NOTE: This Operation Plan was transcribed from COPY NO. 1016, typed 60 years ago. The pages have aged, the type is not always clear, and the text has been amended by hand-written notes (which will be shown in green, although it is not always clear where the hand-written notes are additions, or corrections or simply clarify faint text. Deleted text (strike-thru) is displayed in [grey].
Every reasonable step has been taken to preserve the original formatting, pagination, spelling, etc., but allowances should always be made for the possibility of errors in my transcription. --HyperWar
COMMANDER TASK FORCE
CANF SWPA - OPERATION PLAN 13-44
· CAUTION ·
Every precaution must be taken to prevent this plan from falling into enemy hands. If capture or loss of ship is imminent this plan will be destroyed in its entirety.
COMMANDER ALLIED NAVAL FORCES, SWPA
AND COMMANDER SEVENTH FLEET,
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES ATTACK FORCE,
TASK FORCE SEVENTY-SEVEN,
HOLLANDIA, DUTCH NEW GUINEA,
26 SEPTEMBER 1944, 1200.
CANF, SWPA NO. 13-44
Assignment of Forces as in Annex "A".
- 77.1 Flagship Group
77.1.1 Fleet Flagship Unit Captain GRANUM
1 AGC, 2 DD77.1.2 Cruiser Unit Captain CONEY
1 CL, 2 DDCommander Support Aircraft, Central PHILIPPINES
Attack Force CAPTAIN WHITEHEAD
- 78. Northern Attack Force Rear Adm. BARBEY
1 AGC, 2 RAGC, 17 APA, 4 AP, 5 APD, 4 AKA, 2AK
12 DD, 5 LSD, 3 LSI, 12 LSM, 95 LST, 1 CM, 2 ATF, 6 UDT
Miscellaneous Escort and Patrol Craft.
Amphibious Craft assigned, 12 DD
- 79. Southern Attack Force Vice Adm. WILKINSON
3 AGC, 21 APA, 5 AP, 1 APH, 2 LSV, 6 AKA, 2 AK, 5 LSD,
6 LSM, 55 LST, 28 DD, 3 ATF, 2 ARS, 1 ARL
Miscellaneous Escort and Patrol Craft.
- 77.2 Bombardment and Fire Support Group Rear Adm. OLDENDORF
- 77.2.1 Fire Support Unit North Rear Adm. WEYLER
3 OBB, 3 DD
- 77.2.2 Fire Support Unit South Rear Adm. OLDENDORF
3 OBB, 3 CA, 3 CL, 13 DD, 1 AVP
- 77.3 Close Covering Group Rear Adm. BERKEY
2 CA (RAN), 2 CL, 7 DD
- 77.4 Escort Carrier Group Rear Adm. T.L. SPRAGUE
18 CVE, 9 DD, 14 DE
- 77.5 Minesweeping and Hydropgraphic Group Commander LOUD
77.5.1 2 DM, 10 AM, 7 DMS, 24 YMS, 1 APD
77.5.2 Assigned hydrographic survey vessels from Seventh Fleet. Comdr. [
OOM] (RAN) HUNT
- 77.6 Beach Demolition Group Lt.Comdr. -
11 APD, 12 UDT
- 77.7 Service Group Rear Adm. GLOVER
A. Commander Central Philippines Attack Force -- Should read Commander Allied Naval Forces, Southwest Pacific Area.
B. Operation Plan 1-44 should read Operation Plan 13-44.
C. Communication Plan 1-44 should read Communication Plan 4-44
- General Situation. Allied Forces occupy the line: MARIANAS-LULITHI-PALAU-MOROTAI and control the eastern approaches to the PHILIPPINES. Carrier and shore-based aircraft strikes have serously reduced enemy air forces in the PHILIPPINES. Japanese air forces in the PHILIPPINES have been so depleted that carrier-borne aircraft are capable of establishing local control of the air at any point along the eastern PHILIPPINES Coast. Air and submarine attacks have inflicted heavy losses on enemy shipping, thus critically hampering his logistic support of his PHILIPPINE Forces.
Enemy Forces. (Aee Annex N, Intelligence)
- While the exact locations of Japanese major vessels is uncertain, it is estimated that there are 10 carriers and 5 battleships in EMPIRE waters, and 1 carrier and 4 battleships in MALAYAN waters.
- Minor Naval Forces composed principally of escort types, torpedo boats constitute the principal defenses of the protected waters of the PHILIPPINE Archipelago.
- The waters of LEYTE GULF, the east coast of LEYTE ISLANDS and the majority of sheltered waters in the PHILIPPINES are mined or in the process of being mined.
- The PHILIPPINES are honeycombed with an exstensive network of air bases through which the enemy is capable of staging air attacks from remote bases.
- There are 52 operational airfields within a radius of 360 miles of TACLOBAN, LEYTE. Major bases within 100 miles are 3 on NEGROS, 2 on PANAY, 1 on CEBU, 1 at LEGASPI, and 3 in the CAGAYAN-DEL MONTE Area.
- The prinicpal strong points of Japanese land, sea and air forces in the CENTRAL PHILIPPINES are centered in the CEBU-LOS NEGROS-PANAY Area.
- Enemy Ground Forces on LEYTE ISLAND are estimated to be about 12,000 combat troops with about 4000 service troops. These forces are centered principally in the TACLOBAN and DULASG Areas. They are equipped with tanks and mobile artillery and it is possible that fixed artillery is located in supporting positions covering adjacent beaches.
- It is not presently known but it is velieved that beaches on the east coast of LEYTE are defended by barbed wire, obstacles and beach mines.
- The island of SAMAR is believed to be held by about 4000 troops prinnicpally centered in the CALBAYOG-CATBALOGAN Area.
Own Forces. (See Annex "B": Concept of Operations).
- Friendly Philippino guerilla forces are organized, armed and operating in the mountainous regions of LEYTE ISLAND.
- That the enemy will react with all his available means within the objective area to landings in the PHILIPPINES.
- That the enemy may attempt to reinforce islands under attack by shore to shore amphibious operations, principally at night, by utilizing small craft and barges.
- That the enemy will attempt overwater evacuation of key personnel from objective areas when further resistance appears futile.
- That the enemy will conduct submarine attakcs on a limited scale in the open sea and by small or midget submarines in the LEYTE GULF with probable route from CEBU through the SURIGAO Straits.
- That heavy bombardment will be required to reduce enemy strong points.
- That extensive minesweeping will be required and beaches will be extenisvely planted with mines and obstacles.
- That sporadic air attacks in force and harrassing air raids, principally at night will be made.
- That night attacks by motor torpedo boats and anti-motor torpedo boats may be expected.
- That the primary objective of enemy air, surface and sub-surface attacks will be transports, with aircraft carriers as the secondary objective.
- This force will, by a ship to shore amphibious operation, transport, protect, land and support elements of the 6th Army in order to assist in the seizure, occupation and development of the LEYTE Area of the Southern PHILIPPINES.
- Flagship Group perform tasks assigned by Commander Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force.
Commander Support Aircraft, Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force direct and/or coordinate the operation of all support aircraft in conformity with the Plan of Air Operations, Annex "G", and when present will control combat air patrol and anti-submarine patrol in the objective area.
- Northern Attack Force transport Headquarters SIXTH U.S. Army and X Corps Sixth U.S. Army (1st Cavalry Division, 24th Infantry Division, 98th Ranger Battalion) furnishing protection therefor. On A-3 day land designated units of 98th Ranger Battalion on [
SULUAN ISLAND,] Southern HOMONHON ISLAND, Northern DINAGAT ISLAND [ and HIBUSON ISLAND] under the operational control of Commander Bombardment and Fire Support Group. At H-Hour on A-day land major elements of X Corps in WHITE beach (SAN RICARDO)
and RED beach (PALO) in the TACLOBAN area of Northern LEYTE. At W hour on A day land 1 RCT of the 24th Infantry Division on GREEN beach (PANAON STRAIT). Establish prior to A-day a Harbor EDntrance Control Unit and maintain until relieved of the responsibiolity by Commander Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force.
For coordinating purposes, furnish Command Southern Attack Force requirements for bombardment by ships gunfire, for night harassing fire, and for advance clearance of beach obstacles by Demolution Units prior to A-day. In accordance with Fire Support Plan, Appendix 1 to Annex "E", furnish instructions to Fire Support Unit North and Close Covering Group for approach to A-day fire support areas, and for bombardment, night harassing fire, and close fire support on A-Day and subsequent to A-Day as required, and assume control of these units upon arrival in the objective area. Control and direct operations of own Demolition Units on A-Day and subsequent thereto. Release Fire Support Unit North when no longer 4required. Release Close Covering Group when no longer required to operational control Commander Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force. Through Commander Support Aircraft, Northern Attack Force control such aircraft as have been specifically assigned by Commander Support Aircraft, Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force. Provide antit-submarine, anti-motor torpedo boat and anti-aircraft protection in area of responsibility shown in Appendix 4 to Annex "L". Transfer boats and personnel to boat pools in accordance with Boat Pool Plan, Annex "I". Control and conduct salvage operations in accordance with Salvage Plan, Annex "J". When SOPA in the objective area, provide and control combat air patrol and anti-submarine patrol in accordance with Air Plan, Annex "G".
- Southern Attack Force transport XXIV Corps (7th and 96th Divisions) of Sixth U.S. Army furnishing protection therefor. At J-Hour on A-Day land XXIV Corps on ORANGE-BLUE beaches (SAN JOSE) and VIOLET-YELLOW beaches (DULAG). In accordance with Fire Support Plan, Appendix 1 to Annex "E", furnish Commander Bombardment and Fire Support Group with instructions for bombardment by ships gunfire and for night harassing fire on days prior to A-Day, coordinating with requirements of Northern Attack Force with own requirements. Furnish Commander Beach Demolition Group with instructions for clearance of beach obstacles on days prior to A-Day, coordinating the requirements of Northern Attack Force: with own requirements. Furnish instructions to Fire Support Unit South for approach to A-Day fire support areas and for bombardment, night harassing fire and
close fire support on A-Day and subsequent to A-Day and subsequent to A-Day as required, and assure control of these units upon arrival in the objectiv e area. Control and direct operations of own demolition units on A-Day and subsequent thereto. Release Fire Support Unit South when no longer required. Through Commander Support Aircraft, Southern Attack Force control such aircraft as have been specifically assigned by Commander Supporyt Aircraft, Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force. Provide anti-submarine, anti-motor torpedo boat and anti-aircraft protection in area of responsibility shown in Appendix 4 to Annex "L". Transfer boats and personnel to boat pools in accordance with Boat Pool Plan, Annex I. Control and conduct salvage operations in accordance with Salvage Plan, Annex J. When SOPA in the objective area, provide and control combat air patrol and anti-submarine patrol in accordance with Air Plan, Annex "G".
- Bombardment and Fire Support Group prior to A-Day carry out bombardment and night harassing fire in accoredance with instructions issued by Commander Southern Attack Force. Cover and control [
activities of beach demolition units and minesweeping units until arrival of attack forces at the objective.] the Preliminary landings of the Northern Attack Force on A-3 Day. Cover and control activities of Beach Demolution Units and progress of minesweeping and buoying. Send by despatch to Attack Force Commanders, promptly as obtained, beach information and results accomplished by beach demolition units. Through Advance Commander Support Aircraft, control support aircraft at the objective until the arrival of Commander Support Aircraft, Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force. During the ship bomba5rdment phase, prior to A-Day, coordinate air-sea rescue and lifeguard services in accordeance with Appendix 4 to Annex "G", Air-Sea Rescue Procedure.
- Fire Support Unit North augmented by Close Covering Group exsecute approach to A-Day fire support areas in accordiance with instructions of Commander Northern Attack Force. Carry out bombardment, night harassing fire, and furnish close fire support in accordance with instructions of or as directed by Commander Northern Attack Force. When released by Commander Northern Attack Force, report to and operated as directed by Commander Bombardment and Fire Support Group.
- Fire Support Unit South execute approach to A-Day fire support areas in accordance with instructions of Commander Southern Attack Force. Carry out bombardment, night harassing fire, and furnish close fire support in accordance with instructions of or as directed by Commander Southern Attack Force. When directed, release
Light Surface Striking Force (units comprising Third Fleet Task Force Thirty-Five, Com3rdFlet OpPlan 14-44) to operational control of Commander Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force.
- Close Covering Group report to Commander Northern Attack Force, escort and provide close support enroute to the objective area. Execute approach to A-Day fire support areas, carry out bombardment and night harassing fire in accordance with ionstructions issued by Commander Northern Attack Force. When released by Commander Northern Attack Force report to Commander Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force.
- Escort Carrier Group provide air support as directed in Plan Air Operations, Annex "G".
- Minesweeping and Hydrographic Group sweep for acoustic, moored and influence mines in LEYTE GULF Area in accordance with Minesweeping Plan, Appendix 3 to Annex "E". Conduct Hydrographic Survey and install navigational aids as directed. Operational control of Minesweeping and Hydrographic Group is vested in Senior Officer Present Afloat.
- Beach Demoliton Group, preliminary to A-Day under the operational control of Commander Bombardment and Fire Support Group, clear beach obstacles in accordance with instructions prepared by Commander Southern Attack Force. Upon arrival of Southern Attack Force report to the Commander of that force for duty.
- Service Group furnish logistic support in accordance with Annex "K".
- This operation plan is effective upon receipt.
- Move to positions for executing this plan in accordance with Movement Plan, Annex C.
- Approach in accordance with Entry Plan, Appendix 2, to Annex C.
- Conduct night retirement in accordance with Retirement Plan, Appendix 4 to Annex E.
- Commander Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force will on and subsequent to A Day coordinate air-sea rescue operations in accordance with Appendix 4 to Annex G.
- Commanders ordering movements will disseminate necessary information to All Task Force, Task Group and Air Force Commanders concerned in order to prevent accidental engagement of own forces.
- This operation will be mounted from MANUS, FINSCHAFFEN, and HOLLANDIA.
- Commander Support Aircraft Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force will provide and control combat air patrol and anti-sumbarine patrol when in the objective area. In the absence of Commander Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force combat air patrol and anti-submarine patrol will be controlled by a Commander Support Aircraft under the directon of the Senior Officer Present Afloat in the objective area.
- An AVP will report for duty to Commander Bombardment and Fire Support Group on A-3 day and will be available for tending battleship and cruiser VO-VCS planes. When released by Commander Bombardment and Fire Support Group the tender will revert to the operational control of Commander Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force.
- An anti-submarine patrol will be established by each Attack Force to cover the entrance to LEYTE GULF within own area of responsibility. At least one vessel on each patrol station will maintain continuous radar guard being equally alert at night for enemy surface vessels as well as aircraft and during daylight yours for enemy aircraft in particular. This patrol is in addition to the flighter director vessel(s). in the absence of either Attack Force, complete coverage will be provided by the Attack Force remaining.
- Attack Force Commander submit, detailed plans to Commander Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force, with copies to Commanding General Sixth U.S. Army and Commander in Chief, Southwest Pacific Area as soon as practicable.
- Submarine Safety Lanes, Life Guard Stations, Operationg Areas and Bombing Restriction Areas in accordance with Appendix 5 to Annex L. Submarine Operations in accordance with Annex H.
- Motor Tropedo Boat Operations in accordance with Appendix 5 to Annex E.
- Salvage arrangements in accordance with Salvage Plan, Annex J.
- Areas of responsibility between Pacific Ocean Areas Forces and Southwest Pacific Area Forces in accordance with Appendix 6 to Annex G.
- Coordination between various air forces involved and general employment of air forces in accordance with Annex G.
- Geographical reference points and code names in accordance with Appendix 1 to Annex L.
- The target date for A-Day, the day of major landing in the TACLOBAN-DULAG area is 20 October 1944. It is planned that all landings will be made simultaneously. The target time of H-Hour, J-Hour, and W-Hour is 1000.
- Logistics, Base Development and Medical Plans in accordance with Annex K.
- Communications in accordance with Communication Plan, Annex N.
- Use Zone Zebra time in date time group of all despatches. Local time in area west of 150 degrees East Longitude and North of 7 degrees South Latitude is Zone Item (-9) time. Local time in body of despatches must be followed by Zone time designation.
- Command organization as set forth in Annex O.
- The Commander Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force is in command of the amphibious operations and this command continues until the Landing Force is established ashore. Command of the forces ashore is then passed to the Landing Force Commander.
- The transfer of command will be accomplished as follows:
- At each beach, when the Landing Force has been established ashore. The local Landing Force Commander will assume command, informing the local Attack Group Commander and reporting to his Attack Force Commander for duty.
- In each Attack Force when all Landing Forces have beenestablished ashore and command has been shifted ashore, the Attack Force Commander and the Corps Commander will so report to the Commander Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force, the Corps Commander reporting to him for duty.
- When all Landing Forces have been established ashore and the Commanding General, Sixth Army, advises the Commander Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force that he is ready to assume command, the command of the forces ashore is transferred to the Commanding General, Sixth Army. The exact time of transfer of command will be annaounced by radio to G.H.Q. and all Commanders concerned.
- Task Force and Task Group Commanders listed in Task Organization of this plan acknowledge receipt by despatch.
- Vice Admiral WILKINSON in MOUNT OLYMPUS is second in command of Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force.
- Commander Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force at HOLLANDIA until otherwise announced.
Vice Admiral, COMMANDER ALLIED NAVAL FORCES
Commander Seventh Fleet and
Commander Central PHILIPPINES Attack Force.
- Assignment of Forces.
- Concept of Operations.
- Movement Plan.
- Assault Shipping Schedule.
- Entry Plan.
- Cruising Instructions.
- SOPA Instructions.
- Anchorage Chart.
- Attack Plans.
- Fire Support Plan.
- Battle Plan.
- Minesweeping Plan.
- Retirement Plan.
- MTB Operating Instructions.
- Heavy Weather Plan.
- Air Plan.
- Air Support Plan.
- Air Communication Plan.
- Air Operations (Chart).
- Air-Sea Rescure Procedure.
- Fighter Director Plan.
- Coordination between Land-based and Carrier-based Air.
- Search Plan (Chart).
- Submarine Operations.
- Boat Pool Plan.
- Salvage Plan.
- Logistics Plan.
- Navigational Annex.
- Geographical Reference Points and Code Names.
- Traffic Routes, Fueling Areas and Sea Operating Areas.
- Time and Distance Tables.
- Approach Channels, Harbor Operating Areas, and Areas of Responsibility.
- Submarine Safety Lanes, Life Guard Stations, Operating Areas, Bombing Restriction Areas.
- Hydrographic Information.
- Aerological Information.
- Intelligence Annex.
- Communication Plan.
- Command Organization.
DISTRIBUTION LIST OF PLAN 13-44.
Name No. of
Name No. of
Cominch 8 ComGen6th Army 3 OpNav 3 ComGen XIV Corps 1 CinCSWPA 5 ComFwdAreaCenPac 1 7K CinCPac 5 ComAirFwd 3 7G JicPOA 1 ComGen8th Army 3 Com3rdFlt 50 ComGen Manus 1 Com5thFlt 2 ComNavBase Finsch. 1 ComSubsPac 5 ComNavBase Manus 2 ComSoPac 2 ComNavBase Milne 1 ComAirSoPac 1 ComNavBase Hollandia 2 CALF,SWPA 1 ComNavBase Biak 1 CAAF,SWPA 10 ComGen XXIV Corp
For dist. to Divs & Corps
20 ComPhibPac 3 ComGen77th Div 5 AD ComPhibPac 1 ComWesternCarolines, SubArea 3 5K ComGenPOA 1 ComGen Peleliu 1 ComGen3rdPhib 1 ComGen Anguar 1 ComNavNorSols 2 ComGen Ulithi 1 ComAirNorSols 2 USNLO 5th Air 1 CSWPSF 1 USNLO 5th Fighter 1 ComGen N.C.F. 1 USNLO 309 BombWing 1 ComGen N.S.F. 1 USNLO 310 BombWing 1 U.S.A.S.O.S. 5 USNLO 13th Air 1 CTF 71 5 USNLO 13 BomCom 1 CTF 72 5 USNLO 86th Air DefenseWing,
1st Fighter Group
1 CTF 73 5 SEFIC Unit 1 1 CTF 74 8 SEFIC Unit 2 1 CTF 75 12 ComSupportAirPac 1 CTF 76 10 Com.Gp.1,2,4,5,
4 CTF 77 2 Com.Gp.3 & 6
2 CTF 78 60 Com.Gp.1, 7thPhib 1 CTF 79 60 Com.Gp.2, 7thPhib 1 ComServ7th 10 10K Com.T.G. 38.1 1 5G CTG 70.1 6 Com.T.G. 38.2 1 5G CTG 70.2 4 Com.T.G. 38.3 1 5G CTG 70.3 1 Com.T.G. 38.4 1 5G CTG 70.5 2 Air Liaison Parties: ComAAF 5 2 98th Ranger Batn. 0 2G ComAAF 13 2 7th Div. 0 13G ComBatPac 1 96th Div. 0 13G ComCruPac 1 24th Div. 0 13G ComDesPac 1 ComAirPac 1 5G ComServPac 1 ComServRon 10 1 ComServRon 10 Rep. 1
Name No. of
Name No. of
Air Liaison Parties: ARIADNE 1 1st Cav.Div. 0 16G QUUAPAW 1 Com.85th FighterWing 1 HIDATSA 1 Flt.Ftr.Director,
7thFlt, USS WASATCH
21 LSM Gp. 13 ComCarDiv 6 1 LST Flot.7 35 ComFltAirWing 1 1 LST Flot.8 37 WASATCH 1 LST Gp. 42 19 BLUE RIDGE 1 LST Gp.40 12 FREMONT 1 MOUNT OLYMPUS 1 TransDiv 6 6 APPALACHIAN 1 TransDiv 8 5 ROCKY MOUNT 1 TransDiv 24 7 TransDiv 7 8 TransDiv 20 7 TransDiv 30 8 TransDiv 26 7 TransDiv 38 8 TransDiv 32 11 TransDiv 10 8 TransDiv 22 6 TransDiv 18 8 DesRon 2 9 TransDiv 28 8 DesRon 21 10 DesRon 54 9 DesRon 25 11 DesRon 49 14 DesDiv 47 6 DesRon 48 11 CarDiv 24 3 5G CHICKASAW 1 CarDiv 25 5 5G POTOWATOMI 1 CarDiv 26 3 5G CHOWANOC 1 CarDiv 27 5 5G EGERIA 1 CarDiv 22 5 5G AGEMAR 1 CarDiv 28 3 5G PRESERVER 1 DesRon 47 11 GRAFFLE 1 CordDiv 69 7 LST Flt 3 26 CordDiv 63 9 LST Flot 16 33 BatDiv 2 4 1F LSM Div 15 7 DesDiv XRAY 4 SAN CARLOS 1 BatDiv 3 2 1F BREASE 1 BatDiv 4 33 1F PAREBLE 1 CruDiv 4 10 TransDiv 12 5 CruDiv 9 2 TransDiv 14 5 CruDiv 12 3 TransDiv 16 5 DesRon 56 12 UDT 3,4,5,6,8,9, and 10 7 DesDiv XRAY 4 YMS 19 ComMineRon 2
23 PC 3 AMMAR 1 SC 3 MULLANY 1 YMS 6 ABNER READ 1 PCS 3 BUSH 1 SC 6 YMS 6
Name No. of
LCI Flot 6 20 LCI Flot 14 29
CNO 5 Naval War College 1 Army and Navy Staff College 1 ComPhibTraLant 1 ComMarCorps 1 MarPac 1 C. & G.S. School, Leavenworth 1 ComMarCorpsSchools, Quantico, Va. 1 Com 8thPhib 1 Hq.S.E.A.C., New Delhi 1
Ass't Flag Secretary.
Last updated: 15 July 2004Transcribed and formatted by Patrick Clancey, HyperWar Foundation