The Editor and Authors

Alan L. Gropman is Chairman of the Department of Grand Strategy at the Industrial College of the Armed Forces, National Defense University, Washington, DC. Prior to his appointment as Chairman, he was a Professor of History at the Industrial College.

Dr. Gropman retired from the U.S Air Force after twenty-seven years of commissioned service. A Colonel at the time of his retirement, he earned numerous awards during his military career, including the Defense Superior Service Medal, the Legion of Merit, the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Air Medal with five oak leaf clusters, and the Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm.

He was a Senior Principal Analyst and Program Manager for the SYSCON Corporation in Washington, DC, directing projects for the Joint Staff and the Air Staff. Dr. Gropman also was an adjunct professor at the National War College.

Dr. Gropman earned a B.A. from Boston University and an M.A. and Ph.D. from Tufts University. He is the author of two books, five chapters in anthologies, and more than two hundred book reviews, articles, and op-ed pieces. He is also the book review editor for Air Power History and a member of the editorial board for Joint Force Quarterly.

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J. Dawson Ahalt is currently Special Assistant to the Administrator of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Economic Research Service. From 1992 to 1996 he held the USDA's Chair at tile Industrial College of the Armed Forces, where he taught economics and other subjects. Mr. Ahalt has an M.A. in Economics from The American University, Washington, DC. He has published a number of journal articles on various agricultural issues.

John E. Bokel is a Professor of Behavioral Science, Department of Strategic Decisionmaking, Industrial College of the Armed Forces, National Defense University, Washington, DC. Previously, he was a Professor of Resource Management


at the Industrial College of the Armed Forces. He has authored or coauthored a number of works on emergency management and education.

Rolf Clark is a Professor of Economics, Industrial College of the Armed Forces, Washington, DC. Previously, he conducted research on resource allocation at the Defense Systems Management College, Fort Belvoir, Virginia. His many publications focus on defense economics, notably Civilians in the Department of Defense (Brookings, 1978, with M. Binkin and H. Kanter); Forces of Habit: Budgeting for Tomorrow's Fleets (American Enterprise Institute, 1981, with J. Abellera); and System Dynamics and Modeling (ORSA, 1988).

Hugh Conway is the U.S Department of Labor Chair and Professor of Economics at the Industrial College of the Armed Forces, Washington, DC. Formerly, he was the Director, Office of Regulatory, Analysis, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. He received his Ph.D. from the University of London, England. His major publications include Defense Economic Issues (1990) and "Occupational Medical Surveillance Survey" in the Journal of Occupational Medicine (July 1993).

Barry J. Dysart is a program manager for Navy modeling and simulation support with Science Applications International Corporation. From 1993 to 1995 he was a faculty, member and then Dean of Students and Executive Officer of the Industrial College of the Armed Forces, Washington, DC. During his 27-year career as a tactical aviator in the Navy, he served in a variety of aircraft squadrons, ships, and staffs, including command of Strike Fighter Squadron 137 (VFA-137) and USS Concord (APS 5). He is the author of "U.S. Technology Policy: Moving from Implicit to Explicit," Proceedings of the Government-Industry Cooperation Conference, 1993.

Marcus (Marc) Erlandson is a program manager for AB Technologies, Inc., a consulting firm that specializes in modeling and simulations support for the Department of Defense. He retired from the U.S Army in 1995 after 24 years of service, the last 5 of which were spent as a Professor of Strategy at the Industrial College of the Armed Forces. Among his other military assignments was a tour as an assistant professor of history at the U.S. Military Academy. Mr. Erlandson holds an M.A. in history, University, of Wisconsin; a Master of Military Arts and Science, U.S Army School of Advanced Military Studies; and a B.S., United States Military Academy.

Anthony Whitford Gray, Jr., is a visiting professor from the Office of the Secretary of Defense. A member of the Senior Executive Service, he has served on the faculty of the Military, Strategy and Logistics Department, Industrial College of the Armed Forces, since 1993. Previously, he was Director of


Humanitarian Assistance and Refugee Affairs in the Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Policy. He received his doctorate in international relations from The American University. Dr. Gray was a contributing author to Latin American Military Institutions (Hoover Institute, 1986).

lrene Kyriakopoulos is Professor of Economics at the Industrial College of the Armed Forces. Dr. Kyriakopoulos teaches economics of strategy and resources management and directs a course on the political economy of the European Union. She has served as Research Associate with The Brookings Institution, as a member of the Economics faculty, of The George Washington University, and as Faculty Fellow at the U.S. Office of Personnel Management. She has written widely on defense economics, European integration, and the economic dimension of international security. Recent publications include Trouble in Paradise? Europe in the 21st Century, National Defense University Press, 1996 (coauthored with Steven Philip Kramer) and "Economic Integration and Security Cooperation in a Multipolar International System," Mediterranean Quarterly, Summer 1996. Professor Kyriakopoulos received her B.S. degree in Economics from the University of Maryland and her M.A. and Ph.D. degrees, also in Economics, from The George Washington University.

Donald L. Losman is the J. Carlton Ward, Jr. Distinguished Professor of Economics at the Industrial College of the Armed Forces, Washington, DC, where he ha,s taught since 1982. He previously held the Herman Beukema Chair of Economics at the U.S. Army War College. His most recent book is The Promise of American lndustry, (1990). He has written numerous scholarly pieces as well as articles for the Washington Post, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Baltimore Sun, and other major U.S. dailies.

James E. Toth is the Chairman of the Department of Military Strategy and Logistics at the Industrial College of the Armed Forces. A retired Marine Colonel, he participated in several national strategy reviews and joint doctrine development assignments. He served with the Second, Third, and Fifth Marine Divisions; First and Second Air and Naval Gunfire Liaison Companies; and USS Newport News (CA 148) and Second Fleet Headquarters. In addition to extensive service with U.S. Navy and U.S. Army Operating Forces, he has served with Marine and Army Forces of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Republic of Korea. He is a graduate of the U,S. Navy Intelligence School, USMC Amphibious Warfare School, the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, the Army War College, and the Industrial College of the Armed Forces. His expeditionary experience includes the Dominican Republic, Vietnam, and the JCS joint doctrine evaluation team for the Gulf War.


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