Dissertation Information for Virgil Frank Massman
- Virgil Frank Massman
- Library and Information Science
- University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (USA) (1970)
- Kenneth E. Vance
- Thomas P. Slavens
- Robert Tylore Blackburn
- Russell E. Bidlack
MPACT Status: Fully Complete
Title: RESPONSIBILITIES AND BENEFITS OF FACULTY STATUS FOR LIBRARIANS: A REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND A SURVEY OF LIBRARIANS AND FACULTY MEMBERS IN NINETEEN STATE COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES IN MICHIGAN, MINNESOTA, AND WISCONSIN
Abstract: The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to selectively review the literature on the question of faculty status for librarians and (2) by means of a survey to determine whether librarians meet the requirements and receive the benefits of faculty status. Faculty status was defined to include academic rank and equal treatment with the faculty in (1) salaries, (2) sabbaticals and other leaves, (3) time and funds for research and travel, (4) tenure, (5) voting privileges in the institution's governing body, (6) service on academic committees, and (7) vacations.
Part I contains a selective review of library literature and that of other disciplines including (1) definitions of academic and faculty status, (2) surveys of conditions in state colleges and universities, (3) reasons for seeking faculty status, (4) responsibilities of faculty status (the education of academic librarians, scholarly activity, participation in academic government, and professional activity), and (5) benefits of faculty status.
Part II contains an analysis of a survey done in the fall of 1969 covering six state colleges in Minnesota (Bemidji, Menkato, Moorhead, St. Cloud, Southwest, and Winona) and 13 state universities, four in Michigan Central, eastern, Northern, and Western) and nine in Wisconsin (at eau Claire, La Crosse, menominee, Oshkosh, Platteville, River Falls, Stevens Point, Superior, and Whitewater). Of 281 librarians 224 (113 men and 111 women) or 79.9% responded. Of a random sample of faculty members in departments of biology, economics, English, history, physics, and sociology 205 or 339 (162 men and 43 women) or 60.5% responded.
With regard to responsibilities of faculty status, librarians have less formal education, lower educational aspirations, and publish less than faculty members. They hold more memberships n state associations, but faculty members hold more in national associations and serve on more academic committees.
As for benefits of faculty status, 208 (92.9%) librarians have faculty rank, five (2.2%) are assistant instructors or faculty assistants. differences between faculty members and librarians relating to sabbaticals and other leaves, tenure, and being voting members of the faculty were not significant. Librarians were more likely to receive travel funds, and faculty members were more likely to receive support for research. Proportionately more librarians on 12 months contracts published and anticipated earning advanced degrees. None of the librarians without faculty rank were eligible for tenure or sabbaticals, only one was a voting member of the faculty, and their average salaries were lower. In general those with equivalent rank were more similar to than different from the other librarians.
A preliminary inspection of the results suggests that librarians in the survey do not have full faculty status, for (1) their average salaries are lower, (2) a smaller proportion are in the higher academic ranks, (3) they were less likely to receive research funds, and (4) 75 (33.5%) were on 12 month appointments. However, when education and scholarly activity are considered, the librarians in general received equitable treatment.
In summary, the findings agree with sociological theory that educational requirements are consistently and closely related to the status of a profession. While assertions are often made that academic librarians received unequal treatment, these librarians receive rewards commensurate with their credentials. They have full faculty status when it is measured both by its responsibilities and benefits.
MPACT Scores for Virgil Frank Massman
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calculated 2008-01-31 06:18:42
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