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Frederic Logghe
Home > 003 Military vessels > 003b Surface vessels (Pre 1880)
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These battleships were the first vessels that didn't carry sails.
Cottonclad rams
A Cottonclad rams isa small towing steamer with low-pressure power plant serving more satisfactorily as a gunboat.
Ironclad warships, frequently shortened to just ironclads, were wooden ships or ships of composite construction (wooden planking on iron frames) sheathed with thick iron plates for protection against gunfire. The first uses of iron for naval protection occurred in the Far East in the 16th century, but the heyday of the ironclad came in the mid-19th century, when ironclads supplanted wooden ships, and then were themselves replaced by ships made of steel.
Monitors - Coastal monitors
A monitor was a special form of warship, little more than a self-propelled floating artillery platform that could move close inshore and give its support to military operations on land. In the twentieth century it was developed into a range of sizes adapted for use in different waters, until it was superseded by aerospace technology.
Monitors - Seagoing monitors
Monitors are a special form of warship, little more than an armored self-propelled floating artillery platform that could move close inshore and give its support to military operations on land. (Source: Wikipedia)
Ships of the line
In the age of sail, after the development of the line of battle tactic in the mid 17th century, and up to the mid 19th century, a ship of the line was a warship powerful enough to take a place in the battle line. Another term, line of battle ship, was shortened to become "battleship", but this is a later usage and is not appropriate for the age of sail.

The fact that a ship would have to stand and fight its opposite number in the enemy line, whatever the size of the enemy ship, put a lower limit on the size of vessel which could be allowed into the line. Generally, this meant a third-rate or larger ship, with guns on two or three, or in rare cases, four decks. Before 1700, the minimum size for a ship of the line would be around fifty guns, steadily climbing to seventy-four during the late Napoleonic period. European navies in particular used ships of the line to fight fleet actions which might last several days and involve over 100 ships.

Ships too small to stand in the line were used for convoy escorts, scouting, patrolling, raiding, blockading, and as flagships on foreign stations. Frigates, which mostly carried all their guns on a single deck, were the most successful all-round design for those purposes. (Source: Wikipedia)
In the 18th and the earlier part of the 19th centuries, a sloop-of-war was a small sailing warship with a single gun deck which carried between ten and eighteen cannons. A brig sloop had two masts and a ship sloop had three.
A ship sloop was generally the equivalent of a corvette. A sloop-of-war was smaller than a sailing frigate and outside the rating system.

Last additions - 003b Surface vessels (Pre 1880)
HMS Devastation taken in 1896.760 viewsSep 28, 2007
Churruca's death aboard the San Juan Nepomuceno787 viewsDec 23, 2006
Columbus611 viewsDec 23, 2006
Columbus646 viewsDec 23, 2006
Independence551 viewsDec 23, 2006
Independence670 viewsDec 23, 2006
New Hampshire752 viewsDec 23, 2006
New Orleans on the stocks912 viewsDec 23, 2006

(c) 2009 Frederic Logghe GNU Free Documentation License Birds in the sky
They look so high
This is my perfect day