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Appendix IV: Wake Chronology

All dates are West longitude: subtract 1 day for U.S./Hawaiian date.

9 January United States Navy pioneer party arrives and commences construction of naval base facilities on Wake.
19 August Advance party, First Defense Battalion, FMF, arrives and makes camp.
15 October Maj. James P.S. Devereux assumes duty as island commander and Marine detachment commander.
2 November Two hundred Marine reinforcements arrive in USS Castor.
29 November Marine Fighting Squadron 211's advance party arrives and commences preparations to receive aircraft. Commander Winfield S. Cunningham, USN, arrives and relieves Major Devereux as island commander.
4 December Marine Fighting Squadron 211 flies in to Wake from USS Enterprise.
8 December First Japanese air raid on Wake. Seven fighter planes of VMF-211 destroyed and numerous casualties.
9 December Second Japanese air raid on Wake.
10 December Third Japanese air raid on Wake. Dynamite cache, including 125 tons of explosives, blown up on Wilkes with major damage to batteries on that island.
11 December Japanese attempt to land on Wake decisively defeated with loss of two enemy destroyers and major damage to three cruisers, three destroyers, one destroyer-transport and one transport. Fourth Japanese air raid on Wake.
12 December Fifth Japanese air raid on Wake. Enemy submarine bombed and possibly sunk by VMF-211 25 miles southwest of Wake. Mass burial services held after nightfall.
13 December No enemy action
14 December Sixth and seventh japanese air raids on Wake.
15 December Eight Japanese air raid on Wake.
16 December Ninth and tenth Japanese air raids on Wake. Task Force 14 sails from Pearl Harbor to relieve Wake.
17 December Eleventh and twelvth Japanese air raids on Wake.
18 December Japanese photo-reconnaissance conducted over Wake.
19 December Thirteenth Japanese air raid on Wake.
20 December PBY arrives from Midway with information as to relief expedition.
21 December PBY departs from Wake with last United States personnel to leave the atoll. Fourteenth Japanese air raid on Wake (first large carrier-strike), followed by fifteenth Japanese air raid on Wake.
22 December Sixteenth Japanese air raid on Wake. Last two aircraft of VMF-211 rendered inoperational, and squadron reports to defense detachment commander as infantry.
23 December Maizuru Second Special Naval Landing Force executes predawn landing on south shore of Wake Island and Wilkes, and, after almost 12 hours' fighting, surrender of the garrison is completed. Relief expedition recalled.
12 January United States prisoners of war evacuated from Wake for confinement in the Empire
24 February First United States carrier strikes on Wake.
8 July Eight Army B-24s make first land-based strike against Wake from base on Midway. Succeeding shore-based air raids continued at intervals.
6-7 October Major United States carrier strikes on Wake.
7 October Approximately 100 United States prisoners remaining on Wake executed on order of Rear Admiral Sakaibara, IJN, Island Commander.
January-May Nine hundred ninety-six (996) United States sorties delivered against Wake, dropping 1,079 tons of bombs; and surface bombardments totaling 7,092 5-inch and 6-inch projectiles.
September-October Repeated strikes by Army B-24s.
January-June Repeated sorties by United States navy shore-based VP squadrons.
13 August Last United States air raid on Wake (executed by marine Corps aircraft against Peacock Point battery).
7 September Rear Admiral Sakaibara surrenders Wake to Brig. Gen. Lawson H.M. Sanderson, USMC.

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