* To monitor human rights situations in Mon territory and other areas southern part of Burma
* To protect and promote internationally recognized human rights in Burma
human rights foundation of monland
Human Rights Report 1/96 (April 15, 1996)
No one shall be required to perform forced or compulsory labour.
(Article 8. 3. a, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights)
Forced Labour in Ye-Tavoy Railway Construction
Background of Ye-Tavoy Railway Construction
Since the Burmese military regime, SLORC (State Law and Order Restoration Council) came into power in 1988, it has implemented several infrastructure projects in the whole country to attain recognition of ruling legitimacy role in both domestic and world community. However, in any development project which has been implemented by SLORC, it has continuously been forcing local inhabitants to be hard labourers against their desires.
Among several projects, the 110 miles (about 180 kilometers) long Ye-Tavoy railway construction which connects Ye in the southern Mon State and Tavoy of Tenasserim Division, is the one also well known for its terrible conscription of forced labour. The construction began in September 1993 and since then the SLORC local military and other government officials have been instructing for conscripts. On May 30th of 1995, the most southern 12 miles long Tavoy-Yebyu section was completed and the SLORC officials also arranged an opening ceremony. But some part of embankment of that section was destroyed by rain later and the conscripted villagers had to reconstruct in August and September.
Since June, the SLORC local officials and the military has continuously been forcing the local villagers of Thayet Chaung, Tavoy, Yebyu, Ye, Mudon, Thanbyuzayat, Chaung Zone townships, into slave-labourers for the embankment construction of Yebyu-Kalein Aung section. (Actually, the railway route passes west of Kakin Aung, however it is named Yebyu-Kakin Aung section). Recently, the SLORC conscripted the local inhabitants from Yebyu township only and to be completed that section in December of 1995 as deadline, then, SLORC local officials and military rapidly conscripted more labourers from Ye, Thanbyuzayat, Chaung Zone townships at the beginning of December.
In August, the SLORC has decided to shift the route between Natkyisin and Kalein Aung and construct again in the west side of Ye-Tavoy motorway. The villager labourers from mostly from Yebyu township has also been conscripted to construct in new selected railway route.
Forced Labour for New Selected Railway Route
The new selected route is estimatedly 20 miles long and it runs along the old British telegram post way parallel to Andaman Sea coast which is currently used for villagers as foot path. The most part of this new route is lied along lowland areas and connected with the route from Yebyu in area called Ye Bone west of Kalein Aung village and east of Kan Bauk village. The Engineer Team of Myanmar Railway Project based in Tavoy already repeatedly surveyed in the area before June 1995. Then the Yebyu Township SLORC officials has arranged and instruct for the rough clearing the route.
In constructing the new selected railway route, the local officials has mostly been forcing the villagers from Kalein Aung, The Chaung,, Kan Bauk, Eindayaza, Natkyisin and Mintha Sakan village groups into labourers since August and the clearing process of the route was completed within three months. At the same time, many villagers were conscripted in Kalein-Aung railway section. Initially, in searching for the route, the local village group leaders called for 50 labourers each from those mentioned village groups by the instruction of township SLORC officials (Ma Wa Ta in Burmese), and then they used up to 2000 labourers for daily hard works such as clearing foliage, cutting trees, measuring route widths and etc..
The route also passes into many hundred acres of the rice farmlands and rubber, betel-nut and other plantations of Natkyisin, Mintha Sakan and Eindayaza village groups. Additionally, the houses in the west side of Eindayaza village were also ordered to move as the railway route passed into. No compensation was contribute to owners of those houses, farmlands and plantations.
Forced Labour In Yebyu-Kalein Aung Section
Yebyu-Kalein Aung railway section is the longest one among all sections divided by Myanmar Railway Project Its 40 miles long route runs from Yebyu to Ye Bone. Roughly, the railway construction is divided into four parts such as Tavoy-Yebyu, Yebyu-Kalein Aung, Kalein Aung-Natkyisin, Natkyisin-Ye. After the Tavoy-Yebyu section was completed in May, the SLORC continuously arranged to construct the Yebyu-Kalein Aung section by creating some conscripts control centres in the Kyauk-Lone-Kyi, Ngwe Lein and Ye Bone, Chaung Zone and Kalein Aung areas along the route of the construction, which has been started in June, 1995.
In this construction, the majority populations of Yebyu township's local inhabitants have been conscripted into slave-labourers since June and the most of them came from village community. At the beginning of December, as the SLORC was hurry to complete the section, it also conscripted the villagers as labourers from Thanbyuzayat, Chaung Zone and Ye townships of Mon State. The construction has been started with estimatedly 6000 villagers from Yebyu township village groups such as Kalein Aung, Zar Dee, Ohnbingwin, Zimba, Chaung Taung, Kan Bauk, Hpaung Taw, Eindayaza, The Chaung, Mintha Sakan, Ya Bu, Kywe-tho-nyima, Natkyisin and all quarters on Yebyu Town, and later on it has constantly increased hundreds of thousands of labourers in December every two weeks including the villagers from other townships. Every family in every villages in those townships have ever worked in the construction or paid to avoid contributing labour.
Under the responsibility of Myanmar Railway Project, the SLORC has planned to complete this section at the end of 1995, but according to the victims who worked in the construction, they complained that this section could not be completed at the end of 1995 according to the authorities' plan.
Work Duty and Appalling Consequence in Worksites
Work duty to the labourers has been arranged by the instruction of Township SLORC and the military commanders nearby. They have formed Area Construction Implementing Committee with local headmen of village groups and ordinary villages in each worksite for reason to control conscripts rigorously. The Township officials and military commanders has defined for all of work duty and instructed to respective Area Construction Implementing Committee. They have defined all populations in age range between 15 and 60 year are the numbers of the labourer for the construction. To define such numbers, the committees have to provide them accurate households and population of each villages. Then, the headmen of village groups lessened the defined labourers by reducing their close persons, disabled persons, elder persons, security persons and government servants, and so the rest villagers ever faced a heavy burden of defined work duty, because the defined work-duty is remained the same and weighted against the remaining villagers. Those committees will inform the village headmen the number of labourers they needed according to households and populations in respective villages. The village headmen will take responsibility to collect the labourers from their own village and arrange for transportation on every 15 days (two weeks) rotating shift basis. Other way of collecting labourers is the committees offered a defined piece of work for a defined date to each village groups and the village headmen of respective village groups will arrange by themselves to fulfil the defined duty. In distributing pieces of work, according to escapees to the border, each families had to dig the ground into 10 square feet by one foot deep holes, from 5 to 10 holes and carry the dirt to build embankment, in every 15 days duration they were conscripted. Nearly all families in Yebyu Township had to work every month for 15 days and at least two members of their families had to go to the worksites. Over 60% of the labourers have always been women and children under 15 as the men had to find income for survival of families.
When the villager labourers arrived to the defined worksite, they had to build temporary shelters by themselves with their owned facilities. They have to bring foods along with them to eat in the duration of working. As they are subjected totally to slave-labours, they have to work for the whole day except can take a rest in lunch time, forced to work under appalling conditions under heavy rain or hot sunshine. When they were sick, they committee could provide them very few of medicine in some worksite but no provision of medicine and health care in some others. If the patient was very serious, they allow to transfer to hospital at Ye or Tavoy, but the patients have to spend for transportation and medical treatment. According to the victims who escaped from the construction, there were 50% of total labourers got sickness in Ye Bone conscripts camp. Because of crowded populations in the camp and shortage of pure water, as all labourers used the same stream in the area, they were suffered with diarrhoea, malaria, beri beri and etc.. The most women and children getting malnutrition of shortage of foods as they could not buy any extra foods except rice brought from home because they were too poor. On December 14. a woman from Ya Bu village. Mi Wood aged 27. mother of two children, died with diarrhea in her village after she returned back from Ye Bone worksite.
Every labourer never received any payment from the committee. Otherwise, in villages which could not provide the committee defined labourers, those village headmen had to collect money in his own village and had to pay to the committee to hire the substitute labourers. Undoubtedly, in most cases, the railway authorities and railway authorities took money into their pockets and corruption among the officials has been in large scale wide-spread. For every needed person for 15 days to hire, the village had to pay from 2500 Kyat up to 3500 Kyat to the committee. According to escapees, the committee really hire some substituted labourers in November and December of 1995 to complete the defined work-duty of construction, but those substitute labourers were also conscripted from the same village or from other village group. But each hired labourer received only 300 Kyat in two weeks period from the committee.
In the other case, in some villages the villagers could arrange to hire needed labourers as substitute for their families. The headmen arranged by themselves in hiring the substitute labourers and those labourers could receive 350 Kyat for one hole of 10 square feet and one feet deep, to dig and carry the dirt to embankment from the families who could not provide labourers.
Focus of Current Report
This report focuses on just only the conscription of forced labour of SLORC local troops to the local inhabitants of Yebyu and Ye townships. The current report mentioned the interviews with men who ever worked in the construction. To get more information, HURFOM conducted several interviews with new arrivals in a Mon refugee camp, Payaw, and mentioned two best interviews in this report. The most interviewees described the same conditions of them and, this two interviews will provide accurate and correct information of the whole conditions in railway project.
To protect the persons who were conducted interviewed, the report does not use the real name of the interviewees and changed all their names. However, all events and stories mentioned here were really happened in Burma and, please feel free and can change the better usage of English. It is hoped that all information must be useful in helping the international community to halt SLORC from violating such brutal and inhumane abuses and promote internationally recognized human rights in Burma.
Name: Nai Ohn Myaing
Sex/ Age: Male/ 52 years
Nationality/ Religion: Mon/ Christian
Native Place: Sin Ku Village, Yebyu Township, Tenasserim Division.
Interview Date: January 1, 1996.
Even the Mon people are traditionally farmers, but some local villagers are also skillful in professional jobs. But the professional job is sometime not a permanence to work for the whole year for income, and additionally, those skill workers were also conscripted to work in government infrastructure projects by local military. Then, obviously, their lives became harder and harder for survival. The interviewees, a carpenter, described such an examples.
Difficult for work opportunity, because of conscription of forced labour
Q When did you arrive here (Payaw Mon refugee camp) and why?
I arrived here just two days ago. I took for five days to arrive here through the way which passes into Aleskan village. I escaped from my village because I have no more choice to move other places and no more money for foods and for payment to the military. I (as a carpenter) has worked mostly in several villages of Ye township to build houses there and I sent back cash to my family. So they can survive. In this year (1995) I could not work smoothly as a carpenter in Ye, because we have to provide manual labour nearly for the whole year in the railway construction. In my work to complete a house, some were big, it will take for more than two weeks. For the railway construction, we have to work at least for two weeks in every month and I have to take for one day to travel to Ye and I have to find jobs of building house at least for two days. No, I could not have much houses in my home village and villages nearby. When the village leaders took labour continuously for the railway, you see, it was impossible to seek job in Ye township, and then my family has been facing hardship for survival.
My main occupation is as carpenter and I have helped my family for many years. Since the Burmese soldiers started this railway construction, we have been in difficulties to find income like before and at the end, we getting too poor after we sold all our belongings. Now, I already sold my house to my younger brother and I decided to stay here.
Burden work duty for village community instructed by local SLORC military
Q Can you describe me who were responsible in conscripting villagers for railway construction? Please explain me what you knew.
Even Sin Ku village is a small village (with about 100 households), we have to provide labourers from nearly 50 houses every two-weeks. It was not meant 50 labourers. The numbers of labourers were depended on the defined pieces of work as digging holes in the construction. The military came to village only sometimes. Whenever they came, they asked for chicken and other foods. I think when they came, they would instruct and order to accept their orders, and when they returned back, the village leaders explained us how many holes or trenches in the construction site for our villagers to be dug. Then, the village leaders defined to the village families as which family have to dig and how many holes.
The military has not directly ordered and instructed to the villagers, but when the group of villagers arrived in the defined construction site, they had to inform the military officers and the railway authorities (officials of Myanmar railway project) there. The officials instructed the village leader the amount of holes and the site where his villagers had to work. As soon as we arrived in the construction site, we had to work in hurry. Because the work-duty for our village was too much. Almost the able-bodied persons in the village had to go, to complete the work-duty of the village.
In Burma, according to legislation and law, the land in the whole country is owned by the public. It meant the government owns land everywhere and so far in the several infrastructure projects, the government have rights to confiscate any land that is situated in project sites without compensation.
Clearing the new sleeted railway route and abandoned the old route
Q When did you start to work in the construction? What kinds of work?
I have a son about 16 years old, and recently he had worked in the construction instead of me when I worked away from home. Actually, the work was too hard for my son and later I had to work as my wife asked me. The villagers were conscripted almost the whole year (1995), but I started working in the construction since third week of August of 1995. At that time, when I was in the village, the village headman explained to the villagers that the military asked about 10 labourers from our village and I decided to work. We thought we would have to work in building the embankment in somewhere. But we had to travel to Min Tha village and when we arrived there, the military and railway authorities explained us we had to clear foliage for the new route. In our worksite near Le Gyi Village, there were more than 100 villagers from several villages.
Confiscation of land by authorities for new route without compensation to the owners
In our works, not only clearing foliage, but also to cut down the trees such as rubber which were owned by the villagers nearby. Before we arrived to the worksite, the soldiers told us we would have to clear and cut everything that lie on the railway route. This route was a new selected way and they abandoned some part of the old way. In the new route, we cleared foliage about 50 feet width along the way. Before our arrivals, the engineers and the railway authorities already put two parallel line poles with small flags along the route and we had to clear foliage between those two poles. The parallel poles also passed through the rubber plantations and we had to cut down rubber trees. We did not know who own those plantations but he most owners are from Le Gyi village . I do not know for sure that the railway authorities paid compensation to those plantation owners. I do not think so. Since they have started the construction, they confiscated many plantations and rice fields by forces without any compensation and so such confiscation is like normal in our area.
Normally, in rainy season, the surroundings of construction sites were in terrible conditions of wet, flood, dirty water. Beside the appalling consequences in the construction sites, the treatments of the local military were also inhumane.
Harder and harder in work duty of construction to be completed in defined period
Q How many times have you worked in the railway construction and can you describe me the working conditions?
I have worked in the construction for four times in this year since August of 1995, including the first time clearing foliage near Le Gyi. In comparison with other worksites, my first time worksite's working conditions were the best. When we work there, we had to work under the rain and not so hot. In some place we have to work under shady trees or rubber plantations and the works were not so hard just clearing foliage and cut down trees. In other times, working conditions were too terrible, the piece of work for us were too much such as to complete digging 10 holes of ground, sometime up to 15 holes, and had to carry dirt to build embankment. It was hard work for me as l never worked before. Almost my time working as carpenter leader in building houses in Ye Township was never hard like farming or fishing. At the time the rainy season already end and we had to work regardless of sunshine. We built the unfinished embankment to be more larger and higher. If I was alone, I could not finish digging and carrying dirt for 10 holes of ground and my son helped me every times. So far beside the railway construction, we had no more jobs when we returned and arrived home.
Appalling conditions in the worksite
Immediately we arrived to the worksite, we had to find the suitable place to build a small temporary shelters where was close to the stream and shady site. We had no time to build the proper toilet. After finishing built the shelter, we started digging ground. Sometime we had to go to worksite from shelter about 15 minutes. Normally, along a small stream, there were over-crowded villagers from several villages making many shelters. Surely, after we stayed for five days, we got bad smell from that surrounding.
Q If one family was impossible to work or someone could not work, for example he was sick, in the worksite, what are the treatments of soldiers or railway authorities?
Normally, for nearly two years, after the military started building Ye-Tavoy railway, if some families or someone could not work on the defined time and work-duty, they had to pay to military through their village headmen with reason to hire and substitute another one. But in the most cases, the military or railway authorities took such cash without hiring someone for replacement. In my first time in clearing foliage in new selected route, two of our villagers could not go to worksite and they had to pay 2000 Kyat each to the village headman and he gave that cash to the Burmese military officer, maybe LIB NO. 409, in Min Tha village. When we arrived in worksite and started clearing foliage for new route, I though there was no extra labourer hired by military. Before we left to the worksite, the village headman told us the military will hire two more villagers for substitution. Nobody came and work with us, then we had to complete the defined distance of route by ourselves.
Maltreatment of local SLORC troops to civilians beside providing unpaid labour in construction
The soldiers did not stay with us almost the time and watched us, but they came about two or three times in a week, like to check how we had completed job they defined. As soon as they arrived, they shouted to ensure to complete the jobs and to work perfectly, so we had to be careful and worked hardly. If they saw someone taking a rest when they arrived, they will beat. Yes, I was an eye-witness of two Burmese soldiers beating an old man. The old man was about 65 years old and he was too weak to work. So we allowed him to work as he could and he could take a rest any time he needed. One day, when he took a rest under a big shady tree beside the embankment we built, a small force sent in advance by a company of Burmese troops was appeared in our worksite and saw that old man taking a rest and the soldiers were angered to him and took him to the commander. And the commander ordered two soldiers including one sergeant to beat the old man. The old man was beaten with rifle butts, fists and jungle boots. He was not our villagers and the village headman of his village approached to commander and explained his situation, and then they stopped beating. The commander also shouted and warned to villagers that not too bring disabled and unhealthy villagers to the worksite. In stead of bring such men, to collect cash for those families and gave them to hire the substitutes. Later, we knew that old man was from The Chaung village and even he was weak because of sickness but he had nothing to pay for substitute. Then he came to work site after he had no choice. All villagers sympathised on him and let him did as he could.
Unproper and lack of health care in the construction site
Q Did the railway authorities pay any villager for the labour contribution and were they treated by military or government clinics or hospitals when they got sickness or injuries in the worksites?
Never. I never heard the railway authorities paid the villagers for their manual labours. Nothing provided by them. When we came to the worksite, we had to spend our own travelling charges. We had to bring our own foods especially rice and tools, and brought some cash to buy palm oil, vegetables and medicines in the worksite. Yes, it had about small shops in each worksite run by villagers nearby, but for medicines we had to buy from the military medic or in village such as Kalein Aung. I was lucky as never suffered from sickness in the worksites. For a patient who was sick in the worksite, the military never treated them and if he/she was very serious, the concerned villagers had to send to clinics or hospitals in Tavoy or Kalein Aung. He/she had to treat with his own charges in private clinic or even in Tavoy or Ye town hospital you had to buy the medicines. Additionally, that patient had to pay the military to hire the substitute to complete pieces of work defined for him/her. So far you worked in the worksite, you had to take care your healthy by yourself not to became sick. In every worksite, many villagers were getting sick because of surroundings, but they tried to complete their works as they had no payment to hire substitute.
Destruction of local community by SLORC and population dislocation, as a result
Q How much you lost because of this construction?
Recently, in stead of me, my son had to work in the construction as I found income for family survival. But my income could not cover for spending charges at home and many kinds of tax to provide the military. Sometime, when my son could not go to the worksite, we had to pay the military. My wife sold everything belonged by her such as gold necklace and ring. My income could not cover for all of charges for a long time. Last year in June, I sold my five acres of rice field and then I had spent that cash to give to military and for family survival. In October, I left nothing in my rice warehouse and when I worked in the construction, I had to buy rice with high price. When I abandoned my village, I left only one small house. I and my wife sold everything that belonged to us.
Q Will you hope to return back again to your native village?
At the moment it is impossible to return. If the military did not conscript for labours and collect several kinds of tax, may be, I will return back.
Name: Nai Wee
Sex/ Age: Male/ 57 years
Nationality/ Religion: Mon/ Buddhist
Native Place: Le Kyi Village, Yebyu Township, Tenasserim Division.
Interview Date: 12th December, 1995
In some village group, beside the SLORC conscription of forced labours, the railway authorities, military men and their fellows in village group level leaders also have collected taxation for construction. Such tax collections are not actually used as mentioned reasons and the corruption is widespread among all levels of SLORC men from village group headmen up to military commanders.
Q When did you arrive to this camp and why did you flee?
1 arrived here just three days ago. I fled here because I could not pay for them as they (railway authorities and military) asked. At least we had to pay them 3000 Kyat every month for all kinds of taxation including porter fees, construction fees and gas pipeline fees. I already paid them nearly 10,000 Kyat within three months of October to December.
Charges for substitute labourers and other kind of taxation
Q Did you worked in the railway construction? If you worked, why did you have to pay for construction tax?
I do not know for sure. According to village group headman Aung San, from Min Thar village group, for our small village with 50 households has to provide 60 labourers for the construction. And they said only 40 men from our village can go to the construction worksite and we have to pay them for another 20 labourers hiring charges. We have to pay them 4000 Kyat for each labourers who were hired by them as they said. 1 did not know sure whether they hired those replaced labourers or not.
We ever had arguments with Aung San recently in October, so he increased for defined labourers from 40 to 60. In first week of October, when the Burmese troops from LIB No. 407 came into our village, our village headmen asked them for the reduction of labourer numbers to 20 as all villagers are farmers and had to work in rice fields. The military commanders angered and shout us and he also said, "the government construction project is more important than your works and you must go to construction worksite and pay to hire replaced labourers". He refused to reduce the numbers of labourers and Aung San told us our village will have to provide 60 labourers every month starting from October. They said they are hurry to complete the Ye-Kalein Aung construction section. Our village headmen argued we have no 60 men to go to construction worksite and accept 40 men to go. But they disagreed and told us to pay for 20 hiring charges of labourers. We have no choice.
Serving high tax to the local SLORC troops including portering and gas pipeline fees
Q Beside the railway construction tax, you mentioned you have to pay for porter fees and for gas pipeline construction. Please explain me how did they collect such kinds of tax?
Every month we have to pay to LIB No. 407 for porter fees. According to them, they have hired for one porter with 200 Kyat every day and they said the villages in Min Thar village group have to pay for their expenses. And when the troops came into our village, they also collect rice from villagers without any payment. We do not know how many porters they used for their battalion. Every time they came to our village, one company of troops used at least 10 porters with them to carry their foods, rice and ammunitions. Col. Kyaw Min of LIB No. LIB 407 always arrived to our village. When he arrived to the village, the village headman needed to collect porter fees and sent to him on the next day, may be, in Min Than village or other places where they took base. We have to pay at least 400 Kyat every month.
I have never been to the gas pipeline construction sites. But we have to pay them for the prices of roofing leaves, bamboos, lumbers that used in constructing of military barracks. I do not know which battalions collect such kind of tax. Our village headman need to collect the defined tax as ordered by military and sent it to military outpost of Kywe-tho-nyima. Recently, we had to pay for 500 Kyat averagely and the range of tax is not normal. Sometime we had to pay 700 Kyat and sometime 300 Kyat.
Tax collection on disabled and elder persons
Q Did they collect such many kinds of taxation from disabled and elder person families?
Yes, they collected every houses. So the villagers hated the headmen and nobody in the village would not like to became village headman. But the military forcibly chose for village headmen and call them their Ya Wa Ta (Village LORC) and they always used those men to collect taxation and labour conscripts instead of them.
The Translation of Order #1 (Provided by Mon Information Service)
Township Law and Order Restoration Council
Dated: August 31,1995
Quarter/ Village Law and Order Restoration Council
(Name of individual) Quarter/ Village Group
Subject: Re-setting the numbers of hired labourers for the railway construction.
(1) So as to have the Ye-Tavoy Railway Construction (Yebyu-Kalein Aung Section) completed most quickly, the numbers of hired labourers to be provided by your quarter/ village tract is increased to and re-set as (60) from 1st September.
(2) You are informed to send these hired labourers to New Lein Worksite from 1st September 1995 according to the number re-set now. In so doing, you must ensure that no women and minors be included amongst these hired labourers and that only men of full age be selected. You the Village Law and Order Restoration Council (VLORC) must stay with your respective labourers and oversee the worksite yourselves in rotation, and must ensure especially that you can send the full hired labourers as in the re-set number.
On behalf of Chairman
(U Myint Soe)
- District Law and Order Restoration Council, Tavoy District, Tavoy
- Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) No. 410, Kalein Aung Village, Yebyu Township
- In charge of Labour Camp, LIB No. 410 Frontline Outpost, Nwe Lein Camp, Yebyu Township
- Office Copy
The Translation of Order #2 (Provided by Mon Information Service)
Township Law and Order Restoration Council
Dated: June 22, 1995
Village Group Law and Order Restoration Council
(VLORC) Ohnbingwin/ Zar Dee/ Hpaung Taw/ Ya Bu/ Zimba Yebyu Township
Subject: To contribute volunteer labourers for the railway construction
(1) As it is in need of more volunteer labourers at Nwe Lein Worksite of the Ye-Tavoy Railway Construction, Zar Dee, Hpaung Taw and Ohnbingwin village groups, which have taken a rest from working on the construction of the army buildings at Heinze island, are informed to contribute (blurred spot) labourers each to work for the railway construction at Nwe Lein Worksite from June 1995.
(2) Ya Bu and Zimba village groups, which have been taken a rest from working on the construction are herein informed to contribute 30 labourers and 15 labourers respectively to work on the railway construction again from 25 June 1995.
(3) It is informed that the necessary shelters for these railway construction labourers to stay are to be built with own arrangements and at own expense of the respective villages; that the labourers from each village are to be sent to the worksite by one of the members of the VLORC themselves; and that the worksite is to be supervised and overseen by the respective VLORC in rotation.
On behalf of Chairman
(U Myint Soe)
- District Law and Order Restoration Council, Tavoy
- In Charge, Area Construction Implementing Committee, Kan Bauk and Kalein Aung Areas, Yebyu Township
- Office Copy