First-line Aircraft—British, German and Italian Air Forces
DATE R.A.F.1 GERMAN4 ITALIAN 30th September 1938 1,982 3,307 3rd September 1939 1,9112 4,131 1st August 1940 2,9133 4,549 1,5295 (June)
Contents * Previous Chapter (Appendix IV) * Next Chapter (Appendix VI)
1 These figures are based on the official 'establishment' for the initial equipment (I.E.) of fsuqadrons, home and oversseas. In addition, there was an immediate reserve (I.R.) varying from 4 to 5 aircraft per squadron. After June 1944 this initial equipment and immediate reserve were grouped together in what became known as unit equipment (U.E.).
2 The declinein first-line aircraft in September 1939 as compared with September 1938 was due (a) to the withdrawal of obsolescent aircraft, and (b) to the relegation of certain 'non-mobilizable' bomber squadrons to form a reserve and operational training organization at the outbreak of war.
3 Include aircraft of Dominion and Allied air forces under R.A.F. contl.
4 The German figures, which are extracted from Luftwaffe records, are for actual strength. They include in each case a powerful force of transport aircraft—308 in September 1938, 552 in September 1939, 375 in August 1940.
5 This figure is an official Italian total to the nearest available date.