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Title: "Myanmar Alin" Friday 28 August, 2015
Date of publication: 28 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Friday 28 August, 2015
Date of publication: 28 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Pyithu Hluttaw Website (Burmese/ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Description/subject: Hluttaw sessions and laws archives
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/?q=laws
Date of entry/update: 28 August 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Pyithu Hluttaw (Burmese/ျမန္မာဘာသာ)


Title: Environmental Damage and Poverty Migration among Myanmar and its Neighbors
Date of publication: 28 August 2015
Description/subject: "In recent years migration studies have theorized that 21st-century migration is following patterns that both incorporate and diverge from academic and policymaking explanations of late 20th-century migration. The case of Myanmar, whose out-migration is well-known and well-enumerated, nevertheless shows both a less-known pattern of in-migration in rural areas as well as environmental (and not only economic) factors in both in- and out- migration. James Clifford’s earlier, Asia-Pacific-focused work Routes, published in 1997, was influential in modifying the conventional academic foci on migration. Addressing the “subjectivity” of the ethnographers of peoples and migrations and their subjects as more an issue of shared, though differing, ideas of movement and space, he brought a new awareness of the interplay between semantic webs purportedly possessed by fieldwork subjects and their would-be interpreters among scholars. He followed this work with a particular narrative of Native American migration in Returns, published in 2013. Both of these works open the door for new attempts to study and interview migrants in their own situations and to grasp the diversity of migration beyond push-pull factors. One burgeoning methodology within this new research initiative was that of ethnographic interviews with migrants. Clifford had revealed an extremely human, molecularly detailed side of interviewees and respondents. Newer works began to concentrate almost exclusively on the migrants’ own narratives and to pull slighter, more localized explanations from them in the same mode as Charmaz’s grounded theory. Here were the roots of ‘new migration’ ideas. With the wealth of published data becoming available from migrants worldwide, small and large differences between their experiences and general migration theory became more apparent...".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Lynn Thiesmeyer
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (69K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 28 August 2015
ML > Migration > Migration from Burma > Migration from Burma: mixed and general articles and reports
Migration > Migration from Burma > Migrant Workers from Burma > Migrant workers from Burma : general and mixed articles and reports


Title: Social Exclusion, Livelihoods, and Gender Violence: Burmese Muslim Refugees in Thailand
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "This work seeks to understand gender-­based violence and the connection between violence and livelihoods for refugees living in conditions of social exclusion. Through qualitative research consisting of 40 interviews, a market survey, and observation conducted among Burmese Muslim refugees in Thailand, this work analyzes the connection between livelihoods strategies, social exclusion, and gender-­based violence. Muslims are a marginalized group within Burma and experience ongoing discrimination while living in refugee communities in Thailand, which results in risk for several kinds of violence at multiple levels. The experiences of Muslim refugees living in Thailand offer insight into the conditions that shape violence for refugees more generally. Findings show that several factors contribute to the incidence of gender violence, including structural, community, and interpersonal stressors and constraints. These dynamics also shape violence, whether domestic abuse, harassment and assault within the refugee camp, or experiences with Thai authorities. By showing the complex conditions that shape gender-­based violence for refugees in this context, this work demonstrates the need for consideration of marginalized groups within refugee populations and the layered nature of the conditions that underpin dynamics of gender violence. This pa per concludes with consideration of the implications of these findings for the possibility of refugee return to Myanmar in the context of ongoing ethnic difficulty and livelihoods struggles.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Mollie Pepper
Language: English, Burmese and Karen
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (309K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 28 August 2015
ML > Migration > Migration from Burma > Migrant Workers from Burma > Migrant workers from Burma : general and mixed articles and reports
Human Rights > Discrimination > Religion or belief: discrimination based on > Discrimination against Muslims


Title: From ‘Unidentified Corpse’ To ‘Hometown Association’ : The Standing of Self in The Religious Sphere Among Myanmar Migrant Workers in Ranong, Thailand
Date of publication: 28 August 2015
Description/subject: "This article studies the practice of the standing of self among Myanmar migrant workers in Ranong province, Thailand, which occurs through hometown association constructed within the religious sphere. In the past, Myanmar migrant workers h ave been limited to a socially self-less existence due to their illegal status, the lack of government protection, and the rejection by local people. The lack of self is particularly evident in the “absence” of migrants’ deaths. Even more evident is the way that a deceased migrants’ body has been assigned the status of “the unidentified corpse” and “the object of merit” to be “stored” in the cemetery to await the “cemetery cleansing ceremony” (พิธีล้างป่าช้า), initiated by local people of Chinese descent. Over the past ten years, improved legal status and more flexible state policy has brought about many religious activities and religious gatherings among mig rants. Arising from this phenomenon are “hometown associations” which oversee social welfare and life quality improvements for migrants. In particular, funeral associations assist in proper handling of deceased migrants, by seeking relatives, seeking bodies of the deceased, organizing public processions for the deceased bodies, arranging funeral ceremonies, as well as transporting bodies of the deceased across the border to Myanmar. In effect, these hometown associations are transforming “the unidentified corpse” (ศพไร้ญาติ) into “the identified body” (ศพมีญาติ), entitled to proper religious traditions, social space and dignity akin to the locals. By this implication, the “corpses” of migrants are not only lifeless bodies but a “place” which has been constructed and given social meaning as a site of negotiation of translocal subjects. There is an emerging practice in which migrants effectively stand for the “presence” of self through translocal networks, arising from the rebuilding of neighborhoods and communities in host country through the religious sphere.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Nattchawal Pocapanishwong
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (6.1MB)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 28 August 2015
ML > Migration > Migration from Burma > Migrant Workers from Burma > Migrant workers from Burma : general and mixed articles and reports
Migration > Migration from Burma > Migration from Burma: mixed and general articles and reports
Human Rights > Migrants, Rights of > Migrants' rights: reports of violations


Title: Mon Diaspora and the Relationships with their Homeland
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "This article aims to explain the relations of Mon diaspora at Baan Wang Ka, Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand with their homeland. It argues that such relationships are diverse and reflect the complexity of notion of “Bifocality” explaining that homeland is the place of spiritual and cultural roots while host countries are more associated with economic and livelihoods. Mon diaspora has been living in Baan Wang Ka since AD. 1948. The ethnic suppression policies in Myanmar are the major cause of transnational mobility of these people, although, in the later periods, some of them left their homeland to go to Thailand for trading and eventually resettled at the village. Currently, Mon people in the village include four generations who were from Myanmar and heirs of those from Myanmar, however these people associate with their homeland differently. Some relate to their homeland as the place of spiritual and identity of Mon origin. For others, their connections to homeland have to do more with economic than cultural and spiritual dimensions. Such diverse relationships related to not solely generation differences and causes of migration, but also individual’s experience, economic opportunity, legal status, social status in Thailand as well as religious belief. On another score, the diversity of relationships has also associated with their homeland and host country contexts.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Patcharin Lapanu
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (232K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 28 August 2015
ML > Non-Burman and non-Buddhist groups > Ethnic groups in Burma (cultural, political) > Single Groups > Mon (cultural, political)
Migration > Migration from Burma > Migration from Burma: mixed and general articles and reports


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 27 August, 2015
Date of publication: 27 August 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:-Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament) Roundup: "Nay Pyi Taw, 26 Aug— The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw on Wednesday approved a proposal to take out two loans from international development lenders. The Asian Development Bank’s ASEAN Infrastructure Fund will provide US$260 million while the French Development Agency will provide 40 million euros. Officials have said that the loans will be provided to the Ministry of Construction, the Ministry of Electric Power and the Mandalay Region Government and used to speed up several development projects. U Mahn Kan Nyunt of Kayin State constituency argued in favour of the loans, saying that upgrading the Asian Highway from Eindu to Kawkareik will benefit surrounding regions, including Kayin State and the Greater Mekong Sub-region. He stressed the need for fair compensation to be paid to those who lose farmland located within the project site area. Daw Nan Say Ewa of Hpaan constituency also supported the road improvement project, saying that it will boost trade volumes between Myanmar and India and create jobs. The session also saw MPs express wide support for adopting an optional protocol governing the involvement of children in armed conflicts as per the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CROC). According to Deputy Minister U Tin Oo Lwin, 159 countries have already signed up to the protocol, including eight out of 10 ASEAN members. “The signing of the protocol will serve as convincing evidence of Myanmar’s commitment to protect the rights of its children,” he added. Parliament also approved the broadcasting bill.".....Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) Roundup: "Nay Pyi Taw, 26 Aug—The Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development is using special funds on top of the existing budgetary allocation to prevent water being contaminated by arsenic in 200 villages, said Deputy Minister U Tin Ngwe during the Pyithu Hluttaw session on Wednesday. The deputy minister said that efforts were stepped up to lay deeper tube wells for drinking water after a survey detected arsenic in tube wells less than 400 feet deep. He added that the ministry has allocated K 1.22 billion to laying 123 deep tubewells in 115 villages during 2015-16 financial year. During the same session, parliament approved the blood and blood material bill as well as the organ donation bill. Meanwhile Deputy Minister Dr Daw Thein Thein Htay spoke about the ministry’s determination to address the needs of the most vulnerable, including infants, children and pregnant women. She said that all efforts are geared towards meeting the United Nations’ development goals and that the government has increased health spending year on year since it entered office."..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Fisheries eye recovery: Govt gives fingerlings to flood-hit fish farmers...Motorcade tourism on the rise: H&T Ministry...Yedaguntaung Golf Course to be upgraded...Students receive free dental care...Free cattle feed and medicines distributed...Myoma Band to celebrate 90th anniversary...Youth take part in military training and first-aid course...Shopkeepers encouraged to sell iodized salt..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: PSC signed for Mottama M-7 offshore-block...ADB to provide US$3m for flood relief...Japan’s Kirin Co. to put 55% investment in production of Myanmar Brewery Ltd...Australian Gov’t donates technological equipment to Myanmar Police Force...Vice-Senior General Soe Win tours Thailand, discusses military affairs...Union Home Affairs Minister meets UN reps...Myanmar strengthens economic ties at 29th AME meeting...Thai companies donate aid to Myanmar’s flood victims...Aid from China reaches out flood-hit Monyo..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Replanting after the floods" by Myint Win Thein..... ARTICLE: "Keep Our Mind Pure Be Good to Others" by Htun Tin Htun
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Thursday 27 August, 2015
Date of publication: 27 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (12MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Thursday 27 August, 2015
Date of publication: 27 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.8MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 21 August, 2015
Date of publication: 22 August 2015
Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 21 Aug—Myanmar has planted over 200 acres of star bean on a trial basis and has plans to export the crop, Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Ohn Than told the Pyithu Hluttaw on Friday. Responding to a question on cultivation of the crop, the deputy minister told the Lower House that farmers had permission to grow the crop, also known as the winged bean. In other matters, the deputy minister said the ministry was in the process of transferring a plot of land in Mandalay, including a construction site, to the government. Representatives discussed two bills during the session, passing the bill on roads and bridges."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (420K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/?q=meeting/%E1%80%95%E1%80%91%E1%80%99%E1%80%A1%E1%82%80%E1%80%80%E...
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw sessions for 2015


Title: Law and conflict in Myanmar
Date of publication: 11 August 2015
Description/subject: "...in Myanmar, while law has at times been used to manage and avoid conflict, it can also exacerbate it. This is evident when looking at three areas of legal reform between 2010 and 2015: structural, economic and social reforms. Structural reforms established the country’s new constitutional and legal system. Many of these laws were intended to avoid conflict between institutions, primarily by giving the President and the executive significant control, including over the courts. And while many offices and institutions may sound new, they are rather old institutions or positions that have been rebranded, such as references to the former chairman of the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) being replaced with the President. Further, the new laws passed since 2010 continue to subordinate the courts to executive and parliamentary control. In fact, the courts are the branch of the government that has been least affected by the transition process. Meanwhile, Myanmar’s economic reforms have been geared towards greater foreign investment and the market economy, including the banking sector, the establishment of special economic zones, and potential reform of the Company Law. These economic reforms generally prevent individuals from challenging government decisions in court, and have also generated conflict between local stakeholders and foreign investors. One of the first and most significant laws passed in terms of economic reforms was the Foreign Investment Law. This raised tension between local and foreign interests include rights to land use, tax concessions, and standards in terms of labour requirements for skilled positions..."
Author/creator: Melissa Crouch
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
ML > Law and Constitution > Rule of Law - Burma/Myanmar-specific


Title: The threat of Myanmar’s extremist monks
Date of publication: 27 August 2015
Description/subject: "Rhetoric, violence and growing influence could derail the country’s political transition... The Association for the Protection of Race and Religion—a group of nationalist Buddhist monks in Myanmar—has been rapidly gaining political clout in recent months. More commonly known by its Burmese-language acronym Ma Ba Tha, the group has scored several major policy victories, demonstrating the extent to which it has the capacity to influence Burmese politics as the 2015 general election approaches. As Ma Ba Tha has expanded its reach, questions about its connections to the Myanmar government and the ruling Union Solidary and Development Party (USDP) have emerged..."
Author/creator: Oren Samet
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism and Society > Burmese Buddhism and Society


Title: Pyidaungsu and Pyithu Hluttaws 20 August, 2015
Date of publication: 21 August 2015
Description/subject: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: "Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Aug— The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw on Thursday decided to suspend discussion on the recall bill, with members of parliament voting 264 in favour and 235 against the bill. Defence services representative Brig-Gen Tint Hsan called for rapid enactment of the bill, saying the Constitution provided all citizens with the right to recall their representatives considered as dishonest. He also stressed that legislative bodies were responsible for protecting the fundamental rights of the citizens..."...Pyithu Hluttaw: "Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Aug — The government has no plans to extend the pension payment scheme for civil servants who retired as of 1 April 2015 to those who retired before the date, Deputy Minister for Finance Dr Lin Aung told the Pyithu Hluttaw on Thursday. The deputy minister made the statement in response to a question raised by Dr Soe Yin of Kamayut Constituency during the 12th regular session of the Lower House."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu and Pyithu Hluttaw via The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (419K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/?q=event/day/2015-08-20
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw sessions for 2015


Title: Religious Networks of Tai Buddhists across the China-Myanmar Border
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: INTRODUCTION: "This paper will explore the relationship between the local Buddhist practices of Tăi people who cross the border between China and Myanmar and the religious policy of the two countries, in which these movements are situated. I shall explore the question of how the monks and holu, experts in Buddhist rituals, migrate from Myanmar to revive their local religious practices after the Cultural Revolution in China. The next question is how local people recognise the Buddhist practices which originated from Myanmar. By answering these questions, I will explore the practices of the border area between China and Myanmar, and disclose an aspect of Myanmar Buddhism which is invisible from the viewpoint of national religious institutions...".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Takahiro Kojima
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (89K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Burmese Buddhism outside Burma
Foreign Relations > China-Burma relations


Title: The Rise of Anti-Muslim Hate Speech Shortly Before the Outbreaks of Mass Viol ence Against Muslims in Myanmar
Description/subject: Abstract: "Anti-Muslim sentiment is not a new phenomenon in Myanmar but it is deeply rooted in its pre-­independence history. Throughout the military junta in Myanmar, the escalation of anti-­Muslim hate speech aimed to instigate Buddhist-­Muslim riots in order to deflect the people’s anger and exasperation away from the military regime. Since 1988 when the military ruled Myanmar, anti-­Muslims hate and dangerous speech have been mainly circulating in the print media, and nowadays particularly on social media in Myanmar although most of the people in rural areas cannot access the internet. Anti-­Muslim hate speech and propaganda such as pamphlets, leaflets, DVDs, VCDs, CDs, posters and others have been distributed in some parts of Myanmar right before outbeaks of mass violence against Muslims such as the anti-­Muslim riot in Mandalay (1997), the anti-­Muslim riot in Taungoo (2001), and the anti-­Muslim riot in Meikhtila (2013). Based on interviews and documents such as pamphlets, leaflets, DVDs, VCDs, and CDs, and sermons, as well as interviews given by nationalists and nationalist Buddhist monks, this paper analyses speech acts that promote anti -­‐ Muslim sentiment, which is a precondition for instigating anti-­Muslim violence. This pap er argues that promotion of anti-­Muslim sentiment has always escalated shortly before the outbreaks of mass violence against Muslims in Myanmar. The contribution of this paper is to call attention to a dynamic that could lead to atrocities against Muslims in Myanmar.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Ye Myint Win
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (354K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
ML > Ethnic and religious violence and discrimination > Anti-Muslim violence and discrimination - Myanmar - General articles and analysis
Ethnic and religious violence and discrimination > Anti-Muslim violence and discrimination - incidents and the humanitarian situation


Title: The Social Relationship of Myanmar Migrant Workerrs In Malaysia: An Ethnographic Study
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "Migration for employment has been a global challenge in today’s world along with the rising figure of world migration population. For that reason, the drawbacks of labour migration need to be managed effectively based on understanding the real context of migrant workers in the country in which they work. Based on the pursuit of this interest, an ethnographic study has been been conducted to explore the social relationship among Myanmar migrant workers in Malaysia since November 2014. The formulated research questions is: what does the social relationship mean among Myanmar migrant workers in Malaysia? More specifically, what difficulties do they face and how do they seek from their social networks in case of difficulties in Malaysia; and what social organizations contribute to meet the needs and difficulties of Myanmar migrant workers in Malaysia?...".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Khin Soe Kyi
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (254K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
ML > Migration > Migration from Burma > Migrant Workers from Burma > Migrant workers from Burma : general and mixed articles and reports
Migration > Migration from Burma > Migration from Burma: mixed and general articles and reports


Title: Ethnic Chin People Today: Livelihood, Migration, Internal Displacement and Exile
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "Last summer, I met a young Chin exile who came back from Australia to Yangon. He said he returns home once a year to do development in his village in Tedim Township in northern Chin State. According to this young man, although he experienced challenges in Malaysia as an exile before he reached the safe third country, he has now graduated in Australia and got a good job. So he wants to help his native villagers for their livelihood security. Thus, he set up a women group of weavers in five villages nearby his village to resume traditional textile weaving. He initiated financial support to buy them 10 wooden frame looms and all the required materials for weaving. He added “We Chin people exiles today are now escape from poverty and I am planning to do development program in my region to end the poverty.” He continued, “Currently, vision of many exile Chin people today is supporting any kind of development in their native villages individually or collectively.” In this paper, I will elaborate Chin people today should keep migrating out to escape from the multiple hardships in their native land so that not only for their better life but also they are able to support the remaining family by remittance and do development in their region as well.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Kyin Lam Man
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (186K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
ML > Non-Burman and non-Buddhist groups > Ethnic groups in Burma (cultural, political) > Single Groups > Chin (Zo)- economic, social, cultural, political
Administrative areas > Chin State


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Friday 28 August, 2015
Date of publication: 28 August 2015
Description/subject: Exective: Republic of the Union of Myanmar Union Election Commission: Notification No. 51/2015: Daingnet Ethnics Development Party allowed to register as political party..... HLUTTAW SESSIONS: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament) Roundup: "Nay Pyi Taw, 27 Aug—Union Peace-Making Work Committee Vice Chairman Union Minister U Aung Min discussed the government’s ongoing efforts to achieve a nationwide ceasefire agreement at the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw session on Thursday. He said that despite attempts by successive governments to end armed struggles in Myanmar since the country won its independence, the complex political roots of various conflicts has made it difficult to find a solution. Therefore, President U Thein Sein has invited ethnic armed groups to take part in political dialogue with the aim of reaching a consensus for achieving peace. Union Minister U Aung Min also noted that the president Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament) Roundup has formed the Union Peace-Making Central Committee and Union Peace-Making Work Committee to speed up peace efforts. He praised the government for reaching 39 bilateral agreements with 15 ethnic armed groups. He went on to say that the Nationwide Ceasefire Coordination Team of the ethnic armed groups is currently negotiating the terms of a nationwide ceasefire agreement after signing Deed of Commitment for Peace and National Reconciliation..."...Pyithu Hluttaw: "Nay Pyi Taw, 27 Aug— Pyithu Hluttaw approved the amendment for the Industrial Bill at the Thursday’s session. Pyithu Hluttaw’s bill committee read out the salient points in the canal bill for mercantile marine transportation submitted by the Ministry of Transport. The Ministry of Transport also submitted the bill amending Myanmar Lighthouse Act while the Ministry of Rail Transportation presented the bill amending road transport. Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann announced successful completion of the Pyithu Hluttaw session after explaining the tasks of the 12th regular session of the Hluttaw. In the session, union level officials replied to 1,666 questions of 1,793. MPs have discussed 80 bills of 96 while there remain 16 bills in discussion process."..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Hanthawaddy airport project completion postponed to 2022...Myanmar to fall short of 2m tonne rice export target...MYANMAR GAZETTE...Myanmar moves to fight poverty through community-based projects...Party political broadcasts to be aired from 8 Sept...Vice-Senior General Soe Win and party arrive back Yangon...Nutritional Promotion Week Campaign held in Yangon...Fujiwork to conduct Forklift Safety Training Program at Thilawa SEZ...MCDC improves sanitation and road conditions in municipal area...Yamethin Township upgrades five basic education schools...Masonry and Steel-making course delivered to 20 rural youth trainees...Hsedawgyi Dam delivers..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Appointment of Ambassador agreed on...Thai medical team arrives in flood-hit delta region...Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann meets Indian Ambassador...Commander-in-Chief meets with Thailand’s PM...Daw Maw Maw presents Credentials to King of Norway...Union FM receives UNDP official..... "PERSPECTIVES: "When silence is no longer golden" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "Communicating Parliament" by Tobias Flessenkemper..."A Day’s Visit to Thanlyin" by Dr. Saw Mra Aung
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 26 August, 2015
Date of publication: 26 August 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Roundup: "Nay Pyi Taw, 25 Aug — Pyidaungsu Hluttaw representatives approved a US$400 million loan from the World Bank on Tuesday. The loan will be split between the Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development and the Ministry of Electric Power. U Maung Toe of Minhla constituency supported the loan and said that although parliament has already approved over US$ 1.4 billion in foreign loans, low interest rates on the loans make further ones vi-able. Daw Tin Nwe Oo MP disagreed. She said that any spending on unnecessary projects should be cut and stressed that taking another loan while the US dollar prices is rising against the kyat is unwise. The loan was approved by the majority of members during a vote that followed discussions. Meanwhile, the newly appointed Union Minister for Defence Lt-Gen Sein Win and Union Minister for Border Affairs Lt-Gen Kyaw Swe gave an oath before the Hluttaw speaker. Representatives also passed a bill amending the constitutional law as well as the Myanmar Red Cross Society Bill." ...Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) Roundup: "Nay Pyi Taw, 25 Aug — Myanmar’s financial rules do not allow state-run economic organisations to deposit money in private banks, said the Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of Myanmar U Set Aung on Tuesday. The deputy governor was responding to a question raised by U Ohn Ngwe, MP for Myaung. He said that the government’s economic organisations may only open bank accounts at Myanma Economic Banks and added that state-owned banks are permitted to take part in the treasury bill auction and deposit auction as a means of raising revenue to cover expenses. He noted that the Central Bank of Myanmar considers Myanma Economic Bank as a non-competitive bidder in deposit auctions, which is in line with the country’s monetary policies. Meanwhile, U Than Oo of Myawady constituency asked about whether there are plans to reduce toll gate fees for vehicles owned outside Yangon Region. Deputy Minister at the President Office U Kyaw Kyaw Win responded by saying that Yangon City Development Committee currently gives exemptions of toll gate fees to buses, departmental vehicles, government vehicles and cargo trucks. He did not state whether reduced fees for general traffic from outside Yangon is on the cards. The Hluttaw session also approved a bill which amended a 2012 Pyithu Hluttaw Law as well as the Vehicle bill. Secretary of Pyithu Hluttaw Investment and Industrial Development Committee U Kyi Tha read out the industrial bill to members prior to voting."..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS:Two chief ministers to retire...Six elephants being shooed back to Bago forest...50 bills left with a week to go...Chaungshay villagers call for lake to be dredged - Than Tin Aung...Seed program aims to revive paddy cultivation...Students given textbooks and stationery after floods...Flood-hit bridge to be repaired by the end of the month..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: US, Canada back minimum wage - North America keen to see minimum wage adopted with ‘no exemptions’ in Myanmar - By Aye Min Soe...Meeting held to discuss USD-kyat exchange rates...New batch of ministry tour guides begin training...Vice-Senior General Soe Win visits Thailand after Japan visit...ICRC calls on Commander-in-Chief...Myanmar hands over 125 boat people to Bangladesh...Thai clubs eye striker Aung Thu...Yadanarbon FC to go head-to-head with Ayeyawady United in grand final..... "PERSPECTIVES": "What don’t journalists and historians have in common?" - By Myint Win Thein.....ARTICLE: "Keep Our Mind Pure Be Good to Others" - By Htun Tin Htun.....POEM: "Success of the Peace Process"- Lokethar
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: Armed conflict: The beginning of the end
Date of publication: 25 August 2015
Description/subject: "Myanmar took a huge step forward on August 7. The government concluded its negotiations with ethnic armed groups over a nationwide ceasefire to end more than 60 years of civil war...Without doubt, it will be yet another test for all parties whether they are truly committed to peaceful political dialogue to resolve the nation’s long-running armed conflict. As the political negotiations will focus on power-sharing, resource-sharing and many other pressing issues, the process is likely to test the endurance of all stakeholders, as well as their ability to compromise and think of the bigger picture. Despite the hurdles ahead, Myanmar seems determined to move forward. The signing of the nationwide ceasefire agreement will help the election environment, which will in turn reinforce the notion of inclusive democracy that friends of Myanmar hope to see flourish here..."
Author/creator: Aung Naing Oo
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Peace processes, ceasefires and ceasefire talks (websites, documents, reports and studies)


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Wednesday 26 August, 2015
Date of publication: 26 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (13MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Wednesday 26 August, 2015
Date of publication: 26 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 25 August, 2015
Date of publication: 25 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (10MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Tuesday 25 August, 2015
Date of publication: 25 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Urbanization: The Structures of Sustainable Urban Landscape of Myanmar
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "With the major economic system changes, many new developments are observed in every sector of Myanmar. Urban landscaping is an integral part of modern urban construction and also presents the development of economic conditions. One of the most important factors of urbanization is population size. Urbanization is developed rapidly, based on rural-­‐urban migration and natural growth of cities and towns. As urban area develops changes occur in the landscape such as buildings, roads, recreational sites. etc. Although the country’s population remains largely rural because of Myanmar economy is based on agriculture, urban population growth was faster than spatial growth. Yangon is Myanmar’s largest urban area. However, spatially it grew between 2000 and 2010, increasing at a rate of 0.5% a year, from 370 square kilometers to 390. This paper studies many social (traffic congestion, waste disposal, water problems) and environmental issues (pollution) in urbanization and concludes that long-­‐term solutions to these problems. Therefore this paper presents the structure of urban landscape of some significant features within Myanmar and the controlling factors to this urban landscape. If population growth and urbanization are given sufficient attention in economic policies which must seek to manage for the sustainable future urban landscape of Myanmar.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Thin Thin Khaing
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (2.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
ML > Sustainable and Endogenous Development > Urban development
Environment (being reorganised and extended) > The global environment > Law and policy related to the global environment > Environmental and social impact assessments
Economy > Development > Sustainable development
Economy > Rural economy
Sustainable and Endogenous Development > Rural development in Burma/Myanmar


Title: The Value of Life in Myanmar Theravada Buddhist Thought
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "...The first question mainly concerns with the characteristic of human life. The answer for this question is that which characteristic and quality are involved in human life. The second question chiefly regards with the cause or the origin of human life. Regarding this, there are some alternative questions such as 'How did life get here'?' Why are we here'?' How did life start'? etc. The third quest ion is very clear that it investigates the meaning of human life. The last question is also clear that it is searching for the value and purpose of human life. It is making assessment of the value and purpose of life in various philosophical systems. This paper mainly concerns with the last question. Many ordinary men may think that the value and purpose of life lies in the concept of fame, status, power, wealth etc. However, most philosophers never regard fame, status, power, wealth as the true value and purpose of life. Instead, they advocates happiness, harmony, knowledge etc are the true value of life.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Tun Shwe
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (216K)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism and Society > Buddhism and society, Buddhist Ethics
Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism and Society > Burmese Buddhism and Society
Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism in Burma - general


Title: A Religious Study on the Construction of Oo-­‐Pwar Pagoda and Its Sculptures
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "This paper is written with the purpose of knowing why Buddhist people worship pagoda and Buddhism is not symbolism. Myanmar culture is an integral part of Buddhism. While there is an abundance of artistic material throughout Myanmar, many people do not know that these artistic pagodas and their sculptures are related with the meaningful background. Therefore, this paper is presented based on Oo-­‐Pwar pagoda in Mandalay. Initially, it is presented which one is worthy to be a pagoda and how many kinds of pagoda are there. And then, the history of Oo-­‐Pwar pagoda and the standard of Myanmar art and architecture of that period are presented. And the construction of pagoda and its sculptures are also expressed. In which, each part of pagoda related with the teaching of Buddha is discussed. This topic is divided into three main parts, namely: meaning of pagoda, the construction of Oo-­‐Pwar pagoda and sculptures in the surrounding of the pagoda. This paper shows the background history, religious and traditional customs of the sculptures. And the fact can be seen that although Myanmar people are Theravāda Buddhists, they also do some of the practice of Mahāyana Buddhism and Hinduism as their own tradition. By doing this research, in the compound of pagoda, the tradition of ancient Myanmar are found evidently. The pagodas can be assumed as the religious things and the invaluable cultural heritages. Therefore, conservation of pagoda is beneficial to develop Buddhist religion and to conserve Myanmar cultural heritage.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Hnin Moe Hlaing
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (811K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism in Burma - general
Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism and Society > Buddhism and society, Buddhist Ethics
Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Burmese pagodas and other religious buildings


Title: A Study of the Buddha Image Made of Bamboo-strips at the Myathabeik Foothill in Thaton, Mon State
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "After the lord Buddha Parinibbāna (pass away), the Buddhists have worshipped with devotion (1) Sarīrika Cetiya (Relics) (2) Dhamma Cetiya (Teachings) (3) Uddissa Cetiya (Images) (4) Paribhoga Cetiya (Bodhi tree and utensils) (5) Pāda Cetiya (foot-­‐prints of the Buddha) in memory of the Lord Buddha. Among these five different kinds of Cetiyas where there are images of the Lord Buddha on it, are called as Uddissa Cetiya. In traditions, the Lord Buddha Images are made of gold, silver, copper, iron, stone, wood and bamboo-­strips. Just as there are many differences with the materials used in carving sacred images there are also differences in shape, size and style. One image different from another in gesture (mudrā), sitting posture (āsana) and sacred throne (pallaṅka). A wonderful Hneephayargyi made of bamboo-­strips exists at the Myathabeit foothill in Thaton, Mon state. A group of six young craftsmen who made the image was led by Sayar Myint Naing Oo. Unlike other images, there are interesting and wonderful features in the creating of this particular Hneephayargyi. Therefore, this monograph on the brief history of statues and images and the creating of Hneephayargyi are compiled and presented so that Buddhists may not only revere and strengthen their faith, but it may also, be of partial help to those who want to find out and study Buddhists arts. Key words: the impressive capability of the Myanmar’s handicraft."......Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Myint Myint Than
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (233K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Burmese pagodas and other religious buildings
Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism in Burma - general
Archaeology > Archaelogy-artifacts


Title: “The Encased Buddhist Monuments and Buddha Statues found in Myanmar”
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "Myanmar is the richest Buddhist monuments with the Buddha Statues in the world. There are a large number of Buddhist monuments inventoried by the Department of Archaeology and National Museum in Myanmar. All these monuments for the restoration and conservation works have been undertaken by the Department of Archaeology and National Museum, the Pagoda Trustees, and the Associations of Local Heritage Trust. A number of Buddhist Monuments have been conserved and preserved while a few of them need to be conserved and preserved in Myanmar. Among the Buddhist monuments found in Myanmar, some of them are the encased Buddhist monuments. Most encased Buddhist monuments were recovered at Bagan, located in the central part of Myanmar. Bagan is the richest Buddhist monuments and the richest archaeological sites in Myanmar. There are over three thousand Buddhist monuments still standing at Bagan.1 Among those monuments, there are around sixty encased Buddhist monuments at Bagan2. Some of them were found at Tamote Region and the Ancient City of Myin Saing in Kyaukse District, Aebya Region in Sint Kaing Township, Tagaung Region in Thabeik Kyin Township, Shwe Intein Pagoda to the west of Inle Lake, Ahlotaw Pauk Pagoda in the Inle Lake, Mwedaw Kakku Region in Shan State, Pakhangyi and Ma Oo Region in Yesagyo Township, Anaint Region in Monywa District, the Ancient City of Mrauk Oo in Rakhine State, and Yangon in Myanmar. Sometimes not only the encased Buddhist monument s have been found in Myanmar but also the encased Buddha Statues that were recovered at Ba gan and in the vicinity of Tamote Region. Most of them were the double encased monuments but a few of them were the third encased monuments recovered in the various p arts of Myanmar. Basically the encased Buddhist monuments may be classified into four types. They are the encased Buddhist Stupas, the encased Buddhist Temples, the Moathtaw Zedis (Stupas) with a circumambulatory corridor, and two or three small Stupas encased by a bigger Stupa on the same plinth 3. According to the architectural typologies of the encased monuments found in Myanmar, some of the inner Stupas were built in Pyu period 4 (1st to 9thCentury AD) while the outer Stupas were built in Bagan period and post Bagan periods such as Pinya, Inwa, Nyaung Yan, and Konbaung period. In Myanmar, the earliest encased Buddhist monuments were found in Pyu period while some of the encased Buddhist monumen ts in Myanmar have been found till to 17th and 18th centuries AD. In Myanmar, most encased Buddhist monuments can not be found easily. When the outer stupas were collapsed by the natural disasters such as earthquake, rain water, flood, wind, and vandalism, the inner stupas can be seen from the outside. Norm ally we can not say exactly that is an encased monument or not. Traditionally it was noted that it was an encased stupa and it was an encased temple for some encased monuments in Myanmar but some monuments had the strong inscriptional evidences although the inner stupa can not be viewed from the outside.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Ko Myo
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (811K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Burmese pagodas and other religious buildings


Title: Documents on statelessness related to Burma/Maynamr
Description/subject: Reports and articles by various sources - from 2008
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNHCR (Refword)
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 25 August 2015
ML > Statelessness > Statelessness in Burma/Myanmar


Title: IRIN - Myanmar articles
Description/subject: 200 or so articles related to Burma/Myanmar....."IRIN's principal role is to provide news and analysis about sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and parts of Asia for the humanitarian community. The networks target decision-makers in relief agencies, host and donor governments, human-rights organisations, humanitarian advocacy groups, academic institutions and the media. Website: www.irinnews.org
Language: English
Source/publisher: Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.irinnews.org
Date of entry/update: 25 August 2015
RR > News - Commentary/analysis about Burma/Myanmar


Title: Solidarity and resilience emerge in Myanmar
Date of publication: 21 August 2015
Description/subject: "How ordinary citizens stepped into the breach and responded to the nation’s worst disaster since Cyclone Nargis. A shirtless farmer trudges up to a semi-circle of singing volunteers. Without a word, he offs his military-issue motorbike helmet and pulls a 1000 kyat (US$ 1) note from the inner-rim, placing it gently on the loungyi (a wrap that often replaces trousers) laid out on the ground in front of a printed vinyl sign: “Taungoo Artists Group – Flood Victims Appeal”. He nods at the guitarist and shuffles back to the crowd, gathered to listen intently to songs honouring the victims of the flood written by local musicians and poets. Meanwhile, nine hours southeast a group of 15 students from an English language centre walk through the heavy rain in a small ethnic Karen, Buddhist town outside Karen State’s capital, Hpa-an. They hold a banner urging local residents to come out and donate to support Myanmar’s flood victims, although no insistence is needed..."
Author/creator: Justine Chambers & Gerard McCarthy
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 25 August 2015
ML > Natural disasters in Burma/Myanmar > Flooding > Floods of 2015 > Floods of 2015 - UN and other reports
Civil Society


Title: 10-Year Campaign to End Statelessness - UNHCR
Description/subject: Large collection of legal and other documents on statelessness from UNHCR and other sources.
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNHCR
Format/size: html, pdf (70K)
Date of entry/update: 25 August 2015
ML > Statelessness > The statelessness conventions and UNHCR readings on statelessness


Title: Making knowledge count
Date of publication: 17 August 2015
Description/subject: "Academic discussions sometimes get a bad rap. They are deemed tedious, even irrelevant, with unfocussed rambling on topics of only minor concern... The Myanmar people will want to see how academic ideas can be made useful in their lives. Such research is often best when it focuses on long-term considerations and the types of problems, like natural disasters, that cannot fit into daily news coverage. With good planning, Myanmar could create for itself an enviable array of knowledge that helps to secure its future. After the next election, making decisions about research priorities for the years ahead should be high on the agenda for Myanmar’s new government."
Author/creator: Nicholas Farrelly
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 25 August 2015
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar - general
Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Tertiary (higher) education, training and capacity-building


Title: Myanmar's Smart Farmers - How low-cost solutions are keeping farmers in Myanmar one step ahead of climate change. (video)
Date of publication: 04 May 2015
Description/subject: "Practically isolated from the global market for 50 years, Myanmar is still largely dependent on agriculture. But the country is one of the most at risk from climate change and no one feels these pressures more than the rural smallholder farmers who make up the backbone of its food system and rural economy. Shorter monsoons and rising temperatures mean severe droughts have become more frequent in recent decades. This has led to higher levels of saltwater intrusion in important rice growing territories and an increase in the risk of complete crop failure. Proximity Designs is a social enterprise which was founded to provide farmers with low-cost, low-tech equipment to help them adapt and thrive in their changing environment. They ensure their products are both affordable and suitable by employing a team of data-gatherers to conduct thorough research within the farming communities. And thanks to a network of some 900 scooter-driving "field agents", their products can even find their way to the most remote parts of the country. Russell Beard travels to Myanmar to meet the innovators behind Proximity Designs and to see how their products and expertise are helping farmers stay one step ahead in a changing world."
Author/creator: Russell Beard
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Al Jazeera (Earthrise)
Format/size: Adobe Flash (15 minutes)
Date of entry/update: 24 August 2015
ML > Sustainable and Endogenous Development > Sustainable/alternative development > Sustainable/alternative development in and for Burma
Sustainable and Endogenous Development > Sustainable/alternative development > Roots and Resources - global and regional experience and analysis
Agriculture > Smallholder farming


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Monday 24 August, 2015
Date of publication: 24 August 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: 32 mil eligible voters - Nationwide electoral registers to be publicized in September...President meets locals in Kalay...Typhoons Goni, Atsani show signs of abating...National library law aims to ensure permanent preservation of country’s literary heritage - By Khaing Thanda Lwin...Experts discuss Myanmar’s environment...Engineers reopen Kanbalu- Htangon railroad section with repairing derailment of train...Flash flooding in Kyaukme returns to normalcy...Talks focus on preservation of Myanmar traditional culture...New school building under construction in Ngazun Tsp...Notification No. (48/2015), Union Election Commission Nay Pyi Taw. Five Defence Services Personnel representatives substituted...Union Election Commission Nay Pyi Taw Notification No. (49/2015), Three Defence Services Personnel representatives substituted...Main canal of Taungtha diversion weir under maintenance..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar, China showcase books in various subjects...President U Thein Sein sends messages of felicitations to Ukraine...Dy C-in-C visits places of interest in Tokyo...Myanmar, Indonesian artists perform entertainments at joint cultural show...ASEAN to “upgrade” FTAs with Japan, China and S. Korea by year-end...Union FM arrives back home after FEALAC’s 7th Foreign Ministers’ Meeting...Substitute Chit Naing nails winner for Myanmar...Myanmar national squad formed with 23 players..... "PERSPECTIVES": "The end justifies the means" - By Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLE: "Getting down to the real nitty-gritty or crux related to the drug trafficking issue" - Tommy Pauk.
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 24 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Monday 24 August, 2015
Date of publication: 24 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 24 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Monday 24 August, 2015
Date of publication: 24 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 24 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Burma’s Transition to “Disciplined Democracy”: Abdication or Institutionalization of Military Rule?
Date of publication: August 2011
Description/subject: Abstract: "Direct military rule has become rare in world politics. Today, most military regimes have either given way to some form of democracy or been trans formed into another form of authoritarianism. This article formulates an analytical framework for the detachment of militaries from politics and identifies positive and negative factors for a withdrawal. It then applies this framework to the case of Burma/ Myanmar, which is an example of deeply entrenched military rule. It is argued that the retreat from direct rule has brought with it a further institutionalization of military rule in politics, since the military was able to safeguard its interests and desi gn the new electoral authoritarian regime according to its own purposes. The article identifies the internal dynamics within the military regime as a prime motive for a reform of the military regime. Although the external environment has completely changed over the last two decades, this had only a minor impact on military politics. The opposition could not profit from the regime’s factionalization and external sanctions and pressure have been undermined by Asian engagement."... Keywords: military regime, civilian control, external influences, internal influences, competitive authoritarianism, Burma/Myanma
Author/creator: Marco Bünte
Language: English
Source/publisher: GIGA - German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA WP 177 /2011)
Format/size: pdf (916K-original; 867K-reduced version)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/Buente-2011-GIGA-wp177-red.pdf
Date of entry/update: 24 August 2015
ML > Dialogue/reform/transition - from military to civilian rule? > Dialogue/reform/transition in Burma/Myanmar - analyses and statements


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Sunday 23 August, 2015
Date of publication: 23 August 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: President fulfils needs in Sagaing Region...Third hydropower station opened on Belu Creek...Comedians from Yangon donate household utensils to flood victims...One Stop Shop service for Pathein residents...Tatkon Tsp to spend K100 million on rural development...Defence family plant trees...Singapore donates books to Myanmar’s National Library - By Khaing Thanda Lwin...Myanmar Has Fought a good Fight [infrastructure]...REHABILITATION...Myanmar Cricket Federation to conduct training in Mon State - By Ko Moe..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar to share puppetry with Singaporean students - By Khaing Thanda Lwin...UNESCO initiates Training...People-centred project meets success in Tatkon township...American Centre, Asia Foundation donate books in Mandalay...Singapore donates books to Myanmar’s National Library - By Khaing Thanda Lwin...Myanmar’s Champ Tun Tun Min Vs Brazilian Jackson in All Star Big Fights - By Ko Moe...Myanmar secures two best awards at AFF Awards Night 2015..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Let’s kindle a ray of hope in flood victims" - By Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLE: "May The Dhamma Be With You" - By Htun Tin Htun .....LETTER TO THE EDITOR.
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 23 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Sunday 23 August, 2015
Date of publication: 23 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (12MB)
Date of entry/update: 23 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Sunday 23 August, 2015
Date of publication: 23 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 23 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Tourist Sites and Socio-­‐Cultural Changes: A Case Study in Taungtham Village
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "The aim of this thesis research is to explore the socio-­‐cultural changes due to tourism and how tourism related to local development. Tourism is one of the activities of human for pleasure. As more and more foreign tourists and domestic travelers have been visiting to Thaungthaman village’s tourist sites, impacts of tourism influence on the local business. The growth in tourism-­‐based industries, including sightseeing by boat, selling souvenirs and other local products to visitors has presented local residents with new options and alternative source of income. Besides, the financial returns from tourism activity are having an effect on the society. KII (Key informant interview), participant observation, FGI (Focus Group interview) were employed to get the data. As a result, this paper indicated that tourism is one of the opportunities to meet the peoples, who have not seen each other before, and to show and see the culture or places and to find the adventure.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Thida
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (1.1MB)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2015
ML > Economy > Industry > Tourism
Tourism > Tourism in Burma - articles
Tourism > Tourism in Burma - critical


Title: "Voice Up" no. 7, June 2015
Date of publication: June 2015
Description/subject: Parents asked to supplement Mon language teacher salaries in Mon State government schools...WCRP releases “Inaccessible and Under-Resourced: Concerns Over Education in "Rural Mon Communities”... ...Cholera outbreak in Three Pagodas Pass village ... Mon Women’s Party to compete in 2015 elections ... Koe-Mile village needs Women’s group and Women empowerment Training ...Financial woes for Mon State parents due to High School “tuition” fees ...10th Mon Women Day celebrated on Mawlamyine ...Dropout due to poor MNEC Secondary Education coverage in Thanbyuzayat and Mudon Townships, says education chairwoman ... Parents asked to supplement Mon language teacher salaries in Mon State government schools ...Three Pagodas Pass students face outbreaks of food poisoning and dengue fever ... Mon Youth Progressive Organization begins two-month Women’s Empowerment Training in Sangkhlaburi
Language: English
Source/publisher: Woman and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
Format/size: pdf (550K-reduced version; 1.6MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.rehmonnya.org/upload/Voice%20Up%20June%202015.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2015
ML > Human Rights > Discrimination > Race or Ethnicity: Discrimination based on > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations against specific groups > Discrimination against the Mon > Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP) > "Voice Up"


Title: A Glance At The Dynamics Of The Traditional Social Networks Of Simihtun Village, Amarapura Township, Mandalay Region
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "The government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar is trying to upgrade all the sectors of society such as the economy, health, the environment and welfare in this transition period. Most of the researchers concerned with community development take into consideration material resources. It is necessary to take the social network into consideration in order to carry out the development of the society. This research aims to examine the dynamics of the Traditional Social Network of a village in Myanmar and to point out the various possibilities of traditional social networks in the context of community development. The study site is Simihtun village, Amarapura Township, Mandalay Region. It is situated in the suburban area of Mandalay. In this study, interviewing methods (KII, FGI) and observation methods were used. Research subjects are the leaders and members of the society. In the research area, there are social groups based on gender, tasks and age such as social groups of bachelors, an unmarried women’s group, a pagoda-­‐trusteeship group, an administration group, cooking groups and so on. The relationships among individuals or groups are shown through their social activities, and this study focuses on the traditional social networks based on these activities. What are the changes in traditional social networks? How does the social networks provide for the development of society? What are the hindrances encountered by social networks? The foregoing questions are examined in this research.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Thidar Htwe Win
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (3.4MB)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2015
ML > Anthropology > Anthropological literature on development and social and cultural change
Politics and Government > Village and urban resistance
Civil Society


Title: The Role of Civil Society in Myanmar’s Democratization
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "Myanmar is in the process of transition to democracy. Therefore, Promoting the culture of democracy and National harmony is of upmost importance. Democratic Culture is a culture in which all citizens can participate and feel that they have a stake. Civil society moved quickly to Democracy. The promotion of democratizing in Myanmar has become the main dominant theme in current situation. Myanmar's democratization efforts have encountered many pitfalls contradictions and dilemmas that have forced the government to alter its approach. Social capital serves as intermediaries between the state and private citizens and sometimes exercises delegated authority in specific areas (such as education, development and resource management). Civil society actors are non-­‐profit and non-­‐government. Civil actors build social capital. The civil society organization of horizontal accountability can help respecting law and exercised properly state authority.eg. President respected public opinion and suspended the construction of the Myitsone dam (Ayeyarwaddy river). The government openly invited International Organization for promotion and protection of human rights, cooperation with UN agencies and partners already held a number of workshops and seminars since 2000, so as to promote public awareness on Human Rights problems and promotion. The most prominent one is a vibrant and developed civil society is the bedrock of democracy. In accordance with the above mentioned factors, several research questions have been raised. How does civil society support Myanmar Democratization process? How much democracy can we legitimately and realistically expect from civil society? How does Myanmar government get political pact from civil society? This paper will be used qualitative research method based on case study. The government has em barked upon a series of reforms such as expansion of civil and political space allowing civil society to function freely.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Thin Thin Aye
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (2.2MB)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2015
ML > Civil Society


Title: Burma’s Rohingya Stuck in Refugee Limbo in India
Date of publication: 15 September 2014
Description/subject: "When Kohinoor, a stateless Rohingya Muslim, fled her home in Burma after a wave of attacks by majority Buddhists, she hoped for a chance to rebuild her life in a new country. She knew she would have to trek for days with little food and water and risk her life being smuggled across borders by traffickers. But she and her family did not imagine their present life of destitution and discrimination in India, the country they had chosen as their refuge. “We were chased out of Burma. We were chased out of Bangladesh. Now we are in India, the people here tell us that India is not our country. So where will we go?” asked Kohinoor, 20, sitting in a makeshift tent on a patch of wasteland in southern Delhi..."
Author/creator: Nita Balla
Language: English
Source/publisher: Reuters via "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2015
ML > Refugees > Burmese refugees in India


Title: End of Mission Statement by Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, 7 August 2015
Date of publication: 07 August 2015
Description/subject: Conclusion: "...Let me conclude by reaffirming my commitment to engage constructively and openly with the Government and all other stakeholders. While I am fully aware of the complexities of the situation in Myanmar and the reform process, I cannot hold Myanmar to a lower standard. I must continue to objectively assess the situation against the country’s own international human rights obligations. Ahead of the elections, one key recommendation I can make to the Government of Myanmar is to reconsider its fear and opposition to critical and independent voices. Civil society actors, journalists and ordinary citizens exercising their rights to freedom of expression, assembly and association are not threats; instead they are the voice of different communities and interests in Myanmar – in all its wonderful and rich diversity – and they play a vital role in contributing to and sustaining a robust democracy, and in advocating for the promotion and protection of human rights. They should be seen as partners and their actions and voices should not be restricted, but rather heard, facilitated and supported. I stand with you, the people of Myanmar, as you chart your way forward in this historic moment..."
Author/creator: Yanghee Lee
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations
Format/size: pdf, 236K; html
Alternate URLs: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=16309&LangID=E
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2015
ML > The UN System and Burma/Myanmar > Other UN entities working on Burma (Myanmar) > Human Rights Council > Special Procedures > Country Mandates > UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar


Title: Myanmar: “Critical and independent voices are vital partners not threats” – UN rights expert
Date of publication: 11 August 2015
Description/subject: "... As Myanmar looks ahead to the upcoming elections in November – a milestone in the country’s transition to democracy – the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Yanghee Lee, urged the Government to reconsider its fear and opposition to critical and independent voices. “Civil society actors, journalists and ordinary citizens exercising their rights to freedom of expression, assembly and association are not threats, but should be seen as partners in contributing to a robust democracy,” Ms. Lee stressed at the end of her five-day official visit* to the country. During her visit, the human rights expert noted the continuing arrests and convictions of civil society actors including students, political activists, workers, union leaders, farmers, community organisers and journalists, and met with several of these individuals detained in Insein and Tharawaddy prisons. “Many emphasized that they were not against the Government and simply wanted to bring about positive changes in the country,” she said. Given their vital role in any democratic society, prior to, during and after elections, the expert called for the immediate release of all such political prisoners, including those detained in connection with the Letpadan incident on 10 March 2015, during a police operation against student demonstrators and their supporters..."
Author/creator: Yanghee Lee
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2015
ML > The UN System and Burma/Myanmar > Other UN entities working on Burma (Myanmar) > Human Rights Council > Special Procedures > Country Mandates > UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar


Title: Gender Equality and Cultural Norms in Myanmar
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "Myanmar is giving increasing attention to gender inequality as an impediment to the development and attainment of human rights especially women’s rights. Realizing the close inter-­‐relationship between gender equality and cultural norms, a qualitative research study, “Raising the Curtain: Cultural Norms, Social Practices and Gender Equality in Myanmar" was undertaken with the objective of furthering the understanding of social and cultural norms in Myanmar and their impact for men and women in relation to family and community life, work, health and education. The study was implemented in May 2014 covering 543 women and men participants covering seven States and four Regions in Myanmar. This study illustrates that cultural norms and related social practices impact men and women throughout their lifespan, from the most deeply personal–the sense of self, body, confidence, love and marriage-­‐ to the practical organization and valuing of paid and unpaid work; education opportunities; health status and services; participation in community development and the affairs of the nation. Furthermore, it shows how social and cultural norms carry ideas of different functions and worth for men and women, impacting on their life opportunities. Women, regarded as ‘bearers and protectors of culture’, are often blamed for what are seen as disappearing cultural values and this can be a barrier to the realization of women’s rights and gender equality. Some salient recommendations from the study include i) using gendered lens on all developmental issues; ii) re-­‐framing gender equality from being seen as a ‘women’s issue’ to an issue of political advancement, human rights and democracy; iii) broaden the base in gender equality work from the circles of current activists, and engage people of different sexes, socioeconomic backgrounds, education levels, ethnicities, locations and abilities; iv) focus on gender inequality around concrete issues in peoples’ lives that have impact at both individual, collective levels.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Pansy Tun
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (177K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
ML > Women > Women's rights
Women > Articles, reports and sites relating to women of Burma
Society and Culture > Society and Culture, Burma/Myanmar - general studies
Anthropology > General anthropological literature: politics, society and culture
Anthropology > Anthropological literature on sex, marriage and kinship
Human Rights > Discrimination > Race or Ethnicity: Discrimination based on > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations against specific groups > Discrimination against the Mon > Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP) > Women and Child Rights Project, home page, articles and reports


Title: Nat and Nat Kadaw : The Existence of the Local Cult in Myanmar Tradition
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "Myanmar has had the prosperous religion, traditional, and other forms of culture in their ways of life. Regarding of the religion, the long-­‐standing and extensive belief in holy and tutelary spirits (Nat) among Myanmese could be generally cited as the Myanmar’s tradition prior the Theravada. Then Buddhism has become to the official faith since King Anawrahta of Bagan dynasty instituted Theravada– a school of Buddhism– to be the principal religion in 11th century. Like Myanmar, other societies in Southeast-­‐Asia and all where the ancient belief and religion is respected and followed by those local people. Among the several Myanmar primitive cults, this article would like to raise the topic of the existence of colorful ritual which fully contains of high respect; Nat and Nat Kadaw (spirit and spirit medium). Actually, this traditional belief has been gradually illustrated by the scholars in different aspects, the classic one was written by the American anthropologist; Melford E. Spiro (1967). Three decades later, the specifically ritual book about the well-­‐known Myanmar local festival was completed by Yves Rodrigue (1995) and other views such as the intensive of this ritual, spirit and spirit medium have been still described by Bénédicte Brac de la Perrière (2009) and the other authors. This attractive cult, however, has still remained interesting phenomenon because the existence of the local be lief and rite has closely been in Myanmese ways of life from Buddhism belief, strict Buddhists and non-­‐Buddhist alliances. In addition, some interesting aspects are that how the Myanmar’s socio-­‐economic changing into the modern society effects to their local belief and spirit worship, how their social transition would affect to the people appealing, and how the Nat Kadaws play their roles and have relations under this context.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Patchareepan Ravangban
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (184K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Religion > Animism > The Nats
Society and Culture > Religion > Religion in Burma - general
Anthropology > Anthropological literature on religion and magic


Title: "Conservation of Cultural Heritage Buildings in Bagan Area"
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "This research paper would be conducted to integrate with cultural heritage buildings and new public buildings within the whole area of Bagan harmoniously. New public buildings such as hotels, motels, guest houses, inns, museum and viewing tower are constructed within old Bagan area, new Bagan area, area of inside city wall and Nyaung Oo area. The authority demarcated laws an d regulations, and building control plans within archaeological zone, monumental zone and preservation zone for constructing of new public buildings and then new public buildings must not construct within their demarcated areas. In present, new public buildings are influencing within the area of Bagan according to their site and setting, form and height. Bagan archaeological museum is influencing not only the environment of Gawdawpalin temple but also the whole Bagan area according to its massive form. And, viewing tower is also influencing with the height of building. Construction of new public buildings such as Bagan archaeological museum and viewing tower which can be compared in relation to their height and massiveness such as the height and form of Bagan monuments can lose the essence of Bagan from visual aspects. While taking every respect of old cultural heritage buildings, it is very important to consider ( i ) not to lose the value of cultural heritage buildings ( ii ) not to influence with site and setting ( iii ) not to influence with the form of building and ( iv ) not to obstruct with the height of building. Therefore, in depth research work should be conducted for the emergence of new public buildings in Bagan environment.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: San Nan Shwe
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (1.9MB)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Cultural Heritage
Society and Culture > Society and Culture, Burma/Myanmar - general studies
Anthropology > Anthropological literature on material culture
Administrative areas > Cities
Archaeology > Archaeology - Pagan
Archaeology > Archaeology - current


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Friday 21 August, 2015
Date of publication: 21 August 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw suspends discussion on recall bill: "Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Aug— The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw on Thursday decided to suspend discussion on the recall bill, with members of parliament voting 264 in favour and 235 against the bill. Defence services representative Brig-Gen Tint Hsan called for rapid enactment of the bill, saying the Constitution provided all citizens with the right to recall their representatives considered as dishonest. He also stressed that legislative bodies were responsible for protecting the fundamental rights of the citizens. U Aung Kyi Nyunt of the Magway Region constituency suggested a broader discussion of the differences between the Amyotha Hluttaw and the Pyithu Hluttaw in line with the remarks proposed by the Joint Bill Committee, warning that prompt approval of the bill would affect national reconciliation. U Nay Win Tun of the Shan State constituency and Daw Khin San Hlaing of Pale constituency argued in favour of further discussion. During the session, the parliament put on record the monogamy bill and the religious conversion bill, with Deputy Minister Daw Lei Lei Thein expounding the possibility of Myanmar signing the third protocol to amend the Agreement on Trade in Goods under the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation between ASEAN and South Korea."...Pyithu Hluttaw: No extension of pension scheme planned: Ministry of Finance: "Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Aug — The government has no plans to extend the pension payment scheme for civil servants who retired as of 1 April 2015 to those who retired before the date, Deputy Minister for Finance Dr Lin Aung told the Pyithu Hluttaw on Thursday. The deputy minister made the statement in response to a question raised by Dr Soe Yin of Kamayut Constituency during the 12th regular session of the Lower House. Pyithu Hluttaw Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann announced that the Hluttaw received the bill amending the Law Relating to the Election of the President and Vice Presidents and the bill amending the 2012 Pyithu Hluttaw Law sent back from the Amyotha Hluttaw. Deputy Minister for Construction U Soe Tint submitted bills amending the Road Law and Highway Law."..... DOMESTIC NEWS: UEC announces preliminary candidate lists...Irrawaddy dolphin spotted outside normal habitat range...MP criticizes suspension of recall bill...Money Expo 2015 commences at Tatmadaw Convention Hall...Workshop teaches techniques for counselling flood victims...Irrawaddy dolphin spotted outside normal habitat range...Vice president encourages int’l educational ties...CBM staff, foreign banks donate cash, rice for flood victims...Vice-Senior General Soe Win and party arrive in Tokyo...Chin State government gives shelter to landslide victims...River embankment under repair in KhinU Township...Flood-affected villages receive cattle vaccines...Ceramic merchants prepare for toy pot festival...Farmers learn monsoon paddy growing techniques..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar to hand over 126 more verified Bangladesh nationals to country of origin...Spouses of ASEAN Navy Chiefs observe maternal, child development act...U Myint Naung concurrently accredited as Ambassador to Romania...Senior General meets ASEAN naval chiefs ahead of 9th ANCM..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Stable policies before stable politics" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "Foundation for the Future Force" by Tekathou Maung Myo Min
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Friday 21 August, 2015
Date of publication: 21 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Friday 21 August, 2015
Date of publication: 21 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Myanmar : Floods Emergency Situation Report No. 4 (as of 14 August 2015
Date of publication: 14 August 2015
Description/subject: Highlights: * More than 1.3 million people have been critically affected by monsoonal floods and landslides during July and August. A cumulative number of almost 300,000 households have been or remain displaced. * To date, 161 locations have been covered by Multi-sectoral Initial Rapid Assessments (MIRA), and 594 locations have been covered by rapid needs assessments in Ayeyarwady, Bago, Chin, Kachin, Magway, Rakhine and Sagaing. * The National Disaster Management Council (NDMC) has developed a draft rehabilitation plan for the states and regions affected by floods and Cyclone Komen. The plan focuses on early recovery efforts needed to remedy the impact on livelihoods and markets, as well as protection services.
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNOCHA
Format/size: pdf (243K)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
ML > Natural disasters in Burma/Myanmar > Flooding > Floods of 2015 > Floods of 2015 - UN and other reports


Title: ReliefWeb - Myanmar page
Description/subject: Reports of the 2015 floods plus other disasters as well as other political and economic events
Language: English
Source/publisher: ReliefWeb
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
ML > Natural disasters in Burma/Myanmar > Flooding > Floods of 2015 > Floods of 2015 - UN and other reports


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Saturday 22 August, 2015
Date of publication: 22 August 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- Pyithu Hluttaw: Agriculture and Irrigation Ministry outlines bean cultivation trial: "Nay Pyi Taw, 21 Aug—Myanmar has planted over 200 acres of star bean on a trial basis and has plans to export the crop, Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Ohn Than told the Pyithu Hluttaw on Friday. Responding to a question on cultivation of the crop, the deputy minister told the Lower House that farmers had permission to grow the crop, also known as the winged bean. In other matters, the deputy minister said the ministry was in the process of transferring a plot of land in Mandalay, including a construction site, to the government. Representatives discussed two bills during the session, passing the bill on roads and bridges."..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Narrowing the gap Official dollar exhange rate moves closer to market price...NGO seeks support for children of leprosy patients...Cinema reopens in Hlinethaya Tsp...Public Health Dept lends a hand to flood victims in Sagaing...UEC postpones scrutiny of candidature...Dredging targets dengue mosquitoes in Mandalay...President U Thein Sein inspects post-flood rehabilitation progress in Sagaing Region...Democracy cannot thrive without peace: Senior General...Teenagers attend talks on health, development...Social assoc. hosts disaster management talk...Construction begins on Mandalay Region Hluttaw...Tram, train carriages arrive at Thilawa terminal...Non-formal education programme starts in Zalun Tsp..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: EU, Myanmar sign agreement on deployment of EU mission to observe elections...Speaker and EU Ambassador discuss general election..... "PERSPECTIVES": "SME development can lift living standards" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "Reforestation made easy" by Khin Maung Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Saturday 22 August, 2015
Date of publication: 22 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: UNOCHA Myanmar page
Description/subject: Links to various documents..."Since 2011, more than 240,000 people in total have been displaced in Myanmar. Two years on from significant outbreaks of inter-communal violence in Rakhine State, over 416,000 people remain in need of humanitarian assistance, including 140,000 in IDP camps and many others in isolated villages living in dire conditions with limited freedom of movement. In Kachin and northern Shan States over 119,000 people remain in need of humanitarian assistance, including over 98,000 people still displaced as a result of the conflict that erupted in June 2011. Some 50 per cent of them are staying in areas beyond Government control where humanitarian access is limited. Disaster preparedness also remains a major challenge as Myanmar is considered to be one of the countries at highest risk of natural disasters in South East Asia. There is a continued need for disaster risk reduction and activities aimed at strengthening national capacity to prepare for and respond to natural disasters..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
ML > Natural disasters in Burma/Myanmar > Flooding > Floods of 2015 > Floods of 2015 - UN and other reports


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Saturday 22 August, 2015
Date of publication: 22 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: A Study of Saddhamma Saṅgaha Treatise
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "The Saddhamma Sangaha is a work of 14 century AD on the history of Buddhist religion and Pali Literature. The author of Saddhamma Saṅ gaha is Venerable dhammakitti. He was a Thai native who, being desirous of coming to Ceylon traveled to that country and after performing meritorious deeds he received ordination under the chief monk. While he was staying in Ceylon he composed this work by Pāḷi and then returns to his native land and lived in Thailand. This work is mentioned as Thai Pāḷi Text by H. Saddhātissa’s Pāḷi Literature of Thailand (1979). His work is a History of Buddhism in Ceylon. It has eleven chapters and contains the five Buddhist Council, how Buddha Sāsanā arrived in Ceylon, the life and literary works of distinguished commentator Mahā Buddhaghosa, the accounts of Tīkās and Ganthantara treatises and the advantage of writing Piṭaka Scriptures and advantage of listing to the discourses. It was published in Roman Characters edited by N. Saddhānanda of 1961. In Myanmar no manuscript of it is found and the text has not yet been studied. It is assumed that once, the text was well acknowledged by the Myanmar Buddhist of Kongbound period for the stanza beginning with “Akkharā ekamekaňca.....” was quoted in the writings on the cords of palm leaf manuscripts belonging to that period. This stanza of the Saddhamma Saṅgaha is found nowhere in the treatise of Pāli Literature. This research paper will be described in the five sub titles as follows.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: San San Wa
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (164K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhist texts
Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhist relics
Society and Culture > Religion > Religion in Burma - general
Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Burmese Buddhism outside Burma


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 20 August, 2015
Date of publication: 20 August 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- Pyidaunsu Hluttaw: Parliament to decide on recall bill in Thursday session...Pyithu Hluttaw: No plans to open currency trading centres at border areas...Amyotha Hluttaw: Amyotha Hluttaw backs motion to suspend parliament...... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Dr Sai Mauk Kham inspects hospital, schools in Kalay...Cattle in flood zone face food shortage - By Ye Myint...Regional control commander given executive, judicial powers in Kokang...MITT presents awards to outstanding students of MMU...Union Election Commission Notification No. (46/2015) - 10 Defence Services Personnel Representatives from Region and State Hluttaw substituted...Tatmadaw seeks better civil-military relations: armed forces chief...Voters can cast ballots outside constituencies: UEC...Myanmar moves to protect disaster victims from human traffickers...UAB donates K300 million for flood victims...Kyaukme Tsp opens gov’t ‘one-stop shop...Taungthaman Bridge set to undergo maintenance...Health officials share knowledge of water-borne diseases..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: President U Thein Sein sends messages of felicitations to Hungary...Vice-Senior General Soe Win calls on Laotian PM...MMCWA to host Asia and Pacific health conference...Myanmar, Thai businessmen discuss investment...Myanmar nat’l team approaches Sheffield Utd U-21 Kler Heh...ASEAN Football Federation to give best awards for 2014...Myanmar win over Brunei 3-2..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Inefficient police force risks public safety" - By Myint Win Thein.....ARTICLE: "The plight of some elderly persons" - By Myo Myint.
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4MB)
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Thursday 20 August, 2015
Date of publication: 20 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (15MB)
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Thursday 20 August, 2015
Date of publication: 20 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Rohingya Women Flee Violence Only to Be Sold Into Marriage (text, video)
Date of publication: 02 August 2015
Description/subject: "GELUGOR, Malaysia — The young woman had been penned in a camp in the sweltering jungle of southern Thailand for two months when she was offered a deal. She fled Myanmar this year hoping to reach safety in Malaysia, after anti-Muslim rioters burned her village. But her family could not afford the $1,260 the smugglers demanded to complete the journey. A stranger was willing to pay for her freedom, the smugglers said, if she agreed to marry him. “I was allowed to call my parents, and they said that if I was willing, it would be better for all the family,” said the woman, Shahidah Yunus, 22. “I understood what I must do.” She joined the hundreds of young Rohingya women from Myanmar sold into marriage to Rohingya men already in Malaysia as the price of escaping violence and poverty in their homeland. While some Rohingya women agree to such marriages to escape imprisonment or worse at the hands of smugglers, others are tricked or coerced. Some are only teenagers. Continue reading the main story RELATED COVERAGE France and Britain Seek Help on Calais Migrants From E.U.AUG. 2, 2015 A Bangladeshi Town in Human Trafficking’s GripJULY 23, 2015 Jubair, 13, was left behind when his mother and siblings fled Myanmar for Malaysia. “I didn’t know about it,” he said. “She could not find me. She could not tell me.”A Migrant Mother’s Anguished ChoiceJULY 5, 2015 Oma Salema, 12, holding her undernourished brother, Ayub Khan, 1, in Sittwe Camp.Myanmar to Bar Rohingya From Fleeing, but Won’t Address Their PlightJUNE 12, 2015 Malaysia offers at least some modicum of opportunity for Rohingya migrants. Rohingya gathered at an apartment block in Kuala Lumpur that is home to several families.Even in Safety of Malaysia, Rohingya Migrants Face Bleak ProspectsJUNE 3, 2015 Rohingya migrants with airdropped food. A boat carrying them and scores of others, including young children, was found floating in Thai waters; passengers said several people had died.Rohingya Migrants From Myanmar, Shunned by Malaysia, Are Spotted Adrift in Andaman SeaMAY 14, 2015 How Myanmar and Its Neighbors Are Responding to the Rohingya CrisisMAY 14, 2015 Their numbers are difficult to gauge, but officials and activists estimate that in recent years hundreds, if not thousands, of Rohingya women every year have been married off this way, and that their numbers have been increasing..."
Author/creator: Chris Buckley, Ellen Barry
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New York Times"
Format/size: html, Adobe Flash
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2015
ML > Trafficking and smuggling of people > Trafficking: global, regional and national reports
Ethnic and religious violence and discrimination > Anti-Muslim violence and discrimination - incidents and the humanitarian situation
Administrative areas > Arakan (Rakhine) State > Arakan (Rakhine) State - reports etc.


Title: Urbanism and Cultural Heritage: How to maintain history and forge into modernity in a fast growing Yangon
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "This report is about urbanism and historical heritage preservation in Yangon, Myanmar. When we look at urbanism, we are as well to view from the perspectives of urban development along with urban planning. The buildings are merely the physical infrastructures for the citizens of Yangon but also the cultural landscape and the history of the place. They have been changing throughout the time along with social and culture values of the local people. To be able to understand fully about the urban development of a certain area, attentive investigation on urban planning is mandatory. Thus, decent urban planning is vital for the positive development. This research report is based on the theories of urbanism, cultural diversity and tangible and intangible cultural heritage but focus mainly on tangible historic architectural buildings conservation. The case study is in the city of Yangon, Myanmar and critical analysis is centered on the Yangon Heritage Trust, the local NGO working on preserving the heritage of the city. The analysis themes are made upon th e benefit and wellbeing of the city dwellers."....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Hay Mann Zaw
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (405K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2015
ML > Administrative areas > Cities
Sustainable and Endogenous Development > Urban development
Economy > Infrastructure > Infrastructure (general)
Society and Culture > Cultural Heritage
Society and Culture > Society and Culture, Burma/Myanmar - general studies


Title: Cultural Heritage Buildings in Mandalay City (Myanmar): A Geographic Approach to the Urban Landscape
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: The cultural heritage buildings give a sense of past and of cultural identity. Those buildings encompassed the historical evidence, artifacts and beliefs. As being a last capital of Myanmar Konbaung Dynasty, there were various kinds of building which are still left out in Mandalay City. Since the City was founded in 1857, the King Mindon intended to be very spacious capital by laying down the systematic town planning. The urbanization is taken placed since that time. Moreover, the study area was experienced by the diverse political systems and is ruled by the different governance. Therefore, the buildings were constructed according to the rulers. In this study the buildings are categorized into 4 groups: religious buildings, institutional buildings, and residential buildings, industrial and commercial buildings. Although the buildings regarding religions and institutions are already recorded by the Government Offices and Archaeology Department, there is lack of record on the commercial or industrial or residential buildings. Nowadays, the urbanization system has been taken place very quickly in the city. The range of pressures facing urban heritage include: population gains propelling rapid, uncontrolled growth and socio-­economic transformations generating functional changes in the city. It caused to renovate or reconstruct the new buildings in the places of previous ones, especially for residential, commercial and industrial buildings. It will affect to lose the ancient architectural style of the buildings and their significance. Therefore, the major aim of this research work is put on to define, to record and to locate as the cultural heritage buildings.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Khin Khin Moe
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (2.4MB)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Society and Culture, Burma/Myanmar - general studies
Administrative areas > Cities
Society and Culture > Cultural Heritage
History > Historical periods > The Konbaung Dynasty and the Anglo-Burmese Wars [1753-1885]
Sustainable and Endogenous Development > Urban development
Anthropology > Anthropological literature on development and social and cultural change


Title: Socio-cultural factors of Falam in Chin State, Myanmar
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "Chin State is situated in the Western sector of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, the 13, 907 square miles Chin State is home to Chins. In Myanmar, they predominantly inhabit Chin State, which is located in the Northwest of the country, the bordering Bangladesh to the west and India to the north. The Chin State is divided into two divisions. Northern and Southern During the British Colonial period, the Chin State was under. A Socio-­‐economic study of Falam Township was carried out in 2014. A structured questionnaire was used to collect information. A northern sample of 30 households in 6 villages was selected. A house to house visit was made by 2 interviewers. There are many collections of the historical and socio-­‐cultural evidences of the villages. Out of these villages, the name of the village, Parthe, is explained briefly in this paper.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Khin Saw N ew
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (176K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2015
ML > Non-Burman and non-Buddhist groups > Ethnic groups in Burma (cultural, political) > Single Groups > Chin (Zo)- economic, social, cultural, political
Administrative areas > Chin State
Anthropology > Anthropological literature organised by ethnic group > Chin (Zo)


Title: Preservation of Dawei People’s Traditional Custom
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "There are many unique traditional customs of the national races of Myanmar who are living in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. The study of the traditional customs of a national race of Myanmar is the best way to learn about the traditional customs of Myanmar. The culture of a country is its life-blood. If the culture of a country had disappeared, the people of this country will be vanished completely. Today is the globalization age, therefore, preservation of our own culture is very necessary for all. As Dawei is situated in the southern part of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, it is far from upper and central Myanmar. As a result, the traditional customs of Dawei people are different from the others. As Dawei is located at the inner part of Tanintharyi coastal region, it is a region where ancient traditional culture, folk songs, traditional dance and dialects can be preserved. The study focused on the unique traditional customs of Dawei People which are different from the traditional customs of oth er national races of Myanmar. This paper emphasizes some traditional customs of Daweis and famous religious festivals preserved untill today. It will contribute to understand the preservation of traditional customs of Dawei people and their preservations.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Maw Maw Aye
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (781K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2015
ML > Administrative areas > Tenasserim (Tanintharyi) Division
Anthropology > Anthropological literature organised by ethnic group > Tavoyan
Society and Culture > Ethnic Groups


Title: A Study of the usage ‘Ger Aye who is beaten by her mother' in Myanmar Language
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "Myanmar language is derived from Tibeto-Chinese family of languages. Myanmar language is tone language because high and low tones determine different meanings of words. Besides Myanmar Language has sayings, proverbs and metaphors like other languages. The usage of ‘Ger A ye who is beaten by her mother’ is the metaphor of Myanmar Language.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Mon Mon Aung
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (355K)
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Literature > Poetry > Poetry of Burma/Myanmar (texts and commentary)
Society and Culture > Literature > Burmese scholars and literary figures -- texts, reviews, profiles, obituaries, articles, papers, bibliographies etc.
Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by Field > Language Education
Society and Culture > Society and Culture, Burma/Myanmar - general studies


Title: Dr. Than Tun and Myanmar Language & Literature
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "History, language, and literature are inseparable. Undoubtedly, historian represents the past via language and employs literature as historical evidence. The late Dr.Than Tun, the highly respected and prominent Myanmar historian, was trained in a positivist fashion under the supervision of D.G.E. Hall and G.H. Luce, the leading colonial scholars. Hence, his treatment of literature fundamentally confined to and empirical historical framework, attaching great importance to its factual data and historicity. Nonetheless, some of his writings reveal that he did not neglect discussing how to trace back and interpret Myanmar history from fictional genres of the past, for example, myth, legend and folklore. He suggests that pre-­‐Buddhist elements of pre-­‐literate societies are preserved in those traditional songs, fables, proverbs, riddles and customs. Moreover, to study the history of Myanmar literature is supposed to begin with the earliest form of literature, the oral tradition. While his copious historical research was primarily based on very formal literary evidence, for instance, inscriptions, royal orders, first-­‐hand accounts, contemporary historical documents on tax, revenue, demography and even tombstones, when he wrote his works he preferred to write in the colloquial Myanmar form. He advocated Ludu U Hla’s campaign for simple and accessible writings for people. He also urged his pupils to write theses in the colloquial language. This paper attempts to analyze Dr.Than Tun’s perception of Myanmar language and literature in a light of the historical context of Myanmar society.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Pamaree Surakiat
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (195K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Society and Culture, Burma/Myanmar - general studies
Society and Culture > Languages of Burma/Myanmar
Society and Culture > Literature > Burmese scholars and literary figures -- texts, reviews, profiles, obituaries, articles, papers, bibliographies etc.
History > Burman history
Languages of Burma/Myanmar > Languages of Burma - general


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Wednesday 19 August, 2015
Date of publication: 19 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (16MB)
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 18 August, 2015
Date of publication: 18 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Tuesday 18 August, 2015
Date of publication: 18 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Wednesday 19 August, 2015
Date of publication: 19 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Between HIV And “Male Sex Workers” I dentity: Young Shan Men And The Presentation Of Enviable Life In Chiang Mai
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "Integrated in the global economy of HIV intervention, young and mobile Shan men in Chiang Mai who work as hosts, dancers and masseurs in gay establishments are now plugged into discrete health categories (i.e. men who have sex with men MSM), male sex workers (MSW), “Burmese” migrants, “hidden population”, etc.). Current HIV intervention has employed information communication technology (ICT), which produces standardized HIV information dissemination, testing and treatment. This paper examines Shan men’s use of their mobile phones. Using Miller and Slater’s (2000) concept of dynamics of objectification, I analyze the creative use of mobile phones as realizing aspired and ascribed identities, characterized as presentation of enviable life in Chiang Mai. On Facebook, they engage in political discussion, conduct religious activities, and manage their social networks. I argue that the presentation of enviable identities reflects notions of masculinity and health, which determine Shan men’s access to, awareness of and management of health information. HIV testing is crucial in HIV prevention, but Shan men value their role as economic providers more than spending for personal health and undergoing an HIV test. They perform Buddhist rituals as supplication for a healthy body. The paper illustrates the failure of dissemination models and the importance in knowing the situated knowledge of Shan men’s sex work in order to provide effective HIV intervention."
Author/creator: Nikos Dacanay
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (217K)
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2015
ML > Health > Threats to Health > Diseases > Communicable (infectious) diseases > HIV/AIDS - Burma/Myanmar
Health > Health of Burmese refugees and migrants
Health > Threats to Health > Diseases > Communicable (infectious) diseases > Sexually-transmitted diseases


Title: Ceasefires and health: challenges and opportunities for health equity in eastern Burma/Myanmar
Date of publication: 19 August 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "From 2011 to 2015, eight separate ceasefires were signed between the Myanmar government and armed groups across eastern Myanmar. Although sporadic fighting continues, this region of the country is receiving both humanitarian and development interventions. In other contexts, the transition from conflict to post conflict has been accompanied by a transition in donor funds from humanitarian to development programs. This funding transition can impact people’s health: analyses of these situations suggest that the nature of aid instruments, donor behavior and politics, and the government’s capacity and legitimacy are all determinants of health in transition periods. The transition in eastern Myanmar is made more complex by the existence of two parallel health systems—one run by the Ministry of Health and one run by a network of ethnic health authorities and community-based providers. Although both sides have indicated their willingnessto coordinate and collaborate on health interventions in a process called "convergence," the changing donor environment and gaps in funding could create additional barriers to equitable and universal health service delivery in Myanmar. This paper describes how the transition from humanitarian aid to development can impact health service delivery in Eastern Myanmar. The paper outlines how the transition creates challenges and opportunities for delivering healthcare, and it makes recommendations on how donors and implementing agencies can best navigate these challenges.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Tara Russel
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (132K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2015
ML > Health > General studies and surveys on health in Burma
Health > Health systems and resources > Backpack medics and other health projects in Eastern Burma
Health > Health systems and resources > Burma's health system -- general studies


Title: Breastfeeding Promotion and Protection for Maternal, Infant and Childhood Health and Nutrition in Myanmar
Date of publication: 26 August 2015
Description/subject: "The Government of Myanmar has demonstrated their interest and commitment to promoting and protecting breast feeding and to improve Maternal, Infant and Child Health and Nutrition with the launching of Scaling Up Nutrition(SUN) Movement in 2013 and the adoption of a new Food Law “The Order of Marketing of Formulated Food for infant and Young Child” (OMFFIYC) in 2014. The SUN Movement is a global movement founded on the principle that all people have a right to food and good nutrition and it unites people from government, civil society, United Nations, donors, businesses and researchers in a collective effort to improve nutrition and eradicate malnutrition. In February, 2014, the SUN Movement partnered with the Civil Society Alliance (CSA), a sectorial network of NGO’s and CBO’s, for addressing food security and nutrition and to confirm active engagement of executive level political leadership. With of the adoption of the new National Food Law (OMFFIYC), the Government of Myanmar is striving: (1) to support and protect breastfeeding for infants and young children (2) to ensure appropriate use of breast-­‐milk substitutes, if necessary and to introduce proper complementary foods at the right time to infants and (3) to publish correct and adequate information and to monitor the marketing of formulated breast milk substitutes and complementary foods.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Thelma Tun Thein
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (128K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2015
ML > Health > Specific areas of health care > Reproductive Health/Gynaecology, Obstetrics
Health > Specific areas of health care > Women's Health
Health > Specific areas of health care > Child and youth health
Health > Threats to Health > Restricted access to essential resources > Restricted access to adequate food > Nutrition


Title: Social Networks and Remittances as Social Capital for Rural Community Development, Chin State, Myanmar : A Case Study of Vanzang Village
Date of publication: 26 August 2015
Description/subject: Conclusion: "For the Vanzang community network, the formation of VGM plays crucial role in connecting with all Vanzang oversea people virtually in one place and solidarity with the villagers abounds afterwards. This reinforced cohesive relationships among themselves through virtual group resulted in the birth of various different projects in the home community. It is found that one key person stands out as mobilizer for the villagers to the oversea migrants. For the villagers, their main mobilizing strategy is to pinpoint the shared struggles and experiences in the community life. As it is seen above, for basic infrastructure development, the community raise the issues in such a way that the possibility of a new improvement clearly demonstrated in the understanding of the overseas migrants. And all the issues raised are central to the welfare of the community life. Most of the development issues are raised by the villagers basing on the needs of the community. The migrants are the sponsors for community development programs implemented. In this community network, both the committee and the members are agent and initiator of development. Though some ideas may originate from the village or rom overseas, some are transported from networking to other community, like neighboring villages. In most cases, community projects help share the remittance to the non-­‐receiving families. In the remittance initiated community projects, the poorer segment of the community are not marginalized but centered or equal beneficiaries of the development. It is the community projects that are reaching equally its members. The distribution of remittance through community development is effective to harness remittance for social and economic development in the rural regions where the gove rnment is not responsive to its overall development. It is noticed that several projects were carried out without formal leadership system. It was a loose network without any rule or regulations, but function effectively under this structure. Later on, this necessitates the formation of Vanzang Global Development Group in 2008 for coordinating community projects and mobilizing all Vanzang people from Myanmar and abroad is the important development of the community network. Community network helps to exchange information and mobilize more effectively for the cause of Vanzang people.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Cung Lian Hu
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (264K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2015
ML > Non-Burman and non-Buddhist groups > Ethnic groups in Burma (cultural, political) > Single Groups > Chin (Zo)- economic, social, cultural, political


Title: When Stories Wander: Ideas on the Co-Production of Social Movements’ Narratives in Transnational Space
Date of publication: 26 August 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "Burma/Myanmar has faced change in recent years. Since the elections of 2010, sanctions have been lifted and foreign direct investment has risen significantly. These developments, however, have not always been welcome. Local people from Dawei, for example, have expressed their dissatisfaction over land seizure, lack of compensation and participation in the decision-making processes over the development of a large Special Economic Zone (SEZ). The local grassroot movements can rely in their struggles on a network that is not restricted to Myanmar, but reaches out to exile groups, INGOs and academia in Thailand and beyond. To successfully communicate their stories, these groups rely on transculturally competent individuals re-presenting their stories within and across various (transnational) spaces. The conceptions of space I apply in this context rely heavily on Harvey and Lefebvre. But while these scholars focus more on the production of space(s), I intend to undertake an examination of the utilization of space(s). Hence, the main questions of this ongoing research project are: 1. How do transnational spaces affect the production and re-presentation of social movement narratives? 2. What narratives are re-presented when, where, how and why by transculturally competent individuals from Dawei’s social movement network? 3. What difficulties do these transculturally competent individuals face in translating/re-presenting these narratives? 4. Ultimately, how empowering are these narratives for Dawei’s activist network?The paper itself will not elaborate on any findings (as it is too early in the research process, yet), but on the theoretical framework and its implication for fieldwork offering a hopefully exciting new perspective on the re-production of narratives in transnational spaces like the borderland of Myanmar and Thailand.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Anselm Feldmann
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (428K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2015
ML > Foreign Relations > Thailand-Burma relations


Title: The Bride Price Negotiation Among Chin Women in Myanmar
Date of publication: 29 July 2015
Description/subject: "In 2012, amidst the communal violence between Royingha and Rakhine, a Chin bride father at Paletwa in southern part of Chin state in Myanmar asked twenty lakhs in kyat (approximately equivalent to 200 US$) to the groom for the bride price which made the public shocking record that a normal price range around 5-­6 lakhs (approximately equivalent to 500-­‐600US$). On the other hand, the other bride’s father asked five thousands kyats for the bride price to the groom in May 2013. These two cases have shocked near and far Chin members in Paletwa. Some Chin young women are even competing for their bride price. Many Chin nationalists have then attained concern for this circumstance as an additional ethnic politics issue from the state’s hegemony nation state building process. Yet, not only the geographical location of Paletwa but its socio-economic setting also much interwoven with Rakhine since in the historical time (see also in Kyin Lam Mang 2014; CHKC 2012; Brown 1960). Many shop owners in Paletwa municipal market have informed me in 2013 (May-­‐July) how much they are affected from the communal violence happening in Rakhine where the flow of major basic goods and medicines are imported from Rakhine is limited. In Paletwa, half of the residence belongs to Rakhine ethnic nationalities with a hundred Muslim populations. The trading disadvantage categorized as; the Muslim on the top, the Chin in middle and the Rakhine on t he bottom due to their socio-­‐economic networks in Sittwe and Kyautdaw in Rakhine state. That is, for example, a trading associated in Rakhine state have much facilitating for Rakhine in Paletwa while many Muslim and the Chin do not much deserve to have such network. The Chin missionary or nationalists have claims that Paletwa is in need of “taking care” otherwise their fellows are under the economic “trapping” of the Rakhine.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Flora Bawi Nei Mawi
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (1.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2015
ML > Women > Women's rights
Non-Burman and non-Buddhist groups > Ethnic groups in Burma (cultural, political) > Single Groups > Chin (Zo)- economic, social, cultural, political
Non-Burman and non-Buddhist groups > Ethnic groups in Burma (cultural, political) > Single Groups > Rakhine (Arakanese) - cultural, political
Non-Burman and non-Buddhist groups > Ethnic groups in Burma (cultural, political) > Single Groups > Rohingya (cultural, political etc.)


Title: "Myanmar Now"
Description/subject: "Myanmar Now is an independent news service providing free, accurate and unbiased news to the people of Myanmar in both Burmese and English. The service offers news and information related to the reform process and the forthcoming national elections. The content is syndicated for free to other news outlets in the country and around the world. The aim of the initiative is to ensure that both citizens of Myanmar and the media have access to a trusted source of information before and after the elections. In addition to news and information, the website offers professional development resources for journalists including training materials and curricula in Burmese and English. Myanmar Now is supported by the Thomson Reuters Foundation and is part of a wider initiative to support local media in the country."
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Now"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2015
RR > News - Commentary/analysis about Burma/Myanmar


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Tuesday 18 August, 2015
Date of publication: 18 August 2015
Description/subject: EXECUTIVE: President Office releases deputy ministerial appointment order.....OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: KNU decision raises prospect of national ceasefire signing - By Ye Myint...Republic of the Union of Myanmar Press Release Team Notification (8/2015) 17 August 2015 Clarification of Recent Events...Railway overpass aimed at easing congestion - By Ko Moe...A milestone in the Myanmar peace process— the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement...Ayeyawady taxi terminal opens for business...IT specialists share industry knowledge with youths...Shopkeepers donate cash for flood victims...Pyithu Hluttaw members donates (sic) cash, goods for flood victims...Over K39 bln spent on relief and rehabilitation for flood victims...Political parties urged to follow rules and regulations on election campaigns, code of conduct...CP [?] HELPS FLOODING IN MYANMAR...Mandalay District prevails in school football tournament..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Int’l par tner s pledge ongoing support...Thailand upgrades monastery’s lavatory facilities, hands over aid for flood victims - By Khaing Thanda Lwin...QNET contributes survivor kits for flood victims in Myanmar...Thailand to send medical team to disaster-hit areas By Ko Moe...Vice-Senior General Soe Win leaves for Lao PDR..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Corruption is our national arch-foe" - By Myint Win Thein.....ARTICLES: "Occupational Safety and Health in Myanmar" - Lokethar..."Rule of Law" - U Win Sein
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 19 August, 2015
Date of publication: 19 August 2015
Description/subject: EXECUTIVE: State of emergency, military administrative order extended in Kokang.....HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- PYIDAUNGSU HLUTTAW: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw grants extension of Kokang region’s emergency order...Joint Bill committee discusses bill on recalling Hluttaw representatives...PYITHU HLUTTAW: 12th Pyithu Hluttaw session resumes in Nay Pyi Taw...AMYOTHA HLUTTAW: MPs submit proposals to suspend Amyotha Hluttaw session..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: ‘Just a rumour' - CBM quashes speculation about bank closures - By Ye Myint...Marionette troupe aims to keep art form alive - By Khaing Thanda Lwin...Flood rehabilitation committee holds first meeting...39 dams and reservoirs in good condition...New railway overpass to get extra tributary...IKBZ pays compensation for Shwe Li Oo express bus crash...Steel-fixing course aims to improve livelihoods of youths...Htoo Foundation gives medical treatment to villagers...Officers learn techniques for training special police...Railroad damage bill more than K3.8 bil.: gov’t...Tennis federation seeks next generation of talent By Ko Moe..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Vice-Senior General Soe Win and party visit religious buildings in Lao PDR...Myanmar, China discuss construction of Ruili-Kyaukpyu economic corridor...Myanmar, Israel eye cooperation in forestry research...Myanmar Embassy warns citizens to avoid parts of Bangkok...MNA launches maiden flight to Singapore...Myanmar youths represent at World Science Conference in Israel...Mandalay trade association hosts U.S. delegation...Myanmar, New Zealand to meet in fundraising football match..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Build trust with your own fate" - By Myint Win Thein.....ARTICLE: "TRANSLATOR’S DILEMMA" - Maung Hlaing.
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4MB)
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: Results of a Google search for "painting Myanmar"
Description/subject: "About 2,500 results" (August 2015)
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Visual and Plastic Arts > Painting


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 13 August, 2015
Date of publication: 13 August 2015
Description/subject: EXECUTIVES: Myanmar president reshuffles cabinet...Press Release..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: 500 homes on the move CHIN state plans mass relocation due to landslides...Nay Pyi Taw ceasefire summit tipped for last week of August...Police searches of vehicles result in drug seizures...Nomination for Hluttaw candidates continues...Flood victims receive purified drinking water in Monywa district...Exhibition with a cause showcases photographers...Aid must reach areas most in need: vice president...39 dams without damage, release excess water through spillways...KOICA, KDI to hold national workshop on PPP and Unified Public Investment Management...Rehabilitation aid delivered to regions and states...Tatmadawman carry out sanitation in Thaton Tsp...Regional bodies discuss multi-drug-resistant TB...MWAF provides relief aid in Ayeyawady Region...Vocational courses help improve lives of women...Mobile team seizes jade in Muse Trade Zone...The World of beauty...Scouts donate food, clothes, personal goods..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: UEC chairman, Chinese ambassador discuss general election...Gov’t seeks to bring back 338 fishermen from Indonesia...Family kits, aid arrive from Australia...JCCI expresses deepest condolence for flood victims..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Country cannot afford to waste another 5 years" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "Benefits of Doing Holiday Part-Time Jobs by University Students" by Myo Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Friday 14 August, 2015
Date of publication: 14 August 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: UEC urges Pyidaungsu Hluttaw to work for bill revoking duty of representative...Falling condition below danger level...MRF sells rice at retail, wholesale shops...Volunteers clean classrooms to reopen schools...Electricians reinstall power lines following flood suspension...Yinmabin Township authorities rehabilitate rural areas...BED officials deliver stationery to students in Taungtha Tsp...SME development key for growth, living standards: vice president...Amyotha Hluttaw members donate cash, goods for flood victims...LOA between ministry and Serge Pun & Associates expires...Commander-in-Chief Senior General Min Aung Hlaing witnesses army corps selection...Nomination for Hluttaw candidates continues...Loi Hein Company donates more than 300,000 bottles of purified water daily...Electricity Supply resumes in Rakhine State...Union S&T minister holds talks on intellectual property issues...More than 120,000 acres of farmland put under crops...Authorities make another stimulant tablet seizure in North Dagon tied to massive drug haul in Mingaladon Tsp..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Germany helps flood victims in Myanmar with Euro 500,000 (680 million Kyat)..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Will drug scourge cause crime wave in Yangon?" by Myint Win Thein..... ARTICLES: "Donors urged to take safety measures in flood zones" by Aye Min Soe..."Value & Beauty of Democracy" by Kyi Mun
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Saturday 15 August, 2015
Date of publication: 15 August 2015
Description/subject: EXECUTIVE: President announces three ministerial appointments..... DOMESTIC NEWS: Dollar’s bounce back against kyat short-lived: market analyst...Kanbawza’s Brighter Future Myanmar Foundation donates relief supplies to Kyaukka Village...Flood death toll climbs to 106...Farmers replant crops on more than 145,000 acres of farmland...Freshwater breeding of giant sea perch meets success...President inspects Buddha images, relief aid...Dead fish pollute Taungthaman Lake...Htoo Foundation delivers rehabilitation aid to Myanaung Tsp...Village homes receive solar panels...New libraries aim to improve literacy in rural areas...Restoration of Mandalay-Myitkyina train service under way...New Insein overpass set to open 17 August..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Artifacts reveal Pyu civilization in China...BTMU donates more than K 19 million for flood-hit people...Young Myanmar scientists set to train in Japan...Myanmar celebrates 48th ASEAN Day...Japanese government grants funds for new school building in Ayeyawady Region..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Mentoring, engagement crucial to reduce dropouts" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "What Triggered the Unprecedented Flood" by Khin Maung Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.6MB
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Sunday 16 August, 2015
Date of publication: 16 August 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Vice President U Nyan Tun comforts flood victims in Bago Region...Flooded paddy fields replanted in Rakhine State...Ministry provides emergency feedstuff for animals...Yangon residents offer aid to monks from Bago Region...Farm assistance urgently needed: Rice Federation - By Ye Myint...Family gives K100 million to Rakhine flood victims...IDPs receive aid and cash assistance...Htoo Foundation donates humanitarian aid...Discipline, obedience keys for military: senior general..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: SEAGP Company provides K20 million for flood victims...2.6 Million USD Emergency Grant Aid to Myanmar [by Japan] in Response to the Flood Disaster...Yunnan Province sends second relief convoy...Japanese insurer offers services in Thilawa SEZ - By Khaing Thanda Lwin..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Parental involvement vital to children’s academic success" - By Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLES: "Check the electoral register and vote for the authentic people’s representatives in the 2015 elections" - By: Tommy Pauk..."Yey-lei Pagoda in The-gon Town" - Maha Saddhamma Jotika dhaja Sithu Dr. Khin Maung Nyunt
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pff (4.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Monday 17 August, 2015
Date of publication: 17 August 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Circular trains linked with air-con coaches...Needy patients receive free chemotherapy - By Khaing Thanda Lwin...Non-formal primary education creates opportunity for students...Puppet entertainment staged for rehabilitation of flood victims...Victims from flood-affected areas receive rehabilitation aid...Suspension bridge stretching across Monnawin Creek in Tatkon Tsp...Candidates need to meet with election sub-commissions for scrutiny process...Nomination for Hluttaw candidates continues...More than 170,000 acres of flood-affected farmlands put under crops...KBZ Brighter Future Myanmar Foundation provides free healthcare services...Flood victims receive foods, relief supplies worth more than K591 million from RRD...Artists showcase paintings to raise fund for flood-affected areas...Artists donate works for flood relief effort - By Khaing Thanda Lwin...Domestic airlines help transport relief supplies to disaster-hit regions..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: President U Thein Sein sends message of felicitations to Indonesia...Vice Presidents send messages of felicitations to Indonesia...Myanmar, Thai senior officials gather at drug control meeting...China donates 100 lifeboats to Yangon Region..... "PERSPECTIVES": "The regeneration of livelihoods in post-disaster recovery planning is key priority - By Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLE: "Kaba Aye: Past and Present" - Dr. Saw Mra Aung.....POEM: "This Crazy English"
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Thursday 13 August, 2015
Date of publication: 13 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Friday 14 August, 2015
Date of publication: 14 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Sunday 16 August, 2015
Date of publication: 16 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Saturday 15 August, 2015
Date of publication: 15 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Monday 17 August, 2015
Date of publication: 17 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Saturday 15 August, 2015
Date of publication: 15 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (15MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Monday 17 August, 2015
Date of publication: 17 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Sunday 16 August, 2015
Date of publication: 16 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015