Appendix IV

ADV Advance
AK Cargo Vessel
AM Mine Sweeper
AmphFor Amphibious Force
AP Transport
APA Attack Transport
APC Coastal Vessel
APD Destroyer-Transport
Bn Battalion
Brig Brigade
Btry Battery
CA Heavy Cruiser
CFF Compare
CG Commanding General
CIC Combined Intelligence Center
CINCPAC Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Ocean Area (Admiral Nimitz)
Commander-in-Chief, Southwest Pacific Area (General MacArthur)
CL Light Cruiser
CMC Commandant Marine Corps
CO Commanding Officer
Co Company
Com Communications
COMAIRNORSOLS Commander, Air, Northern Solomons (General Harris)
COMDESRON Commander of Destroyer Squadron
COMSOPAC Commander, South Pacific Area (Admiral Halsey)
COMTRANSDIV Commander of Transport Division
Cont Control
CT Combat Team
CTF Commander of Task Force
CV Aircraft Carrier
DD Destroyer
Def Defense
Det Detachment
Ech Echelon
et al And others
et seq And the following
Exec Executive
8th Brig Eighth Brigade Group of the Third New Zealand Division
ff Following
FMF Fleet Marine Force
IMAC First Marine Amphibious Corps
Gp Group


H&S Headquarters and Service
Ibid The same source as that immediately preceding
Ind Independent
JCS Joint Chiefs of Staff
JIGPOA Joint Intelligence Group, Pacific Ocean Area
LCI Landing Craft, Infantry
LCM Landing Craft, Mechanized
LCP Landing Craft, Personnel
LCT Landing Craft, Tank
LCV Landing Craft, Vehicle
LCVP Landing Craft, Vehicle-Personnel
Loc Cit In the same place mentioned
LST Landing Ship, Tank
LT Landing Team
LVT Landing Vehicle, Tracked
Mar Marines
Mal Malarial
Med Medical
MT Motor Transport
Mun Munitions
NCB Naval Construction Battalion
NZEF New Zealand Expeditionary Force
O Order
Op Cit The same work by this author mentioned before
Opn Operation
Ord Ordnance
Para Parachute
Passim Here and there
Plat Platoon
Rgt Regiment
Rpt Report
SoPac South Pacific
SoWesPac Southwest Pacific
SNLF Special Naval Landing Force (a battalion of picked Japanese naval troops performing functions and missions similar to those of the USMC)
S&S Supply and Service
Sig Signal
Sp Special
Supra Above
TBF Torpedo bomber
TF Task Force
TG Task Group of Transport Group
3dMarDiv Third Marine Division
Trac Tractor
USAFISPA U.S. Army Forces in the South Pacific Area
VF Fighter
Wpns Weapons

The term "sniper" is used herein in the sense that became common usage as the war progressed. By "sniper" we mean any individual rifleman who delivers fire as an individual, and not as a part of a unit fire plan. A "sniper", therefore, need not be especially trained to serve a specific purpose. He may be located in any position--a tree, a hole in the ground, behind bushes, in buildings or equipment. He may choose any target that presents itself. He need not be guided by a time element in delivering his fire. His primary mission is to inflict the greatest number of casualties upon opposing forces, causing attrition in the ranks. Thus, any man spasmodically firing a rifle or similar weapon at another individual or group of individuals immediately becomes a sniper.

The term "knee mortar" as used herein refers to the Japanese grenade discharger.

The term "Val" used herein refers to the standard Japanese Navy dive bomber. This particular plane is properly known as Aichi 99. It had a fixed landing gear, elliptical wings, a slim fuselage, and a radial engine which protruded well forward of the wings. American forces has adopted a system of nicknames to facilitate identification of Japanese aircraft.


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Transcribed and formatted by Jerry Holden for the HyperWar Foundation