Lighthouses of Russia: Southern White Sea

The northwestern corner of Russia lies on the Barents Sea, an arm of the Arctic Ocean. The broad, eastward-pointing Kola Peninsula (Kolskiy Poluostrov) separates the Barents Sea from the nearly-enclosed White Sea, which extends southward more than 500 km (300 mi). Arkhangel'sk, located at the southeasternmost point of the White Sea, became Russia's chief port under Ivan the Terrible in the mid 1500s, and there has been a lively trade between Western Europe and Arkhangel'sk through these northern waters for almost 500 years.

It may come as a surprise to lighthouse fans to learn that there are many lighthouses along these Arctic waterways, including more than a few nineteenth century towers built under the tsars. These lighthouses are surely among the most poorly known in the world. Under the Soviets, almost none of them were accessible to Westerners, and even today many areas in the Russian North are restricted. But cruise ships are beginning to visit these waters, so conditions for visiting the lighthouses may be improving.

This page lists includes lighthouses on the south side of the White Sea in the autonomous Republic of Karelia and in the northwestern part of the vast Arkhangel'sk Oblast (the area west of Arkhangel'sk City). The lighthouse descriptions given are from the U.S. NGA List unless photos are available. Special thanks to Michel Forand for locating many of the photo links on this page and sharing data from the Admiralty List of Lights. However, we still need photos of many sites. If you have any photos of lighthouses in this area, or spot any such photos on the Internet, please let me know.

Russian lighthouses are owned and operated by the Russian Navy, although some of them have civilian keepers. The Russian word for a lighthouse is mayak (маяк); mys (мыс) is a cape and ostrov (остров) is an island.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Russian light list (RU) numbers are from Russian Navy Publication 2105, as reported by the Admiralty. Admiralty numbers are from volume L of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA numbers are from Publication 115. The Russian light list, Огни и знаки (Lights and Signs), is not available online.

General Sources
Online List of Lights - Russia - Arctic Sea Coast
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
World of Lighthouses - Arctic Coast of Russia
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
White Sea Lighthouses in Russia
Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia.com.
Russische Leuchttürme auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard images posted by Klaus Huelse.
Zhizhginskiy Light
Zhizhginskiy Light, Primorsky, August 2010
Panoramio photo copyright Tommikus; used by permission

Republic of Karelia Lighthouses

Note: The Republic of Karelia, one of the units of the Russian Federation, is bordered by Finland to the west. Kem and Belomorsk are the most important ports on the Karelian coast of the White Sea. The White Sea-Baltic Canal (Belomorsko-Baltiyskiy Kanal or BBK) leads from Belomorsk through Lakes Onega and Ladoga to St. Petersburg, thus joining the White Sea and the Baltic Sea. Additional Karelian lighthouses are listed on the pages for Lake Onega and Lake Ladoga.
Loukhsky District Lighthouses
Ostrov Asafly
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); two white flashes every 14 s. 14 m (46 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower, painted black. The upper third of the tower carries a slatted daymark painted red with a yellow horizontal band. A photo and a more distant view are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on an island of the Kem'-Ludy group, on the south side of the entrance to Kandalaksha Bay, near Karelia's northern border. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS ERU-242; RU-5495; Admiralty L6688; NGA 15732.
Mys Sharapov
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 58 m (190 ft); white flash every 14.5 s. 5 m (17 ft) round solid concrete tower on a square stone base; access to the light is by a stone stairway. The lantern is red. A photo is available, but the small structure is barely visible in Bing's satellite view of the cape. Despite its diminutive size, this is considered a major light. Located on a prominent cape at the southern entrance to Kandalaksha Bay, about 30 km (20 mi) southeast of Ostrov Asafly. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS ERU-277; RU-5455; Admiralty L6694; NGA 15740.

Kemsky District Lighthouses
Note: Kem (Kemi in Karelian) is a historic town, founded with the building of a fort in 1657. The population is about 13,000.
Ostrov Nakhkonitsa
Date unknown (station established 1916). Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 5 s. 14 m (46 ft) gray concrete tower with a red lantern. A photo and a more distant view are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a rock marking the south side of the entrance to Kandalaksha Bay on the west side of the White Sea. RU-5370; Admiralty L6706; NGA 15748.
Ostrov Samba-Luda (Sambaluda)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 3 s. 8 m (26 ft) square pyramidal solid concrete tower with gallery. Access to the light is by an external ladder. A photo and more distant view are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island about 15 km (9 mi) southeast of the Nakhonitsa lighthouse. RU-5360; Admiralty L6712; NGA 15752.
#Rombakskiy (Ostrov Yuzhniy Rombak)
1910. Destroyed by fire sometime in 2014-15. This was a 9 m (30 ft) square cylindrical wood tower with lantern and gallery, rising from the front of a 1-story wood keeper's house. House painted bright yellow with a red roof and red trim; the lantern dome painted white. A 2008 view from the sea is at right, and a large portfolio has a good photo. Huelse has a historic postcard photo. In 2005 the keeper and his wife were found dead, apparently as a murder-suicide. The lighthouse was restored in 2007 or 2008. It was destaffed in 2011 and burned sometime during the winter of 2014-15. Lightphotos.net has Yuri Matseevskii's photo of the ruins, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on an island about 20 km (13 mi) east of Kem; the lighthouse should be visible from ferries between Kem' and Solovetskiy Island (next entry). Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. ARLHS ERU-149; RU-5170; Admiralty L6730; NGA 15760.
Topy
Date unknown (station established 1916). Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); flash every 3 s, white or red depending on direction. 20 m (66 ft) concrete (?) tower with lantern and gallery. The lighthouse was painted black and the lantern red. An undated closeup photo shows that much of the paint had flaked off the tower. Lightphotos.net has Alexey Nikitin's photo, another photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. The lighthouse marks a small group of dangerous rocky islands in the middle of the passage between Solovetskiy Island and the western shore of Onega Bay. Located about 15 km (9 mi) west of Solovetskiy. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. ARLHS ERU-281; RU-4485; Admiralty L6784; NGA 15832.
Ostrov Rovnyazhiy
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); flash every 2 s, white or red depending on direction. 7 m (23 ft) square wood skeletal tower covered with a slatted daymark. Light lists say the daymark is yellow, but it appears white in an available photo. Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a tiny island in Onega Bay halfway between the Toby and Zhuzhmuyskiy lighthouses. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. ARLHS ERU-167; RU-5135; Admiralty L6800; NGA 15836.
Rombakskiy Light
Rombakskiy Light, Kem', August 2008 (now lost)
Panoramio photo copyright Dm!try_S; permission requested

Belomorsky District Lighthouses
Note: Located on the west side of Onega Bay, Belomorsk is a port built in the 1930s at the northern end of the White Sea-Baltic Canal. Its name means "White Sea" in Russian.
Zhuzhmuysky (Ostrov Bol'shoy Zhuzhmuy)
1871. Active; focal plane 59 m (194 ft); four long (3 s) white flashes every 30 s. 26 m (85 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with central cylinder, lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted red, lantern roof green. Several keeper's houses and other station buildings. A photo is at right, Lightphotos.net has Yuri Matseevskii's photo, and Bing has a satellite view of the station. This lighthouse was prefabricated in France by Barbier, Bénard & Turenne; a photo of the builder's plate is available (about 1/3 the way down the page). Huelse has a historic postcard photo. The lighthouse was originally installed at the eastern tip of Ostrov Bolshoy Zhuzhmuysky, but sometime before 1920 it was relocated westward, to a higher location on the island. Located at the highest point of Ostrov Bol'shoy Zhuzhmuysky, the larger of the Zhuzhmuy Islands about 35 km (22 mi) south of Solovetskiy and a similar distance east of Belomorsk. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS ERU-133; RU-5090; Admiralty L6804; NGA 15844.
Ostrov Malyy Zhuzhmuy
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); white flash every 3 s. 12 m (39 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with a slatted daymark painted with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has a fuzzy satellite view. Located at the southeast end of Malyy Zhuzhmuy, a smaller island southeast of Bol'shoy Zhuzhmuy. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty L6806; NGA 15848.
Belomorsk Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); continuous red light. 9 m (30 ft) square metal tower carrying a slatted daymark painted red with a white vertical stripe. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located north of the wharves of Belomorsk. Site status unknown. Admiralty L6816; NGA 15852.
Belomorsk Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); continuous red light. 13 m (43 ft) square wood tower carrying a slatted daymark painted red with a white vertical stripe. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located in a warehouse area on the east side of the main railroad yard on the north side of Belomorsk. Site status unknown. Admiralty L6816.1; NGA 15856.
Ostrov Osinka
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) square pyramidal wood skeletal tower. A closeup photo (note the person standing on the gallery) and a very distant view are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island at the southern end of Onega Bay, about 25 km (15 mi) east of Belomorsk. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS ERU-078; RU-5000; Admiralty L6832; NGA 15872.
Zhuzhmuysky Light
Zhuzhmuysky (Ostrov Bolshoy) Light, Onega Bay, July 2012
Panoramio photo copyright Peter V.; permission requested
Ostrov Salma-Luda
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); green flash every 5 s. 9 m (30 ft) "pyramid," form unknown. No photo available, and Bing has only a fuzzy satellite view. Located on a small island at the southern end of Onega Bay, about 25 km (15 mi) east of Ostrov Osinka. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. RU-4980; Admiralty L6836; NGA 15888.
Ostrov Tit-Luda
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 4 s. 14 m (30 ft) "pyramid," painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island at the southern end of Onega Bay, about 15 km (9 mi) southeast of Ostrov Salma-Luda. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. RU-4955; Admiralty L6838; NGA 15880.
Ostrov Perkhluda
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); white flash every 3 s. 7 m (23 ft) square pyramidal wood skeletal tower. The tower is enclosed by a slatted daymark that is supposed to be painted white with a black vertical stripe. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located at the eastern tip of Perkhluda, an island in the southern end of Onega Bay. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. RU-4945; Admiralty L6840; NGA 15884.

Arkhangel'sk Oblast: Onezhsky District Lighthouses

Onega Area Lighthouses
Note: The historic town of Onega is located at the mouth of the Onega River, where it empties into the southeastern end of Onega Bay. With a population of about 20,000, the town is only a minor port.
Ostrov Baklan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 7 s. 6 m (20 ft) square pyramidal wood skeletal tower, painted black. A closeup photo is available, Wikimapia has two distant views, and Bing has a satellite view. Located about 25 km (15 mi) west northwest of the mouth of the Onega River. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. RU-4795; Admiralty L6850; NGA 15892.
Mezhzavodskoy (Zavodskoy) Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); green flash every 1.5 s. 12 m (39 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower carrying a slatted daymark painted white with a red vertical stripe. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the south side of the Onega River opposite the city. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty L6876; NGA 15924.
Mezhzavodskoy (Zavodskoy) Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); green flash every 3 s. 16 m (52 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower carrying a slatted daymark painted white with a red vertical stripe. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located beside a road on the south side of the Onega River 238 m (780 ft) southeast of the front light. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty L6876.1; NGA 15928.
Lesozavod (Lesopilyniy) Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); continuous red light. 8 m (26 ft) square wood skeletal tower carrying a slatted daymark painted white with a red vertical stripe. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the south side of the Onega River 600 m (0.3 mi) east of the Mezhzavodskoy Rear Light. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty L6884; NGA 15940.
Lesozavod (Lesopilyniy) Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17.5 m (57 ft); continuous red light. 10 m (33 ft) square wood skeletal tower carrying a slatted daymark painted white with a red vertical stripe. No photo available, and shadows may conceal the light in Bing's satellite view. Located beside a road on the south side of the Onega River 109 m (360 ft) southeast of the front light. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty L6884.1; NGA 15944.
Gorodskoy (Gorodskiy) Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 49 m (161 ft); continuous red light. 45 m (148 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted black. The tower carries a large slatted daymark painted white with a red vertical stripe. A photo is at right, and Bing has a satellite view. Located atop a riverside ridge on the north side of the Onega River 1370 m (0.85 mi) southeast of the front light. Site status unknown. RU-4846; Admiralty L6874.1; NGA 15920.
* Gorodskoy (Gorodskiy) Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); continuous red light. 24 m (79 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted black. The tower carries a large slatted daymark painted white with a red vertical stripe. A photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located near the waterfront in downtown Onega. Site probably open, tower closed. ARLHS ERU-241; RU-4845; Admiralty L6874; NGA 15916.
Pikhnemskiy No. 2 Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); continuous white light. 29 m (95 ft) skeletal tower carrying a large daymark painted white with a red vertical stripe. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located 1.1 km (0.7 mi) east southeast of the front light. Site status unknown. RU-4831; Admiralty L6870.1; NGA 15912.
Pikhnemskiy No. 2 Range Front (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); continuous green light. 24 m (79 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, carrying a large slatted daymark painted white with a red vertical stripe. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Light lists describe a pyramidal tower. Located on the coast on the north side of the entrance to the Onega River. Site status unknown. RU-4830; Admiralty L6870; NGA 15908.
Pikhnemskiy No. 1 Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); continuous white light. 17 m (56 ft) skeletal tower carrying a large slatted daymark painted white with a red vertical stripe. Lightphotos.net has another photo, and Bing has a satellite view. This is the approach range for Onega. Located on the coast about 3 km (2 mi) northwest of the town. Accessible by road. Site status unknown. ARLHS ERU-265; RU-4805; Admiralty L6864; NGA 15900.
Pikhnemskiy No. 1 Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); continuous white light. 27 m (89 ft) skeletal tower carrying a large slatted daymark painted white with a red vertical stripe. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located in a forest 1.2 km (3/4 mi) east of the front light; the forest has been cleared along the range line. Site status unknown. RU-4806; Admiralty L6864.1; NGA 15904.
Gorodskoy Range Rear Light
Gorodskoy Range Rear Light, Onega, August 2008
Panoramio photo copyright IvSPb; used by permission
Ostrova Shogly
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); flash every 3 s, white, red or green depending on direction. 5 m (17 ft) round lantern mounted on a concrete base. The lantern is listed as red, but it appears yellow in the available photo. Google has a satellite view. The Shogly Islands extend along a long shoal stretching northwest from the mouth of the Onega River. Located on the northernmost island, about 18 km (12 mi) from the river entrance. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. RU-4790; Admiralty L6860; NGA 15896.

Southern Onega Bay and Peninsula Lighthouses
Note: The broad Onega Peninsula projects northwestward into the White Sea, separating Onega Bay on the southwest from Dvina Bay on the northeast. The peninsula is about 150 km (90 mi) long and about 65 km (40 mi) wide. Only the southern part of the peninsula is in the Onezhsky District.
Ostrov Pulonets
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 3 s. 12 m (39 ft) square pyramidal wood skeletal tower, supposedly painted black, but the structure lacks paint in the only available photo. The islet does not appear in Google's satellite view. Located on an isolated rock in the southeastern end of Onega Bay about 25 km (15 mi) southwest of Lyamitsa. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS ERU-268; RU-4750; Admiralty L6844; NGA 15952.
Ostrov Purluda
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 29 m (95 ft); flash every 5 s, white or red depending on direction. 5 m (16 ft) round black lantern mounted on a concrete pad. A photo is available (halfway down the page), and Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the summit of a small island about 10 km (6 mi) south of a promontory of th Onega Peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS ERU-166; Admiralty L6896; NGA 15948.
Lyamtsa (Lyamitskiy)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 37 m (121 ft); flash every 8 s, white or red depending on direction. 11 m (36 ft) square pyramidal wood skeletal tower. No photo available, and Google has only a very fuzzy satellite view of the area. Located near the village of Lyamitsa on the western shore of Onega Bay. Site status unknown. ARLHS ERU-254; RU-4725; Admiralty L6900; NGA 15956.

Arkhangel'sk Oblast: Western Primorsky District Lighthouses

Western Onega Peninsula Lighthouses
Mys Chesmenskiy
Date unknown (station established 1901). Active; focal plane 38 m (125 ft); white or red light, depending on direction, 4.5 s on, 7.5 s off. 19 m (62 ft) octagonal cylindrical brick tower with lantern and gallery, rising from the front of a 2-story keeper's house. The lighthouse is covered with aluminum (?) siding colored dark red with white trim. Fog horn (two blasts every 90 s). A Wikimapia photo is at right, Lightphotos.net has Ilya Tarasov's photo, Geocaching.su has a photo, and Bing has a satellite view of the station. There are two closeup photos (about 2/3 of the way down the page) of the lighthouse before it was restored; in these photos we see that the surface of the tower had spalled badly. Located on a headland on the western shore of Onega Bay about 15 km (10 mi) south of Pushlakhta. Site status unknown. ARLHS ERU-238; RU-4710; Admiralty L6908; NGA 15968.
Mys Letne Orlovskiy (Mys Letniy-Orlov)
Date unknown (station established 1911). Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white or red flash, depending on direction, every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) square pyramidal wood (?) tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white with a black vertical stripe on each face, lantern painted red. Abandoned 1-story wood keeper's house. Lightphotos.net has a second photo, another photo is available (a little more than halfway down the page), and Bing has a satellite view of the station. Located on a spit at the point of land marking the eastern entrance to Onega Bay, about 20 km (13 mi) northwest of Pushlakhta. Site status unknown. ARLHS ERU-055; RU-4665; Admiralty L6914; NGA 15980.

Chesmenskiy Light, Cape Chesmen, 2009
Wikimapia Creative Commons photo

Solovetskiy Islands Lighthouses
Note: The Solovetskiy Islands are a group of six islands in the entrance to Onega Bay from the White Sea. The site of a historic monastery complex, the islands have a permanent population of about 850. The islands are accessible by air or (in the summer) by ferries from Arkhangelsk, Kem, and Belomorsk.
Pes'eludskiy (Ostrov Pes'ya Luda) Range Front
Date unknown. Active (?); focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 4 s. 7 m (23 ft) square pyramidal wood skeletal tower carrying a slatted daymark painted white with a red vertical stripe. The light appears abandoned in Ted Potters's 2013 photo. Google has a satellite view. Located on an islet off the entrance to Solovetskiy harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS ERU-264; RU-4490; Admiralty L6788.5; NGA 15820.
Pes'eludskiy (Ostrov Pes'ya Luda) Range Rear
Date unknown. Active (?); focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 4 s. 7 m (23 ft) square pyramidal wood skeletal tower carrying a slatted daymark painted white with a red vertical stripe. Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located 205 m (1/8 mi) north of the front light. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. RU-4491; Admiralty L6788.51; NGA 15824.
** Ostrov Solovetskiy (Solovki)
1863. Active; focal plane 98 m (322 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. 27 m (89 ft) Orthodox church with a lantern mounted atop its onion-shaped dome. 4th order (?) Fresnel lens in use. Church painted white, dome red, lantern green. Kamil Otocki's photo is at right, a good 2015 photo is available, Huelse has a historic postcard photo, and Google has a satellite view. The Church of the Ascension is one of the many buildings associated with the Solovetskiy Monastery, which was founded in the 1420s and is one of the most historic sites of the Russian North. The building was being repainted in the spring of 2009. Located atop Mount Sekirnaya, a hill on the northwestern corner of the island, about 8 km (5 m) northwest of Solovetskiy. Site open, building probably open, tower possibly open by arrangement. ARLHS ERU-064; RU-4470; Admiralty L6788; NGA 15812.
Ostrov Bol'shaya Muksalma (Malaya Muksalma)
Date unknown. Inactive; listed with focal plane 44 m (144 ft); white flash every 3 s. 12 m (39 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower. The tower carries a slatted daymark painted black with a white horizontal band. Ruined 1-story wood keeper's cottage. No photo available, and the light is not seen in Bing's satellite view of the location. Located at the eastern end of Ostrov Bol'shaya Muksalma, an island just off the southeastern coast of Ostrov Solovetskiy. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS ERU-259; Admiralty L6790; NGA 15816.
Solovetskiy Light
Ostrov Solovetskiy Light, Solovetsky, August 2008
Panoramio photo copyright Kamil Otocki
permission requested
Anzerskiy
Date unknown. Inactive; listed with focal plane 61 m (200 ft); white flash every 4 s. 11 m (36 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with lantern. The tower carries a slatted daymark painted black with a white horizontal band. Ruined 1-story wood keeper's cottage. Lightphotos.net also has a closeup photo, and Google has a distant satellite view of the station. The lighthouse is abandoned. This lighthouse and the Orlovskiy lighthouse frame the eastern entrance to Onega Bay. Located at the eastern end of Ostrov Anzerskiy, about 15 km (9 mi) northwest of the Orlovskiy lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS ERU-158; RU-4456; Admiralty L6916; NGA 15984.

Northern Onega Peninsula Lighthouses
Zhizhginskiy Range Rear
1842. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); two white flashes every 15.6 s. 20 m (66 ft) round brick tower, stucco covered, with lantern and gallery. Fog horn (two blasts every 20 s). Lighthouse painted a light cream color (described as yellow by NGA); the lantern dome is green. A photo is at the top of this page, Google has a satellite view of the station. This lighthouse was restored, apparently in 2009. Before restoration, much of the stucco was missing, leaving the tower a mottled red and cream; a good closeup photo and a second photo are available. The front light of the range is on a 7 m (23 ft) wood pyramid with a slatted daymark painted white with a red vertical stripe. Located on Ostrov Zhizhgin, an island 5 km (3mi) northwest of Kega, in the White Sea off the eastern entrance to Onega Bay. Site status unknown. ARLHS ERU-074; RU-4580; Admiralty L6920; NGA 16000.
Churnavolok (Ostrov Churnavolokskiy) (1)
Date unknown. Inactive. 7 m (23 ft) gray stone pyramid. The light (focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 3 s) has been moved atop a 14 m (46 ft) skeletal mast next to the old tower. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located on Ostrov Churnavolok, a small island at the end of a shoal extending off the northeastern point of Ostrov Zhizhgin. Site status unknown. ARLHS ERU-160; RU-4595; Admiralty L6932; NGA 16004.
Letnyy Navolok
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 2 s. 15 m (49 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower carrying a black square daymark with white diagonal stripes. A photo and a very distant view are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the extreme northern tip of the Onega Peninsula. Site status unknown. ARLHS ERU-252; RU-4440; Admiralty L6934; NGA 16008.

Dvina Bay Lighthouses
Lopshen'ga (Mys Plashkovskiy)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 56 m (184 ft); white flash every 4 s. 12 m (39 ft) "pyramid," painted white with a black vertical stripe. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a steep headland about 6 km (3.5 mi) north of the village of Lopshen'ga. Site status unknown. ARLHS ERU-253; RU-4415; Admiralty L6936; NGA 16012.
Mys Yaren'gskiy Rog (Unskiy) Range # 1 Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane and light characteristic unknown. Square skeletal tower, height unknown. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located about 800 m (1/2 mi) due east of the rear light (next entry). Site status unknown. Admiralty L6939.9.
Mys Yaren'gskiy Rog (Unskiy) (Common Range Rear)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); white flash every 1.5 s. 35 m (115 ft) skeletal tower carrying a black daymark with a white vertical stripe. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view of the station. This tower carries the rear lights of three ranges. However, the Admiralty listed it as "destroyed temporarily" in 2007, so it may have been replaced. More information is needed. Note: in the 1930s there was also a lighthouse at the nearby village of Unskiy Mayak; we don't know if anything survives of this lighthouse. Located on a prominent cape northwest of Pertominsk. Site status unknown. RU-4396; Admiralty L6940; NGA 16024.
Mys Yaren'gskiy Rog (Unskiy) Range # 2 Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane and light characteristic unknown. Square skeletal tower, height unknown. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located about 1200 m (3/4 mi) southeast of the rear light. Site status unknown. Admiralty L6940.1.
Mys Yaren'gskiy Rog (Unskiy) Range # 3 Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane and light characteristic unknown. Square skeletal tower, height unknown. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located about 1500 m (0.9 mi) south southeast of the rear light and 300 m (0.2 mi) southwest of Front Light #2. Site status unknown. Admiralty L6940.2.
Krasnaya Gora
Date unknown. Inactive but listed with focal plane 40 m (131 ft); white flash every 4 s. 23 m (75 ft) square wood skeletal tower carrying a slatted daymark painted red with a white vertical stripe. Il'ya Barmin has a street view from the beach and another street view from the top of the tower, and Bing has a satellite view. The name of the light means "red cliff." Located at Krasnaya Gora, near the southeastern base of the Onega Peninsula. Site open, and obviously nothing prevents climbing the tower. RU-4360; Admiralty L6939; NGA 16032.
* Syuz'ma
Date unknown. Inactive but listed with focal plane 49 m (160 ft); white flash every 2 s. 19 m (62 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower. The tower carries a slatted daymark in the form of two trapezoids, the upper one painted black and the lower one white. Il'ya Barmin has a very distant street view, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the village of Syuz'ma. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS ERU-278; RU-4345; Admiralty L6944; NGA 16036.
Tolstik
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 49 m (160 ft); white flash every 4 s. 29 m (95 ft) square skeletal tower. The tower carries a slatted daymark in the form of two trapezoids, the upper one painted red and the lower one white. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. One visitor to the area reports that there is a military installation in the area where submarine-based missiles are built and tested. Site status unknown. ARLHS ERU-280; RU-4340; Admiralty L6946; NGA 16040.

Severodvinsk Lighthouses
Note: These lights are at the extreme southern end of Dvina Bay. Located at the western edge of the delta of the Northern (Severnaya) Dvina River, Severodvinsk is a major Russian naval base; many of the country's nuclear-powered submarines were built here and are based here. The city was called Molotovsk during the Soviet era.
Severodvinsk Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); quick-flashing white light. 16 m (52 ft) square skeletal tower, painted black. The tower carries a slatted daymark painted white with a black vertical stripe. No photo available, but the light casts a long shadow in Google's satellite view. Located on the waterfront in Severodvinsk. Site status unknown (probably closed). RU-4325; Admiralty L6948; NGA 16040.8.
Severodvinsk Range Middle
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); two continuous green lights, one above the other, visible only on the range line. 27 m (89 ft) square skeletal tower, painted black. The tower carries a slatted daymark painted white with a black vertical stripe. No photo available, but the light casts a long shadow in Google's satellite view. Located 200 m (1/8 mi) southeast of the front light. Site status unknown (probably closed). RU-4325.1; Admiralty L6948.05; NGA 16040.81.
* Severodvinsk Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; two continuous red lights, one above the other, visible only on the range line. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower, painted black. The tower carries a slatted daymark painted white with a black vertical stripe. Alexander Spiridonov's photo is at right, and Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. Located south of the inner harbor in an area of Soviet-era apartment blocks. Site status unknown, but the tower is easily seen from nearby streets. RU-4325.2; Admiralty L6948.1; NGA 16040.82.
Severodvinsk Light
Severodvinsk Range Rear Light, Severodvinsk, May 2005
Panoramio photo copyright Alexander Spiridonov
permission requested

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: East: Arkhangel'sk Area | West: Kola Peninsula

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Posted December 7, 2005. Checked and revised March 6, 2018. Lighthouses: 53. Site copyright 2018 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.