Chapter XIII
The Breakthrough

Footnotes

1. 3d Armd Div Ltr of Instrs, 26 Jul (issued orally by CG VII Corps, 25 Jul).

2. 9th Div FO 11, 26 Jul.

3. Telecon, Helmdach and Tempelhoff, 1600, 25 Jul, AGp B KTB; see also Morning and Daily Sitreps, 25 Jul, LXXXIV Corps Meldungen; Seventh Army KTB, 25 Jul.

4. Telecons, Kluge and Hausser, 1010, 26 Jul, Pemsel and Tempelhoff, 1830, 26 Jul, AGp B KTB.

5. Seventh Army KTB, 26 Jul; LXXXIV Corps Daily Sitrep, 26 Jul, in LXXXIV Corps Meldungen; Kluge Order, 1935, 26 Jul, AGp B Op. Befehle; Telecons, Kluge and Jodl, 1828, 13 Jul, and Kluge and Zimmerman, 1750, 26 Jul, OB WEST KTB, Anlagen 615, 860, and 862.

6. Overlay to accompany 9th Div G-3 Per Rpt, 2400, 25 Jul; 83d Div G-2, G-3 Jnl, entry 0915, 26 Jul.

7. 83d Div AAR, Jul, and G-3 Per Rpt 30, 26 Jul; 9th Div G-3 Jnl, entries 1100, 1145, 2025, and 2100, 26 Jul.

8. 9th Div G-3 Jnl, entries 1140, 1145, 1406, 1545, 2040, 26 Jul; 39th Inf S-3 Rpt, 26 Jul; VII Corps Sitreps 100 and 101, 26 Jul.

9. Telecon, Collins and Hobbs, 2215, 25 Jul, 30th Div G-3 Jnl and File; 8th Inf Msg, 1020, 26 Jul, 4th Div G-3 Jnl File.

10. 4th Div AAR, Jul.

11. 30th Div G-2 Per Rpt, 26 Jul, and G-3 Jnl, 26 Jul.

12. Telecon, Hobbs and Kelly, 1535, 25 Jul, 30th Div G-3 Jnl and File; 30th Div FO 14, 25 Jul; MS # B-489 (Ziegelmann).

13. VII Corps Opns Memo 49, 27 Jul (confirming oral orders, 26 Jul).

14. MS # P-159 (Stoeckler); MS # B-839 (Heydte); MS # B-439 (Ziegelmann).

15. Leading his platoon in an assault across open ground in view of the enemy, 2d Lt. Edward F. Koritzke was killed but inspired his men to overrun the hostile positions. Koritzke was posthumously awarded the DSC.

16. 4th Div Msg, 1015, 27 Jul, 30th Div G-3 Jnl and File.

17. Telecon, Hobbs and Birks, 2300, 27 Jul, 30th Div Jnl and File; 30th Div G-3 Jnl, entries 0725, 2033, and 2100, 27 Jul.

18. Telecon, Hobbs and Birks, 2300, 27 Jul, 30th Div Jnl and File.

19. See Ruppenthal Notes, ML-2185.

20. FUSA Conf Notes, 12 Jul, FUSA G-3 Misc File.

21. 1st Div G-3 Jnl and File, entries 0500 and 0550, 26 Jul.

22. 1st Div FO's 38 and 39, 19 and 25 Jul; G-3 Jnl, entry 1700, 25 Jul; Arty S-3 Per Rpt 38, 26 Jul; [Pillsbury], 2d Armd Div in Opn COBRA, p. 18; 3d Armd Div Arty Annex to 3d Armd Div FO 5, 19 Jul.

23. 1st Div G-3 Jnl, entry 2155, 25 Jul.

24. Ltr, Eisenhower to Marshall, 5 Jul, Pogue Files.

25. 1st Div AAR, Jul, G-3 Jnl, 25 and 26 Jul, Situation Overlay, 2400, 25 Jul, and Msgs, 0725 and 1010, 26 Jul; 1st Div Arty S-3 Per Rpt 39, 26 Jul; 9th Div G-3 Jnl, entries 0130 and 0210, 26 Jul.

26. 3d Armd Div CCB AAR, Jul, Action 25 Jul-31 Jul.

27. VII Corps Sitrep 101, 27 Jul, and Opns Memos 48 and 49, 25 and 27 Jul (the latter confirming oral orders 26 Jul); 9th Div G-3 Jnl, entry 1900, 26 Jul.

28. 1st Div Arty S-3 Per Rpt 39, 26 Jul; VII Corps Tactical Study of the Terrain, 17 Jul.

29. Other elements of CCA were: 66th Armored Regiment, 702d Tank Destroyer Battalion, 14th Armored Field Artillery Battalion, and engineer, antiaircraft, medical, and maintenance detachments.

30. 2d Div AAR, Jul; see [Pillsbury], 2d Armd Div in Opn COBRA, p. 18.

31. FUSA G-2 Per Rpt 47, 27 Jul.

32. 2d Armd Div Msgs, 1730 and 1830, 26 Jul, 30th Div G-3 Jnl and File.

33. 2d Armd Div Msgs, 1930 and 2030, 26 Jul, 30th Div G-3 Jnl and File.

34. 2d Armd Div G-3 Per Rpt 4, 27 Jul.

35. 2d Armd Div Msg, 1130, 27 Jul, 30th Div Jnl and File. Lt. Col. Lindsay C. Herkness, Jr., was awarded the DSC for his heroic leadership of armored troops; Capt. Mario T. DeFelice, a medical officer, was awarded the DSC for heroism.

36. 2d Armd Div Msg, 0730, 27 Jul, 30th Div Jnl and File.

37. 1st Div FO 38, 19 Jul; Annex 1 to 3d Armd Div FO 4, 19 Jul. There was some question on the final mission of the combat command. The 3d Armored Division CCB Field Order 5 of 20 July states that the combat command was to prepare to attack north toward Periers only after blocking the roads above Coutances.

38. 1st Div AAR, Jul.

39. VII Corps Msg, 0930, 27 Jul, VII Corps G-3 Jnl and File.

40. 3d Armd Div CCB Opns Overlay and FO, 26 Jul.

41. 1st Div Situation Overlay, 2400, 27 Jul, 9th Div G-3 Jnl and File.

42. 3d Armd Div CCB AAR, Jul.

43. 4th Cav Recon Sq (Mechanized) Unit Rpt 1, 27 Jul, 1st Div Gó3 Jnl and File.

44. VII Corps Msg, 0930, 27 Jul, VII Corps G-3 Jnl and File.

45. 1st Div FO 38, 19 Jul.

46. 17th SS Pz Gren Div Msg, 1415, 27 Jul, 17th SS Engr Bn KTB; see also Telecon, Helmdach and Speidel, 1310, 27 Jul, AGp B KTB, and Choltitz, Soldat Unter Soldaten, pp. 205-06.

47. Telecons, Pemsel and Speidel, 1400, 27 Jul, and Hausser and Speidel, 1530, 27 Jul, AGp B KTB.

48. Telecon, Kluge and Pemsel, 1700, 27 Jul, AGp B KTB.

49. AGp B and OB WEST KTB's, 27-28 Jul; OB WEST KTB, Anlage 878.

50. FUSA FO 2, 28 Jul; see below, Ch. XIV.

51. 1st Div AAR, Jul, and G-3 Jnl, 28 Jul.

52. 1st Div G-3 Jnl, entries 1450 and 1537, 28 Jul; 3d Armd Div CCB AAR, Jul.

53. 16th Inf S-3 Jnl, 28 Jul.

54. 1st Div AAR, Jul, and Situation Overlay, 2400, 28 Jul. S. Sgt. George E. Jackson received the DSC for heroic action that day.

55. 16th Inf Jnl, 28 Jul.

56. 1st Div G-2 Per Rpt 39, 28 Jul.



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