News, Personal Accounts, Reports & Analysis on Human Rights Situation
Electric Publication by
HUMAN RIGHTS FOUNDATION OF MONLAND
The Mon Forum
ISSUE NO. 10/2002; OCTOBER 31, 2002; MONTHLY PUBLICATION
Since many previous years
until this year, UN General Assemblies have asked
However for several years, the regime has refused or has made delay to the international independent bodies to monitor human rights: labour standards; woman and child rights; violations against ethnic civilians in conflict area; and freedom of association and expression. This is a clear sign that the regime has not welcomed political reform for democratization and positive political negotiation, although it claims ‘national reconciliation’.
It has some positive signs that the regime has cooperated with international organizations; such as cooperation with ICRC; appointment of ILO’s a liaison officer; and visits UN Human Rights Special Rapporteur on a regular basis.
But it is not enough. The mandate of international organizations or representatives to have access up to the areas where human rights conditions are still worst. Additionally, there must be in need of serious pressure to the regime to cease all types of human rights violations committed by its authorities and members of Burmese Army.
Starting from October 8 until 25, a local military battalion in Yebyu Towship, LIB No. 282 has forced many hundreds of Mon and Karen people in Ye-Tavoy motor road repairs.
This motor road is over 100 miles long and connects Ye Town in
No. 282 commander, Lt. Col. Maung Aung led in the conscription of forced labour
from local villages, which situates along the motor road. The villagers from over 15 villages under Yapu, Aleskan, Kalein-aung and Pauk-pin-gwin
village tracts of
The conscripts were forced in works laying stones (to be ready for tarring), digging water canals alongside of the road, clearing bushes and grasses alongside of the road and repairing some bridges.
Villagers were instructed to carry their own foods from their homes and walked to work site every day if they were close. By the instruction of the army commander, the village headmen asked one villager from each household to contribute their unpaid labour. Piece of work for the villagers is: 3 villagers must complete all works laying stones; digging canals; and clearing grasses and bushes in 1 furlong length of the road.
According to a villager from Aleskan village, they were ordered to work for 7 days in the work site to complete the duty. If the work site was far from their villages, the villagers also had to travel by ferry to reach there. They also had to pay ferry cost, 700-1400 Kyat depending on distance from their villages to work sites. As they have to work for many days they also slept in army barracks at night.
In some houses, if men were working in farms, the women and children (under 18 years old) had to go instead of their fathers. If one house could not go, they had to hire a substitute by paying 5000 Kyat for the whole work duty or for 7 days works.
The village headmen managed on a rotation basis in sending the villager labourers to work site. If they failed to manage they must be punished by Burmese Army. At least one member of every family have to work in the work site. The road repairs completed on October 25.
many parts of
Since the early of October, the authorities from Township’s Myanmar Agriculture Products Trade Department have entered many villages in Mon State and forced the farmers to sign a contract that promising they would sell the set amount of paddy to the government paddy-buying center after harvest. Harvest time is normally in early December and farmers could complete all their cultivation activities.
authorities always pressured to farmers to sell their paddy crops to their
paddy-buying centers first before they bring to their homes. As the quality of lands is different from
between one Township to another, the authorities
orders to farmers also different.
According to orders
farmers are too disappointed with this order because every farmer lost their
paddy crops. In northern part of Ye
Township alone, the paddy in over 500 acres of agriculture lands are destroyed
farmers in Ye, Mudon, Kyaikmayaw
The regime forced the farmers to sell their paddy at low price, 300-350 Kyat per basket to their paddy-buying center. Currently the paddy price in the market is 2000 Kyat per basket.
Most disappointed situation is the farmers did not have available paddy crops for selling even at low price to the regime set paddy-buying. Most farmers said they would face detention by the authorities if they failed to sell the set amount of paddy.
Since September, the villagers in the northern part of Ye Township have been forced to guard and sometimes are forced rebuild the embankment of Kanbauk-Myaingkalay gas pipeline, which passed close to their villages.
Villagers are forced to guard that gas pipeline both day and night and Burmese Army’s battalions, LIB No. 586 and IB No. 61 have responsibility in conscription of the villagers to use them in guarding gas pipeline and sometimes forced them for some repairs of pipeline embankment.
Due to flood in last rainy season, in some area of gas pipeline route, the earth above pipeline was thrown away and then the army ordered the villagers to fill earth onto pipeline. In September, many villagers were forced to do this covering gas pipeline works. At the same time, they were forced to guard the pipeline.
In early October, LIB No. 586 commanders also went into villages and instructed to villagers to guard the pipeline both day and night, and if the pipeline was sabotaged they must have to take responsibility.
According to a 50 years old woman from Kyone-por village, she said that the army commander ordered every household must take responsibility in guarding the pipeline and if the explosion occurs near their guarding place, they must be punished. She added that the army threatened them they must face imprisonment for life. If the gas pipeline was sabotaged near a village, the villagers from that village had to pay 10 million Kyat.
Because of this order, many villagers would like to move from their villages. However the villagers are not allowed to move from their villages, because the headmen worried there would be no villager left in the village.
NEWS IN BRIEF:
(August 2002, Ye
In August 2002, when MOMC No. 19 commander Brigadier Ye Myint planned to arrange a competition for paddy planting in Lamine village’s farm, Ye Township, he ordered the authorities to collect money from the villages.
This fund collection to spend for several expenses in competition. They ordered the village headmen from Lamine village to collect this fund from villages under Lamine village tract. There are 6 villages in that village tract.
The authorities ordered to collect 300 Kyat from each household. In 6 villages in this village tract, there are about 4000 households and the authorities could receive over 1 million Kyat fund in total.
The authorities and army commander spent just small amount of money in giving prizes to winners in competition.
A farmer said, ‘they got
large money and they would not spend all money.
I think they would share among them’.
(July 2002, Ye Township,
To equip a computer system in No. 2 Basic High School in Ye town, Township authorities collected large amount of fund from the people in town and villages.
In creating ‘multimedia and computer room’ in High School, as the authorities required about one million Kyat from Ye Town alone and MOMC No. 19 commander Brigadier Ye Win also ordered the authorities to collect fund from every town section.
The authorities collected 100, 000 Kyat from each section and Ye Township has about 10 town sections. Thus, the authorities could get one million Kyat totally for this purpose.
Police’s fund-raising program
In early August, the police officers forcibly sold tickets to civilians to watch boxing stage, with price of 1000 Kyat per sheet.
The police department
planned to hold boxing stage in
They stopped ferries that
came from various villages and towns to capital
As they were sure that the civilians from the rural area could not enable to watch boxing in the capital, then they forced more and more passengers to buy tickets. They could raise a lot of income. Not only passengers in ferries, they also sold passengers who traveled by motorcycles. Although many passengers refused they would not like to buy tickets, because they are not interested in boxing, but were forced to buy anyhow.
From this selling tickets, the police department could receive some million Kyat and it greatly supports their fund-raising program. They could not only spend for all administrative purposes of their office, but they could put into their pockets.
Fund for food to soldiers
(July 2002, Ye Township,
The village headmen of Khaw-za village, southern part of Ye Township, collected 500 Kyat from every house on a monthly basis, to pay for food expenses that paid in feeding Burmese soldiers.
Whenever Burmese soldiers (local name for members of Burmese Army) arrived into Khaw-za village, they always asked village headmen to provide them some food, especially rice and meat. Additionally, they also asked liquor, beer, bervarages and cigarettes. Village headmen had to manage and bought foods, beer, liquor, beverages and cigarettes with debt and promised to pay later.
The Burmese Army’s military columns arrived into village many times. Each time, the headmen had to feed at least 20 soldiers and sometimes, up to 200 soldiers. Whether the number of soldiers were much or less the headmen needed to arrange for foods and other stuff for them.
For the headmen, they were too busy for this management because the Burmese soldiers came into village very often. As an example, IB No. 61’s 70 troops went into village on 2nd July and stayed there for 3 days. After only one day IB No. 61 troops left, another 60 troops from LIB No. 343 came into village again. They stayed for another three days.
Thus, the village headmen have to spend a lot of money for feeding different group of soldiers. Burmese soldiers never brought their own food and just ask from the civilians.
As Khaw-za village has about 800 households, the headmen could collect 300000-400000 Kyat from the villagers. At the end of each month, the headmen had to pay all debts to shops from where they bought food and other stuff.
Fund for hospital building
(August 2002, Ye
For the repairs of Ye town public hospital and to buy supplementary medicines, under the direction of MOMC No. 19, the Township and Village PDC authorities also collected fund from the civilians.
The commander of MOMC No. 19, Brigadier Ye Win ordered to the authorities to collect 50000 Kyat from each section in town. The authorities collected 50000 Kyat from each section in town and there were 10 sections totally.
Again, the commander instructed to village authorities that they needed to collect 100, 000 Kyat from big village and 50, 000 Kyat from small village. There are over 50 villages under full- or semi-control of PDC.
On August 13, Township authorities and MOMC No. 19 commanders celebrated a ceremony for receiving donated money. They totally received about 5 million Kyat in total from forcing the civilians to provide fund.
According to a man from Ye Town said, ‘they forced us to pay money, but they declared in the ceremony that we voluntarily donate the money. That is how they lie’. This type of fund collection for hospital repairs and supplementary medicine supplies is done yearly.
On villager from rural area said, ‘whenever the patients arrive to hospital for treatment, we do not see any medicines in hospital. Now, they said they collect fund to buy medicines for hospital, but we always experienced buying medicines in shops outside of hospital’.
Health system the worst one in the world and the patients could not rely on. However, the corrupted army commanders and authorities collected fund by showing health purpose.
Arrest of women and fines from illegal lottery
Police officers have
allowed illegal lottery that copied from
However, on July 4, an police officer from nearer Kamawet police station, the area police officer Sergeant Hla Cho came to Yaung-daung, in southern part of Township and arrested two Mon women, Mi Khin Aye and Mi Aye Mon, who involved in selling lottery. Mi Aye Mon was released when a village headman guaranteed for her.
But Mi Khin Aye was brought to police station. While the police officer brought her to police station, she also had to bring her 5 months old baby, and her 8 years old daughter also followed along her. Police fined her to pay 50000 Kyat for release. He relatives found that amount of money and paid to police for her release.
was initially the splinter armed organization from KNU (Karen National Union)
after some commanders from KNU surrendered to Burmese Army. It was formed with purpose by Burmese Army to
fight against KNU since 1994. In that
year, there was a minor religious clash in KNU. So, the Buddhist monks in
In 1994, Karen Buddhist monks led by U Thuzana organized the Buddhist community to not support KNU because they accused and propagandized that Christians have monopolized in the politics and army roles in the revolution organization. Then, they formed DKBA by supports of the regime. Due to a religious based split the Buddhist soldiers and commanders who were in KNU for several years fighting against the Burmese Army joined DKBA. It also has political wing and it was called DKBO (Democratic Karen Buddhist Organization) and it was also led by that senior monk.
From 1994 until 1997 when the Burmese Army launched massive military offensives against KNU/KNLA, its had used DKBA commanders and soldiers to help them in occupying many rebel bases, including KNU’s a well known GHQs, Manaplaw.
When the regime and Burmese Army used DKBA soldiers, they also provided them with food ration and encouraged DKBA to recruit more soldiers. Later, when the Burmese Army occupied many KNU strongholds and permanent GHQs, they ceased their assistance to DKBA and instructed to them that they needed to set up some program for self-reliance.
after the regime ceased their supports and assistance to DKBA, it was unable to
feed their soldiers and could not recruit the new soldiers. Therefore, the regime encouraged DKBA
commanders to do their own business. As
former KNU members, DKBA has been familier with
border area, thus, they have conducted border trade via Myawaddy-Mae
Sot border point, eastern part of
the other hand, they also took various contracts from SLORC/SPDC and did as
suppliers in some development projects in
organizing DKBA commanders and their soldiers to not again collaborate with
KNU, the regime SLORC/SPDC gave too much favour or opportunity to DKBA. Additionally, they also have more freedom in
dealing in trading activities than normal traders. Accordingly to the local people in
an armed organization, the DKBA have copied many practices from soldiers of
Burmese Army in committing human rights violations against Mon and Karen
In the areas where DKBA is taking bases, the local civilians have been constantly suffered from various types of human rights violations by members of Burmese Army and DKBA. Similarly to SPDC authorities and local military battalions of Burmese Army, DKBA also involved in implementing development projects especially in road constructions. In most of such development projects, DKBA also conscripts forced labour and used hundreds of civilians to contribute unpaid labour. Additionally, like Burmese Army, they have also conscripted forced labour in construction of the military barracks and to work in their self-reliance originated rice-farms and fruit and rubber plantations.
DKBA also collecting tax and involved in many activities in repressing the civilians and abuses of power in both cities and rural areas. Although the members of DKBA involved in some crimes, the regime’s law enforcement authorities could not punish them because of favour provided by SPDC top leaders. These abuses of power also created dissatisfaction for anti-DKBA among the civilians. However the civilians lost their rights for justice.
The following accounts are DKBA’s gross human rights violations in rural area: conscription of forced labour; discrimination or abuses of power against the civilians; tax or fund extortion; gambling and robbery activities; involvement in drug trafficking; and other abuses.
the recruit method of DKBA, if someone joined DKBA as soldiers to build peace
Whenever the regime SLORC/SPDC deal a ceasefire agreement, their leaders and authorities always promised that the group should involve for development activities of their own area. In 1994, when SLORC authorities dealt ceasefire with DKBA, the SLORC promised that the State would provide fund for various development projects and asked DKBA to lead in the activities for those development projects. In this type of implementing development projects, the local Burmese Army’s battalions or DKBA involved in conscription of forced labour.
In where DKBA is taking base, they always confiscated the lands belonged to civilians or took many acres of lands which have no owners and then built the military barracks and created plantations. Whenever they needed labour to clear their base compound, clear the plantation grounds, grow trees and other works, they always forced civilians from the area to contribute unpaid labour.
As DKBA has various works in their bases, they normally forced the civilians very regularly. Depending on the work loads they have in the base, the numbers of forced labour were different. Sometimes, when their works was urgent, they forced over one thousand of people in their specific workplace while they forced a few number of people in other time.
As an instance,
“In the verbal orders to the village headmen from these villages, the DKBA commanders ordered to send one man or woman to come and contribute labour in the work-site. They ordered to carry their own food along with them. From the morning until the evening, the villagers were ordered to clear small trees, bushes and grasses near their military barracks and the whole compound. The commander who was responsibly in that conscription of forced labour is Maj. Sein Hlaing from Battalion No. 906.”
Battalion No. 6 also often used small number of works in their minor battalion
works from the villages nearby in
Once or twice a year, DKBA conscripts a huge number of civilians to contribute unpaid labour in their battalion compound. The conscript number is over 1000 people and forced one member from every house.
As another instance,
As Buddhism oriented organization, DKBA especially involves in religious affairs, and planned to build pagoda, dhamma (Buddhist teaching) building and other monuments. Whenever in the construction of religious buildings, DKBA commanders concerned who took responsibility for the construction always forced the civilians near their villages to contribute unpaid labour in those constructions.
As an instance,
September 2002, DKBA was building a dhamma
building in Kyone-doe village,
“Among many villagers, the villagers from Kanni village were often forced and when they conscripted the labourers, they ordered 36 villagers every day and this conscription continues for two weeks. Kanni village has 12 sections, and the headman, Nai Kyaw Myint, had to manage to get 3 villagers from each section and sent to the construction site.
“Similarly to Kanni village, the village headman from Kaw-lyan village had to manage to send 20 villagers everyday for about 2 weeks to the construction site. The villagers had to go in early morning by boats and took their foods to eat in the construction site. They also had to bring their own tools accordingly to the orders.”
the villagers were forced to work the construction site, they also lose
opportunity to work in their farms or plantations. Some villagers were day labourers and on the
day when they were forced to work for army, they could not get any income for
their families. For those day
labourers, as the members of whole family depends on the man, lack of daily
income create great difficult for their survival. In this
If compared with Karen villages, the Mon villages which situates on Gyaing riverbank have more population and household numbers. Therefore, to quickly complete of their work-duties, DKBA forced the Mon villagers more. For several Mon villages, they could get up to one thousand number of villagers to use in their work-places.
Likely to SPDC authorities and Burmese Army, DKBA also raising their fund by collecting money from illegal gambling dens (especially playing card game) and collected tax from the civilians. Sometimes they also involved in robbery.
Since 1996-1997, after the regime SLORC was unable to pay administration and other expenses for its respective Township General Administration Department and battalions under Burmese Army, it has instructed the authorities and army commanders to seek their own income to support in the administration cost. This order again supports the authorities and army commanders to seek their own corrupted income from the people.
to SPDC authorities and Burmese Army commanders, DKBA commanders and soldiers
also involved in raising fund by their own way. In 1998, after the regime
occupied nearly all of KNU strongholds in eastern part of
also copied the fund raising methods from the regime authorities. What are they? The regime authorities in
Whenever there is a village’s pagoda festival in area near their bases or under their control, DKBA commanders always planned to set up gambling dens and collect fund from the players. In most activities, DKBA always extent the period of gambling even the festival had a few days. Sometimes, even though there is no special occasion or villages’ pagoda festivals, DKBA commanders also conduct gambling activities and encourage the local villagers to involve in the activities.
As an instance,
pagoda’s festival in Tha-dar-oo village, Kaw-lyan village tract of
As another instance,
“In September 2002, there was no festival in Lon-lung village, Pa-an Township. But when DKBA troops from Battalion No. 4 led by Lt. Saw Mee Mee arrived into village, as he wanted some money and he set up gambling den in village quickly. They operated gambling for 10 days and set about 30 dens and informed the villagers who were interested to involve in playing card game. They received about 0.5 million Kyat from that gambling.”
Additionally, SPDC authorities regularly collected fund from the people by showing various reasons. DKBA similarly collected money or fund from the civilians with various reasons.
As an instance,
“In November 2001, DKBA
commanders called a meeting with all household, who belonged
DKBA troops launch military activities patrol the areas near their bases and tried to prevent the access from KNLA soldiers. During they are launching military patrol, they also went into many Mon and Karen villages and took foods from the villages. Especially, whenever DKBA soldiers arrived into a village, the village headmen had to manage to provide foods for them. But DKBA commanders or soldiers never paid any cost of foods. Then after DKBA troops returned, the village headmen had to collect money from the villagers again to pay for food costs.
As an instance,
“Village headmen from En-duu village, Pa-an Township of Karen State, collected tax from villagers every month for providing foods to DKBA soldiers, who arrived into villages very often. Each household had to pay 500 Kyat per month. The village headmen had to provide DKBA soldiers with rice, various type of meat, liquor and cigarettes when they arrived into village. En-duu village has about 500 household and so, the headmen had to spend 250, 000 Kyat per month for foods and other materials.”
Sometimes, by showing the reason of health or education development in the area like SPDC authorities, DKBA commanders also collected fund from the civilians. In the area where DKBA takes bases, the civilians not only have to pay to SPDC authorities but they also have to pay DKBA for some development projects. The civilians are too disappointed paying to both parties because they collected tax for the same reason.
As an instance,
mid-September, 2002, DKBA Battalion No. 4 based in Pa-an
“Many villages which paid to DKBA could not participate in competition, because of difficulty in traveling to town football grounds and only a few number of villages could involve. According to a Township authorities, DKBA could receive 1.5 million Kyat in that fund collection and spent only 200, 000 Kyat for competition. In this case, besides the fund collection conducted by DKBA, the civilians in the ”
In the activity of collecting permanent tax, DKBA also set
check-points on many main roads such as on Three Pagoda Pass-Thanbyuzayat motor road, Myawaddy-Moulmein
motor road and others. Most roads are
connecting Thai border points and a city in
According to a woman trader who
used trading along
this motor road, there are many check-points hold various armed groups. We have to pay every checkpoint after we left
Many travelers and traders are always disappointed with DKBA when they faced them. But for the security reason, DKBA troops always closely set their checkpoint and deploy their soldiers. Sometimes, they were also attacked by KNLA soldiers.
When DKBA soldiers faced shortage of money or if they have opportunity, they also robbed some villages and took money and gold from villagers. In many times, although the village leaders and villagers knew who involved in robbing, but they have to keep silence. If the speak out something related to the robbery, they could face torture and detention by DKBA commanders in the area.
DKBA did not rob the villages near the base but robbed in
As an instance,
“After robbery, one DKBA soldiers sold some gold wares in town and he sold them to a relative of Kanni villager, whose gold wares were robbed. A Mon woman, Mi Nyunt, spoke out that gold wares were hers in a shop. DKBA soldiers also heard about that and then they arrested her. They brought her to their base in Kyone-doe village and tortured her to not speak out about robbery. She was detained for one night. Before release, they also threatened if she continued speaking about robbery, she must be killed.”
DKBA has used various method in collecting fund from the civilians including robbery. In some types of fund collection, DKBA just copied from SPDC authorities and Burmese Army’s practices, but in another cases, DKBA used most cruel ways. In general, the SPDC has less influence or authority in rural areas and DKBA overwhelmingly takes this opportunity and tried to extort money from the people in various ways.
holding guns, like the members of Burmese Army, DKBA soldiers always oppressed
the ordinary civilians by pointing guns to them. DKBA always claims there will be no justice
if someone has problem with them. In
Pa-an Township, the capital of
Without respecting justice, DKBA totally involves in power abuses than the SPDC authorities. In the area where DKBA has influence, the conditions became as in lawlessness and chaos. As DKBA receives great favour and power from SPDC top leaders, especially ceasefire organizer Lt. Gen. Khin Nyunt, they have not cared even SPDC local authorities and law enforcement police officers.
Sometimes, DKBA commanders put their power or influence onto the civilians and some corrupted village headmen also cooperated with them. Threatening, arrest, torture against the civilians are constantly committed by members of DKBA.
As an instance,
May, 2002, a corrupted village chairman of Kanni
In Pa-an town, DKBA officially opened its office for business purpose and it has most influence in town. As it never respect justice and existing laws, abuses and violations against the normal Mon, Burmese and Karen town residents are often committed. Whenever there is a crime committed by DKBA soldiers, Township authorities, law enforcement police officers and army do not want to deal with and let DKBA win. Lawlessness activities conducted by DKBA soldiers always occurs in town. As an example, when DKBA rides a motorcycle, everybody in town needed to give them way, if not, someone who refused must be slapped. Although town residents dissatisfied with the situation, but they have no way to against DKBA.
As an instance,
“On January 1, 2002, when a commander of DKBA drove a motorcycle and when he tried to get way, his motorcycle also hit a bicycle belonged to a town resident, Ko Aye Lwin, a man. After hitting, the commander also beat Ko Aye Lwin and he said that the men had to pay him for repairs of his motorcycle, which was damaged just a little. Then, they have argument each other and the man also beat the commander after he lost tolerance. But the commander pulled out his gun and point to the man. The commander also said, ‘why you try to beat me? I am a DKBA commander. You will be killed soon.’
“Then he beat the man several times and brought him to their battalion base. His wife went and looked for him and DKBA commander asked his wife to pay 20000 Kyat for his release. To end the problem, his wife paid the money and got her husband back home. Community leaders, town residents and relatives of Ko Aye Lwin did not satisfy much to DKBA commanders and complained in Township police station. But the police officer them, ‘we don’t want to handle any case that relating to DKBA soldiers.’ He also added, ‘not only you, we are also afraid of DKBA.’
“One Township also explained to relatives of Ko Aye Lwin that because of favour and power to DKBA came from higher authorities, they have given special opportunity to DKBA in town. They are independent to hold gun both days and nights and could kill anyone. He also pleased Ko Aye Lwin and his relatives to keep silence about the case. If not, they could be killed.”
By studying this case, DKBA is the most powerful group in where they take base or open their offices, even in town. It does not respect any people and the violations of laws or human rights by members of DKBA occurred on a daily basis is totally ignored.
late 2001, there was a religious clashes between
Muslims and Buddhist monks in Pegu, Prome and some
In DKBA, most of its members have anti-Muslim sentiment and accused the civilians who believe in Muslim as religious extremists. Therefore, whenever the DKBA soldiers met Muslims in villages, in farms or in forests, they always beat them. Torture against the Muslim people often committed by DKBA commanders or soldiers, and when that torture happened, DKBA always accused that these Muslim people were directly related to Muslim political or terrorist group.
As an instance,
Additionally, DKBA always claims that they are representing the Buddhist Karen people and their activities would benefit to only their ethnic people and not for other people. With narrow-minded nationalistic idea, the members of DKBA have widely involved in discrimination against Mon people especially.
There were many instances of discrimination against the Mon people in the area. Even in the conscription of forced labour, DKBA commanders selected Mon villages and ordered the village headmen to send labourers to contribute unpaid labour, while sometimes they did not order Karen villagers to contribute labour. Similarly when DKBA decided to collect tax from fishermen who fished along Gyaing river, they just selected the Mon fishermen and ordered them to pay tax to them in early 2002. There were nearly 200 fishermen in the area, who have livelihood of fishing in river.
For many years, DKBA also involved in
human trafficking to
As an instance,
in villages, towns and cities, when there is clash between young people between
Karen and other ethnic people Burman or Mon, they always involved from the side
of Karen and threatened other ethnic people.
Beating against young Burman or Mon like in Pa-an
Town and in Mon villages in
is also holding border points in
in 1998, after SLORC/SPDC cut support and assistance to DKBA and gave
instruction for self-reliance program, DKBA started involved in drug
trafficking. DKBA could easily contact
drug or methamphetamine produced organization in
mentioned above, DKBA received great favour from SPDC leaders and they could
involve in any type of trade, even in drug trafficking. As DKBA put sticker of their organization
flag in trucks, no police or army checkpoints along the road could check their
trucks and goods in there. Thus, DKBA
has good opportunity to carry drug from
Wa ethnic armed group could not send much
As an instance,
August 27, 2002, when a truck of DKBA which carried drug entered into Pa-an
town, the capital city of Karen State, and the soldiers of Burmese Army’s LID
No. 22 tried to check it. DKBA
commander and soldiers from Battalion No. 999 who guarded the truck refused to
stop their trucks. When the Burmese soldiers
barred them Karen soldiers shot into the group. Burmese soldiers also shot back to Karen
soldiers and the fighting lasted about 5 minutes. Three Burmese soldiers died on the spot and
some got serious injuries while one Karen commander died. However, the truck could leave from the
check-point quickly. When the commander
of LID No. 22 reported about the case to GHQs in
Many bottom level of Burmese soldiers also angered to DKBA for illegal trade activities and over use of power. But SPDC has to keep DKBA for their political game. Because it needs the opposition of KNU and uses DKBA to show to the international community as an organization representing Karen people.
drug money, DKBA also has opportunity to increase the number of their troops,
they could involve more in launching more illegal business, such as stealing
cars, motorcycles from
In rural areas where DKBA troops are taking bases, the Mon, Karen and other ethnic people faced not only oppression by SPDC authorities and Burmese Army, but they also suffered from the violations and other abuses committed by DKBA. ‘Power comes from gun barrels’ is the politics in the areas and the people cannot find any justice. Inhumane treatment regardless of respecting Buddhist principles, DKBA, which is named as Buddhism based organization, are constantly committed by it members. Basic Buddhist teaching such as to be kind on others, to keep passion each other and to offer the poor are practiced by DKBA, but it practices in opposite.
does SPDC keep DKBA as their best friend?
This is also come out the regime policy of ‘divide and rule’ among the
Karen ethnic people and gives more favour to DKBA. The regime leaders blind their eyes for what
DKBA does. Reasoning that there are
many conflicts even in one ethnic nationality, the rights to self-determination
for various ethnic nationalities in
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Invitation for feedback from readers
Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) was founded in 1995, by a group of young Mon people. The main objectives of HURFOM are:
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