http://www.ced.berkeley.edu/cedr/vs/inf/rps.html -- Lawrence F. London, Jr. mailto:london@sunSITE.unc.edu http://sunSITE.unc.edu/InterGardenTitle: The VITAL SIGNS Project - Resource Packages
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The VITAL SIGNS Curriculum Materials Project: Information and Resources
This page provides a quick summary of the Resource Packages created by the Vital Signs Project. A Resource Package is a 40 to 60 page document that addresses a single building performance issue. Each package covers relevant primary physical principles, a description of how the topic affects design decision making, a discussion of applicable standards and practices, an annotated bibliography, and a set of field exercises.
Complete sets of these Resource Packages were distributed to all schools of architecture in the United States and Canada in May 1996. If you would like to find out who at your school received these packages, email Bill Burke, the Vital Signs Project Coordinator, at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Below each of the following descriptions, you will find one or two buttons. By clicking on these buttons, you can download a portable document format (PDF) version of that Resource Package. PDF files are electronic versions of documents that are identical to paper copies, and that can be used by any computer platform.
If two versions of a Resource Package are provided, one has low quality images, and a smaller file size, while the other has high quality images and a larger file size. Choose the smaller file if you want to browse the document, and choose the larger file if you need to print it. If only one PDF file is listed, there was not a large difference between the two file sizes, so only the high-quality file is provided.
You will need the Adobe Acrobat viewer to read these documents. If you need a copy, it is available for all computer platforms from Adobe for free.
Whole Building Energy Use - Simulation and Prediction for Retrofits
Larry O. Degelman and Veronica I. Soebarto
Texas A&M University
This Resource Package covers concepts
and methods to predict whole building energy performance using an
energy simulation model and on-site measurements. The purpose of
these analyses is to support understanding of retrofit design
strategies for existing commercial buildings. As part of the
field components of this package students investigate, measure,
and record the buildings geometric features and energy
parameters - such as HVAC zoning, thermostat setbacks,
ventilation and occupancy profiles and lighting density and
Whole Building Energy Performance--Simulation and Prediction for Retrofits (1,564k--high quality images).
HVAC Components and Systems
Walter Grondzik and Richard Furst
Florida A&M University
An understanding of HVAC systems by design students is important for four reasons: 1) Such systems require substantial floor space and building volume that must be accommodated during the design process; 2) HVAC systems constitute a major budget item for many common building types; 3)HVAC systems are directly related to occupant thermal comfort and good indoor air quality; and 4) Maintaining appropriate thermal conditions through HVAC system operation is a major driver of building energy consumption. The field component of this package utilizes a number of different techniques. Examples include observation, comparison of drawings with as-built conditions in the field, and analysis of information acquired on-site using data loggers and through utility billing data and energy management system reports. The package provides exposure to the characteristics of HVAC systems in operation and leads students to consider these systems from the perspective of energy consumption.
HVAC Components and Systems (2,582k--low quality images).
HVAC Components and Systems (7,067k--high quality images).
HVAC Components and Systems - An online version of the HVAC Components and Systems Resource Package, is under development at Florida A&M. Check out their progress to date.
Thermal Mass in Passive Solar and Energy Conserving Buildings
Bruce Haglund and Kurt Rathmann
University of Idaho
Thermal mass can play a constructive in building thermal performance. It can also have less desirable effects. This Resource Package provides a series of exercises that identify the thermally massive elements of a building, track their influence on surrounding architectural space, and examine patterns of performance over time.
Thermal Mass in Passive Solar and Energy Conserving Buildings (1,029k--low quality images).
Thermal Mass in Passive Solar and Energy Conserving Buildings (2,173k--high quality images).
Observing Air Flow in Buildings
University of Washington
Most students have little experience in measuring air flow or in identifying locations within buildings where air flow and air exchange occur. This Resource Package describes techniques for observing air flow and air exchange in buildings. The study of air motion will most likely occur in search of information about a larger building quality or performance issue, such as passive cooling, indoor air quality, or heat transfer through a building envelope. The student exercises in this package are designed to be carried out independently, but can be used to address these larger building performance questions as well.
The PDF version of this resource package is large. For manageability, we broke it into three parts in the following manner. Download all three for a complete version of the package.
Part 1: Observing Air Flow in Buildings (1 of 3; 8,610k)
Part 2: Observing Air Flow in Buildings (2 of 3; 2,201k)
Part 3: Observing Air Flow in Buildings (3 of 3; 5,926k)
The Dynamic Pattern of Shading and Solar Heat Gain Through Windows
Scott A. Johnston
Architecture students must gain an appreciation for the many factors that influence the amount of sunlight a window receives, sunlight that is subsequently transmitted through the window to the building interior. This Resource Package provides a conceptual overview of the variables involved in the calculation of window solar heat gains, along with student field exercises for the analysis and monitoring of actual buildings. The exercises compare the results of simple sun study models with on-site observations and occupant interviews to better understand how window solar gains affect the comfort level in a space. Other exercises involve the computer simulation of clear day solar heat gains for an actual window. The degree of correspondence between simulated and measured solar gains is then studied with particular attention to understanding the causes for differences observed. This provides students with an understanding of the real world variability inherent in computer model input parameters and the degree of uncertainty associated with simulation results.
The Dynamic Pattern of Shading and Solar Heat Gain Through Windows (1,714k--low quality images).
The Dynamic Pattern of Shading and Solar Heat Gain Through Windows (2,877k--high quality images).
Health in the Built Environment: Indoor Air Quality
Tang G. Lee, Denise De Baisio and Antonio Santini
University of Calgary
This Resource Package introduces students to the problems associated with poor indoor environments, particularly inadequate indoor air quality. It provides students with a fundamental knowledge of the causes and effects of building related illnesses. Field exercises progress from simple observation and interview techniques to the measurement of carbon monoxide, ozone and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) using handheld equipment and monitoring badges, and finally to air sampling techniques that require laboratory analysis. The exercises enable students to develop the skills required to examine particular problems associated with poor indoor air quality and to identify their causes and possible mitigation strategies. The resource package encourages students to utilize design and planning practices that maximize occupant health and well being.
Health in the Built Environment: Indoor Air Quality (2,930k--high quality images).
Taking a Buildings Temperature:
Measurement and Display of Thermal Performance of Buildings
University of California, Los Angeles
This Resource Package helps architecture students directly experience how design decisions influence the thermal behavior of buildings. Using computer software available from the author, students see the magnitude of the impact each separate element has on the buildings overall performance, leading to a better intuitive understanding of the dynamics of heat gain and loss. Using climatological data recorded at an existing building, students can refine the computer model description of a space until it accurately reproduces the site recorded indoor air temperatures. The computer model graphically displays how an existing building room or space performs over an extended period of time. Students can then use the model to test design alternatives.
Taking a Building's Temperature (680k--low quality images).
Taking a Building's Temperature (940k--high quality images).
The software used in this resource package is available for download at the Energy Design Tools page at the University of California, Los Angeles.
Interior Illuminance, Daylight Controls and Occupant Response
Marc E. Schiler and Shweta A. Japee
University of Southern California
Architecture students need an understanding of the physical concepts underlying light, its behavior, and its perception by the eye. This Resource Package offers discussions of both illuminance and luminance, and covers the complex relationship of reflection, brightness, contrast and glare. It includes a broad range of field exercises involving observation, interview, a variety of data collection tools and computer simulation. The importance of high quality lighting, including daylighting, to good indoor environmental quality is stressed throughout the resource package.
Interior Illuminance, Daylight Controls, and Occupant Response (1,242k--low quality images).
Interior Illuminance, Daylight Controls, and Occupant Response (3,283k--high quality images).
James H. Wasley and Michael Utzinger
University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee
This Resource Package describes the interrelationships of design issues that pertain to the use of various types of glazing, particularly issues affecting the thermal and luminous environments of buildings. It identifies the general types of glazings found in use and discusses their thermal and luminous performance characteristics. It seeks to instill in students the ability to specify glazing with an eye towards optimizing these characteristics. The exercises for field investigation promote both an intuitive and scientific understanding of glazing materials, relating the choice of glazing material to the design of the building as a whole. Also included in this package are two computer modeling exercises: one providing a general overview of the effects of glazing on energy flows in a building and the other modeling energy flows through specific glazing assemblies. These are meant to complement and extend the field protocols.
The PDF version of this resource package is large. For manageability, we broke it into five parts in the following manner. Download all five for a complete version of the package.
Part 1: Cover, Introduction, Discussion of Principles (28 pages / 3,400k)
Part 2: Glazing and Architectural Design (6 pages / 3,900k)
Part 3: Codes & Standards, Annotated Bibliography, Summary of Protocols, Start of Level One Protocols (19 pages / 2,200k)
Part 4: Continuation of Level One Protocols (7 pages / 3,400k)
Part 5: Level Two and Three Protocols, Appendices (36 Pages / 2,000k)
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Comments to author:Vital Signs
All contents copyright (C) 1996. Vital Signs. All rights reserved.
Created: July 6, 1996 Revised: February 24, 1997