BRIEF BIOGRAPHIES OF ELECTED MPs

 

Kachin State

Location: Kachin State lies in the northern part of Myanmar formerly known as Burma. It shares borders with People's Republic of China in the north and east; Shan State and Sagaing Division in the east and Sagaing Division and India in the west. It lies between North Latitude 23° 27' and 28° 25' Longitude 96° 0' and 98° 44' . The area of the State is 34,379 sq miles.

Climate:
Kachin State lies on the north of the line of Tropic of Cancer. Hence, the climate of the southern part is warm-temperate and wet whereas the northern part has cold-temperate and wet climate. Highest mountains in the north are always covered with snow. In the lowland areas, the average temperature in summer being 80°F (26.6° C) and in winter the temperature is a little more than 60°F (26.6° C). There is heavy downpour in the rainy season and little amount of rain in winter. The rainfall in Bhamo is 60 inches. about 80 inches in Myitkyina and over 160 inches in Putao, in the northernmost part.

Population, inhabitants, religion and dialects:
The population of Kachin State is over 1.2 million. Population density is 34 persons per square mile. The hills and mountains are sparsely populated whereas the plains are densely. There are 100 or more per square mile. The inhabitants are racial group such as Kachin, Bamar, Shan, Chin, Naga, etc. The distribution by religion is 57.8% Buddhists, 36.4% Christians and the remaining people are Hindu and Muslim faithful and those of other religious Faiths. The majority of the people there speak Myanmar, racial dialects such as Jinphaw, Rawan, Lisu, Lacheik, etc, are also spoken.

Organization of districts, townships and villages:
The three districts constituted in the Kachin State are Myitkyina, Bhamo and Putao. The number of townships and wards and village tracts constituted are 18 and 709 respectively. The capital of the state is Myitkyina.

 


NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR DEMOCRACY (NLD)

 

v    Name: U Pu Htwe (Bamaw Nyo New)
Constituency: Bhamo                                                                                  
(Eligible Voters – 48,181; Votes Cast – 32,055; Valid Votes – 27,550; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 27 December 1922
Father: U Suu                                                                                                                                                                 
On 17 March 1997, the Election Commission announced that U Pu Htwe had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. U Pu Htwe participated in the 1938 Strike as a rural organiser of the Asian Youth Association (AYA) and began his literary career in 1945 under the pen name ’Bamaw Nyo Nwe’. In 1963 he won the National Literary Award for his poem entitled “Dawn”. In 1948 was the secretary of Bhamo District Teachers’ Association. He worked as a middle school teacher, high school teacher and education supervisor from 1949-1955 and again as a high school teacher from 1962-1983. U Pu Htwe received 19,433 valid votes as 71 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tin Myint
Constituency: Kamaing                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 11,327; Votes Cast – 5,755; Valid Votes – 5,208; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 23 March 1924
Place of Birth: Kyaiklat, Irrawaddy Division
Parents: U Aye Maung and Daw Thein Yin                                                                                                                
U Tin Myint was educated up to tenth standard at Shin Ardeitsawuntha National School in Pazundaung, Rangoon. He participated in various military campaigns from 1942-45, firstly fighting alongside the Japanese against the British, and then fighting the Japanese as a soldier in the Burma Independence Army (BIA), Burma Defense Army (BDA) and Patriotic Burmese Force (PBF). After the Japanese occupation, he was arrested while serving as the vice-chairman of the Pegu District Organising Committee of the PBF. He was released when the government headed by Gen Aung San came into power. U Tin Myint worked as a merchant from 1948-1957. He was the joint-general secretary of Pegu District War Veteran Organisation and was awarded the Star of Independence (First Class) for his efforts in bringing independence to Burma. U Tin Myint received 2,550 valid votes as 49 % in the 1990 elections.

 

v     Name: U Maphang Hsin
Constituency: Khawbude
(Eligible Voters – 5,997; Votes Cast – 3,381; Valid Votes – 3,180; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1953
Place of Birth: Khawbude,
Parents: U Khiarkyaw and Daw Hturan Htanchan                                                                                                        
On 22 December 1991, several MPs from Kachin State, including U Maphang Hsin, U N Nan Gam, U Yaw Hsi, U Kyar Mya and U Kyaw Maung, left Myitkyina, the state capital, and went underground. They fled to the Kachin Independence Organisation (KIO) controlled area, then on to the Karen National Union (KNU) base at Manerplaw on the Thai-Burma border. U Maphang Hsin subsequently became part of the NLD-Liberated Area (Northern Chapter) when it was formed in the last week of January 1992, at Pajao on the Sino-Burma border. He was part of a seven-member NLD-LA Organising Committee. U Maphang Hsin, and the other four representatives who fled in 1991, surrendered to the SLORC on 5 June 1994 following the KIO’s cease-fire with the SLORC on eight months earlier. U Maphang Hsin was educated up to sixth standard, first at Nant Shal Village Primary School and later at Dukkan Village Middle School, Kachin State.U Maphang Hsin received 1,317 valid votes as 41 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U N. Nan Gam
Constituency: Machanbaw                                                                        
(Eligible Voters – 6,138; Votes Cast – 4,604;  Valid Votes – 4,082; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 4 March 1942
Place of Birth: Shavanga Village, Putao
Parents: U N Nan Tit and Daw Khin Hla                                                                                                                   
U N. Nan Gam surrendered to the SLORC on 5 June 1994 after fleeing to the Thai-Burma border in 1991 with four other MPs from Kachin State. He was educated up to ninth standard at Myitkyina and worked as a teacher at the Inbudau Village State Middle School in Machanbaw Township. He was the secretary of the Machanbaw Township Co-operative from 1974-1977. U N. Nan Gam received 1,532 valid votes as 38 % in the 1990 elections.

 

v    Name: U J. M. Naula
Constituency: Mansi                                                                                     
(Elegible Voters – 7,447; Votes Cast – 5,362;  Valid Votes – 4,387; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 21 December 1929
Parents: U Maula San and Daw Phaw Shwe Ral                                                                                                          
U J. M. Naula is the vice-chairman of Bamaw Township NLD. He was educated up to tenth standard at Bamaw State High School and at another private school. His role in forming the Kachin Student Organisation was crucial, and subsequently became its first chairman. He worked at the Kachin Tactical Command (2) at Bamaw as an organiser for the army in 1963, and in 1967 he was a graduate of the BSPP cadre training. Following the SLORC’s coup in 1988, he was fined 200 kyat and imprisoned for one month for subversion. U J M Naula received 2,434 valid votes as 55 % in the 1990 elections.

 

v    Name: U Thaung Ngwe
Constituency: Moemauk                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 13,104; Votes Cast – 7,602; Valid Votes – 6,501; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 9 June 1949
Place of Birth: Moemauk
Father: U Khin Maung                                                                                                                                                     
The Election Commission announced on 4 March 1992 that U Thaung Ngwe had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. U Thaung Ngwe graduated with a Law degree from Rangoon University in 1975 and rose to a judicial officer grade (3) in 1985. He resigned from his job in March 1988 and then worked as an independent lawyer while serving as the Moemauk Township NLD organiser. (Election Commission  Announcement No. 1010 of 4-3-92 permits U Thaung Ngwe  to resign “ of his own volition “. WPD_5/3/92) U Thaung Ngwe received 2,954 as 45 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tun Kyi
Constituency: Mogaung                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 56,212; Votes Cast – 36,124; Valid Votes – 29,407; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 25 December 1942
Place of Birth: Mogaung
Parents: U Tun Oak and Daw Shwe                                                                                                                            
U Tun Kyi was educated up to seventh standard at Mogaung High School. He actively took part in the 1988 pro-democracy uprising and became the Mogaung Township NLD organiser when the party was formed. U Tun Kyi received 14,779 valid votes as 50 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Kyaw Maung
Constituency: Mohnyin (1)                                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 40,315; Votes Cast – 30,685;  Valid Votes – 25,860; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 7 February 1944
Parents: U Ba Hlaing and Daw Hla Mae                                                                                                                     
U Kyaw Maung surrendered to the SLORC on 5 June 1994 after fleeing to the Thai-Burma border in 1991 with four other MPs from Kachin State. He finished high school in 1962 and became a primary school teacher at Bilu Middle School in Myintkyina. In 1975 he became the headmaster of the school. He joined the NLD following the 1988 uprising. U Kyaw Maung received 21,641 valid votes as 84 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Kyar Mya
Constituency: Monhyin (2)                                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 27,468; Votes Cast – 19,520; Valid Votes – 16,940; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1940
Place of Birth: Hopin
Parents: U Htin Paw and Daw Aye Nyint                                                                                                                           
U Kyar Mya surrendered to the SLORC on 5 June 1994 after fleeing to the Thai-Burma border in 1991 with four other MPs from Kachin State and was secretary of the northern chapter of the NLD-LA. He was educated up to seventh standard at Hpin State Middle School and then worked at the Namtee Sugar Mill for eight years. After the 1988 uprising he became head of the Monhyin Township NLD Organising Committee. U Kyar Mya received 12,374 valid votes as 73 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Mya Maung
Constituency: Myitkyina (1)                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 39,204; Votes Cast – 26,003;  Valid Votes – 21,837; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 16 December 1920
Parents: U Sawt and Daw Kun                                                                                                                                              
U Mya Maung passed away on 16 June 1990. He participated in the 1938 Strike and left school in 1939 and became a member of the Dobama Asiayone (We Burma Association). In 1942, he joined the Burma Independence Army (BIA) at the persuasion of members of the Thirty Comrades such as Bo Taya and Bo Tauk Htein who were his classmates. During the 1945 campaign against the Japanese he participated in the formation of the Anti Fascist Organisation (AFO) in Pyinmana. He went underground in 1948 with the Burma Communist Party (BCP) when it took up its armed revolt, however he surrendered to the government a year later along with Bo Taya. In November 1949, he was detained in Rangoon by the authorities and released in 1951. From then on he worked at the Immigration Department until his retirement in 1980. (Election Commission Announcement No. 897 of 3-7-90 notes that U Mya Maung died on 16 June 1990 and is thus removed from the list of Pyithu Hluttaw representatives. (WPD_5/7/90) U Mya Maung received 10,151 valid votes as 46 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Yaw Hsi
Constituency: Putao                                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 29,900; Votes Cast – 21,960; Valid Votes – 17,707; Number of Candidates – 8)
Date of Birth: 13 April 1948
Place of Birth: Biwahtan Village, Khawbude
Parents: U Harku and Daw Phaiaibi                                                                                                                                   
U Yaw Hsi is still under detention.U Yaw Hsi surrendered to the SLORC on 5 June 1994 after fleeing to the Thai-Burma border in 1991 with four oiher MPs from Kachin State. He was educated up to seventh standard and was in charge of the Marmulae Village Co-operative from 1982-83. On 1st February 1999, Burmese Military Regime sentenced U Yaw Hsi to five and a half years imprisonment with hard labour for possessing a tiny amount of opium oil for medical use.On 1st February 1999, Burmese military regime sentenced U Yaw Hsi to five and a half years imprisonment with hard labour for possessing a tiny amount of opium oil for medical use.U Yaw Hsi was arrested in October 1998 during a raid at his home in Putao, in which the police found among papers rag soaked with opium oil .The cloth weighed about 3.4 milligrams.U Yaw Hsi however was arrested and charged with possessing the illicit drug.According to locals, it is common in upper Kachin State that they keep small pieces of rags or cloth soaked in opium oil for use as a traditional cure for dysentery and other minor illness.Despite the fact that the Burmese military is known to be heavily involved with drug trafficking, it regularly suppresses small time drug traffickers in the pretest of anti-narcotic efforts.In the case of U Yaw Hsi, the motive was clearly political, as the quantity involved was no small, and as the widespread use of drug for medical purposes is normally of no concern to the military authorities.U Yaw Hsi has no connestion with narcotics production of dealing in the area.It appears obvious that he was singled out for prosecution, as he is an MP from NLD.U Yaw Hsi left for the jungle in 1991 to join up with exiled NLD-MPs.However, he surrendered to the military in 1994 after the Kachin Independent Army (KIA) signed a cease-fire agreement with the military junta.Since his return, the military have wanted to arrest U Yaw Hsi on political charges but have been unable to do so.This incident is reminiscent of that of Dr. Tin Min Htut, another NLD-MP from Pantanaw (1), Irrawaddy Division, who was detained in 1997 for alleged possessing illegal currency because during a police raid at his home, they found two Singaporean coins in the toy cup his son was playing with. U Yaw Hsi received 8,695 valid votes as 49 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Daw Sein Tin
Constituency: Shwegu                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 26,266; Votes Cast – 17,790; Valid Votes – 15,483; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1922
Father: U Poe Aung                                                                                                                                                           
The Election Commission announced on 23 February 1997 that Daw Sein Tin had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force her to resign. Daw Sein Tin was part of the NLD boycott of the National Convention on 28 December 1995. She was involved in the 1938 strike against the British and was a member of the Asia Youth Association. She passed tenth standard in Moulmein and worked as a teacher from 1949-1984. Daw Sein Tin received 11,038 valid votes as 71 % in 1990 election.

v    Name: U N. Wam Khan Zau Tawng
Constituency: Tanai                                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 8,917; Votes Cast – 4,876; Valid Votes – 4,319; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 15 March 1927
Place of Birth: Innwankhan Village
Father: U N. Wam Kham Zau Aung                                                                                                                                    
U N. Wam Khan Zau Tawng was educated to fourth standard in Myitkhyina and was a member of the People’s Volunteer Force (PVF) in Nammar from 1946-1952. He was also the chairman of Tanai Township Kachin Youth Organisation from 1948-1952. U N. Wam Khan Zau Tawng served as the chairman of the Tanai People’s Council under the BSPP government from 1974-78 and also a part-time member of the Kachin State People’s Council from 1970-1980. He joined the NLD after the August 1988 uprising and became the chairman of Tanai Township NLD.U N. Wam Khan Zau Tawng received 2,771 valid votes as 64 % in the 1990 elections. 
                                                                                                                                         

v    Name: Duwa Zaw Aung
Constituency: Waingmaw
(Eligible Voters – 35,741; Votes Cast – 24,792; Valid Votes – 21,751; Number of Candidates – 8)
Date of Birth: 20 September 1933
Father: Duwa Jah                                                                                                                                                             
Duwa Zaw Aung was the chairman of the Kachin State Student Union from 1954-1957. He was also the Bamaw District chairman of the Committee for the Promotion of Kachin Culture from 1956-1957 and chairman of the Kachin State Baptist Church from 1982-1987. He was imprisoned and released  on 13-8-2001.He was actively participated in the 1988 democracy uprising and became a local leader in the National League for Democracy (NLD). He stayed secretly in Rangoon when the Committee Representing the People’s Parliament (CRPP) was founded in 1998.In August 1999, he was arrested by Military Intelligence and sentenced him to 7 years imprisonment for his writings to religious leaders on the subject of solving the political deadlock between the military authorities and NLD. Duwa Zau Aung received 8,229 valid votes as 38 % in the 1990 elections.                                                                             
Duwa means chief of Kachin people (Chieftain)                                                                                 

 

 

KACHIN STATE NATIONAL CONGRESS FOR DEMOCRACY (KSNCD)

v    Name: U G. Bawn Hlan
Constituency: Chiphwe                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 1,753; Votes Cast – 1,417; Valid Votes – 1,339; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 15 December 1953
Parents: U G Chan Bawn and Daw La Nam                                                                                                                  
The State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) banned the Kachin State National Congress for Democracy (KSNCD) on 6 March 1992. Following the 1990 election the unsuccessful National Unity Party (NUP) candidate U Khaw Saung lodged a protest against U G. Bawn Hlan. The Election Commission launched an investigation into the complaint which was dismissed. U G. Bawn Hlan passed tenth standard at Myitkyina State High School No.(3). U G. Bawn Hlan received 496 valid votes as 37 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Oo Byit Tu
Constituency: Myitkyina (2)                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 39,894; Votes Cast – 22,420; Valid Votes – 19,244; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 1 June 1920
Place of Birth: Lamaga Village, Swamprabwam
Parents: U Oo Byit Naw On and Daw Daung Grakha                                                                                                        
U Oo Byit Tu voluntarily resigned as Kachin State National Congress for Democracy (KSNCD) chairman and as a Member of Parliament on 13 January 1992. He joined the Burma Rifle Regiment (2) under the British in 1939 and, while in the army, continued his education in India. He was with the British army when it retreated into Assam, India, in 1942 during the Japanese occupation and he participated in the military campaign against the Japanese in 1944. In 1962, he became the commander of Burma Rifle Regiment (6) and he retired from the army in 1965. He then worked as the state manager for the Directorate of Trade and as Kachin State Inspector-General. In 1980 he served as a mediator between the Kachin Independence Organization (KIO) and the then Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP) government during their talks. He was detained in January 1991 and released from Myitkyina Jail on 13-5-92. U Oo Byit Tu received 6,898 valid votes as 36 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Zau Ein
Constituency: Sumprabum                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 1,284; Votes Cast – 879; Valid Votes – 806; Number of Candidates – 2)
Date of Birth: 13 November 1938
Place of Birth: Kyanayan Village, Sumpraburm
Parents: U Sinkhar Naung and Daw Susyel Jar                                                                                                                 
U Zau Ein voluntarily resigned as an MP on 5 December 1991. He was educated to tenth standard in Sumpraburm State High School, and was in charge of Sumpraburm People’s Co-operative and was the township manager for the Directorate of Trade. From 1981-1985, he was a part-time member of Myitkyina People’s Council. (Election Commission Announcement No. 982 of 5-12-91 authorizes U Zau Ein to resign. WPD_6/12/91) U Zau Ein received 589 valid votes as 73 % in the 1990 elections.

 


NATIONAL UNITY PARTY (NUP)
                                                                                                                  

v    Name: U Mok Myaw Hsan Khawng
Constituency: Hsawlaw                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 452; Votes Cast – 397; Valid Votes – 382; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 4 October 1947
Place of Birth: Htawtlan Village, Hsawlaw
Parents: U Khau San and Daw Khau Yaw                                                                                                                         
U Mok Myaw Hsan Khawng studied at Myitkyina College from 1970-1973 and worked at Myitkyina Kein Myat Hospital for two years. He was a Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP) Hsawlaw Township Party Unit member from 1975-1988, and was then appointed secretary of the township party unit. U Mok Myaw Hsan Khawng received 158 valid votes as 41 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U M. Sinsar
Constituency: Nawngmun                                                                          
(Eligible Voters – 3,850; Votes Cast – 3,096;  Valid Votes – 2,877; Number of Candidates – 3)                                 
Date of Birth: 3 June 1925
Place of Birth: Nawngmun
Parents: U Monhaung and Tina                                                                                                                     
Following the 1988 demonstrations U M. Sinsar became a member of the National Unity Party (NUP) Central Executive Committee. He was educated to tenth standard and worked as a clerk at the Kachin State Education Department from 1956-1957 and as a deputy headmaster. He was a Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP) township organiser, a member of the BSPP Regional Committee for Kachin State and a Central Committee member of the BSPP. He was also a member of the Pyithu Hluttaw from 1974-1988, representing the townships of Khawbude, Nawngmun and Bhamo. U M. Sinsar received 2,231 valid votes as 78 % in the 1990 elections.

 

Kayah State


Location:
Kayah State is situated in eastern Burma and bounded on the north by Shan State. on the east by Thailand and on the south and west by Karen State. It lies approximately between 18° 30' and 19° 55' north latitude and between 94°40' and 97° 93' east longitute. The area is 4,530 sq miles.                                                                                                           Being a section of eastern plateau, its bed-rocks are of igneous stratified and metamorphic types. Relating with those rocks, alabaster, tin, wolfram, shellac are found. Red earth is mostly found. There are fertile paddy lands in Loikaw plains through which Balu stream flows.

Climate: The highland area has the wet climate of mild-hot regions and the low-lying areas have the climate of Savanna and monsoon climate of the tropical regions. In winter, the average temperature of the highland areas is below 40°F (4.4°C) and that of the low lying areas is 62.6°F (17°C). In May, the hottest month, the average temperature is 77.4°F (25°C). The annual rainfall in low-lying areas is about 38.43 inches. The highland areas get more rain.

Population, inhabitants, religion and dialects:
The estimated population in 1996 had been over 240,000 and the population density is about 53 persons per sq mile.  The population density in Loikaw and Dimawhso Townships where there are vast plains, is more than 100 persons per sq mile. Mountainous townships are sparsely populated. The resident national races are Kayah, Kayan (Padaung), Paye, Yinbaw, Yinkale, Paki Karen and small racial groups such as Manumanao, Gaykho, Gaybar etc. In addition, there are few numbers of Shan, Intha, Bamar living along Balu stream in the north. Pa-o nationals can be found on surrounding hills.

Organization of districts, townships, villages and wards:
Loikaw and Bawlake districts are constituted with seven townships. There are 106 wards and village-tracts. The area of the State is 4,529.564 sq miles. The capital of the state is Loikaw.


 NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR DEMOCRACY (NLD)

v    Name: U Bo Thin
Constituency: Loikaw (1)
(Eligible Voters – 19,854; Votes Cast – 12,659; Valid Votes – 11,647; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 26 November 1936
Father: U Ba Thaung                                                                                                                                                  
On 13 January 1997, the Election Commission announced that U Bo Thin had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) used intimidation to force him to resign. He joined the National League for Democracy (NLD) after the August 1988 uprising.U Bo Thin was the general secretary of the Kayah State Students’ Union and he worked for the Loikaw Trade Corporation in 1968. He was also the deputy chairman of the Loikaw Township Co-operative as well as a member of the Kayah State Council and a part-time member of the Kayah State Judiciary. U Bo Thin received 6,184 valid votes as 53 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Teddy Buri
Constituency: Loikaw (2)  
(Eligible Voters – 21,536; Votes Cast – 12,272;  Valid Votes – 10,688; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth:  19 December 1944
Father: U Maung Maung Kyaw                                                                                                                                      

U Teddy Buri left Burma in 1994 and subsequently joined Burma’s “government in exile”, the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB) on the Thai-Burma border. He was appointed Minister of the Prime Minister’s office on 27 July 1995, and was made NCGUB Minister for Asia/Pacific Affairs in July 1997. He is also chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of National Council of the Union of Burma (NCUB) and Members of Parliament Union (MPU).U Teddy Buri graduated in English at Rangoon University in 1967. He was a teacher at Loikaw State High School from 1968-1969 and worked at the Lawpita Hydro-electric Power Plant from 1973-1975. He was a Central Executive Committee member of the Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP) Kayah State Council from 1975-1978, and was the general secretary of the Kayah State Co-operative from 1987-1988. U Teddy Buri received 6,182 valid votes as 58 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  U Saw Oo Reh
Constituency:  Phruso
(Eligible Voters – 9,237; Votes Cast – 3,330;  Valid Votes – 2,739; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 30 August 1928
Father: U Toe Reh                                                                                            
U Saw Oo Reh was imprisoned in Loikaw, Kayah State, and is suffering from serious diabetes and kidney problems and released on 21 June 2002.He was freed from Loikaw “correctional facility” in Kayah State on ground of humanitarian consideration out of his sickness suffered in the prison. He was hospitalised in July 1997 as a result of his health problems and, although in shackles, was tied to his hospital bed. U Saw Oo Reh was arrested on 18 December 1996 and charged with financially supporting the outlawed Karenni National Progressive Party (KNPP) and writing a book entitled ‘The Crisis of Kayah State and Causes of Civil War in Burma’. He was charged under the Association with Illegal Organisations Act and the 1962 Printing and Publishing Act, and sentenced to 17 years imprisonment. Prior to his arrest, on 28 November 1996 the Election Commission announced that U Saw Oo Reh had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. He joined the National League for Democracy (NLD) after the August 1988 uprising and was a member of the Kayah State Organising Committee. He was then a Central Committee member of the NLD and boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995. U Saw Oo Reh was educated up to seventh standard and during World War II he served as sergeant with spider-badge paratroop unit 136. He was a candidate in the 1960 election, and was a representative of the Pyithu Hluttaw from 1974-1978 for Phruso Township, Kayah State. U Saw Oo Reh received 1,070 valid votes as 39 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aung Tin
Constituency: Shadaw                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 2,546; Votes Cast – 871;  Valid Votes – 735; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth:  30 August 1935
Father: U Ba Aung                                                                                                                                                              
U Aung Tin joined the National League for Democracy (NLD) following the August 1988 uprising. He studied up to ninth standard and from 1954-1956 worked for the Electric Power Corporation. He was then the deputy in charge of the Agriculture and Farm Products Trading Corporation and has worked as a merchant since 1967. U Aung Tin received 417 valid votes as 57 % in the 1990 elections.



KAYAH STATE ALL NATIONALITIES LEAGUE FOR DEMOCRACY  (KSNLD)

v    Name: U Khin Maung Cho
Constituency: Dimawhso (1)                                                                   
(Eligible Voters – 12,187; Votes Cast – 5,658;  Valid Votes – 4,778; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth:  1939
Place of Birth: Nanpae Khon Village
Parents: U Saung and Daw Nan Myat                                                                                                                             
U Khin Maung Cho became an independent MP after the SLORC banned the Kayah State All Nationalities League for Democracy (KSNLD) with order 8/92 on 18 March 1992. The National Convention Convening Commission dismissed him from the Convention for allegedly having unauthorised discussions. U Khin Maung Cho is a former Central Executive Committee member of the KSNLD. He worked as a civil servant for the Kayah State Trade Corporation from 1964-1967 and then worked as a merchant. U Khin Maung Cho received 2,298 valid votes as 48 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Victor Lay
Constituency: Dimawhso (2)                                                                   
(Eligible Voters – 12,209; Votes Cast – 8,535;  Valid Votes – 7,044; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 19 July 1949
Parents: U A Mya Lay and Daw Layte Shar                                                                                                                   
U Victor Lay became an independent MP after the SLORC banned the Kayah State All Nationalities League for Democracy (KSNLD) in 1992. He graduated from Pyinmana Agricultural Science Institute in 1973 and from the Taunggyi Teacher Training Course in 1975. U Victor Lay received 4,614 valid votes as 66 % in the 1990 elections.


NATIONAL UNITY PARTY (NUP)

v    Name: U Aung Thein                                                                       
Constituency: Bawlake                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 2,575; Votes Cast – 1,831;   Valid Votes – 1,426; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1940
Place of Birth: Loikaw
Father: U San Sint                                                                                                                                                                
U Aung Thein completed high school at Loikaw State High School in 1961 and worked as a clerk at the District Administrative Office from 1961-1971. He was then a committee member, secretary and chairman of Bawlake Township Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP) Party Unit, as well as a secretary of the BSPP Regional Committee and a member of the BSPP Central Committee. He was elected to the Pyithu Hluttaw in 1981 as a representative of Phasawng Township. U Aung Thein received 697 valid votes as 49 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Saw Tar Rutu
Constituency: Phasawng                                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 7,753; Votes Cast – 3,574;  Valid Votes – 3,121; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 24 December 1939
Place of Birth: Lokharlo Village, Phasawng
Father: U Saw Tin Ray                                                                                                                                                             
U Saw Tar Rutu graduated from Rangoon University in 1968 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Chemistry. He worked at the Mawchee Mine Project, Kayah State, and attended the Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP)’s basic political course in 1970. In 1972 he worked as the secretary of Phasawng Township Security and Administrative Committee and was the chairman of Phasawng Township People’s Council from 1974-1985. He was the chairman of Phasawng Township BSPP Party Unit from 1985-1988. U Saw Tar Rutu received 1,621 valid votes as 52 % in the 1990 elections.

 

Karen State


Location:
Located between latitudes 15° 45' north and 19° 25' north and longitudes 96° 10' east and 98° 28' east. Karen State shares the border with Yamethin District, Shan State and Kayah State in the north, Toungoo, Thaton and Moulmein districts in the west, Ye Township in the south and Thailand in the east. The area of the State is 11,731 sq-miles.

Climate: Karen State has a hot and humid climate because of the mountain ranges that lie in its backdrop and its location, which is near the sea, in the tropics. The temperature of the hottest month in eastern mountain regions never falls below 71.9° F. Lowlands in the west and south of the state are located in the tropical monsoon climate. The lowest annual rainfall in the region is 120 inches and the highest is 190 inches. The regions get most of the rain in summer. Some of the rivers and creeks in Karen State are flowing from south to north due to the location of mountains. The main rivers in the state are Thanlwin, Thaungyin and Attaran rivers.

Population, inhabitant, languages and religion:
National races such as Karen, Bamar, Pa-O, Shan, Mon and Rakhine are residing in the state which has a population of 1,431,377. The main religions are Buddhism. Christian and Leke. The word Karen is the collective name for all or Sawhaw (Sakaw), Sho (Poe) and Bwe national races. Descended from Tibet-Myanmar dialect group, Karens gradually entered Burma in Seventh AD or Eighth AD from east of Toungoo. The six different families of Kayin nationals are Sawhaw (Sakaw), Sho (Poe), Bwe, Padaung, Kayinni and Zayein. They can be also defined as northern Karens and southern Karens based on the regions they are living in. Bwes are northern Karens and Sawhaws (Sakaws) and Shos (Poes) are southern Karens. Though there are differences in tone and accent in dialects of various groups of the Karen family, they all came from the same origin. National races such as Karen, Bamar, Pa-O, Shan, Mon and Rakhine are residing in the state which has a population of 1,431,377. The main religions are Buddhism. Christian and Leke. The word Kayin is the collective name for all or Sawhaw (Sakaw), Sho (Poe) and Bwe national races. Descended from Tibet-Myanmar dialect group, Karens gradually entered Burma in Seventh AD or Eighth AD from east of Toungoo. The six different families of Karen nationals are Sawhaw (Sakaw), Sho (Poe), Bwe, Padaung, Kayinni and Zayein. They can be also defined as northern Karens and southern Karens based on the regions they are living in. Bwes are northern Karens and Sawhaws (Sakaws) and Shos (Poes) are southern Karens.Though there are differences in tone and accent in dialects of various groups of the Karen family, they all came from the same origin.National races such as Karen, Bamar, Pa-O, Shan, Mon and Arakan are residing in the state which has a population of 1,431,377. The main religions are Buddhism. Christian and Leke.The word Karen is the collective name for all or Sawhaw (Sakaw), Sho (Poe) and Bwe national races. Descended from Tibet-Myanmar dialect group, Karens gradually entered Burma in Seventh AD or Eighth AD from east of Toungoo. The six different families of Kayin nationals are Sawhaw (Sakaw), Sho (Poe), Bwe, Padaung, Kayinni and Zayein. They can be also defined as northern Karens and southern Karens based on the regions they are living in. Bwes are northern Karens and Sawhaws (Sakaws) and Shos (Poes) are southern Karens.Though there are differences in tone and accent in dialects of various groups of the Karen family, they all came from the same origin.National races such as Karen, Bamar, Pa-O, Shan, Mon and Arakan are residing in the state which has a population of 1,431,377. The main religions are Buddhism. Christian and Leke.The word Karen is the collective name for all or Sawhaw (Sakaw), Sho (Poe) and Bwe national races. Descended from Tibet-Myanmar dialect group, Karens gradually entered Burma in Seventh AD or Eighth AD from east of Toungoo. The six different families of Kayin nationals are Sawhaw (Sakaw), Sho (Poe), Bwe, Padaung, Kayinni and Zayein. They can be also defined as northern Karens and southern Karens based on the regions they are living in. Bwes are northern Karens and Sawhaws (Sakaws) and Shos (Poes) are southern Karens.Though there are differences in tone and accent in dialects of various groups of the Karen family, they all came from the same origin.                                                                                                                                                                              

Formation of districts, townships and villages:
Total area of Karen State is 11,730.894 square-miles. There are 410 wards and village-tracts and seven townships under Pa-an District, Kawkareik District and Myawady District. The capital of Karen State is Pa-an.


NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR DEMOCRACY (NLD)

v    Name: U Saw Tun Lwin
Constituency: Hlaingbwe (2)                                                                                      
(Eligible Voters – 26,312; Votes Cast – 13,003; Valid Votes – 10,674; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1 December 1917
Place of Birth: Htaw Shwal Village
Parents: U Hte Maung and Daw Phone Shwe                                                                                                              
The Election Commission announced on 5 March 1997 that U Saw Tun Lwin had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. U Saw Tun Lwin received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Judson College in Rangoon in 1941 and worked as a civil servant until 1972. He received the Wana Kyaw Htin award from the government in 1962 for his services. In 1978 he started working as a lawyer, after working as the Officer In Charge of Judicial Affairs in Karen State. U Saw Tun Lwin received 8,573 valid votes as 80 % in the 1990 elections.

 

v    Name: U Mahn Myaing Aye
Constituency:  Kawkareik (1)                                                                                  
(Eligible Voters – 30,972; Votes Cast – 22,192;  Valid Votes – 18,968; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth:  7 February 1937
Father: U Kyar Pwint                                                                                                                                                         
After the 1988 uprising, U Mahn Myaing Aye became a member of the Central Executive Committee of the National League for Democracy              (NLD). In July 1991 the SLORC charged him under the 1950 Emergency Provision Act, Article 5(j), and he was sent to prison. The Election Commission also dismissed him as an MP on 25 November 1991. U Mahn Myaing Aye was released from Moulmein Prison on 27 May 1992. Prior to the military coup on 2 March 1962, U Mahn Myaing Aye was the Minister for Health and Education. In 1963 the military authorities detained him for four years and five months. He was educated at Moulmein Inter College and has a Diploma of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science. He worked as a veterinary surgeon in the government service for 30 years, and retired as the deputy in charge of the Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Department in Rangoon. (Election Commission Announcement No. 978 of 25 November 1991 states that “ the following candidate was convicted for committing an offence shown against him and was sentenced by the court concerned “ and thus “ has no right to continue to be Hluttaw representative and … has been declared as disqualified for his infringement of the Pyithu Hluttaw Election Law “: U Mahn Myaing Aye convicted under 1950 Emergency Provisions Act, Section 5 (j). WPD_26/11/91) U Mahn Myaing Aye received 13,379 valid votes as 71 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Kyin Thein
Constituency: Kya-in-Seikkyi (2)                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 11,157; Votes Cast – 4,424;   Valid Votes – 3,563; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth:  1948
Place of Birth: Ye, Mon State
Father: U Par O                                                                                                                                                                      
U Kyin Thein was released on 10-9-2001 after being sentenced to seven years imprisonment under Article 5 (j) of the 1950 Emergency Provision Act. Prior to his arrest he was the chairman of Kya-in-Seikkyi Township National League for Democracy (NLD) and in charge of the Karen State Organising Committee. He attended the SLORC’s National Convention and was a part of the NLD boycott in December 1995. He led student demonstrations against the BSPP government in 1975 at Moulmein College and was subsequently arrested and from March to September 1976 was detained in Moulmein Prison as a political prisoner. U Kyin Thein has a degree in Geography and worked as a Kya-in-Seikkyi Township council member in 1985 and a part time member of the township jury. During the August 1988 uprising he was studying the BSPP’s basic political training at the Central Institute of Political Science in Rangoon. He returned to Kya-in-Seikkyi and joined in the demonstrations and afterwards was dismissed from his job as an assistant librarian at the Television and Radio Broadcasting Department. U Kyin Thein received 2,398 valid votes as 67 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Sein Bo
Constituency: Myawaddy                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 8,882; Votes Cast – 6,461;  Valid Votes – 5,645; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 15 March 1947
Place of Birth: Ye Oo Kone Village, Tanse
Parents:U Phoe Thant and Daw Chit Mae                                                                                                                         
U Sein Bo joined the National League for Democracy (NLD) after the August 1988 uprising. He worked as a telegraphic clerk from 1965-1966 and then as a tractor mechanic. He passed tenth standard in 1969 and later received a Bachelor of Veterinary Science degree. U Sein Bo received 4,783 valid votes as 76 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Saw Chit Than
Constituency: Pa-an (1)                                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 56,084; Votes Cast – 30,566;   Valid Votes – 25,489; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth:  17 February 1926
Place of Birth: Tha Ton
Parent:  U Tun Lin and Daw Hla Shwe                                                                                                                         
After the 1988 democracy uprising, U Saw Chit Than joined the National League for Democracy (NLD). U Saw Chit Than was arrested on 30 January 1992 and charged under the 1950 Emergency Provisions Act, Article 5 (a), (b) and (j) and sentenced to 12 years imprisonment. The Election Commission dismissed him as an MP by order no. 1016 on 9 April 1992 and he was also barred from running in elections for a period of ten years. He was released from Insein Prison on 9 April 1992.  U Saw Chit Than was educated until eighth standard at the English-Burmese High School at Tha Ton. He served as a private in the Burma Independence Army (BIA) and was in the unit led by Bo Nyar Na, one of Thirty Comrades. He also took part in the resistance against Japanese rule by forming a Thaton district guerrilla force which was allied with Division (4) of the Burmese Army. In 1945, he served as an executive member of the district level of the Anti-Fascist People’s Freedom League (AFPFL). He was elected to Parliament in 1952 as a representative of Thaton North Constituency, and served as the Parliamentary Secretary for Karen State. He was Health and Education Minister of Karen State from the election in 1960 until the military coup in 1962. From 1962-1963 he served as the head of Agriculture and Forest Affairs at the Administrative Committee of Karen State under the Revolutionary Council. He was then detained on 4 October 1963 by the Revolutionary Council and spent almost four years and five months in prison. He was honoured by the government in 1980 for his role in Burma’s independence by being presented with the Naing Ngan Gonye award (Second Class). U Saw Chit Than received 18,272 valid votes as 72 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tun Chit
Constituency:  Pa-an (2)                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 54,177; Votes Cast – 34,507;                                    
Valid Votes – 29,616; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 10 November 1948
Place of Birth: Hton Ai Village, Pa-An
Parents:U Htwe and Daw Konma                                                                                                                                    
U Tun Chit received a Government Technical Institute diploma in 1972. U Tun Chit received 17,544 valid votes as 59 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Daw Nan Khin Htwe Myint
Constituency: Pa-an (3)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 52,590; Votes Cast – 29,737; Valid Votes – 24,983; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 10 May 1954
Parents: Dr. Saw Hla Tun and Daw Ahmar                                                                                                               
Daw Nan Khin Htwe Myint was arrested on 10 February 1998 while on her way to Rangoon to attend celebrations for the 51st Anniversary of Union Day. Military Intelligence Service officers from Unit 25 based in Pa-an detained her at Thaton station. The intelligence officers had followed her since she left her home, and when she arrived at Thaton station the officers searched her bag and returned it to her with some belongings missing. An argument ensued and the officers arrested her on the grounds that she had obstructed the officers in their duties. She was tried and convicted the following day under Penal Code Article 353 and sentenced to two years imprisonment by the Thaton court. Her family knew nothing of what had happened to her until they heard that she was in prison. She was not allowed to hire a lawyer to represent her nor call any witnesses to testify in court. According to the NLD, her arrest had been set-up since she had previously had a heated argument with Major Khin Maung Kyi who was the commander of the intelligence unit that arrested her. Daw Nan Khin Htwe Myint is the daughter of Dr. Saw Hla Tun, a former Prime Minister of Karen State. The BSPP government imprisoned her in 1975 because of her participation in the June students’ demonstration at Rangoon University. At the time she was a second year student at the Rangoon Institute of Economics. She was released from prison in 1978. After the 1988 uprising, Daw Nan Khin Htwe Myint left the Department of Domestic Revenue where she was working and began to work full time for the National League for Democracy (NLD). In June 1992, she attended a pre-National Convention meeting organised by the SLORC as a representative of the NLD. Daw Nan Khin Htwe Myint received 18,423 valid votes as 74 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aung Than
Constituency: Papun (1)                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 7,840; Votes Cast – 4,554; Valid Votes – 4,129; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth:  21 August 1939
Parents:U Hlaing and Daw Hla Tin                                                                                                                                   
U Aung Than is a member of the Karen State National League for Democracy (NLD) Organising Committee. After he passed ninth standard, U Aung Than worked as a teacher at Kamma Moung Primary School. U Aung Than received 2,574 valid votes as 62 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Ba Aye
Constituency: Papun (2) 
(Eligible Voters – 2,210; Votes Cast – 897; Valid Votes – 825; Number of Candidates – 2)
Date of Birth: 1946
Father: U Kyi Yin                                                                                                                                                              
U Ba Aye studied two years of an Arts degree and then worked as a primary school teacher from 1965-1975. He later became a member the Burma Socialist Programme Party, Papun Township Party Unit. U Ba Aye received 516 valid votes as 63 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Saw Victor Clyde
Constituency: Thandaung (2)                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 11,369; Votes Cast – 6,383;  Valid Votes – 5,605; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth:  1948
Place of Birth: Thandaung
Father: U Saw Clyde Tun Win                                                                                                                                         
The SLORC arrested U Saw Victor Clyde in July 1991 and charged him under the 1950 Emergency Provision Act, Article 5 (j). The Election Commission later dismissed him as an MP on 25 November 1991 and he was released from prison on 27 May 1992. After completing a teacher training course in 1968, U Saw Victor Clyde worked as a primary school teacher and principal until 1985. (Election Commission Announcement No. 978 of 25 November 1991 states that “ the following candidate was convicted for committing an offence shown against him and was sentenced by the court concerned “ and thus “ have no right to continue be Hluttaw representatives and … has been declared as disqualified for his infringement of the Pyithu Hluttaw Election Law “: U Saw Victor Clyde convicted under 1950 Emergency Provisions Act, Section 5 (j). WPD_26/11/91) U Saw Victor Clyde received 3,798 valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.


DEMOCRATIC ORGANIZATION FOR KAYAN NATIONAL UNITY (DOKNU)

v    Name: U R. P. Thaung
Constituency: Thandaung (1)                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 15,507; Votes Cast – 9,736;  Valid Votes – 8,554; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth:  24 October 1922
Father: U Ni Se Thaung                                                                                                                                                       
U R. P. Thaung is the patron of Democratic Organization for Kayan National Unity (DOKNU) as well as a member of the presidium of the United Nationalities League for Democracy (UNLD). He was arrested in February 1991 and the SLORC accused him of having contact with the United States Embassy in Rangoon. He was charged under the 1950 Emergency Provision Act Article 5 (j) for refusing to sign the SLORC’s order 1/90, and was sentenced to five years imprisonment in March 1991. The Election Commission dismissed him as a Member of Parliament on 27 December 1991. He was released from Insein Special Prison in December 1994. U R. P. Thaung studied at Rangoon University and received a People’s Administration Arts degree from Manila University. He was a radio operator in the US army and was involved in Burma Defense Army (BDA) revolt against Japanese forces in March 1945 in Insein District, Rangoon. For 30 years he served as a township and district mayor, and then as the deputy staff officer of Rangoon Division People’s Council. U R P Thaung received 3,764 valid votes as 44 % in the 1990 elections.


KAREN STATE NATIONAL ORGANIZATION (KSNO)

v    Name: U Saw Tun Pe
Constituency: Hlaingbwe (1)                                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 28,735; Votes Cast – 12,901;   Valid Votes – 10,190; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: December 1917
Place of Birth: Kyat Phogyi Village, Fruso
Father: U Saw Khun Su                                                                                                                                               
U Saw Tun Pe became an independent MP after the Election Commission banned the Karen State National Organization (KSNO) on 27 November 1991. U Saw Tun Pe received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1941 and a Bachelor of Law degree from Rangoon University in 1959. From 1948-1971 he worked as a township and district mayor and as a registration officer. He then served as the secretary of the Karen State Administration Committee. U Saw Tun Pe received 5,142 valid votes as 50 % in the 1990 elections.


MON NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC FRONT (MNDF)

v    Name: Nai Thaung Shein
Constituency: Kawkareik (2)                                                                  
(Eligible Voters – 34,854; Votes Cast – 24,475;  Valid Votes – 21,402; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 9 October 1947
Place of Birth: Thayattaw Village
Father: U Nai Kyaw                                                                                                                                                           
Nai Thaung Shein passed tenth standard in 1968 and worked as a teacher at Kanny State Middle School from 1969-1974.He was fled to Thai-Burma border in December 1998 because of the severe repression imposed on MPs and other party members.He was able to escape despite heavy surveillance of party members and activities by the Burmese Military Intelligence Service (MIS).He currently lives in Netherlands. U Naing Thaung Shein received 10,444 valid votes as 49 % in the 1990 elections.


PATRIOTIC OLD COMRADES LEAGUE (POCL)

v    Name: Lt-Col U Hla Maung (Retired)
Constituency: Kya-in-Seikkyi (1)                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 11,265; Votes Cast – 3,879;  Valid Votes – 2,861; Number of Candidates – 2)
Date of Birth: 26 July 1936
Place of Birth: Than Po Ward, Mergui
Parents:U Po Titt and Daw Ma Ma Gyi                                                                                                                        
Lt. Col. U Hla Maung became an independent after the SLORC banned the Patriotic Old Comrades League (POCL) with order 7/92 on 11 March 1992. He has attended the SLORC’s National Convention as an independent delegate.U Hla Maung left school in 1954 while in tenth standard to join the army. From 1971-1975 he was the administrative officer in charge of the Central Military Command Headquarters. He was also involved in the three Moe Hein operations with Light Infantry Battalion 65 to remove opium in Shan State. From 1979-1984, he served as an army commander. Lt-Col Hla Maung received 2,054 valid votes as 72 % in the 1990 elections.

 

Chin State


Location:
Chin State is located in the west of Burma. It lies between North Latitude 21°0'and 24°15'and East Longitude between 93°15' and 94°0'. India is to its north and west; Arakan State, to its south; Sagaing and Magwe Division are to its east. It has an area of 13,907 sq miles.

Climate:
Chin State has a mild hot, wet climate. April and May are the hottest months of the year. Average temperatures of the months range from 60°F (15.5 Degrees Centigrade) to 70°F (21 Degrees Centigrade). Average temperature in the cold season is below 40°F (4.4 Degrees Centigrade). In the cold season, temperatures fall as low as freezing point of water in the higher parts of towns like Haka, Foshaik and Kanpetlet.
Average annual rainfall is 80-100 inches. The southern part of Chin State gets more rain due to the storms that come from Bay of Begal.

Inhabitants, religions and languages:
The population of Chin State is 465,361. Population density is 32 persons per square mile. A large majority of the people are Chins. Mros (Mago), Khamis and Bamars form significant parts in southern and western parts of Chin State. Majority of the people are Christians. There are Buddhists too. Because Chin State is hilly and acess is difficult, there is a slight difference in languages spoken in one region and another.

Organization of districts, townships and village-tracts:
There are 505 wards/village-tracts, nine townships and two districts-Mindat and Falam in Chin State. Haka is the capital of Chin State.


NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR DEMOCRACY (NLD)

v    Name: U Shwe Htan
Constituency: Matupi (2)                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 12,234; Votes Cast – 9,753;  Valid Votes – 9,298; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 4 September 1947
Place of Birth: Matupi
Parents: U Si Tone and Daw Htwe Yin                                                                                                                             
U Shwe Htan worked as a headmaster before joining the National League for Democracy (NLD) in November 1989. He was the headmaster of a primary school from 1967-1973 and then as a middle school teacher from 1973-1985, and attended the BSPP’s basic political training course in 1986. In 1984, he gained two degrees, a Bachelor of Law and a Bachelor of Education. He also worked as a central executive member of the Matupi Township Council from 1981-1985. U Shwe Htan received 4,417 valid votes as 48 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Kyaw Tun
Constituency: Paletwa (1)                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 19,345; Votes Cast – 11,451;   Valid Votes – 10,374; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 14 October 1945
Place of Birth: Htwe Ponewa Village, Plaetwa
Father: U Line Phar                                                                                                                                                                 
U Kyaw Tun is the chairman of Plaetwa Township NLD as well as a member of the Chin State NLD Organising Committee. He passed his high school final at Rangoon National High School and later started working for the Food and General Goods Corporation. He was the secretary of the Plaetwa Regional Security Council in 1972, and from 1974-1984 was the secretary and then chairman of the Plaetwa Township Council. U Kyaw Tun received 3,961 valid votes as 38 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Htwe Aung
Constituency: Paletwa (2)                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 18,828; Votes Cast – 9,466; Valid Votes – 8,707; Number of Candidates – 5)
Place of Birth: Palon Chaung Village, Paletwa
Father: U Khin Tali                                                                                                                                                               
U Htwe Aung studied at the Institute of Development of Nationalities in Sagaing from 1964-1967. He has worked as a primary and middle school teacher and as a principal, and was the secretary of the Plaetwa Township People’s Council from 1978-1979. U Htwe Aung received 2,732 valid votes as 31 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Ngin Thang
Constituency: Tiddim (1)                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 18,651; Votes Cast – 13,831;  Valid Votes – 13,137; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1 March 1944
Parents: U Byel Pone and Daw Kyint Lwin                                                                                                                  
The Election Commission announced on 30 September 1996 that U Ngin Thang had submitted his resignation as an MP. It is understood the authorities used intimidation to force him to resign. He had previously attended the National Convention and was part of the NLD boycott on 28 December 1995. U Ngin Thang received a Law degree in 1984 while working as a staff officer clerk at the Tunzan Township Justice Office. He resigned from the job in 1988 and became the head of the Tiddim Township NLD Organising Committee. U Ngin Thang received 5,716 valid votes as 44 % in the 1990 elections.


CHIN NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR DEMOCRACY (CNLD)

v    Name: U C. K. Taikwell
Constituency: Falam (1)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 12,531; Votes Cast – 9,928;  Valid Votes – 9,511; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 20 September 1929
Father: Major Taikwell                                                                                                                                                        
U C.K. Taikwell was the patron of the Chin National League for Democracy  (CNLD) which the SLORC banned on 18 March 1992 by order 8/92. As a result of the ban, U C. K. Taikwell became an independent MP. He studied in the United States from 1948-1954 and then worked for the Burma Electric Power Corporation for 35 years. He has a Bachelor of Science degree and a Masters degree. U C.K. Taikwell received 6,127 valid votes as 65 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr. Zahle Tang
Constituency: Falam (2)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 12,501; Votes Cast – 9,899;  Valid Votes – 9,454; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 6 April 1944
Place of Birth: Klaymon Village, Falam
Parents: U Ha Yan Shin and Daw Kaw Lyan Swle                                                                                                        
Dr. Zahle Tang is currently the Chairman of the Chin National League for Democracy (CNLD) and in July 1997 was appointed Health and Education Minister of the NCGUB. He fled Burma after the SLORC accused him of breaking the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act, Article 20. Dr. Zahle Tang fled to India and the SLORC later declared him a fugitive. The Election Commission dismissed him as an MP on 22 February 1991.  Dr. Zahle Tang joined the NCGUB in 1995 and was later appointed Minister of Social Welfare and Development. He received a medical degree at Rangoon Medical College in 1977 and operated a clinic in Kalay, Sagaing Division.      (Election Commission Announcement No. 914 of 22-2-91, ousts Hluttaw representative U Zahle Thng.” While action was being taken … for infringing Section 20 of the Printers and Publishers Registration Law … he absconded to Izor in Mizoram State, India, and so the court concerned then ruled he is an absconder “. WPD_23/2/91) (Dr. Zahle Thang has been declared absconder by the township court:  “ absconded to India while he was on trial at the Kale Township Court “. WPD_25/4/91) U Zahle Tang received 4,753 valid votes as 50 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Shein Pe Ling
Constituency: Mindat                                                                                      
(Eligible Voters – 17,479; Votes Cast – 14,242;  Valid Votes – 13,167; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 10 December 1939
Parents: U Nein Shein Pe and Daw Tan Li Shu                                                                                                               
U Shein Pe Ling was the first chairman of the Chin National League for Democracy (CNLD) and later served as its patron. He became an independent MP after the SLORC banned the CNLD on in 1992. U Shein Pe Ling studied at Mindat High School, and from 1960-1984 worked as a teacher and headmaster, and as a trainer at the Institute of Development of Nationalities in Sagaing. U Shein Pe Ling received 5,542 valid votes as 42 % in the 1990 elections.


INDEPENDENTS                                                                                                         

v    Name: U Liam Uk
Constituency: Haka                                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 19,528; Votes Cast – 14,995; Valid Votes – 13,907; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 4 January 1937
Father: U Hmong Naw                                                                                                                                                      
The Election Commission dismissed U Liam Uk as an MP on 20 December 1991 and he currently lives in the United States. In 1990 the SLORC declared him a fugitive after he violated bail conditions following his arrest under the 1950 Emergency Provision Act Articles 5(a), (d) and (j), and Penal Code Article 512.  U Liam Uk worked as a higher grade pleader from 1969-1970 and also as a High Court advocate from 1971-1990. He has a Bachelor of Arts (Law) degree and a Bachelor of Law degree from Rangoon University, and from 1959-1963 he was the headmaster at Paletwa State Middle School, Chin State. (U Liam Uk has been declared absconder by township court: “ absconded while he was on trial at the Haka Township Court “. WPD_25/4/91) U Liam Uk received 5,149 valid votes as 37 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr. Hmu Thang
Constituency: Thantlang                                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 25,604; Votes Cast – 20,255;  Valid Votes – 19,258; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 16 May 1948
Father: U Hae Thum                                                                                                                                                             
Dr. Hmu Thang was a member of the National League for Democracy (NLD) but decided to run as an Independent in the 1990 elections. He was a member of the fifth Party Congress of the BSPP and he served as a part-time member of the 1986 Chin State Council. He is also a member of the SLORC’s National Convention. He gained a medical degree in 1973 and served as an assistant doctor at Toonzan and Falam Hospitals. He retired in November 1989 after working as a doctor at Thantlang for eight years. Dr. Hmu Thang received 7,322 valid votes as 38 % in the 1990 elections.


MARA PEOPLE’S PARTY (MPP)

v    Name: U Yo Ok
Constituency: Matupi (1)                                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 12,617; Votes Cast – 10,949; Valid Votes – 10,107; Number of Candidates – 6)
Place of Birth: Tesi Village, Matupi
Parents: U Hla Swe and Daw Nayku                                                                                                                                  
U Yo Ok was the general secretary of the Mara People’s Party (MPP) when the SLORC banned the party with order 7/92 on 11 March 1992. He has a Bachelor of Science degree majoring in Physics. U Yo Ok received 3,450 valid votes as 34 % in the 1990 elections.


ZOMI NATIONAL CONGRESS (ZNC)

v    Name: U Fu Cin Shing Thang
Constituency: Tiddim (2)                      
(Eligible Voters – 18,180; Votes Cast – 13,674; Valid Votes – 13,021; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 6 April 1938
Father: U Swum Harn                                                                                                                                                            
U Fu Cin Shing Thang was the chairman of the ZNC when the SLORC banned the party on 11 March 1992.  In 1971, U Fu Cin Shing Thang became a member of the Group for Solidarity Among States which was formed by the states for the drafting of the new constitution. He gave advice to the BSPP’s constitution drafting committee in 1972, and was subsequently detained by the BSPP for two years. U Fu Cin Shing Thang is a High Court advocate and has a Bachelor of Arts (Law) degree and a Bachelor of Law degree from Rangoon University. On 6 June 1998, U Fu Cin Shing Thang, together with three other ethnic leaders of powerful parties, asked the military to have a dialogue with democratic activists for the sake of the country’s future. On 6 September 1998, he was detained at the Ye Mon Military Camp (so-called guest house) and released on 14 June 2001. U Fu Cin Shing Thang received 5,408 valid votes as 42 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tan Tang Lian Pau
Constituency: Tonzang                                                                                        
(Eligible Voters – 12,899; Votes Cast – 9,923; Valid Votes – 9,582; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 18 April 1960
Place of Birth: Panmwarl village, Tonzang
Parents: U Khard Khan Tang and Daw Nyaung Kyint                                                                                                  
U Tan Tang Lian Pau was the general secretary of the Zomi National Congress (ZNC) until December 1991. He gained a Bachelor of Science degree from Mandalay University in 1984, and received a Masters of Science degree in 1988 from Rangoon University. He became an independent MP after the SLORC banned the ZNC in 1992. U Tan Tang Lian Pau received 3,483 valid votes as 36 % in the 1990 elections.


NATIONAL UNITY PARTY (NUP)

v    Name: U Ling Ha
Constituency: Kanpetlet                                                                                   
(Eligible Voters – 8,201; Votes Cast – 6,820; Valid Votes – 6,430; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 3 March 1945
Place of Birth: Yelaungpan Village, Kanpetlet
Parents: U Har Tan and Daw Ewe Oum                                                                                                                         
U Ling Ha attended Hsaw State High School in Magwe Division and completed high school in 1970. He worked at the Kanpetlet BSPP Party Unit Office for three years, and was also the secretary of the township BSPP Youth. From 1977-1988, he was secretary and then chairman of the Kanpetlet BSPP Party Unit. U Ling Ha received 2,361 valid votes as 37 % in the 1990 elections.

 

Sagaing Division


Location:
Sagaing Division is situated in the north-western part of Burma between latitude 21° 30' north and longitude 94° 97' east. It shares border with India in the north Kachin State, Shan State and Mandalay Division in the east Mandalay and Magwe Divisions in the south and Chin State and India in the west and has 36,535 sq-miles.

Climate: Temperatures fall to freezing pOil1t in winter on Pakkoi and Naga mountain ranges where coldness remains in summer. Winter temperatures fall as low as 40 Degrees Fahrenheit (4.4 Degrees Celsius) in northern lowlands. The southern region which lies in the dry zone has an extremely hot climate. In Monywa, temperatures rise as high as 110. Degrees Fahrenheit (43.3 Degrees Celsius) in summer and falls to 50 Degrees Fahrenheit (10 Degrees Celsius) in the cold season. The northern regions get annual rain fall ranging from 80 to 100 inches and the southern region gets 40 inches. Average annual rain fall in Monywa is 31 inches, Sagaing 34 inches and Shwebo 36 inches. Sometimes the region gets a small amount of rain in winter due to cyclones that enter it from the west.

Population, inhabitants, languages and religion:
The estimated population of Sagaing Division in 1996 was over five million. Average density of the division is 139 persons per square mile. Population is dense in the lower regions of Chindwin and Mu rivers where there are many plains and sparse in mountail1ous north-west regions. Bamars are the majority of inhabitants in the dry regions, Katha Township and the regions along Mandalay-Myitkyina Railroad. Shans live in upper Chindwin valley, Kawlin, Wuntho and Pinlebu townships. Nagas reside in the north of north-west mountain ranges and Chins in the south. Kadu and Ganang national races can be found at upper Mu River valley and Meza River Valley.
The estimated population of Sagaing Division in 1996 was over five million. Average density of the division is 139 persons per square mile. Population is dense in the lower regions of Chindwin and Mu rivers where there are many plains and sparse in mountail1ous north-west regions. Bamars are the majority of inhabitants in the dry regions, Katha Township and the regions along Mandalay-Myitkyina Railroad. Shans live in upper Chindwin valley, Kawlin, Wuntho and Pinlebu townships. Nagas reside in the north of north-west mountain ranges and Chins in the south. Kadu and Ganang national races can be found at upper Mu River valley and Meza River Valley.

Formation of districts, townships and villages:
Sagaing Division is formed with 198 wards and village-tracts, 38 townships and eight districts-Sagaing, Shwebo, Monywa, Katha, Kale, Tamu, Mawlaik and Hkamti. Sagaing is the capital of the division.                                           



NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR DEMOCRACY (NLD)

v    Name: Dr. Zaw Win
Constituency: Ayadaw (1)
Date of Birth: 28 July 1952
Place of Birth: Shwebo
Parents: U Thein Maung and Daw Thaung Tin                                                                                                              
The Election Commission announced on 30 September 1996 that Dr. Zaw Win had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC authorities intimidated him into resigning. He was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention in December 1995. Dr. Zaw Win finished his medical studies at Mandalay Institute of Medicine and began working in Tawka Village, Ayadaw Township.

v    Name: U Bala
Constituency: Ayadaw (2)
Date of Birth: 25 June 1944
Father: U Chit Tin                                                                                                                                                                     
U Bala is a member of the Organising Committee of Ayadaw Township National League for Democracy (NLD). He studied up to Ninth Standard and was Chairman of Iron Market Committee in Lamataw Township during the 1988 uprising. He is also the Secretary of the Ayadaw Township Association.

v    Name: U Ba Nyein
Constituency: Banmauk                                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 37,453; Votes Cast – 26,251;  Valid Votes – 22,979; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 22 June 1917
Place of Birth: Jothaung Village, Wuntho
Parents: U Don and Daw Mon                                                                                                                                            
The Election Commission announced on 20 August 1997 that U Ba Nyein had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC authorities intimidated him into resigning. He studied until Seventh Standard at Banmauk Middle School and was Secretary of the Banmauk Anti-Fascist People’s Freedom League (AFPFL) from 1947-1957. He also served as Treasurer of the Township Solidarity Organisation. U Ba Nyein received 12,889 valid votes as 56 % in the 1990 elections.                       

 

v    Name: U Han Tha Myint
Constituency: Budalin (1)
Date of Birth: 7 May 1948
Parents: U Thein Pe Myint and Daw Khin Kyi Kyi                                                                                                       
The Election Commission announced on 11 June 1996 that U Han Tha Myint had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC authorities intimidated him into resigning. He was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995. His father, U Thein Pe Myint, was a prominent Anti-Fascist People’s Freedom League (AFPFL) leader and a close friend of Gen. Aung San. U Han Tha Myint gained a Bachelor of Engineering in Electrical Power from Rangoon Institute of Technology in 1970. From 1970-1988 he worked as Training Demonstrator at the Burma Communication Service, and as Deputy In Charge of the Engineering Department in Mon, Shan and Karen States and in Irrawaddy Division.

v    Name: U Khin Maung Aye
Constituency: Budalin (2)
Date of Birth: 10 February 1948
Father: U Thein                                                                                                                                                                         
U Khin Maung Aye studied at both Rangoon and Mandalay Universities and graduated with a degree in Zoology. He worked as a Field Manager at Shwebo Fishery Department in 1975.

v    Name: U Aunt Kyi
Constituency: Chaung U                                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 52,736; Votes Cast – 41,320;  Valid Votes – 36,367; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 10 December 1922
Father: U Aung Ba                                                                                                                                                                 
U Aunt Kyi completed Tenth Standard and Teacher Training School. He was a student leader in the 1938 strike and was also a member of the Dobama Asiayone (We Burma Association) in Chaung U and worked in the Association’s head office in Rangoon. He was awarded the Star of Independence (Second Class) for his efforts in bringing independence to Burma. He was elected a Member of Parliament of the NUF in 1956 for Chaung U Township. U Aunt Kyi received 26,107 valid votes as 72 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Daw Hse Hse
Constituency: Hkamti                                                                                        
(Eligible Voters – 13,701; Votes Cast – 8,200;  Valid Votes – 7,145; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 10 March 1945
Place of Birth: Mandalay
Father: U Tay Naung                                                                                                                                                         
Daw Hse Hse was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995. She completed high school at Mandalay Pwegon Private School and since 1979 has worked as Secretary at the Hkamti Maternity and Child Care Association. Daw Hse Hse received 3,332 valid votes as 47 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Ohn Kyaing
Constituency: Homalin (1)                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 33,390; Votes Cast – 23,765;  Valid Votes – 20,734; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 14 July 1934
Place of Birth: Mongkhan Village, Homalin
Father: U Thawa                                                                                                                                                                     
U Ohn Kyaing completed Seventh Standard in 1953. From 1964-1983 he worked as a primary school teacher in Leshi Township and as a Principal of Seinkhun Primary School in Khantee Township, Sagaing Division. U Ohn Kyaing received 8,684 valid votes as 42 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Hla Thein
Constituency: Homalin (2)                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 32,012; Votes Cast – 19,120; Valid Votes – 16,427; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 14 July 1934
Father: U Tha Wa                                                                                                                                                                
The SLORC briefly detained U Hla Thein in 1988 due to his participation in the August uprising. He joined the BSPP in 1966 and served as the Chairman of Khantee Township BSPP Party Unit in 1974. U Hla Thein resigned as Chairman in 1974 and sent a letter to BSPP headquarters which was critical of the party. His resignation letter stated that there was a lack of democracy in the BSPP, that it was too centralised and dictatorial, and that the party was out of touch with public opinion. He was subsequently expelled from the BSPP.  U Hla Thein passed high school in 1957 and later worked as the headmaster of a middle school. U Hla Thein received 7,068 valid votes as 43 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Kyaw Win
Constituency: Htigyaing                                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 46,214; Votes Cast – 38,045;  Valid Votes – 33,589; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 20 October 1947
Place of Birth: Kanni Village
Parents: U Chit Swe and Daw Tin Kyi                                                                                                                               
The Election Commission announced on 8 May 1997 that U Kyaw Win had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC authorities intimidated him into resigning. U Kyaw Win studied at Mandalay University and received a Bachelor of Science degree majoring in Chemistry. In 1972 he attended the Army Officer Training School and received an award for bravery in 1975. He resigned from the Army in 1980 and from 1982-1986 was Vice-Chairman of the Taungoo Township Veteran Organisation. U Kyaw Win received 22,591 valid votes as 67 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Saw Hlaing
Constituency: Indaw                                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 50,067; Votes Cast – 39,945;  Valid Votes – 35,129; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 8 February 1956
Parents: U Nathanthee and Daw Yee                                                                                                                                     
U Saw Hlaing was arrested and imprisoned after he attended a secret meeting on 29 September 1990 in Mandalay to form a provisional government. He was charged under Penal Code Article 122 (1) and was freed from Insein Prison on 27 May 1992. The Election Commission dismissed U Saw Hlaing from Parliament on 23 December 1991 and banned him from running in future elections. In 1976 he was sentenced to nine years imprisonment because of his involvement in the 1976 Thakhin Ko Daw Hmine demonstration. He was released in 1978 under an amnesty. U Saw Hlaing has a Bachelor of Arts degree majoring in Philosophy and a Master of Arts degree. In 1982 he became a Higher-Grade Pleader in 1987 he qualified as a High Court Advocate. He was arrested by Military Intelligence and released from so-called guest hours on 13 July 2001. U Saw Hlaing received 27,598 valid votes as 79 %    in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Do Htaung
Constituency: Kale (1)                                                                                      
(Eligible Voters – 62,820; Votes Cast – 44,272;  Valid Votes – 40,599; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 1940
Place of Birth: Bo Kyone Village, Phlam
Parents: U Hlanon and Daw Htanman                                                                                                                              
U Do Htaung is currently under detention in Mandalay Prison. He was arrested by the SLORC’s Military Intelligence at midnight on 21 May 1996 while preparing to attend the sixth anniversary of NLD at Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s residence. After he was released on 27 May 1996, he was arrested again by the MIS and was tortured the whole night. His sons, Dr Rodain and Dr Lawn Thang fled from Burma after the MIS attempted to catch them. Some 19 other NLD members, including U Ba Min, U Tin Cho and U Win Naing, were arrested and charged along with U Do Htaung under Article 5 (j) of the 1950 Emergency Provision Act. They are all still in Mandalay Prison. U Do Htaung passed Medic Training in 1962 with the highest mark in the country and from 1963-1989 he worked as a Medic in Tatalan, Kanpalat, Kale, Mawlaik and Homalin. He was arrested by the BSPP in 1971 and spent two years in Myingyan Prison. U Do Htaung received 17,381 valid votes as 43 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr Thein Win
Constituency: Kale (2)                                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 58,991; Votes Cast – 44,117;                                     
Valid Votes – 40,307; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 1952
Place of Birth: Monywa
Parents: U Bo and Daw Than Htike
Dr. Thein Win is the Chairman of Kale Township NLD.He received his medical degree from Mandalay Medical Institute in 1978, and after completing his medical internship he worked at the Tahan Township Co-operative Clinic, Chin State, until 1988.Dr. Thein Win received 23,068 valid votes as 57 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  U Tin Maung                                                                   
Constituency:  Kalewa                                                                                   
(Eligible Voters – 26,230; Votes Cast – 23,115; Valid Votes – 19,712; Number of Candidates – 4)                                                                           Date of Birth: 14 March 1933
Place of Birth: Kyolin Village, Leway
Father: U Than Kyaw                                                                                                                                                              
U Tin Maung was arrested for over one month for his involvement in the 1988 uprising. He passed Eighth Standard at Pyawbwe High School and won a scholarship to study Mining in Australia in 1955. From 1958-1962 he was Chairman of the Kalewa Township Coal Mine Union, an Executive Committee member of the Kalewa Township People’s Council and Chairman of the Copper Mine Union. From 1975-1978 he worked as a Mining Engineer at Kalewa Coal Mine and then ran a restaurant in Kalewa Township. U Tin Maung received 9,041 valid votes as 46 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr. Myint Naing
Constituency: Kantbalu (2)                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 55,285; Votes Cast – 46,253;   Valid Votes – 40,390; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 6 October 1951
Place of Birth: Shwe Bo
Parents: U Zaw and Daw Aye Yin                                                                                                                                     
Dr. Myint Naing is currently under detention after being arrested for attending a secret meeting held in September 1990 in Mandalay to form a provisional government. He was sentenced to 25 years imprisonment under Penal Code Article 122 (1). The Election Commission dismissed Dr. Myint Naing from Parliament by Declaration 995 on 2 January 1992, and banned him from running in future elections. Dr. Myint Naing received his medical degree from Mandalay Institute of Medicine in 1981. Dr. Myint Naing received 30,628 valid votes as 76 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Khin Maung Than
Constituency: Kani (1)                                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 30,501; Votes Cast – 23,751;  Valid Votes – 22,147; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 1 January 1945
Place of Birth: Letpansuu Village, Kani
Parents: U Nyunt and Daw Ohn Kyi                                                                                                                                   
U Khin Maung Than was imprisoned for one and a half years for his involvement in the 1969 South East Asian Games demonstration while he was studying at Mandalay University. He received a Bachelor of Science degree majoring in Mathematics in 1973 and worked as teacher in Kani Township until 1988. U Khin Maung Than received 17,238 valid votes as 78 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Thant Zin
Constituency: Kani (2)                                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 31,839; Votes Cast – 24,972; Valid Votes – 22,755; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 15 February 1940
Place of Birth: Mawlaik
Father: U Ba Sein                                                                                                                                                                     
U Thant Zin studied at Mawlaik High School and graduated from Mandalay University with a degree in Agriculture. From 1967-1981 he worked as the Kani Township Manager of the Farm and Agriculture Corporation. U Thant Zin received 18,781 valid votes as 83 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Myint Kyi
Constituency: Katha                                                                                                        
(Eligible Voters – 59,103; Votes Cast – 42,719;  Valid Votes – 36,538; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 25 October 1950
Place of Birth: Katha
Parents: U Tin Aung and Daw Chit                                                                                                                                     
U Myint Kyi was arrested for attending a secret meeting in Mandalay in 1990 to form a provisional government. He was imprisoned under Penal Code Article 122 (1) and was released from Insein Prison on 4 June 1992. The Election Commission dismissed U Myint Kyi as an MP on 2 January 1992 in accordance with Declaration No. 995, and also banned him from running in future elections. U Myint Kyi studied at the Institute of Veterinary Science, and later transferred to Mandalay University to complete a Bachelor of Science degree majoring in Zoology. U Myint Kyi received 25,753 valid votes as 70 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Thein San
Constituency: Kawlin                                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 60,907; Votes Cast – 46,519;  Valid Votes – 41,023; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 18 August 1946
Place of Birth: Kawlin
Father: U Ba Thin                                                                                                                                                                  
U Thein San studied at Kawlin High School and was expelled from Rangoon University while studying a Bachelor of Arts degree due to his involvement in a demonstration in 1966. He worked as Middle School Teacher at Kawlin High School from 1967-1969 and received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1971 and a Master of Arts degree in 1977. U Thein San received 29,986 valid votes as 73 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Khin Maung Thein
Constituency: Khin U (1)                                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 35,924; Votes Cast – 26,580;  Valid Votes – 22,642; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 3 December 1940
Place of Birth: Khin U
Father: U Phone Maw                                                                                                                                                           
U Khin Maung Thein was arrested for attending a secret meeting held in Mandalay in 1990 to form a provisional government. He was tried and sentenced under Penal Code Article 122 (1) and was released from Insein Prison on 2 June 1992. The Election Commission dismissed him from Parliament on 18 December 1991 and also banned him from running in future elections.  U Khin Maung Thein received a Bachelor of Science degree majoring in Chemistry from Mandalay University in 1969. He became a High Court Advocate in 1983. U Khin Maung Thein received 15,367 valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Thaung Myint
Constituency: Khin U (2)                                                                                                      
(Eligible Voters – 35,512; Votes Cast – 27,892; Valid Votes – 23,711; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 1 April 1949
Place of Birth: Painzlote
Father: U Bo K                                                                                                                                                                         
U Thaung Myint was arrested for attending a meeting in Mandalay in 1990 at the residence of U Ba Bwa to form a provisional government. He was tried and sentenced under Penal Code Article 122 (1) and was released from Insein Prison on 4 June 1992. The Election Commission dismissed him as an MP by Declaration No. 996 on 6 January 1992 and banned him from running in future elections.  U Thaung received a Bachelor of Law degree from Rangoon University in 1974 and then worked as a High Court Advocate. U Thaung Myint received 14,267 valid votes as 60 % in elections.

v    Name: U Kyee Maung
Constituency: Kyunhla                                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 32,647; Votes Cast – 26,627;  Valid Votes – 24,012; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 29 September 1938
Place of Birth: Yamethin
Parents: U Tun Khaing and Daw Ya                                                                                                                                 
The Election Commission announced on 18 July 1996 that U Kyee Maung had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC authorities intimidated him into resigning. U Kyee Maung passed Tenth Standard from Yamethin High School and studied at Yankin College at Rangoon University. He joined the Army in 1959 and retired as a Captain in 1985. From 1981-1988 he was Chairman of the Kyunhla Township People’s Council. U Kyee Maung received 17,729 valid votes as 74 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tin Maung Win
Constituency: Mawlaik                                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 22,327; Votes Cast – 19,230;  Valid Votes – 17,663; Number of Candidates – 2)
Date of Birth: 21 February 1955
Place of Birth: Kintark
Parents: U Nyo Oo and Daw Than Kyi                                                                                                                            
U Tin Maung Win studied at Kintark Middle School and Mawlaik High School. He worked as a Clerk at the Mawlaik Township Trade Co-operative from 1975-1980 and ran a private electronic repair shop from 1980-1990. U Tin Maung Win received 11,249 valid votes as 64 % in the 1990 elections.

 

v    Name: U Bo
Constituency: Mingin                                                                                          
(Eligible Voters – 47,015; Votes Cast – 38,294; Valid Votes – 33,296; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 8 July 1927
Place of Birth: Inbinhla Village, Mingin
Parents: U Po Ohn and Daw Sein                                                                                                                                        
U Bo is Treasurer of the Mingin Township NLD. When the Japanese occupied Burma in 1942 he left school while studying Fourth Standard at Maukadaw Village Primary School. From 1952-1988 he operated his own businesses including a timber concession, rice mill and a cooking oil factory. U Bo received 18,435 valid votes as 55 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Kyi Soe
Constituency: Monywa (1)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 82,559; Votes Cast – 65,476;  Valid Votes – 61,225; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 14 March 1935
Father: U Han                                                                                                                                                                          
U Kyi Soe received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1958 and joined the Army the following year. He resigned from the Army while he was Deputy Commander of Infantry Battalion (94) and received the second highest percentage of votes among all candidates in the election. U Kyi Soe received 49,556 valid votes as 81 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Saw Aung
Constituency: Monywa (2)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 81,434; Votes Cast – 64,205;  Valid Votes – 60,695; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 9 May 1935
Place of Birth: Shwepan Village, Myaung
Father: U Aung Chate                                                                                                                                                          
U Saw Aung boycotted the National Convention in December 1995 along with other NLD representatives. He gained a Bachelor of Science degree from Rangoon University, and Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Law degrees between 1960 and 1968 while working as a high school teacher in Monywa. From 1969-1989 he worked as a Higher-Grade Pleader and a High Court Advocate. He also worked as a part-time member of Monywa Township People’s Council from 1985-1988. U Saw Aung received 47,933 valid votes as 79 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Min Thwin
Constituency: Myaung (2)                                                                                  
(Eligible Voters – 33,485; Votes Cast – 26,741; Valid Votes – 24,205; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 1925
Place of Birth: Phalon Village, Taikkyi
Parents: U Pu and Daw Tote                                                                                                                                               
U Min Thwin is the Vice-Chairman of Sagaing Division NLD. He joined the NLD after he participated in the 1988 uprising in Wuntho. He completed Sixth Standard at Taikkyi State Middle School and joined the Burma Military Police (BMP) in 1940. He also joined the Burma Independence Army (BIA) in 1942 and fought against the Japanese. He was one of Gen. Aung San’s bodyguards until 1947 when he then served in the Army in the anti-insurgent unit. He was also in the State Guard Police Regiment and served as a Company Commander of the President’s bodyguards.  U Min Thwin passed Tenth Standard in 1961. In 1966 he was injured while serving as a Column Commander during the Yoma Operation against the Communist Party of Burma (CPB). Both his legs had to be amputated as a result of his injuries and he retired from the Army in 1968 on medical grounds.  U Min Thwin was a member of South Okkalapa Township People’s Council in 1975 and in same year he was awarded the Star of Independence (Third Class) for his role in Burma’s independence. U Min Thwin received 9,941 valid votes as 41 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Bar Bar
Constituency: Myinmu (1)                                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 29,892; Votes Cast – 24,679;  Valid Votes – 22,545; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 12 March 1932
Father: U Hoke Sein                                                                                                                                                               
U Bar Bar was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention in December 1995. He gained a Bachelor of Arts degree from  Rangoon University in 1963 and worked as a government servant in the Education Department from 1963-1988. U Bar Bar received 16,477 valid     votes as 73 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tin Ngwe
Constituency: Myinmu (2)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 30,935; Votes Cast – 24,653; Valid Votes – 22,398; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 6 July 1941
Place of Birth: Ywathaung
Parents: U Po Soe and Daw Myin                                                                                                                                       
U Tin Ngwe is the Myinmu Township organiser for the NLD. He studied at Myinmu High School and worked as a government servant in the Industrial Farming Department from 1965-1971. During the 1988 uprising he was Vice-Chairman of the Myinmu Strike Committee. U Tin Ngwe received 16,151 valid votes as 72 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Chit Khaing
Constituency: Ngazun (1)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 39,852; Votes Cast – 28,600; Valid Votes – 24,881; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 4 April 1930
Father: U Aung Kha                                                                                                                                                           
The Election Commission announced on 27 August 1996 that U Chit Khaing had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC authorities intimidated him into resigning. U Chit Khaing has worked as an NLD organiser for Ngazun Township and runs a cooking-oil factory. U Chit Khaing received 16,881 valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Cho Hlaing
Constituency: Ngazun (2)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 40,271; Votes Cast – 30,722;  Valid Votes – 25,676; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 10 April 1961
Place of Birth: Ngazun
Parents: U Mya Than                                                                                                                                                          
The SLORC arrested U Cho Hlaing under the 1950 Emergency Provision Act, Article 5 (j) on 16 January 1991, and released on 25 April 1992. He gained a Bachelor of Science degree in Chemistry in 1987 and is an NLD organiser for Ngazun Township. U Cho Hlaing received 18,480 valid votes as 72 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Than Sein (U Than)
Constituency: Pale (1)                                                                                      
(Eligible Voters – 34,071; Votes Cast – 26,498;  Valid Votes – 23,045; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 16 April 1950
Place of Birth: Kokkosu Village
Parents: U Ba Htwe and Daw Hmone                                                                                                                                
U Than Sein is currently in exile in India. The Election Commission dismissed U Than Sein from Parliament on 21 February 1991 for having contact with armed groups and co-operating with them with the intent of forming a parallel government. As a result, U Than Sein fled Burma for India and joined the NCGUB. U Than Sein studied at Yinmabin High School and worked as Primary School Teacher at Nyaungkai and Padaukkone Villages in Pale Township from 1969-1976. He also worked in the transportation industry from 1976-1990. (Election Commission Announcement No. 913 of 21-2-91 announces the “ non-existence as Hluttaw representatives …. and cancellation of their names from the list of elected Hluttaw representatives “ of:  U Than Sein along with Dr. Tint Swe - Pale 2, U Maung Maung Aye - Mandalay NE 1  and Dr. San Aung - Ingapu 2.” The court concerned has ruled with firm evidence that the above-mentioned persons made contacts with and collaborated with the armed insurgent organizationa which formed parallel government to rise up against the State and with members of the said organizations and that they formed organizations to rise up against the State “.  (WPD  22/2/91)  (U Than Sein has been declared absconder by the township court: went “ to Mizoram State, India, where he is engaged in anti-government activities “. (WPD 25/4/91) U Than Sein received 15,874 valid votes as 69 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr Tint Swe
Constituency: Pale (2)                                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 33,195; Votes Cast – 24,264; Valid Votes – 20,759; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 8 August 1948
Place of Birth: Min Village, Pale
Parents: U Ba Cho,Daw Khin Khin                                                                                                                                    
Dr Tint Swe is in exile in India and is the NCGUB’s Minister for South Asia Affairs. He is also a Central Executive Committee of the NLD-LA. The Election Commission dismissed him as an MP on 21 February 1992. The Commission charged that Dr. Tint Swe made contact with armed groups and collaborated with them with the intent to form a parallel government. Dr. Tint Swe left for India to join the NCGUB and was initially appointed the Coalition’s Minister for the Prime Minister’s Office.  Dr Tint Swe gained his medical degree in 1972 from Mandalay Institute of Medicine. He worked as a government doctor in Heinze Mine, Monywa, Myotha, Ngazun, Sagaing and Pale and left the government service in 1988. (Election Commission Announcement No. 913 of 21-2-91, announces the “non-existence as Hluttaw representatives …. and cancellation of their names from the list of elected Hluttaw representatives” of: Dr. Tint Swe along with U Than Sein - Pale 1, U Maung Maung Aye - Mandalay NE 1 - and Dr. Sann Aung – Ingapu 2. “The court concerned has ruled with firm evidence that the above-mentioned persons made contacts with and collaborated with the armed insurgent organizations which formed parallel government to rise up against the State and with members of the said organizations and that they formed organizations to rise up against the State “ WPD_22/2/91) (Three Hluttaw members, all from the NLD, “ have been declared absconders by the Bahan Township court as they have absconded to avoid legal action to be taken against them “.They are Dr. Tint Swe, U Than Kywe - Shwedaung 1 and U Si Maung - Laymyethnar 1. In September and October they discussed the formation of a parallel government in Mandalay and a temporary government in the jungles “. (WPD_6/12/90)

v    Name: U Aung Thaung
Constituency: Phaungpyin                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 37,956; Votes Cast – 33,566; Valid Votes – 28,841; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 23 November 1955
Place of Birth: Phaungpyin
Parents: U Kan Tint                                                                                                                                                               
U Aung Thaung was among the NLD representatives who walked out of the SLORC’s National Convention in December 1995. He is now an NLD township organiser. He studied at Phaungpyin High School and worked at Phaungpyin Township Co-operative. During the 1988 uprising he was in charge of the News and Information Department of Phaungpyin Township  Strike Committee.U Aung Thaung received 18,835 valid votes as 65 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Mya Aye (Bamaw Shwe Nyo)
Constituency: Pinlebu                                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 47,980; Votes Cast – 39,776; Valid Votes – 35,075; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1930
Place of Birth: Naungkho Village, Bhamo
Parents: U San Ya and Daw Lay                                                                                                                                          
U Mya Aye voluntarily resigned from the NLD in April 1992. He started writing novels, poems and articles in 1954 under the pen name of Bamaw Shwe Nyo. He was an education officer from 1954-1960 and a middle school teacher at Wuntho from 1960-1966. After he completed the BSPP’s Basic Political Training Course in 1966, he became a Wuntho Township BSPP Party Unit organiser. He was also an assistant lecturer at the Central Institute of Political Science in 1967.  U Mya Aye was Chairman of the Sanchaung Township People’s Justice Council, but in September 1976 he was discharged from the position and expelled from the BSPP after he dismissed a case of six workers involved in the 1974 labour strike. U Mya Aye then worked as a teacher. U Mya Aye received 25,497 valid votes as 73 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Col Thiha Thuya Soe Thein (Retired)
Constituency: Sagaing (1)                                            
(Eligible Voters – 71,844; Votes Cast – 58,103;  Valid Votes – 52,772; Number of Candidates – 8)
Date of Birth: 19 June 1927
Place of Birth: Sagaing
Father: U Zay Yar                                                                                                                                                              
Col. Thiha Thuya Soe Thein was a Central Committee member of the Patriotic Old Comrades League (POCL) before the SLORC banned the party. The SLORC arrested him on 16 January 1991 and charged under Article 5 (a), (b) and (j) of the 1950 Emergency Provision Act. He was sentenced to 12 years imprisonment and was released from Insein Prison on 25 April 1992. The Election Commission dismissed Col Thiha Thuya Soe Thein as an MP on 11 April 1992.  Col. Thiha Thuya Soe Thein was Chairman of the Magwe Division Security and Administrative Committee, a Central Committee member of the BSPP and he also worked at the BSPP headquarters in Rangoon. In 1977 he was expelled from the BSPP with many other Central Committee members during the Third Party Congress. Col. Thiha Thuya Soe Thein studied at Sagaing State High School. He served as Information Officer of the PVF in 1946 and was Secretary of the Sagaing District Socialist Party. He was also an Executive Committee member of the AFPFL from 1947-1949 and was involved in major operations in the Army from 1949-1978. He was awarded a medal for bravery after the Yan Gyi Aung operation that defeated an invasion into Shan State by Kuomintang forces from China. U Soe Thein received 37,037 valid votes as 70 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr. Khin Maung Swe
Constituency: Sagaing (2)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 77,887; Votes Cast – 62,961; Valid Votes – 57,674; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 1953
Father: U Tun Pe                                                                                                                                                                  
Dr Khin Maung Swe boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995 along with other NLD representatives. He gained a medical degree from the Rangoon Institute of Medicine and from 1981-1985 was the organiser and Treasurer of the Mudon Township Burma Doctors Association. Dr. Khin Maung Swe received 41,523 valid votes as 72 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Khin Maung Kyi
Constituency: Salingyi (1)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 34,866; Votes Cast – 25,263; Valid Votes – 23,512; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 15 September 1926
Place of Birth: Sathone Village, Salingyi
Father: U Ba Than                                                                                                                                                                   
U Khin Maung Kyi was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995 and was a member the Labour Department of the NLD. He gained a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1951 and was a member of Rangoon University Students’ Union from 1950-1951. From 1943-1945, U Khin Maung Kyi was a trainer in the Asia Youth Association and in 1945 he joined an artillery company to fight against the Japanese. He worked at the Department of Labour from 1952-1959 and up until 1979 worked with various government departments. He was also a member of the BSPP’s Workers’ Organising Committee. U Khin Maung Kyi received 18,126 valid votes as 77 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Sein Yan
Constituency: Salingyi (2)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 32,356; Votes Cast – 24,513; Valid Votes – 21,421; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 7 March 1922
Place of Birth: Salingyi
Father: U Aung Boe                                                                                                                                                             
U Sein Yan received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1968 and a Diploma of Education through correspondence in 1972. He worked as High School Teacher at Kyakaw High School from 1965-1982. U Sein Yan received 14,092 valid votes as 66 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr. Aung Bo
Constituency: Shwebo (1)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 67,433; Votes Cast – 54,321; Valid Votes – 50,613; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 7 May 1952
Place of Birth: Kyaukmyaung, Shwebo
Parents: U Thein Tan and Daw Thaung Thaung                                                                                                           
The Election Commission announced on 7 June 1996 that Dr. Aung Bo had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC authorities intimidated him into resigning. Dr. Aung Bo received his medical degree from Mandalay Institute of Medicine. Dr. Aung Bo received 31,270 valid votes as 62 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Than Tun
Constituency: Shwebo (2)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 68,208; Votes Cast – 57,097; Valid Votes – 53,231; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 11 February 1949
Place of Birth: Shwebo
Parents: U Ba Ohn and Daw Kyi                                                                                                                                       
The Election Commission announced on 28 February 1992 that U Than Tun had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC authorities intimidated him into resigning. The SLORC arrested him in January 1992 and placed him in Shwebo Prison. He was released on 13 May 1992. U Than Tun gained a Bachelor of Engineering degree from Rangoon Institute of Technology in 1973 and joined the NLD after the 1988 uprising. U Than Tun received 36,958 valid votes as 69 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Bo Moung
Constituency: Tabayin (1)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 33,332; Votes Cast – 25,118; Valid Votes – 23,819; Number of Candidates – 5)
Place of Birth: Tabayin
Date of Birth: 1948
Parents: U Bo Shin and Daw Chan Phyu                                                                                                                           
In 1991, U Bo Moung was charged under Penal Code Article 143 and sent to prison and has since been released. The Election Commission dismissed him from Parliament in accordance with Declaration 984 on 10 December 1991 and banned him from running in elections held within ten years. During the 1988 uprising he was the leader of the Tabayin Township Strike Committee. U Bo Moung received a Bachelor of Science degree in 1969, a Diploma of Accounting in 1975 and became a High Court Advocate in 1978. He was worked for the Tabayin Township Co-operative from 1970-1984 and started working as a lawyer in 1983. U Bo Moung received 18,454 valid votes as 77 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Win Myint Aung
Constituency: Tabayin (2)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 36,528; Votes Cast – 27,099; Valid Votes – 24,746; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 1955
Father: U Bo Sein                                                                                                                                                                   
U Win Myint Aung boycotted the National Convention in December 1995 along with other NLD representatives. He received a Bachelor of Science degree majoring in Botany from Mandalay University and then worked for his parents’ business. U Win Myint Aung received 17,448 valid votes as 71 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Lt-Col Kyaw San (Retired)
Constituency: Taze (1)                                                                                      
(Eligible Voters – 39,720; Votes Cast – 28,921; Valid Votes – 23,970; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 17 June 1932
Place of Birth: Kyarmingyi Village, Sagaing
Parents: U Lar Mya and Daw Ohn Khin                                                                                                                   
Military Intelligence officers arrested Lt. Col. Kyaw San in January 1992 after the Sagaing Division NLD released a statement supporting the decision to award Daw Aung San Suu Kyi the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize. After he refused to withdraw the statement, the authorities sentenced him to seven years imprisonment. He was released from Insein Special Prison in February 1995, along with U Tin Oo and U Kyi Maung, on the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Burmese Army. The Election Commission dismissed him as an MP in 1994.  Lt. Col. Kyaw San joined the Army in 1949 and he retired as a Lieutenant-Colonel in January 1986. During the 1988 uprising he was involved in the Army Veterans Association and was later a Central Committee member of the now banned POCL. He is still under detention. Lt-Col Kyaw San received 18,862 valid votes as 79 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Pe Than
Constituency: Taze (2)                                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 40,555; Votes Cast – 29,560; Valid Votes – 24,742; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 12 March 1943
Place of Birth: Taze
Parents: U San Maung and Daw Aye Khin                                                                                                                   
U Pe Than graduated from Mandalay University and attended Mandalay Teacher Training School from 1966-1968. He worked as a teacher at Taze State Middle School from 1968-1985. U Pe Than received 16,387 valid votes as 66 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tun Myaing
Constituency: Wetlet (1)                                                                                  
(Eligible Voters – 54,571; Votes Cast – 41,951; Valid Votes – 37,858; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 1 May 1949
Parents: U Chit Toak and Daw Mi                                                                                                                                  
U Tun Myaing was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention in December 1995. He received a Bachelor of Science degree majoring in Mathematics from Mandalay University in 1973 and worked as a Clerk at Wetlet Township Co-operative from 1973-1975. He was also Secretary of Wetlet Township BSPP’s Youth Wing from 1975-1981. In 1981 he was accused of creating problems in Wetlet Township BSPP and was subsequently dismissed from his post. He then worked as a private teacher from 1981-1988. U Tun Myaing received 23,986 valid votes as 63 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Daw Khin San Hlaing
Constituency: Wetlet (2)                                                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 55,931; Votes Cast – 43,864; Valid Votes – 39,562; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 16 October 1956
Place of Birth: Wetlet
Parents: U Shwe Ba and Daw Lay                                                                                                                                  
Daw Khin San Hlaing was arrested in April 1991 for participating in a secret meeting in Mandalay in 1990 to form a provisional government. She was tried and sentenced under Penal Code Article 122 (1) and was released from Insein Prison on 4 May 1992 in accordance with SLORC Declaration No. 11/92 of 24 April 1992. The Election Commission dismissed her as an MP on 18 December 1991 and banned her from running in future elections.  Daw Khin San Hlaing attended Wetlet State High School and worked as a clerk in 1979. She obtained a Bachelor of Law degree in 1982 and in 1985 began working as a High Court Advocate. Daw Khin San Hlaing received 29,805 valid votes as 75 % in the 1990 elections.  
                                                                  

v    Name: Dr. Aung Khin
Constituency: Wuntho                                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 33,008; Votes Cast – 26,379; Valid Votes – 21,464; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 13 May 1952
Place of Birth: Kawlin
Parents: U Kyaw and Daw Myat                                                                                                                                     
The Election Commission announced on 21 June 1996 that Dr. Aung Khin had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC authorities intimidated him into resigning. Dr. Aung Khin was among the NLD representatives who walked out of the National Convention in December 1995. He completed his medical study at Mandalay Institute of Medicine in 1981 and from 1982-1985 he worked at the Chokethin Village Co-operative Clinic in Kantbalu Township. Since 1986 he has run his own clinic. Dr. Aung Khin received 14,963 valid votes as 70 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr. Htay Maung (aka U Than Aung Htay)
Constituency: Ye-U (1)                                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 32,692; Votes Cast – 25,037; Valid Votes – 22,605; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 4 September 1942
Place of Birth: Chaung Yoe, Tantse
Parents: U Ba Yan and Daw Kyi May                                                                                                                              
Dr. Htay Maung is Chairman of Ye-U Township NLD and was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention in December 1995. He received a medical degree from the Mandalay Institute of Medicine in 1971 and worked as the Doctor In Charge at the Ye-U Township Co-operative Clinic. Dr. Htay Maung received 16,109 valid votes as 71 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Win Ko
Constituency: Ye-U (2)                                                                                        
(Eligible Voters – 32,752; Votes Cast – 26,241; Valid Votes – 24,540; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 11 April 1945
Place of Birth: Ye-U
Father: U Thiwa                                                                                                                                                                      
U Win Ko was murdered in a hotel in Kunming, China on 28 February 1993.His body was found on his bed at the Tea Garden Hotel by Chinese authorities.He had been stabbed twice in the chest and had his throat slashed.There was no sign of a struggle.His belongings including US$800 were found undisturbed.Only his Burmese passport was missing. U Win Ko had been sent on a mission to Kachin State in 1992 to organize the democratic opposition in northern Burma against the ruling SLORC.Most observers suspect the murder was politically motivated.It is known that Colonel Ye Myint, Deputy Commander Northeastern Military Region, Lieut-Col Than Tin from the Military Attache’s office in Beijing, Lieut-Col Kyaw Thein from Military Intelligence headquarters in Rangoon and a Major Tin Yu, met in Muse in January 93 with senior Chinese military officials.He was assassinated at a hotel on his way back to Manerplaw camp after visiting in northern Burma. Prior to his death he was a Central Committee member of the NLD-LA, and on 18 December 1990, U Win Ko was appointed NCGUB Minister for Finance. The Election Commission dismissed him as an MP on 26 December 1992 on the grounds that he had contact with armed revolutionary groups and was co-operating with them to form a parallel government. U Win Ko has a Bachelor of Education degree and worked as a teacher at Ye-U State High School from 1968-1985. (Seven Hluttaw members, five of them from the NLD, have absconded to avoid legal action against them.They “ had taken part in a series of clandestine meetings held during the months of September and October,1990 where the formation of a parallel government in Mandalay and the formation of a temporary government in the jungles were discussed.They are U Win Ko, U Bo Hla Tint –Mogok-2, U Thein Oo-Mandalay SW-2, U Hla Pe-Pyawbwe-2, U Mya Win-Ingapu-1, U Peter Limbin-Indep. Pyin Oo Lwin-2 and Dr. Sann Aung-Indep. Ingapu-2. WPD_2/12/90) U Win Ko received 16,304 valid votes as 66 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Bo Thaung  
Constituency: Yinmabin (1)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 31,513; Votes Cast – 23,399; Valid Votes – 20,876; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 31 July 1947
Place of Birth: Chaung U
Parents: U Yan and Daw Gyi                                                                                                                                           
U Bo Thaung joined the NLD after the 1988 uprising, and in 1992 he left for India to join the NCGUB. He was selected as a Central Executive Committee member of the NLD-LA in November 1996. U Bo Thaung studied at Chaung U High School and gained a Bachelor of Science degree majoring in Physics from Mandalay University in 1973. He worked as a teacher from 1974-1986 and since then has operated his own business. U Bo Thaung received 15,647 valid votes as 75 % in the 1990 elections.
                               

v    Name: U Tin Tun Aung
Constituency: Yinmabin (2)                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 31,162; Votes Cast – 24,424; Valid Votes – 21,278; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1 May 1937
Place of Birth: Daikoo
Parents: U Tin and Daw Thein Tin                                                                                                                                      
U Tin Tun Aung worked at the New Light of Myanmar newspaper, and as an Editor at the Burmese Broadcasting Service for 30 years. He gained a Bachelor of Arts degree from Rangoon University and a Newspaper Diploma from the Rangoon Journalism Training School. U Tin Tun Aung received 15,390 valid votes as 72 % in the 1990 elections.


INDEPENDENTS

v    Name: U Thein Pe
Constituency: Kantbalu (1)                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 55,029; Votes Cast – 42,683; Valid Votes – 36,681; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 5 January 1940
Place of Birth: Homalin
Father: U Ba Thin                                                                                                                                                                      
U Thein Pe was arrested by the SLORC for participating in a meeting in September 1990 in Mandalay to form a provisional government. He was charged under Penal Code Article 122(b) in May 1991 and sent to Insein Prison for one year. The Election Commission subsequently dismissed him as an MP on 22 January 1992.  U Thein Pe graduated from the Assistant Medic Training School in 1961 and worked as a village Medic from 1961-1987. U Thein Pe received 17,364 valid votes as 47 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Win Shein
Constituency: Myaung (1)                                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 33,415; Votes Cast – 26,885; Valid Votes – 24,747; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 25 February 1948
Parents: U Than Pe and Daw Kyi Win                                                                                                                               
U Win Shein was Myaung Township strike leader in 1988 and the township organiser of the NLD from 1988-1989. He resigned from the NLD on 2 January 1990 because he was replaced by Lt. Col. Aung Tun to run as the NLD candidate for Myaung (1) constituency. Lt. Col. Aung Tun was a former Deputy Minister of the Education Ministry.  U Win Shein subsequently ran as an independent in the election. U Win Shein has a Bachelor of Science degree in Industrial Chemistry from Rangoon University and he worked as teacher from 1972-1982. The BSPP arrested him in April 1982 under the 1975 State Protection Act Article 10 (a), and he was sent to prison for 15 months. U Win Shein received 9,749 valid votes as 39 % in the 1990 elections.


NAGA HILLS REGIONAL PROGRESSIVE PARTY (NHRPP)

v    Name: U Khapo Kailon
Constituency: Lahe                                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 8,847; Votes Cast – 5,511; Valid Votes – 4,678; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 16 August 1933
Father: U Par Non                                                                                                                                                              
The SLORC abolished the Naga Hills Regional Progressive Party (NHRPP) on 18 March 1992 and U Khapo Kailon, who was party Chairman at the time, subsequently became an independent MP. U Khapo Kailon completed Seventh Standard at Rangoon Model High School and served as district organiser for the AFPFL from 1959-1960. U Khapo Kailon received 4,053 valid votes as 87 % in the 1990 elections.  
                                                                                                                                

v    Name: U Dwe Pawt
Constituency: Leshi                                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 5,572; Votes Cast – 4,951; Valid Votes – 4,724; Number of Candidates – 2)
Date of Birth: 1947
Place of Birth: Sommara Village
Father: U Tar Lai Pawt                                                                                                                                                    
After the SLORC abolished the NHRPP in 1992, U Dwe Pawt became an independent MP. He studied at Henzada Karen Baptist Christian Bible School and Insein Baptist Christian Bible School, and was General-Secretary of the Naga Baptist Convention in Naga Hills. U Dwe Pawt received 3,300 valid votes as 70 % in the 1990 elections.


UNITED NATIONALITIES LEAGUE FOR DEMOCRACY (UNLD)

v    Name: U Htaung Kho Htan
Constituency: Tamu                                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 37,680; Votes Cast – 28,783; Valid Votes – 25,281; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 5 July 1951
Place of Birth: Sankart Village, Tamu
Parents: U Yan Kho Lun and Daw Hlaing Kho Kyin                                                                                                  
The SLORC banned the UNLD on 11 March 1992 by Declaration No. 7/92, and U Htaung Kho Htan subsequently became an independent MP. He was the General-Secretary of the Hill Tribe Democratic Party which was banned along with the UNLD. U Htaung Kho Htan has a Bachelor of Arts degree from Rangoon University and has attended the SLORC’s National Convention. U Htaung Kho Htan received 8,939 valid votes as 35 % in the 1990 elections.


NATIONAL UNITY PARTY (NUP)

v    Name: U Kyaw Maung
Constituency: Nanyun                                                                                        
(Eligible Voters – 6,466; Votes Cast – 1,782; Valid Votes – 1,544; Number of Candidates – 2)
Date of Birth: 10 June 1948
Place of Birth: Donti Village, Nanyun
Father: U Kay Pu                                                                                                                                                                      
U Kyaw Maung is the Nanyun Township organiser for the NUP. He studied at Khamti, Tavoy and Kawkareik High Schools and worked as a Clerk at the Nanyun Township Police Force in 1969. In 1970, he attended the BSPP’s Basic Political Training Course and was Secretary of Nanyun Township People’s Council and Secretary of the township’s BSPP Party Unit. He was also a member of the Sagaing Division People’s Council. U Kyaw Maung received 1,146 valid votes as 74 % in the 1990 elections.

 

Tenasserim Division


Location:
Bordering Mon State in the north and Thailand in the south and east and facing Andaman Sea in the West, Tenasserim Division is situated between latitudes 9°58' north and 15°16' north in the southernmost part of Burma. The sea along Tenasserim coast is dotted with nearly 800 islands. Islands in the south are called Mergui(Myeik) archipelago. The Division's area is 16,735.5 square miles.

Topography and climate: As Tenasserim Division is located in the eastern mountain range region, its landscape is mountainous. Generally, mountains with nearly 3,000 feet in height run from north-west to south - east. Some of the mountain ranges run into the sea and rise again as islands along the coast. The 6,801 foot Myinmolekhat Mountain is the highest peak in the Division. Nwalaboh with an elevation of 5,063 feet is the famous mountain in the region. The mountain range linking Taungnyo Mountain Range in the north runs as the border Thailand and Myanmar. Long and narrow plains can be found along the rivers and the coastal areas.
Tenasserim Division has a tropical monsoon climate. The land which is located nearest to the Equator in Burma is warm year round with only slight changes in temperatures. The highest temperature of Dawei is 100° F. The average highest temperature of Mergui(Myeik) is 96.5° F and the lowest average temperature is 65° F. Annual average rainfall in Mergui(Myeik) is 162 inches and in Tavoy(Dawei) is 215 inches.

Population, inhabitants, languages and religion: As the land is mountainous, it is a thinly populated area. Its total population is over 1.2 million, with a population density of 64 persons per square mile. Majority of the residents of the Division live along the coastal plains and river valleys. Launglon and Mergui(Myeik) townships have the highest population density. Tenasserim and Bokpyin townships have population density of only 14 to 15 persons per square mile. The inhabitants of the Division are Bamars, Karens, Mons, Shans, Arakans, Pashues or Malays and Salons who live mainly in Mergui(Myeik) archipelago. Majority of the inhabitants are Buddhists and speak Burmese Language.

Formation of districts, townships and villages: Tenasserim Division has three districts – Tavoy(Dawei), Mergui(Myeik) and Kawthoung -- formed with ten townships and 328 village-tracts.            

NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR DEMOCRACY (NLD)

v    Name: U Ohn Myint
Constituency: Bokepyin                                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 18,137; Votes Cast – 7,064; Valid Votes – 6,251; Number of Candidates – 2)
Date of Birth: 7 February 1934
Place of Birth: Bokepyin
Father: U Thein Tin                                                                                                                                                               
U Ohn Myint voluntarily resigned as an MP on 27 November 1991 because of health reasons. From 1955-1971 U Ohn Myint worked as a teacher at a primary school in Mergui Township and was the officer-in charge of education in Launglon Township. From 1971, he was secretary and chairman of Bokepyin Township BSPP until he was suspended from the party on 20 July 1988.(Election Commission Announcement No. 979 of 27-11-91 authorizes the resignation of U Ohn Myint for “ reasons of health “. WPD_28/11/91) U Ohn Myint received 4,651 valid votes as 74 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Hla Min
Constituency: Kawthaung                                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 26,256; Votes Cast – 13,677; Valid Votes – 11,567; Number of Candidates – 5)
Parents: U Aung Hlaing and Daw Aye Kyi                                                                                                                       
U Hla Min is currently under detention after being arrested at his home by Military Intelligence Service officers on 19 November 1996. At the time he was a member of the NLD Central Committee and chief organiser of Tenasserim Division NLD. U Hla Min was charged under Article 5 (a) of the 1950 Emergency Provision Act and during his trial he was not allowed to have any legal representation. He was sentenced to seven years imprisonment.  U Hla Min graduated from Rangoon University in Economics and during 1966 and 1967 he was a training officer at the Department of Planning and Finance. From 1968-1978 he was the manager of the Trade Corporation in Thandaung, Kyankhin, Kyonepyaw and Bassein Townships. He was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995. U Hla Min received 8,652 valid votes as 75 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Khin Maung Oo
Constituency: Kyunsu                                                                                          
(Eligible Voters – 46,686; Votes Cast – 19,680; Valid Votes – 16,696; Number of Candidates – 3)
Place of Birth: Nyaung Oo, Mandalay Division
Date of Birth: 23 March 1925
Parents: U Ba Khin                                                                                                                                                                
U Khin Maung Oo is a member of Sanchaung Township NLD in Rangoon. He was a Central Committee member of the now banned POCL and a former member of the Army Veterans’ Association. He was in ninth standard at Yenangyaung  State High School when he left school and in 1942 he became a member of the Asian Youth Association and joined the BDA the following year. He fought as a senior sergeant in the Irrawaddy Delta Division and in Division 6 in 1945 against the Japanese. He was the joint-secretary of Nyaung Oo Township AFPFL and served at the headquarters of the PVF in 1946. He was a major in the army from 1962-1970 and the state honoured him for his role in the fight for independence with the Star of Independence (Second Class). U Khin Maung Oo received 13,568 valid votes as 81 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Hla Pe
Constituency: Launglon (1)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 37,442; Votes Cast – 25,133; Valid Votes – 19,614; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 10 March 1929
Parents: U Nyunt                                                                                                                                                                     
U Hla Pe is a member of the Central Executive Committee of the NLD. The Election Commission dismissed him as an MP on 9 April 1992 and banned him from running in elections held within ten years.  U Hla Pe joined the army in 1950 and is a former colonel, deputy commander, and commander. In 1976 he was charged under Penal Code Article 122(1) and sentenced to 20 years imprisonment with hard labour. He received ten years for anti-BSPP activities and another ten years for his involvement in a failed coup led by Captain Ohn Kyaw Myint. He was later freed under an amnesty in 1980.  In 1992, U Hla Pe was imprisoned again under the 1950 Emergency Provisions Act Article 5(j) while he was working as a Central Executive Committee member of the POCL and the NLD. He completed his high school study at Mandalay International School in 1946 and continued his college level study at Rangoon University. U Hla Pe received 17,241 valid votes as 88 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Chain Hin
 Constituency: Launglon (2)                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 33,723; Votes Cast – 22,759; Valid Votes – 18,015; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 22 January 1941
Place of Birth: Pyinchaung Village, Launglon
Parents: U Nyan Hlaing and Daw Kyin Phwar                                                                                                                
U Chain Hin received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Rangoon University in 1965. He joined the army’s Officer Training School and retired at the rank of captain in 1988. U Chein Hin received 14,667 valid votes as 81 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Kyaw Shein
Constituency: Mergui (1)
Date of Birth: 10 March 1952
Place of Birth: Myitnge ward, Mergui
Parents: U Kyin Maung and Daw Gin Wah                                                                                                                      
U Kyaw Shein completed a Bachelor of Engineering degree majoring in Civil Engineering in 1974.

v    Name: U Nyan Aye
Constituency: Mergui (2)
Date of Birth: 21 August 1955
Place of Birth: Maoobin, Irrawaddy Division
Parents: U Shein and Daw Kyaw Hlaing                                                                                                                            
U Nyan Aye studied at the Rangoon University of Economics in 1971, but before he completed his studies he was arrested by the BSPP after taking part in the demonstrations in June 1975. He was imprisoned on 10 June 1975 and released on 2 December 1977. He then obtained a Bachelor of Economics degree.

v    Name: U Kyi Shwe
Constituency: Palaw                                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 44,726; Votes Cast – 28,745; Valid Votes – 24,965; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 7 March 1937
Place of Birth: Mali Village, Palaw Township, Tenasserim Division
Father: U Nyein                                                                                                                                                                      
U Kyi Shwe was in tenth standard at Moulmein State High School when he left school and to operate a boat transport business. U Kyi Shwe received 22,088 valid votes as 88 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Soe Nyunt
Constituency: Tavoy (1)                                                                                        
(Eligible Voters – 34,527; Votes Cast – 23,456;  Valid Votes – 20,110; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 12 September 1933
Place of Birth: Palaw
Parents: U Kyin Pe and Daw Su                                                                                                                                         
U Soe Nyunt passed away on 10 November 1991. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in 1959 and worked as a high school teacher. He received a Diploma of Education in 1969 and from 1963-1988 worked as a teacher. He was an organiser for the Tenasserim Division NLD. U Soe Nyunt received 17,059 valid votes as 85 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Myo Aung
Constituency: Tavoy (2)                                                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 34,766; Votes Cast – 23,677; Valid Votes – 20,656; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 20 March 1919
Place of Birth: Tavoy
Parents: U Ba O and Daw Saw Khin                                                                                                                                 
The SLORC arrested and imprisoned U Myo Aung for his role in writing the Three Ways to Attain Power (3 Strategies Paper), which was to be used as alternative in case the SLORC failed to convene Parliament. U Myo Aung was released from Insein prison on 25 April 1992 and the Election Commission dismissed him from Parliament on 10 December 1991 and banned him from running in elections held within ten years. The SLORC also used intimidation to force the NLD and the POCL to dismiss him from their parties.  U Myo Aung is the younger brother of Thakhin Ba Thein Tin, Chairman of the CPB. He was a former colonel and received training at the Tactics and Military Academy in the United States. In 1967 he travelled to Cairo and Jerusalem and supervised a United Nations cease-fire unit. His military positions included division commander, commander and Principal of the Defence Academy. He was forced to retire at the rank of colonel after being accused of involvement in a failed coup by Captain Ohn Kyaw Myint. Following the 1988 uprising he served as an executive member of the POCL and a member of the Central Committee of the NLD.  He was a member of the BDA and became a lieutenant in Division 5 during the fight against the Japanese. After World War II he continued his study at Rangoon University and he joined the army again before he completed the second part of an engineering course. U Myo Aung received 17,906 valid votes as 87 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Win Oo
Constituency: Tenasserim                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 24,303; Votes Cast – 11,776; Valid Votes – 9,559; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 30 October 1962
Place of Birth: Tenasserim
Parents: U Thein and Daw Than Shwe                                                                                                                             
U Win Oo attended Botataung State High School and graduated in Burmese from Rangoon University in 1987. U Win Oo received 8,542 valid votes as 89 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tin Myint
Constituency: Thayetchaung                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 33,182; Votes Cast – 21,697; Valid Votes – 17,038; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 30 May 1932
Place of Birth: Kadetgyi Village, Launglone
Parents: U San Ba and Daw Chit May                                                                                                                                 
U Tin Myint voluntarily resigned as an MP on 27 September 1991. Among the 392 NLD MPs, he received the highest percentage of votes. From 1947-1948 was in charge of a co-operative in Kadetgyi Village and in 1948 he joined the army and rose to captain. From 1981-1987 he was the chairman of Thayetchaung Township People’s Council. U Tin Myint received 15,522 valid votes as 91 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Toe Po
Constituency: Yebyu
Place of Birth: Palaw
Date of Birth: 17 November 1939
Father: U Pe Chit                                                                                                                                                            
During the 1988 uprising, U Toe Po joined the demonstrations as the patron of the Workers’ Union of the Industry Ministry No.1. When the SLORC came to power he was forced to resign from his position as deputy director of the Ministry. In 1964 he joined the army and retired as a captain in 1981. He worked for the Ministry of Industry No.(1) for five years in Tavoy and two years in Pegu. He became a key member in NLD’s Social Supporting Committee that has been working especially for the political prisoners. He was arrested in September 1998. He is still under detention.

 

 Pegu Division


Location:
Pegu Division is in the south of the big central plains. Magwe and Mandalay Divisions arc to its north; Karen State, Mon State and the Gulf of Mottama are to its east; Rangoon Division is to its south and Irrawaddy Division and Arakan State are to its west. It is located between North Latitude 46 degrees 45 minutes and 19 degrees 20 minutes and East Longitude between 94 degrees 35 minutes and 97 degrees 10 minutes and has 24,792.95 sq-miles.

Climate: The southern part of Pegu Division has the tropical monsoon climate. The northern part has the tropical Savannah Climate. The average temperatures of Pegu, Taungoo and Prome(Pyay) in April, the hottest month of the year are 88°F and 90° respectively. The average temperature of Pegu(Bago) in January. the coolest month, is 75°F. The average annual rainfall of the town of Myitkyo is 132.36 inches. The average rainfall of Prome(Pyay), which receives less rain than other towns, is 45.49 inches.

Inhabitants, religions and languages:
Karens, Bamars, Mons, Chins, Arakans and Shans reside in Pegu Division. There are also some Pa-Os. The total population of Pegu Division is over 4.9 million. The average population density is over 300 per-square mile. Buddhists account for majority of the people. There are also residents who believe in Christian, Hindu and Islam faiths. Myanmar language is the key linguafranca.

Organization of districts, townships and ward/village-tracts:
Bago Division occupies an area of 14,866 square miles. Pegu Division is made up of Pegu, Prome, Thayawady and Taungoo Districts which comprise 28 townships with 1,619 ward/village-tracts. Pegu is the divisional capital. It is the fourth largest town of Burma. Other big towns of Pegu Division are Taungoo and Prome. Other well-known towns in the west of Pegu Mountain Range are Thayawady, Gyobingauk, Paungde and Shwedaung. Some well-known towns in the east of the Pegu Mountain Range are Daik-U, Nyaunglebin, Pyu, Yedashe and Shwekyin.

NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR DEMOCRARY (NLD)

v    Name: U Ye Htut
Constituency: Daik-U (1)                                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 49,393; Votes Cast – 36,763; Valid Votes – 32,571; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1 January 1951
Place of Birth: Tamwe, Rangoon Division
Father: U Mya Than                                                                                                                                                                 
U Ye Htut was arrested and imprisoned under Penal Code Article 122 (1) in May, 1991 for attending a secret meeting in Mandalay in 1990 to form a provisional government. The Election Commission dismissed him as an MP by Declaration No. 984 on 30 December 1991 and banned him from running in future elections. He was freed from Insein Prison on 27 May 1992. U Ye Htut had earlier been imprisoned in 1982 after being sentenced to two years with hard labour under the 1950 Emergency Provision Act, Article 5 (j). U Ye Htut took part in the demonstration at the South East Asian Games in 1969, and was involved in the demonstration at U Thant’s funeral in 1974 and in the labour strike of the same year. He graduated from Rangoon Institute of Economics in 1975 and from 1976-1982 worked as an auditor and as an assistant labour officer. U Ye Htut received 24,978 valid votes as 77 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Sein Tun
Constituency: Daik-U (2)                                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 48,453; Votes Cast – 35,059; Valid Votes – 29,729; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 27 January 1942
Place of Birth: Pauktabin Village, Daik-U
Parents: U Tun Yin and Daw Tin                                                                                                                                         
U Sein Tun passed away on 3 May 1992. He had a Bachelor of Arts degree in Law and a Bachelor of Law degree, and worked as a lawyer. U Sein Tun received 20,761 valid votes as 70 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aye Myint
Constituency: Gyobingauk (1)                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 35,266; Votes Cast – 25,007; Valid Votes – 21,079; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 20 April 1931
Place of Birth: Gyobingauk
Father: U Hla Maung                                                                                                                                                           
U Aye Myint was part of the NLD boycott of the National Convention on 28 December 1995. He graduated from Rangoon University with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1953 and a Bachelor of Law degree in 1969. U Aye Myint worked as a middle school teacher and a headmaster, and was a Translation Editor at the New Light of Myanmar newspaper. U Aye Myint received 12,739 valid votes as 60 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aye
Constituency: Gyobingauk (2)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 33,672; Votes Cast – 23,528; Valid Votes – 19,857; Number  of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 11 February 1924
Place of Birth: Gyobingauk
Parents: U Ba Ohn and Daw Shwe Su                                                                                                                          
While at school, U Aye was a member of the Dobama Asiaone (We Burma Association), and Chairman of the school Students’ Union. He went on a hunger strike during the 1938 general strike and was expelled from school for joining in a demonstration. He was also a member of the resistance movement against the British. U Aye received 11,008 valid votes as 55 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Chit Maung
Constituency: Htantabin                                                                                        
(Eligible Voters – 50,435; Votes Cast – 36,471; Valid Votes – 30,089; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 2 November 1943
Place of Birth: Let Hlout Village, Yin Marbin
Parents: U Phoe Oo and Daw Aye Sein                                                                                                                            
U Chit Maung has a Bachelor of Arts degree and a Bachelor of Education degree, and is a Higher-Grade Pleader. From 1962-1967 he worked as a clerk at the Directorate of Procurement in the Defence Ministry, and from 1967-1974 as a High School Teacher at Htantabin High School. From 1974-1988 he was a Judge at Htantabin Township and for the next two years he worked as a lawyer. U Chit Maung received 19,665 valid votes as 65 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr. Myo Win
Constituency: Kawa (1)                                                                                   
(Eligible Voters – 49,855; Votes Cast – 39,549; Valid Votes – 33,663; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 29 December 1954
Place of Birth: Kawa
Parents: U Cho and Daw Tin Nyunt                                                                                                                               
Dr. Myo Win is in charge of the Kawa Township NLD. He attended Pegu State High School no.3 in Kawa Township, and graduated from Mandalay Institute of Medicine. Dr. Myo Win received 22,774  valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Mya Lay
Constituency: Kawa (2)                                                                                   
(Eligible Voters – 49,198; Votes Cast – 40,292; Valid Votes – 34,562; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 15 December 1922
Parents: U Pan Myaing                                                                                                                                                      
U Mya Lay attended the National Convention before passing away on 15 July 1995. He joined the NLD after the 1988 uprising and became a member of the Central Executive Committee following the arrests of Daw Aung San Su Kyi and U Tin Oo and the re-organisation of the party on 26 March 1991. U Mya Lay was a member of the Dobama Asiaone (We Burma Association) and the Asian Youth Association and fought with the British resistance. He also fought in the Japanese resistance in 1945 and became the Secretary of the Shwe Kyin Township AFPFL from 1946-1947.  The AFPFL headquarters sent him to Vietnam in 1947 to contact Vietnamese guerrillas and he went on a mission to China in 1955. He was honoured for his role in the struggle for independence with the Star of Independence (Second Class). U Mya Lay received 23,547 valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tun Oo
Constituency:  Kyaukkyi                                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 43,167; Votes Cast – 23,512; Valid Votes – 20,343; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 9 February 1957
Place of Birth: Kyaukkyi
Parents: U Maung Kyin and Daw San Yee                                                                                                                        
U Tun Oo lives in exile in USA and is a former NCGUB minister for Social Welfare, Labour and Finance. The SLORC declared him a fugitive in 1990 and the Election Commission dismissed him as an MP on 26 December 1990 for joining the NCGUB.  In 1979, U Tun Oo graduated from Rangoon Institute of Technology in Civil Engineering and he worked as an assistant engineer until 1988. During the 1988 uprising he was Chairman of the Kyaukkyi Township demonstration force. (U Tun Oo has been declared absconder by township court: went to “ the Manerplaw Camp of KNU insurgents and joined Dr. Sein Win’s interim government “. (WPD_25/4/91) U Tun Oo received 14,461 valid votes as 71 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Hla Oo
Constituency: Kyauktaga (1)                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 45,057; Votes Cast – 33,352; Valid Votes – 27,731; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 6 April 1951
Parents: U Hla Gyi and Daw Kyi Kyi                                                                                                                                 
U Hla Oo lives in exile in Thailand and is the Chairman of the Federation of Trade Unions of Burma (FTUB). He is also a former NCGUB Minister for Labour. The SLORC declared him a fugitive for joining the NCGUB and charged him under Penal Code Article 512 and the 1950 Emergency Provision Act, Articles 5 (a), (b) and (j). The Election Commission subsequently dismissed him from Parliament on 30 April 1991. (U Hla Oo has been declared absconder by township court: “ has been working in collusion with insurgents at Manerplaw Camp of the KNU “. WPD_25/4/91) (Election Commission Announcement No. 921 of 30 April 1991 cancelled the election of U Hla Oo, because “ the court concerned has ruled with firm evidence that the above-mentioned person made contact with and collaborated with the armed insurgent organizations which formed parallel government to rise up against the State and with members of the said organizations and that they formed organizations to rise up against the State “. (WPD_2/5/91) U Hla Oo received 17,236 valid votes as 62 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  U Maung Maung Gyi
Constituency:  Kyauktaga (2)                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 45,063; Votes Cast – 36,073; Valid Votes – 31,020; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 9 July 1922
Parents: U Yangyi Aung                                                                                                                                                         
U Maung Maung Gyi passed away on 8 February 1991. He was Chairman of the Kyauktaga Township NLD. After the military coup in 1962, U Maung Maung Gyi left for the jungle and joined rebel groups for two years. He later returned and set up his own business. U Maung Maung Gyi received 19,914 valid votes as 64 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  U Aung Myint
Constituency:  Letpadan (1)                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 50,985; Votes Cast – 36,473; Valid Votes – 30,649; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 5 June 1944
Place of Birth: Khamong Sate Ywama Village
Parents: U Khin Maung and Daw Htwe Tin                                                                                                                    
U Aung Myint is the Secretary of the Letpadan Township NLD and a former township Chairman of the banned POCL. He boycotted the SLORC’s National Convention in December 1995 along with other NLD representatives. He finished school at Letpadan State High School and from 1961-1962 was convenor of the Letpadan Students’ Union. In 1961 he joined the Army and became a member of the BSPP, however he was imprisoned from 1967-1972 for breaking BSPP rules. During the 1988 uprising, he was involved in the Letpadan Township pro-democracy force. U Aung Myint received 22,541 valid votes as 74 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Nyunt Aye
Constituency: Letpadan (2)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 50,304; Votes Cast – 36,306; Valid Votes – 29,062; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 12 April 1936 1 July 1928
Place of Birth: Kunchan Kone Village, Letpadan
Parents: U Boe Shwe and Daw Khin Pu                                                                                                                            
U Nyunt Aye is a member of Letpadan Township NLD and during the 1988 uprising he was Chairman of the Letpadan Township pro-democracy force. He studied science at Rangoon University for two years and from 1958-1959 he taught at Gyobingauk State High School. From 1961 he was a Patron of the Worker’s Unity Party and the NUF until his arrest by the Revolutionary Council in 1963. He was released from prison in 1968. From 1971-78 he worked as the Secretary at the office of Soviet Film. He worked as a Higher-Grade Pleader from 1978-1986 and as a sugar-cane farmer from 1986-1989. U Nyunt Aye received 19,829 valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tint Lwin
Constituency: Minhla (1)                                                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 36,120; Votes Cast – 27,489; Valid Votes – 24,366; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 4 December 1917
Place of Birth: Yang Aung Village, Pyawbwe, Mandalay Division
Father: U Tun                                                                                                                                                                       
The Election Commission announced on 13 July 1996 that U Tint Lwin had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. During the 1988 uprising U Tint Lwin was a Central Committee member of the Army Veterans' Association.  He studied at Pyinmana State High School and in 1936 was Secretary of the school Students’ Union and a member of the Minhla strike committee. In 1942 he joined the Asian Youth Association, the BDA and the PBF. U Tint Lwin fought in the resistance movement against the Japanese and was honoured with the Star of Independence (Second Class). He joined the Battalion of Engineering in 1946 as a private and served in the Army until 1977 having been the Commander of Regiment (20). He also worked as a headmaster of the Central Institute of Civil Services. U Tint Lwin was a Central Committee member of the BSPP and was expelled from the party in 1977. Prior to his expulsion, he was the Member of Parliament for Hlegu Township, Rangoon Division.He was passed away. U Tint Lwin received 16,110 valid votes as 66 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Daw Hla Hla Moe
Constituency: Minhla (2)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 35,260; Votes Cast – 23,568;  Valid Votes -  ; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 1943
Place of Birth: Min Hla
Father: U Hla Boo                                                                                                                                                              
Daw Hla Hla Moe was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995. She finished high school in 1961 and in 1968 began working as a high school teacher. She was a member of the Organising Committee of the BSPP Youth from 1975, and in 1984 she obtained a Bachelor of Education degree.  Daw Hla Hla Moe received 16,282 valid votes as 69 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Hla Aung
Constituency: Monyo (1)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 37,502; Votes Cast – 24,214; Valid Votes – 20,779; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1924
Father: U Pho Sein                                                                                                                                                           
U Hla Aung was in Tenth Standard at Htonepho High School when he left school and joined the Dobama Asiayone (We Burma Association) as a soldier. During 1943 and 1944 he worked as a primary school teacher and fought in the resistance movement against the Japanese. When the PVO was formed during 1946 and 1947, he became a General Staff Officer, and from 1947-1948 he was as a Staff Officer in the Burmese Reserve Army. From 1950-1956 he worked in the AFPFL Co-operative and he then joined the AFPFL faction led by U Bo.He was passed away. U Hla Aung received 12,210 valid votes as 59 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tun Shwe
Constituency: Monyo (2)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 38,988; Votes Cast – 24,962; Valid Votes – 21,848; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1 March 1933
Father: U Hla Maung                                                                                                                                                          
U Tun Shwe was part of the NLD boycott of the National Convention on 28 December 1995. Between 1964 and 1978, U Tun Swe was a member of the BSPP Central Committee, a member of the BSPP Discipline Enforcement Committee, an Assistant Attorney-General, Director of the Office of Legal Affairs in the Ministry of Justice, and a member of the BSPP Central Land Committee. U Tun Shwe also was a member of the Constitution Drafting Committee and the Member of Parliament for Monyo Township. He was arrested at the third conference of the BSPP following a conflict over voting in the election.  U Tun Shwe has a Bachelor of Arts degree in Education and a Bachelor of Law degree and from 1956-1964 he worked as a teacher and lawyer. He is also a graduate of the Central Institute of Political Science. He used to write articles under the pen name Maung Tun Shwe (High Court Lawyer). He was expelled from the NLD in 1999, as renegade MP (the “ lackey “ of SPDC). U Tun Shwe received 14,223 valid votes as 65 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Ohn Ngwe
Constituency: Nattalin (1)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 47,418; Votes Cast – 38,764; Valid Votes – 33,017; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 24 March 1918
Place of Birth: Oattwin Kone Village, Nattalin
Father: U Boe Shein                                                                                                                                                               
U Ohn Ngwe has a Bachelor of Arts degree and a Diploma of Education. He was the headmaster of a primary school, and in 1977 he retired as a township Director of Education. U Ohn Ngwe received 24,388 valid votes as 74 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Saw Sein Tun
Constituency: Nattalin (2)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 48,088; Votes Cast – 37,488; Valid Votes – 32,112; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 6 June 1931
Father: U Aung Myint                                                                                                                                                           
U Saw Sein Tun is currently a member of the NLD Central Working Committee of Farmers. He graduated in agriculture in 1955 and received a Bachelor of Law degree in 1960. From 1955-1957 he worked as a high school teacher and from 1958-1967 as a District Agricultural Officer in Thayawady and Mergui districts. From 1967-1977 he was the Headmaster at the Agriculture and Livestock School in Nam San and The Kone. U Saw Sein Tun received 23,112 valid votes as 73 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Ohn Maung
Constituency: Nyaunglebin (1)                                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 51,201; Votes Cast – 39,456; Valid Votes – 34,441; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 1 July 1928
Father: U Shwe Hla                                                                                                                                                               
U Ohn Maung studied at Rangoon University and received a Bachelor of Arts degree and a Bachelor of Law degree. In 1945, he fought in the resistance against the Japanese and in 1946 he was the Secretary of the AFPFL in Madauk Sub-district. The following year he was Chairman of the Students’ Union at Minbu State High School and from 1948-1951 was Chairman of the Students’ Union at Baho State High School, Rangoon. In 1963 he travelled to England to study banking and he later retired as a bank manager.He is still under detention. U Ohn Maung received 23,518 valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tun Kywe
Constituency: Nyaunglebin (2)                                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 51,324; Votes Cast – 34,674; Valid Votes – 29,861; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 7 February 1925
Father: U Kyaw                                                                                                                                                                       
U Tun Kywe was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the SLORC’s National Convention in December 1995. He has a Bachelor of Arts in Education and a Master of Arts from Columbia University, as well as a Diploma of Teacher Training. He started as a primary school teacher and retired as a professor and has been to Japan, India and Sri Lanka on study tours. He has written articles on education under the names of Professor U Tun Kywe and Saya Dubba. He used to be the Secretary of the Pyundasa Township Anti-Fascist Organisation (AFO), the Secretary of the Township Teachers’ Union and Chairman of the Pyundasa Association. U Tun Kywe received 20,342 valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tin Oo
Constituency: Oakpo (1)                                                                                   
(Eligible Voters – 34,368; Votes Cast – 23,523; Valid Votes – 19,700; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 13 May 1938
Place of Birth: Kyibin Sake Village, Oakpo
Parents: U Tha Hman and Daw Mel Kyin                                                                                                                          
U Tin Oo is the Secretary of the Oakpo Township NLD and during the 1988 uprising he was Secretary of the Oakpo Peasants and Farmers’ Union. He was in year ten when he left school and from 1970-1981 he was joint Secretary of Oakpo Township Peasants and Farmers’ Association and a committee member of a BSPP party unit. His membership of the BSPP was revoked when he accused the party of lacking democracy. U Tin Oo received 10,166 valid votes as 52 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tha Maung
Constituency: Oakpo (2)                                                                                  
(Eligible Voters – 39,086; Votes Cast – 26,435; Valid Votes – 22,873; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 27 February 1920
Place of Birth: Kyain Tala Phaya Kon Village, Irrawaddy Division
Parents: U Boe Sein and Daw Sake Kaung                                                                                                                   
U Tha Maung is Chairman of the Oakpo Township NLD. During the 1988 uprising, he acted as Patron of the Township Peasant and Farmers’ Union. He passed seventh Standard and joined the BIA in 1942. He was a graduate of Cadet Training School Class 2 under the Japanese, and from 1945-1948 was a district organiser of the PVF. From 1953-1962 he worked for the AFPFL and the Union Party as a township Chairman, district organiser and Central Committee member. U Tha Maung received 12,443 valid votes as 54 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Khin Maung Win
Constituency: Oaktwin (2)                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 31,257; Votes Cast – 22,696; Valid Votes – 19,561; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 12 November 1944
Place of Birth: Myingyan
Parents: U Tun Yin and Daw Than New                                                                                                                        
U Khin Maung Win was arrested on the charge of illegally holding a party meeting on 22 July 1991, but the authorities later charged him under the Gambling Act. He finished high school in 1962 and in 1966 attended Deputy Police Officer Training at the Central Institute of Civil Services in Paunggyi. From 1967 he worked as a Sub-Inspector of Police in Taungoo District until he resigned from the Police Force in 1978.He was released from Taungoo Prison on 1-8-2001. U Khin Maung Win received 12,357 valid votes as 63 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tin Ohn
Constituency: Padaung (1)                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 42,763; Votes Cast – 26,532; Valid Votes – 23,077; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 18 February 1947
Place of Birth: Padaung
Parents: U Saw Hlaing and Daw Than Sein                                                                                                                     
The Election Commission announced on 14 March 1997 that U Tin Ohn had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. U Tin Ohn left school when he was in Tenth Standard at the National Model School in Rangoon. He worked in a government shop from 1964-1966 and from 1967-1970 worked as an accountant. For the next ten years he was the Officer In Charge of the Padaung Township Co-operative. He was expelled from the party.U Tin Ohn received 15,133 valid votes as 66 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Thein Han (Ye Han)
Constituency: Padaung (2)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 44,615; Votes Cast – 31,106; Valid Votes – 27,023; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 17 February 1939
Place of Birth: Ohn Shippin Village, Padaung
Parents: U San Shwe and Daw Nyunt                                                                                                                                
U Thein Han is Chairman of the Padaung Township NLD. He was a first year student of physics when he left Workers College in Rangoon, and from 1961-1981 he worked as a Clerk at the Department of Labour. Between 1981 and 1985 he wrote a number of articles and novels under the pen name of Ye Han. U Thein Han received 18,050 valid votes as 69 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Ohn Naing
Constituency: Paungde (1)                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 40,222; Votes Cast – 29,939; Valid Votes – 24,329; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 11 November 1933
Parents: U Sein Phyo and Daw Sein                                                                                                                                  
U Ohn Naing was expelled from the NLD following the 1990 election. He received a Bachelor of Science degree, a Bachelor of Arts degree and a Diploma of Education from Rangoon University. While at university he joined the Students’ Unity Front and the Students’ Welfare Association in Prome District. From 1958-1965 he worked as a high school teacher and from 1965-1976 he was a Lecturer at Thegon Teacher Training School. He then worked as a headmaster of schools in Paungde and Daik-U Townships until 1988. U Ohn Naing received 15,589 valid votes as  64 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aye Than
Constituency: Paungde (2)                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 39,381; Votes Cast – 29,545; Valid Votes – 23,846; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 4 February 1941
Parents: U Ngwe Dah and Daw Sein Chu                                                                                                                        
U Aye Than was expelled from the NLD following the 1990 election. He graduated from Rangoon University in Burmese in 1974 and from 1967-1988 made his living as a trader. He was a member of the Paungde Township NLD Organising Committee. U Aye Than received 18,005 valid votes as 76 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Myat Hla
Constituency: Pegu (2)                                                                                      
(Eligible Voters – 106,431; Votes Cast – 78,019; Valid Votes – 71,588; Number  of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 23 May, 1935
Place of Birth: Paypinchaung Village, Pegu
Parents: U Sein Tun and Daw Aye Tin                                                                                                                              
U Myat Hla received the highest percentage of votes among all Members of Parliament in the 1990 election. Following the election he voluntarily resigned from the NLD and also as an MP. He finished school at Pegu National High School and graduated from Rangoon University with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1957. He also received a Bachelor of Law degree in 1967. He worked as a high school teacher from 1957-1968 and he has been a High Court Advocate since then. U Myat Hla received 53,527 valid votes as 75 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Thaung Sein
Constituency: Prome (2)                                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 62,493; Votes Cast – 40,662; Valid Votes – 36,768; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 1930
Place of Birth: Thae Kone
Parents: U Soe Min and Daw Aye Mya                                                                                                                               
U Thaung Sein is the Chairman of Prome Township NLD. He was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention in December 1995. U Thaung Sein was in Ninth Standard at Thaegone High School when he left school. From 1953-1960 he worked as an assistant clerk and a rice inspector. From 1960-1962 he was a contractor at the Department of Irrigation and in 1962 he set up his own rice mill and ran it until 1990. He was expelled from the NLD in 1999, as renegade MP (the “ lackey “ of SPDC). U Thaung Sein received 18,941 valid votes as 52 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aung Than
Constituency: Pyu (1)                                                                                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 47,205; Votes Cast – 31,432;  Valid Votes – 27,392; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 17 December 1929
Place of Birth: Pyu
Parents: U Boe Gaung and Daw Sein May                                                                                                                         
U Aung Than received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1962, and a Diploma of Education in 1973. From 1944-1946 he was a member of the Asia Youth Association and from 1959-1960 was Secretary of the Pyu Township AFPFL. He worked as a High School Teacher in Pyu from 1954-1959 and was a member of the BSPP from 1964-1968. U Aung Than was also a Headmaster at Yamethin from 1963-1975, and at Ahlone State High School No.3 from 1981-1986, and was the Taungoo Township Director of Education. During the 1988 uprising, he was the Vice-Chairman of the Central Committee of the Taungoo Township pro-democracy movement, and the chairman of the combined civil servant and factory workers’ union in Taungoo. U Aung Than received 18,067 valid votes as 66 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Soe Maung
Constituency: Pyu (2)                                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 65,024; Votes Cast – 41,432; Valid Votes – 36,948; Number of Candidates – 5)
Parents: U Aye and Daw Hl Myaing                                                                                                                                    
U Soe Maung is Chairman of the Pyu Township NLD Organising Committee. On June 26 1996, the Election Commission announced that he had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. During the 1988 uprising, U Soe Maung was the Vice-Chairman of the Pyu Township Democracy Front. He graduated from Rangoon University with a Bachelor of Arts degree and a Bachelor of Law degree. From 1972-1974 he worked as a High Court Advocate, and from 1974-1978 as a State Prosecutor in Hlaing Township. U Soe Maung received 23,588 valid votes as 64 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Than Kywe
Constituency: Shwedaung (1)                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 40,926; Votes Cast – 30,797; Valid Votes – 27,709; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 4 December 1942
Place of Birth: Kyee The Village, Shwedaung
Parents: U Tun Sein and Daw Mya Tin                                                                                                                            
The SLORC declared U Than Kywe a fugitive on 4 December 1990 for attending meetings in Mandalay earlier that year with the aim to form a provisional government. The Election Commission then dismissed him from Parliament after he was appointed NCGUB Minister for Trade and Co-operatives on 18 December 1990.  On 31 January 1991, he and U Myint Aung, (MP-Kamma, Magwe Division), surrendered to the SLORC at the Burmese Embassy in Bangkok, Thailand, and announced their resignations from the NCGUB. In 1968, U Than Kywe received a Bachelor of Arts degree and from 1964 he worked as an Accountant at the Trade Department until he retired in 1987. U Than Kywe received 16,280 valid votes as 59 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Paik Chon
Constituency: Shwedaung (2)                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 40,989; Votes Cast – 27,001; Valid Votes – 23,976; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 5 July 1945
Place of Birth: Htanaung Kone Village
Parents: U Shin and Daw Thein Shin                                                                                                                                  
U Paik Chon is one of the organising committee members of the NLD in Pegu Division and was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995. He studied at Rangoon University and in 1984 became a solicitor.He was released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 21-6-2001. U Paik Chon received 15,635 valid votes as 65 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Soe Lwin
Constituency: Shwekyin                                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 36,473; Votes Cast – 27,987; Valid Votes – 23,909; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 25 December 1946
Place of Birth: Shwegyin
Parents: U Tote and Daw Amar                                                                                                                                          
U Soe Lwin is a High Court Advocate. He attended Shwegyin State High School and received a Law degree in 1982 by correspondence.He was passed away. U Soe Lwin received 17,840 valid votes as 75 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aung Soe Myint
Constituency: Taungoo (1)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 54,044; Votes Cast – 35,458; Valid Votes – 31,543; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 3 August 1952
Parents: U Ohn Kyaw and Daw Aye Mi                                                                                                                            
U Aung Soe Myint was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention in December 1995. During the 1988 uprising, he was a member of the Central General Strike Committee of the Taungoo District People’s Liberation Alliance. In 1975, U Aung Soe Myint graduated from Rangoon Institute of Economics and from 1975-1988 he operated his own business. He was released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 21-6-2001. U Aung Soe Myint received 21,369 valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Nyunt Wai
Constituency: Taungoo (2)                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 55,749; Votes Cast – 36,178; Valid Votes – 30,405; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 14 November 1926
Father: U Ba Swe                                                                                                                                                                     
U Nyunt Wai was appointed treasurer of the Central Executive Committee of the NLD on 26 March 1991 in a re-organisation of the party following the arrests of Daw Aung San Su Kyi and U Tin Oo. On 8 October 1995, he was also placed in charge of the NLD for Pegu Division. U Nyunt Wai was part of the NLD boycott of the National Convention on in December 1995.  U Nyunt Wai graduated from Rangoon Institute of Economics and obtained a Master of Arts in Administration from Harvard University.Between 1952 and 1986, he worked as the chief manager at the Bank of Industry and the Bank of Agriculture, and as a Supervisor at the Insurance Corporation. In 1947 he attended the AFPFL’s leadership training, and from 1947-1952 he was a university student leader. U Nyunt Wai was put under de facto house arrest on 22 September 2000 and released on 1 December 2000. [ Member of CRPP, Chairperson of Committee for Finance/Economy/Commerce ] U Nyunt Wai received 20,401 valid votes as 67 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aye Thein
Constituency: Thanatpin (1)                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 36,258; Votes Cast – 27,609; Valid Votes – 25,750; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 5 April 1959
Place of Birth: Outsu Ward, Thanatpin
Parents: U Thein Shwe and Daw Mya Kyi                                                                                                                       
U Aye Thein attended Thanatpin State High School and received a Law degree by correspondence in 1980.He was resigned from MP. U Aye Thein received 18,847 valid votes as 73 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr. Htay Thein
Constituency: Thanatpin (2)                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 36,299; Votes Cast – 26,987;                                     
Valid Votes – 24,326; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 24 September 1953
Parents: U Chit Maung and Daw Kyin Nu                                                                                                                       
Dr. Htay Thein graduated from Rangoon Institute of Medicine and worked at North Okkalapa Hospital before establishing his own clinic. He was Patron of the Thanatpin Township Students’ Union during the 1988 pro-democracy uprising. Dr. Htay Thein received 17,390 valid votes as  71 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U San Win
Constituency: Thayawady                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 42,498; Votes Cast – 32,283; Valid Votes – 27,877; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 22 April 1924
Place of Birth: Zee Kone
Father: U Ba Kyi                                                                                                                                                                     
U San Win was part of the NLD boycott of the National Convention on 28 December 1995. From 1942-1945, U San Win served as a Sub-Lieutenant of the BIA and was a graduate of the Army Cadet Training Class 3. During those years he also served in Division 7 of the Japanese resistance force, Regiment 2 of the PBF, and was a Lt-Col in Burma Rifle Regiment 4. Later, he was a BSPP Central Committee Member and a BSPP Trade Minister. On 7 June 1976 he was expelled from the BSPP while a member of the working body of the Farmers’ Council. He was also a Joint Secretary of the POCL. U San Win received 15,309 valid votes as    55 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Maung Aye
Constituency: Thayawady (2)                                                                          
(Eligible Voters – 42,597; Votes Cast – 28,446; Valid Votes – 24,473; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 25 May 1929
Place of Birth: Paungde
Father: U Boe Se                                                                                                                                                                   
U Maung Aye was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention in December 1995. After he finished high school he joined the Navy and became a Captain and in charge of a base. In 1963 he worked a Special Officer of the Pearl and Fish Breeding Corporation. He retired from the Navy in 1972 and worked as a Deputy Manager at the Pearl and Fisheries Corporation. In 1976 he was faced with a lawsuit which he fought for five years and which was dismissed in 1991. He was released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 14-6-2001. U Maung Aye received 14,747 valid votes as 60 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aye
Constituency: Thegon (1)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 42,114; Votes Cast – 28,353; Valid Votes – 24,086; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 22 February 1925
Place of Birth: Inma Village, Thegon
Parents: U Tin and Daw Ohn Tin                                                                                                                                       U Aye finished Ninth Standard in 1939 and from 1942-1944 he worked as a Police Sergeant and an Inspector. In 1945 he began working for the Special Police Intelligence Service in the resistance against the Japanese. He worked under Col. Ba Htoo in the BIA as an intelligence officer tracking the activities of the Japanese military police. U Aye received 12,179 valid votes as 51 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Thein Tun (Tun Lu Aung)
Constituency: Thegon (2)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 40,248; Votes Cast – 28,050; Valid Votes – 24,925; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 11 November 1949
Place of Birth: Thegon
Parents: U Too and Daw Mya Sein                                                                                                                                      
U Thein Tun was arrested and imprisoned under Penal Code Article 122 (1) for attending a meeting in Mandalay in 1990 to form a provisional government. The Election Commission dismissed him as an MP by Declaration No. 996 on 6 January 1992 and banned him from running in future elections. He was released from Insein Prison on 27 May 1992. U Thein Tun finished high school in 1966 and then worked as a Clerk at Thegon Teacher Training School. In 1984 he retired on a health pension and set up an agriculture and livestock business. Since 1969 he has written in the Moeway, Shumawa, Phyuni Nyopya and Sarpay Lope Thar magazines under the names of Thakar Tun and Tun Lu Aung. U Thein Tun received 14,416 valid votes as 58 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tin Shwe
Constituency: Waw (1)                                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 43,148; Votes Cast – 31,552; Valid Votes – 27,589; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 10 December, 1941
Place of Birth: Pe Nwe Kone Village, Kyauktada
Father: U Ohn                                                                                                                                                                   
U Tin Shwe voluntarily resigned from the NLD in April 1992. He was the Chairman of the Organising Committee in Waw when the NLD was founded in 1988. U Tin Shwe received 18,618 valid votes as 67 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Soe Thein (Maung Wuntha)
Constituency: Waw (2)                                                                                      
(Eligible Voters – 42,986; Votes Cast – 31,517; Valid Votes – 27,552; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 17 April 1945
Place of Birth: Pegu
Parents: U Maung Khin and Daw Mya Sein                                                                                                                      
U Soe Thein was imprisoned in Insein Prison after being arrested on 21 May 1996 and charged under Article 10 (a) of the 1975 State Protection Act. He was arrested along with U Kyaw Min (MP, Irrawaddy Division), and four other NLD members.He was released on 13-6-2001. The Election Commission dismissed U Soe Thein as an MP on 10 December 1991 by Declaration No. 984. U Soe Thein was earlier imprisoned in November 1990 for his role in writing the NLD's Three Ways to Attain Power (3 Strategies Paper). The Paper was written after the Ghandi Hall meeting in July 1990 and contained three strategies to be adopted in case the SLORC failed to convene Parliament following the NLD’s election win. These strategies were political defiance, to operate the party within the current laws, and to compromise with the SLORC.  A number of Central Executive Committee members of the NLD were imprisoned due to the Three Strategies Paper, including U Chan Aye (MP, Mon State), U Khin Maung Swe, U Kyaw Min (aka Pithugar Kyaw Min) and U Sein Hla Oo (aka Maung Ngwe Oo). In addition, ex-colonel Myo Aung (MP, Tenasserim Division), ex-Captain Tin Win, U Win Hlaing (MP, Mandalay Division) and Ko Moe Zaw Oo, Ko Yan Aung, and Ko Ko Gyi of the NLD Youth were also imprisoned.At the time of his arrest, U Soe Thein was a Central Executive Committee member of the NLD. He was charged under Article 5 (a) (b) and (j) of the 1950 Emergency Provision Act for his role in writing the Three Strategies Paper, and was released from prison on 29 April 1992.  U Soe Thein was expelled from Rangoon University for taking part in the 7 July student uprising in 1962. He earned his living as a poet and writer from 1964-1988, and has written several books under the name of Maung Wuntha. He was forcibly pensioned off as the editor of the Botahtaung daily newspaper after the 1988 uprising. U Soe Thein received 20,997 valid votes as 76 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr. Kyaw Kyaw
Constituency: Yedashe (1)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 42,297; Votes Cast – 32,544; Valid Votes – 27,413; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 2 April 1951
Place of Birth: Mandalay
Parents: U Ko Ko and Daw Than Than                                                                                                                      
During the 1988 uprising, Dr. Kyaw Kyaw was in charge of the township demonstration base.He was resigned from MP. He received a Dentistry degree in 1978 and set up his own dental clinic. Dr. Kyaw Kyaw received 15,874 valid votes as 58 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tun Aung
Constituency: Yedashe (2)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 43,647; Votes Cast – 32,784; Valid Votes – 29,014; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 19 May 1951
Parents: U Boe Kaung and Daw U Lay                                                                                                                               
U Tun Aung was arrested and imprisoned under Penal Code Article 122 (1) for attending meetings in Mandalay in 1990 to form a provisional government. The Election Commission dismissed him as an MP by Declaration No. 992 on 30 January 1991 and banned him from running in future elections. He was released from Insein Prison on 27 May 1992. U Tun Aung received a Science diploma from the Insein Institute of Technology in 1974, and from 1978-1979 he taught at a state evening school. U Tun Aung received 17,571 valid votes as 61 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U San Tin
Constituency: Zigon                                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 41,957; Votes Cast – 33,429; Valid Votes – 28,158; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 1934
Place of Birth: Mingyi Village, Monyo
Father: U Ohn Maung                                                                                                                                                            
U San Tin was in Seventh Standard at Yekin Affiliated High School when he left school. He was a member of the AFPFL and the Socialist Youth. U San Tin received 15,992 valid votes as 57 % in the 1990 elections.


PARTY FOR NATIONAL DEMOCRACY (PND)                                                                                             

v    Name: U Thein Oo
Constituency: Oaktwin (1)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 32,918; Votes Cast – 23,535; Valid Votes – 18,228; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 21 June 1949
Place of Birth: Myaung Mya
Father: U Ye Baloo                                                                                                                                                          
During the 1988 uprising, U Thein Oo was Patron of Rangoon University Graduates and Former Students’ Union. He graduated from Rangoon Institute of Economics in 1971 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Mathematics and Statistics. In 1972, he began working for the Mya Kantha Film Distribution company, and from 1984-1985 was the Administrator and an Editor of the Moe Way magazine. U Thein Oo received 10,881 valid votes as 60 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr. Sein Win
Constituency: Paukkhaung                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 56,337; Votes Cast – 39,412; Valid Votes – 35,063; Number of Candidates – 8)
Date of Birth: 7 December 1943
Place of Birth: Taungdwin Gyi
Parents: U Ba Win and Daw Khin Saw                                                                                                                            
Dr. Sein Win is the Prime Minister of the NCGUB and the former leader of the Party for National Democracy(PND). He currently lives in the United States. In late 1990, Dr. Sein Win left for the liberated area on the Thai-Burma border and set up the NCGUB. The PND was then banned on 20 December 1990 and Dr. Sein Win was charged with breaking the Political Parties Registration Act. The Election Commission subsequently and dismissed him as an MP on 26 December 1990. Dr. Sein Win is the son of U Ba Win, the elder brother of Gen. Aung San. In 1965 he graduated from Rangoon University in Mathematics and later went to Hamburg University and obtained a Master of Science in 1974 and a doctorate in Mathematics in 1979. From 1980-1982 he taught at Colombo University in Sri Lanka and from 1982-1984 at Nairobi University in Kenya. From 1986-1988 he taught at the Workers’ College as a part-time Mathematics Lecturer and the following year he was the Treasurer of the Information Department of the NLD and in charge of the PND. (One Hluttaw member “ opposed the State Government and took part in forming a parallel government and was nominated to head an interim government to be formed in the jungles and while legal action was being taken against him, he absconded “. He is Dr. Sein Win, who is also Chairman of the PND. WPD_4/12/90) Dr. Sein Win received 17,511 valid votes as 50 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Soe Win
Constituency: Pegu (1)                                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 103,481; Votes Cast – 68,931; Valid Votes – 61,219; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 7 August 1945
Place of Birth: Nyan U
Father: U Kyin Syne                                                                                                                                                               
U Soe Win is currently a member of the NLD Information Department. When the PND was banned in December 1990, U Soe Win was a Central Executive Committee member of the party.  During the 1988 uprising U Soe Win was a bodyguard for Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. He has a Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics and a degree in Industrial Production. U Soe Win received 61,219 valid votes as 72 % in the 1990 elections.


NATIONAL UNITY PARTY (PND)

v    Name: Col. Maung Ohn (Retired)
Constituency: Prome (1)                                                                                  
(Eligible Voters – 59,592; Votes Cast – 40,181; Valid Votes – 35,315; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 7 April 1929
Place of Birth: Rangoon
Parents: U Thein Pe and Daw Aye Sein                                                                                                                   
Colonel Maung Ohn graduated from Rangoon Institute of Technology in Mechanics and joined the Army in 1955. After retiring from the Army in 1981, he became a member of the BSPP Central Committee, the Member for Pandaung 2 constituency, and the Deputy Minister of Industry 1 under the BSPP. Col Maung Ohn received 14,850 valid votes as 42 % in the 1990 elections.

 

Magwe Division


Location:
Magwe(Magway) Division is located in the central part of Burma. Its major part falls in the Dry Zone. Magwe Division has a common boundary with Mandalay and Pegu Divisions as well as Arakan and Chin States. Sagaing Division is to its north; Mandalay Division, to its east; Pegu Division, to its south, and Arakan and Chin States, to its west. Magwe Division has an area of 17,305 sq-miles and is situated between North Latitude 18° 50' and 22° 47' and East Longitude between 93° 47' and 95° 55'.

Climate: The western hilly region whose rainfall is slightly more than other parts of the Division, Pegu Mountain Range and the southernmost part have the tropical Savannah Climate. As the majority part of Magwe Division falls within the Dry Zone, it is very hot during the hot season and is relatively cold during the cold season. The average temperature of April, which is the hottest month of the year, is 90° Fahrenheit and the temperature of April, which is the hottest month of the year, is 90° Fahrenheit and the temperatures during daytime range between 100° - 110° Fahrenheit. The average temperature of January, which is the coolest month of the year, is 70° Fahrenheit and the temperature sometimes falls as low as 50° Fahrenheit.

Inhabitants, religions and Languages:
The population of Magwe Division is 4.218,699. The majority of the people are Bamars and there are also Chins, Arakans, Karens, Shansand others. A total of 98 percent of the people are Buddhists and the rest are Christians, Hindus. Muslims or Animists.
The population of Magwe Division is 4.218,699. The majority of the people are Bamars and there are also Chins, Arakans, Karens, Shans and others. A total of 98 percent of the people are Buddhists and the rest are Christians, Hindus. Muslims or Animists.
The population of Magwe Division is 4.218,699. The majority of the people are Bamars and there are also Chins, Arakans, Karens, Shans and others. A total of 98 percent of the people are Buddhists and the rest are Christians, Hindus. Muslims or Animists.

Organization of districts, townships and village-tracts:
Magwe Division occupies an area of 177305.32 square miles. It is made up of Magwe, Minbu, Thayet, Pakokku and Gangaw Districts where there are 25 townships and 1,696 ward village-tracts. Magwe is the divisional capital. Its population in 1994 was about 300.000. Other major towns of the Division are Pakokku and Minbu. Other well-known towns are Taungdwingyi, Thayet, Aunglan, Natmauk, Pwintbyu, Chauk, Yenangyaung, Pauk, Gangaw and Yesagyo.

Magwe Division occupies an area of 177305.32 square miles. It is made up of Magwe, Minbu, Thayet, Pakokku and Gangaw Districts where there are 25 townships and 1,696 ward village-tracts. Magway is the divisional capital. Its population in 1994 was about 300.000. Other major towns of the Division are Pakokku and Minbu. Other well-known towns are Taungdwingyi, Thayet, Aunglan, Natmauk, Pwintbyu, Chauk, Yenangyaung, Pauk, Gangaw and Yesagyo.
Magwe Division occupies an area of 177305.32 square miles. It is made up of Magwe, Minbu, Thayet, Pakokku and Gangaw Districts where there are 25 townships and 1,696 ward village-tracts. Magwe is the divisional capital. Its population in 1994 was about 300.000. Other major towns of the Division are Pakokku and Minbu. Other well-known towns are Taungdwingyi, Thayet, Aunglan, Natmauk, Pwintbyu, Chauk, Yenangyaung, Pauk, Gangaw and Yesagyo.                                                                                                                             

 

NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR DEMOCRACY (NLD)

v    Name: U Myint Thein
Constituency: Chauk (1)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 58,464; Votes Cast – 43,366; Valid Votes – 38,181;Number of Candidates – 8)
Date of Birth: 13 September 1942
Place of Birth: Pagan Township
Father: U Ye                                                                                                                                                                    
U Myint Thein is in charge of Chauk Township NLD. He was a part of the NLD boycott of the National Convention on 28 December 1995. U Myint Thein graduated from Rangoon University in History in 1975 and worked for the Burma Oil Corporation from 1960 and at the Chauk oil field from 1972. He was dismissed from his job in 1974 following his involvement in a rice riot in Chauk District.He was released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 6-7-2001. U Myint Thein received 29,135 valid votes as 76 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  Dr. Nyunt Sein
Constituency: Chauk (2)                                                                                
(Eligible Voter – 58,727; Votes Cast – 43,437; Valid Votes – 38,047; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 11 December 1928
Place of Birth: Than Lian Township
Father: U Maung Maung                                                                                                                                                
Dr. Nyunt Sein is a member of the Organising Committee of Magwe Division and was a part of the NLD boycott of the National Convention in December 1995. In 1954 Dr. Nyunt Sein graduated from the Rangoon Institute of Medicine and from 1954-1957 he worked as a doctor in the Department of Malaria at Rangoon General Hospital. He then worked as an assistant doctor at the Chauk oil field hospital until 1976.  In 1977, he travelled to the Federal Republic Germany, the Netherlands, Iran, Egypt and Indonesia to study the state of the health of workers in the oil and chemical sectors with the World Health Organisation (WHO). He then worked from 1977-1988 as the head doctor at the Myanma Oil Corporation (MOC) and during the 1988 uprising he was chairman of the MOC’s Workers’ Union.He was passed away. Dr. Nyunt Sein received 28,501 valid votes in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aung Htoo
Constituency: Gangaw                                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 58,228; Votes Cast – 47,719; Valid Votes – 43,416; Number of Candidates – 2)
Date of Birth:  20 September 1930
Parents: U Ba Maw and Daw Chit Mya                                                                                                                        
The Election Commission announced on 15 January 1998 that U Aung Htoo had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC/SPDC used intimidation to force him to resign. He boycotted the National Convention in December 1995 along with other NLD representatives.  U Aung Htoo is an Arts graduate and worked in the Army Accounting Office from 1951-1957. He also worked as a teacher at Gangaw State High School and was the assistant Gangaw Township Education Administrator from 1983-1989. U Aung Htoo received 32,587 valid votes as 75 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Saw Win (U Kyaw Zaw Lin)
Constituency: Htilin                                                                                          
(Eligible Voters – 31,384; Votes Cast – 26,702; Valid Votes – 24,909; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 14 May 1938
Parents: U Kyaw Nyunt and Daw Aye Hla                                                                                                                   
U Saw Win was arrested in 1991 for allegedly failing to transport logs in time while working on the construction of the Rangoon-Thanlyin bridge. He was charged under Article 3 of the 1963 Public Property Protection Act and was given ten years imprisonment. He was also charged under Article 5 (j) of the 1950 Emergency Provision Act and was sentenced to an additional year imprisonment.  The Election Commission subsequently dismissed U Saw Win from Parliament by order No. 985 on 12 December 1991. The authorities have twice promised to release U Saw Win from prison, once in order 11/92 and again in 1995 to commemorate the Golden Anniversary of the founding of the Burmese Army, but have failed to do so. He was first sent to Insein Prison, then transferred to Tharyarwady Prison and in 1997 transferred again to Thayet Prison following a strike by political prisoners. U Saw Win graduated in Science from Rangoon University and in 1965 began working as a newspaper journalist and as a trader. He later became an assistant editor at Botahtaung Newspaper and at the government publishing house.He was died on 7 August 1998, from unknown causes in Tharawaddy Prison.His body was cremated in secret by military authorities two days after his death on 9 August 1998, without the knowledge or presence of his family.U Saw Win @ U Kyaw Zaw Lin is the third NLD-MP to die in prison.U Tin Maung Win died in 1991 and U Hla Than died in 1996. (U Saw Win has been declared absconder by the township court: “ failed to provide the Rangoon-Syriam Bridge Project with timber extracted at Pyinmana for the project “. WPD_25/4/91) U Saw Win received 14,495 valid votes as 58 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Myint Aung
Constituency: Kamma                                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 43,598; Votes Cast – 36,678;  Valid Votes – 33,154; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 11 June 1959
Place of Birth: Zwaymi Village, Kamma
Parents:U Tha Nyan and Daw Phwa                                                                                                                                
U Myint Aung was an organiser of Kamma Township NLD when he left for the Thai-Burma border and joined the NCGUB in Manerplaw on 18 December 1990. He was subsequently appointed NCGUB Minister for Agriculture and Forests. On 19 January 1991 he, along with U Than Kywe (MP, Pegu Division) surrendered to the SLORC at the Burmese Embassy in Bangkok, Thailand. He then resigned from Parliament on 8 February 1991. U Myint Aung has a Bachelor of Science degree in Chemistry from Rangoon University. (Election Commission Announcement No. 910 of 8-2-91 states that U Myint Aung has been permitted to resign from the Hluttaw. The announcement says that “ he joined from October 1990 the insurgents who are fighting against the state and took part in the parallel government as Minister for Agriculture and Forests formed by them.He said he had realized his misdeed and returned to the legal fold but in adherence to the law he asked permission to resign as elected Pyithu Hluttaw representatives for Kamma Township. WPD_9/2/91) U Myint Aung received 22,711 valid votes as 69 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Kyaw Myint
Constituency: Magwe (1)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 73,001; Votes Cast – 51,016; Valid Votes – 47,536; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 1943
Place of Birth: Natmauk Township
Parents:U Sein and Daw Khin May                                                                                                                                 
U Kyaw Myint was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention in December 1995. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Mandalay University in 1965 and went to Hmawbe Officer Training School in 1967. He retired from the army as a major in 1984.He was arrested on 13-7-1998 and released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 28-6-2001. U Kyaw Myint received 36,934 valid votes as 78 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aung Soe
Constituency: Magwe (2)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 72,654; Votes Cast – 51,533; Valid Votes – 46,910; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 7 September 1934
Father:  U Tin                                                                                                                                                                        
U Aung Soe was part of the NLD boycott of the National Convention in December 1995. In 1996 the authorities forcibly evicted him from his government apartment. From 1952-1974 he worked as an accountant at the Telegraph and Postal Service Department. From 1974-1988 he worked as the deputy officer of the Magwe Township Accounts Department and then was officer in charge of the Magwe Division Accounts Department.He was arrested on 13-7-1998 and released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 14-6-2001. U Aung Soe received 34,012 valid votes as 73 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:U Soe Myint
Constituency: Minbu (1)                                                                                  
(Eligible Voters – 43,600; Votes Cast – 31,928; Valid Votes – 28,506; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 3 March 1946
Father: U Nyunt                                                                                                                                                                  
U Soe Myint is an organiser with the Magwe Division NLD. In 1968 he graduated from Mandalay University in Zoology and then worked as a high school teacher until starting work as a trader in 1974. He is still under detention. U Soe Myint received 21,324 valid votes as 75 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Hla Soe
Constituency: Minbu (2)                                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 42,102; Votes Cast – 28,063; Valid Votes – 24,456; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 20 November 1934
Place of Birth: Salin Township
Parents: U Sein and Daw Thein Tin                                                                                                                                 
U Hla Soe was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention in December 1995. U Hla Soe left high school at tenth standard and joined the army, serving as a captain from 1953-1962. For the next 14 years he worked in various positions within the BSPP and rose to regional chairman of the BSPP in Kayah State. In November 1978 there was a purge within the BSPP and he was arrested along with 14 regional chairmen as part of the so-called Aung Kyaw Lin Operation. He was released from prison in September 1980. He was expelled from the NLD in 1999, as renegade MP (the “lackey” of SPDC). U Hla Soe received 20,719 valid votes as 85 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tun Win
Constituency: Mindon                                                                                      
(Eligible Voters – 37,590; Votes Cast – 32,529;  Valid Votes – 29,763; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 3 April 1929
Parents: U Oo Tha and Daw Tin                                                                                                                                     
U Tun Win is the chairman of Mindon NLD. He passed ninth standard at Yenangyaung State High School and owns a photography and printing business.He was released from Thayet Prison on 9-10-2001. U Tun Win received 20,241 valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Chit Tin
Constituency:  Minhla                                                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 57,204; Votes Cast – 43,216; Valid Votes – 38,167; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth:  1 September 1945
Parents: U Tun Tin and Daw Saki                                                                                                                                    
U Chit Tin was arrested in 1990 for attending secret meetings in Mandalay in 1990 in order to form a provisional government. U Chit Tin was charged under the Penal Code Article 122 (1) and sent to prison. The Election Commission dismissed him as an MP and also banned him from running in future elections. He was released from prison on 29 June 1992.  U Chit Tin has a Science degree and is a High Court advocate, and from 1969 he worked as a high school teacher in Thayet and Minhla High Schools.He was arrested on 1-1-1999 and released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 30-7-1999. U Chit Tin received 21,631 valid votes as 57 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aung San Myint
Constituency: Myaing (1)                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 66,391; Votes Cast – 46,265; Valid Votes – 41,988; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1941
Parents: U Maung Hla and Daw Ma Ma Gyi                                                                                                                 
U Aung San Myint was arrested and jailed in 1990 for attending secret meetings in Mandalay to form a provisional government. The Election Commission dismissed him from Parliament by order No. 996 on 6 January 1992 and he was also banned from running in future elections. He was released from Insein Prison on 29 June 1992. U Aung San Myint was a member the Red Flag faction of the Communist Party of Burma between 1965 and 1972. He was arrested in 1966 and sentenced to six years imprisonment, four years of which were spent in Insein Prison and two years on Coco Island. He was released from prison in 1972. During the 1988 uprising, he led demonstrations in his village and after the uprising he became a member of the Myaing Township NLD Organising Committee. U Aung San Myint left school in tenth standard and from 1956-1960 served in the Bahan High School Students’ Union. In 1961 he worked as a civil junior clerk for the Air Force. U Aung San Myint received 30,273 valid votes as 72 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Myint Aung
Constituency:   Myaing (2)                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 62,836; Votes Cast – 44,772; Valid Votes – 39,318; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 18 May 1959
Parent’s Name: U Thein Maung and Daw Khin Than                                                                                                 
U Myint Aung attended Pakokku College and Rangoon University and graduated in Chemistry in 1984. U Myint Aung received 28,340 valid votes as 72 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Nyunt Hlaing
Constituency: Aunglan / Myayde (1)                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 52,274; Votes Cast – 34,693; Valid Votes – 30,132; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth:  26 November 1939
Place of Birth: Myayde
Father:  U Tun Hlaing                                                                                                                                                           
U Nyunt Hlaing was imprisoned in Thayet Prison and released on 18-7-2001. On 24 February 1997 he was detained along with six other NLD members, including U Thein Zan (MP, Aunglan / Myayde – 2), and charged under Article 5 (j) of the 1950 Emergency Provision Act for inciting farmers.  The chairman of the Myayde Township Law and Order Restoration Council accused the NLD of inciting two farmers who had asked questions regarding the repayment of state loans. The two farmers had been slapped across the face by the LORC chairman for asking their questions and had reported the incident to the Myayde NLD. The local authorities then detained the six NLD members who were each given five years imprisonment. Another three township NLD members were arrested over the same incident and were also each sentenced to five-year terms.  U Nyunt Hlaing was part of the NLD boycott of the National Convention in December 1995. He graduated from Rangoon University in Arts in 1964 and was the secretary of the Thayet District Students’ Union during 1962. From 1965 he worked as an accountant at the Trade Department and then as a teacher. U Nyunt Hlaing received 17,310 valid votes as 57 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Thein Zan
Constituency: Aunglan / Myayde (2)                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 56,371; Votes Cast – 38,848; Valid Votes – 33,530; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth:  15 November 1938
Place of Birth: Duringa Bo Village, Myayde
Father: U Tin                                                                                                                                                                       
U Thein Zan was arrested in Thayet Prison after being arrested on 24 February 1997 and sentenced to five years imprisonment for allegedly inciting farmers. While in prison, it is understood that MIS officers used threats and intimidation to force U Thein Zan to submit a letter of resignation on 14 December 1997 to the Election Commission. The Commission announced his resignation from Parliament on 7 January 1998.After resigned, he was released from prison. U Thein Zan graduated from Rangoon University in Law in 1958 and worked at the Trade Department. He has been a senior lawyer, state prosecutor and High Court advocate since 1968. U Thein Zan received 20,717 valid votes as 62 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tha Aung
Constituency:  Myothit (1)                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 37,313; Votes Cast – 24,478; Valid Votes – 21,136; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth:  1956
Place of Birth: Myothit
Parents: U Aung Thaung and Daw Ohn Yin                                                                                                                    
U Tha Aung is a member of the organising committee of the Myothit Township NLD. He left school while in tenth standard. He was arrested on 21-7-1998 and released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 28-6-2001. U Tha Aung received 13,798 valid votes as 65 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Chit Htwe
Constituency: Myothit (2)                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 36,715; Votes Cast – 26,679;  Valid Votes – 22,409; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 13 July 1965
Place of Birth: Myo Thit Township
Father:  U Tin Manung                                                                                                                                                         
U Chit Htwe received a Bachelor of Science degree in Physics in 1987. He took part in the 1988 uprising and is currently an NLD organiser. He was arrested on 2 July 1996 and released from Thayet prison on 1 August 2001. U Chit Htwe received 15,647 valid votes as 70 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Bo Htwe
Constituency: Natmauk (1)                                                                          
(Eligible Voters – 55,749; Votes Cast – 37,424; Valid Votes – 32,837; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1926
Parents: U Phoe Aung and Daw Mya                                                                                                                        
U Bo Htwe is patron of the Natmauk Township NLD. He worked as a primary school teacher at Sharbinhla Village in Magwe from 1953-1957 and was a middle school teacher at Natmauk State High School from 1957-1986. He was the patron of the township strike committee during the 1988 uprising. He was arrested on 20 July 1998 and released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 1 December 1998 due to poor health. U Bo Htwe received 25,806 valid votes as 79 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aung Myint Thein
Constituency: Natmauk (2)                                                                          
(Eligible Voters – 57,049; Votes Cast – 40,151; Valid Votes – 35,776; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 13 June 1954
Place of Birth: Natmauk
Parents: U Ne Aung and Daw Khin Lay                                                                                                                            
U Aung Myint Thein is a member of the Natmauk Township NLD Organising Committee. He is the son of the elder brother of Gen. Aung San and studied until tenth standard.He was arrested on 14-7-1998 and released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 28-6-2001. U Aung Myint Thein received 24,168 valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Kyi Lwin
Constituency: Ngahpe                                                                                     
 (Eligible Voters – 21,337; Votes Cast – 17,077; Valid Votes – 15,107; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 1954
Parents: U Tun Shin and Daw Khin Aye                                                                                                                        
U Kyi Lwin is an organiser for Ngahpe Township NLD. He has a Bachelor of Arts degree in History from Magwe College and worked as a teacher from 1979-1982. He was arrested on 10-8-1998 and released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 26-2-1999.He was arrested again by the SPDC on 7 May 2000.The police department arrived at his residence without proper notification and began searching the vicinity.Upon this search the officials found some hardwood located near his house.The police considered this a crime and charged him with illegal trafficking of wood.In addition, the police claimed that the pharmacy that his owned was illegitimate so they detained him. He was  released from Thayet Prison on 9-10-2001. U Kyi Lwin received 10,807 valid votes as 72 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr. Kyi Min
Constituency: Pakokku (1)                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 81,979; Votes Cast – 64,578; Valid Votes – 57,546; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 24 January 1958
Parents:U Hla Maung and Daw Phwer Kyin
Dr. Kyi Min graduated from Dental College in 1982. He had resigned as MP on 3 November 2000, due to “poor health and personal reasons”.It is understood that the SPDC used intimidation to force him to resign. Dr. Kyi Min received 42,684 valid votes as 74 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Hlaing Aye
Constituency:  Pakokku (2)                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 79,497; Votes Cast – 64,872; Valid Votes – 58,519; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth:  17 October 1942
Parents: U Ohn Maung and Daw Hla Nuynt                                                                                                            
U Hlaing Aye graduated in Science from Mandalay University in 1968. He worked as a high school teacher in Myaing Township from 1969-1973 and in Pakokku from 1973-1981. He has worked as a rice trader from 1981.He had resigned as MP on 3 November 2000, due to “poor health and personal reasons”.It is understood that the SPDC used intimidation to force him to resign. U Hlaing Aye received 49,782 valid votes as 70 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Khin Maung Kyi
Constituency: Pauk (1)                                                                                   
(Eligible Voters – 39,413; Votes Cast – 31,955; Valid Votes – 28,308; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 30 January 1954
Place of Birth: Pauk
Father: U Pe Nyunt                                                                                                                                                          
The Election Commission dismissed U Khin Maung Kyi as an MP on 9 January 1992. U Khin Maung Kyi is an organiser of the Pauk Township NLD and he graduated from Rangoon University in Science in 1979. U Khin Maung Kyi received 17,355 valid votes as 61 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aung Naing Oo
Constituency:  Pauk (2)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 38,018; Votes Cast – 29,664;  Valid Votes – 25,446; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth:  24 June 1951
Place of Birth: Pauk
Father: U Ba Tin                                                                                                                                                                 
U Aung Naing Oo attended Pauk High School finishing in 1969. He worked as a council clerk for two years and studied Philosophy as a part-time student. He has been in business as a trader in Pauk since 1974. U Aung Naing Oo received 14,310 valid votes as 56 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Kyaw Shin
Constituency: Pwintbyu (1)                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 39,767; Votes Cast – 30,471;  Valid Votes – 26,645; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 13 October 1929
Parents: U Thaung and Daw O                                                                                                                                      
U Kyaw Shin graduated from Rangoon University in Arts and obtained a Diploma of Education in 1974. From 1953-1981, he worked as a teacher at Pwintbyu, a high school teacher at Kon Saung and an assistant officer in-charge of Education at Pwintbyu. Currently, he is an organiser with the township NLD.He was arrested in 1998 and released from SPDC’s so-called guest house due to his poor health. U Kyaw Shin received 19,553 valid votes as 73 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr. Aung Moe Nyo
Constituency:   Pwintbyu (2)                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 42,271; Votes Cast – 34,418;  Valid Votes – 30,573; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 13 December 1958
Place of Birth: Pwintbyu
Parents: U Nyo and Daw Nyein                                                                                                                                 
After the 1990 election Dr. Aung Moe Nyo voluntarily resigned from the NLD. He graduated from Rangoon Institute of Medicine in 1982 and started his own clinic in 1984.He was arrested in 1998 and released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 13-7-2001. Dr. Aung Moe Nyo received 22,496 valid votes as 74 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tar
Constituency:  Salin (1)                                                                                  
(Eligible Voters – 62,001; Votes Cast – 44,769;  Valid Votes – 40,054; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth:  10 June 1948
Place of Birth: Linzin Village, Salin
Parents: U Aye Maung and Daw San Kyi                                                                                                                         
U Tar is the chairman of the Salin Township NLD. He graduated from Rangoon University in 1972 and worked as an accountant in Sidoktaya Township Co-operative. He has been in business since 1975. He was arrested by Military Intelligence in 1998 and released from so-called guest house due to his poor health. U Tar received 28,498 valid votes as 71 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Kan Oo
Constituency:  Salin (2)                                                                                  
(Eligible Voters – 58,806; Votes Cast – 43,365;  Valid Votes – 39,697; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth:  11 May 1952
Place of Birth: Salin
Parents:U Hla and Daw Khin Yi                                                                                                                                     
U Kan Oo is a member of the Sinbyukyune Township NLD. He graduated from Rangoon Institute of Technology with a Bachelor of Engineering degree majoring in Electrical Power. He worked as a teacher at Zeebyubin Affiliated High School. He was arrested in 1998 and released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 28-6-2001. U Kan Oo received 28,220 valid votes as 71 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Kyaw Tin
Constituency: Saw                                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 37,458; Votes Cast – 33,736; Valid Votes – 31,110; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth:  5 July 1949
Father:  U Aung Kyaw                                                                                                                                                        
U Kyaw Tin is currently under detention and is the chairman of the Saw Township NLD. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Geography in 1974 and worked at the Saw Township Accounting Office in 1977. He was a part-time member of the Magwe Division People’s Council from 1982-1988 and resigned from the government service on 16 November 1988. U Kyaw Tin received 18,606 valid votes as 60 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aunt Kyi
Constituency:  Sedoktara                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 22,537; Votes Cast – 18,216;  Valid Votes – 16,099; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 31 July 1938
Place of Birth: Sedoktara
Parents: U Ya Chain and Daw Mae Tin                                                                                                                         
U Aunt Kyi is a member of the organising committee for Sedoktara Township NLD. He has an Arts degree and worked as an Educational Administer Office clerk. He worked as a teacher for 30 years and from 1974-1978 he was a member of the Sedoktara Township Council.He was arrested in 1998 and released from SPDC’s so-called guest house, due to his poor health and then he was passed away. U Aunt Kyi received 9,995 valid votes as 62 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Soe Win
Constituency:  Seikphyu                                                                                  
(Eligible Voters – 46,749; Votes Cast – 39,177;  Valid Votes – 33,515; Number of Candidates – 2)
Date of Birth: 4 April 1944
Place of Birth: Seikphyu
Parents: U Maung Kalay and Daw Shwe Tin                                                                                                                  
U Soe Win attended Chauk State High School and has an Arts degree from Rangoon University. U Soe Win received 25,100 valid votes as 75 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Han Zaw
Constituency: Sinbaungwe                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 55,251; Votes Cast – 41,433;  Valid Votes – 36,971; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth:  2 December 1940
Place of Birth: Sinbaungwe
Father:  U Tun Shwe                                                                                                                                                          
U Han Zaw was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention in December 1995 and has worked as a staff officer for the NLD chairman at the party headquarters in Rangoon. He studied at Sinbaungwe High School and received an Arts degree from Rangoon University in 1964. U Han Zaw also graduated from Hmawbi Officer Training School in 1965 and retired from the army in 1977.He was arrested and released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 14-6-2001. U Han Zaw received 22,637 valid votes as 61 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Thein Kyi
Constituency: Taungdwingyi (1)                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 62,422; Votes Cast – 46,560; Valid Votes – 41,143; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth:  7 September 1951
Parents: U Aung Myint and Daw Mya Mya Than                                                                                                  
U Thein Kyi was expelled from the NLD along with U Than Tun (Dedaye – 2) in January 1997 for breaking party rules by advocating rejoining the National Convention. On 28 December 1995 he boycotted the National Convention with other NLD representatives. U Thein Kyi received a Law degree in 1981 and works as a High Court advocate. On the 28th of June 1996, U Thein Kyi and U Than Tun submitted a report to Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and the NLD Central Executive Committee members.                                                                                                       
           (1) In this report the two MPs criticized  (a) Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s anti-investment policy,  (b) they also urged the party to give the SLORC due credit for bringing in the fifteen insurgent groups into the legal fold and to be able to make the Drug Warlord Khun Sa surrender unconditionally, (c)to study the feasability of the ‘104’ points agreed upon at the National Convention, d) to look into the shortcomings of the NLD party and to make unbias assessment on the possibility of having a so-called dialogue with the SLORC, (e) to accept the reality that the SLORC is undeniably moving towards democracy.                                                                                                           
           (2) On the 11th of July 1996 Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and the NLD central executive members summoned U Thein Kyi and U Than Tun and had discussion on the report.
           (3) On the 6th of January 1997 the two MPs were expelled from the party on the charges that they were agitating and attempting to cause disunity in the party. U Thein Kyi received 29,363 valid votes as 71 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr. Than Naing
Constituency: Taungdwingyi (2)                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 59,768; Votes Cast – 44,437; Valid Votes – 39,182; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth:  2 February 1951
Father:  U Thein Maung                                                                                                                                                    
Dr. Than Naing graduated in Medicine from Rangoon Institute of Medicine. He boycotted the SLORC’s National Convention along with other NLD representatives in December 1995.He was arrested on 14-7-1989 and released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 4-2-1999. He was resigned as an MP and member of NLD. It is understood that the SPDC used intimidation to force him to resign. Dr. Than Naing received 27,436 valid votes as 70 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Khin Maung Than
Constituency: Thayet                                                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 57,562; Votes Cast – 38,694; Valid Votes – 33,618; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth:  11 December 1930
Parents: U Ba Thit and Daw Tin Tin                                                                                                                            
The Election Commission announced on 9 July 1996 that U Khin Maung Than had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to submit a letter of resignation to the Commission.U Khin Maung Than received a Bachelor of Education degree in 1963. He worked as a high school teacher and a principal and was the Thayet Township officer in charge of education. He was involved in the 1988 uprising and was the patron of the Thayet Strike Committee and Urban Administrative Association. U Khin Maung Than received 24,879 valid votes as 74 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Thakin Khin Nyunt
Constituency: Yenangyaung (1)                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 46,454; Votes Cast – 35,557; Valid Votes – 32,445; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth:  6 July 1914
Parents: U Myat Gyi and Daw Kyin Hmone                                                                                                            
 Thakin Khin Nyunt established the Dobama Asiayone (We Burma Association) and was the organisation’s secretary. He was a leader of the 1938 general strike and was sentenced to one year imprisonment for his involvement. He was also chairman of the Asia Youth Association and led a guerrilla force in Yenengyaung Township against the Japanese. He received the Star of Independence for his efforts in bringing independence to Burma. Thakin Khin Kyunt was also leader of the National United Front. He established a publishing house in Rangoon in 1956 and was the convenor of the committee formed to compile a history of the Dobama Asiayone (We Burma Association). He was also the patron of the Youth Solidarity Front.Thakin Khin Nyunt received 24,703 valid votes as 76% in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Khin Kyaw Han
Constituency: Yenangyaung (2)                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 46,692; Votes Cast – 33,065; Valid Votes – 30,582; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth:  23 February 1953
Place of Birth: Yenangyaung
Parents: U Thein Han  and Daw Khin Pyone                                                                                                               
U Khin Kyaw Han passed secondary school from No. (1) State High School, Yenangyaung and continued his further studies at Rangoon University Correspondence Course, majoring in law up to final-year. From 1972 to 1987, he had worked as Stores Technician of the Stores Department at the Myanma Oil Corporation, and resigned from his post in 1987. He had also involved in the Yenangyaung Petroleum Worker’s Strike in 1974. He participated in the formation of the Yenangyaung branch NLD shortly after the 1988 pro-democracy uprising, and worked as a Chairperson of the Township Executive Committee. He had been sentenced for three-year-imprisonment at Thayet Prison between 1992 to 1995. He was released in February 1995, but was arrested again on 14 July 1998. Before arrested, after the NLD announced its intention to convene a Parliament in line with the 1990 election result, the SPDC imposed travel restriction order on him, using the 1961 Habitual Criminal Offenders Act, which puts repeat offenders on permanent bail, forcing him to sign in with local authority on a daily basic. He refused to sign in, and as a result he had been arrested. He had been detained by Military Intelligence Unit (15) on 14 July 1998 for almost (1081) days and held him at the Detention Camp (so-called guest house) that lay in the compound of No.(1) Para-military troop of the No. 967 Construction Engineering Troop under controlled by the 88th. Light Infantry Division based at Magwe and at last he was released from detention on 28 June 2001 and fled to Thai-Burma border on 4 August 2001. He was also arrested eleven days in May 1996, a pre-emptive attempt by the SLORC to prevent the meeting of NLD members of parliament-elect, at Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s home to mark the sixth anniversary of its victory in the 1990 elections, the meeting is to take place from 26 to 29 May. U Khin Kyaw Han received 23,516 valid votes as 77 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Maw Ni
Constituency: Yesagyo (1)                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 65,352; Votes Cast – 49,402; Valid Votes – 44,068; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth:  21 May 1948
Place of Birth: Yesagyo
Father: U Maw Tin                                                                                                                                                            
On 11 February 1997, the Election Commission announced that U Maw Ni had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. U Maw Ni attended Yesagyo State High School and received a Bachelor of Law degree in 1973. After becoming an apprentice lawyer, he worked as an advocate at the High Court until 1976. U Maw Ni received 28,381 valid votes as 64 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tin Maung
Constituency:   Yesagyo (2)                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 63,010; Votes Cast – 50,005; Valid Votes – 45,645; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 1946
Place of Birth: Kan Thit Village, Yesagyo
Parents:U Sein and Daw Than Tin                                                                                                                                  
U Tin Maung voluntarily resigned as an MP on 4 June 1991. He received a Bachelor of Law degree from Rangoon University in 1974. (Election Commission Announcement No. 931 of  4-6-91 authorizes U Tin Maung to resign because “ some of Yesagyo Township NLD members are acting, writing and speaking as they wish without any respect for Law and that if they continue to commit such acts detrimental to law in future, it may affect his dignity as well as the dignity of the NLD”. (WPD_5/6/91) U Tin Maung received 29,316 valid votes as 64 % in the 1990 elections.

 

Mandalay Division

Location: Linking Sagaing Division in the north, Shan State in the east Pegu Division and Karen State in the south and Sagaing and Magwe Divisions in the west. Mandalay Division is situated between latitudes 19°20' north and 23°45 ' north and longitudes 94°45' east and 97°00' cast in the central Burma. The area is 14295 sq miles.

Topography and climate: Mountains or high plateaus can be found in the eastern border Of the division and Pegu Yoma region in the south-west The eastern plateau is the highest region in the Division elevating up from G 0()() to 7.000 feet in some places. The 4.98 I-foot Mount Popa. an extinct volcano is famous.
         Various Kinds of climates can be found in Mandalay Division. The eastern plateau has a warm wet temperate climate. Average temperatures of the region is between 70°F (21°C) and 75°F (24°C) in April. The average temperature in the coldest months is G0°F (15.6°C). The lowest temperature sometimes reaches the freezing point.
         The southernmost part has a Savannah climate and the remaining regions have arid-like climate. Average temperature of the plains is 88°F (31 °C) and the highest day-time temperature is 110°F (43.3°C). In the winter. the average temperature is 70°F (21 °C) and lowest temperature is 5()°F (18°C).                                                                                         Rainfall is high in the eastern plateau and low in the plains. Average annual rainfall is over 100 inches in Mogok and over 60 inches in Pyin Oo Lwin. Average annual rainfall in Pyinmana at the southernmost part of the Division is 56 inches and Mandalay Kyaukse and Meiktila in the central region is from 32 to 34 inches. Myingyan with the least rainfall has received and average annual rainfall of only 27 inches. Due to the elevation. Mount Popa gets over 40 inches of average annual rainfall.

Population inhabitant languages and religion:
Mandalay Division which is the second most populous State/ Division in Burma has 6.313.938 inhabitants. The average population density is 424 parsons per square mile.
Majority of the population is Bamar. There are also a small number of Shans Danus. Lisus and Palaungs residing on the eastern plateau. Leway and Pyinmana have a few population of Plain Chins (Asho Chins). National races such as Kachin, Karen and Chin are also living in the division Majority of the people are Buddhists. There are also Hindus. Muslims and Christians. Burmese language is mainly spoken.                                                                             

Formation of districts, townships and villages: Mandalay Division is formed with seven districts. 30 townships and 2,320 wards and village-tracts. Mandalay with a population of over 650.000 is the capital city of the division. 



NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR DEMOCRACY (NLD)

v    Name: Dr. Zaw Myint Maung
Constituency: Amar apura (1)                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 42,741; Votes Cast – 34,831;  Valid Votes – 31,829; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth:  11 December 1951
Father: U Chit Maung                                                                                                                                                          
Dr. Zaw Myint Maung is currently under detention after being arrested for attending meetings in Mandalay in 1990 to form a provisional government. He was charged under Penal Code Article 122 (1) and sentenced to 25 years imprisonment. The Election Commission dismissed him from Parliament on 27 November 1991 and banned him from running in future elections.  In March 1996 while in Insein Prison, he, U Win Tin and other political prisoners were sentenced to a further seven years jail. They were charged under the 1950 Emergency Provision Act, Article 5 (e), for producing a magazine marking the 75th anniversary of Rangoon University, and a magazine entitled New Blood Wave. Dr. Zaw Myint Maung was also found in possession of a letter addressed to the UN Special Rapporteur on Burma, Professor Yozo Yokota, which detailed the situation of political prisoners in Insein Prison. In relation to this second charge, Dr. Zaw Myint Maung was interrogated by MIS officers in prison and was tortured and badly beaten.  Dr. Zaw Myint Maung graduated from Mandalay Institute of Medicine in 1979. He was in charge of the Yurthitgyi Hospital, Sagaing Division and worked as a chemistry lecturer at Mandalay University from 1983-1988. Dr. Zaw Myint Maung received 21,119 valid votes as 66 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  U Ba Bwa
Constituency: Amarapura (2)                                                                      
(Eligible Voters – 43,735; Votes Cast – 37,185; Valid Votes – 35,226; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth:  22 January 1926
Father: Thakhin Ba Thein                                                                                                                                              
U Ba Bwa was arrested for attending meetings in Mandalay in 1990 to form a provisional government in which 20 or 25 Members of Parliament were to be sent to border areas. The meetings were held on 29 and 30 September and 1 October 1990 in Mandalay at U Ba Bwa’s home, at an NLD office, and at a rice mill beside the Mandalay-Maymyo Road. U Ba Bwa was imprisoned in April 1991 under the Penal Code Article 122 (1) and was released from Insein Prison on 4 May 1992 in accordance with SLORC Declaration No. 11/92 of 24 April 1992. On 30 December 1992 the Election Commission dismissed him from Parliament and banned him from contesting any future election.  U Ba Bwa joined the Dobama Asiayone (We Burma Association) and the Japanese resistance movements with Thakhin Ba Thein. He also joined the Burmese Army when it was formed in 1946 and in 1948 he took part in the battle to recapture Amarapura Township from insurgents. He resigned from the army when Burma gained her independence in 1948. U Ba Bwa received 24,163 valid votes as 69 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:   U Bo Zan
Constituency:    Kyaukpadaung (1)                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 72,304; Votes Cast – 55,038;  Valid Votes – 49,837; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1 October 1937
Place of Birth: Indine Village, Kyaukpadaung
Parents:U Ba Thaw and Daw Aye Hlaing                                                                                                                     
U Bo Zan is Chairman of the NLD Mandalay Division Organizing Cammittee, after the ruling military junta released Daw Aung San Suu Kyi in May 2002 from 19 months of house arrest. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Mandalay University in 1964 and then worked for the Directorate of Trade in Kyaukpadaung Township. From 1965-1972 he was the manager of the Trade and Commerce Corporation at Kyaukpadaung, Pagan, Nyaung Oo and Saw Townships. He operated a cooking oil business from 1972-1989. Before the 1962 coup, he was elected to Parliament under the National United Front. In 1988 he was the vice-chairman of the Township Strike Alliance in 1988. U Bo Zan received 35,320 valid votes as 71 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Ngwe Tun
Constituency:   Kyaukpadaung (2)                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 72,245; Votes Cast – 58,629; Valid Votes – 52,215; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1 February 1937
Place of Birth: Kimpone Chone Village, Kyaukpadaung
Parents: U Tha Ai and Daw Aye Tin                                                                                                                                  
U Ngwe Tun has a Bachelor of Arts degree in Education and a Bachelor of Education degree. He worked as a high school teacher at Kyaukpadaung State High School no.1 in 1957 and later as a principal. He was also the officer in charge of Kyaukpadaung Township Education Department in 1984 and attended the BSPP’s Basic Political Training Course in 1986. U Ngwe Tun received 35,735 valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aung Kyaw Oo
Constituency:  Kyaukse (1)                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 48,534; Votes Cast – 40,018; Valid Votes – 35,479; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth:  25 May 1956
Place of Birth: Kyaukse
Parents: U Kyaw Khin and Daw Khin Mya Oo                                                                                                            
U Aung Kyaw Oo was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the SLORC’s National Convention on 28 December 1995. He received an Engineering degree from the Rangoon Institute of Technology in 1980 and worked at the Shwedaung Textile and Cloth Factory in Rangoon from 1980-1983. He then operated his own business from 1984-1988. U Aung Kyaw Oo received 25,415 valid votes as 72 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Kyaw Win
Constituency:   Kyaukse (2)                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 47,027; Votes Cast – 39,174; Valid Votes – 34,394; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 28 February 1955
Parents:U Shein and Daw Tun Kyi                                                                                                                                  
U Kyaw Win is the Kyaukse Township NLD organiser. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in Chemistry from Mandalay University in 1979 and became a higher grade pleader in 1988. He then worked as a high school teacher at Than Village Affiliated High School from 1982-1988. U Kyaw Win received 22,866 valid votes as 66 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tin Htut Oo
Constituency:  Lewe (1)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 58,837; Votes Cast – 47,469; Valid Votes – 42,405; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 27 February 1963
Place of Birth: Mandalay
Parents: U Ko Gyi and Daw Khin Nyein Nyein                                                                                                           
U Tin Htut Oo is a member of the NLD Mandalay Division Organizing Committee, after the ruling military junta released Daw Aung San Suu Kyi in May 2002 from 19 months of house arrest.U Tin Htut Oo was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention in December 1995. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in Physics from Mandalay University in 1983 and then worked as a Burmese herbal medical agent for his parents’ business. He was arrested and released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 13-7-2001. U Tin Htut Oo received 22,887 valid votes as 54 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Nyi Nyi Tun
Constituency: Lewe (2)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 59,952; Votes Cast – 47,560; Valid Votes – 41,923; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth:  22 May 1935
Place of Birth: Yamethin
Parents:U Myat Tha Tun and Daw Saw Lay                                                                                                                 
U Nyi Nyi Tun is in the chairman of the Lewe Township NLD. He studied Arts at the Regional College in Rangoon. He was the chairman of the NUF in 1958 and competed in the 1960 election under the NUF. He was secretary of the Lewe Township party unit of the BSPP in 1963 and from 1982-1988 worked as the manager of the Township Co-operative. U Nyi Nyi Tun received 23,457 valid votes as 56 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr. Aung Wai
Constituency: Madaya (1)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 53,421; Votes Cast – 43,721; Valid Votes – 39,668; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 14 September 1943
Place of Birth: Myingyan
Parents:U Thaik and Daw Phwa Chi                                                                                                                              
Dr. Aung Wai was part of the NLD boycott of the National Convention on 28 December 1995. Dr. Aung Wai graduated from Mandalay Institute of Medicine in 1968 and from 1969-72 he worked as a health officer in Laputta Township and then as the doctor in charge of the Phaunggyi Civil Servant School. From 1974-1984, he worked as a doctor in Minpya, Ponna Kyun and Madaya Townships and from 1978-1988 as a Madaya Township Council member and member of the Workers Association. During the 1988 demonstrations he led the Madaya Township health workers. He was passed away on 7 March 2002 at Singapore. Dr. Aung Wai received 27,153 valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Than Lwin
Constituency:  Madaya (2)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 44,502; Votes Cast – 37,014; Valid Votes – 33,554; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth:  1938
Parents: U San Htwe                                                                                                                                                              
U Than Lwin is a member of the NLD Mandalay Division Organizing Committee, after the ruling military junta released Daw Aung San Suu Kyi in May 2002 from 19 months of house arrest.U Than Lwin has a Bachelor of Science degree in Agriculture. He worked as a teacher for 10 years and as an agriculture officer for six years. He was imprisoned after a fire broke out while he was on duty as a civil servant and his department subsequently lost money. He was arrested and taken away by the Military Intelligence in early May 2000.He was accused of threatening peace and stability.On 18 May 2000, he was sentenced to 9 years imprisonment for “ making subversive speeches in his constituency”. U Than Lwin received 23,364 valid votes as 70 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Saw Shwe
Constituency:  Mahlaing (1)                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 47,457; Votes Cast – 36,208;  Valid Votes – 32,891; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth:  1936
Father: U Wai Lin Cho                                                                                                                                                          
U Saw Shwe is a member of the organising committee of the Mahlaing Township NLD and was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention in December 1995. From 1978-1985, he was a member of the Mahlaing Township People’s Council. U Saw Shwe received 19,595 valid votes as 60 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Maung Maung Myint
Constituency:  Mahlaing (2)                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 47,296; Votes Cast – 35,018; Valid Votes – 29,389; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth:  1 January 1941
Place of Birth: Maymyo
Parents:Ba Than and Daw Nwet                                                                                                                                              
U Maung Maung Myint attended St. Elbert’s English High School and in 1961 graduated from Mandalay University in Science. He was imprisoned while serving in Light Infantry Battalion 109 after he accidentally shot and killed a person, and was released from Yamethin Prison in 1977. For the next three years he worked as a council member of Northeast Mandalay Township and then ran a private language school. During the 1988 uprising he headed a veterans union. U Maung Maung Myint received 16,468 valid votes as 56 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Maj Maung Maung Myint (Retired)
Constituency:  Meiktila (1)                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 89,460; Votes Cast – 65,622; Valid Votes – 56,951; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 22 September 1929
Place of Birth: Rangoon
Parents:U Ba Tin and Daw Tin                                                                                                                                        
On 14 August 1997, the Election Commission announced that Maj. Maung Maung Myint had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. Maj Maung Maung Myint attended Myoma High School and graduated from Rangoon Institute of Medicine. From 1959-1963, he worked as a doctor at the Kemmendine Christian Hospital and in 1963 at a military hospital. He became an officer in the Medical Army in 1964 and retired from the army in 1980. Maj Maung Maung Myint received 33,664 valid votes as 59 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr. Thein Lwin
Constituency:  Meiktila (2)                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 82,376; Votes Cast – 53,819; Valid Votes – 46,567; Number of Candidates – 5)
Parents:U Kan Yin and Daw Amar                                                                                                                              
Dr. Thein Lwin was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995. In 1979, he graduated from Rangoon Institute of Medicine and ran his own clinic in Meiktila.Dr. Thein Lwin was arrested in 1998 and released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 21 June 2001.Dr. Thein Lwin received 28,913 valid votes as 62 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Daw May Hnin Kyi
Constituency:  Mogok (1)                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 36,726; Votes Cast – 24,596; Valid Votes – 22,873; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth:  14 February 1948
Place of Birth: Mogok
Parents: U Aung Nyunt and Daw Htay                                                                                                                        
Daw May Hnin Kyi boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995 with other NLD representatives. She attended Mogok State High School and graduated in Botany from Mandalay University. Daw May Hnin Kyi received 16,527 valid votes as 72 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Bo Hla Tint
Constituency:  Mogok (2)                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 36,726; Votes Cast – 24,596; Valid Votes – 22,873; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 23 December 1957
Place of Birth: Mogok
Parents: U San Shein and Daw Ohn                                                                                                                                
U Bo Hla Tint was involved in the formation of the NCGUB and was Minister for Construction, Mining and Energy as well as Finance Minister. During a cabinet shake-up in July 1997, U Bo Hla Tint was appointed as the Minister for North and South American Affairs. The Election Commission dismissed U Bo Hla Tint from Parliament on 26 December 1990. He was detained from 19 August to 24 October 1988 for participating in the August uprising, and the SLORC declared him fugitive on 3 December 1992 for participating in meetings in Mandalay in 1990 to form a provisional government.  In 1981, U Bo Hla Tint received a Civil Engineering degree from the Rangoon Institute of Technology and worked as an assistant engineer at the Litchaung Dam from February 1994 to July 1985. (Seven Hluttaw members, five of them from the NLD, have absconded to avoid legal action against them. They “ had taken part in a series of clandestine meetings held during the September and October, 1990 where the formation of a parallel government in Mandalay and the formation of a temporary government in the jungles were discussed “. They are: U Bo Hla Tint; U Thein Oo – Mandalay SW 2; U Hla Pe – Pyawbwe 2; U Win Ko – Ye U 2; U Mya Win – Ingapu 1; U Peter Limbin – Indep. Pyin Oo Lwin 2 and Dr. Sann Aung – Indep. Ingapu 2. WPD_5/12/90) U Bo Hla Tint received 16,527 valid votes as 72 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Paw Khin
Constituency: Myingyan (1)                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 81,169; Votes Cast – 64,928;  Valid Votes – 59,943; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth:  12 February 1947
Place of Birth: Gawnkwe Village, Myingyan
Parents: U Htwe and Daw Thet Myaing                                                                                                                           
U Paw Khin is a member of the NLD Mandalay Division Organizing Committee, after the ruling military junta released Daw Aung San Suu Kyi in May 2002 from 19 months of house arrest. He studied at Maymyo St. Elvert High School and Myingyan State High School and in 1975 received an Engineering degree from Rangoon Institute of Technology. He works as a trader. U Paw Khin received 42,015 valid votes as 70 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Maung Maung Win (aka U Win Maung)
Constituency:  Myingyan (2)                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 80,385; Votes Cast – 62,136; Valid Votes – 57,415; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 19 April 1946
Parents: U Tin Maung and Daw Thein                                                                                                                            
U Maung Maung Win is an organiser for Myingyan Township NLD. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Mandalay University and a Master of Arts from Rangoon University. U Maung Maung Win received 39,088 valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Daw Ohn Kyi
Constituency:  Myittha (1)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 40,971; Votes Cast – 34,695; Valid Votes – 29,520; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 25 February 1952
Place of Birth: Kyanna Village, Natogyi
Parents: U Pu and Daw Than Tin                                                                                                                                   
Daw Ohn Kyi is a member of the Myittha Township NLD Organising Committee. She was imprisoned in April 1991 under Penal Code Article 122 (1) for attending a secret meeting in Mandalay to form a provisional government. The Election Commission dismissed her as an MP by Declaration No. 996 on 6 January 1992, and banned her from running in future elections. She was released from prison on 4 May 1992 in accordance with SLORC declaration No. 11/92 of 24 April 1992.  Daw Ohn Kyi studied at Taunggyi College and in 1973 received a Bachelor of Science degree majoring in Chemistry degree from Mandalay University. She became a higher grade pleader in 1980. Daw Ohn Kyi received 20,903 valid votes as 71 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr. Myo Myint
Constituency:    Myittha (2)                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 42,882; Votes Cast – 35,283; Valid Votes – 29,741; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 4 April 1954
Place of Birth: Kume Village, Myittha
Parents:U Nyunt Maung and Daw San                                                                                                                          
Dr. Myo Myint is a member of Myittha Township NLD Organising Committee, and on 16 June 1996 the Election Commission announced that he had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force Dr. Myo Myint to resign.  Dr. Myo Myint received a medical degree from Mandalay Institute of Medicine in 1981 and was a member of BSPP Youth at the Institute. He established his own clinic as soon as he finished his study. Dr. Myo Myint received 18,129 valid votes as 61 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Pan Tha
Constituency:  Natogyi (1)
Date of Birth:  31 January 1924
Place of Birth: Watlu Village, Natogyi
Parents: U Hla Yin and Daw Hla Gyi                                                                                                                                 
U Pan Tha was the leader of a guerrilla force in northern Natogyi Township during the Japanese occupation and worked for the Asia Youth Association from 1941-1945. He was also a member of the organising committee of the Communist Party of Burma (CPB) from 1946-1948. On  28 March 1948, he was arrested by the authorities and put in Mandalay Prison but was released after Karen rebels captured the prison in 1949.  From 1951-1953, U Pan Tha was the chairman of Natogyi Township CPB and in 1953 he surrendered to the authorities. Following his surrender, he worked with the government as a member of a committee which assisted rebels who defected.

 

v    Name: U Seinn Maung
Constituency: Natogyi (2)                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 53,780; Votes Cast – 38,887;  Valid Votes – 35,723; Number of Candidates – 7)
Parents: U Tun Sein and Daw Hla Yin                                                                                                                           
The Election Commission announced on 11 June 1996 that U Seinn Maung had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to submit a letter of resignation to the Commission. U Seinn Maung is a member of the Natogyi Township NLD and a former member of the Natogyi POCL. He studied tenth standard at Myingyan State High School and joined the army in 1950. In 1965 he attended Officer Training School and served with Supply Regiment (222) in Shwe Nyaung Township from 1965-1968, and with Supply Regiment        (525) in Moulmein from 1980-1984. U Seinn Maung received 22,303 valid votes as 62 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Maung Maung Aye
Constituency: Northeast Mandalay (1)                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 37,046; Votes Cast – 30,833; Valid Votes – 29,005; Number of Candidates – 8)
Date of Birth: 31 January 1956
Parents: U Hla Ngwe and Daw Ahmar                                                                                                                            
U Maung Maung Aye is the Minister for Health and Education in the NCGUB. He refused to sign the SLORC’s Declaration 1/90 and was subsequently declared a fugitive by the authorities. On 21 January 1990, the Election Commission dismissed him as an MP. U Maung Maung Aye graduated in Mathematics from Mandalay University in 1979 and became a higher grade pleader in 1983. (Election Commission Announcement No. 913 of 21-2-91 announces the “ non-existence as Hluttaw representatives … and cancellation of their names from the list of elected Hluttaw representatives “ of: U Maung Maung Aye along with  U Than Sein – Pale 1, Dr. Tint Swe – Pale 2 and Dr. Sann Aung – Ingapu 2.” The court concerned has ruled with firm evidence that the above-mentioned persons made contacts with and collaborated with the armed insurgent organizations which formed parallel government to rise up against the State and with members of the said organizations and that they formed organizations to rise up against the State “. WPD_22/2/91) (Two NLD Leaders have been declared “ abscondees “.They are U Maung Maung Aye, Hluttaw representative for Mandalay NE-1 and U Tin Shwe (Monywa), member of the Mandalay Division Organizing Committee for the NLD.They absconded upon learning that they were being sought for posting a letter of complaint to the Mandalay LORC Chairman about the 8 August Mandalay riot. WPD_27/11/90) U Maung Maung Aye received 24,100 valid votes or 83 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Lt-Col Tin Aye (Retired)
Constituency: Northeast Mandalay (2)                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 38,885; Votes Cast – 30,746;  Valid Votes – 29,401; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 11 April 1925
Place of Birth: Paungde
Parents: U Nyein and Daw Nyo Mael                                                                                                                               
Lt-Col Tin Aye is the chairman of Mandalay Division NLD. He was arrested in January 1991 along with Col Thiha Thuya Soe Thein (Sagaing Division) and was charged under Articles 5 (a), (b) and (j) of the 1950 Emergency Provision Act. He was sentenced to 12 years imprisonment and was released from Insein Prison on 25 April 1992. The Election Commission also dismissed him as an MP on 11 April 1992. Lt-Col Tin Aye studied until he reached Regional College and was a leader of the Student Union during the 1938 strike. He was also a member of the BIA and joined the army in 1951 and worked at the Defence Ministry Office and the Welfare Department. He worked at the Military Research Department and also went to United States as an army scholar. After the military seized power in the 1962 coup, Lt-Col Tin Aye worked as a lecturer at the Central Institute of Political Science and rose to assistant principal. He then became a member of the Central Committee of the Revolutionary Council and retired from the army in August 1977. He also a member of the Army Veterans’ Association which later became the POCL. U Tin Aye received 22,547 valid votes as 77 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tin Aung Aung
Constituency: Northwest Mandalay (1)                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 46,015; Votes Cast – 38,138;  Valid Votes – 36,630; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 23 June 1943
Father: U Hla Yin                                                                                                                                                                  
U Tin Aung Aung is a member of the NLD Mandalay Division Organizing Committee, after the ruling military junta released Daw Aung San Suu Kyi in May 2002 from 19 months of house arrest.U Tin Aung Aung is under detention after being arrested for attending meetings in Mandalay in 1990 to form a provisional government. He was imprisoned under the Penal Code Article 122 (1) and sentenced to 25 years imprisonment. On 27 December 1991 the Election Commission dismissed him from Parliament. U Tin Aung Aung received a Bachelor of Engineering degree from Rangoon Institute of Technology (RIT). He served as an assistant engineer and executive engineer of the Land Transportation Corporation from 1969-1988. U Tin Aung Aung received 29,443 valid votes as 80 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aung Soe
Constituency:   Northwest Mandalay (2)                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 50,451; Votes Cast – 38,094;  Valid Votes – 35,234; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 29 May 1949
Parents: U Ba Kyauk and Daw Saw Shwe                                                                                                                        
U Aung Soe graduated in Physics from Mandalay University in 1975. He operates his own business. U Aung Soe received 23,576 valid votes as 67 % in the 1990 elections.                                                                                           

v    Name: U Cho
Constituency: Nyaung-U (1)                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 62,471; Votes Cast – 48,605; Valid Votes – 43,241; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1921
Place of Birth: Nyaung-U
Parents:U Ba Shwe and Daw Mya Ohn                                                                                                                           
U Cho is a member of Nyaung-U Township NLD Organising Committee. As a student, he was actively involved in the Asia Youth Association and the Oil Workers’ Association. He worked as a school teacher, a supply and oil officer, an assistant officer with the air force and as a deputy sub-inspector of police. He spent 30 years in the police force, and retired in 1981 as Mandalay deputy chief of police. During the 1988 uprising he was the chairman of Nyaung-U Township Security and Peace Committee. U Cho received 29,884 valid votes or 69 % in the 1990 elections.
                                                                     

v    Name: U Pe Tin
Constituency:  Nyaung-U (2)                                                                        
(Eligible Voters – 62,910; Votes Cast – 45,294; Valid Votes – 40,648; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth:  27 July 1927
Place of Birth: Nattalin
Parents: U Tin and Daw Hla Pu                                                                                                                                       
U Pe Tin is a member of the Nyaung-U Township NLD Organising Committee. He was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995. U Pe Tin studied until he reached seventh standard. He joined the BDA and from 1942-1945 was a private in an artillery unit. He joined the Burma Army under the British in 1946 and was the commander of a security force from 1946-1961. He was also the chairman of the Amarapura Area Security Committee and from 1963-1965 served as a platoon commander and column commander. From 1965-1974 he worked as the manager of the Nyaung-U and Kutkai  Township Trade Corporation. During the 1988 uprising he was the chairman of the Township Army Veterans' Association and he currently runs a guesthouse. U Pe Tin received 27,691 valid votes or 68 % in the 1990 elections.                                  

v    Name: U San Nyunt Wai
Constituency:  Patheingyi (1)                                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 36,244; Votes Cast – 27,769; Valid Votes – 24,662; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth:  5 September 1952
Place of Birth: Kyauk Padaung
Parents: U Aye and Daw Saw Shwe                                                                                                                                  
U San Nyunt Wai is a member of the Patheingyi Township NLD Organising Committee. He was a first year student when he left Magwe College and went to Officer Training School in 1971. He then served in Infantry Battalion (1) as a lieutenant trainee. While serving as a captain in 1984 he was charged under Article 307 (1) and sentenced to a year imprisonment with hard labour for committing a civil crime. He was also expelled from the army for life. From 1984-1989, he worked in the timber business in Patheingyi Township and after the 1988 uprising he became chairman of the Patheingyi Township POCL. U San Nyunt Wai received 16,336 valid votes or 66 % in the 1990 elections.                                                                                                         

v    Name: Lt-Col San Hla Baw (Retired)
Constituency:   Patheingyi (2)                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 34,087; Votes Cast – 27,070;  Valid Votes – 24,014; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 28 October 1928
Place of Birth: Moulmein
Father:  U Kyaw Shein                                                                                                                                                        
Lt-Col San Hla Baw was chairman of Mandalay Division POCL when the party was banned in 1992 and is a Central Committee member of the NLD. He was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995. On 22 November 1996, Lt-Col San Hla Baw was on his way to Rangoon when he was beaten and robbed by three men identified as SLORC henchmen. Although the NLD wrote a letter to the then SLORC chairman Senior General Than Shwe, no action was taken against the culprits. Lt-Col San Hla Baw participated in the 1938 strike and was a member of the Asian Youth Association and the PBF. He joined the army in 1947 while he was in high school, and retired as a lieutenant colonel in 1985. Lt-Col San Hla Baw received 13,870 valid votes or 58 % in the 1990 elections.
                                                                                                             

v    Name: U Khin Maung Nyo
Constituency:  Pyawbwe (1)                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 63,462; Votes Cast – 49,801;  Valid Votes – 45,075; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 2 May 1941
Place of Birth: Shawphyugone Village, Pyawbwe
Parents:U Thaung Pe and Daw Thaung Tin                                                                                                                    
U Khin Maung Nyo is an organiser and treasurer of Pyawbwe Township NLD. He was part of the NLD boycott of the National Convention in December 1995. He studied until he reached tenth standard at Pyawbwe State High School No.(1). U Khin Maung Nyo received 25,272 valid votes or 56 % in the 1990 elections.                                                                                   

v    Name: U Hla Pe
Constituency:   Pyawbwe (2)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 61,031; Votes Cast – 43,280; Valid Votes – 36,739; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 6 June 1949
Place of Birth: Zeephyugone Village, Pawbwe
Parents: U Toe Khin and Daw Saw Mya                                                                                                                            
U Hla Pe was murdered in Bangkok, Thailand, in June 1993. He was a founding member of the NCGUB and held the Education, Health and Information portfolios before the cabinet was reshuffled in April 1991. U Hla Pe’s body was found in Samut Prakarn, 100 km from Bangkok.He had been shot twice through the head.It is reported that U Hla Pe was last seen alive at the Morakot Hotel in the company of Limbin. After U Hla Pe was missed, U Peter Limbin was assigned to investigate but failed to find any clues. U Peter Limbin then left for Europe. About a month later, U Hla Pe’s body was identified in a police morgue. He was a deputy organiser of Pyawbwe Township NLD. U Hla Pe received a Bachelor of Science degree in Physics from Mandalay University in 1971 and worked as a school teacher for two years. He began teaching privately in 1976 and was chairman of the Pyawbwe Township Trade Co-operative from 1982-1988. U Hla Pe received 20,527 valid votes or 56 % in the 1990 elections. 
                                                          

v    Name: U Tint Lwin
Constituency: Pyinmana (1)                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 67,814; Votes Cast – 51,240; Valid Votes – 44,935; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 1945
Place of Birth: Pyinmana
Parents: U Bo Gyi and Daw Khin Mya                                                                                                                              
U Tint Lwin is a member of the Pyinmana NLD Township Organising Committee, and on 12 June 1996, the Election Commission announced that he had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. U Tint Lwin passed tenth standard and operated his own sugar business. U Tint Lwin received 31,681 valid votes or 71 % in the 1990 elections.                                                                                                 

v    Name: U Kyaw
Constituency: Pyinmana (2)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 72,283; Votes Cast – 53,218; Valid Votes – 48,082; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 9 February 1937
Place of Birth: Pyinmana
Parents:U Phyu and Daw Saw Yin                                                                                                                                   
U Kyaw is a member of the Pyinmana Township National League for Democracy Organising Committee. He received an Arts degree from Rangoon University in 1962, and in 1965 he joined the BSPP. He was a member of the BSPP Pyinmana Party Unit Committee from 1965-1976, the chairman of Pyinmana Township Security and Administrative Committee and chairman of Pyinmana Township Co-operative. U Kyaw received 29,995 valid votes or 62 % in the 1990 elections.                                                                              

v    Name: U Hla Saw Oo
Constituency: Pyin Oo Lwin (1)                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 38,050; Votes Cast – 35,018; Valid Votes – 29,389; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 1924
Parents: U Kyaw Hla Aung and Daw San Mya Khine                                                                                                  
The Election Commission announced on 7 June 1996 that U Saw Hla Oo had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. U Hla Saw Oo is a High Court advocate and was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention in December 1995. He received a Bachelor of Science degree and a Bachelor of Law degree from Rangoon University, and has worked as the principal of Myohoung, Henzada and Insein High Schools. U Saw Hla Oo was a regional judge in Sittwe, Maymyo and Maungdaw and the senior judge of Maymyo Township. He also worked as the deputy assistant manager of the High Court in Rangoon. U Hla Saw Oo received 11,632 valid votes or 49 % in the 1990 elections.                                                                                                          

v    Name: Dr. Soe Myint
Constituency: Singaing (1)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 31,808; Votes Cast – 27,285; Valid Votes – 24,641; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 12 July 1946
Parents:U Than Shwe and Daw Ohn May                                                                                                                    
Dr. Soe Myint attended Kyaukse State High School and in 1972 received a medical degree from Mandalay Institute of Medicine. He did his medical internship at the Maymyo Military Hospital No.(1) and then operated his own clinic from 1981-1988. In 1982 he became the chairman of the Burmese Herbal Medicine Association.Dr.Soe Myint received 18,461 valid votes or 75 % in the 1990 elections.  
                                                                           

v    Name: Dr. Hla Soe Nyunt
Constituency: Singaing (2)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 29,359; Votes Cast – 24,802; Valid Votes – 22,379; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 11 September 1957
Place of Birth: Mandalay
Parents: U Han Nyunt and Daw Chit Chit                                                                                                                     
Dr. Hla Soe Nyunt is a member of the Mandalay Division NLD Organising Committee, after the ruling military junta released Daw Aung San Suu Kyi in May 2002 from 19 months house arrest. He received a medical degree from Mandalay Institute of Medicine in 1983 and established his own clinic. Dr. Hla Soe Nyunt received 15,458 valid votes or 69 % in the 1990 elections.       

v    Name: U Saw Htay
Constituency: Singu                                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 53,674; Votes Cast – 43,454; Valid Votes – 41,568; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 7 April 1934
Parents: U Ba Din and Daw Zin                                                                                                                                           
U Saw Htay is Vive-Chairman of the NLD Mandalay Division Organizing Committee, after the ruling military junta released Daw Aung San Suu Kyi in May 2002 from 19 months of house arrest. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Education in 1962 and a Bachelor of Education degree in 1966 from Rangoon Institute of Education. From 1957-1972 he worked as a high school teacher and was in charge of the Singu Township Education Department. He was also the principal of Singu State High School from 1972-1975, and from 1975-1988 was in charge of Northwest Mandalay Township Education Department. U Saw Htay received 26,079 valid votes or 63 % in the 1990 elections.
                                                                                                          

v    Name: U Tin Nyunt (aka U Htin Kyaw)
Constituency: Southeast Mandalay (1)                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 46,419; Votes Cast – 39,253; Valid Votes – 36,910; Number of Candidates – 8)
Date of Birth: 5 November 1937
Father: U Hla Maung                                                                                                                                                          
U Tin Nyunt received a Bachelor of Arts degree and a Master of Arts degree from Delhi University in India. He worked as an apprentice for the All India Radio Burmese Program in India, and returned to Burma in 1981. U Tin Nyunt received 29,642 valid votes or 80 % in the 1990 elections.                    

v    Name: U Ohn Kyaing (Aung Wint)
Constituency: Southeast Mandalay (2)                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 58,988; Votes Cast – 46,326; Valid Votes – 43,002; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 2 July 1944
Place of Birth: Maulmein Kyune
Parents: U Ba Shin and Daw Sein                                                                                                                                          
U Ohn Kyaing is still under detention in Insein prison after being arrested under the 1950 Emergency Provisions Act Articles 5 (a) (b) and (j) for refusing to sign the SLORC’s Declaration No. 1/90. On 7 September 1990 he was sentenced to seven years imprisonment which the SLORC later extended to 10 years. The Election Commission dismissed him as an MP on 27 December 1991 and banned him from running in future elections.  U Ohn Kyaing graduated in Arts in 1967. He received a Diploma of Journalism in 1972 and in 1979 received a scholarship to study in the United States. He worked as the assistant editor and editor of the Kyehmom (the Mirror), Hanthawaddy (Mandalay) and Botahtaung (The Guardian) newspapers, and wrote under different pen names, such as Maung Chit Phwe, Aung Wint, and Aung Tint. He was involved in the July 1962 student demonstration and also in the August 1988 uprising, after which he retired from The Guardian newspaper. Before he was jailed, U Ohn Kyaing was a Central Committee member of the NLD and a member of the Mandalay Division Organising Committee. U Ohn Kyaing received 32,718 valid votes or 76 % in the 1990 elections.                                                                                                          

v    Name: Dr. Soe Lin
Constituency: Southwest Mandalay (1)                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 42,680; Votes Cast – 33,723; Valid Votes – 32,313; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 1 May 1953
Place of Birth: Mandalay
Parents: U Than Pe and Daw Ohn Sein                                                                                                                         
Dr. Soe Lin was imprisoned under Penal Code Article 122 (1) for attending meetings in Mandalay in 1990 to form a provisional government  and making arrangements for the representatives who attended the meetings. On 23 December 1990 the Election Commission dismissed him from Parliament by Declaration 988 and banned him from running in future elections. Dr. Soe Lin received his medical degree from Mandalay Medicine College in 1979, and he is a member of the Mandalay Southwest Township Organising Committee of the NLD. Dr. Soe Lin received 26,467 valid votes or 82 % in the 1990 elections.                                                                                                            

v    Name: U Thein Oo
Constituency: Southwest Mandalay (2)                                                          
(Eligible Voters – 50,624; Votes Cast – 38,667; Valid Votes – 37,009; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 27 May 1955
Place of Birth: Mandalay
Parents: U Tin Maung and Daw Hla Mying                                                                                                                    
U Thein Oo is one of the founders of the NCGUB and was appointed the coalition’s Justice Minister in 1990. He is a former secretary of the NLD-LA and is chairman of the Thailand-based Burma Lawyers’ Council. He participated in the meetings held in Mandalay in 1990 to form a provisional government  and on 3 December 1990 the SLORC declared him a fugitive and later that month the Election Commission dismissed him from Parliament.  U Thein Oo was involved in the 1974 U Thant funeral demonstration, the June 1975 demonstration and the 1976 Thakhin Kodaw Hmine protests. He has a Bachelor of Arts (Law) degree and Bachelor of Law degree from Rangoon University, and started working as a High Court advocate in 1981. U Thein Oo received 29,741 valid votes or 80 % in the 1990 elections.                     

v    Name: U Ayar
Constituency: Tada-U (1)                                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 37,804; Votes Cast – 28,712; Valid Votes – 24,942; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1 October 1920
Parents: U Po Wun                                                                                                                                                        
During the 1938 general strike, U Ayar was a strike leader and chairman of Tada-U Township Students’ Union. He was also a member of the Burma Independence Army (BIA), and a private in Burma Defence Army (BDA)  Battalion (1). He was a bodyguard of Gen Aung San and after his assassination, U Ayar worked as a school teacher. U Ayar received 16,686 valid votes or 67 % in the 1990 elections.                                                

v    Name: U Than Ni
Constituency: Tada-U (2)                                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 37,967; Votes Cast – 30,525; Valid Votes – 25,897; Number  of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 25 March 1931
Place of Birth: Tada-U
Parents: U Tha Shan                                                                                                                                                       
U Than Ni is a member of the Tada-U Township NLD Organising Committee. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Education in 1964 and a Bachelor of Education degree in 1970. He has worked as a teacher and a principal from 1954-1979 and was a student leader at Tada-U Township during the 1946 general strike. U Than Ni received 16,423 valid votes or 63 % in the 1990 elections.                                                                                                           

v    Name: U Wam Maung
Constituency: Tatkon (1)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 53,097; Votes Cast – 41,960; Valid Votes – 38,092; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 13 October 1946
Parents: U Hla and Daw Saw Hla                                                                                                                                      
U Wam Maung is a member of the Tatkon NLD Organising Committee. He studied until tenth standard and works as a horticulturist. During the 1988 uprising he organised demonstrations in 64 villages in his district. U Wam Maung received 25,422 valid votes or 67 % in the 1990 elections.              

v    Name: U Win Hlaing
Constituency: Tatkon (2)                                                                                   
(Eligible Voters – 53,515; Votes Cast – 41,886; Valid Votes – 36,312; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 27 November 1963
Place of Birth: Simamkanethit Chaung Village, Kalay Wa
Parents: U Aung Tun                                                                                                                                                     
U Win Hlaing was arrested in 1990. Following the 1990 election, U Win Hlaing was responsible for implementing the youth strategies contained in the NLD’s Three Ways to Attain Power (3 Strategies Paper) which was compiled in case the SLORC refused to hand over power. U Win Hlaing was arrested by the MIS and charged under the 1950 Emergency Provision Act Articles 5 (a), (b) and (j) and sent to prison. The Election Commission dismissed him as a Member of Parliament on 20 December 1991. U Win Hlaing graduated in Physics and is a High Court advocate. He was in charge of the NLD (Youth) Working Committee and was also a member of the NLD Central Committee. U Win Hlaing received 25,894 valid votes or 71 % in the 1990 elections.                                                                                                

v    Name: Lt-Col Chit Khaing (Retired)
Constituency: Taungtha (1)                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 62,509; Votes Cast – 47,853; Valid Votes – 44,393; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 7 November 1921
Place of Birth: Thaput Su Village, Taungtha
Parents: U Shwe Oo                                                                                                                                                             
Lt-Col Chit Khaing recently passed away. He was arrested in September 1990 for his role in writing the Three Ways to Attain Power (3 Strategies Paper)
 and was sentenced under the 1975 State Protection Act to ten years imprisonment. He was released from Insein Prison in 1992. Up until 1 September 1991, Lt-Col Chit Khaing was the general secretary of the NLD and the general secretary of the now banned POCL. While studying tenth standard, he was a leader of the school student union and from 1940-1961 was involved in the BIA, BDA and the PBF. Lt. Col. Chit Khaing was also the director general of the Labour Ministry from 1958-1960 during Gen Ne Win’s caretaker government. Election Commission Announcement No. 963 of 1-9-91, authorizes Pyithu Hluttaw member U Chit Khaing to resign “ on his own wish”.He is expelled “ as he has not resigned from the NLD although he has resigned as the elected Hluttaw Representative “and he is expelled from the POCL, because he resigned as Pyithu Hluttaw member “ without making any submission to the party”. U Chit Khaing received 30,026 valid votes or 68 % in the 1990 elections.                                                                                    

v    Name: U Than Tun
Constituency: Taungtha (2)                                                                                   
(Eligible Voters – 63,115; Votes Cast – 47,343; Valid Votes – 42,749; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1921
Father: U Hpo Min                                                                                                                                                              
U Than Tun is a Central Executive Committee member of the NLD and was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995. U Than Tun was a member of the Myingyan Student Union from 1937-1941, and from 1942-1946 worked for the BIA in Myingyan District. He was also the secretary of Myingyan District AFPFL from 1946-1953.  U Than Tun was elected to the Constituent Assembly in 1947, and later became a Member of Parliament and a Parliamentary Secretary. From 1953-1962 he was the secretary of the Trade Union Confederation of Burma and he became a member of the BSPP in 1964. U Than Tun was put under de facto house arrest on 22 September 2000 and released on 1 December 2000. [ Member of CRPP, Chairperson of Committee for Workers Affairs ] U Than Tun received 30,086 valid votes or 70 % in the 1990 elections.
                     

v    Name: U Maw
Constituency: Thabeikkyin                                                                                  
(Eligible Voters – 34,787; Votes Cast – 23,071; Valid Votes – 29,835; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth:  13 July 1923
Place of Birth: Zee Kon Village
Father: U Tha Jum                                                                                                                                                              
U Maw passed away on 5 July 1991. In the late 1930s he was a member of the Dobama Asiayone (We Burma Association) and joined student demonstrations in 1938. In 1946 he became a member of the Red Flag faction of the Communist Party of Burma and two years later he left for the jungle to join the rebel movement. However, in 1958 he denounced the Red Flag faction, and he defected to the government in 1962. In 1970 was chairman of the Thabeikkyin Township Trade Co-operative. (Election Commission Announcement No. 951 of 13-7-91 cancels from the roster elected Hluttaw member U Maw, who died on 5 July 1991.WPD_14/7/91) U Maw received 14,371 valid votes or 69 % in the 1990 elections.                                  

v    Name: U Thein Maung
Constituency: Thazi (1)                                                                                      
(Eligible Voters – 45,868; Votes Cast – 38,484; Valid Votes – 34,499; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 13 August 1943
Place of Birth: Hanzar Village, Thazi
Parents: U San Kyuu and Daw Hlelt                                                                                                                                  
U Thein Maung graduated in Philosophy from Rangoon University and has worked as a secondary school teacher and an auditor. He resigned from the BSPP in 1986. U Thein Maung received 21,050 valid votes or 61 % in the 1990 elections.                                                                                                   

v    Name: U Maung Maung Lay
Constituency: Thazi (2)                                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 46,564; Votes Cast – 36,372; Valid Votes – 33,130; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 24 February 1949
Place of Birth: Thazi
Parents: U Saw Aye Cho and Daw Khin Kyi                                                                                                                  
U Maung Maung Lay received a degree in Geography from Mandalay University in 1970. From 1971-1978, he was a member of the Trade Co-operative in Kalaw and Thazi and was in charge of the Nam San Trade Co-operative from 1987-1988. He resigned as a government servant on 16 October 1988. U Maung Maung Lay received 19,079 valid votes or  58 % in the 1990 elections.                                                                                             

v    Name: Dr. Thaung Tin
Constituency: Wundwin (1)                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 56,395; Votes Cast – 44,474;  Valid Votes – 40,552; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 24 June 1949
Place of Birth: Shautaw Village, Pwint Phyu Township
Parents: U Mya Thaung and Daw Khin                                                                                                                           
On 25 February 1997, the Election Commission announced that Dr. Thaung Tin had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. Dr. Thaung Tin received a medical degree from Rangoon Institute of Medicine in 1975 and was the senior doctor at Phayasu Village from 1977-1980. Dr. Thaung Tin received 26,616 valid votes or 66 % in the 1990 elections.                                                                                   

v    Name: U Hla Aung
Constituency: Wundwin (2)                                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 58,081; Votes Cast – 47,263; Valid Votes – 44,486; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 27 December 1941
Place of Birth: Pyidawtha Village, Wundwin
Parents: U Aye Maung and Daw Aye Kyi                                                                                                                         
U Hla Aung is the Wundwin Township NLD organiser.  He attended Rangoon University from 1962-1964 and received an Arts degree and an International Communication Diploma. He also received a Russian Language Diploma and a Doctorate in Economics from the State University of Moscow. He worked as a research officer and assistant lecturer at the Central Institute of Political Science from 1970-1977. U Hla Aung received 29,802 valid votes or 67 % in the 1990 elections.                                                                                        

v    Name: U Maung Maung Myint
Constituency: Yamethin (1)                                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 55,779; Votes Cast – 45,228; Valid Votes – 40,579; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 3 May 1942
Place of Birth: Yamethin
Parents: U Aung Tin and Daw Tin Nyunt                                                                                                                          
U Maung Maung Myint is the treasurer of Yamethin NLD. On 9 January 1992 the Election Commission dismissed him as an MP. U Maung Maung Myint received 19,049 valid votes or 47 % in the 1990 elections.                          

v    Name: U Maung Maung Than
Constituency: Yamethin (2)                                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 54,319; Votes Cast – 41,270; Valid Votes – 36,575; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 31 August 1950
Place of Birth: Tha Si
Father: U Sein                                                                                                                                                                        
U Maung Maung Than is Joint Secretary of the Mandalay Division NLD Organizing Committee, after the ruling military junta released Daw Aung San Suu Kyi in May 2002 from 19 months house arrest.U Maung Maung Than was part of the NLD boycott of the National Convention on 28 December 1995. He passed tenth standard from Mandalay Saint Maria State High School and joined the air force in 1972. From 1972-1983 he served at the Methila Air Base and then at the 502 Mingaladon Air Base. While serving with the air force, he received a Bachelor of Science degree in Physics. He retired from the air force in 1983 and started his own business. U Maung Maung Than received 15,082 or 41 % in the 1990 elections.


INDEPENDENT

Name: U Peter Limbin
Constituency: Pyin Oo Lwin (2)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 39,296; Votes Cast – 27,749;  Valid Votes – 22,806; Number of Candidates – 8)
Date of Birth: 10 October 1941
Parents: U Linbin Htate Tin Latt                                                                                                                                       
U Peter Limbin currently lives in exile in the United States. He is one of the founders of the NCGUB and is a former coalition Foreign Minister. He was replaced on 15 September 1993.No reason was given in the official NCGUB statement.In a subsequent interview with the BBC, Prime Minister Dr. Sein Win said that the cabinet decision was taken after U Peter Limbin refused to return to answer questions about Minister of Information U Hla Pe who disappeared in Bangkok on 16 June 1993.After the 1990 election, Col Maung Maung of the NUP lodged a complaint against U Peter Limbin claiming that he had distributed misleading campaign leaflets. The Election Commission Tribunal No.3, lead by Judge U Ba Than, heard the case and on 26 December 1990 the Commission dismissed U Peter Limbin as an MP. The SLORC subsequently announced on 14 May 1992 that the second position candidate, Col Maung Maung, was the legally elected MP for the constituency. After participating in meetings in Mandalay in late 1990 to form a provisional government, U Peter Linbin fled to the Thai-Burma border and helped establish the NCGUB. U Peter Linbin was a member of the Maymyo NLD and treasurer for Maymyo NLD Youth. He applied to compete as an NLD candidate for Pyin Oo Lwin (2) constituency in the 1990 election, but the NLD Central Committee chose U Khin Maung Myint who had joined the NLD after quitting the Democracy and Peace Party. U Peter Limbin subsequently resigned from the NLD and contested the constituency as an Independent candidate.U Peter Linbin completed high school in 1962 and later worked as a clerk, a field auditor and an accountant at the Accounting Office in the Defence Ministry. The SLORC detained him from 23 September to 17 December 1988 for participating in the August uprising, and he was sacked from his job at the Defence Ministry on 3 March 1989. (Seven Hluttaw members, five of them from the NLD, have absconded to avoid legal action against them.Thet “ had taken part in a series of clandestine meetings held during the months of September and October, 1990 where the formation of a parallel government in Mandalay and the formation of a temporary government in the jungles were discussed “. They are: U Peter Limbin, U Bo Hla Tint – Mogok 2, U Thein Oo – Mandalay SW 2, U Hla Pe – Pyawbwe 2, U Win Ko – Ye U 2, U Mya Win – Ingapu 1 and Dr. Sann Aung – Indep. Ingapu 2 . (WPD_5/12/90) U Peter Limbin received 6943 valid votes or 30 % in the 1990 elections.



Mon State


Location:
Bordering Pegu Division in the south of Sittaung River Mouth, Karen State in the east, Thailand and Tenasserim Division in the south and Andaman Sea and Gulf of Mottama in the West, Mon state is situated between latitudes 14°52' north and 17°32 ' north and east longitudes 96° 51 ' east and 98° 13 ' east. The area is 4,747.8 sq-miles.

Climate: Mon State has a tropical climate. It has a temperate weather as it is located in the low latitude zone and near the sea. The state has only slight changes in temperature. The average temperature of Moulmein(Mawlamyine) in January is 78° F (25.6°C) and in April is 85°C (29.4°C). Annual rainfall in Moulmein is 190 inches and in Thaton is 217 inches. Especially. rain is much heavy in July and August.
 
Population, inhabitant, languages and religion: Majority of inhabitants are Mons and Bamars. Karen, Arakan, Chin, Kachin, Shan and Pa-O national races also live in the state. The population is nearly 24 million. The majority of people are Buddhists with Christians as minority. Main languages are Mon and Burmese.

Formation of districts, townships and villages: The total area of Mon State is 4,748.8 square-miles. There are ten townships and 450 wards and villages-tracts in Moulmein Districts and Thaton District. Its population is over 2.3 million. Mon State Day falls on 19 March.


`
NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR DEMOCRACY (NLD)

v    Name: U Maung Maung Latt
Constituency: Bilin (1)                                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 42,507; Votes Cast – 27,976; Valid Votes – 23,879; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 9 September 1947
Father: U Tun Sein                                                                                                                                                                  
U Maung Maung Latt is secretary of the Members of Parliament Union (MPU). He has a Bachelor of Arts (Law) degree and a Bachelor of Law degree from Rangoon University. In 1974 he began working as a lawyer and in 1983 as a High Court advocate. U Maung Maung Latt received 16,912 valid votes as 71 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Maung Maung
Constituency: Bilin (2)                                                                                        
(Eligible Voters – 38,462; Votes Cast – 24,426; Valid Votes – 20,772; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 1930
Place of Birth: Maymyo
Father: U Mya                                                                                                                                                                        
U Maung Maung joined the NLD and the POCL in 1988. He became a member of the central committee of the POCL as well as secretary of the POCL Administrative Section. He boycotted the SLORC’s National Convention with other NLD representatives on 28 December 1995. During World War II, U Maung Maung was a member of the Asia Youth Association and was a leader of the 1946 general strike. He joined the army in 1947 and received a state award in 1950 for courage and bravery. From 1955-1957 he attended military training in Singapore, Australia and the United States and retired as a major in 1972.  He was in charge of a department at the BSPP Headquarters in Rangoon from 1963-1977 and then became a member of the BSPP Central Committee. He attended three United Nations’ General Assemblies as part of the Burmese delegation and was dismissed from government service in 1977. U Maung Maung received 20,772 valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aung Kyi Nyunt
Constituency: Chaungzon (1)                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 36,762; Votes Cast – 27,043; Valid Votes – 23,272; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 8 September 1951
Place of Birth: Tatkone, Mandalay Division
Father: U Tin Myint                                                                                                                                                            
The Election Commission dismissed U Aung Kyi Nyunt from Parliament on 9 December 1992. He was tried and imprisoned by the SLORC under Article 436 and 109 of the Penal Code and has since been released from prison. U Aung Kyi Nyunt became a higher grade pleader in 1973 and received a degree in Agriculture in 1975. He started working as a High Court advocate in 1977. U Aung Kyi Nyunt received 10,344 valid votes or 44 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Daw Khin Htay Kywe
Constituency: Chaungzon (2)                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 35,547; Votes Cast – 27,076; Valid Votes – 22,758; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 16 November 1946
Place of Birth: Muyitkalay Village, Chaungzon
Father: U Kunpa                                                                                                                                                                  
Daw Khin Htay Kywe attended Tamwe State High School No. 3 and in 1970 graduated in Zoology from Rangoon Arts and Science University. She worked as a lawyer after passing the higher grade pleader exam in 1978. Daw Khin Htay Kywe received 18,307 valid votes as 80 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Myint Thein
Constituency: Kyaikmayaw (1)                                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 39,948; Votes Cast – 24,640;  Valid Votes – 19,968; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 1947
Place of Birth: Nganzon, Sagaing Division
Father: U Aung Kyi                                                                                                                                                                  
U Myint Thein received a Bachelor of Commerce degree in 1968 and started working for the Co-operative Ministry in 1970. He worked as a township co-operative officer in Thaton, Madaya, Hsi Hseng, Taunggyi, Butalin, Seikkan and Kyaikmayaw Townships, and in Rangoon. He retired in February 1989. U Myint Thein received 10,576 valid votes as 53 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Ye Htut
Constituency: Kyaikto (1)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 39,706; Votes Cast – 28,819; Valid Votes – 24,657; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 21 April 1922
Father: U Pe Khin                                                                                                                                                                     
U Ye Htut is a Central Executive Committee member of the NLD as well as a member of the Mon State NLD Organising Committee.During the Japanese occupation, U Ye Htut was involved in the BIA and the BDA and was in charge of the Mergui Organising Committee of the Asian Youth Association. He received a Science degree in 1952 and worked as a chemistry teacher. He also served as the AFPFL Tenasserim Division commander in 1963, and in 1969 he received a Bachelor of Arts degree majoring in Law and started working as a High Court advocate in 1971. U Ye Htut received 16,281 valid votes as 66 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr. Aye Zan
Constituency: Kyaikto (2)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 34,295; Votes Cast – 24,767; Valid Votes – 22,244; Number of Candidates – 2)
Date of Birth: 1954
Place of Birth: Mudon
Father: U Kyaw Zan                                                                                                                                                             
Dr. Aye Zan received a medical degree from Rangoon Institute of Medicine in 1979. He opened a clinic in Mudon and another in Kyaikto in April 1989. Dr. Aye Zan received 15,978 valid votes as 72 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Col Lun Tin (Retired)
Constituency: Moulmein (1)                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 80,530; Votes Cast – 56,653;  Valid Votes – 51,265; Number of Candidates – 8)
Date of Birth: 1 February 1921
Place of Birth: Kawnut Village
Parents: U Tun Lin and Daw Thein May                                                                                                                         
Col Lun Tin joined the NLD after the SLORC coup in September 1988. He is a former Central Executive Committee member of the Patriotic Old Comrades League (POCL) and is currently a Central Committee member of the NLD. On 9 October 1996 he was appointed a member of NLD’s Central Executive Committee and was given the responsibility for Mon State. He was also a part of the NLD boycott of the National Convention in December 1995.  Col Lun Tin passed tenth standard at Myaungmya State High School in 1941. From 1942-1945 he served with the BIA, BDA and PBF, and from 1953-1965 he served as a regiment commander and commander of Brigade (7) and of the Northwest Military Command.  While he was Commander of the Northwest Military Command, the BSPP imprisoned him from 1965-1967 for his involvement in a monks’ strike. He was then forced to retire from the army on 25 January 1968. For the next ten years he worked as the director-general of the Ministry of Industry (1), and from 1978-1983 was the director-general and then an advisor at the Labour Ministry. U Lun Tin was put under de facto house arrest on 22 september 2000 and released on 1 December 2000.[ Member of CRPP, Secretary of Committee for Workers Affairs ] U Lun Tin received 39,624 valid votes as 77 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Chan Aye (Maung Susan)
Constituency: Moulmein (2)                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 75,679; Votes Cast – 54,573; Valid Votes – 49,874; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 24 September 1927
Place of Birth: Pyinmana
Parents: U Hlaing and Daw Sein                                                                                                                                    
After the 1988 uprising, U Chan Aye joined the NLD as a Central Executive Committee member and was appointed chief organiser for Mon state. In May 1991 he was imprisoned under the 1950 Emergency Provision Act Article 5 (j) for his involvement in the NLD’s Three Ways to Attain Power (3 Strategies Paper) and was sentenced to 20 years. He was released from Insein Prison on 15 May 1992 in accordance with SLORC Declaration No. 11/92 of 24 April 1992. The Election Commission dismissed U Chan Aye from Parliament on 20 December 1991 and barred him from running in future elections. The SLORC later forced the NLD to dismiss U Chan Aye from the party on 24 January 1992. U Chan Aye has written articles and books under the pen name Maung Suesan.  While at school, U Chan Aye was a student leader in the 1938 general strike. He attended the Mingladon Military Training Course in 1943 and two years later became the leader of a guerrilla group in Tharyarwady, Okken and Pegu districts. He passed tenth standard in 1946 and worked as the general secretary and chairman of the All Burma Federation of Students’ Unions (ABFSU) in 1946-1947. He then went underground with the Communist Party of Burma (CPB) but in March 1956 his party membership was suspended for nine months for disobedience against the instructions of the CPB Central Committee. During 1956 he submitted a proposal to the Central Committee which advocated Parliamentary democracy rather than armed revolution. The CPB turned down the proposal and, on 8 February 1957, U Chan Aye was arrested by the AFPFL in Rangoon while carrying out underground political activities. The AFPFL released him on 5 April 1957 because of his previous support for Parliamentary democracy. U Chan Aye then worked in the Information Department of the AFPFL and later worked in Moulmein as a lawyer. U Chan Aye received 36,508 valid votes or 73 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Daw Tin Saw Oo
Constituency: Mudon (1)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 60,187; Votes Cast – 41,916; Valid Votes – 37,794; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 14 March 1944
Place of Birth: Nyaung Wyne, Mudon
Parents: U Hla Shwe and Daw Ngwe Ye                                                                                                                        
Daw Tin Saw Oo passed away on 14 March 1998. She had been under tremendous pressure by the Burmese military authorities immediately before her death. Two days before she died, officers from Special Branch came to her home and attempted to force her to resign from Parliament. Daw Tin Saw Oo angrily refused to comply with the demand and drove the officers out of her house. Daw Tin Saw Oo already had heart disease and continued restrictions on her movement by the SLORC/SPDC had played a major part in her declining health. After she drove the Special Branch officers from her home, she suffered from repeated attacks of hypertension and developed further heart problems. Daw Tin Saw Oo was very close to Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, which was one the main reasons the SLORC/SPDC targeted her. The day after Daw Tin Saw Oo’s death, the officers from the Special Branch came to her house and demanded that all papers and literature belonging to her be handed over to them. The bereaved family refused the order and the officers left the house threatening to take action against them. Two state-run newspapers, Kyehmon (The Mirror) and The New Light of Myanmar refused to run her obituary because it contained phrases such as ‘National League for Democracy’, ‘elected representative’, and ‘NLD representative to the National Convention’. Only when these phrases were removed did the newspapers print the obituary which was a week after her death. Six NLD Central Committee members came to her funeral with a letter of condolence from Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. They led the funeral service which was attended by more than 5,000 mourners.  Daw Tin Saw Oo joined the NLD in 1988 and became the chairman of the Mudon Township NLD Organising Committee. She was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention in December 1995. Daw Tin Saw Oo was briefly detained before the 6th anniversary of the elections in 1996. She received a Bachelor of Arts (Law) degree and a Bachelor of Law degree from Rangoon University in 1968 and became a High Court advocate in 1971. Daw Tin Saw Oo received 20,472 valid votes or 54 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Nyan Win
Constituency: Paung (1)                                                                                  
(Eligible Voters – 56,187; Votes Cast – 41,116; Valid Votes – 36,287; Number  of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1942
Place of Birth: Kyaikhame
Parents: U Chein Pe and Daw Ye                                                                                                                                         
U Nyan Win studied Moulmein Regional College, Mandalay University and Rangoon University from 1960-1968 and received a Bachelor of Arts (Law) degree and a Bachelor of Law degree. He worked as a High Court advocate from 1970-1973 and started working as a government prosecutor in 1973. He retired as a government prosecutor in November 1988 but is still working as High Court advocate. U Nyan Win received 20,032 valid votes as 55 % in elections.

v    Name: U Nai Thaung Nyunt
Constituency: Paung (2)                                                                                   
(Eligible Voters – 57,566; Votes Cast – 41,348;  Valid Votes – 35,931; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 31 July 1934
Place of Birth: Paung
Father: U Boe That                                                                                                                                                               
Nai Thaung Nyunt studied at Paung State High School until he reached tenth standard. He served with the Paung Township AFPFL and the All Burma Peasants Association, and in 1965 was the secretary of the Paung Township Committee for the Protection of the Socialist Economy. He was the chairman of the Paung Township BSPP Party Unit from 1978-1985 and retired from the BSPP in May 1986. U Nai Thaung Nyunt received 21,242 valid votes as 59 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Maung Maung Gyi
Constituency: Thanbyuzayat (1)                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 37,004; Votes Cast – 27,185;  Valid Votes – 24,156; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 1 April 1920
Place of Birth: Moulmein
Father: U Boe Sein                                                                                                                                                                    
U Maung Maung Gyi boycotted the National Convention with other NLD representatives in December 1995. He attended Moulmein State High School and received a Bachelor of Science degree from Rangoon University. He served as a lieutenant in the BIA and was a bodyguard for Gen Aung San. U Maung Maung Gyi also served as a director general at the Labour Department and was the Special Commissioner for the Rangoon Port Authority from 1958-1960. During the Revolutionary Council led by Gen Ne Win, he was the vice-chairman of the Security and Administrative Committee for the Southeast Military Command. From 1964-1966 he worked as the joint secretary of the Ministry for Agriculture and Forest under the Revolutionary Council. After the 1988 uprising he was the patron of the Army Veterans’ Association, later known as the POCL, and he has been awarded the Star of Independence (Class 1), the Zaya Kyawhtin award, and other medals. U Maung Maung Gyi received 12,250 valid votes as 51 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Khun Myint Tun
Constituency: Thaton (1)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 59,033; Votes Cast – 36,755;  Valid Votes – 32,815; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 12 January 1963
Place of Birth: Theinseik Village, Thaton
Parents: U Hpon Khin and Daw Khin Aye                                                                                                                       
U Khun Myint Tun was arrested by the SLORC in May 1996 with 19 other people, including U Do Htaung (MP, Kale-1, Sagaing Division). He was accused of contacting Dr. Tint Swe of the India-based NLD-LA and was charged with disturbing the state’s peace and stability and sentenced to seven years jail.  Later the SLORC found out that U Khun Myint Tun had met with a journalist from the Australian Broadcasting Corporation in April 1996 at Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s house and that he had given the journalist a video cassette of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s weekly speeches. U Khun Myint Tun was then sentenced to an additional three years for breaching the 1985 Video Act, along with U Kyaw Khin (MP, Taunggyi-1, Shan State).Khun Myint Tun graduated in Geology from Rangoon University in 1983. After he finished studying he ran his own business with his parents and worked as an assistant teacher. He is still remain behind bars. U Khun Myint Tun received 25,075 valid votes as 76 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Than Maung
Constituency: Thaton (2)                                                                                  
(Eligible Voters – 63,217; Votes Cast – 41,316;  Valid Votes – 36,704; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 20 November 1927
Place of Birth: Aungban, Shan State
Parents: U Pyant and Daw Tint                                                                                                                                          
On 5 July 1996, the Election Commission announced that U Than Maung had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. Prior to his resignation U Than Maung was a member of the Thaton Township NLD Organising Committee. He was also Thaton Township chairman of the POCL before the party was banned.  U Than Maung passed eighth standard in Maymyo and joined the Maymyo Engineer Force as a private in 1946. He received medals for bravery in 1949-50, and later attended the Maymyo Defence Service Academy Course 10. He served as a company commander until 1965 and was the president of the Thaton State Security Council from 1965-1968. He was also the president of the Tenasserim State Security Council from 1968-1970 and he then served with Kachin Rifle Regiment (1) before working at the Hmawbe Officer Training School and the army’s Central Training School at Oaktwin. U Than Maung received 24,797 valid votes as  68 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr. Kyin Thein
Constituency: Ye (2)                                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 33,834; Votes Cast – 23,329;  Valid Votes – 21,391; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 12 November 1941
Place of Birth: Pyinkato Village, Tonte
Parents: U Ba Ngwe and Daw Hla Tin                                                                                                                            
The Election Commission announced on 1 July 1996 that Dr. Kyin Thein had resigned as an MP, and it is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. Dr. Kyin Thein received his medical degree from Rangoon Institute of Medicine in 1968, and in 1969 began working as a doctor at Leshi Township in the Naga mountains. He then worked as a doctor at Thaton, Mudon, Kamarwat, Ye and at the Magwe Division People’s Hospital before opening his own clinic in 1986. Dr. Kyin Thein received 13,879 valid votes as 65 % in the 1990 elections.


MON NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC FRONT (MNDF)

v    Name: U Min Khin Maung (a) Nai Khin Maung
Constituency: Kyeikmayaw (2)                                                                        
(Eligible Voters – 44,824; Votes Cast – 32,550;  Valid Votes – 27,517; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 8 February 1933
Parents: Nai Lun Khine and Mi Mya Chit                                                        
Education: B.Sc.(Engg.) Mech                                                                                                                                                           
Nai Khin Maung was a Central Committee member of the Mon National Democratic Front (MNDF) and a member of the United Nationalities League for Democracy (UNLD) presidium before the SLORC banned the MNDF on 18 March 1992. He was arrested in November 1991 and was sentenced to 12 years imprisonment for allegedly attempting to contact embassies in Rangoon. He was released in May 1992 and prior to his release the Election Commission dismissed him as an MP. Naing Khin Maung worked as an assistant engineer at the Electricity Department in 1962 and was also a supervisor at the Machinery Export Control Department in 1966. He was the deputy director of the Regional Industrial Co-ordination and Industrial Inspection Department and retired in 1989. Nai Khin Maung received 11,528 valid votes as 42 % in the 1990 elections.Nai Khin Maung was died of heart attack on 29 September 2002.He was hospitalized at Asia-Tawwin Hospital on 22-10-02, and passed away a week later after suffering from heart attack.

v    Name: Dr. Min Kyi Win
Constituency: Mudon (2)                                                                                  
(Eligible Voters – 58,218; Votes Cast – 42,377;  Valid Votes – 36,926; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 29 June 1952
Parents: U Kyaw Naing and Daw Saw Shein                                                                                                                    
Dr. Min Kyi Win was the deputy secretary (1) of the Mon National Democratic Front (MNDF) when the SLORC banned the party in 1992. He graduated from Rangoon Institute of Medicine in 1980 and operated his own clinic in Mudon. He was arrested on 1st Semtember 1998 and sentenced to seven years imprisonment under the 1950 Emergency Provision Act. He is still under detention. Dr. Min Kyi Win received 24,430 valid votes as 66 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Nai Tun Thein
Constituency: Thanbyuzayat (2)
Date of Birth: 30 November 1917
Father: U Aung Doon                                                                                                                                                         
Nai Tun Thein became an independent after the SLORC banned the Mon National Democratic Front (MNDF) in 1992 while he was party chairman. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in 1945 and was arrested by the Revolutionary Council in 1963 and detained in Moulmein Prison for six years.

v    Name: Dr. Min Soe Lin
Constituency: Ye (1)                                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 47,746; Votes Cast – 28,198; Valid Votes – 24,429; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 31 August 1957
Place of Birth: Kawdon, Ye
Father: U Tha Khin                                                                                                                                                             
The SLORC arrested Dr. Min Soe Lin in Mudon, Mon State, on 6 November 1997. He was charged under Article 5 (j) of the 1950 Emergency Provision Act and was released from detention after a few weeks. The reason for Dr. Min Soe Lin’s arrest was his role in organising celebrations for the 50th Mon National Day on 23 February 1997.  Dr. Min Soe Lin was the general secretary of the Mon State Commission for the Golden Jubilee Celebrations for Mon National Day. In this role, he repeatedly sought permission to hold the celebrations in Moulmein, the capital of Mon State. However, Military Intelligence Service Unit (5), based in Moulmein, refused to give its consent for the celebrations, and finally the event was held near Kanni in an area under the control of the New Mon State Party (NMSP). The military considered this an act of defiance and Dr. Min Soe Lin was subsequently placed on the military’s most wanted list.  Dr. Min Soe Lin joined the Mon National Democratic Front (MNDF) when it was formed after the 1988 uprising and was the general secretary of the party when it was banned by the SLORC in 1992. Dr. Min Soe Lin received his medical degree from the Rangoon Institute of Medicine in 1985. He is still remain behind bars. Dr. Minn Soe Lin received 14,992 valid votes as 61 % in the 1990 elections.

 

Arakan State


Location:
Arakan State is situated in thc westerml1ost part of the nation. Bordering Chin State in the north and Magwe Division. Bago Division and Irrawaddy Division in the east and facing Bay of Bengal in the west, it is located between latitudes 17°30' north and 21°30' north and east longitudes 92°10' cast and 94°z0' east. The area of the State is 14,200 sq-miles.

Climate: Arakan State is located in tropical monsoon region. Temperatures never rise or fall extremely as it is a coastal region. The average temperature of Akyab(Sittway) in May the hottest month of the year, is 84°F(29°C) and in January, the coldest month of the year, is 70°F(21°C). Arakan State gels a lot of rain annually as tl1e north-west monsoon winds blow from the sea almost right angle to the Yoma. Rakhine State gets rain from storms that formed in the Bay of Bengal. Annual rainfall at Sandoway(Thandwe) is 221 inches Kyaukpyu 186 inches and Akyab 203 inches. Torrential rains fall and tidal waves rise from the sea when cyclones that are formed in the Bay of Bengal enter Arakan State, causing property damages and flooding of salt water in low land areas. Though the storms appear mostly in early and later periods of rainy season. they sometimes appear in the mid rainy season.

Population, inhabitants languages and religion:
Arakan State is a sparsely populated area as its mountainous landscape is covered by thick forests. Its population is over 2.6 million and Akyab is the most populous town in the state. Rakhines and Bamars live in valleys and on Yambye and Manaung islands. Chills are inhabitants of mountain regions of the north. Mros, Thets, Khamis, Dainets, Maramagyis and Kamans live on mountain ranges in the west and north of Sittway plain. The majority of people are Buddhists. Main languages are Arakan and Burmese.
It is a sparsely populated area as its mountainous landscape is covered by thick forests. Its population is over 2.6 million and Sittway is the most populous town in the state. Arakans and Bamars live in valleys and on Yambye and Manaung islands. Chills are inhabitants of mountain regions of the north. Mros, Thets, Khamis, Dainets, Maramagyis and Kamans live on mountain ranges in the west and north of Sittway plain. The majority of people are Buddhists. Main languages are Arakanese and Burmese.

Formation of districts, townships and villages:
The total area of Arakan State is 14,200 square-miles. The state is formed with five districts. Which are Akyab(Sittway). Maungtaw, Buthidaung, Kyaukpyu and Sandoway(Thandwe) districts. These districts are formed with 17 townships and 1,164 village-tracts. Akyab(Sittway) is the capital city of the state. Other well-known towns are Sandoway, Kyaukpyu, Mrauk-U, Kyauktaw, Punnagyun, Minbya, Taungup, Yanbye and Gwa. Arakan State Day falls on l 5 December. 

NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR DEMOCRACY (NLD)

v    Name: U Nay Win
Constituency: An                                                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 46,770; Votes Cast – 26,081;  Valid Votes – 19,945; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1946
Place of Birth: An
Parents: U Ne Oo and Daw Ma Thaung                                                                                                                   
The Election Commission announced on 24 July 1997 that U Nay Win had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. U Nay Win attended An High School from 1963-1979 and studied psychology at university, graduating in 1984. U Nay Win received 13,379 valid votes as 67 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Nyi Pu
Constituency: Gwa                                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 36,589; Votes Cast – 27,363; Valid Votes – 22,461; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 10  April 1955
Place of Birth: Rakhine Gwin Village
Parent: U Tun Pe and Daw Mya Oo                                                                                                                                     
U Nyi Pu is the secretary of Gwa Township NLD. He graduated in Law from Rangoon University in 1983 and after working as a security guard from 1978-1988 he served as a clerk at the Land Transport Department. U Nyi Pu received 15,931 valid votes or 71 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Hsan Maung
Constituency: Kyaukpyu (1)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 38,660; Votes Cast – 26,831; Valid Votes – 21,834; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 11 November 1926
Place of Birth: Kyaukpyu
Father: U Tha Tun San                                                                                                                                                            
U Hsan Maung attended Kyaukpyu State High School, passing tenth standard in 1946. He then joined the air force and later the army, and was awarded Best Cadet at Hmawbe Officer Training School in 1952. He worked as a special officer of the Human Settlement and Housing Development Department and, in his position as Lieutenant Colonel, was also the commander of Light Infantry Battalion 107 from 1969-1986. U Hsan Maung received 14,848 valid votes or 68 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tin Gyi
Constituency: Kyaukpyu (2)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 39,697; Votes Cast – 27,439; Valid Votes – 20,958; Number of Candidates – 4)
Father: U Saw Tun Oo                                                                                                                                                       
The Election Commission announced on 5 August 1997 that U Tin Gyi had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. U Tin Gyi took part in the August 1988 pro-democracy uprising and is currently the treasurer of the Kyaukpyu Township NLD. He studied at Kyaukpyu Municipal School until he reached seventh standard, and when the Japanese troops arrived during World War II he worked as a Japanese translator. He joined a Military Police battalion in 1945 and the battalion later went underground to join the rebel movement against the new independent government. He abandoned the rebel movement in 1950. U Tin Gyi received 16,209 valid votes or 77 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Thein Maung
Constituency: Manaung                                                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 42,170; Votes Cast – 32,996;  Valid Votes – 27,161; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 1951
Father: U Ngan Htee Aung                                                                                                                                                   
U Thein Maung is the secretary of the Manaung Township NLD. He boycotted the National Convention along with other NLD representatives on 28 December 1995. He joined the NLD after the 1988 pro-democracy uprising. U Thein Maung received 17,781 valid votes or 65 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Mya Maung
Constituency: Ramree                                                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 59,883; Votes Cast – 42,095; Valid Votes – 35,656; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 4 July 1938
Parents: U Phoe Tin and Daw Saw Mya Oo                                                                                                                      
U Mya Maung is a member of the Arakan State NLD Organising Committee and the chairman of Ramree Township NLD. He finished school at Ramree State High School in 1958 and for the next 30 years, until 1988, he worked as a middle school teacher for the Education Department. U Mya Maung was chairman of the Provisional Civil Administration during the 1988 pro-democracy uprising and also acted as the chairman of a strike committee. U Mya Maung received 28,322 valid votes or 79 % in the 1990 elections.|

v    Name: U Maung Kywin Aung
Constituency: Rathedaung (1)                                                                        
(Eligible Voters – 35,108; Votes Cast – 25,118; Valid Votes – 19,626; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 4 December 1944
Place of Birth: Myinkan Nyaung Village, Rathedaung
Parents: U Kyaw Zan Aung and Daw Hla Naw Oo                                                                                                         
U Maung Kywin Aung is the secretary of Rathedaung Township NLD. The SLORC pressured him to resign from the NLD, however he refused and as a result charged him and his family with criminal offences. It is not known what has happened to the family since. U Maung Kywin Aung left school when he reached ninth standard and currently works as a trader. He was a part of the NLD boycotted of the SLORC’s National Convention on 28 December 1995. U Maung Kywin Aung received 7,310 valid votes or 37 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Kyaw Khaing
Constituency: Taungup                                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 63,319; Votes Cast – 42,904; Valid Votes – 35,740; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 23 May 1923
Place of Birth: Taungup
Parents: U Aung Ba and Daw Hlaing                                                                                                                                    
U Kyaw Khaing studied at school until he passed tenth standard. He was in charge of Taungup Township security during the August 1988 demonstrations. U Kyaw Khaing received 27,431 valid votes or 77 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tun Yi
Constituency: Sandoway (Thandwe)                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 67,679; Votes Cast – 53,390; Valid Votes – 46,402; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 17 September 1947
Parents: U Ohn Pe and Daw Sein Ei                                                                                                                                
The Election Commission announced on 22 August 1997 that U Tun Yi had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. U Tun Yi is a member of the NLD Central Committee and was part of the mass NLD boycott of the SLORC’s National Convention in December 1995.  He graduated from Rangoon University with a Bachelor of Science Degree in Mathematics and was the head of the Land Surveying Directorate Department in Rangoon from 1969-1981. He also worked as a surveyor for the United Nations’ Development Program in Fiji from 1981-1985, and he worked as a specialist surveyor for the next four years. U Tun Yi received 36,789 valid votes or 79 % in the 1990 elections.                                                                                                           


ARAKAN LEAGUE FOR DEMOCRACY (ALD)

v    Name: Dr. Tun Aye
Constituency: Kyauktaw (1)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 48,809; Votes Cast – 35,172; Valid Votes – 27,620; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 10 January 1954
Place of Birth: Auk Ywarpine Ward, Minpya
Parents: U Thaukyar and Daw Ma Khine                                                                                                                        
Dr. Tun Aye is Secretary (1) of the Arakan League for Democracy which the Election Commission banned on 6 March 1992. He was a student at Rangoon Medical Institute when he became involved in the June 1975 demonstration and the BSPP government imprisoned him for 140 days. He then continued his studies and received a medical degree in 1980. Dr. Tun Aye worked at the North Okkalapa Hospital, Rangoon, and then for the Kyauktaw Co-operative Clinic from 1981-1989. Dr. Tun Aye received 12,937 valid votes or 47 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Maung Myint
Constituency: Minpya (1)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 40,237; Votes Cast – 27,084; Valid Votes – 22,286; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 16 November 1938
Place of Birth: Ramree
Parents: U Nyo Chan Aung and Daw Hnin Pu                                                                                                                
U Maung Myint is a lawyer and chairman of the Minpya Township Arakan League for Democracy. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in History from Rangoon University and worked as a medic and later as a higher grade pleader. U Maung Myint received 12,301 valid votes or 55 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tun Win
Constituency: Minpya (2)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 37,764; Votes Cast – 25,233; Valid Votes – 20,431; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 1 October 1941
Place of Birth: Minpya
Parents: U Ba San and Daw Thein May                                                                                                                               
U Tun Win is a writer and has written under the pen names of Pyin Tun Win (B.A. - Da Ma Sa Riya), Tun Win (Rangoon University) and University Khine Zar Win. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree at Rangoon University and is also qualified to teach the Buddhist Scriptures. He was a part-time tutor at the Workers College in Rangoon, and also worked as the manager of Sittwe Township Co-operative and Arakan State Co-operative. U Tun Win received 11,899 valid votes or 58 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Saw Mra Aung
Constituency: Mrauk-U (1)                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 43,550; Votes Cast – 33,173; Valid Votes – 27,900; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 23 April 1908
Place of Birth: Mrauk-U
Parents: U Saw Hla Aung and Daw Than San                                                                                                                  
The SLORC banned the Arakan League for Democracy (ALD) when U Saw Mra Aung was chairman of the party. U Saw Mra Aung studied medicine until 1942 when World War II broke out and he received his medical degree in 1947 in Bombay, India. He served as a government worker for two years and then went to Britain for four years where he received further medical degrees.  From 1955-1963 he was the senior doctor of Mandalay, the head of Mandalay Hospital, and the head of the Medical Education Department of Mandalay Medical College. He retired from government service in 1978 and worked for two hospitals in Hong Kong from 1979-1982. He came back to Burma in 1982 and worked as a volunteer specialist at the Sanga Health Contribution Hospital and the Nuns’ Hospital in Rangoon. U Saw Mra Aung, Presidium of the UNLD was elected as the Speaker of the Parliament by CRPP.He was allegedly arrested on 6 September 1998 and released from SPDC’s so-called guest house (Mingaladon Military Base) on 14 June 2001. U Saw Mra Aung received 17,322 valid votes or 62 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aung Hla Zan
Constituency: Mrauk-U (2)                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 44,524; Votes Cast – 32,026; Valid Votes – 27,200; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 19 September 1927
Place of Birth: Mrauk-U
Parents: U Chit Saw Oo and Daw San Tha Phyu                                                                                                           
U Aung Hla Zan has a Bachelor of Commerce degree from the Institute of Economics in Rangoon. In 1952 he began working as the principal of Kyauk Taw State High School, Arakan State, and he later worked as an accountant at the Central Statistics Bureau. U Aung Hla Zan received 14,861 valid votes or 55 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Pru Sein Oo
Constituency: Myebon                                                                                      
(Eligible Voters – 45,361; Votes Cast – 31,221; Valid Votes – 25,031; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 3 March 1934
Father: U Maung Pru                                                                                                                                                       
U Pru Sein Oo received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Burmese in 1967 and a Diploma of Education in 1978-79. He began working as a teacher in 1967 and received a medical pension in 1988. U Pru Sein Oo received 10,763 valid votes or 43 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Ba Than
Constituency: Pauktaw (1)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 31,257; Votes Cast – 20,294; Valid Votes – 15,356; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 10 March 1948
Father: U Kyaw Zan Oo                                                                                                                                                       
U Ba Than is chairman of Pauktaw Township ALD. He passed tenth standard from Pauktaw Youth Evening School, and worked as a clerk at the town’s General Administrative Department and at the Pauktaw Township People’s Council for 11 years. He received a Bachelor of Arts (Law) degree in 1982 and he currently works as an advocate for the High Court in Rangoon. U Ba Than received 9,216 valid votes or 60 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Saw Tun Sein
Constituency: Pauktaw (2)                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 29,819; Votes Cast – 15,376; Valid Votes – 10,857; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 1 November 1957
Parents: U Tun Hla Phyu and Daw Pan Khine                                                                                                                 
U Saw Tun Sein is an advocate at the High Court in Rangoon and is the secretary of the Arakan League for Democracy (ALD). U Saw Tun Sein received a Diploma of Mechanics in 1978 and a Bachelor of Arts (Law) degree from Rangoon University in 1982. U Saw Tun Sein received 3,528 valid votes or 32 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aung Tun Sein
Constituency: Ponnagyun                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 54,968; Votes Cast – 44,396; Valid Votes – 37,311; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 31 October 1949
Place of Birth: Sittwe
Parents: U Saw Hla Oo and Daw Saw Tha                                                                                                                   
|After receiving a Bachelor of Science degree majoring in Chemistry, U Aung Tun Sein worked as a tutor for the Yatkan State High School and later as an accountant at the Sittwe Shipping Corporation. He also graduated from the Aryubayda Holistic Medicine Institute and currently works as an holistic doctor. U Aung Tun Sein received 14,251 valid votes or 38 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tha Noe
Constituency: Rathedaung (2)                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 33,843; Votes Cast – 23,629; Valid Votes – 18,910; Number of Candidates – 6)
Parents: U Koung San Shwe and Daw Hnin Tha Phyu                                                                                                   
Date of Birth: 25 May 1934                                                                                                                                                     
U Tha Noe is currently the Social Welfare and Development Minister of the NCGUB. He joined the NCGUB in 1995 and on 27 July that year he was appointed the coalition’s Labour Minister. U Tha Noe studied at North Lammadaw State Middle School and at Sittwe State High School No.1. While at school he was the general secretary of the Sittwe Township Student Union and was also the secretary of the township Youth Congress. He temporarily served as a bodyguard for the chief inspector of police at the Department of the Ministry of Justice, and in 1969 he was elected to the Sittwe Municipal Council. U Tha Noe received 7,987 valid votes or 42 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U San Tun (aka U Lu Pru)
Constituency: Akyab / Sittway (2)
Date of Birth: 15 September 1925
Parents: U Mya Oo and Daw San Hla Phyu                                                                                                                      
U San Tun was studying ninth standard at Rangoon Government High School in 1942 when World War II broke out. He subsequently joined the BDA and was involved in the Japanese resistance movement and later served as a sergeant major in the PBF. He was awarded the Star of Independence and the Medal of Organisers of Independence for his role in Burma’s fight for independence.


KAMANS NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR DEMOCRACY (KNLD)

v    Name: U Shwe Ya
Constituency: Akyab / Sittway (1)                                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 49,899; Votes Cast – 36,441; Valid Votes – 30,332; Number of Candidates – 8)
Date of Birth: 7 April 1955
Father: U Shwe Maung                                                                                                                                                      
The SLORC banned the KNLD on 11 March 1992. Following the 1990 election, the ALD candidate for Sittwe 1, U Maung Thazan, accused U Shwe Ya of cheating in the election. The Election Commission subsequently launched an investigation into the matter but the case was dismissed. U Shwe Ya received a Law degree from Rangoon University, and started working in 1974 as a clerk for the General Administrative Department in Myebon, Arakan State. He then began working as a lawyer. U Shwe Ya received 9,821 valid votes or 32 % in the 1990 elections.


MRO OR KHAMI NATIONAL SOLIDARITY ORGANIZATION (MKNSO)

v    Name: U San Tha Aung
Constituency: Kyauktaw (2)                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 49,307; Votes Cast – 36,757;  Valid Votes – 28,500; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 28 January 1942
Father:  U San Payint                                                                                                                                                            
U San Tha Aung founded the MKNSO on 22 December 1988 and is the chairman of the party. He finished high school in 1963 and later worked as a primary school teacher. He attended the BSPP’s Workers Affairs Training in 1974, and from 1973-1988 was a member of Kyauktaw Township People’s Council. U San Tha Aung received 15,801 valid votes or 55 % in the 1990 elections. 

                                                                                                                                                     

NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY FOR HUMAN RIGHTS (NDPHR)

 

v    Name: U Kyaw Min (aka Marmaud Shaoshu Arnolgula Haud)
Constituency: Buthidaung (1)                                                                          
(Eligible Voters – 58,449; Votes Cast – 46,065; Valid Votes – 41,668; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 1953
Place of Birth: Migoung Zay Village, Buthidaung
Parents: U Phaw Zaw Rawman and Daw Layman Kha                                                                                                
The SLORC banned the NDPHR under order No. 8/92 on 18 March 1992, and at the time U Kyaw Min was a member of the party’s Central Executive Committee. U Kyaw Min received a Bachelor of Economics degree in 1968 from the Rangoon Institute of Economics, and in 1969 he began working as a teacher. In 1983, he received a Diploma in Education and served as the Deputy Head of Buthidaung Township Educational Department. In 1985 he became a middle school principal but was dismissed from the position in 1989 because of his involvement in the August 1988 uprising. U Kyaw Min received 30,997 valid votes or 74 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tin Maung (aka Nur Ahmed)
Constituency: Buthidaung (2)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 55,095; Votes Cast – 46,037; Valid Votes – 40,143; Number of Candidates – 8)
Place of Birth: Phon Nyo Lake Village, Buthidaung
Father: U Shawmalote                                                                                                                                                            
U Tin Maung was the Chairman of the NDPHR when the SLORC banned the party in 1992. U Tin Maung studied Medic training from 1954-1956 and later worked as the head of the Malaria Control Unit at the Medical Department in Buthidaung and Sittwe. U Tin Maung received 20,045 valid votes or 50 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Ebrahim (aka U Chit Lwin)
Constituency: Maungdaw (1)                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 87,174; Votes Cast – 73,633; Valid Votes – 64,019; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 1 June 1946
Place of Birth: Myothugyi Village, Maungdaw
Parents: Hargi U Sidi Armad and Daw Inbiharkatu                                                                                                        
U Ebrahim was vice-chairman of the NDPHR when the SLORC banned the party in 1992. U Ebrahim received a Bachelor of Commerce degree from Rangoon University in 1967 and is a certified accountant and auditor. He also received a Post-Graduate Diploma of Economic Planning in 1977 from the Institute of Economics in Rangoon and has worked as an advocate at the High Court. From 1967-1983 he worked at the Ministry of Planning and Finance. U Ebrahim received 31,360 valid votes or 51 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Fazul Ahmed
Constituency: Maungdaw (2)                                                                   
(Eligible Voters – 84,166; Votes Cast – 68,440; Valid Votes – 58,230; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 1941
Place of Birth: Basuba Village, Maungdaw
Parents: U Maharmad Karlu and Daw Wu Mrai                                                                                                             
U Fazul Ahmed finished high school in 1960 and later worked as a clerk at the Mayu Border Deputy Commissioner’s Office and in various office jobs in Kyauktaw, Kyaukphyu, Taungup and Sittwe in Arakan State. After he passed the higher grade pleader examination he started working as a private lawyer. He was a Central Executive Committee member of the NDPHR when the SLORC banned the party in 1992. U Fazul Ahmed received 24,881 valid votes or 43 % in the 1990 elections.

 

Rangoon Division


Location:
Bordering Pegu Division in the north and east. Gulf of Mottama in the south and Irrawaddy Division in the west, Rangoon Division is situated between latitude 16°20' north and 17 50' north and longitudes 35°45' east and 96°46'east in the southernmost part of the central plain.
Coco archipelago which is located in the Bay of Bengal is included in the Division. The Division's area is 3,927.15 square miles.

Topography and climate:
Pegu Yoma runs from north to south in the division. Kantbalu Mountain which is nearly 2,600 feet high is located in the northern border. The mountain range gradually slopes down in the south forming 500 feet above the sea level. Ridges formed with laterite can be found in Syriam(Thanlyin). Twantay and Kungyangon townships.
          Rangoon Division has a tropical monsoon climate. As the Division is located near the sea. there are only slight changes of temperatures in summer and winter. Average temperature of April which is the hottest month is 95.0° F. Daytime temperature rises from 100° F to 104° F. The coldest months -- December and January -- have an average temperature of 77° F. Night temperatures fall to 60° F. Average annual rainfall of the division is 103 inches. Rainy season lasts from May to October. Rain is heaviest in July and August.                                                                                                              

Population, inhabitant, languages and religion:
The estimated population of the division in 1996 is over five million. Various races of people are living in the division. The majority of the population is Bamar. There are also many persons of foreign descendants. Especially, there is a large number of Chinese and Indians. Majority of the inhabitants are Buddhists followed by Muslims and Christians. Burmese is the main language.
        Rangoon Division is formed with four districts. which are, Rangoon East District. Rangoon West District, Rangoon North District and Rangoon South District. and 45 townships. There are 1,305 wards and village-tracts. Of the 45 townships. Coco Gyun Township includes Cocogyi Island, Cocolay Island. Sarpwe Island and Pariparis Island. Rangoon City is the capital of the division as well as Burma. It is a port city. Rangoon International Airport is handling international flights. Most of the government office buildings, universities and industries are situated in Rangoon Division.

NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR DEMOCRACY (NLD)

v    Name: Daw San San Win
Constituency: Alon                                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 32,337; Votes Cast – 23,215;  Valid Votes – 21,562; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 25 December 1945
Place of Birth: Dadeyel
Parents:U Ko Ko Gyi and Daw Wan                                                                                                                          
Daw San San Win was arrested in April 1991 and tried and imprisoned under Penal Code Article 122 (1) for attending a secret meeting in Mandalay in 1990 to form a provisional government . The Election Commission dismissed her from Parliament on 23 December 1991 and she was banned from running in future elections. She was released from Insein Prison on 1 May 1992 in accordance with SLORC Declaration No. 11/92 of 24 April 1992. Daw San San Win graduated in Law from Rangoon University in 1971. She started working as a lawyer in 1972.Daw San San Win received 16,503 valid votes as 77 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Kyi Maung
Constituency: Bahan (2)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 34,181; Votes Cast – 22,290; Valid Votes – 21,353; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 20 December 1920
Parents: U Phoe Thein                                                                                                                                                    
U Kyi Maung became the interim Chairman of the NLD in July 1989 following the house arrest of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and imprisonment of U Tin Oo. He was arrested in August 1990 by the SLORC following the NLD’s Ghandi Hall meeting  which called on the SLORC to hand over power to elected representatives. U Kyi Maung was sentenced to seven years under the 1950 Emergency Provision Act Article 5 (j), and to ten years under the Official Secrets Act, Article 6 (2b) and (3). These sentences were later increased to 14 years and 20 years respectively. As a result of threats and intimidation from the SLORC authorities, NLD Chairman U Aung Shwe was forced to dismiss 12 senior leaders from the party, including U Kyi Maung. The Election Commission dismissed U Kyi Maung as an MP on 10 December 1991 and banned him from running in elections held within ten years. He was released from Insein Prison on 14 March 1995 and was appointed NLD Vice-Chairman when the party was reformed on 9 October that year after the release from house arrest of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. U Kyi Maung joined the NLD after the 1988 uprising. He joined the faction led by U Aung Gyi and was a Central Executive Committee member in charge of the Research Department. U Kyi Maung switched to Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s faction on 3 December 1988 after a party vote on U Aung Gyi’s accusations that the NLD was influenced by communism. U Kyi Maung passed Tenth Standard in 1936. He nursed Bo Aung Gyaw during the 1938 uprising, who was the first student to die in the demonstrations, and he joined the BIA in 1941. He attended a military training course at the Zama Infantry Academy in Japan from 1943-1945, and in 1948 he served as a Regiment Commander. He also attended a training course from 1955-1956 for senior officers at Fort Levinworth in the United States. He was the Commander of the Rangoon Military Command in 1960, a member of the Revolutionary Council in 1962 and served as the Commander of the Southwest Military Command from 1962-1963. U Kyi Maung was dismissed from the Southwest Military Command for refusing to attend a conference that was organised by the Revolutionary Council in March 1963. U Kyi Maung was a prisoner of conscience from 1990 until March 1995.He was taken by security forces from his home in Rangoon in the early morning of 23 October 1996. He was finally released from Insein Prison, Burma’s largest notorious jail.

(Among the group of Burmese cadets with whom U Lwin went to Japan for military training in 1943 was a young man who became a particularly close friend and later, his brother-in-law: U Kyi Maung. At university, U Kyi Maung had been active in the students' movement for independence. In 1938, he marched at the head of demonstration holding aloft the flag of the Students' Union. Mounted police sent to stop the demonstration rode into the ranks of the students with batons swinging. U Kyi Maung was one of the first students to be struck down, hit in three places on the head. Another student marching close behind him, Ko Aung Gyaw, also received on the head a single sharp blow that knocked him down. A few hours later, the young man died from his injuries in the hospital, causing great anger throughout the country and raising the tempo of discontent against the colonial government. "Boh Aung Gyaw," as the student martyr came to be known, remains an inspiration to students fighting for justice and freedom today. At the outbreak of the war, U Kyi Maung joined the Burma Independence Army, where he came to know many of the men who would form the core of the armed forces of independent Burma. A staunch believer in the importance of an apolitical, professional army, he was strongly opposed to the military takeover of 1962. It was thus hardly surprising that in 1963, at which time he was serving as the commander of South Western Command, he was asked to retire from the armed forces.  During the quarter century that followed his retirement from the army, U Kyi Maung was imprisoned twice, for a total of seven years, on suspicion of opposing the military, later the Burmese Socialist Programme Party, government. Soon after the outbreak of the democracy movement in 1988, U Kyi Maung was pulled into prison for the third time, but he was released within a month. In September 1988, he became one of the 12 members of the Executive Committee of the National League for Democracy. When U Tin U and I were placed under house arrest in July 1989, the Executive Committee of the NLD decided on collective leadership, but it would not be wrong to say that U Kyi Maung was the man who led the party to its resounding victory in the elections of 1990. After the first few weeks of euphoria, the people of Burma began to suspect that the authorities had no intention of honoring the results of the elections. Their worst fears were confirmed when U Kyi Maung was arrested in September 1990, tried by a military tribunal and sentenced to 20 years' imprisonment. He was, however, released in March 1995. (From “ Letter from Burma No. 19 “ by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, Mainichi Daily News, 1-4-96) }U Kyi Maung received 15,625 valid votes as 73 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  Dr. Maung Maung Kyaw
Constituency: Botahtaung                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 30,323; Votes Cast – 22,365; Valid Votes – 20,746; Number of Candidates – 8)
Date of Birth:  4 January 1961
Place of Birth: Rangoon
Parents: U Kyaw Sein and Daw Tin Hla                                                                                                                 
The SLORC authorities arrested Dr. Maung Maung Kyaw in November 1990 after forcing the woman he intended to marry to take him to court for supposedly delaying the wedding. Although there is no law regarding such matters, Dr. Maung Maung Kyaw was sentenced to one year imprisonment the day after his arrest. The Election Commission dismissed Dr. Maung Maung Kyaw from Parliament on 14 August 1991.  Dr. Maung Maung Kyaw received a Bachelor of Dental Science degree from the Rangoon Institute of Dentistry in 1984. He operated his own dental clinic from 1985-1990, and then worked as a Dentist for Tharkata and Western Seikkam Township Co-operative Clinic. (Election Commission Announcement No. 956 of 14-8-91 declares the U Maung Maung Kyaw is disqualified, and may not stand for election again for 10 years, because he “ was convicted of committing an offence relating to moral turpitude … under Section 417 of  the Criminal Procedure Code for cheating “,  and has thus infringed Section 11(j) and 80(B) of the Election Law { as retroactively amended in July } WPD_15/8/91) Dr. Maung Maung Kyaw received 14,816 valid votes or 71 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Hla Than
Constituency: Coco Island                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 664; Votes Cast – 468; Valid Votes – 432; Number of Candidates – 2)
Father:  U Thein Pe                                                                                                                                                               
U Hla Than had been in Insein Prison for nearly six years when he died in August 1996. He died from tuberculosis and had been diagnosed as carrying the Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV). The HIV/AIDS virus is widespread in Burma’s prisons due to the lack of sterile needles that are used by prison doctors to treat patients. In 1996, while he was in Insein Prison, U Hla Than was tortured by jail authorities and MIS officers and he was treated at the Insein Prison hospital. He was transferred to Rangoon General Hospital on 9 July 1996 when his health deteriorated and he died at the hospital at 4 p.m. on 2 August.  U Hla Than had been arrested on 23 October 1990 and imprisoned for 25 years for attending a secret meeting in Mandalay to form a provisional government . The Election Commission dismissed him as an MP on 10 December 1991.  U Hla Than was a High Court Advocate and the Chairman of the Kyimyindine Township NLD. He joined the Navy in 1965 and retired in 1977 and was a Staff Officer of Kyimyindine Township War Veterans’ Organisation from 1978.

{On Aug. 2, U Hla Than, an NLD member of Parliament elected in 1990, died in the Rangoon General Hospital as a political prisoner of the SLORC (State Law and Order Restoration Council).                                                    His constituency, the Coco Islands, is the smallest in the country but one of the best known. The chief of this small group of islands which lie in the Indian Ocean became notorious as a penal settlement for political prisoners after the first military coup of 1958. It was a place where every aspect pleased, vast stretches of ocean, sapphire skies, sandy beaches, graceful swaying palms, and only man seeking to crush and humiliate his fellow man was vile. The penal settlement was dismantled in the late 1960s and there remained on the island a naval outpost, a skeleton administration and several families who were largely engaged in work connected with the coconut industry. The total population in 1990 was a little over 1,000.                

U Hla Than and four other members of the NLD set out for Greater Coco Island on May 4, 1990, 23 days before the elections were scheduled to take place. There they established their headquarters in a small wood and bamboo bungalow and went to walk with the will to win support for their cause. House to house canvassing was not permitted, there were strict regulations regarding the distribution of pamphlets and after U Hla Than had visited the home of a school teacher a couple of times, he was asked to sign an undertaking not to make any more visits to the house of any civil servant. He refused, explaining that he had merely been paying social calls, not engaging in any  electioneering work.                                                                             

Despite the restrictions, the intrepid five carried on with their mission to convey their message of democracy to the people of the islands long cut adrift from political developments on the mainland.                     Although the monsoons had already begun, the morning of May 27 dawned sunny. Nearly 450 of the 613 people on the island above the age of 18 cast their votes in the two polling stations to choose between U Hla Than and the candidate of the National Union Party, the erstwhile Burma Socialist Program Party which had ruled the country for 26 years. Voting ended around 4 o'clock in the afternoon and the counting of votes was completed by 7:30 in the evening.                                                                                              

The NLD candidate won with 56.94 percent of the eligible votes. What took place on Coco Island might have been described as a mini-election but the achievement of U Hla Than and his team was a major one. When they got back to Rangoon they were given a well-deserved heroes' welcome by colleagues and supporters.                                                                              

At the time he was elected as a member of Parliament, U Hla Than was 45 years old. He was born to a family of peasant farmers and completed his secondary school education in Moulmein. At the age of 20, he entered the navy. A young man of grit and industry who believed in the value of education, he continued with his studies during his years of service and passed the matriculation examination in 1975. He retired from the navy in 1977 and went on to study law. In 1980 he gained an LL.B. degree from the University of Rangoon.                                                                                                 

U Hla Than took an active part in the democracy movement of 1988 as member of the Rangoon Lawyers Association. Later he joined the NLD and became the party committee chairman of one of the important townships of the Rangoon Division. When preparations for the elections began, he offered to stand as the party candidate in the Coco Islands, a constituency that aroused little enthusiasm. His offer was gratefully accepted.                                                                                                          

The official announcements of the results of the elections were dragged out over weeks but it was widely known with in a matter of days that the NLD had won a spectacular victory. The country was in a jubilant mood, proud of the outcome of the first democratic elections in three decades, full of hope for the future, confident that at last there would be a government which would be transparent and accountable and which would gain trust and respect both at home and abroad.                                                                                             

Few in Burma suspected then that they were going to be the victims of one of the most blatant acts of deceit practiced on any people. Few realized then that the fair promises of a democratic transfer of power were worth less than the withered palm leaves drifting off the shores of the Coco Islands.                                                                                                                                                               

It was some two months after the elections when SLORC still showed no signs of relinquishing power, or of convening Parliament, that a climate of unease began to set in. And when U Kyi Maung and other key members of the NLD were taken into custody in September, the unease turned into dismay and disillusionment. The next month, a number of members of Parliament, including U Hla Than, were arrested. In April 1991 U Hla Than was tried by a martial law court, accused of complicity in attempts to set up a parallel government, and sentenced to 25 years imprisonment for high treason. Now, five years later, he is dead, the victim of a warped process of law and a barbaric penal system. (From “ Letter from Burma No. 37, by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, Mainichi Daily News  19-8-96) }                                               

The death certificate of U Hla Than, NLD member of Parliament for the Coco Islands who died on Aug. 2 as a political prisoner of the present military regime of Burma, stated that he had died of "extensive Koch's lung [tuberculosis] and HIV infection." Coincidentally on the day of his death, extracts from a report on conditions in Burmese prisons by a former student activist who had served time in the infamous Insein Jail where U Hla Than was incarcerated for nearly six years, appeared in The Nation newspaper of Bangkok. The report states that owing to drug abuse "there is ... a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS in prisons. When administering injections, the doctors give only half or less than half of the phial to one patient, giving the rest to another patient from the same needle and syringe, almost guaranteeing that any blood-carried infections will spread." There can be little doubt that U Hla Than's death was brought about by the abysmal prison conditions that do not bear scrutiny by independent observers. The ICRC left Burma in 1995 because of the refusal of the authorities to allow inspection of the prisons of the country. ( From “ Letter from Burma No. 38, by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, Mainichi Daily News 26-8-96) } U Hla Than received 246 valid votes as 57 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aung Zaw
Constituency: Dagon                                                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 20,626; Votes Cast – 14,992; Valid Votes – 13,960; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth:  29 December 1937
Father:  U Min Thu                                                                                                                                                                
U Aung Zaw studied at Taungoo Agriculture and Animal Husbandry State High School and received a diploma from the Pyinmana Agricultural College. He worked as a government servant for the central office of the Farm and Agriculture Corporation from 1981-1987.He was expelled from the NLD in 1999, as renegade MP (the “ lackey “ of SPDC). U Aung Zaw received 6,512 valid votes as 47 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tun Ohn
Constituency: Dagon Myothit                                                                        
(Eligible Voters – 61,815; Votes Cast – 38,581; Valid Votes – 35,514; Number of Candidates – 8)
Date of Birth:  13 March 1943
Place of Birth: Pauktalauk Village, Hlegu
Parents:U Maung Pu and Daw Wen                                                                                                                              
U Tun Ohn studied up to Ninth Standard and worked as a member of Mayangone Township People’s Council from 1985-1988 under the BSPP.He was expelled from the NLD in 1999, as renegade MP (the “lackey”  of SPDC). U Tun Ohn received 21,636 valid votes as 67 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Sein Win
Constituency:  Dala                                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 36,813; Votes Cast – 27,148;  Valid Votes – 24,289; Name of Candidates – 9)
Date of Birth:  13 May 1953
Place of Birth:   Metilla
Father’s Name:    U Nyunt                                                                                                                                                
U Sein Win was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention in December 1995. U Sein Win attended Meiktila State High School and received a Bachelor of Science degree from Mergui College in 1975. He operated a market in Seik Kan Township from 1977-1982 and again from 1985-1988, and also worked for the Department of Mineral Exploration. During the 1988 uprising he was in charge of supply for the demonstrators in Rangoon.He was expelled from the NLD in 1999, as renegade MP (the “ lackey “ of SPDC).U Sein Win received 15,417 valid votes as 63 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Mya Maung
Constituency: Dawbon                                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 35,550; Votes Cast – 27,408;  Valid Votes – 23,845; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth:  1924
Place of Birth: Tamarkong Village, Wantwin
Parents:U Phoe Tin and Daw Sai                                                                                                                                      
U Mya Maung was a member of the BIA from its establishment until its abolition. He served in the BIA under Bo Linyon, one of the Thirty Comrades, and received the Star of Independence (Third Class) for his role in Burma’s independence.He was expelled from the NLD in 1999, as renegade MP (the “ lackey “ of SPDC). U Mya Maung received 15,375 valid votes as 64 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Col Maung Shwe (aka U Shwe) (Retired)
Constituency: Hlaing (1)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 57,876; Votes Cast – 42,633; Valid Votes – 36,534; Number of Candidates – 12)
Date of Birth:  4 September 1920
Place of Birth: Paukkhung                                                                                                                                             
Col Maung Shwe resigned as an NLD Central Executive Committee member and an MP on 7 October 1991 for health reasons. The following day he was expelled from the NLD for failing to inform the party of his resignation, which was against party policy. He joined the Army Veterans’ Association during the 1988 uprising and later worked for the POCL. From 1964-1972, Col Maung Shwe was the Minister of Industry and the Minister of Labour and was also a member of the Revolutionary Council from 1962-1972. Then in 1972 the Revolutionary Council took him to court but the case was dismissed. Although he filed an appeal against the action taken against him, the appeal was not recognised by the BSPP leadership.U Shwe joined the BIA while he was studying Arts at the Regional College in Rangoon. He served with the BIA, BDA and PBF and was the Commander of the Eastern Military Command from 1961-1964. (U Shwe has resigned as CEC member and is expelled from NLD membership for failure to notify the party in advance of his resignation as an elected Pyithu Hluttaw member. WPD_18/10/91)(Election Commission Announcement No. 972 of 7-10-91 states that U Shwe has resigned on health grounds.WPD_8/10/91) U Shwe received 24,779 valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Lt-Col Saw Mya Thein (Retired)
Constituency: Hlaing (2)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 61,038; Votes Cast – 43,160;  Valid Votes – 40,753; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth:  3 July 1924
Place of Birth: Myittha
Parents:U Myaing and Daw Ngwe Pyne                                                                                                                          
Lt-Col Saw Mya Thein is a former Central Executive Committee member of the banned POCL and is Hlaing Township NLD Patron. He studied at the National High School at Myittha until Tenth Standard and was Secretary of the school Students’ Union. He was a private in the BDA in 1942, and attended Officer Training School and won a scholarship to study at the Royal Military Academy in Japan.  While he was the Commander of the Union Military Police Regiment (6) in Meiktila, Lt-Col Saw My Thein was arrested by the Karen National Defence Organisation (KNDO). He was detained for over two years and then released.  Lt-Col Saw Mya Thein also served as the Special Commissioner for Rangoon Port and Customs Authority and was Vice-Chairman of Chin State People’s Council. He received the Star of Independence (Second Class) for his role in Burma’s independence, and other State awards. U Saw Mya Thein received 31,775 valid votes as 78 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Captain Than Kywe (Retired)
Constituency: Hlaingthaya                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 51,857; Votes Cast – 28,548; Valid Votes – 25,004; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth:  26 March 1927
Father’s Name:U Tint                                                                                                                                                       
The Election Commission announced on 18 June 1997 that Capt. Than Kywe had resigned as an MP and it is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. Capt. Than Kywe is Chairman of the Hlaingthaya Township NLD and was actively involved in the 1938 strike. He was a member of the Maubin District Asian Youth Association in 1941 and joined the Army in 1947. While in the Army he was detained in 1949 for eight months and in 1950 he joined the Maubin District Military Service Force. He returned to the Army in 1955 and was appointed an officer. He was the Chairman of Thanatpin Township Security and Administrative Committee from 1966-1972 and worked in the same position in Insein, Mingladon and Bamauk. He also served as Chairman of Insein Township People’s Council from 1974-1978. U Than Kywe received 17,248 valid votes as 69 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Saw Kyaw Sein
Constituency: Hlegu (1)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 79,523; Votes Cast – 54,235;  Valid Votes – 45,831; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth:  25 January 1932
Parents: U Mya Min                                                                                                                                                        
U Saw Kyaw Sein was actively involved in the 1988 uprising. He went to school in Moulmein and at the Pegu-Karen School in Ahlone. After that he worked in the timber business.He was expelled from the NLD in 1999, as renegade MP (the “ lackey “ of SPDC). U Saw Kyaw Sein received 26,113 valid votes as 57 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U San Tin
Constituency: Hlegu (2)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 30,784; Votes Cast – 23,143;  Valid Votes – 20,344; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth:  22 November 1947
Father:  U Hla Pe                                                                                                                                                                   
U San Tin is a High Court Advocate and was involved in 1988 uprising. He completed a Bachelor of Arts degree at Moulmein College and Rangoon University.He was expelled from the NLD in 1999, as renegade MP (the “ lackey “ of SPDC). U San Tin received 14,640 valid votes as 72 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Soe Tin (aka U Soe)
Constituency: Hmawbe (1)                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 42,796; Votes Cast – 33,693; Valid Votes – 29,761; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 29 August 1941
Place of Birth: Thaneseik Village, Thaton
Parents: U Maung Tun                                                                                                                                                      
U Soe Tin was detained from 2 October 1988 to 4 September 1989 because of his involvement in the August 1988 uprising. He completed high school in 1958 and obtained a diploma from the Government Technical Institute of Insein in 1961. He worked as a Deputy Assistant Engineer and an Engineer at Minbu, Magwe, Pegu and Hmawbe from 1963-1986. He retired in 1989. U Soe Tin received 17,451 votes as 59 % in the 1990 elections. U Soe Tin received 17,451 valid votes as 59 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Khin Maung Tun
Constituency: Hmawbe (2)                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 42,811; Votes Cast – 31,233; Valid Votes – 27,273; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 5 January 1928
Father: U Myat Tha Tun                                                                                                                                                  
U Khin Maung Tun is a member of the NLD Central Committee. In July 1990, he was appointed to a special group in the NLD which was in charge of implementing a new policy of organising people for general strikes. He was, however, arrested in February 1991 after the SLORC found out about the policy and was sentenced, along with U Ohn Maung from Shan State, to 12 years imprisonment. U Khin Maung Tun was released in April 1992, but before he was released the Election Commission dismissed him as an MP and banned him from running in future elections.  U Khin Maung Tun joined the Army as private and served in Division 7 against the Japanese. After the war he completed his high school education and studied at Rangoon University. He also attended Officer Training School and from 1950-1970 he served in the Signal Corps rising to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. He also attended a Radio Communication Officer Training Course in London.  He was Chairman of Mandalay Division Security and Administrative Committee and from 1970-1981 he worked as the Director General of the Communication Corporation. He was awarded the Star of Independence (First Class) and other State awards.U Khin Maung Tun received 13,856 valid votes as 51 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tin Ko Ko
Constituency: Htantabin                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 56,579; Votes Cast – 45,619;  Valid Votes – 39,902; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth:  18 March 1923
Parents: U Pyne and Daw Tin Tin Gyi                                                                                                                              
U Tin Ko Ko was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the SLORC’s National Convention in December 1995. He attended Mandalay Central National High School and he continued studying at Rangoon University in 1948. He served in the Army from 1949-1973 and rose to a Lt-Col with the Northwest Military Command. Then he served as the Managing Director of the Ministry of Mining from 1973-1980 and was a member of the Bahan Township People’s Council of Justice from 1980-1984. During the 1988 uprising he was a Central Committee member of the Army Veterans’ Association. Retired Col Tin Ko Ko, who was released from prison early 1999 after a long period of detention, died within a few months of his release, from a heart attack on 30 May 1999. U Tin Ko Ko received 26,667 valid votes as 67 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tun Hlaing
Constituency: Insein (1)                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 75,218; Votes Cast – 50,850;  Valid Votes – 46,001; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth:  16 August 1927
Place of Birth: Tikegyi                                                                                                                                         
Parents: U San Myint and Daw Aye Mya                                                                                                                        
U Tun Hlaing was part of the NLD boycott of the National Convention on 28 December 1995. From 1964-1976 he was a Central Committee member of the BSPP and was the Chairman of Insein Township Party Unit. He was dismissed from the BSPP in 1976. From 1943-1945, U Tun Hlaing was a member of the Asia Youth Association. He was a member of the BIA during the Japanese resistance, and from 1945-1946 was the Secretary of Taikkyi Township Red Flag Communist Party. He was arrested by the British for one and a half months, and then continued studying at Rangoon University and received a Bachelor of Science degree in 1951. In 1954 the AFPFL government arrested him for involvement in the student movement and was dismissed from his job as an Agricultural Officer. U Tun Hlaing became a Higher-Grade Pleader in 1980 and received the Star of Independence (Second Class) for his efforts in the independence movement. U Tun Hlaing received 33,802 valid votes as 73 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Sein Hla Oo(Maung Nwai Oo)
Constituency: Insein (2)                                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 62,526; Votes Cast – 46,219; Valid Votes – 41,717; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth:  17 November 1938
Father: U Phoe Ba                                                                                                                                                            
U Sein Hla Oo was detained April 1991 in Insein Special Prison and released on 1 May 1992  in accordance with SLORC Declaration No. 11/92 of 24 April 1992. He was rearrested on 5 August 1994 in connection with Dr. Khin Zaw Win who was imprisoned earlier that year under the Official Secrets Act. Dr. Khin Zaw Win was accused of attempting to smuggle abroad ‘state secrets’ which included a translation into Burmese by U Sein Hla Oo of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s book Freedom From Fear. U Sein Hla Oo was arrested along with U Khin Maung Swe and Daw San San Nwe (Thayawaddy) and they were all sentenced to seven years imprisonment under Penal Code Article 109 and the 1950 Emergency Provision Act. In April 1991, U Sein Hla Oo was imprisoned for 10 years under Penal Code Article 122 (1) for his involvement in the Three Ways to Attain Power (3 Strategies Paper) which contained strategies in case the SLORC failed to hand over power following the NLD’s 1990 election win. The Election Commission dismissed U Sein Hla Oo from Parliament on 23 December 1991 and banned him from running in future elections.  U Sein Hla Oo studied at Rangoon University and then in the United States where he received a Bachelor of Arts degree and a Diploma of Journalism. While he was a student in Rangoon he participated in the July 1962 demonstrations. After he finished his study he worked as the Editor of the Botahtaung newspaper and was a film critic under the pen name of Maung Ngwe Oo. He was forced to retire as Editor of the Botahtaung for his participation in the 1988 uprising. U Sein Hla Oo received 29,639 valid votes as 72 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Wun (Minthuwun)
Constituency: Kamaryut                                                                                   
(Eligible Voters – 42,430; Votes Cast – 33,858;  Valid Votes – 30,773; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 1909
Place of Birth: Kunchang Kone                                                                                                                                       
U Wun resigned from NLD due to health reasons but is still involved in some NLD activities. He has a Master of Arts from Rangoon University and a Bachelor of Literature from Oxford University. He worked in the Burmese Department at Rangoon University from 1933-1935 and again from 1945-1961. During World War II he wrote a Burmese Dictionary and is famous for writing modern children’s poems in Burmese. He also invented new methods of learning for the blind in Burmese. He was a visiting professor at Osaka University and has compiled a Burmese-Japanese Dictionary, and written books on reading and speaking Burmese. U Wun received 23,345 valid votes as 76 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Ba Swe (Myaungmya Ba Swe)
Constituency: Kawhmu                                                                                   
(Eligible Voters – 59,815; Votes Cast – 50,409; Valid Votes – 44,879; Number of Candidates – 8)
Date of Birth: 1931
Parents: U Ba Kyaw and Daw Aye Kyi                                                                                                                 
During the 1988 uprising U Ba Swe was the strike leader of Kawhmu Township. From 1944-1947, he served as a member of the Myaungmya Township Asia Youth Association, the PVF and the AFPFL. Since then he has worked as a teacher, reporter, writer and an editor. In 1972 he went to Karen State and joined the Parliament Democracy Party (PDP) led by former Prime Minister U Nu. He served as a Central Committee member of the PDP and was also a Major in the party’s military wing. U Ba Swe defected to the BSPP in 1974 during an amnesty. He has been arrested three times, first during the Sino-Burmese incident in 1967, then during the U Thant funeral demonstration in 1974 and lastly in 1977. He was allegedly arrested on 6 September 1998 and released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 14 June 2001. U Ba Swe received 24,615 valid votes as 55 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Kyaw Thwin
Constituency: Kayan (1)                                                                                   
(Eligible Voters – 41,226; Votes Cast – 33,996; Valid Votes – 31,328; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth:  12 December 1955
Father: Thakhin Maung Maung Gyi                                                                                                                          
U Kyaw Thwin was first arrested after the U Thant funeral demonstration in 1974. He was arrested in 1975 and imprisoned for two years under Article 5 (j) of the 1950 Emergency Provision Act. U Kyaw Thwin was imprisoned a second time for attending a secret meeting in Mandalay in 1990 to form a provisional government . He was charged under Penal Code Article 122 (1) and the Election Commission dismissed him as an MP on 18 December 1991 and banned him from running in future elections. U Kyaw Thwin completed a Bachelor of Science degree majoring in Geology from Rangoon University in 1975. U Kyaw Thwin received 21,278 valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tin Maung Win
Constituency: Kayan (2)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 40,018; Votes Cast – 32,524; Valid Votes – 28,841; Number of Candidates – 6)                                     Date of Birth: 8 November 1940                                                                  
Place of Birth: Kayan                                                                                          
Father: U Myo                                                                                                                                                                     
U Tin Maung Win died in Insein Prison on 18 January 1991 as a result of injuries sustained under torture by Military Intelligence officers. He had been arrested in October 1990. U Tin Maung Win joined the NLD in 1988 and was a member of Rangoon Division Organising Committee. The Revolutionary Council imprisoned U Tin Maung Win from 1963-1970 for his participation in the July 1962 demonstrations. At the time he was Chairman of the 1962 Student Strike Committee and a Presidium member of the Students’ Unity Front. His brother, Colonel Zaw Win, is a former member of the BSPP State Council and ran as the candidate for the National Unity Party (NUP) in the 1990 election against U Tin Maung Win.  U Tin Maung Win studied at Khayan State High School, Yegyaw Methodist School and Myoma National School and went to Rangoon University in 1957-1958. U Tin Maung Win received 17,428 valid votes as 60 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Hla Tun
Constituency:  Kemmendine                                                                          
(Eligible Voters – 48,414; Votes Cast – 38,049;  Valid Votes – 35,461; Number of Candidates – 8)
Date of Birth: 1 November 1941
Parents: U Myo Sai                                                                                                                                                             
U Hla Tun was rearrested and  sentenced to 25 years imprisonment for attending a secret meeting in Mandalay in 1990 to form a provisional government. He was arrested in October 1990 and charged under Penal Code Article 122 (1) in April 1991. The Election Commission dismissed him as an MP on 2 January 1992 and banned him from running in future elections. U Hla Tun was imprisoned from 19 September to 23 October 1988 for participation in the August demonstrations and was also sacked from his job in the Project Department in Irrawaddy Division. He graduated in Arts from Rangoon University in 1966. U Hla Tun received 26,774 valid votes as 76 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:   U Yu Gan
Constituency:   Kunchangon                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 56,590; Votes Cast – 47,680;  Valid Votes – 42,287; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 21 January 1925
Parents: U Wai Lu                                                                                                                                                           
The Election Commission announced on 7 June 1996 that U Yu Gan had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign.U Yu Gan completed high school in 1941 and he joined the BIA in 1942. He was Chairman of the Kunchangon Asia Youth Association and he served as a Colonel with the BDA and was a military leader for the townships of Mandalay. He was also a Commander of the Patriotic Burmese Forces (PBF) and from 1945-1948 he campaigned for the AFPFL with Gen Aung San. U Yu Gan was also a member of the Drafting Committee of the 1947 constitution.  From 1945-1951, U Yu Gan set up his own business and worked as a bank officer until he retired in 1983. He was actively involved in the 1988 uprising and served as a Central Executive Committee member of the POCL. He was awarded the Star of Independence and other State medals. U Yu Gan received 28,198 valid votes as 67 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  U Tin Soe (Sabai Oo Tin Soe)
Constituency:  Kyauktada                                                                                  
(Eligible Voters – 24,066; Votes Cast – 18,290;  Valid Votes – 17,119; Number of Candidates – 9)
Date of Birth: 27 December 1941
Father:  U Chit                                                                                                                                                                       
U Tin Soe was involved in the 1988 uprising and was detained by the SLORC from 2 October 1988 to 19 January 1989. He was arrested and sentenced to two years’ imprisonment and fined 300 kyats on 25th August 1993 for criminal trespass into U Khin Maung Htay’s premises at No. 107, Myanma Gonyee Street, Mingala Taungnyunt Township in October 1992.In the course of a squabble between them over the sale of an apartment.U Tin Soe used abusive language and took photographs without the latter’s express consent.U Khin Maung Htay reported the incident to the Mingala Taungnyunt Police Station, whereby U Tin Soe was charged by the police under section 447, 294 and 506 with criminal trepass. The court found him guilty of the charge.He was released from detention on 9th March 1995 upon completion of his sentence. He is a well-known writer under the pseudonym U Tin Soe (Sabai Oo). U Tin Soe became Editor of the Shumawa and Ngweta Yee magazines and established the Sabai Oo press in 1964. He works as a film and is also known as Director Tin Maung Soe. U Tin Soe received 14,151 valid votes as 83 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  Dr. Than Nyein
Constituency:  Kyauktan (1)                                                                        
(Eligible Voters – 37,399; Votes Cast – 31,668; Valid Votes – 26200; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 5 August 1937
Place of Birth: Khanaung Village, Kyauktan
Father: U Maung Sein                                                                                                                                                        
Dr. Than Nyein, an NLD organizer and coincidentally the brother-in-law of the SLORC / SPDC’s top official, number three in the Burma troika Secretary (1) Lt-Gen Khin Nyunt, was arrested on 28 October 1997 following an attempt by the NLD to hold a meeting with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and NLD youth in Mayangone Township in Rangoon. On the day, the SLORC blocked a delegation of NLD members and leaders from holding the meeting, which included the Chairman, the two Vice-Chairmen and General Secretary Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. Many NLD members were forced into waiting vehicles and dumped near townships outside Rangoon.  Dr. Than Nyein was arrested along with seven others including Daw San San (MP, Hseikkan, Rangoon Division) and Dr. May Win Myint (MP, Mayangone-2, Rangoon Division). All detainees were given seven years imprisonment under Article 5 (j) of the 1950 Emergency Provision Act. The sentences were handed down on 10 December 1997. Dr. Than Nyein was forced to retire from his position as a doctor because of his involvement in the 1988 uprising. While he was running a private clinic in Thakayta Township in Rangoon, SLORC authorities arrested and charged him for not paying the registration fee for his private clinic. He was charged under the 1972 People’s Health Affairs Act Article 9 (1c) and the SLORC released him after he paid a fine. The NLD said that the authorities targeted Dr. Than Nyein and did not arrest or charge other clinic owners. Dr. Than Nyein obtained a medical degree from Rangoon Institute of Medicine in 1963. He worked as an assistant doctor and township doctor from 1964-1988 and was also a volunteer doctor for the United Nations in Sri Lanka from 1982-1984. Dr. Than Nyein is currently Vice-Chairman of the Rangoon Division Organising Committee. He is still under detention. Dr. Than Nyein received 17,018 valid votes as 65 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Soe Nyunt
Constituency:  Kyauktan (2)                                                                        
(Eligible Voters – 34,840; Votes Cast – 28,169; Valid Votes – 24,602; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 18 October 1936
Parents:  U Paw Hlaing                                                                                                                                                    
U Soe Nyunt is Chairman of the Mayangon Township NLD. In January 1991, U Soe Nyunt was imprisoned under the 1950 Emergency Provision Act Article 5 (a), (b) and (j) and sentenced to 12 years. He was released in February 1995 under an amnesty for the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Burmese Army. The Election Commission dismissed U Soe Nyunt as an MP on 20 December 1991 and banned him from running in future elections.  U Soe Nyunt obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree from Rangoon university and rose to a Lt. Colonel in the Army. He was also director of the Domestic Revenue Department in Rangoon and Managing Director of the Burma Export Import Corporation. U Soe Nyunt received 16,226 valid votes as 66 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  U Nay Oo
Constituency: Lanmadaw                                                                                  
(Eligible Voters – 25,140; Votes Cast – 20,429; Valid Votes – 19,371; Number of Candidates – 12)
Date of Birth:  19 January 1952
Parents: U Ne Win and Daw Yi Yi                                                                                                                                 
The Election Commission announced on 13 June 1996 that U Nay Oo had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. U Ne Oo boycotted the National Convention in December 1995 along with other NLD MPs. He studied at Saint Patrick’s School and Alon State High School No.2, and received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Burmese from Rangoon University.He was expelled from the NLD in 1999, as renegade MP (the “ lackey “ of SPDC).U Nay Oo received 15,765 valid votes as 81 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  U Kyi Myint
Constituency:   Latha                                                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 18,698; Votes Cast – 14,035; Valid Votes – 13,201; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 14 July 1953
Parents: U Maung Maung                                                                                                                                                 
U Kyi Myint was detained in Myingan Prison, Mandalay Division, after being sentenced to 20 years imprisonment for distributing the New Era Journal and released on 9 October 2001. He was arrested in August 1993 along with Ma Thida and other students and they were all charged under the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act and sentenced to 20 years. U Kyi Myint was later dismissed as a Member of Parliament by the Election Commission. He attended Alon State High School No.(1) and received a Bachelor of Economics degree from Rangoon University. He worked in the Planning Department in Loylin and Phasong from 1971-1982 and operated his own business from 1982-1989. U Kyi Myint received 11,205 valid votes as 85 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aung Shwe
Constituency:  Mayangone (1)                                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 51,650; Votes Cast – 34,155;  Valid Votes – 31,088; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 19 July 1918
Father:  U Poe Koon                                                                                                                                                         
U Aung Shwe is Chairman of the NLD. He was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995. In 1961 he was forced to retire from the Army while Commander of the Southern Military Command due to accusations that he was partial towards elections.  U Aung Shwe graduated in Arts from Rangoon University in 1940 and from 1942-1945 he served in the Burma Independence Army (BIA), Burma Defense Army (BDA) and Patriotic Burmese Force (PBF). He served as Ambassador to Australia, Egypt, France, Spain and New Zealand from 1961-1975 and was Chairman of the Patriotic Old Comrades League (POCL) before the SLORC banned the party. U Aung Shwe, U Tin Oo,  Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and six other Centeral Committee members of the NLD were put under de facto house arrest after the NLD leader defied a travel ban by  trying to go to  Mandalay, Burma’s second largest city, 22 September 2000.The six other committee members were released on 1 December 2000, but U Aung Shwe, U Tin Oo and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi remain confined to their home.The de facto house arrests of U Aung Shwe and U Tin Oo were lifted on 26 August 2001. [ Chairperson of CRPP, Chairperson of Committee for Foreign Affairs ] U Aung Shwe received 20,712 valid votes as 67 % in the 1990 elections.

{ In writing about the activities of the National League for Democracy   it will be necessary to mention the names of some of our key personnel from time to time, so I would like to introduce a quartet of retired army officers who are leading members of the executive committee of the party. The chairman of the NLD is U Aung Shwe. He joined the Burma Independence Army in 1942, one of the educated young men (he had graduated from Rangoon University two years previously) who felt they had a duty to serve the country in any way they could during the war years. After Burma became an independent nation in 1948, he continued to serve in the armed forces and by the end of the 1950s, he had become a brigadier, a rank achieved by few in those days. In 1962, while serving as the Commander of the Southern Command, he was asked to retire from the army and sent as Burmese ambassador to Australia and New Zealand. No official explanation of any kind was given for the transfer at the time. However as part of the campaign to try to discredit the leaders of the NLD in the eyes of the people, it has been written in government publications of recent years that U Aung Shwe had been allowed to retire from the army because he had displayed partisanship during the elections of 1960. It must therefore be assumed that he was a casualty of an attempt by the armed forces to defend themselves from accusations that they had tried to engineer the victory of the socialists in the said elections. Subsequent to his posting in Australia, U Aung Shwe served in Egypt and then in Paris until his retirement from government service in 1975. He settled in Rangoon, where in 1988 public demonstrations erupted that eventually spread across the country. The people of Burma were tired of the authoritarian rule of the Burma Socialist Programmed Party (BSPP..) that had turned their country, once seen as the fastest-developing nation in Southeast Asia, into one of the poorest in the world.                          

 

The predictable reaction to the collapse of the one-party system was the mushrooming of parties at a rate which would be familiar to those who knew Japan in the immediate postwar period. Among the parties that sprang up were the NLD, of which U Aung Shwe was an executive committee member, and its close official ally, the Patriotic Old Comrades League formed by retired members of the armed forces, of which he was the chairman. Although there were over 200 political parties, including the SPP. under its new name of National Union Party, it soon became evident that it was the NLD which had the support of the vast majority of the people of Burma. Even as the popularity and the organizational capacity of the party rose, persecution of its members and restrictions on its activities increased. In June 1989 U Win Tin, one of the two secretaries of the NLD, was imprisoned and in July U Tin U, the chairman, and I, the general secretary, were placed under house arrest. In spite of such setbacks, the NLD was victorious in an overwhelming 82 percent of the constituencies during the elections of May 1990. This led not to a transfer to democratic government as the people had expected, but to a series of intensive measures aimed at debilitating the party. In September U Kyi Maung, who was in effect the acting chairman of the NLD, was arrested, leaving U Aung Shwe with the unenviable task of piloting the party through a period of burgeoning difficulties. (From “ Letter from Burma “  No. 18, by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, Mainichi Daily News 25-3-96) }                                                                                            


v    Name:  Dr. May Win Myint
Constituency:  Mayangone (2)                                                                      
(Eligible Voters – 54,495; Votes Cast – 41,490;  Valid Votes – 38,435; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 8 March 1950
Place of Birth: Moulmein
Father: U Thaung Nyunt                                                                                                                                                 
Dr. May Win Myint was arrested on 28 October 1997 following an attempt by the NLD to hold a meeting with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and NLD youth in Mayangone Township in Rangoon. Dr. May Win Myint boycotted the National Convention in December 1995 along with other NLD MPs, and is the Secretary of Mayangone Township NLD. She graduated in Medicine from Rangoon Institute of Medicine in 1976 and worked as a part-time Doctor for North-Okkalapa and Kyauktada Co-operative Clinics from 1978-1981 and also at Rangoon General Hospital from 1981-1983. From 1983-1988 she worked at the Handicap Hospital. She is still under detention. Dr. May Win Myint received 28,513 valid votes as 74 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Dr. Aung Khin Sint
Constituency:  Mingala Taungnyunt (1)                                                       
(Eligible Voters – 33,838; Votes Cast – 27,390;  Valid Votes – 26,093; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 1 January 1935
Place of Birth: Phakoku
Parents: U Maung Kalay and Daw Thi Hla                                                                                                                    
Dr. Aung Khin Sint was detained after being arrested on 23 July 1996 for recent activities in support of  the opposition and released from detention on 18 July 2001 . He has been sentenced to 12 years imprisonment and has not been allowed any family visits. Dr. Aung Khin Sint had previously been  arrested on 4 August 1993 and sentenced on 15 October 1993 to 20 years in prison for destabilizing national unity, printing and publishing material without official registration and improper use of official secret documents.He had been convicted in 1993 under section 5(j) of  the 1950 Emergency Provisions Act, section 17/20 of the Printers and Publishers Registration Law, and section 5(1) (4) of the Burma Official Secrets Act and was released on 4 February 1995. The Government added that he had been granted amnesty under section 401 (1) of the Criminal Procedure Code, after he had been given a solemn pledge to the authorities that he would henceforth abide by the law. But, he did not abide by his pledge and, as a consequence, the amnesty  extended to him was revoked and he resumed serving the reminder of his original sentence.  He was dismissed as a representative to the National Convention. Dr. Aung Khin Sint is an NLD Central Committee member and was forced to retire as deputy director general at the Health and Education Department due to his participation in the 1988 uprising, during which he was Chairman of the Health Workers’ Union. He was awarded Burma’s National Literacy Award in 1972 and has received the World Health Fellowship award three times. He studied at Phakoku Buddhist School and he received his medical degree from Rangoon University. He also has medical degrees from universities in Manchester and London. He was released from jail on 18th July 2001. Dr. Aung Khin Sint received 21,648 valid votes as 83 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  Dr. Than Aung
Constituency:   Mingala Taungnyunt (2)                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 37,208; Votes Cast – 27,360;  Valid Votes – 24,962; Number of Candidates – 8)
Date of Birth: 5 July 1944
Place of Birth: Kyaukphyu                                                                                                                                            
Dr. Than Aung was detained under section 304 (A) of the criminal code  after the SLORC charged him with the manslaughter of a patient in February 1997. Dr. Than Aung gave an emergency injection to a patient who suffered from asthma and had problems with his lungs, and after the injection he told the patient and his family to go to hospital. However, they later returned to Dr. Than Aung when the patient begun to have difficulty breathing and the doctor told them to send him urgently to hospital for emergency treatment. For some reason Rangoon General Hospital wasn’t admitting any patients that day, so the patient’s family attempted to take him to Rangoon New Hospital. However their car had a flat tyre along the way and the patient subsequently died.  USDA and township SLORC officials reported the matter to the regional military base and the police subsequently charged Dr. Than Aung with manslaughter. The NLD believe Dr. Than Aung was targeted because he was an NLD MP. Dr. Than Aung was arrested and charged on 21 February 1997 and was sentenced in the first week of April 1997.He was released from prison.  Dr. Than Aung received his medical degree from Rangoon Institute of Medicine. He established his own clinic in 1974 and worked as the Doctor In Charge at the Mingala Taungnyunt Co-operative Clinic from 1975-1989. He is also the Chairman of the Mingala Taungnyunt Township NLD. Dr. Than Aung received 19,204 valid votes as 77 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  U Kyi Win
Constituency:  Mingaladon (1)                                                                      
(Eligible Voters – 45,129; Votes Cast – 31,532;  Valid Votes – 28,806; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 12 September 1949
Parents: U Myint Wai and Daw Aye Aye                                                                                                                      
U Kyi Win was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995. He is the Secretary of Mingaladon Township NLD as well as a member of Rangoon Division NLD Organising Committee. He is a former student leader from the 1970s who has spent years in jail for his political activities.U Kyi Win was imprisoned for seven years by the BSPP government for his participation in the 1974 U Thant demonstration. He has a Bachelor of Science degree majoring in Mathematics from Rangoon University. He and two other MP-elects, U Tin Tun Maung (Mingaladon-2) and U Than Tun (Dedaye-2) led a group of 25 NLD Hluttaw Representatives has released a signed declaration blaming on its own party NLD.Many of the signatories had been held in government custody, at so-called guest house.The signed declaration, issued on 26th April 1999, was addressed to one of the SPDC leaders Lt-Gen Khin Nyunt as well as to NLD chairman U Aung Shwe.Those signing the declaration include a well-known lawyer U Tun Shwe (Monyo-2) and a prominent NLD “women sub-committee” member Daw Khin Aye Myint (Yankin).                                                                                                       

The declaration first states that “ Under the pressure of the SPDC, NLD party members have resigned from the party ….. (and) ….. some party members have been detained …..”.The 25 NLD Pyithu Hluttaw Representatives then went on to say that “ Prospect for holding a dialogue have been greatly reduced by the NLD’s unilateral decision to hold a Hluttaw meeting by itself.Therefore we demand that the decision to convene Parliament on its own be reviewed”.                                                                                                     

The dissident MPs, led by a core group of U Than Tun, U Kyi Win and U Tin Tun Maung have exposed splits in NLD.They call by a small group of renegade MPs of NLD evoked a furious reaction from the party leadership.The MPs were nothing but “ lackeys of military intelligence “, the NLD charged.The MPs had colluded with the government to sow disunity in the party, it said.U Than Tun (Dedaye-2) is understood to have been expelled from the NLD about two years ago for refusing to sign a mandate giving the central committee authority to act on behalf of the party.     The NLD leadership branded these 25 MPs as the “ lackeys “ of SPDC.These three MPs reportedly send a letter to NLD-CEC, with the signature of 25 other MPs under detention.The CEC of NLD (CRPP) in response have issued statements 23, 25 (4/99).He was expelled from the NLD in 1999, as renegade MP (the “ lackey “ of SPDC). U Kyi Win received 14,404 valid votes as 50 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  U Tin Tun Maung
Constituency:  Mingaladon (2)                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 42,019; Votes Cast – 30,139; Valid Votes – 28,201; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 27 November 1944
Place of Birth: Kemmendine
Parents: Lt. Col. Hla Maung and Daw Saw Nyunt                                                                                                 
U Tin Tun Maung boycotted the SLORC’s National Convention in December 1995 along with other NLD representatives. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in Physics in 1966 and while studying his Master of Science he worked as an Apprentice Officer for the Geological Department in the Mining Ministry. He was a technician in the Army Reserves and attended Officer Training School in 1969. He also worked for the Burmese Heavy Industrial Corporation from 1970-1987.He was a central committee member who acted as master of ceremonies at year 2000 party congress marking the 10th anniversity of the May 1990 election victory.     U Tin Tun Maung and two other MP-elects, U Than Tun (dedaye-2) and U Kyi Win (Mingaladon-
1) led a group of 25 NLD-MPs has released a signed declaration blaming on its own party NLD.The signed declaration, issued on 26th April 1999, was addressed to one of the SPDC leaders Lt-Gen Khin Nyunt as well as to NLD chairman U Aung Shwe.All twenty-five have been recently detained by the military during a country-wide sweep against the NLD apparently designed to crush its political network.NLD leaders issued a fiery condemnation of the MPs after they called two weeks ago for dialogue with junta officials, describing them as “ lackeys of military intelligence “.The CEC of NLD (CRPP) in response have issued statements 23, 25 (4 / 99).He was expelled from the NLD in 1999, as renegade MP (the “ lackey “ of   SPDC). U Tin Tun Maung received 15,537 valid votes as 55 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  Dr. Than Win
Constituency:  North Okkalapa (1)                                                                 
(Eligible Voters – 78,847; Votes Cast – 61,594; Valid Votes – 56,631; Number of Candidates – 8)
Date of Birth: 18 November 1949
Parents: U Sein Win and Daw Kyin Ye                                                                                                                        
Dr. Than Win received a medical degree from Rangoon Institute of Medicine in 1974 and operated his own clinic from 1976-1988. He was expelled from the NLD in 1999, as renegade MP (the “ lackey “ of   SPDC).Dr. Than Win received 38,025 valid votes as 67 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Kyaw Nyunt
Constituency: North Okkalapa (2)                                                                   
(Eligible Voters – 66,779; Votes Cast – 52,537;  Valid Votes – 48,687; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth:  19 April 1948
Place of Birth: Alaldang Village, Maubin
Father: U Sein Mya                                                                                                                                                            
U Kyaw Nyunt passed Tenth Standard and was actively involved in the 1988 uprising.U Kyaw Nyunt received 35,509 valid votes as 73 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Saw Naing Naing
Constituency:     Pazundaung                                                                          
(Eligible Voters – 25,379; Votes Cast – 18,950;  Valid Votes – 17,777; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth:  3 April 1942
Place of Birth:  Kyaik Hto
Father:  U Saw Thein                                                                                                                                                             
U Saw Naing Naing was arrested on 25 October 1990 and sentenced to 10 years under Penal Code Article 122 (1). According to prison rules U Naing Naing could have been released after seven years, however the authorities have continued to detain him. The Election Commission dismissed U Naing Naing as an MP on 30 December 1991 and banned him from running in future elections.  U Naing Naing has a Post-Graduate Diploma in Management and Administration from Rangoon University. He was a government Trade Corporation Manager from 1967-1983 and resigned from the job in 1983. He then worked as a consultant. After 1988 he was Chairman of Pazundaung Township NLD. He is still under detention. U Saw Naing Naing received 14,107 valid votes as 79 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  U Khin Maung Swe
Constituency:  Sanchaung                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 49,237; Votes Cast – 39,858; Valid Votes – 37,767; Number of Candidates – 10)
Date of Birth: 20 July 1942
Parents: U Maung Aye and Daw Tin Kyi                                                                                                                      
U Khin Maung Swe is currently under detention. He has been held in special solitary confinement since 1995 and among his neighbours are well known political prisoners such as student leader Min Ko Naing, who has been serving a 20 year sentence, and Ko Ko Naing from the KNU. U Khin Maung Swe was arrested on 5 August 1994 in connection with Dr. Khin Zaw Win who was imprisoned earlier that year under the Official Secrets Act. Dr. Khin Zaw Win was accused of attempting to smuggle abroad ’state secrets’ which included a translation into Burmese of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s book Freedom From Fear.  He was arrested along with U Sein Hla Oo and Daw San San Nwe (Thayawady) and they were all sentenced to seven years imprisonment under Penal Code Article 109 and the 1950 Emergency Provision Act. The Election Commission dismissed U Khin Maung Swe as an MP on 18 December 1995 and banned him from running in future elections.He was earlier arrested by the SLORC in November 1990 for his involvement in forming a provisional government. He was charged under Penal Code Article 122 (1) in April 1991 and sentenced to ten years imprisonment, and was released from Insein Prison on 1 May 1992 in accordance with SLORC Declaration No. 11/92 of 24 April 1992. U Khin Maung Swe worked as Secretary of the Workers’ Union of Myanmar Oil Corporation during the 1988 uprising. He was dismissed from his job for defying a SLORC Declaration for civil servants to return to work. Following the 1988 uprising he became a member of the NLD Central Executive Committee, Chairman of the NLD Central Working Group for Labour and Chairman of the NLD’s Central Information Department.  He received a Geology degree from Rangoon University in 1966 and worked as a geology officer from 1966-1988. U Khin Maung Swe received 28,944 valid votes as 77 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Daw San San
Constituency: Seikkan                                                                                      
(Eligible Voters – 1,344; Votes Cast – 1,103; Valid Votes – 1,038; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth:  10 January 1930
Place of Birth: Monywa
Parents: U Ba Thaw and Daw Ma Ma Lay                                                                                                                   
The SLORC/SPDC sentenced Daw San San to 25 years imprisonment in April 1998 for doing an interview with the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) in which she was critical of the regime. Daw San San had been detained on 28 October 1997 along with MPs Dr. Than Nyein and Dr. May Win Myint of the NLD, as well as five other NLD members. All detainees, including Daw San San, were each given six years imprisonment on 10 December 1997 under Article 5 (j) of the 1950 Emergency Provision Act.  The SLORC/SPDC, however, singled out Daw San San and attempted to force her to promise to end her political activities. When she refused to comply with the demand she was then charged under the Official Secrets Act for doing the interview with the BBC. However, the SLORC/SPDC did not sentence her under this charge but instead increased her prison sentence to 25 years for breaking the conditions of her earlier release from prison in which she agreed to end her involvement in politics.  Daw San San was arrested in November 1990 for attending a meeting in Mandalay to form a provisional government.  She was subsequently tried and sentenced in April 1991 to 25 years imprisonment under Penal Code Article 122 (1). She was released from Insein Prison on 1 May 1992 in accordance with SLORC Declaration No. 11/92 of 24 April 1992 under the condition that she not involve herself in politics. The Election Commission dismissed her as an MP on 23 December 1991, and banned her from running in future elections. After her release from prison, Daw San San became the Vice-Chairperson of the NLD Rangoon Division Organising Committee.  She received a Bachelor of Science degree from Rangoon University and she worked as a teacher at Alon State High School from 1952-1955. She then worked as a Zoology teacher at Rangoon Central High School, went to Yugoslavia to study in 1956 and in 1959 received a Diploma of Journalism. From 1958-1988 she worked for the Department of Labour in Rangoon and in Sagaing Division. During the 1988 uprising she was the chairperson of the Rangoon Labour Union and, as a result, was sacked from her post as Deputy Director of the Department of Labour in October 1988. Daw San San received 615 valid votes as 59 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  Dr. Sein Win
Constituency:   Seikkyi-Khanaungdo                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 10,396; Votes Cast – 8,633; Valid Votes – 7,880; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 21 November 1958
Place of Birth: Rangoon
Father: U Nyunt                                                                                                                                                                 
Dr. Sein Win received a medical degree from Rangoon Institute of Medicine. He worked as a medical intern from 1982-93 and ran a private clinic for the next three years. In 1985 he was an assistant doctor and from 1985-1988 he worked as an Army doctor at a military hospital. Dr. Sein Win received 4,047 valid votes as 51 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Sein Lwin
Constituency:     Shwepyitha                                                                          
(Eligible Voters – 36,494; Votes Cast – 23,454; Valid Votes – 19,930; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth:  1922
Place of Birth:  Kyopinkauk
Parents: U Mya Shwone and Daw Sein                                                                                                                           
U Sein Lwin studied until Tenth Standard at Gyobingauk National High School. He served with the BDA at Pyinmana Township Military Office and with the Patriotic Burmese Force (PBF) from 1942-1945. He also worked for the Military Records Office from 1970-1980 and for the POCL. U Sein Lwin received 12,400 valid votes as 62 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  U Soe Myint (Thakhin Soe Myint)
Constituency:   South Okkalapa (1)                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 65,630; Votes Cast – 52,479; Valid Votes – 46,978; Number of Candidates – 10)
Date of Birth: 16 August 1923
Father: U Shein                                                                                                                                                                   
U Soe Myint is a Central Executive Committee member of the NLD. He was one of the founders of the People’s Revolution Party (PRP). He was Secretary of the Myaungmya Township Dobama Asiayone (We Burma Association) which was also a pro-independence , anti-Japanese organization, and was an underground network leader in the fight against the Japanese. U Soe Myint was also a Regiment Commander with the BDA and Chairman of the Myaugmya District Socialist Party. U Soe Myint was put under de facto house arrest on 22 September 2000 and released on 1 December 2000.[ Member of CRPP, Chairperson of Committee for Cultivators and Peasants Affairs ]. Thakin Soe Myint received 33,959 valid votes as 72 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Khin Maung Kyaw
Constituency:   South Okkalapa (2)                                        
(Eligible Voters – 66,534; Votes Cast – 51,444;  Valid Votes – 48,321; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 20 November 1937
Place of Birth: Taungtha
Father: U Thaung                                                                                                                                                                  
U Khin Maung Kyaw voluntarily resigned as a Member of Parliament on 28 August 1991. He received a Bachelor of Science degree majoring in Mathematics from Rangoon University in 1959, and served as a Lieutenant in the Army’s Electronic and Technical Engineering Force. He left the Army in 1984. (Election Commission Announcement No.961 of 28 August 1991 authorizes U Khin Maung Kyaw to resign since “ he found that the NLD could not solve the problems among the older members and youth members, that there were personal attacks for gaining  positions that contrary to democratic practices, that some members looked forward to master and sycophant systems, that members did not adhere to provisions contained in the book on organization and formation issued in November 1989 and practiced centralism that caused disintegration of the unity among members of the League, that the League reconstituted Township Organization Committee by the wishes of the Divisional Organization and, without adhering to democratic practices, abolished Township organizations formed at Township conferences”. WPD_29/8/91) U Khin Maung Kyaw received 35,395 valid votes as 73 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  U Hla Tun
Constituency:  Taikkyi (1)                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 53,589; Votes Cast – 45,378;  Valid Votes – 39,853; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 3 April 1932
Place of Birth: Aikalauk Village, Taikkyi
Parents: U Lauk Kan and Daw Ngwe Ye                                                                                                                        
U Hla Tun works as a High Court Advocate and has a Bachelor in Arts degree and a Bachelor of Law degree. As a student he was involved in various student unions and was Vice-Chairman of the ABFSU. U Hla Tun was Chairman of the Insein Township BSPP Party Unit from 1966-1977 and a member of the BSPP Rangoon Division. He was expelled from the BSPP in 1977. U Hla Tun received 24,596 valid votes as 62 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  Daw San May (Shweku May Hnin)
Constituency:  Taikkyi (2)                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 59,143; Votes Cast – 45,407; Valid Votes – 36,544; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 15 August 1939
Place of Birth: Shweku
Father: U Sein                                                                                                                                                                 
Daw San May is the leader of the Central Women’s Working Group of the NLD. The SLORC authorities arrested and imprisoned her under Penal Code Article 193 and she has since been released from prison. The Election Commission dismissed her as an MP on 25 November 1991. Daw San May has a Bachelor of Arts degree and has worked as teacher and with the Burmese Broadcasting Corporation. (Election Commission Announcement No. 978 of 25 November 1991 states that “ the following candidate of the NLD, who was elected … as Hluttaw representatives was convicted for committing an offence shown against her and was sentenced by the court concerned “ and “ has no right to continue to be Hluttaw representative and … has been declared as disqualified for her infringement of the Pyithu Hluttaw Election Law “. Daw San May convicted under Penal Code, Section 193 (Second part). WPD_26/11/91) Daw San May received 18,966 valid votes as 52 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Hla Thein
Constituency:   Tamwe (1)                                                                            
(Eligible Voters – 44,109; Votes Cast – 35,675; Valid Votes – 33,121; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 10 January 1950
Father’s Name: U Aung Thein                                                                                                                                           
U Hla Thein is Chairman of Tamwe Township NLD. He studied until Ninth Standard and was actively involved in the 1988 uprising. U Hla Thein received 25,765 valid votes as 78 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  U Thein Myint
Constituency:  Tamwe (2)                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 37,758; Votes Cast – 29,243; Valid Votes – 25,532; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 5 May 1950
Father: U Tin Shwe                                                                                                                                                             
U Thein Myint has a Bachelor of Science degree and is qualified to be a High Court Advocate. He has worked as a teacher and a principal. U Thein Myint received 17,268 valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  Dr Win Naing
Constituency: Syriam (1)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 39,080; Votes Cast – 32,113;  Valid Votes – 28,355; Number of Candidates – 6)
Place of Birth: Bahan
Parents: U Mya Thaung and Daw Nyunt Shin                                                                                                               
Dr Win Naing received a medical degree from Rangoon Institute of Medicine in 1979 and worked as private physician from 1981-1989. Dr. Win Naing received 18,845 valid votes as 66 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Than Win
Constituency:  Syriam (2)                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 34,203; Votes Cast – 27,527; Valid Votes – 24,289; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 26 August 1930
Place of Birth: Mergui
Father: U Sein Kwe                                                                                                                                                         
U Than Win has a Bachelor of Science degree in Chemistry and post-graduate qualifications in petro-chemical science. He worked as a senior chemical officer at Syriam (Tanyin) Petroleum Factory from 1953, as a director of the Mann-Thanpayakan oil field from 1977 and as a Project Director of Myanma Oil and Gas Corporation from 1984. He retired from government service in 1987. U Than Win received 17,893 valid votes as 74 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  U Maung Maung Latt (aka Dr. Hlaing Ni)
Constituency:  Thaketa (1)                                                                   
(Eligible Voters – 60,786; Votes Cast – 48,451; Valid Votes – 43,261; Numbers of Candidates – 10)
Date of Birth: 9 August 1950
Place of Birth: Pyinmaner
Parents: U Hla Myaing and Daw Hlaing Hlaing                                                                                                          
U Maung Maung Latt was arrested by the SLORC for attending secret meetings in Mandalay in 1990 to form a provisional government. The Election Commission dismissed him as an MP on 12 December 1990 and banned him from running in future elections.  U Maung Maung Latt is the son of Bo Yan Aung, one of the Thirty Comrades. He took an active part in the 1969 South East Asian Games demonstration and the 1974 U Thant funeral protest while he was a student at university. In 1977 he graduated from Rangoon Institute of Medicine and two years later established his own clinic in Myohla and worked at the Myohla Co-operative Association Clinic. U Maung Maung Latt received 32,295 valid votes as 75 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Ohn Myint
Constituency:  Thaketa (2)                                                                           
(Eligible Voters – 70,250; Votes Cast – 54,628; Valid Votes – 50,322; Number of Candidates – 7)
Date of Birth: 16 October 1936
Place of Birth: Pegu
Parents: U Tun Yin and Daw Than                                                                                                                              
U Ohn Myint graduated in Science from Rangoon University and established his own school of mathematics and physics in 1962. He was expelled from the NLD in 1999, as renegade MP (the “ lackey “ of   SPDC). U Ohn Myint received 35,576 valid votes as 71 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Thein Nyunt (Maung Thein Nyant/Kawareik)
Constituency: Thingangyun (1)                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 69,004; Votes Cast – 51,665; Valid Votes – 47,659; Number of Candidates – 8)
Date of Birth:  26 December 1944
Father: U Nyan Yin                                                                                                                                                              
U Thein Nyunt boycotted the National Convention with other NLD representatives in December 1995. U Thein Nyunt was a student leader and leader of the Students’ Solidarity Union from 1969-1971. He was arrested and imprisoned in Moulmein jail from 2 December 1963 to 14 November 1967 because of his leading role in the student movement.  He worked as a clerk from 1969-1971 and at BSPP headquarters from 1972-1978. On 22 August 1978 he was expelled from the BSPP because he wrote two articles critical of youth affairs and of two politicians. From 1968-1978 he wrote articles under the pseudonym Maung Thein Nyunt (Kawkareik). He has a Bachelor of Arts degree and is a qualified to be a High Court Advocate.U Thein Nyunt received 34,232 valid votes as 72 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  U Myint Thein
Constituency:  Thingangyun (2)                                                                   
(Eligible Voters – 70,687; Votes Cast – 53,792; Valid Votes – 48,546; Number of Candidates – 12)
Date of Birth: 1928
Father: U Po Htay                                                                                                                                                                
U Myint Thein works with the Central Peasant Group of the NLD. He was involved in the resistance movement against the Japanese and from 1950-1962 played a leading role in the Thingangyun Township and District AFPFL. He was awarded the Star of Independence (Second Class) for his role in Burma’s independence and operates his own herbal clinic.He was arrested on 6 September 1998 and released on 14 June 2001 from so-called guest house.U Myint Thein received 33,392 valid votes as 69 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Lwin (Col Maung Lwin - Retired)
Constituency:  Thongwa (1)
(Eligible Voters – 39,029; Votes Cast – 31,415;  Valid Votes – 26,704; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 22 September 1924
Father:  U Ba Tha                                                                                                                                                                 
U Lwin is Secretary of the NLD and is a former party Treasurer. He was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention in December 1995 and is a former BSPP Deputy Prime Minister and member of the BSPP State Council.He completed high school in Rangoon before World War II and served in the Burma Independence Army (BIA), Burma Defence Army (BDA)  and with the Patriotic Burmese Force (PBF) from 1942-1945.  He completed BDA officer training at the Japanese Royal Military Academy and from 1952-1954 studied at the British Royal Military Academy. He was also the Military Attaché to the USA.  U Lwin was put under de facto house arrest on 22 September 2000 and released on 1 December 2000.[ Member of CRPP, Chairperson of Committee for Health and Social Affairs ] U Lwin received 18,189 valid votes or 68 % in the 1990 elections.

{ The only original member of the executive committee, who was left after 1990 to help U Aung Shwe in his struggle to keep the NLD intact through the years that threatened its viability as a political party, was U Lwin, the treasurer. U Lwin had joined the Burmese Independence Army as an 18-year-old boy at the outbreak of the war. In August 1943 he was among a batch of Burmese cadets chosen to go to Japan for training at the Rikugun Shikan Gakko (army academy). By the time the young Burmese officers had completed their training in April 1945, the anti-fascist resistance movement had started and U Lwin and his fellow graduates of the military academy remained in Hakone until October 1945, making charcoal which they sold to buy food.                                                                                                                     

U Lwin continued with his career in the army after independence and was sent on training courses to England and West Germany. In 1959 he was sent to Washington as military attache. On his return from the United States he spent some years as deputy commander of Central Command, then commander of South Eastern Command before he was asked to come back to Rangoon to become a deputy minister. As the military government that assumed power in 1962 took on a civilian garb under the Burmese Socialist Programme Party, U Lwin served successively as minister of finance, deputy prime minister and a member of the state council. It was as a member of the state council that he resigned in 1980.                                                                                                    U Lwin joined the NLD in 1988 and was appointed treasurer because of his experience in finances and his unquestioned integrity. In 1992, when the NLD was forced to reorganize its executive committee, U Lwin took on the post of secretary, while U Aung Shwe became chairman. (From “ Letter from Burma No. 18 “, by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi – Mainichi Daily News 25-3-96) }

v    Name:  U Kyaw Myint
Constituency:   Thongwa (2)                                                                          
(Eligible Voters – 39,275; Votes Cast – 32,146;  Valid Votes – 27,136; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1 January 1934
Place of Birth: Takaw Village, Thongwa
Parents: U San Hla and Daw Saw Hla                                                                                                                              
U Kyaw Myint is a successful traditional medical doctor and has worked at the Traditional Herbal Medicine Research in Rangoon. U Kyaw Myint received 18,282 valid votes as 67 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tha Saing
Constituency:  Twante (1)                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 60,713; Votes Cast – 45,289; Valid Votes – 39,125; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 24 December 1946
Parents: U Tha Po and Daw Sein May                                                                                                                            
U Tha Saing was arrested and imprisoned under Penal Code second 122(1) in April 1991 for attending a secret meeting in Mandalay in 1990 to form a provisional government . The Election Commission dismissed him as an MP on 2 January 1992 and banned him from running in future elections. He was released from Insein Prison on 2 June 1992. U Tha Saing studied at Myoma National School in Rangoon and participated in the 1974 U Thant funeral demonstration. He joined the NLD after the 1988 demonstrations. U Tha Saing received 24,577 valid votes as 63 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Mya Hlaing
Constituency:  Twante (2)                                                                             
(Eligible Voters – 61,442; Votes Cast – 43,286;  Valid Votes – 35,930; Number of Candidates – 10)
Date of Birth: 13 March 1935
Place of Birth: Yetwingon Village, Twante
Father: U San Ba                                                                                                                                                                
U Mya Hlaing boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995 along with other NLD representatives. He was Chairman of the Htantabin Township BSPP Party Unit from 1968-1978 and then worked as a farmer. He was expelled from the NLD in 1999, as renegade MP (the “ lackey “ of SPDC). U Mya Hlaing received 20,919 valid votes as 58 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name:  Daw Khin Aye Myint
Constituency:  Yankin                                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 58,355; Votes Cast – 41,977; Valid Votes – 38,114; Number of Candidates – 6)
Date of Birth: 28 June 1929
Place of Birth: Maulmeingyun
Parents: U San Nyunt and Daw Ohn                                                                                                                            
Daw Khin Aye Myint was part of the NLD boycott of the National Convention in December 1995. She is currently the Chairperson of Yankin Township NLD.  Daw Khin Aye Myint received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1952 and a Bachelor of Education degree in 1958. She worked as a High School Teacher from 1952-1965 at Bahan State High School no.1, and was then an Assistant Lecturer at Kanbe Teacher Training School. She worked as a high school principal from 1967-1986. She was expelled from the NLD in 1999, as renegade MP (the “ lackey “ of SPDC). Daw Khin Aye Myint received 25,949 valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.


DEMOCRACY PARTY (DP)

v    Name: U Tun Hlaing
Constituency: Bahan (1)                                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 39,348; Votes Cast – 25,853;  alid Votes – 23,822; Number of  Candidates – 5)
This would have been Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s constituency had she been permitted to run.)
Date of Birth: 8 December 1956
Parents: U Hla Han and Daw Amar Kyi                                                                                                                                       
U Tun Hlaing was arrested in December 1992 and was sentenced to one year imprisonment after the SLORC accused him of being involved in a brawl. He was released from prison in November 1993 and the Election Commission dismissed him as an MP. The SLORC banned the DP on 11 March 1992 by Declaration 7/92. U Tun Hlaing received 16,271 valid votes as 68 % in the 1990 elections.


GRADUATES AND OLD STUDENTS DEMOCRATIC ASSOCIATION (GOSDA)

v    Name: U Maung Maung Aung
Constituency:  Pabetan                                                                                   
(Eligible Voters – 25,896; Votes Cast – 20,206; Valid Votes – 18,644; Number of Candidates – 14)
Date of Birth: 12 March 1966
Place of Birth: Mayangone, Rangoon Division
Parents: U Tin Aung and Daw Khin Aye Wai                                                                                                               
U Maung Maung Aung was arrested in March 1992 for having a false labour identification card and was sentenced to six months in prison. The Election Commission subsequently dismissed him as an MP. U Maung Maung Aung was Graduates and Old Students Democratic Association (GOSDA) General Secretary when the SLORC banned the party on 11 March 1992 by Declaration No. 7/92. U Maung Maung Aung has a Bachelor of Science degree majoring in Chemistry.U Maung Maung Aung received 7,231 valid votes as 39 % in the 1990 elections.                                                                                                                                                      

 

Shan State


Location:
Shan State, lying in the eastern sector of the country is situated between latitude 19° 00'and 22° 15' north and 96° 26'and 98° 47' cast longitudes. It is bordered by Kachin State on the North, the People's Republic of China on the North and East, the Lao People's Democratic Republic on the East. Thailand and Kayah and Karen States on the South and Mandalay and Sagaing Divisions on the West. Its total land area is 60.15t sq-miles. Of the states in the country. Shan State is the biggest with the largest population.

Climate: According to the latitude location except the northern sector, other sectors of the Shan State have a tropical climate with low temperature as they arc hill regions. In the coldest months of December and January, the average temperature of the region is 70°F (21°C) to 8()°F (2G°C). The highest temperature in Konglung, Lashio, Hsipaw and Nyaungshwe towns in low valleys, is 100°F (37°C) at daylight. Rainfalls arc over 60 inches at the 11ill and over 40 inches in the valleys. Not only South-west Monsoon brings rainfalls into the state but also waves of whirlwind from South China Sea produces rainfalls in late monsoon.

Population, inhabitants, religion and languages:
The estimated population Of Shan State in 1996 is over 4.7 million with average density of 7t per sq mile. The population is dense in Valleys and areas along railroad and motor roads and sparse in hill regions where agriculture and communications are difficult.
Inlay Lake region is an area with a strange life style. People in the region live at houses built on the edge of the lake. There are many national races residing in Shan State. Shan nationals reside in river valleys and valleys throughout the state while Danu. Taungyoe, Inn-thar (Inn-hsa) and Bamar nationals live in the west of Shan State. Palaung (Ta-aung) lives in the northern Shan State, especially in Namhsan, and Pindayas Lawksawk and Mongkai townships in the southern sector. Pa-O nationals are seen in the south of the State. Kachin and Lisu (Lishaw) in the north, Kokang in Kokang region. Wa (Lwela) in Hopang Township on the east of Salween(Thanlwin) River and Eikaw (Arkha) and Lahu in Kengtung region.
Most of the inhabitants believe in Buddhism. There are also many Muslims. Christians and Hindus in the region. Myanmar is the mainly used language in the region where national races also speak different dialects.                                                                                   

Formation of districts, townships and villages and wards:
District of the State are Taunggyi, Loilem, Lashio, Muse, Kyaukme, Kunlong, Laukkai, Kengtung Mongsan, Monhpyak and Tachileik. Shan State is formed with 54 townships and 193 wards and village-tracts. The capital of Shan State is Taunggyi.


NATIONAL LEAGUE FOR DEMOCRACY (NLD)

v                                                                                                                                                                                                   
Name: U Sai Aung Than
Constituency: Hsipaw (2)                                                                               
(Eligible Voters – 13,423; Votes Cast – 9,461; Valid Votes – 8,412; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 1951
Place of Birth: Minelon Village, Kyaukme
Father: U Hla Din                                                                                                                                                               
The Election Commission announced on 1 July 1996 that U Sai Aung Than had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. U Sai Aung Than received a Civil Engineering degree from Rangoon Institute of Technology in 1977 and worked as an engineer in Hsipaw from 1979-1980. He was a member of Hsipaw Township People’s Council from 1981-1984. U Sai Aung Than received 3,826 valid votes as 45 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Sai Lon Kyauk
Constituency: Kengtung (1)
Date of Birth: 1942
Father: U Maung Ni                                                                                                                                                               
U Sai Lon Kyauk passed seventh standard from Kengtung State High School in 1958. He worked as a teacher at Naung Ye State Primary School in Kengtung from 1960-1965.

v    Name: U Sai Yi Tip
Constituency: Kengtung (2)
Date of Birth: 1942
Parents: U Lon Htri                                                                                                                                                                 
U Sai Yi Tip passed tenth standard in 1965 and studied first year science at Taunggyi Inter-College. He worked as a middle school teacher at Kengtung State High School No. 2.

v    Name: U Khun Sai
Constituency: Kutkai (1)                                                                                  
(Eligible Voters – 12,535; Votes Cast – 6,121;  Valid Votes – 4,969; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 1916
Place of Birth: Kutkai
Father: U Khun Jan                                                                                                                                                                   
U Khun Sai voluntarily resigned from the NLD. He studied until ninth standard and attended Mandalay Police Academy in 1940. He worked as a sub-inspector from 1941-1942 and was a Kachin State Council member from 1953-1959. From 1959-1976 he worked in the police force rising to the position of deputy divisional police chief. (Election Commission Announcement No. 1030 of 23-9-92 has been permitted to resign “ for health reasons”. WPD_24/9/92) U Khun Sai received 1,761 valid votes as 35 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Sai Myint Maung
Constituency: Lashio (1)
Date of Birth: July 1946
Father: U Win  Lwin                                                                                                                                                              
U Sai Myint Maung obtained a Bachelor of Science degree in 1970 from Rangoon University. In 1979 he became a High Court advocate in Rangoon and also served as chairman of the Association of the Advocates of Lashio Township. After the 1988 uprising, the SLORC detained him for 23 days for acting as chairman of the Lashio Township Strike Committee.

v    Name: U Than Htay
Constituency: Lashio (2)
Date of Birth: 1948
Father: U Ba Shin                                                                                                                                                                    
U Than Htay has a Bachelor of Law degree and between 1965 and 1982 he worked as a clerk, an accountant and a manager. In 1983 he qualified to work as an advocate at the High Court.

v    Name: Dr. Hla Shein
Constituency: Lawksawk
Date of Birth: 1962
Place of Birth: Yale Village, Pantanaw, Irrawaddy Division
Father: U Boe Aung                                                                                                                                                             
Dr. Hla Shein worked as a teacher before receiving his medical degree at the Rangoon Institute of Medicine in 1966. He then worked at the Health Ministry for 18 years. Despite having numerous military training schools and battalions based in his constituency, he easily won his seat in the 1990 election over his National Unity Party (NUP) rival.

v    Name: U Chit Khin
Constituency: Mabein                                                                                      
(Eligible Voters – 13,401; Votes Cast – 11,547;  Valid Votes – 10,514; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 1940
Place of Birth: Mabein
Father: U Ba Thwe                                                                                                                                                                 
U Chit Khin is a member of the Mabein NLD Township Organising Committee. He graduated in science from Mandalay University in 1973 and was secretary and vice-president of Mabein Township Co-operative from 1974-1988. U Chit Khin received 8,767 valid votes as 83 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Hsan Wonn (aka U Sai Phone Myint)
Constituency: Monghsat                                                                                  
(Eligible Voters – 16,807; Votes Cast – 6,962;  Valid Votes – 5,092; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 1940
Place of Birth: Waine Village, Monghsat
Father: U Shan Sai                                                                                                                                                                  
U Hsan Wonn worked as a teacher at a primary school from 1964-1969, and in 1974 was a member of the Monghsat Township Security and Administrative Committee. From 1974-1978 he served as an executive member of the Monghsat Township People’s Council and was a part-time member of the Shan State Council from 1978-1988. U Hsan Wonn received 2,845 valid votes as 56 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Sai Shan Lway
Constituency: Mongkhat
Date of Birth: 1942
Place of Birth: Mine Lwae Village, Minyang
Father: U Shan Sai Kham                                                                                                                                                         
U Sai Shan Lway is the organiser for Monghkat Township NLD. He finished high school in 1962 and was the general secretary of Kengtung Township Co-operative from 1978-1988. He was also a member of the Monghkat BSPP Party Unit.

v    Name: Dr. Ohn Maung
Constituency: Mongmit                                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 28,799; Votes Cast – 20,929;  Valid Votes – 17,253; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: 1932
Place of Birth: MabainParents: U Maung Gyi and Daw Khin Yone                                                                       
Dr. Ohn Maung passed away on 11 October 1994. He received the National Literary Award in 1979 for his book Kyundawthargyi Thayminhnint Sitkhinthu (My Son Who Fought Against Death). Dr. Ohn Maung received his medical degree from Rangoon Institute of Medicine in 1960 and went to England for a specialist degree in surgery in 1963. While in England he was in a car accident and was partially paralysed as a result. He returned to Burma in 1970 and worked as a doctor in Mogok Hospital, Mandalay Division, from 1970-1978. Dr. Ohn Maung received 8,203 valid votes as 48 % in the 1990 elections.
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v    Name: U Sai Nwe
Constituency: Mongpyak                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 10,063; Votes Cast – 5,585;  Valid Votes – 4,227; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1937
Place of Birth: Kengtung
Father: U Hsai Kyauk                                                                                                                                                        
U Sai Nwe studied until fifth standard in Kengtung and from 1952-1957 he worked in a bookstore. He now operates his own rice mill business. U Sai New received 1,625 valid votes as 38 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: Sai Nong Tip
Constituency: Mongyang
Date of Birth: 1961
Father: U Saw Aung                                                                                                                                                             
Sai Nong Tip studied until tenth standard at Kengtung State High School.

v    Name: U Sai Tun Aung
Constituency: Mongyawng                                                                              
(Eligible Voters – 15,557; Votes Cast – 5,889; Valid Votes – 3,818; Number of Candidates – 3)
Date of Birth: 1953
Place of Birth: Mongyawng
Father: U Saw Lon                                                                                                                                                                 
U Sai Tun Aung passed tenth standard at Mongyawng State High School in 1971 and worked as a clerk at Myoma Township Co-operative from 1973-1985. U Sai Tun Aung received 2,839 valid votes as 74 % in the 1990 elections.
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v    Name: Daw May Phyo
Constituency: Namtu                                                                                        
(Eligible Voters – 32,696; Votes Cast – 20,133;  Valid Votes – 17,838; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1927
Parents: U Phyo and Daw Ywat                                                                                                                                       
Daw May Phyo was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995. She worked as a teacher after she received a Bachelor of Arts degree and then worked for the Mining Ministry for 19 years. From 1978-1985, she was a part-time member of the Namtu Township People’s Council. Daw May Phyo received 9,782 valid votes as 55 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Tun Aung (aka U Tun Tun Hein)
Constituency: Nawnghkio                                                                                
(Eligible Voters – 53,026; Votes Cast – 38,397; Valid Votes – 33,139; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1949
Place of Birth: Zebingyi Village, Pyin Oo Lwin
Parents: U Kyar Hein and Daw Mya Khin                                                                                                                          
U Tun Aung is chairman of the Nawnghkio Township NLD. He was among the NLD MPs who boycotted the National Convention in December 1995. The SLORC arrested him in September 1988 for his role as the chairman of the Nawnghkio Township General Strike Committee.  U Tun Aung graduated in Science from Mandalay University in 1972 and worked as a high school teacher in Kunlong from 1973-1974. U Tun Aung received 18,886 valid votes as 57 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Aung Than
Constituency: Pindaya                                                                                     
(Eligible Voters – 29,848; Votes Cast – 23,775;  Valid Votes – 19,980; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: March 1941
Place of Birth: Thit Eh Bin Village, Pindaya
Parents: U Kyei Pyaung and Daw Tin                                                                                                                                 U Aung Than completed eighth standard in 1960 at the Pindaya Affiliated High School and worked as a clerk at the Communication Corporation from 1963-1974. U Aung Than received 11,062 valid votes as 55 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Sai Soon Hsaing
Constituency: Tachilek                                                                                    
(Eligible Voters – 51,351; Votes Cast – 17,681; Valid Votes – 14,148; Number of Candidates – 4)
Date of Birth: 1959
Parents: U San Khet                                                                                                                                                                   
U Sai Soon Hsaing studied at Tachilek State High School No.(1) from 1965-1978 and passed eighth standard. From 1979-1989 he worked for his parents business. U Sai Soon Hsaing received 8,901 valid votes as 63 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Kyaw Khin
Constituency: Taunggyi (1)
Date of Birth: May 1939
Place of Birth: Moenyin
Parents: U Nyunt and Daw Sein Tin                                                                                                                                   
U Kyaw Khin is currently under detention. He was arrested on 5 June 1996 for recording and distributing video and audio tapes containing foreign news reports and documentaries on Burma. Eight others were also charged and sentenced under the same offence. U Kyaw Khin was charged under the 1985 Video Act and was sentenced on 15 August 1996 to three years imprisonment, and was given an additional seven years under the 1950 Emergency Provision Act, Article 5 (j). U Kyaw Khin boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995 along with other NLD representatives.  After he obtained a Bachelor of Science degree, U Kyaw Khin worked for a trade corporation and at the Parkang jade mine in Kachin State before moving to Taunggyi in 1972. After the 1988 uprising he joined the NLD and was appointed Taunggyi Township NLD organiser as well as a member of the Shan State NLD.

v    Name: U Khun Pe Htwe
Constituency: Taunggyi (2)
Date of Birth: October 1949
Parents: U Kyaung Mala                                                                                                                                                              
U Khun Pe Htwe is the Taunggyi Township NLD chief organiser. He obtained a Bachelor of Science degree in 1974 majoring in Forestry.

v    Name: Dr. U Hlaing
Constituency: Yawnghwe (1)                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 30,342; Votes Cast – 22,011;  Valid Votes – 18,631; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: September 1949
Place of Birth: Heiyar Ywama Village, Inlay
Parents: U Ohn Maung and Daw Paw                                                                                                                            
The Election Commission announced on 13 September 1996 that Dr. U Hlaing had resigned as an MP. It is understood that the SLORC used intimidation to force him to resign. From 1976-1979, Dr. U Hlaing was an assistant government doctor at Ywangan Hospital in Shan State. While he was working there he was detained from May 1979 to June 1980 by the Burma Socialist Programme Party and charged under the 1950 Emergency Provision Act, Article 5 (j), and the 1975 State Protection Act, Article 10 (a). He was subsequently fired from his government position in 1984. Dr. U Hlaing obtained his medical degree in 1973 from the Rangoon Institute of Medicine. Dr. U Hlaing received 11,874 valid votes as 64 % in the 1990 elections.

v    Name: U Ohn Maung
Constituency: Yaunghwe (2)                                                                         
(Eligible Voters – 10,090; Votes Cast – 7,216;  Valid Votes – 5,575; Number of Candidates – 5)
Date of Birth: July 1947
Place of Birth: Yaunghwe
Parents: U Kywe and Daw Mya Han                                                                                                                                
In 1989, U Ohn Maung was appointed a member of the NLD’s Central Committee and in July 1990 he was placed in charge of implementing a new NLD policy which involved organising people for general strikes. He was arrested in January 1991 after the SLORC found out about the new policy and was sentenced, along with U Khin Maung Tun (MP, Rangoon Division), to 12 years imprisonment. U Ohn Maung was released in April 1992, but before his release the Election Commission dismissed him as an MP and banned him from running in future elections. U Ohn Maung completed his secondary education at Taunggyi State High School in 1965. U Ohn Maung received 2,900 valid votes as 52 % in the 1990 elections.


DEMOCRATIC ORGANIZATION FOR KAYAN NATIONAL UNITY (DOKNU)