DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATORY NOTES
The purpose of this section is to supplement the footnotes given
in each table and to make is possible to interpret the statistics more
fully. The notes and definitions in this section are arranged in the
same order as the tables. Certain definitions of general application
throughout the Digest are also given in the Introductory Notes on page
I. POPULATION AND VITAL STATISTICS
|1 to 3
For 1939 all figures for the
population of the United Kingdom refer to the population actually in
the country (resident population) they exclude members of the armed
forces serving overseas and merchant seamen at sea. The number so
excluded is estimated at about a quarter of a million at June 1939.
The figures for total population include from 1940 all members of the
armed forces and merchant navy whether at home or overseas.
Figures for England and Wales relate to births occuring
during the year; those for Scotland and Northern Ireland relate to the
number of births registered in each year.
Birth rates have been calculated as follows:—
- For 1939 by relating birth registration (occurencies in
the case of England and Wales) to the resident population, that is
excluding memebers of the armed forces overseas and merchant seaman at
- From 1940 by relating birth registrations (occurencies in
the case of England and Wales) to the total population, including
members of the armed forces overseas and merchant seamen at sea.
|Reproduction rates are an
indication of the extent to wihc the female population of child-bearing
age is being replaced by births. A rate of 1 represented exact
replacement. In the "gross" rate no allowance is mdae for the losses
due to death before completion of the child-bearing period. The
"effective" and "net" rates both make provision for such losses but
while the "effective" rate used for England and Wales assumed a
continued improvement in mortality, the "net" rate used for Scotland is
based on the mortality experienced in the year of calcuation.
|For England and Wales the
rates of deaths of infants under one year of age are based on live
births occurring in the seveeral periods to which the deaths in the age
groups comprising the first year of life relate. For Scotland and
Northern Ireland the rates are based on live births registered in the
year in which the deaths took place.
The figures relate to the number of deaths registered during
the year, the normal time lag between occurrence and registration being
a matter of days only.
The figures for male deaths refer to civilians only for
England and Wales and Scotland from 3rd September 1939 and for Northern
Ireland from 1941.
The figures for female deaths refer to civilians only for
England and Wales and Scotland from 1st June 1941 and for Northern
Ireland from January 1941.
The figures represent estimates of the total number of males
aged 14–64 and females aged 14–59 gainfully employed, whether
employers, employees or persons working on their own accout, otgether
with those who had not yet taken up employment since leaving H.M.
Forces and insured private persons registered as unempoyed. Indoor
private domestic servants are excluded. Women in part-time paid
employment are included, two part-time workers being counted as
equivalent to one full-time worker. The figures exclude
prisoners-of-war but include such other foreign workers as had enterd
individually into civilian employment.
The heading "National Government Service" covers all
employees of the Government except those employees in dockyards, royal
ordnance factories, etc. who are included in their appopriate industry
classifcations. It also includes British employees of N.A.A.F.I.
|The figures in Tables 10 to 15
relate to men and women who served in the amred forces and auxliliary
services of the United Kingdom, British subjects usually domiciled in
III. SOCIAL CONDITIONS
JUSTICE AND CRIME
HOUSING AND BUILDING
IV. AGRICULTURE AND FOOD
V. FUEL AND POWER
GAS AND ELECTRICITY
VI. RAW MATERIALS
VIII EXTERNAL TRADE
X. PUBLIC TRANSPORT
XI. NATIONAL INCOME
XII. WAGES AND PRICES
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