Lighthouses of China: Tiānjīn Area, Héběi

Héběi (formerly spelled Hopei or Hopeh) is the province of northern China surrounding the independent metropolitan districts of Běijīng and Tiānjīn. Its coast faces eastward on the Bohai Sea, a northwestward extension of the Yellow Sea lying west of the Liaodong and Shandong peninsulas. There's a separate page for the many lighthouses of Qínhuángdǎo, China's second busiest port after Shànghǎi, located in the northeastern corner of Héběi. Bīnhǎi (formerly Tánggū), at the mouth of the Hai River in Tiānjīn, is another very large port; it is the closest seaport to Beijing.

Lighthouses in China are maintained by the PRC Maritime Safety Administration. The administration is organized in several regional administrations; Héběi and Tiānjīn lighthouses fall under the Tiānjīn MSA.

The pīnyīn system for transliterating Chinese into Latin characters is now the international standard but some locations continue to be known also under the spellings of older transliteration systems. The Chinese word for a lighthouse is dēngtǎ (灯塔). In pinyin jiāo (formerly chiao) is a reef or rock, jiǎo is a cape or headland, dǎo (tao) is an island; (tsu) is a small island, wān is a bay and gǎng (kang) is a harbor.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CN numbers are Chinese light list numbers. Admiralty numbers are from volume P of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Online List of Lights - China
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
World of Lighthouses - China
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Chinese English Pinyin Dictionary
A useful tool for juggling the representations of Chinese names.
Leuchttürme Chinas auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard views posted by Klaus Huelse.

Caofeidian Light
Cáofēidiàn Light, Tángshān, 2009
Cáofēidiàn Tourist Bureau photo (no longer online)

Tángshān City Lighthouses

Note: Tángshān is a highly industrialized city at the northern entrance to Bohai Wan (Bohai Bay). Bohai Bay is the westernmost extension of the Bohai Sea; the shallow, semicircular bay leads to the port of Tánggū in the Tiānjīn Metropolitan District.
Jīngtáng Harbor Lighthouses
Jīngtáng Gǎng
Date unknown (probably recent). Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 35 m (115 ft) round tower, painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the east side of Jīngtáng harbor, the harbor of the city of Tángshān, at the northern entrance to Bohai Wan. Site status unknown. ARLHS PRC-034; Admiralty P3934; NGA 18494.
Shǒugǎng Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) barbell-shaped tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a wharf in an eastern harbor basin of Jīngtáng. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3933.36.
Sigang Chi
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) barbell-shaped tower. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. This light may serve as a leading light for vessels entering the harbor. Located at the corner of a wharf in the center of the harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3933.5.
Jīngtáng Gǎng Entrance Range Front
Date unknown (2009?). Active; focal plane 39 m (128 ft); continuous white light. 36 m (118 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted with horizontal red and white bands and carrying a diamond shaped daymark. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. This is another triple-tower range; in addition to the centerline range towers there are secondary towers marking the port and starboard sides of the channel. Located in a coal storage yard on the Tángshān waterfront. Site status unknown. CN-1314; Admiralty P3934.6.
Jīngtáng Gǎng Entrance Range Rear (2)
2011. Active; focal plane 64 m (210 ft); continuous white light. 59 m (194 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted with horizontal red and white bands and carrying a diamond shaped daymark. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. This light was relocated farther from the front light. Located 1.74 km (1.08 mi) northwest of the front light. Site status unknown. CN-1314.1; Admiralty P3934.61.
Jīngtáng West Breakwater Extension
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); red light, pattern unknown. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. The original breakwater has been extended as part of a project to enclose and fill new land for industrial development. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3933.01.

Cáofēidiàn Harbor Lighthouses
* Cáofēidiàn (Shaleif'ien Tao) (6?)
1998 (station established 1886). Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); three white flashes every 12 s. 21.5 m (71 ft) round hourglass-shaped fiberglass tower with lantern and gallery, mounted on a round concrete base. Lighthouse painted with black and white horizontal bands. A photo is at the top of this page, China Daily has a good photo (about 1/3 the way down the page), and Bing has a satellite view. According to MSA this is the 4th lighthouse built on the island, but a page formerly posted by the Cáofēidiàn Industrial Zone Management Committee said it is the 6th, and a blogger says it is the 9th. The original lighthouse here, a 13.5 m (45 ft) octagonal masonry tower, collapsed sometime after 1925 due to erosion. The second light, a 13.5 m (45 ft) skeletal tower, was destroyed in 1944 and replaced in 1950 by a skeletal tower; a larger tower was built in 1962 and a still larger one, the 23 m (75 ft) skeletal tower still listed by NGA, was built in 1965. Cáofēidiàn was originally a long sandy island about 16 km (10 mi) offshore and 55 km (35 mi) east of Tánggū. Since 2006, the shallow area northwest of the island has been filled for development as an industrial area. Located at the southern end of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-1323; Admiralty P3932; NGA 18496
Cáofēidiàn East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); green light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) tapered concrete tower painted green. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the east breakwater of the commercial harbor at Cáofēidiàn. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3931.2.
Cáofēidiàn Inner Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); green light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) tapered concrete tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the inner breakwater of the commercial harbor at Cáofēidiàn. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3931.26.
Cáofēidiàn Service Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 12 m (39 ft); red light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 9 m (30 ft) tapered concrete tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the pier opposite the inner breakwater light. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3931.3.
Cáofēidiàn West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); red light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) tapered concrete tower painted red. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the west breakwater of the commercial harbor at Cáofēidiàn. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3931.1.
Ergangchi Lianxiang Matou
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) barbell-shaped tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a wharf on the west side of the Ergangchi basinat Cáofēidiàn. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3931.0728

Tiānjīn Metropolitan District (Tiānjīn Shì) Lighthouses

Note: Tiānjīn (formerly spelled Tientsin) is large metropolis at the western end of the Bohai Sea; it has a population of about 15.5 million and is China's fourth largest city. It is a national level city, meaning that it has the same status as a province. It has always been a major port; in recent times the port has organized as the Bīnhǎi Economic Zone.

Xīngǎng Harbor Lighthouses
Dàgū (Taku)
1978 (lightship station established 1878). Active; focal plane 36 m (118 ft); white flash every 10 s. 38 m (125 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern, mounted on a round concrete pier. Lighthouse painted white with narrow red horizontal bands; lantern painted white. A photo appears at right but the lighthouse is only a vague spot in Google's satellite view. This is the landfall light for Bīnhǎi/Tánggū, located about 16 km (10 mi) east of the harbor entrance. Construction began in 1971 and lasted seven years. Riprap was installed around the base in 1998. The station is staffed by rotating crews of two keepers. In 2011 the 100-year old lightship Dàgū, which had been replaced by the lighthouse in 1978, was refurbished and placed on display at Qīngdǎo in Shāndōng. Located about 15 km (9 mi) east of the harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS PRC-019; CN-1327; Admiralty P3908; NGA 18500.
Xīngǎng International Cruise Terminal
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical fiberglass tower colored with black and white horizontal bands. Lightphotos.net has a distant view and Google has a satellite view. Cruise ships dock here while passengers tour to Běijīng by bus. Located at the southeast corner of the pier in a basin north of the main harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3911.3; NGA 18527.17.
Xīngǎng North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); green light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 16 m (52 ft) round barbell-shaped concrete tower painted with green and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a square concrete pier at the end of the north breakwater of the harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3909.1; NGA 18500.6.
Xīngǎng Vessel Pier South
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical fiberglass tower colored with black and white horizontal bands. Lightphotos.net has a photo and Google has a satellite view. Located at the south end of a pier in the center of the north side of Xīngǎng harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3911.6; NGA 18527.
Xīngǎng Vessel Pier North
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical fiberglass tower colored with red and white horizontal bands. Lightphotos.net has a photo and Google has a satellite view. Located at the north end of a pier in the center of the north side of the Xīngǎng harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3911.62; NGA 18527.1.
Dagu Light
Dàgū Light, Tiānjīn, August 2012
PRC Xinhua News Service photo
Hǎihé Lock Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane and light characteristic unknown. Tall skeletal tower painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. The lock allows vessels to enter the Hǎihé River from the Xīngǎng harbor. Located about 1 km (0.6 mi) west of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3912.
Hǎihé Lock Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane and light characteristic unknown. Tall skeletal tower painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. The lock allows vessels to enter the Hǎihé River from the Xīngǎng harbor. Located about 300 m (0.2 mi) west of the lock. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3912.1.
Xīngǎng South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); red light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 16 m (52 ft) round barbell-shaped concrete tower painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a square concrete pier off the end of the south breakwater of the harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3909.2; NGA 18500.7.
Xīngǎng Cicum Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical fiberglass tower, colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a short breakwater at the roll on/roll off terminal for trucks and autos on the northern branch of the Xīngǎng (Tánggū) harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3911.8; NGA 18506.
Xīngǎng Oil Pier East
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft) red flash every 3 s. 15 m (49 ft) round barbell-shaped fiberglass tower, colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the oil terminal on the south side of the entrance to Tiānjīn's Xīngǎng harbor. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3909.5; NGA 18501.
Xīngǎng Oil Pier West
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft) green flash every 3 s. 15 m (49 ft) round barbell-shaped fiberglass tower, colored with green and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the oil terminal on the south side of the entrance to Tiānjīn's Xīngǎng harbor. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3909.6; NGA 18502.
Xīngǎng Ore Pier East
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft) red flash every 3 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical fiberglass tower, colored yellow. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the ore terminal on the south side of the entrance to Tiānjīn's Xīngǎng harbor. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3909.71; NGA 18503.
Xīngǎng Ore Pier West
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft) green flash every 3 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical fiberglass tower, colored white with blue horizontal bands. No photo available and the tower is not seen in Google's satellite view. Located at the ore terminal on the south side of the entrance to Tiānjīn's Xīngǎng harbor. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3909.72; NGA 18503.5.
Xīngǎng Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); white light occulting once every 5 s. 28 m (92 ft) square skeletal tower. The tower carries three black diamond-shaped daymarks. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. The lighthouse is flanked on either side by three skeletal towers carrying additional lights that indicate the sides of the dredged channel. This is the entrance range for the harbor of Tánggū (Xīngǎng is the name of the harbor subdistrict). Located on the south side of the harbor, just west of a slight bend in the waterway. Site status unknown. CN-1332; Admiralty P3910; NGA 18504.
* Xīngǎng Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 52 m (171 ft); white light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 52 m (171 ft) square skeletal tower. The tower carries three black diamond-shaped daymarks. The lighthouse is flanked on either side by three skeletal towers carrying additional lights that indicate the sides of the dredged channel. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located in the downtown area 1.7 km (1.1 mi) west of the front light. Site status unknown, but the light should be visible from a nearby major street. CN-1333; Admiralty P3910.1; NGA 18508.
Xīngǎng Hangzheng Service Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); red light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 8 m (26 ft) round tapered fiberglass tower colored with red and white horizontal bands. A photo is at right and Google has a satellite view. Located on a pier on the south side of Xīngǎng harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3909.815; NGA 18524.5.

Hangzhen Service Pier Light, Tiānjīn, May 2011
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by Arrorro
Xīngǎng HSA Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); red flash every 3 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round tapered fiberglass tower colored with red and white horizontal bands. A photo is at right and Google has a satellite view. Located on a pier on the south side of Xīngǎng harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3909.81; NGA 18526.
Bomaike Wharf
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical fiberglass tower colored with green and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a wharf in the south basin of Xīngǎng harbor. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3911.5; NGA 18527.2.

Língǎng Harbor Lighthouses
Note: The Língǎng basin is south of and parallel to the main Xīngǎng basin.
Língǎng Zhonghangyou Pier East
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 18 m (59 ft); light characteristic unknown. 15 m (49 ft) round cylindrical fiberglass tower colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a pier on the north side of the Língǎng basin. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3911.568.
Língǎng Sino Chemical Pier East
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 18 m (59 ft); light characteristic unknown. 15 m (49 ft) round cylindrical fiberglass tower colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a pier on the north side of the Língǎng basin. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3911.57.
Língǎng Grain and Oil Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); red light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 15 m (49 ft) round cylindrical fiberglass tower colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a pier on the south side of the Língǎng basin. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3911.4; NGA 18527.46.
Língǎng Berth 14
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); red light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 15 m (49 ft) round cylindrical fiberglass tower colored with red and green horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. NGA calls this Berth 11. Located on a pier on the south side of the Língǎng basin. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3911.52; NGA 18527.45.

MSA Pier Light, Tiānjīn, May 2011
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by Arrorro
Língǎng Industrial Zone General Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); green light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical fiberglass tower colored with green and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a pier near the upper end of the south side of the Língǎng basin. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3911.56; NGA 18527.3.

Dàgǎng Harbor Lighthouses
Note: Dàgǎng is a relatively new harbor south of the traditional harbors; it is the site of a large LNG terminal.
Dàgǎng Operating Vessel Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 18 m (59 ft); light characteristic unknown. 15 m (49 ft) round cylindrical fiberglass tower colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a pier in the inner Dàgǎng harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3907.42.
Dàgǎng General Berth West
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 18 m (59 ft); light characteristic unknown. 15 m (49 ft) round cylindrical fiberglass tower colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a pier in the inner Dàgǎng harbor east of the Operating Vessel Pier. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3907.41.

Cāngzhōu City Lighthouses

Note: Cāngzhōu is a city in Héběi Province, bounded on the north by Tiānjīn and on the south by Shāndōng Province.
Huánghuá Harbor Lighthouses
Huánghuá Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 40 m (131 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) triangular skeletal tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Additional skeletal towers to each side of the main light define the edges of the channel. Located on a large filled area on the waterfront of Huánghuá. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3906.97.
Huánghuá Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 55 m (180 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 55 m (180 ft) triangular skeletal tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Additional skeletal towers to each side of the main light define the edges of the channel. Located about 2 km (1.25 mi) southwest of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3906.971.
Huánghuá Outer Channel Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 40 m (131 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) round concrete tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Additional skeletal towers to each side of the main light define the edges of the channel. Located on the waterfront of Huánghuá. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3906.77.
Huánghuá Outer Channel Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 55 m (180 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 55 m (180 ft) round concrete tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Two additional skeletal towers on each side of the main light define the edges of the channel. Located about 2 km (1.25 mi) southwest of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3906.771.
Huánghuá Inner Channel Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 40 m (131 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) round concrete tower. No photo available but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Additional skeletal towers to each side of the main light define the edges of the channel. Located on the waterfront of Huánghuá, in a coal terminal south of the Outer Channel Front lights. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3906.78.
Huánghuá Inner Channel Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 55 m (180 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 55 m (180 ft) triangular skeletal tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Two additional skeletal towers on each side of the main light define the edges of the channel. Located about 2 km (1.25 mi) southwest of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3906.781.
Dàkǒuhé Kǒu
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 23 m (75 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) tapered square skeletal tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. The name of the lighthouse means "Big Mouth River Mouth." Located on the south side of the mouth of the Dàkǒuhé River on the south side of the Huánghuá harbor. Site may be open, tower closed. Admiralty P3906.75.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Qinshandao | South: Northwestern Shāndōng

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Posted March 5, 2008. Checked and revised May 24, 2019. Lighthouses: 43. Site copyright 2019 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.