Appendix B

A Gp Army Group
AAF Army Air Forces
AAR After Action Report
AEAF Allied Expeditionary Air Force
AEF American Expeditionary Force (World War I)
AGO The Adjutant General's Office
AI Armored infantry
Alligator Amphibian tracked vehicle
Anlage Appendix or annex
AUS Army of the United States
Bailey bridge Portable steel bridge of the "through" type. The roadway is supported by two main trusses composed of 10-foot sections called "panels" pinned together to form a continuous truss. Capacity may be increased by adding extra trusses alongside the first, by adding an extra truss on top of the first to make a second story, or by both means.
Bangalore torpedo Metal tube packed with high explosive
BAR Browning automatic rifle
Baustandskarte German engineer map, showing status of construction
Bazooka Rocket launcher, hand-carried
Bazooka pants Additional armor to protect tank tracks from antitank fire
BBC British Broadcasting Corporation
Bouncing Betty Bounding type of German antipersonnel mine that explodes three to five feet in the air
Burp gun German submachine gun
CCA Combat Command A, one of the major, flexible, combat formations in armored division
CCB Combat Command B, in armored division
CCD Combat Command D, in French armored division
CCL Combat Command L, in French armored division
CCR Reserve Combat Command, in armored division
CCS Combined Chiefs of Staff
CCV Combat Command V, in French armored division
C-in-C Commander in Chief
CofS Chief of Staff
Dragon's teeth Concrete pillars or iron posts erected as tank barriers
DSC Distinguished Service Cross
DUKW 2½-ton, 6 X 6 amphibian truck, used for short runs from ship to shore


Ersatzheer German Replacement Army
ETO European Theater of Operations
ETOUSA European Theater of Operations, U.S. Army
Ex O Executive officer
FA Field artillery
Fahnenjunkerschule German officer candidate school
Feldgendarmerie German military police
Feldgericht Military tribunal of summary nature
Feldheer Field army
Festung Fortress
FFI French Forces of the Interior
Flash-hider salt Chemicals mixed with explosive to reduce muzzle flash
Fliegerkorps Corps-type operational command of the Luftwaffe
Fuesilier battalion Separate infantry battalion performing both reconnaissance and support in German division
FUSA First U.S. Army
FWD Forward headquarters
G-1 Personnel section of divisional or higher staff
G-2 Intelligence section
G-3 Operations section
G-4 Supply section
General der Luftwaffe beim Oberbefehlshaber des Heeres Air Force general acting as liaison officer with Commander in Chief of the Army
Gen. Qu. General Quartiermeister (Chief of supply and administration for the German Army)
Gen. St. d. H. Generalstab des Heeres (General Staff of the Army)
Gkdo. Generalkommando (Corps-type headquarters)
GMDS German Military Documents Section, AGO
Grouser Steel piece welded to tank track to increase traction in mud
Halb-soldaten "Half-soldiers": over-age or inferior German soldiers
Half-track Combination wheeled and tracked armored personnel carrier
Heeresarchiv German Army Archives
Heeresarst Surgeon General of the German Army
Hilfswillige Volunteer auxiliaries (non-German)
Hitlerjugend Hitler Youth
Jabo German nickname for fighter-bomber
Jagdkorps German fighter-plane command, corps type
Jeep ¼-ton vehicle, personnel carrier
Kampfgruppe German combat group of variable size
Kdtr. d. Bef. Kommandantur der Befestigungen (Fortification Command)
KIA Killed in action
KTB Kriegstagebuch (war diary)


Lagebuch Collection of reports, usually on the military situation
Landesschuetzen Home Guard, sometimes employed outside Germany
Luftflotte An air force of the Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe German Air Force
M-4 (Sherman) American medium tank
Marching fire Firing by troops while erect and advancing
Mark IV German medium tank
Mark V (Panther) German medium tank with heavy armor and high velocity gun
MG 34 German machine gun, model 1934
MIA Missing in action
MII Military Intelligence Interrogation
MLR Main line of resistance
MP Military police
Mtzd Motorized
Nachrichtenschule Signal school
Napalm Incendiary bomb containing butane and petroleum jelly
NCO Noncommissioned officer
OB WEST Oberbefehlshaber West (Highest German ground headquarters of the Western Front)
Obkdo. Oberkommando (Headquarters of an army or higher military organization)
OKH Oberkommando des Heeres (High Command of the Army)
OKW Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (High Command of the Armed Forces)
ONI Office of Naval Intelligence
OP Observation post
Org. Abt. Organizations Abteilung (Staff subdivision in charge of organization)
Ostheer German Army on the Eastern Front
Panther (Mark V) German medium tank with heavy armor and high velocity gun
Panzerfaust Recoilless antitank grenade launcher, hand-carried
Pathfinders Aircraft that lead a formation to the drop zone, release point, or target
Personalakten Individual personnel files of German officers
POL Petrol, oil, and lubricants
Road runner Artillery fire which is "walked" along a road to cover successive segments
S-1 Personnel section of regimental or lower staff
S-2 Intelligence section
S-3 Operations section
S-4 Supply section
SG Smoke generator
SGS Secretary of the General Staff


SHAEF Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force
Shell-rep team Team for reporting rate and type of enemy artillery fire
S-mine German antipersonnel mine
SS Schutzstuffel (Elite Guard)
Stub Gen. Art. beim . . . Chief Artillery Officer at . . .
Stellung Selected position, sometimes organized
TAC Tactical Air Command
TD Tank destroyer
TF Task force
Tiger German heavy tank
T/O Table of Organization
Todt workers Laborers on fortifications, the name being derived from the name of a German official
Tommy gun Thompson submachine gun
TOT Time on target, a method of timing artillery fire from various points to fall on a given target simultaneously
Tree burst Explosion of shells against trees, designed to destroy troops underneath
TUSA Third U.S. Army
Unterfuehrerschule Noncommissioned officers' school
USFET U.S. Forces, European Theater
USO United Service Organizations
VG Volksgrenadier
Volksdeutsche Citizens of a country other than Germany who were considered Germans racially
Volkssturm A people's militia, partially organized in one of the last steps of German mobilization for total war
Waffen-SS SS as a military organization
WDGO War Department General Orders
Wehrkreis German Army administrative area, for the most part inside Greater Germany
WFSt Wehrmuchtfuehrungsstab (Armed Forces Operations Staff)
WIA Wounded in action


Table of Contents ** Previous Appendix (A) * Next Appendix (C)

Transcribed and formatted by Jerry Holden for the HyperWar Foundation