The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919
U.S. Public Health Service Accounts
"The Pandemic of Influenza in 1918-19"
by C.C. Dauer, M.D., Medical Advisor, National Office of Vital Statistics
"Influenza in the United States, 1887-1956"
by Selwyn D. Collins, Ph.D. [extract from Review and Study of Illness
and Medical Care With Special Reference to Long-Time Trends,
Public Health Monograph No. 48, 1957 (Public Health Service Publication No. 544)]
"A Forgotten Enemy: PHS's Fight Againt the
1918 Influenza Pandemic"
by Gary Gernhart, Office of PHS Historian (Public Health Reports,
November/December 1999, pp. 559-561)
"Epidemiology and Etiology of Influenza"
by Allan J. McLaughlin, M.D. (Assistant Surgeon General, PHS)
(The Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, July 1, 1920, pp. 1-22)
U.S. Army Accounts
U.S. Navy Accounts
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Navy, 1919 -- Miscellaneous Reports.
Report of Bureau of Medicine and Surgery
"The Influenza Epidemic of 1918"
by Carla R. Morrisey, RN, BSN, Navy Medicine 77, no. 3 (May-June 1986): 11-17
"The Great Flu Crisis at Mare Island Navy Yard, and Vallejo, California"
"Philadelphia, Nurses, and the Spanish Influenza Pandemic of 1918"
by James F. Armstrong, RN, BSN, CCRN, Navy Medicine 92, No. 2 (March-April 2001): 16-20
"A Winding Sheet and a Wooden Box" -- an oral
history of a Navy nurse serving at Great Lakes Naval Training Center during the pandemic