ecològic
adj 1. organic
Aliments ecològics. - Organic food (or produce).
2. ecological

economia
n (f) economy

expr economia de mercat
(f) market economy

econòmic
adj economic

edat
n (f) age

expr edat de jubilació
(f) retirement age

expr edat mitjana
(f) Middle Ages

expr arribar a la majoria d'edat
to come of age

edició
n (f) edition / publication

edifici
n (m) building / premises

editorial
n 1. (f) publishing house / publisher(s) / publishing company
2. (m) editorial

adj publishing

educació
n (f) education

expr educació física
(f) physical education / PE (Br.) / phys ed (Am.)

educatiu
adj educational

efecte
n 1. (m) effect
2. efectes (mpl) belongings

expr efecte hivernacle
(m) greenhouse effect

expr efectes personals
(mpl) personal belongings

expr fer efecte
to take effect
Les aspirines fan efecte aviat. - The aspirins soon take effect.

efectuar
v conj to carry out / to conduct / to effect

eixe
adj that

n that one

elecció
n 1. eleccions (fpl) election
2. (f) choice

expr eleccions parcials
(fpl) by-election (Br.)

electròlisi
n (f) electrolysis

electrònic
adj electronic

element
n (m) element

elevar
v conj 1. to raise
2. to boost

El Salvador
n El Salvador

em
pron me / myself

embarcar
v conj 1. [vaixell] to load (something) onto (a boat or ship) / to put (something) on board (a boat or ship)
2. [tren, avió, bus] to load (something) onto (a train, plane, bus) / to put (something) on board (a train, plane, bus)
3. to get (somebody) involved in (something risky, dangerous or difficult)
embarcar-se
1. embarcar-se[vaixell] to get on / to go (or get) on board / to board (formal) / to go aboard ship (formal) / to embark (formal)
Es van embarcar cap a València. - They set sail for Valencia.
2. embarcar-se[tren, avió, bus] to get on / to go (or get) on board / to board (formal)
3. embarcar-seto embark on (or upon) (something risky, dangerous or difficult)

embellir
v conj to make (more) beautiful / to beautify
embellir-se
embellir-seto become (more) beautiful

embolicar
v conj 1. to wrap
2. to tangle / to entangle / to muddle up / to make things complicated
3. to embroil (somebody) in (something) / to get (somebody) involved in (something)
embolicar-se
1. embolicar-seto get tangled up / to become messy / to get mixed up
2. embolicar-seto become embroiled in (something) / to get involved in (something)
3. embolicar-se[~ amb] to become involved (with)
4. embolicar-seto talk rubbish / to make things up

expr embolica que fa fort!
things are becoming more and more complicated!

expr embolicar la troca
to (further) complicate matters

eminent
adj eminent

emirat
n (m) emirate

expr Emirats Àrabs Units
(m) United Arab Emirates

emmagatzematge
n (m) storage

expr emmagatzematge de diòxid de carboni
(m) carbon sequestration

emmarcar
v conj to frame

emotiu
adj emotional

empenta
n 1. (f) push / shove
2. (f) boost

empenyorar
v conj to pawn

emperador
n 1. (m) emperor
2. (m) swordfish

empitjorar
v conj 1. to make worse / to compound
2. to become worse / to get worse / to deteriorate

emprar
v conj to use / to employ

empresa
n 1. (f) firm / company / agency / business / enterprise
2. (f) enterprise / endeavour (Br.) / endeavor (Am.) / venture / undertaking

expr llibertat d'empresa
(f) free enterprise

en
prep 1. [lloc, temps, manera in
Els guardem en caixes de fusta. - We keep them in wooden boxes.
Posaren els germans en classes separades. - They put the brother and sister in separate classes.
Van construir la casa en quatre mesos. - They built the house in four months.
Ella sap escriure en occità. - She knows how to write in Occitan.
Parla en veu baixa. - He is speaking in a low voice.
2. [usada en correlació amb 'de', denotant distribució] to

expr de dia en dia
from day to day

expr de porta en porta
from door to door

expr de tant en tant
from time to time

encaixament
n (m) (del cap d'un nadó) engagement

encara
adv 1. still
2. even

expr encara que
even though / even if / albeit

encàrrec
n 1. (m) order
2. (m) errand
3. (m) job

expr per encàrrec
on request

expr per encàrrec de (X)
at (X)'s request / at the request of (X)

encarregar
v conj 1. to entrust
2. to order / to commission
encarregar-se
encarregar-seto take care of
No pateixis, jo mateix me n'encarregaré. - Don't worry, I'll take care of it myself.

encendre
v conj 1. to set fire to
2. [una espelma / una pipa] to light
3. [llum / aparell] to switch on / to turn on
4. [passions] to inflame
encendre's
encendre'sto catch fire / to burn

encertat
adj appropriate / fitting / apt

encomanar
v conj 1. to entrust
2. to infect
encomanar-se
encomanar-se[~ de] to become infected by / to be spread / to be contagious
S'encomana per l'aire a través de la tos. - It is spread through the air by coughing.
Aquesta malaltia no s'encomana. - This disease isn't contagious.

endemà
n (m) the day after / the next day / the following day

enderrocar
v conj 1. [un edifici, un pont..] to demolish / to knock down / to pull down
2. to knock over / to knock down
3. to overthrow
enderrocar-se
enderrocar-seto fall down / to collapse

endeutament
n (m) debt

endur-se
v conj 1. to take (away) / to make off with (col·loq)
2. to win

enèsim
adj umpteenth

enfonsar
v conj 1. to sink
2. to knock down
3. [destruir] to scuttle / to scupper (Br.)
enfonsar-se
1. enfonsar-seto sink
2. enfonsar-seto collapse

enfrontament
n (m) clash

enganyar
v conj to deceive / to mislead / to fool
enganyar-se
enganyar-seto fool yourself / to delude yourself / to kid yourself

engròs
n -
A l'engròs. - In bulk / wholesale.

enigma
n (m) enigma

enllaç
n (m) link

enllumenat
n 1. (m) lighting
2. (m) lights

enquestar
v conj to survey / to poll

enriquir
v conj 1. to make (somebody) rich
2. to enrich
Enriquir l'urani. - To enrich uranium.
enriquir-se
1. enriquir-seto become rich
2. enriquir-seto enhance / to improve (fig.)

ens
pron us

n (m) entity

ensalada
n (f) salad

expr ensalada russa
(f) Russian salad

ensenyament
n (m) education / teaching

ensucrar
v conj to sweeten with sugar / to sprinkle with sugar

entendre
v conj to understand / to comprehend
entendre's
1. entendre'sto be comprehensible / to be understandable / to make sense
2. entendre'sto get along
3. entendre's[relacions amoroses secretes] to carry on with / to have an affair with

n (m) understanding

expr al meu entendre
as (far as) I see it

entitat
n 1. (f) entity
2. (f) body

entorn
n 1. (m) surroundings
2. entorns (mpl) vicinity / environs (formal) / surrounding area

entrada
n 1. (f) entry
2. (f) entrance / entry / way in
3. (f) ticket
4. (f) [FIN] down payment
5. (f) [ESPORT] [futbol] tackle
6. (f) [ESPORT] [beisbol] inning

expr pagar una entrada (en una compra a terminis)
to put down (o pay) a deposit

entrar
v conj to enter

expr deixar entrar
to admit / to let in

entre
prep between / among / amongst / amid / amidst

entregar
v conj 1. to hand over / to present / to deliver
2. to hand in (Br.) / to give in (Br.) / to turn in (Am.)
Després d'exposar-se en classe, l'informe s'entregarà al professor. - After being presented in class, the report will be handed (or given or turned) in to the teacher.

entrenament
n (m) training

entrevista
n (f) interview

expr entrevista de selecció
(f) job interview

expr fer una entrevista a (algú)
to interview (someone)

enumeració
n (f) enumeration / list

enumerar
v conj to enumerate

envelat
n 1. (m) marquee
2. (m) (de circ) big top

enviar
v conj to send

envoltar
v conj to surround

enzimàtic
adj enzyme
Activitat enzimàtica. - Enzyme activity.

epifania
n (f) epiphany

epitafi
n (m) epitaph

època
n 1. (f) era / epoch / age
2. (f) time

equació
n (f) equation

expr equació lineal
(f) linear equation

expr equació quadràtica
(f) quadratic equation

equi
adj equine

equilibrar
v conj to balance
equilibrar-se
equilibrar-seto balance (out)

equilibrat
adj balanced

expr una dieta equilibrada
a balanced diet

equilibri
n 1. (m) balance
2. (m) stability
3. (m) equilibrium

equip
n (m) team

equiparar
v conj to liken

equivaldre
v conj to be equivalent to

equivalent
adj equivalent

n (m) equivalent

equivaler
v conj to be equivalent to

Eritrea
n (f) Eritrea

errada
n (f) error

errata
n (f) erratum
nota: Forma plural - 'errata'.

expr fe d'errates
(f) (list of) errata

es
pron himself / herself / itself / themselves / yourself

esbart
n (m) Catalan folk dancing group

esbrinar
v conj to figure out / to determine / to discover / to ascertain

esca
n (f) tinder

escalada
n 1. (f) rock climbing
2. (f) climb
3. (f) escalation

escalfament
n 1. (m) warming
2. (m) heating
3. (m) [ESPORT] warm up

expr escalfament global
(m) global warming

escapar
v conj to slip
escapar-se
escapar-se[~ de] to escape (from) / to run away (from) / to get away (from)

escàs
adj scarce

escenografia
n (f) set design / stage design / theatrical design / scenography

escita
n (m / f) Scythian

adj Scythian

esclafir
v conj 1. [fuet] to crack / [tro] to crash
2. to crack / to smack

expr esclafir a plorar
to burst into tears

expr esclafir a riure
to burst out laughing

expr fer esclafir els dits
to snap (o click) your fingers

esclerosi
n (m) sclerosis

expr esclerosi múltiple
(m) multiple sclerosis / MS

escola
n (f) school

expr escola bressol
(f) nursery school (Br.) / pre-k (Am.)

escolarització
n (f) schooling

escopofília
n (f) voyeurism

escorça
n 1. (f) bark
2. (f) [d'una fruita] peel
3. (f) [ANAT] cortex

expr escorça cerebral
(f) cerebral cortex

expr escorça terrestre
(f) Earth's crust

escorta
n 1. (f) [grup] escort
2. (m / f) [membre d'una escorta] escort
3. (m / f) [bàsquet] shooting guard

escriba
n (m) scribe

escriure
v conj 1. to write
2. to write (to somebody)
Escriu-li una carta. - Write him a letter.
Li escriu cada setmana. - He writes to her every week / he writes her every week (Am.)

expr màquina d'escriure
(f) typewriter

escuma
n (f) foam / scum

esdevenir
v conj 1. to become
2. to turn into
esdevenir-se
esdevenir-seto happen / to occur / to come about

esgrimir
v conj 1. to brandish / to wield
2. [fig.] to put forward

eslàlom
n (m) slalom skiing

eslògan
n (m) slogan

esmalt
n 1. (m) enamel
2. (m) gloss

esmentar
v conj to mention

expr abans esmentat
aforementioned

espai
n (m) space

expr espai aeri
(m) airspace

expr espai exterior
(m) outer space

Espanya
n (f) Spain

espanyol
adj Spanish

espavilat
adj clever / bright / quick-witted / smart

especial
adj special

especialitat
n (f) specialty

especialitzat
adj specialized / specialised (Br.) / skilled

específic
adj specific

especificació
n (f) specification

especificar
v conj to specify

espectador
n 1. (m / f) spectator / viewer / audience member
2. (m / f) onlooker / bystander

espectròmetre
n (m) spectrometer

espectrometria
n (f) spectrometry

expr espectrometria de masses
(f) mass spectrometry

especulació
n (f) speculation

espeleologia
n (f) caving / pot holing (Br.) / spelunking (Am.) / speleology
nota: 'Speleology' refereix sobretot a l'exploració de les coves per raons científiques. No s'utilitza gaire per referir a l'espeleologia com a esport.

esperança
n 1. (f) hope
2. (f) expectancy
nota: 'Hope' vol dir 'el que es desitja o que s'anhela' i 'expectancy' vol dir 'el que s'anticipa'.

expr esperança matemàtica
(f) [MAT] expected value

expr esperança de vida
(f) life expectancy

esperar
v conj 1. to wait (for)
2. [desitjar] to hope (that)
3. to expect
esperar-se
1. esperar-seto wait
Espera't un moment! - Wait a minute!
2. esperar-seto expect
No m'ho esperava pas. - I wasn't expecting it.

expr esperar un nen (o un fill)
to be expecting (a baby)

espina
n (f) thorn

espinós
adj prickly / thorny
Un arbust espinós. - A thorny bush.
Un tema espinós. - A thorny (o prickly) subject.

espiritualitat
n (f) spirituality

esplendor
n (f) (magnificència) splendour (Br.) / splendor (Am.)

espoli
n (m) plunder / plundering / pillaging

esport
n (m) sport

esportiu
adj sporting / sports

n (m) sports car

expr actitud (o conducta) esportiva
(f) sportsmanship

espremedora
n (f) lemon-squeezer (Br.) / juicer (Am.)

esquela
n 1. (m) notice
2. (m) [~ mortuòria] obituary

esquerda
n 1. (f) crack / chip
2. (f) fissure
3. (f) crevice / gap

esquitxar
v conj 1. [aigua] to splash
2. [pintura, fang, oli..] to splash / to spatter
3. [reputació, honra] to tarnish / to stain

essència
n (f) essence

expr essència de vainilla
(f) vanilla essence

essencial
adj essential

essencialment
adv essentially

ésser
v conj to be

expr no ésser-hi tot
to be not all there
No hi és tot. - He's not all there.

expr sigui com sigui
however

expr sigui el que sigui
whatever

expr tant ésser (a algú)
to be all the same (to somebody)
Tant li és si són de xocolata o de fruita els gelats. - It's all the same to him (or it doesn't matter to him) whether the ice creams are chocolate or fruit.

establiment
n (m) establishment

establir
v conj 1. to establish
2. to set up
3. to establish / to agree upon

estadística
n (f) statistic / statistics

estalvi
n 1. (m) saving
2. estalvis (mpl) savings
Compte d'estalvis. - Savings account.
Estalvis de tota la vida. - Life savings.

adj safe

expr sa i estalvi
safe and sound

estany
n 1. (m) pool / small lake
2. (m) tin

estar
v conj 1. to be
2. to stay
3. to be ready

expr estar per
1. to be about to
2. to pay attention to

expr estar-se de
to refrain from / to keep from / to desist from

estat
n 1. (m) state
2. (m) condition
3. (m) status
4. (m) estate

expr estat d'emergència
(f) state of emergency

expr estat d'excepció
(f) state of emergency

expr estat vegetatiu
(m) vegetative state
Estat vegetatiu persistent. - Persistent vegetative state.

estatal
adj state

Estats Units
n (m) United States

expr Estats Units d'Amèrica
(m) United States of America

estatus
n (m) status

estatut
n (m) statute

expr estatut d'autonomia
(m) statute of autonomy

estatutari
adj statutory

estel
n 1. (m) star
2. (m) kite

expr estel fugaç
(m) shooting star

expr Estel Polar
(m) North Star / Polar Star / Polaris

estel·lar
adj stellar

estendre
v conj 1. to spread (out) / to open (out) / to stretch (out)
2. to extend / to enlarge
3. to spread
4. [la roba] to hang out / to peg out

expr ampliament estès
widespread

estès
adj 1. spread (out)
2. widespread
3. hanging / on the line

estil
n (m) style

expr estil lliure
(m) freestyle

expr 200m estils (individual)
(m) [swimming] 200m (individual) medley

estimar
v conj 1. to love
2. to estimate
3. to value
4. to consider / to judge

expr estimar-se més
to prefer

estimat
adj dear / beloved
Estimat pare... - Dear father...

n darling / sweetheart

estiu
n (m) summer

estival
adj summer

estrella
n (f) star

expr estrella de mar
(f) starfish

estret
adj 1. narrow
Per un marge estret. - By a narrow margin.
2. close

expr estret de mires
narrow-minded

expr estret de Gibraltar
(m) Straits of Gibraltar

estructura
n (f) structure

expr estructura de control
(f) [INFORM] control structure

estructural
adj structural

estudi
n (m) study

estudiant
n (m / f) student

estupefaent
n (m) narcotic / drug

et
pron you / yourself

n (m) word used in the expression 'amb tots els ets i uts'

expr amb tots els ets i uts
in great detail / down to the last detail / at (great) length

et al.
abrev et al.

etc
abrev (m) etc

expr i un llarg etc
and so on and so forth

etcètera
n (m) et cetera / etc / and so on

expr i un llarg etcètera
and so on and so forth

etern
adj eternal

etiquetatge
n (m) labelling (Br.) / labeling (Am.)

euro
n (m) euro

europeu
adj european

n (m / f) European

evangèlic
adj evangelical

n (m / f) evangelical

evidència
n (f) evidence

evident
adj clear / obvious / evident

evidentment
adv clearly / obviously / evidently

evolutiu
adj evolutionary

examinar
v conj 1. to examine
2. to check / to test / to inspect

excarcerar
v conj to release (somebody from prison) / to let (somebody) out (of prison) / to free (somebody from prison)

excepció
n (f) exception

excepcional
adj exceptional

excepte
prep except

excesssiu
adj excessive

excessivament
adv excessively

excitable
adj excitable

excitació
n 1. (f) excitement
2. (f) [sexual] arousal

excursió
n (f) trip / outing

execució
n (f) execution

exempció
n (f) exemption

exemplaritat
n (f) exemplariness

exemple
n (m) example

expr per exemple
for example

exercir
v conj 1. to exert
El Sol exerceix una forta atracció gravitatòria sobre els planetes. - The Sun exerts a strong gravitational pull on the planets.
2. to exercise
Exerceix el dret a vot tothom que pot votar? - Does everyone who is able to vote exercise the right?
3. to work (as) / to practise (as)
Exerceix de professor de Ciències Polítiques a la Universitat de Barcelona. - She works as a politics lecturer (Br.) / professor (Am.) at the University of Barcelona.
4. to carry out (duties / a role)

exitós
adj successful

expedició
n 1. (f) expedition
2. (f) [FIN] issue / (tec.) issuance

experiència
n (f) experience

experimental
adj experimental

expert
n 1. (m / f) expert
2. (m / f) connoisseur

adj expert

explicatiu
adj explanatory

exposar
v conj 1. to exhibit
2. to set out / to put forward / to state / to point out

exposició
n 1. (f) exposition
2. (f) exposure

expressament
adv expressly / definitely

expropiació
n (f) expropriation

expropiar
v conj to expropriate

extens
adj extensive

extern
adj external

extra
adj additional

n (m / f) extra

extracció
n (f) extraction / removal

extracte
n (m) excerpt / extract

extraescolar
adj extra-curricular / after-school

extrapolar
v conj to extrapolate

extrem
adj 1. extreme
2. far
3. abject
La pobresa extrema. - Abject poverty.

n (m) extremity / (very) end / extreme

expr l'extrema dreta
the Far Right

expr l'extrema esquerra
the Far Left

expr l'Extrem Orient
the Far East

extremar
v conj 1. to maximize / to intensify
2. [seguretat / vigilància] to strengthen / to step up / to beef up
extremar-se
extremar-seto take great care

extreure
v conj to extract / to remove / to pull out


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