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Author Topic: Apollo Applications Project  (Read 60570 times)
Graham2001
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« Reply #60 on: November 08, 2008, 10:44:17 AM »

A study from 1965 dealing with the Apollo Extension Project. In this case keeping an Apollo continuously in orbit. Also deals with some Saturn I & V variants.

Planned target orbit. 120nm High, 83.5 inclination, retrograde.

See: Apollo Extension Systems for Continuous Earth Orbital Missions (7mb)
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Graham2001
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« Reply #61 on: November 12, 2008, 08:07:01 PM »

Found a Technical Summary document for the Apollo Extension program (which later became AAP). Aside from four reference missions, Earth Polar Orbit, Earth Equatorial Synchonus, Lunar Polar Orbit, Lunar 20 day mission. Discussion is made of the modifications to the Block II CSM to bring it up to AES standard.

Block III may now be possible, the document contains pictures showing differences between the Block II CSM and the Block III CSM. See the attached diagram showing the location of the RCS Quads.

See: Preliminary Definition Phase Apollo Extension System: Final Report, Technical Summary

Edit: I've completed a search of the NTRS for any other online documents dealing with the AES in the form covered in the above document and I've found three more. First is a outline of the pre-AES test flights that would be done using Block II Apollo's fitted with an experiment pallet in Bay 1. The other two are a subsystems analysis document & plans to enable Apollo spacecraft to carry out touchdowns on land.

See:

Preliminary Definition Phase Apollo Extension System: Final Report, Phase I Experiments Integration Program Analysis

Preliminary Definition Phase Apollo Extension System: Final Report,  Subsystems Summary

Preliminary Definition Phase Apollo Extension System: Final Report, Land Landing System Program Analysis

Edit:Located a 1964 document covering planned Apollo Earth Orbital missions from the Apollo X period (1964) includes a mission to recover Syncom III and bring it back to Earth as well as a mission to visit the Echo II satellite.

See: Extended Apollo Systems Utilization Study: Final Report, Addendum I, Volume 2, Part 1, NASA Flights

The sadly offline Part 2 covered 'Blue Apollo' missions that would have been carried out to fulfil USAF experimental objectives.


* AESRCSLOC.png (40.8 KB, 429x485 - viewed 408 times.)
« Last Edit: November 15, 2008, 06:56:48 AM by Graham2001 » Logged
Graham2001
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« Reply #62 on: November 20, 2008, 09:02:26 PM »

Found a whole series of 'Trade Studies' relating to Apollo Application Program Mission 1a. This was unrelated to the OWS missions (1,2,3,3a & 4).

LV was a Saturn 1b carrying a CSM and a 'rack' of remote sensing equipment in place of the LM.

Appears to be enough information available to model the mission.

See:

1. Technical Data AAP Mission 1a, 60 Day Study

2. Compilation of trade studies, engineering analyses and other reports prepared during AAP mission 1A 60-day study, part 1

3. Compilation of trade studies, engineering analyses and other reports prepared during AAP mission 1A 60-day study, part 2

4. Compilation of trade studies, engineering analyses and other reports prepared during AAP mission 1A 60-day study, part 3
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Graham2001
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« Reply #63 on: January 10, 2009, 09:38:32 AM »

The final remaining volumes of the Convair study into the use of a Saturn Ib/V into putting large space structures into orbit are online at the NTRS.

The first of these is the program summary document, the second looks into using a Saturn 1b to place an X-ray telescope into a 480km (260 nautical mile) orbit. Apollo CSM's would have been used to resupply/maintain the telescope once in orbit.

1. Large space structure experiments for AAP. Volume 1 - Summary Final report, 15 Sep. 1966 - 15 Sep. 1967 (79MB)

2. Large space structure experiments for AAP. Volume 4 - Focusing X-ray telescope a large space structure for X-ray astronomy Final report, 15 Sep. 1966 - 15 Sep. 1967 (34mb)
« Last Edit: July 19, 2009, 11:13:42 AM by Graham2001 » Logged
Graham2001
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« Reply #64 on: January 31, 2009, 06:58:39 AM »

Find below a document dealing with the original version of the Apollo Telescope Mount. The one that was going to be mounted to the CSM rather than the LM. It appears to be the final report on that particular variant.

Contents include a full description of the proposed instrumentation, the deployment mechanism, the layout & location of the controls within the Command Module (see attached pictures) & development options.

See: ATM Study Program, Final Report, 1966


* ATMPanel.png (52.86 KB, 898x573 - viewed 386 times.)

* ATMSolarViewer.png (39.13 KB, 681x618 - viewed 412 times.)

* ATMControlLoc.png (37.12 KB, 815x542 - viewed 395 times.)
« Last Edit: February 01, 2009, 07:04:23 PM by Graham2001 » Logged
Graham2001
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« Reply #65 on: February 10, 2009, 11:30:50 AM »

Not a document, but a weblog, Beyond Apollo was created by David Portree. It covers various Apollo and Post-Apollo schemes.

One of the more spectacular is Destination Mankind, an Apollo based mission to the geosynchronous orbit which would have seen a CSM and Payload Module (a modified LM?) visit a three points in space above the Earth over a period of about 12 days during 1976.
« Last Edit: February 10, 2009, 11:36:57 AM by Graham2001 » Logged
Tschachim
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« Reply #66 on: February 10, 2009, 01:30:38 PM »

Not a document, but a weblog, Beyond Apollo was created by David Portree.

Interesting blog, thanks for pointing that out!  Happy

Cheers
Tschachim
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Graham2001
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« Reply #67 on: February 12, 2009, 06:41:56 AM »

Not a document, but a weblog, Beyond Apollo was created by David Portree.

Interesting blog, thanks for pointing that out!  Happy

Cheers
Tschachim

It is, In addition to the item I linked directly to above, there is a Apollo to Venus completely different to the one currently under construction & a discussion of a 'beer & pretzels' plan to send Apollo 17 to the lunar farside.
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Graham2001
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« Reply #68 on: March 08, 2009, 08:33:41 PM »

Found an AAP mission plan (or at least notes on it). Seems Pegasus III was fitted out as a Long Duration Exposure Facility & the plan was to use an AAP flight to pick up the samples.

See:

1. Panel retrieval from Pegasus satellite

2.Notes on the experiment: Retrieval of coupons from Pegasus III (flight experiment T019)
« Last Edit: March 24, 2009, 09:28:06 AM by Graham2001 » Logged
Graham2001
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« Reply #69 on: March 27, 2009, 08:17:26 AM »

The documentation for Project Able, the scheme to use modified LMs to light up the night in SE Asia makes several references to using an Optical Guidance system as a star tracker for the LMs automatic pilot system.

A document describing an optical guidance system has gone up on the NTRS. It was intended for AAP, but I'm not sure if the same system as the one mentioned.

One warning though, whoever prepared this one screwed up. The appendices are shown first, the report proper does not begin until page 159 of the PDF.

See: Optical Guidance System (OGS) for Rendezvous & Docking, 1969 (10.8mb)
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Graham2001
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« Reply #70 on: April 10, 2009, 12:39:51 PM »

Latest additions to the NTRS included one and a half volumes of a General Electric report into possible Apollo missions, covers Earth & Lunar orbit missions. Scan quality is very high, file sizes are therefore large.

See:

1. Alternate apollo mission descriptions. Volume 1: Summary (25mb)

2. Alternate Apollo mission descriptions. Volume 2: Detailed technical report, book 1 (Earth Orbit Missions) (258mb)

The full report is four volumes in size, hopefully the rest of it will be available shortly.

Already working on a scenario based on this which injects a CSM into a 370km high orbit inclined 96.5 to the equator.

Anyone know how to set up a yaw change during launch?
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Graham2001
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« Reply #71 on: July 19, 2009, 11:19:31 AM »

I've added another planned AAP mission series to the wiki. The builders of the Orbiting Solar Observatory series of satellites proposed that AAP missions be sent up to study in-flight refurbishment.

Three missions would have been sent up approximately one year apart, starting out with an Apollo 12 style retrieval of components and finishing with a refurbishment of systems and instrumentation.

As they were planning to use standard Block II CSMs and Saturn Ibs, this one could be a doable mission series once Apollo 7 is up and running.
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Graham2001
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« Reply #72 on: November 15, 2009, 10:26:47 AM »

Found three Grumman documents from 1965 dealing with LEM variants for Earth Orbital AAP missions including 10 Department of Defence missions that seem to be connected with the Manned Orbital Laboratory.

The online documentation covers the civilian side of things and has some interesting hints as to what the DOD flights would have been about.

1. Apollo extension system earth orbit mission study. volume 1 - General engineering studies Final report (10.6mb)

2. Apollo extension system earth orbit mission study. Volume 2 - Flight mission and configuration description for NASA experiment groupings Final report (22.4mb)

3.  Apollo extension system earth orbit mission study. Volume 5, addendum 1 Final report (3.964mb)
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Graham2001
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« Reply #73 on: May 27, 2010, 07:09:33 PM »

I've located a trio of documents related to a proposal to replace some of the LM batteries with a 'suitcase' solar array for extended surface missions.

1. "Suitcase" Solar Array for LM Payload & staytime extensions(500kb)

2. Feasibility study, 30 watts per pound rollup solar array Final report(31.1mb)

3. Fabrication feasibility study of a 30 watt/ pound rollup solar array Final report(42.5mb)

A fourth document related to his proposal "LM Modificaton for extended lunar staytime" is not onlne at present.
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My lord, I aim a mile beyond the Moon.
Wm Shakespeare, 'Titus Andronicus'
Graham2001
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« Reply #74 on: May 28, 2010, 12:09:46 PM »

I've found a document on power options for the Skylab CSMs that could be useful for planning the Block III CSMs.

Alternate Electrical Power and Oxygen Storage Systems for the Skylab CSM
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My lord, I aim a mile beyond the Moon.
Wm Shakespeare, 'Titus Andronicus'
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