Index

    Aboulker, Jose: 189
    Adcock, Col. Clarence L.: 46
    Aegean Sea, coast defense of: 73
    Africa, Northwest, landings in. See Landings in Northwest Africa; TORCH.
    Agadir: 41, 179
    Aïn Beïda: 494
    Aïn Bou Driès: 462-63
    Aïn Djeloula: 377
    Aïn Draham: 604-05
    Aïn et Turk: 193n, 200-01, 213, 224-25
    Aïn M'lilla: 643, 657-58
    Aïn Rebaou: 388-94, 409, 412, 591
    Aïn Sebaâ: 142-43
    Aïn Seymour: 330
    Aïn Taya: 52, 246-47
    Aïn Témouchent: 198
    Air actions: 109-10, 601
    Air attacks
      Allied: 109-10, 139, 160-61, 279-80, 293-94, 302, 306, 308, 310, 335-36, 379, 381-82, 398, 412-13, 467, 470, 473, 518, 573, 577, 600-02, 649. See also Air-ground co-operation; Air support; Army Air Forces units; Northwest African Tactical Air Force; Western Desert Air Force.
      enemy: 110-11, 112, 114, 187, 248-49, 257, 272-73, 278, 287, 293-94, 300, 315, 318-19, 374, 391-92, 396, 397-98, 411-12, 419-20, 435-36, 462, 470, 573
      French, at Mehdia: 158, 159-60
    Air forces, Allied
      command structure and reorganization: 36-37, 335, 354-55, 492-95
      missions assigned: 354-55
      strength in March: 573
      strength in Tunisia area: 295, 335n
    Air forces, enemy
      consolidation of in Tunisia: 370
      strength in Tunisia area: 295
      transfer from Tunisia to Sicily: 648-49
    Air forces, French: 21, 40, 52, 118-19, 193, 230
    Air Forces Service Command: 493-94
    Air Forces Training Command: 493-94
    Air Officer, ETOUSA: 354-55
    Air Officer Commander in Chief, Middle East (Br.): 354-55
    Air Officer Commanding, Malta (Br.): 354-55
    Air reconnaissance
      Allied: 139, 640n
      enemy: 179-80, 185-86, 216, 287, 427, 438, 441-42, 465, 469, 530-31, 565-66
    Air supply, enemy, at Tunis: 648-49
    Air support
      Allied: 36-37, 46, 48, 50, 53-54, 61, 109, 110-11, 114, 116, 119-21, 133, 145, 150, 152-53, 162-63, 165, 192-93, 204-05, 211-12, 215, 216, 231-34, 236-37, 244, 278, 279-80, 288-89, 299-300, 308-09, 314-15, 374, 381, 383-84, 387-88, 391, 393, 401-02, 411-12, 435-36, 467-68, 485-86, 493-94, 509, 514-16, 517-18, 527, 531, 532-33, 535-37, 547-48, 556, 558-59, 562, 573-74, 585-86, 640, 672-73
      enemy: 287-89, 291, 304-05, 307-08, 324, 338, 367-68, 382, 406, 434, 449, 459, 467, 479, 517-18, 529, 556, 558, 560-62, 572, 574n, 582, 588, 637, 638
      French: 144-45, 154
    Air support parties: 280
    Air supremacy
      Allied: 335, 493-94, 527, 573
      enemy: 21, 302, 316-17
    Air transport
      Allied: 212-13, 280
      enemy: 365-66, 601-02, 603
    Air-ground co-operation: 61, 480-81, 493-95, 536-37, 585n, 672-73
    Air-warning equipment, deficiency: 279-80
    Airborne operations
      Allied: 48, 192, 210-11, 212-13, 306, 309
      enemy: 7, 53, 54, 440
    Aircraft, Allied, for French use: 499-500
    Aircraft losses
      Allied: 111, 139, 204-05, 212-13, 436n, 437, 467-68, 467n, 477, 611
      enemy: 300-301, 370, 462, 601
      French: 110-11, 139n, 158-59, 204-05, 207-08, 211-12, 218-19
    Aircraft, night-fighters: 293-94
    Airdromes. See Airfields.
    Airdrops: 212-13, 278-79, 289, 306, 309
    Airfields
      Allied: 21, 41, 46, 48, 49, 52, 278-79, 592
        defense of: 490
        development: 335, 485, 493-95
        in Morocco, rehabilitation of: 180
        Thélepte, withdrawal from: 433, 437-38
        in Tunisia, protection of: 401-02
      enemy: 254-55, 366n, 370, 527
    Akarit wadi: 322, 537-41. See also Chott position.
    Akers, Col. Russell F., Jr.: 224, 380-81, 448-49
    'Alam el Halfa: 75

--699--

    Alexander, Gen. Sir Harold R. L. G.: 349, 353-54, 489, 492-93, 537-38, 545, 550, 552, 564, 569-70, 572-73, 575-76, 578-79, 582-87, 590-91, 592, 598-600, 608-09, 644
      assigned to command 18th Army Group: 474-75
      assigned to command Middle East theater: 72
      directive from CinC: 485-87
      directive on regrouping forces: 475-76
      estimate of American troops: 475
      Patton's estimate of: 545n
    Alger, Lt. Col. James D.: 416-17, 421-22
    Algiers: 16, 17, 292, 352, 496
      air attack, enemy: 248-49, 254, 293-94
      air support at: 230, 231-34, 236-37, 244, 247-48
      airfields at: 52, 238-41
      AFHQ established: 309
      Allied strength, enemy estimates: 260
      armor support, Allied: 230, 248-49
      armor support, French: 52, 216, 247
      assault, character of, to be American: 50-51
      attack plan: 229-34, 237, 241-42
      beach organization: 230-31, 245-46
      casualties, Allied: 173, 243, 244n, 246, 248-49
      coastal defenses: 52, 230, 234-35, 236, 242-43, 244
      communications: 235, 237-38
      debarkation at: 234-39, 241, 243-48
      De Gaulle, arrival at: 669
      drainage system: 51-52
      eastern landings: 244-49
      Eastern TF, departure of: 277-78
      first day's results: 240-41, 251
      French, reaction to assault: 186-87, 188-90, 235-36, 236n, 238, 239, 243-44, 246, 249-51
      French forces in: 52
      French forces, treatment of: 251-52
      garrison strength: 229-30
      Giraud's association in: 188-90
      government, President's message to: 57
      highway system: 230-31
      importance of: 229
      landing operations: 52, 188, 234-36, 237-39, 241, 244-45, 246-47
      marine obstacle at: 241-42
      military population: 495
      naval operations: 190-91, 231-34, 244n, 248
      night operations: 241-49
      plans for operations at: 50-54
      political problems: 229, 249-51
      port facilities: 19
      prisoners, Allied: 244n
      prisoners, French: 248-49
      sabotage activities: 241, 244
      secured by Allies: 250-52
      security measures: 249
      seizure of: 229-52
      shore party at: 235
      surrender negotiations: 243-44, 249, 251-52
      TERMINAL Force operations: 241-44
      topography: 51-52, 230-31, 241-42
      Vichy attitude toward occupation: 250-51
      western landings: 235-38
    Algorab, USS: 153, 170n
    Allen, Capt. G. R. G. (RN): 195-96
    Allen, Maj. Gen. Terry: 47, 205, 213, 215, 220, 223, 381-82, 456-57, 463, 464, 468, 546-48, 559-60, 614-15, 626, 632, 634, 636-37, 656-57
    Allen, USS. See Henry T. Allen, USS.
    Allfrey, Gen. (Br.): 329-30, 331-32, 394-95, 612
    Allied air forces, command reorganization: 354-55
    Allied Air Support Command: 492-93
    Allied Force Headquarters: 495. See also Allied Forces; Commander in Chief, Allied Force; Eisenhower, Gen. Dwight D.
      at Algiers: 309
      armistice terms, plans for: 57
      Axis strength, estimates of: 543
      Clark-Darlan negotiations: 262-69
      Darlan, relations with: 265-69, 272
      Deputy Chief of Staff, appointment of: 33
      directive to Anderson: 401-02
      in England: 32-33
      at Gibraltar: 84
      Joint Rearmament Committee: 270, 362
      North African Agreement: 269-70
      personnel strength: 495-96
      Political Affairs Section: 54-57
      political missions, assignment by JCS: 55
      political warfare, plans for: 54-57
      propaganda activities: 54-57
      SOS request for supply plan: 66
      staff organization: 15, 33
      staff relations, results of experience: 674-75
      taxes, plans for collecting: 58
    Allied Forces
      activation: 33
      air command, unity of, established: 383-84
      air-ground co-operation, lack of: 480-81
      American tardiness, complaints of: 417, 543-44, 573, 590-91, 599-600
      Anderson appointed to co-ordinate operations: 383
      armor strength: 354n
      army groups, activation: 474-77
      boundary designations: 418
      British and Americans, juncture of: 576-77
      build-up after landing, rate of: 65, 65n, 66
      campaign experience, usefulness to: 669-77
      casualties in Tunisian campaign: 675
      Chief Civil Administrator for: 58-59
      Chief of Staff, appointment of: 33

--700--

      civil affairs, plans for administering: 57-59
      command organization and relations: 32-37, 264-65, 350, 380-81, 382-86, 470-71, 474-76, 600n
      communications zone, reorganization: 494-99
      composition in Tunisia: 295-96
      consolidation in Tunisia: 373-76
      estimate of intentions, by enemy: 322
      Faïd pass, result on of Axis attack: 392-93, 399
      financial activities, control of: 57-58
      Fredendall assigned to command ground troops: 385
      French collaboration, organizing: 272-73
      French commanders, criticism of appointment of: 267-68, 270
      French West Africa, collaboration by: 270-72
      genesis: 15
      German appraisal of effort: 583n, 592n
      liaison organization: 485-86
      logistical support: 486, 495-99
      Ousseltia Valley operations, effect of: 382-83
      regrouping forces, directive on: 475-76
      reorganization of battle line: 427-30
      reorganization after victory: 665-68
      Rommel's estimate of strength: 510-11
      Rommel's proposal for countering: 322-24, 326
      Sicily, preparations for invading: 665-68
      southern sector, defense of: 442-43
      strength, enemy, estimates by: 260
      strength tables for U.S. forces, periodic: 679-81
      Tunisia, advance into: 277-80
      Tunisia, strength in: 335-36
      supply organization: 495-99
      weapons deficiencies: 479-81
    Allied Powers, recognition of French Committee of National Liberation by: 671
    Allison, Col. Richard: 211n
    Almaack, USS: 71, 235, 244-45, 246
    Ambrosio, Gen. (It.): 369, 469-70, 502, 645-47
    Ambushes: 284, 306-07, 506-07, 671-72
    Ammunition supply
      Allied: 139-40, 217, 607
      enemy: 611, 611n, 634, 640-41, 648-49
    Amphibious Force, Atlantic Fleet: 60, 62, 68-70
    Amphibious training: 60-63, 89, 103-04, 185
    Anderson, Maj. Gen. Jonathan W.: 42, 42n, 121, 128, 132, 136, 139, 145, 172-73
    Anderson, Gen. Sir Kenneth A. N.: 63, 71, 84, 279-80, 291, 295-96, 298, 326, 336-37, 343-44, 349-52, 355, 383-84, 399, 401-02, 403-05, 423, 430, 432-34, 443, 456-57, 468, 475, 486-87, 489, 599, 632, 643, 644-45, 667-71
      appointed Eastern TF commander: 35, 252
      appointed to co-ordinate operations: 383
      background: 35n
      directives to on operations: 384-86, 401-02
      mission as commander of Eastern TF: 51
      proposal for withdrawal to west: 423-24
      proposes seizure of Philippeville and Bône: 53
    Andrus, Brig. Gen. Clift: 220-21
    Anfa Conference: 352-54
    Anne Arundel, USS: 153
    Anthony, USS. See Susan B. Anthony, USS.
    Antiaircraft defense
      Allied: 118, 119, 138-39, 205-05, 374-76, 462, 516, 574, 574n
      enemy, at Mareth position: 527-28
    Antiaircraft installations, attack on at Fedala: 128
    Antiaircraft units
      105th Coast Artillery Battalion: 199n, 461n, 462
      106th Separate Coast Artillery Battalion: 195-96, 195n, 210, 210n, 378n
      106th Coast Artillery Regiment: 430n
      107th Coast Artillery Regiment: 578-79
      213th Coast Artillery Regiment: 430n, 443, 547-48
      434th Coast Artillery Battalion: 614-20
      443d Antiaircraft Battalion: 121, 138-40, 376, 387n, 391n, 392n, 396n, 411, 416-17, 419n, 461n, 462, 549n, 565n
      692d Coast Artillery Battalion: 158-59
    Anti-British alliance, enemy plans for: 5
    Anti-Semitism: 356
    Antitank defense
      Allied: 394, 397-98
      enemy: 393-94, 420-21, 522-23, 537-38, 539-40
    ARCADIA Conference: 10
    ARCADIA Program, revision of: 11
    Arco dei Fileni, enemy planning conference: 323-24
    Arcole: 221-22
    Arcturus, USS: 140, 145
    Argus, HMS: 231-34, 278
    Armistice negotiations. See Surrender negotiations.
    Armor support
      Allied: 102, 105, 107-08, 109, 114-16, 121, 128, 143-44, 145, 149-50, 152-53, 160-65, 192, 211, 215, 216-20, 222-23, 248-49, 291-92, 306, 307, 314, 315, 316-17, 328, 331, 341, 378-79, 386-88, 393-94, 406-07, 440, 451, 453, 464, 466-67, 516, 535, 539, 555, 556-57, 582, 585-90, 623-24, 634-38, 639, 641-42, 642n, 649-50, 657
      enemy: 312, 318-19, 320, 374, 393-94, 406, 407-09, 456, 516-17, 539-40, 556n
      French: 156-57, 160-61, 239, 247
    Armor-versus-armor actions: 139, 161-62, 168-69, 209-12, 300-301, 304-05, 315-16, 317-18, 411-15, 434-35, 465, 559-63, 569-73, 591, 610-11, 642, 656-57, 659-60. See also Armor support.

--701--

    Armored car action: 200-201, 207-08, 248-49
    Armored division, organization: 590-92
    Armored divisions. See also Combat commands.
      1st: 112-13, 227, 305-06, 352, 354, 374-76, 385-88, 397, 398-99, 403, 406-07, 412-13, 420, 427, 428-30, 435-36, 443, 467-68, 470-73, 477-78, 487, 490-92, 544-50, 552-53, 556-57, 558-59, 564-67, 569-70, 572, 575-77, 599-600, 605-07, 614, 625-26, 638-43, 652-56, 658-59, 667-68
      2d: 42, 61, 179-80, 180-81, 332, 546, 575-76
    Armored Engineer Battalions
      16th: 195n, 197, 210, 210n, 378n, 387n, 391n, 392n, 396n, 399, 416-17, 419n, 430n, 435, 443, 461n, 472-73, 477-78, 548n, 549n, 570n, 639-40, 642-43, 642n, 660
      17th: 121
    Armored Field Artillery Battalions
      27th: 195n, 210n, 223, 315, 319-20, 328, 331, 378n, 433-35, 461n, 462, 638-39, 642n, 660
      58th: 549n, 565n, 656n, 659
      62d: 565n, 614-20
      68th: 387-88, 387n, 392n, 396n, 413, 419n, 420-22, 430n, 431, 435, 461n, 462, 548n, 549n, 570n, 586-87, 660-61
      78th: 121
      91st: 391n, 392n, 411, 411n, 421, 430n, 431, 477-78, 550, 638-39, 656n, 659
    Armored forces, Allied
      Casablanca, start for: 114-15
      comparison with enemy: 316-17
      concept of balanced team: 291-92
      critique of tactical employment: 672, 673-74
      effect on enemy plans: 310
      at Fedala, air attack on: 139
      at Mateur: 642n
      misuse at Djebel el Guessa: 329
      Oran, plans for use at: 48-49
      ports required for landing: 40-41
      Safi, scheduled landing at: 41
      strength in Allied Force: 354
      transports for, availability: 44
    Armored forces, enemy
      merger of, in Tunis drive: 612-13, 612n
      misuse: 371-72
      North Tunisia, plans for use in: 602-03
      tactical methods: 479-80
      Tunisia area, strength in: 335-36, 371, 611, 612n, 648-49
    Armored forces, French: 21, 52, 108, 230
    Armored Infantry Regiments
      6th: 195n, 202, 210, 210n, 218-19, 315, 319-20, 328, 332n, 378n, 387-88, 391-92, 392n, 394, 413-14, 416-17, 419n, 430n, 431, 433-34, 435, 452, 453-54, 455-56, 461n, 462-64, 549n, 554-55, 556, 565n, 570n, 620-21, 624-26, 638-39, 642n, 656n, 659, 660n
      41st: 121
    Armored Medical Battalion, 47th: 195n, 210n, 378n, 387n, 392n, 419n
    Armored Reconnaissance Squadron, 91st: 614-21, 654-55, 656n, 659-60
    Armored Regiments
      1st: 210-11, 217-19, 223, 284n, 296, 298n, 299-301, 311, 314, 316-17, 326-27, 331, 332, 332n, 391n, 392, 392n, 393-94, 411-22, 411n, 430n, 432, 477-78, 505-06, 565n, 570n, 571, 634-35, 656n, 657, 659-61
      3d: 150, 153, 154, 161, 162
      13th: 49, 195n, 196, 210, 210n, 292, 298n, 303, 307, 307-08, 311, 315-17, 328, 331-32, 378n, 380, 387-88, 387n, 392n, 396n, 416-17, 419n, 421, 430-32, 430n, 433-35, 448-49, 449-50, 455, 461, 461n, 462-64, 546-47, 548, 548n, 549n, 570n, 572, 623-26, 642n, 655-57, 659-61
      67th: 102, 116, 121, 122, 140, 144-45, 332n
    Armored Signal Company, 141st: 195n, 210n, 387n
    Armored Support Battalion, 1st: 210n
    Army Air Forces, concept of tactical air support by: 61, 493-94, 573-74, 585n, 672-73
    Army Air Forces units
      XII Air Support Command: 43n, 116, 145, 150, 153, 291-92, 294, 383, 433, 467-68, 493-95, 497-98, 576-77, 649n
      XII Bomber Command: 354-55, 492-93
      14th Fighter Group: 293-94
      31st Fighter Group: 212n
      52d Fighter Group: 212n
      64th Troop Carrier Group: 278-79
      97th Bombardment Group: 293-94
    Army Group Africa: 369-70, 374, 474-77, 509-10, 512-13, 519-21, 525, 529, 540-41, 544, 552-53, 559-60, 592, 602, 604, 610-11, 612-13, 647-48, 650-51, 663, 667
      Rommel assigned as commander: 474-75, 476
    Army Groups
      activation: 474-77
      15th: 667
      18th: 354, 474-75, 485-94, 496-97, 521, 573, 576-77, 582-83, 591-600, 608-09, 613, 644-45, 652-53
        Alexander assigned to command: 474-75
        command structure: 486-89
        disbanded: 667
        plans for March: 543-45, 550-53, 556-57, 564-65, 569-71, 572-73
        staff structure: 486-87
    Army-Navy Joint Board, succeeded by JCS: 37
    Army-Navy TORCH Committee, decisions formulated for ROOFTREE: 39

--702--

    Arnim, von Gen. Juergen: 333, 338, 342, 349-50, 363, 370, 370-71, 373-74, 376, 394-95, 405-06, 409-10, 425-27, 436-37, 438-42, 455-56, 476, 479n, 501-09, 521, 523n, 535-36, 539-40, 541-42, 603, 611, 612-13, 645-50, 651, 662
      Bédja, directive on: 501-04
      Bédja, proposal for seizing: 441-42
      Chott position, directive on: 529-30
      estimate of Axis strength: 510
      Gafsa, plan for: 546
      Kairouan, estimate of Allied effort at: 592n
      review of situation in February: 509-12
      succeeds Rommel: 519
      supply tonnages, estimate of: 510, 512-13
      surrender of: 664-65
      Tunisia, assumes command in: 326, 363
    Arnold, General of the Army Henry H.: 14
    Arram: 523, 527-28
    Artillery support
      Allied: 108, 121, 139-40, 143, 144, 145, 157-58, 157n, 159, 162-63, 164-65, 167-68, 208, 220-21, 227, 228, 230-31, 234, 303, 331, 336-37, 379, 382, 387-88, 393-94, 395-96, 406-07, 411, 413, 421, 431, 433-34, 447, 453, 454-55, 459, 462, 463-64, 466, 467, 474, 516, 518, 519, 531-533, 535, 536-37, 53940, 547-48, 550, 555, 557-58, 559, 560-62, 570-71, 574, 574n, 575, 577, 581-82, 585-87, 614, 616-18, 618n, 622, 623-24, 625-26, 629-30, 632-33, 635, 638, 640, 642-43, 649, 655, 656-57, 658-59. See also Armored Field Artillery Battalions; Field Artillery Battalions.
      enemy: 319-20, 374, 407-09, 413-14, 420, 449, 452-53, 453-54, 518, 556n, 558, 560-62, 571, 572, 576, 587, 588-89, 610-11, 617, 618-19, 623, 635, 636-37, 638, 640, 642-43, 659
      fire on own units: 581-82
      French, at Oran: 217-19, 218n
      infantry fails to benefit from: 671-72
    Arundel, USS. See Anne Arundel, USS
    Arzew: 193, 220-21, 225
      aircraft losses, French: 207-08
      armored cars, French, destroyed: 207-08
      artillery support, Allied: 208
      city secured: 207-08
      coastal defenses neutralized: 205-06
      command structure, Allied: 205n
      defenses of: 48
      landings along gulf: 205-07
      naval support at: 205
      plans for seizure: 48-49
      port operation: 499n
      port secured: 206
      prisoners, French: 207-08
      Ranger force action: 205-06
      topography: 47
    Assault boats. See Landing craft.
    Astier, d', Henri: 189
    Astier de la Vigerie, d', Gen. François: 356
    Atlantic, Battle of: 11
    Atlantic Base Section: 495-96
    Atlantic Coast: 89-180
    Atlas Mountains: 89-180
    Augusta, USS: 68-69, 74, 116, 128, 131, 131n, 134, 143
    Aurora, HMS: 192-93, 199, 222-23
    Austin, Capt. Edward: 434
    Automobiles. See Motor convoy operations; Motor vehicles.
    Avenger, HMS: 231-34
    Aviation fuel. See POL.
    Awatea, HMS: 234-36, 278
    Axis forces
      Allied intentions, estimate by: 322
      Americans, estimate of: 582, 673-74
      Arco dei Fileni conference: 323-24
      armor, methods of employment: 479-80
      Arnim assumes command: 326, 363
      assault on II Corps: 401-22
      attack, halt in: 424-27
      boundaries in Tunisia: 370-72, 405-06
      coastal plain, pursuit to: 539-42
      collapse of in Tunisia: 659-78
      command reorganization: 368-70, 441, 475, 476-77, 519-20
      disposition in Tunisia: 294-95, 312-13, 333-35, 370-72, 401-02, 647-49, 650-51
      February battles, objectives in: 477
      France, alert in: 187
      French, break with: 287-88
      French shipping, use of: 367-68
      Goering conference of commanders: 325-26
      Hitler, directives from: 322-23, 363-64, 369-70
      Hitler's review of capabilities in February: 511-12, 513-14
      impressions of campaign on: 673-74
      initiative during transitional period: 372
      Italian shipping, supply by: 645-48
      Italians, distrust of: 540-41
      Italy, concern over invasion of: 601-02
      Kesselring's directive to Nehring: 311, 322
      Kesselring's review of capabilities in February: 509-12
      lines of communication in Tunisia: 401-02
      logistical support: 324-25
      matériel shortages: 373-74
      Mediterranean operations, responsibility for: 363-64, 368-69
      Messe's review of capabilities in February: 510-11
      morale, state of: 512, 541-42
      Mussolini's agreement on capabilities: 513-14
      north Tunisia, proposal for holding: 601-03

--703--

      northeast Tunisia, pursuit to: 539-42
      Ousseltia valley, tactical attitude in: 382
      ports, use of in supply: 365-66
      principle of mass, violation of: 479-80
      Rastenburg conference: 363-64, 368
      relations among troops: 528-30
      reorganization for defense: 333-35
      Rommel's proposal for merger: 405-06
      Rommel's review of capabilities in February: 509-12
      Schloss Klessheim conference of commanders: 601-02
      shipping losses during campaign: 683
      shipping requirements: 365
      Soviet Union, proposal for compromise with: 601-602, 676
      strategic decisions for Tunisia: 321-26
      strength, Arnim's estimate: 510
      strength, Rommel's forces, estimate of: 354n
      strength in Tunisia: 291-92, 294-95, 603n, 604n
      success, failure to exploit: 426-27
      supply levels required: 363, 365-66, 512-13
      supply shipments during campaign: 368, 682
      tactical methods: 479-80
      TORCH success, reaction to: 253-54
      troop quality, Fischer's criticism: 315-16
      troop shipments during campaign: 682, 683
      Tunis, strategic importance of: 513-14
      Tunis stalemate, revision of plans after: 363-72
      Tunisia, estimate of capabilities in: 645-47
      Tunisia, juncture of forces in: 364-65, 368-69, 371-72
      Tunisia operations, directive for: 288-90, 476-77, 645-47, 665-67
    Azemour: 114

    Bachaquero (Maracaibo): 196-98
    Badoglio, Marshal Pietro (It.): 6
    Baer, Lt. Col. Dewey H.: 283
    Bahiret Foussana valley: 445-46, 455-57, 460-61, 474
      II Corps boundaries established: 467-68
      attack, Allied: 471-73, 478
      attack, enemy: 463
      armor support, Allied: 463-64
      artillery support, Allied: 463-64
      communications, Allied: 463-64
      counterattack, Allied: 464
      matériel losses, Allied: 463
      matériel losses, enemy: 464
      reinforcements, Allied: 463, 469
    Baier, Major Hans (Ger.): 662
    Baker, Lt. Col. Herschel D.: 434
    Bald Hill: 306-09, 373, 614-21. See also Djefna position.
    Balearic Islands, enemy proposal for seizing: 601-02
    Balkans, as flank security for Germany: 6
    Banking activities. See Financial activities.
    Barb, USS: 103
    Barenthin, Col. Walther (Ger.): 289-90
    Baril, Col. (Fr.): 189, 236, 239
    Barlow, Major Rudolph: 223, 300
    Barnegat, USS: 70, 169
    Barrage de l'Oued Kébir: 330, 337, 376-83
    Barrau, Gen. Jean (Fr.): 271-72
    Barré, Gen. Georges (Fr.): 273, 279, 283, 286-87, 296, 298, 326-27, 330, 350-51, 650
      evasion of Axis demands: 254-60, 287
      forbidden to act against Axis: 287
      views on support of TORCH: 78
    Bassenge, Gen. Kurt (Ger.): 604, 647-48, 662
    Bastico, Marshal Ettore (It.): 323, 324-25, 363-64
    Batory, SS: 195-96
    Battalion landing teams. See Infantry Regiments; Regimental Combat Teams.
    Batterie du Lazaret: 230, 244, 246-47, 248-49
    Batterie du Pont Blondin: 118, 127, 129-30
    Batterie El Hank: 133, 134, 142, 145
    Bayerlein, Gen. (Ger.): 519, 536, 540-42, 590, 604, 609
    Bayonet attack, at Hill 369: 568
    Beach matting, use of: 195
    Beach organization: 192, 230-31, 245-46
    Beatty, USS: 104-05
    Beaufre, Capt. André (Fr.): 84
    Beckett, 1st Lt. William: 218
    Bédja: 259-60, 279, 287, 288-89, 290-91, 298-99, 326, 374, 379, 490, 508-09, 600-01, 604, 608
      attacks on, enemy: 290-91, 293-94, 502-09
      Kesselring's directive on: 501-04
      railhead: 607
      seizure, Arnim's proposal for: 441-42
      supply point: 651
      tank losses, enemy: 290-91
    Bell, Ensign John J.: 103-06
    Ben Gardane: 517, 522, 526-27
    Ben Koceine River: 659
    Benalbenech, HMS: 196, 198
    Beni Kreddache: 517, 524-25, 527-28
    Bennehof, Capt. Olten R. (USN): 187-88
    Bennett, Rear Adm. Andrew C.: 50, 225
    Benson, Col. Clarence C.: 547, 549, 556-57, 569-70, 576, 656, 660-61. See also Task Force Benson.
    Bentley, Col. William C., Jr.: 212-13, 225-27
    Berardi, Generale di Corpo d'Armata Paolo (It.): 527-28
    Bergeret, Gen. (Fr.): 357-58
    Bergeron, Gen. (Fr.): 351, 650
    Bergolo, de, Gen. Calvi (It.): 546
    Bermuda, HMS: 231, 248
    Bernadou, USS: 97, 102-05, 114

--704--

    Bernard, Lt. Col. Lyle W.: 121, 125, 129-30
    Bèthouart, Maj. Gen. Émile (Fr.): 80, 92-95, 131-32, 176-77, 188, 265
    Bieri, Rear Adm. Bernhard H.: 174
    Billings, Major William H.: 138
    Billot, Lt. Comdr. G. P. (RNR): 202, 203-04
    Bir el Hafey: 348, 390-91, 409, 413, 546, 548-49
    Bir Mrabott: 386-87
    Bir Touta: 234-35
    Bird, Capt. Edward W.: 237-38, 637-38
    Birmandreïs: 240-41
    Biskra: 335
    Biter, HMS: 192-93
    Bizerte: 17, 257-59, 272-73, 277, 280, 288-90, 295-96, 305, 365-67, 485, 501, 595, 599-600, 659-60, 662
      advance beyond: 654-55
      air attack, Allied: 293-94, 601
      amphibious landing: 309
      armor action: 659-60
      artillery support, enemy: 659
      attack plans, Allied: 600-601, 652-53
      casualties, Allied: 309
      coastal defenses: 294-95
      communications, Allied: 309
      counterbattery action: 654-55
      defense reorganization, enemy: 333-35
      engineer support: 653-54
      ground observation from: 654-55
      mines, employment: 653-54
      reinforcements, Allied: 659-60
      seizure of: 644-45, 651-55
      surrender of French to enemy: 321
      tank losses, Allied: 659-60
      threat to, Allied: 640
      withdrawal by Allies: 309
      withdrawal by enemy: 654
    BLACKSTONE operation: 42
    BLACKSTONE Sub-Task Force: 101-15
    Blade Force: 613-14
    Bledsoe, Major Carl E.: 150
    Blida: 294, 335
    Blida airfield, seizure of: 52, 238-41
    Bliss, USS. See Tasker H. Bliss, USS.
    Blyskavica (destroyer): 234-35
    Boissau, Gen. Robert (Fr.): 189, 193, 212n, 565
    Boisson, Gen. Pierre (Fr.) 270-72, 357-58
    Bolté, Brig. Gen. Charles L.: 23n
    Bond, Lt. Col. Van H.: 150
    Bône: 277-80, 288-89, 292, 293, 294, 323-24, 365, 402, 438-39, 440, 542-45
      landing, plans for: 26-27
      port facilities: 19, 278-79
      seizure, Anderson's proposal for: 53
      supply depot: 292-93, 607
      tank maintenance center: 496-97
    Booker, Pvt. Robert D.: 588n
    Bordelaise Rock: 246-47
    Bordj Chambi: 445, 449
    Bordj Toum: 331-33, 337
    Bordj Toum bridge: 307
    Borowietz, Gen. Willibald (Ger.): 536-37, 648, 661
    Bou Arada: 290-91, 329-30, 373, 377, 394-95, 401-02, 489-509, 510-11, 595-97, 600, 608
    Bou Chebka: 381, 388, 399, 438, 441, 446, 456-57, 460-61, 462-64, 577, 607
    Bou Ficha: 598, 664-65
    Bou Guedra: 114
    Bou Hamran: 557-59
    Bou Sfer, 200-21, 213, 223
    Bou Tlélis: 195-96, 198-99
    Bougie: 19, 277-78, 496
    Bouisseville: 193n, 200-201
    Bouley, Gen. Jean (Fr.): 552n
    Boundary designations
      Allied: 418, 467-68, 471-73
      enemy: 405-06
    Bowen, Lt. Col. John W.: 338, 623
    Bowen Force: 443
    Bradley, Maj. Gen. Omar N.: 487, 510n, 599, 608, 613, 627, 632, 638-39, 651, 653, 656-57, 667
    Bramham, HMS: 234
    Brédéa: 198-99
    Bremner, Lt. (RN): 219-20
    Bridge construction: 198, 303, 651, 654-55
    Brigade group, definition: 296n
    Brilliant, HMS: 200
    Bristol, USS: 134
    British air units. See Royal Air Force.
    British Broadcasting Corporation: 90
    British Chiefs of Staff: 352-53, 354
      disagreements over assault landings: 25-31
      role in Combined Chiefs of Staff: 1n
      views on selection of French leader: 80-81
    British forces
      counteroffensive against Rommel: 8, 72-73
      directive placing under Eisenhower: 36, 36n
      Greece, diversion to: 7
      Iraq, seizure by: 7
    British Joint Staff Mission: 1n
    British units
      First Army: 35, 50-51, 63, 291-92, 295-96, 298, 329-30, 349, 350-52, 353-54, 355, 372, 378-79, 381-83, 384, 386n, 394-95, 399, 401-02, 417, 423, 427-28, 428-30, 432, 438-39, 442-43, 448-49, 451-52, 458, 466-67, 468, 470-71, 473, 475-76, 477, 478, 485-87, 489, 492-93, 495-96, 496-97, 497n, 499n, 526, 541, 543-45, 550, 577, 578-79, 582-83, 599-600, 604-07, 608-09, 612, 643, 644-48, 662-68

--705--

      Eighth Army: 7, 9, 75-77, 323-24, 363-64, 401-02, 405-06, 423-24, 469-70, 475-76, 476-77, 485-94, 496-98, 499n, 510-11, 517, 521-27, 531-34, 537-42, 543, 545-46, 550, 552, 558-59, 564, 570, 573-74, 577, 583n, 590, 591-92, 599-600, 604, 606-07, 609, 644-48, 662-63, 664-68
      1st Parachute Battalion: 279, 284, 284n, 301-02
      2d Parachute Battalion: 305, 309
      3d Battalion, Grenadier Guards: 338-41, 343, 474, 588-89
      3d Battalion, Welsh Guards: 587-89
      12th Royal Horse Artillery Battalion: 379
      84th Light Antiaircraft Battery: 240
      457th Light Battery, Royal Artillery: 284n
      Blade Force: 284-86, 287-88, 296-98, 299-301, 303-06, 311-17, 326-27
      1st Guards Brigade: 308, 326-27, 330, 341-42, 394-95, 427-28, 432-33, 436-37, 442-43, 474, 508-09, 585, 588, 664
      1st Parachute Brigade: 352, 374-76, 394-95, 505, 508n, 508-09
      2d Armoured Brigade: 663
      4th Light Armoured Brigade: 526-27
      5th New Zealand Brigade: 516
      8th Armoured Brigade: 526-27, 536, 541
      10th Infantry Brigade: 664
      10th Rifle Brigade: 284n
      11th Infantry Brigade Group: 52-53, 234-36, 230-41, 296-98, 299-300, 301-03, 305, 306, 307-08, 311-12, 314-17, 329, 330, 337, 507-08
      12th Infantry Brigade: 664
      22d Antiaircraft Brigade: 667
      22d Armoured Brigade: 650
      23d Armoured Brigade: 541
      26th Armoured Brigade: 432-33
      36th Armoured Brigade: 442-43, 448-49, 451-52, 457, 464-65, 471, 473-74, 486-87, 587-89, 611-12
      36th Infantry Brigade Group: 52, 235, 278, 279, 284, 295-96, 299, 306, 308-09, 312, 336-37, 373, 379, 394-95, 402-03, 490, 508-09, 613-14
      38th Infantry Brigade: 507-08, 508n
      52d Antiaircraft Brigade: 667
      69th Infantry Brigade: 531
      128th Infantry Brigade: 505-06, 507, 582-85, 587-88
      131st Guards Brigade: 514-16
      131st Infantry Brigade: 518
      138th Brigade: 508-09
      139th Brigade: 350n, 504-05, 508-09
      151st Brigade: 531-32
      152d Infantry Brigade: 514-16
      153d Infantry Brigade: 514-16
      154th Infantry Brigade: 514-16, 518
      201st Guards Brigade: 514-16, 518, 526-27, 530, 541, 644
      1st Commandos: 235-36, 240, 244-47, 248-49, 305, 309
      6th Commandos: 235-37, 278-79, 308-09
      5 Corps: 295-96, 329, 336, 342, 343-44, 374, 377, 383, 394-95, 402-03, 440, 469, 489-90, 550, 577, 600, 604, 608, 609, 612-13, 620-22, 638-39, 644, 645, 649-50, 661, 662-63
      9 Corps: 489, 495, 577-78, 582-86, 590-91, 599, 600, 604, 609-10, 612, 645, 649-50, 662-63
      10 Corps: 514, 526-27, 530, 534-36, 539-41
      30 Corps: 514-16, 517, 526-27, 530, 531-35, 539, 540-41, 558-59
      New Zealand Corps: 526-27, 530-31, 533-37, 558-59
      1st Armoured Division: 526-27, 534-35, 541, 606-07, 644-45, 662-63
      6th Armoured Division: 284, 292-93, 295, 308, 327, 336, 373, 379, 399n, 402, 427-28, 432-33, 436-37, 442-43, 468, 472-73, 489-90, 495, 582-91, 599, 606-07, 610-11, 649-50, 662-64
      7th Armoured Division: 514-16, 519n, 526-27, 534-35, 541-42, 545-46, 660-61
      1st Division: 489, 612, 649
      4th Division: 489, 603, 612, 649-50, 662-63, 664
      4th Indian Division: 526-27, 534-40, 541, 644, 649-50, 665n
      46th Division: 350, 402, 490, 504-05, 506, 508-09, 550, 603, 604, 610-11
      50th (Northumberland) Division: 526-27, 530-31, 534, 539-40, 541
      51st (Highland) Division: 514-16, 518, 526-27, 530, 539-40, 541, 644
      56th Division: 644
      78th Division: 277, 278-80, 284, 287n, 292-93, 293-94, 295-96, 305-06, 336-37, 489-90, 507, 612, 620-21
      Y Division: 507-08
      2d New Zealand Division: 516, 519n, 526-27, 536, 566-67, 644, 664-65
      Hartforce: 284, 284n
      1st Parachute Regiment: 278-79
      1st Derbyshire Yeomanry: 284n, 314, 403-05, 417-18, 433n, 443, 546, 650
      1st Royal Sussex Regiment: 665n
      2d Hampshires: 466-67
      2d Lothians: 443n, 457, 464-65, 466-67, 588-89
      2/5 Leicesters: 464-67
      5th Leicestershire Regiment: 457
      7th Guards Regiment: 307n
      10th Royal Buffs: 443n, 451-52, 457, 464-65
      11th Hussars: 650

--706--

      12th Royal Horse Artillery: 284n
      12th Royal Lancers: 663
      16/5 Lancers: 402, 417, 432-33, 442-43, 452-53, 457, 466-67, 474, 589-90
      17/21 Lancers Regiment: 284n, 301, 311-12, 314, 315, 316, 443n, 457, 461-62, 464-65, 466-67, 507-08, 589
      50th Royal Tank Regiment: 531-32
      51st Light Antiaircraft Regiment: 284n
      51st Royal Tank Regiment: 582-83, 587
      56th Reconnaissance Regiment: 52, 284n, 443n
      72d Antitank Regiment: 284n, 442-43
      93d Antitank Regiment: 442-43
      138th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery: 284n
      152d Artillery Regiment: 466-67
      Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders: 278, 306-07, 328
      Coldstream Guards: 337, 338-43, 474, 589-90
      East Surrey Regiment: 235, 240, 307-08, 315
      Hampshire Regiment: 308, 314-15, 316, 318-19
      King's Dragoon Guards: 526-27, 606-07
      Lancashire Fusiliers: 235, 240, 302
      Northamptonshire Regiment: 240-41, 284n, 302, 303, 306-08, 311, 315, 337, 342
      Royal Buffs: 379
      Royal West Kent Regiment: 240-41, 278, 284n, 308-09, 379, 380
      Surrey Regiment: 303-04, 315, 316, 318-19
      Royal Engineers: 589
      5th Field Squadron, Royal Engineers: 284n
      9th Field Squadron, Royal Engineers: 531
    Broadhurst, Air Vice Marshal Harry (RAF): 535
    Broich, von, Col. Fritz Freiherr (Ger.): 286n, 300-301, 407, 454-55, 467, 559-60, 565-66
    Broke, HMS: 241-42, 243-44, 244n
    Brooke, Gen. Sir Alan (Br.): 353, 489
    Brooklyn, USS: 116, 121, 130, 134, 139
    Brown, Lt. Col. C. P.: 623
    Brown, Col. J. Trimble: 618
    BRUSHWOOD Force: 42. See also Casablanca; Fedala.
    BRUSHWOOD Sub-Task Force: 122, 172-73
    Bruss, Lt. Col. Hyman: 306, 316-17, 328-29
    Buchholz, Gen. Ulrich (Ger.): 366
    Buelowius, Gen. Karl (Ger.): 437, 449-50, 453-55, 461-62, 463-64, 648, 662
    Buerat el Hsun: 322, 323-24, 326, 338, 363, 364
    Bull, Maj. Gen. Harold R.: 585-86
    Bulolo, HMS: 71, 231-34
    Burrough, Adm. Sir H. M. (RN): 36, 36n, 71, 234, 241
    Buse, Lt. Col. (Ger.): 370-71
    Butler, Col. Frederic B.: 403-05, 490, 581

    Caffey, Brig. Gen. Benjamin F., Jr.: 51, 244-45, 578
    Cagliari (Sardinia), air attack on: 293-94
    Cairns, Lt. Col. Bogardus E.: 660-61
    Calabria (Italy), principal airfields: 366n
    Calvert, USS: 68, 103, 108, 111
    Camardella, Major Ralph R.: 150
    Camelback Mountain: 611n
    Camp de la Jonquière: 142, 144
    Camp St. Philippe: 223-24
    Campbell, Brig. Gen. William A.: 121
    Canaris, Adm. Wilhelm (Ger.): 321
    Cannon, Brig. Gen. John K.: 37, 43n, 383
    Canrobert: 294, 335, 494-95
    Cap Bon: 598
    Cap Bon peninsula: 595, 598, 599-600, 649
      amphibious assault on: 645
      defense by enemy: 650-51
      enemy intention, estimate of: 645
      prisoners, enemy: 663-64
      sealing off: 644-45, 662-65
      topography: 598
    Cap Carbon: 192, 278
    Cap Caxine: 235-36
    Cap de Fedala: 127-29. See also Fedala.
    Cap Falcon: 193n, 200-201, 213
    Cap Farina: 660-61
    Cap Figalo: 192, 196
    Cap Matifou: 52, 234, 244-45, 246, 248-49
    Cap Serrat: 490, 504-05, 595, 608, 614-15
    Cap Sidi Ferruch: 234-35, 237-38
    Capitant, Prof. Rent: 500
    Capodichino (Italy): 366, 366n
    Capua (Italy): 366n
    Cargo transports: 43-44, 367-68
    Carleton, Col. Don E.: 150, 432
    Carpentier, Col. Marcel (Fr.): 337
    Carr, Lt. Col. Frank F.: 659
    Carroll, USS. See Charles Carroll, USS.
    Cars, passenger. See Motor convoy operations; Motor vehicles.
    Casablanca: 17, 179-80
      advance to from Fedala: 118, 144-46
      air strength, French: 118-19
      air support, Allied: 133, 145
      air support, French: 144-45
      airfield: 41
      ammunition supply: 140
      antiaircraft defenses: 19
      armor operations, Allied: 114-15, 143-44, 145
      artillery support, Allied: 143, 144, 145
      assault by Force BRUSHWOOD: 142
      attack plan, Allied: 46
      casualties, Allied: 143, 144
      counterbattery action: 143
      defenses of: 40-41, 119
      French reaction: 139, 141-42
      garrison strength: 118-19, 145-46
      importance of preserving: 45
      landing, plan for: 25, 26-29, 31

--707--

      matériel captured: 143
      motor convoy operations: 498-99
      naval operations, Allied: 96, 133-34, 143-44
      naval support, French: 96, 143
      Patton's proposal to bombard: 44-45
      port facilities and operations: 17-18, 40-41, 119, 180, 495-99
      reinforcing convoy, arrival: 174-75
      replacement depot capacity: 499
      seizure of: 114-15, 116 46. See also Fedala.
      seizure plans, alternate: 44-45
      surrender negotiations: 131-32, 171-73
      SYMBOL Conference: 352-54
      target for Western TF: 40
      topography: 119
      unloading operations: 174-76
    Cass, Brig. E. E. (Br.): 295-96, 311-12, 316-17
    Castiglione: 234-35
    Casualties, Allied: 582n, 591n, 592n. See also Prisoners.
      Aïn Rebaou: 394n
      Algerian-French Moroccan campaign: 173
      Algiers: 243, 244n, 246, 248-49
      Bizerte: 309
      Casablanca: 143, 144, 145
      Djebel Alliliga: 395n
      Djebel Abiod: 283-84
      Djebel Badjar: 638n
      Djebel Mansour: 395n
      Djedeïda: 300-301, 306-07
      Mareth position: 508
      El Guettar: 558, 564n, 572, 574n
      El Hamma gap: 536
      evacuation of: 140-41
      Faïd pass: 394n
      Fedala: 136-37
      Hill 201: 533-34
      Hill 350: 623
      Hill 407: 623
      Hill 609: 633-34
      Kasserine pass: 477-78, 477n
      Longstop Hill: 338
      Maïzila pass: 395-96
      Maknassy: 398, 400n, 575n
      Mateur and offensive beyond: 651n, 656-57
      Medjez el Bab: 302
      Morocco and off Morocco coast: 172-73, 176
      Oran: 204, 227
      Oudna airfield: 309
      Ousseltia valley: 381-82
      Port-Lyautey: 164-65, 170
      Safi: 109-10, 114n
      Sidi Bou Zid: 415n, 422
      Station de Sened: 387-88
      Tébourba gap: 320n
      Thala: 467n
      Tunis drive: 609-10
    Casualties, enemy
      'Alam el Halfa: 75
      Djebel Abiod: 283-84
      Djedeïda: 308n
      Fondouk el Aouareb: 592n
      Kasserine pass: 477
      Mareth position: 478-79, 542n
      Médenine: 518-19
      Ousseltia valley: 381-82
      Sidi Bou Zid: 422
      Tunisian campaign: 675-76
    Casualties, French: 227-28, 373-74
    Catarina Costa (It.): 257-58
    Cathay, HMS: 278
    Catroux, Gen. Georges (Fr.): 356, 500, 524, 669
    Cavallero, Marshal Count Ugo (It.): 185-86, 255, 323-24, 325, 368, 369. See also Comando Supremo.
    Cavalry Brigade, 1st Provisional: 179-80
    Cekhira: 537
    Censorship, in French colonies: 356
    Center Naval Task Force: 36, 49. See also Naval forces, Allied.
    Center Task Force
      air attacks on convoy: 187
      air reconnaissance against: 185-86
      air support plans: 48, 50, 192-93, 204-05, 211-12
      airborne support of landings: 48, 192, 210-11, 212-13
      amphibious training: 62, 185
      armor support: 48-49, 192, 195-99, 195n, 210n, 211
      artillery support: 208
      Arzew, plan for seizure of: 48-49
      attack plan: 192- 93
      beach organization: 192
      command structure: 49, 205n
      commander, selection of: 35
      communications: 57, 212
      convoy, detection by enemy, 185-86
      convoy organization: 71
      debarkation: 193-94, 197-98
      employment, plans for: 46-50
      first day's operations: 192-213
      Fort du Nord, plan for seizing: 49
      Gibraltar, arrival at: 185- 86
      Golfe de Arzew, landings along: 205-07
      headquarters transferred ashore: 224-25
      landed force, strength: 213
      landing sites, enemy confusion concerning: 186-87
      landing teams, composition: 48, 199n, 202, 205
      Les Andalouses, plan for seizing: 48-49, 199-202
      Luftwaffe, alert against: 187
      Mersa bou Zedjar, plan for seizing: 48-49, 195-99
      motor vehicles landed: 213

--708--

      naval action against: 187-88
      naval support of: 49, 185-88, 190-91, 192-93, 205
      Oggaz airfield, plan for seizing: 49
      Oran, seizure of: 48-49, 192-94, 202-04, 215-27
      planning, results of: 227
      Ranger force in: 205-06
      RESERVIST Operation: 202-04
      submarine actions against: 186-87
      surprise, loss of: 196-97
      TORCH, departure for: 70-72
      training schedule: 63
      United Kingdom, departure from: 70-72
      unloading operations: 198, 213-14
      Z Beach, seizure of: 48-49, 206-10
    Chaouach, enemy attack on: 504, 507
    Charles Carroll, USS: 123, 124n, 126, 176n
    Charybdis, HMS: 231-34
    Chase, USS. See Samuel Chase, USS.
    Chassart Teffaha: 339-43
    Châtel, Gen. Yves (Fr.): 17, 265-66, 357-58
    Cheadle, Col. Henry B.: 208, 221
    Cheguimi: 522-23
    Chemaïa: 112
    Chenango, USS: 111, 145, 150, 153, 165-67
    Cheragas: 235, 238-39
    Cherchara River valley: 463
    Cherchel: 234
    Cherchel meeting of Allied commanders: 81-83
    Cherqui: 118, 128-30, 131
    Cheylus: 649, 650-51
    Chittenden, Capt. A. 0.: 160-61
    Chott, definition: 282, 322
    Chott el Fedjadj: 523-24
    Chott el Guettar: 556-57, 560-62, 567
    Chott position: 322-23, 523-24
      air support, enemy: 529
      artillery strength, Allied: 614
      artillery support, enemy: 576
      attack by Allies: 570, 575
      battle for: 485, 535-39
      defense, Comando Supremo directive on: 512
      defense, Rommel's proposal for: 528-29
      defense by enemy: 511, 529-30
      drive through, Allied: 613-27, 642-43, 648-52, 658, 661
      mines, employment: 576
      night operations: 576
      strength, enemy, estimate of: 543
      topography: 537-38
      vulnerability: 537-38
      withdrawal to and from, by enemy: 561, 576-77
    Chouïgui pass: 296-308, 311-16, 326, 339, 600-601, 658, 661
      air attack, enemy: 300
      armor support, Allied: 314
      armored action: 300, 301-02, 642
      counterattack, enemy: 311-21
      counterbattery action: 313-14
      reconnaissance, Allied: 300-301
      repulse, Allied: 314
      seizure by Allies: 657-58, 661
      tank losses, Allied: 301, 314
      tank losses, enemy: 301
      withdrawal by enemy: 300
    Christmas Hill. See Longstop Hill.
    Churchill, Winston: 266-68, 352-54
      breaks TORCH deadlocks: 13
      Eisenhower's political decisions, approval of: 272n
      North African Agreement, support of: 270
      Roosevelt conversations regarding TORCH: 28-29
      Stalin conversations on TORCH: 29
      strategic analysis for 1942-43: 10-13
    Ciano, Count Galeazzo: 255-56
    Città di Napoli (It.): 257-58
    Civil affairs: 16. See also Political situation.
      administration of, plans for: 57-59
      military control, transfer to: 17
      in Morocco, after surrender: 177-78
      in Oran: 225-27
      planning for: 57-59
      political officers of French colonies: 17
      staff composition: 58-59
    Civilians, behavior at Safi: 108-09
    Clan MacTaggart, HMS: 199
    Clark, Maj. Gen. J. G. W. (Br.): 292, 496
    Clark, Maj. Gen. Mark W.: 28, 47, 63, 66, 84, 252, 292, 350-51, 354, 357, 358
      appointed Deputy CinC: 52
      directive to for Giraud conversations: 81
      negotiations with Darlan: 262-69
      relinquishes command of II Corps: 35
      role in contacting French leader: 81-83
    Clark-Darlan Agreement. See North African Agreement.
    Clark-Darlan negotiations: 262-69
    Clarke, Col. Brien: 55
    Close air support. See Air support.
    Cloud, Major Eugene H.: 9 0
    Clutterbuck, Maj. Gen. W. E. (Br.): 612
    Clymer, USS. See George Clymer, USS.
    Coast Guard vessels: 202n
    Coastal Air Forces: 493-94
    Coastal defenses
      Algiers 51-52, 230, 234-35, 236, 242-43, 244
      Arzew: 48, 205-06
      Bizerte: 294-95
      Casablanca: 119
      Fedala: 118, 127, 129-30, 133-34
      Les Andalouses: 201-02

--709--

      Mehdia: 154, 156
      Oran: 48, 192-94, 203-04, 223
      Port-Lyautey: 147-49
      rehabilitated ports: 180
      Safi: 97-101
      Tunisia area: 294-95
    Coastal features of Northwest Africa: 17-19
    Coastal plain, battle for: 530-33, 539-42
    Cocke, Capt. Philip St. G.: 331-32
    Cole, Lt. Col. Lydon B.: 659
    Cole, USS: 97, 102-03, 104, 105, 114
    Collaborationists: 500, 669-70
    Colonies, Northwest African. See French colonies.
    Combat Commands. See also Armored Divisions.
      A, 1st Armored Division: 381-82, 391, 393-94, 399, 403, 409-10, 428-32, 435-37, 472-73, 548-51, 564-65, 565n, 572, 591, 595-97, 606-07, 641-43, 652-53, 656, 656n, 659
      B, 1st Armored Division: 49, 63, 195-96, 195n, 198, 205, 206-07, 208, 209-12, 213, 216-23, 291-92, 308, 315-17, 326-32, 332n, 336, 374-87, 394-95, 398-99, 403, 416-17, 427-36, 456-57, 460-61, 463-68, 473-74, 478, 546-47, 548, 550-51, 553-55, 575, 606-07, 627, 638-39, 641-43, 651-53, 656-57, 659-60, 660-61, 660n
      B, 2d Armored Division: 42, 102, 114-15, 116, 145
      C, 1st Armored Division: 387-88, 393, 395-96, 399, 403, 416-17, 418-21, 428-32, 430n, 435, 436, 478, 548-52, 549n, 553-55, 572, 575
      D, 1st Armored Division: 388, 396-99
    Combat teams, regimental. See Regimental Combat Teams.
    Comando Supremo: 261, 288-89, 363-64, 406, 423, 441, 456, 469-70, 476, 521-22
      Ambrosio succeeds Cavallero: 369-70
      Chott position, directive on: 512, 529-30
      Corsica, plan for seizing: 187
      Eastern Dorsal, plan for controlling: 386
      Egypt, plan for attack on: 4, 7
      Gafsa attack, directive on: 406
      German forces, control of: 6-7, 9
      German General with, as liaison officer: 369-70
      Kesselring, relation to: 369
      Mareth position, directive on: 512
      Mediterranean operations, hypothetical control of: 73-74, 363-64, 512
      reorganization: 7
      Rommel, relations with: 9n, 324-25, 363-64, 405-06, 476n, 479n, 502-04, 528-29
      Sidi Bou Zid, directive on: 438-40
      supply capability, estimate of: 512-13
      Tébessa, Rommel's proposal for seizing: 438-41, 442, 455-56
      Tébessa attack, directive on: 440-41, 453
      Tunisia operations, directive on: 476-77
    Combined Chiefs of Staff: 352-54, 361
      Allied-French arrangements, approval of: 268
      command structure proposed for TORCH: 14
      commander for TORCH, selection of: 15
      composition and mission: 1n
      compromise and agreement on TORCH: 13
      disagreements over landings: 16, 25-31
      North African Agreement, approval of: 269-70
      northern Tunisia, attack plan, approval of: 599
      ROOFTREE, decisions formulated for: 39
      West Africa, approval of agreement with: 271
    Combined Operations Training Center (Br.): 62
    Combined Planning Staff: 25-31
    Command relations
      Allied: 264-66, 298, 335, 350, 600n
      enemy: 6-7, 9, 9n, 260-61, 369
      French: 93-94, 272-73
    Command structure, Allied
      18th Army Group: 486-89
      for air command: 383-84, 492-95
      air commander, relation to CinC: 37
      British forces, directive placing under CinC: 36, 36n
      in Center TF: 49, 205n
      chain of command, organization: 32-37
      Commander in Chief, relations with other services: 33-35
      directive on command and transfer of control: 38, 39
      in Eastern TF: 51, 53
      field command, reorganization of: 382-86, 485-89
      Giraud's conditions for support of TORCH: 82-83
      joint operations, transfer of command in: 39
      Kasserine reorganization: 470-71, 474-76
      MTOUSA, reorganization in: 352-58
      naval forces, command of: 36, 37-38
      Ousseltia valley, conflict in: 380-81
      system proposed by CCS for TORCH: 13-14
      in task forces: 33-35
      in Western TF: 137
    Command structure, enemy
      defects in Axis system: 77
      direct communication, Hitler's authorization: 529n
      discretionary authority of commander, lack of: 76
      Kasserine reorganization: 474-75, 476-77
      Médenine reorganization: 519-20
      Tébessa reorganization: 441
      for Tunisia area: 368-70, 648-49
    Command, unity of
      Axis lack of, factor in defeat: 77, 405-06
      established by Allied directive: 38-39
      TORCH, a test of: 39
    Commander in Chief, Allied Air Forces: 354-55

--710--

    Commander in Chief, Allied Force: 174, 354. See also Allied Force Headquarters; Eisenhower, Gen. Dwight D.
      Alexander, directive to: 485-87
      Anderson, directive to: 381-85
      assumes direct command: 350-51
      British forces, directive authorizing control of: 36, 36n
      Combined Chiefs of Staff, selection by: 15
      command relations with other services: 33-35, 37, 38-39
      deputy, appointment of: 32
      directive on mission: 15, 16
      directive on use of II Corps: 599-600, 600n, 601
      French commanders, approval of assignment of: 265-66
      Gibraltar headquarters: 84
      Giraud's demand for position: 337-38
      Marshall, proposed for: 15
      North African Agreement, role under: 269-71
      Patton, directive to: 487-89
      political responsibilities: 55, 269, 272, 272n
      powers, President's restriction on: 270-71
      reviews of situation, periodic: 309, 320-21, 329-30, 403-05, 417
      Roosevelt statement on arrangements with Darlan: 268
      title, designation of: 32
      West Africa, negotiations for collaboration of: 270-72
    Commander in Chief, Levant (Br.) 354
    Commander in Chief, Libya (It.): 7, 9n
    Commander in Chief, Mediterranean (Br.): 354
    Commander in Chief, Middle East (Br.): 354
    Commander in Chief, Naval Expeditionary Force: 354
    Commander in Chief, South: 9, 289-90, 317-18, 365, 438-40, 441-42. See also Kesselring, Marshal Albert.
    Commando units: 52, 277. See also Ranger units.
    Commodities. See Consumer goods.
    Communications
      Allied: 137-38, 159-60, 222-23, 235, 419-22, 451, 457-58, 464, 485-86, 517-18, 647-48
      enemy: 312
    Communications equipment, lack of in Force BRUSHWOOD: 139
    Communications failure
      Allied: 161, 198-99, 212, 216, 219, 237-38, 280, 309, 316-17, 341-42, 411, 421-22, 432, 455, 461-62, 463, 465-66, 494, 636-37
      enemy: 379-80
    Communications Zone, reorganization of: 494-99
    Communist infiltration: 356
    Compass, need for training in use of: 671-72
    Coningham, Air Marshal Sir Arthur (RAF): 383-84, 492-93, 494-95, 573
    Constantine: 358-59, 277, 327-28, 330, 350-52, 365, 417, 485-86, 492-93, 495-98
      II Corps headquarters established: 371
      medical facilities: 376
      motor transport reserve at: 496-97
      railway capacity: 498
    Consumer goods, plan for controlling: 58
    Contessa, SS: 44, 68, 69, 150, 169
    Convolvulus, HMS: 234
    Convoys, motor
      attack on, in French reinforcement of Safi: 110-14
      capacities of: 498-99
      movement of II Corps to north flank: 604-07
    Convoys, naval: 68-72, 90
    Conway, Major Theodore J.: 150
    Copland-Griffith, Brig. F. A. V. (Br.): 326-27, 508-09
    Corps, II: 350-55, 380-86, 391, 398, 402-23, 427-28, 435, 440, 443, 451, 453-71, 473, 478, 485-98, 519-22, 525, 538-39, 549, 556-57, 558-59, 565-77, 582-83, 592-607, 644-51
      air attack on headquarters: 573
      air support: 573-74
      assault on: 401-22
      Bradley succeeds Patton: 608
      Chouïgui, drive through: 613-27
      Constantine headquarters established: 374
      directive on use of: 599, 600n, 604
      Eastern Dorsal, defense measures at: 398-400
      Eastern Dorsal, mission at: 591-92
      flank protection mission: 385-86
      Gafsa order of battle: 546
      intelligence estimates by: 401
      Mateur, drive on and beyond: 613-43, 654-59
      northern flank, movement to: 604-07
      northern flank offensive: 614-43
      Oran, plans for seizing: 46-50
      Patton succeeds Fredendall: 487-89, 490-92, 545
      plans for March: 543-47, 550-53, 556-57, 564-65, 569-71, 572-73
      Sfax order of battle: 374-76
      staff composition: 374n, 545n
      task force assignment: 35
      Tunis drive: 609-13, 649-51
    Corsica, enemy plan for seizure: 187, 255-56
    Cota, Col. Norman D.: 47
    Coulteux de Caumont, de, Col. Guy (Fr.): 287-88
    Counterbattery action: 143, 163, 223, 313-15, 392, 420-21, 452-53, 589-90, 654-55. See also Artillery support.
    Cowdray, HMS: 235, 246, 248-49
    Cowie, USS: 69, 114, 169
    Coxen's Farm: 301-02, 309
    Craig, Brig. Gen. Howard A,: 383-84
    Cramer, Generalleutnant Hans (Ger.): 516, 516n, 611

--711--

    Crandall, Capt. Robert W.: 124
    Crane, Brig. Gen. John A.: 546
    Crane, Brig. Gen. William C.: 486-87
    Craw, Col. Demas T.: 150, 154-55
    Crawford, Lt. Col. Joseph B.: 150, 460-61
    Crete: 7, 73
    Crocker, Lt. Gen. Sir John (Br.): 489, 582-91, 610-11
    Crosby, Col. Ben: 396n, 430-31, 656
    Cross-Channel attack: 11-14, 73, 676-77
    Culbert, Frederick P.: 177
    Cunningham, Adm. Sir Andrew Browne (Br.): 36, 84, 264-66, 354, 669
    Currency, exchange rates established: 361-62. See also Financial activities.
    Cyrenaica, assembly of enemy forces for attack on Egypt: 4

    Dabney, Col. John A.: 374n, 457-58
    Dakar: 10, 74, 271
    Dallas, USS: 152, 158, 164-67, 170
    Damesme: 208
    Darlan, Adm. Jean François (Fr.): 141, 171, 176-77, 178, 257-58
      Allied command assignment 265-69, 272
      arrest by Allies: 263
      assassination: 355, 357
      attitude toward Allies: 249-51
      directive from Pétain: 251
      distrust of by Fighting French: 355-56
      effect of death on French-Allied relations: 357-58
      French preference for: 356
      issues neutrality order: 263-64
      liaison with Luftwaffe: 254-55
      military for civil posts, substitutes: 17
      order to resist Axis: 264
      political reforms instituted: 356-57
      Roosevelt's statement on arrangements with: 268
      succeeded by Giraud: 355-59
      surrender negotiations authorizes: 251
      TORCH role in support of: 77-82
    Darby, Lt. Col. William O.: 205-06
    Darlan-Clark negotiations: 262-69
    Dasher, HMS: 192-93
    Davidson, Rear Adm. Lyal A.: 70, 104, 109, 111
    Davis, Lt. Col. Kermit Le V.: 143
    Debarkation operations: 68, 71, 103-04, 106-07, 123-26, 130, 136, 140-41, 153, 155, 157-59, 193-94, 197-98, 217, 235-36, 237-38, 240-41, 243, 245-47, 248. See also Ports, operation of; Unloading operations.
    Deception in concentrations at Massicault: 644-48
    Decisions, political: 31, 272n
    Decisions, strategic
      on Allied seizure of Northwest Africa: 25-31
      by Axis for Tunisia: 321-26
      concept of Allied operations determined: 29-30
      final decisions reached by Allies 31
    Decisions, tactical, for ROOFTREE: 39
    Deichmann, Gen. Paul (Ger.): 261, 479
    Delay, Gen. (Fr.): 272-73
    Delhi, HMS: 192-93
    Deligne, Gen. Agathon (Fr.): 273, 379-81
    Demarais, Lt. Col. Hubert (Fr.): 578n
    Demolitions, use of: 289, 417-18, 435-36, 437, 453, 642-43
    Dempo, HMS: 235, 248
    Denholm, Lt. Col. Charles J.: 634-37
    Dentz, Gen. Henri F. (Fr.): 286-87
    Depienne: 309
    Derbyshire, HMS: 209-10
    Dernaïa: 441, 443
    De Rohan, Col. Frederick J.: 150, 156, 167, 548, 549, 553-54
    Derrien, Adm. Louis (Fr.): 258-59, 260, 286, 294-95, 321
    Desré, Brig. Gen. Raymond (Fr.): 94, 171-72
    Deutsches Marinekommando Italien. See German Naval Command, Italy.
    Deuve, Major (Fr.): 100
    Dewdale, HMS: 234
    Dewoitine fighter plane: 4n
    Dick, Capt. Royer M. (RN): 262
    Dickman, USS. See Joseph T. Dickman, USS.
    Dickson, Col. B. A.: 374n, 401, 553
    Dilley, Major John H.: 156-58, 168
    Disher, Harold Leo: 202n
    Dive bomber, defeat by Allied antiaircraft: 574, 574n
    Dix, USS. See Dorothea L. Dix, USS.
    Djebel, definition: 47n
    Djebels
      Aboid: 279, 283-81, 291, 296, 299, 330, 373-74, 490, 502-05, 508, 512, 604, 607, 651
      Adjred. See Bald Hill.
      Aïn el Rhorab: 579-80, 582, 583-89
      Aïnchouna: 615-21, 640
      Alliliga: 394-95, 395n
      Azag. See Green Hill.
      Badjar: 622-23, 625 26, 638-39, 638n, 642
      Gargou: 377-78, 379-80, 423, 490
      Bateune Slama: 624
      Bech Chekaoui: 603, 620-21
      Bel Harch: 505
      Ben Kheïr: 559-60, 564-65, 572-73
      Berda: 544-45, 557-69, 571, 572-73, 574-75
      Berboukr. See Hill 469.
      Bireno: 445-46, 464-65, 474
      Bou Achour. See Hill 394.
      Bou Aoukaz: 328-30, 612
        artillery support, Allied: 649
        attack by Allies: 512-13
        seizure by Allies: 645, 648-49
        withdrawal, Allied: 331-32
      Bou Dabouss: 370-71, 379
      Bou Douaou: 544-45, 552-55, 565-66

--712--

      Bou Dzer: 388-90, 393
      Bou Hedma: 398, 553-54
      Bou Keurnine: 611n
      Bou Mouss. See Grenadier Hill.
      Bou Smail: 565-66
      Boudinar: 390-91
      Chambi: 441, 444-45, 451, 456-57, 463, 474, 490
      Chemsi: 557, 564-65, 572-73
      Cheniti: 615-16, 653, 671-72
      Chirich: 377, 598, 600, 611, 611n
      Dardyss: 603, 615-16, 619-20
      Dir: 273
      Djebs (Nos. 1 and 2): 553-55, 572
      Dribica: 553-55
      ech Cherichera: 578-79, 580-81
      el Abeid: 418
      el Adjered: 445-46, 463-64
      el Ahmera. See Longstop Hill.
      el Akrat: 615-16
      el Ang: 327, 330, 504, 506-07, 612, 620-21
      el Ank: 557-58, 569
      el Anz: 622-23, 625-27, 633-34, 635, 638
      el Aouareb: 579-87, 589-90
      el Asker: 565-66
      el Asoud: 328, 329-30, 331-32
      el Beida. See Hill 407.
      el Berakine: 622-23, 625-26
      el Djeriri: 582
      el Facuar. See Hill 558.
      el Garsia: 618
      el Guessa: 326-30, 337
        air support, enemy, 328
        armor action: 328-29
        attack plan, enemy: 327-28
        battle for: 328-30
        tactical value: 328
        tank losses, enemy: 328
      el Hara: 627
      el Kebar: 419-21
      el Kheroua: 558, 564-68, 567n, 570-71, 574
      el Koumin: 433-34
      el Mcheltat: 557-60, 564-71
      el Rhar: 339-43
      er Roumana: 537-40
      es Sif: 445-46
      es Stah: 538-39
      Fkirine: 281-82, 337, 600, 611, 611n
      Garci: 609
      Garet Hadid: 390, 409-11, 419, 424-26, 477-78
      Gouleb: 388
      Goussa: 544, 549-50, 554-55
      Grembil: 620-21, 627
      Guermach: 640
      Haidoudi: 538-39
      Halfa: 377
      Hallouf: 580-82
      Halouga: 523-24, 535, 536-37
      Hamadi: 565-66, 569
      Hamra: 414-15, 419, 421, 424, 428-32, 445-46, 457-58, 460-62, 472-73
        air action: 419-20, 462, 470
        aircraft losses, enemy: 462
        antiaircraft defenses, Allied: 462
        attack by enemy: 424, 425-26, 461-62, 501
        defense by Allies: 460, 463
        dispositions, Allied: 462
        night operations: 462-63
        prisoners, Allied: 424
        tank losses, Allied: 462
      Ichkeul: 642, 648, 655, 662
      Khar: 207
      Kouif: 472-73, 487, 490
      Ksaira: 390-91, 393, 394, 411-16, 419-21, 424-26, 460-61, 477-78
      Lanserine: 311-12, 326, 333, 620-21, 636, 638-39
      Lessouda: 390, 391-92, 410-11, 407-31
      Lettouchi: 567n, 568, 570-71
      Madjoura: 549
      Maiana. See Hill 186.
      Maizila: 575
      Mansour: 376-83, 394-95, 395n, 507-08, 510-11, 595-98, 600, 603, 611, 611n
      Matleg: 398, 412-13
      Mdilla: 547-48
      Melab: 527-28, 535, 536-37
      Meloussi: 399, 413
      Mrhila: 428-30, 459-60
      Murdjadjo: 198-99, 201-02, 216, 219, 224-25
      Naemia: 553-55
      Nechat el Maza. See Hill 406.
      Nobueza: 445-46, 462
      Orbata: 525, 544-45, 556-58
      Ousselat: 377, 379, 381, 582-83, 591, 592n
      Rheradok: 435
      Rihane: 373-74, 504, 507-08, 510
      Rmel. See Hill 350
      Sabel Dilou: 433-35
      Saikra: 523
      Santon: 193, 201-02, 213
      Semmama: 444-56, 474, 490
      Serdj: 381, 490
      Sidi Khalif: 388-91, 392, 394
      Sidi Meftah: 622-23, 625-27
      Souinia: 546-47, 548
      Tahent. See Hill 609.
      Tebaga Fatnassa: 523-24, 527-28, 533-35, 538-39, 564-65
      Touil: 582, 586
      Touro: 620, 639
      Touto: 622-23, 625-26

--713--

      Trozza: 399, 418, 427-28, 509, 578-80
      Zarhouan: 337, 347-48, 598, 611n
      Zebbeus (Hill 812): 445-51, 454-55, 474, 544, 553-55
    Djebibina: 598, 644-45
    Djedeïda: 296-306, 311-15, 326, 336-37, 343-44, 595-97, 620-21, 649-50, 652-53, 661
      air action: 304-06, 307-09, 649
      aircraft losses, enemy: 300-301
      airfield, destruction by Allies: 307
      airfield, occupation by enemy: 302
      ambush of Allied forces: 306-07
      armor attack on enemy aircraft: 300-301
      armor support, Allied: 307
      artillery support, Allied: 307-08
      attack plan, Allied: 305-06
      battle for: 304-10
      casualties, enemy: 308n
      defense organization, enemy: 307
      motor vehicle losses, Allied: 306-07
      prisoners, Allied: 306--07
      reconnaissance, Allied: 307
      reinforcements, Allied: 307
      repulse, Allied: 307-09
      strategic value: 283, 289-90
      tank losses, Allied: 300-301, 307
      topography: 307
    Djefna: 299, 306-07, 309, 333, 502-05
    Djefna position
      air support, Allied: 640, 640n
      ammunition shortage, enemy: 640-41
      artillery support, Allied: 616-18, 618n, 640n
      artillery support, enemy: 617, 618-19, 640
      attack on, Allied: 373, 600-601, 603, 614-21, 639-43
      counterattack, enemy: 373-74
      defensive measures, enemy: 622
      dispositions, enemy: 616-17, 617n, 621-22
      ground observation: 640
      highway system: 615-16
      reconnaissance, Allied: 617
      strength, enemy: 616-17
      supply lines, enemy, threats to: 616-17, 640-41
      supply problems, Allied: 619-20
      withdrawal by enemy: 640-41
    Djeloula pass: 591
    Djerissa: 490
    Djidjelli: 277-78
    Djoumine River: 280, 620-21
    Dody, Maj. Gen. Andre (Fr.): 92, 132, 141
    Doenitz, Adm. Karl (Ger.): 513-14
    Doolittle, Brig. Gen. James H.: 37, 46, 71n, 84, 294, 492-93
    Dorothea L. Dix, USS: 106, 111
    Douar Gournata: 660
    Douglas, Air Chief Marshal Sir Sholto (RAF): 354-55
    Douimis River: 615-16, 653
    Dovera: 234-35
    Doyle, Lt. Col. Edward J.: 237-39
    Draa Saada el Hamra: 567, 567n, 568-69
    Draft Outline Plan (Partial) for TORCH: 27
    Drainage systems: 18-19, 52, 116-17, 281-82, 303-04, 348-49, 428, 445-46, 522-23
    Drake, Col. Thomas D.: 396, 403, 411, 419, 424, 490
    Dressendorfer, Lt. D. C. (USN): 167
    DRYSHOD operation: 63
    Duke of York, HMS: 185
    Dunphie, Brig. Charles A. L. (Br.): 432-33, 442-43, 451-65, 471
    Durban Castle, HMS: 209-10
    Duvivier: 278-79
    Duzerville: 278-79

    Eagles, Brig. Gen. William W.: 121, 128, 172-73
    Eastburn, Lt. Col. Charley P.: 453-54
    Eastern Air Command, 278-79, 308, 354-55, 492
      commander, selection of: 37
      landings, mission in supporting: 37
      organization difficulties: 280
      plan for build-up of: 54
    Eastern Air Force: 279-80
    Eastern Assault Force: 35, 50-54
    Eastern Base Section, 495-99, 501, 516, 607
    Eastern Dorsal: 281-83, 347-48, 372, 423, 427, 485, 486-87, 578-92
      Allied swing from: 427-30
      attack by Allies: 337, 564
      attack plans, Allied and enemy: 386-88
      defensive measures, Allied: 378-79, 398-400
      enemy forces established: 333-35, 392
      French attacks: 373-74
      maneuvering for advantage on: 373-400
      mission of II Corps: 591-92
      plans for controlling, Allied and enemy: 386-88, 401-02, 406-07
      reinforcements, Allied: 377-78
      reinforcements, enemy: 373-74
      topography: 553-54
    Eastern Naval Task Force: 36, 231-34, 248, 254. See also Naval forces, Allied.
    Eastern Task Force
      air attack on: 278
      air reconnaissance against: 185-86
      air support of: 53-54, 279-80
      airborne support of: 53-54
      Algiers, departure from: 277-78
      Algiers, seizure of: 50-54, 229-52
      amphibious training: 62, 185
      Anderson assumes command: 252
      command structure: 35, 50-51, 53

--714--

      commander's mission: 51
      commando units in: 52
      confusion in landings: 236-39, 246-47
      convoy: 71, 185-86, 187, 234
      departure for TORCH: 70-72
      eastern landings: 244-49
      first day's operations: 240-41, 251
      force landed: 234-35
      Gibraltar, arrival at: 185-86
      landing force, strength: 234-36, 241, 244-45
      landing sites, enemy confusion as to: 186-87
      line of communications: 309
      Luftwaffe, alert of against: 187
      mission: 35
      naval action against: 186, 187-88
      naval losses: 278
      naval support of: 185-86
      progress rate, anticipated: 54
      redesignated British First Army: 350-51
      reinforcement, plans for: 53n
      reorganization for drive on Tunis: 291-92
      shipping for, shortage of: 53
      submarine actions against: 186-87
      TERMINAL Force operations: 241-45
      Tunis, preparations for drive on: 277-98
      Tunisia, advance into: 253, 277-80
      United Kingdom, departure from: 70-72
      western landings: 235-38
    Ebba Ksour: 281, 417
    Eberle, USS: 155, 165-67
    Economic Accord of March 1941: 23
    Eddekhila: 642-43, 650-51, 658-59, 665-67
    Eddy, Maj, Gen. Manton S.: 66, 490-92, 567n, 568, 571, 614-15, 653
    Eddy, Lt. Col. William A. (USMC): 24, 55, 212n
    Edgar, Capt. Campbell D. (USN): 245-46
    Edward Rutledge, USS: 175-76
    Edwards, Lt. T. E. (RN): 199
    Egypt, battle for: 4, 7, 10, 75-77
    Eighth Fleet (U.S.): 354-55
    Eisenhower, Gen. Dwight D.: 71, 264-65, 266-68, 292, 343-44, 349-57, 358, 362, 378, 382-84, 386-87, 401-02, 403-05, 417, 470-71, 487, 545, 556, 590-91, 599, 669. See also Allied Force Headquarters; Commander in Chief, Allied Force.
      Commander in Chief, selection as: 15
      French commanders, approves assignment of: 265-66
      French leader, views on acceptance of: 80-81
      French officers, action on plight of: 177
      Giraud, conference with: 189-92
      North African Agreement, view on: 269n, 270n
      Outline Plan for TORCH, reaction to: 27-31
      political affairs, role in: 55, 269
    El Agheila: 8
    El Ala: 399, 416-17, 509
    El 'Alamein: 9, 72-73, 75-77, 322, 324, 524-25, 672-73
    El Alia: 650-51, 659-60, 661
    El Ancor: 200-201, 213
    El Aouana: 504-05
    El Aouïna: 255, 257, 293-94, 366, 649
    El Aroussa
      air action: 291
      attack by enemy: 502-04, 507-08
      counterattack, Allied: 508-09
      occupation and withdrawal by enemy: 290-91
    El Azib: 659-60
    El Bahira lake: 598
    El Bathan: 290-91, 296, 299-305, 307-08, 311-20, 327-28, 336, 337, 595-97, 600
    El Gazala line: 8
    El Guettar: 335, 371-72, 403-05, 409-10, 425, 536, 537-40, 541, 553-54, 604
      air action, Allied: 558-59, 562, 577
      air action, enemy: 558, 560-62, 565-66, 572, 574n
      armor action: 556-57, 559-63, 569-73
      artillery support, Allied: 557-58, 559, 560-62, 570-71, 574, 574n, 575, 577
      artillery support, enemy: 558, 560-62, 565-66, 571, 572
      attack by Allies: 550-51, 552-53, 556-57, 564-75
      battle for: 556-77
      casualties, Allied: 558, 564n, 572, 574n
      counterattack, enemy: 559-63
      defense by Allies: 574
      dispositions, enemy: 565-66, 569-71
      engineer support: 574
      intelligence estimates, enemy: 565-66
      matériel losses, Allied: 558, 560n, 571
      mines, employment: 558, 560-62, 571
      motor column, enemy, routed: 289
      night operations: 557-63
      operations beyond: 564-77
      prisoners, enemy: 557-58
      reconnaissance, Allied: 547
      reconnaissance, enemy: 559-60
      seizure by Allies: 386-87, 547-48
      supply methods, Allied: 574
      tank losses, Allied: 571-72
      tank losses, enemy: 560-62, 571
      topography: 556-57
      withdrawal by enemy: 574-77
    El Hafay: 557, 564-65
    El Hamma gap
      air action, Allied: 533, 535-37, 672-73
      armor support, Allied: 535
      artillery support, Allied: 535-37
      attack by Allies: 523-27, 530-31, 533-37, 564
      casualties, Allied: 536

--715--

      counterattack, enemy: 536-37
      defense by enemy: 526-27, 533-34, 536-37
      Mareth position, as approach to: 525-26
      night operations: 526
      reinforcements, Allied: 534-35
      reinforcements, enemy: 536-37
      secured by Allies: 537
      Shenandoah Valley, comparison with: 525
      smoke, employment: 536-37
    El Hamma River: 663
    El Ma el Abiod: 427, 436, 438, 441, 443, 456-57, 490, 543, 546
    Electra, USS: 153
    Elizabeth C. Stanton, USS: 176n
    Elmas (Sardinia): 293-94
    Emmett, Capt. R. R. M. (USN): 121, 123-24, 130, 136
    En Nekala: 208, 217
    Enchantress, HMS: 234
    Enfidaville: 333-35, 510-11, 595, 598, 600, 603, 644, 650-51, 665
    Enfidaville position: 541-42, 598, 599-600, 602-03, 609
    Engineer Amphibian Brigade, 1st: 50, 62, 195n
    Engineer Aviation Battalion, 871st: 167-68
    Engineer Boat Maintenance Company, 561st: 62
    Engineer Boat Regiment, 591st: 195n, 210, 210n
    Engineer Combat Battalions. See also Armored Engineer Battalions.
      1st: 463, 546-47
      10th: 121
      15th: 549n, 653-54
      19th: 213, 418, 433
      109th: 411, 582
      540th: 167
    Engineer Combat Regiments
      15th: 164-65, 167-68
      16th: 331
      19th: 216, 217, 443, 446, 447, 450-51, 452, 546-47, 574
      20th: 122, 138, 165, 653-54
      36th: 42, 121
    Engineer Shore Regiment, 531st: 199n
    Engineer Special Brigade, 1st: 49
    Engineer support in combat: 410-11, 418, 531, 574, 589, 642-43, 653-54
    England. See United Kingdom.
    Enright, Lt. Col. C. F.: 567n
    Equipment, unit, for TORCH: 62
    Er Rahel: 198
    Er Refifida: 144
    Er Rif mountains: 17
    Erickson, Capt. Ray: 582
    Estéva, Vice Adm. Jean-Pierre (Fr.): 259-60, 286-87
      evasive action toward Axis: 286-87
      liaison with Luftwaffe: 254-55
      Resident General for Tunisia: 17
      support of TORCH, views on: 78
    Ethiopia, projected attack on Egypt from: 4
    Ettrick, HMS: 207
    Evans, Maj. John B: 107
    Evelegh, Maj. Gen. Vyvyan (Br.): 71, 240, 277, 280, 295-96, 305-10, 315-16, 331-32, 507, 612
    Exceller, USS: 235, 244-45, 246
    Exchange rates for local currency: 362
    Ez Zerkin wadi: 528
    Ez Zouara River: 502-04

    Factionalism in French forces: 355-56, 358-61, 500, 669-71
    Faïd: 282-83, 401-02, 406-10, 412, 423-24, 544, 550, 590
      air attack, enemy: 391-92
      counterattack, Allied: 391-92, 401-02
      reconnaissance, Allied: 391-92
      reinforcements, Allied: 391
      security measures, enemy: 394
      seizure by enemy: 391
    Faïd pass: 335, 390-91, 393-94, 407-09, 410-13, 544, 606-07
      air action, Allied: 391-92, 411-13
      armor action: 411-12
      artillery support, Allied: 411
      artillery support, enemy: 411-12
      attack by enemy: 388, 392-93
      casualties, Allied: 394n
      control, enemy plans for: 386
      counterattack, Allied: 399n
      counterbattery action: 392
      defense plans, Allied: 386-88, 399-400
      French complaints of American tardiness: 392-93
      loss of, effect on Allies: 399
      matériel losses, Allied: 394n
      prisoners, Allied: 394n
      pyrotechnics, use of: 391
      recapture, Allied plans for: 401-02
      reconnaissance, enemy: 412-13
      reinforcements, enemy: 392
      security measures, enemy: 388-90
      seizure by Allies: 327
      tank losses, Allied: 392
      tank losses, enemy: 391
      topography: 388-90
    Falugi, Generale di Brigata Giuseppe (It.): 527-28
    Fancourt, Capt H. L. St. J. (RN): 241
    Farndale, HMS: 217
    Fechet, Col. d'Alary: 380-81, 547
    Fedala: 179-80. See also Cap de Fedala.
      advance from to Casablanca: 118, 144-46
      advance inland: 137-42

--716--

      air attacks on armor: 139
      air support at: 116, 119-21
      aircraft losses, Allied and French: 139, 139n
      antiaircraft operations: 118, 128, 139
      armor support: 116, 121, 128-29, 139
      artillery support: 121
      attack near coast: 142
      beach organization: 117-18
      casualties, Allied: 136
      coastal batteries, defense by: 118, 127-30, 133-34
      command structure: 137
      communications, Allied: 137-38
      composition of assault force: 121
      debarkation at: 123-26, 130, 136, 140-41
      drainage system: 116-17
      garrison strength: 118
      landing craft losses: 125-26, 131, 135
      landing site, selection as: 46
      landings at: 123-27, 129-30, 130-31
      main effort, target of: 41
      maneuver plan: 121-22, 124-25, 136
      naval action: 133-34
      naval defense, French: 118, 133-34
      naval support: 116, 127-28, 130, 131-32
      patrol operations: 139
      port facilities: 41, 116-17, 135-36, 137
      prisoners, French: 130-31
      reaction of French forces: 125, 131-33
      searchlight employment: 125, 130-31
      secured by Allies: 127
      security measures: 136-37
      seizure by Allies: 116-46. See also Casablanca.
      shore parties: 135, 137
      strength of assault force: 121
      submarine action: 134
      supply dump establishment: 140-41
      topography: 116-18
      troop transports for: 119-21
      unloading operations: 126, 134-37, 140-41, 144-45, 174-75
    Feil, Major Frederick C.: 103
    Fenard, Vice Adm. Raymond (Fr.): 17, 78
    Ferenbaugh, Col. Claude B.: 46, 224
    Fériana: 282-83, 348, 388, 399, 401-02, 403-05, 413, 417-18, 424, 425, 427-28, 441, 451, 470, 477, 478, 546-47
      air attack, Allied: 470
      attack by enemy: 426-27, 462
      defense by Allies: 430, 433
      loss of by Allies: 422-23, 436-37
      mines, employment: 546-47
      reconnaissance, enemy: 407
      security measures, Allied: 423
      seizure by enemy: 437
      withdrawal to and from, Allied: 289, 437-38
    Ferme Combier: 193n, 200-201, 213
    Ferme Ste. Marie: 193n, 201-02
    Fernana: 604-05
    Ferryville: 642-43, 652-53, 656-57, 659
    Fès: 141, 160-61, 179-80
    Field Artillery Battalions. See also Armored Field Artillery Battalions.
      5th: 307, 311, 315, 560, 571n
      6th: 565
      7th: 217, 381, 461n, 571n
      9th: 121, 139-40, 143
      10th: 121, 139, 143, 145
      26th: 571n, 614-20
      32d: 207, 215, 222, 560, 571n
      33d: 199n, 200-202, 220-21, 381, 391n, 443, 447, 461n, 463, 558, 571n, 657
      34th: 466, 571n, 614-20
      36th: 443, 614-20
      39th: 121, 139, 144, 145, 171-72
      41st: 121, 138
      60th: 157-59, 157n, 162-63, 165-67, 466, 549n, 614-20
      65th: 570n
      67th: 614-20
      74th: 466n
      84th: 108, 466, 548n, 571n, 614-20
      107th: 614-20
      125th: 578-79
      151st: 453
      175th: 284-86, 284n, 287, 298n, 302, 303n, 307, 331, 396, 397, 433n, 443, 578-79, 658
      185th: 578-79, 614-20
    Field Artillery Brigade, 13th: 466n, 546, 547-48
    Field Artillery Group, 5th: 565n
    Field Artillery Regiments
      17th: 411, 412, 477-78, 571n
      36th: 338-39, 571n, 578-79, 586
      178th: 571n, 578-79
    Fifth Army: 35, 350-51, 499, 643, 667-68
    Fighter aircraft, enemy employment: 366-67
    Fighting French. See also French forces.
      Algiers, seizure by: 249-50
      British-American support of: 22-23
      contacts with: 23
      Darlan, distrust of: 355-56
      De Gaulle-Giraud relations: 358-61
      government for, Allied position on: 361-62
      landings, role in: 24-25
      merger with other French forces: 500
      occupation, areas of: 359-60
      plans withheld from: 24
      Syria, seizure by: 7
      Vichy France, attitude toward: 22, 669-71
    Financial activities: 57-58, 361-62
    Firth of Clyde, concentration at: 70-71
    Fischer, Gen. Wolfgang (Ger.): 296, 306, 311-16, 327-28, 342, 407n, 658-59

--717--

    Flavell, Brig. J. W. C. (Br.): 352
    Fleurus: 208-09, 221
    Florence Nightingale, USS: 153, 169
    Fondouk el Aouareb (el Okbi): 282-83, 418, 423, 425, 438, 541
      air action, enemy: 374, 441-42, 582, 588
      air action, Allied: 371, 585-87
      armor actions: 591
      armor support, Allied: 582, 585-90
      armor support, enemy: 374
      artillery fire, Allied, on own units: 581-82
      artillery support, Allied: 581-82, 585-87
      artillery support, enemy: 374, 587-89
      American tardiness, complaint of: 590-91, 599-600
      attacks by Allies: 550, 556, 564-65, 569, 572, 577, 578-79, 582-87
      attacks by enemy: 426-27
      battle for: 578-92
      breakout, Allied: 589-90
      casualties, Allied: 582n, 591n, 592n
      casualties, enemy: 592n
      casualties, French: 374
      counterbattery action: 589-90
      defense plans, Allied: 386-87, 398-99
      dispositions, Allied: 578-79
      dispositions, enemy: 580-81
      engineer support: 589
      First Army directive on: 578-79, 582-83
      German estimate of Allied effort: 583n, 592n
      matériel losses, enemy: 591
      mines, employment: 587-91
      night operations: 586-90
      occupation by Allies: 237
      order of battle, Allied: 582-83
      patrol operations: 586, 588
      prisoner interrogation: 580-81
      prisoners, Allied: 592n
      prisoners, enemy: 588-89, 591
      recapture, Allied plans for: 374-76, 378-79, 385, 386-87
      seizure by enemy: 374, 426-27
      smoke, employment: 586-87
      tank losses, Allied: 582, 588, 590, 591n
      tank losses, enemy: 374, 591
      topography: 578-80
      withdrawal, Allied: 585-86
      withdrawal, enemy: 591
    Foreign exchange. See Financial activities.
    Formidable, HMS: 185, 248
    Forts:
      de l'Eau: 247-48
      de la Pointe: 193n, 205-06
      de Sidi Ferruch: 234-35, 236, 239-40
      d'Estrées: 247-49
      du Nord: 49, 193n, 205-06
      du Santon: 48, 201-02, 223, 224-25
      Duperré: 230, 235, 236-37
      Independence: 286
      Lamoune: 193n
      l'Empereur: 238-39
    Fougier, Gen. (It.): 325n
    Foum Tatahouine: 525-24, 525, 526-27
    Fountain, Col. Ray C.: 402-03, 436 37
    France, metropolitan: 187
    Franco, Franciso: 5, 7. See also Spain.
    Frantz, Generalmajor Gothard (Ger.): 527 28
    Frascati: 368-69
    Fredendall, Maj. Gen. Lloyd R.: 47, 71, 195-96, 213, 220, 224-27, 350-52, 378, 380-81, 385, 386-88, 392-93, 396-97, 399, 403-05, 432-33, 443-51, 456-57, 470-73, 486-87
      Allied ground troops, assigned to command: 385
      background: 35n
      Center Task Force, selected as commander: 35
      Faïd pass directive: 399-400
      Ousseltia valley directive: 378
      Sidi Bou Zid directive: 418
      Station de Sened directive: 396-97
      succeeded by Patton: 486-87; 545
    Free French. See Fighting French.
    Freeman-Attwood, Maj. Gen. H. A. (Br.): 350, 504-05, 610
    French colonies
      administrative unification: 669-71
      censorship in: 356
      collaborationists, suppression of: 500
      decisions, Allied, on ultimate status: 31
      Imperial Council of Governors: 500
      landing sites identification of to officials: 56
      North African Agreement, provisions of: 269-71
      officials, President's message to: 91, 95
      political officers in 1942: 17
      political problems: 22, 23-24, 77-83, 253-54, 355-62
      political reforms instituted: 356- 57
      political structure: 16, 500
      population, composition: 16-17
      Vichy France policies, emulation of: 5, 356-57
    French Committee of National Liberation: 22, 669-71. See also Fighting French.
    French forces. See also Fighting French.
      aircraft for use of: 499-500
      Algiers, strength and reaction: 52, 229-30, 235-36, 236n, 238, 239, 243-44, 246
      Allied appointments, reaction toward: 267-68
      American tardiness, complaints of: 392- 93, 417
      Bizerte, surrender at: 321
      break with Axis: 287-88
      capability, estimate of: 82n
      Casablanca, strength and reaction: 118-19, 139, 141, 142, 145-46
      Cherchel meeting with Allied leaders: 81-83

--718--

      Clark-Darlan negotiations: 262-69
      collaborationists, vindictiveness toward: 669-70
      CCS approval of arrangements with: 268
      command relations within: 93-94, 272-73
      commander for: 77-84
      commanders, assignment of: 267-68, 270, 272
      commanders, attitude toward Allies: 249-50
      co-operation, enemy efforts to gain: 254-60
      co-operation with Allies, attempts to establish: 356-58
      Darlan, preference for: 356
      Darlan's neutrality directive to: 263-64
      De Gaulle acquires complete authority over: 671
      disarming ordered by Hitler: 321
      distrust of by Axis: 286-87, 294-95
      distrust of De Gaulle: 356
      employment, plans for: 56
      evasive actions toward Axis: 283, 286-87
      factionalism in: 354-55, 358-69, 500, 669-71
      Fedala strength and reaction: 124-26, 131-33
      Fighting French, merger with: 359-61, 500, 669-71
      Giraud accepted as commander: 264-66, 272, 361-62
      Giraud-De Gaulle differences over control: 670-71
      Giraud's proposals for employment: 272-73
      Kairouan pass, relief at: 379-80
      landings, role in: 89-96
      matériel expected from Allies: 361-62
      Mehdia, reaction at: 157-58
      in Morocco, collaboration with after surrender: 176-78, 180
      Morocco garrison, estimate of: 40
      North African Agreement, role under: 269-70
      Oran, garrison strength: 193, 202-03
      Oran-Algiers landings, role in: 186-87, 188-89
      organization for collaboration: 272-73
      Pétain, devotion to: 23-24
      pilot training by Allies: 499-500
      Port-Lyautey, strength and reaction: 149-50, 153-57
      Rabat, reaction at: 139
      rearmament by Allies: 270, 361-62, 499-500
      reorganization: 499-500
      shipping, allotment to: 362
      state of for Allied use: 273
      strength in 1942: 21
      supply, oversea: 499
      TORCH, role in supporting: 81-82, 82-83, 82n, 85, 253-54
      training: 499-500
      treatment of: 30-31, 45-46, 56, 251-52
      Tunisia, disposition in: 258-59, 283-84
      Tunisia, juncture with Allies: 279
      Tunisia, reaction to Axis occupation: 258-60
      ultimatum to by Axis: 287
      unification achieved: 669-71
      Vichy France, attitude on collaboration with Allies: 262-63, 287, 500
      Vichyites, recruitment of: 670-71
      West Africa, collaboration by: 270-72
    French Navy: 5, 193, 257-58
    French Northwest Africa, invasion of. See TORCH.
    French units
      1st Battalion, Foreign Legion: 220n
      3d Battalion, Foreign Legion: 180n
      8th Tabor Battalion: 154
      Algerian Light Armored Brigade: 273, 442-43
      XIX Corps: 298, 350-51, 378-81, 382-84, 386-87, 402-03, 417, 418, 432-33, 469, 486-87, 489-92, 508-09, 579n, 582-83, 591, 600, 610-11, 611n, 612, 614-20, 639-41, 644-45, 662-63, 664-65, 670-71
      Corps Franc d'Afrique: 504-05, 615n, 653-54
      Detachment Guinet: 442-43
      Algiers Division: 52, 239, 273, 379-80, 402-03
      Casablanca Division: 52, 171
      Constantine Division: 273, 351-52, 374-75, 388-90, 433, 433n, 456-57, 579n
      Fès Division: 141
      Meknès Division: 141
      Division Mathenet: 490, 579n
      Oran Division: 48, 193, 664-65
      Tunis Division: 257, 258-59, 286-87
      Division Welvert: 490
      Foreign Legion: 208
      L Force: 526-27
      7th Legion of Guards: 52
      1st Regiment, African Chasseurs: 139n, 160n
      1st Algerian Infantry Regiment: 418
      1st Moroccan Infantry Regiment: 154, 156-57
      2d Algerian Infantry Regiment: 208, 216
      2d Regiment, Foreign Legion: 101, 112
      2d Moroccan Tirailleurs Regiment: 101, 112
      2d Zouaves Regiment: 188, 217, 221-22
      3d Algerian Infantry Regiment: 337, 507
      4th African Chasseurs Regiment: 650
      4th Mixed Zouaves-Tirailleurs Regiment: 303n, 307n, 331
      4th Zouaves Regiment: 650, 667
      6th Senegalese Infantry Regiment: 127
      7th Algerian Infantry Regiment: 327
      7th Moroccan Tirailleurs Regiment: 160n, 164, 180-81, 337
      15th Senegalese Infantry Regiment: 290-91, 667
      16th Tunisian Infantry Regiment: 208, 220n
      43d Colonial Infantry Regiment: 307n
      62d Artillery Regiment: 303n, 307n, 331
      64th African Artillery Regiment: 180n
      66th African Artillery Regiment: 222

--719--

      67th African Artillery Regiment: 443
      68th African Artillery Regiment: 208, 221
      Moroccan Colonial Artillery Regiment: 112
      Southeast Algerian Command: 544-45, 565
      11th Squadron, African Chasseurs: 112
      Tabor units: 490
      6th Motorcycle Troop, Moroccan Guard: 161n
      Tunisian Troop Command: 350-51
    French Vichy Government. See Vichy France.
    French West Africa: 270-72
    Freyberg, Lt. Gen. Sir Bernard C. (Br.): 526-27, 533-34, 535, 665
    Front de Mer: 100, 104, 107
    Fullriede, Col. (Ger.): 580-81, 588-89
    Furious, HMS: 49, 192-93, 204-05, 216
    Furna: 327-28, 330, 333

    Gabès: 260, 278-79, 288-89, 338, 351-52, 364-65, 370, 409-10, 440, 469, 476-77, 485, 494-95, 512, 516, 521-28, 534-37, 544, 557, 564, 607
      approaches to: 544
      drive on, Allied: 494, 565-77
      occupation by enemy: 289
      port operation: 607
      secured by Allies: 537-38
    Gabès position: 322
    Gaffey, Brig. Gen. Hugh J.: 102, 107, 487, 552, 569-70, 575-76, 608n
    Gafour: 379
    Gafsa: 327, 347-48, 351-52, 364-65, 370-71, 387-88, 392, 396-98, 399, 401-06, 441, 477, 478-79, 494-95, 512, 524-25, 528, 529, 544, 550, 556-57, 564-65, 607-08
      air action, Allied: 547-48, 573
      air support, enemy: 406
      artillery support, Allied: 547-48
      attack by Allies: 494
      attack by enemy: 401, 405-07, 409-10, 415-16, 546, 570
      control, enemy plans for: 386
      counterattack, enemy: 559-60
      defense by Allies: 386-88, 475-76, 569-70, 572-73
      demolitions, employment: 417-18
      dispositions, Allied: 546-47
      dispositions, enemy: 544
      Kesselring's assurance on security: 545-46
      mines, employment: 547-48
      night operations: 417-18
      occupation, changes in: 289
      order of battle, II Corps: 546
      reconnaissance, Allied: 546
      reconnaissance, enemy: 406, 409-10, 425
      reinforcements, Allied: 569
      Rommel's role in attack: 406-07, 409-10, 424-25, 426-27
      Second Manassas, comparison with: 545-46
      security measures, Allied: 417-18
      seizure by Allies: 543-48, 558-59
      seizure by enemy: 388, 424-25, 427
      strength of Allied forces: 546
      strength of enemy forces, estimate: 543
      as supply point: 543
      vulnerability: 544
      withdrawal, Allied: 417-18, 438
    Gaines, Lt. Col. Thomas L.: 578n
    Gale, Maj. Gen. Humfrey (Br.): 33, 496-97
    Gales (training center): 62
    Gambetta: 193n
    Gandin, Gen. Antonio (It.): 288-89, 325n, 456
    Garaet el Mabtouba: 642-43, 660-61
    Garaet Ichkeul: 280, 595, 600-601, 613-15, 622-23, 640-43, 647-48, 652-56
    Gardiner, Col. Henry E.: 434-35, 474, 656
    Gardner, Major Arthur W.: 131, 138
    Gariboldi, Gen. Italo (It.): 7
    Gasoline supplies. See POL.
    Gaulle, de, Gen. Charles (Fr.): 358-61, 500, 669-70
      Algiers, arrival in: 669
      appointments, Allied, attitude toward: 267-68
      background: 22
      conversations with Allied leaders: 23
      distrust of by French forces: 356
      Fighting French, recognized as chief by: 22
      French forces, acquires complete authority over: 671
      French forces, conflict with Giraud over control of: 670-71
      Giraud, conference with: 358-61
      popularity, gain in: 669-70
      role in TORCH, not considered for: 56
    Gaullists. See Fighting French.
    Gause, Gen. Alfred (Ger.): 261, 321, 327n
    Gay, Col. Hobart S.: 39, 132, 171
    General Headquarters, Mideast (Br.): 362
    Geography. See Topography.
    George Clymer, USS: 150, 153, 164-65
    German Admiral, Rome: 514
    German air units. See Luftwaffe units.
    German armistice commissioners, capture of: 127, 141, 225-27
    German forces. See also Rommel.
      armor, shift of to Africa: 6-7
      Comando Supremo, control by: 7, 8-9, 9n
      commander's discretionary authority, lack of: 76
      counteroffensive against, British: 8
      Greece, conquest of: 7
      Italians, distrust of: 540-41
      landing points, confusion as to: 186-87
      Libya, conquest of: 7
      reinforcements for during campaign: 8-9

--720--

    German General, Rome: 9, 77, 261, 369-70
    German-Italian Panzer Army: 76n, 260, 261, 322, 349-50, 363-65, 440, 476, 521-22
    German Naval Command, Italy: 186-87
    German Naval High Command: 186-87
    German units
      Panzerarmee Afrika: 8, 72, 75-77, 76n, 368-69
      Angriffsgruppe Nord: 430-31, 441
      First Army: 257n
      Fifth Panzer Army: 326, 333-35, 349-50, 363-65, 369-70, 370-72, 373, 382, 386, 388, 405-07, 426, 436-37, 438, 441-42, 453, 470, 476-77, 501-05, 508, 510-11, 512, 519, 521, 540, 544, 552-53, 577, 602-03, 611, 640-41, 647-51, 659, 661
      Army Group Felber: 257n
      1st Tunis Battalion: 617, 617n
      1st Tunis Field Battalion: 259n, 371-72
      2d Tunis Battalion: 390-91, 617
      3d Tunis Battalion: 623
      3d Tunis Field Battalion: 300-301
      4th Tunis Battalion: 617n
      10th Motorcycle Battalion: 306n, 376, 407-09, 562, 565-66, 609-10
      10th Panzer Reconnaissance Battalion: 648
      11th Parachute Engineer Battalion: 284n, 299-300, 504-05, 617
      26th Africa Battalion: 556, 588-89
      27th Africa Battalion: 580-81, 588-89
      29th Africa Battalion: 398
      30th Africa Battalion: 617
      33d Antitank Battalion: 648
      33d Reconnaissance Battalion: 425n, 449, 461-62
      34th Africa Battalion: 580-81
      49th Panzer Pionier Battalion: 565-66
      90th Tank Destroyer Battalion: 306n
      190th Panzer Battalion: 259n, 301-02, 311-12, 370-71, 374-77, 398, 417
      190th Reconnaissance Battalion: 333-35, 580-81
      200th Engineer Battalion: 425n
      334th Reconnaissance Battalion: 398, 588-89, 617n
      501st Heavy Panzer Battalion: 330-31, 376, 506, 556, 612, 612n
      504th Heavy Panzer Battalion: 621-22
      508th Reconnaissance Battalion: 390-91, 398, 409, 412-13, 453, 459, 462-63, 556
      609th Flak Battalion: 453
      Africa Replacement Battalion: 371-72
      Algerian Battalion: 617n
      German-Arabian Training Battalion: 617n
      Moroccan Battalion: 617
      Training Battalion: 617n
      Tunis Battalion: 610
      Tunis Replacement Battalion: 315-16
      Bizerte Coast Defense Command: 604, 647-48
      Tunis Coast Defense Command: 604
      1st Panzer Jaeger Company: 425n
      Africa Corps: 7, 8n, 76, 406, 409, 424, 425n, 516, 517-19, 529, 530-31, 539-40, 541, 553, 559-60, 565, 577, 589-90, 602-03, 610-11, 611n, 644-45, 648, 650-51, 663, 664-65
      XLV Corps: 257n
      XC Corps: 295, 312, 327-28
      19th Flak Division: 648, 650-51
      10th Panzer Division: 260, 294-95, 306, 311-12, 317-18, 333-36, 342, 370-71, 373-76, 401-17, 425-27, 436-37, 438-42, 453-56, 459-62, 464-65, 470, 476-77, 501-04, 516-19, 523, 528-31, 537, 538-39, 552-53, 559-62, 565-66, 570, 573, 576-77, 590, 603, 611-13, 611n, 648, 650-51, 661-62
      15th Panzer Division: 371, 401, 406, 425n, 516-19, 525, 528-29, 530-37, 538-41, 604, 611, 611n, 613, 648-51, 661-62
      20th Flak Division: 376, 648
      21st Panzer Division: 364-65, 371-72, 371n, 388-90, 398, 401, 405-06, 425-27, 431, 435-36, 436n, 438-42, 452-55, 459-60, 470-71, 476-77, 478, 479, 502, 516-19, 528-31, 533-34, 536-39, 546, 570, 577, 590, 603, 611, 611n, 648, 650-51, 664-65
      90th Light Africa Division: 371, 516-18, 527-28, 531-32, 537-42, 550, 664-65
      164th Light Africa Division: 371, 516, 527-29, 533-41, 604, 664-65
      334th Infantry Division: 260, 370-71, 603, 611-13, 621-22, 640-41, 648, 650-51, 658, 660-62
      999th Africa Division: 580-81
      Division von Broich: 333-35, 370-71
      Hermann Goering Division: 260, 365, 476-77, 504, 507-08, 603, 611-13, 617n, 650-51, 655, 662
      Division Manteuffel: 501-05, 603, 616-17, 621-22, 640-41, 648, 661
      Kampfgruppe Audorff: 504, 609, 612-13
      Kampfgruppe Buhse: 426-27, 436
      Kampfgruppe Burk: 376
      Kampfgruppe DAK: 409-10, 425-27, 437-38, 441, 449, 451, 453-55, 460, 461-62, 470, 476-77, 478-79
      Group Djedeïda: 313-15
      Kampfgruppe Eder: 504, 506-07
      Kampfgruppe Frantz: 662-63
      Kampfgruppe Fullriede: 509n, 580-81
      Kampfgruppe Funk: 609-10
      Kampfgruppe Gerhardt: 407-09, 420, 425-26, 430-31, 436
      Kampfgruppe Gruen: 390-91
      Kampfgruppe Holzinger: 507-08
      Kampfgruppe Hudel: 312-14, 317-18
      Kampfgruppe Irkens: 612-13, 612n, 648
      Kampfgruppe Koch: 312-13, 507-08

--721--


      Kampfgruppe Lang: 407-09, 501-02, 504, 506-08, 555n, 556n, 565, 572, 577, 590
      Kampfgruppe von Liebenstein: 536-37
      Kampfgruppe Lueder: 312-15, 317-19, 376-79, 506
      Kampfgruppe Menton: 449-50
      Kampfgruppe Pfeiffer: 390-91, 431, 434, 570, 664-65
      Kampfgruppe Reimann: 407-09, 565-66
      Kampfgruppe Rommel: 441-42, 469, 470-71, 477
      Kampfgruppe Schirmer: 609-10
      Kampfgruppe Schmid: 504, 507
      Kampfgruppe Schmidt: 611n, 650-51
      Kampfgruppe Schuette: 409, 412-13
      Kampfgruppe Stenkhoff: 409, 413-20, 434-35
      Kampfgruppe Stolz: 376-77
      Kampfgruppe Stotten: 449-50
      Kampfgruppe Strempel: 398
      Kampfgruppe Weber: 376-77, 381
      Kampfgruppe Witzig: 306-07, 306n, 308-09, 312
      Kampfgruppe Wolf: 580-81
      Kampfgruppe Ziegler: 416-17, 439-40, 441-42, 477, 479n
      Kasta O. B.: 556
      Korpsgruppe Fischer: 370-71, 373-74, 376
      Korpsgruppe Weber: 501-04, 507-08, 603
      Panzergruppe Afrika: 8n
      1st Artillery Regiment, Afrika: 425n
      2d Artillery Regiment: 259n
      5th Panzer Regiment: 390-91, 409, 412-13, 420, 452-53, 518, 612n
      5th Parachute Regiment: 259n, 287, 288n, 291, 301-02, 370-71, 373-74, 376
      7th Panzer Regiment: 306n, 328, 330-31, 342-43, 407-09, 411, 461-62, 464-65, 506, 562, 565-66, 609-10, 612n
      8th Panzer Regiment: 449-50, 453-55, 463-64, 612n
      47th Grenadier Regiment: 333-35, 370-71, 374, 426, 470, 504, 506, 509n, 540, 612-13
      69th Panzer Grenadier Regiment: 339-42, 376, 407-09, 507, 509-10, 562, 565-66
      71st Rocket Projector Regiment: 425n
      86th Panzer Grenadier Regiment: 317-18, 330, 339, 407-09, 411, 556, 562, 565-66
      90th Artillery Regiment: 556, 562
      104th Panzer Grenadier Regiment: 259n, 390-91, 409, 452-53, 518
      115th Panzer Grenadier Regiment: 648, 649-50
      135th Flak Regiment: 425n
      160th Panzer Grenadier Regiment: 616-17, 617n
      190th Artillery Regiment: 259n, 425n
      200th Panzer Grenadier Regiment: 540
      754th Grenadier Regiment: 504, 609, 612
      754th Infantry Regiment: 339-42, 621-22
      755th Grenadier Regiment: 504, 506-07
      755th Infantry Regiment: 621-22
      756th Mountain Regiment: 376-79, 504, 507-08, 612, 621-22
      961st Infantry Regiment: 580-81
      962d Infantry Regiment: 616-17, 617n
      Panzer Grenadier Regiment Afrika: 425n, 449, 453-55, 463, 525, 528, 531-32, 570, 650-51
      Regiment Barenthin: 308-09, 504-05, 616-17, 617n, 621-22, 656-57
      Regiment Ewert: 610
      Hermann Goering Grenadier Regiment: 609-11
      Hermann Goering Parachute Regiment: 609-10
    Germany
      occupation of France, policy regarding: 73-74
      internal politics, effect on Allied plans: 11-12
      Italy, offer of military aid to: 6
      Soviet Union, attack on: 6, 7-8
      Vichy France, military policy toward: 73-74, 254
    Gershenow, Major Louis: 106
    Gibb, Major Frederick W.: 221, 222
    Gibraltar: 294
      AFHQ established: 84
      convoys, arrival at: 185-86
      Eisenhower-Giraud conference: 189-91
      force concentrated at: 84
      safeguarding, plans for: 26, 65
      seizure by Spain, Axis plans for: 5, 7
    Gibraltar Air Command (RAF): 492
    Gibson, Col. Samuel A.: 567n
    Giffen, Rear Adm. Robert C.: 68
    Giraud, Aspirant Bernard: 84
    Giraud, Gen. Henri: 239-40, 252, 262-63, 264-65, 326-27, 330, 350, 358-61, 361-62, 388, 392, 615n, 669-70
      Algiers, associations in: 188-89
      American aid, conditions regarding: 81-82, 82-83, 82n, 83n
      background: 79
      command position, demand for: 82-83, 83n
      De Gaulle, conference with: 358-61
      Eisenhower, conference with: 189-91
      French commander, selection as: 55-56, 79, 176-77, 178-79, 264-66, 272, 361-62
      French forces, conflict with De Gaulle over control: 670-71
      French forces, plans for employing: 272-73
      High Commissioner, appointment as: 357-58
      Oran, associations in: 188-89
      political role: 358, 499-500
      popularity, diminution of: 669-70
      succeeds Darlan: 355-58
      supreme command position, demand for: 190, 337-38
      TORCH, role in support of: 80-85

--722--

    Glassford, Rear Adm. William A., Jr., mission to Dakar: 271-72
    Gleason, Lt. John C.: 435
    Glengyle, HMS: 199
    GOALPOST: 42, 151. See also Mehdia; Port-Lyautey.
    Goering, Field Marshal Hermann (Ger.): 324
    Goering conference of commanders: 325-26
    Golfe d'Arzew: 213-14
    Golfe de Bougie: 277
    Golfe de Tunis: 366-67, 598, 601
    Gore, Lt. Col. A. C. (Br.): 451-55
    Goubellat: 283-84, 290-91, 326-27, 330, 373, 609-10
    Goubellat plain: 595-98
    Goumiers: 154, 669
    Graham, Capt. D. C. (RN): 205
    Grand Dorsal. See Western Dorsal.
    Grand Mufti of Jerusalem: 321
    Graziani, Marshal Rodolfo, replaced in Libya: 7
    Great Britain. See United Kingdom.
    Greece: 6, 7
    Greek Sacred Squadron: 526-27
    Green Hill: 306-07, 308-09, 373. See also Djefna position.
      Artillery support, Allied: 616-18, 618n
      attack by Allies: 614-21, 640
      night operations: 308-09
      topography: 614-16
    Greer, Col. Frank U.: 207, 220, 341-42, 381-82, 547
    Grenadier Hill: 302, 309, 609-10
    Grich el Oued: 331-32, 336-37, 338-41, 507, 612
    Griggs, Major Farrar O.: 246-47
    Grombalia: 663-64
    Ground observation
      Allied: 246, 628-29, 638, 640, 654-55
      enemy: 636, 640
    Group Schlagtot: 175-76
    Gruenther, Brig. Gen. Alfred M.: 25, 33
    Guelma: 380-81, 402
    Guensch, Col. (Ger.): 312
    Guercif: 179-80
    Gulf of Hammamet: 595, 598
    Gumtree road: 553-54, 556-65, 569, 574, 576-77
    Gwin, Capt. Robert D.: 634
    GYMNAST Task Force: 10n

    Hadjeb el Aïoun: 352, 386-87, 394-95, 399, 402-03, 407-09, 415-16, 419, 425, 473, 476, 485-86, 490, 578-79
    Haecke, Col. Jean Van (Fr.): 189
    Haïdra: 446, 457-58, 360-61, 472-73, 599, 604-05
    Hains, Col. Peter C.: 111, 411, 419, 430-31, 432, 473
    Hall, Major Garnett: 582, 586, 632-33
    Hall, Rear Adm. John Leslie, Jr.: 46
    Hallouf River: 517-18
    Halte d'el Heri: 336-37, 339-41
    Hamblen, Col. Archelaus L.: 81
    Hambleton, USS: 175-76
    Hamilton, Capt. Edgar Guérard (Fr.): 206n
    Hamilton, Major Pierpont M.: 150, 154-55, 164, 169-70
    Hamlett, Lt. Col. Barksdale: 472-73
    Hammam Lif: 598, 650-51, 662
    Hammamet: 598, 600, 644, 662-63
    Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation: 67
    Handy, Gen. Thomas T.: 496n
    Harlinghausen, Col. (Ger.): 257, 258-59, 284-86, 286n
    Harmon, Maj. Gen. Ernest N.: 42, 42n, 102, 107-08, 111, 113-14, 471-74, 575-76, 641-43, 654-55, 662
    Hartland, HMS: 202-04
    Harris, USS: 103-04, 106-07, 111
    Harry C. Lee, USS: 68
    Harwood, Adm. Sir Henry (RN): 354
    Hatab River: 444-47, 452, 457-58, 462
    Hawkesworth, Maj. Gen. J. L. I. (Br.): 612
    Hawkins, Col. John R.: 212n
    Haydon, Maj. Gen. J. C.: 63
    Heïdous: 342, 612, 620-21
    Heigl, Col. (Ger.): 512-13
    Hendaye conference, Franco-Hitler: 5
    Hendrickson, Col. Norman E.: 578n
    Henney, Lt. Col. Frederic A.: 150, 164-65
    Henry T. Allen, USS: 150, 153, 157
    Hewes, USS. See Joseph Hewes, USS.
    Hewitt, Adm. Henry Kent: 36, 44, 60, 111, 155, 170, 171-74, 354-55. See also Amphibious Force, Atlantic Fleet.
    Hewitt, Col. Robert A,: 374n, 608n
    Heydte, von der, Major (Ger.): 604
    Hightower, Lt. Col. Louis V.: 411-13, 430-31
    Highway systems: 20, 155-56, 199-200, 230-31, 281-83, 293, 298, 347-48, 419, 428, 444-46, 615-16, 642
    Hildebrandt, Col. Hans Georg (Ger.): 390, 398, 407, 413, 426, 434, 452-53, 459-60, 535, 546
    Hill, Lt. Col. S. J. L.: 287-88, 288n
    Hillenmeyer, Capt. Herbert F.: 636-37
    Hills
      58: 158-59, 163
      74: 158-59
      104: 314-15
      107: 620
      112: 539-40
      145: 328
      148: 328
      186 (Djebel Maïana): 303, 306, 311, 315, 316, 318-19
      201: 533-34, 558-59
      258: 312-13
      270: 517-18
      275: 539-40

--723--

      290: 567-71, 567n
      294: 619-20
      299: 640
      306: 581-82, 588, 589-90
      322: 553-56, 575
      336: 558-62, 569
      344: 626
      346: 625
      350: 622-24
      361: 567n
      369: 560, 566-74, 568n
      382: 640
      388: 624-25
      394: 624-26
      398: 619-20
      400: 622-24
      406: 640
      407: 622-25
      420: 624-25
      428: 628-29
      432: 617-18
      435: 628-33
      438: 617-19
      455: 628-38
      461: 628-37
      466: 185-86, 342
      469: 624-26
      473: 626
      476: 628-29
      482: 565-66, 569, 571
      485: 624-25
      490: 628-35
      513: 618-19
      523: 628-37
      529: 628-36
      531: 626-27, 628-38
      533: 626
      545: 628-36
      549: 623-24
      558: 628-29, 634
      574: 569
      575: 622-27
      598: 619-20
      609: 504-06, 595-97, 622
        air support, enemy: 637
        ammunition shortage, enemy: 634
        armor support, Allied: 634-38, 641-42
        artillery preparation, infantry fails to benefit from: 671-72
        artillery support, Allied: 622, 626, 629-30, 632-33, 635, 638
        artillery support, enemy: 635, 636-37
        attack by Allies: 622-24, 626-27, 628-35
        battle for: 628-43
        casualties, Allied: 633-34
        communications, Allied: 636-37
        counterattacks, enemy: 631-38
        defensive measures, enemy: 630-32
        ground observation, Allied: 628-29, 638
        ground observation, enemy: 636
        mines, employment: 632, 637
        night operations: 631-32, 635-38
        patrol operations: 637-38
        prisoners, Allied: 633-34, 636-37
        prisoners, enemy: 634
        reconnaissance, Allied: 634
        reinforcements, Allied: 637-38
        reinforcements, enemy: 634, 637-38
        smoke, employment: 635
        supply shortage, enemy: 634
        tank losses, Allied: 635, 637
        topography: 628-31
      644: 390-91
      667: 608
      668: 620-21
      704: 452, 455-56
      712: 447, 450-51, 454-55
      732: 464
      772: 559-60, 562-63, 565-66, 567n, 568, 571, 572-73, 574
      812 (not Djebel Zebbeus): 463-64
      974: 449-51, 454-55
      1191: 445, 502-04, 507-08, 509-10
    Hinley, Capt. Lacey W.: 332n
    Hir Moussa: 376-77, 379-80
    Hitler, Adolf: 186-87, 321-26, 363-65, 368-69. See also German forces; Germany.
      Allied-French collaboration, reaction to: 253-62
      Americans, estimate of: 673
      anti-British alliance, attempts to foster: 5
      Axis capabilities in February, review of: 511-12, 513-14
      Chott position directive: 529-30
      Ciano, conference with: 255-57
      commanders, authorizes direct communication by: 529n
      conference with commanders: 513-14, 529
      Cross-Channel attack, concern for: 73
      El 'Alamein, demand for resistance at: 76
      England, plans for invading: 4-5
      Franco, conference with: 5
      French forces, order to disarm: 321
      Italian shipping, proposal for use: 602
      Kesselring, directive to: 369-70
      Malta, blunder in postponing assault on: 9
      Middle and Near East, plans for invading: 8
      Rommel, conference with and directive to: 322-23, 324-25
      supply requirements, estimate of: 511-12, 513-14
      Tunisia, proposal for holding: 601-02, 665-67
      Vichy government, distrust of: 254

--724--

    Holmes, Col. Julius: 58-59, 81
    Holmes, Brig. L. C. (Br.): 486-87
    Homs: 364
    Hopkins, Harry: 12
    Horrocks, Lt. Gen Sir Brian (Br.): 514, 526-27, 535
    Horseshoe Hill: 109
    Hospital, evacuation, at Constantine: 376
    Howard, Col. Edwin B.: 46, 225-27
    Howze, Lt. Col. Hamilton H.: 468, 656, 660-61
    Hudel, Capt. (Ger.): 312
    Hugh L. Scott, USS: 175-76
    Hughes, Brig. Gen. Everett S.: 495-96
    Hughes-Hallett, Commodore John (RN): 63
    Hugulet, Major Warren: 339
    Hull, Col. R. A. (Br.): 284n, 287n, 295-96, 299-300, 303-04
    Hunt's Gap: 505-07
    Husseïn Dey: 235, 247

    Iceland, American garrison replaces British: 11
    Identification of units, failure at Mehdia: 162
    Île Zembra, enemy prisoners captured: 663-64
    Imperial Council of Governors: 500
    Imperiali, Gen. Giovanni (It.): 333-35, 370-71, 388
    Imports, plan for control of: 58
    Infantry, American, critique on methods: 660-61, 673-74
    Infantry Divisions
      1st: 192, 213, 220-21, 223-24, 227, 380-81, 402-03, 436-37, 456-57, 464, 468, 474, 478, 490-92, 505-06, 544-65, 564n, 567n, 569, 570-71, 571n, 574-77, 605-07, 613-14, 620-27, 629-38, 642-43, 652-53, 656-58, 667-68
      3d: 42, 61, 116, 179-81, 546, 643, 657-58, 667-68
      9th: 42, 61, 66n, 180-81, 427-28, 465-66, 466n, 467n, 473, 478, 490-92, 546, 550, 562-71, 571n, 574-77, 603-07, 614-18, 639-41, 642-43, 652-53, 658-59, 667-68
      34th: 53, 241, 381-82, 399, 402-03, 427-28, 432-33, 442-43, 459, 490, 505-06, 509, 546, 550, 564, 572, 577-92, 599, 605-07, 625-28, 642-43, 652-53, 658-59, 661, 667-68
    Infantry Regiments. See also Armored Infantry Regiments; Regimental Combat Teams.
      7th: 121, 136, 138-40, 142-45
      15th: 121-36, 138-40, 144-46
      16th: 381, 394-95, 398n, 456-57, 460-64, 461n, 474, 517-48, 558-62, 569, 622-23, 624-27, 629-38, 650, 657-58
      18th: 215-22, 224-25, 337-43, 436-37, 547-48, 557-63, 569, 620-27, 657-58
      26th: 338, 391n, 392n, 393-94, 433, 433n, 443, 447-48, 449-50, 452, 453-55, 490-92, 547-48, 557-59, 564-65, 569, 571, 622-27, 633-39, 657-58
      30th: 121-36, 138, 145, 171, 179-80
      39th: 180-81, 187-88, 327-28, 396n, 448-50, 455-56, 461n, 490-92, 567-68, 570n, 571, 614-20, 639-41, 656n, 660-61
      17th: 97, 99, 103-08, 179-80, 466, 548n, 567-68, 574, 604, 614-20, 640-41, 653-55
      60th: 466, 549n, 550, 554-55, 614-20, 639-41, 653
      133d: 427-28, 432-33, 436-37, 442-43, 490, 578-92, 632-38, 658-59
      135th: 244n, 402-03, 436-37, 442-43, 509, 578-92, 629-38, 641-42
      168th: 396, 396n, 397, 399, 411n, 412-13, 433n, 435-36, 443, 477-78, 486-87, 490, 578-92, 620-21, 624, 624n, 626-27, 658-59
    Innsbruck conference, Keitel-Badoglio: 6
    Intelligence collection: 485-86, 489
    Intelligence estimates
      Allied: 401, 553, 556n, 645
      enemy: 74, 565-66
    Intelligence operations: 23, 24-25
    Inverary. See Combined Operations Training Center.
    Inverchaolain peninsula: 63
    Iraq, British occupation of: 7
    Irkens, Col. (Ger.): 612-13
    Irwin, Brig. Gen. S. Le Roy: 465-67, 567n
    Italian air forces, reinforcement of in Tunisia: 257
    Italian Naval High Command: 186, 514
    Italian Navy, in policing of Mediterranean: 7
    Italian units
      First Army: 368-70, 441, 476, 510-11, 519, 521, 525, 527-31, 540-41, 552-53, 562-64, 575-77, 589-90, 591-92, 603-04, 609, 611, 611n, 613, 648, 650-51, 664-65
      Battalion Grado: 617n
      5th Bersaglieri Battalion: 451, 454-55, 463-64
      7th Bersaglieri Battalion: 525
      135th Armored Battalion: 588-89
      136th Tank Destroyer Battalion: 259n
      557th Assault Gun Battalion: 259n
      50th Special Brigade: 333-35, 370-71, 388-90, 398, 555, 603
      XX Corps: 524-25, 527, 536-37, 538-39, 664-65
      XXI Corps: 527-28, 535, 536-37, 538-39, 664-65
      XXX Corps: 8n, 295, 370-71, 580-81, 603-04
      Ariete Division: 338
      1st (Superga) Division: 295, 295n, 333-35, 337, 370-71, 373-74, 376-77, 381, 406, 603, 611n, 650-51

--725--


      16th (Pistoia) Motorized Division: 371, 516, 527-30, 538-40, 604
      80th (La Spezia) Division: 371, 516-18, 527-30, 538-40, 604
      101st (Trieste) Division: 371, 516, 527-30, 538-40, 604, 665
      131st (Centauro) Armored Division: 371-72, 388-90, 398, 401, 405-06, 425, 425n, 441, 451, 453-54, 455, 462, 463-64, 470, 529-30, 538-39, 543-44, 546, 557-58, 565-66, 577, 590, 602, 604
      136th (Young Fascist) Division: 371, 516, 527-28, 531-32, 538, 542, 604
      Group Benigni: 370-71, 381
      Group Imperiali: 592n
      Saharan Group: 371, 527-28, 538-39
      10th Bersaglieri Regiment: 504-05, 617
      91st Infantry Regiment: 580-81
    Italy. See also Comando Supremo; Mussolini, Benito.
      anti-British alliance, plans for: 5
      distrust of by Germans: 540-41
      Greece, attack on: 6
      invasion, expectation of: 74, 601-02
      Mediterranean, paramount interest in: 6
      military aid, German offer of: 6
      Tunisia, effect on of loss: 676
      Vichy France, attitude toward: 73-74, 255-56

    Jamaica, HMS: 192-93, 217, 222-23
    James, Brig. M. A. (Br.): 505-06
    Jamison, Comdr. J. W. (USN): 136
    Japan, consideration of main effort against: 12
    Jean Bart (Fr.): 40, 96, 118, 133, 143-44
    Jean-Bart (town): 246-47
    Jeeps. See Motor convoy operation; Motor vehicles.
    Jefferson, USS. See Thomas Jefferson, USS.
    Jemmapes: 295-96
    Jetée du Nord: 230, 243, 244
    Jewish population, propaganda among: 178-79
    Jodl, Gen. Gustav (Ger.): 511, 513-14, 529
    John Penn, USS: 153
    Johnson, Major Charles E.: 131
    Johnston, Capt. James D.: 108, 568
    Joint Army-Navy Plan for Participation in TORCH. See ROOFTREE.
    Joint Chiefs of Staff: 352-54
      disagreements over landings: 25-31
      political missions, assignment by: 55
      role in CCS: 1n
      successor to Army-Navy Joint Board: 37
    Joint operations, direction of: 37-39
    Joint Rearmament Committee: 270, 362
    Joseph Hewes, USS: 175-76
    Joseph T. Dickman, USS: 123, 124n, 126
    Jousse, Lt. Col. Louis G. M. (Fr.): 81, 189
    Juin, Gen. Alphonse: 132, 178, 189, 258-59, 263-64, 272-73, 298, 326-27, 329-30, 350-52, 377-78, 383-84, 388, 475-76, 650, 669
      Algiers, role in surrender of: 251-52
      command assignments: 17, 265-66, 272
      Resident General of Tunisia, appointment: 669
      support of TORCH, views on: 78, 84-85, 249-50
      surrender, authorized to negotiate: 251

    Kairouan: 370, 407, 438, 441, 453, 541, 578, 580-81, 583, 588-91, 592n, 604
    Kairouan pass: 294-95, 327, 347-48, 351-52, 373-74, 379, 381
      air attack by Allies: 379
      artillery support, Allied: 379
      attack by enemy: 376-77, 379
      communications, enemy: 379-80
      counterattack, Allied: 379-80
      French forces, relief of: 379-80
      occupation by enemy: 289
      reinforcements, enemy: 379
      supply, enemy: 379-80
    Kalaa Djerda: 494
    Kamelberg: 611, 611n
    Karachoum Gap: 374, 376-78
    Karanja, HMS: 234, 235, 278
    Kasba. See Port-Lyautey.
    Kasba Tadla: 179-80
    Kasserine: 282-83, 348, 349, 403-05, 439-40, 453, 546
      air reconnaissance, enemy: 427
      defense by Allies: 430, 433-35
      engineer support: 418
      prisoners, French: 427
      reinforcements, Allied: 460-61
      security measures, Allied: 423
      seizure by enemy: 427
    Kasserine pass: 521-22, 546-47
      air attack by Allies: 473
      air support, enemy: 449, 479
      aircraft losses, Allied: 477
      armor support, Allied: 449-51, 453-54
      artillery support, Allied: 447, 462
      artillery support, enemy: 449, 453-54
      battle for: 438-80
      boundary designations, Allied: 471-73
      casualties, Allied: 477-78, 477n
      casualties, enemy: 477
      command reorganization, Allied: 470-71
      communications, Allied: 451, 455, 457-58, 461-62
      counterattack, Allied: 457-58, 470-75
      defense at and beyond, Allied: 433-35, 446-58
      defense features: 446-47
      dispositions, Allied: 449-50, 456-57, 472-73, 478-79
      drainage system: 445-46

--726--

      highway system: 444-46
      lessons gained by Americans: 479-81
      loss of by Allies: 453-56
      matériel losses, Allied: 477
      matériel losses, enemy: 477
      mines, employment: 447-48, 450-51, 455, 474
      night operations: 452
      patrol operations, Allied: 447
      POL losses, Allied: 477
      POL supply, enemy: 469
      principle of mass, enemy violation of: 479-80
      prisoners, Allied: 450-51, 477
      reconnaissance, Allied: 451, 457-58, 473
      reinforcements, Allied: 443, 449-51, 474
      reinforcements, enemy: 451, 454-55, 459-60
      road construction: 472-73
      rocket support, enemy: 453-54
      Rommel's decision to shift to: 453
      summary of operations: 478-81
      tank losses, Allied: 461-62, 477
      tank losses, enemy: 450-51, 477
      thrust through, enemy: 438-58, 478-79
      topography: 444-47
      withdrawal, Allied: 450-51
      withdrawal through, enemy: 469-75
    Kasserine Valley (misnomer): 446
    Kaufman, Gauleiter (Ger.): 325-26, 325n
    Kbir River: 370-71
    Kean, Col. William B.: 608n
    Kearny, USS: 163, 165-67, 170n
    Kebili: 335, 533-34
    Kebir River: 595-98, 611n, 612
    Kebir River reservoir. See Barrage de l'Oued Kebir.
    Kebir River valley: 376-77
    Keddab wadi: 548, 560-62, 574
    Kef el Ahmar: 423
    Kef el Goraa. See Hill 575.
    Kef el Guebli. See Hill 529.
    Kef el Korath: 459-60
    Kef en Nsour (Hill 523): 615-20, 639-40
    Keightley, Maj. Gen. Sir Charles F.: 326-27, 468, 587-88
    Keitel, Marshal Wilhelm (Ger.): 6, 322-23, 513-14. See also German forces; Oberkommando der Wehrmacht.
    Kelly, Lt. Col. Joseph E.: 287n
    Kelly, Rear Adm. Monroe: 70, 155, 170
    Kennedy, Capt. Kenneth: 195n
    Kent-Lemon, Brig. A. L. (Br.): 295-96, 312
    Keren, HMS: 234-35, 238
    Kern, Col. William B.: 195n, 196-97, 219-20, 223-24, 391-92, 393-94, 413-14, 554-55, 556n
    Kern's Crossroads: 414n, 421, 422, 425-26, 430
    Khemisset: 132, 141
    Kesra, 327, 378, 490
    Kesselring Marshal Albert (Ger.): 77, 186-87, 254, 262, 288-89, 294-95, 300-301, 302, 321-24, 325n, 338, 364-65, 368-69, 373-74, 406, 425, 439-42, 455-56, 460, 469-70, 476, 479, 501-04, 513-14, 536, 552-53, 562, 570, 602-03, 645-47
      airfield retention, emphasis on: 511
      Axis capabilities, estimates of: 509-12, 645-47
      Bédja attack directive: 501-04
      Chott position directive: 529-30
      Comando Supremo, relation to: 369
      commander's discretionary authority, conviction of need for: 76
      Gafsa, assurance of: 545-46
      Hitler conferences and directive: 369-70, 513-14
      landings, conclusions on: 674
      Mareth, assurance of security of: 545-46
      Mareth position, decision to shift to: 469-70
      Mediterranean-Aegean coast, charged with defense of: 73, 260-61
      Mussolini, subordination to: 8-9
      Nehring, directive to: 311, 322
      at Rastenburg conference: 529
      supply capability, estimate of: 512-13, 512n
      Tébessa, Rommel's proposal to for seizure: 438-42, 455-56
      Tébessa attack directive: 439-40
      Tunisia inspection trip: 512
    Keyes, Maj. Gen. Geoffrey: 42, 42n, 137, 178-79, 576
    King, David W.: 92
    King, Adm. Ernest J.: 12
    Knight, Ridgeway B.: 81, 189
    Knight, USS: 106, 114
    Knoche, Capt. Wilhelm (Ger.): 287
    Knox, Frank: 268n, 270
    Koch, Lt. Col. (Ger.): 286n, 312
    Koeltz, Gen. Louis-Marie (Fr.): 78, 189, 239, 250-51, 298, 350-51, 379, 381, 427-28, 442-43, 486-87, 490, 583, 585-86
    Koléa: 234-36, 239-40
    Krause, Gen. Fritz (Ger.): 648, 662
    Ksar el Hallouf: 516-17, 523-25, 527-28, 534-35
    Ksar Mezouar: 506-07
    Ksar Tyr: 290-91, 333-35, 595-97, 612
    Ksour: 298, 441, 452-53, 606-07
    Kuter, Brig. Gen. Laurence S.: 383, 492-93, 573

    La Bouzaréa: 235, 239
    La Calle: 278-79, 288-89
    La Fauconnerie: 370, 409-10, 527
    La Ferla, Generale di Brigata Francesco (It.): 527
    La Macta: 208-09, 216-17, 221
    La Mohammedia: 312
    La Railleuse: 100
    La Sebala, Allied air attack on: 218-19, 649
    La Senia: 193, 210-13, 217-25, 239, 241

--727--

    La Surprise (Fr.): 199
    Labor, native, employment of: 497-98
    Labor units. See Service units.
    Laborde, de, Adm. (Fr.): 263-64
    Lac de Bizerte: 280, 595, 642-43, 659-60
    Lahoulle, Gen. (Fr.): 93, 132, 171
    Lake Maracaibo oil tankers. See Maracaibos.
    Lakehurst (seatrain): 102, 107, 108
    Lalande, HMS: 234
    Lambert, Col. Kent C.: 40, 571, 608n, 641-42, 656
    Lamberton: HMS: 278
    Lambiridi, Allied seizure of: 237-41
    Landing craft: 12n, 62-63, 125-26, 135, 158, 168-69, 187-88, 196-97
      amphibian tractors: 135n
      LCPR: 105
      LCV: 106
    Landing forces, agreement on: 29, 43
    Landing strips. See Airfields.
    Landings in Northwest Africa
      Aïn Taya, selection of: 52
      air support of: 37, 48, 53-54
      airborne support of: 37, 53, 54
      Algiers, selection of: 52
      American effort, identification as: 29, 50-51
      armor, plan for employment: 48-49
      Arzew, plans for seizing: 48-49
      Commando units in: 52
      Center TF, composition: 48, 49
      convoy routes to sites: 70, 71-72
      date, factors influencing: 25-26, 28
      disagreements over: 25-31
      Fedala, confusion at: 125-26, 129-30, 130-31
      hazards affecting: 43-45
      Kesselring's conclusions on: 674
      Les Andalouses, plans for seizing: 48-49
      Mehdia, landing miscarried: 153, 157, 158-59
      Mersa bou Zedjar, plan for seizing: 48-49
      methods to be employed: 89-90
      Oran, plan for seizing: 48-49
      plans for, considerations affecting: 32
      reinforcement of: 53n
      RESERVIST Force, role in: 49-50
      resistance, forces available for: 90-91, 92
      resistance forces, friendly, role in: 24-25
      shipping in support of: 53, 65
      signals for returning hostile fire: 45
      sites, identification of to French officials: 56
      sites selected for assault: 25-29, 31, 475-76
      subtask forces, composition: 46
      tides, effect on: 43
      time set for: 89
      weather, alternate plans for meeting: 44-45
      Z Beach, plan for seizing: 48-49
    Lang, Col. Rudolph (Ger.): 339-43, 426, 470, 506-07, 555
    Largs, HMS: 71, 195-96, 202, 203, 224-25
    Larkin, Brig. Gen. Thomas B.: 46, 66, 495-96
    Larson, Major Werner L.: 376
    Lascroux, Gen. Georges (Fr.): 92, 93, 132, 141, 160-61, 171
    Lauer, Col. Walter E.: 121
    Laval, Pierre: 253, 254, 255-56, 263-64
    Laverdure: 405, 486, 492-93
    Lawson, Air Commodore G. M. (RAF): 71, 280
    Layard, Lt. Comdr. A. F. C. (RN): 241
    Le Bardo: 312, 650
    Le Kef: 273, 326-27, 330, 347-48, 440-42, 453, 467, 469-70, 473, 490, 502, 604-08
    Le Krib: 608
    Le Kroub, tank maintenance center: 496-97
    Le Sers: 494-95, 606-07
    Le Tarf: 606-07
    Leadership, Allied, critique of: 674-76
    Leahy, Adm. William D.: 14, 250
    Leben wadi: 553-55
    Le Beau, Col. Leon (Fr.): 169
    Le Clerc, Gen. Jean (Fr.): 526-27, 669-71
    Lederer, Col. Hans: 258-59, 286n
    Leedstown, USS: 71n, 235, 244-46, 248-49
    Lees, Capt. E. V. (RN): 199
    Leese, Lt. Gen. Sir Oliver (Br.): 514, 526-27
    Leinster, HMS: 202
    Lemnitzer, Brig. Gen. Lyman L.: 47, 81
    Leonard Wood, USS: 121, 123, 124n, 125, 128, 176n
    Les Andalouses: 196, 213-14, 217
      ammunition shortage, Allied: 217
      armored cars destroyed: 200-201
      beach abandoned: 225
      coastal defenses, reaction by: 201-02
      highway system: 200-201
      landings at: 199-202, 199n
      naval action: 199-200
      seizure, plans for: 48-49
      topography: 200
    Les Eucalyptus radio station: 52n
    Lessouda Force: 410-13, 419, 424
    Leyer, Gen. Roger (Fr.): 132, 141
    Liaison organizations: 485-86
    Libby, Lt. Col. Donald M.: 150
    Libya: 7, 9n
    Liebenstein, von, Generalleutnant Freiherr Kurt: 409-10, 424, 426-27, 437, 527-28, 535-37
    Liggett, Capt. John C.: 150
    "Lincoln" (clandestine radio station): 91
    Lines of communication: 277-78, 282-83, 288-89, 292-93, 309, 325-26, 327, 352, 365-66, 401-02, 485, 496-97, 552-53, 575, 591-92, 616-17
    Llangibby Castle, HMS: 199. 201-02
    Loerzer, Gen. Bruno (Ger.): 255
    Logistical support: 38-39, 43-44, 63-67, 75, 292-93, 310, 324-26, 365-68, 474, 495-99, 512-14

--728--

    Long Range Desert Group: 525-26
    Longstop Gap: 329, 329n
    Longstop Hill: 336-37, 338-44, 600, 603, 612
    Lorenzelli, Gen. Dante (It.): 295
    Lorraine (Fr.): 153
    Lourmel: 195-96, 198-99, 213
    Loycke, Capt. (Ger.): 259
    Lubricants. See POL.
    Ludlow, USS: 121, 124, 130, 134
    Luftflotte 2: 260-61
    Luftwaffe
      airfields in Tunisia, use of: 254-55
      Darlan, liaison with: 254-55
      Estéva, liaison with: 254-55
      Italy, shift of units to: 6-7
      Mediterranean convoy, attacks on: 187-88
      potential in 1942: 21
      RAF, failure to eliminate: 4-5
      strength, attempts to maintain: 187, 370
    Luftwaffe units
      Second Air Force: 9, 369, 440
      1st Jaeger Brigade: 371, 437n, 525, 528, 531-32
      Parachute Brigade: 604
      19th Flak Division: 527-28, 538-39, 604
      Fliegerkorps Tunis: 370, 406
      II Fliegerkorps: 255
      X Fliegerkorps: 6, 9
      53d Fighter Wing: 370
      77th Fighter Wing: 370
    Lutes, Brig. Gen. Le Roy: 66
    Lyon, USS: 97, 103, 108, 111

    Macharda, HMS: 235, 248
    Machine gun employment, enemy: 373
    Mack, W. H. B.: 54
    MacMillan, Brig. Gordon (Br.): 583-85
    Macmillan, Harold: 499-500
    Macon, Col. Robert C.: 121
    Magnan, Col. Pierre (Fr.): 177
    Maharès: 347, 552-54
    Maison Blanche airfield: 235, 239-40, 247-48, 278, 279, 335
    Maison Carrée: 52, 235, 247
    Maïzila pass: 388, 390-91, 392, 395-96, 398-99, 407-09, 412-13
    Maknassy: 282-83, 355, 386-87, 406, 536, 538, 541, 544, 546, 550, 557, 564, 577
      advance beyond: 543, 544-45, 550-54
      air action, Allied: 398, 556
      air action, enemy: 397-98, 556, 562
      antitank action: 397-98
      armor support, Allied: 555, 556
      armor support, enemy: 556n
      artillery support, Allied: 555
      artillery support, enemy: 556n
      attack by Allies: 386-87, 292-93, 550-55, 569-70, 572, 575
      attack by enemy: 501-02
      casualties, Allied: 398, 400n, 575n
      communications, Allied: 393
      defense by Allies: 564-65, 569-70, 572, 575-76
      defense by enemy: 553-57
      intelligence estimate, Allied: 553, 556n
      matériel losses, Allied and enemy: 398
      mines, employment: 555
      night operations: 338, 553-57
      prisoners, enemy: 338, 398, 555n
      raid on: 338
      reconnaissance, Allied: 552, 553-54
      reinforcements, Allied: 552
      reinforcements, enemy: 555-56
      seizure by Allies: 577
      strength, enemy, estimate of: 543
      tank losses, Allied and enemy: 398
      topography: 388, 553-54
      withdrawal by enemy: 553-54
    Maknassy pass: 553-57, 558-59
    Maktar: 282-83, 298, 327, 349, 379, 380-81, 387, 394-95, 398-99, 403-05, 417, 440, 456, 470, 490, 507
    Malah River: 280, 615-16, 620-21
    Malcolm, HMS: 241-42, 243, 244n
    Malta, 8, 9, 73
    Malta Air Command (RAF): 492
    Manchester, HMS: 234
    Mancinelli: 665
    Manhart, Lt. Col. Ashton H.: 131
    Manly, Lt. Col. L. A.: 240
    Mannerini, Generale di Brigata Alberto: 527-28, 535, 538-39
    Map reading, need for training in: 671-72
    Maps, inadequacy of: 419, 566-67, 567n
    Maracaibos, plan for transporting armor in: 48-49
    Maraist, Col. Robert V.: 388, 393, 396-97
    Marches, arduous
      1st Infantry Division: 547-48
      9th Infantry Division: 465-66, 466n
      9th Division Artillery: 427-28
      47th Infantry: 180
      60th RCT: 549
      II Corps, to north Tunisia: 604-07
    Mareth position: 322-23, 364-65, 370, 405, 423-24, 427, 522
      air reconnaissance, enemy: 530-31
      air support, Allied: 509, 527, 532-33, 536, 582
      antiaircraft support, enemy: 527-28
      antitank measures: 522-23
      approaches to: 525-26
      artillery strength, enemy: 524-25
      artillery support, Allied: 531-33
      attack on, Allied: 526-27, 558-59, 564
      battle for: 485, 494-95, 508-09, 514, 521-37
      casualties, enemy: 530-31, 542n
      Catroux's proposal for turning: 524

--729--

      coastal plan battle: 530-33
      counterattack, enemy: 532-33
      defense by enemy: 440, 441, 511-12, 512n, 514, 516, 527-30
      defensibility: 522-25
      directive on by Comando Supremo: 512
      dispositions, Allied: 508-09, 526-27
      dispositions, enemy: 527-29
      drainage system: 522-23
      engineer support: 531
      mines, employment: 523-24, 525, 527-28, 531-32
      morale, Allied: 526
      matériel losses, Allied: 505, 508
      matériel losses, Axis: 542n
      night operations: 531-33
      objectives, contending: 521-22
      prisoners, Allied: 505, 508, 533
      prisoners, enemy: 537
      reconnaissance, Allied: 525-26
      relations among Axis forces: 528-30
      river crossing operations: 531-32
      security of, Kesselring's assurance: 545-46
      shift to, enemy decision to: 469-70, 475-76, 477
      strength, Allies: 475-77
      strength, enemy: 476-77, 530-31, 543
      SUPERCHARGE II, shift to: 533-37
      tank losses, Allied: 505, 508, 532-33
      tank losses, enemy: 508
      topography: 522-24, 525
      withdrawal by enemy: 565
    Marguellil River: 578-80, 583-86, 588-90
    Marigold, HMS: 234
    Mark Twain, USS: 196
    Mark VI (Tiger) tank: 305
    Markoe, Lt. Col. Francis A,: 46
    Marnix van Suit Aldegonde (Dutch): 234, 235, 278
    Maron, HMS: 235, 248
    Marrakech: 46, 110, 111-14, 141, 171, 179
    Marsa el Brega: 261-62, 322-24, 363
    Marshall, Lt. Col. Carley L.: 635
    Marshall, Gen. George C.: 12, 13, 15, 268, 350-51, 356-57, 358, 569, 572-73. See also Joint Chiefs of Staff; Combined Chiefs of Staff.
    Marshall, Lt. Col. George F.: 202, 203-04
    Martin, Maj. Gen. Henri (Fr.): 92, 111, 132
    Mary Slessor, HMS: 196
    Mascara: 210
    Mass, principle of, violated by enemy: 479-80
    Massachusetts, USS: 96, 133, 134n
    Massicault: 311, 327-28, 330, 331, 333, 336, 595-97, 600, 612, 644-50
    Mast, Maj. Gen. Charles E. (Fr.): 80, 81-82, 82n, 84, 85, 188-89, 236n, 239-40, 249-50, 262, 265, 358, 361, 362
    Matériel, enemy shortages in: 373-74
    Matériel losses
      Allied: 175-76, 284, 319-20, 320n, 321-22, 332-33, 394n, 398, 412-13, 414-15, 415n, 422n, 436n, 453-54, 467n, 477, 490-92, 505, 508, 519, 558, 560n, 609-10, 611
      enemy: 76, 381-82, 398, 421-22, 464, 477, 542n, 550, 571, 591, 656-57
      French: 142-43, 218-19, 224-25, 382
    Mateur: 286-87, 290-91, 296, 299-307, 308-09, 312, 373, 595-97
      armor action: 656-57
      armor strength and support, Allied: 638-39, 642n, 657
      artillery strength and support, Allied: 614, 642-43, 656, 657
      artillery support, enemy: 642-43, 655
      bridge construction: 651, 654-55
      casualties, Allied: 651n, 656-57
      demolitions by enemy: 642-43
      drive on, by Allies: 613-43
      engineer support, Allied: 642-43
      highway system: 642
      matériel losses, enemy: 656-57
      mines, employment: 626
      offensive beyond, Allied: 654-59
      prisoners, enemy: 651n, 656-57
      reconnaissance, Allied: 651, 655
      river crossings: 642-43, 651, 654-55
      seizure by Allies: 641-43
      smoke, employment: 656
      strategic value: 283
      tank losses, Allied: 656-57
      threat to: 640
      topography: 622-23, 642
      traffic congestion: 652-53
    Mathenet, Gen. Maurice (Fr.): 132, 154, 160-61, 169-70, 337, 664-65
    Matmata: 516-17, 522-24, 526, 527-30, 534-35
    Matthews, H. Freeman, role in Civil Affairs Section: 57-59
    Mazagan: 114, 179
    McBride, Capt. Verle: 167
    McCarley, Major Percy De W., Jr.: 157-58
    McCleod, Lt. Col. William R.: 150
    McCloy, John J.: 496n
    McConnaughy, Col. Donald S.: 71n
    McCreery, Maj. Gen. Sir Richard L. (Br.): 486-87, 545, 550
    McGinness, Lt. Col. John R.: 331-32
    "McGowan, Lt. Col." See Murphy, Robert.
    McKowsky, Capt. William S.: 150
    McNabb, Brig. C. V. (Br.): 432-33, 451-52, 458, 464-65
    McNarney, Gen. Joseph T.: 14
    McQuillin, Brig. Gen. Raymond E.: 387-94, 411, 412, 413, 430-32, 430n, 435, 443, 472-73, 548, 548n, 550-51, 564-65, 572, 608

--730--

    McWatters, Capt. Herman: 430-31
    McWhorter, Rear Adm. Ernest D.: 68
    Medal of Honor awards
      Minue, Pvt. Nicholas: 638-39, 638n
      Nelson, Sgt. William L.: 619-20, 620n
      Wilbur, Brig. Gen. William H.: 128n
    Médenine: 514-19, 522-24, 527-28, 534-35
    Medical Battalions. See also Armored Medical Battalions.
      9th: 549n
      16th: 461n
      49th: 461n
      51st: 417-18
    Medical supply, Constantine depot: 376
    Mediterranean Air Command: 492
    Mediterranean Base Section: 495-96
    Mediterranean theater
      air transport operations, enemy: 365-68
      as Axis theater: 4-10
      cargo transport for, enemy: 367-68
      coast defenses, Kesselring charged with: 225, 260-61
      command structure, enemy: 260-61
      convoys, naval support of: 190-91
      invasion capabilities, Allied, enemy estimates: 74
      Italian hypothetical control of operations: 6, 73-74, 323, 363-64, 368-69, 512
      lines of communication, enemy: 365-66
      logistical problems, enemy: 365-68
      Luftwaffe, alert of: 187
      naval forces, enemy, disposition: 186
      naval policing of by enemy: 7
      operations prior to TORCH: 4-10
      plans, enemy, revision of: 363-65
      shipping strength and losses, enemy: 367-68
      situation in 1940-42: 1-14
      situation in, effect of El 'Alamein on: 76
      situation, enemy, on eve of TORCH: 72-77
      supply routes, enemy: 6, 7, 365-66
      transports, Allied, arrival in: 84
    Mediterranean Theater of Operations, USA
      activation: 1n
      boundaries established: 354
      command structure established and reorganized: 354-59
    Medjerda, enemy withdrawal from: 456
    Medjerda River valley, operations in: 266-67, 280, 281, 294, 296, 298, 300, 303-04, 307-08, 311-18, 326-39, 370-71, 442, 490, 504, 507, 508, 595-97, 603, 611-14, 621-22, 647-48, 650-51, 661
    Medjez el Bab: 299-300, 307, 315, 317, 326-28, 329-32, 336, 338-42, 371n, 401-02, 490, 541, 595-97, 603
      action at: 331
      air action, enemy: 287-89, 302
      air attack, Allied, on own units: 302
      artillery support, Allied: 489
      attack by Allies: 489
      attack by enemy: 330-31, 373-74, 501-09, 510-11, 512
      bridges at: 303
      casualties, Allied: 302
      counterattack, enemy: 302
      first battle in Tunisia: 287-89
      night operations: 302
      occupation by Allies: 303
      occupation by enemy: 288
      reinforcements, Allied and enemy: 287-88
      repulse, Allied: 302
      security measures, Allied: 303
      tank losses, Allied and enemy: 331
      withdrawal by enemy: 302
    Mehdia: 179-80. See also Port-Lyautey.
      air action, Allied: 150, 152-53, 157-58, 157n, 162-63
      air action, French: 154, 158-60
      armor action, first in Morocco: 161-62
      armor support, Allied: 152-53, 160-61, 162
      armor support, French: 156-57, 160-61
      artillery support, Allied: 159, 162-63
      basic plan abandoned: 159
      beach organization: 150-53
      coastal defenses, and attack on: 154, 156
      communications, Allied: 159-61
      counterattack, French: 156-57, 161-63
      debarkation at: 153, 155, 157-59
      French reaction to landing: 157-58
      highway system: 155-56
      identification, failures in: 162
      landing craft losses: 158
      landing site, selection of: 46
      landings, conduct of: 150-53, 155-56, 157-60
      naval support: 150, 155, 158-63
      port capacity: 17-18
      Port-Lyautey, advance to from Mehdia: 147-70
      prisoners, Allied: 157
      reinforcements, Allied: 162
      reinforcements, French: 156-58, 159-60, 162-63
      river crossings: 152, 163, 165-67
      roadblocks at: 157
      sabotage, failure of: 153
      searchlight employment: 155
      situation on D-day: 159-60
      staff structure at: 150
      surprise, loss of: 153-54
      tank losses, French: 161
      unloading cargo: 160-61
    Mehdia-Port-Lyautey, substituted for Rabat as objective: 42
    Meheri Zebbeus: 398-99, 411, 552-54, 572
    Meïch: 565-66
    Meknés: 160-61, 179-80

--731--

    Mellah River: 130, 131, 136
    Menzel Djemil: 659-60
    Menzel el Heurr: 664
    Merchandise quay: 105
    Mers el Kébir: 193n, 225
    Mersa Bou Zedjar: 213-14
      beach abandoned: 225
      landings at: 195-99, 195n
      seizure, Allied plans for: 48-49
      topography: 196
    Mervine, USS: 104, 106
    Messe, Field Marshal Giovanni (It.): 441, 519, 527-31, 535, 540-42, 544-45, 562
      Chott position directive: 529-30
      review of enemy capabilities in February: 510-11
      succeeds Rommel: 368-69, 370
    Metameur: 516-18
    Metlaoui: 417-18, 425, 544-45, 546
    Metline: 659-60
    Meyrick, Lt. Comdr. P. C. (RN): 202
    Mezzouna: 370-71, 525, 527, 544-45, 550-56, 576-77
    Mhignat Touama: 162-63, 168
    Michelier, Adm. François (Fr.): 92-95, 132, 171-73, 176-78, 185
    Middle East, enemy plans for invading: 8
    Middle East Air Command (RAF): 492
    Middle East Command (Br.): 352
    Milan, SS: 134
    Miliane River: 280, 595-98
    Military government, civil affairs transferred to: 17
    Military Intelligence Division, WD, estimates by: 401
    Military Police Battalion, 204th: 122
    Miller, Maj. Gen. C. H. (Br.): 496-97
    Miller, Lt. Col. Robert P.: 586-87, 629-31
    Mines, land, employment of: 75, 331, 343, 402, 431, 436-37, 447-48, 450-51, 452-53, 455, 474, 487-89, 523-25, 527-28, 531-32, 538, 546-48, 555, 558-59, 560-62, 571, 576, 587-90, 610, 612, 614, 626, 632, 637, 639-40, 653-54
    Mines, marine: 325
    Minue, Pvt. Nicholas: 638, 638n
    Mirage, appearance of: 419-20
    Misoa (Maracaibo): 209-10
    Misurata: 363-64
    Misserrhin: 198-99, 218-20
    Mockler-Ferryman, Brig. Eric E. (Br.): 489
    Mogador: 41, 179
    Molle, Lt. Col. Eugene (Fr.): 93
    Molotov-Roosevelt conversations: 12
    Monarch of Bermuda, HMS: 199, 202
    Monnet, Jean: 500
    Monroe, Col. Thomas H.: 121
    Monsabert, de, Brig. Gen. A. J. (Fr.): 189, 239-40, 615n
    Monstrelet, Col. Leon (Fr.): 240
    Montesquieu: 298
    Montgomery, Gen. Sir Bernard L.: 73, 485, 514, 521-22, 526, 533-35, 539-40, 552, 570, 599, 609, 611, 644
    Moore, Col. Anderson T. W.: 418, 433, 443, 446-47, 455
    Moore, Major Robert R.: 238
    Moore, Lt. Col. Roy E.: 121, 127, 128, 138
    Morale
      Allied: 70, 526
      enemy: 382, 512, 541-42, 665-67
      French: 382-83
    Moreau, Adm. Jacques: 267-68, 272
    Morgan, Lt. Gen. Frederick E. (Br.): 65
    Morliére Col. Louis (Fr.): 403-05
    Morocco
      air reconnaissance, Allied: 179-80
      airfields, rehabilitation of: 180
      amphibious operations in: 89-181
      armor action, first: 161-62
      attack, Allied, enemy expectation of: 74
      attitude of French forces: 176-78
      casualties, Allied: 172-73
      civil affairs problems: 176-78
      civil officials, retention: 177-78
      collaborationist activities: 177-78
      collaboration with French after surrender: 180
      French forces, estimate of: 40
      French plans disrupted: 132-33
      as French and Spanish spheres: 179
      government officials, communication to from President: 57, 91, 95
      hostilities, end of: 171-81
      naval losses: 175-76
      political atmosphere: 176-79
      political structure: 16
      port facilities, operation and rehabilitation: 40-41, 179-80, 499n
      propaganda activities after surrender: 178-79
      railroads, rehabilitation of: 180
      reconnaissance, Allied: 179-80
      siege, state of, proclaimed: 96
      submarine activities: 174-76
      surrender negotiations: 171-74
      training by Western TF after surrender: 171-81
      treatment of French forces: 173-74, 176-77
    Morsott: 577, 606-07
    Mortar employment, enemy: 373
    Moslem population, propaganda among: 178-79
    Mostaganem: 216, 499n
    Motor convoy operation: 498-99
    Motor transport. See also Motor convoy operation; Motor vehicles.
      Axis strength and use in Tunisia: 371, 602
      deficiencies, Allied: 292-93
      expansion, Allied: 498-99
      movement of II Corps to north sector: 604-07
      reserve at Constantine: 496-97

--732--

    Motor vehicles
      Allied losses. See Matériel losses.
      lack of in BRUSHWOOD Force: 139-40
      landed at Oran: 213
    Mountain warfare, need for training in: 671-72
    Mountainous areas, Northwest Africa: 17-18
    Mousetrap. See Tine River valley, operations in.
    Msoun: 179-80
    Munchar: 508-09
    Murphy, Robert: 23, 92, 188, 262, 265, 269, 356-57, 361-62, 499-500
      appointed Chief Civil Administrator: 58
      role in finding French leader: 80-83, 84-85
      role in political preparations: 54-57
      role in surrender of Algiers: 249-52
    Murphy, USS: 121, 124, 130
    Mussolini, Benito: 186, 260-61, 262, 289, 323-25, 512. See also Comando Supremo; Italy; Italian forces.
      Axis capabilities, agreement with Hitler on: 513-14
      Balearic Islands, proposal for seizing: 601-02
      El 'Alamein, demand for resistance at: 76
      invasion of Italy, concern over: 601-02
      Kesselring, subordination of: 9
      Kesselring's assurance on security of Gafsa and Mareth: 545-46
      Malta, consent to postponement of assault on: 9
      Soviet Union, proposal for compromise with: 601-02, 677
      Spain, proposal for attacking through: 601-02
      Spanish Morocco, proposal for attacking through: 601-02
      Tunisia, determination to defend: 601-03, 665-67

    Naples (Italy), principal airfields: 366-67, 366n
    Nation, Lt. B. H. C. (RN): 240n
    Natives, enemy efforts to recruit: 321
    Naval actions: 133-34, 143-44, 187-88, 196, 199-200, 203-04, 213
    Naval Command Africa: 440
    Naval Commander in Chief, Mediterranean: 493-94
    Naval forces, Allied. See also Naval task forces; Center, Eastern and Western Naval Task Forces.
      command structure and reorganization: 36-37, 354-55
      control of by CinC: 36, 37
      detection by enemy: 185-86
      role in landings: 29, 43-45
      shortages in: 27-28
    Naval forces, enemy: 186, 514
    Naval forces, French: 40, 92-95, 118, 133-34
    Naval Forces, Northwest African Waters: 354-55
    Naval losses
      Allied: 175-76, 203-04, 244n, 278
      French: 213
    Naval support
      Allied: 49, 97, 104-05, 106-08, 116, 127-28, 130, 131-32, 133-34, 143, 150, 158-59, 160, 161, 162-63, 165-69, 185-88, 190-93, 205, 220-21, 222-23, 231-34, 248
      French: 142, 143
    Naval task forces: 36-38
    Near East, enemy plans for invading: 8
    Neely, Lt. Col. Robert B.: 578n
    Nefifikh River: 130, 131, 139
    Nehring, Gen. Walther (Ger.): 75, 261-62, 287, 294-95, 298, 300-301, 302, 303-04, 305, 306, 307, 309, 310, 315-16, 327-28, 658-59
      assumes command in Tunisia: 284-87
      background: 262n
      mission assigned: 288-91, 311, 322
      succeeded by Arnim: 326
      ultimatum to French: 287
    Nelson, Major Richard E.: 121
    Nelson, Sgt. William L.: 619-20, 620n
    Neuffer, Gen. Georg (Ger.): 311n, 333-35, 648, 662
    Nevins, Col. Arthur S.: 46
    New Jersey (seatrain): 44, 67
    New York, USS: 97, 104, 109
    Nicholson, Brig. Cameron: 423, 458, 460-61, 464-65, 466-67, 468
    Nickforce: 423-24, 458, 460, 464-65, 468
    Night operations: 163-65, 219-20, 221, 241-49, 302, 308-09, 338, 342-43, 376-77, 381, 382, 417-18, 424, 427, 431-34, 462, 462-63, 526, 531-33, 539-40, 553-63, 568-69, 576, 586-90, 609-10, 631-32, 635, 636, 637-38, 658
    Night training, need for: 671-72
    Nightingale, USS. See Florence Nightingale, USS.
    Ninth Air Force: 492, 527
    No. 1 Line of Communications Area: 496
    Noguès, Gen. Auguste Paul: 115, 132, 141, 146, 171, 172-73, 176-78, 277, 357-58
      assigned authority by Vichy: 264, 265-67
      command assignment, Allied: 265-66
      message to from President: 95
      Resident General for Morocco: 17
      support of TORCH, role in: 78, 92-95
    Norstad, Col. Lauris: 37, 46, 71
    North Africa, operations in. See British forces; Rommel, Marshal Erwin.
    North African Agreement: 269-71, 358-59
    North African Theater of Operations, USA, activation: 1n, 495-96
    Northern Task Force: 65, 266-67
    Northwest African Air Forces: 354-55, 366-67, 492, 493, 527

--733--

    Northwest African campaign
      Allied leadership, critique of: 674-76
      as contribution to Allied war effort: 669-77
      Cross-Channel success, enhancement of in light of experience gained: 676-77
      impression on enemy: 673-74
      strategic consequences: 675-77
      supply shipments, Allied: 679
      supply shipments, enemy: 682
      tactical methods, critique of: 671-73
      troop shipments, Allied: 679
      troop shipments, enemy: 682, 683
      troop strength, Allied, periodic: 679-81
      victory parade for: 669
    Northwest African Strategic Air Force: 492-93, 494-95, 527, 533, 573
    Northwest African Tactical Air Force: 414-15, 485-86, 492-95, 527, 573
    Northwest African Tactical Bomber Force: 527, 649
    Norway, British readiness for operations in: 12

    Oakes, Major Walter M.: 187-88
    OB South. See Commander in Chief, South; Kesselring, Marshal Albert.
    Oberkommando der Marine. See German Naval High Command.
    Oberkommando der Wehrmacht: 260-61, 363-65, 369-70
    Oberkommando West: 185-86
    Observation, ground, at Sidi Bou Zid: 411
    Obstacles, marine: 152, 154, 155, 159-60, 164-65, 203, 241-42
    Ocean Rider, HMS: 248
    Ocean Viceroy, HMS: 234
    Ocean Wanderer, HMS: 234
    O'Daniel, Col. John W.: 51, 235-36, 238-39
    Office of Coordinator of Information, agents of: 24
    Office of Strategic Services: 58-59, 165, 212n.
    Office of War Information: 58
    Officers, combat, benefits of African experience to: 674-76
    Oggaz airfield: 49, 210
    Oil supplies. See POL.
    OLIVENERNTE (code name): 373-74
    Oliver, Brig;. Gen. Lunsford E.: 47, 195, 198-99, 205, 209-10, 220-23, 292, 305-06, 315-16, 317, 326-27, 328, 331-32, 374.
    Oran: 351-52, 402, 427-28
      aftermath of operations: 225-28
      air action, Allied: 48, 192-93, 204-05, 211-12, 215-16
      air strength, French: 193
      air transports, mislandings: 212-13
      airborne force, plans for employment: 48
      aircraft losses, French: 204-05, 211-12, 218-19
      airdrops from transports: 212-13
      airfields, seizure of: 48, 218-19
      antiaircraft action: 204-05
      approach of assault force: 220-23
      armor support, Allied: 48-49, 192, 209-10, 215, 216-18, 219, 227
      artillery support, Allied: 220-21
      artillery support, French: 217-18, 218n, 219
      attacks by Allies: 192-93, 222-25
      beach organization: 192
      casualties, Allied: 204, 227
      casualties, French: 227-28
      Center TF, role in: 49, 192-94
      civil affairs administration: 225-27
      coastal defenses, action against: 192-94, 203-04, 223
      collaborationist activities: 225-27
      communications, Allied: 212, 216, 219, 222, 223
      counterattack, French: 215-17
      counterbattery action: 223
      debarkation: 193-94, 217
      defenses of: 48
      envelopment of: 222-23
      first day's operations: 192-214
      French, friendly, aid of landing: 188-90
      French forces, hostile, reaction of: 186-87
      garrison strength: 193, 202-03
      Giraud's associations in: 188-90
      harbor, assault on: 202-04
      landed force, strength: 213
      landings, plans for: 27, 28, 29, 31
      matériel losses, French: 218-19, 224-25
      motor convoy operations: 498-99
      motor vehicles landed: 213
      naval actions: 203-04, 213
      naval strength, French: 193-94
      naval support of landing: 190-91, 192-93, 220-21, 222-23
      night operations: 219-20, 221
      obstacles in harbor: 203
      political problems: 225-27
      population: 47
      port facilities, operation and rehabilitation: 19, 225, 495-99, 499n
      postponement of landing, French request for: 188
      prisoners, Allied: 212-13, 223-24
      prisoners, French: 218-19, 224-25
      propaganda activities: 204-05
      reconnaissance, Allied: 211
      reinforcements, Allied: 216, 222
      reinforcements, French: 208-09, 216, 222
      replacement depot, capacity: 499
      RESERVIST Force, mission and operations: 49-50, 202-04
      resistance expected: 215
      salvage operations: 225

--734--

      secured by Allies: 225
      seizure by Allies: 46-50, 215-28
      surrender negotiations: 224
      tank destroyer support: 218
      tank losses, French: 218
      topography: 47, 203
      unloading operations: 213-14
    Orlando, Generale di Divisione Taddeo: 527
    Orléansville, motor convoy operations at: 498-99
    Orders, confusion in: 397-98, 441-42
    Ordnance shops, at Tebessa: 376
    Osprey, USS: 158, 169
    Otranto, HMS: 234-36, 238
    Oudna airfield: 305, 309
    Oued Zarga: 288, 291, 329-30, 373-74, 504-05, 506
    Oujda: 350-51
    Ouled Fayet: 238
    Ouled Rahmoun: 498-99
    Ousseltia: 377-81
    Ousseltia River valley, operations in: 348, 376-84, 386-87, 402-03, 427-28, 470

    Pacific theater, competing claims upon Allied resources: 10-11
    Palermo (Sicily): 366n
    Palomares, HMS: 234-35
    Panther, HMS: 187
    Parachute Infantry Regiment, 509th: 279, 289
    Parham, Brig. H. J. (Br.): 465-66
    Paris, Col. (Fr.): 112
    Parker, USS: 170n
    Parsons, Major Norman, 411
    Patrol operations: 139, 284, 403-05, 447, 586, 588, 637-38
    Patrolling, need for training in: 671-72
    Patton, Maj. Gen. George S.: 66, 70n, 108-10, 144-45, 172-74, 177, 178, 350-51, 548-56, 558, 564-65, 569-77, 578, 582, 591, 599
      air support, complains of lack: 573
      Alexander's abilities, estimate of: 545n
      arrival at beachhead: 131-32, 136-37
      assumes command of II Corps: 487-89, 490-92, 545
      attack of primary objectives, insistence on: 44-45
      background: 35n
      Casablanca, requests directive to bombard: 44-45
      confidence, admonition to instill: 70
      directive to from CinC: 487-89
      eagerness to engage enemy: 45, 543-44
      French, action on plight of: 177-78
      succeeded by Bradley: 608
      unloading operations, speeds: 137
      Western TF, selection as commander: 35
    Pence, Col. Arthur W.: 495-96
    Penn, USS. See John Penn, USS.
    Perrégaux: 210
    Pétain, Marshal Henri Philippe: 5, 170, 250-51, 257, 263-64, 265-67, 271, 287
    Peters, Capt. Frederic T., (RN): 202, 224
    Peter's Corner: 330, 600, 612
    Petty, Lt. Col. John C.: 396n
    Peyrouton, Marcel: 358
    Petit, Col. Charles (Fr.): 154-55, 164
    Petite Darse: 105
    Petitjean: 132, 141, 179-80
    Pfeiffer, Col. (Ger.): 390-91, 650-51, 664n
    PHANTOM FORCE: 485-86, 572
    Philadelphia, USS: 97n, 104, 107-08, 109, 114, 115
    Philippeville: 19, 28, 53, 496, 497-98, 499n
    Pichon: 282-83, 291, 294-95, 315, 316-20, 423-24, 426-28, 436, 441, 442, 453, 579, 580-81, 583-85, 587, 606-07
      attack by Allies: 509
      attack by enemy: 401-03, 407, 436
      mines, employment: 436
      occupation by Allies: 327
      tank losses, Allied: 509n
    Pickett, Major George E.: 567n
    Piddock, Lt. Col. Charles A.: 150
    Pilots, French, training by Allies: 499-500
    Pizzolato, Generale di Brigata Gavino: 527-28
    Plaine des Andalouses: 213
    Plains area of Northwest Africa: 17
    Plan Howze: 474
    Plans, Allied. See also Decisions, strategic; TORCH.
      air support: 46, 50, 53-54
      airborne support: 53, 54
      Algiers operations: 50-54
      ARCADIA program and revision: 10, 11
      armistice terms: 57
      Casablanca seizure: 44-45
      for Center TF: 46-50
      Churchill's strategic analysis for 1942-43: 10
      civil affairs administration: 57-59
      Cross-Channel attack, 1942: 11-13
      directive to CCS to plan for TORCH: 13
      French forces, employment and treatment: 56
      Germany, effect of political disturbances in: 11
      guiding principle in 1942: 10
      Japan, main effort against considered: 12
      landings, considerations affecting plans for: 32
      logistical support of TORCH: 38-39, 63-67
      Mehdia seizure: 150-53
      naval forces employment: 43-45, 49, 185-86
      Northwest Africa, decision to seize: 10-14
      Oran seizure: 46-50
      political considerations affecting: 22-25
      political planning: 54-59
      political warfare: 54-57
      preparations for TORCH, completing: 60-85
      propaganda activities: 54-57
      reinforcement of Eastern TF: 53n

--735--

      Roosevelt's commitment to TORCH: 13-14
      sabotage in support of TORCH: 92
      Safi seizure: 102-03
      shipping, protection of: 50
      SLEDGEHAMMER plans: 11-14
      SOS request for AFHQ supply plan: 66
      Soviet Union, difficulties in assistance to: 11-12
      strategic planning for TORCH: 15-31
      tactical plans for TORCH: 32-59
      tactical plans for Tunisia: 485-86
      Tripoli seizure: 10
      weather, plans for meeting: 44-45
      for Western Task Force: 39-46
    Plans, enemy
      Corsica seizure: 255-56
      based on German viewpoint: 73-74, 77
      after TORCH: 260-62
    Plans, French: 89-96, 132-33
    Plans, tactical, need for training in preparation of: 671-72
    Platon, Vice Adm. Rene (Fr.): 259, 286-87
    Pohl, Gen. (Ger.): 325n
    Points
      243: 343
      270: 235, 236, 516
      290: 210-13
      732: 462
    Pointe Canastel: 193, 222
    Pointe de la Tour: 100, 104, 106, 107
    Pointe d'Espagnole: 193n
    Pointe El Hank: 119
    POL (petroleum, oil, lubricants): 111
      consumption and requirements in north Tunisia: 607-08, 607n
      deficiencies, Allied: 293
      delivery problems: 44
      losses at Kasserine, Allied: 477
      reserves for Tunisia: 278-79, 496-97
      shortage, Axis, in Tunis drive: 611, 611n, 612-13
      supply, Axis, at Kasserine pass: 469
      supply, Axis, at Tunis: 648-49, 650-51
    Political Affairs Section, AFHQ: 54-57
    Political negotiations in French colonies: 55, 77-83, 269
    Political preparations: 54-59
      interpretation of role by CinC: 55, 269
      officials, President's message to: 91, 95
      President, personal direction by: 55
      proclamations, preparation of: 57
    Political prisoners: 356, 500
    Political problems: 77-83, 176-79, 225-27, 229, 249-51, 253-54, 355-62
    Political situation in French colonies: 16. See also Civil affairs.
    Political structure in French colonies, revision of: 500
    Political warfare, plans for: 54-57
    Pomigliano (Italy): 366n
    Pomptow, Col. Heinz (Ger.): 409-10, 426-27
    Pont Blondin: 130
    Pont-du-Fahs: 290-91, 327, 333-35, 339, 370-71, 376-77, 394-99, 401, 403-05, 440, 456, 504, 541, 595-97, 600, 610-11, 644-45, 647-48, 653
    Population of French Northwest Africa: 16-17, 47
    Port-aux-Poules: 208
    Porter, Capt. M. E.: 130
    Port-Lyautey: 179-81. See also Mehdia.
      advance from Mehdia to: 147-70
      air action, Allied: 160-61, 165-68
      airfield, seizure of: 41, 46, 149-53, 164-68
      armor action: 168-69
      armor support, Allied: 149-50, 152-53, 164-65
      artillery support, Allied: 163, 164-68
      attack by Allies: 157-70
      casualties, Allied: 164-65, 170
      coastal defenses: 147-48
      counterbattery action: 163
      French forces, reaction to assault: 153-57
      garrison strength: 149-50, 154
      Kasba, capture of: 167-68
      landing craft losses: 168-69
      naval support at: 163, 165-69
      night operations: 163-65
      port capacity: 17-18
      prisoners, Allied: 164
      prisoners, French: 164-65, 168
      reinforcements, French: 160-61, 168-69
      salvage operations: 169-70
      secured by Allies: 167-68
      submarine action: 169
      surrender negotiations: 154-55, 169-70
      topography: 147-49
      unloading operations: 168-69
    Port-Lyautey-Mehdia, substitute for Rabat: 42
    Porter, Brig. Gen. Ray E.: 50-51, 251, 351-52, 396-97, 399n, 403-05
    Porto Farina: 661
    Ports. See also Debarkation operations; Unloading operations.
      air attack by Allies: 306, 308, 335-36
      antiaircraft defense of: 293-94
      armor, required for seizing: 40-41
      artificial, French development: 18-19
      availability to enemy: 365-66
      capacities of: 18, 497-98
      conversion to Allied use, plans for: 270-71
      native labor, employment of: 497-98
      rehabilitated ports, defense of: 180
      rehabilitation by Allies and enemy: 179-80, 258, 292-93

--736--

      seizure, plans for: 25
      supply operations: 497-99
    Ports, facilities at: 40-41, 97-98, 116-17, 119, 135-36, 139-40, 278-79
    Ports, Operation of: 495-99, 499n, 607
    Ports of embarkation, as supply control agencies: 66-67
    Portugal, communication to government from President: 57
    Poste de Lessouda: 391-92, 411-12
    Pozarica, HMS: 234
    Primauguet (Fr.): 134
    Princess Beatrix, HMS: 196
    Prisoners. See also Casualties.
      Allied: 157, 164, 212-13, 306-07, 330n, 394n, 396, 412- 13, 424, 436n, 450-51, 465-66, 467n, 477, 505, 508, 519, 533, 568n, 592n, 609-10, 633-34, 636-37
      enemy: 320, 338, 381-82, 387-88, 398, 486, 537, 540-41, 550, 555n, 557-58, 580-81, 588-89, 591, 592n, 623, 634, 651n, 656-57, 662, 663-64, 665-67
      French: 109, 130-31, 164-65, 168, 207-08, 218-19, 224-25, 248-49, 382, 427
    Prisoners, interrogation of: 486, 580-81
    Prisoners, recovered: 223-24, 381, 650
    Proclamations, preparation of: 57
    Propaganda activities: 54-57, 178-79, 204-05, 324
    Protville: 312, 598, 660-61
    Provisional Assault Group: 160-62
    Provisional outline plan for TORCH: 29-30
    Public Garden (Safi): 101
    PUGILIST-GALLOP, abandonment of: 533-35
    Pulks, definition: 366-67
    Pyrotechnics, employment: 391

    Queen Emma, HMS: 196-97

    Rabat: 18, 41-42, 132, 139, 145, 179-80
    Radar employment: 279-80, 366-67, 493-94
    Radio activities: 57, 91. See also Communications.
    Radio Alger (THA), plan for seizing: 52
    Raeder, Grossadmiral Erich (Ger.): 73
    Raff, Col. Edson D.: 212-13, 279, 289
    Rahn, Dr. Rudolph: 286-87
    Railway operation: 19-20, 180, 281-83, 292-93, 498, 607
    Rainfall in Tunisia: 281-82
    Randle, Col. Edwin H.: 107, 567
    Ranger Battalion, 1st: 49, 192, 205-06, 216, 417-18, 433n, 443, 546-48, 557-58, 562-63, 574
    Ranger, USS: 68, 121, 133, 139, 175-76
    Rass Acrata: 235-36
    Rass ed Dekhla: 565-66, 569
    Rass el Djebel: 660-61
    Rass Sidi Ali el Mekki. See Cap Farina,
    Rastenburg conference of Axis commanders: 363-64, 368, 529
    Raven, USS: 169
    Ravin Blanc: 193n
    Rebaa Oulad Yahia: 377-78, 379, 402-03, 490, 600
    Rebaa Oulad Yahia valley: 337, 377-79, 386, 394
    Rebaou pass: 391-92, 394
    Reconnaissance, air. See Air reconnaissance.
    Reconnaissance Battalions
      81st: 387-88, 393n, 396, 397-98, 399, 412-13, 477-78, 548n, 565, 570n, 591, 620-21, 642-43, 656n, 660n
      82d: 121
    Reconnaissance, ground. See also Observation; Patrol operations.
      Allied: 179-80, 198, 211, 300-301, 307, 378-79, 391-92, 407, 420, 461, 457-58, 473, 525-26, 546, 547, 552-54, 566-67, 617, 634, 651, 655, 672
      enemy: 283-84, 286-87, 406, 407, 409-11, 412-13, 415-16, 425-26, 427, 438, 467, 471, 517, 559-60
    Reconnaissance Troops
      1st: 391n
      3d: 125, 128
      9th: 614-20, 653-54
    Refugees, release of: 500
    Reggio di Calabria (Italy): 366n
    Regimental Combat Teams
      7th: 643, 657-58
      15th: 657-58
      16th: 49, 63, 192, 205, 206-07, 208-10, 215-17, 221-22, 381-82, 427-28, 547, 571, 622-23, 624
      18th: 49, 63, 192, 205, 206-08, 213, 336, 338-39, 350, 381-82, 402-03, 432-33, 442-43, 452-53, 456-57, 547, 562, 622
      26th: 49, 63, 192, 199-201, 199n, 213, 216-17, 224-25, 352, 374, 381, 382-83, 402-03, 443, 456-57, 508-09, 547-48, 559-60, 571, 622
      30th: 657-58
      39th: 42, 51-52, 62, 67, 71, 235, 244-48, 291-93
      47th: 114
      60th: 150-52, 155-61, 162-63, 546-55, 564, 565n, 567n, 575n, 527
      133d: 402-03, 418, 564
      135th: 402
      168th: 51, 52, 62, 63, 234-39, 291-92, 403, 411, 427-28
    Région du Tell: 17
    Rehearsals of landings: 68, 71
    Reid, W. Stafford: 91
    Reina del Pacifico, HMS: 205, 207

--737--

    Reinforcements. See also Troop shipments.
      Allied: 111-14, 162, 174-75, 216, 222, 287-88, 307-08, 326-27, 376-78, 380-81, 391-92, 395-96, 430-31, 432, 443, 449-50, 451-52, 459-60, 463, 465-67, 466n, 467, 469, 474, 506-07, 534-35, 552, 569, 637-38, 659-60
      enemy: 9, 26-27, 255-56, 259n, 277, 288, 305-06, 310, 317-18, 323, 335-36, 338, 363-64, 368, 373-74, 379, 392, 396-97, 451, 454-55, 459-60, 536-40, 555-56, 603, 611, 613, 623-24
      French: 111-14, 156-61, 162-63, 208-09, 216, 222
    Relizane: 667
    Rénan: 207-08
    Renown, HMS: 185
    Replacement depots, at Casablanca and Oran: 499
    Reports, tactical, need for training in preparation of: 671-72
    RESERVIST Force at Oran: 49-50, 202-04
    Resistance forces, French. See Fighting French.
    Resources, Allied, competing claims in Pacific upon: 10-11
    RETRIBUTION (code name:) 663
    Rhardimaou: 225-26, 402, 606-07, 643
    Riccardi, Gen. (It.): 325n, 514
    Richelieu (Fr.): 40, 271
    Rigault, Jean: 189
    Ringsak, Lt. Col. Elton W.: 433-34
    Rintelen, von, Gen. Enno (Ger.): 9, 77, 261, 369-70
    Rio Salado: 195-96
    Rioult, Adm. (Fr.): 224
    Ritter, Col. William L.: 618-19
    River-crossing operations: 152, 163, 165-67, 531-32, 642-43, 651, 654-55
    River systems. See Drainage systems.
    Road construction: 399, 416-17, 472-73, 546-47
    Road systems. See Highway systems.
    Roadblocks: 157, 195-96, 198-99, 379, 418, 443
    Robb, Air Vice Marshal J. M. (RAF): 354-55
    Robb, Major Robert W.: 567n
    Roberts, HMS: 234-35, 278
    Robinett, Brig. Gen. Paul McD.: 47, 195, 198, 219-24, 317, 332, 374-81, 431, 433-34, 443, 457-74, 548, 552n, 554, 641, 656n
    Roches Noires: 142
    Rocket support, enemy, at Kasserine pass: 453-54
    Rodney, HMS: 49, 185, 192-93, 202, 222-25
    Roe USS: 156, 165, 169
    Rogers, Col. Arthur H.: 121, 128
    Rohia: 442-43, 458, 468, 470-71
    Rommel, General Field Marshal Erwin: 260-61, 325n, 406, 426-27, 440-41, 449-57, 459-69, 479, 479n, 501-02, 508, 509-10, 517, 518-19, 521-22, 523n, 526
      Allied strength, estimate of: 354n, 510-11
      assigned to command Army Group Africa: 474-75, 476
      Axis capabilities in February, review of: 509-12
      Chott position, proposal for defense of: 528-29
      Comando Supremo, acceptance of proposals by: 324-25
      command status in 1941: 6-7
      departure from Africa and return: 75-76
      directive from Comando Supremo: 363-64
      distrust of Comando Supremo: 476n, 479n, 502-04, 528-29
      eclipse of: 77
      force transferred to control of Comando Supremo: 9n
      Gafsa attack, role in: 406-07, 409-10, 424-25, 426-27
      Hitler, conference and directive: 322-25
      Kasserine pass, decision to shift to: 453
      Mareth position, proposal to shift to: 469-70, 475-77, 524-25
      promotions: 8n, 9n
      proposals for combining Axis forces: 405-06
      proposals for countering Allies: 322-24, 326
      reinforcement of: 363
      relation of operations to Tunisia action: 321-22
      second offensive, 1942: 8-10
      succeeded by Arnim: 514, 519-20
      succeeded by Messe: 368-70
      supplies to: 9, 325-26
      supply tonnages, estimate of: 511, 512-13
      Tebessa, proposal for seizing: 426-27, 438-41, 442, 455-56
      Tunisia, withdrawal of forces into: 363-65
    Ronarc'h, Adm. Pierre Jean (Fr.): 171-72
    ROOFTREE: 37-39
    Rooks, Brig. Gen. Lowell W.: 47, 47n, 216, 487
    Roosevelt, Franklin D.: 352-54, 358-59, 361-62, 499-500
      Churchill conversations on strategy: 10-13, 28-29
      Commander in Chief, restriction on powers of: 270-71
      commits U.S. to TORCH: 13-14
      Darlan, statement on arrangement with: 268
      expectation of U.S. engagement in 1942: 12
      French officials, message to: 57, 91, 95
      Giraud's conditions, "approval" of: 83, 83n
      North African Agreement, approval of: 269-70
      political activities, personal direction of: 55
    Roosevelt, Brig. Gen. Theodore: 199, 213, 217, 223, 381-82, 474, 623-24
    Roosevelt-Molotov conversations: 11-12
    Roper, Col. Harry McK.: 172-73
    Rosenfeld, Lt. Col. A. H.: 246-47
    Rosneath (training center): 62
    Roubertie, Gen. Jean (Fr.): 239
    Roum es Souk: 604-07

--738--

    Rounds, Leland L.: 71, 225-27
    ROUNDUP: 11n, 12-13, 15
    Route de Grande Ceinture: 142, 145
    Royal Air Force, failure of Luftwaffe to eliminate: 4-5
    Royal Air Force units
      43 Squadron: 247-48
      81 Squadron: 248n
      82 Squadron: 248n
      242 Group: 355, 383-84, 493-95, 649, 667
      272 Squadron: 257
    Royal Navy. See Naval forces, Allied.
    Royal Scotsman, HMS: 205-06
    Royal Ulsterman, HMS: 205-06
    Ruge, Vice Admiral Friedrich (Ger.): 514, 647n
    Russell, Comdr. A. B.: 241
    Russell, Lt. Col. Edward A., Jr.: 458
    Russell, H. Earle: 91
    Rutledge, USS. See Edward Rutledge, USS.
    Ryder, Maj. Gen. Charles W.: 36-37, 37n, 51, 71, 234, 251-52, 442-43, 486-87, 490, 578-87, 590-91, 631-32, 634, 658

    3d "S" Boat Flotilla: 254
    Sabotage activities: 49-50, 56-57, 92, 153, 241, 244, 338
    Safi: 17, 179-80
      air action, Allied: 109-11
      armor counterattack on: 108
      armor support, Allied: 102, 105, 106-09
      artillery support, Allied: 108
      beach organization and expansion: 98-99, 109
      casualties, Allied: 109, 114n
      civilians, behavior of: 108-09
      debarkation at: 102-04, 106-07
      defenses of: 97-101
      garrison strength: 99-101
      landing at: 41, 46, 105-06
      landing forces, composition: 42-43, 102
      naval support at: 97, 104-08
      port facilities: 17-18, 41, 97-98
      prisoners, French: 109
      reinforcements, French, attack on: 110-11, 112-14
      security measures: 109
      seizure by Allies: 97-115
      submarine support of landing: 102-03
      surrender negotiations: 172-73
      topography: 97-98
      unloading operations: 111
    St. Amiel (Fr.): 165-67
    St. Cyprien: 300-301, 305, 312, 649-50
    St. Denis-du-Sig: 210
    St. Didier, Gen. (Fr.): 402-03
    St. Eugene: 221
    St. Joseph's Farm: 301
    St. Leu: 198, 208-11, 225
    St. Cloud: 207-08, 213, 215, 220-21, 224-25
    St. Lucien: 217-18
    Ste. Barbe-du-Tlélat: 210-11, 216, 218
    Ste. Marie-du-Zit: 598, 667
    Sakket: 388-90, 550, 557, 565-66, 574
    Salacia, HMS: 199
    Salé: 18, 41, 46, 170, 179-80
    Salients, Allied, at Sidi Bou Zid and Sbeïtla: 427-28
    Salvage operations: 62, 169-70, 225. See also Ports, operation of.
    Salzmann, Lt. Col. Rafael L.: 121, 129, 130, 138
    Samuel Chase, USS: 71, 235, 244-46
    Sanborn, Lt. Col. Oliver T., Jr.: 150
    Sandaguïa: 420
    Sanders, Air Commodore A. P. (RAF): 84
    Sangamon, USS: 68, 150, 153, 165
    Santee, USS: 68, 97, 109-10, 112, 114
    Saouf: 644-45, 664-65
    Sardinia, enemy expectation of attack on: 645-47
    SATIN: 374, 382-84, 385-86
    Savannah, USS: 150, 153, 158-59, 160, 165
    Sbeïtla: 327, 348, 349, 352, 365, 374-76, 377-78, 381, 385, 387, 388-90, 391, 397, 399, 401-05, 407-09, 411, 413-14, 417-18, 423-24, 427-28, 440-42, 452-53, 477, 494, 544, 546-47, 548, 564, 577-79, 606-07
      air action, Allied: 436, 436n
      air action, enemy: 434-36
      armor action: 377-78, 434-35
      artillery support, Allied: 431, 433-35
      attack by Allies: 425-27, 428-36
      communications, Allied: 432
      counterattack, enemy: 434-36
      defense by Allies: 578-79
      demolitions operations: 435-36
      drainage system: 428
      highway system: 428
      matériel losses, Allied: 436n
      minelaying operations: 431
      night operations: 427, 431-34
      prisoners, Allied: 436n
      reconnaissance, enemy: 407, 425-26, 427
      reinforcements, Allied: 430-31
      salient, Allied, retraction of: 427-28
      security measures, Allied: 423
      seizure by Allies: 289-90
      seizure by enemy: 289, 435, 441-42
      as supply point: 607
      tank losses, Allied: 435, 435n, 436n
      tank losses, enemy: 434-35
      topography: 428
      withdrawal by Allies: 423-24, 426, 428-36, 438, 478
    Sbiba: 282-83, 348, 349, 418, 423, 427-28, 438, 441, 442-43, 449-50, 451-52, 470-71, 479, 490, 509, 543, 546, 606-07
      air support, enemy: 459

--739--

      artillery support, Allied: 453-55, 459
      artillery support, enemy: 452-53
      attack by Allies: 428-30, 433
      attack by enemy: 452-53, 458-60
      counterbattery action: 452-53
      defense by Allies: 436-37
      demolitions operations: 453
      mines, employment: 436-37, 452-53
      reinforcements, Allied: 432-33, 459-60
      roadblock established: 418, 443
      security measures, Allied: 453
      tank losses, Allied: 452-53
      tank losses, enemy: 453, 459
      withdrawal from and to, Allied: 436-37, 470
    Sbikha: 591
    Schirmer, Capt. (Ger.): 288n
    Schloss Klessheim conference of Axis Commanders: 601-02, 645-47
    Schmid, Gen. (Ger.): 609
    Schmundt, Col. (Ger.): 664n
    Schuermeyer, Capt. (Ger.): 254
    Schwartz, Brig. Gen. Jacques (Fr.): 390, 393
    "Scorpion" tanks: 531-32
    Scott, USS. See Hugh L. Scott, USS.
    Scouting, need for training in: 671-72
    Scylla, HMS: 231-34
    Sea Frontier Forces, Western TF, composition: 46
    Seaplane anchorages. See Airfields.
    Searchlight employment: 125, 130, 155, 243
    Seatrains. See Shipping, Allied.
    Sebou River: 41, 147-68
    Sebkra, definition: 47
    Sebkra d'Oran: 198-99, 218-19
    Sebkret el Kourzia: 595-97, 600, 610-12
    Sebkret en Noual: 557, 576-77
    Sebkret es Sedjoumi: 598, 650
    Second front, Soviet demands for: 11-12, 28-29
    Second Manassas, comparison of Gafsa to: 545-46
    Security measures
      Allied: 65, 68-69, 72, 109, 136-37, 225-27, 249, 303, 379-81, 394, 403-05, 417-18, 423, 453, 667
      enemy: 303-06, 307, 388-90, 394
    Sedjenane: 308-09, 504-05, 541, 577, 604
    Sedjenane River: 280, 296, 616-20, 639-40
    Seidemann, Brig. Gen. Hans (Ger.): 370, 409-10, 469-70
    Semmes, Lt. Col. Harry H.: 157-58, 169
    Sened: 388-90, 397-98, 405-06, 543, 544-45, 550, 565-66, 569-70
    Sened Station. See Station de Sened.
    Service units, employment as combatants: 293
    service units, enemy: 365-66
    Service d'Ordre Legionnaire: 500
    Services of Supply, ETOUSA: 65
    Services of Supply, NATOUSA, 496
    Services of Supply, War Department: 66
    Sétif: 277-78, 292, 294, 496
    Sfax: 260, 294-95, 338, 347-50, 351-53, 364-66, 371-72, 405-06, 440, 469-70, 476-77, 527, 583n, 590
      antiaircraft support, Allied: 374-76
      attack plans, enemy: 401
      objective of Mareth operation: 526-27
      occupation by enemy: 289
      order of battle, Allied: 374-76
      port operation: 607
      seizure by Allies: 374-76, 514, 541
      supply points for: 376
    Shaw, Capt, R. J. (Rn): 235-36
    Sheffield, HMS: 231-34
    Shenandoah Valley, comparison of El Hamma to: 525
    Shipping, Allied. See also Cargo transports; Troop transports.
      availability for TORCH: 43-44
      convoy organization: 65-66, 68-70, 71
      French, allotments to: 362, 499
      loading, plans and training for: 63, 67-68, 70
      plans for protecting: 46, 49-50
      responsibilities of each service for: 38-39
      shortages in: 11, 53
      use in support of landings: 65
    Shipping, enemy
      air attacks on: 73, 335-36
      air support of: 367-68
      losses during campaign: 367-68, 683
      requirements for Tunisia: 325-326, 365
      resort to coastal routes: 73
      strength in Mediterranean: 367-68
      supply deliveries, reliance on for: 513-14
    Shipping, French
      conversion to Allies, plan for: 270-71
      directive on treatment of: 30-31
      use by enemy: 367-68, 513-14
    Shipping, Italian: 602, 645-48
    Shockley, 2d Lt. Orion C.: 654-55
    Shore parties: 135, 137, 195, 210, 235
    Shore-to-shore operations, Tabarka to Bizerte: 309
    Sicily: 366n, 494-95, 499, 595, 645-47, 648-49, 665-68
    Sicily, strait of, enemy naval forces in: 7
    Sidi Ahmed: 258, 293-94, 342, 366
    Sidi Amor gap: 273
    Sidi Athman: 312-13, 660-61
    Sidi bel Abbes: 210, 216
    Sidi Bou Zid: 365, 390-91, 393-94, 399, 403-05, 425-26, 433-34, 435-36, 477, 479, 487-90, 546, 577
      air attack by enemy: 412, 419-20
      antitank support, enemy: 420-21
      armor action: 413-15
      armor support, Allied: 406-07
      armor support, enemy: 406-09
      artillery support, Allied: 406, 413, 421

--740--

      artillery support, enemy: 407-14, 420
      attack by enemy: 405-07, 489
      battle for: 410-11
      casualties, Allied: 415n, 422
      casualties, enemy: 422
      communications, Allied: 411, 421-22
      counterattack, Allied: 411, 416-17, 419-22
      counterbattery action: 420-21
      defense plans, enemy: 419-20
      directive, enemy, on exploitation of: 435-40
      directives, Allied: 418
      highway system: 419-20
      matériel losses, Allied: 414-16, 415n, 422n
      matériel losses, enemy: 421-22
      observation, ground: 411
      reconnaissance, Allied: 420
      reserve forces, Allied: 391-92, 416-17
      salient, Allied, retraction of: 427-28
      secured by enemy: 414-16
      security measures, Allied: 394
      seizure by enemy: 478-79
      tank losses, Allied: 413-15, 415n, 421-22, 422n
      tank losses, enemy: 421-22
      topography: 419-20
      withdrawal by Allies: 413, 423
    Sidi Bou Zitouna: 619
    Sidi Ferruch: 237-38
    Sidi Mahmoud: 507-08
    Sidi Mediene: 331. See also Peter's Corner.
    Sidi Mhimech, supply point: 607
    Sidi Nsir: 284, 290-91, 296, 298, 305-06, 330, 336-37, 490, 502-08, 613-14, 621-27, 641-42, 651
    Sidi Saïd: 377
    Sidi Salem: 420-21
    Siebel ferries: 367-68, 640-41
    Siglin, Major Carl: 299-301
    Signal Companies. See also Armored Signal Companies.
      3d: 145
      9th: 549n
      71st: 42
      72d: 42
    Signal Operation Company, 239th: 138
    Signal Service Battalion, 829th: 137
    Siliana: 349, 502-04, 507-08
    Siliana River valley: 379
    Sixth Port of Embarkation: 497-98
    Sladen, Lt. Col. Fred W., Jr.: 121, 130-31
    SLEDGEHAMMER: 11-14, 11n, 12n
    Slessor, HMS. See Mary Slessor, HMS.
    Slopes, defense of, need for training in: 671-72
    Slourhia: 288, 330, 373-74, 504, 507-08
    Smidia: 339
    Smith, Lt. Col. John C.: 376
    Smith, Lt. Col. Lon H.: 374
    Smith, Maj. Gen. Walter B.: 33, 270, 357, 487, 515
    Smoke, employment of: 381, 465, 536-37, 586-87, 635, 656
    Sobieski, SS: 234-35
    Sogno, Gen. Vittorio (It.): 295, 580-81
    Soliman: 662-63
    Somervell, Lt. Gen. Brehon B.: 361
    Souk Ahras: 277, 292, 490, 496, 604-07
    Souk el Arba: 273, 279, 287, 292-94, 305, 333, 494-95, 604-07
    Souk el Khémis: 293-94, 295-96, 326-27, 401-02, 494-95
    Sousse: 260, 279n, 289, 347, 348-49, 351-52, 365, 469, 485, 528, 533, 541, 580-81
    Soviet Union
      assistance to, difficulties in: 11-12
      attack on, German: 6-8
      second front, demand for: 11-12, 28-29
      compromise with, Mussolini's proposal for: 601-02, 676
      Cross-Channel attack, Allied dependence on for: 11-12
      German success in 1952: 9-10
      TORCH, approval of: 28-29
    Sozzani, Generale di Divisione Nino: 527
    Spaatz, Maj. Gen. Carl: 350, 354-55, 383, 492, 493-94, 573
    Spain: 5, 26, 57, 601-02. See also Franco, Francisco.
    Spanish Morocco, enemy proposal for attack through: 601-02
    Special Operations Executive Section (Br.): 59
    Spey, HMS: 187-88
    Sponeck, von, Generalmajor Theodor Graf: 527-28, 664-65
    Sprindis, 2d Lt. S. W.: 157
    Stack, Col. Robert I.: 387, 392-96, 418, 419-21, 430, 548, 549, 552, 572, 624
    Staff relations, Allied, results of African experience: 674-75
    Staff structure, Allied: 15, 33, 150, 486-87
    Stalin, Joseph V.: 28, 356n
    Stalingrad, effect on of Tunisia operations: 363-64
    Stanton, USS. See Elizabeth C. Stanton, USS.
    Stark, Col. Alexander N., Jr.: 199, 352, 374-76, 381, 391-92, 393-94, 403, 432-33, 443, 446-52, 453-54, 456-57. See also Stark Force.
    Stark, Adm. Harold R.: 23, 267-68, 270
    Stark Force: 443, 451-52, 457-58
    Starkweather, Lt. M. K. (USNR): 161-65
    Station de Sened: 370-71, 388-90, 551
      air attacks by enemy: 396
      air support, Allied: 387-88
      armor support, Allied: 387-88
      artillery support, Allied: 387-88, 550
      attack by Allies: 387-88, 396-99, 556-57, 558-59
      casualties, Allied and enemy: 387-88

--741--

      directives to Maraist on: 396-97
      matériel losses, enemy: 550
      orders, confusion in: 397-98
      prisoners, Allied: 396
      prisoners, enemy: 387-88, 550
      reinforcements, Allied: 396
      reinforcements, enemy: 396-97
      seizure by Allies: 396-97, 548-50
      tank losses, Allied: 387-88
    Station de Zannouch: 547-50
    Sternberg, Lt. Col. Ben: 623
    Stevens, Col. Burrowes G.: 546
    Stimson, Henry L.: 14, 268
    Stokes, Lt. Col. W. M.: 112-13
    Stolz, Lt. Col. (Ger.): 286-87, 289-90, 312
    Stone, USS. See Thomas Stone, USS.
    Stork, HMS: 234
    Strategic consequences of Northwest African campaign: 675-77
    Strategic decisions. See Decisions, strategic; Plans.
    Strempel, Lt. Col. (Ger.): 398
    Stroh, Brig. Gen. Donald A.: 567n, 618-19
    Strong, Brig, Kenneth D. W. (Br.): 489
    Stuka. See Dive bomber.
    Stumme, Gen. Georg (Ger.): 75, 76
    Styer, Maj. Gen. Wilhelm D.: 496n
    Submarine, support by: 68-69, 102-03
    Submarine actions: 7, 11, 72, 134, 169, 174-76, 186-87
    Subversive activities, plans for fomenting: 57
    Summerall, Lt. Col. Charles P., Jr.: 412
    Sundin, Lt. Col. Alvar B.: 567n
    SUPERCHARGE II: 533-37. See also El Hamma gap.
    Supermarina. See Italian Naval High Command.
    Supply, Allied. See also Unloading operations.
      Crete, threat to: 7
      daily tonnage estimates: 497n
      at Djefna position: 619-20
      at El Guettar: 574
      at Kairouan pass: 379-80
      in Mediterranean: 6, 7
      in north Tunisia: 607-08
      organization: 495-99
      plans for: 66-47
      through ports: 66, 497-99
      requirements for TORCH, estimate of: 65-66, 67
      reserve in United Kingdom, level established: 66-67
      responsibility for classes of: 65, 65n
      routing methods: 65-66
      to Soviet Union, difficulties in: 11
      supply shipments: 679
      at Tebessa, accumulation: 376
      Tébourba, resupply at: 315
      within task forces: 66
    Supply, enemy
      by air in Tunis: 648-49
      amounts delivered to enemy during campaign: 368
      capability, Comando Supremo estimate: 512
      capability, Kesselring's estimate: 512-13, 512n
      deficiencies in Tunisia: 325-26
      diversion from Rommel to Tunisia: 325-26
      failure in Ousseltia valley: 382
      Italian shipping for, use of: 602, 645-48
      Malta, threat of: 8
      Mediterranean routes: 365-66
      naval forces, use in: 514
      receipts in March: 499n
      requirements, Hitler's estimate: 511-12, 513-14
      to Rommel's forces: 9
      shipping, reliance on: 513-14
      shortage at Hill 609: 634
      supply lines, threats to: 600-602, 640-41, 640n
      supply shipments during campaign: 682
      Tobruk, threat of: 7
      tonnages required, estimates of: 363, 365-66, 510, 511, 512-13
    Supply points: 141, 293, 376, 543, 607, 651
    Supreme Allied Commander. See Allied Force Headquarters; Commander in Chief, Allied Forces; Eisenhower, Gen. Dwight D.
    Supreme Command (General Staff), Italian. See Comando Supremo.
    Surgical Hospital, 48th: 417-18
    Surprise, loss of: 153-54, 196-97, 303-04, 339-41
    Surrender negotiations: 57-58, 131-32, 154-55, 169-70, 171-74, 224, 243-44, 249-52, 662
    Susan B. Anthony, USS: 153, 158, 170n
    Suwanee, USS: 68, 121, 133
    Svoboda, Lt. Col. Albert A.: 581-82
    Swanson, USS: 121, 124, 130, 134
    Swenson, Lt. Col. Edwin T.: 241, 244
    Syfret, Vice Adm. Sir Neville (RN): 185
    Sympson, Capt. Gordon H.: 105, 619-20
    Syria, French seizure of: 7

    Tabarka: 272-73, 279, 286-87, 288-89, 309, 440, 476-77, 604
    Table d'Oukacha: 119, 133, 142-43
    Tactical air support. See Air-ground co-operation; Air support.
    Tactical methods, Allied, critique of: 671-73
    Tactical methods, enemy: 479-80
    Tadjera Kbir: 516, 517-18
    Tadjerouïne: 273, 298, 440, 604-05
    Tafaraoui airfield: 193, 195-96, 198-99, 209-12, 213, 216-17, 221-23, 225, 294
    Takrouna: 598, 609
    Tamera: 330, 505, 507-09
    Tamezred: 527-28, 535

--742--

    Tank Battalions
      70th: 42, 102, 114, 162, 164, 169
      751st: 578-79, 582n, 586, 653-54
      756th: 42, 121, 128, 138
    Tank Destroyer Battalions
      601st: 378-79, 378n, 433-35, 461n, 462, 546n, 547-48, 560-62, 614-20
      603d: 42
      609th: 42
      701st: 195n, 210, 210n, 289n, 302, 331, 391n, 392n, 396n, 397-98, 411-12, 411n, 419n, 430-31, 430n, 435, 546n, 548n, 623-24, 624n, 625
      702d: 42
      776th: 546n, 549n, 565n, 642n, 656, 660n
      805th: 413, 430n, 443, 447-50, 455-56, 546n
      813th: 546n, 578-79, 582n, 586
      894th: 453-55, 461n, 462, 546n, 614-20, 653-54
      899th: 546n, 560-62, 570n
    Tank Destroyer Group, 1st: 546, 574
    Tank destroyer support: 218
    Tank employment, critique of tactical methods: 672-73
    Tank losses
      Allied: 300-301, 304-05, 307, 314, 317, 319-20, 331-32, 332n, 387-88, 392, 398, 413-15, 415n, 421-22, 422n, 435, 435n, 436n, 452-53, 459, 461-62, 466-67, 467n, 477, 505, 508, 509n, 519, 532-33, 571-72, 582, 588, 590, 591, 591n, 609-10, 611n, 612-13, 623, 635, 637, 656-57, 659-60
      enemy: 283-84, 290-91, 301, 328, 331, 374, 381-82, 391, 398, 421-22, 434-35, 450-51, 453, 477, 508, 518-19, 519, 519n, 560-62, 571, 611, 612-13
      French: 161, 218
    Tank maintenance centers, at Bône and Le Kroub: 496-97
    Tank recovery, Allied, at Bordj Toum: 332
    Tank support. See Armor support.
    Tank Transporter Company, 2622d: 606-07
    Tank transporters, employment: 497-98, 606-07
    Tank types: 306, 531-32
    Tank versus tank. See Armor versus armor action.
    Tarhuna: 364
    Tasajera (Maracaibo): 209-10
    Task Force A, Provisional Corps: 66
    Task Force Benson: 570-77, 570n
    Task Force GREEN. See Center Task Force; Oran.
    Task Force Howze: 660-61
    Task Force RED. See Center Task Force; Oran.
    Task Force 34, Atlantic Fleet. See Western Naval Task Force.
    Task forces, for TORCH: 31, 35, 66
    Tasker H. Bliss, USS: 128, 175-76
    Taxes, plans for collecting: 58
    Taylor, Col. Georg. A.: 547, 631, 636-37
    Taza: 179
    Taza gap: 17
    Tébessa: 272-73, 279, 292, 326-27, 351-52, 364-65, 394-95, 401-02, 403-05, 409-10, 427-28, 435, 457, 465-66, 470-71, 478-79, 490, 496-99, 512, 525, 544, 604-06
      attack by enemy: 388, 401, 405-06, 426-27, 439-42, 449-50, 453, 455-56, 479n
      command reorganization, enemy: 441
      concentration, Allied: 438
      defense by Allies: 436, 443, 457-58
      mines, employment: 512
      motor convoy operations: 499n
      orders, enemy, confusion in: 441-42
      ordnance shops at: 376
      supply dumps at: 376
    Tébourba: 290-91, 296, 299-307, 311-20, 336-37, 343-44, 372, 595, 620-21
      air attack by Allies: 649
      air attack by enemy: 318-19
      armor attack by enemy: 304-05
      artillery support, enemy: 319-20
      defense organization, enemy: 303-06
      dispositions, Allied: 311
      drainage system: 303-04
      occupation by Allies: 303
      reinforcements, Allied: 307-08
      resupply at: 315
      tactical importance: 303-04
      tank losses, Allied: 304-05
      topography: 303-04
      withdrawal by Allies: 318-20
      withdrawal by enemy: 300-301, 304-05, 650
    Tébourba gap: 311-20, 329-31, 337, 342, 371-72, 373-74
      air attack by enemy: 315-19
      air support, Allied: 314-15
      armor action: 315-19
      artillery support, Allied: 314-15, 317-20
      casualties, Allied: 320n
      communications, Allied: 316-17
      counterbattery action: 314-15
      matériel losses, Allied: 320, 320n
      prisoners, Allied: 320
      tank losses, Allied: 317, 319-20
      topography: 311
      withdrawal from and to, Allied: 314-15, 316-17
    Teboursouk: 287, 293-94, 326-27, 330, 507, 608
    Tedder, Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur (RAF): 354-55, 492, 573, 669
    Tegelberg (Dutch): 207
    Télergma: 335
    TERMINAL Force operations: 53, 241-44
    Terrain description. See Topography.

--743--

    Terrain features, necessity for seizing: 671-72
    Testour: 291, 329-30, 373-74, 502-04, 507-09
    Texas, USS: 150, 153, 159, 165-67
    Thala: 418, 427-28, 435, 442-43, 448, 451-53, 457-58, 460-62, 470-73, 479, 490
      air action, Allied: 467-68, 467n
      air action, enemy: 465, 467, 470
      armor action: 465-66
      armor support, Allied: 466-67
      artillery support, Allied: 466-67
      attack by enemy: 460, 501, 508
      casualties, Allied: 467n
      communications failure, Allied: 465-66
      defense by Allies: 457-58, 460, 464-73
      failure to exploit, enemy: 467
      matériel losses, Allied: 467n
      prisoners, Allied: 465-66, 467n
      reconnaissance, enemy: 467
      reinforcements, Allied: 466n, 465-67, 469
      smoke, employment: 465
      tank losses, Allied: 466-67, 467n
    Thélepte: 401-02, 439-40, 451, 470, 490, 494-95, 546-47, 573
      aircraft losses, Allied: 437
      airfield, seizure of and withdrawal from by Allies: 423-24, 433, 436-38, 543
      attack by enemy: 462
      demolitions, employment: 437
      matériel losses, Allied: 437
      reconnaissance, enemy: 427
      road construction: 546-47
    Thibar: 326-27, 494-95, 608
    Third Port of Embarkation: 497-98
    Thomas Jefferson, USS: 123, 124n, 125, 176n
    Thomas Stone, USS: 71, 187, 187n, 188, 245
    Thurston, USS: 140, 176n
    Tides, effect on landing operations: 43. See also Weather.
    Tine River: 280
    Tine River valley, operations in: 299-301, 304-05, 309, 333-35, 495-97, 613-14, 620-27, 634, 638-40, 641-43, 648-53, 656-58
    Tit Mellil: 142, 144, 145
    Titania, USS: 102, 108, 111
    Tobruk: 7-9
    Tlemcen: 466
    Todd, Lt. Col. John: 195n, 198-99, 218-20, 223-24, 328-29
    Toffey, Lt. Col. John J., Jr.: 157-58, 554-55
    Togoland, collaboration with Allies: 270-72
    Topography: 19-20, 47-48, 51-52, 97-99, 116-18, 119, 147-49, 196, 200, 203, 230-31, 241-42, 280-83, 303-04, 307, 338-39, 388-90, 419-20, 428, 444-47, 505-06, 517, 522-24, 525, 537-38, 544-45, 553-54, 557-58, 566-67, 578-80, 598, 604-05, 613-16, 620-21, 622-23, 628-31, 642
    TORCH (landing in Northwest Africa)
      air build-up for: 50
      Algiers, plans for operations at: 50-54
      Allied capabilities, enemy estimates: 74
      Allied commander, selection and directive to: 15-16
      amphibious training, inadequacy of: 185
      Center TF, role in: 46-50, 70-72
      Churchill-Roosevelt conversations: 13, 28-29
      Churchill-Stalin conversations: 28-29
      Combined Chiefs of Staff, role in: 13-14, 16
      command, unity of, tested: 37, 39
      command structure proposed: 14, 37-38, 39, 50-51, 53
      concept of operation determined: 29
      conclusion of operation: 253-73, 295-96
      convoy organization and routes: 68-70, 71-72
      D-day, selection of: 27
      deadlock on, broken: 13
      decision to undertake: 10-14
      Draft Outline Plan (Partial): 27, 29-30
      Eastern TF, role in: 35, 70-72
      enemy plans after: 260-62
      enemy reaction to Allied success: 253-54
      French co-operation after, efforts to gain by enemy: 254-60
      French forces, role in: 13n, 82, 82n, 83, 92-95, 253-54
      joint Army-Navy participation, directives for: 37-39
      landing forces, agreement on: 29
      landing sites, enemy confusion regarding: 186-87
      landings, time set for: 89
      logistical support, plans for: 63-67
      mission of: 16-21
      naval support, plans for: 36-37, 185-86
      Northern TF, role in: 65, 266-67
      Oran, plans for seizing: 46-50
      phases of, two major: 89-90
      planning responsibilities, directive providing for: 38
      plans, tactical: 32-59
      political considerations involved: 54-59, 77-83
      postponement, French request for: 85
      preparations for, completing: 60-85
      radio activities: 90-91
      Raeder's warning on: 73
      reinforcements for Eastern TF: 53n
      Roosevelt decisions on: 13-14
      sabotage plans in support of: 92
      ship loading plans: 67-68, 70
      shipping in support of landings: 65
      Soviet approval of: 28-29
      strategic planning for: 25-31
      submarine protection of: 68-69
      supply plans: 65-67

--744--

      target, failure of enemy to identify: 74
      target date, factors affecting: 13
      task forces, composition: 31
      training for assault: 60-63
      transports, arrival in Mediterranean: 84
      Western TF, role in: 39-46, 67-70
    Tostain, Col. Paul (Fr.): 188-89
    Toudjane: 522-24, 534-35
    Toukabeur: 342, 504, 506-07, 508-09
    Toulon, French warships scuttled at: 321
    Toungar: 342
    Toward (training center): 62
    Tozeur: 425, 440, 525, 528
    Traffic congestion, at Mateur: 652-53
    Training, amphibious. See Amphibious training.
    Training, of landing forces: 61, 62, 63, 171-81
    Transportation. See Motor convoy operation; Motor vehicles.
    Transports. See Cargo transports; Shipping; Troop transports.
    Trapani (Sicily): 366-67
    Trevor, Lt. Col. T. H.: 236, 239-40, 246-47
    Tripoli: 10, 353-54, 364, 365, 521-22
    Tripolitania: 323-24
    Troop shipments
      Allied: 679
      enemy: 682, 683
    Troop transports
      arrival in Mediterranean: 84
      attack on, Allied: 600-601
      availability for TORCH: 43-44
      for Fedala landing: 121
      loading, plans for: 67-68, 70
    Troubridge, Commodore Thomas H. (RN): 36, 36n, 71, 191-93, 195-96, 213, 224
    Trucks. See Motor convoy operation: Motor vehicles.
    Truscott, Maj. Gen. Lucian K.: 42n, 145, 149, 150, 153-54, 157-58, 159-62, 168, 169, 350-51, 383, 391-92, 417, 432, 487, 643, 657-58
    Tuck, S. Pinkney: 250-51
    Tuck, Major William R.: 218, 219-20, 300
    Tunis: 17, 258-59, 277, 280, 288-89, 290, 295-96, 305-06, 365-67, 370, 485, 501, 595-98, 599-600, 604-05
      air action, Allied: 257, 293-94, 299-300, 601
      air supply, enemy: 648-49
      airborne operations: 306, 309
      aircraft losses, Allied: 611
      aircraft losses, enemy: 370
      ammunition supply, enemy: 611, 611n, 648-49
      armor, enemy, merger of: 611, 612-13, 612n
      armor action: 610-11
      armor strength, enemy: 648-49
      armor support, Allied: 291-92, 312
      artillery support, Allied: 336-37
      artillery support, enemy: 610-11
      attack, enemy discovery of: 303-04
      attack from north, Allied: 299-302
      attack plans, Allied: 277-98, 326-28, 329-30, 335-99, 402, 614-49
      attack from south, Allied: 301-05
      attack toward, Allied: 299-310
      battle for: 601-51
      bridgehead, enemy, extension of: 405-06
      casualties, Allied: 609-10
      climax of Allied drive: 307-08
      command reorganization, Allied: 354 59
      command structure, enemy: 648-49
      communications, enemy: 312
      counterattacks, enemy: 311-21, 644
      defense plans, enemy: 300-301, 333-35, 603
      dispositions, enemy: 312-13, 647-49, 650-51
      dispositions, French: 326-28
      drive on, by Allies: 609-13, 649-51
      effect of defeats on Allied advance to: 317-18
      effect of operations on enemy forces: 310
      matériel losses, Allied: 609-10, 611
      mines, employment: 610, 612
      perimeter established by enemy: 289-91
      POL supply, enemy: 611, 611n, 612-13, 648-51
      postponement of Allied second attack: 343-44
      prisoners, Allied: 609-10, 650
      regrouping, Allied, for attack: 291-92, 329-35
      reinforcements, enemy: 611, 613
      stalemate at: 311-44, 363-72
      strategic importance to enemy: 513-14
      tank losses, Allied: 609-10, 611n, 612-13
      tank losses, enemy: 611, 612-13
      victory parade in: 669
      advance into, Allied: 277-80
    Tunisia
      air attacks, Allied: 279-80, 293-94, 310, 494-95, 600-602
      air attacks, enemy: 278, 287, 293-94
      air command reorganization, Allied: 492-95
      air defense, Allied, organization after surrender: 667
      air forces, Allied, missions: 354-55
      air forces, enemy, consolidation: 370
      air power, Allied, problems faced: 335
      air reconnaissance, enemy, on southern front: 469
      air reinforcements, enemy: 257
      air strength, Allied: 335n
      air strength, enemy: 295
      air support, Allied: 278, 279-80, 401-02, 485-86
      air support, enemy: 338
      air transport, Allied, use of: 280
      air transport, enemy, in reinforcement role: 603
      air warning equipment, deficiency in: 279-80

--745--

      airborne support: 277, 278-79, 289
      aircraft, enemy, transfer to Sicily: 648-49
      aircraft losses, enemy: 601
      airfield development and defense: 335, 401-02, 485, 493-95
      airfields, enemy: 254-55, 370
      airfields seized: 277, 278-79
      Allied intentions, enemy estimate of: 322
      ammunition supply, Allied: 607
      Arabs, enemy efforts to recruit: 321
      armor action, first: 301-02
      armor employment, enemy plans for: 602-03
      armor strength, enemy: 310, 335-36, 371
      armor support, enemy: 305-06
      attack, enemy, halt in: 424-27
      attack plans, Allied: 295-98, 349-54, 595, 598-602, 605-07
      attack plans, enemy: 333-35, 405-16
      boundary designations, Allied: 418
      boundary designations, enemy: 370-72, 405-06
      bridgehead, enemy, defensibility: 288-91
      casualties, Allied, during campaign: 675
      casualties, enemy: 675-76
      coastal defenses: 294-95
      coastal plain, area: 281-82
      coastal plain, battle for and pursuit to: 530-33, 539-42
      collapse of enemy forces: 659-68
      command, unity of, enemy: 405-06
      command relations and reorganization, Allied: 298, 382-83, 474-77, 485-89, 600n
      command reorganization, enemy: 474-75, 476-77
      Commandos, plans for employment: 277
      communications, Allied: 280, 485-86, 494
      communications zone, reorganization: 494-99
      composition of Allied forces: 295-96
      concentration of Allied forces: 347-481
      consolidation of Allied forces: 373-76, 427-30
      contact with enemy, first: 283-86
      defense, enemy plans for: 363-64, 419-20, 476-77, 601-04, 645-47, 665-67
      defense, Rommel's proposals for: 322-24, 326
      defense lines, enemy: 595-98
      defense organization, Allied, after surrender: 667
      demolition teams, Allied: 289
      directive on employment of II Corps: 599-600, 600n, 604
      directives to Anderson: 401-02
      dispositions, Allied: 402-05, 486-87, 489-92, 604-08
      dispositions, enemy: 294-95, 333-35, 401-02, 601-04
      dispositions, French: 258-59, 283-84
      drainage system: 280-82, 348-49
      Eastern TF, landing and advance toward: 253, 278
      Eighth Army, approach of: 521-22
      Eisenhower assumes direct command: 350-51
      enemy capabilities, estimate of: 645-47
      February battles, enemy objectives: 477
      February battles, situation after: 477-81, 490-92
      February offensive, enemy, summary of: 508-09
      final phase of operations: 593-668
      first battle at Medjez el Bab: 287-89
      French, Axis break with: 287-88
      French forces, attitude toward Axis: 283-86, 294-95, 321
      French forces, contact with: 279
      German occupation, appearance of: 257
      government, communications to from President: 57
      highway system: 281-83, 298, 348-49
      importance to enemy: 321-22, 323-24
      intelligence collection in: 485-46, 489
      Juin appointed Resident General: 669
      juncture of Allied forces: 576-77
      juncture of enemy forces: 364-65, 368-69, 371-72
      lines of communication, Allied: 277-78, 282, 292-93, 309, 327, 352
      lines of communication, enemy: 288-89, 325-26, 401-02, 591-92
      logistical support, enemy: 310, 324-26, 512-14
      loss of, effect on Italy: 676
      loss of, Hitler's explanation: 676-77
      mass, principle of, violation by enemy: 479-80
      middle phase, end of: 592
      mines, employment: 402, 487-89
      mission, enemy: 288-91
      morale, enemy, after surrender: 665-67
      motor march of II Corps: 604-07
      motor transport strength and use, enemy: 371, 602
      Nehring assumes command of enemy forces: 284-87
      northern sector, enemy attack on: 501-05, 508-09
      northern sector, operations in: 483-96, 600-62
      northern sector, pursuit of enemy to: 539-42
      occupation, enemy, and French reaction: 256-57, 258-60
      offensive, Allied: 586-91
      offensive of II Corps: 613-43
      order of battle, Allied: 601n
      patrol operations, Allied: 403-05
      pocketing of enemy forces: 661-62
      POL consumption and requirements, Allied: 278-79, 496-97, 607-08, 607n
      policy in, enemy: 257
      political structure: 16

--746--

      ports, air attacks on by Allies: 306, 308
      possession required for control of NW Africa: 26-27
      prisoners, enemy: 592n, 662, 665-67
      propaganda activities, enemy: 324
      radar, employment: 493-94
      railway systems: 278-79, 281-83, 292-93
      rainfall: 281-82
      rearmament of French by Allies: 361-62
      reconnaissance, enemy: 283-84, 469
      reinforcements, Allied: 326-27
      reinforcements, enemy: 74, 255-61, 277, 305-06, 310, 317-18, 335-36, 338, 363-64, 368, 603
      reorganization, Allied, after surrender: 665-68
      repulse, enemy: 459-81
      review of situation by Arnim in February: 509-12
      reviews of situation, periodic, by CinC: 403-05, 417
      Rommel's operations, relation to: 321-22
      Rommel's withdrawal into: 363-65
      sabotage activities: 338
      security measures, Allied: 403-05, 667
      SATIN operation: 349-54
      shift of operations to: 483-96
      shipping, enemy: 325-26
      southern sector, operations in: 423-37, 442-43, 662-65
      stalemate in after Tunis: 371-72
      Stalingrad, effect of on enemy forces: 363-64
      strategic decisions, enemy: 321-26
      strategic plans, Allied: 485-86
      strength of Allied forces: 335-36
      strength of enemy forces: 291-92, 294-95, 370-72, 603n, 604n
      supply level requirements, Allied: 607
      supply level requirements, enemy: 363, 365-66
      supply operations, Allied: 607-08
      supply operations, enemy: 325-26, 368, 602, 645-48
      surrender of enemy forces: 659-62
      topography: 280-83, 347-49, 595-98, 604-05
      vegetation: 280-81, 348-49
      withdrawal by enemy, operations to prevent: 663-64
      withdrawal to west, Allied plan for: 423-24
    Turkey, neutrality proclaimed: 7
    Tuscaloosa, USS: 96, 133
    Twain, USS. See Mark Twain, USS.
    Twelfth Air Force: 37, 53, 211-12, 215, 223, 225, 293-94, 354-55, 492, 497n
    Tynwald, HMS: 235, 278
    Typhon, (Fr.): 204

    U-130: 175-76
    U-173: 175-76
    Underground forces. See Fighting French.
    Ulster Monarch, HMS: 205-06
    Unification of French forces: 669-71
    Unit of fire, definition: 62n
    United Kingdom
      American troops in, plans for concentrating: 11
      Cross-Channel attack in 1942, doubt concerning: 12
      departure of task forces from: 70-72
      invasion of, German plans for: 4-5
      Norway, readiness for operations in: 12
      supply levels established for: 65-66, 67
      Vichy France in Africa, potential support of: 10
    Unloading operations: 111, 125-27, 134-37, 140, 144-45, 160, 161, 168-69, 174-76, 198, 213-14, 237-38, 365-66. See also Debarkation.

    Vaerst, von, General der Panzer Truppen Gustav: 519, 612-13, 647-49, 650-51, 661-62
    Valmy: 218-23
    Van Nostrand, 1st Lt. Richard H.: 195, 198
    Van Vliet, Lt. Col. John H., Jr,: 419
    Vegetation in Tunisia: 280-81, 348-49
    Veteran organizations, activities of: 356
    Vibo Valentia (Italy): 366n
    Viceroy of India, HMS: 234, 235
    Vichy France
      action against Axis, forbids: 287
      Algiers occupation, reaction to: 250-51
      anti-British alliance, plans for: 5
      attitude of population toward Allies: 22
      collaboration with Allies, reaction toward: 262-63
      colonies, pledge to defend: 5
      colonies, relations with 5, 22-24, 500
      distrust of by Axis: 254-56
      distrust of by French military forces: 669-71
      Fighting French, attitude toward: 22
      government, communications to from President: 57
      government, recognized by U.S.: 23
      Hitler's aspirations, attitude toward: 5
      Noguès, assigned as commander: 264, 265-67
      occupation of by Axis forces: 256-57, 264
      Oran, activities at: 225-27
      policies, emulation of by colonies: 356-57
      policy of friendly relations with Axis: 73-74
      policy toward, Allied, objective of: 22-24
      reaction to Mediterranean landings: 187
      recruitment of supporters of for Fighting French: 670-71
      support, military, Axis offer of: 254
      support of by British, potential: 10
      Ultimate status, decisions on: 31
      United States, break with: 251

--747--

    Victorious, HMS: 185
    Victory parade in Tunis: 669
    Vigier, de, Col. J. L. Touzet (Fr.): 273
    Vincent, Lt. Col. Stewart T.: 238-39
    Viret, Lt. de Vaisseau Hubert (Fr.): 84

    Wadi Zebbeus: 449-51
    Walney, HMS: 202-04
    Walt Whitman, USS: 196
    Ward, Maj. Gen. Orlando: 352, 374-76, 387, 393, 395, 397, 399-400, 413-17, 418, 421-22, 428-30, 432-33, 443, 468, 471-74, 487, 490-92, 549-56, 564-65, 572, 575-76
    Ward, Col. Robert W.: 402-03, 436-37, 509, 581, 630-32
    Waters, Lt. Col. John K.: 210, 218-19, 220, 223-24, 299, 410-11, 419, 422, 424
    Weapons, comparison of Allied and enemy: 479-81
    Weather, alternative plans for meeting: 44-45
    Weber, Col. Friedrich (Ger.): 370-71, 376-77
    Weichold, Adm. (Ger.): 325-26, 325n
    Wells, Lt. Col. W. W.: 452
    Welsh, Air Marshal Sir William L. (RAF): 37, 84, 294
    Welshman, HMS: 174
    Welvert, Gen. Joseph Edouard (Fr.): 273, 351, 352, 387, 392-93, 417, 443, 456-57, 591-92
    "Welvert Road": 546-47
    Wendt, Lt. Col. Walter W.: 578n
    West Africa, co-operation of French forces in: 270-72
    Western Air Command: 37, 46
    Western Desert Air Force: 493-95, 527, 531, 532-33, 535, 547-48, 649n
    Western Dorsal: 281-82, 348-49, 477, 490
      air reconnaissance, enemy: 438
      attack by Allies: 337
      defense by Allies: 438, 456-57
      dispositions, Allied: 443
      failure to exploit by enemy: 426-27
      reconnaissance, enemy: 438
      swing to by Allies: 427-30
      withdrawal to, Allied: 423-24, 436-37
    Western Naval Task Force: 44, 103-04, 176-80. See also Naval forces, Allied.
    Western Task Force
      air support of: 43, 46
      amphibious training: 60-63
      Casablanca selected as target: 40
      commander, selection of: 35, 36
      convoy organization: 68-70
      departure for TORCH: 67-70
      deputy commander, assignment of: 42
      Fedala landings: 121, 123-27, 130-31
      mission finally established: 40
      naval support of: 46
      operations after surrender: 178-81
      Oran, target changed to: 40
      plans for employment: 3946
      reorganization in Morocco: 178-81
      shore headquarters established: 137
      subtask forces, composition: 46
      supply levels fixed: 66
      in surrender negotiations: 171-72
      training after surrender: 171-81
      units, assignment of: 42, 43-44, 44n
    Westphal, Col. Siegfried (Ger.): 260-61, 502
    Weygand, Gen. Maxime (Fr.): 17, 23
    Wheatland, HMS: 278
    White Fathers' monastery: 608
    Whiteley, Brig. J. F. M. (Br.): 33
    Whitman, USS. See Walt Whitman, USS.
    Wichita, USS: 96, 133
    Wilbur, Brig. Gen. William H.: 96, 128, 128n, 132
    Wilkes, USS: 121, 124, 130, 134
    Williams, Col. Paul L.: 383-84, 433
    Willkie, Wendell: 268
    Wilson, Brig. Gen. Arthur R.: 66
    Wilson, Col. Robert W.: 374n, 607
    Wilson, Capt. Thomson: 105
    Wilton, HMS: 234-35
    Winchester Castle, HMS: 234-35, 237
    Windmill Farm: 623
    Winooski, USS: 121, 175-76
    Witzig, Major Rudolph (Ger.): 284n, 504-05
    Wolfe, Col. Henry C.: 62
    Wood, USS. See Leonard Wood, USS.
    WOP Operation: 544-47
    Wright, Capt. Jerauld (USN): 81

    X Beach. See Mersa Bou Zedjar

    Y Beach. See Les Andalouses.
    Youks-les-Bains: 279, 293-94, 335, 494, 573

    Z Beach: 48-49, 206-10, 210n
    Zaafria: 413-14
    Zarat: 522, 532-33
    Zarhouan: 290-91, 327, 333-35, 598, 600, 604, 650-51, 663, 664-65
    Zemlet el Lebene: 516-18, 522
    Zéralda: 235-36
    Zeroud River: 579-81
    Zetland, HMS: 235, 244, 246, 248
    Ziegler, Gen. Heinz (Ger.): 326, 407-10, 415-16, 425-26
    Zigzaou wadi: 522-23, 526, 531-34

--748--

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