COS 59/72


Plans Distribution

MINISTRY OF DEFENCE

CHIEFS OF STAFF COMMITTEE

——————————————

REINFORCEMENT OF MASIRAH AND SALALAH WITH RAF REGIMENT PERSONNEL

JOINT THEATRE PLAN (EAST) NO 101 – OPERATION WIGWAM

Note by the Secretary

1. The Chiefs of Staff have approved (1) the report (2) at Annex A. In approving the report the Chiefs of Staff agreed to instruct the United Kingdom Commanders-in-Chief Committee (Overseas) to issue Joint Theatre Plan (East) No 101 in accordance with Annex A.

B G T STANBRIDGE
Air Commodore
Secretary
Chiefs of Staff Committee

Annex:

  1. Reinforcement of Masirah and Salalah with RAF Regiment Personnel – Joint Theatre Plan (East) No 101 – Operation WIGWAM (3 pages).

Notes:

  1. COS 16th Meeting/72, Minute 215.
  2. DOP 513/72 Final.

Ministry of Defence
Main Building
Whitehall, SW1

18 May 1972


ANNEX A TO
59/72

REINFORCEMENT OF MASIRAH AND SALALAH WITH RAF REGIMENT PERSONNEL JOINT THEATRE PLAN (EAST) NUMBER 101 – OPERATION WIGWAM

INTRODUCTION

1. Although Northern Oman and the coastal areas opposite Masirah are currently quiet the potential for dissidence exists close to the surface. The present establishment of RAF Masirah would be unable to provide adequate defence if the security of the airfield was threatened and therefore reinforcement by a RAF Regiment squadron would be necessary.

2. In Dhofar Province hard-core communist rebels are active in the hills overlooking Salalah airfield. The security and close defence of the airfield is the responsibility of the RAF detachment there, which in turn relies on the Sultan's Armed Forces (SAF) supported by attached British Forces for the general defence of the Salalah area. Should SAF be unable to contain rebel activity at an acceptable level it would be necessary to reinforce the RAF Regiment detachment at the airfield up to squadron strength.

3. The Near East Air Force (NEAF) produced a plan (1) for the reinforcement of Masirah and/or Salalah with the necessary RAF Regiment personnel. After initial Foreign and Commonwealth Office and MOD examination, NEAF's plan (1) was rewritten by the Commanders-in-Chief Committee (West) (CICC(West)) to conform with the standard format of Joint Theatre Plans. That plan (2) replaced the previous plan (3) on 14 December 1971 and was therefore circulated for use should the need arise (4).

AIM

4. To examine Joint Theatre Plan (East) No 101 (Revised Final) (JTP (East) 101) – Operation WIGWAM (5).

OUTLINE OF THE PLAN

SCOPE

5. The plan provides for three options:

  1. Option 1. The reinforcement of Masirah with a full RAF Regiment squadron, OR
  2. Option 2. The reinforcement of Salalah to bring the RAF Regiment detachment already there up to squadron strength, OR
Notes:
  1. MOD(Air) AF/CT 173/68 dated 1 November 1971.
  2. JTP(East)101 (Final) – Operation WIGWAM.
  3. RTP(West)17 – Operation PAMPERRO.
  4. CICC(West) 620A dated 1 December 1971.
  5. CICC(West) 620A dated 5 January 1972.

  1. Option 3. The reinforcement of Masirah and Salalah with the above RAF Regiment personnel concurrently.

FORCES REQUIRED

6. Royal Air Force

  1. For Masirah
    1. One Comet 4C aircraft
    2. One VC10 aircraft
    3. Four Hercules aircraft
    4. One RAF Regiment Squadron
  2. For Salalah
    1. One Comet 4C aircraft
    2. One VC10 aircraft
    3. Three Hercules aircraft
    4. Balance of one RAF Regiment Squadron

7. Notice

  1. Aircraft. RAF air transport would be at normal notice.
  2. RAF Regiment. One RAF Regiment squadron would be at intermediate notice (72 hours), other squadrons would be at normal notice (7 days).

CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS

8. Request for Reinforcements. Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief (AOCinC) NEAF after consultation with HM Ambassador, Muscat, would be responsible for warning us when reinforcements may be required so that forces could be brought to short notice (24 hours). AOC-in-C NEAF would also request the despatch of reinforcements through the Ministry of Defence to the United Kingdom Commanders-in-Chief Committee (Overseas) (UK CICC(Overseas)) and HQ Air Support Command (ASC).

9. Method of Deployment. Using the CENTO (preferred) or Westabout (alternative) route:

  1. Vehicles, drivers and freight would travel in Hercules aircraft to either Masirah or Salalah.

  1. Passengers would travel in VC10 aircraft to Masirah. When Salalah is being reinforced, onward movement would be by Andover aircraft based at Masirah.

10. Completion Times

  1. CENTO Route. Once the operation is ordered, RAF Regiment personnel could be deployed by the following times, providing prior action is taken to bring all forces required to short notice and the first aircraft leaves the UK at G + 24 hours (G hour being the time the decision to despatch reinforcements is promulgated by the Ministry of Defence):


Leading Elements
Complete
(1) Masirah
36 hours
45 hours
(2) Salalah (using one Andover from Masirah)
39 hours
45 hours
  1. Westabout Route. Should deployment by the Westabout route be necessary and assuming limited activation could permit the first aircraft carrying reinforcements to depart UK by G +_40 hours, reinforcement of either Masirah or Salalah, or both concurrently, could be completed by G + ½ days.
ADMINISTRATION AND LOGISTICS

11. The Officer Commanding (OC) RAF Masirah, or the OC RAF Detachment Salalah, as appropriate, would assume responsibility for the logistic support of reinforcements from arrival.

12. Units would deploy with equipment scales adequate for self-supporting operations in the field. First line scales of ammunition would be carried' subsequent resupply of ammunition, if required, would be from stocks held at RAF Masirah.

COMMAND AND CONTROL

13. On arrival at Masirah or Salalah all reinforcements would come under the command of AOCinC NEAF. AOCinC ASC would retain operational command and control of Strategic Transport and Tactical Transport (Medium Range) aircraft.

OUR VIEWS

14. The plan meets the requirements for the reinforcement of Masirah and/or Salalah with RAF personnel.

CONCLUSION

15. We conclude that JTP(East) 101 (Revised Final) -  Operation WIGWAM meets the requirement.


The National Archives of the UK: Public Record Office DEFE 5/193/12
© Crown Copyright 1972.
Reproduced under the terms of the Crown Copyright waiver on unpublished public records.