Descriptions of the duties, responsibilities, and performance requirements of enlisted billets for use as a guide in selection, training, classification, and shipboard assignment of destroyer personnel.
Page Introduction iii General Quarters Duties 1 Ship Control 3 Damage Control 73 Propulsion 93 Ordnance 125 Miscellaneous 221 Routine Duties 225 Deck Division 227 C Division 241 E Division 267 O Division 317 S Division 349 Typical Battle, Watch, and Routine Bills 379 1630 [-ton destroyers] 383 2100 [-ton destroyers] 399 2200 [-ton destroyers] 417 Index of Ratings 437
The material presented in this publication was prepared by the Billet Analysis Section, Training Activity, Bureau of Naval Personnel, in response to the request of Commander Destroyers, Pacific Fleet, for information on destroyer enlisted billets for use of their enlisted classification activity. It is felt that the material will also provide valuable information for training activities and will be helpful to destroyer officers in making shipboard assignments and delegating responsibilities.
The basic information for these billet descriptions was gathered by Billet Analysts who, under operating conditions, observed men at work and interviewed them and their officers aboard four 1630 ton, twelve 2100 ton, and ten 2200 ton destroyers. The analyses were compiled into composite descriptions to eliminate individual ship differences. Each description as developed from the analyses was verified by officers of Commander Destroyers, Pacific Fleet, Pacific Fleet Schools, and destroyers in the Pacific area whose active interest and wholehearted cooperation were invaluable in the preparation of these descriptions.
The material is divided into three sections: (1) General Quarters Duties, which include most of the condition watch stations, (2) Routine Duties, which include all daily tasks and maintenance and repair duties except cleaning stations which were not significant, and (3) Typical Battle, Watch, and Routine Bills for 1630, 2100, and 2200 ton destroyers, showing a possible distribution of personnel. Since the duties of pharmacist's maters are well standardized by the requirements of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, no study of this rating was made.
The heading of each description includes the title most commonly used in identifying the battle station or routine duty, the rating usually assigned to the duty, its place in the ship's organization, and a brief billet summary. Routine Duties and General Quarters descriptions are cross-referenced with each other to indicate usual combinations of duties.
The descriptions cover the important tasks of individuals assigned to the billets, followed by the significant responsibilities, including supervision given and received, using the words "close," "moderate," and "general" to designate degree of supervision.1 Knowledges essential to satisfactory performance are listed, using the words "elementary," "advanced," and "thorough" to designate degree.2 Also included are special skills and characteristics required for satisfactory performance.
1. Close supervision indicates a relationship in which the supervisor participates in the planning and laying out of the tasks of subordinates in detail, checks closely on progress made, and is available to provide directions, answer questions, and make frequent decisions. Moderate supervision describes a situation in which the supervisor gives a worker specific or detailed instructions, then leaves him largely to his own devices in performing the tasks within a well prescribed plan of operation, with only occasional checks on his work. General supervision covers situations in which subordinates are given only general directions as to the methods of work performance, or are given assignments and allowed wide latitude in working out specific ways and means of accomplishing the tasks.
2. Elementary knowledge is knowledge expected of a "beginner," one who works under supervision. Advanced knowledge is knowledge expected of a worker competent to work independently in recurring situations. Thorough knowledge is knowledge which, practically speaking, includes the entire scope and the details of a situation so that supervision or advice may be given to subordinates on unusual as well as recurring problems.