Argosey / Tradewinds Starship Concept - (Preliminary)
By Brian V. Mansur-- August 96.
Due to transmission problems the Argosey/Tradwinds documents were lost in transit. What follows is a very rought overview draft.
Traditional Microwave sail ships use a microwave beam reflected off a wire mesh 'sail', or parachute like structure, to accelerate the ship. This allows the heavy power and drive systems, and fuel, to be left at home with the ground crew. Which makes for a light simple ship; but a ship that can't slow down since its propulsive force always pushes straight away from the microwave transmiters back home. It would work well between settled starsystems, but it can't be the first ship to stop there.
We here (and in many other places), have argued over many strange and highly questionable ways to get a Microwave sail powered ship to slow down. So far no one has come up with a very workable idea. The most famous concept was used by Robert Forward in his 'Dragon's egg' serries. Forwards Idea was to drop a large reflecting outer ring sail. This outer sail would reflect the microwave beam (or laser beam in Forwards case) back at the ship and its smaller retro-mirror/sail. Though elegant from a physics standpoint (Forward is a physisit by training) the concept would be hellishly complicated to implement. Since the reflector 'sail' would have to be tissuepaper thin, hundreds to thousands of miles across, and have to 'surf' the beam presure while precisely curving itself to focus the beam reflection on the fast moving ship. A target that (given the relative relativistic distences) it couldn't even see in real time.
The Argosey and Trade winds system are trying to get around this problem by sending ahead a slow automated construction ship to the target starsystem. After the construction expedition (Argosey) has arrived, constructed a working maser emiter system, and signaled to Earth that they are ready to suply braking microwave thrust. Then, and only then, the faster pure microwave sail craft (Tradewinds) will be launched toward the target system. Tradewinds will use microwave thrust from the home system to boost it to high speeds, then turn around and brake on the beam presure from the target system beam system constructed by Argosey expedition.
The two primary problem with this, are that the beam energy level nessisary to move a heavy ship are staggering. Some of our estimates are up to the 10 to the 18th power of watts, or joules per secound. Current estimates of the power of Earth's total electric grid are about 10 to the 12th or 13th. How this much power can be safly handeled or reflected, much less how the huge facilities could be safely constructed and operated, would be a serious engineer chalenge;but not nessisarily and impossible one.
If it could be made to work a M.A.R.S. type system would allow the ship to fly to, and stop at, comparativly distent stars at fairly high speeds. It would not need to carry the fuel or power generators for this system, and might not need to carry a prohibative reaction mass. A more detailed evaluation of the sail power requirements and design details has not yet been completed, and will be added as soon as it is avalible. Current information follows:
|Ships Mass||500,000 kg (5E5)|
|Ships acceleration||1 ship-G (10 M/S^2)|
|Sail reflection efficency||99%|
|Sail Mass in Kg||Total Mass
(sail + ship)
|Maser Energy in Watts||Excess Energy KW/m^s||Stress Pascals|
The listed thermal load of 750 KW on .05 Kg is a big worry, and needs to be analysed. For example, the heat capacity and black body radiation have to be understood and delt with.
Since much of the ships systems and concepts (habitation deck structure, food consumption numbers, aukilury power reactors, etc.) are assumed to be similar to those developed for the Explorer Class design, the below list shows links to applicable topics in the Explorer Class topic area.
Explorer Class Design Overview
Crew Quarters Centrifuge Design
Food Mass numbers
Mission plan and manifest
Bussard Fusion systems
Last revision. August 15 1996