Department of StateSeventeenth Street and Pennsylvania Avenue NW.
Officials Secretary of State Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. Special Assistant to the Secretary for Press Relations Michael J. McDermott Special Assistant to the Secretary and Chief of Protocol George T. Summerlin Special Assistant to the Secretary on Broad Management Matters Robert J. Lynch Special Assistant to the Secretary on Substantive Matters G. Hayden Raynor Assistant to the Secretary for White House liaison Charles E. Bohlen Assistant to the Secretary for drafting Wilder Foote Assistant to the Secretary on matters of general policy Carlton Savage Assistant to the Secretary for review and coordination of Secretary's and Under Secretary's correspondence Blanche R. Halla Consultant Robert Woods Bliss Adviser on Arms and Munitions Control Joseph C. Green Adviser on Petroleum Policy Charles B. Rayner Adviser on Caribbean Affairs Charles W. Taussig Under Secretary of State Joseph C. Grew Assistant to the Under Secretary Frances Willis Assistant to the Under Secretary Marion A. Johnston Assistant Secretary of State for European, Far Eastern, Near Eastern, and African Affairs James C. Dunn Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Relations and International Conferences Dean Acheson Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs William L. Clayton Deputy to the Assistant Secretary Edward S. Mason Assistant Secretary of State for American Republic Affairs Nelson Rockefeller Assistant Secretary of State for Public and Cultural Relations Archibald MacLeish Assistant Secretary of State for Administration Julius C. Holmes Legal Adviser Green H. Hackworth Special Assistant to the Secretary for International Organization and Security Affairs Leo Pasvolsky Executive Committees: Secretary's Staff Committee Chairman Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. Vice Chairman Joseph C. Grew Committee on International Conferences, Chairman Dean Acheson Coordinating Committee, Chairman Joseph C. Grew Joint Secretariat: Executive Secretary Charles W. Yost Executive Secretary C. Easton Rothwell Director, Office of European Affairs H. Freeman Matthews Deputy Director John D. Hickerson Chief, Division of British Commonwealth Affairs Theodore C. Achilles
Office of European Affairs--Continued. Chief, Division of Eastern European Affairs Elbridge Durrow Chief, Division of Central European Affairs James W. Riddleberger Chief, Division of Southern European Affairs Cavendish W. Cannon Chief, Division of Northern European Affairs Hugh S. Cumming, Jr. Chief, Division of Western European Affairs Paul T. Culbertson Director, Office of Far Eastern Affairs Joseph W. Ballantine Deputy Director Edwin F. Stanton Chief, Division of Chinese Affairs John Carter Vincent Chief, Division of Japanese Affairs Erle R. Dickover Chief, Division of Southwest Pacific Affairs Abbot Low Moffat Chief, Division of Philippine Affairs Frank P. Lockhart Director, Office of Near Eastern and African Affairs Wallace Murray Deputy Director Paul H. Alling Chief, Division of Near Eastern Affairs Gordon P. Merriam Chief, Division of Middle Eastern Affairs George V. Allen Chief, Division of African Affairs Henry S. Villard Director, Office of American Republic Affairs Avra M. Warren Deputy Director John E. Lockwood Chief, Division of Mexican Affairs John Willard Carrigan Chief, Division of Caribbean and Central American Affairs John M. Cabot Chief, Division of Brazilian Affairs Philip Owen Chalmers, Acting Chief, Division of River Plate Affairs Carl. B. Spaeth Chief, Division of North and West Coast Affairs James H. Wright Chief, Division of American Republics Analysis and Liaison John C. Dreier Director, Office of Special Political Affairs Alger Hiss, Acting Chief, Division of International Organization Affairs Durward V. Sandifer Chief, Division of International Security Affairs Joseph E. Johnson, Acting Chief, Division of Dependent Area Affairs Benjamin Gerig Director, Office of International Trade Policy Bernard F. Haley Deputy Director Leroy D. Stinebower Chief, War Areas Economic Division Livingston T. Merchant Chief, War Supply and Resources Division Courtney C. Brown Chief, Commodities Division Edward G. Cale, Acting Chief, Petroleum Division Charles F. Darlington Chief, Division of Commercial Policy William A. Fowler Chief, Division of International Labor, Social, and Health Affairs Otis E. Mulliken Director, Office ofFinancial and Development Policy Emilio G. Collado Chief, Division of Financial Affairs George F. Luthringer Chief, Division of Foreign Economic Development Dudley M. Phelps Chief, Division of Lend-Lease and Surplus War Property Affairs Frank W. Fetter, Acting Director, Office of Transportation and Communications (Vacancy) Chief, Aviation Division Stokeley W. Morgan Chief, Shipping Division Jesse E. Saugstad Chief, Telecommunications Division Francis Colt de Wolf Director, Office of Public Affairs John S. Dickey Deputy Director Richard W. Morin Chief, Division of Public Liaison Francis H. Russell Chief, Division of Cultural Cooperation Bryn J. Hovde Chief, International Information Division John M. Begg Chief, Central Translating Division Guillermo A. Suro, Acting Chief, Division of Research and Publication E. Wilder Spaulding Chief, Division of Geography and Cartography S.W. Boggs Director, Office of the Foreign Service Monnett B. Davis Deputy Director Selden Chapin Chief, Division of Foreign Service Personnel Nathaniel P. Davis Chief, Division of Foreign Service Administration Laurence C. Frank Chief, Division of Foreign Buildings Operations Frederick Larkin
Director, Office of Departmental Administration John Ross Deputy Director Harry M. Kurth Chief, Division of Budget and Finance Harry M. Kurth Chief, Division of Management Planning (Vacancy) Chief, Division of Departmental Personnel Robert E. Ward, Jr. Chief, Division of Central Services Raymond H. Geist Chief, Division of Cryptography Comdr. Lee W. Parke (U.S.N.) Chief, Division of Coordination and Review Blanche R. Halla Chief, Division of Protocol Stanley Woodward Chief, Division of International Conferences Warren Kelchner Director, Office of Controls (Vacancy) Chief, Passport Division Ruth B. Shipley Chief, Visa Division Howard K. Travers Chief, Special War Problems Division Edwin A. Plitt Chief, Division of Foreign Activity Correlation Frederick B. Lyon
Creation and Authority.--Prior to the adoption of the Constitution, the foreign affairs of the United States were conducted successively by the Committee of Secret Correspondence (1775-77), the Committee of Foreign Affairs (1777-81), and the Department of Foreign Affairs (1781-89). The Department of Foreign Affairs was reconstituted, following the adoption of the Constitution, by an act of Congress approved July 27, 1789 (1 Stat. 28).
The name of the Department was changed to "Department of State" and its activities extended to include some of a purely domestic nature by an act approved September 15, 1789, "to provide for the safe-keeping of the Acts, Records, and Seal of the United States, and for other purposes" (1 Stat. 68; 5 U.S.C. 151). Since 1789 many statutes affecting the Department have been enacted, but its primary functions have remained unaltered.
Purpose.--The principal responsibility for the determination of the policy of the Government in relation to international problems devolves upon the Department of State. Some of the more vital decisions on questions of foreign affairs are made by the President, but the day-to-day negotiations with foreign countries, the specific measures for the protection of American interests and the promotion of solidarity with friendly countries, and the conduct of the voluminous correspondence with the diplomatic and consular representatives of the United States as well as with the representatives of foreign powers accredited to the United States, are delegated to the Department of State. Certain domestic duties of the Department have been transferred from time to time, by legislation, to other agencies, including the Departments of Justice, the Interior, and Commerce, but the Department of State is still charged with such duties a the custody of the Great Seal of the United States, the publication of the Statutes at Large, and the ascertainment of Presidential electors.
Relation to the War Effort.--The multitude of foreign relations problems arising from the war has necessitated a broadening of many phases of the Department's work. The wartime functions of the Department include the conduct of war-related negotiations with foreign countries; collaboration with other Government agencies in the mapping of broad strategies and in the determination of questions of foreign policy relating to lend-lease aid and economic warfare against the enemy; and the coordination of other foreign policy aspects of wartime operations. The Department is also conducting special
research and discussions, formulating policies, and planning programs relating to post-war political and economic reconstruction as it pertains to the foreign relations of the United States.
Organization.--The work of the Department is directed by the Secretary of State, who is the highest ranking member of the Cabinet. He is at the head not only of the home establishment in Washington but also of the Foreign Service of the United States in lands abroad.
The Directors of the 12 Offices of the Department report to the Secretary and the Under Secretary as follows:
Through the Assistant Secretary for European, Far Eastern, Near Eastern, and African Affairs:
Office of European Affairs
Office of Far Eastern Affairs
Office of Near Eastern and African Affairs
Through the Assistant Secretary for Economic Affairs:
Office of International Trade Policy
Office of Financial and Development Policy
Office of Transportation and Communications
Through the Assistant Secretary for American Republic Affairs:
Office of American Republic Affairs
Through the Assistant Secretary for Public and Cultural Relations:
Office of Public Affairs
Through the Assistant Secretary for Administration:
Office of the Foreign Service
Office of Departmental Administration
Office of Controls
Through the Special Assistant to the Secretary for International Organization and Security Affairs:
Officer of Special Political Affairs
Further information on the organization of the Department of State, with a more detailed description of the functions of its various divisions and offices, will be found in the Department of State Bulletin for December 17, 1944 (Supplement), vol. 11, No. 286 A.
The Foreign Service of the United States includes ambassadors and ministers, Foreign Service officers, officers of the Foreign Service Auxiliary, and other personnel listed in the Department's periodical Foreign Service List. The Foreign Service officers are ordinarily assigned as counselors of embassy or legation, commercial or agricultural attacheés, diplomatic secretaries, consuls general, consuls, or vice consuls. Diplomatic representatives of the United States are accredited to the following countries:
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
1. Government established in England.
Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of
Union of South Africa
American diplomatic missions have been established at New Delhi, India; Sofia, Bulgaria; Bucharest, Rumania; and Helsinki, Finland.
Certain of the above offices are authorized to perform consular duties as well as diplomatic functions. In addition, the United States maintains approximately 250 consular offices in cities throughout the world.
The principal activities of the Department of State, arranged in accordance with the organization of the Department into divisions and offices, are set forth below. The work of the first group, consisting of the Secretary of State and his principal aides, covers the entire field of the Department's activities.
The Secretary of State.--Under the President's direction, the Secretary of State is charged with the conduct of negotiations of the United States with foreign countries. The more important matters involved in this duty are handled personally by the Secretary, with such assistance as he may require from other officers of the Department.
Under Secretary of State.--The Under Secretary serves as the Secretary's deputy in all matters and, in the absence of the Secretary, as Acting Secretary of State.
Assistant Secretaries of State.--One of the Assistant Secretaries of State has general responsibility for the work of the Department in the field of European, Far Eastern, Near Eastern, and African affairs. Another Assistant Secretary supervises the Department's liaison with Congress, except on fiscal or other administrative matters, and serves as the Secretary's deputy to secure coordinated conduct of international conferences and the unified and effective representation of the interests of the United States Government at international conferences. A third Assistant Secretary is charged with general responsibility in the field of international economic affairs. A fourth has jurisdiction over American Republic affairs. A fifth is responsible for the public information policy of the Department and for international cultural relations. A sixth Assistant Secretary supervises the work of the Department of State in the fields of departmental and Foreign Service administration and controls.
Legal Adviser.--The Legal Advisor and his staff are responsible for all matters of a legal character concerning the Department.
Special Assistants.--One of the five Special Assistants to the Secretary, with rank equivalent to that of an Assistant Secretary of State, is responsible for international organization and security affairs. Another is in charge of the Department's relations with the press. A third Special Assistant serves as Chief of Protocol. A fourth assists
the Secretary on matters of a broad management nature requiring the Secretary's personal attention. A fifth Special Assistant handles substantive matters requiring the Secretary's personal attention.
Other Assistants.--The Assistants to the Secretary and his Consultant, Advisers, and Special Advisers aid him in his immediate office.
Executive Committees.--The Secretary's Staff Committee advises and otherwise assists the Secretary in determining current and long-range foreign policy and is available for consultation on the full range of activities and interests of the Department. A standing subcommittee of the Secretary's Staff Committee, known as the Committee on International Conferences, evaluates all proposals for holding international conferences and formulates recommendations on their scheduling, organizing, and conduct. The Coordinating Committee considers matters of policy or action and questions of interoffice relations.
Assignment of major responsibliites for maintaining liaison with other agencies of the Government is made by the Secretary on advice by the Secretary's Staff Committee. most of the divisions named below, however, have liaison functions and maintain informal working relationships, on matters within the scope of their responsibilities, with other departments and agencies of the United States Government, with international organizations, or with private groups and organization within the united States or in foreign countries.
The four geographic offices of the Department of State, dealt with separately immediately below, are responsible for the formulation of over-all United States policy toward the countries within their jurisdiction and for the coordination, as to these countries, of the programs and activities of other offices and divisions of the Department and of other Federal agencies, with over-all United Sates foreign policy.
The Geographic Offices
In fulfilling their responsibilities the geographic offices (a) develop basic country and area policies to guide the conduct of United States relations with countries within their respective jurisdictions; (b) draw into consultation, in the formulation of policy, all appropriate functional offices and divisions of the Department and all appropriate agencies of the Government; (c) guide the conduct of day-to-day relationships with other countries, taking the initiative in affairs primarily political, and in other affairs stimulating the initiative of functional divisions in the Department and of other agencies charged with primary responsibility in specialized fields; (d) keep other offices of the Department and other departments and agencies of the Government adequately informed concerning emerging problems, policy decisions, and action with respect to other countries; (e) provide the Department of State and other appropriate Federal agencies with all suitable available information to guide them in the conduct of activities which depend upon, or impinge upon, United States policy toward other countries; (f) provide the Office of Public Affairs with all information necessary to keep the American public informed on United States policy toward other countries; (g) direct the work of United States Foreign Service establishments; (h) take the leadership in advising on the type and
number of personnel required in the Foreign Service establishments; (i) cooperate with the Information Service Committee in keeping the Foreign Service establishments fully informed of significant trends in United States policy throughout the world; (j) develop current and standing instructions n necessary political information from the field and serve as the center of substantive coordination for instructions as to other types of information required by the Department and other Federal agencies.
In accordance with the general statement on the functions of the geographic offices, matters concerning relations with the countries and territories named below comprise the field of responsibility of the Office of European Affairs.
Office of European Affairs
Division of British Commonwealth Affairs.--British Commonwealth of Nations, and British territories (jointly with the interested geographic offices and divisions) except India, Burma, Ceylon, and Possessions in Africa.
Division of Eastern European Affairs.--Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (jointly with the Office of far Eastern Affairs in matters relating to the Soviet Far East), Poland, and other areas of eastern Europe.
Division of Central European Affairs.--Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia.
Division of Southern European Affairs.--Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Italy, Rumania, San Marino, Yugoslavia, and the Vatican.
Division of Northern European Affairs.--Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and territories of these countries (jointly with the interested geographic offices and divisions).
Division of Western European Affairs.--Andorra, Belgium, France, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, monaco, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, and territories of these countries jointly with the interested geographic offices and divisions), except possessions in Africa.
The Office of Far Eastern Affairs is responsible for matters falling with the scope of a geographic office concerning relations with the countries and territories indicated below:
Office of Far Eastern Affairs
Division of Chinese Affairs.--China and adjacent territories.
Division of Japanese Affairs.--Japanese Empire.
Division of Southwest Pacific Affairs.--Thailand and (jointly with other interested geographic offices and divisions) Burma, Indochina, Malaya, British North Borneo, Netherlands East Indies, Portuguese Timor, and British and French island possessions the Pacific.
Division of Philippine Affairs.--Philippine Islands and other American-controlled islands of the Pacific.
The three Divisions of this Office have charge of relations with the following countries as indicated:
Office of Near Eastern and African Affairs
Division of Near Eastern Affairs.--Egypt, Greece, iraq, Lebanon, Palestine and Trans-Jordan, Saudi Arabia and other countries of the Arabian Peninsula, Syria, and Turkey.
Division of Middle Eastern Affairs.--Afghanistan, Iran, India, Ceylon, and Burma (the last jointly with the Division of Southwest Pacific Affairs).
Division of African Affairs.--Ethiopia, Liberia, and all other parts of Africa (including colonies, protectorates, and mandated territories), except the Union of South Africa, Algeria, and Egypt.
This Office is responsible for matters concerning relations with the countries and territories named in the ensuing paragraphs.
Office of American Republic Affairs
Division of Mexican Affairs.--Mexico.
Division of Caribbean and Central American Affairs.--Cost Rice, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama, and--in collaboration with the appropriate divisions in the Office of European Affairs--European possessions in the area, including the Guianas and British Honduras.
Division of Brazilian Affairs.--Brazil.
Division of River Plate Affairs.--Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay.
Division of North and West Coast Affairs.--Bolivia, Chile, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.
Division of American Republics Analysis and Liaison.--The Division is charged with responsibility for (a) analysis of data and preparation of special studies and reports on developments within and among the other American republics; (b) liaison with other offices of the Department and with other agencies of the Government on matters of general policy in the inter-American field which are outside the scope of the geographic divisions of the office; and (c) formulation of policy to be adopted by the Office of American Republic Affairs concerning inter-American organizations, conferences, and conventions.
This Office is charged with responsibility for the formulation and coordination of policy and action relating to international organization and security affairs, with special emphasis on the maintenance of international peace and security through organized action. It comprises the following divisions:
Office of Special Political Affairs
Division of International Organization Affairs.--This Division handles matters regarding (a) the establishment of the proposed organization of the United Nations and relations with that organization, and (b) the relations between the organization and specialized or regional agencies and organizations, and the coordination of their policies and activities through the organization.
Division of International Security Affairs.--This Division is responsible for matters regarding all security phases of the proposed organization of the United Nations, including the security aspects
of relations between regional systems or arrangements and the organization.
Division of Dependent Area Affairs.--This Division handles matters regarding activities of the proposed organization of the United Nations affecting dependent areas.
The Office of International Trade Policy is charged with responsibility for the initiation, formulation, and coordination of policy and action by the Department of State for international economic, trade, and commercial affairs. The Office of the Director includes an Adviser on Refugees and Displaced Persons. Temporarily the following divisions report to the Director of the Office:
Office of International Trade Policy
War Areas Economic Division.--This Division is responsible, so far as the Department of State is concerned, for coordination of policy and action in wartime economic matters pertaining to all the European and Middle and Far Eastern countries and their colonial possessions, except Japan, Germany, Austria, the British Commonwealth, and Russia, including (a) all supply and requirement programs, including those for lend-lease programs and industrial and agricultural rehabilitation and reconstruction programs, and (b) economic blockade of enemy and enemy-occupied territories.
War Supply and Resources Division.--This Division is charged with responsibility, so far as the Department is concerned, for the formulation and coordination of policy and action in all matters pertaining to (a) procurement and development abroad of materials needed for the prosecution of the war or the relief of war areas; (b) war shipping matters; (c) within the scope of its responsibilities, representation of the Department before the combined boards and their committees and before the Foreign Economic Administration, War Production Board, War Shipping Administration, War Food Administration, and other agencies concerned, in connection with requirements programs (including those for long-range economic development projects) and requests for allocations for commodities and shipping submitted by other divisions of the Department; (d) economic policies to be followed in the application of wartime trade controls by various Government agencies; and (e) the administration, so far as the Department is concerned, of the statutes for the control of international traffic in arms, ammunition, and implements of war, and the discharge of related duties.
Commodities Division.--This Division is responsible for the formulation and coordination of policy with respect to (a) the production, control, and distribution in international commerce of major commodities such as rubber, tin and the heavy metals, coffee, sugar, wheat, and cotton; (b) international commodity arrangements; (c) international fisheries matters and agreements; and (d) cartels and related industrial arrangements.
Petroleum Division.--This Division is responsible for the formulation and coordination of policy and action in all foreign policy matters pertaining to petroleum and petroleum products.
Division of Commercial Policy.--This Division is responsible for the formulation and coordination of policy and action in all matters pertaining to (a) the protection and promotion of American commercial and agricultural interests in foreign countries under the terms of the President's Reorganization Plan II, in accordance with which the foreign services of the Departments of Agriculture and Commerce were transferred to the Department of State; (b) the formulation, negotiation, and administration of commercial treaties, of reciprocal trade agreements under the act of June 12, 1934, and of other commercial agreements; (c) the tariff, general trade, and international commercial policy of the United States; and (d) commercial policy aspects of lend-lease agreements and settlements.
Division of International Labor, Social, and Health Affairs.--This Division is charged with responsibility for the formulation and coordination of policy and action in matters pertaining to (a) the effects of labor and social developments on the foreign policy of the United States and of other countries and on international relations; (b) the effects of international economic policies and activities of the United States and foreign governments and of international agencies or organization on employment, wages, and standards of living in the United States; (c) international measures to promote full employment and to raise labor standards; (d) the foreign policy aspects of the migration and settlement of persons, including post-war aspects of wartime displacements; (e) the operations of international organizations in the field of labor, social, and health matters, in conjunction with the Division of International Organization Affairs; (f) the importation of foreign labor into the United States; (g) international control of narcotics and the suppression of the abuse of narcotic drugs; and (h) labor, social, and health matters in liberated areas and ex-enemy territories.
This Office is responsible for the initiation, formulation, and coordination of policy and action by the Department of State for international financial and economic development affairs and related emergency property and financial controls.
Office of Financial and Development Policy
Division of Financial Affairs.--This Division in responsible for matters pertaining to (a) general international financial and monetary policy; (b) international financial and monetary agreements, institutions, and arrangements; (c) reparations and financial aspects of terms of surrender and peace treaties; (d) assets in the United States of foreign governments and central banks; (e) financial problems of liberated countries; (f) foreign exchange and foreign exchange control; (g) dollar-bond settlements and servicing of dollar bonds; (h) international stabilization and short-tem credits and the issue of foreign securities in the United States; and (i) international double taxation.
Division of Foreign Economic Development.--This Division is responsible for matters pertaining to (a) general investment, loan, and
foreign economic development policy; (b) international agreements, arrangements, or institutions for economic development abroad; (c) public and private foreign loans and investments other than short-term or stabilization credits; (d) promotion of foreign investment and protection of interests of American investors abroad; (e) projects and programs for industrialization and development and, in liberated areas, for reconstruction and rehabilitation of industry and agriculture; and (f) industrial and economic developmental aspects of terms of surrender, peace treaties, and general security.
Division of Economic Security Controls.--The Division is responsible for matters pertaining to (a) controls over foreign funds or properties; (b) administration of export controls applicable to specified consignees; (c) control and disposition of enemy property; (d) measures to prevent concealment of enemy assets and flight of enemy capital, and evaluation and organization of data on foreign holdings of enemy or ex-enemy nationals and on looted property; (e) restitution of looted property; (f) property controls in enemy and ex-enemy countries; (g) measures for protection or restoration of patent, copyright, or similar rights affected by the existence of war; and (h) application of certain recommendations of the Inter-American Conference on Systems of Economic and Financial Control.
Division of Lend-Lease and Surplus War Property Affairs.--This Division is responsible for matters pertaining to (a) lend-lease; (b) foreign policy aspects involved in the disposal abroad of surplus war property; and (c) the interest of the Department in data to be assembled by the Clearing Office for Foreign Transactions and Reports with respect to transactions of this Government abroad.
Aviation Division.--This Division has responsibility for the formulation and coordination of policy and action in all matters pertaining to (a) international aviation, including the development and operation of airlines and air transportation, the acquisition of landing rights abroad, and matters relating to airports and airways; (b) discussion with foreign countries on matters relating to civil aviation; (c) representation of the Department on international bodies dealing with aeronautical affairs; (d) international airmail; (e) presentation to the Munitions Assignments Committee (Air) or other appropriate authorities of foreign requests for aircraft and collaboration with other divisions and agencies concerned in the export of aircraft; (f) training of foreign aircraft and ground personnel in the United States and abroad; and (g) obtaining f military and civil flight permits for United States aircraft proceeding abroad and, on request of diplomatic missions accredited to the United States, for foreign aircraft visiting the United States and its possessions.
Office of Transportation and Communications
Shipping Division.--This Division is responsible for the formulation and coordination of policy and action in matters concerning international shipping (except functions relating to shipping space requirements and allocations assigned to Office of International Trade Policy). This includes such activities as (a) analysis and study of all international aspects of shipping; (b) observation and review
of developments in the maritime services and laws of other countries; (c) analysis and recommendation with regard to foreign policy aspects of subsidies and other governmental assistance to shipping and with regard to discriminatory laws or practices against American shipping; (d) development of recommendations on foreign policy aspects involved in relationships between private and governmental shipping; (e) in cooperation with other division, the conduct of negotiations between foreign governments and the Maritime Commission and War Shipping Administration; (f) formulation and execution of policy on matters involving the effect of ocean-freight, marine-insurance, and war-risk-insurance rates on foreign trade; (g) interpretation of international conventions concerning seamen; and (h) analysis of regulatory measures and standards that affect shipping and trade, in order to determine their relationship to foreign policy.
Telecommunications Division.--This Division is chared with responsibility for the formulation and coordination of policy and action in matters pertaining to the international aspects of telegraph, cable, and postal communications, or radio (with reference to technical as distinguished from informational phases), and of motion pictures (other than responsibilities assigned to the Office of Public Affairs).
This Office is charged with responsibility for the formulation and coordination of policy and action regarding informational and cultural aspects of foreign relations, including responsibility for the problems of freedom of information among peoples and for furthering the interchange of scientific and cultural knowledge with other countries. It is responsible also for coordinating the informational and cultural programs and activities of other Federal agencies with over-all United States foreign policy.
Office of Public Affairs
Division of Public Liaison.--This Division is responsible for (a) the Department's relations with private groups and organizations interested in the formulation of foreign policy; (b) the collection and analysis of material relating to public attitudes on foreign policy questions; (c) assistance to the officers of the Department in the public interpretation of foreign policy; and (d) handling of correspondence expressing public views on foreign policy.
Division of Cultural Cooperation.--This Division is responsible for formulating policy and for initiating, coordinating, and putting into effect programs of the Department of State and programs undertaken through the collaboration of other departments and agencies of the Government, designed to encourage and strengthen cultural contact, interchange, and mutual understanding between the peoples of the United States and those of other nations. In fulfilling these responsibilities the Division carries on such activities as (a) the planning and execution, for the Department, of balanced programs of a reciprocal and cooperative nature in the intellectual, technical, and other cultural fields; (b) the planning and execution of the Department's programs for cooperative exchanges of students, interns, and trainees and the interchange of leaders, experts, and teachers in such fields as education, the professions, the arts, the sciences, social welfare,
technology, and public administration, and for the interchange of books, scientific and technological publications, music, art, and other materials, and scientific equipment; (c) cooperation with private and governmental agencies engaging in student and training programs; (d) assistance in the establishment and maintenance of libraries and cultural centers as focal points for cultural interchange; (e) assistance and advice to organizations engaged in maintaining American schools in other countries; and (f) development of programs for cooperation with private organizations and other governments in the reconstruction of essential educational and cultural facilities in war-devastated areas.
International information Division.--This Division is responsible for the formulation and coordination of policy and programs related to the Department's participation in overseas dissemination of information through the media of films, radio, and publications. in carrying out this responsibility the Division (a) initiates and formulates policy, and advises officials of other Government agencies, regarding the role and scope of official overseas information programs and projects of the Government; (b) initiates and develops the Department's program of overseas information services by means of films, radio broadcasts, and publications and publications materials (other than books and specialized periodicals handled by the Division of Cultural Cooperation); (c) participates in the development of policy recommendations regarding transitional and post-war overseas informational activities; (d) advises commercial and other private organizations and interests within the field of the Division's responsibilities on foreign policy aspects of overseas informational activities; and (e) officially attests the international educational characters of documentary films.
Central Translating Division.--This Division is responsible for all the translating and interpreting work of the Department including (a) translation from English of certain official publications or other material recommended for distribution in the other American republics by Government departments and agencies participating in the program of the Interdepartmental Committee on Cultural and Scientific Cooperation, and, in cooperation with other divisions and offices of the Department and the Interdepartmental Committee, the formulation and administration of programs for the distribution of such translations; (b) translation from English of addresses and statements on foreign policy, as required, such translations to serve as the official translated version of those public utterances; (c) review of material published in Spanish and Portuguese by other Government departments and agencies, and review of Spanish, Portuguese, and French scripts for motion pictures and radio programs to be distributed through official channels in the other American republics; (d) translation of communications addressed to the President by heads of foreign states and other material referred by the White House, and of diplomatic notes and miscellaneous material; (e) the critical examination of foreign texts of draft treaties to which the United States is to be a party, with a view to the closes harmonizing thereof with the English text; and (f) coordination of a translating service for all Federal agencies through the facilities of the Division, other Federal departments, or contracts with commercial services.
Division of Research and Publication.--This Division is responsible for matters pertaining to (a) conduct of historical research studies in international relations, including studies of the Department's wartime policies and operations; (b) preparation for the Secretary of State, the Under Secretary, and other officers of the Department of historical information pertaining to current problems; (c) compilation of the United States Statutes at Large, Foreign Relations of the United States, Treaties and Other International Acts of the United States of America, The Territorial Papers of the united States, the Department of State Bulletin, special volumes on foreign policy, and other publications; (d) collection, compilation, and maintenance of information pertaining to treaties and other international agreements; the performance of research and the furnishing of information and advice, other than of a legal character, with respect to the provisions of such existing or proposed instruments; procedural matters, including the preparation of full powers, ratifications, proclamations, and protocols, and matters related to the signing, ratification, proclamation, and registration of treaties and other international agreements (except with respect to proclamations of trade agreements which are handled in the Division of Commercial Policy); and custody of the originals of treaties and other international agreements; (e) maintenance of the Department's Library; (f) editing of publications of the Department, codification of regulatory documents, maintenance of the Department's mailing lists, custody and control of the distribution of the Department's publications and processed material, procurement for and allocation to various Government agencies of foreign publications received through American Foreign Service officers, and release of unpublished documents to private individuals; (g) administration of the printing and binding appropriation for the Department; (h) preparation of the certification of the Secretary of State to the adoption by the States of amendments to the Constitution and to the publication of such amendments; and (i) the receipt, preservation, and transmittal by the Secretary of State of certificates of ascertainment of electors of the President and Vice President furnished him by the executive of each State, and the receipt, obtention, preservation, and disposition by the Secretary of State of the certificates of votes given by the electors for President and Vice President.
Division of Geography and Cartography.--This Division has responsibility for (a) the collection, analysis, interpretation, and presentation in the form of maps, charts, or reports, of geographic, geodetic, or cartographic data in connection with current and post-war considerations and negotiations concerning international or interregional relations: (b) development and maintenance of current directories of data on location, capacity, production, and facilities, and development of index maps of resources, mines, industrial plants, and transportation and communications facilities in all parts of the world; (c) compilations of current statistics on population numbers, trends, composition and movement, and on industrial capacity, output, and trade, mineral resources and production, agriculture, communications, and transportation, and the preparation of special studies from such data; (d) maintenance of the Department's collection of maps, atlases, and gazetteers; (e) representation for the Department in matters relating to mapping programs, the determination of geographical names, matters
relating to cartography and geodesy, and other geographical problems which arise between the Department and other Government agencies and between this Government and the governments of other nations; (f) preparation of statements regarding geographical aspects of problems pertaining to territorial claims, immigration quotas, and other international matters; and (g) assistance to other divisions in planning and drafting graphic portrayals of data.
Planning Staff.--The Planning Staff renders staff assistance on programming and planning, with a view toward continual adjustment and improvement in the over-all administration of the Foreign Service.
Office of the Foreign Service
Division of Foreign Service Personnel.--This Division has responsibility for (a) recruitment, appointment, and training of the classified, auxiliary, and clerical personnel of the Foreign Service of the United States; (b) maintenance of the required efficiency standards of the Service and custody of the confidential records of all personnel; (c) recommendation to the Board of Foreign Service Personnel of administrative action regarding personnel; (d) preparation, under the supervision of the Chairman of the Board of Foreign Service Personnel, of biannual rating lists; (e) consultation with chiefs of mission, principal consular officers, and heads of offices and division of the Department in regard to the proper functioning of field offices; (f) the giving of information with respect to entrance into the Foreign Service; and (g) matters connected with the holding of examinations and with the records of the Board of Examiners for the Foreign Service.
Division of Foreign Service Administration.--This Division is charged with general responsibility for all matters concerning the administration of the Foreign Service of the United States, except such matters as are or may be assigned to other divisions in the Office of the Foreign Service or to the Division of Budget and Finance in the Office of Departmental Administration. Specifically, the Division is charged with responsibility for such matters as (a) the Drafting of regulations and the coordinating of instructions in regard thereto; (b) the preparation and justification of budget estimates for the Foreign Service; (c) the control of expenditures from the various appropriations for the Foreign Service; (d) analysis of the cost of living at the various posts in connection with equitable distribution of allowances and clerical salaries; (e) the establishment, operation, or closing of diplomatic and consular offices; (f) the operation of diplomatic pouch service and the supervision of diplomatic couriers; (g) supervision of the despatch agencies and of matters relating to the designation of military, naval, and other attachés abroad; (h) maintenance and revision of the Foreign Service regulations; (i) handling of emergency wartime problems, such as the evacuation of staffs and dependents from dangerous areas; (j) selective service; (k) general administrative assistance to missions sent abroad by other departments and agencies; (l) the documentation of merchandise; (m) matters relating to the estates of American citizens dying abroad; (n) notarial services performed by consular officers; (o) reports of death of American
citizens; (p) extradition cases handled in collaboration with the Office of the Legal Adviser; (q) services for the Veterans Administration; (r) administration and maintenance of Government property abroad, including supervision of contracts; (s) the furnishing of equipment and supplies with maintenance of inventories; (t) direction and administration of work concerned with the protection abroad of seamen and with official services to ships by the Foreign Service; and (u) the making of all arrangements to facilitate the official travel of officers and employees of the Department within and outside the continental limits of the United States, the official travel of officers and employees of other civilian agencies outside the continental limits of the United States, and the travel of foreign nationals.
Division of Foreign Buildings Operation--This Division is charged with responsibility for performing the functions of housing and furnishing diplomatic and consular establishments abroad. The Division, specifically, is responsible for (a) the analysis, approval, and development of projects for the purchase of properties and construction of buildings for the housing of the diplomatic, consular, and other agencies of the United States Government abroad; (b) the supervision of the physical maintenance and use of Foreign Service real properties; (c) the initial purchase and replacement of articles of residential furniture and furnishings; (d) the preparation of budgetary programs for initial construction work, property acquisitions, alterations, repairs, maintenance, residential furnishings, and supervision f construction; and (e) the rendering of technical services, when required, to the Division of Foreign Service Administration.
Division of Budget and Finance.--This Division has responsibility for the budgetary and fiscal functions of the Department of State, including functions relating to international commissions and other international bodies. Within this scope the Division is responsible for (a) formulation and control of the budgetary program for the Department; (b) fiscal operations; (c) the drafting, clearance, and review of budgetary and fiscal affairs; (d) assisting the Assistant Secretary for Congressional Relations and international Conferences in providing and directing the fiscal services necessary to the conduct of international conferences and meetings; (e) the carrying out of fiscal arrangements necessary to fulfillment of financial obligations incurred by the Unite States through membership in international organizations; (f) arrangements, in collaboration with other Government agencies, for necessary use of the Department's fiscal facilities abroad; (g) collaboration with other divisions and agencies in connection with the procurement and sale of foreign exchange by Foreign Service establishments abroad; and (h) preparation of fiscal, statistical, and related reports.
Office of Departmental Administration
Division of Management Planning.--This Division assists the Secretary of State and other officers of the Department in the effective management of the Department through improved organizational and functional relations with the Foreign Service of the United States, clear definition of functions,
lines of authority and responsibility, and effective work methods and procedures. in fulfilling its responsibilities, the Division performs such functions as (a) continuous study of our foreign policies and objectives and participation in planning future foreign relations programs, with particular reference to the administrative implications and feasibility of such programs; (b) the furnishing of assistance in a staff capacity to offices and divisions to facilitate the execution of their functions through planned improvements of administrative management; (c) continuous study of techniques of management analysis and planning; (d) continuous appaisal of the Department's organization and functional relations with other governmental and intergovernmental agencies, interdepartmental and intergovernmental committees, and similar groups; 9e) investigation, analysis, and appraisal of the Department's organization structure; (f) analysis of functions, work assignments, and lines of authority and responsibility among the offices and divisions of the Department with a view to clearer definition; (g) study and analysis of work methods and procedures with a view to simplification of work, standardization of methods and procedures, elimination of waste, and improved utilization of employee skills; (h) preparation, or assistance in preparation, and review of Departmental Orders, Designations, and Regulations, Administrative instructions, and other documents concerning organizational structure, functions, lines of authority and responsibility, work methods, and procedures; and (i) participation with other divisions in the consideration of such matters as the preparation of budget estimates and allotment of positions, the evaluation and classification of positions, the allotment and utilization of space and equipment, and records of administration.
Division of Departmental Personnel.--This Division has responsiblilty for (a) the planing, developing, determining, and prescribing of all policies and procedures governing personnel management in the departmental service of the Department; (b) administration and execution of the applicable provisions of law and of regulations controlling Government personnel management programs; and (c) supervision of the development, installation, and maintenance of personnel records and reports.
Division of Central Services.--This Division is charged with responsibility for (a) all communications services of the Department; (b) the development and maintenance of an adequate system of records and files; (c) procurement and supply activities of the Department; (d) procurement and allocation of space and related matters; (e) assistance to the Assistant Secretary for Congressional Relations and International Conferences in providing and directing the administrative services necessary to the conduct of international conferences and meetings; (f) maintenance of special secretarial and conference reporting facilities; (g) arrangement, in cooperation with the Office of Public Affairs, for presentation of the Department's exhibits at national and international exhibitions; (h) signature and issuance of certificates of authentication under the seal of the Department; (i) preparation of nominations of officers appointed and promoted by the President through the Department of State; issuance of commission, certificates of designation, and exequaturs; and custody of pertinent current records; (j) custody of and control over
the Great Seal of the United States; and (k) certification, with or without seal, of copies of the official texts of United States treaties.
Division of Cryptography.--This Division is responsible for (a) the construction of codes; (b) the development of procedures and methods for the use of codes; (c) the selection of code equipment adequate for the needs of the Department and the Foreign Service; and (d) the maintenance of security of information transmitted by means of cryptographic systems.
Division of Coordination and Review.--This Division has responsibility for (a) review of correspondence to assure proper signature and the maximum delegation of signing authority; (b) coordination of correspondence, including telegrams and airgrams to assure that any new statements on policy represent the consensus of the divisions whose responsibilities are involved and that all divisions are currently informed of developments within the sphere of their functions and responsibilities; (c) review of correspondence for conformity with the approved style and form of the Department; (d) continuous study of the Department's correspondence to assure simplicity of style and form, adequacy of expression, and facilitation of rapid transaction of business; and (e) cooperation with other divisions in training new employees in the style and forms of correspondence.
Division of Protocol.--This Division is charged with responsibility in the following matters: (a) arranging for presentation to the President of Ambassadors and Ministers accredited to this Government; (b) correspondence concerning their acceptability to this Government and correspondence concerning the acceptability to foreign governments of like officers of the United States; (c) questions regarding rights and immunities in the United States of representatives of foreign governments, including questions of tax exemptions; (d) arrangements for all ceremonials of a national or international character in the United States or participated in by the United States abroad; (e) arrangements for and protection of distinguished foreign visitors; (f) questions concerning customs and other courtesies abroad; (g) making arrangements for the casual or ceremonial visits of foreign naval vessels and of foreign military organizations to the United States and visits of the same character of United States naval vessels and military organizations abroad; (h) arrangements for the entry of troops of Allied nations and their baggage arriving at United States ports en route to training centers in this hemisphere and en route to foreign duty; (i) arrangements for release, as international courtesy, of certain war materials, ammunition, models, etc.,used in fulfilling contracts for Allied nations; (j) matters with respect to visits of aliens to industrial factories and plants where war contracts are being executed; (k) questions affecting the Diplomatic Corps under the commodities rationing program; (l) matters of ceremonial in connection with the White house and the Department of State, including operation of the Blair House and the Blair-Lee House; (m) preparation of the Diplomatic List and of Foreign Consular Offices in the United States; (n) maintenance of a record of all officers and employees of foreign governments in the United States and its possession; (o) selective service matters as they affect foreign government officials and certain aliens; (p) preparation of exequaturs, certificates o recognition, and notes granting provisional recognition to foreign
consular officers in the United States, and correspondence relating thereto; and (q) preparation of communications from the President to heads of foreign states.
Division of International Conferences.--This Division is responsible for the coordination of all administrative aspects of the preparation and conduct of international conferences.
Passport Division.--This Division is responsible for formulating and coordinating policy and action in all matters pertaining to (a) the administration of laws and regulations relating to the control of American citizens and nationals leaving and entering territory under the jurisdiction of the United States; (b) limitation of travel of American citizens in foreign countries; (c) determination of eligibility to receive passports or to be registered as citizens or nationals of the United States in American consulates; (d) prevention and detection of fraud in passport matters and the preparation of cases involving fraud for prosecution in the courts; (e) issuance of passports; (f) administration of passport work performed by the executive officers of American Samoa, Guam, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and by the United States High Commissioner to the Philippines Islands; (g) supervision of passport agencies; and (h) direction of clerks of courts with regard to passport matters.
Office of Controls
Visa Division.--The Visa Division is charged with responsibility for the formulation and coordination of policy and action in all matters pertaining to (a) alien visa control; (b) the assembling and examination of all information necessary to determine the admissibility of aliens into the United States in the interest of public safety; (c) the issuance of exit and reentry permits; (d) recommendations to American Foreign Service officers for their final consideration concerning individual visa applicants; (e) the control of immigration quotas; (f) the issuance of licenses within the purview of paragraph XXV of the Executive Order of October 12, 1917, relating to the Trading with the Enemy Act; and 9g) collaboration with other divisions and other agencies of the Government concerning the control of subversive activities and the transportation of enemy aliens.
Special War Problems Division.--This Division is responsible for the formulation and 'coordination of policy and action in all wartime matters pertaining to (a) the whereabouts and welfare of Americans abroad and the transmission of funds to them; 9b) the evacuation and repatriation of Americans from foreign countries; (c) coordination of foreign relief operations of private agencies with the foreign policy of the Government; 9d) representation by the United States Government of the interests of foreign governments and representation by a third power of United States interests in enemy countries; (e) supervision of the representation in the United States by third powers of the interest of governments with which the United States has severed diplomatic relations or is at war; (f) the exchange of official and nonofficial personnel of the United States and Axis powers; (g) civilian internees and prisoners of war, including the accompanying of representatives of the protecting powers and the International Red Cross on inspections of prisoner-of-war and civilian enemy-alien
camps; and (h) in collaboration with other offices and divisions, all questions arising from the use, possible use, or alleged use of asphyxiating, poisonous, or similar gases, or of bacteriological methods of warfare.
Division of Foreign Activity Correlation.--This Division is concerned with such foreign activities and operations as may be directed, including cooperation with various intelligence agencies of the Government and censorship matters.
E.R. Stettinius, Jr.
Secretary of State
American International Institute for the Protection of Childhood.4
International Organizations of Which the United States Is a Member or in the Work of Which It Participates
Anglo-American Caribbean Commission.
Bureau of the International Telecommunication Union (Radio Section).4
Bureau of the Interparliamentary Union.4
Central Bureau of the International Map of the World on the Millionth Scale.4
Central International Office for Collecting and Preserving Information Relating to the Liquor Traffic in Africa.3
Committee of Experts on the Codification of International Law.
Committee On Cartography of the Pan American Institute of Geography and History.
Conference of the Ministers of Education of the Allied Governments.4
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense.4
Gorgas Memorial Laboratory.4
Governing Board of the Pan American Union.
Habana Committee on Comparative Legislation and the Unification of Legislation.
Inter-American Coffee Board.4
Inter-American Commission for Territorial Administration.5
Inter-American Commission for Women.
Inter-American Defense Board.
Inter-American Financial and Economic Advisory Committee.4
Inter-American Indian Institute.4
Inter-American Institute of Agricultural Sciences.4
inter-American Juridical Committee.6
Inter-American Radio Office.4
Inter-American Trade Mark Bureau.4
Intergovernmental Committee on Political Refugees.
Interim Commission on European Inland Transport.4
International Boundary Commission, United States, Alaska, and Canada.7
International Boundary Commission, United States and Mexico.7
International Bureau of the Permanent Court of Arbitration.3
International Bureau for the Protection of Industrial Property.4
International Bureau for the Publication of Customs Tariffs.3
International Bureau of the Universal Postal Union.4 8
International Bureau of Weights and Measures.3
International Commission for the Maintenance of the Lighthouse at Cape Spartel.3
International Commission on Historic Monuments.
International Council of Scientific Unions.4 10
International Criminal Police Commission.4 8 9
International Fisheries Commission, United States and Canada.7
International Hydrographic Bureau.4
International Institute of Agriculture.3
International Joint Commission, United States and Canada.7
International Labor Organization.4
International Meteorological Organization.4 8
International Office of the Postal Union of the Americas and Spain.4 8
International Office of Public Health.3
International Pacific Salmon Fisheries Commission.7
International Penal and Penitentiary Commission.4
International Seed-Testing Association.4 8
International Statistical Bureau at The Hague.3
International Sugar Council.4 8
International Technical Committee of Aerial Legal Experts.3
International Wheat Council.4 8
League of Nations Advisory Committee on Social Questions.
Narcotics Convention of 1931 (Opium Section, League of Nations; Supervisory Body; Permanent Central Opium Board).4
Pan American Committee of the United States.
Pan American Highway Organizations.
Pan American Institute of Geography and History.4
Pan American Railway Committee.
Pan American Resources Committee.
Pan American Sanitary Bureau.4
Pan American Soil Conservation Commission.
Pan American Union.4
Panel of Mediators (Inter-American).
Permanent American Aeronautical Commission (C.A.P.A.).
Permanent Commissions of Inquiry Provided for by Treaties for the Advancement of Peace and Treaties of Conciliation.
Permanent Commissions of Investigation and Conciliation (Inter-American).
Permanent Committee of Jurists on Civil and Commercial Laws (Inter-American).
Permanent Court of Arbitration.
Permanent Inter-American Committee on Social Security.
Permanent International Association of Road Congresses.3
Permanent International Association of Navigation Congresses.4 8 9
Peru-Ecuador Boundary Demarcation Commission.
United Nations Commission for the Investigation of War Crimes.
United Nations Interim Commission on Food and Agriculture.4
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration.11
3. No appropriation was made for payment of quotas covering the fiscal year 1945.
4. Payments or annual contributions have been made by the Government of the United States for the fiscal year 1945.
5. Provided for by the Convention on the Provisional Administration of European Colonies and Possessions in the Americas, which came into effect on January 8, 1942, and replaced the "Emergency Committee for the Provisional Administration of European Colonies and Possessions in the Americas."
6. Replacing the Inter-American Neutrality Committee.
7. Funds have been made available for the expenses of the American section for the fiscal year 1945.
8. International bodies which function, with respect to participation by the United States, under the jurisdiction of Government departments other than the Department of State.
9. Annual contribution being withheld.
10. No appropriations were made for payment of quotas to the following organization to cover the fiscal year 1945: Union of Biological Sciences, Union of Chemistry, Geographical Union, and Union of Physics.
11. Congress had authorized this Government's membership and the appropriation of funds and has based an appropriation bill providing for this Government's initial payment.
Committee for Reciprocity InformationTariff Commission Building, E Street between Seventh and Eighth Streets NW
Members Chairman Lynn R. Edminster (Vice Chairman, United States Tariff Commission) Representatives of: Department of State Department of Agriculture Department of the Treasury Department of Commerce Special Assistant and Executive Secretary Edward Yardley
Creation and Authority.--The Committee for Reciprocity Information was created by Executive Order 6750, issued June 27, 1934, pursuant to the provisions of section 4 of the Trade Agreements Act of June 12, 1934 (48 Stat. 943; 19 U.S.C. 1351-54).
Purpose.--The above-mentioned section 4 provides in part that before a trade agreement is concluded with any foreign government interested persons shall have an opportunity to present views to the President or to such agency as the President may designate. The Committee for Reciprocity Information was created as such an agency. The Committee receives written and oral statements, digests them, and transmits them to the various agencies concerned with
the negotiation of the reciprocal trade agreements with foreign governments.
Organization.--The Executive order creating the Committee for Reciprocity Information provides that the Committee shall consist of members appointed from the personnel of certain designated departments and such other Federal departments or offices as may be named by the Executive Committee on Commercial Policy.
The membership of the Committee, as well as the departments and agencies represented o it, has changed from time to time. In May 1937 the Committee was reconstituted to integrate it even more closely than theretofore with the rest of the interdepartmental trade agreements organization. This was done by designating as members of the Committee for Reciprocity Information certain officers of the Government who are at the same time members of the Committee on Trade Agreements.
Executive Order 8190, issued July 5, 1939, places the Committee under the jurisdiction and control of the Department of State, and provides that its functions shall be exercised under the direction and supervision of the Secretary of State, who shall designate from the membership of the Committee the Chairman thereof.
Activities.--The Committee's work is primarily concerned with receiving and disseminating throughout the trade agreements organization the information and views presented by interested persons in regard to the trade agreements program. Originally its activities were concerned only with pending trade agreements. In December 1936 its functions were extended to include the receipt of statements concerning completed trade agreements or with reference to any other aspect of the trade agreements program. As occasion warrants, the Committee arranges for informal conferences.
The rules issued by the Committee provide that formal statements submitted to the Committee in writing shall be in sextuplet and that the original shall be under oath. The information in these statements is confidential and for the use of the Committee and the interdepartmental trade agreements organization. Anyone who has presented such a statement may supplement it at the public hearings which are held, in the Tariff Commission hearing room, before each trade agreement is completed.
Lynn R. Edminster
Executive Committee on Economic Foreign PolicyDepartment of State Building, Seventeenth Street and Pennsylvania Avenue NW.
REpublic 5600, Branch 2869
Members Department of State William L. Clayton, Chairman Department of State Edward S. Mason, Vice Chairman Department of the Treasury Harry D. White Department of Agriculture Leslie A. Wheeler Department of Commerce Amos E. Taylor Department of Labor A.F. Hinrichs United States Tariff Commission Oscar B. Ryder Foreign Economic Administration James W. Angell Executive Secretary Robert M. Carr
Creation and Authority.--The Executive Committee on Economic Foreign Policy was created by letter of April 5, 1944, form the President to the Secretary of State (and similar letters to the heads of the other interested departments and agencies listed above).
Purpose.--It is the function of the Committee to examine problems and developments affecting the economic foreign policy of the United States and to formulate recommendations in regard thereto for the consideration of the Secretary of State, and, in appropriate cases, of the President. Major interdepartmental committees concerned with general economic affairs including those established in the Department of State are, in accordance with the letter from the President, expected to be appropriately geared into this Committee.
Organization.--The Committee consists of representatives of the Departments of State, the Treasury, Agriculture, Commerce, and Labor, the United States Tariff Commission, and the Foreign Economic Administration. Representatives of other departments and agencies are invited to participate in this Committee or its subcommittees when matters of special interest to them are under consideration. The Chairman of the Committee is an officer of the Department of State designated by the Secretary of State, and the Committee's secretariat is attached to the office of the Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs.
Activities.--The Committee meets weekly, or more often if necessary. The Committee studies and advises on questions of economic foreign policy. It considers also -problems of various departments and agencies of the Government dealing with domestic matters which have an important bearing on such policy.
William L. Clayton
Interdepartmental Committee on Cultural and Scientific CooperationDepartment of State Building, Seventeenth and Pennsylvania Avenue NW.
REpublic 5600, Branch 748
Members Chairman Archibald MacLeish Vice Chairman John S. Dickey Vice Chairman Bryn J. Hovde Executive Director Raymund L. Zwemer Executive Secretary Stephen P. Dorsey Representatives of:
Department of State
Department of the Treasury
Department of Justice
Department of the Navy
Department of the interior
Department of Agriculture
Department of Commerce
Department of Labor
Bureau of the Budget
Export-Import Bank of Washington
Federal Communications Commission
Federal Security Agency
Federal Works Agency
Foreign Economic Administration
Library of Congress
Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs
United States Maritime Commission
United States Tariff Commission
Creation and Authority.--The Interdepartmental Committee on Cooperation with the American Republics, established by the Secretary of State in May 1938 at the request of the President, met for the first time on May 26, 1938. The Committee's name was changed to Interdepartmental Committee on Cultural and Scientific Cooperation by Departmental Order 1301, December 20,. 1944.
Purpose.--It is the function of the Committee, operating under the act of August 9, 1939 (53 Stat. 1290; 22 U.S.C.501), to coordinate and guide the activities of the various departments and agencies of the United States Government for the cooperative development of social, economic, cultural, and scientific relations with other countries. In particular, the Committee is responsible for coordinating the activities which the United States undertakes under the treaties, resolutions, declarations, and recommendations signed or adopted by all the American republics in 1936 at the Inter-American Conference for the Maintenance of Peace at Buenos Aires and in 1938 at the Eighth International Conference of American States at Lima. The Committee is responsible also for the administration of the act of May 25, 1938, as amended by the act of May 3, 1939 (53 Stat. 652; 5 U.S.C. 118e), providing for the temporary detail of United States Government employees to the other American republics, the Philippines Islands, and Liberia.
Organization.--The Committee is organized under the chairmanship of the Assistant Secretary of State for Public and Cultural Relations, and the secretariat of the Committee is located in the Division of Cultural Cooperation, Office of Public Affairs, Department State. The Committee is supported by an Executive Committee and by Subcommittees on Scientific and Technical Projects, Exchange of Persons, and Exchange of Information.
Activities.--A large portions of the Committee's program is devoted to 22 types of cooperative projects of a technical or scientific nature, such as the development of vital statistics, the investigation of methods of insect eradication and control of malaria and bubonic plague, the study of marine and fresh-water resources, the conduct of experimental investigations dealing with quinine, essential oils, fibers, insecticide-producing plants, and other complementary crops, rubber cultivation, research on tides, and the investigation of mineral resources. The Committee's program also includes exchange fellowships in fields ranging from public administration and aviation to tariff problems and archival science, the exchange of publications and translations, assistance in the cooperative maintenance of United States cultural institutes abroad, and aid to United States schools and libraries in the other American republics.
The Committee submits annually to the Congress a combined budget for these cooperative programs and allocates the funds granted to the participating agencies.
American Mexican Claims CommissionRoom 402-422, Dupont Circle Building
Members Commissioner Edward E. Witt, Chairman Commissioner Charles F. McLaughlin Commissioner Samuel Marshall Gold General Counsel John Maktos Secretary James A. Langston
Creation and Purpose.--The Commission was established pursuant to the provisions of the Settlement of Mexican Claims Act of 1942, approved December 18, 1942 (56 tat. 1058; 22 U.S.C., Supp. II, 661-72). Under this act the Commission adjudicates claims and makes awards to claimants entitled to participate in the distribution of lump-sum settlement recently effected by the Department of State whereby the Republic of Mexico pays $40,000,000 to the United States in settlement of claims. Participating claims have originated over a long period extending from 1868 to 1940 and include claims relating to the expropriation of lands and mines, confiscation or destruction of personal property, injuries to individuals, and miscellaneous cases of alleged denial of justice. Included are all claims not heretofore finally adjudicated in which the Government of Mexico is alleged to have become responsible to the United States for injuries to American nationals, excepting claims concerning petroleum properties and certain claims arising form default of payment on Mexican bonds.
Edgar E. Witt
Anglo-American Caribbean CommissionOtis Building, 810 Eighteenth Street NW.
United States Section, REpublic 5600, Branches 2612, 2620, and 2376
British Section, EXecutive 4865
UNited States Members Chairman Charles W. Taussig Coert duBois Rexford G. Tugwell Special Assistant to the Chairman Sidney de la Rue Executive Secretary John Gange British Members Chairman Sir John S. Macpherson Member (Vacancy) (One member to be appointed ad hoc according to problems under consideration.) Executive Secretary E. Stanley Pembleton
Creation and Authority.--As the result of an exchange of notes between the two Governments, under date of March 9, 1942, a joint communiqué issued by the British and United States Governments announced the creation of the Anglo-American Caribbean Commission. The United States Section of the Commission, which is directly responsible to the President, opened its offices on August 1, 1942. It has operated as an integral unit of the Department of State by departmental order. The British Section was formed in October 1942 and moved into joint offices with the United States Section on January 1, 1943.
Purpose.--The Commission was organized for the purpose of encouraging and strengthening social and economic cooperation between the United States of American and its possessions and bases in the area known geographically and politically as the Caribbean, and the United Kingdom and the British Colonies in the same area, and to avoid unnecessary duplication of research in these fields.
The Anglo-American Caribbean Commission serves in an advisory capacity to the British and United States Governments. Members of the Commission concern themselves primarily with matters pertaining to labor, agriculture, housing, health, education, social welfare, finance, economics, and related subjects in the territories under the British and American flags within the Caribbean area. Where the Commission's advice requires administrative action it works with the appropriate British and United States agencies that have administrative responsibility in regard to the problem in question.
Organization.--The Commission consists of six members. Three are appointed by the President of the United States, and three by His Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom, two of whom have been nominated permanently, the third being appointed ad hoc according to the problem under consideration.
Charles W. Taussig United States Chairman
International Boundary Commission--United States, Alaska, and Canada
United States Section Department of Commerce Building, Fourteenth Street between Constitution Avenue and E street NW.
District 2200, Branch 791
Commissioner (Vacancy) Engineer to the Commission Jesse Hill Secretary Edgar A. Klapp Canadian Section Commissioner Noel Olgivie Engineer to the Commission George H. McCallum
Creation and Purpose.--The Commission was created under the provision of the treaties of April 21, 1906, April 11, 1908, and February 24, 1925, between the United States and Great Britain, for the purpose of defining, marking, and maintaining the demarcation of the international boundary line between the United States and Canada, and between Alaska and Canada.
Edgar A. Klapp
Secretary, United States Section
International Boundary Commission--United States and Mexico
United States Section 627 First National Bank Building, El Paso, Tex. Commissioner (Boundary and Water) Lawrence M. Lawson Consulting Engineer Culver M. Ainsworth Counsel F.B. Clayton Secretary George H. Winters Administrative Officer and Chief Clerk M.B. Moore Mexican Section P.O. Box 14, El Paso, Tex. Commissioner (Boundary and Water) Rafael Fernández MacGregor Consulting Engineer (Boundary) Joaqúin C. Bustamante Consulting Engineer (Water) J. Franco Urías Secretary Horacio Gil de Partearroyo Assistant Secretary Fernando Rivas S.
Creation and Authority.--The Commission was organized under authority of the treaty of March 1, 1889, and was provided with additional
powers and duties by the treaties of March 20, 1905, and February 1, 1933. The authority for further international functions with regard to matters affecting the boundary between the United States and Mexico is delegated to the Commission by exchange of notes between the two governments, and by national legislation undertaken independently by either government with respect to its own section of the Commission.
Purpose.--It is the purpose of the Commission to exercise jurisdiction over, and to examine and decide all differences or questions affecting, the location of the boundary line arising in connection with both the land and the water portions of the boundary separating the two countries, as well as to conduct, under instructions of the two governments, technical investigations of all international problems along the boundary which require an engineering solution.
Organization.--The Commission is composed of a United States section and a Mexican section. Both sections are headed and staffed by engineers experienced in water engineering and with those problems peculiar to the Rio Grande and to the Colorado River. The United States Section has headquarters at El Paso, Tex., and the Mexican Section at Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico.
Jurisdiction.--The jurisdiction of the Commission covers all questions pertaining to the location of the boundary between the United States of American and the United Mexican States, as established and modified by the treaties of 1848, 1853, 1884, 1905, and 1933. The boundary is delineated for a distance of 1,210 miles by the Rio Grande, for 20 miles by the Colorado River, and for 675 miles by the overland boundary between El Paso and the Pacific Ocean.
General Duties.--The Commission in authorized to suspend the construction of works of any character along the Colorado River and the Rio Grande that are found to be in contravention of existing treaties. It erects and maintains certain monuments along the water boundary. It also repairs and maintains the monuments along the land boundary.
Surveys of the boundary made necessary by changes brought about by force of the current in both rivers are made by the Commission. It marks and eliminates bancos caused by such changes, establishing the national jurisdiction to be exercised over such tracts of land.
The Commission has authority to assemble papers containing information relative to boundary matters from either country, to hold meetings wherever questions may arise, to summon witnesses and to take testimony. If the two Commissioners agree to a decision, their judgment is binding on both governments, unless it is disapproved by one of them within one month from the date it was pronounced.
Equitable Use of Waters.--The Commission is charged with investigation, study, and report regarding the equitable use of waters of the three major international streams of the southwestern frontier, the Lower Rio Grande, the Lower Colorado River, and the Tia Juana River. In addition to the development and analysis of data pertaining to irrigated areas and the use of waters generally, the Commission operates, over some 1,500 miles of the Rio Grande and its tributaries and diversions, 54 stream-gaging stations. These embrace
the measurement of the run-off from over 55,000 square miles of drainage area of the Rio Grande within the United States, between Fort Quitman and the Gulf of Mexico, and approximately half of the drainage area in Mexico between the same points.
International Flood Control.--The Commission handles questions for investigation and report in connection with flood control measures along the international boundary, which are submitted to it from time to time upon agreement of the United States and Mexico expressed through an exchange of notes.
By the provisions of the treaty of February 1, 1933, between the United States and Mexico, the Commission was charged with the direction and inspection of the construction, with the subsequent maintenance, of the Rio Grande rectification project in the El Paso-Juarez Valley. The plans for this project, of which the total estimated cost is $6,106,500, were developed by the Commission. Through an exchange of notes the two governments approved plans submitted by the Commission for the Lower Rio Grande and the Nogales flood control projects. The construction of all these projects was initiated during the fiscal year 1934.
The Rio Grande rectification project has been constructed and the maintenance of the works of this project is being conducted by the Commission under joint regulations adopted pursuant to the treaty provisions. The local authorities of the two countries, under the general supervision of the Commission, operate and maintain the constructed works of the Nogales flood control project.
international Sanitation.--Questions relating to international sanitation along the international boundary are referred to the Commission for investigation and report to the governments of the two countries.
By an exchange of notes, the two governments approved the plan submitted by the Commission for the construction of an international sanitation system along the Lower Tia Juana River Valley to provide means for the solution of the serious sanitary situation existing along the boundary in both countries. The work constructed by the two governments on the Lower Tia Juana Valley sanitation project are operated and maintained by local agencies in the two countries. The Commission has general supervision over this maintenance.
United States Section.--The acts of August 29, 1935 (49 Stat. 961), and June 4, 19356 (49 Stat. 1463), authorized the Secretary of State, acting through the American Section of the Commission, to construct, operate, and maintain works for the canalization of the Rio Grande from the Caballo Dam in New Mexico to El Paso, Tex., including a diversion dam in the Rio Grande wholly within the United States, in order to facilitate compliance with the Convention of May 21, 1906, between the United States and Mexico, and for the regulation and control of the water supply for use in the two countries as provided by treaty. A total of $4,000,000 was authorized by Congress to be appropriated for the construction of these works.
On the Rio Grande rectification project in the El Paso-Juarez Valley, the process of straightening the boundary river involved the acquisition of lands through exchange with mexico. Administration and disposition of such lands is provided for by the act approved August 27, 1935 (49 Stat. 906; 22 U.S.C. 277c).
Under the provisions of the act approved August 19, 1935, as amended (49 Stat. 660, 1370; U.S.C. 277-277d), together with executive acton taken thereunder, statutory authorization is provided for the cooperation of the American Commissioner with representatives of the Government of mexico in studies relating to the equitable use of waters of the Lower Rio Grande, Lower Colorado, and Tia Juana Rivers. Provision also is made for the conduct by the American Commissioner of technical and other investigations relating to the defining, demarcation, fencing, or monumentation of the land and water boundary. The act further embraces statutory authority and administrative provisions for the construction, operation, and maintenance of projects, or works under treaty provisions and works designed to facilitate compliance with the treaties.
Under authority embraced in the act of August 19, 1935, an engineering investigation is being conducted and a study is being made ot determine the feasibility and best means of effecting flood control and the conservation of water on the United States side of the Rio Grande between Fort Quitman, Tex., and the Gulf of Mexico.
Commissioner, United States Section
International Fisheries Commission--United States and Canada
United States Section Director of Investigation, International Fisheries Commission, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash. Commissioner Edward W. Allen, Secretary Commissioner Charles E. Jackson Canadian Section Commissioner A.J. Whitmore, Chairman Commissioner G.W. Nickerson Director Harry A. Dunlop
Creation and Purpose.--The International Fisheries Commission was established pursuant to the Convention of March 2, 1923, for the purpose of making a thorough investigation into the life history of the halibut of the Northern Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea, and recommending regulations for its preservation and development. The Convention of March 2, 1923, was supplanted by the Convention of Mary 9, 1930, which in turn was supplanted by the Convention of May 9, 1937. The Conventions of May 9, 1930, and January 29, 1937, continued the International Fisheries Commission as originally
established, and pursuant to their provisions, the International Fisheries Commission now regulates the fishery.
Chares E. Jackson
Commissioner, United States Section
International Joint Commission--United States and Canada
United States Commissioners Washington Loan and trust Building, Ninth and F Streets NW.
Chairman A. Owsley Stanley Commissioner Roger B. McWhorter Secretary Jesse B. Ellis Canadian Commissioners Chairman Charles Stewart Commissioner J.E. Perrault Secretary Lawrence J. Burpee
Creation and Authority.--The International Joint Commission was created by the treaty of January 11, 1909, between the United States and Great Britain. The Commission has jurisdiction over all cases involving the use, obstruction, or diversion of boundary waters between the United States and Canada, of waters flowing from boundary waters and of waters at a lower level than the boundary in rivers flowing across the boundary.
Purpose.--The Commission is constituted an investigatory body for the purpose of examining into and reporting upon any questions or matters of difference arising along the common frontier that shall be referred to it at the request of either the United States or Canada.
There may be referred to the Commission for decision any questions or matters of difference involving the rights, obligations, or interest of the United States or of Canada, either in relation to each other or to their respective inhabitants, it being understood that such acton on the part of the United States will be by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and on the part of Great Britain with the consent of the Government of Canada.
The Commission is also charged with the measurement and apportionment from time to time of the waters of the St. May and Milk River and their tributaries, in Montana, Alberta, and Saskatchewan, which waters are largely used for irrigation in both countries.
Organization.--The Commission consists of six members, three appointed by the President of the United States and three appointed by His Majesty on recommendation of the Government of Canada. Permanent offices are established in Washington and Ottawa.
Jesse B. Ellis
Secretary, United States Commissioners
International pacific Salmon Fisheries CommissionDominion Building, New Westminster, B.C.
United States Section Commissioner Edward W. Allen, Chairman Commissioner Fred J. Foster Commissioner Charles E. Jackson Canadian Section Commissioner A.J. Whitmore, Secretary Commissioner A.L. Hager Commissioner Tom Reid Director B.M. Brennan
Creation and Purpose.--The International Pacific Salmon Fisheries Commission was established pursuant to the Convention between the United States and Canada which was signed at Washington on May 26, 1937, the ratifications of which were exchanged July 28, 1937. The Commission was created for the protection, preservation, and extension of the sockeye salmon fishery of the Fraser River and is empowered to investigate the natural history of the sockeye salmon, hatchery methods, spawning ground conditions, and related matters. It may conduct fish cultural operations and recommend removal of obstacles. it has power of regulation which will not become effective until the scientific investigations provided for in the Convention have been made, covering two cycles of sockeye salmon runs, or a period of 8 years.
There are six Commissioners, three for each country. Two Commissioners from each country must concur in any acton to make it effective.
Charles E. Jackson
Commissioner, United States Section
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