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Dissertation Information for Diane Kelly

NAME:
- Diane Kelly

DEGREE:
- Ph.D.

DISCIPLINE:
- Library and Information Science

SCHOOL:
- Rutgers University (USA) (2004)

ADVISORS:
- Nicholas Belkin

COMMITTEE MEMBERS:
- Tefko Saracevic
- Anselm Spoerri
- Doug Riecken
- Gene Golovchinsky
- Amber L. Cushing

MPACT Status: Fully Complete

Title: Understanding implicit feedback and document preference: A naturalistic user study

Abstract: As the amount of online information increases every day, tailoring system responses to individual interests is becoming an important problem in information systems research. This dissertation seeks to understand how an online information system can automatically predict which Web documents users prefer by monitoring their online behaviors with documents. The dissertation is further concerned with understanding how these behaviors are related to the context in which users seek information. Behaviors under investigation include how long users display documents in their browser windows (display time) and if users save, print or bookmark documents (retention). A user's preference for a document is measured by a user-assigned usefulness score. Information-seeking context is characterized by users' self-identified tasks and topics, and several attributes of these, such as the length of time the user expects to be working on a task and the user's familiarity with a topic. To observe users in natural information-seeking situations, users were provided with new laptops and printers, and their online interactions were unobtrusively monitored for fourteen weeks with client- and proxy-side logging software. At weekly intervals, subjects evaluated the usefulness of the documents that they viewed, classified these documents according to their tasks and topics, and characterized other information-seeking context attributes. Results demonstrated no direct relationship between display time and usefulness, and that display time was significantly related to information-seeking context in different ways, for different subjects. Most notably, display times differed significantly according to task and topic, and topic familiarity. In addition, retention was not always a good indicator of document preference, and subjects were more likely to retain documents related to particular tasks and topics. Finally, results showed no correlation between proxy- and client-generated display times, and that erroneous results are likely to occur when using proxy-generated display times. Overall, these results indicate that for an online information system to use behaviors to infer document preference, it is necessary for the system to model the user's information-seeking context, and that approaches to modeling should be personal rather than general. Furthermore, the integrity of behavior-based metrics used by such systems is an important issue that deserves special attention.

MPACT Scores for Diane Kelly

A = 1
C = 8
A+C = 9
T = 1
G = 1
W = 1
TD = 1
TA = 0
calculated 2017-05-11 16:46:03

Advisors and Advisees Graph

Directed Graph

Students under Diane Kelly

ADVISEES:
- Laura Sheble - University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (2014)

COMMITTEESHIPS:
- Cassidy Rose Sugimoto - University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (2010)
- Chirag Shah - University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (2010)
- Weimao Ke - University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (2010)
- Yong-Mi Kim - University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (2011)
- Chang Liu - Rutgers University (2012)
- Amber L. Cushing - University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (2012)
- Laura Haak Marcial - University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (2012)
- Heather Ryan - University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (2014)