspirins soon take effect.

efectuar
v conj to carry out / to conduct / to effect

eixe
adj that

n that one

elecció
n 1. eleccions (fpl) election
2. (f) choice

expr eleccions parcials
(fpl) by-election (Br.)

electròlisi
n (f) electrolysis

El Salvador
n El Salvador

em
pron me / myself

embarcar
v conj 1. [vaixell] to load (something) onto (a boat or ship) / to put (something) on board (a boat or ship)
2. [tren, avió, bus] to load (something) onto (a train, plane, bus) / to put (something) on board (a train, plane, bus)
3. to get (somebody) involved in (something risky, dangerous or difficult)
embarcar-se
1. embarcar-se[vaixell] to get on / to go (or get) on board / to board (formal) / to go aboard ship (formal) / to embark (formal)
Es van embarcar cap a València. - They set sail for Valencia.
2. embarcar-se[tren, avió, bus] to get on / to go (or get) on board / to board (formal)
3. embarcar-seto embark on (or upon) (something risky, dangerous or difficult)

embellir
v conj to make (more) beautiful / to beautify
embellir-se
embellir-seto become (more) beautiful

embolicar
v conj 1. to wrap
2. to tangle / to entangle / to muddle up / to make things complicated
3. to embroil (somebody) in (something) / to get (somebody) involved in (something)
embolicar-se
1. embolicar-seto get tangled up / to become messy / to get mixed up
2. embolicar-seto become embroiled in (something) / to get involved in (something)
3. embolicar-se[~ amb] to become involved (with)
4. embolicar-seto talk rubbish / to make things up

expr embolica que fa fort!
things are becoming more and more complicated!

expr embolicar la troca
to (further) complicate matters

emmagatzematge
n (m) storage

expr emmagatzematge de diòxid de carboni
(m) carbon sequestration

emmarcar
v conj to frame

emotiu
adj emotional

empenta
n 1. (f) push / shove
2. (f) boost

empenyorar
v conj to pawn

emperador
n 1. (m) emperor
2. (m) swordfish

emprar
v conj to use / to employ

empresa
n 1. (f) firm / company / agency / business / enterprise
2. (f) enterprise / endeavour (Br.) / endeavor (Am.) / venture / undertaking

expr llibertat d'empresa
(f) free enterprise

en
prep 1. [lloc, temps, manera in
Els guardem en caixes de fusta. - We keep them in wooden boxes.
Posaren els germans en classes separades. - They put the brother and sister in separate classes.
Van construir la casa en quatre mesos. - They built the house in four months.
Ella sap escriure en occità. - She knows how to write in Occitan.
Parla en veu baixa. - He is speaking in a low voice.
2. [usada en correlació amb 'de', denotant distribució] to

expr de dia en dia
from day to day

expr de porta en porta
from door to door

expr de tant en tant
from time to time

encaixament
n (m) (del cap d'un nadó) engagement

encara
adv 1. still
2. even

expr encara que
even though / even if / albeit

encarregar
v conj 1. to entrust
2. to order / to commission
encarregar-se
encarregar-seto take care of
No pateixis, jo mateix me n'encarregaré. - Don't worry, I'll take care of it myself.

encertat
adj appropriate / fitting / apt

endemà
n (m) the day after / the next day / the following day

endur-se
v conj 1. to take (away) / to make off with (col·loq)
2. to win

enèsim
adj umpteenth

enfonsar
v conj 1. to sink
2. to knock down
3. [destruir] to scuttle / to scupper (Br.)
enfonsar-se
1. enfonsar-seto sink
2. enfonsar-seto collapse

enfrontament
n (m) clash

engròs
n -
A l'engròs. - In bulk / wholesale.

enigma
n (m) enigma

enllaç
n (m) link

enllumenat
n 1. (m) lighting
2. (m) lights

enquestar
v conj to survey / to poll

ens
pron us

n (m) entity

entendre
v conj to understand / to comprehend
entendre's
1. entendre'sto be comprehensible / to be understandable / to make sense
2. entendre'sto get along
3. entendre's[relacions amoroses secretes] to carry on with / to have an affair with

n (m) understanding

expr al meu entendre
as (far as) I see it

entitat
n 1. (f) entity
2. (f) body

entorn
n 1. (m) surroundings
2. entorns (mpl) vicinity / environs (formal) / surrounding area

entrada
n 1. (f) entry
2. (f) entrance / entry / way in
3. (f) ticket
4. (f) [FIN] down payment
5. (f) [ESPORT] [futbol] tackle
6. (f) [ESPORT] [beisbol] inning

expr pagar una entrada (en una compra a terminis)
to put down (o pay) a deposit

entrar
v conj to enter

expr deixar entrar
to admit / to let in

entre
prep between / among / amongst / amid / amidst

entregar
v conj 1. to hand over / to present / to deliver
2. to hand in (Br.) / to give in (Br.) / to turn in (Am.)
Després d'exposar-se en classe, l'informe s'entregarà al professor. - After being presented in class, the report will be handed (or given or turned) in to the teacher.

entrenament
n (m) training

entrevista
n (f) interview

expr entrevista de selecció
(f) job interview

expr fer una entrevista a (algú)
to interview (someone)

enumerar
v conj to enumerate

envoltar
v conj to surround

epifania
n (f) epiphany

època
n 1. (f) era / epoch / age
2. (f) time

equilibrat
adj balanced

expr una dieta equilibrada
a balanced diet

equilibri
n 1. (m) balance
2. (m) stability
3. (m) equilibrium

equivalent
adj equivalent

n (m) equivalent

Eritrea
n (f) Eritrea

errada
n (f) error

es
pron himself / herself / itself / themselves / yourself

escalada
n 1. (f) rock climbing
2. (f) climb
3. (f) escalation

escalfament
n 1. (m) warming
2. (m) heating
3. (m) [ESPORT] warm up

expr escalfament global
(m) global warming

escapar
v conj to slip
escapar-se
escapar-se[~ de] to escape (from) / to run away (from) / to get away (from)

escàs
adj scarce

escenografia
n (f) set design / stage design / theatrical design / scenography

esclafir
v conj 1. [fuet] to crack / [tro] to crash
2. to crack / to smack

expr esclafir a plorar
to burst into tears

expr esclafir a riure
to burst out laughing

expr fer esclafir els dits
to snap (o click) your fingers

esclerosi
n (m) sclerosis

expr esclerosi múltiple
(m) multiple sclerosis / MS

escola
n (f) school

expr escola bressol
(f) nursery school (Br.) / pre-k (Am.)

escopofília
n (f) voyeurism

escorça
n 1. (f) bark
2. (f) [d'una fruita] peel
3. (f) [ANAT] cortex

expr escorça cerebral
(f) cerebral cortex

expr escorça terrestre
(f) Earth's crust

escorta
n 1. (f) [grup] escort
2. (m / f) [membre d'una escorta] escort
3. (m / f) [bàsquet] shooting guard

escriba
n (m) scribe

esdevenir
v conj 1. to become
2. to turn into
esdevenir-se
esdevenir-seto happen / to occur / to come about

eslògan
n (m) slogan

esmalt
n 1. (m) enamel
2. (m) gloss

especial
adj special

especialitzat
adj specialized / specialised (Br.) / skilled

especificar
v conj to specify

espectador
n 1. (m / f) spectator / viewer / audience member
2. (m / f) onlooker / bystander

espectròmetre
n (m) spectrometer

espectrometria
n (f) spectrometry

expr espectrometria de masses
(f) mass spectrometry

especulació
n (f) speculation

esperança
n 1. (f) hope
2. (f) expectancy
nota: 'Hope' vol dir 'el que es desitja o que s'anhela' i 'expectancy' vol dir 'el que s'anticipa'.

expr esperança matemàtica
(f) [MAT] expected value

expr esperança de vida
(f) life expectancy

esperar
v conj 1. to wait (for)
2. [desitjar] to hope (that)
3. to expect
esperar-se
1. esperar-seto wait
Espera't un moment! - Wait a minute!
2. esperar-seto expect
No m'ho esperava pas. - I wasn't expecting it.

expr esperar un nen (o un fill)
to be expecting (a baby)

espiritualitat
n (f) spirituality

esportiu
adj sporting / sports

n (m) sports car

expr actitud (o conducta) esportiva
(f) sportsmanship

espremedora
n (f) lemon-squeezer (Br.) / juicer (Am.)

esquela
n 1. (m) notice
2. (m) [~ mortuòria] obituary

esquerda
n 1. (f) crack / chip
2. (f) fissure
3. (f) crevice / gap

essència
n (f) essence

expr essència de vainilla
(f) vanilla essence

essencial
adj essential

ésser
v conj to be

expr no ésser-hi tot
to be not all there
No hi és tot. - He's not all there.

expr sigui com sigui
however

expr sigui el que sigui
whatever

expr tant ésser (a algú)
to be all the same (to somebody)
Tant li és si són de xocolata o de fruita els gelats. - It's all the same to him (or it doesn't matter to him) whether the ice creams are chocolate or fruit.

estadística
n (f) statistic / statistics

estalvi
n 1. (m) saving
2. estalvis (mpl) savings
Compte d'estalvis. - Savings account.
Estalvis de tota la vida. - Life savings.

adj safe

expr sa i estalvi
safe and sound

estany
n 1. (m) pool / small lake
2. (m) tin

estar
v conj 1. to be
2. to stay
3. to be ready

expr estar per
1. to be about to
2. to pay attention to

expr estar-se de
to refrain from / to keep from / to desist from

estat
n 1. (m) state
2. (m) condition
3. (m) status
4. (m) estate

expr estat d'emergència
(f) state of emergency

expr estat d'excepció
(f) state of emergency

expr estat vegetatiu
(m) vegetative state
Estat vegetatiu persistent. - Persistent vegetative state.

estatal
adj state

Estats Units
n (m) United States

expr Estats Units d'Amèrica
(m) United States of America

estatus
n (m) status

estatut
n (m) statute

expr estatut d'autonomia
(m) statute of autonomy

estatutari
adj statutory

estel
n 1. (m) star
2. (m) kite

expr estel fugaç
(m) shooting star

expr Estel Polar
(m) North Star / Polar Star / Polaris

estendre
v conj 1. to spread (out) / to open (out) / to stretch (out)
2. to extend / to enlarge
3. to spread
4. [la roba] to hang out / to peg out

expr ampliament estès
widespread

estès
adj 1. spread (out)
2. widespread
3. hanging / on the line

estil
n (m) style

expr estil lliure
(m) freestyle

expr 200m estils (individual)
(m) [swimming] 200m (individual) medley

estimar
v conj 1. to love
2. to estimate
3. to value
4. to consider / to judge

expr estimar-se més
to prefer

estimat
adj dear / beloved
Estimat pare... - Dear father...

n darling / sweetheart

estiu
n (m) summer

estival
adj summer

estrella
n (f) star

expr estrella de mar
(f) starfish

estret
adj 1. narrow
Per un marge estret. - By a narrow margin.
2. close

expr estret de mires
narrow-minded

expr estret de Gibraltar
(m) Straits of Gibraltar

estructural
adj structural

estudi
n (m) study

et
pron you / yourself

n (m) word used in the expression 'amb tots els ets i uts'

expr amb tots els ets i uts
in great detail / down to the last detail / at (great) length

et al.
abrev et al.

etc
abrev (m) etc

expr i un llarg etc
and so on and so forth

etern
adj eternal

euro
n (m) euro

europeu
adj european

n (m / f) European

evangèlic
adj evangelical

n (m / f) evangelical

evident
adj clear / obvious / evident

evidentment
adv clearly / obviously / evidently

examinar
v conj 1. to examine
2. to check / to test / to inspect

excarcerar
v conj to release (somebody from prison) / to let (somebody) out (of prison) / to free (somebody from prison)

excepció
n (f) exception

excepcional
adj exceptional

excepte
prep except

excesssiu
adj excessive

excitable
adj excitable

excursió
n (f) trip / outing

exempció
n (f) exemption

exemplaritat
n (f) exemplariness

exercir
v conj 1. to exert
El Sol exerceix una forta atracció gravitatòria sobre els planetes. - The Sun exerts a strong gravitational pull on the planets.
2. to exercise
Exerceix el dret a vot tothom que pot votar? - Does everyone who is able to vote exercise the right?
3. to work (as) / to practise (as)
Exerceix de professor de Ciències Polítiques a la Universitat de Barcelona. - She works as a politics lecturer (Br.) / professor (Am.) at the University of Barcelona.
4. to carry out (duties / a role)

expedició
n 1. (f) expedition
2. (f) [FIN] issue / (tec.) issuance

experimental
adj experimental

exposició
n 1. (f) exposition
2. (f) exposure

expressament
adv expressly / definitely

expropiació
n (f) expropriation

expropiar
v conj to expropriate

extens
adj extensive

extern
adj external

extra
adj additional

n (m / f) extra

extracció
n (f) extraction / removal

extremar
v conj 1. to maximize / to intensify
2. [seguretat / vigilància] to strengthen / to step up / to beef up
extremar-se
extremar-seto take great care

extreure
v conj to extract / to remove / to pull out


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