Section 1. General Section 2. Ship Transport Quartermaster Section 3. Troop Transport Quartermaster Section 4. Loading and Stowage Plans Section 5. Billeting and Messing Plans Section 6. Arrangements Prior to Loading and Embarkation Section 7. Duties During Loading Section 8. Debarkation Plans Section 9. Duties During Unloading Section 10. Duties During Reembarkation Section 11. Loading Forms With Instructions for Their Preparation Section 12. Loading-Unloading Experience Table Section 13. Cargo Tickets
Section 1. General
- A primary concern of an AMPHIBIOUS FORCE is the expeditious debarkation of embarked troops, their supporting echelons, equipment and supplies from its ships, in a Combat Zone, during both the Assault and unloading Phases of an Amphibious Landing Operation, in such a manner as to effectively support the plan of the Landing Force Commander.
- The expeditious debarkation of the embarked troops requires that they be billeted or berthed on board an APA, AKA or other Amphibious Force vessel in accordance with a plan prepared through the joint efforts of a ship's officer familiar with troop organization as well as the ship's debarkation stations and routes thereto, and a troop officer detailed for such duty by the Troop Commander.
- The expeditious unloading of the troop equipment and supplies during the Assault and the Unloading phases, in such a manner as will support the troops in accordance with the tactical plan of the Landing Force Commander, requires that plans for both loading and unloading be formulated and executed under expert supervision.
- The expert advisor placed at the disposal of Commanding Officers of APAs and AKAs, to assist them in achieving this end is the "SHIP'S TRANSPORT QUARTERMASTER" detailed to this duty by the U.S. Marine Corps. In case a Marine Officer is not available, Commanding Officers will appoint a Naval Officer of or above the rank of Lieutenant to act in the capacity of a Ship Transport Quartermaster.
- U.S. Army and Marine Corps troops employed in Amphibious Landing Operations will have a Division or Group Transport Quartermaster, Regimental or Embarkation Group Transport Quartermaster and another Transport Quartermaster who will be embarked with the Battalion Landing Team or comparable troop unit and who hereinafter will be referred to as the "TROOP TRANSPORT QUARTERMASTER."
Section 2. Ship Transport Quartermaster
- "Ship Transport Quartermasters" are assigned to permanent duty on APAs and AKAs as a Ship's officer by the Commandant, U.S. Marine Corps. They are Department Heads, and in addition to their Ship Transport Quartermaster duties, may be assigned usual Ship's Service Office Officer or given regular watches of any character. There will be assigned to each APA and AKA one Marine Corps enlisted assistant to the Ship's Transport Quartermaster. He will perform such duties as may be assigned by the Ship's Transport Quartermaster.
- The "SHIP'S TRANSPORT QUARTERMASTER'S" duties will be to:
- Act as the direct representative of the Commanding Officer of the ship in matters relating to the loading and unloading of troop cargo, and the embarkation, billeting and messing of troops.
- Advise the Commanding Officer on and submit for his approval detailed plans for loading and unloading cargo, and for billeting and messing troops.
- Consult the troop Transport Quartermaster in the preparation of loading, unloading, billeting and messing plans.
- Perform liaison with the troop Commander through the Troop Transport Quartermaster during both the planning and operational phases of a joint expedition.
Command the ship's Marine Detachment.
- Prepare, and cause to be distributed, up-to-date Ship Characteristics Pamphlet in accordance with current directives.
- Ship Transport Quartermasters must have sound knowledge of:
- Naval Customs and terminology.
- The Amphibious Force organization.
- The command and administrative organization of a U.S. Naval Ship.
- Tables of Basic Allowance, Tables of Organization, and Tables of logistics, for both the Marine Corps and Army.[*]
- The equipment and normal arms of Marine and Army Divisions and the classification of supplies.[*]
[* See USMC Staff Officers Field Manual for Amphibious Operations for details. --HyperWar]
- The Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for Supply Administration including shore parties and supply ashore.
- The general characteristics of transports and the characteristics and limitations of landing craft and landing boats.
- Ships and dock side cargo handling equipment.
- How to prepare ship's loading characteristics pamphlets.
- The preparation of embarkation and debarkation forms, loading and stowage plans, unloading experience tables, and cargo tickets.
- The Ship's Transport Quartermaster must make a continuing study of his ship's characteristics and of cargo. Such study should include:
- The exact dimensions of each hold section and changes due to alterations.
- The dimensions and characteristics of cargo types.
- The number of landing craft carried and their most efficient employment.
- The capacities and variations of the rigging of his ship.
- The proper slings for hoisting cargo types.
- The method of slinging and hoisting different cargo types.
- The rate of discharge of various types of cargo from each hold.
- The overall arrangement and use of cargo spaces within the ship.
- Billeting, messing and sanitary facilities for troops.
- The above study will enable the Ship Transport Quartermaster to make recommendations to the Commanding Officer for alterations which will facilitate the rapid discharge of cargo and will also provide the Transport Quartermaster with the basic knowledge necessary for proper embarkation and debarkation planning.
- SHIP CHARACTERISTIC DATA. The Ship's Transport Quartermaster will maintain an up-to-date record of all ship's data affecting troops, their equipment and supplies, during amphibious operations. This data will include the following:
- Drawings of the Following:
- Profile diagram of ship.
- All cargo holds, showing square feet of deck space, (drawn to scale 1/8" - 1'), cubic capacity, overall dimensions, size of hatch openings, and clearances to coaming and to girders.
- Boom locations and capacities.
- Number and location of debarkation stations.
- Officer and troop berthing and messing facilities, to include plans showing the locations of bunks in compartments, (designate all removable bunks).
- Number and type of landing craft.
- Side ship must work from in loading and unloading.
- ASSISTANTS. Commanding Officers of APAs and AKAs will, in addition to the Marine Corps Enlisted Assistant, assign officers and enlisted personnel as may be required to assist in transport quartermaster duties. During loading, embarkation and unloading, the Ship's Transport Quartermaster and the Debarkation Officer will receive assistance of Deck Division Officers. These Division Officers and other Officer and Petty Officer assistants will take care of the hatches in their parts of the ships.
- The Transport Quartermasters attached to Transport Division Flagships will have additional duty on the Staff of the Transport Division Commander as Division Transport Quartermaster.
- Transport Division Transport Quartermasters duties will be as follows:
- Ship's Transport Quartermaster of the Flagship.
- General direction of the duties of Ship's Transport Quartermasters of ships of the Transport Division.
- Act as liaison officer between the Transport Division Commander and the Troop Supply Section.
- Advise the Transport Division Commander regarding all matters concerning the loading, embarkation, debarkation and unloading vessels of the Division.
- Compile reports of status of debarkation and unloading of ships of the Transport Division.
- Assemble Transport Loading Plans of the Transport Division.
- The Transport Squadron Commander will have on his staff a Marine Transport Quartermaster, whose duties will be as follows:
- General direction of duties of the Transport Division Transport Quartermasters.
- Act as liaison officer between the Transport Squadron Commander and four sections of the Troop Division.
- Advise the Transport Squadron Commander regarding all matters concerned with loading, embarkation, debarkation and unloading vessels of Squadron.
- Compile reports of status of debarkation and unloading of ships of the transport Squadron.
- Assemble Transport Loading Plans of the Transport Squadron.
Section 3. Troop Transport Quartermasters
- The Troop Transport Quartermaster's duties and functions are
set forth in this Chapter for the general information of Naval Personnel in view of the fact that they are very closely related to the duties of the Ship's Transport Quartermaster.
- The following Command Echelons will usually have Troop Transport Quartermasters:--
- Force of Field Army.
- Regimental Combat Teams or other Embarkation Groups.
- Battalion Landing Team or a group of smaller units embarked on a ship.
- Force, Field Army, Corps and Division Transport Quartermasters operate as special Staff Officers on the Staff of their respective Commanders; they make suitable recommendations on matters pertaining to Staff Planning and employment of transports effecting embarking troops.
- Troop Transport Quartermasters have duties similar to those of the Ship's Transport Quartermasters. In order that they may perform their duties properly they should be familiar with and have a sound knowledge of the subjects as listed in paragraph 1908 of this chapter for Ship Transport Quartermasters.
- Under operating conditions Troop Transport Quartermasters will be attached to the Staff of the Commanding officer of Troops embarked on a particular transport. In this capacity, they follow the general directive expressed in paragraph 926, FTP 167, functioning as a direct representative of the Commanding Officer of Troops in all matters relating to the loading, unloading, billeting, messing and contact with transport personnel. Additional troop officers should be detailed to assist the Troop Transport Quartermaster in making arrangements for billeting and messing. Troop Transport Quartermasters will, in all cases, comply with the provisions of paragraph 926, FTP 167.
- The regimental Combat team or Embarkation Group Transport Quartermasters coordinate Troop Transport Quartermaster activities within the Combat Team or Embarkation Group.
- Division Transport Quartermasters are the representatives of and responsible to the Division Commander for the complete coordination of all loading activities of that Division.
- The Commander of the ship loading detail and the Billeting Officer will act under the direction of, and as assistant to, the Troop Transport Quartermaster.
Section 4. Loading and Stowage Plans
- As soon as embarkation groups are assigned to Transport Divisions, each Troop Transport Quartermaster will be directed to report for temporary duty to the Commanding Officer of the troops to which he is assigned. At that time, under the direction of the Commanding Officer of Troops, each Troop Transport Quartermaster will prepare a Consolidated Personnel and Tonnage Table, and, with the advice of the Ship's Transport Quartermaster will formulate tentative loading plans. In order to do so, it will be necessary that he:
- Be furnished a completed Unit Personnel and Tonnage table (form 1) for each of the separate units or detachments to be embarked in his ship.
- Be furnished a complete manifest of all cargo, for each of the separate units or detachments to be embarked in his ship.
- Be furnished a Unit Personnel and Tonnage Table from Division 4 (or the 4 of the highest Echelon to be embarked) covering all supplies and equipment under the control of these higher echelons to be embarked in the transport, with their unloading priority.
- Familiarize himself with the general tactical plan, and with the specific tactical plan involving the embarked troop units.
- Secure from the Commanding Officer of Troops his desired debarkation priority for personnel, supplies, equipment and vehicles.
- Ascertain times at which material coming from different sources will be ready for delivery to the Port of Embarkation; ascertain that the vehicle serials from home stations to Port of Embarkation are organized by ships on which those vehicles are to be embarked.
- Whenever practicable, the Ship's Transport Quartermaster will be sent to the Troop Headquarters to study the cargo and to advise the Troop Transport Quartermaster in the preparation of all forms and the tentative plans to be submitted for the approval of the Commanding Officer of the ship.
- Troop Transport Quartermasters with loading, billeting and messing details will proceed to the port of embarkation in sufficient time to coordinate the arrival and assembly of cargo and insure approval of loading, billeting, policing and messing plans.
- The Ship Transport Quartermaster will act as Liaison Officer between ship and troops through the Troop Transport Quartermaster on all matters pertaining to personnel and cargo. All troop requests and inquiries will be made to the Ship Transport Quartermaster who will direct them into the proper channels within the ship.
- The Ship Transport Quartermaster and the Troop Transport Quartermaster must work in close coordination with each other in order that both the troop requirements and the ship's facilities may each be given due consideration.
- The responsibility for proper combat loading and unloading of the ships in accordance with the Tactical Plan of the Troop Commanders is vested in the Commanding Officers of ships.
- The Ship Transport Quartermaster is responsible for providing his Commanding Officer with final loading plans based on the approved Consolidated Personnel and Tonnage Table, and unloading priorities of cargo as set out by the Troop Officer in Tactical Command. In the drafting thereof the forms illustrated in Section 11 will be used and the services of the trained troop personnel which comprises a part of the Troop Transport Quartermaster's loading detail must be utilized.
- Upon approval of the loading plans by the Commanding Officers of the ships and Commander of the Transport Division or LST or LSM Group and, when issued as an order by the Commanding officer of the ship to ship's complement and troops, they will be strictly adhered to. No changes will be made in them without the approval of the Commanding Officer of the ship and the Commanding Officer of Troops. It is recognized that the necessity for some minor changes may occur when the actual loading is accomplished, and the plan distributed to higher echelons will show the final, actual load.
- Commanding Officers of APAs, AKAs, LSVs, LSTs, and LSMs (including APs and AKs used for assault shipping), after final plans have been made showing the actual loading, will submit sufficient copies of them to the Transport Division or group Commander as appropriate for him to make distribution by most expeditious means available as follows:
(1) Combat Team Commander 10 (2) Transport Squadron or Flotilla Commander 2 (3) Transport Group Commander 1 (4) Landing Force Commander 2 (5) Attack Force Commander 1 (6) Amphibious Force Commander 1 (7) Expeditionary Troop Commander 1
In case a ship loads in an area where the Transport Division or Group Commander is not available, the Commanding Officer of the ship will effect the indicated distribution, adding 2 copies to Transport Division or LST or LSM Group Commander as appropriate.
Section 5. Billeting and Messing Plans
- The Troop Billeting and Mess Officers should accompany the Troop Transport Quartermaster when he proceeds to the Port of Embarkation.
He should have with him such information regarding the priority of debarkation of troop units as will permit the proper billeting of troops with respect to debarkation stations.
- The Ship Transport Quartermaster will advise the Troop Transport Quartermaster and Billeting Mess Officers of the ship's regulations which affect Billeting and Messing, and provide plans showing the location of bunks in compartments, location of mess lines, rate of feeding troops, and other pertinent information.
- The Ship Transport Quartermaster with the Troop Transport Quartermaster and the troop Billeting and Mess Officers will prepare plans for the Billeting and Messing of troops with due regard for debarkation priorities, messing facilities, Ship Regulations and the best comfort for the troops.
Section 6. Arrangements Prior to Loading and Embarkation
- The Troop Transport Quartermaster is responsible for the arrival and assembly of cargo on the dock in order to meet the prescribed schedule, and for procuring, through the Ship Transport Quartermaster, the Ship's Commanding Officer's approval of the schedule for arrival of the advance loading, billeting and mess details, and the main body of troops. The Ship Transport Quartermaster will, under the direction of the ship's Commanding Officer, prepare a proper loading schedule, assure that the ship is prepared to receive troops and take steps necessary to facilitate the loading of cargo and embarkation of troops.
Section 7. Duties During Loading
- SHIP TRANSPORT QUARTERMASTER -- During loading the Ship Transport Quartermaster will:
- As the direct representative of the Commanding Officer of the ship maintain liaison with the Commander of Troops through the Troop Transport Quartermaster.
- Insure that cargo is properly assembled on the docks in order that the loading at all holds progresses without delay.
- Insure by frequent inspections that Loading and Stowage Plans are being carried out.
- Ascertain that all material embarked is properly marked. Assign elements of the Troop Transport Unloading Detail so that they may observe the loading of those sections of the ship which it is intended they will unload during combat in the event other personnel is used for loading.
- Keep interested parties informed of the status of loading.
- Supervise activities of billeting party and coordinate initial mess and police details through respective officers.
Section 8. Debarkation Plans
- The general debarkation scheme based on the Tactical Plan, must be drawn prior to the preparation of embarkation plans. After embarkation is completed the detailed debarkation plans must be made. Debarkation of personnel will generally be planned and conducted by Troop Officers and other ships' officers; therefore, the principle concern of the Ship and Troop Transport Quartermasters will be the debarkation of material.
- The Ship and Troop Transport Quartermasters will work together in repairing the details of the unloading plan.
Section 9. Duties During Unloading
- SHIP TRANSPORT QUARTERMASTER -- During unloading phase the Ship Transport Quartermasters will:
- Insure by frequent inspection that unloading is being carried out according to plan and in the most expeditious manner.
- Insure that Unloading Experience Tables are being kept.
- Supply the necessary data to make required reports in regard to the status of unloading and of boat requirements by number and type.
- TROOP TRANSPORT QUARTERMASTER -- During the unloading phase the Troop Transport Quartermaster will:
- Direct activities of troop unloading detail and take steps to insure unloading of material in accordance with the unloading priorities established by his Commanding Officer.
- Maintain a running record of material unloaded and beaches to which sent.
- In the absence of the troop Officer in Tactical Command make such decisions as are necessary in regard to unloading. Due regard must be taken of the supply policies of higher authority as laid down in administrative orders and other directives.
- Upon the completion of unloading or as otherwise directed, the Troop Transport Quartermaster will return to his regular duties.
Section 10. Duties During Reembarkation
- As directed by their respective Commanding Officers, the Ship and Troop Transport Quartermasters, during the reembarkation will:
- Supervise and coordinate loading to conform to plans as set forth by higher authority. The duties and responsibilities of each are as prescribed for initial loading and embarkation with such modification as are imposed by existing conditions.
Section 11. Loading Forms With Instructions for Their Preparation
- Embarkation Forms are divided into two specific classifications:
- Those used for assembling information concerning the types and quantities of cargo to be loaded, i.e.:
- The Unit Personnel and Tonnage table -- (UP&T).
- The Cargo List.
- The Vehicle and Heavy Lift List.
- The Cargo Manifest. (For use by units, but not required for submission to TQM).
- Those pertaining to the actual loading of a ship only, i.e.:
- Consolidated Unit Personnel and Tonnage Table.
- Consolidated Cargo List.
- Consolidated Vehicle and Heavy Lift List.
- Stowage Diagram.
- Profile Loading Plan.
- Consolidated Embarkation and Tonnage Table.
- Forms Used to Gather Cargo Data.
- THE UNIT PERSONNEL AND TONNAGE TABLE -- (UP&T).
- This form, together with the Cargo and Vehicle & Heavy Lift Lists, provides all information necessary for planning the loading. It is primarily a recapitulation of the detailed information found on the other two lists, plus personnel information.
- This form, for purpose of clarification, is subdivided into three sections:
- The upper portion, used for assembling information covering T/O & E, TBA, TA and Special Equipment of individual units of a Combat or Landing Team such as companies, batteries, and special detachments. (Lines 1 to 11 inclusive).
- The middle portion, used for assembling information pertaining to cargo common to the entire combat or landing team and directed by the "4" section to be issued in quantity, (lines 12 to 29 inclusive).
- The lower portion, used for assembling information pertaining to vehicles and crated heavy lifts of individual units of a Combat or Landing team, (lines 30 to 32 inclusive).
- In the column to the extreme left, for planning purposes, all cargo is divided into general classifications:
- Troop Space Cargo -- Cargo for stowage on the square of the troop space hatch or other accessible places where it is available during the voyage.
- Unit Cargo -- Hold stowage cargo belonging to individual units.
- Bulk Cargo -- Hold stowage cargo issued by direction of the "4" section for all units of the Combat or Landing team. This cargo is further subdivided for stowage purposes into:
Individual units having cargo of the types listed under lines 12-28 will enter the amounts here and not in the Unit Cargo category.
- In the upper right corner of the UP&T, the cargo is divided into two classes for purposes of stowage:
- Cargo Not in Vehicles
- Cargo in Vehicles
- Cargo loaded on pallets, in Wilson Drums or in any way specially prepared, should be entered after the appropriate line numbers, as indicated.
- Types of Cargo.
Line #1 -- BAGGAGE -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all T/O & E, TBA and TA baggage stowed in Troop Space. This baggage normally includes duffle bags, barracks bags, sea bags, Val-pacs, etc. All baggage is considered to average 3.5 cubic feet in volume and to weigh 80 pounds. Therefore, multiply the total personnel by these figures to obtain the cubic feet and weight.
Line #2 -- OFFICE EQUIPMENT -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all Class II T/O & E, TBA, and TA equipment necessary for administrative purposes during the voyage, such as field desks, typewriter chests, mimeograph machines, etc. This line does not include crated office equipment for hold stowage which is entered in line #6 below.
Line #3 -- ORGANIZATIONAL COMBAT EQUIPMENT includes the cubic feet and weight of all items of Classes II and IV equipment authorized by T/O & E, TBA and TA, which will be stowed in the troop spaces and will be carried ashore by the troops. Items on this line include machine guns, mortars, pack radios, etc.
Line #4 -- TOTAL TROOP SPACE CARGO -- includes the total cubic feet and weight of lines 1, 2 and 3.
Line #5 -- BAGGAGE -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all T/O & E, TBA and TA baggage stowed in the hold. This normally includes trunk lockers, cruise boxes, bedding rolls, etc.. (See line #1).
Line #6 -- ORGANIZATIONAL EQUIPMENT -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all items of Classes II and IV equipment authorized by T/O & E, TBA and TA. Items of equipment which are specifically listed in lines 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 30 and 31, will not be included herein. The items on this line include tool chests, cleaning and preserving material, extra water cans, etc.
Line #7 -- MESS EQUIPMENT -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all Class II T/O & E, TBA and TA equipment necessary to operate a galley or mess in the field, such as ranges, screens, etc., (excluding fuel and rations).
Line #8 -- CAMP EQUIPMENT -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all Class II T/O & E, TBA and TA equipment required to establish a temporary camp in the field, such as tentage, tent poles, tent stakes, cots, portable latrines, tent flies, etc.
Line #9 -- SPECIAL EQUIPMENT -- includes the cubic feet and weight of items of Classes II and IV equipment in excess of organization T/O & E, TBA and TA allowances, and issued for a specific operation. Such items include fortification material, building material, cement, keg nails, wire, tarpaulins, lumber, pipe, steel hut parts, construction equipment, etc., necessary to build semi-permanent or permanent installations.
Line #10 -- AVIATION MATERIAL -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all aviation cargo, (Class IV-e) other than heavy lifts and not provided for elsewhere on the UP&T. Such items include engine and structural spares, Section "A", aircraft tools, beaching gear, and other aeronautical spares specifically ordered for the support of aircraft.
Line #11 -- TOTAL UNIT CARGO -- includes the total cubic feet and weight of lines 5 to 10 inclusive.
Line #12 -- AMMUNITION (Small Arms) -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all small arms ammunition, including .30 caliber, .50 caliber, etc.
Line #13 -- HIGH EXPLOSIVES -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all high explosives, such as artillery and mortar ammunition including white phosphorous, projectiles, grenades, powder, bombs, primer cord and dynamite.
Line #14 -- PYROTECHNICS AND FUZES -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all sensitive high explosives, such as signal flares, fuzes, blasting caps, and required special stowage in a pyrotechnic locker or on deck in a specially constructed crib.
Line #15 -- TOTAL AMMUNITION -- includes the total cubic feet and weight of lines 12, 13 and 14.
Line #16 -- GASOLINE -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all gasoline, either in cans or drums.
Line #17 -- OTHER PETROLEUM PRODUCTS -- includes the cubic feet and weight of diesel fuel, lubricating oils, greases, etc., either in cans or drums.
Line #18 -- WATER -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all water, either in cans or drums.
Line #19 -- OTHER LIQUIDS -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all other liquids, including acids, paint, alcohol, chemical warfare liquids, etc.
Line #20 -- RATIONS -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all types of rations, including rations for initial issue to troops prior to debarkation.
Line #21 -- PX SUPPLIES -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all commissary, post exchange, fleet canteen stocks, ships' stores, etc.
Line #22 -- SIGNAL -- includes all signal Classes II and IV maintenance supply and equipment. Such items include telephones, radios, searchlights, blinkers, sound systems, spare parts, etc.
Line #23 -- ENGINEER EQUIPMENT -- includes all engineer Classes II and IV maintenance supply and equipment. Such items include compasses, drafting and duplicating equipment, camouflage nets, garnishing rolls, sketching equipment, etc.
Line #24 -- ORDNANCE -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all ordnance Classes II and IV maintenance supply and equipment, such as spare parts for all weapons.
Line #25 -- MOTOR PARTS -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all motor parts Classes II and IV maintenance supply and equipment, such as spare parts for all motors, trucks, boats, etc.
Line #26 -- MEDICAL -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all medical Classes II and IV maintenance supply and equipment, such as additional Thomas splints, bandages, tapes, stretchers, portable operating tables, etc. (excluding liquid chemicals which are listed under line #19). This line is for maintenance or resupply medical equipment supplied by higher echelons. (Medical supplies, less liquid chemicals, for the landing team medical section will be shown on line #6).
Line #27 -- CHEMICAL -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all dry chemical warfare Classes II and IV maintenance supply and equipment,
such as decontamination materials, gas proof curtains, dust respirators, gas alarms, gas masks, etc.
Line #28 -- QM SUPPLIES (General) -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all quartermaster maintenance supply and equipment, (general), such as additional individual and organizational equipment, (clothing, buckets, individual entrenching tools, etc.). For naval organizations, it includes such items of GSK, small stores, household consumables.
Line #29 -- TOTAL OTHER CARGO -- includes the cubic feet and weight of lines 16 to 28 inclusive.
Line #30 -- VEHICLES -- includes, the square feet, cubic feet and actual net weight of all wheeled or tracked carriers either self-propelled or requiring a prime mover, uncrated equipment with or without skids, (such as certain types of distillation units). Such items include trucks, tanks, guns, (towed or self-propelled), hand carts, trailers, airplanes, generators, distillation units, boring mills, heavy lathes, etc. All items included in this line are listed with specific measurements on the Vehicle and Heavy Lift List.
Line #31 -- HEAVY LIFTS (CRATED) -- includes the cubic feet and weight of all bulky and heavy crated boxed equipment of all classes of supply weighing over 2 tons, and occupying over 275 cubic feet. (Not including palletized cargo). Crated material of this nature will require handling similar to a vehicle.
Line #32 -- TOTAL LIFTS -- includes the cubic feet and weight of lines 30 and 31.
Line #33 -- TOTAL CARGO -- includes the total square feet, cubic feet and weight of all cargo (lines 4, 11, 15, 29 and 32).
Line #34 -- TOTAL SHORT TONS -- divide the total weight in pounds from line #33 by 2000 to obtain this figure.
GRAND TOTAL -- includes the square feet of line #32 and the grand total in cubic feet, weight, short tons (2000 pounds equal 1 short ton), measurement tons (40 cubic feet equal 1 measurement ton), of cargo not in vehicles and cargo in vehicles.
- VEHICLE AND HEAVY LIFT SUMMARY.
On the reverse side of the UP&T is the Vehicle and Heavy Lift Summary, designed to give a breakdown of lifts, according to boom capacity categories. The weight, in pounds, of the vehicles with their loads should be given in the weight column. Particular care should be taken, in cases where vehicles are exactly "on" the tonnage denominations, to place them in the correct category, i.e. a vehicle exactly 10,000 pounds should be listed in the second column "5 to 10-tons", or a vehicle weighing exactly 20,000 pounds should be listed under the column "10 to 20-tons", or in effect, the higher category.
- THE CARGO LIST
- General:--This form is a breakdown of all cargo (less vehicles and heavy lifts) listed by cubic feet and weight on the UP&T. It is comparable to a voucher, receipt, or manifest, to support the figures entered on the UP&T. It is designed to list the amounts of high priority cargo usually required during the initial stages of an operation (ammunition, water, rations, petroleum products, etc.). Only those items which are of prime importance should be listed in detail (lines 12-28); other items of lesser importance (Line 1-11) may be listed in general, showing only the number of containers.
- In structure, the Cargo List is an elaboration of the UP&T providing space for more detailed information.
- Line Number -- The entry under this heading corresponds to the line number on the UP&T.
- Organization -- For use as Consolidated Cargo List only, showing name of unit to which the cargo belongs.
- Description -- Corresponds to the description on the UP&T with a further breakdown, using T/O & E, TBA and TA nomenclature, i.e.:
Shell, HE, M49A2, W/Fuze, PD, M62,
60mm Mortar, M1 & M2, Cases
80 Octane (5 Gallon Cans).
72 Octane (55 Gallon Drums).
A thorough description of the containers should be given in this column, i.e.:
"C" Rations, Boxes
"C" Rations, 10 Pallets.
"C" Rations, Wilson Drums.
NOTE: In the case of palletized cargo, the number of pallets should be indicated in the description.
- Number of Containers -- Includes the number of containers in which the cargo is packaged, (boxes, drums, cans, etc.).
- Rounds, Gallons or rations -- Includes the total number of rounds, gallons or rations in all of the containers.
- Cubic Feet, Weight (Pounds) -- Includes the cubic feet and weight in pounds of each type listed.
- Where stowed -- This column will be completed by the TQM.
- THE VEHICLE AND HEAVY LIFT LIST
- General:--This form is a breakdown of all vehicles and heavy lifts listed by square feet, cubic feet, and weight on the UP&T (Lines 30, 31 and 32). Like the Cargo List, it is comparable to a voucher, receipt or manifest, to support the figures entered on the UP&T.
- Line Number -- The entry under this heading corresponds to the line number of the UP&T.
- Priority -- Each vehicle will be listed separately and will be assigned a priority number in accordance with the tactical plan and the desired order of debarkation.
- Organization -- Name of unit to which each vehicle belongs.
- Description -- List each vehicle separately, in accordance with its desired priority, and using standard nomenclature, i.e.:
Truck, 1/4-Ton, 4x4.
Truck, 21/2-Ton, 6x6, Cargo.
Trailer, 1-Ton, 2-Wheel Cargo.
- Length, Width, Height -- List the actual dimensions of each vehicle in feet and inches, and never in total inches.
- Square Feet -- Multiply the length, width of each vehicle to obtain this figure.
- Cubic Feet -- Multiply the length, width and height of each vehicle to obtain this figure.
- Vehicle Weight (Empty) -- List the weight in pounds of each vehicle without its load of cargo.
- Weight of Cargo -- List the total weight in pounds of the cargo loaded in each vehicle.
- Vehicle Weight (Loaded) -- List the total weight in pounds of each vehicle with its load of cargo, if any.
- Serial Number and driver's Name -- The serial number of the vehicle and driver's name should be accurately listed, as this aids in positive identification of vehicle.
- Where Stowed -- This column will be completed by the TQM.
- Heavy Lifts (Crated).
- Heavy Lifts (Crated) will be listed separately, just as the vehicles are, giving the individual dimensions and weights. If a priority list is desired it should be indicated under the priority column.
- Forms Pertaining To The Actual Loading Of A Ship.
- The Consolidated UP&T, Cargo List, and Vehicle and Heavy Lift List.
- After individual UP&T's, Cargo Lists and Vehicle and Heavy Lift Lists are completed, all figures are consolidated by the TQM and the forms termed "Consolidated", i.e.:
Consolidated UP&T Table.
Consolidated Cargo List.
- In order to complete the Consolidated Vehicle and Heavy Lift List the TQM must obtain an overall debarkation priority list, based on tactical plan, from the Commanding Officer of Troops.
- The Stowage Diagram.
The Stowage Diagram is a scale drawing of each hatch level, containing the overall dimensions of the hatch along with the cubic feet, boom capacity, and minimum clearance. In completing this diagram, the TQM prepares scale templates to represent all vehicles and heavy lifts. When the stowage diagrams are made up, the templates of the vehicles are traced into their relative positions on the hatch levels. Each vehicle template should be drawn to a scale of 1/8" equals 1' and show the vehicle priority number. The priority number, description and organization to which the vehicle belongs are shown at the lower portion of each diagram. (If the diagram is too crowded, this information can be placed on the reverse side). When general cargo occupies certain portions of a hatch, it is also shown on the hatch diagram together with cubic feet, weight, and if palletized, the number of pallets.
- The Consolidated Embarkation and Tonnage Table.
The Consolidated Embarkation and Tonnage Table is a list of all units embarked on a ship, listing total figures for personnel, cubic feet, square feet, and short tons loaded thereon. This table provides a consolidated view of the embarkation and loading data for the ship, including names of individual units aboard and the cubic feet and weight of their cargo. In effect it is simply a consolidated picture of the totals found on the UP&T Tables of all units embarked on the ship. Obviously this table is not required if only one unit is embarked.
- The Profile Loading Plan.
The Profile Loading Plan gives the overall picture of the completed load. It is a distorted profile view of the entire ship, showing the hold spaces occupied by cargo and minimizing the spaces occupied by personnel and ship's stores. All general cargo and vehicles are listed by type and weight in pounds, in the hold sections where stowed. The Profile Loading Plan is not drawn to scale. Total short tons and total lifts for each hold section are shown in the space provided at the bottom of the plan. This form is not required for the loading of LSTs and LSMs.
UNIT PERSONNEL AND TONNAGE TABLE
UNIT PERSONNEL AND TONNAGE TABLE (Reverse Side)
VEHICLE AND HEAVY LIFT LIST
ORGANIZATION__________ SHIP __________
(For use by organization -- not required with Loading Plan)
PROFILE LOADING PLAN
CONSOLIDATED EMBARKATION AND TONNAGE TABLE
- The Loading Plan.
- The Loading Plan for an individual ship to be submitted to higher echelons will include only the following forms in the indicated order:
- Consolidated Embarkation and Tonnage Table.
- Consolidated UP&T Table.
- Consolidated Cargo List.
- Consolidated Vehicle and Heavy Lift List.
- Stowage Diagram for each hold loaded with troop cargo.
- Profile Loading Plan. (Not required for LSTs and LSMs).
- Forms Not To Be Included With Loading Plan.
- Cargo Manifest.
This form is a convenient one for individual units to use for the proper listing of all equipment. It is an aid in the proper preparation of the UP&T Table. It is not, however, a required embarkation form that must be submitted as part of the "Loading Plan" for a ship.
Section 12. Loading-Unloading Experience Table
- The practice of maintaining, for ship's' use, the "Unloading experience Table" records is required.
After completion of any operation and based on the experience thereof, each ship make such recommendations as may be thought appropriate subject of directives for all ships in regard to loading and unloading methods. Such recommendations will be made to the respective transport division commanders who will consolidate, comment upon, and forward to the Administrative Commander, Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet.
To be prepared during loading and unloading. Totals and averages for each class of cargo should be computed.
U.S.S. ____________________ (Date) ____________________ Hold #____________________
Herein enter reasons for unusual delays between hoists, etc.
Section 13. Cargo Tickets
- The purpose of this form is to enable the troop representative on the traffic control vessel to maintain a running inventory of equipment and supplies unloaded and the beaches to which delivered. The operation of the cargo ticket system is a function of the troops and its use is entirely optional depending on the desires of the troop commander. The form and instructions which follow are presented as a guide and may be modified to suit troop requirements.
- The Cargo Ticket, is to be executed in QUADRUPLICATE by the Troop Transport Quartermaster for each LCVP, LCM, LVT or DUKW load of supplies or equipment dispatched from his ship. Where LST, LSM, or LCT is used to assist in unloading, a separate Cargo Manifest should be prepared in duplicate and attached to the ticket.
- Three copies are handed to the coxswain or driver as he departs from the ship, one copy is retained aboard ship. He delivers one copy to the Traffic Control vessel where he receives instructions for proceeding to beach. The original and one copy are delivered at the beach to the Shore Party representative for further delivery to the Shore Party Command Post.
(Instructions on reverse side)
INSTRUCTIONS FOR COMPLETING THIS FORM
- This form is to be accomplished in QUADRUPLICATE by each TROOP TRANSPORT QUARTERMASTER.
- Original and one copy to Shore Party Commander; one copy to Traffic Control; or copy retained by TROOP TRANSPORT QUARTERMASTER.
- Coxswain report to Traffic Control Vessel, deliver copy and proceed as instructed. Retain original and one copy for delivery to the Shore Party representative for further delivery to the Shore Party Command Post.
- If LCT, LSM or LST is used to assist in unloading, prepare a separate Cargo Manifest in DUPLICATE, and attach hereto.
This space for Officer in Charge of Dumps.
(Above is reverse side of Cargo Ticket)
Table of Contents * Previous Chapter (18) * Next Chapter (20)