History of the Naval Overseas Transportation Service in World War Iby
LEWIS P. CLEPHANE
and Naval History Division
With an Introduction by
Rear Admiral Ernest McNeill Eller, USN (Retired)
Director of Naval History
Naval History Division
A convoy with aerial escort nears Brest in 1918. NOTS transported six million tons of supplies overseas. [NR&L(M) 10075]
"The vessels in the sea trade of a country are safe from attack if it's possible enemmies believe that its Navy is capable of inflicting intolerable damage upoin the interests of the attacker. . . ."
WILLIAM S. SIMS.
Page Introduction v Preface vii List of Abbreviations xii List of Illustrations xiii List of Charts xvi Brief Synopsis of the Organization and Accomplishments of the Naval Overseasx Transportation Service xvii Chapter I Organization of the Service 1 NOTS Personnel 12 At Headquarters, Navy Department 12 Supervisors of Districts 13 Chapter II Armed Guard Ships and Training 15 Chapter III Operation of NOTS Chapter IV Training of Naval Auxiliary Reserve Officers 57 Chapter V Training of Naval Auxiliary Reserve Enlisted Men 96 Chapter VI Reports of NOTS from Naval Districts 103 Chapter VII Convoys 134 Chapter VIII Routing Chapter IX Stories of Naval Pluck and Encounters With the Enemy 167 Chapter X Demobilization 179 Chapter XI Summary 209 Appendices I. List of NOTS Vessels 213 II. List of Dutch, German, and Austrain Vessels Operated by NOTS 249 III. NOTS Vessels in Contact With the Enemy--Lost, Damaged and Incidents 251 IV. NOTS Vessels in Collisions and Other Accidents 254 V. Ports of Call for NOTS Vessels 258 VI. Supplis Carried by NOTS Vessels 260 VII. Paying the Bills 264 Index
"The United States Navy has met changing conditions of warfare with changing weapons and tactics. But despite those elements of change, one fundamental fact remains unaltered: the sea is still at our gates--east, west, south, and north as well.
CHESTER W. NIMITZ
Officers' ranks are contemporaneous with the event unless otherwise noted. All rank abbreviations are those commonly used and are not entered in the following list:
B Seagoing barge. C Cargo vessel. F Collier. H Horse transport and cargo. M Mine carrier and cargo. R Refrigerator. T Tanker. A Army account. N Navy account. SB Shipping Board account. CTF Cruiser and Transport Force AEF American Expeditionary Force NOTS Naval Overseas Transportation Service
Compiled July 1920 by the Historical Section, ONI, from best available records.
"Supply and transport stand or fall together; history depends on both."
"The nation's honor is dearer than the nation's comfort; yes, than the nation's life itself."
"Combat and Logistics are the two sides of the same Military coin."
Vice Admiral George Dyer
Brief Synopsis of the Organization and Accomplishments of the Naval Overseas Transportation Service
On 16 March 1916 SS Manchuria was the first armed merchantman of the U.S. to sail for the War Zone.
She mounted 2 4" forward, 1 6" aft, 21 pd. rapid fire guns, and 2 Lewis Machineguns.
Photo taken in 1912. [NR&L(M) 18229]
Number of Vessels Assigned NOTS.
USS F. J. Luckenbach transported 26,232 tons of cargo overseas while serving with NOTS. After the Armistice she was transferred to Cruiser and Transport Force to assist in returning the troops home. [NR&L(M) 4385]
USS Glacier, constructed in 1891, had 1,000 cubic ft. of refrigerated space. She served in the Navy from 1898 to 1922. [NR&L(M) 4003]