MaritimeDigital Archive Encyclopedia

Frederic Logghe
Home > 003 Military vessels > 003f Surface vessels (1940-1944)
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Admirality trawlers
Aircraft Carriers - Escort aircraft carriers
Aircraft Carriers (Steam Powered)
Aircraft carriers - Light aircraft carriers (Steam Powered)
Aircraft carriers - Merchant aircraft carriers
Merchant aircraft carriers (MAC) were minimal aircraft carriers used during World War II by Britain and the Netherlands as an emergency measure until United States-built escort carriers became available in useful numbers. They were bulk grain carriers or tankers built with flight decks and small islands, but no catapult or other aircraft support facilities. They operated with civilian crews, under merchant colors, and carried their regular cargo while serving as aircraft carriers. Their fighter planes were primarily intended to attack long-range reconnaissance aircraft such as the Fw 200 Condor and the Junkers Ju 290 to prevent tracking of convoys. The scale of the conversion was small, hence it could be completed in a short time, five months is quoted as being typical.
Battleships - Super Dreadnoughts
Corvettes
A corvette is a small, maneuverable, lightly armed warship, smaller than a frigate.
During World War II most Allied navies had corvettes. The Flower class were usually Royal Navy vessels although a number were provided by the United Kingdom but manned by sailors from allied countries. The Royal Canadian Navy also operated both Castle and Flower Class corvettes which were named after Canadian cities and towns. Approximately 100 Flower class corvettes were built in Canada. Their chief duty was to protect convoys in the North Atlantic and on the route to Murmansk, USSR. The Royal Australian Navy built 60 corvettes, including 20 for the Royal Navy (but crewed by Australians) and 4 for the Royal Indian Navy. These were officially described as Australian Mine Sweepers, or Bathurst class corvettes and were named after Australian towns.
Later in World War II the Royal Navy introduced the Castle class, some of which remained in service until the mid-1950s.
Cruisers - Anti-aircraft cruisers
Cruisers - Light cruisers
Destroyers - Destroyer Escort
A Destroyer Escort (DE) is classification for a small, comparatively slower warship designed to be used to escort convoys of merchant marine ships, primarily of the United States Navy in WWII. It is usually employed primarily for anti-submarine warfare, but also some protection against aircraft and smaller attack vessels in this application. The US built roughly 457 Destroyer escorts spread out over 8 classes. The Royal Navy's equivalent warship was known as the Frigate, although somewhat confusingly they referred to the Hunt class and similar ships as "escort destroyers".
Motor Torpedo Boats
Motor Torpedo Boat (MTB) was the name given to fast torpedo boats by the United States Navy, the Royal Norwegian Navy, the Royal Canadian Navy and the Royal Navy.

During World War II the US Navy boats were usually called by their hull classification symbol of "PT" (from Patrol, Torpedo) and are covered under PT boat though the class type was still 'motor torpedo boat'. The capitalised term is generally used for the Royal Navy (RN) boats and abbreviated to MTB. German motor torpedo boats of World war II were called E-boats by the allies and S-Boote (Schnellboote ~ fast boats) by the Kriegsmarine.
Patrol vessels - Patrol Craft Sweepers

Last additions - 003f Surface vessels (1940-1944)
HMS_Gentian_-_September_1941.jpg
K-90 Gentian in September 1941464 viewsJul 23, 2007
Uss_prudent.jpg
PG-96 Prudent (ex-HMS Privet)462 viewsJul 23, 2007
MTB_006.jpg
ML 162811 viewsNov 11, 2006
17_HMS_Ark_Royal_North_Atlantic_July_76.jpg
R 09 Ark Royal1083 viewsOct 29, 2006
Minas_Gerais_DN-SN-97-01755.jpg
Minas Gerais534 viewsOct 29, 2006
Minas_Gerais_DN-ST-90-01334.jpg
Minas Gerais510 viewsOct 29, 2006
Minas_Gerais_DN-ST-90-01327.jpg
Minas Gerais562 viewsOct 29, 2006
Minas_Gerais_DN-ST-90-01330.jpg
Minas Gerais521 viewsOct 29, 2006

 
(c) 2009 Frederic Logghe GNU Free Documentation License Birds in the sky
They look so high
This is my perfect day