Appendix VI

23 January

Japan invades New Britain, New Ireland, Solomons; seizes Rabaul.

8 March

Japanese invade New Guinea (Lae, Salamaua, Finschhafen).

4-8 May

Battle of the Coral Sea.

3-6 June

Battle of Midway.

28 July

Japanese start overland drive on Port Moresby from Buna-Sanananda area.

7 August

1st Marine Division lands in Tulagi area and on Guadalcanal; first American land offensive undertaken in the war against Japan.

5 September

Japanese invasion attempt wiped out at Milne Bay.

13-15 November

Battle of Guadalcanal; final Japanese attempt to engage in naval action in the Southern Solomons ends in disaster for the Japanese Navy.

9 December

Relief of 1st Marine Division begun at Guadalcanal; division transferred operationally from SoPac to SWPA.

12 January

1st Marine Division arrives at Melbourne, Australia.

23 January

Australian-U.S. counter-drive recaptures Buna-Sanananda area.

7-8 February

Japanese naval feint enables Japan to deceive U.S. Fleet and facilitate the final evacuation of forces from Guadalcanal.

1-4 March

Battle of the Bismarck Sea.

29 March

Joint Chiefs of Staff issue CARTWHEEL directive.

21 June

Central Solomons campaign opened with landings by Marines and Army troops at Segi Point, New Georgia.

30 June

Woodlark and Tobriand Islands occupied by 12th Defense Bn and Army elements.

8 July

Major General W. H. Rupertus relieves Major General A. A. Vandegrift as Commanding General, 1st Marine Division.


15 August

U.S.-New Zealand forces land at Vella-Lavella.

31 August

1st Marine Division alerted for movement from Melbourne to advanced staging area.

19 September

1st Marine Division combat teams begin departure from Melbourne.

24 September

Bradbeer scout patrol to Cape Gloucester.

2 October

Capture of Finschhafen by Allied forces completes recapture of Lae area.

1 November

IMAC opens Bougainville campaign with landing at Cape Torokina.

5 November

First carrier-based air strike at Rabaul.

25 November

Kavieng, New Ireland, bombed by carrier-based planes.

30 November

Lieutenant General Walter Krueger issues Field Order No. 5 for Arawe and Cape Gloucester operations.

15 December

Amendment 1 to Field Order No. 5 issued, setting up final organization of the the BACKHANDER Task Force; 112th Cavalry RCT lands at Arawe.

26 December

1st Marine Division lands on Cape Gloucester at Silimati Point and Tauali.

30 December

Cape Gloucester airdrome declared secure.

1 January

Brigadier General L. C. Shepherd, Jr., issues first ADC attack order for the drive toward Hill 660.

11 January

Marines take Aogiri Ridge and General Shepherd orders it named "Walt's Ridge."

16 January

Hill 660 taken by 3d Bn, 7th Marines.

31 January

Marine patrols locate General Matsuda's abandoned headquarters at Nakarop or "Egaroppu."

16 February

Army patrol from Arawe meets elements of the Gilnit Group on the Itni River, thus securing all western New Britain.

21 February

3d Bn, 5th Marines lands at Karai-ai.

25 February

2d Bn, 5th Marines lands at Iboki.

29 February

1st Cavalry Division lands in the Admiralties.

6 March

Combat Team A (5th Marines, reinforced) lands at Volupai Plantation for Talasea operation.

9 March

Talasea declared secure.

18 March

Patrols reach Numundo Plantation.

20 March

4th Marines seize Emirau.

22 April

Army lands at Hollandia.

28 April

1st Marine Division relieved at Cape Gloucester; command of BACKHANDER Task Force passes to Commanding General, 40th Infantry Division.

27 November

40th Infantry Division relieved on New Britain by the Australian 5th Division.

6 September

Japanese surrender Rabaul to the Australians.


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