Re: Neem Trees
Subject: Re: Neem Trees
From: email@example.com (c. richter)
Date: Sun, 25 Sep 1994 16:21:05 GMT
Article: 44603 of rec.gardens
Organization: UTCC Public Access
In article <9409241959.AA27007@inet-gw-1.pa.dec.com>,
V381::OSTAFFE <OSTAFFE%V381.firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
>Does anyone know anything about Neem trees (Azadirachta indica).
>Recently I have seen a lot of hype about Neem trees and how they
>are a tropical evergreen tree of environmental promise. I do not
>know much else. Will they survive in South Florida? Are they
>worth growing? Why are they considered an environmental promise?
Neem does not tolerate any frost, but if large enough it will grow
back from a damaging frost to some extent. There are people growing
it now in FL and CA. Seeds are available from Richters at email
^ . € .. ^ $ permaculture.www-site.OZ ^ ( permaculture-sustag.www-site ^ permaculture.cd-rom ^ $ SULR.permaculture.www-site ^ water-faq.www-page ^ 8 .Cornell.Mulch-Based.Agriculture.Group.www-page ^ aquaponics.mailing-list ^ ( Plants-For-A-Future.homepage ^ 4 *Institute.for.Organic.Agriculture.www-page ^
permaculture.HTML ^ ( British.Permaculture.Magazine ^ H Oz.permaculture.mailing-list From email@example.comSat Jan 13 18:30:34 1996
Date: Sat, 13 Jan 1996 08:09:57 -0800
From: Adolf Ceska <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: BEN # 124
BBBBB EEEEEE NN N ISSN 1188-603X
BB B EE NNN N
BBBBB EEEEE NN N N BOTANICAL
BB B EE NN NN ELECTRONIC
BBBBB EEEEEE NN N NEWS
No. 124 January 13, 1996
email@example.com Victoria, B.C.
Dr. A. Ceska, P.O.Box 8546, Victoria, B.C. Canada V8W 3S2
GENERA OF THE NITROGEN FIXING TREES
From: James Brewbaker <firstname.lastname@example.org>
[based on Brewbaker et al. 1990 - see References]
A summary table is provided of trees and large shrubs (> 3 m
high) that were validated as nodulating, and known or presumed
to fix nitrogen. The summary is derived from NFTA's expanded
database that includes about 1500 taxa. Only one family that
includes nodulating plants, the Datiscaceae, does not appear in
this table, as the genus Datisca lacks arboreal or woody forms.
Most of the 115 genera of N-fixing trees and shrubs (NFT) are
legumes. As calculated by de Faria et. al. (1989) nodulation
characterized 23% of 349 tested caesalpinioid species, 90% of
454 tested mimosoids and 97% of the 2592 papilionids.
Nodulation involves symbiosis with rhizobial bacteria in the
legume and in the genus Parasponia (and possibly other taxa in
the Ulmaceae). All other non-leguminous genera are nodulated by
actinomycetes of the genus Frankia.
LIST OF GENERA OF NITROGEN FIXING TREES
BETULACEAE: Alnus (38/38)
CASUARINACEAE: Allocasuarina (11/20), Casuarina (8/45),
CORIARIACEAE: Coriaria (16/16)
ELEAGNACEAE: Elaeagnus (10/45), Hippophae (1/3), Shepherdia
CAESALPINIOIDEAE [nodulation found in 23% of tested species -
all "positive" genera listed here]: Brownea (1/30), Chamaecrista
(2/250), Colvillea (1/1), Cordeauxia (1/2), Dialium (1/40),
Dicymbe (2/13), Dimorphandra (2/25), Epurea (1/14),
Erythrophleum (2/9), Gossweilerodendron (1/2), Hardwickia (1/1),
Lysidice (1/1), Maniltoa (1/20), Sclerolobium (3/35), Tachigali
MIMOSOIDEAE [nodulation found in 90% of tested species, only
the larger genera listed]: Acacia (193/1200), Albizia (30/150),
Calliandra (11/200), Inga (14/350), Mimosa (3/400), Newtonia
(1/11), Parapiptadenia (1/3), Paraserianthes (1,5), Prosopis
PAPILIONOIDEAE: [nodulation found in 97% of tested species,
only the larger genera listed]: Aeshynomene (2/150), Caragana
(4/80), Chamaecytisus (1/30), Clitoria (1/70), Dalbergia
(17/100), Desmodium (including Codariocalyx and Ougeinia)
(4/300), Erythrina (26/108), Indigofera (1/700), Laburnum (4/2-
6), Lonchocarpus (8/150), Robinia (3/4), Sophora (7,50),
Swartzia (8/135), Tephrosia (1/400), Wisteria (4/6), etc.
MYRICACEAE: Comptonia (1/1), Myrica (13/35)
RHAMNACEAE: Ceanothus (14/55)
ROSACEAE: Cercocarpus (4/20), Purshia (1/2)
ULMACEAE: Aphananthe (1/5), Celtis (2/80), Parasponia (3/6),
Note: First number is the number of species validated as NFT's;
second is number of species in the genus.
Brewbaker, J.L., K.B. Willers, & W. Macklin. 1990. Nitrogen
fixing trees; Validation and prioritization. "Proceedings of
IUFRO Congress," Montreal, Canada. Publ. by IUFRO, Vienna,
Vol. 2: 335-349. (Reprinted in Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research
Reports 8: 8-16. 1990.)
de Faria, S.M., G.P. Lewis, J.I. Sprent, & J.M. Sutherland.
1989. Occurrence of nodulation in the Leguminosae. New
Phytol. 111: 607-619.
CONFERENCE: PEATLANDS FOR PEOPLE IN VANCOUVER B.C.
Where: George Curtis Law Building, University of British Colum-
bia, Vancouver, B.C.
When: January 26-28, 1996
The conference "Peatlands for people" is organized by the Burns
Bog Conservation Society. Its goal is "to explore and advance
multi-stakeholder actions for achieving sustainability of
world's disappearing peatlands."
The speakers will include Jim Pojar (rare aquatic and wetland
plants), Allen Banner (peatlands in British Columbia), Richard
Hebda (discussion on Burns Bog), Martin Gabauer (Sandhill Cranes
in Burns Bog), Anne Brown (methane production in peatlands),
Ralph May (use of peatlands for cranberry farming), Tony Cable
(peatlands and peat extraction), Alison Gail (eco-sites and
tourism within metropolitan communities). The well known English
botanist, writer and TV personality Dr. David Bellamy was in-
vited as a keynote speaker (Celebration of mires/peatlands).
For more information contact
Burns Bog Conservation Society
Phone: 604-572-0373, FAX: 604-572-0374
VICTORIA, B.C.: BOTANY NIGHT & NATIVE PLANT GROUP
Tuesday, January 16, 1996: Botany Night - Del Meidinger "Forest
Ecologist in SE Asia" - Swan Lake Nature House, 7:30 p.m.
Thursday, January 18, 1996: Native Plant Group of the Victoria
Horticulture Society - Adolf Ceska "Rare plants of southern
Vancouver Island and their protection" - University of Vic-
toria, Clearihue Building, Room A 215, 7:00 p.m.
THE EUROPEAN MAGAZINE LOOKS AT CRAWLING THROUGH CYBERSPACE
From: The European MagAZine No. 279 (14-20 Sept. 1995) p.6,7.
The Internet grew up in such an unregulated way that no one
really knows exactly how much is really out there in cyberspace.
As any net user will tell you, trying to find what you want can
be difficult and time-consuming. There is no comprehensive
Internet telephone book that allows you to look up someones's
net address (URL).
So what can the baffled netsurfer do? If you want to find a web
page related to your favourite group etc., you crawl. Crawling
the web in search of URLs Usenet or newsgroups is a serious
business. A search engine is the name given to the programs and
Internet resources dedicated to crawling. Some are commercial,
others are free.
Lycos - the king of the online search engines. This massive
database, maintained by Carnegie Mellon University, is the
first place you should go to on your web search.
Yahoo web crawler has the only disadvantage that it is biased
towards US sites. European web sites often fail to get recog-
nized or fail to post their URL.
Harvest contains more than 25,000 3w sites with fewer
duplications than Lycos.
These are one of the most essential and powerful search tools
on the net.
CUI index is mainatined by the Centre Universitaire
d'Informatique in Geneva. It is a well maintained database
which allows you to search existing web catalogues and
produce detailed summaries and links. It has around 13,000
entries so you should have no trouble getting what you need.
PLANTS DATABASE FOR WASHINGTON STATE AND OTHER STATES OF THE USA
From: "John A. DeLapp" <email@example.com>
originally posted on <firstname.lastname@example.org>
For those folks with Web access the PLANTS database allows the
downloading of a list of Washington state plants from the fol-
The data file can be imported into any spreadsheet, database, or
word processor. (If you are lucky enough to use a Macintosh, you
can use the shareware macro program TypeIt4Me to allow you to
type the abbreviation (symbol) of the name and have the Mac
enter the full name automatically within any program.)
The text of the web page follows:
PLANTS State Data Download Screen
The reports contain the symbol, scientific name, accepted
name/common name, and family. The data is in ascii text format
with fields enclosed in double quotes and delimited by commas.
The files are not compressed.
Alabama Kansas New Mexico Virginia
Alaska Kentucky New York Washington
Arkansas Louisiana North Carolina West Virginia
Arizona Maine North Dakota Wisconsin
California Maryland Ohio Wyoming
Colorado Massachusetts Oklahoma American Samoa
Connecticut Michigan Oregon Guam
Delaware Minnesota Pennsylvania Palau
Florida Mississippi Rhode Island Puerto Rico
Georgia Missouri South Carolina US Minor Outlying
Hawaii Montana South Dakota Islands
Idaho Nebraska Tennessee Virgin Islands
Illinois Nevada Texas Fed. S. Micronesia
Indiana New Hampshire Utah Marshall Islands
Iowa New Jersey Vermont N Mariana Islands
The data found in PLANTS for the plants known to occur within
North America were provided under a cooperative agreement by
John Kartesz and his staff at the Biota of North America Program
(BONAP). Portions of these data are copyrighted (@ 1994) by John
Kartesz, Biota of North America Program. The copyright notice
must be preserved on all copies. Cooperator derived data that is
altered by the user cannot redistribute it as PLANTS data. All
users of PLANTS data are to acknowledge the contributions made
by USDA, Soil Conservation Service and BONAP. When using this
information, you must use the copyright notice.
AMERICAN SOCIETY OF PLANT TAXONOMISTS (ASPT) NEWSLETTER ONLINE
Beginning in January 1996, the ASPT Newsletter will no longer be
distributed as hard copy. It will be posted quarterly on a World
Wide Web (WWW) Server maintained by the NMNH, Smithsonian In-
stitution. The following URL will bring you directly to the ASPT
Web Page and Newsletter <http://www.nmnh.si.edu/aspt/>.
Submissions, subscriptions, etc.: email@example.com
BEN is archived on gopher freenet.victoria.bc.ca. The URL is:
Also archived at http://www.ou.edu/cas/botany-micro/ben/