Lighthouses of Southern Iran

Iran has a long southern coastline on the Arabian Sea and Persian Gulf and a much shorter northern coastline on the Caspian Sea. This page is for lighthouses of the southern coast, and there's another page for the Caspian coast.

A note on nomenclature: the Persian Gulf (as it is usually known in the West) is called the Gulf of Fars in Iran and the Arabian Gulf in Arabia. The International Hydrographic Organization calls it the Gulf of Iran, and many commentators avoid all nomenclatural problems by calling it simply "The Gulf".

By whatever name, the Gulf is a major center of shipping today, but that was not true until well into the 20th century. As a result, only a few traditional lighthouses were ever built in the area. The only century-old lighthouse in Iran is the one at right, built by Britain on Greater Tunb Island in the Gulf.

Since World War I and especially in recent years Iran has installed many lights along its coast. Information on these lights is not easy to find. Given this lack of information and photos, contributions from travelers to the area would be very welcome.

The Persian phrase for a lighthouse is فانوس دریایی (fanoos daryayee, "marine lantern"). Jazīreh is an island, and bandar is a port or harbor. Navigational aids in Iran are maintained by the Ports and Maritime Organization, an agency of the Ministry of Roads and Urban Development.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume D of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
World of Lighthouses - Iran
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Online List of Lights - Iran and Persian Gulf
Photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
Larak Island Light
Lārak Island Light, Persian Gulf, December 2010
Panoramio photo copyright Alireza Teimoury; used by permission

Sistan and Baluchestan Province Lighthouses

Arabian Sea Lighthouses
Pasā Bandar (Pasabandar)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); two white flashes every 15 s. Approx. 13 m (43 ft) square skeletal tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Pasā Bandar is a small fishing port at the extreme southeastern tip of Iran, about 40 km (25 mi) from the Pakistani border. In 2015 Iran was improving the harbor and had a small naval base under construction. Located at the tip of the peninsula sheltering the harbor of Pasā Bandar. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7725; NGA 28526.
Chābahār (Beheshti Port, Chah Bahar)
2008. Active; focal plane 38 m (125 ft); three white flashes every 6 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower. Hashem Moradi has a very distant view, and Google has a satellite view. Chābahār, a city of about 70,000 in southwestern Baluchestan, has a recently-established free port. Located on the east side of the harbor entrance at Chābahār. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7720.2; NGA 28533.
Kalantari (Chābahār Pierhead)
2008. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); four green flashes every 7 s. 9 m (30 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with gallery painted red with a white horizontal band. Saeid Hashemi's photo is at right, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the end of the Kalantari quay at Chābahār. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7723; NGA 28534.

Kalantari Light, Chābahār, December 2015
Panoramio photo copyright Saeid Hashemi; used by permission

Hormozgān Province Lighthouses

Lower Strait of Hormuz Lighthouses
Note: The Strait of Hormuz is the narrow connection between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. The strait is shaped like an inverted U, wrapped around the sharp northward projection of Arabia's Musandam Peninsula. At its narrowest point, the strait is 39 km (24 mi) wide. The strait and the province of Hormozgān are named for the kingdom of Hormuz (Ormus), which ruled this area from the 10th to the 17th century.
Ras-e Jask (3)
Date unknown (station established 1914). Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); two white flashes every 15 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower, painted red. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. The original light was mounted on the telegraph office; this was replaced before 1942 by a "circular white tower." Iran established a new naval base at Jask in 2008. Located on a sharp promontory on the east side of the entrance to the Strait of Hormuz. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7713; NGA 28540.
Ras-e Kuh (Kuh-e Mubarak, Ras al-Kuh) (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); white flash every 10 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery. NGA lists a 20 m (66 ft) skeletal tower, but Bing has a good satellite view of the new tower; Google also has a satellite view. The lighthouse resembles the Lārak Island lighthouse seen below right. Ras-e Kuh is a prominent cape at the southeast entrance to the narrow portion of the Strait of Hormuz. Located on heights about 5 km (3 mi) north of the cape. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7712; NGA 28544.
Bandar-e Sirik
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 38 m (125 ft); three white flashes every 20 s. Approx. 35 m (115 ft) square skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located in Sirik, a small port on the east coast of the Strait of Hormuz. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7711; NGA 28548.

Bandar Abbas Area Lighthouses
Note: Bandar Abbas (Bandar-e ‘Abbās), at the northern bend of the Strait of Hormuz, is a major seaport and the capital of Hormozgān Province. The modern port is artificial: it consists of a canal-like cut oriented precisely north and south.
Bandar-e Abbās (Bandar Abbas) Entrance Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); white light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 15 m (49 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted with red, white and blue horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. The front light is on a similar but shorter tower. Located about 800 m (1/2 mi) north of the north end of the port. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7709.41; NGA 28636.
Hormozgān Terminal
Date unknown. Inactive since 2017. Approx. 28 m (95 ft) skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the Hormozgān oil terminal east of Shahīd Rajāī, about 15 km (9 mi) west of Bandar Abbas. Site status unknown. ex-Admiralty D7707.5; NGA 28647.5.
Bandar-e Shahīd Rajāī (Shahid Rajaee) East Breakwater (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); green flash every 5 s. Approx. 9 m (30 ft) round hourglass-shaped green fiberglass tower. A view from the sea is available, and Google has a satellite view. The Admiralty and NGA list a framework tower. There is probably a similar light on the inner breakwater. Located on the east outer breakwater of the Shaid Rajaee port, about 20 km (13 mi) west of Bandar Abbas. Site and tower closed. Admiralty D7708; NGA 28648.
Bandar-e Shahīd Rajāī (Shahid Rajaee) West Breakwater (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 5 s. Approx. 9 m (30 ft) round hourglass-shaped red fiberglass tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. The Admiralty and NGA list a framework tower. There is probably a similar light on the inner breakwater. Located on the west outer breakwater of the Shaid Rajaee port, about 20 km (13 mi) west of Bandar Abbas. Site and tower closed. Admiralty D7708.2; NGA 28652.
Bandar-e Shahīd Rajāī (Shahid Rajaee) Entrance Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); white light occulting once every 4 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the west side of Shahīd Rajāī. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7707; NGA 28647.
Bandar-e Shahīd Rajāī (Shahid Rajaee) Entrance Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); white light, 2 s on, 2 s off. Approx. 35 m (115 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located beside highway 94, 2130 m (1.3 mi) west northwest of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7707.1; NGA 28647.1.

Upper Strait of Hormuz (Qeshm Area) Lighthouses
Note: Qeshm (formerly spelled Kishm) is the largest island of Iran. 135 km (84 mi) long, it lies parallel to the mainland coast on the north side of the Strait of Hormuz.
Jazīreh-ye Lārak (Larak Island) North
2008. Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. Approx. 32 m (105 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower with lantern and gallery, rising from a 2-story (?) building. Alireza Teimoury's photo is at the top of this page, and Google has a satellite view. This light replaced a light on a communications tower near the center of the island. Lārak Island, southeast of Qeshm on the north side of the Strait of Hormuz, is an important oil shipment port for Iran. Located on the northern tip of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. ARLHS IRA-006; Admiralty D7337.5; NGA 28669.
Qeshm
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 7 m (23 ft); red flash every 5 s. 6 m (20 ft) round red fiberglass tower on a square concrete base. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the breakwater of the principal harbor of Qeshm city, at the east end of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7337.7.
Jazīreh-ye Hengām (Hengam Island) South
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 10 s. 5 m (17 ft) round tower with lantern, attached to a supporting structure. A photo of this curious light is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Hengam is an island about 35 km (22 mi) in diameter lying just off the central south coast of Qeshm Island at the northwestern entrance to the Strait of Hormuz. Located near the south end of Hengam Island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7339.5.
Ra's-e Dastakān
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12.5 m (40 ft); three white flashes every 12 s. Approx. 8 m (26 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the southwestern tip of Qeshm Island, a large island separated from the mainland by a narrow strait. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7700; NGA 28732.

Hengam Island Light, Persian Gulf
unattributed former Panoramio photo salvaged by ipfs.io

Gulf Islands Lighthouses
Note: These small islands in the middle of the Gulf have obvious strategic importance. Until 1971 they were generally attached to Arab states now within the United Arab Emirates. After the British withdrew their influence from the region the islands were occupied quickly by Iran. Because of their sensitive situation, they are military areas closed to casual visitation.
Jazīreh-ye Tonb-e Bozorg (Greater Tunb Island) (?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 75 m (246 ft); white flash every 10 s. 25 m (82 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and the lighthouse is not seen clearly in Bing's fuzzy satellite view. The Greater and Lesser Tunb (or Tonb) Islands are located at a strategic location in the eastern Gulf; the westbound ship channel passes to the north of the islands and the eastbound channel to the south. The islands are claimed by Iran and by the Emirate of Ras al-Khaima in the United Arab Emirates. Iranian forces occupied the islands in 1971, when British forces withdrew from the Gulf. The island has a fishing settlement and several Iranian military installations. Located on the highest point of the island, near the northwestern corner. Site and tower closed. ARLHS IRA-005; Admiralty D7703; NGA 28724.
Jazīreh-ye Tonb-e Kūchek (Lesser Tunb Island)
1912. Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); two white flashes every 15 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. NGA describes this light only as a "white structure," and the Admiralty calls it a "white beacon." A historic photo is at right, a fuzzy photo posted in 2014 is available, and Bing has an indistinct satellite view that probably shows the lighthouse. The lighthouse was built by the British at a time when they dominated the Gulf. The lighthouse was maintained by the Middle East Navigation Aids Service (MENAS) until Iranian authorities took over its operation in 1974. Lesser Tunb is about 20 km (13 mi) west of the better-known Greater Tunb Island (previous entry). Site and tower closed. Admiralty D7704; NGA 28740.
Greater Tunb Island Light
Lesser Tunb Island Light, Persian Gulf
Undated photo from the archives of the Middle East Navigation Aids Service
Abū Mūsá
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 130 m (427 ft); white flash every 8 s. No description and no closeup photo available. A very distant photo is at right, and a Bing satellite view shows the station complex. Like the Tunb Islands (previous two entries), Abū Mūsá has been occupied by Iran since 1971 but is claimed by the Emirate of Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates. Located on an island near the center of the Gulf about 40 km (25 mi) southwest of Lesser Tunb Island. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7706; NGA 28744.
Jazīreh-ye Sirrī (Sirri Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) pyramidal skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Sirri is about 40 km (25 mi) south of Forur and 50 km (30 mi) west of Abu Musa. Located on the east side of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7697; NGA 28776.
Jazīreh-ye Forūr (Forur Island, Farur Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 170 m (558 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 17 m (56 ft) skeletal tower, painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Forur is about 30 km (19 mi) south of the Iranian coast west of Bandar Lengeh. Located on heights near the west side of the island. Site and tower closed. Admiralty D7695; NGA 28768.
Jazīreh-ye Banī Forūr (Little Forur Island, Little Farur Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 44.5 m (146 ft); white flash every 5 s. No description available, but presumably a skeletal tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view . Little Forur Island is a small island, about 2 km (1.25 mi) in diameter, about 15 km (9 mi) south southwest of Forur and a similar distance north northwest of Sirri. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7696; NGA 28772.
Abu Musa Light
Abu Musa Light, Persian Gulf, February 2013
Panoramio Creative Commons photo by reza-tj

South Coast Lighthouses
Ra's-e Bostāneh (Bostaneh, Bustaneh)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 29 m (95 ft); white flash every 10 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) skeletal tower with lantern and gallery. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a prominent cape about 5 km (3 mi) west of Bandar-e Bostaneh. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7698; NGA 28764.
Jazīreh-ye Qeys (Kish Island, Qeys Island, Kais Island) (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 39 m (128 ft); three white flashes every 7 s. Described by NGA as a "red and white framework tower." No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. An earlier light was listed in 1942 with a focal plane height of 27 m (89 ft). Kish, located 19 km (12 mi) off Iran's south coast, is a popular resort and free trade zone with an international airport and luxury hotels. The indicated location of the light is west of the airport near the center of the island. Site status unknown. ARLHS IRA-003; Admiralty D7692; NGA 28792.
Chīrū (Chiruyeh) (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) concrete tower. The Admiralty describes this light as being only 2 m (7 ft) tall, but this is not consistent with Google's satellite view. Located ona sandy promontory southwest of the village of Chīrū. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7690; NGA 28804.
Jazīreh-ye Hendorabī (Hendorabi Island, Hendarabi)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 58 m (190 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with gallery. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Hendorabī is an elliptical island about 8 km (5 mi) by 4 km (2.5 mi), located halfway between Kish and Lavan. Located on the central ridge of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7691; NGA 28808.
Ra's-e Nakhilu (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. This light guides vessels in the strait between Hendorabi Island and the mainland. NGA lists a smaller tower. Located on a bluff overlooking the strait. Admiralty D7689; NGA 28812.
Jazīreh-ye-Shītvār (Shotur Island, Shidvar, Shatur)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; two white flashes every 10 s. Described by NGA as a "white beacon," but Mohsen Kashfi's aerial photo of the island (at highest magnification) and Bing's satellite view reveal a tall tower painted with red and white horizontal bands. Shītvār is a small island off the eastern end of the much larger Lavan Island. The island is a nature reserve. Located at the west end of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7688; NGA 28864.
Jazīreh-ye Lavan (Lavan Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 54 m (177 ft); three white flashes every 12 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google's satellite view. Lavan Island, located off the Iranian coast opposite Qater, is an important oil terminal. Site status unknown. ARLHS IRA-004; Admiralty D7685; NGA 28816.
Shah Allum Shoal (2?)
2008(?) (station established around 1947(?)). Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 35 m (115 ft) skeletal tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available. Shah Allum Shoal is a notoriously dangerous rocky shoal in the center of the Gulf, roughly midway between Qater and Lavan Island. Sailing directions dated 2007 mention the wreckage of the former light structure, probably destroyed by collision with a ship. The shoal was marked by a lightfloat at that time. The present light was announced on international lists in early 2009. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty D7683; NGA 28876.

Būshehr Province Lighthouses

Northwestern Gulf Lighthouses
Ra's-e Nāy Band South
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 30 m (98 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) skeletal tower with lantern, gallery and central cylinder. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located northwest of the village of Nay Band and about 5 km (3 mi) southeast of Cape Nayband. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty D7680.
Ra's-e Nāy Band (Nay Band, Cape Nayband)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 29 m (95 ft); white flash every 15 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) skeletal tower with lantern, gallery and central cylinder. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. The surrounding area is a national park. Note: NGA lists this light as D7680, and the Admiralty had it with that number as recently as 2011. Located on a prominent and scenic cape south of Asalouyah in southernmost Būshehr Province. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty D7679.8 (ex-D7680); NGA 28880.
Shilat
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower. Alireza Darvishi has a distant view, but the tower is not seen in Google's fuzzy satellite view. Located at the tiny village of Shilat about 120 km (75 mi) southeast of Būshehr. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7674.6; NGA 28893.
Karri (Kalāt)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 27 m (89 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted red with one white horizontal band. A photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Listed by the Admiralty and NGA as "Kalat," although the lighthouse is not at Kalāt. Located at Karri village, about 90 km (58 mi) south of Būshehr. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty D7674; NGA 28900.
Jazīreh-ye Farsi (Jazīrat al Fārisīyah, Farsi Island)
Around 1947(?). Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); white flash every 15 s. 23 m (75 ft) skeletal tower, painted black with a white horizontal band. No photo available, and Google has only a very distant satellite view of the island (another satellite view fails to show the tower). Farsi is a small island in the center of the Gulf northeast of the Saudi port of Al Jubayl. Farsi and the nearby island of al-Arabiyah were the subject of boundary negotiations between Iran and Saudi Arabia in the 1960s; in 1968 the final agreement assigned Farsi to Iran and al-Arabiyah to Saudi Arabia. The island is occupied by Iranian military forces. Site and tower closed. ARLHS IRA-001; Admiralty D7455; NGA 29364.
Ra's osh Shaţţ (?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); white flash every 6 s. No description given, but presumably a skeletal tower. No photo available, and the light is not seen in Bing's satellite view of the listed location. The navigational purpose of this light is unclear, and it may have been removed. Located on the north side of the bay of Būshehr, about 20 km (13 mi) north of the city. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7670.5; NGA 28902.
Rūd-e Helleh
2017. Active; focal plane about 25 m (82 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 25 m (82 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. This light is a possible replacement for the Ra's osh Shaţţ light. Located on a swampy point about 40 km (25 mi) northwest of Būshehr. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7669.6.
Jazīreh-ye Khārk (Khark Island, Kharg Island, Kharg South Beacon)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 90 m (295 ft); two white flashes every 12 s. 14 m (46 ft) aluminum skeletal tower with lantern, gallery and central cylinder. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Khark (Kharg), 25 km (15 mi) off the coast north of Būshehr, is the site of a large oil terminal. On a page no longer online the Iranian Oil Terminals Company noted that the usefulness of this light is limited by nearby gas flares and the lights of the terminal installations. Located near the south end of the island. Site status unknown. ARLHS IRA-002; Admiralty D7664.4; NGA 28916.
Kalat Light
Karri Light, Būshehr Province, April 2011
Panoramio photo copyright smj_rokni; permission requested
Jazīreh-ye Khārkū (Kharku Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 16 m (52 ft) aluminum lattice tower. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Khārkū is an uninhabited island to the northeast of Khārk (previous entry). Located at the north end of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7663; NGA 28948.
Bandar-e Kanaveh (Ganaveh) South Breakwater (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); two green flashes every 6 s. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) square skeletal tower. No photo available, but Rohallah Heidari has a very distant street view and Google has a satellite view. This light replaces or supplements a small pierhead light. Located at the end of the south breakwater at Ganaveh. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7662.5.
#Bandar-e Kanaveh (Ganaveh) (2)
Date unknown. Inactive since 2005. 16 m (52 ft) aluminum lattice tower. No photo available, and the tower is not seen in Google's satellite view. The light was discontinued in late 2005, and the tower was probably removed. Kanaveh is a small port and beach resort about 50 km (30 mi) northeast of Khark Island. Located near the beach on the north side of the town. Site status unknown. ex-Admiralty D7662; ex-NGA 28952.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Northern Iran | East: Pakistan | South: United Arab Emirates | West: Kuwait

Return to the Lighthouse Directory index | Ratings key

Posted October 9, 2010. Checked and revised June 8, 2018. Lighthouses: 41. Site copyright 2018 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.