VL.png The World-Wide Web Virtual Library
[WWW VL database || WWW VL search]
donations.gif asia-wwwvl.gif

Online Burma/Myanmar Library

Full-Text Search | Database Search | What's New | Alphabetical List of Subjects | Main Library | Reading Room | Burma Press Summary

Home > What's New


Title: Why does China care so much about stalled dam project in Myanmar?
Date of publication: 26 August 2016
Description/subject: PUBLISHED : Thursday, 25 August, 2016, 2:37pm UPDATED : Friday, 26 August, 2016, 9:18am..... "China’s national prestige and energy security among factors behind pressure being put on Aung San Suu Kyi... Relations between China and Myanmar took a positive turn this month during Aung San Suu Kyi’s five-day visit to China as Myanmar’s de facto leader. But both sides have yet to work out their differences over the deadlocked Myitsone dam project, which strained bilateral ties five years ago when it was suspended by the Myanmarese government, casting fresh uncertainty over efforts to put bilateral ties back on track..."
Author/creator: Shi Jiangtao
Language: English
Source/publisher: "South China Morning Post"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2016
ML > Foreign Relations > China-Burma relations
Economy > Burma's economic relations with various countries > Burma's economic relations with China


Title: A balancing act for Suu Kyi as ‘fraternal friendship’ with China echoes beyond borders
Date of publication: 23 August 2016
Description/subject: "Cary Huang says the democracy advocate has made a statement by choosing Beijing for her first major foreign destination as de facto Myanmar leader, as she seeks to weigh idealist ideology and practical national interest.....Theoretically, nothing is more divided than the ideology between pro-democracy campaigner Aung San Suu Kyi and China’s authoritarian government. Thus, a democratic Myanmar may be naturally moving closer to the West and farther away from China’s communist regime, which put Suu Kyi’s fellow Nobel Peace Prize laureate Liu Xiaobo (劉曉波) in jail. For a long time, Washington has isolated the military regime and supported pro-democracy forces led by Suu Kyi, while Beijing has steadfastly stood by Myanmar’s military junta and rejected any pro-democracy forces, fearful of a spillover of ideas across the border. Given her status as one of the world’s most revered human rights and democracy campaigners, the rise to power of Suu Kyi and her National League for Democracy(NLD) bodes ill for China’s leaders. However, national interest and pragmatism have always prevailed in diplomacy. And the world is now closely watching how Suu Kyi navigates great power politics and balances her idealist ideology with practical national interest. Suu Kyi, human rights activist and opposition leader turned de facto state leader, is firstly tasked with the responsibility of governing a country. Many observers believe Myanmar’s China policy is at a critical juncture as the NLD government is faced with the challenge of striking a balance between two diverse policies. It could choose to cater to anti-China sentiment at home and implement a pro-West policy, at the risk of losing Beijing’s support for critical domestic economic development and the peace process. Or, it could try to build friendly relations with the communist giant, but at the risk of losing critical political support at home and in the free world. However, Suu Kyi’s interaction with Chinese leaders during her five-day visit, which ended on Sunday, suggests Myanmar is tilting towards giving priority to its relations with China, as leaders on both sides emphasised the traditionally “fraternal friendship” between them. That is what lies behind Suu Kyi’s choice of Beijing instead of Washington as the destination for her first major foreign visit...."
Author/creator: Cary Huang
Language: English
Source/publisher: "South China Morning Post"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2016
ML > Foreign Relations > China-Burma relations


Title: As Suu Kyi heads home, solving dam deadlock remains key to improving ties between China and Myanmar
Date of publication: 23 August 2016
Description/subject: "Experts say domestic opposition means Myanmarese government is unlikely to bow to pressure from Beijing...The improvement of ties between China and Myanmar still hinges on a deadlocked dam project despite Aung San Suu Kyi’s largely successful visit to China as Myanmar’s de facto leader, according to diplomatic observers. The suspension of the US$3.6 billion Myitsone project on the Irrawaddy River by Suu Kyi’s predecessor Thein Sein in 2011 plunged the otherwise friendly relations between Myanmar and China, its top trading partner and investor, to an all-time low that coincided with the start of Myanmar’s democratic tilt towards the West five years ago. Although her Chinese hosts agreed to further economic cooperation and increased investment on infrastructure projects in Myanmar despite lingering disputes over the Myitsone dam, experts say there is a long way to go before any breakthroughs in mending damaged ties. Along with cementing China’s support for Myanmar’s ethnic reconciliation process, the dam project topped the agenda for Suu Kyi’s five-day visit, which ended on Sunday. At her request, President Xi Jinping reiterated his support for Myanmar’s challenging peace process and promised to help bring warring ethnic groups, especially those on China’s southwestern border with Myanmar, to key talks scheduled for later this month..."
Author/creator: Shi Jiangtao
Language: English
Source/publisher: "South China Morning Post"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2016
ML > Economy > Burma's economic relations with various countries > Burma's economic relations with China


Title: Suu Kyi in China: Beijing seeks ‘smooth operation’ of Chinese projects in Myanmar
Date of publication: 23 August 2016
Description/subject: PUBLISHED : Friday, 19 August, 2016, 11:44pm UPDATED : Tuesday, 23 August, 2016, 10:57am... "Chinese president calls for progress in bilateral ties and ‘tangible benefits for the two peoples’...hinese President Xi Jinping called for progress in ties between China and Myanmar as he met Aung San Suu Kyi in Beijing on Friday at the start of a trip overshadowed by the suspension of the US$3.6 billion China-backed Myitsone dam project. Xi also called for both sides to work together to ensure the smooth operation of existing large Chinese projects in Myanmar..." Comments: 5
Author/creator: Nectar Gan, Kristin Huang
Language: English
Source/publisher: "South China Morning Post"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2016
ML > Economy > Burma's economic relations with various countries > Burma's economic relations with China


Title: China will have to repair damaged public opinion in Myanmar: business leader
Date of publication: 07 April 2016
Description/subject: PUBLISHED : Wednesday, 06 April, 2016, 12:50pm UPDATED : Thursday, 07 April, 2016, 1:18pm..... "China hoping to revive huge, stalled dam construction project in neighbouring country to generate electricity... Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi (王毅) met with his Myanmar counterpart Aung San Suu Kyi on Tuesday, to discuss recent stalled infrastructure developments including a US$3.6 billion dam project. It was her first official meeting since being appointed Myanmar’s foreign minister after the recent change of government. But Union of Myanmar Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry vice-president Dr Maung Maung Lay said unethical Chinese businesses and a close relationship with the previous regime had created problems. “Many unscrupulous traders dump substandard, spurious products in Myanmar and that has tarnished the image of China,” he said. “These Chinese companies have [also] cooperated with the military regime, which have been so unpopular. That creates a problem... the friend of my enemy is not my friend.” Lay said to improve their image the Chinese government had to maintain a firmer grip on their businesses to ensure any unethical or irresponsible behaviour was stopped..."
Author/creator: Ben Westcott
Language: English
Source/publisher: "South China Morning Post"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2016
ML > Economy > Burma's economic relations with various countries > Burma's economic relations with China


Title: UNFC: We Will Join the Union Peace Conference
Date of publication: 25 August 2016
Description/subject: "CHIANG MAI, Thailand — After an emergency meeting in Thailand, the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC)—an ethnic armed alliance—has confirmed that they will attend Burma’s Union Peace Conference, scheduled to commence on Aug. 31. Senior leaders—representing each of the ethnic armed groups that are members of UNFC—attended the meeting, which began on Wednesday and lasted one-and-a-half days. “We will join the 21st Century Panglong [conference]…as it is just the grand opening, and the first session,” said Tun Zaw, a UNFC secretary, referring to the Union Peace Conference by its other commonly used name..."
Author/creator: Nyein Nyein
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2016
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Peace processes, ceasefires and ceasefire talks (websites, documents, reports and studies)
Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Alliances (armed and non-armed) of non-Burman ethnic groups > United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) > Searches, reports and other documents about the UNFC


Title: Beautiful Words, Ugly Actions - The Asian Highway in Karen State (English)
Date of publication: 26 August 2016
Description/subject: Key Findings: 1. The construction of the Thailand- financed segment of the Asian Highway between Thin Gan Nyi Naung and Kawkareik violated the right to Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC) of local communities, who have been negatively impacted by the road project. • Contrary to the principle of FPIC, affected villagers were not properly informed or consulted prior to the commencement of development activities, only learning about the project once construction had begun. • At least 17 households were forcibly dispossessed of their land and property due to an order issued by the Karen state government, which failed to provide adequate compensation to displaced villagers. • There is no publicly accessible evidence of project proponents conducting either an initial environmental examination (IEE) or environmental impact assessment (EIA) in advance of implementation. • Villagers were not compensated for environmental damage to their farmlands as a result of the project. • Rice production along the affected section of the highway has been reduced due to excessive water on one side of the road and insufficient water on the other side as a result of improper installation of drainage pipes. • Project affected persons were coerced into accepting inadequate compensation for their losses. • The Ministry of Construction did not consult or negotiate with project affected persons on compensation, as amounts were pre-determined and not subject to reconsideration. • No grievance redress mechanism was established to facilitate mitigation of negative impacts to project affected persons and ensure that their rights are protected. • There is no resettlement plan for those who were displaced from their land due to the project. • There is no system in place to provide replacement land for farmers whose livelihoods have been disrupted due to road construction. • There have been no consultation or arrangements to relocate project affected persons whose homes were destroyed by the project...... 2. The ADB and Burma/Myanmar Ministry of Construction (MoC) appear poised to repeat these mistakes in relation to a planned upgrade of a stretch of the AH1 between Kawkareik and Eindu, despite assurances otherwise. • Villagers have not been properly informed or consulted about the project, with consultations taking place from December 2nd to December 5th, 2015 in only six out of 16 total affected villages. In these meetings, ADB indicated that compensation would be provided as money in envelopes and given to the affected villagers, but at the time, did not specify who would distribute it. • ADB also indicated that it would not deal directly with compensation and resettlement • From June 17th to June 19th, 2015, inadequate consultations took place in three villages – Lonenyaw, Nga Taing, and Wei Kayin. • The number of people who will lose their land due to a government-demarcated right of way is unknown since ADB excluded the right of way from its resettlement plan. • Without proper oversight, the ADB has entrusted the MoC to carry out sensitive resettlement and compensation activities in accordance with its Safeguard Policies. • Compensation procedures have not been disclosed to project affected persons despite a number of plans and strategies issued by ADB in relation to the project since 2015...... 3. With a full peace agreement still pending, road construction projects have increased tensions between different actors competing for control of the highway area. If the project continues before political agreements to create a decentralized federal union are finalized, and a benefit-sharing scheme for the Asian Highway in Karen State is not established, the potential for armed confl ict to break out will continue to exist. • NEDA, ADB and MoC have not adequately considered or addressed the risks to the wider peace process when pushing through the Asian Highway project. • Past and continue skirmishes between the DKBA and the BGF/Myanmar Army over control of the AH1 has endangered villagers, forcing them to flee their villages and disrupting their livelihoods. To date, some still have not been able to return. • Recent outbreaks of violence and ongoing risk of new clashes continues to drive villagers away and prevent them from returning home.
Language: English
Source/publisher: KHRG, KESAN, THWEE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NETWORK
Format/size: pdf (3.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2016
ML > Economy > Regional Development > Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) > Trans Asia Transport Infrastructure > The Asian Highway


Title: Beautiful Words, Ugly Actions - The Asian Highway in Karen State - ‘ ’ လ ပ ေ သ ာ စ က ာ း လ း မ ာ း ႏ င လ ပေသာစကားလ းမ်ားႏ င အ က ည း တ န ရ ပ ဆ း ေ သ ာ လ ပ
Date of publication: 26 August 2016
Description/subject: ။ ထ င းန င င ကေငြေၾကးေထာက ပ ၍ သကၤန းည ေနာင ႏ င ေကာ ကရ တ အၾကားေဖာက လ ပ ထားသည အာရ အေ၀းေျပးလမ းမသစ သည ယခ အခါေနာက ဆက တြဲအက်ဳ းဆက မ်ား က ခ စားေနရသည ေဒသခ လ မ အသ င းအ၀ င း၏ FPIC ေခၚ အခ် န မ ၾက ဳတင သတင းအ ခ်က အလက ရရ ကာ လြတ လပ စြာသေဘာထားေပးပ င ခြင က သ သ သာသာခ်ဳ းေဖာက ခဲ သည ။  အက် ဳးအဆက ခ စားရသည ရြာသ ရြာသားမ်ားသည စ မ က န းန င ပတ သက ၍ အသ ေပးျခင း သ ႕မ ဟ တ ေဆြးေႏြးတ င ပင ျခင းက မည သည အခါမ မရရ ခဲ ပဲ လမ းေဖာက လ ပ ေရးလ ပ ငန းစတင သည အခါမ ပင စ မ က န းအေၾကာင းက သ ခဲ ရသည ။  အနည းဆ းအ မ ေထာင စ ( ၁၇ ) စ သည ကရင ျပည နယ အစ းရက ထ တ ျပန ေသာ အမ န ႕ေၾကာင ထ က တန သည ေလ်ာ ေၾကးမ်ားမရရ ပဲ ၎တ ႕၏ေျမယာမ်ားႏ င ပ င ဆ င မ မ်ားက မ မ ဆႏ မပါဘဲ အတင းအဓမ စြန ႕လ တ ခဲ ရသည ။  စ မ က န းအတြက ကနဥ းသဘာ၀ပတ ၀န းက်င ဆ င ရာစ းစမ းေလ လာမ (IEE) ႏ င ပတ သက ၍ေသာ လည းေကာင း၊ သဘာ၀ပတ ၀န းက်င အေပၚ အက်ဳ းသက ေရာက မ ဆန းစစ အကဲျဖတ ခ်က (EIA) ႏ င ပတ သက ၍ေသာ လည းေကာင း၊ လ ပ ေဆာင ထားသည ဟ ေသာ သက ေသအခ်က အလက မ်ားက လ သ ရ င ၾကား ထ တ ေဖၚခ်ျပ ထားျခင းမရ ခဲ ေခ်။  စ မ က န း၏အက် ဳးဆက အျဖစ ျဖစ ပြားေသာသဘာဝပတ ဝန းက်င ဆ င ရာထ ခ က မ မ တစ ဆင ရြာသ ရြာသားမ်ား၏ စ က ပ် ဳးေျမမ်ားပ်က စ းရေသာ လည း ေလ်ာ ေၾကးေပး ေဆာင ျခင းမ်ား မရ ခဲ ေခ်။  ေရဆင းပ က လ င းတပ ဆင မ စနစ အားနည းျခင းေၾကာင တစ ဖက တြင ေရအလြန မ်ား ေနၿပ း က်န တစ ဖက တြင ေရအလ အေလာက မရျခင းေၾကာင လမ းေဖာက လ ပ ရာ လမ းန ေဘးတစ ဖက တစ ခ်က ရ လယ ေျမမ်ားတြင စပါးထြက ႏ န းက်ဆင းလာခဲ သည ။  စ မ က န းအက်ဳ းဆက ခ စားရသ မ်ားသည ၎တ ႕၏နစ နာဆ းရ းမ မ်ားအတြက မ ်တ မ မရ ေသာ ေလ်ာ ေၾကးေငြက လက ခ ရန အတင းအဓမ ဖ အားေပးျခင း ခ ရသည ။  ေလ ်ာ ေၾကးေငြမည သည ပမာဏလက ခ ရရ မည ဆ သည ႏ င ပတ သက ၍ရြာသ ရြာသားမ်ား ႏ င ေဆြးေႏြးတ င ပင ျခင းေသာ လည းေကာင း၊ အႀက ဥာဏ ရယ ျခင းေသာ လည းေကာင း၊ မရ ခဲ ပါ။ ေလ်ာ ေၾကးေငြပမာဏက ေဆာက လ ပ ေရး၀န ႀက း႒ာနက ၾက ဳတင သတ မ တ ထားၿပ းျဖစ သည ။ I I II အ ဓ က က သ ည ေ တ ြ ႕ ရ ခ က မ ာ း 5 လ ပေသာစကားလ းမ်ားႏ င အက်ည းတန ရ ပ ဆ းေသာလ ပ ရပ မ်ား အာရ အေဝးေျပးလမ းမၾက း၊ ကရင ျပည နယ ၊ ျမန မာႏ င င လ ပေသာစကားလ းမ်ားႏ င အက်ည းတန ရ ပ ဆ းေသာလ ပ ရပ မ်ား အာရ အေဝးေျပးလမ းမၾက း၊ ကရင ျပည နယ ၊ ျမန မာႏ င င 6  ထ ခ က မ က ေလ်ာ ပါးေစရန ႏ င စ မ က န း၏ဆ းက် ဳးသက ေရာက မ က ရင ဆ င ခ စားရသ မ်ား ၏အခြင အေရးမ်ားက ကာကြယ ေပးႏ င ရန အတြက လ ထ မေက်နပ ခ်က ႏ င တင ျပခ်က မ်ားက လက ခ ေျဖရ င းသည လ ပ ထ းလ ပ နည းစနစ မ်ား ဖြဲ႕စည းထားေပးျခင းမရ ။  ေျမယာဆ းရ းသ မ်ားအတြက ျပန လည ေနရာခ်ထားသည အစ အစဥ လည းမရ ပါ။  စ မ က န းေၾကာင ေျမယာဆ းရ းကာ အသက ေမြးဝမ းေၾကာင းလ ပ ငန းထ ခ က ပ်က စ း ရေသာ ေျမယာက သာအဓ ကမ ခ အားထားေနရသည လယ သမားမ်ားအတြက ၊ ေျမ ယာအစားထ းျပန ေပးသည စ စဥ မ မ်ားမရ ပါ။  လမ းစ မ က န းေၾကာင ေနအ မ ပ်က ဆ းဆ းရ းလ က ရသည လ ထ ႏ င ေတြ႕ဆ ည ႏ င း တ င ပင ျခင း သ ႕မဟ တ ၎တ ႕အတြက ျပန လည အေျခခ်သည အစ အစဥ မ်ားျပဳ လ ပ ေပးျခင းမရ ပါ။ ၂။ ေကာ ကရ တ - အ ႏ ဳအၾကားအေ၀းေျပးလမ းမက တ းခ်ဲ႕အဆင ျမ င သြားမည စ မ က န း တြင အာရ ဖြ ႕ၿဖ ဳးေရးဘဏ (ADB) ႏ င ျမန မာ ေဆာက လ ပ ေရးဝန ႀက း႒ာနသည အလား တ အမ ားမ်ားက ထပ မ က်ဴးလြန မည အေျခအေနတြင ရ သည ။  စ မ က န းႏ င ပတ သက ၍ ရြာသ ရြာသားမ်ားက က် ဳးေၾကာင းဆ ေလ်ာ စြာ အသ ေပးျခင း သ ႕မဟ တ ည ႏ င းတ င ပင ေဆြးေႏြးျခင းမရ ခဲ ပါ။ ဒ ဇင ဘာလ ( ၂ ) ရက မ ( ၅ ) ရက ေန႕အတြင း ေဆာင ရြက ခဲ ေသာည ႏ င းအစည းအေ၀းသည စ မ က န း၏အက်ဳ းသက ေရာက မ ခ စားရသည ရြာ စ စ ေပါင း ( ၁၆ ) ရြာမ်ားအနက ေက်းရြာ ( ၆ ) ရြာႏ င သာ ျပဳလ ပ ခဲ ျခင းျဖစ သည ။ အဆ ပါအစည းအေ၀းတြင အာရ ဖြ ႕ ၿဖ ဳးေရးဘဏ (ADB) က စ မ က န းေၾကာင ထ ခ က နစ နာမည ရြာသ ရြာသားမ်ားအေနျဖင ( စာအ တ တြင ထည ထားေသာ ) ေလ်ာ ေၾကးက ရရ မည ျဖစ ဟ ေျပာခဲ ေသာ လည း အဆ ပါေလ်ာ ေၾကးက မည သ ကတာဝန ယ ေပးသြားမည က မ တ တ က်က်ရ င းလင းေျပာၾကားျခင းမရ ခဲ ပါ။  ေလ်ာ ေၾကးႏ င ျပန လည ေနရာခ်ထားေရးႏ င ပတ သက ၿပ း အာရ ဖြ ႕ၿဖ ဳးေရးဘဏ က တ က ရ က က င တြယ ေဆာင ရြက သြားမည မဟ တ ဟ ၎၏က ယ စားလ ယ တစ ဥ းက ဆ သည ။  ၂၀၁၅ ခ ႏ စ ဇ လ င လ ၁၇၊ ၁၈၊ ႏ င ၁၉ ရက မ်ားတြင လ နန းေရာ ၊ ငတ န ၊ ဝဲကရင ေက်း ရြာသ းရြာ၌သာ လ ထ ႏ င ေဆြးေႏြးတ င ပင ည ႏ င းမ မ်ားက ျပဳလ ပ ခဲ သည ။ ဤသည မ ာ လ ေလာက ေသာ လ ထ ေတြ႕ဆ ည ႏ င းမ ျပဳလ ပ ျခင းမဟ တ ပါ။  အစ းရ၏ လမ းနယ န မ တ အသစ သတ မ တ ခ်က ေအာက တြင ေျမယာဆ းရ းမည ျပည သ အေရအတြက မည မ်ရ မည က ရ င းရ င းလင းလင း မသ ရပါ။ ADB ၏ ျပန လည ေနရာခ်ထားေရးအစ အစဥ သည လမ းတ းျမင ေဆာက လ ပ မ အတြက သာျဖစ ၿပ း လမ းနယ တ းခ်ဲ႕မ အတြက မပါရ ပါ။ 7 လ ပေသာစကားလ းမ်ားႏ င အက်ည းတန ရ ပ ဆ းေသာလ ပ ရပ မ်ား အာရ အေဝးေျပးလမ းမၾက း၊ ကရင ျပည နယ ၊ ျမန မာႏ င င  အာရ ဖြ ႕ၿဖ ဳးေရးဘဏ (ADB) သည ျပန လည ေနရာခ်ထားေရးႏ င ေလ်ာ ေၾကးေငြ ေပးအပ ျခင း လ ပ ငန းစဥ ကဲ သ ႕ေသာ အလြန အေရးၾက းၿပ း အမ ားခ ၍မရသည လ ပ ငန းမ်ားက ျမန မာ ေဆာက လ ပ ေရး၀န ႀက း႒ာနလက ထဲသ ႕ ယ ယ ၾကည ၾကည အပ ႏ ထားသည ။  ၂၀၁၅ မ စတင ကာ အာရ ဖြ ႕ၿဖ ဳးေရးဘဏ (ADB) သည စ မ က န းႏ င ပတ သက ၿပ း အစ စဥ ႏ င နည းဗ်ဴဟာမ်ားေရးဆြဲခ်မ တ ခဲ ေသာ လည း ေလ်ာ ေၾကးေပးေဆာင မ လ ပ ငန းစဥ ႏ င ပတ သက ၿပ း စ မ က န းေၾကာင ထ ခ က မည လ ထ အား ရ င းလင းတ က်စြာ ခ်ျပေပးျခင း မရ ။ ၃။ ၿင မ းခ်မ းေရးသေဘာတ ည ခ်က မ်ားက ျပည ျပည ဝဝမရရ ခင အခ် န တြင စ မ က န းက အ ေကာင အထည ေဖၚျခင းေၾကာင အက် ဳးအဆက အျဖစ အာရ အေ၀းေျပးလမ းမအေပၚ ထ န းခ်ဳပ ပ င ခြင ရရ ေရးႏ င စပ လ်ဥ း၍ လက နက က င အစ အဖြဲ႕မ်ားအၾကား တင းမာ မ မ်ားျမင တက ေစခဲ သည ။ အကယ ၍ ကရင ျပည နယ အတြင းရ အာရ အေ၀းေျပးလမ း မ ရရ မည အက်ဳ းအျမတ မ်ားက တရားမ်တစြာခြဲေ၀ခ စားခြင ရ ေစမည ဗဟ ခ်ဳပ က င မ က ေလ ်ာ ခ်ေသာဖယ ဒရယ ျပည ေထာင စ စနစ က ေမြးဖြားေပးႏ င သည ႏ င င ေရးဆ င ရာသ ေဘာတ ည ခ်က မ်ားမရရ ေသးခင စ မ က န းက ဆက လ ပ လ ပ ေဆာင မည ဆ ပါက ပဠ ပက မ်ားဆက လက ျဖစ ေပၚဖြယ ရာ ရ သည ။  အာရ ဖြ ႕ၿဖ ဳးေရးဘဏ (ADB) ႏ င ျမန မာေဆာက လ ပ ေရးဝန ၾက းဌာနတ ႕သည အာရ အေဝးေျပး လမ းမစ မ က န းက လ ်င ျမန စြာအေကာင အထည ေဖၚႏ င ေအာင တြန းပ ႕ လ ပ ေဆာင ရာတြင ၿင မ းခ်မ းေရးတည ေဆာက မ အေပၚက်ေရာက ႏ င သည စ းရ မ ဖြယ ရာမ်ားႏ င ပတ သက ၿပ း လ ေလာက ေသာစဥ းစားသ းသပ ခ်င ခ် န ေပးျခင းမရ ပါ၊ သ ႕မဟ တ အဆ ပါစ းရ မ ဖြယ ရာမ်ားက က င တြယ ေျဖရ င းျခင းမရ ပါ။  အာရ အေဝးေျပးလမ းမၾက းအေပၚ ထ န းခ်ဳပ ပ င ခြင ႏ င စပ လ ်င းၿပ း တစ ဖက ၌ ဒ ေကဘ ေအ (DKBA) ႏ င အျခားတစ ဖက တြင နယ ျခားေစာင တပ (BGF) ႏ င တပ မေတာ တ ႕ေပါင းစည းထားေသာအဖြဲ႕တ ႕အၾကား ျဖစ ပြားေသာယခင တ က ပြဲ မ်ားေၾကာင ရြာသ ရြာသားမ်ားသည ေဘးအႏ ရာယ ႏ င ၾက ဳခဲ ရၿပ း၊ ၎တ ႕၏ ေက်းရြာ မ်ားက မ မ ဆႏ မပါဘဲ အတင းအဓမ စြန ႕ခြာထြက ေျပးေနရသည ။ အခ် ဳ႕ေသာရြာသ ရြာသားမ်ားမ ာ ယေန႕အခ် န အထ မ လေက်းရြာသ ႕မျပန ႏ င ေသးဘဲျဖစ ကာ ၎တ ႕ ၏အသက ေမြး၀မ းေက်ာင းလ ပ ငန းမ်ားလည း ထ ခ က ပ်က ျပားရသည ။  ယခင တ က ပြဲမ်ားႏ င တ က ပြဲထပ မ ျဖစ ပြားႏ င သည စ းရ မ စရာအေျခအေနမ်ားေၾကာင ရြာသ ရြာ သားမ်ားသည ေနရပ ႏ င ေဝးရာသ ႕စြန ႕ခြာသြားေနရၿပ း ေနရပ သ ႕ျပန လည သြားေရးအတြက လည း အဟန အတားျဖစ ေနသည ။
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: KHRG, KESAN, THWEE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NETWORK
Format/size: pdf (3MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2016
ML > Economy > Regional Development > Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) > Trans Asia Transport Infrastructure > The Asian Highway


Title: Concerns about the Naung Pha dam on the Salween River (English, Shan, Burmese, Thai))
Date of publication: 23 August 2016
Description/subject: "We are strongly opposed to any dams on the free-flowing Salween River, a vital artery sustaining millions of ethnic people in eastern Burma. Any blockage to its mighty flow would have far-reaching environmental and social impacts. However, the general perception in central Burma appears to be that the Salween is at a remote edge of the country, and dams will have little impact. In particular there is little public knowledge about the Salween in “remote” northeastern Shan State. We therefore wish to highlight some specific concerns about the Naung Pha Dam as follows:..."
Language: English, Shan, Burmese, Thai
Source/publisher: Action for Shan State Rivers
Format/size: pdf (1MB-English; 1.4MB-Shan; 1MB-Burmese; 1.1MB-Thai)
Alternate URLs: http://www.shanhumanrights.org/index.php/news-updates/252-concerns-about-the-naung-pha-dam-on-the-s...
http://www.shanhumanrights.org/images/stories/pdf/2016/August_2016/Briefing%20paper%20on%20the%20Na... (Shan)
http://www.shanhumanrights.org/images/stories/pdf/2016/August_2016/Briefing%20paper%20on%20the%20Na... (Burmese)
http://www.shanhumanrights.org/images/stories/pdf/2016/August_2016/Briefing%20paper%20on%20the%20Na... (Thai)
Date of entry/update: 25 August 2016
ML > Water, including dams > Water bodies (global. regional) > Human activities in, on and around Burma's water bodies > Threats to Burma's water bodies and their communities > Dams and other hydropower projects (constructed and planned) in Burma/Myanmar > Dams and other hydropower projects on the Salween


Title: Myanmar peace discussions need to be more rights-focused and inclusive
Date of publication: 25 August 2016
Description/subject: "Grassroots and civil society organisations need to have a stake in the 21st Century Panglong Conference for the peace process to be a success. On August 31 Myanmar will hold its “21st Century Panglong Conference” - the latest step in the country’s long peace process. It will be a moment imbued with symbolism. General Aung San, Aung San Suu Kyi’s own father led the Bamar delegation at the first Panglong conference held in 1947, which reached a breakthrough agreement with three armed groups and is still etched in the popular memory of the country today. A lot is at stake with this Panglong Conference. As with the peace process generally in Myanmar, this is the opportunity to transform the country, into a state that the people of Myanmar have wanted for several decades. But to do so it must be fully inclusive. Getting all of the ethnic armed organisations to the table is a major challenge in itself. There still remain 3 groups, still in active combat, that were excluded from discussions on the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) and how they will participate in the Panglong Conference is still confusing. There has been much focus on the inclusion of these groups and this is important, especially given human rights violations which are particularly prevalent in areas of continuing conflict. But inclusivity is more than just about political players but is also about all stakeholders. Experiences in other countries have shown time and time again the need for women to play an equal part, for grassroots organisations and civil society to have a strong voice and for information to be freely available for the people to follow developments. These are the ingredients for a sustainable inclusive process which can propel the country forward and into the prosperous future for all..."
Author/creator: Yanghee Lee, Rhiannon Painter
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Frontier Myanmar"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 25 August 2016
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Peace processes, ceasefires and ceasefire talks (websites, documents, reports and studies)


Title: Myanmar: Kofi Annan to head Commission on Rakhine state 24 August 2016, 12:52 UTC
Date of publication: 24 August 2016
Description/subject: "The establishment of a high-level commission headed by former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan is a welcome step towards addressing the human rights situation in Myanmar’s Rakhine state, Amnesty International said today. “Today’s announcement is a sign that Myanmar’s authorities are taking the situation in Rakhine state seriously. But it will only have been a worthwhile exercise if it paves the way for the realization of human rights for all people in the state,” said Rafendi Djamin, Amnesty International’s Director for South East Asia and the Pacific...."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 24 August 2016
ML > Governance, Administration and administrative areas > Arakan (Rakhine) State > Arakan (Rakhine) State - reports etc. by date (latest first)


Title: Establishment of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State
Date of publication: 23 August 2016
Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, August 23 The Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, committed to finding lasting solutions to the complex and delicate issues in the Rakhine State, will establish an Advisory Commission on Rakhine State. A Memorandum of Understanding is to be signed between the Ministry of Office of the State-Counsellor and the Kofi Annan Foundation. The nine-member Advisory Commission, a national initiative to resolve protracted issues in the region, will be chaired by former Secretary-General of the United Nations, Chairman and Founder of the Kofi Annan Foundation and noble laureate, Mr. Kofi Annan and will be composed of (3) international and (6) national persons of Eminence who are highly experienced, respected and neutral individuals. The commission members are : • U Win Mra, Chair of the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission • Dr. Thar Hla Shwe, President of Myanmar Red Cross Society • Mr. Ghassan Salame’, Lebanese Minister of Culture (2000- 2003), UN Special Advisor to Secretary-General (2003-2006) • Ms Laetitia van den Assum, Special Advisor to the UNAIDS (2005-2006), the Netherlands’ Ambassador to the United Kingdom (2012-2015) • U Aye Lwin, Core Member and Founder of Religious for Peace, Myanmar • Dr. Mya Thida, President of Obstetrical and Gynecological Society of MMA, Member of the Myanmar Academy of Medical Science • U Khin Maung Lay, Member of the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission • Daw Saw Khin Tint, Chairperson (Rakhine Literature and Culture association, Yangon) and Vice-Chairperson (Rakhine Women Association) The Commission will undertake meetings with all relevant stakeholders, international experts and foreign dignitaries to hear their views and to analyze relevant issues with a view to finding the best possible solutions to prevailing problems..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar State Counsellor's Office
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 24 August 2016
ML > Governance, Administration and administrative areas > Arakan (Rakhine) State > Arakan (Rakhine) State - reports etc. by date (latest first)


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar"Tuesday 23 August, 2016
Date of publication: 23 August 2016
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- PYITHU HLUTTAW: Pyithu Hluttaw hears construction, irrigation works in rural areas... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: By-elections to be held early next year...MCDC to organize drawing of lots for temporary shops for fire victims of Mandalay Mingalar market...Retired major charged with fraud in K41.5m...State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi enjoys music concert in Nay Pyi Taw...Works of Mandalay artists to be exhibited in Yangon...Families of Defence Services, well-wishers donate provisions, cash to monasteries, nunneries...Five arrested for drug smuggling...Traffic accidents exceed last year’s total...Man found dead in creek...Two men charged over theft of loose soil containing gold...Elder, child killed in fire in Kyaukme...Tatmadaw (Air Force) puts new transport, training aircraft into service...USDP’s second conference kicks off in Nay Pyi Taw...Food rations in short supply at Nam Hpat Kar IDP Camp...New railroad bridge helps reduce travelling time between Yangon, Mandalay..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Stronger ties with India - State Counsellor holds talks with Indian External Affairs Minister...Chief Justice of Myanmar holds talks with UK Supreme Court’s President...Koh Tao murder trail appeal to be prolonged for another year...President U Htin Kyaw holds talks with Indian External Affairs Minister...UN Chief to address Union Peace Conference—21st Century Panglong - Ye Khaung Nyunt...State Counsellor meets President of the UK Supreme Court...Container inflow to Yangon ports rises by 20 per cent...Edible bird’s nests in high demand from China, Malaysia and Thailand...Thailand, Singapore eye in Myanmar’s solar energy sector...Jade and jewelry exports fetch over US$57million in four months..... "OPINION": "Impatience is pricey" - Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLE: "A New Law to Bring Major Reforms to Myanmar Corporate Sector" - The DICAN
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 23 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 23 August, 2016
Date of publication: 23 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 23 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Tuesday 23 August, 2016
Date of publication: 23 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 23 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar"Monday 22 August, 2016
Date of publication: 22 August 2016
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Tripartite meeting focuses on preparation for Union Peace Conference...Fish farmers advocate breeding catfish in tarpaulin lined ponds...Censorship Board meets to address challenges...Over K7 billion agricultural loan disbursed to farmers in Mandalay...Myanmar National Human Rights Commission releases statement on Katha Jail...Fatal road accident in Nay Pyi Taw...Gold, silver wares collected from armed smuggler...Illegal bags of ammonium nitrate seized in Mohnyin...Over 17,000 tonnes of illegally harvested wood seized under 100-day plan...Number of flood insurance increases...Inflation rate in July declines slightly...MIC grants permission for nine investments...Commander-in-Chief presents monastic offertories to Sayadaws in Mandalay and Sagaing...Blacksmith industry disappears in Mon State...Healthcare services provided to Kayin State residents...Workshop on Civil Service Reform to be held..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: State Counsellor wraps up visit to China...Myanmar needs to break into the European markets, say jade dealers...Indonesia, Myanmar organise joint cultural show in Yangon...Talks held by Ministry of Commerce over exportation of gold...Chinese business delegation observes investment opportunities in Myanmar...Tatmadaw denies clash between Indian army and NSCN-K on Myanmar soil...Voices of members of Myanmar’s China delegation...MIC grants permission for nine investments..... "OPINION": "Interests of two peoples at the fore front" - Tha Sein.....ARTICLE: "The Rights of Shareholders of a Public Company" - Win Shein.....POEM: "Youths and Rural Development" - Lokethar
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: Censuses - link to section
Description/subject: See the top-level "Censuses" category of OBL which has sections and full texts of the Reports and Tables of a number of Burma/Myanmar censuses, including those conducted under the British colonial administration
Language: English
Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2016
ML > History > Historical periods > British colonial rule in Burma [1824-1948] > British Colonial Period: texts (official and quasi-official documents)


Title: Census of Burma, 1921 (Report)
Date of publication: 10 May 1923
Description/subject: CENSUS OF INDIA, 1921, Volume X - BURMA. Part I. Report..... The census "was taken between the 15th November 1930 and the 18th March 1921"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Govt. of India
Format/size: pdf (12MB-reduced version; 20MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/1921-Burma%20census-report-full.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2016
ML > Censuses > 1921 Census


Title: Census of Burma, 1921 (Tables)
Date of publication: 10 May 1923
Description/subject: CENSUS OF INDIA, 1921, Volume X - BURMA. Part I. Tables..... The census "was taken between the 15th November 1930 and the 18th March 1921"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Govt. of India
Format/size: pdf (22MB-reduced version; 33MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/1921-Burma_census-tables.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2016
ML > Censuses > 1921 Census


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Monday 22 August, 2016
Date of publication: 22 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9,7MB)
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Monday 22 August, 2016
Date of publication: 22 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: This Week in Parliament (August 15-19)
Date of publication: 20 August 2016
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016 (NLD Parliament)


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Sunday 21 August, 2016
Date of publication: 21 August 2016
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: PROGRESS IN STEPS - Government, ethnic representatives meet in Yangon for NCA signing...MOI plans contemporary history reading plus winter book fair...Dermatologists furrow their brow at tattoo industry...Pakokku U Ohn Pe Literary Awards ceremony held in Yangon...Healthcare services provided by Eastern Command in Aungban town Commander Gen. Aye Win comforting villagers. Photo: C-in-C’s Office Search and...Four students missing after motor ferry sampan sinks...Four-member family slain in Mingaladon...Yaba and marijuana seized in Taunggyi...Yaba worth over K 400,000 seized in Nay Pyi Taw...Illegal hardwood logs confiscated from vehicle...Palm oil price increases by Ks300 per viss in mid August...Yangon ICT Fair to be held next month...Revenue authorities collect K3b commercial tax, K2b income tax from gold trading over three years...Commander-in-Chief presents offertories to Sayadaws at two monasteries in Mandalay...Mon State Hluttaw to verify legal legitimacy of MCL cement plant..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: State Counsellor visits Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors in Xian...Joint Press Release between the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and the People’s Republic of China...State Counsellor, Shaanxi Province’s Governor hold talks...International assistance absent from Myanmar’s flood relief efforts...Tourism expected to bring more than one million jobs opportunities...Palm oil price increases by Ks300 per viss in mid August...Rubber exports reach over 2,000 tonnes within one week..... "OPINION": "Reducing poverty through agricultural development" - Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLE: "Myanmar’s Neighbourhood Diplomacy at Play" - K. Yhome.....POEM: "Union peace Conference or 21st century Panglong" - Khin (Natmauk)
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Sunday 21 August, 2016
Date of publication: 21 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: 1931 Census of Burma (Report)
Date of publication: 16 March 1933
Description/subject: CENSUS OF INDIA, 1931, VOLUME XI - BURMA......Census conducted in Burma, 24th February 1931.....The reduced version contains a number of typos.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Govt. of India
Format/size: pdf (7.2MB-reduced version; 33MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/1931_Census_of_India-Vol-XI-Burma1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2016
ML > Censuses > 1931 census


Title: 1931 Census of Burma (Tables)
Date of publication: 16 March 1933
Description/subject: CENSUS OF INDIA, 1931,VOLUME XI - BURMA......Census conducted in Burma, 24th February 1931.....The smaller version contains a number of typos.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Govt of India
Format/size: pdf (3.1MB, 7.8MB - reduced versions)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/1931_Census_of_India-Vol-XI-Burma2-tu.pdf
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2016
ML > Censuses > 1931 census


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Sunday 21 August, 2016
Date of publication: 21 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Saturday 20 August, 2016
Date of publication: 20 August 2016
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- PYIDAUNGSU HLUTTAW: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw approves Government’s Medium-term Debt Management Strategy...Correction.....OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Film industry development discussed in Yangon...Mon State provided with K100-m fund for disaster preparedness by BFM...President U Htin Kyaw tours Ayeyawady Region, assists flood-affected people...Myanmar moves towards public library service development - Nanda Win, Myat Sandi...Three more ministries hold press conferences on first 100-day work performance...Land price high in Yangon’s industrial zones...SWRR Ministry provided with K400 million by IGE for rehabilitation in flood-hit areas...Community-based Tourism comes to Chin State...Six dead from encephalitis in northern Shan...Passengers provided with transit services after bridge on Mandalay- Lashio rail route damaged...Anti-narcotics police officer charged over K2.3m bribe...Fire destroys female hostel in Myingyan...Group of thieves arrested by police...Yaba, opium oil and heroin seized in Taze and Nawnghkio..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: “Pauk-Phaw” friendship - State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi meets Chinese President...Union Ministers meet with heads of Chinese Corporations...Myanmar delegation attends Conference in Malaysia...Accreditation for 34th ASEAN Ministers on Energy Meeting to be held in Nay Pyi Taw...Joint Press Release between the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and the People’s Republic of China...Yumi Katsura International bridal store opens in Yangon...Indonesia shows interest in Myanmar’s oil and gas sector - Ko Moe...Foreign tankers to recruit new Myanmar seafarers...Value of trade via Muse border camp continues to decline...4th batch of detained Myanmar workers returns to Yangon from Malaysia..... "OPINION": "Remember to factor the environment into economic growth" - Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLE: "Developing Creative Thinking in English Classes" - Dr. Myo Win Yangon University of Education
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Saturday 20 August, 2016
Date of publication: 20 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Saturday 20 August, 2016
Date of publication: 20 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: Census of India, 1901- Vol. XII: Burma. Part I - Report
Date of publication: 01 March 1901
Language: English
Source/publisher: Govt. of India
Format/size: pdf (8.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2016
ML > Censuses > 1901 census


Title: Census of Burma, 1911. Volume IX Burma Part I.—Report
Date of publication: 1912
Description/subject: The census was carried out in 1911 and published in 1912... The file ending in tpo is smaller than the one ending in red, but has more typos.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Govt. of India
Format/size: pdf (8.8MB-smaller version; 20MB, larger but more accurate version)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/1911_census_of_India-Vol-09-Burma-01-tu2.spdf-red.pdf
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2016
ML > Censuses > 1911 census


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Friday 19 August, 2016
Date of publication: 19 August 2016
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- AMYOTHA HLUTTAW: Amyotha Hluttaw holds Q&A session on health sector...PYITHU HLUTTAW: Pyithu Hluttaw hears answers to parliamentary questions, discusses proposal.....OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Over 100 landmine fatalities since January 2015...Tuberculosis screening being conducted at Monywa Prison...Awareness of reproductive health raised in Sittwe...Food, medical supplies airlifted to Naga SAZ...Fifth Media Development Conference set for November in Yangon...Taninthayi Region, Mon State to see isolated heavy rainfall...Vehicle collision kills one man...Two drug dealers arrested in Yangon...Police car skids into ditch, injures driver...Vehicle overturns in Nawnghkio...With condo law, expatriates shaking up Yangon real estate market...Mung bean and pigeon pea prices plunge by Ks40,000 per 3-tonne bag - Aung Thant Khaing...Industrial Collaboration Department issues requirements of chemical and associated materials imports...Aid for 2,000 families in Naga SAZ provided by Brighter Future Myanmar..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: China: peace, aid - State Counsellor welcomed by Chinese Premier in Beijing...Youth invited to participate in UNICEF’s U-Report programme...Trade with ITC earns over US$1 billion...U Tha Aung Nyun presents credentials to Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia...WWII-era C-47 aircraft to land in Mandalay on way to Flying Tiger Heritage Museum...Rakhine fishery entrepreneurs rebuke use of Thai fishing nets..... "OPINION": "Start small to grow big" - Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLE: "Good Governance" - Tin Shein
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: Solar-powered water pumps
Description/subject: "In drought-affected areas of Kenya, women must walk miles to find water, risking violence or animal attack, in order to sustain their families and animals. They do this with the knowledge that the dirty water they have collected may well make their children very ill. Working with community members, Practical Action developed a solar powered water pump that can pump up to 30,000 litres of clean water per day. twitter logo facebook logo Using the overabundance of sunshine, the solar pump draws water from a 100-metre-deep well, providing families with the water that they desperately need and rendering cases of water-related diseases a thing of the past..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Practical Action
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2016
ML > Economy > Infrastructure > Energy > Renewable energy > Solar energy


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Friday 19 August, 2016
Date of publication: 19 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (12MB)
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Friday 19 August, 2016
Date of publication: 19 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: This Week in Parliament (August 8-12)
Date of publication: 13 August 2016
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016 (NLD Parliament)


Title: This Week in Parliament (June 6-10)
Date of publication: 11 June 2016
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: HTML
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016 (NLD Parliament)


Title: This Week in Parliament (May 16-20)
Date of publication: 21 May 2016
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016 (NLD Parliament)


Title: Solar power: Faster, cleaner, cheaper
Date of publication: 28 May 2016
Description/subject: "Solar-power plants are an obvious solution to Myanmar’s electricity shortage. They are faster to build than their fossil-fuel and hydropower alternatives and are cleaner and cheaper to operate..."
Author/creator: David Fullbrook
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Frontier Myanmar"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2016
ML > Economy > Infrastructure > Energy > Renewable energy > Solar energy


Title: Myanmar steps up renewables investment with plans for South East Asia’s largest solar power plant
Date of publication: 14 October 2015
Description/subject: "Myanmar is to host a series of flagship solar projects, following a number of contract awards in recent weeks. US-based engineering giant Black & Veatch announced yesterday it has been appointed by Thailand-based developer Green Earth Power to provide design and consultancy services for a 220MW solar project in Myanmar, described as "Southeast Asia's largest solar power plant"..."
Author/creator: James Murray
Language: English
Source/publisher: BusinessGreen
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2016
ML > Economy > Infrastructure > Energy > Renewable energy > Solar energy


Title: Photovoltaic power station
Description/subject: "A photovoltaic power station, also known as a solar park, is a large-scale photovoltaic system (PV system) designed for the supply of merchant power into the electricity grid. They are differentiated from most building-mounted and other decentralised solar power applications because they supply power at the utility level, rather than to a local user or users. They are sometimes also referred to as solar farms or solar ranches, especially when sited in agricultural areas. The generic expression utility-scale solar is sometimes used to describe this type of project. The solar power source is via photovoltaic modules that convert light directly to electricity. However, this differs from, and should not be confused with concentrated solar power, the other large-scale solar generation technology, which uses heat to drive a variety of conventional generator systems. Both approaches have their own advantages and disadvantages, but to date, for a variety of reasons, photovoltaic technology has seen much wider use in the field. As of 2013, PV systems outnumber concentrators by about 40 to 1..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2016
ML > Economy > Infrastructure > Energy > Renewable energy > Solar energy


Title: Pact brings solar energy to rural Myanmar communities
Date of publication: 23 March 2015
Description/subject: "ABB, the leading power and automation technology group, is partnering with Pact to bring electricity in the form of solar power to approximately 3,500 people in villages in rural areas of Mandalay, Central Myanmar. With an estimated population of 51 million, Myanmar is an emerging country that has a per capita GDP of only around US$1,105 – one of the lowest in East Asia and the Pacific. Over 75% of inhabitants have no access to electricity, and rural communities account for two thirds of the total population..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: PACT
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2016
ML > Economy > Infrastructure > Energy > Renewable energy > Solar energy


Title: Grid-connected solar systems
Description/subject: "Solar panels that harness the sun's power to generate electricity provide clean power for homes, communities and businesses, and help cut global carbon emissions..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Ashden
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2016
ML > Economy > Infrastructure > Energy > Renewable energy > Solar energy


Title: In Farthest Burma
Date of publication: 1921
Description/subject: "The record of an arduous journey of exploration and research through the unknown frontier territory of Burma and Tibet"
Author/creator: Captain F. KINGDON WARD
Language: English
Source/publisher: Seeley, Service & Co. (Publ.)
Format/size: pdf (4.9MB-reduced version; 17.8MB-original)
Alternate URLs: https://ia801602.us.archive.org/29/items/infarthestburmar00ward/infarthestburmar00ward.pdf
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2016
ML > History > Historical periods > British colonial rule in Burma [1824-1948] > British colonial period : Commentary (non-official books, academic papers, articles and reports)
History > Historical documents > Accounts of Burma by travellers, diplomats, merchants, soldiers et al


Title: Census in Myanmar
Description/subject: "The earliest census on record in Burmese history was taken in 1359 in the Pinya Kingdom. The first nationwide census was taken in 1638, and it was followed by two other nationwide censuses in 1784 and 1803.[3] The first modern census was taken in 1891 in the British colonial period. It was carried out in 10-year intervals until 1941.[4] In the post-independence area, the census has been conducted 3 times, in 1973, 1983, and 2014..." 2
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2016
ML > Censuses > Censuses - general


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 18 August, 2016
Date of publication: 18 August 2016
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- AMYOTHA HLUTTAW: Matriculated and middle school passers appointed as contract teachers in remote areas...PYITHU HLUTTAW: Crime reduction proposal put on record in Pyithu Hluttaw.....OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Meiktila police officers charged over K200,000 bribe...MOHS steps up healthcare in Naga Self-Administrative Zone...State Counsellor’s Office names man of honour for July...Southwest Tatmadaw Command provide sassistance in Thabaung Township...Mini-bus overturns, injures two in Nyaunglaybin...Yaba seized in Myawady...Man dies after gambling quarrel...Fire destroys four houses in Myinmu...Raw sapphire stone found in Moenyin The US dollar exchange rate gets higher price...Four sub-committees of CMP enterprises to be organized...Ancient relics recovered from remains of toppled Rakhine pagoda..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: China’s red carpet welcome - State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi arrives in Beijing...Myanmar to launch single-stop inspections at borders with neighbouring countries - Thein Ko Lwin...Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker meets with US Ambassador to Myanmar...President U Htin Kyaw gives policy guidance to Myanmar Ambassadors...3rd batch of detained Myanmar workers returns to Yangon from Malaysia...Jade entrepreneurs to request Union Government to halt jade mining and export...US dollar exchange rate rises at black market...Trade deficit reaches over US$1.5billion in four months...Four sub-committees of CMP enterprises to be organized..... "OPINION": "Once a teacher, always a teacher" - Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLE: "Religious significance of the month 'Wagaung' " - Maha Saddhamma Jotika dhaja Sithu Dr. Khin Maung Nyunt.....CARTOONS: "Hailing the Union Peace Conference-21st Century Panglong"
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Thursday 18 August, 2016
Date of publication: 18 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9MB)
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Thursday 18 August, 2016
Date of publication: 18 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (10MB)
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: Open letter from 26 Shan community groups to Daw Aung San Suu Kyi to cancel Salween dams
Date of publication: 17 August 2016
Description/subject: "...We are writing to express our great concern at your government's announcement on August 12 that you will proceed with hydropower dams on the Salween river, as the best option to meet Burma's energy needs. The Salween is a vital artery for millions of ethnic people in eastern Burma, Thailand and China, who will be irreparably impacted by blockage of its mighty flow. There has been consistent opposition to the Salween dams by communities in Shan, Karenni, Karen and Mon States, as well as other parts of Burma and neighbouring countries. We wish to remind you that the Salween river basin has been a conflict area for decades, where the Burma Army has been relentlessly expanding and committing systematic atrocities against villagers in its attempts to control ethnic lands and resources. Pushing ahead with these unpopular dams will inevitably lead to more Burma Army militarization, increased conflict, and ongoing atrocities..."
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: 26 Shan community groups
Format/size: pdf (97K-English; 152K-Burmese)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/Shan_groups-2016-08-17-Open_letter_to_ASSK_re_Salween_dams-bu.pdf
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2016
ML > Water, including dams > Water bodies (global. regional) > Human activities in, on and around Burma's water bodies > Threats to Burma's water bodies and their communities > Dams and other hydropower projects (constructed and planned) in Burma/Myanmar > Dams and other hydropower projects on the Salween


Title: Myanmar's emerging parliamentary conundrum
Date of publication: 18 August 2016
Description/subject: "Growing criticism within Myanmar's political circles about the erosion of parliamentary power is being directed at Aung San Suu Kyi's fledgling leadership of the country. Several lawmakers, particularly veterans of the earlier parliament which sat from 2011 to 2016, have publicly criticized the heavy hand of the ruling National League for Democracy, which dominates the executive branch. Despite earlier hopes that a revived parliament could play a transformative role in post-junta Myanmar, some critics are now asking whether the institution will become steadily marginalized in the NLD-led political system..."
Author/creator: Renaud Egreteau
Language: English
Source/publisher: Nikkei Asian Review
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Politics, Government and Governance - Burma/Myanmar - general studies
Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature - analysis and commentary


Title: "Nikkei Asian Review"
Description/subject: " The Nikkei Asian Review brings together stories on politics, the economy, business and international affairs. Leading minds from around the world share their perspectives on Asia, While our Asia300 special provide in-depth coverage of the continent's 300 most influential companies."
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Nikkei Asian Review"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2016
RR > News - Commentary/analysis about Burma/Myanmar


Title: Transcend
Description/subject: "TRANSCEND has as its mission: To bring about a more peaceful world by using action, education/training, dissemination and research to transform conflicts nonviolently, with empathy and creativity, for acceptable and sustainable outcomes. By peace we mean the capacity to transform conflicts with empathy, without violence, and creatively - a never-ending process; By transforming conflicts we mean enabling the parties to go ahead in a self-reliant, acceptable and sustainable manner; By without violence we mean that this process should avoid any cultural violence that justifies direct or structural violence; By with empathy we mean the ability also to understand the conflict the way the parties understand the conflict themselves; By creatively we mean channelling conflict energy toward new realities, accommodating the parties and meeting basic human needs..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Transcend
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2016
ML > Internal armed conflict > Conflict resolution - mediation - resources


Title: How to Grow Burma’s Economy
Date of publication: 17 August 2016
Description/subject: UK-based author made a list of recommended reads by Bill Gates with his influential book “How Asia Works,” an analysis of success and failure in Asian economies. In his book, Studwell argues that high-performing countries such as Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and China set the foundations for economic success by strengthening smallholder agriculture, subjecting industry to export discipline and pursuing a tightly controlled financial policy. Studwell spoke to The Irrawaddy ahead of his keynote speech at a conference in Naypyidaw on Tuesday on the role of government in supporting smallholder agriculture, to accelerate economic development..."
Author/creator: Sandy Barron (interviews Joe Studwell)
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2016
ML > Agriculture and fisheries > Smallholder farming and farmers in Burma/Myanmar
Economy > Development > Economic Development


Title: "Global Times"
Description/subject: Search for "Myanmar"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Chinese Government
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2016
RR > News - Burma/Myanmar news sources in English (current sites)


Title: Aung San Suu Kyi’s Visit to Beijing: Recalibrating Myanmar’s China Policy - A commentary by Yun Sun
Date of publication: 16 August 2016
Description/subject: "Aung San Suu Kyi and her NLD government faced a tough situation with China at the time of their inauguration in March. But, as she visits Beijing this week, hopes are high again in China that a redirection of Myanmar's foreign policy could be underway and the pendulum of Myanmar's balancing diplomacy is swinging back to the east. But many challenges lie ahead. These include resolution of the Myitsone dam impasse, repositioning political relations between the two countries, and peaceful settlement of ethnic conflicts in the Myanmar borderlands. The stakes are very high. The outcome of Aung San Suu Kyi's meetings could well come to define Myanmar-China relations for many years to come..."
Author/creator: Yun Sun
Language: English
Source/publisher: Transnational Institute (TNI)
Format/size: html (36K)
Alternate URLs: https://www.tni.org/en/article/aung-san-suu-kyis-visit-to-beijing-recalibrating-myanmars-china-poli...
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2016
ML > Foreign Relations > China-Burma relations
Economy > Burma's economic relations with various countries > Burma's economic relations with China


Title: Observing Myanmar’s 2015 General Elections - Final Report
Date of publication: 16 August 2016
Description/subject: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: "On Nov. 8, 2015, Myanmar held the first general election under the 2008 Constitution in which all main political parties, including those that boycotted the election in 2010, chose to participate. The Carter Center observed the election process for over one year, from December 2014 through March 2016. Based on its in-depth observation, The Carter Center reaffirms its congratulations to the people of Myanmar, who exercised their political rights with pride and enthusiasm. Their empowerment and commitment to the democratic process was not only remarkable but crucial to counterbalancing the considerable structural impediments to fully democratic elections. Despite flaws observed, the post-election period confirms the Carter Center’s view that Myanmar appears to be on a positive trajectory toward a peaceful, democratic transition as a result of these elections. To maintain this trajectory, it is important for all actors to engage in a dialogue and consensus-seeking process to identify constructive steps toward lasting peace and national reconciliation. The Carter Center encourages the government, parliament, electoral authorities, and civil society of Myanmar to prioritize political and electoral reform based on internationally accepted democratic standards and offers its continued support for reform..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Carter Center
Format/size: pdf (559K-reduced version; 793K-original)
Alternate URLs: https://www.cartercenter.org/resources/pdfs/news/peace_publications/election_reports/myanmar-2015-f...
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Elections (Burma) > The 2015 General Elections in Burma/Myanmar


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 17 August, 2016
Date of publication: 17 August 2016
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- PYIDAUNGSU HLUTTAW: US$ 100m loan has nothing to do with salaries of government employees...PYITHU HLUTTAW: Lawmakers second motion to implement crime reduction programme as soon as possible...AMYOTHA HLUTTAW: Myanmar to completely switch to digital broadcasting by 2020.....OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Amyotha Hluttaw makes cash donation to flood victims...peace dialogue continues - UPDJC meeting discuss on approved agenda - Myo Myint & Aung Ye Thwin...President U Htin Kyaw takes part in National Environmental Greening Campaign...Accreditation for 21st Century Panglong Union Peace Conference...Three ministries clarify undertakings in first 100 days...Only 200 flood shelters operational across the country as waters subside...Advanced course on the detection and analysis of wildlife data and illegal timber trafficking held...Reserved rice and other food should be stowed away for times of natural disaster — MRF...Health care professionals, supplies sent to flood-hit-areas...Five people arrested in Hlaingthaya for gambling...Heroin and yaba seized...Two men dead following petroleum well incident...22-wheel vehicle overturns in Bago...Raw opium seized in Kachin state..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Search and rescue operation continues for five missing Myanmar fishermen off Phuket...Pyithu Hluttaw Speaker meets with US Ambassador to Myanmar...Garment industry expected to earn US$10 billion from export in a decade...AYA BANK launches the First Universal in 2015.—Zar Zar JCB-MPU co-brand cards...Soft-shell crab businessmen faced with difficulty from low demand from abroad...Value of Rice and broken rice export through border areas decreases by over US$100 million...Foreign visitors allowed to grow commemorative trees around Kan Khon Hna Sint (Seven Lakes) in Kayah State...Earthquake prevention should be instituted in Chin State, international geologists say..... "OPINION": "It’s really just the middle" - Tha Sein.....ARTICLE: "Rules and Regulations must be Obeyable" - Khin Maung Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Wednesday 17 August, 2016
Date of publication: 17 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (12MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Wednesday 17 August, 2016
Date of publication: 17 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: Myanmar: A Tipping Point for Rohingya Rights?
Date of publication: 17 November 2014
Description/subject: "Two years after a wave of violence hit the region, Myanmar’s Rakhine State has become a segregated zone. Two million ethnic Rakhine live apart from 1.2 million stateless Rohingya, who are trapped inside displacement camps or barred from leaving their villages. Ending this segregation and protecting the rights of the Rohingya are necessary components of Myanmar’s move toward democracy. However, the Rakhine leadership has rejected – both politically and with force – any reintegration of the two communities, and it is seeking to exclude the Rohingya from any role in the state’s development, distribution of resources, and political representation. Recently, Myanmar’s central government developed a draft “Rakhine Action Plan” that would provide some Rohingya with the opportunity to apply for citizenship, but only if they identify as ethnically “Bengali.” Those who are found ineligible for citizenship, or who refuse to comply, would be rendered to internment camps. The plan as currently drafted is indefensible, and the international community must demand that it be revised to reflect the rights of Rohingya to self-identify; secure citizenship; and live without arbitrary restrictions on their movement, religion, education, and livelihoods. The plan must also support the positive development of all communities in Rakhine State..."
Author/creator: Sarnata Reynolds
Language: English
Source/publisher: Refugees International
Format/size: pdf (202K)
Alternate URLs: http://static1.squarespace.com/static/506c8ea1e4b01d9450dd53f5/t/5610d330e4b0521c793a503d/144394321...
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2016
ML > Governance, Administration and administrative areas > Arakan (Rakhine) State > Arakan (Rakhine) State - reports etc. by date (latest first)


Title: State Counsellor's Office - English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: State Counsellor's Office
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.statecounsellor.gov.mm/
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Executive > State Counsellor's Office


Title: "China is the Most Important Foreign Player in the Peace Process"
Date of publication: 17 August 2016
Description/subject: "It’s complicated: In an interview with The Irrawaddy, longtime Burma expert Bertil Lintner assesses the many interests at play during State Counselor Aung San Suu Kyi’s visit to China on Wednesday... As a Burmese government delegation led by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi leaves for a state visit to China, what can the Burmese expect from this trip? It is quite possible that China would want to restart the Myitsone project, but that would be political suicide for any Burmese government. If China wants to improve its tarnished image in Burma, it should drop Myitsone altogether, and also make a public announcement to that effect. The Burmese have always been concerned about China interfering in Burma’s internal affairs. In the North, China continues to support ethnic rebels including the Wa and Kokang. At the last ethnic summit in Mai Ja Yang, the Chinese envoy said that it supports and backs all forces working to achieve internal peace in Burma. It seems Beijing wants to see more stability along the border. It is important to remember that China, not some Western, self-appointed peacemakers and interlocutors, is the most important foreign player in the peace process. China wants peace and stability along the border, but it will not give up the leverage it has inside Burma by severing ties with the UWSA [United Wa State Army], the MNDAA [Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army], the NDAA [National Democratic Alliance Army, also known as the Mongla Group] and other ethnic armed organizations. China’s relations with those groups gives it bargaining chips, and a much stronger position in the peace process than any Norwegian, Swiss or Australian entity could ever hope for..."
Author/creator: Bertil Lintner
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2016
ML > Foreign Relations > China-Burma relations
Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Peace processes, ceasefires and ceasefire talks (websites, documents, reports and studies)


Title: The critical thinking gap
Date of publication: 10 September 2015
Description/subject: "Myanmar needs to replace an education system that wants children to answer questions but not ask them with one that encourages analytical thinking and intellectual stimulation..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Frontier Myanmar"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2016
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar - general


Title: A fourth option for Myitsone: China's view
Date of publication: 16 August 2016
Description/subject: "There has been a mixed reaction in China to a proposal for resolving the dispute over the Myitsone dam, in which a key issue will be the recovery of millions of dollars in investment. DISCUSSION about a fourth option for the Myitsone dam project has generated great interest in Myanmar and China since late June. The fourth option – outlined in a commentary by Mr Joern Kristensen in the June 30 issue of Frontier – calls for the cancellation of the controversial project and for China and Myanmar to move ahead, and cooperate on other, mutually agreed hydropower projects..."..... Tags: China. Myitsone Dam. Ayeyarwady River. Kachin State. hydropower. foreign relations. investment
Author/creator: Yun Sun
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Frontier Myanmar"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2016
ML > Economy > Burma's economic relations with various countries > Burma's economic relations with China


Title: There is a fourth option on the Myitsone Dam
Date of publication: 09 July 2016
Description/subject: "Cancelling the controversial hydropower project could offer a PR victory to the Chinese and Myanmar governments, and at the same time present an opportunity for a comprehensive energy plan in the country..." IN HIS column in the June 16 edition of Frontier, Sithu Aung Myint wrote that the Chinese Ambassador, Mr Hong Liang, with a delegation from China’s State Power Investment Cooperation, recently visited Kachin State to lobby for the resumption of work on the stalled Myitsone Dam.
Author/creator: Joern Kristensen
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Frontier Myanmar"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2016
ML > Economy > Burma's economic relations with various countries > Burma's economic relations with China


Title: China’s role in Myanmar: Hungry dragon or cuddly panda?
Date of publication: 16 September 2015
Description/subject: "China is seeking to burnish its public image in Myanmar against the backdrop of decades of fraught relations..."
Author/creator: Ann Wang and Alex Bookbinder
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Frontier Myanmar"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2016
ML > Economy > Burma's economic relations with various countries > Burma's economic relations with China


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Tuesday 16 August, 2016
Date of publication: 16 August 2016
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- PYITHU HLUTTAW: Pyithu Hluttaw hears border demarcation, property ownership and submission of proposal...AMYOTHA HLUTTAW: Ministry to allow local and foreign investment forest plantation projects.....OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Peace equals prosperity - Peace central to development in Myanmar...Future of Myeik Archipelago’s eco-tourism sector to depend on regional govt...Union Peace Conference to be held every six months - Thein Ko Lwin...Reducing Road Traffic crashes and deaths on the Yangon-Nay Pyi Taw-Mandalay Expressway: a multi-sector approach...Food airlifted to Naga SAZ that was hit by infectious disease...Over K100 million worth of Yaba pills confiscated from armed drug dealers...Three arrested on drug-related charges...Young driver escaped after lorry overturned in Kyaukdaga...Police, prisoners sustain injuries when police van overturns...Suspended timber extraction no harm to furniture businessmen...Mandalay gold entrepreneurs request lowering 5% commercial tax on gold buyers - Aung Thant Khaing...Khin Maung Myint...Conservationists to accelerate public awareness on bird preservation..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Future of Myeik Archipelago’s eco-tourism sector to depend on regional govt...Luncheon to celebrate 49th Anniversary of ASEAN Day...Thai-owned illegal fishing boat seized by Myanmar authorities...Thailand offers lower price of fish than market price...Appointment of Estonian Ambassador agreed...Appointment of Canadian Ambassador agreed..... "OPINION": "Let’s work together with government for saving our innocent children" - Aye Min Soe.....ARTICLE: "Pokemon GO: Entertainment or Nuisance?" - Khin Maung Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Monday 15 August, 2016
Date of publication: 15 August 2016
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: SMEs Development - MEB, six private banks to lease K30 billion to SMEs...MSWRR, Tatmadaw make flood relief efforts - Ko Moe...4-hour rain causes havoc in Mandalay...Value of MTSH shares continues to slump...Sagaing farmers lack interest in cultivating chemical-free betel...BFM, Smile Asia to conduct free surgeries to children with cleft lips and palates...Medical teams to take further steps to prevent tuberculosis in measles outbreak areas - Shin Min Thant...Prison bus crash injuries six offenders, two police officers... Western Command provides health care to villagers in Ann Township, Rakhine State...Patrol bike, accessories donated to Yangon police...Six arrested after a fight in ward...Police rescue two women from traffickers...Raw opium, heroin, yaba pills seized in Shan, Khachin states...Police raids on houses discover stimulants, weapons...Man arrested for smuggling illegally harvested teak...MCB to commence share trading from 26 August...Kanbawza, Myanmar Football Federation to sign sponsorship agreement...Local military personnel provide medical help, carry out sanitation work in Pakokku Township...Landslide stricken Lashio-Muse highway reopened... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: BFM, Smile Asia to conduct free surgeries to children with cleft lips and palates...Police rescue two women from traffickers...Five restricted export goods relaxed by Union Government...Electric car imports suspended...Myanmar’s United Paints Group adopts modern software system..... "OPINION": "Time for reflection about effective teaching" - Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLE: "2016 School Health Week" - Dr Aung Tun (Advisor, Ministry of Health and Sports).....POEM: "Days of lunar eclipse" - Yin Nwe Ko (Linn)
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "Myanmar Alin"Tuesday 16 August, 2016
Date of publication: 16 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (13MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Monday 15 August, 2016
Date of publication: 15 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Tuesday 16 August, 2016
Date of publication: 16 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Monday 15 August, 2016
Date of publication: 15 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: Report of Regional Workshop on Antimicrobial Resistance 6–10 August 2012
Date of publication: 10 August 2012
Description/subject: "During the past seven decades, antimicrobial agents have played a critical role in reducing the burden of communicable diseases all over the world. The emergence of resistance and its rapid spread is negating the impact of these drugs, obstructing progress towards achievement of the Millennium Development Goals and hindering effective application of modern technologies in mitigating human misery. While appearance of resistance is a continuous phenomenon in microorganisms, its amplification and spread is through an array of practices employed by human beings. Improper utilization of antimicrobial agents, especially in high disease-burden settings (viz. hospitals) and for nontherapeutic use as in the veterinary sector, result in strong selection pressure that allows the resistant strain to grow and rapidly replace the susceptible isolates. An effective response to antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is possible through treatment policies such as combination therapy, rational prescription, patient adherence, strong regulatory mechanism and educational activities, along with an efficient surveillance system that monitors the emergence and spread of resistance, as well as the utilization of antimicrobial agents..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: WHO (SE Asia Office)
Format/size: pdf (1.3MB-reduced version; 4.6MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.searo.who.int/entity/antimicrobial_resistance/documents/CDS_SEA-CD-258.pdf
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2016
ML > Health > Threats to Health > Antimicrobial Resistance (Global and regional)


Title: Antimicrobial Resistance in Southeast Asia
Date of publication: March 2012
Description/subject: Abstract: "Antimicrobial drug resistance is a problem in both developing and developed countries, in hospitals as well as in the community. Much data exists about antimicrobial resistance in Southeast Asia, but this information is fragmented, being published in different papers from different countries over several decades. We reviewed all available information about antimicrobial resistance in Southeast Asia using the PubMed database, concentrating on bacteria that commonly cause infection. From January 1, 1995 to January 1, 2007, 97 reports were published with accurate data regarding resistance patterns among the major pathogens. Thailand was the country where most of the published data were found. No reports were published for East Timor. From the available data, the following trends were observed: 1) there was a high prevalence of resistance to penicillin among Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria gonorrhoeae; 2) pathogens causing diarrheal diseases are now often resistant to inexpensive, older antibiotics; 3) among Enterobacteriaceae and nonfermenting gram-negative bacteria, resistance to virtually all antibiotic classes has been reported, but it is unclear whether multidrug resistant gram-negative bacteria have emerged as a major problem; 4) the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is not clear; in some countries, such as Singapore, MRSA is endemic in the health care system. This review shows that antimicrobial resistance to pathogenic bacteria has been and still is on the rise in Southeast Asia. However, there is great variation in resistance by hospital, patient type and country.... Keywords: pathogenic bacteria, antimicrobial resistance, Southeast Asia"
Author/creator: Endang Sri Lestari , Juliëtte A Severin and Henri A Verbrugh
Language: English
Source/publisher: Southeast Asian J top med public health
Format/size: pdf (3.8MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.tm.mahidol.ac.th/seameo/2012-43-2/14-5369.pdf
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2016
ML > Health > Threats to Health > Antimicrobial Resistance (Global and regional)


Title: Malaria on Myanmar-India border is 'huge threat'
Date of publication: 20 February 2015
Description/subject: "Resistance to the drug that has saved millions of lives from malaria has been detected over a wider area than previously thought, scientists warn. The ability of the malaria parasite to shrug off the effects of artemisinin has been spreading since it emerged in South East Asia. Tests, published in Lancet Infectious Diseases, now show this resistance on the verge of entering India. Experts said the development was "alarming" and an "enormous threat". Deaths from malaria have nearly halved since 2000, and the infection now kills about 584,000 people each year. But resistance to artemisinin threatens to undo all that hard work, and it has been detected in: Cambodia Laos Thailand Vietnam Myanmar, also known as Burma Blood samples from 940 people with malaria from 55 sites across Myanmar showed this resistance was widespread across the country. One site, in the Sagaing region, showed that resistant parasites were just 25km (15 miles) from the Indian border..."
Author/creator: James Gallagher
Language: English
Source/publisher: BBC News website
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2016
ML > Health > Threats to Health > Antimicrobial Resistance (Burma/Myanmar)
Health > Threats to Health > Antimicrobial Resistance (Global and regional)
Health > Threats to Health > Diseases > Communicable (infectious) diseases > Malaria


Title: Living well in Myanmar: Ask your doctor not to give you medicine Print By | Monday, 08 December 2014
Date of publication: 08 December 2014
Description/subject: "...The global medical community struggles with the unnecessary prescription of antibiotics. It can potentially harm a patient to give medicine that isn’t needed, and another big fear is that antibiotic-resistant bacteria will be created when medicines are inappropriately used. From a public health and safety perspective, it can be argued that one of the greatest advances in medicine in the past decades has been learning when not to prescribe antibiotics. Western countries are to be respected for their efforts to stop the dispensing of bacterial antibiotics to patients who most likely have a viral infection, and therefore won’t benefit from the pills. However, from a global health standpoint, the low-hanging fruit for changing the behaviour of physicians to combat antibiotic resistance occurs in countries like Myanmar. Almost all physicians in Yangon are aware that we doctors prescribe antibiotics excessively. Even more ominous is the widespread selling of antibiotics from the thousands of places in Myanmar that offer pharmaceuticals in their shop fronts..."
Author/creator: Christoph Gelsdorf
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2016
ML > Health > Threats to Health > Antimicrobial Resistance (Burma/Myanmar)


Title: Study in Myanmar confirms artemisinin-resistant malaria close to border with India
Date of publication: 19 February 2015
Description/subject: Summary: " Resistance to the antimalarial drug artemisinin is established in Myanmar and has reached within 25km of the Indian border, a new study reports. Artemisinin resistance threatens to follow the same historical trajectory from Southeast Asia to the Indian subcontinent as seen in the past with other antimalarial medicines."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wellcome Trust via ce DAily""Scien
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2016
ML > Health > Threats to Health > Antimicrobial Resistance (Burma/Myanmar)


Title: Is Drug-Resistant Malaria Spreading?
Date of publication: 12 April 2012
Author/creator: Anna Tomasulo
Language: English
Source/publisher: HealthMap
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2016
ML > Health > Threats to Health > Antimicrobial Resistance (Burma/Myanmar)


Title: Drug-resistant typhoid superbug threatens global health
Date of publication: 12 May 2015
Description/subject: "After the recent malaria concerns, it is now the turn of an antibiotic-resistant superbug strain of typhoid bacterium that is spreading globally and posing a public health threat. A landmark genomic study, with contributors from over two dozen countries, and led by Vanessa Wong, an infectious-disease specialist at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in Hinxton, UK, sequenced the genomes of more than 1,800 S Typhi samples from 63 countries. The study shows the H58 strain of S Typhi arising from an unrecognised epidemic in Africa is displacing established typhoid fever strains, completely transforming the genetic architecture of the disease. The resistant strain comprised 47% of the samples and showed widespread resistance to a number of antibiotics, reports Nature. "Global surveillance at this scale is critical to address the ever-increasing public health threat caused by multidrug resistant typhoid," says Vanessa Wong. Overuse of older antibiotics has helped drive the H58 epidemic in Africa, believes the team which has also begun to see cases of resistance to newer antibiotics, such as fluoroquinolones and azithromycin..."
Author/creator: Jayalakshmi K
Language: English
Source/publisher: "International Business Times"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2016
ML > Health > Threats to Health > Antimicrobial Resistance (Global and regional)


Title: TACKLING DRUG-RESISTANT INFECTIONS GLOBALLY: FINAL REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Date of publication: May 2016
Description/subject: Executive Summary: "Following 19 months of consultation and eight interim papers, each focusing on a specific aspect of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), this report sets out the Review on Antimicrobial Resistance’s final recommendations to tackle AMR in a global way, as commissioned by our sponsors, the UK Government and the Wellcome Trust. The magnitude of the problem is now accepted. We estimate that by 2050, 10 million lives a year and a cumulative 100 trillion USD of economic output are at risk due to the rise of drugresistant infections if we do not find proactive solutions now to slow down the rise of drug resistance. Even today, 700,000 people die of resistant infections every year. Antibiotics are a special category of antimicrobial drugs that underpin modern medicine as we know it: if they lose their effectiveness, key medical procedures (such as gut surgery, caesarean sections, joint replacements, and treatments that depress the immune system, such as chemotherapy for cancer) could become too dangerous to perform. Most of the direct and much of the indirect impact of AMR will fall on low and middle‑income countries. It does not have to be this way. It is in policy makers and governments’ hands to take steps to change this situation..."
Author/creator: Jim O'Neill (Chair)
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Review on Antimicrobial Resistance
Format/size: pdf (2.25MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/AMR-2016-05-25-Final_paper.pdf
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2016
ML > Health > Threats to Health > Antimicrobial Resistance (Global and regional)


Title: "Burma is Already a Game-Changer for Asean": Kavi Chongkittavorn
Date of publication: 15 August 2016
Description/subject: "A new sense of pragmatism on all sides bodes well for the visit of Aung San Suu Kyi—Burma’s state counselor and foreign affairs minister—to China later this week, says Bangkok-based expert on Asean affairs Kavi Chongkittavorn, in an interview with The Irrawaddy’s founding editor Aung Zaw..."
Author/creator: Kavi Chongkittavorn interviewed by Aung Zaw
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2016
ML > Foreign Relations > China-Burma relations
Foreign Relations > Burma's relations with its neighbours and the region


Title: TB IN MYANMAR - PULLING BACK THE CURTAIN
Date of publication: October 2013
Description/subject: "October 2013: A snapshot of the response to multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Myanmar, a country seriously affected by this global threat. Can new diagnostic technology help make a difference? Featuring photos by renowned Asia photographer Gerhard Jörén...Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) in Myanmar: ...Diagnosing drug-resistant TB: Why it matters... Until 2009, testing for the deadly strain of drug-resistant TB was done in just one laboratory in Myanmar, a country of over 50 million people. The only method available was over 100 years old and could take months to provide an accurate result. TB bacteria are spread through droplets in the air, so it is essential to get patients on treatment quickly before they can infect others. In Myanmar, around 180 000 people are thought to develop active TB each year. Just how many of these TB cases are resistant to the most important anti-TB drugs is hard to estimate, but close to 9000 people are diagnosed with multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) every year. Like normal TB, MDR-TB is spread from person-to-person. But while drug-sensitive TB can be cured with a six-month course of antibiotics, MDR-TB requires 24 months of highly toxic and costly medicines and injections. Myanmar now has access to high-tech diagnostic machinery that can revolutionize the response to drug-resistant TB. The new reality is impressive. State-of-the-art TB labs lie on the outskirts of dusty urban centres. In these carefully contained environments, lab workers use molecular approaches to detect drug-resistant TB bacteria, extracting bacterial DNA from sputum samples. Going a step further, Myanmar was recently chosen by the World Health Organization to launch a global roll-out of a new and advanced TB diagnostic machine known as GeneXpert (pictured right), which can provide a result for MDR-TB diagnosis in just 90 minutes. These compact devices are now being installed in labs and TB centres throughout the country..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNITAID
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.unitaid.org/en/
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2016
ML > Health > Threats to Health > Antimicrobial Resistance (Burma/Myanmar)


Title: Bandwidth breakthrough
Date of publication: 04 July 2016
Description/subject: New satellite internet providers could soon bring high-speed connectivity to consumers frustrated by time-wasting download speeds.
Author/creator: Thomas Kean
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Frontier Myanmar"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2016
ML > Information services in Burma/Myanmar > Information services - print, broadcast and Internet media, libraries etc.


Title: HEALTH SYSTEM TRANSFORMATION IN MYANMAR: ARE THE CURRENT CHANGES PROMISING?
Date of publication: 26 May 2015
Description/subject: OUTLINE: Myanmar profile... ● Myanmar’s current health status... ● Myanmar Health System... ● Overview... ● Comparison with South East Asian countries... ● Equity of access to Reproductive Health services... ● Current Changes in Myanmar Health System... ● Conclusions and Recommendations
Author/creator: Phyu Phyu Thin Zaw
Language: English
Source/publisher: Stanford University
Format/size: pdf (7.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 14 August 2016
ML > Health > Health systems and resources > Burma's health system -- comparative and general studies


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Sunday 14 August, 2016
Date of publication: 14 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 14 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Sunday 14 August, 2016
Date of publication: 14 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (15MB)
Date of entry/update: 14 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: Les Nouvelles de Birmanie, Juillet 2016
Date of publication: July 2016
Description/subject: Les chiffres du mois.....Les événements clefs du mois: Le recensement de la population birmane contredit les théories de Ma Ba Tha...La LND s’attaque aux confiscations de terres...La Ligue Nationale pour la Démocratie (LND) annonce un plan de 5 ans pour l’économie birmane...600 noms retirés de la black liste, des milliers toujours inclus...Après 100 jours au gouvernement, quel bilan pour la LND ?...Au mois de juillet les affrontements se sont poursuivis dans l’État Shan...L’armée birmane admet l’implication de militaires dans le meurtre de 5 villageois...Amnesty Intenational demande la relocalisation d’une usine d’acide implantée dans un village à 50 mètres d’une école....Les focus du mois: L’organisation extrémiste Ma Ba Tha enfin pointée du doigt en Birmanie...En Birmanie, les négociations de paix approchent et les groupes armés ethniques se demandent ce qu’il leur reste à offrir.
Language: Français, French
Source/publisher: Info Birmanie
Format/size: pdf (1.7MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.info-birmanie.org/wp-content/uploads/NDB-juillet-20151.pdf
Date of entry/update: 14 August 2016
ML > Activism and Advocacy (groups from Burma, solidarity groups, campaigns, publications) > Online publications by Burma solidarity groups > Info Birmanie, "Les Nouvelles de Birmanie", "Birmanie>Net Hebdo"


Title: ACTIVE USG PROGRAMS FOR THE BURMA RESPONSE - Burma Program Map
Date of publication: 05 2016
Description/subject: Agriculture and Food Security... Economic Recovery and Market Systems... Emergency Food Assistance... Health... Humanitarian Assistance... Humanitarian Coordination and Information Management... Logistics Support and Relief Commodities... Nutrition... Protection... Shelter and Settlements... Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene.
Language: English
Source/publisher: USAID
Format/size: pdf (747K)
Date of entry/update: 14 August 2016
ML > Humanitarian Assistance to Burma/Myanmar > Humanitarian assistance > Bilateral humanitarian assistance > United States humanitarian assistance


Title: BURMA – COMPLEX EMERGENCY FACT SHEET #3 , FISCAL YEAR (FY) 2016
Date of publication: 05 July 2016
Description/subject: USAID/OFDA FUNDING...USAID/FFP2 FUNDING...HIGHLIGHTS...KEY DEVELOPMENTS...HUMANITARIAN SITUATION AND POPULATION MOVEMENT
Language: English
Source/publisher: USAID
Format/size: pdf (225K)
Alternate URLs: https://www.usaid.gov/crisis/burma
Date of entry/update: 14 August 2016
ML > Humanitarian Assistance to Burma/Myanmar > Humanitarian assistance > Bilateral humanitarian assistance > United States humanitarian assistance


Title: USAID - Burma Page
Language: English
Source/publisher: USAID
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 August 2016
ML > Humanitarian Assistance to Burma/Myanmar > Humanitarian assistance > Bilateral humanitarian assistance > United States humanitarian assistance


Title: Burma Disaster Response Archive
Description/subject: FY 2016 Burma - Complex Emergency 07-05-2016 Fact Sheet #3 (230kb PDF) and map (786kb PDF) 03-25-2016 Fact Sheet #2 (242kb PDF) and map (803kb PDF) 12-29-2015 Fact Sheet #1 (234kb PDF) and map (759kb PDF)..... FY 2015: Burma - Complex Emergency 09-30-2015 Fact Sheet #4 (236kb PDF) and map (758kb PDF) 06-19-2015 Fact Sheet #3 (240kb PDF) and map (802kb PDF) 03-30-2015 Fact Sheet #2 (262kb PDF) and map (795kb PDF) 02-06-2015 Fact Sheet #1 (250kb PDF) and map (756kb PDF) Burma - Floods 09-30-2015 Fact Sheet #3 (208kb PDF) and map (1mb PDF) 08-17-2015 Fact Sheet #2 (230kb PDF) and map (673kb PDF) 08-06-2015 Fact Sheet #1 (235kb PDF) Burma - Complex Emergency 09-30-2015 Fact Sheet #4 (236kb PDF) and map (758kb PDF) 06-19-2015 Fact Sheet #3 (240kb PDF) and map (802kb PDF) 03-30-2015 Fact Sheet #2 (262kb PDF) and map (795kb PDF) 02-06-2015 Fact Sheet #1 (250kb PDF) and map (756kb PDF) FY 2014: Burma - Complex Emergency 09-30-2014 Fact Sheet #4 (235kb PDF) and map (801kb PDF) 07-02-2014 Fact Sheet #3 (232kb PDF) and map (436kb PDF) 04-23-2014 Fact Sheet #2 (202kb PDF) and map (438kb PDF) 01-28-2014 Fact Sheet #1 (206kb PDF) and map (432kb PDF)..... FY 2013: Humanitarian Assistance in Review 12-16-13 USAID/DCHA East Asia and the Pacific Humanitarian Assistance in Review – FY 2004-2013 (185kb PDF) Burma - Complex Emergency 09-30-2013 Fact Sheet #4 (230kb PDF) and map (428kb PDF) 07-18-2013 Fact Sheet #3 (229kb PDF) and map (470kb PDF) 04-01-2013 Fact Sheet #2 (204kb PDF) and map (493kb PDF) 11-30-2012 Fact Sheet #1 (256kb PDF) and map (585kb PDF)..... FY 2012: Burma - Complex Emergency 09-30-2012 Fact Sheet #1 (282kb PDF) and map (585kb PDF) Southeast Asia – Floods 11-08-2011 Fact Sheet #3 (162kb PDF) and map (2.14mb PDF) 11-01-2011 Fact Sheet #2 (344kb PDF) and map (1.41 mb PDF) 10-29-2011 Fact Sheet #1 (367kb PDF) and map (1.41mb PDF) Humanitarian Assistance in Review 09-30-2012 USAID/DCHA East Asia and Pacific Humanitarian Assistance in Review – FY 2003-2012 (234kb PDF)..... FY 2011: Asia and Pacific – Disaster Risk Reduction Programs 09-30-2011 Fact Sheet #1 (281kb PDF) and map (179kb PDF)..... FY 2010: Asia and Pacific – Disaster Risk Reduction Programs 09-30-2010 Fact Sheet #1 (94kb PDF) and map (236kb PDF) East Asia and Pacific Humanitarian Assistance in Review 01-25-2010 Humanitarian Assistance in Review (79kb PDF)
Language: English
Source/publisher: USAID
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 August 2016
ML > Humanitarian Assistance to Burma/Myanmar > Humanitarian assistance > Bilateral humanitarian assistance > United States humanitarian assistance


Title: The growing challenge of antimicrobial resistance in the South-East Asia Region - Are we losing the battle?
Date of publication: November 2010
Description/subject: "The wide and indiscriminate use of common anti-infective drugs has contributed substantially to the persistence of infections, as a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Multidrug resistant bacteria especially have emerged as a major health problem all over the world. Resistance poses a growing threat to the treatment and control of endemic, epidemic-prone as well as pandemic diseases. Resistance in microorganisms costs money, livelihood and lives and threatens to undermine the effectiveness of health delivery programmes even in developed countries. However, developing countries are hit hard with increasing reports of development of resistance to drugs commonly used to treat most of the communicable diseases. The emerging threat of resistance in malaria, tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a huge impediment in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015...."
Author/creator: Rajesh Bhatia and Jai P. Narain
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Indian Journal of Medical Research (IJMR)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 August 2016
ML > Health > Threats to Health > Antimicrobial Resistance (Global and regional)


Title: Antibiotic Resistance
Description/subject: A large number of videos about antibiotic resistance from a search on Youtube for "antibiotic resistance"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Youtube
Format/size: Adobe Flash
Date of entry/update: 14 August 2016
ML > Health > Threats to Health > Antimicrobial Resistance (Global and regional)


Title: Antibiotic Resistance - What are the solutions
Date of publication: 23 October 2014
Description/subject: "A conference on antibiotic resistance was held in Amman in Jordan on September 22nd [2014]. Antibiotic resistance is posing a real threat to public health in the region. MSF treats wounded patients from Iraq, Syria and Yemen in its hospital in Amman. Since it opened eight years ago, doctors have been treating people suffering from infections that are resistant to one or several antibiotics. Half of all patients arriving at the hospital".....This short video is followed by a playlist of other videos on the same topic.
Language: English + Burmese subtitles
Source/publisher: Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF)
Format/size: Adobe Flash (1 minute and 29 seconds)
Date of entry/update: 14 August 2016
ML > Health > Threats to Health > Antimicrobial Resistance (Global and regional)


Title: Antibiotic resistance - Google search results
Date of publication: 15 August 2016
Description/subject: About 3,340,000 results for a search for "Antibiotic resistance" (August 2016)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 August 2016
ML > Health > Threats to Health > Antimicrobial Resistance (Global and regional)


Title: Antimicrobial resistance
Description/subject: "Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is when a microbe evolves to become more or fully resistant to antimicrobials which previously could treat it.[2][3] This broader term also covers antibiotic resistance, which applies to bacteria and antibiotics.[3] Resistance arises through one of three ways: natural resistance in certain types of bacteria; genetic mutation; or by one species acquiring resistance from another.[4] Resistance can appear spontaneously due to random mutations; or more commonly following gradual buildup over time, and because of misuse of antibiotics or antimicrobials.[5] Resistant microbes are increasingly difficult to treat, requiring alternative medications or higher doses—which may be more costly or more toxic. Microbes resistant to multiple antimicrobials are called multidrug resistant (MDR); or sometimes superbugs.[6] Antimicrobial resistance is on the rise with millions of deaths every year.[7] A few infections are now completely untreatable due to resistance. All classes of microbes develop resistance (fungi, antifungal resistance; viruses, antiviral resistance; protozoa, antiprotozoal resistance; bacteria, antibiotic resistance)..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 August 2016
ML > Health > Threats to Health > Antimicrobial Resistance (Global and regional)


Title: Antimicrobial resistance
Date of publication: April 2015
Description/subject: Key facts: "Antimicrobial resistance threatens the effective prevention and treatment of an ever-increasing range of infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi. It is an increasingly serious threat to global public health that requires action across all government sectors and society. Antimicrobial resistance is present in all parts of the world. New resistance mechanisms emerge and spread globally. In 2012, WHO reported a gradual increase in resistance to HIV drugs, albeit not reaching critical levels. Since then, further increases in resistance to first-line treatment drugs were reported, which might require using more expensive drugs in the near future. In 2013, there were about 480 000 new cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) has been identified in 100 countries. MDR-TB requires treatment courses that are much longer and less effective than those for non-resistant TB. In parts of the Greater Mekong subregion, resistance to the best available treatment for falciparum malaria, artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs), has been detected. Spread or emergence of multidrug resistance, including resistance to ACTs, in other regions could jeopardize important recent gains in control of the disease. There are high proportions of antibiotic resistance in bacteria that cause common infections (e.g. urinary tract infections, pneumonia, bloodstream infections) in all regions of the world. A high percentage of hospital-acquired infections are caused by highly resistant bacteria such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) or multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. Treatment failures due to resistance to treatments of last resort for gonorrhoea (third-generation cephalosporins) have been reported from 10 countries. Gonorrhoea may soon become untreatable as no vaccines or new drugs are in development. Patients with infections caused by drug-resistant bacteria are generally at increased risk of worse clinical outcomes and death, and consume more health-care resources than patients infected with the same bacteria that are not resistant..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Health Organisation (WHO) - Fact sheet N°194
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 August 2016
ML > Health > Threats to Health > Antimicrobial Resistance (Global and regional)


Title: Review on Antimicrobial Resistance - Tackling drug-resistant infections globally
Description/subject: "Concerned about the rising levels of drug resistance whereby microbes evolve to become immune to a known drugs, the UK Prime Minister asked economist Jim O’Neill to analyse this global problem of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and propose concrete actions to tackle it internationally. In July 2014, the UK Government commissioned the Review on Antimicrobial Resistance in collaboration with the Wellcome Trust. The Review is independent and engages widely with international stakeholders to understand and propose solutions to the problem of antimicrobial resistance, from an economic and social perspective. In May 2015, Jim O’Neill, who is widely known for coining the term BRICs for the emerging economies of Brazil, Russia, India and China, was appointed to the House of Lords and became Commercial Secretary to Her Majesty’s Treasury in the UK. He continues to chair the Review on Antimicrobial Resistance in a personal capacity. If we fail to act, we are looking at an almost unthinkable scenario where antibiotics no longer work and we are cast back into the dark ages of medicine" – David Cameron, UK Prime Minister The real implications of spreading drug resistance will be felt the world over, with developing countries and large emerging nations bearing the brunt of this problem. Routine surgeries and minor infections will become life- threatening once again and the hard won victories against infectious diseases of the last fifty years will be jeopardized. Hospital stays and expenses, for both public health care providers and for out of –pocket payers will increase significantly. Drug resistant infections are already on the rise with numbers suggesting that up to 50,000 lives are lost each year to antibiotic-resistant infections in Europe and the US alone. Globally, at least 700,000 die each year of drug resistance in illnesses such as bacterial infections, malaria, HIV/Aids or tuberculosis. The Review on AMR has been assessing solutions to avoid these terrible costs, producing thematic papers looking at all aspects of the problems raised by drug resistance – including the supply of new drugs, the use of diagnostics, surveillance, infection control, alternative treatments and the use of antibiotics in agriculture. These themes will form the basis of the final report to the UK Prime Minister, with recommendations for global solutions, by the summer of 2016..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Review on Antimicrobial Resistance
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 August 2016
ML > Health > Threats to Health > Antimicrobial Resistance (Global and regional)


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Saturday 13 August, 2016
Date of publication: 13 August 2016
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- PYIDAUNGSU HLUTTAW: Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy presented to Pyidaungsu Hluttaw.....OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: REVIEWING OUR EFFORTS - Three ministries hold press conference on work performance for first 100 days...Reviewing of political dialogue framework continues...Hailing the upcoming Union Peace Conference-21st Century Panglong...Vice President provides humanitarian aid to flood victims in Ayeyawady...Traditional earthen pot toys festival to be held in Mandalay...Karuna Kaba Home For the Aged to be opened this month...New Member to Central Bank’s Board of Directors appointed...Truck plunges into creek...Two motorcycles collide on Mandalay-Bamauk road...Yaba and heroin seized...Telenor spreads message on safe use of Internet among school children...Dagon University law students visit Union Attorney-General’s Office...Bureaucracy stifles potential prosecution of illegal loggers..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar-India Foreign Office Consultations held in New Delhi...Embassy works to bring home over 2,000 migrant workers detained in Malaysia...Green gram price drops on export market due to quality issues and poor growth...Myanmar plans to export valued-added furniture worth $100m within next five years...Samsung New Galaxy Note7 launched in Myanmar...Telenor spreads message on safe use of Internet among school children...Senior General Min Aung Hlaing receives CPC official..... "OPINION": "In the service of humanity" - Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLES: "DNA testing challenges traditional species classification"...“Why the State of Emergeny (sic) in Turkey” - Article by the Ambassador of the Republic of Turkey to the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, H.E. Murat Yavuz Ates
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 13 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016