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Dissertation Information for Horton Dunn

- Horton Dunn

- Ph.D.

- Library and Information Science

- Case Western Reserve University (USA) (1979)

- Thomas Gleason Morris

- Conrad H. Rawski
- Christinger L. Tomer
- J. Reid Shelton

MPACT Status: Fully Complete

Title: Bibliometric Analysis of the Patent Literature and its Relationship to the Scientific Journal Literature

Abstract: Patents are not only public knowledge but they are primary sources for information as well. Since there seem to be some characteristics of the patent literature which are similar to those of the journal literature and some which are different, the question arises as to whether the information systems designed for the organization and access to the patent literature should be based on the same considerations as the journal literature.

The origin and development of the journal and patent literatures are compared. The components of the U.S. patent are described, as well as the organization of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and its patent file.

Very little work has been done to assess the patent literature using bibliometric methods which have been applied to the journal literature. However, several papers relevant to this investigation are described.

With the differences and similarities of the two literatures in mind, as series of bibliometric studies was made on patents. The results of these studies suggest certain characteristics of the patent literature which may influence its selection-acquisition, organization, storage, and retrieval.

The selection-acquisition policy for documents in an information system should reflect the purpose of the system. It was determined by a study of patent classification numbers that a patent collection could be adequately maintained by standing orders to sub-classes. In acquisition it is also important to know in what subject areas there is greater activity, since this information could provide a clue to the direction being taken by the research of a competitor.

The storage of patents is perhaps less of a problem than the journal literature. Storage problems can be caused by lack of quality considerations at the acquisition stage, and there seems to be a high level of quality control in the issuing of patents. The patent examiner is an expert in a narrow field and can compare the patent application to the total literature available to him.

The organization and retrieval of patents are different because they are issued as separates. The advantage of patents is that by being assigned classification numbers when issued, they immediately have subject index descriptors. The Indirect Method was used to examine the relationships between classification numbers for a set of patents. The matrix which was developed showed very few relationships.

In relationship to dissemination it should not be said that patents are completely neglected. However, it is important to search both the patent and journal literature in order to obtain maximum information.

An initial attempt has been made to define the character of the patent literature by bibliometric methods. If it is a valid assumption that the patent literature contributes to the growth of science and technology, it would be necessary to study this literature in greater detail for improvement of information systems regarding patent literature. Several suggestions for further study are made.

MPACT Scores for Horton Dunn

A = 0
C = 0
A+C = 0
T = 0
G = 0
W = 0
TD = 0
TA = 0
calculated 2008-01-31 06:01:16

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