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Title: "Myanmar Alin" (Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 February 2015
RR > News - Burma/Myanmar news sources in Burmese (current sites)


Title: "Myanmar Times" (Burmese)
Date of publication: 30 January 2015
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9MB - reduced version; 14-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/o-MT-bu-709.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 February 2015
RR > News - Private sector publications produced under censorship restrictions > Weekly magazines > "The Myanmar Times" (Burmese) > "The Myanmar Times" (Burmese) Archive > "The Myanmar Times" (Burmese) 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Friday 30 January, 2015
Date of publication: 30 January 2015
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Saturday 31 January, 2015
Date of publication: 31 January 2015
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Sunday 1 February, 2015
Date of publication: 01 February 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW MEETING:- PYIDAUNGSU HLUTTAW: Luncheon served in celebration of fourth parliamentary anniversary...Financial statement of Ministry of Information in 2015-16 FY.....EXECUTIVE: Authority to be shared to region and state governments....: OFFICIAL ANNOUNCEMENTS: Public Announcement for remonstration...Announcements on appointments (Myanmar Gazette)...Authority to be shared to region and state governments.....OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Myanmar’s National Electrification Project set to begin in September By Ye Myint...Pyidaungsu Hluttaw receives international recognition for its four-year commitment to legislation: Speaker...Rural people get electricity in Myanaung Tsp...Football ground of YTU under renovation...Petrified wood booth to show beauty of natural items to foreigners...Wall magazine, photo show hail Union Day...Physics team champions in Sagaing University Rector’s Cup football tourney...MCDC to organize vegetables and fruit show and contest...Fire breaks out at fuel station in Mahaaungmye Tsp...Football referees representing Mandalay Region to attend referee conference...INRD to issue citizenship cards to locals in Taninthayi Region from 1 Jan to 30 June..Interview date announced for scholarship candidates...Myanmar International and MRTV TVschedules..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Our goals are to achieve peace and stability, economic development, to move forward to a future of political and economic growth...90 Korean student volunteers join construction of basic education school in Hlegu Tsp - Byline: Khin Yadana, Photo: Tin Soe (Myanma Alinn)...Vice President U Nyan Tun discusses implementation of Dawei SEZ project in Thailand...Ma-de Island Crude Oil Unloading Terminal and SEA crude oil pipeline commissioned into service...Petrified wood booth to show beauty of natural items to foreigners...Union FM attends ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ Retreat...,, ...."PERSPECTIVES" : "Squatters are humans" by By Myint Win Thein.....ARTICLE: "ICT in brief and pragmatic application of E-Governance in Singapore" by Saya Mya
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Myanmar Times (archive - English)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Consolidated Media Co. Ltd.
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2015
RR > News - Burma/Myanmar news sources in English (current sites)


Title: "The Myanmar Times" 26 January-1 February 2015
Date of publication: 01 February 2015
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Consolidated Media Co. Ltd.
Format/size: pdf (5.7MB-reduced version; 13MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/MT-en765.pdf
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2015
RR > News - Private sector publications produced under censorship restrictions > Weekly magazines > "[The] Myanmar Times" (English) > "Myanmar Times" - print issues 2015 (English)


Title: Shifting cultivation in Myanmar (slide share)
Date of publication: 11 December 2014
Description/subject: 11 slides: 1. Naw Ei Ei Min POINT ( Promotion of Indigenous and Nature Together) Point.director@gmail.com 2.  "Shwe Pyaung taung ya”- hill-farm.  Mostly in Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin and Shan states  Estimated 15,000 ha per year ( REDD roadmap)  22.8%of the total land area (Forestry fact sheet, Forest Department, 1993)  15% of the forest area  Fallow Period ranging from 0 to 7 Years  1/10 of population rely on shifting cultivation (2004)  Reduced year by year 3.  All types of land belong to the state, use right do not own land  pioneering or unsustainable shifting cultivation are often listed as the main drivers of forest degradation.  "to discourage shifting cultivation practices causing extensive damage to the forests through adoption of improved practices for better food production and a better quality of life for shifting cultivators" The Myanmar Forest Policy (1995)  1992 Land use act for wasteland/Vacant land – 30 years 4. • Farmland Law • Customary land tenure is not recognized • Specifically communal/collective tenure is not allowed under the law • Rotational agriculture systems ‘shifting taungya’ is not recognised as a legal land-use under the law  land can not be registered • Vancant, Fallow and Virgin land law • Grazing and forest lands can not be communally titled • No independent legal redress in case of conflicts 5.  Hsin Hswe and Lake Poke , Natalin Township, Bago Division, Myanmar, Estimated 100 households, 2 hour to 5 hours on foot  Barter economy  Main Crops: chili, sesame, cotton for exchange and paddy. tomatoes and egg plants and corn for family consumption  5-7 fallow period, permission during Brithsh Colony, reduced land by illegal logging  Animal husbandry, turtle eggs and orchid  Rat Infestation (Hpjan's bulbous roots for food , wild pig eat bamboo flowers, cats for mice, traps and collective hunt, exchange rice with orchid and pork)  600 Kyats for tax 6.  5 villages Kanpetlet Township, Mindat District, Nothern Part of Chin State, Estimated 100 households, 24 hour on foot  Main Crops: rice, corn, Pickel tree leave, sweet potato, potato, egg plant, tomato, chili  Hunting (Gi, Sat, Tiger, wild pig, rabbit, wolf and butterfly) and fishing  Decreased fallow period in some area up to 1-3 year, stronger customary practice, high rate of migration  Selling and Plantation of Yam Seed, 5-6 USD per viss ( Chinese Market)  family income per month is between 20,000 and 50,000 kyats (20 to 50 USD) 7.  Shortening fallow period and reduced practices due to many reasons  Loss of traditional land due to investments (e.g. hydropower, agriculture);  Growing population;  Lack of land tenure over shifting cultivation land and surrounding forests;  Lack of viable alternatives to shifting cultivation and acceptable technologies or practices to improve or diversify slash-and-burn agriculture. 8.  Research and documentation on shifting cultivation and related studies  Acknowledge land tenure for sustainable shifting cultivator  Support services for indigenous peoples to enhance their livelihoods,  capacity building on innovations especially for women and youth, skills on agroforestry, NTFPs etc.  Biodiversity Conservation and Enhancement and protection against bio-piracy and unfair and illegal patenting
Author/creator: Naw Ei Ei Min
Language: English
Source/publisher: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
Format/size: Online slides
Date of entry/update: 30 January 2015
ML > Agriculture > Shifting ("swidden", "jhum", "taungya") cultivation - Burma/Myanmar


Title: Shifting Cultivation in the Mountainous Mainland Southeast Asia: The search for appropriate and sustainable land use, and its contribution to the improvement of rural livelihoods
Date of publication: 05 December 2009
Description/subject: Focus: • Changes in land use under shifting cultivation • Government policy and implementation for alternative land use • Farmers’ management of sustainable land use and improved livelihood....
Author/creator: Kanok Rerkasem
Language: English
Source/publisher: Nagoya University, Japan (Workshop on Recent Environmental Change in Southeast Asia.)
Format/size: ppt (66 slides)
Date of entry/update: 30 January 2015
ML > Agriculture > Shifting ("swidden", "jhum", "taungya") cultivation - regional and global


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 29 January, 2015
Date of publication: 29 January 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- PYIDAUNGSU HLUTTAW: Union ministers highlights budgets for projects in 2014-15 and 2015-16 FY: "...Regarding the projects in the 2015-2016 national planning bill and the 2015 union budget bill, Union Minister for Information U Ye Htut explained the budget proposal for changing analogue to digital system and extension of new TV channels of Myanma Radio and Television, responsibility of Information and Public Relations Department for public relations and supervising laws and rules related to the Ministry of Information, promotion of Myanmar motion picture arena, publishing of aesthetic and general knowledge books in Myanmar and English languages, and process of News and Periodical Enterprise to practise public service media, reasons for lower budget proposal and profits of News and Periodicals Enterprise and Printing and Publishing Enterprise in 2013-14 and 2014-15 FY. Union Minister for Transport U Nyan Tun Aung reported on foreign loans and assistance for development of aviation sector, the plans of the ministry to cooperate with private investors through JV, BOT and PPP systems, financial reports of departments under the ministry in 2015-16 FY, maintenance of waterways, upgrading of jetties and ports, monitoring of natural disasters and airport projects..."...PYITHU HLUTTAW: Women service personnel enjoy maternity leave under rules and law: "Nay Pyi Taw, 28 Jan— At the eighth day session of Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) on Wednesday, U Khin Maung Shwe of Tamu Constituency raised questions on maternity leave for female workers under the civil service law and rules and whether there is a plan to manage permission for maternity leave of woman staff at Mintha Station Hospital in Myothit, Tamu District. Chairman of Union Civil Services Board U Kyaw Thu replied that any woman service personnel in service can enjoy maternity leave under rules 101 and 102 of civil service law. The woman staff at the station hospital needs to submit applications with documents referring to the civil service law to the ministry concerned for enjoying the maternity leave with full salary..."...AMYOTHA LUTTAW: Government helps tea farmers and merchants: Deputy Minister: "Nay Pyi Taw, 28 Jan — The government is helping tea farmers by taking measures to export tea to Japan and display tea products at the ASEAN Food Show, Deputy Minister for Commerce Dr Pwint Hsan said in his response to a question at the Amyotha Hluttaw session on Wednesday. In addition, the government formed a central body of tea farmers, tea producers and tea merchants, according to the deputy minister. The government has established a tea market and it is necessary for the central body and the Association of Myanmar Fruit, Flowers and Vegetables Farmers, Manufacturers and Exporters to cooperate with local authorities for the stability of the tea market while the government offers necessary assistance, the deputy minister said..."..... DOMESTIC NEWS: Ma-de oil port to create job opportunities for locals and contribute to development of education and health sectors...Bankers, telcos, solution providers and technology vendors gather at Mobile Money + E-Commerce Summit 2015 to tap into opportunities in new financial services...President’s economic advisor holds talks in Mandalay...UEC Chairman meets election sub-commissions, political parties, departmental officials, CSOs...Gov’t takes step to administrative machinery reforms...Government, Hluttaw representatives, students issue joint declaration on amendment of national education law...UEC members meet members of Open Myanmar Initiative...BEHS branch gets new building in Myanaung Tsp...Farmer representatives discuss uplift of living standard of rural people...IPRD gives mobile library service to rural people...Religious association honours winner novices in religious examination...Village library extends building for readers’ convenience...WRUD sinks tube-wells in Tatkon Township to irrigate farmlands...Fire engulfs shed in Patheingyi Tsp...Growers get good price on sales of aster flower...Government, student protesters agree to hold four-party talks...Coordination focuses on presentation of President’s Excellent Award..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Ma-de oil port to create job opportunities for locals and contribute to development of education and health sectors...Three developers to compete for Yangon Railway Station Complex Project...Myanmar youth win over Germany’s third division club on wide margin...DHSHD, KOICA agree establishment of Yangon-Hanthawady-Bago Corridor and Yangon Southwestern Regional Development..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Any problem, when solved eagerly, can be solved really" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "Aplomb, Self-possession and Dogged determination act like the propulsive power to success" by Tommy Pauk
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Thursday 29 January, 2015
Date of publication: 29 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Thursday 29 January, 2015
Date of publication: 29 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "Irrawaddy" ethnic issues (English)
Date of publication: 05 April 2012
Description/subject: Ethnic issues, covers many groups.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.irrawaddy.org/more
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2015
RR > News - Burma news sources focussed on non-Burman peoples


Title: "Mizzima" ethnic issues (English)
Description/subject: Articles related to ethnic issues, covers many groups.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Mizzima"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2015
RR > News - Burma news sources focussed on non-Burman peoples


Title: "BurmaNet News" ethnic issues (English)
Description/subject: Archived from 11 February, 2013; covers many groups.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "BurmaNet News"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2015
RR > News - Burma news sources focussed on non-Burman peoples


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Saturday 23 November, 2013 (Burmese/ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 23 November 2013
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2013


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Sunday 24 November, 2013 (Burmese/ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 24 November 2013
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2013


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Sunday 1 September, 2013 (Burmese/ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 01 September 2013
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2013


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 3 September, 2013 (Burmese/ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 03 September 2013
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2013


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Thursday 5 September, 2013 (Burmese/ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 05 September 2013
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2013


Title: Land for My Grandchildren: Land-Use and Tenure Change In Ratanakiri: 1989-2007
Date of publication: 2008
Description/subject: Executive Summary: "Like many nations in Southeast Asia, Cambodia faces challenges respecting the rights and culture of its upland dwelling ethnic minorities while pursing national development strategies1. Centrally designed planning and economic goals have been prescribed for these remote areas often without recognizing the extraordinary knowledge indigenous communities have of their environment and the special resources they can bring to its further development. As a consequence, public and private sector initiatives for development may fit poorly, or conflict with local needs and management systems, resulting in destabilizing shifts in land-use and tenure systems as well as social systems. Ratanakiri has approximately 250 villages with 100,000 people who live either within forests or within 5 kilometers of them2. Annual population growth of 4 to 5 percent from natural increase and migration, combined with rapidly expanding market penetration, is putting immense pressure on land and forests and fueling a large and illegal land market. As indigenous communities lose control of their lands they are forced to retreat further into the forest, clearing those areas in turn. At the current rate of forest loss it appears much of the forest in Ratanakiri will be cleared in the next decade. During the same period it is likely that half of all indigenous lands in the province will be transferred to outside investors, concessionaires, or Khmer migrants from lowland areas. The alienation of indigenous community lands is and will result in growing social and economic marginalization, while the clearing of natural forests will likely destabilize micro-climatic patterns, affect watershed hydrology, and erode biodiversity. These changes, in turn, may limit the sustainability of any new economic production systems that replace existing land-use patterns (i.e., forests and swiddens). This paper draws on case studies from three communities in Ratanakiri to illustrate both the forces driving land-use and tenure change as well as how effective community stewardship can guide agricultural transitions. The study combines a time series of remotely sensed data from 1989 to 2006 to evaluate changes in land use, and relates this data to in-depth ground truth observations and social research from the three villages. The methodology was designed to evaluate how indigenous communities who had historically managed forest lands as communal resources, are responding to market forces and pressures from land speculators. Krala Village received support from local NGOs to strengthen community, map its land, demarcate boundaries, strengthen resource use regulations, and develop land-use plans. The two other villages, Leu Keun and Tuy, each received successively less support from outside organizations for purposes of resource mapping and virtually no support for institutional strengthening. The remote sensing data indicates that in Krala, over the sixteen year study period, protected forest areas remained virtually intact, while total forest cover declined at a rate of only 0.86 per year."
Author/creator: Jefferson M. Fox, Dennis McMahon, Mark Poffenberger, and John Vogler
Language: English
Source/publisher: Community Forestry International (CFI) and the East West Center
Format/size: pdf (2.4MB-reduced version; 3.27MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://pgis-tk.cta.int/m02/docs/M02U03_handout_Land4my_Granchildren.pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2015
ML > Agriculture > Shifting ("swidden", "jhum", "taungya") cultivation - regional and global


Title: Understanding a dynamic landscape: land use, land cover and resource tenure in Northeastern Cambodia
Date of publication: 2002
Description/subject: Abstract: "This paper seeks to describe changes in land cover, land use practices, and tenure systems in several villages in northeast Cambodia over the last 50 years. The project integrated the development of a spatial database (based on 1953 and 1996 aerial photographs and 1:50,000 base maps) with socioeconomic information collected for a development project, and an analysis of relevant socioeconomic policies. Over the last half-century, land use and total tree cover have remained stable, but fragmentation of the tree cover has increased extensively. Land use has begun to change recently as both Cambodian and foreign investors invest in industrial agricultural crops such as palm oil, rubber, cassava, and kapok. In the past, farmers had a clear sense of village lands, but specific boundaries between villages were not traditionally required. This study suggests that national land tenure policies are making it increasingly difficult for farmers to maintain their traditional swidden land use practices. Simultaneously, market pressures -- the commercialization of subsistence resources and the substitution of commercial crops for subsistence crops -- are encouraging farmers to engage in new and different forms of commercial agriculture. Combined, these forces will eventually cause a major change in land use practices from swidden agriculture to commercial crops, and a change in land cover from secondary vegetation to monocultural agriculture. These changes have significant implications for biodiversity, watershed hydrology, and carbon sequestration, as well as the lives and livelihoods of local people".....Keywords: participatory assessment, swidden agriculture, land use transitions, aerial photography
Author/creator: Jefferson Fox
Language: English
Source/publisher: S. Walsh and K. Crews-Meyer (eds.) "Linking People, Place, and Policy: A GIScience Approach". Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Format/size: pdf (212K)
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2015
ML > Agriculture > Shifting ("swidden", "jhum", "taungya") cultivation - regional and global


Title: "Myanmar Times" (Burmese) 22-28 January 2013 - No. 609 (ျမန္မာတိုင္း(မ္)၊ ျမန္မာဘာသာ။ ေဖေဖၚ၀ါရီလ၊ ၂၈၊၂၀၁၃၊ အမွတ္ ၆၀၉)
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times" Burmese (ျမန္မာတိုင္း(မ္)၊ ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Format/size: pdf (5.6MB-reduced version; 25MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/o-MT-bu-609.pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 January 2015
RR > News - Burma/Myanmar news sources in Burmese (current sites) > Burma/Myanmar news sources in Burmese (online articles) > "Myanmar Times" Burmese > "Myanmar Times" Burmese, 2013


Title: "Kaladan Press" (English)
Description/subject: Archive from 2007.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Kaladan Press via Burma News International
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 January 2015
RR > News - Burma news sources focussed on non-Burman peoples


Title: "Kaladan Press" ကုလားတန္ သတင္း (Burmese/ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Description/subject: Partial archive from 2009.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Kaladan Press via Burma News International
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 January 2015
RR > News - Burma news sources focussed on non-Burman peoples


Title: "Kaladan Press" ကုလားတန္ သတင္း (Burmese/ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Description/subject: သတင္း (news)... အယ္ဒီတာ့အာေဘာ္ (editorial)... ေဆာင္းပါး (article)... အစီရင္ခံစာ (report)... ေၾကညာခ်က္ (announcements)... ႏွီးေႏွာ္ဖလွပ္ပြဲႏွင့္အခန္းအနား (seminar and event)... အျမင္ႏွင့္သုံးသပ္ခ်က္ (comnetary)... ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲ (election)... ၂၀၁၄ သန္းေခါင္စာရင္း (2014 census)
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: "Kaladan Press" ကုလားတန္ သတင္း (Burmese/ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 January 2015
RR > News - Burma news sources focussed on non-Burman peoples


Title: "Kaladan Press" (English)
Date of publication: 28 January 2015
Description/subject: News... Editorial... Article... Feature... Report... Publication... Announcement.. Seminar and event... Commentary... Election... Census
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Kaladan Press"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 January 2015
RR > News - Burma news sources focussed on non-Burman peoples


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 28 January, 2015
Date of publication: 28 January 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- PYIDAUNGSU HLUTTAW: Ministries concerned make presentation of projects, budgetary matters to Hluttaw: "Nay Pyi Taw, 27 Jan — The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw held sixth day session on Tuesday, with Union-level members from ministries concerned making the presentation of projects and budgetary matters included in National Planning Bill for 2015-2016 FY and 2015 Union Budget Bill. Deputy Minister for Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development Dr Aung Myat Oo clarified works to be done for meat and fish production and targets, rural infrastructure development focusing on road and bridge construction, community-based building, water supply and sanitation, electrification, sustainable career development and promotion of livestock breeding sector. In his presentation, Deputy Minister for Communications and Information Technology U Win Than explained matters related to revenue and expenditure, loan and the ministry’s aim to increase the countrywide telephone density from 75 percent to 80 percent in 2015-2016 FY..."...PYITHU HLUTTAW: Farmlands sacrificed for new satellite towns in public interests: "Nay Pyi Taw, 27 Jan — U Soe Tint, Deputy Minister for Construction, at the Pyithu Hluttaw session here on Tuesday answered a query about the government plans for the loss of farmlands and the sale of apartments in installments. “Farmland loss is due to establishing new satellite towns in public interests,” he said, adding “The projects are real.” He spoke of the resettlement of affected people on plots measuring 20 feet by 60 feet and 40ft by 60ft, explaining that compensation have been made K 10,000 an acre of bare land and K20,000 per acre of land under cultivation..."...AMYOTHA HLUTTAW: Amyotha Hluttaw discusses parental leave and business in ethnic armed group areas: Nay Pyi Taw, 27 Jan — Amoytha Hluttaw discussed Tuesday three issues of parental leave for government employees, security for businesses in the areas of ethnic armed groups and modern railway system. In response to the question of MP Dr Myat Nyana Soe, Chairman U Kyaw Thu of Union Civil Services Board explained female employees of civil service can enjoy six-month maternal leave, while the husband of that woman or the male employee of non-civil service woman cannot enjoy paternal leave. However, the male employee can get one of the 10 types of two-week leave to take care her wife and new-born baby, but not paternal leave, in accordance with Civil Service Law..."..... DOMESTIC NEWS: Productive loans offered to cooperative members in rural areas to ensure higher socioeconomic status...Education Ministry to submit bill amending National Education Law to Pyidaungsu Hluttaw...Shwegyin Nikaya holds 19th annual meeting...Old medical students pay respects to retired faculty members...Distribution of stoves to conserve environment of Inlay Lake...Mandalay Region government arranges uplift of teaching skills of basic education teachers...Basic livestock breeding course to increase income of rural people...11 senior citizens residing in Meiktila District...Traditional medicine practitioners give health care to villagers...Facilities of Tatkon Township sports ground to improve sports skills of athletes...Local farmers to compete cultivation of Palethwe paddy for boosting production...Students enjoy international foods and cultural festival...THE FOURTEENTH MEETING OF ASEAN PLUS THREE (CHINA, JAPAN AND REPUBLIC OF KOREA) TOURISM MINISTERS 26 January 2015, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar JOINT MEDIA STATEMENT...Representatives of protest students agreed to discuss with gov’t..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: World Maritime University, DMA ink MoU on collaboration in maritime industry...BNI to open branches in Myanmar, S. Korea...Vice President U Nyan Tun to pay visit to Thailand...Union CIT Minister attends 14th TELMIN in Bangkok...ASEAN Tourism Conference continues...Chinese consul general donates solar lamps to rural areas in PyinOoLwin Tsp...Indian Consulate General observes Republic Day in Mandalay..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Shining future for ASEAN tourism" by Aung Khin..... ARTICLE: "2014 in Retrospect and Prospects for 2015" by Sonu Trivedi
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Wednesday 28 January, 2015
Date of publication: 28 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Wednesday 28 January, 2015
Date of publication: 28 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Monday 2 September, 2013 (Burmese/ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 02 September 2013
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2013


Title: "Burmanet News" "Ethnic Issues" page (English)
Description/subject: Archive from
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burmanet.org
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 January 2015
RR > News - Burma news sources focussed on non-Burman peoples


Title: NLD constitution, rule, theory/ideology and action plan (Burmese/ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 12 January 2012
Description/subject: A book on the NLD constitution, rule, theory/ideology and action plan.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: "The NLD" via D.Wave
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 January 2015
ML > National League for Democracy (NLD) > NLD constitution, rule, theory/ideology and action plan (Burmese/ျမန္မာဘာသာ)


Title: "Irrawaddy" (English)
Description/subject: News... Business... Opinion... Features... Interview... Travel... Lifestyle... Culture... Sports... Multimedia... Magazine... More .....Seee the alternate link also for: Agriculture... Aid... Asean... Border... Conflict... Corruption... Development... Drug & Crime... Election... Entertainment... Environment... Ethnic Issues... Football... Foreign Relations... From The Irrawaddy Archive... Human Rights... Intelligence... Investigation... Investment... Labor Issues... Migrant Issues... Military... Music... Natural Resources... News Analysis... Obituaries... Parliament... Rangoon (Yangon)... Refugees... Religion... Small Business... Tourism... Trade
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.irrawaddy.org/more
Date of entry/update: 28 January 2015
RR > News - Burma/Myanmar news sources in English (current sites)


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Tuesday 27 January, 2015
Date of publication: 27 January 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- PYIDAUNGSU HLUTTAW: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw discusses 2015 Union Budget Bill: "Nay Pyi Taw, 26 Jan— Pyidaungsu Hluttaw convened its fifth-day meeting Monday, with keeping records on separate funds of development projects in the message sent by President under 2014 Union Budget Bill, and discussing 2015 Union Budget Bill submitted by Ministry of Finance. President U Thein Sein’s message to Pyidaungsu Hluutaw included the use of K12.044 billion from separate funds for 12 projects— each one by Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Border Affairs, Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development, Ministry of Construction, Mandalay region government, and Rakhine region government; together with two projects of Shan state government and three projects of Ayeyawaddy region government..."...PYITHU HLUTTAW: Plan to improve Myanmar Agricultural Development Bank Law: "U Myint Oo of Thanatpin Constituency asked whether or not there is a plan to disburse medium- term and long-term agricultural loans to the farmers for mortgaging farming rights certificate at any bank. Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Ohn Than replied that Myanma Agricultural Development Bank disbursed loans to farmers in Bago Region by taking original certificates of farming rights. As there no instruction to take original certificates in disbursement of loans, the bank delivered loans to farmers in remaining regions and states by taking copies of certificates. The bank disburses loans to the farmers who really carry out farming works with endorsement of local authorities. Disbursement of agricultural loans will be improved under the farming rights protection and interest promotion law and rules..."...AMYOTHA HLUTTAW: Amyotha Hluttaw divided on religious conversion bil: "Nay Pyi Taw, 26 Jan— Amotha Hluttaw representatives were divided on the religious conversion bill on its sixth day session on Monday, with Representative U Khin Maung Latt of Rakhine State Constituency (6) saying enacting the bill will contribute to reduction of conflicts, stability and national interests while Representative U Aung Kyi Nyunt of Magway Region Constituency (4) was of the view that special care and enough time should be taken for enactment of an unbiased and meaningful law as the bill will force people to convert religion as its side effects and stoke the worry of national races instead of protecting the freedom of worship..."..... DOMESTIC NEWS: Poor farmers in Ayeyawady Delta see dawn of better life...Old students hold 7th respect paying ceremony...Writers share knowledge about literary affairs...Health staff vaccinate children under 15 against infectious diseases...Central Command team champions in senior event of invitational volleyball tourney...Sacred tooth relic of Buddha conveyed to 22 townships of Ayeyawady Region...Shopkeepers join hands with FSD personnel in fire drill...ShinpinthadunU Pagoda’s Pujaniya commences in Natogyi...Private school founders discuss reform process in education sector...Vets to broaden horizon of local people in livestock breeding field...Training course enhances capacity of IPRD staff and officers...Local youths study hotels and tourism services...Region minister presents certificate, cash assistance to the aged...Senior General Min Aung Hlaing delivers speech at Tatmadaw Central Organizing Committee...Student protesters charged for taking down state flag..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Tourism, driving engine for economic growth...ASEAN tourism ministers meet media...Vice President Dr Sai Mauk Kham attends reception to mark 66th Anniversary of Republic Day of India...ASEAN plus 3 Tourism Ministers Meeting held in Nay Pyi Taw...Private school founders discuss reform process in education sector..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Peaceful transition rests on stronger legislature" by Myint Win Thein..... ARTICLE: "Terrorism and Extremism: Two Separate Concepts" by Aung Zin Phyo Thein
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.8MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 23 January, 2015: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw approves signing agreement on establishing ASEAN tourism secretariat, JICA loan
Date of publication: 24 January 2015
Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 23 Jan — Pyidaungsu Hluttaw approved proposals of the government to sign the agreement on establishing a regional secretariat for mutual recognition of ASEAN tourism experts and to receive Yen 10.5 billion loan for the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology from JICA on Friday. For signing the regional secretariat, Deputy Minister for Hotels and Tourism Dr Tin Shwe explained the benefits to be enjoyed form signing the agreement including enhanced capacity, competitiveness, cooperation for tourism promotion, lower restrictions, promotion of ASEAN region into a destination with international standards, development of tourism and services and human resources development. Then, the Hluttaw session approved the proposal. Afterwards, two representatives discussed receiving the loan from the JICA before Deputy Minister for Communications and Information Technology U Thaung Tin explained the arrangements. Later, the Hluttaw session approved the loan.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (69K)
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Meetings in 2015


Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 22 January, 2015: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw discusses messages of president on national education law
Date of publication: 23 January 2015
Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 22 Jan — The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw discussed the messages of the president on the national education law and six-party talks on Thursday. Secretary of Joint Bill Committee U Saw Hla Tun read out the findings of the committee on the message. The committee recommended amending the national education law, adding that the contents of the message on the law are comprehensive and contribute to stability and peaceful learning environment and the Ministry of Education should come up with the amendment bill as soon as possible. Then, the secretary read out the response of the speaker of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw to the president’s message on six-party talks. The response to the message urges the president to hold the first found of six-party talks in order to develop the framework and future tasks of the talks as soon as possible. Afterwards, the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw session discussed the bill amending the law on salaries and emoluments of Hluttaw representatives sent back with remarks by the president and approved the bill as recommended by the joint bill committee. Later, a member of the committee read out the bill for holding a national referendum for amending the 2008 state constitution and invited representatives to take part in the discussion at next sessions
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (64K)
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Meetings in 2015


Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 20 January, 2015: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw discuss Japanese loans, Chemical Weapons Convention
Date of publication: 21 January 2015
Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Jan — The twelfth regular session of first Pyidaungsu Hluttaw convened Tuesday and discussed about borrowing10.500 billion yen loan from Japan International Cooperation Agency, and membership application of Myanmar for Chemical Weapons Convention. U Thaung Tin, deputy minister for Communications and Information Technology, explained the Japanese loan will be spent on telecommunication infrastructure and upgrading Internet connection in six different categories— installation of equipment for Yangon-Nay Pyi Taw-Mandalay fiber network; extension of fiber network in Yangon; setting up metro fiber equipment; expanding bandwidth of national gateway for international communication; upgrading IPv 4 internet system to IPv 6; establishing telecommunication infrastructure at Thilawa Special Economic Zone. The deputy minister added that while mobile telecommunication services are being operated by private companies, the state will operate landline and fax, banking network and special economic zone which need tight security in line with the standards of ITU/APNIC. JICA’s interest rate is 0.1 percent with a 10-year suspension period and 40- year term of settlement. Regarding the message of President U Thein Sein on membership application of Chemical Weapons Convention, Deputy Minister U Tin Oo Lwin for foreign affairs made explanation. The Convention aims to eliminate an entire category of weapons of mass destruction by prohibiting the development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, retention, transfer or use of chemical weapons by States Parties. States Parties, in turn, must take the steps necessary to enforce that prohibition in respect of persons (natural or legal) within their jurisdiction. U Tin Oo Lwin said Myanmar has been a signatory to Biological Weapons Convention after the country has submitted applications at Geneva, Switzerland, on 1 December 2014 for membership to the representatives of the United States, the United Kingdom and Russia which are the founding members of the treaty. The CWC comprises a Preamble, 24 Articles, and 3 Annexes—the Annex on Chemicals, the Verification Annex, and the Confidentiality Annex. The Convention aims to eliminate an entire category of weapons of mass destruction by prohibiting the development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, retention, transfer or use of chemical weapons by States Parties. States Parties, in turn, must take the steps necessary to enforce that prohibition in respect of persons (natural or legal) within their jurisdiction. All States Parties have agreed to disarm by destroying any stockpiles of chemical weapons they may hold and any facilities which produced them, as well as any chemical weapons they abandoned on the territory of other States Parties in the past. States Parties have also agreed to create a verification regime for certain toxic chemicals and their precursors in order to ensure that such chemicals are only used for purposes not prohibited. One-hundred and ninety states have given their consent to be bound by the CWC. Myanmar and Israel have signed but not yet ratified the treaty and four states—Angola, North Korea, Egypt, and South Sudan— have not accede to the treaty. State parties have destroyed 72,524 metric tonnes of chemical weapons accounted for 84.95 percent in the world. Deputy Minister U Tin Oo Lwin said Myanmar’s aspiration to apply for membership of CWC would be a gesture of protection against chemical not only in Asian region, but global community. Membership of CWC will take effect after 30 days of application to UN Secretary-General. U Tin Oo Lwin made a conclusion remark that CWC membership will benefit Myanmar through industrial sector, and a good impression of international community for global peace. Pyidaungsu Hluttaw agreed application for membership of CWC.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (75MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Meetings in 2015


Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 20 January, 2015: Bago village health care centre to be upgraded to station hospital in next FY
Date of publication: 21 January 2015
Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Jan — The deputy minister for Health at the Amyotha Hluttaw session here on Tuesday responded to a question concerning a permission to the construction of a station hospital and the possible appointment of medical staff by the government in Thapyu village of Kawa township, Bago Region. Dr Daw Thein Thein Htay said that there is difficult access by road and waterway even to the nearest hospital from the village, thereby causing local people great travelling expenses. The deputy minister promised to upgrade the village’s health care centre to a regional hospital in 2015-2016 fiscal year. A well-wisher has set up a fund close to K600 million, with another well-wisher pledging a five acres of plot at the front entrance of the village, according to the deputy minister. A defence service personnel representative asked the Hluttaw whether a village in Taungtha township, Mandalay Region, could get a tube well drilled for fresh water. Responding to the question, U Tin Ngwe, Deputy Minister for Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development, said that his ministry have received a fund of K4.44787 billion for 2014-2015 fiscal year to undertake 381 water facilities in Mandalay Region. The township of Taungtha has been earmarked for 19 water supply facilities with a K345 million fund for 2014-2015 fiscal year and a deep tube well with a K9.95 million for following fiscal year, according to the deputy minister.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (69K)
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Amyotha Hluttaw (Nationalities' Assembly/Upper House): Meetings > Amyotha Hluttaw: Meetings in 2015


Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 21 January, 2015: Amyotha Hluttaw discusses land seizure, electoral system
Date of publication: 22 January 2015
Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 21 Jan— Land confiscation of Tatmadaw and proportional representation electoral systems are discussed at the twelfth regularly meeting of Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) Wednesday. Major General Kyaw Nyunt, deputy minister for Defence, answered the questions of two representatives about land seizure of Tatmadaw and incentive cash for military personnel in remote areas. Answering to the question of U Thaw Zin Oo, representative of Magway region constituency 9, the deputy defence minister said Tatmadaw will not release an area of 450 acres as these were seized by respective commands for security reasons. He explained in these areas, only 268 acres are land plots, while 153.38 acres are pond areas; crops are cultivated on the cultivable lands for household funds of families. The deputy minister said Ministry of Home Affairs issued land permits for these areas where buildings and offices have been constructed for the families of military staff and command. Regarding the question of U Mahn Kan Nyunt, representative of Kayin State constituency 2, the major general said military staff in remote areas never enjoyed incentive cash as they are receiving extra money from their own cultivation and livestock in their respective commands, while they are provided with food rations. Chairman of Amyotha Hluttaw informed the Upper House about submitting a proposal to constitutional tribunal for verification of proportional representation voting system for the state constitution. Twenty- six representatives of Amyotha Hluttaw asked the practices of PR system for the seats of Upper House and state/region Hluttaw except self-administration regions under the arrangement of Union Election Commission.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (69K)
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Amyotha Hluttaw (Nationalities' Assembly/Upper House): Meetings > Amyotha Hluttaw: Meetings in 2015


Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 22 January, 2015: Amyotha Hluttaw Recompense for farmlands affected by highway construction underway
Date of publication: 23 January 2015
Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 22 Jan — U Soe Tint, Deputy Minister for Construction, at the Amyotha Hluttaw session here on Thursday responded to a question of paying compensation to people affected by the construction of the Yangon-Mandalay highway. The ministry in the 2013-2014 fiscal year paid nearly K1.486 billion to 976 farmers in recompense for the loss of 2,402.75 acres of their farmland, with the deputy minister saying that arrangements are underway to compensate over K1.182 billion to 797 farmers in four townships of the Nay Pyi Taw Council Area for the loss of 1,864.04 acres of their farmland in the 2014- 2014 FY. He added that over K124m has been earmarked for spending on affected farmland in Bago Region, whose area is still being measured. The compensation could be made, following an approval by the local government, he said, adding that funds of K10 billion have been appealed to recompense affected farmers in the regions of Yangon, Bago and Mandalay as well as the Nay Pyi Taw council area in the 2015-2016 FY. U Than Swe, Deputy Minister for Culture, dealt with a question of whether donations are allowed for the effort to maintain the World’s Biggest Book, a stone inscription which has been inscribed on the World Heritage List. The deputy minister explained cooperation between Myanmar and Australian researchers and archaeologists in preserving the pages of stone inscriptions, collecting data and upload digitalized photos of stone inscriptions online. Reckless acts of some people have caused damage to some stone pages, with the deputy minister saying that the damage is due to chemical reactions of correction ink, whitewash and metallic ink. Such acts have now been prohibited and donors are welcome to contribute to re-inking the inscriptions, according to the deputy minister. The Amyotha Hluttaw approved a bill that revokes “the Agricultural Produce Markets Act” submitted by Deputy Minister for Commerce Dr Pwint Hsan and agreed to discuss a proposal that calls for the government to open a sport institute in Myitkyina, Kachin State.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (70K)
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Amyotha Hluttaw (Nationalities' Assembly/Upper House): Meetings > Amyotha Hluttaw: Meetings in 2015


Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 23 January, 2015: Recovery plans for environmental degradation explained in Amyotha Hluttaw
Date of publication: 24 January 2015
Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 23 Jan — The Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) session here on Friday saw a question arise as to plans for the recovery of environmental degradation caused by some ministries. U Aye Myint Maung, Deputy Minister for Environmental Conservation and Forestry, responded that cautious efforts are underway to minimize serious damage to the environment through supervisions at all levels. The ministry has instructed mining companies to refill open pits with topsoil from exploration sites and grow perennial trees and shady trees in order to maintain ecosystems. According to the deputy minister, permission for mine closure requires an approval from local governments, which will inspect activities of land remediation and reclamation carried out by extractive companies in areas concerned. “Legal actions are being taken against mine sites being operated without permission,” he said. As to another question of how PTTEP, a Thai oil company, received permission to drill for oil in the Bayon forest reserve in Magway Region, the deputy minister said that the Thailand’s oil company is carrying out oil drilling in cooperation with the Ministry of Energy for national interests on the basis of mutual benefits. He added the oil firm recompensed over K16,749 million for 4.88 acres of land affected by their project. The religious conversion bill also came under discussion at the Amyotha Hluttaw session, with an MP from Chin State calling for a deferment of the bill because of its potential for undesirable effects. “Myanmar enjoys human rights and freedom of worship to the full,” he said. An MP from Rakhine State welcomed the bill, saying that it protects freedom of worship and forced religious conversion, and is compatible with human rights.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (71K)
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Amyotha Hluttaw (Nationalities' Assembly/Upper House): Meetings > Amyotha Hluttaw: Meetings in 2015


Title: Swidden related publications - Jefferson Fox
Author/creator: Jefferson Fox
Language: English
Source/publisher: Jefferson Fox
Format/size: pdf (130K)
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015
ML > Agriculture > Reviews/bibliographies/lists on swidden/shifting cultivation


Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 20 January, 2015: Yangon University being furnished with modern teaching aids, scientific laboratories
Date of publication: 21 January 2015
Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Jan— U Thant Shin, the deputy minister for Education, at the Pyithu Hluttaw on Tuesday dealt with a question of how world’s best universities are helping upgrade Yangon University, explaining extensive renovations to the university, the improvement of education quality, international relations and research works. Regarding renovation work, U Thant Shin said that classrooms are being furnished with modern teaching aids materials and laboratories with scientific instruments. New constructions will include a two-storey canteen, two buildings that can house 400 students, a building for the National English Language Centre, a building for aquatic life, and some buildings for arts and science disciplines, according to the deputy minister. As part of improving educational quality, he emphasized changes in pedagogic principles, the launch of e-learning, seminars and workshops on the internationalization of syllabuses and curricula, and the provision of teacher trainings. Speaking of international cooperation, he said memoranda of understanding aimed at student exchange, staff exchange, faculty exchange and collaboration research have been signed with 21 international universities and organizations, with 16 more to come. Another question was concerned with functions of traffic police, with the deputy minister for Home Affairs explaining the organizational structure of traffic police. Nearly six million traffic violations nationwide were reported in 2014, with Nay Pyi Taw alone seeing 11,412 cases in 2012, 7,380 cases in 2013 and 6,001 in 2014, according to Brig- Gen Kyaw Zan Myint. Last year, traffic violations numbered 252,045 in Yangon and 62,694 in Mandalay, he said. The Myanmar Police Force allotted K10.88 million as expenditures for the transport of culprits and their automobiles, of which K6.78m was disbursed to traffic police stations nationwide in the 2014-2015 fiscal year. He stated that there is no need to offer bribes in return for seized vehicles at police stations and pledged bribery charges in line with the rules and regulations of traffic police.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (71K)
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyithu Hluttaw (People's Assembly/House of Representatives/Lower House) - proceedings > Pyithu Hluttaw: Meetings in 2015


Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 21 January, 2015: Pyithu Hluttaw discusses fall in oil price, losses of local merchants and farmers
Date of publication: 22 January 2015
Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 21 Jan —Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) session discussed impact of falling oil prices, losses of Myanmar merchants to Chinese traders and upgrading and maintenance of regional reservoirs on Wednesday. Concerning the impact of falling oil prices in the international market, Deputy Minister for Energy U Aung Htoo said that oil prices were falling in the international market due to imbalance of supply and demand and this had an impact on gas prices exported from Myanmar but incomes from gas could only slightly fall as production from new projects, Zawtika and Shwe, met the targets, adding that the ministry had an advantage of lower costs for imported oil and gas for local consumption. The deputy minister continued to say that falling oil prices could also slow down the activities of exploration and production but there were advantages as well as disadvantages as Myanmar could gain short term benefits if it could buy and store reserve oil at low prices. As for losses of Myanmar merchants to Chinese traders, Deputy Minister for Commerce Dr Pwint Hsan said that local merchants and farmers suffered losses because they did not follow rules and regulations and relied on trust between them and illegally traded goods. However, losses of local merchants and farmers would be recovered by negotiations between authorities of the two countries and between merchant associations if evidence was provided, the deputy minister added, saying that his ministry had already discussed the matter at the 10th China-Myanmar Trade Coordination Meeting but the Chinese side replied that it was necessary to investigate who engaged in illegal trade. However, the deputy minister said the two countries had agreed to hold a coordination meeting and the list of Chinese merchants who still needed to pay for goods they bought would be given to Chinese authorities at the meeting. For the question on upgrading of regional reservoir, Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Khin Zaw said that maintenance and upgrading of regional reservoirs is being carried out by state/region governments. At today’s session, a motion calling for effective prevention and action against illegal trade of natural resources to other countries was submitted by a representative.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (67K)
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyithu Hluttaw (People's Assembly/House of Representatives/Lower House) - proceedings > Pyithu Hluttaw: Meetings in 2015


Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 22 January, 2015: Pyithu Hluttaw raises questions on retirees, industrial waste water, upgrading of stadium
Date of publication: 23 January 2015
Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 22 Jan— Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) session raised questions on retirees who worked beyond their retirement age, environmental and social impacts from factory sewage of an industrial zone in Mawlamyine and upgrading a stadium in Myaung on Thursday. Deputy Minister for Finance Dr Lin Aung answered the questions on retirees, saying that government employees are required to retire when they are sixty under section 230 of rules for government employees, and it is true that the Ministry of Education asked retirees who worked beyond their retirement age to repay the salaries and benefits they enjoyed beyond their retirement age. The deputy minister added that some staff of the education ministry, however, were found to have dishonestly changed their dates of birth so that they could work beyond their retirement age and as a result, the ministry took necessary measures to recover the salaries and benefits in accordance with the law. Deputy Minister for Environmental Conservation and Forestry Daw Thet Thet Zin responded to the question on sewage from factories in Mawlamyine, saying that only nine out of 117 factories under operation use water and the waste water from the factories is treated before it is drained out into nearby paddy field. The waste water is not drained out into the Attaran River, which is about 1,800 feet away from the industrial zone, according to the deputy minister. As paddy in the field is growing well, there is no impact of waste water on the environment, she added. For the upgrading of the stadium in Myaung, Deputy Minister for Sports U Thaung Htaik said that the government allotted K 100 million in 2014-15 fiscal year and upgrading tasks are being carried out at the moment.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (69K)
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyithu Hluttaw (People's Assembly/House of Representatives/Lower House) - proceedings > Pyithu Hluttaw: Meetings in 2015


Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 23 January, 2015: DHSHD to build staff quarters in Shadaw Township
Date of publication: 24 January 2015
Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 23 Jan — At the 5th day session of Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) on Friday, Daw Nang Nwam of Shadaw Constituency asked whether there is a plan to construct staff quarters for departmental personnel far from Shadaw Township in Kayah State. Deputy Minister at the President Office U Kyaw Kyaw Win replied that a total of 179 local staff and 119 personnel from other townships are discharging duty at 25 departments in Shadaw Township. At present, 86 staff members far from Shadaw Township need staff quarters. Township Department of Human Settlement and Housing Development plans to build staff quarters on 47.04 acres of land but still seeks permission for construction. U Pe Than of Myebon Constituency asked plans for construction of asphalt or concrete Minbya- Myebon inter-town road and for better transport of Myebon. Deputy Minister at the President Office U Aung Thein replied that Rakhine State government asked for K6696.295 million estimated cost for upgrading a sixmile asphalt road section, a six-mile and three-furlong gravel road section, construction of seven-mile earthen pavement and construction of 25 reinforced concrete bridges on the road in 2015-15 fiscal year. When the budget is allotted, the inter-town road will be constructed as a six-mile and three-furlong- long asphalt section, a 16-mile and one-furlong-long gravel section and two-mile and two-furlong-long earthen section. Depending on the fund, the road will be upgraded. U Kyi Tha of Gwa Constituency submitted a proposal to take action against unlicensed motorcycles and motor cars and seek the ways for selling motorcycles and cars to citizens at fair prices. It was seconded by U Win Than of Thabaung Constituency. Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Brig-Gen Kyaw Kyaw Tun explained that Myanmar Police Force, Customs Department, Transport Planning Department and Directorate of Road Administration in combine teams take action against unlicensed vehicles and motorcycles under the law. The Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Rail Transportation, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Health and Ministry of Religious Affairs eased the restrictions for sales of vehicles to the citizens. The Hluttaw approved the proposal. U Maung Nyo of Sittway Constituency submitted a proposal to rename Cantonment Park (a) Kandaw Mingala Park in Yangon as U Ottama Park, supported by MPs. The Hluttaw approved the proposal.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (71K)
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyithu Hluttaw (People's Assembly/House of Representatives/Lower House) - proceedings > Pyithu Hluttaw: Meetings in 2015


Title: "Burma News International" (English)
Description/subject: Covers many groups..... News:- Chin World... IMNA... KNG... Kaladan... Kantarawaddy... Phophtaw... KIC... Khonumthung... Mizzima... Narinjara... NMG... S.H.A.N... BNI..... FEATURE:- IMNA... KNG... Kaladan... Kantarawaddy... Phophtaw... Khonumthung... Mizzima... Narinjara... BNI... S.H.A.N... NMG... KIC..... VIDEOS..... PHOTO NEWS..... INTERVIEW:- KIC... Mizzima... S.H.A.N..... ED-OP:- Analysis... Media Alert..... BNI Activities
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Burma News International" (BNI)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015
RR > News - Burma news sources focussed on non-Burman peoples


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 27 January, 2015
Date of publication: 27 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Tuesday 27 January, 2015
Date of publication: 27 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "Burma News International" (Burmese/ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Description/subject: Covers many groups: အဖြင့္စာမ်က္ႏွာ (Home)... သတင္း (News)... အင္တာဗ်ဴး (Interview)... ေဆာင္းပါး (Article)... ဗီဒီယုိ (Video)... ဓါတ္ပုံက႑ (photo news)... တုိင္းရင္းအမ်ဳိးသမီး (Ethnic women)... အယ္ဒီတာ့အာေဘာ္ (Editorial)... တိုင္းရင္းသတင္းလႊာ (Ethnic news)... ေရဒီယို (Radio)
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: "Burma News International" (Burmese/ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015
RR > News - Burma news sources focussed on non-Burman peoples


Title: "Khonumthung" (Burmese/ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Description/subject: ခိုႏူမ္းထုန္ လစဥ္ ဂ်ာနယ္
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: "Khonumthung" (Burmese/ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Format/size: ့html
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015
RR > News - Burma news sources focussed on non-Burman peoples


Title: ADDRESSING THE HUMAN RIGHTS IMPACTS OF ‘LAND GRABBING’
Date of publication: 10 December 2014
Description/subject: This Study discusses the human rights issues raised by large-scale land deals for plantation agriculture (‘land grabbing’) in low and middle-income countries. Firstly, the Study takes stock of available data on large land deals, their features and their driving forces. It finds that ‘land grabbing’ is a serious issue requiring urgent attention. Secondly, the Study conceptualises the link between land deals and human rights, reviews relevant international human rights law and discusses evidence on actual and potential human rights impacts. It finds that important human rights dimensions are at stake, and that compressions of human rights have been documented in some contexts. Thirdly, the Study identifies the areas of EU policy that are most directly relevant to addressing the human rights impacts of ‘land grabbing’, and in so doing it also briefly discusses developments in home and host countries as well as internationally. Fourthly, the Study proposes courses of action by which the EU, and the European Parliament in particular, can further prevent or remedy human rights violations linked to large-scale land deals.
Author/creator: Lorenzo COTULA,
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) for the European Parliament
Format/size: pdf (582K)
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015
ML > Land > Resources on land rights


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Monday 26 January, 2015
Date of publication: 26 January 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Ministry of Defence champions in Union Government’s Cup Golf Tournament...India intends to foster bilateral trade with Myanmar...RBE transport resumes in Sittway Township...Bago ring road under construction to ease traffic jams...Cyclists join road racing, mountain bike events...Myanmar C.P. Cup tennis tournament commences...Palethwe paddy, cotton plantations thriving at Shwedaung research farm...Power lines, power stations under construction for electrification of villages in Ayeyawady Region...Farmers store feedstuff for summer...Myingyan District police achieve success in crime reduction activities...Earthen work completed to upgrade Yangon- Mandalay expressway...MCDC maintains LED lamp-posts in main roads in Mandalay City...Enthusiasts visit Myanmar Fisheries Show and Contest (Mandalay)...IPRD marks 24th birthday in Nay Pyi Taw Council Area...Station hospital, staff quarters under construction in Tatkon Tsp...Social Security Board presents compensation to family for demise of worker...Farmers use agricultural machinery in farmlands for boosting production in Yinmabin District..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: President U Thein Sein sends messages of felicitations to India, Australia...Grand Wynn secures certificates for quality...Vice Presidents Dr Sai Mauk Kham, U Nyan Tun send messages to Indian counterpart...Union FM sends messages to India, Australia...Union Minister delivers speech at 18th ASEAN Tourism Ministers Meeting..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Land issues are among the greatest challenges for Myanmar" by Myint Win Thein..... ARTICLE: "WORK & HOPE" by Kyi Mon
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Sunday 25 January, 2015
Date of publication: 25 January 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: President takes part in Union Government Cup Golf Tourney in Nay Pyi Taw...Artists expect good prospects for watercolour paintings...WTO members encourage Myanmar to continue on path of reintegrating into global economy...Myanmar Fisheries Show and Contest attracts Mandalarian enthusiasts...Local farmers get knowledge about environmental conservation...Traffic police officer shares knowledge to university students...Five win Dr Tin Shwe Literary Awards...STX Marine Services awards scholarship to MMU students...Basic Diplomatic Skills course wraps up...Wanna buy flats in Yangon?...Potable water for villages in Kyaunggon Tsp..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: U.S. universities elaborate academic systems...Vice President Dr Sai Mauk Kham back from India..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Help to those living with physical deformities" by Aung Khin....India plans to issue arrival visa at Myanmar border..... ARTICLES: "GOODWILL" by Kyi Mun..."The application of Leadership and Management Principles and Strategies to a library" by Nyan Htun
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Sunday 25 January, 2015
Date of publication: 25 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Monday 26 January, 2015
Date of publication: 26 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Sunday 25 December, 2014
Date of publication: 25 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Monday 26 January, 2015
Date of publication: 26 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "Kachin News" (Burmese မန္မာဘာသာ)
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Kachin News Group (KNG)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.kachinnews.com/
http://kachin.kachinnews.com/
Date of entry/update: 26 January 2015
RR > News - Burma news sources focussed on non-Burman peoples


Title: "Kachin News" (Jinghpaw)
Language: Jinghpaw
Source/publisher: Kachin News Group (KNG)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.kachinnews.com/
http://burmese.kachinnews.com/
Date of entry/update: 26 January 2015
RR > News - Burma news sources focussed on non-Burman peoples


Title: "Phophtaw News Association" (English)
Description/subject: A Mon news website.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Phophtaw News Association
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 January 2015
RR > News - Burma news sources focussed on non-Burman peoples


Title: A Review of Swidden Agriculture in Southeast Asia
Date of publication: February 2014
Description/subject: Introduction: "Swidden agriculture , also known as shifting cultivation or slash - and - burn farming, is an age - old and prevailing subsistence farming practice in the tropical regions [1 – 4]. T here are 40 – 50 countries globally [5] with almost 300 – 500 million people directly or indirectly carrying out this traditional swiddening system [6 – 8]. Evidences from a recent meta - analysis published by van Vliet et al. [9] suggest that these swidden cultivators are mostly located in the mountainous and hilly parts of Latin America, Central Africa and Southeast A sia (SEA). Based on the Institute of Scientific Information (ISI) Web of Science database ( 8 October 2013) , swidden agriculture is mainly practiced by smallholder farmers in a conservative estimate of 64 developing countries (Figure 1 , [9 – 25] ) from Africa, Latin America, and South/Southeast Asia. Forty - five of them are part of the United Nations collaborative initiative on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (or the UN - REDD Programme) partner countries (currently 48 in total). It sh ows that the monitoring of swidden agriculture will greatly contribute to implementing and managing the REDD projects"
Author/creator: Peng Li , Zhiming Feng, Luguang Jiang, Chenhua Liao, Jinghua Zhang
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Remote Sensing". 2014, 6, 1654-1683
Format/size: pdf (432K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/6/2/1654
Date of entry/update: 26 January 2015
ML > Agriculture > Reviews/bibliographies/lists on swidden/shifting cultivation


Title: Disentangling Tagbanua Lifeways, Swidden and Conservation on Palawan Island
Date of publication: 2005
Description/subject: Abstract: "Over this past century the Philippine state has sustained a campaign to criminalize swidden cultivation among small- scale farmers in the uplands of Palawan Island. This paper focuses on how such state conservation agendas unfolded to negatively affect swidden cultivation among the Tagbanua people who occupy upland forests flanking Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park. Ethnographic methods were used to examine a specific case where the traditional linkages between swidden cultivation and honey collection— the basis of Tagbanua livelihoods and cultural beliefs—were devalued as coercive conservation proliferated at the nation- al park. Park managers upheld the state’s conservation dis- course that swidden disrupted “equilibrium” between liveli- hoods and forest ecology and, upon enforcing such views, ne- glected the local embeddedness of swidden cultivation. The conclusion asserts that park management can be enhanced on both moral and practical grounds by building on the in- terrelated ecological and cultural value of swidden cultiva- tion"... Keywords: coercive conservation, swidden, honey bees, Tagbanua, Palawan
Author/creator: Wolfram Dressler
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Human Ecology Review", Vol. 12, No. 1, 2005
Format/size: pdf (73K-reduced version; 88K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.humanecologyreview.org/pastissues/her121/dressler.pdf
Date of entry/update: 25 January 2015
ML > Agriculture > Shifting ("swidden", "jhum", "taungya") cultivation - regional and global


Title: Analysis of Land Use History and Fallow Vegetation Recovery: A Case Study of Shifting Cultivation by the Karen in the Bago Mountains, Myanmar
Date of publication: 31 December 2007
Description/subject: "In the Karen area of Myanmar, where the Karen have practiced traditional shifting cultivation since colonial times, we tried to reconstruct a land use history of their shifting cultivation practices using a combination of field observations, global positioning system (GPS) mapping, and interviews conducted during 2002-06, as well as analyses of JERS and LANDSAT satellite images taken in 1989-2001. The vegetation recovery process during the fallow period was also analyzed using a supervised classification of high-resolution QuickBird satellite images taken in 2005. The satellite image analysis suggested that 65-75% of the shifting cultivation fields could be extracted from JERS images taken between November and January by using the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) as an indicator. The overlap of shifting cultivation fields from 1989 to 2006 showed that the fallow period of most shifting cultivation in this area exceeded 9-12 years. According to the vegetation recovery analysis, most fallow land was covered with bamboo within 5 years after the harvest, and that fallow land was reopened when a few tree species started to grow in the bamboo-dominated forests. Vegetation analysis showed that around 90% of the shifting cultivation fields were opened by slashing and burning bamboo-dominated forests in 2006, although more tree-dominated forests with a longer fallow period could have been opened. These results showed that the recovery of bamboo-dominated forests is a key factor in maintaining the practice of shifting cultivation in this area"....Keywords: long fallow, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), remote sensing, supervised classification
Author/creator: SUZUKI, Reiji, TAKEDA, Shinya, Hla Maung Thein
Language: Japanese (Abstract in English)
Source/publisher: The southeast asian studies 45(3), 343-358,
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 25 January 2015
ML > Agriculture > Shifting ("swidden", "jhum", "taungya") cultivation - Burma/Myanmar


Title: Three-year monitoring of shifting cultivation fields in a Karen area of the Bago mountains, Myanmar
Date of publication: 01 October 2006
Description/subject: Abstract: "We conducted a field survey in SN village, in the Bago Division of Myanmar. Through GPS mapping, interviews, and participant observation, we examined the present state of shifting cultivation in a Karen area by focusing on the vegetation in fallow lands and fallow period lengths. In 2002, 59 households (HHs) opened 60 plots for shifting cultivation. The village itself covered an area of 3970.62 ha (A). The 60 plots covered 161.46 ha (B1), corresponding to an average plot size of 2.69 ha. In 2003, 62 HHs opened 65 plots for shifting cultivation, which covered 141.10 ha (B2) total with an average plot size of 2.17 ha. In 2004, 74 HHs opened 75 plots for shifting cultivation, with an aggregate area of 179.91 ha (B3) and an average plot size of 2.40 ha. Based on these Figureures, the potential maximum numbers of fallow years were 24.6 (A/B1) for 2002, 28.1 (A/B2) for 2003, and 22.1 (A/B3) for 2004. During the first fallow year, the land was covered with Eupatorium odoratum, which was replaced by bamboo (Bambusa polymorpha and Bambusa tulda) over several years. After 12 years, tree species such as Xylia xylocarpa gradually dominated the fallow lands. Despite the potential fallow periods, the actual fallow periods were only 17.9 years in 2002, 15.1 years in 2003, and 12.8 years in 2004. This difference may have occurred because lands left fallow for 12 to 18 years are covered with trees and bamboo. These lands can be easily cleared and they provide good burning material for shifting cultivation."... Keywords: Karen area, Shifting cultivation, Taungya, Fallow period, GPS mapping
Author/creator: SUZUKI, Reiji, TAKEDA, Shinya, Hla Maung Thein
Language: English
Source/publisher: Kyoto University
Format/size: pdf (287K-reduced version; 2.3MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://wgrass.media.osaka-cu.ac.jp/gisideas06/viewpaper.php?id=205
Date of entry/update: 25 January 2015
ML > Agriculture > Shifting ("swidden", "jhum", "taungya") cultivation - Burma/Myanmar


Title: Study on shifting cultivation and the socio-cultural integrity of indigenous peoples
Date of publication: 24 February 2012
Description/subject: Summary: "At its tenth session in 2011, the Permanent Forum appointed Raja Devasish Roy, Bertie Xavier and Simon William M’Vidouboulou, members of the Forum, to conduct a study on shifting cultivation and the socio-cultural integrity of indigenous peoples, to be submitted to the Forum at its eleventh session in 2012. The present study assesses the importance of the various traditions, practices and usages of shifting cultivation in different parts of the world to the maintenance and protection of the socio-cultural integrity of indigenous peoples, including aspects of their identity as distinct peoples, their spirituality, history, traditions, democratic decision-making norms, social unity, community self-help practices, literature, music, dance and numerous other aspects of their culture that are intricately linked to shifting cultivation traditions and practices. These are vital not only to protect their social and cultural rights but are also closely related to their economic, civil and political rights. In a wider context, shifting cultivation is also closely related to forest protection, sustainable forest management, the protection of watersheds, the conservation of headwaters of rivers and streams and the maintenance of biological and linguistic diversity... The study concludes that the practice of shifting cultivation needs to be maintained, strengthened and promoted in its sustainable forms, in accordance with the rights acknowledged in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Convention No. 169 of the International Labour Organization (ILO) on indigenous and tribal peoples of 1989, ILO Convention No. 107 and Recommendation No. 104 on indigenous and tribal populations of 1957, and ILO Convention No. 111 on discrimination in respect of employment and occupation. The study also seeks to address some of the myths, misinformation and misconceptions that have been associated with the practice of shifting cultivation, based on a lack of understanding of the nuanced differences in the way shifting cultivation has been and is still practised today in Central America, South America, Africa and Asia."
Author/creator: Raja Devasish Roy, Bertie Xavier and Simon William M’Vidouboulou
Language: English (Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish also available on the 2nd UN link)
Source/publisher: United Nations (Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues - E/C.19/2012/8)
Format/size: pdf (79K)
Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N12/241/85/PDF/N1224185.pdf?OpenElement
http://www.un.org/Docs/journal/asp/ws.asp?m=E/C.19/2012/8
Date of entry/update: 24 January 2015
ML > Agriculture > Shifting ("swidden", "jhum", "taungya") cultivation - regional and global


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Saturday 24 January, 2015
Date of publication: 24 January 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- PYIDAUNGSU HLUTTAW: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw approves signing agreement on establishing ASEAN tourism secretariat, JICA loan: "Nay Pyi Taw, 23 Jan — Pyidaungsu Hluttaw approved proposals of the government to sign the agreement on establishing a regional secretariat for mutual recognition of ASEAN tourism experts and to receive Yen 10.5 billion loan for the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology from JICA on Friday...Afterwards, two representatives discussed receiving the loan from the JICA before Deputy Minister for Communications and Information Technology U Thaung Tin explained the arrangements. Later, the Hluttaw session approved the loan."...PYITHU HLUTTAW: DHSHD to build staff quarters in Shadaw Township: "Nay Pyi Taw, 23 Jan — At the 5th day session of Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) on Friday, Daw Nang Nwam of Shadaw Constituency asked whether there is a plan to construct staff quarters for departmental personnel far from Shadaw Township in Kayah State. Deputy Minister at the President Office U Kyaw Kyaw Win replied that a total of 179 local staff and 119 personnel from other townships are discharging duty at 25 departments in Shadaw Township. At present, 86 staff members far from Shadaw Township need staff quarters. Township Department of Human Settlement and Housing Development plans to build staff quarters on 47.04 acres of land but still seeks permission for construction..."...AMYOTHA HLUTTAW: Recovery plans for environmental degradation explained in Amyotha Hluttaw: "Nay Pyi Taw, 23 Jan — The Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) session here on Friday saw a question arise as to plans for the recovery of environmental degradation caused by some ministries. U Aye Myint Maung, Deputy Minister for Environmental Conservation and Forestry, responded that cautious efforts are underway to minimize serious damage to the environment through supervisions at all levels. The ministry has instructed mining companies to refill open pits with topsoil from exploration sites and grow perennial trees and shady trees in order to maintain ecosystems..."..... DOMESTIC NEWS: Vice President Dr Sai Mauk Kham visits Bombay stock exchange, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Tata Memorial Hospital...Rice trading expected to increase in coming fiscal year...Myanmar to launch trade information portal to boost trade transparency at year-end...Government emphasizes rural development, socioeconomic development in effort to reduce poverty...UEC urges local commissions and ministries to exert more efforts on greater electoral transparency...Union ministers discuss transition period of universities, colleges...Public Works, construction companies asphalting road sections in Kachin State...Pyaungpya Dam in Myingyan Tsp to sufficiently irrigate sesame plantations...Health staff vaccinate novices as mass immunization in Myanaung Tsp...Shwe Htila weekly news journal to come out in Meiktila in early Feb...School officials honour first prize winner in mathematic skill contest...Dawei District gets K690 million fund for emerald green project in 23 villages...Departmental officials distribute stoves, saplings to locals in Taungtha...Demonstration for democracy education system should be in accordance with law during democratic transition: officials...Tatmadaw hands over 42 child soldiers to parents, guardians... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar still relies on imported western medicine...Myanmar U-20 win over Azerbaijan U-21 with 2-0...Japanese experts share knowledge how to preserve ancient cultural buildings... "PERSPECTIVES": "Legacy of older generations" by Myint Win Thein..... "ARTICLE:"National University of Singapore: A University stands and shines top in Asia" by Sayar Mya
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 24 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Saturday 24 January, 2015
Date of publication: 24 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 24 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Saturday 24 January, 2015
Date of publication: 24 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 24 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "The Irrawaddy" commentaries on the Parliament
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 24 January 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature - analysis and commentary


Title: Shifting ("swidden", "jhum", "taungya") cultivation - regional and global
Description/subject: Link to a section in "Agriculture"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Online Burma Library
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 24 January 2015
ML > Land > Land in Burma > Agriculture in Burma > Shifting ("swidden", "jhum", "taungya") cultivation
Land > Resources on land rights


Title: Shifting ("swidden", "jhum", "taungya") cultivation - Burma/Myanmar
Description/subject: Link to a section of "Agriculture"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 24 January 2015
ML > Land > Land in Burma > Agriculture in Burma > Shifting ("swidden", "jhum", "taungya") cultivation


Title: "7Day Daily" (၇ ရက္ေန႔စဥ္ သတင္းစာ)
Description/subject: Update News... News... Health... Education... Technology... Environment... Tourism... Business... Life... Entertainment... Opinion... Politics... Regional... Sports... World News... Cartoon... Videos... Special Reports.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: 7Day Daily (၇ ရက္ေန႔စဥ္ သတင္းစာ)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2015
RR > News - Burma/Myanmar news sources in Burmese (current sites) > Burma/Myanmar news sources in Burmese (online articles)


Title: Yangon Media Group
Description/subject: Domestic, politics, business, entertainment, technology, features, editorials and international.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Yangon Media Group
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2015
RR > News - Burma/Myanmar news sources in Burmese (current sites) > Yangon Media Group


Title: Myintmakha News Agency
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Myintmakha News Agency
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2015
RR > News - Burma/Myanmar news sources in Burmese (current sites) > Myintmakha News Agnecy


Title: Zay Gwet Journal (Myanmar Market Journal)
Description/subject: Myanmar market journal
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Zay Gwet Journal
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2015
RR > News - Burma/Myanmar news sources in Burmese (current sites) > Zay Gwet Journal


Title: "Irrawaddy" - economy
Description/subject: Articles on Myanmar economy.
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Irrawaddy
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2015
ML > Economy > Economy: general, analytical, statistical > Economy: general, analytical, statistical (various sources)


Title: "Irrawaddy" - education
Description/subject: Articles on education in Myanmar.
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Irrawaddy
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2015
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar - general


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Friday 23 January, 2015
Date of publication: 23 January 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- PYIDAUNGSU HLUTTAW: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw discusses messages of president on national education law: "Nay Pyi Taw, 22 Jan — The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw discussed the messages of the president on the national education law and six-party talks on Thursday. Secretary of Joint Bill Committee U Saw Hla Tun read out the findings of the committee on the message. The committee recommended amending the national education law, adding that the contents of the message on the law are comprehensive and contribute to stability and peaceful learning environment and the Ministry of Education should come up with the amendment bill as soon as possible..."...PYITHU HLUTTAW: Pyithu Hluttaw raises questions on retirees, industrial waste water, upgrading of stadium: "Nay Pyi Taw, 22 Jan— Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) session raised questions on retirees who worked beyond their retirement age, environmental and social impacts from factory sewage of an industrial zone in Mawlamyine and upgrading a stadium in Myaung on Thursday..."...AMYOTHA HLUTTAW: Recompense for farmlands affected by highway construction underway: "Nay Pyi Taw, 22 Jan — U Soe Tint, Deputy Minister for Construction, at the Amyotha Hluttaw session here on Thursday responded to a question of paying compensation to people affected by the construction of the Yangon-Mandalay highway. The ministry in the 2013-2014 fiscal year paid nearly K1.486 billion to 976 farmers in recompense for the loss of 2,402.75 acres of their farmland, with the deputy minister saying that arrangements are underway to compensate over K1.182 billion to 797 farmers in four townships of the Nay Pyi Taw Council Area for the loss of 1,864.04 acres of their farmland in the 2014- 2014 FY. He added that over K124m has been earmarked for spending on affected farmland in Bago Region, whose area is still being measured. The compensation could be made, following an approval by the local government, he said, adding that funds of K10 billion have been appealed to recompense affected farmers in the regions of Yangon, Bago and Mandalay as well as the Nay Pyi Taw council area in the 2015-2016 FY..."..... DOMESTIC NEWS: Beach resort to be built at Kabyawa Beach in Ye Township...Union Health Minister attends opening of 23rd ENT Specialists Conference...Vice President U Nyan Tun urges officials to return released land to farmers according to law...Region Minister meets Civil Society Organizations...Cooperative officials lecture book-keeping to trainees...Villagers in Tatkon Tsp to get bridge, station hospital...Madalarians interested in Dagon City 1 Mandalay Roadshow...Mon State authorities take security measures for locals...Star turtles released into Minsontaung sanctuary...Mandalarians join invitational volleyball tourney...Immigration staff share knowledge about issuance of CSC to villagers...Murder of two school teachers under investigation..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: President U Thein Sein receives Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff of ROK Armed Forces...2015 ASEAN travel trade event to feature tourism products and services at more than 400 booths...Vice President Dr Sai Mauk Kham and party visit Red Fort, Raj Ghat, Akshardham Temple, Vipassana Pagoda in India...China-Myanmar Electric Power Cooperation Commission meets...U.S. higher education programmes introduced at 1st education show in Mandalay...Myanmar, Republic of Korea pledge to further promote bilateral ties...Union Minister for Home Affairs holds talks with DDG of JCG...Attorney-General of the Union arrives back from Sri Lanka...41st Meeting of ASEAN National Tourism Organizations kicks off..... PERSPECTIVES: "What true leaders are for" by Myint Win Thein..... ARTICLE: "National University of Singapore: A University stands and shines top in Asia" by Sayar Mya
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Friday 23 January, 2015
Date of publication: 23 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Friday 23 January, 2015
Date of publication: 23 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Ecological Factors Affecting Taungya Farmers Behavior in Teak Plantation Projects: A Case Study in Bago Range, Union of Myanmar
Date of publication: 25 December 2000
Description/subject: ABSTRACT" "Taungya system that originally started in 19th century British Burma is now applied in many countries to serve as a tool for reforestation of degraded areas. Understanding the behavior of taungya farmers is crucial for better management of taungya plantation projects but so far little research has been conducted on this subject. Through a case study in the Bago Range of Myanmar, this paper argues that ecological factors and the Burmans’ customary land tenure were affecting the taungya farmers attitude towards the project. In the Reserved Forests (RF) there are cultivators who live on agriculture utilizing lowlands as well as uplands. Some of these cultivators were recruited by the Forest Department for the project, but at the same time the project itself was distributing taungya farmers as new cultivators in the RF, since the lowland was not involved in the project. Through this procedure the department was achieving plantation targets in remote areas, and virtually demarcating the boundary of the RF. However, the recruitment of cultivators is uncertain, and the lowlands escape from forest legislation. The cultivators are granted no legal right to live in the RF and they receive little administrative support from the government. Therefore, to ascertain sustainable man-made forest management, more investment in forest administration and social welfare might be required, and the department may face the necessity of seeking a way to accommodate more funding." Key words: Tectona grandis / taungya / Myanmar / Burmans / lowland
Author/creator: Yukako Tani
Language: English, Japanese
Source/publisher: "TROPICS" Vol. 10 (2): 273-286
Format/size: pdf (422K-reduced version; 5.5MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/Tani-2000-taungya-Bago.pdf
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2015
ML > Agriculture > Shifting ("swidden", "jhum", "taungya") cultivation - Burma/Myanmar


Title: Rethinking Swidden Policies for for sustainable upland livelihoods and food security in Myanmar
Date of publication: 2013
Description/subject: "Swidden cultivation, also known as shifting cultivation or Shwe Pyaung Taung-ya, describes a spectrum of rotational agro-forestry practices at varying levels of intensity prevalent in Myanmar’s uplands. Swidden cultivation contributes to the livelihoods of millions of citizens, for whom it is a solution to upland food security. * During the Colonial era Forest Departments, attracted by timber, entered into competition for control of the uplands with swiddeners, and sought to restrict them. Even after Independence, Colonial era prejudices and hostile assumptions have persisted. But in recent years perceptions are becoming more sympathetic, mainly due to scientific studies which confirm that under conducive conditions swidden systems are efficient, productive, sustainable and environmentally beneficial. * The conducive conditions for stable swidden systems are however declining in many areas due to a range of factors: population increase, land shortage and tenure uncertainty, decline of technical skills and customary authority, market penetration and intergenerational cultural change. The cultivation systems are also becoming stressed as climate change threatens them further, including through increased fire incidence slowing fallows recovery. * The policy challenge is now how to support swidden cultivators to adapt their livelihoods to the changing conditions: 1) legitimate swidden cultivation practices 2) provide secure tenure, through reinforcing customary authorities, revising national land legislation, handing over community forests, and protecting against land grabbing 3) provide technical support for sustainable intensification, building on local technical knowledge and innovations 4) promote rural enterprises for jobs and cash incomes..."
Author/creator: Oliver Springate-Baginski
Language: English
Source/publisher: University of East Anglia, Pyoe Pyin
Format/size: pdf (480K-reduced version; 533K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/Rethinking_Swidden_Cultivation_in_Myanmar-Pyoe_Pyin-2014.pdf
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2015
ML > Agriculture > Shifting ("swidden", "jhum", "taungya") cultivation - Burma/Myanmar


Title: List of newspapers in Burma
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 January 2015
RR > News - Burma news sources - lists


Title: Shifting Cultivation: A New Old Paradigm for Managing Tropical Forests
Date of publication: June 2000
Description/subject: "...Failure to see the benefits as well as the costs of secondary vegetation and the swidden agricultural system has led to government policies for settling swidden farmers—many of which have been failures. A more efficient, as well as humane, policy would be to invest in research on methods of maintaining the biodiversity associated with swidden fallows while increasing their productivity and soil-sustaining properties. Failure to understand secondary successional vegetation has also meant that resource managers have often failed to recognize the implications, both positive and negative, of swidden agriculture on biodiversity, watershed hydrology, and carbon sequestration (Skole et al. 1998). Finally, models of global climatic change have been based on an extreme scenario of forest conversion to degraded pasture or impoverished grassland (Giambelluca 1996). Failure to account for the effects of landscape heterogeneity may mean that significant effects of land-cover change are not being recognized. Swidden cultivation is an old paradigm built around the temporary removal of trees but not of the forest. As we enter the new millennium, we would do well to recognize the power of this paradigm for managing tropical forest ecosystems..."
Author/creator: Jefferson Fox, Dao Minh Truong, A. Terry Rambo, Nghiem Phuong Tuyen, Le Trong Cuc and Stephen Leis
Language: English
Source/publisher: "BioScience" Volume 50, Issue 6, Pp. 521-528
Format/size: html, pdf (2.62MB)
Alternate URLs: http://bioscience.oxfordjournals.org/content/50/6/521.full.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 January 2015
ML > Agriculture > Shifting ("swidden", "jhum", "taungya") cultivation - regional and global


Title: Myanmar Business Today
Description/subject: Local Myanmar, regional Asia and international business news
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Business Today
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 January 2015
RR > News - Burma/Myanmar news sources in English (current sites)


Title: "Myanmar Times" (Burmese) 16-22 January 2015 - No. 707 (ျမန္မာတိုင္း(မ္)၊ ျမန္မာဘာသာ။ ဇန္န၀ါရီလ၊ ၁၆၀-၂၂၊၂၀၁၅၊ အမွတ္ ၇၀၇)
Date of publication: 22 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times" Burmese (ျမန္မာတိုင္း(မ္)၊ ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Format/size: pdf (7.9MB-reduced version; 21MB-original version)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/o-MT-bu-707.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 January 2015
RR > News - Private sector publications produced under censorship restrictions > Weekly magazines > "The Myanmar Times" (Burmese) > "The Myanmar Times" (Burmese) Archive > "The Myanmar Times" (Burmese) 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 22 January, 2015
Date of publication: 22 January 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- PYITHU HLUTTAW: Pyithu Hluttaw discusses fall in oil price, losses of local merchants and farmers: "Nay Pyi Taw, 21 Jan—Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) session discussed impact of falling oil prices, losses of Myanmar merchants to Chinese traders and upgrading and maintenance of regional reservoirs on Wednesday. Concerning the impact of falling oil prices in the international market, Deputy Minister for Energy U Aung Htoo said that oil prices were falling in the international market due to imbalance of supply and demand and this had an impact on gas prices exported from Myanmar but incomes from gas could only slightly fall as production from new projects, Zawtika and Shwe, met the targets, adding that the ministry had an advantage of lower costs for imported oil and gas for local consumption..."...AMYOTHA HLUTTAW: Amyotha Hluttaw discusses land seizure, electoral system: "Nay Pyi Taw, 21 Jan— Land confiscation of Tatmadaw and proportional representation electoral systems are discussed at the twelfth regularly meeting of Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) Wednesday...Answering to the question of U Thaw Zin Oo, representative of Magway region constituency 9, the deputy defence minister said Tatmadaw will not release an area of 450 acres as these were seized by respective commands for security reasons... Twenty-six representatives of Amyotha Hluttaw asked the practices of PR system for the seats of Upper House and state/region Hluttaw except self-administration regions under the arrangement of Union Election Commission."..... DOMESTIC NEWS: Nine garment factories in list of 20 firms recently permitted to invest in Myanmar...Departmental officials participate in workshop on Universal Periodic Review (UPR)...1st Myanmar International Furniture Expo set for February...MCWA, health staff give vaccination to students in Tatkon, Mandalay...Former students pay respects to retired teachers..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Government to provide assistance for holding free and fair election...Japanese firms seek Myanmar partnership to make progress through technology transfer...Union FM receives officials of UN agencies, IDEA Secretary General...Vice President Dr Sai Mauk Kham meets Indian Vice President Mohammad Hamid Ansari...Union Defence Minister receives resident humanitarian coordinator, U.S. Military Attaché (Army)...Union Information Minister visits Vietnam Television, Voice of Vietnam, VNExpress-FPT Group, VNPT, Vietnam Viettel...Inter-sessional Meeting on TMHS PWG and its related meetings take place in Mandalay...Myanmar referee assigned duty of referee assessor in AFC’s matches...Supplementary MOA, Joint Venture Agreement (JVA) signed for Chipwenge hydropower project...ADB to invest in Myanmar’s development projects...South Korean delegation concludes visit to Myanmar..... "PERSPECTIVES:"Without slightest hesitation in agricultural sector" by Aung Khin..... ARTICLE: "SERVANT LEADER" by Kyi Mun
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 22 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Thursday 22 January, 2015
Date of publication: 22 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5MB)
Date of entry/update: 22 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Thrusday 22 January, 2015
Date of publication: 22 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.8MB)
Date of entry/update: 22 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "Myanmar Times" 9-15 December, 2013 - Issue 707
Date of publication: 15 December 2013
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Consolidated Media
Format/size: pdf (8.5MB-reduced version; 20MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/MT707-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 21 January 2015
RR > News - Private sector publications produced under censorship restrictions > Weekly magazines > "[The] Myanmar Times" (English) > "Myanmar Times" - print issues 2013 (English)


Title: Myanmar newspapers and news sites
Description/subject: Burmese and English sites
Language: English
Source/publisher: W3newspapers
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 21 January 2015
RR > News - Burma news sources - lists


Title: The Myanmar Times" (Burmese) Current issue
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Myanmar Consolidated Media Co. Ltd.
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 21 January 2015
RR > News - Private sector publications produced under censorship restrictions > Weekly magazines > "The Myanmar Times" (Burmese) > "The Myanmar Times" (Burmese) Current issue


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 21 January, 2015
Date of publication: 21 January 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw discuss Japanese Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Jan loans, Chemical Weapons Convention: "Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Jan— The twelfth regular session of first Pyidaungsu Hluttaw convened Tuesday and discussed about borrowing10.500 billion yen loan from Japan International Cooperation Agency, and membership application of Myanmar for Chemical Weapons Convention...The Convention aims to eliminate an entire category of weapons of mass destruction by prohibiting the development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, retention, transfer or use of chemical weapons by States Parties. States Parties, in turn, must take the steps necessary to enforce that prohibition in respect of persons (natural or legal) within their jurisdiction..."...PYITHU HLUTTAW: Yangon University being furnished with modern teaching aids, scientific laboratories: "Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Jan— U Thant Shin, the deputy minister for Education, at the Pyithu Hluttaw on Tuesday dealt with a question of how world’s best universities are helping upgrade Yangon University, explaining extensive renovations to the university, the improvement of education quality, international relations and research works..."...AMYOTHA HOUTTAW: Bago village health care centre to be upgraded to station hospital in next FY: "Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Jan — The deputy minister for Health at the Amyotha Hluttaw session here on Tuesday responded to a question concerning a permission to the construction of a station hospital and the possible appointment of medical staff by the government in Thapyu village of Kawa township, Bago Region...The deputy minister promised to upgrade the village’s health care centre to a regional hospital in 2015-2016 fiscal year..."..... DOMESTIC NEWS: Vice President Dr Sai Mauk Kham visits religious sites, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences in India...Intellectual Property Proprietors’ Association of Myanmar to improve IP rights in Myanmar...Union ministers, employers, employees hold meeting on SME development, enhancement of life of workers...Villagers elect members of committees for implementation of emerald green project...Members of election sub-commissions hold meeting...Myawady District People’s Hospital to get extended operation theatre...Firefighters inspect use of fire extinguishers...Buddha Pujaniya of Lawkamarazein Pagoda on 25 Feb-11 March...Health staff, volunteers join mass immunization of students against measles, German measles...Officials of Carter Center meet Mandalay Region Election Sub-commission...Mandalay Mayor inspects progress of shaping Mandalay into green city...Information Team issues press release on President’s message to the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw...Population survey on Baer’s Pochard to be conducted in mid-winter season..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: World Bank Group, International Hydropower Association Promote Sustainable Hydropower Development in Myanmar...Myanmar to host 34th ASEAN Tourism Forum-2015 on 22-29 Jan...UEC Chairman meets EU Ambassador, officials of International IDEA...Myanmar youth players to participate in ITF Asia 14 Under Development Championship...ROK delegation visits significant places in Yangon City...Myanmar Investment Summit in London to offer business opportunities for European corporate and financial investors...International IDEA, Local Resource Centre launch ‘English-Myanmar Glossary of Democratic Terms..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Change or be changed" by Aung Khin..... ARTICLE: "What is the price of beauty?" by Myo Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Tuesday 20 January, 2015
Date of publication: 20 January 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- PYIDAUNGSU HLUTTAW: 12th regular session of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw commences: "Nay Pyi Taw, 19 Jan— The 12th regular session is final chance for representatives of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw to scrutinize the bills in the first term of the Hluttaw so as to serve the interests of the State and citizens, the Speaker of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw told the opening of 12th regular session of the Hluttaw in the afternoon of Monday..."...PYITHU HLUTTAW: Finance Ministry prepares to designate TA, DA, overtime pay: "Dr Tin Maung Kyaing of Kyangin Constituency asked a question whether there is a plan to fix an appropriate travel allowance instead of K1,700 per day for service personnel. Deputy Minister for Finance Dr Lin Aung replied that the Ministry of Finance raised the travel allowance for personnel to K1,100 per day dated 30 September 2010 and to K1,700 per day dated 1 April 2013. At present, the ministry is making arrangement for designating travel allowance, daily allowance and overtime pay in conformity with the present time..."...AMYOTHA HLUTTAW: Amyotha Hluttaw commences first day of 12th regular session: "Nay Pyi Taw, 19 Jan — Representatives are to make concerted efforts in carrying out tasks in the 12th regular session of the Amyotha Hluttaw, the Speaker of Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) said at the opening of the Hluttaw session, here, on Monday morning. U Nu of Yangon Region Constituency No 10 asks a question that whether or not apartments have been allotted to the original owner in line with the disciplines of the contract agreement in construction No 2 Basic Education Primary School in Latha Township..."..... DOMESTIC NEWS: President U Thein Sein opens refresher course for senior gov’t officials...New bird species found in Myanmar...Union Health Minister attends launching of mass immunization of measles and German measles...Blood donors celebrate seventh anniversary of association...Development tasks gaining momentum in Singu Township...Maha Muni Buddha Image board of trustees invites donors for tiles...Nay Pyi Taw IPRD conducts office work management course...Religious association honours outstanding youths in Abhidhamma examinations...Health staff vaccinate students against measles, German measles...Economists give business talks in Mandalay City...Hsaungda Weaving and Vocational Institute opens printing and dyeing course...Mandalay Alinn daily introduced to readers..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Amyotha Hluttaw speaker meets Speaker of the National Assembly of ROK...Myanmar, ROK to further strengthen bilateral relations...U Ko Ko Latt concurrently accredited as Ambassador to State of Qatar...UEC Chairman meets experts from The Richardson Center, American Council of Young Political Leaders...Rakhine State Chief Minister holds talks with UN SG’s Special Adviser...Vice President Dr Sai Mauk Kham arrives in Gaya, Bihar State...Pyidaungsu Hluttaw speaker receives ROK National Assembly speaker..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Business partners" by Myint Win Thein..... ARTICLE: "Striving for success" by U Kyi Mun
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 20 January, 2015
Date of publication: 20 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Wednesday 21 January, 2015
Date of publication: 21 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Tuesday 20 January, 2015
Date of publication: 20 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Wednesday 21 January, 2015
Date of publication: 21 January 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 January 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015