ADV Advance AK Cargo Vessel AM Mine Sweeper AmphFor Amphibious Force AP Transport APA Attack Transport APC Coastal Vessel APD Destroyer-Transport Bn Battalion Brig Brigade Btry Battery CA Heavy Cruiser CFF Compare CG Commanding General CIC Combined Intelligence Center CINCPAC Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Ocean Area (Admiral Nimitz) CINCSOWESPAC
Commander-in-Chief, Southwest Pacific Area (General MacArthur) CL Light Cruiser CMC Commandant Marine Corps CO Commanding Officer Co Company Com Communications COMAIRNORSOLS Commander, Air, Northern Solomons (General Harris) COMDESRON Commander of Destroyer Squadron COMSOPAC Commander, South Pacific Area (Admiral Halsey) COMTRANSDIV Commander of Transport Division Cont Control CT Combat Team CTF Commander of Task Force CV Aircraft Carrier DD Destroyer Def Defense Det Detachment Ech Echelon et al And others et seq And the following Exec Executive 8th Brig Eighth Brigade Group of the Third New Zealand Division ff Following FMF Fleet Marine Force IMAC First Marine Amphibious Corps Gp Group
H&S Headquarters and Service Ibid The same source as that immediately preceding Ind Independent JCS Joint Chiefs of Staff JIGPOA Joint Intelligence Group, Pacific Ocean Area LCI Landing Craft, Infantry LCM Landing Craft, Mechanized LCP Landing Craft, Personnel LCT Landing Craft, Tank LCV Landing Craft, Vehicle LCVP Landing Craft, Vehicle-Personnel Loc Cit In the same place mentioned LST Landing Ship, Tank LT Landing Team LVT Landing Vehicle, Tracked Mar Marines Mal Malarial Med Medical MT Motor Transport Mun Munitions NCB Naval Construction Battalion NZEF New Zealand Expeditionary Force O Order Op Cit The same work by this author mentioned before Opn Operation Ord Ordnance Para Parachute Passim Here and there Plat Platoon Rgt Regiment Rpt Report SoPac South Pacific SoWesPac Southwest Pacific SNLF Special Naval Landing Force (a battalion of picked Japanese naval troops performing functions and missions similar to those of the USMC) S&S Supply and Service Sig Signal Sp Special Supra Above TBF Torpedo bomber TF Task Force TG Task Group of Transport Group 3dMarDiv Third Marine Division Trac Tractor USAFISPA U.S. Army Forces in the South Pacific Area VF Fighter Wpns Weapons
The term "sniper" is used herein in the sense that became common usage as the war progressed. By "sniper" we mean any individual rifleman who delivers fire as an individual, and not as a part of a unit fire plan. A "sniper", therefore, need not be especially trained to serve a specific purpose. He may be located in any position--a tree, a hole in the ground, behind bushes, in buildings or equipment. He may choose any target that presents itself. He need not be guided by a time element in delivering his fire. His primary mission is to inflict the greatest number of casualties upon opposing forces, causing attrition in the ranks. Thus, any man spasmodically firing a rifle or similar weapon at another individual or group of individuals immediately becomes a sniper.
The term "knee mortar" as used herein refers to the Japanese grenade discharger.
The term "Val" used herein refers to the standard Japanese Navy dive bomber. This particular plane is properly known as Aichi 99. It had a fixed landing gear, elliptical wings, a slim fuselage, and a radial engine which protruded well forward of the wings. American forces has adopted a system of nicknames to facilitate identification of Japanese aircraft.
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Transcribed and formatted by Jerry Holden for the HyperWar Foundation