Lighthouses of China: Southwestern Liáoníng

Liáoníng is a province of northeastern China, in the region formerly called Manchuria by Westerners. A principal geographical feature of the province is the Liáodōng (Liaotung) Peninsula, which projects into the northern end of the Yellow Sea, separating Korea Bay on the east from Liáodōng Bay on the west. The major port complex of Dàlián is near the end of the peninsula on the eastern side, and Lǚshùn (Port Arthur) is at the end of the peninsula. This page includes lighthouses of Lǚshùn and Liáodōng Bay. Lighthouses of the Dàlián area, the coast to the northeast, and the islands to the east are on the Southeastern Liáoníng page.

During the colonial period Russia and Japan vied for control of this strategically located area. In 1898 Russia leased the Dàlián area from China, but Japan conquered the Russian colony during the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05. In 1931, Japan invaded northeast China and incorporated Liáoníng into the puppet state of Manchukuo until the end of the Second World War in 1945. Soviet troops then occupied the Liáodōng Peninsula and held it until they were withdrawn in 1955.

An additional note: the province of Liáoníng was known as Fengtian from 1907 to 1929 and during the Japanese administration; the name Liáoníng was restored in 1945.

Lighthouses in China are maintained by the PRC Maritime Safety Administration. The administration is organized in regional administrations; Liáoníng lighthouses fall under the Liáoníng MSA, a branch office of the Tianjin MSA.

The pīnyīn system for transliterating Chinese into Latin characters is now the international standard, but some locations continue to be known also under the spellings of older transliteration systems. The Chinese word for a lighthouse is dēngtǎ (灯塔). In pinyin jiāo (formerly chiao) is a reef or rock, jiǎo is a cape or headland, dǎo (tao) is an island; (tsu) is a small island, wān is a bay and gǎng (kang) is a harbor.

Names formerly used by the Japanese administration are shown in brackets {}.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CN numbers are Chinese light list numbers. Admiralty numbers are from volume P of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Online List of Lights - China
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
Manchuria AMS Topographic Maps
U.S. Army maps from around 1950, collected by the University of Texas.
Chinese English Pinyin Dictionary
A useful tool for juggling the representations of Chinese names.
Leuchttürme Chinas auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard views posted by Klaus Huelse.

Changxingdao Light
Chángxīngdǎo Light, Wǎfángdiàn
PRC Maritime Safety Administration photo

Wǎfángdiàn City Lighthouses
Note: Wǎfángdiàn is a city of about 1 million inhabitants, famous for growing apples and manufacturing ball bearings.
Chángxīngdǎo (Húlúshān Wān) West Breakwater
2009. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); red light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the outer breakwater of the Húlúshān Bay harbor of Wǎfángdiàn. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3983.1.
Chángxīngdǎo (Húlúshān Wān) North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 17 m (56 ft); red light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the inner breakwater of the Húlúshān Bay harbor of Wǎfángdiàn. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3983.2.
Chángxīngdǎo
1932. Reactivated (inactive 1945-1960). Active; focal plane 199 m (653 ft); white flash every 25 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, attached to a 1-story concrete equipment building. Entire lighthouse covered with white tiles. An MSA photo is at the top of this page, a smaller MSA photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. The lighthouse was heavily damaged in 1945, near the end of World War II, and it remained out of service until restored by the Navy in 1960. Chángxīngdǎo is a large island, about 25 km (15 mi) long, separated from the west coast of the Liáodōng Peninsula by a narrow channel. Located on a high bluff at the west end of the island. Site status unknown. ARLHS PRC-013; CN-1199; Admiralty P3983; NGA 18334.
Chángxīngdǎo North Harbor East Breakwater
2013. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); continuous red light. 15 m (49 ft) round concrete tower painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the east (really south) breakwater of Wǎfángdiàn's new north harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3982.6; NGA 18334.1.
Chángxīngdǎo North Harbor West Breakwater
2013. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); continuous green light. 15 m (49 ft) round concrete tower painted with green and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the west (really north) breakwater of Wǎfángdiàn's new north harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3982.7.
* Dàhúshān (Dagushan)
1992. Active; focal plane 79 m (259 ft); white flash every 20 s. 19.5 m (64 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted with red and white horizontal bands. Two 1995 photos and an MSA photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a sharp promontory of the Liáodōng Peninsula mainland about 16 km (10 mi) northwest of Fúzhōuchéng. Accessible by road, according to MSA. Site probably open, tower closed. ARLHS PRC-020; CN-1199.02; Admiralty P3982; NGA 18334.3.
* Tàipíngjiǎo (Huátóng)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); white flash every 15 s. 13 m (43 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white tiles. An MSA photo is available, and Google has a satellite view of the station. Located on a promontory sheltering the north side of the harbor of Huátóng. Accessible by road, according to MSA. Site probably open, tower closed. ARLHS PRC-059; CN-1199.03; Admiralty P3981; NGA 18334.6.

Yíngkǒu Prefecture Lighthouses

Bàyúquān District Lighthouses
Xiānréndǎo South Breakwater
Date unknown.Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); green light, 4 s on, 2 s off. 14 m (46 ft) round concrete tower, painted with green and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the south breakwater of the Xiānréndǎo harbor on the south side of Bàyúquān. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3979.45; NGA 18334.62.
Xiānréndǎo North Breakwater
Date unknown.Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red light, 4 s on, 2 s off. 12 m (39 ft) round concrete tower, painted with green and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the south breakwater of the Xiānréndǎo harbor on the south side of Bàyúquān. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3979.44; NGA 18334.61.
Bàyúquān West Breakwater South End (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at an elbow of the main breakwater at Bàyúquān. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3979.25.
Bàyúquān West Breakwater North End (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); quick-flashing red light. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. No photo available, and Google's satellite view appears to show a smaller light. NGA lists the focal plane height as 9 m (30 ft) and describes the lighthouse as green; the MSA Shanghai light list describes the lighthouse as white. Located at the north end of the main breakwater at Bàyúquān. Site status unknown. CN-1199.2; Admiralty P3979.2; NGA 18334.8.
Bàyúquān Approach Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); continuous white light. 25 m (82 ft) square tower, painted with orange and white horizontal bands and carrying a triangular orange daymark. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the end of a quay opposite the entrance to the harbor. Site and tower closed. CN-1199.1; Admiralty P3979; NGA 18334.7.
Bàyúquān Approach Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); continuous white light. 48 m (157 ft) square tower, painted with orange and white horizontal bands and carrying a triangular orange daymark. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located in the harbor area 1.74 km (1.1 mi) east of the front light. Site and tower closed. CN-1199.11; Admiralty P3979.1; NGA 18334.71.
Bàyúquān North Breakwater (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); quick-flashing green light. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted with green and white horizontal bands. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. NGA lists the focal plane height as 9 m (30 ft) and describes the lighthouse as white; the MSA Shanghai light list also describes the lighthouse as white. Located on an extension of the north breakwater at Bàyúquān. Site status unknown. CN-1199.32; Admiralty P3979.16.
Bàyúquān Outer Breakwater North Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); red light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round hourglass-shaped tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on an outer breakwater at Bàyúquān. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3979.196.
Bàyúquān Branch Channel Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 18 m (59 ft) square skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. This is an entrance range for the harbor. Located on the quay north of the north breakwater. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3978.9.
Bàyúquān Branch Channel Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 30 m (98 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 25 m (82 ft) square skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the quay north of the north breakwater about 250 m (800 ft) northeast of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3978.91.
* Táizishān (2)
1993 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 131 m (430 ft); white flash every 10 s. 21 m (69 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern, gallery, and four ribs. Tower covered with white tiles; lantern and gallery painted white. A photo is at right, a blog has two photos (near the bottom of the page), another photo (1/3 the way down the page) is available, and Google has a satellite view. The lighthouse was built in 1989 but not activated until 1993. An older lighthouse is seen in the background of an MSA photo, but it has been removed. Táizishān means "table mountain." Located in a public park on a hill above the harbor of the new port of Bàyúquān, about 13 km (8 mi) north of Xiongyuecheng. Site open, tower closed. CN-1199.5; Admiralty P3978; NGA 18335.
Taizishan Light
Táizishān Light, Bàyúquān, August 2008
Panoramio Creative Commons photo by 关春国

Yíngkǒu City Lighthouses
Note: Yíngkǒu is a major seaport at the northeastern corner of the Bóhǎi Gulf and the mouth of the Liáo River, the largest river of Liáoníng province. The city has a population of about 900,000.
Lightship Yíngkǒu (3?)
2015 (station established 1867). Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); white flash every 12 s. 23 m (75 ft) steel lightship; light tower with lantern and gallery amidships. Entire vessel painted red. A photo is at right. The lightship deployed in 1917 was crewed until it was converted to automatic operation in 1985. It was replaced in 2015 by a new automated vessel including an automatic weather station. The older Yíngkǒu lightship arrived in Shanghai where it will be restored for display at the China Maritime Museum. Located about 12 km (7.5 mi) southwest of the mouth of the river Liáo and the harbor of Yíngkǒu. Accessible only by boat. Site open, vessel closed. CN-1200; ex-Admiralty P3970; NGA 18336.
Yíngkǒu Bar Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17.5 m (57 ft); continuous white light. 22 m (72 ft) square skeletal tower, painted black, carrying a triangular daymark. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. This is the first of a series of ranges guiding ships on the difficult approach to Yíngkǒu through increasing shallow water at the head of the Bóhǎi Gulf. Located on the coast at the edge of an extensive saltworks on the southwest side of the city. Site status unknown. CN-1202; Admiralty P3971; NGA 18340.
Yíngkǒu Bar Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); continuous white light. 32.5 m (106 ft) square skeletal tower, painted black, carrying a triangular daymark. No photo available, and the black lighthouse is hard to see in Google's satellite view. Located in the salt pans, 950 m (0.6 mi) northeast of the front light. Site status unknown. CN-1203; Admiralty P3971.1; NGA 18344.
Lightship Yingkou
Lightship Yíngkǒu, April 2013
photo posted by Yíngkǒu Meteorological Bureau
Yíngkǒu Turning Beacon
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); continuous white light. 19 m (69 ft) square skeletal tower, painted black, carrying a ball-shaped daymark. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located offshore about 400 m (1/4 mi) northwest of the Yíngkǒu Bar Range Front Light. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-1212.1; Admiralty P3970.5; NGA 18338.
Yíngkǒu Inner Channel Entrance Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); continuous red light. 18 m (59 ft) square skeletal tower, painted black, carrying a triangular daymark. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the east side of the entrance to the Liáo River. Site status unknown. CN-1209; Admiralty P3971.9; NGA 18348.
Yíngkǒu Inner Channel Common Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 29 m (92 ft); continuous red light. 29 m (92 ft) square skeletal tower, painted black, carrying a triangular daymark. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located about 1 km (0.6 mi) northeast of the Entrance Range Front light. Site status unknown. CN-1210; Admiralty P3972; NGA 18352.
Yíngkǒu No. 4 Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); continuous red light. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower, painted black, carrying a triangular daymark. No photo available, and the black lighthouse is hard to see in Google's satellite view. This light and the Common Range Rear light provide a range for vessels leaving Yíngkǒu. Located on the east bank of the Liáo River about 600 m (0.38 mi) north of the Common Rear light. Site status unknown. CN-1220; Admiralty P3972.1; NGA 18353.
Paotai Turning
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 17 m (56 ft); quick-flashing green light. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located near office buildings on the east bank of the river. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3972.15; NGA 18355.
Yongyuau Jiǎo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); white flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower, painted black. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the north side of an oxbow bend of the Liáo River. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3977; NGA 18378.
 

Pánjǐn Prefecture Lighthouses

Dàwā District Lighthouses
Note: Pánjǐn is located immediately to the west of Yíngkǒu at the northernmost head of the Bóhǎi Gulf, separated from Yíngkǒu by the Liáo River. The city has a population of more than 3 million.
Yíngkǒu West Channel Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); continuous white light. 28 m (92 ft) square skeletal tower, painted black and carrying a triangular daymark. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the west bank of the mouth of the Liáo River. Site status unknown. CN-1214; Admiralty P3972.51; NGA 18374.
Yíngkǒu West Channel Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); continuous white light. 18 m (59 ft) square skeletal tower, mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Lighthouse painted black, and carrying a triangular daymark. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located in a lagoon on the west bank of the mouth of the Liao River, 650 m (0.4 mi) south of the rear light. Site status unknown. CN-1213; Admiralty P3972.5; NGA 18373.
Róngxìng Range Front
2014. Active; focal plane 39 m (128 ft); continuous white light. 36 m (118 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Róngxìng is a new port being developed about 10 km (6 mi) west of Yíngkǒu. Located at the edge of the main quay of Róngxìng. Site status unknown. CN-1236.42; Admiralty P3968.
Róngxìng Range Rear
2014. Active; focal plane 59 m (194 ft); continuous white light. 56 m (184 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the west edge of the main quay of Róngxìng, about 2 km (1.25 mi) north of the front light. Site status unknown. CN-1236.43; Admiralty P3968.1.

Jǐnzhōu Prefecture Lighthouses

Jǐnzhōu City Lighthouses
Note: Wedged in the northwestern corner of the Bóhǎi Gulf, Jǐnzhōu is China's northernmost port.
Jǐnzhōu Gǎng Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 42 m (138 ft); continuous white light. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) concrete tower topped by a large observation or harbor control structure. No closeup photo available, but Yuer Yu has a distant street view and Google has a good satellite view. Located on the waterfront of Jǐnzhōu. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3966; NGA 18382.
* Jǐnzhōu Gǎng Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 73 m (240 ft); continuous white light. Approx. 67 m (220 ft) concrete tower topped by a large observation or harbor control structure. A photo is at right, Yuer Yu has a distant street view, and Google has a good satellite view. Located on Bohai Street near the waterfront of Jǐnzhōu, 1.82 km (1.15 mi) north of the front lighthouse. Site open, tower status unknown. Admiralty P3966.1; NGA 18382.1.
Sāngǎngchì Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 28 m (92 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 25 m (82 ft) square skeletal tower with three galleries. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. This range guides vessels into new facilities on the west side of Jǐnzhōu harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3965.668.
Sāngǎngchì Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 40 m (131 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 37 m (121 ft) square skeletal tower with three galleries. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located about 400 m (1/4 mi) north northwest of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3965.6681.

Jǐnzhōu Gǎng Range Rear Light, Jǐnzhōu, September 2011
unattributed Google Maps photo

Húludǎo Prefecture Lighthouses

Húludǎo City Lighthouse
Húludǎo Gāojiǎo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 128 m (420 ft); two white flashes every 12 s. 10 m (33 ft) square masonry tower with lantern and gallery, rising from a 1-story keeper's house. A distant view is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the tip of a peninsula about 15 km (9 mi) east of Jīnxī on the northwest coast of Liáodōng Bay. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3965.5; NGA 18380.
Húludǎo East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 12 m (39 ft); green light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the short east breakwater of Húludǎo. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3965.52.
Húludǎo South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 12 m (39 ft); red light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the south (main) breakwater of Húludǎo. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3965.54.
Húludǎo Main Channel Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 60 m (197 ft); continuous white light. 55 m (180 ft) tapered square skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the waterfront west of the main harbor entrance. Site status unknown. CN-1248.12; Admiralty P3965.574.
Húludǎo Main Channel Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 80 m (262 ft); continuous white light. 15 m (49 ft) skeletal (?) tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view that appears to show a solid tower. Located on a hillside about 1200 m (3/4 mi) northwest of the front light. Site status unknown. CN-1248.13; Admiralty P3965.5741.

Xīngchéng County Lighthouse
Júhuādǎo (Chrysanthemum Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; light characteristic unknown. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Júhuādǎo is a substantial island off the coast about 40 km (25 mi) south of Húludǎo. Located on a hillside at the southeast corner of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3965.

Suízhōng County Lighthouses
** Diaolongzui (Tuánshānzi, Tuan Shan Chiao, Daolong Zui) (2)
1998. Active; focal plane 41 m (135 ft); three white flashes, in a 2+1 pattern, every 20 s. 39 m (128 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with three buttresses, a large round observation room near the top, and lantern and gallery. The lighthouse is white concrete with red trim. A photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located at Tuánshānzi, about 13 km (8 mi) southeast of Suízhōng on the west side of Liáodōng Bay. Site open; the observation level of the tower is probably open, but no information is available on this. CN-1251.12; Admiralty P3964; NGA 18387.
Suízhōng Gǎng Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 25 m (82 ft); continuous white (?) light. Approx. 22 m (72 ft) square concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the quay of a new harbor about 40 km (25 mi) east of Shānhǎiguān. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3960.43.
Suízhōng Gǎng Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 33 m (108 ft); continuous white (?) light. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located about 1 km (0.6 mi) northwest of the front light, on the same quay. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3960.44.
* Huánhǎisì (Huánhǎisìdìzuǐ) (2)
1997 (station established 1988). Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); white flash every 10 s. 12 m (39 ft) concrete tower: a round inverted conical lantern structure is supported by three columns. The entire lighthouse is white. The light is near the base of a much taller square tower topped by a radar dome. MSA has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory about 10 km (6 mi) east of Shānhǎiguān, near the border with Héběi province. Accessible by road. Site open, tower closed. CN-1251.2; Admiralty P3960; NGA 18390.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Dialongzui Light
Diaolongzui Light, Suízhōng, March 2013
Panoramio photo copyright Yougu; used by permission

Adjoining pages: East: Southeastern Liáoníng | Southeast: Southern Liáoníng | Southwest: Héběi and Tiānjīn

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Posted February 25, 2008. Checked and revised April 24, 2018. Lighthouses: 44; lightships: 1. Site copyright 2018 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.