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Dissertation Information for Carl Franz Orgren

NAME:
- Carl Franz Orgren

DEGREE:
- Ph.D.

DISCIPLINE:
- Library and Information Science

SCHOOL:
- University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (USA) (1971)

ADVISORS:
- Thomas P. Slavens

COMMITTEE MEMBERS:
- Wallace J. Bonk
- Anthony T. Kruzas
- David Douglas Starks

MPACT Status: Fully Complete

Title: DIFFERENCES IN LEARNING UNDER TWO STRATEGIES OF COMPUTER-ASSISTED INSTRUCTION FOR A BASIC REFERENCE COURSE IN LIBRARY SCHOOL

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to determine whether

one type of programming for computer-assisted

instruction is better than another. Drill exercise

instruction administered by the computer was

compared to computer-assisted instruction

stimulating library reference situation for

effectiveness in preparing students in a library

school basic reference course to answer questions

requiring simple recall of knowledge and to answer

more complex questions.

twenty-four students who had enrolled in the basic

reference course at the University of Michigan were

assigned by a flip of the coin to the two

experimental groups. Over a three week period the

two groups received the two different types of

instruction designed by Thomas Slavens on reference

works in the areas of bibliography, biography, and

serials. Students attended the computer terminal in

groups of three.

Pre-tests designed by the investigator were

administered before the experiment; similar post-

tests were given one week after each unit of

instruction. These tests designed with the guidance

of studies on levels of complexity in instructional

objectives both generally and specifically in

library science attempted to measure student

behavior at the level of simpler call of knowledge

and at a level of more complex learning.

The study is based on the hypotheses that the

simulation instruction would prepare students better

for questions calling for complex behavior, while

the drill exercises would prepare students better

for knowledge recall questions.

Information was also gathered from student records

and interviews to determine whether certain

population characteristics are related to

achievement under different Strategies of computer

-assisted instruction.

As far as it is possible to determine with the

measuring instruments available, the two different

approaches to computer-assisted instruction are not

different in their ability to prepare students for

either factual questions or questions requiring

behavior more complex nature. characteristics of the

population did not seem to be very important in

determining usefulness of computer-assisted

instruction.

Tape recordings of instructional sessions as well as

post-experiment interviews indicated that group use

of computer-terminals is not only a feasible method

of cost control, but also adds a dimension to the

educational experience. Information useful to

improvement of the programming was also gathered by

these recordings and interviews.

The two types of instructional programming were

effective in improving learning both at the fact

recall level, and at more complex levels. As many

students indicated in the interview the programs may

have merit as a form of review of information and

skills attained in other ways. The simulation

programming, once established as effective in

imparting factual and complex learning, is available

as a form of instruction giving the student

experiences that prepare him for actual reference

encounters.

MPACT Scores for Carl Franz Orgren

A = 0
C = 0
A+C = 0
T = 0
G = 0
W = 0
TD = 0
TA = 0
calculated 2008-01-31 06:18:44

Advisors and Advisees Graph

Directed Graph

Students under Carl Franz Orgren

ADVISEES:
- None

COMMITTEESHIPS:
- None