Change No. 1, Joint Action of the Army and the Navy
J.B. No. 350.
THE JOINT BOARD,
WAR AND NAVY DEPARTMENTS,
Washington, July 22, 1936.
The following changes in Joint Action of the Army and the Navy recommended by The Joint Board have been approved by order of the Secretary of War and by the Acting Secretary of the Navy and should be made in all copies of this publication.
JARVIS BUTLER, Secretary.
Cancel list of effective pages of Navy FTP 155 appearing on page ii, and insert new list of effective pages (Navy copies only).
PARAGRAPH 6. "General Functions of the Navy." Remove and destroy page 3 and substitute new page 3 containing amendment of subparagraph 6. a. (3) and added subparagraph 6. b. (3).
PARAGRAPH 128. Organization of the Joint Planning Committee. Remove and destroy pages 129-130 and substitute new pages 129-130 containing amended paragraph 128.
PARAGRAPHS 131 and 132. "Aeronautical Board." Remove and destroy pages 131-132 and substitute new pages 131-132 containing amendment of paragraphs 131 and 132.
NOTE.--The Office of The Adjutant General, War Department, and the Registered Publication Section, Navy Department, require no report on receipt of the above changes.
JOINT ACTION OF THE ARMY AND THE NAVY 1935
List of Effective Pages
Title page Original CNO letter of promulgation, dated November 15, 1935 (p. I) Original List of effective pages (II) C.J.A. 1 Letter of approval by Secretary of War and Secretary of the Navy, dated September 11, 1935 (p. III) (p. IV blank) Original Contents (pp. V, VI, blank, VIII, VIII) Original Text pp. 1-2 Original p. 3 (p. 4 blank) C.J.A. 1 pp. 5-127 inclusive Original pp. 129-132 inclusive C.J.A. 1 pp. 133-164 inclusive Original Chart--Joint organization for coastal frontier defense Original J.B. letter promulgating changes in Joint Action No. 1, dated July 22, 1936 Original
Policy Governing the Respective Functions of the Army and of the Navy
- To support the national policies of the United States and to furnish land forces for the occupation of foreign territory in protection of the interests of the United States.
- To protect the United States from internal disorder of insurrection.
- Additional general functions of the Army in war.
- To conduct effective military operations.
- To conduct operations in support of the Navy for the establishment and defense of naval bases.
- To provide such forces as may be necessary for joint overseas expeditions.
- General functions of the Navy.
- General functions of the Navy in peace and war.
- To provide for and to prepare the sea forces necessary for the effective prosecution of war to include provisions for the expansion of the peace components of the sea forces to meet the needs of war.
- To guard the continental and overseas possessions of the United States.
- To support the national policies and commerce of the United States and to provide forces for emergency service in foreign territory in support thereof.
- To assist the Army in the suppression of internal disorder or insurrection.
- Additional general functions of the Navy in war.
- To conduct effective naval operations.
- To gain and maintain command of vital sea areas and to protect the sea lanes vital to the United States.
- To seize, establish, and defend, until relieved by Army forces, advanced naval bases; and to conduct such limited auxiliary land operations as are essential to the prosecution of the naval campaign.
[B L A N K]
[Return to Chapter 1]
Agencies for Effecting Coordination
Sanction of Joint Agencies
- The existing joint agencies for coordination between the Army and the Navy have no legislative nor executive basis for existence. These agencies exist as a result of agreement between the Secretaries of the War and Navy Departments. The recommendations of these joint agencies are advisory only and become effective upon approval by both Secretaries, and in some cases upon further approval by the President.
The Joint Board
- The authority for The Joint Board is contained in War Department G.O. No. 94, 1919, as amended by G.O. No. 29, 1923, and G.O. No. 10, 1936, and Navy Department G.O. No. 7, 1935, as amended by G.O. No. 73, 1935, and G.O. No. 82, 1936. The board consists, on the part of the Army, of the Chief of Staff, the Deputy Chief of Staff, and the Assistant Chief of Staff, War Plans Division, General Staff; and on the part of the Navy, of the Chief of Naval Operations, the Assistant Chief of Naval Operations, and the Director, War Plans Division, Office of Naval Operations. The
board is provided with a secretary detailed form the permanent personnel of either the War Department or the Navy Department.
- Any matter which, to either the War or the Navy Department, seems to call for consideration as to cooperation between the two services may be referred by that department to The Joint Board. The Joint Board may also originate consideration of such subjects as in its judgment are necessary. The board confers upon, discusses, and reaches such common conclusions as may be practicable regarding such matters. Proceedings and reports of the board are confidential. Each department receives a copy of the report of the board.
- [‡] The authority for the Joint Planning Committee is contained in War Department G.O. No. 94, 1919 (as amended by G.O. No. 29, 1923, and G.O. No. 10, 1936), and in Navy Department G.O. No. 7, 1935 (as amended by G.O. No. 73, 1935, and G.O. No. 82, 1936). The Committee consists of three or more members of the War Plans Division, War Department General Staff, and three or more members of the War Plans Division of the Office of Naval Operations; and, in addition thereto, in cases involving procurement and the allocation of industry, one officer of the office of the Assistant Secretary of War and one officer from the Office of Naval Operations.
- The committee is an agency of The Joint Board for the detailed investigation, study, and development of policies, projects, and plans relative to the national defense and involving joint action of the Army and of the Navy. The committee may also originate consideration of such subjects as, in its judgment, are necessary. The members are authorized to consult and confer freely on all matters of defense and military policy in which the Army and the Navy are jointly concerned, and to consider this joint work as their most important duty. Its procedure is informal; its reports and recommendations are confidential; its reports and recommendations go to The Joint Board.
The Aeronautical Board
- The authority for the Aeronautical Board is contained in War Department G.O. No. 6, 1936, and Navy Department G.O.
No. 81, 1936. The board consists, on the party of the Army, of the Chief of Air Corps, the Assistant to Chief of Air Corps, and one member of the War Plans Division of the War Department General Staff; on the part of the Navy, of the Chief of Bureau of Aeronautics, the Head of Plans Division of his office, and one member of the War Plans Division, office of Chief of Naval Operations. The War Plans Division members are not eligible for duty with The Joint Board or the Joint Planning Committee. The board is provided with a secretary detailed from the permanent personnel of either the War Department or the Navy Department.
- [»] The purpose of the board is to prevent duplication of effort and to secure a more complete measure of cooperation and coordination in the development and employment of the Army Air Corps and Naval Aviation. It is also charged with the duty of originating consideration of such subjects when, in its judgment, it is necessary, and of recommending whatever it considers essential to establish sufficiency and efficiency of cooperation and coordination of effort between the Army Air Corps and Naval Aviation. The board investigates, studies, and renders reports to the Secretary of War and the Secretary of the Navy upon all questions affecting jointly the development and employment of aviation of both services referred to it by the Secretary of War, by the Secretary of the Navy, by The Joint Board, by the Chief of the Army Air Corps, or by the Chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics of the Navy. All recommendations of the Aeronautical Board affecting joint policies or joint plans for the tactical or strategical employment of aircraft or for the location of air stations are addressed to The Joint Board for consideration and recommendation to the Secretary of War and the Secretary of the Navy. The board also is required to formulate and submit to The Joint Board for approval suitable joint Army and Navy aircraft problems to be carried out each year.
- In the execution of the foregoing the board is governed by the following: The development of new types of aircraft and accessories is, so far as practicable, assigned to the Army or Navy and is carried on only by the service to which assigned. Either service may employ any types of aircraft or weapons after their development. The board prepares plans to prevent competition in the procurement of material, when the chiefs of the two services have been unable to come to an agreement concerning procurement. Joint plans for the procurement of material in time of war will be submitted to the
Army and Navy Munitions Board. The board is specifically charged with the consideration and recommendation of all projects for experimental stations on shore, for coastal air stations, and for stations to be used jointly by the Army and Navy, or for extensive additions thereto, and with consideration of and recommendation in regard to all estimates of appropriations for the aeronautical programs of the Army and Navy before such estimates are submitted to Congress.
Army and Navy Munitions Board
- The authority for the Army and Navy Munitions Board is contained in The Joint Board's letter J.B. No. 346 (Serial No. 181), of June 27, 1922, approved by the Secretary of War and the Secretary of the Navy June 29, 1922. The board consists of The Assistant Secretary of War and the Assistant Secretary of the Navy, assisted by an executive committee composed of officers on duty in the War and Navy Departments, as follows:
Three officers of the Army and three officers of the Navy to be selected by the Secretary of War and the Secretary of the Navy, respectively.
- The board is authorized and directed to--
- Formulate and keep up to date such pertinent plans and policies as in the opinion of the two Departments should be adopted by the Federal Government for coordinating and controlling national industrial effort in emergency.
- Assure the necessary coordination in the procurement war plans of the two services, and in all plans, studies, and appendices thereto intended to facilitate the Government's efforts in emergency to promote orderly mobilization of industry.
- Form and direct the activities of such joint committees as may be necessary to consider, investigate, and make recommendations concerning pertinent subjects falling within the purview of the Board's responsibilities.
- Approval of action taken by the Munitions Board is not required, except that any plans prepared by it that affect joint war plans and joint Army and Navy policy relative to the national
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Table of Contents * Change No. 3