1. See Map 22. 2. Chambers. Vol. 12, p. 696. 3. The Right Reverend Walter Baddeley, D.S.O. M.C. M.A, now (1956) Bishop of Blackburn. 4. See p. 42. 5. See Map 5. 6. See pp. 35-36 and 37-42. 7. See Morison, Vol. V, for a full account of the seizure of Guadalcanal and Tulagi and of the fighting which followed. 8. See Vol. I, pp. 158-160. 9. See Map 23. 10. See pp. 35-36. 11. See pp. 59 and 61. 12. For example the 'midget' submarine attacks on Diego Suarez and Sydney (see p. 192) accomplished little, and absorbed a substantial number of submarines for long periods. Many long and almost fruitless submarine reconnaissances were also made at this time in the Indian Ocean. (See pp. 185 and 271). 13. See Morison, Vol. V, p. 184. 14. The Hornet was actually sunk at 1:35 a.m. (local time) on 27th October in the Battle of Santa Cruz. This was equivalent to 12:35 p.m. on the 27th London time, only about twelve hours before Admiral Pound's signal was despatched. 15. This was the force commanded by Admiral R. C. Giffen, U.S.N., which came to Scapa in April 1942 (see p. 134). It was originally called Task Force 39. 16. See pp. 59 and 61. 17. See p. 415. 18. It is interesting to recall that the Hiyei and her three sister ships (laid down 1911-12 in Japanese yards) were designed by Sir George Thurston, one of the most distinguished British naval architects of the time. The large amount of punishment she withstood more than thirty years later, without sinking or blowing up, appears to be a remarkable tribute to the men who designed her. But see p. 236 footnote 26 regarding American torpedo failures. 19. See pp. 223-225. 20. Morison, Vol. V, p. 313. 21. See Sir Julian Corbett, Naval Operations, Vol. III (Longmans, Green & Co., New Edition, 1940), pp. 391-406. 22. See Vol. I, pp. 427-431 and 534, respectively. 23. See pp. 60, 301, 308 and 312. 24. See pp. 35-36 and42. 25. See Map 5. 26. For example Morison V pp. 221-222 describes the difficulty experienced in sinking the crippled Hornet. No less than sixteen torpedoes were fired at her, and nine of them hit. The Japanese battleship Hiyei also survived numerous hits by American torpedoes (see p. 232). At least two were seen to hit, but rebounded off her side without exploding. 27. See Vol. I, p. 164, regarding early German torpedo failures. 28. See pp. 23-31. 29. See pp. 185-191. 30. Operation 'PEDESTAL'. See pp. 302-308. 31. See pp. 222-223. 32. See pp. 269-271. 33. See pp. 229-231. 34. See pp. 136-145. 35. See pp. 302-308.
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