Lighthouses of the Philippines: Southern Mindanao

The Philippines include more than 7000 islands stretching over 1750 km (1100 mi) of the western Pacific. The archipelago was a Spanish colony until the Spanish-American War of 1898, which brought the islands under U.S. administration. Japan occupied the islands during World War II (1942-45), and the country became independent shortly thereafter (1946).

Mindanao is the second largest island of the Philippines, occupying the southern end of the archipelago. The island is very irregular in shape; the largest portion is very roughly elliptical extending northeast to southwest and there is also a long curved extension, the Zamboanga Peninsula, on the west. The small islands of the Sulu Archipelago stretch from the end of the Zamboanga Peninsula towards Borneo. This page lists lighthouses of the Davao Region on the southeast side of the sialnd and the Soccsksargen Region on the south side of the island. Also included are lighthouses of the portion of the autonomous Bangsamoro Region on the southwest mainland of Mindanao.

The lighthouse preservation movement is gaining some momentum in the Philippines. Until recently, all of the historic light stations were in very poor condition. However, the Philippines Coast Guard, which operates aids to navigation in the country, has recently repaired and renovated many of the towers. An "adopt a lighthouse" program has taken hold, and there's hope more extensive restorations will be carried out within the next few years.

Philippine lighthouses are often called parolas. Many Philippine lighthouses are not well known, so better information and photos are needed.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume F of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Philippine Lighthouses
8 historic photos posted by Johann Stockinger.
Lighthouses in the Philippines
Wikipedia article, with links to articles on several of the individual lighthouses.
Spanish Lighthouses of the Philippines
This is the Directory's own list of the Spanish light stations, with notes on their current status.
Lighthouses in the Philippines
Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia.
World of Lighthouses - Philippines
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Online List of Lights - Philippines
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.

Cape San Agustin Light
Three lighthouses of Cape San Agustin
Davao Oriental Provincial Government photo

Davao Region Lighthouses

Davao Oriental Province Lighthouses
Baculin Point
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; two white flashes every 10 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) white concrete or fiberglass tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a remote promontory on the north side of the entrance to Baculin Bay. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2239.5.
* Pusan Point (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white flash every 5 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) white concrete tower with gallery. James Topak's photo is at right, Dodong Usyot has a 2018 photo, and Google has a satellite view of the station. The original light was on the concrete post seen at the left in Topak's photo. Pusan Point is the easternmost point of the Philippines. Located on a prominent cape at the south entrance to Caraga Bay, about 16 km (10 mi) southeast of Caraga. Accessible by road (local guidance recommended). Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2239.3; NGA 15147.5.
Lawigan Point
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) white concrete tower with gallery. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view of the station. The Admiralty and NGA misspell the name as "Lamigan" Point. Located on a cape at the northern entrance to Pujada Bay, about 25 km (15 mi) southeast of Mati City. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2239; NGA 15151.
* Mati
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) concrete post; a stairway spirals around the post. Google has a street view but the tower is inconspicuous in Google's satellite view. Located at the base of the main pier in Mati, the provincial capital, a port at the head of Pujada Bay with a population of about 150,000. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2238; NGA 15148.

Pusan Point Light, Caraga, April 2012
photo copyright James Topak; permission requested
Pujada Island
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; red flash every 5 s. Approx. 11 m (36 ft) barbell-shaped white fiberglass tower. No photo available but Google has a distant satellite view. Located in the southeastern point of Pujada Island, an island in the mouth of Pujada Bay. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2237; NGA 15150.
* Cape San Agustin (Parola Lavigan) (1)
Date unknown (1920s?). Inactive. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) concrete post; a stairway spirals around the post. The tower appears in the photo at the top of this page; another photo shows the tower to be in relatively poor condition. Gino Labiste has a 2017 photo. Cape San Agustin, the southeasternmost tip of Mindanao, is at the end of a long and narrow peninsula. In 2016 the Tibanban-Lavigan Road, extending the length of the peninsula, was paved in concrete, making the cape accessible by road for casual tourists. There is a visitor center with a small entrance fee. A report of a 2012 visit is available. Site open and nothing prevents climbing the tower.
* Cape San Agustin (Parola Lavigan) (2)
Date unknown (1950s?). Inactive. 24.5 m (80 ft) round unpainted concrete tower with gallery. The tower appears in the photo at the top of this page, Archie Hilado has a photo, a 2017 photo is available, Leonard Romano has a 2018 closeup, and Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. Site open, tower closed.
* Cape San Agustin (Parola Lavigan) (3)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 34 m (112 ft); white flash every 5 s. 30.5 m (100 ft) (?) white round concrete tower, flared at the top and bottom. The tower appears in the photo at the top of this page, Ferdenand Nueve has a 2018 photo of the three lighthouses, Archie Hilado has a photo, a 2018 photo is available, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. This is easily the tallest lighthouse of Mindanao. Located adjacent to the historic lighthouses. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS PHI-017; Admiralty F2236; NGA 15152.
Sigaboy Island
Date unknown. Active; focal plane at least 80 m (262 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) round barbell-shaped white tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Sigaboy is a small, privately owned island just off Tibanban, a village on the east side of Davao Gulf about 50 km (30 mi) north northwest of Cap San Agustin. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2235.7; NGA 15167.3.
Bitaogan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white flash every 10 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) barbell-shaped white fiberglass tower. No photo available but Google has a distant satellite view that probably shows the tower. Located on a low point of land near San Isidro on the east side of Davao Gulf. May be accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2235.5; NGA 15167.
Mapanga
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; two white flashes every 10 s. No description given. No photo available and the light is not seen in Google's satellite view. Located on a very steep promontory about 3 km (2 mi) south of Pintatagan. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2235.3; NGA 15161.

Davao del Norte Province Lighthouses
Paet Point
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white flash every 5 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) round barbell-shaped white tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the south point of Samal Island, a large island southeast of Davao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2233; NGA 15160.1.
Talikud Island
Date unknown. Active; focal plane approx. 11 m (36 ft); white flash every 3 s. 10 m (33 ft) concrete post; a stairway spirals around the post. Gerard Linsangan has a photo, another photo is available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on the southwest coast of Talikud Island, about 25 km (15 mi) southeast of Davao, Mindanao's largest city. Site status unknown. ARLHS PHI-061; Admiralty F2232; NGA 15160.

Davao City Lighthouses
Note: Davao is the metropolis of the southern Philippines. Located on the northwestern shore of the Davao Gulf with a harbor sheltered by Samal Island, it has a population of about 1.75 million.
Lanang Point (Sasa)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane approx. 20 m (66 ft); red flash every 5 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) concrete post; a stairway spirals around the post. Mike Baylon has a photo, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the industrial Sasa port, on the north end of the Davao waterfront. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2234.5; NGA 15166.
* Davao
Date unknown (station established 1885). Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round white tower with a flared top. Mike Baylon's photo is at right, he also has a 2009 photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the Santa Ana Pier in downtown Davao. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2234; NGA 15164.
Davao Light
Davao Light, Davao, October 2010
Flickr photo copyright Mike Baylon; used by permission

Davao del Sur Province Lighthouses
Pasig Point
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round barbell-shaped white fiberglass tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a low point of land about 15 km (9 mi) north of Digos City. Site appears open, tower closed. Admiralty F2231.7; NGA 15165.
Port Malalag (Eagles Point) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1908). Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); red flash every 5 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) white round hourglass-shaped tower. Mike Baylon's photo is at right, another photo, an evening view and a view from the water are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Malalag Bay is an outstanding natural harbor on the west side of the Davao Gulf on the south coast of Mindanao. The original light was on a post on the beach. Located on a headland on the south shore of the bay. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2231.2; NGA 15176.
Malalag Bay (Hill 450)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 135 m (444 ft); red flash every 5 s. Described by NGA only as a concrete structure. No photo available, and the light is not seen in Bing's satellite view. Located on heights at the eastern entrance to Malabag Bay. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2231; NGA 15172.
Colapsin Point (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 74 m (243 ft); white flash every 5 s. NGA provides no description for this light, but it appears likely to be a round fiberglass tower flared at the top. No photo available but Google has a satellite view and Bing also has a satellite view. The light was formerly on a concrete post also seen in the satellite views. Located on a sharp promontory on the south side of the entrance to Malalag Bay. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2230; NGA 15168.
Tubalan Head
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 10 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) round barbell-shaped white fiberglasstower. No photo available and the light has not been found in Bing's satellite view. Located at the tip of a headland about 25 km (15 mi) southeast of Malalag. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2229; NGA 15181.
Tingulo Point
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 10 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) round barbell-shaped white fiberglass tower. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a rounded cape about 1.5 km (1 mi) southeast of Tingulo village. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2228.9; NGA 15181.3.
Talagutong (Caliya)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; three white flashes every 15 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) round barbell-shaped white fiberglass tower. No photo available and the light is not seen in Google's satellite view. NGA lists this light as "Davao del Sur." Located on a headland south of the village of Talagutong. Admiralty F2228.7; NGA 15181.5.
Port Malalag Light
Port Malalag Light, Malalag, November 2010
Flickr photo copyright Mike Baylon; used by permission
Baños Point
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white flash every 10 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) round white barbell-shaped fiberglass tower. No photo available, and the light may be too new to appear in Google's satellite view or Bing's satellite view. Located on a prominent cape near José Abed Santos. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2228.6; NGA 15181.7.
Olanivan (Olaniban) Island
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 8 s. Approx. 9 m (30 ft) round barbell-shaped white fiberglass tower. John Anthony Teker has a photo and Bing has a satellite view. Olaniban is a small island off the north end of Sarangani Island, about 25 km (15 mi) east of Tinaca Point, the southernmost point of Mindanao. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2228.5; NGA 15185.5.
Manamil Island (Balut Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 12 m (39 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. Approx. 9 m (30 ft) round barbell-shaped white fiberglass tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the southwestern tip of Balut Island, the larger of the two Sarangani Islands. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2228.3; NGA 15185.
Tinaca Point
Date unknown (station established 1916). Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); white flash every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) white concrete tower with a buttressed base. 1-story octagonal keeper's house. Dodong Usyot's photo is at right, a distant view from the sea is available, and Bing has a satellite view (Google's satellite view of the point does not reveal the light). This light marks the southernmost point of Mindanao. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2228; NGA 15184.

Tinaca Point Light, Davao del Sur, January 2017
Google Plus photo by Dodong Usyot

Soccsksargen Region Lighthouses

Note: The formidable name Soccsksargen (pronounced "sock-sarjen") is an acronym formed from the names of the region's provinces and cities.
General Santos City Lighthouse
Makar Wharf
Date unknown. Active (privately maintained); focal plane unlisted; green flash every 5 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. General Santos City, known informally as GenSan, is an important city and seaport of southern Mindanao; it has a population of at least 600,000. The city is at the northwestern corner of Sarangani Bay. Located on one of the city's main wharves. Site and tower closed. Admiralty F2227; NGA 15181.8.

Sarangani Province Lighthouses
Tampuan Point
Date unknown. Active (privately maintained); focal plane unlisted; white flash every 5 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower, painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. The light is on the property of a popular diving resort. Located on a sharp promontory at the western entrance to Sarangani Bay. Site status unknown. Owner/site manager: Lemlunay Resort. Admiralty F2226.9.
Buca Point
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unlisted; two white flashes every 5 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round barbell-shaped white fiberglass tower. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on the beach about 10 km (6 mi) southeast of Kiamba. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2226.7; NGA 15162.

Sultan Kudarat Province Lighthouse
Lebak Point
Date unknown. Inactive since 2013. 9.5 m (31 ft) white steel and fiberglass tower. No photo available, and the light is not seen in Google's satellite view. Located on a sharp promontory sheltering the harbor of Lepak, on the eastern shore of Moro Gulf. Site status unknown. ex-Admiralty F2226.5; ex-NGA 15186.

Bangsamoro Autonomous Region Lighthouses

Note: The Bangsamoro Autonomous Region has been formed as a result of a peace settlement between the central government of the Philippines and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. The region includes the provinces of Maguindanao and Lanao del Sur on the mainland of Mindanao and the three provinces (Basilan, Sulu, and Tawi-Tawi) of the Sulu Archipelago. Lighthouses of the Sulu Archipelago are described on the Zamboanga and Sulu page.

Maguindanao Province Lighthouses
Note: Maguindanao borders the northeastern side of the Moro Gulf.
Tapian Point
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white flash every 7 s. 10 m (33 ft) white concrete tower. No photo available and the tower has not been found in Google's satellite view. Located on a headland on the Moro Gulf about 20 km (13 mi) southwest of Cotabato. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2226.2; NGA 15187.
Bongo Island (Cotabato)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white flash every 10 s. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round white steel and fiberglass tower, flared at the top and bottom. A small photo is available, but the light may be too new to appear in Google's satellite view of the area. Located at the southern end of Bongo, an island in the northeastern part of Illana Bay about 20 km (13 mi) northwest of Cotabato. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2226.1; NGA 15189.
Polloc Harbor
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; red flash every 5 s. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round white steel and fiberglass tower, flared at the top and bottom. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view that may show the lighthouse. Located high on a promontory sheltering Polloc Harbor, at the northeastern corner of Moro Gulf. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2225.5; NGA 15190.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

  •  

Adjoining pages: North: Northern Mindanao | South: Talaud and Sangihe Islands | West: Zamboanga and Sulu

Return to the Lighthouse Directory index | Ratings key

Posted July 24, 2005. Checked and revised October 3, 2018. Lighthouses: 33. Site copyright 2018 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.