Prepared in the|
Public Information Division
U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters
June 1, 1946
It has been found, from past experience, that valuable material is received after a monograph has been carefully prepared in every detail and distributed, too late for the new material to be incorporated into the story. This monograph is, therefore, submitted in first draft, for distribution to members of the Service in order that material still not at hand may be obtained from them or suggestions made by them as to what is still needed. Some parts are still in the form of notes, credit being indicated in the list of sources as well as in the main part of the story in some cases. Readers are requested to send in their material and suggestions at this time so that they may be incorporated into the final draft.
". . . To destroy Nazi tyranny and establish a peace which will afford to all nations the means of dwelling In safety within their own boundaries, and which will afford insurance that all the men in all the lands may live out their lives in freedom from fear and want."
Purpose of World War II, as
expressed in the Atlantic Charter.
". . . Nine months after the first landings in North Africa, the Allied Force had not merely cleared its shore of enemy force, hut had wrested from him the Sicilian bridge to use as our own in an advance on to the Italian mainland."
/s/ General Eisenhower
Table of Contents
PART I--SICILY LANDINGS 1-113 The Strategic Concept 1-7 Plan of Operation 7-13 Landings at Gela--Captain Harwood's Account 13-37 Landings at Gela-Other Accounts 37-43 Eye-Witness Account 43-49 The Samuel Chase 49-53 Account of Lieut. Comdr. Blair Walliser, USCGR 53-63 Landing Craft 63-65 Landings at Licata 67 Official Report of Operations: JOSS Task Force--Reserve Group 67-69 The 85--Coast Guard LCI(L) Flotilla Four 69-75 Lieutenant Roland J. Johnson's Account 75-77 The LST 331 79 Lieutenant W. D. Strauch's Account 79-87 LEONARD WOOD--Landings at Scoglitti 87-89 Official Facts and Figures 89-91 Account of Lt. Blair Walliser, USCGR 91-93 Eye-Witness Account by Fred Stout, Seaman 1/c 93-95 Medical Facilities 95-97 Results Achieved 97-103 Attitude of the Italian People 103-105 Coast Guard Officers Re-Establish Sicily Fisheries 107-109 Merchant Marine Inspection Plays Part 109 Pathway to Europe Ahead 109-113 PART II--SALERNO LANDINGS 114-165 Landings at Salerno 115-117 The Joseph T. Dickman at Salerno 117-125 Commander Heimer's Report 125-129 Flotilla at Salerno 129-139 The Communications Aspect 141-143 Account of Charles P. Giammona, Cox., USCGR 143-145 First Hand Account of Salerno Invasion 145-153 Experiences on a Patrol Craft 153-157 Results Achieved 157-159 Many Officers and Men were Decorated 159-165 PART III--ANZIO LANDINGS 166-181 The Slugging Battle for Rome 167 Anzio Landings 169-171 Italians and the Allies 171-173 Yanks Edge up Rocky Hills Above Cassino 173-175 Roosevelt Calls Destruction of Abbey a "Military Necessity" 175 U.S. Printing Invasion Money, President Hints 177 Like Rats in a Trap 177-181 APPENDICES 182-254 Appendix A--LCI(L) Histories 182-184 Appendix B--Operations in Which Coast Guard Fully or Partially Manned Vessels Participated 185-187 Coast Guard Manned Ships Entitled to Operation and Engagement Stars -- Sicily-Italy Area 188-189 Appendix C--Coastguardsmen Decorated 190-203 Appendix D--Mediterranean in 1944 204-205 Appendix E--Joseph T. Dickman, Report of Operations, Sicily, July 10-12, 1943 206-208 Appendix F--Official Facts about the Chase 209-213 Appendix G--Letter from C. B. M. William G. Lawrence 214-219 Appendix H--Letter from Commander M. H. Imlay 220-223 Appendix I--Difficulties of Small Boats 224-232 Appendix J--Interview with Lt. (jg) Frank Cankar, USCGR 233-243 Appendix K--Official Action Report of Salerno by Captain R. J. Mauerman, USCG, Commanding Officer of the USS Joseph T. Dickman 244-246 Appendix L--Landing Craft Technique 247-250 Appendix M--Report of Convoy FSS1 251-254 SOURCES 255 SYMBOLS OF U. S. NAVY SHIPS 256-258 DESIGNATION OF U.S. NAVAL AIRCRAFT 259-261
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT TALKING WITH PRIME MINISTER WINSTON CHURCHILL AS THEY SAT ON THE LAWN OF THE PRESIDENT'S VILLA AT CASABLANCA. WEEK OF JANUARY, 17, 1943