”The New Light of Myanmar” 14 October 2003
YANGON, 13 Oct- A mass rally, organized by the Union Solidarity and Development Association, was held in support of Prime Minister's clarification on seven policies and programmes of the State (roadmap) at Monywa People's Sports Ground in Sagaing Division, yesterday morning.
Present on the occasion were Central Executive Committee members of USDA, members of township USDAs of Sagaing, Monywa, and Shwebo Districts, members of Maternal and Child Welfare Association, Working Committee for Women's Affairs, War Veterans Organization, Red Cross Society, Auxiliary Fire Brigade, faculty members and students of University of Monywa, Institute of Economics (Monywa), Institute of Education (Sagaing), University for Development of National Races, Monywa Computer College, Monywa Technological College, Sagaing Education College, Monywa Education College and Sagaing Cooperative College, Myanmar Thabin Asiayon, Myanmar Music Asiayon, Myanmar Writers and Journalists Association, departmental officials, nurses, merchants, industrialists, workers and local people totalling 21,000.
Before the mass rally, Anawrahta column led by column leader Staff Officer of Fire Services Department of Monywa Township U Win Myint together with column signboard and flag bearers marched into the Sports Ground and took their designated places.
Similarly, Bayintnaung column led by column leader Deputy Commander of Monywa Red Cross Society U Htain Hlaing with column signboard and flag bearers marched into the Sports Ground and took their designated places.
Likewise, Alongphaya column led by column leader Secretary of Shwebo District USDA U Tun Ko Ko with column signboard and flag bearers marched into the Sports Ground and took their designated places.
Moreover, Sinbyushin column led by column leader Sagaing District War Veterans Organization Chairman Lt-Col Soe Myint (Retd) with column signboard and flag bearers marched into the Sports Ground and took their designated places.
At the rally, Rector of the Institute of Education (Sagaing) Dr Myint Thein presided over the mass rally together with member of Supervisory Committee for Sagaing Division War Veterans Organization Maj Kyaw Tha Tun (Retd), Vice-Chairman of Sagaing Division Rice Wholesalers' Association U Khin Maung Oo, Secretary of Sagaing Division USDA U Htay Aung and Chairperson of Budalin Township MCWA Dr Daw Win Win as members. Monywa Township USDA executive Daw Theingi Win Shwe acted as master of ceremonies and Yinmabin Township USDA executive Daw Kyawt Yin Win as co-master of ceremonies.
First, the master of ceremonies announced the commencement of the mass rally.
Next, Dr Myint Thein
made a speech. He said that the mass rally held today is to support the future
political roadmap of the State, the national requirement for the emergence of a
new State constitution. Prime Minister General Khin Nyunt clarified the future
policies and programmes of the State to be
implemented phase by phase on
The second part of the speech touches on political developments. In this part, steps to realize democracy are clearly expressed. It is explained that a democratic system of a country cannot be exported into and practised in another as democracy should be based on the historical background and objective conditions of a nation concerned. A democracy is to be shaped on the basis of historical trends and objective conditions of a nation concerned. Countries are different in practising of democracy.
Clarified in the third part of the speech are the seven steps of the political process to develop a modern and developed democracy in the future in accordance with the historical background of the nation, the customs and traditions of the people and the prevailing political, economic and social conditions. Flourishing of patriotism and Union Spirit among the national races is of paramount importance for the emergence of a modern developed democratic nation. Union Spirit is the spirit built on oneness in striving for national development and cherishing the own land and own nation.
Head of State Senior General Than Shwe has given guidance, saying that in the today's world events there are some powers that are attempting to meddle in the affairs of other nations. And it is to be well aware that the deterioration of Union Spirit will lead to disintegration of national solidarity. This will result in loosing of sovereignty. The government has laid down the 12 political, economic and social objectives and is implementing them for the emergence of a discipline-flourishing democratic nation. In transforming the nation into the new democratic one, the Prime Minister has laid down the seven-point political roadmap of the State.
The seven steps of the political roadmap are: (1) Reconvening of the National Convention that has been adjourned since 1996. (2) After the successful holding of the National Convention, step by step implementation of the process necessary for the emergence of a genuine and discipline-flourishing democratic system. (3) Drafting of a new constitution in accordance with basic principles and detailed basic principles laid down by the National Convention. (4) Adoption of the constitution through national referendum. (5) Holding of free and fair elections for Pyithu Hluttaws (Legislative bodies) according to the new constitution. (6) Convening of Hluttaws attended by Hluttaw members in accordance with the new constitution. (7) Building a modern, developed and democratic nation by the state leaders elected by the Hluttaw; and the government and other central organs formed by the Hluttaw.
The successful holding of the National Convention and the emergence of an enduring State constitution are the most important points out of the seven-point political roadmap of the State. To draw the enduring State constitution by representatives of the national races and people from all walks of life, the National Convention was held in 1993.
However, in 1995, one political force decided to ignore the future of the country and hold the attitude of individualism seeking the interests of its own party above the national cause, and carried out a scheme aimed at destroying the National Convention.
I, on behalf of the people, enthusiastically support the future policies and programmes of the State as the successful holding of the National Convention and the emergence of the constitution out of the seven-point political roadmap are to be implemented phase by phase.
Regarding the constitution, Head of State Senior General Than Shwe has given guidance, saying that whatever system is practised in the nation, a State constitution is required. In addition, the constitution, which is able to serve the interests of the entire national people, must be an enduring one.
The State constitution which is the most important to the future State needs to be drafted in accord with the wishes of the national people.
Only when peace and tranquillity prevails can the nation-building endeavours be carried out phase by phase, and will the discipline-flourishing democratic nation the entire national people long for emerge.
As long as a political force in the country is acting with the attempts of the collaborators of neo-colonialism from abroad who are trying to find ways to bring down the existing government and as long as this political force continues to maintain a negative attitude or refuses to change its methods, it will result in a situation where the golden land that we all hope for will remain in the distance.
Therefore, the entire national races are to actively participate in realization of the seven-point political roadmap of the State that could shape the future of State the entire national races long for.
In conclusion, the entire national people are urged to make firm resolve for presenting the dangers posed by internal and external destructive elements who are against the interests of the State and its people and for actively participating in realization of the future State's policies and programmes by doing their bit with Union Spirit.
Sagaing Division USDA Executive U Moe Zaw Hein tabled a motion, saying that the national races
have been living in the
According to the facts in the speech of the Prime Minister delivered on 30 August 2003, one can be convinced that today, based on unity of national brethren and under the leadership of the government that has been dutifully discharging national tasks under the historical necessity, the entire people have made collective efforts actively and unitedly, resulting in fruitful results of the Union.
The Prime Minister made clarifications on the State's seven-point roadmap consisting of three parts.
The first part deals with specific facts about rapid development in the
sectors of politics, economy and social affairs during the period from its
assumption of the State's duties to date, and the second part touches on a
brief account on State's political developments. In the third part, the Prime
Minister clarified the various steps of the political programme which will be
implemented for the emergence of a modern, developed and democratic State that
corresponds to the political, economic and social conditions of the country and
is based on
With regard to economic growth of the State, in 1988-89, the GDP of the country was at the lowest mark, but in 2003-2004 fiscal year, 11.1 per cent GDP growth was achieved.
In the agricultural sector, the paddy output in 1988 was 654 million baskets. In the time of the Tatmadaw government, a total of 151 dams and reservoirs and 265 water pumping stations as well as sluice gates have been constructed. Thanks to the implementation of underground water tapping projects and river water pumping projects, summer paddy in addition to monsoon paddy can be cultivated. As a result, the paddy output had increased up to 1,000 million baskets in 2000-2001.
In order to boost paddy production, so far the government has spent over K 63,494 million. Now 38 irrigation facilities projects are under implementation and arrangements are being made to build 84 more irrigation facilities.
The meat and fish sector plays an important role in the State's economic sector. In State-owned and private-owned livestock breeding sector, during the period between 1992-93 and 1995-96, the annual increase of fish and prawn output was 4.6 per cent when compared with 12 per cent (1.5 million tons of sea and fresh water fish and prawn) in 2002-2003 fiscal year.
In the industrial sector, the government has been upgrading the State-owned factories for promotion of economic life based on modern manufacturing process. At the same time, altogether 18 industrial zones have been established to industrialize the local regions and to expand the scope of creating job opportunities for local people. These industrial zones manufacture automobiles, farm machinery and implements, and electronic appliances.
A total of 157 State-owned and 24,293 private-owned large, medium and small factories have been constructed. In 1988, there were 27,430 State-owned factories, in comparison with 51,980 now. For the national development, the government has implemented servicing sector harmoniously. Consequently, rail transportation, air and water transportation, communication and electric power sectors are gaining development momentum.
Realizing that it is needed to ensure development of human resources in accelerating the State's development momentum in future, the government gives priority to uplift of the education and health standards of the entire people.
The number of the nation's students was over 5.2 million in 1988, but it has increased to over 7.5 million.
In the higher education sector, the number of universities and colleges now is 154, compared with 32 universities and colleges in 1988.
In the health sector, there were 617 hospitals in 1988, and now there are 757 hospitals now. The number of medical institutions has also increased from four to 14.
Starting from 1989, the government has spent over K 48,000 million plus over US$ 506 million for the development of border areas, which covers 18 regions of 68 townships.
He assured that the discipline-flourishing democratic nation will emerge soon as unprecedented economic and social foundations have been constructed.
In the second part, the Prime Minister clarified the State's political developments. The government has taken up the State's responsibilities since 1988 to safeguard the independence and sovereignty in the interest of the State and the people. At a time when there were conflicts and power struggles among underground and aboveground political parties including external and internal left-wing and right-wing political parties and there was anarchy across the country, the Tatmadaw bravely assumed the State's duties. So, the nation did not lose its independence and it assured the security of the people, and trade businesses could be carried out freely and peacefully. If one turns a blind eye to these developments and praised the anarchy as democracy revolution, the country will still be far from democracy, he noted.
He added that the people have witnessed the weak points of multi-party democracy system and encountered the bitter experiences of weak points of socialism and centralization.
In the speech of the Prime Minister, it is dealt with the government's
efforts to develop
The State's future seven-point political roadmap is the national duty, which the entire people including the government and political parties have to carry out solemnly and equally by doing their bit.
In today's world events, one can take a lesson that a nation must serve its interest with its own strength. If a nation solve internal affairs on it own through cooperation among the people, it can never fall into foreign domination and influence, and it can stand tall among the world nations, he pointed out.
He pledged that the entire people upholding Our Three Main National Causes -
Non-disintegration of the
In conclusion, he said that the Prime Minister's clarifications reflect the real situations and progress of the nation and he called on the entire people to be fully equipped with Union Spirit to actively and enthusiastically participate in the tasks for successful implementation of the State's seven future policies and programmes by doing their bit.
Professor Daw Khin Naing Oo of the Department of Management of Monywa University of Economics seconded the motion calling on the entire national people to actively participate in any sectors for the successful implementation of the seven-stage future policy of the State with full sense of Union Spirit.
She said the Prime Minister, in the first part of his speech, explained the all-round development of the State achieved thanks to the relentless efforts of responsible officials and the participation of the entire people aiming at the emergence of a developed and modern nation during the time of the Tatmadaw government.
Conspicuous achievements were gained in the transportation sector. Instead
of only two river crossing bridges in the past, the government has been able to
construct 159 bridges all of which are above 180-foot, including 25 of them in Sagaing Division. As motor roads and railroads are extended
to some regions on the western banks of the
In the agriculture sector, the government has built dams and reservoirs wherever possible, totalling the number of facilities in the country to 151. A total of 13 dams, and 209 small dams built with the arrangements of the local people emerged in the division. Making best use of river-water in the country, the government constructed 265 river water pumping projects and able to supply water for agricultural purpose. In view of these achievements, it is clear that the government has taken appropriate measures in the long term interests of the future Union of Myanmar and farmers.
Now, I would like to highlight the second part of the speech or the part concerning the political conditions of the State. It will clearly be seen that the Tatmadaw government, being a government that strictly followed the national politics and taking into account the sectarianism and splits occurred in the history of the country, has laid down the finest political programme for the future democratic State. In other words, the government is safeguarding the nation from the obstructions and interferences of internal and external destructive elements and some powerful neo-colonialist nations in accord with the fourfold People's Desire or the voice of the people which emerged from their feeling. I, on behalf of the people of the division, earnestly support the speech of the Prime Minister in which he said: "As we have laid down the correct goal, we will march toward that goal together with the national people without deviating from it."
As the Union of Myanmar is composed of over 100 nationalities that have been
living together in unity and harmony for thousands of years, Union Spirit is
the most fundamental requirement for
Now is the time when the State, having laid down Our Three Main National Causes or the national policy, is systematically advancing towards the goal of the State in accord with the twelve objectives. The entire national people enthusiastically support the speech of the Prime Minister that "emergence of an enduring state constitution is the most important key in building a new nation. Therefore, the government will be implementing the seven stage programme for building the nation in a step-by-step and systematic manner", because it has fundamentally fulfilled the desire of the people.
Our Sagaing Division is the birthplace of many heroes who, inspired by patriotism, bravely fought against the colonialists. As is known to all, our division is the birthplace of national heroes including Alaungphaya U Aung Zeya who established the third Myanmar Empire, Hsinbyushin who was respected by the neighbouring countries because of his capability to enhance the power of the nation, and Sitthugyi Thado Maha Bandoola who was admired even by the enemies during the time of patriotic and ant colonialist battle. In accord with its historical traditions, the division now is home to millions of people who will annihilate, with the full sense of patriotism, the enemies who would invade and bully our nation, and their spies and lackeys.
I resolutely announce that the people of Sagaing Division are determined to sacrifice their lives, in accord with the fine traditions of Alaungphaya, Hsinbyushin and Maha Bandoola, in protecting the entire people from the danger posed by internal and external destructionists who will hinder the successful implementation of the seven- stage programme of the State, that is of vital importance for the entire people.
The seven-stage nation- building programme is the own policy of the State Peace and Development Council laid down in the interests of the State and the people. Its essence is also in agreement with the four political objectives of the twelve objectives upheld by the people. It will be seen that successful holding of the National Convention and emergence of a state constitution are the most important points in the seven stages of the programme.
The National Convention is the place where basic principles required for drawing a constitution to shape the future democratic State are discussed and solutions are worked out with the participation of all strata of people and representatives from all the organizations. Though some progress could be made in the National Convention that began in 1993, it was retarded because of an individual who turned her back to it in the interest of a party.
Entire national people of
It is required to resolutely safeguard, together with the strength of the people, the successful implementation of the positive seven stage programme phase by phase from the danger posed by internal and external destructive elements who have been jealous of the tranquillity, unity, and development of the State. Acts of some powerful nations holding negative views against and putting pressure on our country with false information they have received will lead the country further away from democracy.
In conclusion, she urged all to actively participate in the march toward the national goal of emergence of a modern, developed, and discipline-flourishing democratic nation with full sense of patriotism, nationalistic spirit, national solidarity spirit and the Union spirit and earnestly supported the motion calling on the entire national people to actively participate in any sectors for the successful implementation of the seven- stage future policy of the State tabled by U Moe Zaw Hein.
Head of Sagaing Division Agricultural Mechanization Department U Swe Win seconded the motion calling on the entire mass of people to participate in any sector for the successful implementation of the seven-point future policies and programmes of the state with full sense of Union Spirit. He said the seven-point political roadmap of the State included in the speech of the Prime Minister is essential in marching toward a modern developed democratic nation. To successfully implement the roadmap, it is also important for the entire mass of people to participate in their respective sector with full sense of Union Spirit.
With respect to the directives of the Prime Minister, all national people unanimously seconded the seven-stage political programmes looking forward to the marching of a future modern, developed nation. He said that the first part of the Prime Minister's speech included the development of the State; the second part touched on present political climate; and the third part was the seven-stage future policies and programmes of the State.
The speech also included the development sectors such as agriculture, meat and fish, roads and bridges, transport, communications, education and health with the accurate figures. According to the figures, our State will certainly reach the stage of modern develop nation soon as it has laid down sound foundation for development of national economy.
It is the significant fact that with the development of the whole nation, Sagaing Division is also in a position to enjoy the prosperity of all sectors.
In a bid to turn the Sagaing Division into the granary of Upper Myanmar, it can now produce 117 million baskets of paddy compared with a yield of 59 million baskets of paddy in 1988. This is because the efforts of the Tatmadaw government undertaking the projects such as Kyepinet reservoirs, Myaukyama reservoirs, Taungyama reservoirs, Kindat diversion weir, Htanzaloat dam, Thazi dam, Nwegway dam, Tonkyaw diversion weirs, Latyatma dam including Zedi diversion weir Thaphanseik dam, the largest one in South East Asia, other agricultural and irrigation facilities in the division.
In addition, 99 artesian wells and 54 river water-pumping projects including the projects of Tatywa, Nyaungbinwin, Wanpyait, Magyigwa, Magyibok, Amynit and Kobin, 209 small dams and 1670 tube wells were implemented.
Due to the above-mentioned projects for water supply, the region has now greened and there is enough water. As a result, personal hygiene has progressed and diseases of trachoma and leprosy have already eliminated.
He said, in the transport sector of the division, 115 mile long Monywa-Yagyi-Kalewa Road has been constructed, 41 mile and 2 furlongs long Kalay-Gangaw road and 100-mile Kalay-Kalaywa-Tamu Road have been tarred, and roads were extended up to 671 miles of tarred road, 174 miles of gravel road and 118 miles of earth road. About 289 miles of railroads has also been extended up to 336 miles.
In Sagaing Division, there were 14 above-180 -foot-long bridges in the past and now there are 25 bridges including Hsinbyushin Bridge, Chindwin Bridge (Monywa), Nyaungbinwin Bridge, Thamayo Bridge, Meza Bridge and Shweli Bridge. The number of bridges which is under 180 feet long is also increased from 1348 to 1644.
As for the education sector, there were only five universities and colleges in the past. But, now, 15 universities and colleges namely Monywa University, Monywa Institute of Economics, Sagaing Institute of Education, Kalay University, National Races Development University, Shwebo Degree College, Monywa Computer College, Sagaing Education College, Monywa Education College, Sagaing Cooperatives College, Sagaing Technical Institute, Shwebo Institute of Agricultural Science have been opened. At Monywa Institute of Economics master's degree courses on public management and business management are being conducted.
In the basic education sector, during the time of Tatmadaw Government 22 basic education high schools, 41 middle schools and 605 primary schools have been opened in the division. Eleven high schools and middle schools have been installed with multi-media classrooms. Even Kadunan national students of Pinlebu and Bamauk regions and Naga national students of Lahe and Lashi regions are now pursuing their education with the help of computers and modern teaching aids.
As regards agriculture, 2909621 acres of farmland have been extended to 3930518 acres now, and single cropping has been extended to double cropping and then to triple cropping. As the livestock breeding is being extended in the division, there is regional self-sufficiency of foods, and surpluses also can be distributed to other regions.
In the industrial sector, Monywa Industrial Zone has been established, and sub-industrial zones were also launched in Shwebo, Sagaing and Kalay. Private entrepreneurs are manufacturing farm machinery, equipment and parts, vehicles, high speed watercraft, grinding machines and 51 different items of machinery at 532 small and big factories.
With respect to the health sector, there are 49 stations hospitals and 180 rural health care centres. The number of doctors has been increased to 365 from 213.
In Sagaing Division there were small airports in Hkamti and Kalay in the past. Now, Homalin Airport has been opened and Monywa Airport is nearing construction and will be opened soon.
He continued to say that the emergence of development conditions of the State is due to the strenuous efforts of the government aiming at the building of Myanmar society into a peaceful and modern developed society. He said that in order to build a developed nation if we look forward to the assistance of others without relying ourselves, our nation will be surelly influenced by them.
So, all the mass of the people hand in hand with the government are committed to building the future nation in accord with the seven-point roadmap of the State without any influences of other big nations.
The seven-point political roadmap highlights the national political path along which we will have to surely walk. It is also needed to build a peaceful modern developed discipline-flourishing democratic nation upholding the speech of the Prime Minister as national duty. All the people of the nation are required to make endeavours for the stability of the state and consolidation of national unity.
In conclusion, he enthusiastically seconded the motion calling for the entire mass of people to participate in any sector for the successful implementation of the seven-point future policies and programmes of the state with full sense of Union Spirit.
Afterwards, the chairman sought the approval of the mass rally concerning the motion for active participation of the entire national people in realization of the seven-point political roadmap of the State by doing their bit with full Union Spirit tabled by U Moe Zaw Hein.
The master of ceremonies announced the resolutions of the mass rally for active participation of the entire national people in realization of the seven-point political roadmap of the State by doing their bit with full Union Spirit.
The mass rally concluded by chanting the slogans.
YANGON, 13 Oct - The ceremony to extend greetings to the contestants in the Eleventh Myanmar Traditional Cultural Performing Arts Competitions was held at the National Theatre on Myoma Kyaung Street in Dagon Township this afternoon, attended by patron of the committee for observance of the competitions Prime Minister General Khin Nyunt.
Also present on the occasion were Secretary-1 of the State Peace and Development Council Lt-Gen Soe Win, Secretary-2 Lt-Gen Thein Sein, members of the Panel of Patrons for observance of the competitions, Chairman of the leading committee for observance of the competitions Chairman of Yangon Division Peace and Development Council Commander Maj-Gen Myint Swe and leading committee members, officials from the State Peace and Development Council Office, departmental heads, work committee members and sub-committee members for observance of the competitions, judges of the central level competitions and judges of the State/Division level competitions, managers of the teams and contestants.
The Prime Minister, together with the Secretary-1 and the Secretary-2, members of Panel of Patrons for observance of the competitions, members of the committee for observance of the competitions and managers of the teams, cordially greeted the contestants.
The Prime Minister then greeted judges of the central level competitions and judges of the State/Division level competitions.
After the ceremony, the Prime Minister met with doyen artistes discharging duties at the competitions and presented medicines to them.
Prime Minister inspects ancient cultural sites, industrial works in Magway and Mandalay Divisions
YANGON, 13 Oct - Prime Minister General Khin Nyunt, accompanied by member of the State Peace and Development Council, the ministers, the chief of staff (Navy), deputy ministers, officials of the State Peace and Development Council Office and officials, on 11 October morning arrived at Magway.
Next, the Prime Minister and party proceeded to Taungdwingyi in Magway Division by helicopter.
When they arrived at Aungmyinzeya Pagoda in Taungdwingyi, Magway District Peace and Development Council Chairman Lt-Col Zaw Thein and departmental officials, members of district and township Peace and Development Councils and members of pagoda board of trustees welcomed them.
At the briefing hall near the pagoda, Maj-Gen Ye Myint reported to the Prime Minister on damages of the pagoda, religious buildings and schools caused by an earthquake jolted on 22 September. Next, Col Zaw Min reported on renovation of damaged pagodas, monasteries and schools by establishing committees and Senior Assistant Engineer of the Ministry of Industry-2 U Than Aye on repair of Aungmyinzeya Pagoda.
Deputy Minister for Science and Technology U Nyi Hla Nge and Deputy Minister for Transport U Pe Than also reported on seismological surveys.
Next, Prime Minister General Khin Nyunt attended to needs for repair of ancient pagodas including Shweintaung Pagoda and Shweyaungdaw Pagoda without affecting original styles as well as reconstruction of monasteries and schools. He urged the officials concerned to form the committees for construction tasks.
Afterwards, a ceremony to donate cash and materials for repair of damaged buildings and pagodas followed at the briefing hall.
At the ceremony, Lt-Gen Ye Myint presented K 20 million each for repair of Shweintaung Pagoda and Shweyaungdaw Pagoda, K 2.5 million for other three pagodas and K 100,000 each for rebuilding of monasteries totalling K 51.1 million donated by State Peace and Development Council. Commander Maj-Gen Ye Myint accepted the donations. Next, Lt-Gen Ye Myint, Maj-Gen Ye Myint and Col Zaw Min accepted K 10 million donated by the Central Command, K 5 million and 1,000 bags of cement by Union Solidarity and Development Association, K 5 million and 1,000 bags of cement by Magway Division Peace and Development Council and donations of ministries and other wellwishers totalling K 92.35 million. Afterwards, Prime Minister General Khin Nyunt and party inspected all-round renovation of Aungmyin-zeya Pagoda.
Later, General Khin Nyunt and party proceeded to Shweintaung Pagoda and inspected damages caused by the earthquake. Next, they visited Taungdwingyi Cultural Museum near the pagoda.
Prime Minister General Khin Nyunt and party also went to Shweyaungdaw Pagoda near Beikthano Ancient City in Taungdwingyi Township and viewed enshrined religious objects and the upper parts of the pagoda collapsed in the earthquake. Next. they paid homage to Buddha Image of Bagan Era. Afterwards, they presented and robes to members of the Sangha and Sayadaw Bhaddanta Vicitta Ñana of Shweyaungdaw Monastery. Next, the Prime Minister offered cash for the fund of the monastery to Sayadaw Bhaddanta Vicitta Ñana.
The Prime Minister and party paid homage to ancient Buddha images at the pagoda and cordially met with pilgrims there.
At noon, the Prime Minister and party arrived at the textile factory (Project) of the Ministry of Industry-1 in Pwintbyu Township, Magway Division. At the meeting hall of the project, Minister for Industry-1 U Aung Thaung reported on measures being taken by the factory to satisfy the local demand, to raise the living standard through regional development, to create job opportunities, and to promote technology with the installation of modern machinery; and arrangements for cultivation of cotton.
Officials also reported on supply of machinery to the factory and their installation, availability of water, sending of trainees abroad to attend machinery maintenance and installation courses and cooperation between the Ministry of Electric Power and the Ministry of Industry-1 to supply the factory with electricity.
After hearing the reports, the Prime Minister gave instructions on adequate supply of raw materials to the factory and constant training to enhance the competency of staff. Next, the Prime Minister presented a basket of fruit to Mr Cui Wei, Chinese Expert from Tianjin Machinery Import & Export Corporation of the People's Republic of China.
Later, officials of the factory and engineers conducted the Prime Minister and party round the factory and presented progress reports on construction of the factory.
The Pwintbyu Textile Factory (Project) is located on 681.71 acres of land, near Kanthagyi Village on Lekaing-Pwintbyu motor road, two miles from Pwintbyu, in Magway Division. 87 per cent of construction are on completion. And it is targeted to finish the construction of the factory in March 2004, and the installation of machinery in July 2004. Arrangements are under way for the factory to be able to come into operation in December 2004.
The Prime Minister and party also visited Sandalwood Kyaungdawya Pagoda in Pwintbyu, where they offered fruits, flowers and water to the pagoda. Next, Minister for Culture Maj-Gen Kyi Aung presented reports on maintenance work for cultural heritage being undertaken by the ministry and gave a brief account of the pagoda history. Later, the Prime Minister made a donation of cash for all-round renovation of the pagoda. The Prime Minister and party also offered provisions to the Presiding Sayadaw of the Sandalwood Monastery and members of the Sangha.
Afterwards, the Prime Minister and party arrived at the Bagan Archaeological Museum in the Bagan Cultural Zone and inspected the museum. At the meeting hall of the museum, a coordination meeting on preservation of cultural heritage and greening tasks in the Bagan Cultural Zone took place.
At the meeting, Commander Maj-Gen Ye Myint reported on tasks being carried out for the greening of Bagan-NyaungU region and Popa region, maintenance of roads within and without the town, and construction of roundabouts and entrance arch.
Minister for Culture Maj-Gen Kyi Aung also reported on maintenance of archaeological materials and the preservation of ancient cultural heritage. Next, the Minister for Hotels and Tourism reported on tasks being conducted for further development of hotel industries, convenient visits of tourists and the modernization of hotels.
After hearing the reports, the Prime Minister gave instructions on systematic excavation and restoration of cultural heritage in the zone, enhancement of development activities in Bagan region to attract more tourists, and collective endeavours to make tourism blossom.
Later, the Prime Minister and party inspected the upgrading of the Bagan Thande Hotel, the Bagan Hotel and the Thiripissaya Hotel in Bagan Cultural Zone and stopped over there.
The Prime Minister, after making inspection tours of Magway and Mandalay Divisions, arrived back in Yangon by air this morning.
Prime Minister inspects display of Mid-year Myanma Gems Emporium
YANGON, 13 Oct - Prime Minister General Khin Nyunt this afternoon inspected the display of the 2003 Mid-year Myanma Gems Emporium that will be held from 15 to 22 October.
The Prime Minister, accompanied by Chairman of Yangon Division Peace and Development Council Commander Maj-Gen Myint Swe and officials from the State Peace and Development Council Office, arrived at the Myanma Gems Mart on Kaba Aye Pagoda Road here at 5.15 pm.
Member of the State Peace and Development Council Lt-Gen Tin Aye, ministers, the Attorney-General, deputy ministers, members of the Central Committee for the emporium and officials welcomed the Prime Minister and party.
The Prime Minister and party looked around the gems shops of private entrepreneurs, jade figurines and gems-painting shops on the ground floor, jade lots to be put on sale through tender system and bidding system, uncut jade blocks in the compound of the building.
The Prime Minister and party viewed the gems lots and pearl lots on display on the third floor. Patron of the Central Committee for the emporium Minister for Mines Brig-Gen Ohn Myint and officials conducted them around there.
Minister Brig-Gen Ohn Myint, Chairman of the committee Deputy Minister U Myint Thein, Secretary Managing Director of Myanma Gems Enterprise U Khin Oo reported to the Prime Minister on display of the emporium. After giving necessary instructions, the Prime Minister left there in the evening.
YANGON, 13 Oct - Course on maintenance of diesel locomotives was opened this morning at Insein Locomotive Shed in Insein Township with an opening address by Minister for Rail Transportation Maj-Gen Aung Min.
At the ceremony, CEO of Asahi Sogyo Co Ltd Mr Maeda and Course Instructor Mr Taka Matsu explained the purpose of the course. Fifteen trainees of Myanmar Railways are attending the course.
Press conference to clarify significant events at 9th ASEAN Summit and related Summits, assessment of summits and rumours about forest depletion held
YANGON, 13 Oct- A press conference to clarify significant events at the 9th ASEAN Summit and related Summits, assessment of the summits and rumours about forest depletion due to indiscriminate felling trees in Myanmar was held at the Tatmadaw Guest House on Inya road this morning.
Present on the occasion were, Vice-Chief of Military Intelligence Maj-Gen Kyaw Win, Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs U Khin Maung Win, Deputy Minister for Information Brig-Gen Aung Thein, Maj-Gen Khin Aung Myint of the Ministry of Defence and senior military officers, heads of department, officials of the Ministry of Information, U Sein Win of Kyodo News Agency, Patron of the Foreign Correspondents Club U Hla Htwe, President U Sao Kai Hpa and members and invited guests.
Maj Theik Soe of the Ministry of Defence acted as master of ceremonies.
First, Deputy Minister for Foreign Minister U Khin Maung Win explained important events at the 9th ASEAN Summit and related Summits and assessment of the summits saying that Prime Minister General Khin Nyunt, together with other ASEAN leaders, attended the ASEAN Summit and other related summits held in Bali of Indonesia. The Prime Minister, on 6 October, attended the working dinner, and on 7 October, the ASEAN Summit, and on 8 October, the Summits of the ASEAN Heads of State/Government and Heads of State/Government of the People's Republic of China, Japan and the Republic of Korea, ASEAN-China Summit, ASEAN-Japan Summit, ASEAN-Korea Summit and ASEAN-India Summit. During the summits, the Prime Minister and other ASEAN leaders signed the Declaration of ASEAN Concord II (Bali Concord II); Joint Declaration on Building a Strategic Partnership of Peace and Prosperity at ASEAN-China Summit; Frmework Agreement for Comprehensive Economic Partnership Between ASEAN and Japan at ASEAN-Japan Summit; and Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Partnership Between ASEAN and India at ASEAN-India Summit.
The Prime Minister and other leaders also witnessed the signing of the China's Accession to the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation and India's Accession to the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation. At the summit, commerce ministers of ASEAN countries including Myanmar signed the Protocol to Amend the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Between ASEAN and the People's Republic of China. The significant progress was that after the working dinner hosted on 6 October, an informal working meeting was held attended by only the ten leaders of ASEAN countries. At the meeting, the Prime Minister clarified latest developments in Myanmar. The Prime Minister made the clarification before any ASEAN leaders had touched on the conditions of Myanmar. After the clarification, the Prime Ministers of Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore showed their support for the seven-point roadmap. Other ASEAN leaders also congratulated the Prime Minister on making the clarification.
There was no discussion about Myanmar at the ASEAN Summit, ASEAN-China, ASEAN-Korea and ASEAN-India Summits; at ASEAN and China, Japan and Korea (ASEAN+3) Summit, the Prime Minister of Japan said that he hoped Myanmar would be able to tackle the situation as soon as possible as the situation in Myanmar has affected the region. As regards the discussion of Japanese Prime Minister, Prime Minister of Thailand Dr Thaksin Shinawatra said that future programmes of Myanmar are firm and resolute and the clarification made by the Prime Minister previous night showed the pledge for democracy of the government; as a neighbouring country, Thailand has suffered effects of instability in border regions and thus solutions are to be found not only to matters related to Daw Suu Kyi but also to other problems; as regards the future programmes, he hoped progress will be made with the passage of time; and all should show support for the government's endeavours for national recon-solidation.
Again on 8 October, at the ASEAN-Japan Summit, Japanese Prime Minister Koizumi said that it is important to meet success in implementing democracy process in Myanmar; he understood Prime Minister General Khin Nyunt is trying his best for the nation; but Japan is concerned and worried about the situation in Myanmar; he hoped Myanmar would make progress and produce the best results that would be acceptable to the international community and Japan; and if there emerge tangible and durable results, Japan will resume regular assistance to Myanmar. In response to the discussions, Prime Minister General Khin Nyunt said that in the opening speech of the Japanese Prime Minister, he touched on Myanmar; as he had clarified, Myanmar is striving to establish democracy amidst many challenges; establishing of democracy in accordance with the wish of the peopel of Myanmar is more important than that of an individual person and a particular organization; and the government will do its best for Myanmar; and throughout the summits positive attitude was shown towards Myanmar but it is to be regretted that Japan's attitude was otherwise.
The deputy minister presented the excerpts from the discussion made by Dr Mahathir bin Mohamad at ASEAN-China Summit on 8 October saying that the Malaysian Prime Minister said that in the pretext of democracy, some powerful contries are committing acts of agression; problems could not be solved through voting only in the name of democracy; for example in Myanmar, there are fighting between one national race and another; it is necessary to understand the sensitivity of ethnic problems and it is necessary to give greater attention to the interests of majority than that of minority; it is difficult to practise western-style democracy; it is necessary to understand that there may be differences if there are two countries; he welcomed the political dialogue and said it was not impossible for Myanmar to take the step; democracy practised in the western countries is too liberal and transparent to be practised in Asia; one might say that Malaysia is not in conformity with democracy; arrests have to be made as preventive measures; there are also racial problems and extremism; and there was a plot to stage a coup against Malaysian government and thus the government had to take measures to make arrests.
"The Leaders welcomed the recent positive developments in Myanmar and the Government's pledge to bring about a transition to democracy through dialogue and reconciliation. The roadmap as outlined by the Prime Minister of Myanmar that would involve all strata of Myanmar society is a pragmatic approach and deserves understanding and support. The Leaders also agree that sanctions are not helpful in promoting peace and stability essential for democracy to take root.", stated in the announcement released after the ASEAN Summit. Therefore, Myan-mar would like to welcome that announcement and express her gratitude to the Leaders of the ASEAN.
As is known to all, before the start of the Summit, there had been different versions of international media, especially west media, predicting that ASEAN countries would put pressure and make demands on Myanmar. In reality, what they had anticipated did not take place. All the Leaders of ASEAN countries did support the seven-point future policy of Myanmar. Moreover, the constructive developments of Myanmar can be witnessed on the announcement released after the end of the meeting. And it can also be seen clearly that Japan is the only country holding negative attitudes.
During the Summits, the Prime Minister met with Chinese Premier Mr Wen Jiabao, Malaysian Prime Minister Dr Mahathir bin Mohamad, Singaporian Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong, Thai Prime Minister Dr Thaksin Shinawatra and Indonesian President Madame Megawati Soekarno-putri, and cordially discussed matters related to mutual friendship and bilateral cooperation. Such meetings could enhance the bilateral ties and cement mutual understanding. On those occasions, the Prime Minister explained the achievements of Myanmar, and the Leaders of ASEAN countries made an encouraging response to the future policies of Myanmar. Thanks to these clarifications, true situation of Myanmar, hardships and challenges encountered in the transition to democracy and the Government's determination to shape democracy became more understandable.
Summing up, the Bali Summit was important for the ASEAN countries because future programmes and policies for the ASEAN Economic Community, ASEAN Security Community and ASEAN Socio-cultural Community could be laid down and Bali Concord II approved. Furthermore, the entry of China and India into the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation, one of the foundations of the ASEAN, will also greatly promote the regional peace and economic cooperation in the whole region. Myanmar also took it as a meeting in which she could win the confidence of regional countries in her development and future programmes. Moreover, personal friendship through contacts among Leaders was gained, and the further cementing of bilateral relationship realized.
Afterwards, Deputy Minster for Foreign Affairs U Khin Maung Win said that in these days some foreign media accused Myanmar of indiscriminate felling of timber that leads to forest depletion and affect economy. The accusation is totally false because the Ministry of Foresty has been making tasks on forest such as extended growing of trees, growing of new trees, conducting research works and tasks for reproduction. Extraction of trees is systematically based on the international rules and regulations and procedures. According to the forest resource assessment (FRA- 2000) conducted by the FAO, Myanmar has a forest covered area of 52% of the country's total land and area, one of the highest in the Asia-Pacific Region. Myanmar has 150 years of experience with the world renowned Myanma Selection System (MSS) of forest management and the clear cutting systems has never been practised.
As a result, Myanmar is recognized by the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) as one of the six countries of the world which are achieving sustainable forest management (SFM).
The Myanmar Forest Policy has been formulated in a holistic and balanced manner within the overall of the environment and sustainable development taking full cognizance of the forestry principles adopted at the United Nation Conference on Environment and Development, 1992. The policy has identified six imperatives, namely protection, sustainablity, basic needs, efficiency, participation and public awareness.
The old Forest Act of 1902 had been replaced by the new Forest Law, which was enacted in November 1992. The Forest Law (1992) highlights forest protection, environmental and biodiversity conversation, and extended permanent forest estates (PFES) and protected areas system (PAS). Both the Forest Policy and Forest Law are in line with the forest principle laid down at the 1992 UNCED.
Myanmar has indicated its commitment to the sustainable development of natural resources and environment by ratifying or acceding, and fulfilling its obligations to the following International Conventions. - the international Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), in 1993. - The UN Convention on Combating Desertification (UNCCD), in January 1994. - The International tropical Timber Organization (ITTO), in November 1994. - The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, in November 1994. - The UN Convention on Biological Diversity, in November 1994. - The UN Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES), in June 1997.
The following are the initiatives taken in cooperation with the national and international partners which support the development of forestry sector in general and the national forest programmes (NFPs) in particular. - Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management (C&I for SFM) - Development of Model Forests - Timber Certification - Code of Practice for Forest harvesting Like other developing countries, Myanmar is faced with illegal logging to some extent. Myanmar is taking all possible measures to curb and eventually eliminate the practice.
The forestry sector of Myanmar will remain important to the sustainable development of the nation. It provides economic gains; supports the livelihood of rural communities; maintains and promotes biodiversity of both flora and fauna; and stabilize soil, water and the whole environment. Accordingly, Myanmar has been trying its best to strike a balance between harvesting timber from natural forests and conservation of its biological diversity. It has also endeavoured to contain the problems by educating the communities within its own capacity in accordance with the policy guidelines.
The queries raised by the journalists were replied by Vice-Chief of Military Intelligence Maj-Gen Kyaw Win, Deputy Minister U Khin Maung Win and Head of Department Brig-Gen Than Tun of the Ministry of Defence.
Vice-Chief of Military Intelligence Maj-Gen Kyaw Win said the KNU insurgents made no offer to enter the legal fold during these days, and the government always welcomes them. This is included in the speeches of the leaders of the State, and the government will welcome them, if they come. But, unlike other organizations, the KNU seems to have no decision of its own. They seem to act under the guidance of their masters. In 1995 and 1996, the KNU had made three informal discussions and four formal discussions on peace with delegates of the government. After the last discussions, the situation went well. All the requirements had been agreed.
But when the KNU leaders went back to their camps, some associations including David Eubank, Eugene Thaik and Naw Louisa Benson arrived there. Then, the Ethnic Minorities Seminar was held and the Metharawhta Announcement was issued. The announcement was against the previously-discussed ones with the government. The Methara-whta Announcement was cancelled and then confirmed again. If there was no control on them from outside, they might have entered the legal fold after the final discussions.
Later on, the KNU committed more destructive acts and these were explained at the press conference. Since 2002 January, the KNU has looted the villages for 13 times. Innocent villagers were mined and injured for 31 times, the passenger vehicles robbed for 11 times, mined for five times, roads and bridges mined for seven times, natural gas pipe line mined for seven times, time-bomb planted 17 times and village destroyed and people taken for six times, killing 42 innocent people and 156 were wounded. So, the entire public want the KNU to stop destructive acts and to take part in the activities for development of the State. The government will welcome the KNU insurgents if they enter the legal fold.
At 11.45 am, the press conference ended.
YANGON, 13 Oct - Minister for Progress of Border Areas and National Races and Development Affairs Col Thein Nyunt attended cash K 3 million donation ceremony for having clean water in rural region and accepted the donations presented by Nihon Sogyo Co Ltd and Silver Wave Trading Ltd at his office this morning.
President Mr Mochi Zuki Mikio of Nihon Sogyo Co Ltd explained the purpose of donation. Mr Mochi Zuki Mikio of Nihon Sogyo Co Ltd and Managing Director U Min Min Aung of Silver Wave Trading Ltd donated cash K 3 million. The minister accepted the donations and spoke words of thanks.
The donation will be used in NyaungU, Mandalay Division for tapping clean water.
YANGON, 13 Oct - Troubleshooting Techniques Training Course No 10 of Ministry of Energy opened this morning at Training School of No 1 Refinery, Thanlyin. Minister for Energy Brig-Gen Lun Thi made an opening address.
A total of 18 graduates from factories and departments under the Myanmar Oil and Gas Enterprise are attending the 4-week course.
YANGON, 13 Oct - Minister for Health Dr Kyaw Myint inspected operation theatre, patient ward, X rays room, laboratory and medicine store of Thayawady District People's Hospital.
He also inspected the laboratory, medicine store, operation theatre, delivery room and patient ward and gave necessary instructions. The minister inspected Minhla People's Hospital, Thegon Township People's Hospital, Bategon Station Hospital and Gyobingauk Township People's Hospital.
YANGON, 13 Oct - The second meeting of the Central Committee for Holding the Mid Year Gems Emporium for the year 2003 was held at Myanma gems hall on Kaba Aye Pagoda Road this evening, attended by Patron of the Central Committee for Holding Mid-Year Gems Emporium Minister for Mines Brig-Gen Ohn Myint.
Present on the occasion were Chairman of the Central Committee for Holding Mid-Year Gems Emporium Deputy Minister U Myint Thein, Vice-Chairman Deputy Minister for Transport Col Nyan Tun Aung, Secretary Myanma Gems Enterprise Managing Director U Khin Oo and members.
First, officials concerned reported on replies of the gems merchants to attend the gem emporium for the year 2003, measures taken for the gems emporium by respective sub-committees. The minister and members of central committee also took part in the discussion.
Next, Minister Brig-Gen Ohn Myint made a concluding speech and the meeting came to a close.
YANGON, 13 Oct - The National Workshop on TRIPS and Its Impact on Health, jointly organized by the Medical Science Department of the Ministry of Health and the WHO was held at Traders Hotel on Sule Pagoda Road here this morning.
Present on the occasion were Deputy Minister for Health Dr Mya Oo, Deputy Attorney-General Dr Tun Shin, directors-general and officials of the ministry, departmental heads from the ministries, resident representative Dr Agostino Borra of the WHO, advisers to the WHO, experts, resource persons and invited guests. Deputy Minister Dr Mya Oo and resident representative Dr Agostino Borra made speeches.
Afterwards the workshop was held. Deputy Minister Dr Mya Oo chaired the workshop and made a speech. In the morning session, Adviser to the WHO Mr B K Keayla presented a paper. In the afternoon session, Prof Dr Win Maw of Institute of Medicine-1 acted as the chairman. Dr Kuanpoth of the WHO and Ms Patanawong presented papers. Those present on the occasion took part in the discussions. The workshop continues up to 15 October.
YANGON, 13 Oct - The Basic Football Coaching Course 1/2003, jointly conducted by the Sports and Physical Education Department's Myanmar Football Federation and the Yangon Division Soccer Subcommittee, was launched at the training hall of the Youth Sports Training Camp (Thuwunna) here this morning, with an address by Brig-Gen Thura Aye Myint, Chairman of the Myanmar Olympic Committee and Minister for Sports. A total of 34 coaches are attending the course, which will last till 19 October.
The minister also attended the opening ceremony of the National Sports Administrator's Course 3/2003, jointly conducted by the International Olympic Committee and the MOC, and addressed it. Altogether 23 trainees are attending the course, which will last till 17 October.