H2O molecule. Intensity is proportional to
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H2O molecule structure
Isolated O atom has 6 electrons in 4 orbitals
2s ↑↓ 2px ↑↓
2py ↑ 2pz ↑
After hybridization we get
sp 3↑↓ sp 3↑↓
sp 3↑ sp 3↑
Two last electrons make bonds with two H atoms.
Hybridized orbitals are also used to hold non-bonding (lone pair painted in
Valence bond theoryupdated 9 Apr 2012