PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL CONVENTION

17 MAY 2004


Source: “The New Light of Myanmar
18 May 2
004


National Convention reconvenes in Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby
Township

YANGON, 17 May — With six objectives: Non-disintegration of the Union; Non-disintegration of national solidarity; Perpetuation of sovereignty; Flourishing of genuine multi-party democracy system; Further burgeoning of the noblest and worthiest of worldly values namely justice, liberty and equality in the State; and For the Tatmadaw to be able to participate in the national political leadership role of the State, the National Convention reconvened at Pyidaungsu Hall of Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township, Yangon Division, at 9 am today.

Present on the occasion were National Convention Convening Commission Chairman State Peace and Development Council Secretary-2 Lt-Gen Thein Sein and members, National Convention Convening Work Committee Chairman Chief Justice U Aung Toe and members, National Convention Convening Management Committee Chairman Maj-Gen Lun Maung and members, chairmen and officials of sub-committees, ambassadors of Singapore, the Philippines, Brunei, Vietnam, Russia, Malaysia, the Republic of Korea, India, Japan, Egypt, Bangladesh, Laos, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Australia, Indonesia, Thailand and Pakistan, charges d’affaires ai of Serbia and Montenegro, Nepal and the People’s Republic of China, the resident representative of UNHCR, the counsellor of the Japanese Embassy, the patron, the chairman and members of Myanmar Foreign Correspondents Club, officials of information and periodicals, observers, delegates of political parties (-) Kokang Democracy and Unity Party, National Unity Party, Union Kayin League, Union Pa-O National Organization, Mro (or) Khami National Solidarity Organization, Lahu National Development Party and Wa National Development Party, representatives-elect of National Unity Party, Mro (or) Khami National Solidarity Organization and independent respresentatives, delegates of national races from Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Mon, Rakhine, Shan (South), Shan (North) and Shan (East) States, Sagaing, Taninthayi, Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Yangon and Ayeyawady Divisions, delegates of peasants from Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Mon, Rakhine, Shan (South), Shan (North) and Shan (East) States, Sagaing, Taninthayi, Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Yangon and Ayeyawady Divisions, delegates of intellectuals and intelligentsia and delegates of workers from Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Mon, Rakhine, Shan (South), Shan (North) and Shan (East) States, Sagaing, Taninthayi, Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Yangon and Ayeyawady Divisions, delegates of State service personnel from the State Peace and Development Council Office, the President’s Office, the Pyithu Hluttaw Office, the Government Office, the Supreme Court, the Attorney-General’s Office, the Auditor-General’s Office, the Multi-party Democracy General Election Commission Office, the Civil Service Selection and Training Board, the Yangon City Development Committee, the Mandalay City Development Committee and ministries, other invited delegates, delegates from Shan State (North) Special Region-1, Shan State (North) Special Region-2, Shan State (North) Special Region-3, Shan State (East) Special Region-4, Shan State (North) Special Region-5 (KDA), Shan State (South) Special Region-6, Shan State (North) Special Region-7, Kachin State Special Region-1, Kachin State Special Region-2, Kayah State Special Region-1, Kayah State Special Region-2, Kayah State Special Region-3, Kayinni National Progressive Party (KNPP) Dragon Group, Kayinni National Progressive Party (KNPP) (Splinter, Hoya), Kayinni National Unity and Solidarity and Organization (Ka Ma Sa Nya), Shan State Nationalities People's Liberation Organization (Ya La La Pha), New Mon State Party, Democratic Kayin Buddhist Association (DKBA), Haungthayaw Special Region Group, Phayagon Special Region Group, Shan State National Army, Burma Communist Party (Rakhine Group), Homein Region Welfare and Development Group, Shwepyiaye (MTA) Group, Manpan Regional Militia Group, Mon Armed Peace Group (Chaungchi Region), Mon Splinter Nai Saik Chan Group and Arakanese Army (AA) who exchanged arms for peace.

At 7.20 am before the plenary session of the National Convention, Chairman of National Convention Convening Commission Secretary-2 of the State Peace and Development Council Lt-Gen Thein Sein and members, Chairman of National Convention Convening Work Committee Chief Justice U Aung Toe and members, Chairman of National Convention Convening Management Committee Auditor General Maj-Gen Lun Maung and members, chairmen of the respective subcommittees and members, delegates of political parties, representatives-elect, delegates of national races, delegates of peasants, delegates of intellectuals and intellgentsia delegates of workers, delegates of service personnel and other invited delegates signed in the attendance registers at Pyidaungsu Hall and the recreation hall for National Convention delegates. Besides, delegate U Mahn Tin Aung Than of Union Kayin League, who is receiving medical treatment at the hospital on account of his ill health, enthusiastically signed in the register and attended the convention.

Chairman of NCCC Secretary-2 Lt-Gen Thein Sein presided over the plenary session and Secretary of NCCC Minister for Information Brig-Gen Kyaw Hsan acted as master of ceremonies.

First, the secretary of NCCC announced the start of the meeting as there were 1,076 delegates attending out of 1,088 listed  accounting for 98.9 per cent.

Next, Chairman Secretary-2 Lt-Gen Thein Sein signed in the record book of the Plenary Session of the National Convention and delivered an opening speech. Then, the plenary meeting went into recess.

During the recess, NCCC Chairman Lt-Gen Thein Sein, Secretary Minister Brig-Gen Kyaw Hsan and members cordially greeted the ambassadors, charges d'affaires and other diplomats. Then, the plenary session resumed, and Minister Brig-Gen Kyaw Hsan explained the procedures of the National Convention.

Next, Chairman of NCCWC Chief Justice U Aung Toe clarified the formation of legislative bodies at all levels among the basic detailed principles laid down by the National Convention. NCCC Secretary Minister Brig-Gen Kyaw Hsan clarified the election of chairmen of the delegate groups. The today's session came to a close at 10.15 am.

The Plenary Session of the National Convention continues tomorrow.

 Source: http://mission.itu.ch/MISSIONS/Myanmar/n-convention/nc170504_1.pdf and http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/NLM2004-05-18.pdf

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Delegates are to co-ordinate, discuss and forward suggestions without bias as regards person, ism, region or race -
National Convention Convening Commission Chairman Lt-Gen Thein Sein delivers opening address at the National Convention

YANGON, 17 May — Following is the opening speech delivered by National Convention Convening Commission Chairman State Peace and Development Council Secretary-2 Lt-Gen Thein Sein at the National Convention today.

Distinguished National Convention delegates, observers and guests, I wish the well-being of mind and body of all of you and the success of the National Convention for formulating fundamental principles for the State Constitution for the emergence of a discipline-flourishing democracy which is being desired by the people.

Prime Minister General Khin Nyunt declared the seven-step Road Map on 30 August 2003. Of these, the National Convention which had been adjourned temporarily since 1996 is now being reconvened as the first step.

The State Peace and Development Council formed the National Convention Convening Commission on 6 September 2003 under Notification No 10/2003 changing the assignment of duties of the Chairman, the Vice-Chairmen, the Secretary and the Joint Secretary including myself with a view to continuing the National Convention systematically and smoothly. Similarly, the National Convention Convening Work Committee and the National Convention Convening Management Committee were also reformed. Our committees, in keeping with duties assigned to us, will do our utmost to successfully reconvene the National Convention.

Esteemed delegates,

The emergence of the State Constitution is the duty of all citizens of our country. We are now in this meeting hall to discharge this duty which is of utmost importance. In fact, it is very important to formulate strong fundamental principles for drawing up an enduring Constitution. At the National Convention held during the period from 1993 to 1996, altogether 104 fundamental principles and details  to form the basis in draftting the State Constitution have been formulated by the delegates.

Now, we are to continue to co-ordinate, discuss and approve detailed principles to form the basis in formulating the remaining State fundamental principles. The delegate groups like previous ones are the political parties' delegate group, the representatives-elect group, the nationalities delegate group, the peasants delegate group, the workers delegate group, the intellectuals and intelligentsia delegate group, the State service personnel delegate group, and the other invited delegate group. Except those who passed away and who are not in sound health, all the members of these groups are now here. As the nationalities are residing all over the country in amity, the delegates representing the nationalities are also accounted for. Arrangements have been made for accommodation, food, health care and entertainment of the delegates during the Convention. Necessary assistance will be provided to the delegates by over 1,000 staff. Weaknesses, loopholes and requirements can be pointed out without hesitation.

Esteemed delegates,

The National Convention is to formulate fundamental principles for drafting the State Constitution which is the base for a discipline-flourishing democracy.

For the emergence of an enduring Constitution, strong fundamental principles are required.

I would like to urge the delegates to co-ordinate, discuss and forward suggestions in line with the procedures prescribed by the National Convention Convening Commission and in accordance with the six objectives of the National Convention, without bias as regards person, ism, region or race, in the interests of the nation and the people.

Source, with photos: http://mission.itu.ch/MISSIONS/Myanmar/n-convention/nc170504_2.pdf and http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/NLM2004-05-18.pdf

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Meetings to elect vacant members of panels of chairmen of delegate groups to the National Convention held

Yangon, 17 May - The meetings to elect vacant members of panels of chairmen of delegate groups to the National Convention were held this afternoon at the designated places on Nyaunghnapin Camp where the National Convention is being held, attended by members of the National Convention Convening Work Committee and group-wise delegates.

The meeting to elect three members of panel of chairmen out of the five members in the delegate group of political parties was held at the meeting hall-1 at 2 pm. Original members of the panel of chairmen, U Tun Yin Law of Wa National Unity Party and U Saw Philip (a) U Philip Sam of Wa National Development Party presided over the meeting. First, the master of ceremonies announced the attendance of 25 out of 29 delegates and the start of the meeting. Then, U Tun Yin Law delivered an opening speech. The delegates passed the resolutions not to elect next three members and to carry out the work with current two members,  U Tun Yin Law and U Saw Philip (a) U Philip Sam only.

The meeting to elect one member of panel of chairmen out of the five members in the delegate group of representatives-elect was held at the meeting hall-2 at 2 pm. Members of the National Convention Convening Work Committee, U Maung Aung and U Nay Win  presided over the meeting. First, the master of ceremonies announced the attendance of 12 out of 15 delegates and the start of the meeting. U Maung Aung clarified the procedures for electing one vacant member of panel of chairmen for the delegate group to the National Convention. Next, those present at the meeting tabled the motion for electing one member.

Then, U Law Hsin Kwan of Kokang Democracy and Unity Party was elected as member.

The meeting to elect three members of panel of chairmen out of the five members in the delegate group of national races was held at Pyidaungsu hall at 2 pm. Original members of the panel of chairmen, U Mya Sein of Mandalay Division and U Mahn Ohn Maung of Kayin State  presided over the meeting. First, the master of ceremonies announced the attendance of 627 out of 633 delegates and the start of the meeting. U Mya Sein clarified the procedures for electing three vacant members of panel of chairmen for the delegate group to the National Convention. Next, those present at the meeting tabled the motion for seven persons. Then, Duwa Zoke Daung of Lashio Township, Shan State (North), U Kyaw Din (a) U Htay Yal of Loikaw Township, Kayah state, and U Maung Hla (a) U Hla Myint of Pulaw Township, Taninthayi Division, were elected as members.

The meeting to elect one member of panel of chairmen out of the five members in the delegate group of peasants was held at meeting hall-4 at 2 pm. Original members of the panel of chairmen, U Thein Lwin of Myaungmya Township, Ayeyawady Division, U Sai Tint Aung of Hsenwi Township, Shan State (North) and U Tin Maung Kyaw of Yesagyo Township, Magway Division  presided over the meeting. First, the master of ceremonies announced the full attendance of 93 delegates and the start of the meeting. U Thein Lwin clarified the procedures for electing one vacant member of panel of chairmen for the delegate group to the National Convention. Next, those present at the meeting tabled the motion. Then, U Mya Aye of Kayan Township, Yangon Division, was elected as member.

The meeting to elect five members of panel of chairmen in the delegate group of workers was held at meeting hall-5 at 2 pm. Members of the National Convention Convening Work Committee, Brig-Gen Than Tun and U Kyaw Win presided over the meeting. First, the master of ceremonies announced the full attendance of 48 delegates and the start of the meeting. Brig-Gen Than Tun clarified the procedures for electing five vacant members of panel of chairmen for the delegate group to the National Convention. Next, those present at the meeting tabled the motion for five members. Then, Dr Myo Thant Tin of Yangon Division, U Kyaw Myo Win of Bago Division, U Bo Thein of Shan State (East), U Khin Maung Aye of Sagaing Division and U Kyaw Win Tun of Mandalay Division were elected as members.

A meeting to elect three members of the panel of chairmen out of five in delegate group of intellectuals and intelligentsia was held at meeting hall No 6 at 2 pm.

At the meeting, former member of the panel of chaimen U Hla Myint of the Ministry of Rail Transportation and Film Director U Khin Zaw presided over the meeting.

First, the emcee announed the start of the meeting as there were 55 delegates attending out of 56 listed. Member of the panel of chairmen U Hla Myint of intellectuals and intelligentsic group clarified procedures of the National Convention for reelecting three members of the panel of chairmen.

Those present at the meeting seconded the motion for the approval of three members of the panel of chairmen.

Next, member of the panel of chairmen U Hla Myint announced Dr Thein Nyunt (Nyunt Wai-Katha), President of Myanmar Academy of Agriculture, Forestry, Livestock Breeding and Fisheries U Tin Hlaing and Dr U Thein Oo Po Saw of the Ministry of Science and Technology were selected and the meeting recessed.

A meeting to elect four members of the panel of chairmen out of five in delegates of State service personnel was held at meeting hall No 7 at 2 pm.

During the meeting, former member of the panel of chairmen U Arnt Maung (Adviser) presided over  the meeting. First, the emcee announed the start of the meeting as there were attendance of 109 delegates. Member of the panel of chairman of delegate group of service personnel U Arnt Maung clarified procedures of the National Convention for reelecting four members of panels of chairmen.

Those present at the meeting seconded the motion for the approval of four members of panels of chairmen.

Next, member of the panel of chairmen U Arnt Maung announced U Hla Tin of the Ministry of Commerce, Maj-Gen Aung Thein of the Ministry of Defence, U Ko Ko Kyaw of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and U Myat Ko of the Ministry of Home Affairs were selected as members of the panel of chairmen.

A meeting to elect four members of the panel of chairmen out of five in group of other invited delegates was held at meeting hall No 8 at 2 pm.

During the meeting, former member of the panel of chairmen U Sai Aung Tun presided over the meeting.

First, emcee announed the start of the meeting as there were 104 delegates attending out of 105 listed.

Member of the panel of chairmen of delegate group of other invited delegates U Sai Aung Tun clarified procedures of the Nation Convention for re-electing four members of panels of chairmen.

Those present at the meeting seconded the motion for the approval of four members of the panel of chairmen.

Next, member of the panel of chairmen U Sai Aung Tun announced U Aung Khan Hti of Shan State (South) Special Region-6, Dr Ma Nan Tu Jar of Kachin State Special Region-2, U Tun Aung Chein and U Paw Laik Kham of Shan State (North) Special Region-2 were selected and the meeting recessed.

Source: http://mission.itu.ch/MISSIONS/Myanmar/n-convention/nc170504_3.pdf and http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/NLM2004-05-18.pdf

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Regulations are prescribed in the interest of the national races and the delegates

Yangon, 17 May - The following is translation of clarification on procedures for convening the National Convention made by Secretary of the National Convention Convening Commission Minister for Information Brig-Gen Kyaw Hsan:

National races and people of all walks of life living in the country are now gathered in this hall to lay down detailed basic principles for legislation, administration, judiciary and sharing of power that should be included in drafting the new Constitution for the new nation.

Whenever meetings, seminars and conference are held, ways to be discussed, forms to be presented and rules to be coordinated are to be laid down for the successful holding of these meetings. If there are no rules and regulations and there is discordance, there may be delay and we will not be able to reach the goal.

Therefore, according to the changed conditions, the National Convention Convening Commission has re-written the procedures for convening the National Convention adopted at the previous National Convention.

Here, I am going to present briefly procedures for convening the National Convention.

Introduction and seven chapters are included in the book "Procedures for Convening the National Convention". The six objectives of the National Convention namely:

1.Non-disintegration of the Union,

2.Non-disintegration of national solidarity,

3.Perpetuation of sovereignty,

4.Flourishing of genuine multiparty democracy system,

5.Further burgeoning of the noblest and worthiest of worldly values, namely justice, liberty and equality in the State and

6. For the Tatmadaw to be able to participate in the national political leadership role of the State are described in Chapter 1. Delegates are to discuss matters relating to laying down detailed principles for drafting the enduring State Constitution within the framework of these six objectives.

In Chapter 2, representatives who should be invited to attend the National Convention are described as:

1.delegates of political parties

2.delegates of representatives-elect

3.delegates of national races

4.delegates of peasants

5.delegates of workers

6.delegates of intellectuals and intelligentsia

7. delegates of State service personnel and

8.other invited delegates

In performing the duties of the National Convention, seven duties and three rights are being designated. All are to enjoy the rights and subject to the duties. Moreover, code of ethics and discipline to be abided by delegates are also drawn. Delegates should realize and abide by these rules which are laid down with the aim of holding the National Convention successfully which is the most important for the State and the people.

Some of the most important ethics and rules are as follows:

1. To be loyal to the Union of Myanmar and not to accept any other country's patronage

2. To follow  instructions given by the chairman of group and Panel of Chairmen of the National Convention

3. To comport according to the dignity of a delegate and not to disturb and hinder the functions of the National Convention

4. Not to seek self-interest misusing the responsibilities of a delegate

5. To discuss at the meeting objectively and to avoid speaking ill of others personally or of a certain organization

6. Whenever entering or going out of the meeting hall, all are to bow to the State flag

7. Before releasing the news about the National Convention officially, delegates are to keep it secret

In holding the sessions, panel of chairmen is necessary to supervise the session and thus, it is designated to form the panel of chairmen with five representatives form the National Convention Convening Work Committee, ten from delegates of political parties and delegates of representatives-elect, five each from delegates of national races, delegates of peasants, delegates of workers, delegates of intellectuals and intelligentsia, delegates of State service personnel and other invited delegates and in doing so, the representatives of the respective groups are to select on their own.

For various reasons, there are vacancies in the panel of chairmen and thus substitutions are to be made.

The Chapter (3) touches upon accounting the number of the delegates attending a meeting and validity of the meeting. National Convention meetings are valid if 50 per cent of the delegates attend the meeting.

The Chapter (4) of the National Convention Procedures deals with the procedures to be followed in discussing matters and making suggestions. He first presented procedures to be followed at the group-wise meetings as follow:

(1) Delegates are to submit their proposals and make suggestions to the Panel of Chairmen only after making discussions in respective delegate groups. The Panel of Chairmen is to collect same proposals and submit them to the National Convention Plenary Meeting.

(2) In addition to proposals agreed by the majority of respective groups, individual proposals or proposals agreed by two or three delegates are to be submitted to the National Convention Plenary Meeting only after making group-wise discussions.

(3) Delegates of political parties and representatives-elect are to submit proposals and suggestions to the National Convention Plenary Meeting through the Panel of Chairmen only after making discussions in respective groups.

(4) Along with proposals agreed by the majority of respective political parties, proposals of  delegates representing political parties,  independent representatives-elect and proposals agreed by two or three delegates are to be submitted to the National Convention Plenary Meeting with permission of the Panel of Chairmen only after making discussions in respective groups.

(5) If there is a disagreement over the proposals among political parties, respective delegate groups and independent representatives-elect, the National Convention Convening Work Committee will have to make adjustments as far as it can in order to settle down the disagreement.

Next, he presented the procedures of the National Convention as follows:

(1) Proposals and suggestions to be submitted to the National Convention Plenary Meeting are to be stated exactly and clearly.

(2) The proposals and suggestions papers are to be attached with the list of delegate or delegates who will read out them at the meeting and to submit them to respective chairman at the designated time.

(3) With complete lists of delegates and papers to be discussed, the National Convention Convening Work Committee will begin the Plenary Meeting.

(4) In reading out the proposals and suggestions at the Plenary Meeting, the papers must the ones that have been already submitted in advance to be confirmed. Besides, the papers are to be read out by the one whose name has been already enlisted, and he has to read out only suggestions in the confirmed papers.

(5) At group-wise meeting or Plenary Meetings, proposals and suggestions are to be submitted in the frame of the six objectives of the National Convention.

If there are differences in the suggestions presented at the meeting, the National Convention Convening Work Committee is to make necessary arrangements for making suggestions included again to settle them amicably.

There are also prescribed rules and regulations to be followed in holding discussions at the plenary meeting and the group-wise meeting to be in conformity with the dignity of the Convention and to ensure the successful holding of the Convention. They are:

1. do not express disloyalty to the State

2. do not talk about something that is detrimental to non-disintegration of the Union, non-disintegration of national solidarity and perpetuation of sovereignty

3.  do not talk about the interest of organizations and persons that are not in the framework of law

4. do not talk about something that is detrimental to national solidarity, mutual help and respect

5.  do not talk ill of any language and religion

6.  do not talk about topics that are not related to the matters being discussed

7.  do not accuse and talk ill of a certain delegate subjectively

8.  do not abuse the meeting by discrediting other organisations and persons and crediting own attributes

9.  a delegate is to discuss the topics in line with the proposal paper sent in advance and not to discuss the topics that are not included in the paper. If a delegate reads out some topics that are not included in the proposal paper, only the original paper will be put on record.

When the plenary meeting or the meeting of the delegate groups are in progress, the delegates are not allowed to walk out individually or in group and to mock others. It is important for the delegates to follow the regulations for success of the National Convention. There are some don'ts for the delegates for successful holding of the National Convention.

These regulations are prescribed not for .repression but for the interest of the national races and the delegates. Some important points in the don'ts are - not to distribute documents which are not permitted by the National Convention Work Committee, not to talk about the documents nor publish them outside and not to bring arms and ammunition into the hostels and meeting hall when the meeting is in progress. He said these are some points of procedure on the National Convention and they aim at successful holding of the National Convention. I would also like to present the fulfilment regarding management for enabling the delegates to attend the Convention with peace of mind, he said.

New hostels were built along with mass halls and kitchens and meals are being served with daily menu. Arrangements have been made for vegetarians to enjoyed meals in line with religion. In the meantime, TV, Karaoke, newspapers, movies, stage show, gymnasium, golf course are being provided for health and recreation of the delegates. A hospital complete with specialists, modern medicines and medical equipment is being opened in the camp while restaurants, beauty parlour, barber shop, optical shop and grocery shop are being opened for the delegates.  In addition, telephones, faxes, ferries are also facilitated. All the necessary requirements have been fulfilled by the committees under the leadership of Prime Minister General Khin Nyunt in accord with the guidance of Head of State Senior General Than Shwe.

In accord with the instructions which call for paying special attention to the health of the delegates the health group including medical specialists are checking and supervising meals for delegates daily. Only wholesome meals that are conducive to the rainy season are served to the delegates. The delegates are advised to put on suitable clothes, to avoid having bath at a unreasonable time and eat junk food and are advised to go hospital even they catch cold. I would like to explain matters related to security to the delegates. Discipline on security have been prescribed as necessary requirements for the Convention and the delegates. In this regard, the delegates should not regard them as strict discipline and are to make concerted efforts for successful holding of the Convention, realizing that these measures are taken for their security, he added.

In conclusion, the minister wished the delegates to make earnest efforts in drafting an enduring Constitution in the interest of the State and the people, enjoying their physical and spiritual well-being.

Source: http://mission.itu.ch/MISSIONS/Myanmar/n-convention/nc170504_4.pdf and http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/NLM2004-05-18.pdf

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National Convention Convening Work Committee Chairman U Aung Toe's clarifications

Yangon, 17 May - The following is a translation of the clarifications of Chairman of the National Convention Convening Work Committee Chief Justice U Aung Toe at the plenary session of the National Convention in Nyaunghnapin Camp, Hmawby, today.

Esteemed Chairman and delegates to the National Convention,

I extend my greetings to the National Convention delegates with best wishes for your well-being both in mind and body and all auspiciousness.

As you know, the National Convention is discussing and laying down fundamental and detailed principles for writing a State Constitution in order to build a discipline-flourishing democratic nation in accord with the prevailing views, geographical conditions, background history, politics, economy, social affairs and culture of the nation.

Copies of the book featuring the fundamental and detailed principles adopted by the National Convention have been distributed to you in advance for your study. I would like to brief you on the fundamental and detailed principles adopted by the National Convention. The 15 headings that should be included in the State Constitution have been placed in order in respective chapters. According to this order, the detailed principles were laid down for the chapter on the State Constitution.

With respect to the State Constitution, the State is constituted with Pyidaungsu (Union) system. And the State is delineated and constituted with seven regions, seven states and Union territories. These regions, states and Union territories are of equal status and authority. In regions or states, self-administered areas are to be prescribed for national races who reside together with communities on the same common stretches of land in appropriate sizes of population, other than national races who have already got regions or states. There have already been designated that the President of the Union is the national leader of all the citizenry; the President of the Union represents the nation;  and the President of the Union occupies a position of the highest honour in the whole of the Union of Myanmar.

Mr Chairman,

The National Convention laid down the detailed fundamental principles on legislation, administration and judiciary to be included in drafting the State Constitution. In connection with legislation, in the State there is Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, the highest legislative body, which consists of two Hluttaws Ñ the Pyithu Hluttaw and the National Hluttaw.

The Pyithu Hluttaw will be formed with 440 Hluttaw representatives and the National Hluttaw with 224. There will be region or state Hluttaws.

Hluttaw representatives are to be elected by eligible voters in the entire nation in accord with the regulations. In that election, there include Pyithu Hluttaw representatives who represent the entire national races. Moreover, in the National Hluttaw, there will include12 National Hluttaw representatives elected in the Region or State each. In the election of 12 National Hluttaw representatives there include National Hluttaw represenratives elected from each self-administered division or self-administered region.

In the form of the two Hluttaws, the Hluttaw representatives representing the majority of national races can be found.

Mr Chairman,

In connection with the formation of Region and State Hluttaw, the Hluttaws include two Region / State Hluttaw representatives each elected by every township in the respective Region or State.

Moreover, apart from the voters of respective Regions or States or self-administered  zones, the national races who are officially recognized as making up 0.1 per cent of total population are to elect one representative for the Region or State or self-administered zone.

Mr Chairman,

In other words, apart from the national races who have obtained Region or State, the national races who are residing widespread in the Region or State and they are making up 0.1 per cent of total population of the Union will get the chance to elect one representative.

Regarding the fact that 0.1 per cent of the population of the country, the population of our country stands at over 53 million and thus, 0.1 per cent of the population or over 53,000 people of the respective national races can elect a representative of Region or State.

Except from the national races that have gained Self-administered Division or Self-administered Region, a representative of the rest national race will be eligible to take part in the leading committee of the Self-administered Division or Self-administered Region if its population will stand at over 10,000.

If we assess the formation of these legislative bodies, we can find that our national brethren will be able to take part in the respective legislative bodies.

Mr Chairman and esteemed delegates,

My clarification are summary of the detailed basic principles that have been laid down by the National Convention.

The details include in the book Ò Basic Principles and Detailed Basic Principles laid down by National Convention Plenary Meetings up to 30-3-96Ó which have been distributed to the delegates to the National Convention.

If you are unclear about my clarification, you may be able to raise a question at the group discussions and to the National Convention Convening Work Committee.

At the plenary session, the National Convention Convening Work Committee will present Union legislative list and Region or State legislative list to be legitimized by the respective legislative bodies if necessary and matters that can be legitimized by leading committees of Self-administered Zone.

After the clarifications, the delegates to the National Convention are requested to discuss the matters thoroughly  at the respective groups and prepare papers to be submitted.

Source: http://mission.itu.ch/MISSIONS/Myanmar/n-convention/nc170504_5.pdf and http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/NLM2004-05-18.pdf