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Title: "Myanmar Alin" Friday 5 February, 2016
Date of publication: 06 February 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 06 February 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Friday 5 February, 2016
Date of publication: 05 February 2016
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Nominations please: Parliamentary committees to be formed...As dollar drops , Myanmar gold follows...Energy Ministry denies failing to contribute 51 per cent of tax revenue to State budget...JJ-Pun to establish rural electrification centres in 100 villages...Passenger ship catches fire at private dock in Mingun...Mainmahla Island Wildlife Sanctuary protects endangered crocodiles...Management of Ayeyawady river basin discussed...U Chit Ko Ko appointed Director General...As dollar drops, Myanmar gold follows...Potatoes thrive in Tatkon...8th Junior Golf Myanmar tournament coming this month...Zika virus prevention measures carried out nationwide...Log loaded vehicle turns over in Katha...Opium seized in Namtu...15,400 Yabba pills seized in Lashio...Thieves caught in Tada-Oo...Inle Lake farmers sell off floating plots after expansion banned...Myanmar Fisheries Federation urges expansion of farming enterprises in Sagaing Region...Myanmar Football Federation scores K3 billion sponsorship..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Japan donates flamingos to Nay Pyi Taw Zoological Garden...Japan Grants US$103,000 for school in Einme Township...IFC, UMFCCI to cooperate to strengthen corporate governance practices..... "OPINION": "Let there be no doubt" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ON THE EPIDEMICS OF ZIKA VIRUS" by Contributed by Brazil Embassy
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.6MB-reduced version; 3MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/5_Feb_16_gnlm.pdf
Date of entry/update: 05 February 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Friday 5 February, 2016
Date of publication: 05 February 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (10MB)
Date of entry/update: 05 February 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: THE STATE OF LOCAL GOVERNANCE: TRENDS IN KAYIN
Date of publication: 2014
Description/subject: Executive Summary: "This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping research conducted by UNDP in Kayin State. Based on the perceptions of the people and local governance actors, the mapping has tried to capture some key aspects of the current dynamics of governance at the frontline of state-citizen interaction and focuses in its analysis on participation in public sector planning, access to basic services and accountability in local governance. In consultation with the Kayin State government, it was agreed that the Local Governance Mapping would be conducted in three townships, namely, Hlaingbwe, Kawkareik and Hpa-An between February and June 2014. Three of the more remote and less populated townships (Myawaddy, Hpapun and Thandaung) have for a long time been partially under control of the KNU and have been more unstable than the other four townships in Kayin State during the 65 years of armed conflict. As a result of their remote character, their low population density and the years of conflict, the availability of basic services and their governance situation is most likely to be significantly different from the ones included in this study."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNDP Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.2MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.mm.undp.org/content/dam/myanmar/docs/Publications/PovRedu/Local%20Governance%20Mapping/U...
Date of entry/update: 05 February 2016
ML > Decentralisation > Decentralisation (Decentralization) in Burma/Myanmar
Administration and administrative areas > Karen (Kayin) State


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 4 February, 2016
Date of publication: 04 February 2016
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: New upper house: Amyotha Hluttaw elects new speaker, deputy speaker...The attendance of MPs at Amyotha Hluttaw on 3-2-2016...Thura U Shwe Mann explains parliamentary procedures to Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker...NLD chair meets correspondents...Appointment of Ambassador agreed on...Myanmar handicrafts industry needs technology to take products to global market...Homeless people apply for cheap housing...Impartial health care provided in Rakhine...Human traffickers charged with forced marriages...MNHRC’s statement on removal of squatters in Yangon, Mandalay available on website...Fugitive knife attackers arrested...Police raid gambling centre in Yangon...694 kilos of caffeine haul leads to arrests...Car accident kills three, injures four...Fire destroyed Light truck...Migrants risk being “sold” as Thai shrimp industry cleans supply chain - activist..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: President sends message of felicitations to Sri Lanka PM...President sends message of felicitations to Sri Lanka counterpart...FM sends message of felicitations to Sri Lanka counterpart...President U Thein Sein meets Thai Chief of Defense Forces and party...Royal Thai Army chief calls on C-in-C of Defence Services...MAT aids migrant workers in Thailand...Spirax Sarco and MES sign MoU..... "OPINION": "Concrete results of the reform process" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "Everybody needs to Change" by Khin Maung Myint..."Myanmar’s Suu Kyi must step up change through reforms" by Marilia Cioni, AGI Agenzia and Giornalistica Italia
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.5MB-reduced version; 2.8MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/4_Feb_16_gnlm.pdf
Date of entry/update: 04 February 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Thursday 4 February, 2016
Date of publication: 04 February 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.2MB-reduced version; 13MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/mal%204.2.16.pdf
Date of entry/update: 04 February 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Thursday 4 February, 2016
Date of publication: 04 February 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 04 February 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: Former Presidents' Security Law - Pydaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 25/2016 - နုိင္ငံေတာ္ သမၼတတာဝန္ထမ္းေဆာင္ခဲ့သူ၏ လံုျခံဳေရးဆုိင္ရာ ဥပေဒ (Burmese
Date of publication: 29 January 2016
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: pdf (128K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/?q=laws
Date of entry/update: 04 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2016 (USDP Parliament)
Law and Constitution > Civil and political issues > Martial law decrees, States of Emergency etc. > Martial law decrees, States of Emergency etc. (texts)


Title: The Condominium Law - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 24/2016 - စုေပါင္းပိုင္ အေဆာက္အအံုဆိုင္ရာ ဥပေဒ (Burmese ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 29 January 2016
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: pdf (122K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/?q=laws
Date of entry/update: 04 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2016 (USDP Parliament)
Law and Constitution > Administration > Land, property and planning > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to land, property and planning (texts)


Title: Myanmar: Scrap or amend new law that could grant immunity to former presidents
Date of publication: 28 January 2016
Description/subject: "Myanmar should immediately repeal or amend a new law passed today which could grant former presidents immunity for human rights violations and crimes under international law, said Amnesty International. Myanmar’s outgoing Parliament today voted to pass the Former Presidents Security Law. The original draft had rung alarm bells as it granted former presidents immunity from prosecutions for undefined “actions” committed during their time in office..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 04 February 2016
ML > Law and Constitution > Civil and political issues > Martial law decrees, States of Emergency etc. > Martial law decrees, States of Emergency etc. (commentary)


Title: CLOSING THE GAP: Strategies and scale needed to secure rights and save forests
Date of publication: 03 February 2016
Description/subject: "...the customary rights of communities and Indigenous Peoples to forests, rangelands, and wetlands are often not written down or shown on government maps, but they are a fundamental reality. They cover more than 50 percent of the world’s land surface, yet new research by RRI in 2015 showed that just 10 percent of the world’s land is legally recognized as community-owned.2 This means that governments formally recognize communities’ ownership rights to less than 20 percent of the land they have historically owned. This huge gap means that vast areas of the world remain open to contest. Disputes over land ownership are a major driver of conflict: the unclear status of customary rights has played a role in all but three of the 30-plus armed conflicts in Africa between 1990 and 2009.3 Even though the constitutions of many countries recognize customary law, and recognize customary rights in statutory law, implementation is often weak or nonexistent.,,"
Author/creator: Fred Pearce
Language: English
Source/publisher: Rights and Resources Initiative
Format/size: pdf (3.3MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.rightsandresources.org/en/publication/closing-the-gap/'>http://www.rightsandresources.org/en/publication/closing-the-gap/
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/RRI-2016-Closing_the_Gap.pdf
http://www.rightsandresources.org
Date of entry/update: 04 February 2016
ML > Forests and forest peoples > Forests and forest peoples worldwide > Forests and forest peoples - technical analysis


Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2016 (USDP Parliament)
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 04 February 2016
ML > Law and Constitution > Burma/Myanmar laws, decrees and regulations by date > Burma/Myanmar laws, decrees and regulations from 1954 > Burma/Myanmar laws, decrees and regulations (Pyidaungsu Hluttaw), 2016 (USDP Parliament)


Title: THE STATE OF LOCAL GOVERNANCE: TRENDS IN KACHIN
Date of publication: 2014
Description/subject: Executive Summary: "This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping (LGM) conducted by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in partnership with the Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) in Kachin State from November 2014 to January 2015. Drawing on the perceptions of the people and local governance actors, the mapping has captured the current dynamics of governance at the front line and enables an analysis of the participation, responsiveness and accountability for local governance and basic service provision. The report examines processes, mechanisms and the way in which they are functioning for development planning and participation, people’s access to basic services and the information, transparency and accountability dimensions of local governance processes in the four selected townships of Tanai, Putao, Momauk and Myitkyina. While the focus of the LGM is on local governance institutions, the roles of the State and Union government authorities and their relationships with the lower levels in a broader governance context are also relevant and, to some extent, reflected upon in this analysis. Kachin State occupies the northernmost area of Myanmar bordering India to the west and China to the north and east. Kachin has the third largest land area of the 14 States and Regions in Myanmar and has the country’s highest mountain ranges. The people living in Kachin State belong to various ethnic groups, primarily Kachins, Bamars and Shans. The four townships of Momauk, Myitkyina, Putao, and Tanai covered under the mapping offer a variety of examples of issues of access and sophistication of the local economy as well as the effects of the conflict in the state. Since 2011, Kachin State has seen the most serious of all the armed confrontations affecting the country, and pending a lasting settlement of the decadesold conflict, local governance systems and mechanisms will be affected by this state of affairs. The information collected as part of the mapping and presented in the subsequent sections must therefore be read and understood as part of the broader geographic, socio-economic, demographic, historical and political context in which the State finds itself. The legacies of armed conflict, ethnic mobilization and military rule inform and shape the efforts, undertaken since 2012, of reintroducing some forms of popular participation at the local level in Kachin State, in particular the townships and the village tracts and wards. The degree to which Kachin State will be successful in both reflecting its own ethnic diversity while at the same time delivering basic services in an equitable and effective manner will depend largely on the progress made in building local governance institutions and processes that are inclusive and responsive to the needs of the local population. Given the pending peace agreement, perceptions of safety are thus more of an indication of relative change rather than any absolute measure. At the time of the community-level mapping in November 2014 most people felt the security situation had not worsened. The perceptions of this vary between townships and since conflict has been more evident in Momauk, nearly half the respondents felt the situation in the township had worsened although most people (76%) feel secure in their immediate area. Finding a balanced solution to the underlying causes of this conflict remains an urgent challenge for the people of Kachin State..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNDP Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.9MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.mm.undp.org/content/dam/myanmar/docs/Publications/PovRedu/Local%20Governance%20Mapping/U...
Date of entry/update: 04 February 2016
ML > Decentralisation > Decentralisation (Decentralization) in Burma/Myanmar
Administration and administrative areas > Kachin State


Title: THE STATE OF LOCAL GOVERNANCE: TRENDS IN SAGAING
Date of publication: 2015
Description/subject: INTRODUCTION: "Crucial functions of policy analysis and policy implementation require concrete information to inform leadership as they continue to guide the country towards strategic goals. In order to support this process, the Government of Myanmar and UNDP agreed to conduct a local governance mapping. This report is the product of this mapping that captured the extensive input of government officers and staff, committee members, Ward and Village Tract Administrators, citizens, and service providers at the township level, and CSOs in four townships in Sagaing Region. The mapping seeks to examine the perception of governance from a citizen and serviceprovider perspective. It focussed on participation in public sector planning (how certain new laws, funds, and structures were addressing citizens and township priorities in priority areas), access to key basic services and accountability in local governance. Following this introduction and a brief discussion on methodology1 in chapter 2, the report provides an overview of governance institutions in Sagaing Region in chapter 3, including the relatively recent creation of the Naga SAZ and relevant governance and administrative systems. Chapter 4 provides information on the participating townships and Chapter 5 discusses planning processes in these townships, with attention to the linkages between communities and township administrations; the specific opportunities and challenges in the health, education and water supply sectors; and opportunities and challenges for information sharing, transparency and accountability. Chapter 6 closes the report with conclusions on participatory and responsive local governance in Sagaing Region. As such, the report combines information from both the township and community level, along with background information related to governance, planning and budgeting systems critical to inform discussions about identifying priorities and addressing service delivery at township level."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNDP Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.3MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.mm.undp.org/content/dam/myanmar/docs/Publications/PovRedu/Local%20Governance%20Mapping/U...
Date of entry/update: 04 February 2016
ML > Decentralisation > Decentralisation (Decentralization) in Burma/Myanmar
Administration and administrative areas > Sagaing Division


Title: THE STATE OF LOCAL GOVERNANCE: TRENDS IN MANDALAY
Date of publication: 2014
Description/subject: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: "This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping conducted by UNDP in Mandalay Region. Based on the perceptions of the people and local governance actors, the mapping has captured some key aspects of the current dynamics of governance at the frontline of state-citizen interaction like participation in local development planning, access to basic social services and transparency and accountability in local governance. In consultation with the Mandalay Region government, it was agreed that the Local Governance Mapping would be conducted in three townships, namely, Meiktila, Thazi and Thabeikkyin between August and November 2014."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNDP Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.3MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.mm.undp.org/content/dam/myanmar/docs/Publications/PovRedu/Local%20Governance%20Mapping/U...
Date of entry/update: 04 February 2016
ML > Decentralisation > Decentralisation (Decentralization) in Burma/Myanmar
Administration and administrative areas > Mandalay Division


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 3 February, 2016
Date of publication: 03 February 2016
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: New buses on the way: Yangon BRT system launches with 18 buses first on 9 Feb...Govt treasury bonds to be sold through bidding system...Condo sales expected to go to foreign buyers...Oil wells drying up along Rakhine State coastline...Yangon-Mandalay express passengers allowed carryon baggage...New drain construction underway in Amarapura Township...Early signs of El Nino already evident as water shortages hit Shan State...Purified water producers need FDA permits before business licenses in Mandalay...MI to compensate insured Mingalar market fire victims in February...Central Level Instructor course opens in Mandalay...Visitors daily observe Gokhteik Viaduct in Nawnghkio...Police arrested gamblers in Tachilek...Man, 21, arrested on suspicion of murdering 22-year-old woman...Opium sized in Phakant...Two men charged with two counts of mobile phone theft...Demand for lemons high in Nay Pyi Taw...Inter-village bridge opened in Dekkhinathiri TSP..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: President sends message of felicitations to Sri Lanka PM...President sends message of felicitations to Sri Lanka counterpart...FM sends message of felicitations to Sri Lanka counterpart...Appointment of Ambassador agreed on...Vietnamese Bank provides scholaships to Myanmar students...WHO calls for preventive measures against Zika virus disease..... "OPINION": "Control the road spillover" by Khin Maung Aye..... ARTICLE: "What type of federal system in Myanmar?" by Nehginpao Kipgen
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.4MB-reduced version; 2.9MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/3_Feb_16_gnlm.pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Wednesday 3 February, 2016
Date of publication: 03 February 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.1MB-reduced version; 9.7MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/km%203.2.16.pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: The Myanmar Gemstone Law - SLORC Law No. 9/95 (English)
Date of publication: 29 September 1995
Description/subject: Amended twice: (2nd amendment, Pyidaunsu Hluttaw Law 23/2016 of 29 January 2016)
Language: English
Source/publisher: The State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
Format/size: pdf (88K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Law and Constitution > Administration > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to the Economy > Industry > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to extractive industries (texts)


Title: Second Amendment to the Myanmar Gemstone Law - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 23/2016 - ျမန္မာ့ေက်ာက္မ်က္ရတနာဥပေဒကို ဒုတိယအႀကိမ္ ျပင္ဆင္သည့္ဥပေဒ (Burme
Date of publication: 29 January 2016
Description/subject: Provisional English title. Amends "The Myanmar Gemstone Law - SLORC Law No. 9/95"
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: pdf (219K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/?q=laws
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2016 (USDP Parliament)


Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 1 January, 2016
Date of publication: 02 January 2016
Description/subject: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw approves three bills, put two on record: "The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw yesterday passed three bills, put on record other two bills and the president’s foreign trip, and agreed on a national planning report. The parliament approved the road transportation bill, the rail transportation bill and the arbitration bill after discussing them clause by clause. It also heard the clarification of the report on national planning for the first six-month of 2015-16 fiscal year, before putting on record the pesticide bill, the new plant varieties protection bill and the president’s participation in the 27th ASEAN Summit and its related meetings which took place in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. National Planning and Economic Development Deputy Minister Daw Leh Leh Thein read out the progress report, which won parliamentary approval as proposed by the Joint Committee for Planning and Financial Development."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (476K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016


Title: Pyidaungsu and Amyotha Hluttaws 5 January, 2016
Date of publication: 06 January 2016
Description/subject: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw discusses Union Budget Bill for next FY: "THE Public Accounts Committee and the joint bill committee of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw discussed the Union Budget Bill for the next fiscal year. In his discussion, U Maung Toe, Secretary of the Public Accounts Committee, made his suggestion to submit plans for the fulfilling of the budget deficiency when the Union budget is submitted to the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. He also suggested not including state-owned enterprises in the State’s budget and to submit their plans for running their business on a commercial base. The joint bill committee suggested that permission for borrowing money be assigned to the Pyihtaungsu Hluttaw where the budget is insufficient in implementing national projects. Regarding the banking and financial institutions bill which was sent back after disagreement of both parliaments on some parts of the bill, the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw approved 12 points suggested by the Pyithu Hluttaw and four points by the Amyotha Hluttaw. The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw also approved the Bill Amending the Penal Code which was sent back by the president with remarks. Over 530 MPs attended the Tuesday meeting."...Amyotha Hluttaw: Amyotha Hlutaw approves two bills: "THE Amyotha Hluttaw convened its meeting in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday, approving the third amended bill for the Amyotha HLuttaw Election Law and the third amended bill for the Region or State Hluttaw Election Law for the third time. Speaker of Amyotha HLuttaw U Khin Aung Myint asked MPs to enlist their names to discuss the Bill Amending the 1951 Factories Act, the 2015 shops and worksites Bill and the payment of wages bill sent with amendments by the Pyithu Hluttaw."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (496K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016


Title: Pyidaungsu and Amyotha Hluttaws 6 January, 2016
Date of publication: 07 January 2016
Description/subject: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Nationwide development plan to focus on agriculture, industry: "THE Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development released its National Comprehensive Development Plan (NCDP) yesterday at the Pyiduangsu Hluttaw session in Nay Pyi Taw. In the report, the ministry prioritises the agricultural and industrial sectors in the coming phases of its 20-year master plan (2010-2030) for the country’s economic development, aiming to generate job opportunities in these two sectors. At the meeting, the Joint Bill Committee in the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw also discussed the National Project Bill for the next fiscal year."...Amyotha Hluttaw: Transport ministry to regulate drones: "THE Amyotha Hluttaw continued its session in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday, approving four reports and discussed three questions, including one about the use of drones by people in Myanmar. In response to the question about the use of drones, Deputy Minister for Transport U Zin Yaw said the ministry is planning to issue rules and regulations and registration protocols pertaining to the use of drones. He said although drones can be used in terrorist attacks, they are useful for many purposes that can benefit society. The Civil Aviation Department under the Ministry of Transport is planning to issue an Advisory Circular on the use of drones around the country, he added."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (349K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016


Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 7 January, 2016
Date of publication: 08 January 2016
Description/subject: Pyithu Hluttaw: Pyithu Hluttaw discusses proposal to suspend construction of high-rise buildings in Yangon: "THE Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) discussed an urgent proposal today that would suspend the construction of high-rise buildings in Yangon until they meet all existing rules and regulations for construction. The parliament put the urgent proposal on record, pledging that it would monitor the issue. Regarding the proposal, Deputy Minister for Construction U Soe Tint replied that the ministry is closely supervising buildings that are being built by the ministry to ensure that they follow the rules. However, he added, the Yangon City Development Committee has set up a subcommittee of experts to supervise the construction of buildings higher than 11 storeys. The construction of buildings across the country should follow the existing construction rules and regulations, the deputy minister said. Also at yesterday’s Lower House session, MPs asked questions about the upgrading of a school in Pakokku Township, the drinking water supply in Bilin Township, the repaying agriculture loans in Tamu District and about permissions to use virgin and fallow lands. MP Dr Soe Moe Aung from Bilin Constituency asked whether the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation has a plan to supply drinking water from the township’s Kazai Dam to the wards that face a scarcity of water every summer. Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Khin Zaw replied that the ministry mainly supplies irrigation water to local farms. However, the deputy minister said, the ministry will cooperate with local development affairs departments to supply drinking water to the wards if the departments report on the issue to the ministry. MP U Khin Maung Shwe from Tamu Constituency asked whether the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation has any plan to settle the issue of farmers struggling to repay agriculture loans following the loss of their farmlands to floods. The MP also asked for the ministry to arrange for virgin and fallow lands to be provided to farmers who lost their farms. Deputy Minister U Khin Zaw replied that the farmers should request their township’s bank manager to delay the deadline for loan repayment. During the last rainy season, floods damaged 7,318 acres of farmland in Tamu District, of which 4,353 acres have been recovered. At the parliament session, Minister for Health Dr Than Aung suggested that more wards be added to Yangon General Hospital, as the hospital has seen an increase in the number of patients it receives, jumping from around 25,000 in 2013 to 62,500 in 2014."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (363K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016


Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 8 Janugary, 2016
Date of publication: 09 January 2016
Description/subject: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw approves third amended election laws: "THE Pyidaungsu Hluttaw approved the third amended Pyithu, Amyotha, region/state Hluttaw elections bills yesterday. At the 27th day session of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw in Nay PYi Taw the parliament also invited MPs to enlist their names for discussion on the letter sent by the President concerning the appointment of the Union Auditor- General. Union Minister for National Planning and Economic Development Dr Kan Zaw clarified a draft on short-term five-year projects from the 2016-2017 to the 2020-2021 Fiscal Year. A total of 553 MPs attended the parliamentary meeting."
Language: English (and various language in the alternate link)
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (413K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016


Title: Pyidaungsu, Pyithu and Amyotha Hluttaws 11 January, 2016
Date of publication: 12 January 2016
Description/subject: Hluttaw Round-up: "THE Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw continued their sessions in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday. The joint bill committee of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw submitted its findings and remarks related to the Specific Goods Tax Bill and to the bill amending the Legal Supports Bill. The speaker of the Pyidaungsu Hlutta asked MPs to sign up to discuss the two bills at the next meeting of the hlulttaw. In the Pyithu Hluttaw, members sought approval for a bill on nuclear prevention, a bill to amend the Land Confiscation Act and another to amend the Protection of the Constitution Law. The bills on industrial design copyright, innovation copyright, and other types of copyright and trademarking were also submitted for approval. The Pyithu Hluttaw agreed to send back the Myanmar Statistics Bill, the Private Education Bill, the Prison Bill and the bill amending the Weapons Act with the remarks of the Amyotha Hluttaw. The bill to amend the 1950 Emergency Provision Act was recorded. The bill to amending 1949 Suppression of Prostitution Act was approved by the hluttaw. At meeting of the Amyotha Hluttaw, MPs approved a bill amending the 1951 Factories Act, the 2015 Shops and Worksites Bill and the Payment of Wages Bill."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (371K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016


Title: Pyidaungsu and Amyotha Hluttaws 13 January, 2016
Date of publication: 14 January 2016
Description/subject: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw discusses three bills: "THE 13th regular session of the first Pyidaungsu Hluttaw continued for its 29th day in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday, discussing three bills. The three bills are the Remuneration Bill, the Shops and Departments Bill and the bill to amend the Workshop Act of 1951. At the session, U Myo Myint, who was recently appointed as the Union Auditor General, took his oath of office in front of the speaker of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. During the meeting, the joint bill committee and other MPs discussed allocation and expenditure policies for the Union Budget Bill for 2016."...Amyotha Hluttaw: "AT yesterday’s session of the Amyotha Hluttaw, U Khin Maung Yi, the MP from constituency No. 6 in Ayeyawady Region, asked whether plans are being devised by the government for quick responses and preventive measures for terrorist attacks. In response, Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Brig-Gen Kyaw Zan Myint said the government is actively cooperating with regional and international organisations to prevent terrorist acts. “A 24-member central body led by the Union Minister for Home Affairs has been formed to quickly respond to terrorist acts,” the deputy minister said. During the meeting, four MPs also discussed the Former Presidents Security Bill."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (496K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016


Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 15 January, 2016
Date of publication: 16 January 2016
Description/subject: Parliamentarians discuss national planning bill: "THE 13th regular session of the first Pyidaungsu Hluttaw continued on its 31st day session yesterday, with parliamentarians holding discussions on projects set to be implemented in the fiscal year 2016-2017 in accord with the National Planning Bill. U Tin Htay Aung of Yezagyo constituency supported the Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development in its policies and plans for the 2016-2017 FY. In her discussion, Dr May Win Myint of Mayangone constituency stressed the need of funds for emergency aid as most has been used to respond to natural disasters that occurred in previous years. Daw Sandar Min of Zabuthiri Constituency asked authorities concerned to reconsider the situation of the Pharmaceutical and Foodstuff Industries under the Ministry of Industry if its income is equal to expenditure. U Than Lwin of Chauk constituency called for the formation of an Energy Commission that can lead the country to reaching its GDP targets in the energy sector. In his discussion, U Win Than of Thabaung constituency called on officials concerned to continue seeking ways and means to supervise the projects and protect them against possible crises if the Parliament is informed of the country’s financial situation every two years. Next, the Speaker of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw announced that parliamentary approval will be sought on the National Planning Bill 2016-2017 as of 18 Janu- Daw Sandar Min. Photo: MNA ary."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (396K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016


Title: Pyidaungsu and Amyotha Hluttaws 14 January, 2016
Date of publication: 15 January 2016
Description/subject: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Round-up: "The 13th regular session of the first Pyidaungsu Hluttaw held its 30th meeting yesterday, seeking parliamentary approval for two bills and debating one draft law. First, the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw speaker Thura U Shwe Mann announced the recording of the second revision of the bill to amend the Myanmar Gems Law. The joint bill committee read out a draft of the Pesticide Bill, after which the speaker invited parliamentarians to sign up to discuss the bill. Next, the parliament approved the draft of the Commercial Tax on Special Goods Bill and the Legal Supports Bill, each with remarks from the president. The two bills will now be sent back to the president. During a discussion on the draft of the Union Tax Law (2016), deputy ministers Dr Lin Aung, Dr Maung Maung Thein, Brig-Gen Kyaw Zan Myint, U Khin Zaw, U Thaung Tin, U Aung Than Oo, U Than Tun Aung and Daw Lei Lei Thein responded to parliamentarians’ questions about the law."...Amyotha Hluttaw Round-up: "The 13th regular session of the first Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) held its 24th meeting yesterday, with parliamentarians approving the Presidential Security Bill. Following the presentation of the findings of the Amyotha Hluttaw bill committee on the Presidential Security Bill, the bill was read out and submitted for MPs’ approval. Next, a progress report on the activities of the Amyotha Hluttaw was submitted to the Upper House speaker and submitted for approval. Members of various committees read out reports, and the speaker invited MPs to sign up to discuss them. During Q-and-A session, Deputy Minister for Rail Transportation U Myint Thein said no plan has been laid to build a railcum- road tunnel from Htaukkyant village in Kalay Township to the Var Bridge in Falam Township, as the construction of a 20-mile tunnel would be too costly. At the meeting, the speaker asked MPs to enlist their names if they want to discuss reports on works done by the committees in the term of the first parliament."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (697K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016


Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 19 January, 2016
Date of publication: 20 January 2016
Description/subject: Parliament gives nod to National Planning bill and four others: "THE 13th regular session of the First Pyidaungsu Hluttaw passed five bills including the National Planning Bill for the fiscal year 2016-2017 on its 33rd day meeting yesterday. During a session for the seeking of final approval on the National Planning Bill 2016- 2017, Union Minister for National Planning and Economic Development Dr Kan Zaw replied that there should be an original version for targeted GDP growths of each sector as targets can be met while replacing state-owned investments with private sector ones. Next the Parliament gave a nod to the National Planning Bill and four other bills that include the Union Budget Bill for 2016, the Pesticide Bill, the New Plan Species Protection Bill, and the Criminal Procedure Amendment Bill."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (907K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016


Title: Pyidaungsu, Pyithu and Amyotha Hluttaws 18 January, 2016
Date of publication: 19 January 2016
Description/subject: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Round-up: "THE Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament) continued its session yesterday, discussing the National Planning Bill and the progress of implementing tasks for the 2016-2017 fiscal year. High-ranking officials from the Union-level institutions clarified the bill and sought the approval of the parliament for the remarks made by the joint-bill committee. Dr Pwint Hsan, the Deputy Minister for Commerce, said the ministry has adopted a national policy on boosting exports, relaxing rules and regulations for trade, finding foreign market for local products and implementing transit trade. The parliament also approved the Insecticide Bill, the New Plant Species Protection Bill and the Bill Amending the Penal Code, which were sent back to parliament with the president’s remarks."...Pyithu Hluttaw Round-up: "THE Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) discussed the urgent implementation of car parking systems in Yangon and Mandalay and the system to scrutinise car import permits. MP U Win Oo of Yayphyu constituency urged the government to scrutinise the process of applying for recommendation letters for car parking spaces when the people buy cars from show rooms in order to prevent corruption from entering the process. Dr Pwint Hsan, the Deputy Minister for Commerce, invited complaints about corruption along with recommendations for the car parking spaces, promising that the government would take action against those involved in corruption. Two bills, including the Former President’s Security Bill, were submitted."...Amyotha Hluttaw Round-up: "AT the Amyotha Hluttaw meeting yesterday, the Upper House speaker announced that the parliament approved the reports on its own activities during the first Amyotha Hluttaw, submitted by the committees on rural development, international relations, peasants and employees, mining, environmental conservation and others. The speaker also asked MPs to sign up to discuss the report of the mineral resources and environmental conservation committee’s report."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (677K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016


Title: Pyidaungsu and Amyotha Hluttaws 20 January, 2016
Date of publication: 21 January 2016
Description/subject: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw discusses national comprehensive development plan: "THE Pyidaungsu Hluttaw put a law on record yesterday and discussed one bill and a national development plan. The parliament put on record the issues of budget allotments from the exclusive fund of the Union Budget Law for 2015. The Bill Committee called for a discussion of its findings on the Monetary Institutions Bill, which was returned by the president with remarks. National Planning and Economic Development Minister Dr Kan Zaw responded to queries raised by four representatives in connection with the National Comprehensive Development Plan 2010-2030, which was resubmitted to parliament by the Union government. During the discussion, MP U Htan Lein of Mindat constituency stressed the importance of the inflow of foreign investments into small, medium and large enterprises for the generation of revenue. In response, the Union minister spoke of the need for principles to ensure a smooth economic transformation and to overcome challenges in implementation of the national development plan. Following the discussion, the parliament put the National Comprehensive Development Plan on record."...Amyotha Hluttaw Round-up: "The 13th regular session of the first Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) entered its 26th day yesterday, with a question and answer session, an approval process for two reports and the submission of one report. Deputy Minister for Construction U Soe Tint responded to a question about a government- funded highway in Kayah State posed by MP U Hnin Wai of Kayah State Constituency No. 12. The MP asked whether upgrading and maintenance works are being undertaken with the use of annual funding allocations. The Union minster said the ministry plans to upgrade roads, build bridges, culverts and rock retaining walls and install guardrails along the Toungoo-Leiktho-Yado-Loikaw- Hopong road during the 2016-2017 fiscal year. Moreover, the Hpahsaung- Maesenan-Maese-Nantmann road will be upgraded, and bridges and culverts on the road will also be built, the Union minister added. The ministry and the Kayah State government have already coordinated the installation of new toll gates in the state, said the Union minister. Deputy Minister for Education Dr Zaw Min Aung also replied to a question about the Ministry of Education’s plan to reopen the Government Technical Institute (Insein), which was posed by U Nu of Yangon Region Constituency No 10. In his reply, the deputy minister said short-term vocational training courses, including technical courses, are set to open in the main building of the institute. The 120-year-old main building of the Insein GTI received a Blue Plaque from the Yangon Heritage Trust last December, acknowledging its status as a significant historic building. Next, reports by the Mining, Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation Committee and the Bill Committee on respective activities undertaken during the first Amyotha Hluttaw were submitted for approval. MP U Htay Maung, a member of the Amyotha Hluttaw Education, Health and Women and Children Affairs Committee, presented the committee’s report to the hluttaw."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (769K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016


Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 21 January, 2016
Date of publication: 22 January 2016
Description/subject: Parliament records second 5-year development plan: "THE 13th regular session of the first Pyidaungsu Hluttaw entered its 35th day yesterday, with the sessions documenting plans to establish new towns and villages and the government’s second five-year,short-term development plan. One MP also read out a report before the parliament. The parliament outlined the formation and boundaries of five new villages in Mon State and extended two towns in Maungdaw Township, Rakhine State. Next, an MP read out a report on the findings of Joint Public Accounts Committee regarding the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Development Fund for 2014-2015. Then, parliamentarians discussed the draft of the second five-year, short-term development plan, which will span from the 2016-2017 fiscal year to 2020-2021. Union Minister for National Planning and Economic Development Dr Kan Zaw explained the policies of the people-centred plan and called for popular participation in the projects. The five-year plan is aimed at creating sound foundations for investments and economic development, thereby contributing to Myanmar’s industrialisation, the Union minister said. Finally, the five-year plan was documented by the parliament."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (383K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016


Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 22 January, 2016
Date of publication: 23 January 2016
Description/subject: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw passes three bills: "Pyidaungsu Hluttaw yesterday passed three bills, including the financial institutions bill, which was sent back to the parliament with presidential remarks. The financial institutions bill came under discussion, with MPs going over it clause by clause and seeking parliamentary approval. Finance Union Minister U Win Shein proposed approving the Union tax bill of 2016, with Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann announcing the approval of the bill by parliament. The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw also passed the condominium bill, which sparked disagreement between the Pyithu Hluttaw and the Amyotha Hluttaw."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (267K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016


Title: Pyidaungsu, Pyithu and Amyotha Hluttaws 25 January, 2016
Date of publication: 26 January 2016
Description/subject: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw session continues: "THE 13th regular session of the first Pyidaungsu Hluttaw continued for its 37th day with a presentation on the findings of the Union Auditor General’s report for the second six-month period for the 2014-2015fiscal year. MP U Aung Lin Hlaing read out the Joint Public Accounts Committee’s findings on the Union Auditor General’s report and the committee’s audit complaints report. Next, MPs U Win Than, U Maung Toe and U Thein Tunread out the Joint Planning and Financial Development Committee’s report, the Joint Public Accounts Committee’s findings on the Union Auditor General’s report on the Union Budget and a report of the Farmland Investigation Commission. Then, eight parliamentarians discussed the Joint Public Accounts Committee’s findings on the Auditor General’s report on the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Development Fund. The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw session continues tomorrow."...Pyithu Hluttaw: Pyithu Hluttaw approves Former Presidents’ Security Bill: "THE 13th regular session of Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) entered its 28th day in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday, with parliamentarians discussing recommendations of respective committees and the Former Presidents’ Security Bill. Parliamentarians from various committees, including the Ethnic Affairs, Rural Development and Peacemaking Committee, the National Planning Committee, the Union Budget and Taxation Scrutinising Committee and the International Relations Committee discussed recommendations. While holding discussions on the Former Presidents’ Security Bill, which was sent back by the Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) with amendments, parliamentarians called for the approval of the bill in line with the Lower House amendments. Today’s session approved seven amendments of the bill in accordance with the Pyithu Hluttaw’s suggestions and decided to continue the process during the next session."...Amyotha Hluttaw: Amyotha Hluttaw discusses improving agricultural livelihoods: "THE 13th regular session of Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) entered its 27th day in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday, with a question- and-answer session, a discussion on a proposal and parliamentary approval of a report. During the question-and-answer session, members of Union-level organisations responded to three questions raised by parliamentarians. Five parliamentarians held discussions on a proposal urging the Union government to coordinate the agricultural market and increase agricultural loans to ensure improvement to farmers’ livelihoods. Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Ohn- Than explained the government’s intervention in the rice market by buying rice to secure the country’s reserves. The private sector has been allowed to grow, store, transport and trade rice freely, added the deputy minister. However, he said it is impossible to increase loansto farmers due to budget constraints, he said. Next, the parliament sought the approval of the report of the Amyotha Hluttaw committee on education, health and women and children affairs committee."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (265K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016


Title: Pyidaungsu and Pyithu Hluttaws 26 January, 2016
Date of publication: 27 January 2016
Description/subject: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw session continues with discussions on committees’ reports: "THE 13th regular session of the First Pyidaungsu Hluttaw continued for 37th day in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday, with discussion on six reports including the report of the Joint Public Accounts Committee. Union Minister U Win Shein and Union Auditor-General U Myo Myint explained matters related to the findings and remarks of the Joint Public Accounts Committee on the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Development Fund for 2014-2015 Union Minister U Win Shein suggested that further discussion is needed for proposed tax exemption for work financed by the Fund, and stated that ways and means will be sought to ease difficulties and restrictions being faced in implementation of the projects under the Fund through further coordination of the Internal Revenue Department. During today’s session, changes in the boundary, formation and names of a town, village-tracts and villages was documented. Next, presentation of the reports of the respective committees followed, and members of Union-level organisations responded to the reports."...Pyithu Hluttaw: Final approval of former President’s security bill to be sought from the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: "THE 13th regular session of the First Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) entered its 29th day in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday, approving a proposal to seek final approval of the former President’s security bill from the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. During yesterday’s session a parliamentarian submitted a proposal to discuss and seek final parliamentary approval on the bill sent back by the Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) with amendments from the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. Next, Deputy Minister for Defense Commodore Aung Thaw responded to a question about a road that was blocked from public use in Dagon Township, raised by MP U Nanda Kyaw Swa. The deputy minister said that the Bo Yar Nyunt road in the township will be reopened for the public to use before the end of this month. 11 Pyithu Hluttaw committees presented their respective reports to the Parliament."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (275K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016


Title: Pyidaungsu and Pyithu Hluttaws 27 January, 2016
Date of publication: 28 January 2016
Description/subject: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw approves joint committee’s reports, discusses two bills: "THE 13th regular session of the First Pyidaungsu Hluttaw continued for the 39th day in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday, with parliamentary approval given to the Joint Public Accounts Committee’s reports and two others, and discussions on two bills. Following the discussions of the members of Union-level organisations on findings and remarks of the Joint Public Accounts Committee on the report relating to the Union Budget for 2014-2015, the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker announced the parliamentary approval to the committee’s report. On the committee’s report, Union Minister for Finance U Win Shein said that the ministry is supervising the budget implementation of the ministries concerned, following the suggestions of the committee in accord with existing rules and regulations and the Constitution. In his discussion, Union Minister for National Planning and Economic Development Dr Kan Zaw said that the ministry is also overseeing projects being implemented and financed by Union, regional and other budgets in regions, states and districts. Daw Khin Saw Oo, deputy governor of the Central Bank of Myanmar, pledged that further coordination will be made between the CBM and the Finance Ministry in accord with the suggestion of the committee. Next, the process of approving the second draft of Myanmar Gemstone Law sent back by the President with remarks followed. Then, Union Minister U Win Shein discussed the Joint Public Accounts Committee’s findings and remarks on the Union Auditor- General’s report, and the Pyithu Hluttaw approved it. During today’s session, committee members read out the Joint Bill Committee’s report on its activities at the first Pyidaungsu Hluttaw session, and a parliamentarian presented the committee’s report on the former President’s security bill that has been debated by Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) and Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House)."...Pyithu Hluttaw: Pyithu Hluttaw sees reports presentation of respective committees: "THE 13th regular session of the First Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) continued for 30th day in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday, with the submission of reports on activities of its committees and commission to the Hluttaw. MPs U Saw Hla Tun and U Nyi Nyi Myint read out a report of the Pyithu Hluttaw Bill Committee and Pyithu Hluttaw Public Accounts Committee. Likewise, presentations of reports by the Parliament by Hluttaw Rights Committee, Government’s Guarantees, Pledges and Undertakings Committee and Pyithu Hluttaw Legal Affairs and Special Cases Assessment Commission were also made. In its presentation, Hluttaw Rights Committee suggested that the future parliamentary session be set to last for six months in maximum and parliamentary calendar for a certain year should be released early. The committee also stressed the need of undertaking parliamentary activities by all MPs in cooperation with Defense Services Personnel representatives."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (234K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016


Title: Pyidaungsu, Pyithu and Amyotha Hluttaws 28 January, 2016
Date of publication: 29 January 2016
Description/subject: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw ends debate on Former Presidents’ Security Bill: "THE 13th regular session of the first Pyidaungsu Hluttaw concluded its discussions on two bills, including the Former Presidents’ Security Bill, which Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) and Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) debated yesterday. Yesterday’s session documented an event in which President U Thein Sein addressed the parliament regarding activities carried out during the Union government’s five-year term. Next, U Thein Tun Oo of Amarapura Constituency read out the Joint Bill Committee’s report on the Condominium Law, which was sent back by the president with remarks. Then, Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann sought parliamentary approval on the bill and approved it in accordance with the laws and regulations of the parliament. On the president’s proposal to merge the Ministry for Immigration and Population and the Ministry of Home Affairs, the Joint Bill Committee voted against the move, deciding such a move would be more appropriately carried out by the next government. Next, MPs held discussions on the Former Presidents’ Security Bill in an effort to end the debate between the two Hluttaws on the bill. The bill was subsequently approved in accordance with the laws and regulations of the parliament. Then, Deputy Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker U Nanda Kyaw Swa elaborated on the activities of the first Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. The first Pyidaungsu Hluttaw’s 41st session continues today."...Pyithu Hluttaw: Pyithu Hluttaw concludes final session: "THE first Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) concluded its 13th session in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday, with lawmakers exchanging farewell statements. Deputy Speaker U Nanda Kyaw Swar called on lawmakers to carry on their contributions to the development of the country by making the best use of their knowledge and experiences gained during their fiveyear term in the outgoing parliament. Lawmakers from ethnic parties and representatives of the Tatmadaw also extended greetings at yesterday’s parliament session. In his concluding remarks, Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann hailed the achievements in the five-term of the Pyithu Hluttaw, referring to discussions on national reconciliation, the rule of law and peace. He also expressed thanks to the lawmakers, acknowledging that they were able to exchange views on different issues, including the unity of all people in Myanmar."...Amyotha Hluttaw: First Amyotha Hluttaw session concludes: "THE first Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) session concluded yesterday with a Q&A session in which members of Union-level organisations answered questions raised by parliamentarians. U Khin Maung Aye, a member of the Union Civil Service Board (UCSB), replied to a question raised by MP Daw Khin Wyne Kyi of Yangon Region Constituency 1 on whether there is a plan to allow civil servants to receive cash instead of leave they have earned but not taken. The UCSB member said regulation 80, which once allowed civil servants to enjoy cash rewards for their earned leave if they do not take it, was suspended as after civil servants received four pay raises under the current government due to the country’s financial situation. Likewise, Deputy Minister for Immigration and Population U Win Myint responded to a question raised by MP U Tin Maung Win of Mandalay Region Constituency 3 on whether there are plans to conduct a census on the Lisu population in Mandalay Region. The deputy minister replied that data on the Lisu population in Mandalay Region will be announced when approval is given after coordination between the departments and organisations concerned. He also said the data would come from the 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census. There are no new plans to conduct a census on the Lisu population in the region, he added. Next, Amyotha Hluttaw Speaker U Khin Aung Myint explained the implementation of tasks during the period of the first Amyotha Hluttaw. According to the Hluttaw, the second Amyotha Hluttaw’s first regular session is scheduled to be held on 1 February."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (290K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016


Title: Pyidaungsu Hlulttaw 29 January, 2016
Date of publication: 30 January 2016
Description/subject: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker gives local, foreign media press conference: "Thura U Shwe Mann gave a press conference to local and foreign media persons totaling 119 at Zabuthiri Hall in Parliament Complex, Nay Pyi Taw yesterday. The Speaker answered questions raised by media at the conference. Present also at the press conference were Deputy Pyidaungsu Hluttaw and Pyithu Hluttaw Speaker U Nanda Kyaw Swa, Chair of Pyithu Hluttaw Bill Committee U Ti Khun Myat and Secretary U Saw Hla Tun, members of Pyithu Hluttaw Legal Affairs and Special Cases Assessment Commission and officials from the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw and Pyithu Hluttaw Offices."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (266K)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016


Title: The Provident Insurance Societies Act
Date of publication: 18 March 1912
Description/subject: Repealed by SLORC Law No. 4/93 on 31/3/93
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Burma Code" Vol. IX
Format/size: pdf (212K)
Date of entry/update: 02 February 2016
ML > Law and Constitution > Administration > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to the Economy > Laws, bills, rules, regulations and decrees related to money - banking, exchange, taxation, insurance etc. > Laws, bills, rules, regulations and decrees related to money - banking, exchange, taxation, insurance etc. (texts)


Title: "The Burma Code" Vol. IX - laws relating to insurance
Description/subject: English apart from the Organisation of Insurance law
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: "The Burma Code" Vol. IX
Format/size: pdf (1.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 02 February 2016
ML > Law and Constitution > Burma/Myanmar laws, decrees and regulations by date > Burma laws, decrees and regulations from 1818 to 1954 - "The Burma Code" > "The Burma Code" Vol. IX


Title: The Insurance Companies Act
Date of publication: 15 November 1928
Description/subject: Repealed by SLORC Law No. 1/92 on 19/2/92
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Burma Code" Vol. IX
Format/size: pdf (129K)
Date of entry/update: 02 February 2016
ML > Law and Constitution > Administration > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to the Economy > Laws, bills, rules, regulations and decrees related to money - banking, exchange, taxation, insurance etc. > Laws, bills, rules, regulations and decrees related to money - banking, exchange, taxation, insurance etc. (texts)


Title: The Life Assurance Companies Act
Date of publication: 18 March 1912
Description/subject: Repealed by SLORC Law No. 4/93 on 31/3/93.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Burma Code" Vol. IX
Format/size: pdf (669K)
Date of entry/update: 02 February 2016
ML > Law and Constitution > Administration > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to the Economy > Laws, bills, rules, regulations and decrees related to money - banking, exchange, taxation, insurance etc. > Laws, bills, rules, regulations and decrees related to money - banking, exchange, taxation, insurance etc. (texts)


Title: THE STATE OF LOCAL GOVERNANCE: TRENDS IN MON
Description/subject: Executive Summary: "The State of Local Governance: Trends in Mon - UNDP Myanmar 2014 This report presents the findings from the Local Governance Mapping conducted in Mon State between December 2013 and January 2014. With an estimated population of 1.9 million,1 Mon State is one of Myanmar’s most well- connected and prosperous states/regions. Economic activity is driven by agriculture, forestry, fishing and mining - the state is a major producer of rice and rubber crop. The security situation has stabilised following the ratification of a ceasefire agreement between the Union government and the Mon National Liberation Army - a non-state armed group - in 2012, and the state is now experiencing a new period of stability and engagement between government and non-state actors. Still, pockets of volatility remain, and a long-term political solution towards peace and reconciliation has yet to be achieved. For the Local Governance Mapping in Mon State, Bilin, Chaungzon, Kyaikmaraw, Paung, Thanbyuzayat and Ye townships were selected. 576 respondents from 12 villages across these six townships shared their perceptions and experiences related to local governance.2 Nearly half of them were between 41-60 years of age - researchers highlighted difficulty in sourcing younger respondents across all six representative townships, reportedly due to migration of working-age labour to nearby Thailand and Malaysia. 52% of the randomly selected respondents were ethnic Bamar, 30% Mon and 10% Kayin. Alongside the opinions of the people, multi-stakeholder dialogues at the community and township level and primary research on the functioning of local governance in three townships (Bilin, Chaungzon, and Ye) informed the findings from the Local Governance Mapping exercise, which are structured along the five core principles of good local governance. These form the basis of the mapping framework and methodology adopted in Myanmar, viz. effectiveness and efficiency; transparency and rule of law; accountability; participation; and, equity. In addition, the mapping exercise has also yielded some significant “process” results, which are also highlighted below."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNDP Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (1.5MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.mm.undp.org/content/dam/myanmar/docs/Publications/PovRedu/Local%20Governance%20Mapping/U...
Date of entry/update: 02 February 2016
ML > Decentralisation > Decentralisation (Decentralization) in Burma/Myanmar
Administration and administrative areas > Mon State


Title: THE STATE OF LOCAL GOVERNANCE: TRENDS IN CHIN
Date of publication: 2014
Description/subject: Executive Summary: "The State of Local Governance: Trends in Chin - UNDP Myanmar 2014 This report presents the findings from the Local Governance Mapping conducted in Chin State between December 2013 and January 2014. Sharing a long northern border with India and its western front with Bangladesh, Chin State is the poorest among Myanmar’s state/regions, and among its most diverse. Chin State has a unique demographic composition, with six main ethnic groups (Asho, Cho, Khum, Laimi, Mizo and Zomi) and dozens of sub-groups represented in this majority-Chin, predominantly Christian area of the country. With an estimated population of 465,000 people, Chin State is the second smallest (by population size) of all states/regions. Widespread poverty, low population density, challenging mountainous terrain and an underdeveloped infrastructure are all severe barriers for development. The ceasefire agreement of 2012 between the Government of Myanmar (GoM) and the Chin National Front (CNF), a non-state armed group, has removed what was previously a serious bottleneck for development. Recognising the immense challenges faced by Chin State, the union government has allocated additional investment funds to the tune of Ks 2 billion in addition to around Ks 1 billion already allocated to each of the states/regions for regional development and poverty reduction in 2013-14.1 For the Local Governance Mapping in Chin State, three townships in the north (Thantlang, Falam and Tonzang) and three townships in the south (Mindat, Matupi and Paletwa) were selected. 576 respondents from 12 villages across these six townships were asked about their perceptions and experiences related to local governance using a Citizens’ Report Card (CRC).2 Half (49%) of citizens interviewed were between 18-40 years of age. Reflecting the geographic dynamics of Chin State, the majority of respondents (67%) lived in rural areas. The vast majority (91%) of those interviewed were of Chin ethnicity, while 8% of respondents originated from Rakhine. Alongside the opinions of the people, multi-stakeholder dialogues at the community (Community Dialogues (CD)) and township (Government Self Assessments (GSA)) levels, and primary research on the functioning of local governance in three townships (Thantlang, Tonzang and Mindat), informed the findings from the Local Governance Mapping exercise, which are structured along the five core principles of good local governance. These form the basis of the mapping framework and methodology adopted in Myanmar, viz. effectiveness and efficiency; transparency and rule of law; accountability; participation; and, equity. In addition, the mapping exercise has also yielded some significant “process” results, which are also highlighted below."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNDP Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (1.9MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.mm.undp.org/content/dam/myanmar/docs/Publications/PovRedu/Local%20Governance%20Mapping/U...
Date of entry/update: 02 February 2016
ML > Decentralisation > Decentralisation (Decentralization) in Burma/Myanmar
Administration and administrative areas > Chin State


Title: THE STATE OF LOCAL GOVERNANCE: TRENDS IN SHAN
Date of publication: 2014
Description/subject: Executive Summary: "The State of Local Governance: Trends in Shan - UNDP Myanmar 2015 This report aims to map the state of affairs and the evolution as witnessed over the past years with regards to governance reforms and service delivery, in particular for the sectors education, health and water supply, in Shan State. It provides a historical background to contextualise the present governance situation in Shan, which differs from all other Regions and States; it provides information on the various recent elections in the State; it seeks transparency of the State budget, and, against this background, it pays particular attention to the perceptions of citizens’ regarding the changes they have witnessed. It finally tries to make the link between good local governance and the quality of service delivery, whereby it looks at aspects of decision-making powers in relation to budget discretion, the availability of budget envelopes, oversight and accountability. Shan State takes a special place amongst the fourteen Regions and States in the country as, in terms of area the biggest of all, covering almost 25% of the entire nation, and in terms of population by far the biggest of all States. Arguably, Shan State has the largest ethnic diversity amongst its population of all fourteen Regions and States. Related to this diversity - its location and the physical features of the terrain making it perfect for a natural border zone - Shan State has played an important role in the history of Myanmar. As far as the most recent history is concerned, this starts with the special position that was negotiated in the Panglong agreement, where Shan State was given the right to exit the Union after a period of 10 years if it would prefer to do so (and which it did not do). As much as the recent serious flaring up of fighting (early February 2015) in the Laukkaing area illustrates that peace and stability cannot yet be taken for granted, the earlier open conflicts in Shan State, which were as much based on economic interest as ethnic differences, seemed to have already for some time reached a situation of agreed status quo, amongst others reflected by the number of Self-Administered Areas as enshrined in the Constitution of 2008, and which are described as part of the local governance set-up in this report. Shan State is distinctly different (and also more complicated), as compared to most other Regions and States, but the mapping of local governance and service delivery also found a number of similarities with the findings in other areas. Overall, in Shan State, as in all other Regions and States, people clearly acknowledge the improvements in service delivery, notably for road infrastructure, education, health and, although to a lesser extent, water supply. People mentioned access to safe drinking water as the largest challenge in service delivery and people also asked for enhanced investments in this sector. As in other Regions and States,* people in Shan ask for more information from government, whilst they bestow (also in terms of information flow) a pivotal role on the indirectly elected Ward and Village Tract Administrators (W/VTAs), whom they consider more and more as a local development change agent. To support this process and to be able honouring the expectations of W/VTAs as ‘intermediary’ between the people and the township administrations, some dedicated capacity development activities may be indicated, both addressing the W/VTAs as well as the township administrations."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNDP Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (1.9MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.mm.undp.org/content/dam/myanmar/docs/Publications/PovRedu/Local%20Governance%20Mapping/U...
Date of entry/update: 02 February 2016
ML > Decentralisation > Decentralisation (Decentralization) in Burma/Myanmar
Administration and administrative areas > Shan State


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Tuesday 2 February, 2016
Date of publication: 02 February 2016
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: A new lower house: Second Pyithu Hluttaw begins...Myanmar’s largest lake becomes a Ramsar Site...Demands for new Mingala Market submitted to government...Mandalay braces for El Niño drought...Kawasaki lovers take motorbike trip to Nay Pyi Taw...Yuan deflation has trickled down to Kachin State rice growers...Inle Lake draws steady stream of tourists...Thura U Shwe Mann hands over parliamentary documents to next speaker U Win Myint...Amyotha Hluttaw session rescheduled for 3 February...Police arrest youths in wake of public panic...Highway Police Force proves its worth...Times City Project to ease housing shortage...Series of snatch-andrun cases reported in Hlaingthaya Tsp...Husband stabs wife to death in Magway...Man charged under new Telecommunications Law...Electronic devices, cash stolen from Magway mobile shop...Cars overturn on Yangon-Nay Pyi Taw highway...What kind of ‘farm’ is the Thaketa Crocodile Farm?..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Panasonic donates solar lanterns to areas without electricity..... "OPINION": "Putting moral character first" by Khin Maung Aye..... ARTICLE: "A Viable Town Plan is Necessary" by Khin Maung Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.9MB-reduced version; 7.2MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/2_Feb_16_gnlm.pdf
Date of entry/update: 02 February 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 2 February, 2016
Date of publication: 02 February 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.8MB-reduced version; 11MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/mal%202.2.16.pdf
Date of entry/update: 02 February 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Tuesday 2 February, 2016
Date of publication: 02 February 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 02 February 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: The Provident Funds Act
Date of publication: 01 April 1926
Description/subject: Repealed by SLORC Law No. 1/92 on 19/2/92
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Burma Code" Vol. IX
Format/size: pdf (150K)
Date of entry/update: 02 February 2016
ML > Law and Constitution > Administration > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to the Economy > Laws, bills, rules, regulations and decrees related to money - banking, exchange, taxation, insurance etc. > Laws, bills, rules, regulations and decrees related to money - banking, exchange, taxation, insurance etc. (texts)


Title: Contributory Provident Funds Act
Date of publication: 08 December 1941
Description/subject: Repealed by SLORC Law No. 4/93 on 31/3/93.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Burma Code" Vol. IX
Format/size: pdf (124K)
Date of entry/update: 02 February 2016
ML > Law and Constitution > Administration > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to the Economy > Laws, bills, rules, regulations and decrees related to money - banking, exchange, taxation, insurance etc. > Laws, bills, rules, regulations and decrees related to money - banking, exchange, taxation, insurance etc. (texts)


Title: The Insurance Organisation Act - Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 01 May 1950
Description/subject: Repealed? Amended?
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: "The Burma Code" Vol. IX
Format/size: pdf (453K)
Date of entry/update: 02 February 2016
ML > Law and Constitution > Administration > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to the Economy > Laws, bills, rules, regulations and decrees related to money - banking, exchange, taxation, insurance etc. > Laws, bills, rules, regulations and decrees related to money - banking, exchange, taxation, insurance etc. (texts)


Title: Assignment of duty to form Township and Ward and Village Tract Development Support Committees (Notification No. 27/2013)
Date of publication: 26 February 2013
Description/subject: Presidential Notification No. 27/2013 - Assignment of duty to form Township and Ward and Village Tract Development Support Committees (Notification No. 27/2013)
Language: English
Source/publisher: President's Office
Format/size: pdf (103K)
Date of entry/update: 01 February 2016
ML > Law and Constitution > Administration > Administration of towns and villages > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to the administration of towns and villages (texts)


Title: MAPPING THE STATE OF LOCAL GOVERNANCE IN MYANMAR: Background and Methodology
Date of publication: 03 June 2015
Description/subject: "This report serves as a background and introduction to the 14 State and Region “State of Local Governance” reports prepared by UNDP-Myanmar in collaboration with the General Administration Department (GAD) under the Ministry of Home Affairs. It aims to contextualise the state- and region-specific information provided in each of the individual reports and introduces a framework to look at local governance structures in Myanmar. It also aims to look at local governance comprehensively through various prisms such as historical context and legacies, the constitutional and legal parameters, and service delivery, participation and accountability. In addition, this report introduces and briefly describes the main institutions of local governance, as their specific composition, performance and interrelations are ‘mapped’ in the State and Region specific reports. The overall objective of the Local Governance Mapping is to generate a better understanding of how governance structures at the local level currently function in Myanmar. It also seeks to provide more clarity on the nature, scope and role of local agents, with a focus at the township level, and how the recent reforms have influenced or changed the interactions between citizens and local authorities. Notwithstanding the absence of an overall strategic or legal framework for decentralisation, the government has undertaken several initiatives that are trying to increase the space for citizens in local decision-making. The mapping is an attempt to understand how these initiatives have been perceived by local citizens and what progress has been made in terms of improved service delivery, as well as enhanced transparency and accountability..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNDP MYANMAR
Format/size: pdf (1.6MB-reduced version; 2.3MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.google.com/url?q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.mm.undp.org%2Fcontent%2Fdam%2Fmyanmar%2Fdocs%2FPublica...
Date of entry/update: 01 February 2016
ML > Decentralisation > Decentralisation (Decentralization) in Burma/Myanmar


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Monday 1 February, 2016
Date of publication: 01 February 2016
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: More meetings ahead: Employment Contract yet to reach agreement....Kokkine flyover opens to traffic...Children from mountainous regions receive Polio vaccine...Fire destroyed two-storey building in Thingangyun Township...Guns, bullets seized in Mawlamyine...Drunken man drowned in Taikkyi...Two men threatened and took motorbike in Mandalay...Three rob truck driver in Myingyan...Gyogon jetty for fishing boats inaugurated...Early child care and development policies discussed in Myawady...Police reform seminar focuses on conduct of police forces...Unseasonal rains will affect the price of salt...Two power plants open in Ngapudaw...As Kyauk Phyu SEZ gets underway hotels owners ask, ‘Where is everybody?’...Fish Farming : Driving Rural Development and Incomes..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: FIFA delegates assess football skills of Myanmar youths...Over 100 Myanmar workers laid off in Chiang Rai without pay...SCG holds $305 million in Myanmar assets..... "OPINION": "A shoulder to cry on" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "Discipline Vs Democracy" by Tommy Pauk
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4MB-reduced version; 5.1MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/1_Feb_16_gnlm.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 February 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Monday 1 February, 2016
Date of publication: 01 February 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.7MB-reduced version; 10MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/mal%201.2.16.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 February 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Monday 1 February, 2016
Date of publication: 01 February 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.3MB-reduced version; 10MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/km%201.2.16.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 February 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: Local Governance Mapping: - What is Local Governance Mapping in Myanmar?
Date of publication: 2014
Description/subject: States and Regions Covered:- Chin: This report presents the findings from the Local Governance Mapping conducted in Chin State between December 2013 and January 2014... Mon: This report presents the findings from the Local Governance Mapping conducted in Mon State between December 2013 and January 2014... Ayeyarwady: This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping conducted by UNDP in Ayeyarwady Region in May 2014... Kayin: This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping research conducted by UNDP in Kayin State between February and June 2014... Tanintharyi: This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping conducted by UNDP in Tanintharyi Region in June 2014 Bago: This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping conducted by UNDP in Bago Region between February and June 2014... Kayah: This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping conducted by UNDP in Kayah State between April and August 2014... Magway: This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping conducted by UNDP in Magway Region in November-December 2014... Mandalay: This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping conducted by UNDP in Mandalay Region between August and November 2014... Yangon: This report sets out to map the state of affairs and the evolution over the past years with regards to governance reform in Yangon Region... Rakhine: This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping conducted by the UNDP in collaboration with the General Administration department (GAD) under Ministry of Home Affairs in Rakhine State in 2014... Kachin: This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping conducted by the UNDP in partnership with the Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) in Kachin State from November 2014 to January 2015... Sagaing: The report on the Sagaing Region of Myanmar is part of a national local governance mapping conducted by UNDP in collaboration with the Government of Myanmar... The State of Local Governance: Trends in Shan: This report aims to map the state of affairs and the evolution as witnessed over the past few years with regards to governance reforms and service delivery in the Shan State..... Local Governance Mapping Related Documents: Fast Facts: Local Governance Mapping Methodology - Eng (2.1 MB); MM (1.8 MB)... Fast Facts: Local Governance Mapping Sampling strategy - Eng (1.4 MB) MM (182.0 kB).
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: UNDP Myanmar
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 February 2016
ML > Decentralisation > Decentralisation (Decentralization) in Burma/Myanmar


Title: Myanmar's Initial Report on United Nations Convention of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Date of publication: May 2015
Description/subject: Advance Unedited Version.....Contents:- Part – I: 1. Introduction; 2. General Information... Part – II: 3. Purpose, definition, principles, general obligations ... Part – III: Purpose, Definition, Principles, General Obligations: 4. Equality and non-discrimination; 5. Awareness raising; 6. Accessibility; 7. Right to life; 8. Situations of risk and humanitarian emergencies; 9. Equal recognition before the law; 10. Access to justice; 11. Liberty and security of persons; 12. Freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; 13. Freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse; 14. Protecting the integrity of the person; 15. Liberty of movement and nationality; 16. Living independently and being included in the community; 17. Personal mobility; 18. Freedom of expression and opinion, and access to information; 19. Respect for privacy; 20. Respect for home and the family; 21. Education; 22. Health; 23. Habilitation and Rehabilitation; 24. Work and employment ; 25. Adequate standard of living and social protection; 26. Participation in political and public life; 27. Participation in cultural life, recreation, leisure and sport ... Part – IV: 28. Women with disabilities; 29. Children with disabilities... Part – V: 30. Statistics and data collection; 31. International cooperation; 32. National implementation and monitoring; Conclusion.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement Department of Social Welfare, The Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Format/size: doc (143K)
Date of entry/update: 01 February 2016
ML > The UN System and Burma/Myanmar > Main UN human rights bodies working on Burma (Myanmar) > United Nations human rights treaties to which Myanmar is a party > Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities


Title: Women & Local Leadership - Leadership Journeys of Myanmar’s Female Village Tract/Ward Administrators
Date of publication: 30 January 2016
Description/subject: "This report documents leadership journeys of women in local leadership roles in Myanmar, in particular of Myanmar’s small cohort of female village tract/ward administrators (VT/WAs). The report is based on field interviews with 15 female VT/WAs undertaken in June and July 2015, and data from the UNDP Myanmar Local Governance Mapping (LGM) conducted between late 2013 and early 2015. Complementing previous studies on social norms and women’s participation in governance in Myanmar, in this report the lives of a number of existing local female leaders and their experiences with local election and leadership take center stage, granting insight in how barriers to women’s participation can be overcome and female local leadership can be expanded..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNDP Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.1MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/UNDP_Women_and_Local_Leadership.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 February 2016
ML > Decentralisation > Decentralisation (Decentralization) in Burma/Myanmar
Women > Articles, reports and sites relating to women of Burma


Title: The Meaning of Land in Myanmar
Date of publication: November 2015
Description/subject: Contents: What is land and why is it important? ... Why is land such a burning issue in Myanmar? ... How is land related to debates about development?... Is there a human right to land?... What steps are people in Myanmar taking to express and assert their human right to land?
Author/creator: Jenny Franco, Hannah Twomey, Khu Khu Ju, Pietje Vervest, Tom Kramer
Language: English
Source/publisher: Transnational Institute (TNI)
Format/size: pdf (365K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/tni_primer-burma-meaning_of_land.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 February 2016
ML > Land > Land in Burma > Human activity on land in Burma/Myanmar > Land use in Burma


Title: The Diversity and Dynamics of Shifting Cultivation: Myths, Realities, and Policy Implications
Date of publication: September 1997
Description/subject: "...This publication highlights the multifaceted, dynamic characterstics of shifting cultivation and identifies socioeconomic and policy factors that affect shifting cultivators. It challenges prevailing misconceptions by highlighting the diversity, myths, and realities of shifting cultivation.The concluding section summarizes reasons for supporting agroecological principles and livelihood security and avoiding historical mistakes. It also draws on insights based on field research and makes recommendations for policy change as well as other opportunities for supporting sustainable and equitable land use, including participatory community-based approaches for integrating local knowledge in research and development..."
Author/creator: Lori Ann Thrupp, Susanna Hecht and John Browder
Language: English
Source/publisher: WORLD RESOURCES INSTITUTE
Format/size: pdf (3MB)
Alternate URLs: http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/pnacd174.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 February 2016
ML > Agriculture and fisheries > Shifting ("swidden", "jhum", "taungya", "kaingin") cultivation - regional and global


Title: CONCEPTUALIZING PUBLIC SECTOR REFORM IN MYANMAR - မ န မ ာ ႏ င င တ င ျ ပ ည သ ေ ရ း ရ ာ က ႑ ျ ပ ျ ပ င ေ ျ ပ ာ င း လ ေ ရ း အ ယ အ ဆ အ ာ း န ာ း လ ည သ ေ ဘ ာ
Date of publication: June 2015
Description/subject: Executive Summary: "Myanmar has captured the world’s attention with its transition away from authoritarian military rule towards democracy. Since 2011, a series of major reforms have seen the country move from a repressive political system to one that is more focused on people-centered development; from a statedominated to a market-oriented economy; from decades of ethnic conflict towards a nationwide ceasefire and political dialogue; and from regional isolation to re-engagement in global affairs. This process of political and economic transformation has been accompanied by calls for reform of the public sector in Myanmar from many quarters. Political parties have taken to the streets over constitutional reform; students have marched to demand changes to the National Education Law; farmers have protested for land rights; and urban residents have complained about frequent power outages. Public expectations of government are rising, and demands are more visible, given the greater space for public expression in recent years. Outspoken criticism of the public sector, however, has also come from some surprising sources. President U Thein Sein and his senior ministers have delivered a series of, at times, blistering speeches calling for a change in the ‘mindset’ of government officials.."
Author/creator: David Hook, Tin Maung Than and Kim N. B. Ninh
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Asia Foundation via Center for Economic and Social Development (CESD)
Format/size: pdf (1.3MB)
Alternate URLs: https://mdricesd.files.wordpress.com/2015/07/sn-gov-ps-reform-mm1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2016
ML > Administration and administrative areas > National administration


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Sunday 31 January, 2016
Date of publication: 31 January 2016
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: ODA makes things a-ok: ODA Loan Secured for Hanthawaddy Airport Development...Price of Myanmar gold rises during last week of January...President unveils Kangyidaung power station in Pathein...President inspects improving of embankments in delta area:Improving of the embankments and river systems in Ayeyawady Region to finish before Monsoon...Chrysanthemun thrives in Amarapura...Educative talks “Menace of the Narcotic Drugs” held in Bago Region...Yabba and Guns seized in Taninthayi...Truck Overturns Near Thaton...Man wanted for attempted murder...Mandalay ILBC anniversary held...Manageable scale production of toddy palm sap pots increase income in Ngathayauk...Big chill in Tachileik good for sale of coal burners...Rakhine narcotic busts mark six year high...Developing faster reading..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar National Airlines to fly to Bangkok next month...Study on Myanmar’s rubber industry to bring more assistance from Japanese govt...Mandalay to host Asian Sepak Takraw Championship in Feb...Myanmar forced labourers rescued in Phuket...Connect to Learn takes significant step toward reaching 21000 students in Myanmar...Study on Myanmar’s rubber industry to bring more assistance from Japanese govt..... "OPINION": "Natural Resources Not Sole Option For Foreign Investment" by Kyaw Thural..... ARTICLE: "Action, accountability and inclusion: way forward towards zero disabilities among children with leprosy" by Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director, WHO South-East Asia Region
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.5MB-reduced version; 3MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/31_Jan_16_gnlm.pdf
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Sunday 31 January, 2016
Date of publication: 31 January 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.9MB-reduced version; 13MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/mal%2031.1.16.pdf
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Sunday 31 January, 2016
Date of publication: 31 January 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: Enterprise Survey in Garment and Agro-food processing Sectors in Yangon and Mon State
Date of publication: January 2016
Description/subject: "CESD presented the preliminary findings of their enterprise survey, which looked at labour market issues in the garment and food processing sectors, to the Ministry of Labor, Employment and Social Security on 27 January 2016. Issues included the low levels of labor representation, signs of worker dissatisfaction (as reflected in quite a high incidence of strikes), the gap between actual wages and the new minimum wage (the survey was conducted prior to the establishment of a minimum wage), high labor turnover rates, limited investment in human capital development, and firms’ difficulties in finding skilled labor. The research found that the greatest challenge for businesses was the ability to access skilled labor, followed by access to a reliable electricity supply..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Center for Economic and Social Development (CESD)
Format/size: pdf (582K)
Alternate URLs: https://mdricesd.files.wordpress.com/2016/01/presentation-labour-27-jan-2016.pdf
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2016
ML > Labour issues > Labour issues in Burma


Title: Environmental Impact Assessment on Hydropower Development of Ayeyawady River Basin Above Myitkyina, Kachin State, Myanmar
Date of publication: October 2009
Language: English
Source/publisher: Biodiversity And Nature Conservation Assoication (BANCA)
Format/size: pdf (34MB)
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2016
ML > Water, including dams > Water bodies (global. regional) > Human activities in, on and around Burma's water bodies > Threats to Burma's water bodies and their communities > Dams and other hydropower projects (constructed and planned) in Burma/Myanmar > Dams and other hydropower projects on the Irrawaddy and its tributaries


Title: High and Dry: The Cross-Boundary Impacts of China's Longjiang Dam (Shan)
Date of publication: 2010
Description/subject: Summary: "A recently built dam on the Longjiang (Nam Mao or Shweli) river in Yunnan Province of China has severely disrupted the livelihoods of about 16,000 villagers living in the Mao Valley along the northern Shan State border in Burma. The Ruili-Muse border crossing, in the Mao Valley, is the main border trade point between China and Burma, and local communiti es rely principally on income from ferrying goods across the river on either side of the crossing. However, in early 2010, when the reservoir in the Longjiang Dam started to be fi lled, the river dried up, falling to unprecedented low levels and bringing boats to a standsti ll. Since the start of the rains in May 2010, there have been huge daily fl uctuati ons in the river levels, causing not only grounding of boats, but also fl ooding of goods, cutti ng ferry workers' incomes by up to two-thirds. The numerous ferry operators have thus had to drasti cally reduce the numbers of their trips. The resulti ng drop in trade is not only cutti ng the income of the riverside communiti es, but also that of many of the 30,000 people living in the town of Muse, who rely on the border trade. These communiti es were never informed by either Chinese or Burmese authoriti es about the dam and its impacts. They are urgently requesti ng the Chinese authoriti es to modify the dam’s operati on so that the river’s environmental fl ow can be restored, and the disrupti on to their livelihoods minimized. This case study provides evidence that builders of hydropower dams on transnati onal rivers in China have neglected to consider the trans-boundary environmental and social impacts of these projects. There is an urgent need for transparent, comprehensive and parti cipatory assessments of the environmental and social impacts of these projects on the enti re length of the rivers."
Language: Shan (ရွမ္းဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Shan Women's Action Network (SWAN)
Format/size: pdf (2.9MB-reduced version; 3.6MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/SWAN-2010-High_and_Dry-The_Cross-Boundary_Impacts_of_China_%20Lo...
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2016
ML > Water, including dams > Water bodies (global. regional) > Human activities in, on and around Burma's water bodies > Threats to Burma's water bodies and their communities > Dams and other hydropower projects in Burma/Myanmar
Environment > The environment of Burma/Myanmar > Human activity in the environment of Burma/Myanmar > Threats to the environment of Burma/Myanmar > Hydropower projects


Title: High and Dry: The Cross-Boundary Impacts of China's Longjiang Dam (Burmese)
Date of publication: 2010
Description/subject: Summary: "A recently built dam on the Longjiang (Nam Mao or Shweli) river in Yunnan Province of China has severely disrupted the livelihoods of about 16,000 villagers living in the Mao Valley along the northern Shan State border in Burma. The Ruili-Muse border crossing, in the Mao Valley, is the main border trade point between China and Burma, and local communiti es rely principally on income from ferrying goods across the river on either side of the crossing. However, in early 2010, when the reservoir in the Longjiang Dam started to be fi lled, the river dried up, falling to unprecedented low levels and bringing boats to a standsti ll. Since the start of the rains in May 2010, there have been huge daily fl uctuati ons in the river levels, causing not only grounding of boats, but also fl ooding of goods, cutti ng ferry workers' incomes by up to two-thirds. The numerous ferry operators have thus had to drasti cally reduce the numbers of their trips. The resulti ng drop in trade is not only cutti ng the income of the riverside communiti es, but also that of many of the 30,000 people living in the town of Muse, who rely on the border trade. These communiti es were never informed by either Chinese or Burmese authoriti es about the dam and its impacts. They are urgently requesti ng the Chinese authoriti es to modify the dam’s operati on so that the river’s environmental fl ow can be restored, and the disrupti on to their livelihoods minimized. This case study provides evidence that builders of hydropower dams on transnati onal rivers in China have neglected to consider the trans-boundary environmental and social impacts of these projects. There is an urgent need for transparent, comprehensive and parti cipatory assessments of the environmental and social impacts of these projects on the enti re length of the rivers."
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Shan Women's Action Network (SWAN)
Format/size: pdf (2.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2016
ML > Water, including dams > Water bodies (global. regional) > Human activities in, on and around Burma's water bodies > Threats to Burma's water bodies and their communities > Dams and other hydropower projects in Burma/Myanmar
Environment > The environment of Burma/Myanmar > Human activity in the environment of Burma/Myanmar > Threats to the environment of Burma/Myanmar > Hydropower projects


Title: High and Dry: The Cross-Boundary Impacts of China's Longjiang Dam (English)
Date of publication: 2010
Description/subject: Summary: "A recently built dam on the Longjiang (Nam Mao or Shweli) river in Yunnan Province of China has severely disrupted the livelihoods of about 16,000 villagers living in the Mao Valley along the northern Shan State border in Burma. The Ruili-Muse border crossing, in the Mao Valley, is the main border trade point between China and Burma, and local communiti es rely principally on income from ferrying goods across the river on either side of the crossing. However, in early 2010, when the reservoir in the Longjiang Dam started to be fi lled, the river dried up, falling to unprecedented low levels and bringing boats to a standsti ll. Since the start of the rains in May 2010, there have been huge daily fl uctuati ons in the river levels, causing not only grounding of boats, but also fl ooding of goods, cutti ng ferry workers' incomes by up to two-thirds. The numerous ferry operators have thus had to drasti cally reduce the numbers of their trips. The resulti ng drop in trade is not only cutti ng the income of the riverside communiti es, but also that of many of the 30,000 people living in the town of Muse, who rely on the border trade. These communiti es were never informed by either Chinese or Burmese authoriti es about the dam and its impacts. They are urgently requesti ng the Chinese authoriti es to modify the dam’s operati on so that the river’s environmental fl ow can be restored, and the disrupti on to their livelihoods minimized. This case study provides evidence that builders of hydropower dams on transnati onal rivers in China have neglected to consider the trans-boundary environmental and social impacts of these projects. There is an urgent need for transparent, comprehensive and parti cipatory assessments of the environmental and social impacts of these projects on the enti re length of the rivers."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Shan Women's Action Network (SWAN)
Format/size: pdf (3.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2016
ML > Water, including dams > Water bodies (global. regional) > Human activities in, on and around Burma's water bodies > Threats to Burma's water bodies and their communities > Dams and other hydropower projects in Burma/Myanmar
Environment > The environment of Burma/Myanmar > Human activity in the environment of Burma/Myanmar > Threats to the environment of Burma/Myanmar > Hydropower projects


Title: Environmental Impact Study on Hydropower Development of Irrawaddy River: An Analysis from Burma Rivers Networ
Date of publication: 2011
Description/subject: The Myitsone dam should not be built:"...“With experts, find an alternative option to avoid construction of Mytisone dam at the confluence.” (p. 25) “If Myanmar and Chinese sides were really concerned about environmental issues and aimed at sustainable development of the country, there is no need for such a big dam to be constructed at the confluence of the Ayeyawady River. Instead two smaller dams could be built above Myitsone to produce nearly the same amount of electricity. Hence respecting the Kachin cultural values which surpass any amount of the overall construction costs.” (p. 40) “The construction of the dam on the Irrawaddy should be avoided due to the changes in downriver hydrology which may affect navigation, riverine ecosystem and delta ecosystem and will lead to negative impacts on the economy.” (p. 227)..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Rivers Network (BRN)
Format/size: pdf (86K)
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2016
ML > Water, including dams > Water bodies (global. regional) > Human activities in, on and around Burma's water bodies > Threats to Burma's water bodies and their communities > Dams and other hydropower projects (constructed and planned) in Burma/Myanmar > Dams and other hydropower projects on the Irrawaddy and its tributaries


Title: Damming Myanmar: Australian Involvement and the Shan’s Resistance
Date of publication: 2015
Description/subject: Australian involvement and the Shan’s resistance: "SMEC, an Australian-based services company that morphed out of the Snowy Mountains Engineering Corporation, was recently handed a petition containing 23,717 signatures opposing a giant dam on the upper Salween River at Mong Ton that would effectively divide Myanmar’s warshocked Shan state in half. It was not the first time it had been told the idea stinks. Undeterred, SMEC went back to the protest ing villages and continued its work. Later the Burma Army took five protesters, later releasing them. Some were beaten and slapped. SMEC is the public face of a consortium planning the dam. Its task, conducting the Environmental and Social Impact Assessments (EIAs and SIAs), takes it into potentially affected villages. SMEC finds itself heroically taking one for the gang: the disaster-prone Three Gorges Corporation; Sinohydro, which has been involved in several controversial dam projects in the past; the Myanmar Electricity Power Enterprise; and state energy monopsony Thai Electricity Generating Authority. There are rumours that a UK team of engineers, Malcolm Dunstan and Associates —involved in dam building in Myanmar in the past and, because of human-rights violations on the sites, placed on the UK Burma Campaign’s ‘Dirty Company’ list— might also be involved, but those could not be substantiated. SMEC has been meeting the people of Shan state, seeking agreement to build the Tasang dam at Mong Ton. It has faced serial rejection (a story detailing that rejection, with a critique of SMEC’s procedures, was removed from Asian Correspondent after legal threats from SMEC). Meetings have been cancelled due to local hostility. Shan women have risen to their feet, their voices rich and challenging, telling the SMEC representatives that, having survived years of war, they refuse to let their ancestral lands be drowned to produce unneeded electricity for China and Thailand..."
Author/creator: Melody Kemp
Language: English
Format/size: pdf (171K)
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2016
ML > Water, including dams > Water bodies (global. regional) > Human activities in, on and around Burma's water bodies > Threats to Burma's water bodies and their communities > Dams and other hydropower projects (constructed and planned) in Burma/Myanmar > Dams and other hydropower projects on the Salween
Foreign Relations > Australia-Burma relations


Title: "Society Against the State" (extract)
Date of publication: 1987
Description/subject: "In this seminal, founding work of political anthropology, Pierre Clastres takes on some of the most abiding and essential questions of human civilization: What is power? What is society? How, among all the possible modes of political organization, did we come to choose the monolithic State model and its accompanying regimes of coercion? As Clastres shows, other and different regimes do indeed exist, and they existed long before ours — regimes in which power, though it manifests itself everywhere, is nonetheless noncoercive. In such societies, political culture, and cultural practices generally, are not only not submissive to the State model, but they actively avert it, rendering impossible the very conditions in which coercive power and the State could arise. How then could our own “societies of the State” ever have arisen from these rich and complex stateless societies, and why? Clastres brilliantly and imaginatively addresses these questions, meditating on the peculiar shape and dynamics of so-called “primitive societies,” and especially on the discourses with which “civilized” (i.e., political, economic, literate) peoples have not ceased to reduce and contain them. He refutes outright the idea that the State is the ultimate and logical density of all societies. On the contrary, Clastres develops a whole alternate and always affirmative political technology based on values such as leisure, prestige, and generosity. Through individual essays he explores and deftly situates the anarchistic political and social roles of storytelling, homosexuality, jokes, ruinous gift-giving, and the torturous ritual marking of the body, placing them within an economy of power and desire very different from our own, one whose most fundamental goal is to celebrate life while rendering the rise of despotic power impossible. Though power itself is shown to be inseparable from the richest and most complex forms of social life, the State is seen as a specific but grotesque aberration peculiar only to certain societies, not least of which is our own."
Author/creator: Pierre Clastres
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Society Against the State"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2016
ML > Decentralisation > Decentralisation (Decentralization) - international examples, definitions, theory
Politics and Government > Politics and Government - global - general studies, strategies, theory


Title: CESD - CENTRE FOR ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT (MYANMAR)
Description/subject: Important and substantial site - Many useful reports on Myanmar's economy, including governance, agriculture etc. ...Chief of the Board of Directors, U Myint... "The Centre for Economic and Social Development (CESD) is Myanmar’s leading think tank supporting evidence-based policy making.... CESD undertakes public policy research across the following areas: macroeconomic reform, labour and social policy, food security and rural development, and governance.... CESD is also the Coordinator of the Leading Authority overseeing the Myanmar Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (MEITI). Please visit the MEITI website, myanmareiti.org to learn more about the MEITI objectives, program of work and key deliverables.... CESD partners with the Comprehensive Development Education Centre (CDEC), an organisation providing education and training services for youth and people working in development. CDEC’s mission is to “provide capacity building and enrich the existing knowledge and skills of civil society organisations, staff at non-government organisations, and youth, in order to facilitate community empowerment and participation in community development and nation building.”... CESD also provides training and education services for institutions and organizations contributing to the on-going process of reform. Highlights of CESD’s training and education services are accessible via the Events link above and have included: training in leadership and public sector reform for Permanent Secretaries, a trade negotiation capacity building workshop for civil servants, public revenue model training for Internal Revenue Department staff, and value chain analysis training to support rural development.... Vision, mission, goal and objectives Vision: To contribute to Myanmar’s transformation towards a democratic, developed and dignified society.... Mission: To support key stakeholders who are committed to the transformation of Myanmar: to become a modern developed nation that meets the aspirations of its people for a better life; and to achieve greater integration with the international community where Myanmar’s cooperation and support can be counted upon in meeting the regional and global problems of the 21st century.... Strategic goal: To facilitate the process of sustained and participatory reforms in Myanmar so that the country achieves: Complete liberalization; and Comprehensive development during transition.... Objectives: to play a central role in supporting economic reform, poverty-reduction and good governance; to receive feedback on progress of reforms and to review and inform the on-going policy execution; to implement special programs and projects critical to the success of reforms, supplementing legitimacy deficits, weak organizations or poor capacities of public institutions; to provide training and education services for all key institutions and organizations that contribute to the process of reform; to offer innovative solutions to overcome binding constraints to the transition..."
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: CESD - CENTRE FOR ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT (MYANMAR)
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 January 2016
ML > Economy > Economy: general, analytical, statistical > Burmese Economists on the Burmese Economy > Burmese think tanks etc. dealing with the Burmese/Myanmar economy
Economy > Economy: general, analytical, statistical > Economy: general, analytical, statistical (various sources)
Development - focus on Sustainable and Endogenous Development > Development in Myanmar - general articles


Title: A Quiet Revolution Emerging in the Fish-farming Value Chain in Myanmar: Implications for National Food Security
Date of publication: November 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "Fish farming (aquaculture) is important to Myanmar’s food security and is developing and transforming quickly. This brief presents findings from a new field survey of the farmed fish value chain that is more detailed and broader than any previous study conducted in Myanmar. Many of our findings are at odds with what we perceive as conventional wisdom about fish farming in Myanmar. The findings have important policy implications to unlock the sector’s full growth potential and food security contributions."
Author/creator: Ben Belton, Aung Hein, Kyan Htoo, L. Seng Kham, Ulrike Nischan, Thomas Reardon and Duncan Boughton
Language: English
Source/publisher: Center for Economic and Social Development (CESD), Michigan State University, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Livelihood and Food Security Trust Fund
Format/size: pdf (198K-reduced version; 273K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/CESD-2015-11-A_Quiet_Revolution_Emerging_in_the_Fish-farming-en....
https://mdricesd.files.wordpress.com/2016/01/aquaculture_policy_brief_1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 January 2016
ML > Agriculture and fisheries > Fisheries (including aquaculture and fishing)


Title: Making Public Finance Work for Children in Myanmar (English)
Date of publication: 2012
Description/subject: Summary: "In the Framework for Economic and Social Reform (FESR) 1, the Government of Myanmar (GOM) outlined the need to increase public expenditure in the social sector and for infrastructure to support economic growth and fight poverty. FESR also stated that government expenditure on health and education will increase, whilst defence expenditure will decline. Therefore, the United Nations Children Fund Myanmar, (UNICEF) in collaboration with the Myanmar Development Resource Institute - Centre for Economic and Social Development (MDRI-CESD) have developed this report examining current social sector expenditure and the fiscal space available to increase this spending. In order to understand how public finance could be better oriented towards children, the objectives of this paper were: • To identify and highlight trends in terms of public sector expenditures, their allocation and growth rates, especially those related to the “social sector”; • To assess the overall impact of State-Owned-Enterprises (SOEs) on the budget; • To examine the fiscal flow to the states/regions; and • To analyse trends in revenue and expenditure. Key Findings from this report include: • The Government has made commitments to reduce Myanmar’s fiscal deficit, with projections currently suggesting it will decline to 5 per cent of GDP by 2014-15, from 9 per cent in 2012- 13. However, it is still uncertain to what extent the supplementary budget might impact the final figure. • SOE’s make significant contributions to government revenue and expenditure. Although their net contribution to the fiscal balance varies between SOEs, many are increasingly being exposed to market forces, which is expected to improve their overall impact on the fiscal balance and potentially increase fiscal space for children • Social sector spending (health, education and social welfare) has increased since 2011-12, averaging between 5-9 per cent of total expenditure, compared to defence which still absorbed 13-15 per cent of total expenditure over the same period. Despite this, the proportion of expenditure allocated to defence has declined since 2011-12. • Budget allocations for education rose from just under 4 per cent of the budget in 2011-12 and is projected to reach nearly 6 per cent in 2014-15. • Expenditure on health tripled, from 1 per cent in 2011-12 to 3 per cent of the budget in 2012-13. • Allocations for social welfare have declined from under 0.2 per cent of expenditure in 2011- 12 to 0.1 per cent in 2014-15. Despite this, social welfare expenditure in absolute terms is at approximately the same level in 2014-15 as it was in 2011-12..."
Author/creator: Dr Zaw Oo, Dr. Aniruddha Bonnerjee, Phoo Pwint Phyu, Giles Dickenson-Jones and Paul Minoletti
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNICEF via Center for Economic and Social Development (CESD)
Format/size: pdf (2.3MB)
Alternate URLs: https://mdricesd.files.wordpress.com/2015/04/public-finance-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 January 2016
ML > Children
Economy > Economy: general, analytical, statistical > Economy: general, analytical, statistical (various sources)
Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education Financing


Title: Making Public Finance Work for Children in Myanmar (Burmese)
Date of publication: 2012
Description/subject: Summary: "In the Framework for Economic and Social Reform (FESR) 1, the Government of Myanmar (GOM) outlined the need to increase public expenditure in the social sector and for infrastructure to support economic growth and fight poverty. FESR also stated that government expenditure on health and education will increase, whilst defence expenditure will decline. Therefore, the United Nations Children Fund Myanmar, (UNICEF) in collaboration with the Myanmar Development Resource Institute - Centre for Economic and Social Development (MDRI-CESD) have developed this report examining current social sector expenditure and the fiscal space available to increase this spending. In order to understand how public finance could be better oriented towards children, the objectives of this paper were: • To identify and highlight trends in terms of public sector expenditures, their allocation and growth rates, especially those related to the “social sector”; • To assess the overall impact of State-Owned-Enterprises (SOEs) on the budget; • To examine the fiscal flow to the states/regions; and • To analyse trends in revenue and expenditure. Key Findings from this report include: • The Government has made commitments to reduce Myanmar’s fiscal deficit, with projections currently suggesting it will decline to 5 per cent of GDP by 2014-15, from 9 per cent in 2012- 13. However, it is still uncertain to what extent the supplementary budget might impact the final figure. • SOE’s make significant contributions to government revenue and expenditure. Although their net contribution to the fiscal balance varies between SOEs, many are increasingly being exposed to market forces, which is expected to improve their overall impact on the fiscal balance and potentially increase fiscal space for children • Social sector spending (health, education and social welfare) has increased since 2011-12, averaging between 5-9 per cent of total expenditure, compared to defence which still absorbed 13-15 per cent of total expenditure over the same period. Despite this, the proportion of expenditure allocated to defence has declined since 2011-12. • Budget allocations for education rose from just under 4 per cent of the budget in 2011-12 and is projected to reach nearly 6 per cent in 2014-15. • Expenditure on health tripled, from 1 per cent in 2011-12 to 3 per cent of the budget in 2012-13. • Allocations for social welfare have declined from under 0.2 per cent of expenditure in 2011- 12 to 0.1 per cent in 2014-15. Despite this, social welfare expenditure in absolute terms is at approximately the same level in 2014-15 as it was in 2011-12..."
Author/creator: Dr Zaw Oo, Dr. Aniruddha Bonnerjee, Phoo Pwint Phyu, Giles Dickenson-Jones and Paul Minoletti
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: UNICEF via Center for Economic and Social Development (CESD)
Format/size: pdf (1.6MB-reduced version; 3.7MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/2012-Making_Public_Finance_Work_for_Children_in_Myanmar-bu.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 January 2016
ML > Economy > Economy: general, analytical, statistical > Economy: general, analytical, statistical (various sources)
Children
Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education Financing


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Saturday 30 January, 2016
Date of publication: 30 January 2016
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker gives local, foreign media press conference: "Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann gave a press conference to local and foreign media persons totaling 119 at Zabuthiri Hall in Parliament Complex, Nay Pyi Taw yesterday. The Speaker answered questions raised by media at the conference. Present also at the press conference were Deputy Pyidaungsu Hluttaw and Pyithu Hluttaw Speaker U Nanda Kyaw Swa, Chair of Pyithu Hluttaw Bill Committee U Ti Khun Myat and Secretary U Saw Hla Tun, members of Pyithu Hluttaw Legal Affairs and Special Cases Assessment Commission and officials from the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw and Pyithu Hluttaw Offices."..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw concludes successfully...A roof over our heads: Yangonites with no homes invited to apply for rental apartments...Amyotha Hluttaw postpones its session to 2 Feb...Pathein gets more electricity...Myanmar Scouts concludes strategy development workshop...Weather radar station in Mandalay sees completion of piling work...Myanmar Dental Conference 2016 held...VP Dr Sai Mauk Kham attends luncheon in honour of incoming, outgoing MPs...Ayeyawady Region on track to get 24-hour electricity coverage...Energy Ministry holds press briefing...MPT to provide 3G coverage to over 95% of Myanmar by end of March...Cattle breeders earn more than K1 million per year...Mobile clinics offer social security services nationwide...Extreme weather hampers regional development in Kachin State...Cargo vessel sank in Twantay...Fire engulfs 18 houses in Mandalay...CCTV footage leads to murder arrest...President U Thein Sein’s State of the Union Address to the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar’s UDE wants to be included in OU5..... "OPINION": "Ask yourselves" by Kyaw Thura.....
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.3MB-reduced version; 2.8MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/30_Jan_16_gnlm.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 January 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Saturday 30 January, 2016
Date of publication: 30 January 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.6MB-reduced version; 12MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/mal%2030.1.16.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 January 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Saturday 30 January, 2016
Date of publication: 30 January 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (12MB)
Date of entry/update: 30 January 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: Myanmar National Land Use Policy (English)
Date of publication: January 2016
Description/subject: Introduction: "1. Myanmar is a country where the various kinds of ethnic nationalities are residing collectively and widely in 7 Regions, 7 States and Union Territory. The country is located in Southeast Asia and is important geographically, economically and politically in the region. 2. Moreover, Myanmar is a country that has rich natural resources and environment, including valuable forests, fertile planes, natural gas and mineral deposits, long coastline, mountain ranges, and rivers such as the Ayeyarwaddy, Chindwin, Thanlwin, Sittaung, which are the lifeblood of the country. 3. The land resources shall be managed, administered and used, with special attention, by adopting long-term objectives for the livelihood improvement of the citizens and sustainable development of the country. When the land resources are systematically used and well managed, the more it will be possible to fulfill the basic needs of the citizens, develop the social and economic life of the people, and develop the country harmoniously. 4. Under section 37 of the Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, it is provided that the Union is the ultimate owner of all lands in the Union, shall enact necessary law to supervise extraction and utilization of State-owned natural resources by economic forces; shall permit citizens right of private property, right of inheritance, right of private initiative and patent in accord with the law. According to such provision, the President of the Union also guided on 19th June, 2012 to adopt a necessary, strong and precise policy for the sustainable management, administration2 and use of the land resources of the country, as such, "the National Land Use Policy "has been developed. 5. This National Land Use Policy aims to implement, manage and carry out land use and tenure rights in the country systematically and successfully, including both urban and rural areas, in accordance with the objectives of the Policy and shall be the guide for the development and enactment of a National Land Law, including harmonization and implementation of the existing laws related to land, and issues to be decided by all relevant departments and organizations relating to land use and tenure rights."
Language: English
Source/publisher: MYLAFF
Format/size: pdf (260K)
Date of entry/update: 30 January 2016
ML > Land > Land in Burma > Law and policy on land in Burma/Myanmar


Title: အမျိုးသား􀃤ြမအသ􀃢􀃦းချမ􀄂မူဝါဒ
Date of publication: January 2016
Description/subject: န􀃠ဒ􀃞န􀃩􀃨။ ။ "၁။ 􀃮မန􀃩မ􀃟􀄈􀃢􀃠င􀃩င􀃦သည􀃩 တ􀃢􀃠င􀃩􀃨ရင􀃩􀃨သ􀃟􀃨လ􀃣မ􀃪􀃠􀄃􀃨􀃤ပ􀃞င􀃩􀃨စ􀃢􀃦တ􀃠􀃢 􀃧 စ􀃢􀃤ပ􀃞င􀃩􀃨􀃤နထ􀃠􀃢င􀃩လ􀃪က􀃩ရ􀃬􀃠􀃤သ􀃟 􀄈􀃢􀃠င􀃩င􀃦 တစ􀃩􀄈􀃠􀃢င􀃩င􀃦􀃮ဖစ􀃩􀃰ပ􀃡􀃨၊ တ􀃠􀃢င􀃩􀃨􀃤ဒသ􀃱က􀃡􀃨 ၇ ခ􀃢၊ 􀃮ပည􀃩နယ􀃩 ၇ ခ􀃢􀄈􀃬င􀃩􀃧 􀃮ပည􀃩􀃤ထ􀃟င􀃩စ􀃢နယ􀃩􀃤􀃮မတ􀃠􀃢တ􀃧 􀃫င􀃩 􀃮ပန􀃩􀄈􀃧 􀃦􀃬 􀃧 􀃤နထ􀃠􀃢င􀃩လ􀃪က􀃩ရ􀃬􀃠သည􀃩။ 􀄈􀃠􀃢င􀃩င􀃦􀃤တ􀃟􀃩သည􀃩 အ􀃤ရ􀃬 􀃤􀃧 တ􀃟င􀃩အ􀃟ရ􀃬တ􀃫င􀃩 တည􀃩ရ􀃬􀃠􀃰ပ􀃡􀃨ပထဝ􀃡အ􀃤နအထ􀃟􀃨 အရ􀃤သ􀃟􀃩လည􀃩􀃨􀃤က􀃟င􀃩􀃨၊ စ􀃡􀃨ပ􀃫􀃟􀃨􀃤ရ􀃨အရ􀃤သ􀃟􀃩လည􀃩􀃨􀃤က􀃟င􀃩􀃨၊ 􀄈􀃢􀃠င􀃩င􀃦􀃤ရ􀃨အရ􀃤သ􀃟􀃩လည􀃩􀃨􀃤က􀃟င􀃩􀃨 အခ􀃪က􀃩အခ􀃪􀃟က􀃪သည􀃩􀃧 􀄈􀃢􀃠င􀃩င􀃦􀃮ဖစ􀃩ပ􀃞သည􀃩။ ၂။ ထ􀃠􀃢􀃮􀃧ပင􀃩 􀃮မန􀃩မ􀃟􀄈􀃢􀃠င􀃩င􀃦သည􀃩 အဖ􀃠􀃢􀃨တန􀃩သစ􀃩􀃤တ􀃟􀃱က􀃡􀃨မ􀃪􀃟􀃨၊ 􀃤􀃮မဆ􀃡􀃯သဇ􀃟􀃷ကယ􀃩ဝသည􀃧􀃩 􀃤􀃮မ􀃮ပန􀃩လ􀃧 􀃫င􀃩􀃮ပင􀃩မ􀃪􀃟􀃨၊ သဘ􀃟ဝဓ􀃟တ􀃩􀃤င􀃫􀄈􀃧 􀃬င􀃧􀃩သတ􀃎 􀄃သ􀃢􀃠က􀃩မ􀃪􀃟􀃨၊ ရ􀃬ည􀃩လ􀃪􀃟􀃨သည􀃩􀃧 ပင􀃩လယ􀃩ကမ􀃩􀃨􀄉􀃠􀃢􀃨 တန􀃩􀃨၊ 􀃤တ􀃟င􀃩စ􀄆􀃩􀃤တ􀃟င􀃩တန􀃩􀃨မ􀃪􀃟􀃨􀄈􀃬င􀃧􀃩 􀄈􀃠􀃢င􀃩င􀃦၏အသက􀃩􀃤သ􀃫􀃨􀃤􀃯က􀃟􀃮ဖစ􀃩သည􀃩􀃧 ဧရ􀃟ဝတ􀃡၊ ခ􀃪င􀃩􀃨တ􀃫င􀃩􀃨၊ သ􀃦လ􀃫င􀃩၊ စစ􀃩􀃤တ􀃟င􀃩􀃨စသည􀃩􀃧 􀃮မစ􀃩􀃱က􀃡􀃨မ􀃪􀃟􀃨အပ􀃞အဝင􀃩 သဘ􀃟ဝအရင􀃩􀃨အ􀃮မစ􀃩 အ􀃤􀃮ခခ􀃦 􀃤က􀃟င􀃩􀃨မ􀃪􀃟􀃨􀄈􀃬င􀃩􀃧သဘ􀃟ဝပတ􀃩ဝန􀃩􀃨က􀃪င􀃩􀃤က􀃟င􀃩􀃨မ􀃪􀃟􀃨ရ􀃬􀃠သည􀃩􀃧􀄈􀃢􀃠င􀃩င􀃦တစ􀃩􀄈􀃢􀃠င􀃩င􀃦လည􀃩􀃨􀃮ဖစ􀃩ပ􀃞သည􀃩။ ၃။ 􀃤􀃮မသယ􀃦ဇ􀃟တမ􀃪􀃟􀃨သည􀃩 􀄈􀃢􀃠င􀃩င􀃦သ􀃟􀃨မ􀃪􀃟􀃨၏ စ􀃟􀃨ဝတ􀃩􀃤န􀃤ရ􀃨􀄈􀃬င􀃩􀃧 􀄈􀃠􀃢င􀃩င􀃦􀃤တ􀃟􀃩ဖ􀃫􀃦􀃰ဖ􀃧 􀃠􀄃􀃨 တ􀃠􀃢􀃨တက􀃩􀃤ရ􀃨တ􀃠􀃢အ􀃧 တ􀃫က􀃩 􀃤ရရ􀃬ည􀃩ရည􀃩မ􀃬န􀃩􀃨ခ􀃪က􀃩ခ􀃪မ􀃬တ􀃩􀃰ပ􀃡􀃨 အထ􀃣􀃨အ􀃤လ􀃨ထ􀃟􀃨 စ􀃡မ􀃦အ􀃢ပ􀃩ခ􀃪􀄃ပ􀃩 အသ􀃢􀃦􀃨ခ􀃪ရမည􀃧􀃩 အရင􀃩􀃨အ􀃮မစ􀃩မ􀃪􀃟􀃨􀃮ဖစ􀃩ပ􀃞သည􀃩။ 􀃤􀃮မအရင􀃩􀃨အ􀃮မစ􀃩မ􀃪􀃟􀃨က􀃠􀃢 စနစ􀃩တက􀃪အသ􀃦􀃢􀃨ခ􀃪 စ􀃡မ􀃦ခန􀃩ခ􀃧 􀃫􀃥􀄈􀃠􀃢င􀃩သည􀃩􀄈􀃬င􀃧􀃩အမ􀃸 􀃮ပည􀃩သ􀃣တ􀃠􀃢၏􀃧 အ􀃤􀃮ခခ􀃦လ􀃠􀃢အပ􀃩ခ􀃪က􀃩မ􀃪􀃟􀃨 􀃮ပည􀃧􀃩ဝလ􀃟􀃤စရန၊􀃩 လ􀃣မ􀄂စ􀃡􀃨ပ􀃫􀃟􀃨 ဘဝ􀃮မင􀃩􀃧မ􀃟􀃨လ􀃟􀃤စရန􀃩􀄈􀃬င􀃩􀃧 􀄈􀃠􀃢င􀃩င􀃦􀃤တ􀃟􀃩ဖ􀃫􀃦􀃰ဖ􀃧 􀃠􀄃􀃨တ􀃠􀃢􀃨တက􀃩လ􀃟􀃤စရန 􀃩 ဟန􀃩ခ􀃪က􀃩ည􀃡စ􀃫􀃟 အ􀃤က􀃟င􀃩 အထည􀃩􀃤ဖ􀃟􀃩􀃤ဆ􀃟င􀃩ရ􀃫က􀃩􀄈􀃠􀃢င􀃩မည􀃩􀃮ဖစ􀃩ပ􀃞သည􀃩။ ၄။ 􀃮ပည􀃩􀃤ထ􀃟င􀃩စ􀃢သမ􀃗တ􀃮မန􀃩မ􀃟􀄈􀃠􀃢င􀃩င􀃦􀃤တ􀃟􀃩 ဖ􀃥􀃫စ􀃧 ည􀃩􀃨ပ􀃦􀃢အ􀃤􀃮ခခ􀃦ဥပ􀃤ဒ ပ􀃢ဒ􀃩မ၃၇တ􀃫င􀃩 􀄈􀃠􀃢င􀃩င􀃦􀃤တ􀃟􀃩 သည􀃩 􀄈􀃠􀃢င􀃩င􀃦􀃤တ􀃟􀃩အတ􀃫င􀃩􀃨ရ􀃬􀃠 􀃤􀃮မအ􀃟􀃨လ􀃢􀃦􀃨၏ပင􀃩ရင􀃩􀃨ပ􀃢􀃠င􀃩ရ􀃬င􀃩􀃮ဖစ􀃩သည􀃩ဟ􀃢လည􀃩􀃨􀃤က􀃟င􀃩􀃨၊ 􀄈􀃢􀃠င􀃩ငပ􀃦 􀃠􀃢င 􀃩 သယ􀃦ဇ􀃟တပစ􀃃ည􀃩􀃨မ􀃪􀃟􀃨အ􀃟􀃨 စ􀃡􀃨ပ􀃫􀃟􀃨􀃤ရ􀃨အင􀃩အ􀃟􀃨စ􀃢မ􀃪􀃟􀃨က ထ􀃢တ􀃩ယ􀃣သ􀃢􀃦􀃨စ􀃫􀃥􀃮ခင􀃩􀃨က􀃠􀃢 က􀃫ပ􀃩က􀃥􀃱က􀃡􀃨 􀃯ကပ􀄈􀃩 􀃢􀃠င􀃩ရန􀃩 ဥပ􀃤ဒ􀃮ပဋ္ဌ􀃟န􀃩􀃨ရမည􀃩ဟ􀃢လည􀃩􀃨􀃤က􀃟င􀃩􀃨၊ 􀄈􀃢􀃠င􀃩င􀃦သ􀃟􀃨မ􀃪􀃟􀃨အ􀃟􀃨 ပစ􀃃ည􀃩􀃨ပ􀃠􀃢င􀃩ဆ􀃠􀃢င􀃩ခ􀃫င􀃧􀃩၊ အ􀃤မ􀃫ဆက􀃩ခ􀃦ခ􀃫င􀃧􀃩၊ က􀃠􀃢ယ􀃩ပ􀃠􀃢င􀃩လ􀃢ပ􀃩က􀃠􀃢င􀃩ခ􀃫င􀃧􀃩၊ တ􀃡ထ􀃫င􀃩ခ􀃫င􀃧􀃩􀄈􀃬င􀃧􀃩မ􀃣ပ􀃠􀃢င􀃩ခ􀃫င􀃧􀃩တ􀃠􀃢က􀃧 􀃠􀃢 ဥပ􀃤ဒ􀃮ပဋ္ဌ􀃟န􀃩􀃨ခ􀃪က􀃩􀄈􀃬င􀃧􀃩 အည􀃡 ခ􀃫င􀃧􀃩􀃮ပ􀄃ရမည􀃩ဟ􀃢လည􀃩􀃨􀃤က􀃟င􀃩􀃨 􀃮ပဋ္ဌ􀃟န􀃩􀃨ထ􀃟􀃨ပ􀃞သည􀃩။ အဆ􀃠􀃢ပ􀃞 􀃮ပဋ္ဌ􀃟န􀃩􀃨ခ􀃪က􀃩အရ 􀄈􀃠􀃢င􀃩င􀃦􀃤တ􀃟􀃩သမ􀃗တက ၂၀၁၂ ခ􀃢􀄈􀃬စ􀃩၊ ဇ􀃫န􀃩လ ၁၉ ရက􀃩􀃤နတ􀃧 􀃫င􀄈􀃩 􀃠􀃢င􀃩င􀃦􀃤တ􀃟􀃩၏ 􀃤􀃮မသယ􀃦ဇ􀃟တမ􀃪􀃟􀃨က􀃠􀃢 စ􀄆􀃩ဆက􀃩မ􀃮ပတ􀃩 စ􀃡မ􀃦အ􀃢ပ􀃩ခ􀃪􀄃ပ􀃩၊ အသ􀃢􀃦􀃨ခ􀃪􀄈􀃠􀃢င􀃩􀃤ရ􀃨အတ􀃫က􀃩 လ􀃠􀃢အပ􀃩􀃤န􀃤သ􀃟ခ􀃠􀃢င􀃩မ􀃟တ􀃠က􀃪သည􀃧􀃩 မ􀃣ဝ􀃞ဒ တစ􀃩ရပ 􀃩 􀃤ရ􀃨ဆ􀃫􀃥􀃮ပဋ္ဌ􀃟န􀃩􀃨ရန􀃩 လမ􀃩􀃨􀄅ွှန􀃩ခ􀃧􀃥သ􀃮ဖင􀃩􀃧“အမ􀃪􀃠􀄃􀃨သ􀃟􀃨􀃤􀃮မအသ􀃢􀃦􀃨ခ􀃪မ􀄂 မ􀃣ဝ􀃞ဒ”က􀃠􀃢 􀃤ရ􀃨ဆ􀃫􀃥 􀃮ပ􀄃စ􀃢􀃮ခင􀃩􀃨􀃮ဖစ􀃩ပ􀃞သည􀃩။ ကန􀃧􀃩 သတ􀃩 - 2 - ကန􀃧􀃩 သတ􀃩 ၅။ ဤအမ􀃪􀃠􀄃􀃨သ􀃟􀃨􀃤􀃮မအသ􀃢􀃦􀃨ခ􀃪မ􀄂မ􀃣ဝ􀃞ဒသည􀃩􀃰မ􀃠􀄃􀃮􀃧ပ၊ 􀃤က􀃪􀃨လကမ􀃩 􀃪􀃟􀃨အပ􀃞အဝင 􀃩 􀄈􀃠􀃢င􀃩င􀃦􀃤တ􀃟􀃩 အတ􀃫င􀃩􀃨ရ􀃬􀃠 􀃤􀃮မအသ􀃢􀃦􀃨ခ􀃪မ􀄂􀄈􀃬င􀃩􀃧 လ􀃢ပ􀃩ပ􀃠􀃢င􀃩ခ􀃫င􀃧􀃩မ􀃪􀃟􀃨က􀃠􀃢 မ􀃣ဝ􀃞ဒပ􀃞 ရည􀃩ရ􀃫ယ􀃩ခ􀃪က􀃩မ􀃪􀃟􀃨􀄈􀃬င􀃧􀃩အည􀃡 စနစ􀃩တက􀃪 􀃤အ􀃟င􀃩􀃮မင􀃩စ􀃫􀃟အ􀃤က􀃟င􀃩အထည􀃩􀃤ဖ􀃟􀃩 စ􀃡မ􀃦􀃤ဆ􀃟င􀃩ရ􀃫က􀄈􀃩 􀃢􀃠င􀃩ရန􀃩ဦ􀃨တည􀃩􀃰ပ􀃡􀃨 􀃤􀃮မ􀄈􀃬င􀃩􀃧သက􀃩ဆ􀃠􀃢င􀃩􀃤သ􀃟 တည􀃩ဆ􀃥ဥပ􀃤ဒမ􀃪􀃟􀃨၏ ည􀃡􀄅􀃫တ􀃩မ􀃸တမ􀄂၊ ယင􀃩􀃨ဥပ􀃤ဒမ􀃪􀃟􀃨က􀃠􀃢 အ􀃤က􀃟င􀃩အထည􀃩􀃤ဖ􀃟􀃩မ􀄂 အပ􀃞အဝင􀃩 အမ􀃪􀃠􀄃􀃨သ􀃟􀃨􀃤􀃮မ ဥပ􀃤ဒသစ􀃩တစ􀃩ရပ􀃩 􀃮ပဋ္ဌ􀃟န􀃩􀃨􀄈􀃢􀃠င􀃤􀃩 ရ􀃨အတ􀃫က􀃩လည􀃩􀃨􀃤က􀃟င􀃩􀃨၊ 􀃤􀃮မအသ􀃢􀃦􀃨ခ􀃪မ􀄂 သ􀃠􀃢မ􀃧 ဟ􀃢တ􀃩 􀃤􀃮မလ􀃢ပ􀃩ပ􀃠􀃢င􀃩ခ􀃫င􀃧􀃩တ􀃠􀃢􀄈􀃧 􀃬င􀃧􀃩စပ􀃩လ􀃪􀄆􀃩􀃨၍ သက􀃩ဆ􀃠􀃢င􀃩ရ􀃟ဌ􀃟န၊ အဖ􀃥􀃫အ􀃧 စည􀃩􀃨မ􀃪􀃟􀃨အ􀃟􀃨လ􀃢􀃦􀃨က အဆ􀃢􀃦􀃨အ􀃮ဖတ􀃩􀃤ပ􀃨ရမည􀃧􀃩က􀃠စ􀃃ရပ􀃩မ􀃪􀃟􀃨အတ􀃫က􀃩လည􀃩􀃨􀃤က􀃟င􀃩􀃨 လမ􀃩􀃨􀄅ွှန􀃩􀃮ဖစ􀃩􀃤စရမည􀃩။"
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: MYLAFF
Format/size: pdf (347K)
Date of entry/update: 30 January 2016
ML > Land > Land in Burma > Law and policy on land in Burma/Myanmar


Title: Launch of research report into aquaculture (introduction, presentations and press release)
Date of publication: 28 January 2016
Description/subject: "Rapid growth in Myanmar’s fish farming industry is supporting higher rural incomes, greater job opportunities, and improved nutrition, health and well-being, according to research by the Centre for Economic and Social Development (CESD), Michigan State University (MSU) and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). The research report, “Aquaculture in transition: Value chain transformation, fish and food security in Myanmar”, was released to industry stakeholders and government representatives at a workshop in Yangon on 28 January 2016. In his opening remarks, Dr Duncan Boughton, Professor, International Development at Michigan State University, said good information and reliable data was vital for effective policy making. The CESD, MSU and IFPRI research provides data for the aquaculture (fish farming) industry that has not previously been available, and that differs from some of the conventional wisdom about Myanmar’s fish farming industry. The research will provide valuable input into policy discussions and the development of policy that supports and promotes a sustainable and equitable growth in the aquaculture industry. Presentations from the launch and workshop, a press release and a link to the findings of the aquaculture research are provided below. Launch and workshop for the “Aquaculture in transition: Value chain transformation, fish and food security in Myanmar”, 9am – 1pm, Thursday 28 January 2016, at Sedona Hotel, Yangon. Agenda (PDF; English version; 1 page; 135 Kb) Presentation 01: “The status of aquaculture in Myanmar: A review of existing data”, by Kyan Htoo, Research Associate, CESD English version (PDF; English version; 23 pages; 966 Kb) Myanmar version (PDF; Myanmar version; 23 pages; 970 Kb) Presentation 02: “The structure and performance of aquaculture value chains in Myanmar”, by Dr Ben Belton, Assistant Professor, Michigan State University English version (PDF; English version; 26 pages; 2,569 Kb) Myanmar version (PDF; Myanmar version; 25 pages; 2,748 Kb) Presentation 03: “Policy options for inclusive aquaculture growth”, by Aung Hein, Research Associate, CESD English version (PDF; English version; 8 pages; 142 Kb) Myanmar version (PDF; Myanmar version; 8 pages; 166 Kb) Press release English version (PDF; English version; 3 pages; 736 Kb) (and copied below) Myanmar version (PDF; Myanmar version; 5 pages; 731 Kb) Aquaculture research paper and policy brief....."
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: CESD - CENTRE FOR ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT (MYANMAR)
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 January 2016
ML > Agriculture and fisheries > Fisheries (including aquaculture and fishing)


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Friday 29 January, 2016
Date of publication: 29 January 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.2MB-reduced version; 15MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/mal%2029.1.16-im.pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Friday 29 January, 2016
Date of publication: 29 January 2016
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- Pyidaungsu Hlluttaw: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw ends debate on Former Presidents’ Security Bill: "THE 13th regular session of the first Pyidaungsu Hluttaw concluded its discussions on two bills, including the Former Presidents’ Security Bill, which Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) and Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) debated yesterday. Yesterday’s session documented an event in which President U Thein Sein addressed the parliament regarding activities carried out during the Union government’s five-year term. Next, U Thein Tun Oo of Amarapura Constituency read out the Joint Bill Committee’s report on the Condominium Law, which was sent back by the president with remarks. Then, Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann sought parliamentary approval on the bill and approved it in accordance with the laws and regulations of the parliament. On the president’s proposal to merge the Ministry for Immigration and Population and the Ministry of Home Affairs, the Joint Bill Committee voted against the move, deciding such a move would be more appropriately carried out by the next government. Next, MPs held discussions on the Former Presidents’ Security Bill in an effort to end the debate between the two Hluttaws on the bill. The bill was subsequently approved in accordance with the laws and regulations of the parliament. Then, Deputy Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker U Nanda Kyaw Swa elaborated on the activities of the first Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. The first Pyidaungsu Hluttaw’s 41st session continues today."...Pyithu Hluttaw: Pyithu Hluttaw concludes final session: "THE first Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) concluded its 13th session in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday, with lawmakers exchanging farewell statements. Deputy Speaker U Nanda Kyaw Swar called on lawmakers to carry on their contributions to the development of the country by making the best use of their knowledge and experiences gained during their fiveyear term in the outgoing parliament. Lawmakers from ethnic parties and representatives of the Tatmadaw also extended greetings at yesterday’s parliament session. In his concluding remarks, Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann hailed the achievements in the five-term of the Pyithu Hluttaw, referring to discussions on national reconciliation, the rule of law and peace. He also expressed thanks to the lawmakers, acknowledging that they were able to exchange views on different issues, including the unity of all people in Myanmar."...Amyotha Hluttaw: First Amyotha Hluttaw session concludes: "THE first Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) session concluded yesterday with a Q&A session in which members of Union-level organisations answered questions raised by parliamentarians. U Khin Maung Aye, a member of the Union Civil Service Board (UCSB), replied to a question raised by MP Daw Khin Wyne Kyi of Yangon Region Constituency 1 on whether there is a plan to allow civil servants to receive cash instead of leave they have earned but not taken. The UCSB member said regulation 80, which once allowed civil servants to enjoy cash rewards for their earned leave if they do not take it, was suspended as after civil servants received four pay raises under the current government due to the country’s financial situation. Likewise, Deputy Minister for Immigration and Population U Win Myint responded to a question raised by MP U Tin Maung Win of Mandalay Region Constituency 3 on whether there are plans to conduct a census on the Lisu population in Mandalay Region. The deputy minister replied that data on the Lisu population in Mandalay Region will be announced when approval is given after coordination between the departments and organisations concerned. He also said the data would come from the 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census. There are no new plans to conduct a census on the Lisu population in the region, he added. Next, Amyotha Hluttaw Speaker U Khin Aung Myint explained the implementation of tasks during the period of the first Amyotha Hluttaw. According to the Hluttaw, the second Amyotha Hluttaw’s first regular session is scheduled to be held on 1 February."..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Walking the same path: Our government will cooperate with the next government: President U Thein Sein...Mandalay squatters to receive low-cost rental housing...MPs oversee donations to senior living facility...Workers to call for dissolution of Arbitration Council...Presidential Notification...MoFA conducts talk on Myanmar history...International Furniture Expo to be held in Yangon...Regional ministry awaits approval for use of forest land for Mandalay-PyinOoLwin new road section...An insane man throws stone at the vehicles...A drunken man arrested for creating public nuisance...Young man killed in motorbike accident...Passenger bus lines oppose cargo trucks’ daily use of Mandalay-Muse road...Applications go on sale for affordable housing project in Hpa-An...400,000 children receive polio vaccines in Rakhine State...Chemically fertilised crops increase in market..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Securities accounts can now be opened for trading of stocks on YSX...Weapons, drugs sized from Thai couple...Over half a million tonnes of watermelons for Chinese export..... "OPINION": "Change depends neither on chance nor time" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "This lithium-ion battery of the future won’t overheat" by Stanford University/IDGNS
Language: English (various languages in the alternate link)
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.6MB-reduced version; 3MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/29_Jan_16_gnlm.pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Friday 29 January, 2016
Date of publication: 29 January 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: Pesticide Law - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 14/2016 - ပိုုးသတ္ေဆးဥပေဒ (Burmese ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 20 January 2016
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: pdf (127K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/?q=laws
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2016 (USDP Parliament)
Law and Constitution > Administration > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to the Economy > Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to agriculture, forestry and fisheries (texts)


Title: Law on Protecting New Species of Plants - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 15/2016 - အပင္မ်ိဳးသစ္ အကာအကြယ္ေပးေရး ဥပေဒ (Burmese ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 20 January 2016
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: pdf (132K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/?q=laws
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2016 (USDP Parliament)
Law and Constitution > Administration > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to the Economy > Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to agriculture, forestry and fisheries (texts)


Title: Law Amending the Code of Criminal Procedure - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 16/2016 - ရာဇဝတ္က်င့္ထံုးဥပေဒကို ျပင္ဆင္သည့္ ဥပေဒ (Burmese ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 20 January 2016
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: pdf (107K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/?q=laws
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2016 (USDP Parliament)
Law and Constitution > Criminal law > Criminal law (texts) > The Code of Criminal Procedure (Burmese)


Title: 2016 Payment of Wages Law - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 17/2016 - ၂၀၁၆ ခုႏွစ္၊ အခေၾကးေငြေပးေခ်ေရး ဥပေဒ (Burmese ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 25 January 2016
Description/subject: Provisional English title. Repeals 1936 Payment of Wages of Act.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: pdf (106K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/?q=laws
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2016 (USDP Parliament)
Law and Constitution > Economic, Social and Cultural issues > Labour issues > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to labour (texts)


Title: 2016 Shops and Enterprises Law - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 18/2016 - ၂၀၁၆ ခုႏွစ္၊ ဆိုင္မ်ားႏွင့္ အလုပ္ဌာနမ်ားဥပေဒ (Burmese ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 25 January 2016
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: pdf (142K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/?q=laws
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2016 (USDP Parliament)
Law and Constitution > Administration > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to the Economy > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to business and investment > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to business and investment (texts)


Title: 2016-2017 Bank and National Planning Law - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 19/2016 - ၂၀၁၆-၁၇ ဘ႑ာႏွစ္ အမ်ိဳးသားစီမံကိန္းဥပေဒ (Burmese ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 25 January 2016
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: pdf (188K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/?q=laws
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2016 (USDP Parliament)


Title: The Law on Financial Institutions - Pyidaungsu Hlttaw Law No. 20/2016 - ေငြေရးေၾကးေရးအဖြဲ့အစည္းမ်ား ဥပေဒ (Burmese ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 25 January 2016
Description/subject: Provisional English title. Repeals SLORC Law No. 16/90.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: pdf (567K-reduced version; 656K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/2016-01-25-Financial_Institutions_Law-20-bu.pdf
http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/?q=laws
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2016 (USDP Parliament)
Law and Constitution > Administration > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to the Economy > Laws, bills, rules, regulations and decrees related to money - banking, exchange, taxation, insurance etc. > Laws, bills, rules, regulations and decrees related to money - banking, exchange, taxation, insurance etc. (texts)
Law and Constitution > Administration > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to the Economy > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to business and investment > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to business and investment (texts)


Title: 2016 National Budget Law - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 21/2016 - ၂၀၁၆ ခုႏွစ္၊ ျပည္ေထာင္စု၏ ဘ႑ာေငြအရအသံုးဆိုင္ရာ ဥပေဒ (Burmese ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 25 January 2016
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: pdf (151K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/?q=laws
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2016 (USDP Parliament)
Law and Constitution > Administration > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to the Economy > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to the national budget > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to the national budget (texts)


Title: 2016 National Tax Law - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 22/2016 - ၂၀၁၆ ခုႏွစ္၊ ျပည္ေထာင္စု၏ အခြန္အေကာက္ ဥပေဒ (Burmese - ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 25 January 2016
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: pdf (307K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/?q=laws
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2016 (USDP Parliament)
Law and Constitution > Administration > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to the Economy > Laws, bills, rules, regulations and decrees related to money - banking, exchange, taxation, insurance etc. > Laws, bills, rules, regulations and decrees related to money - banking, exchange, taxation, insurance etc. (texts)


Title: AQUACULTURE IN TRANSITION: VALUE CHAIN TRANSFORMATION, FISH AND FOOD SECURITY IN MYANMAR
Date of publication: 28 January 2016
Description/subject: "Fish farming (aquaculture) is important to Myanmar’s food security and is developing and transforming quickly. This study presents findings from a new field survey of the farmed fish value chain that is more detailed and broader than any previous study conducted in Myanmar. Many of our findings are at odds with what we perceive as conventional wisdom about fish farming in Myanmar. The findings have important policy implications to unlock the sector’s full growth potential and food security contributions....Fish is important for domestic food security – it is the leading purveyor of animal protein and the lead provider of micronutrients, important especially for child development, to Myanmar consumers. Fish is important in the food budget of households: nearly as much is spent on fish (14% of food expenditure) as on rice (19% of food expenditure). Fish farming also generates a lot of employment – about twice as much per acre as paddy farming. Fishfarming accounts for about 20% of domestic fish consumption in Myanmar. This is a long way behind neighboring Thailand and Bangladesh (about 80% and 55%, respectively); farmed fish already accounted for about 20% of the fish consumed in both these countries by the late 1980’s....Even though it is a common perception that aquaculture output is mainly exported, in fact, roughly 20% is exported, and 80% goes to the domestic market. We anticipate that the export share will even decline further in the near to medium term as the Myanmar urban market grows...."
Author/creator: Ben Belton1, Aung Hein, Kyan Htoo, L. Seng Kham, Ulrike Nischan, Thomas Reardon, Duncan Boughton
Language: English
Source/publisher: Michigan State University (MSU), Myanmar Development Resource Institute - Center for Economic and Social Development (MDRI-CESD), and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Format/size: pdf (3.3MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/MSU-2015-aquaculture_value_chain_report_sm.pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2016
ML > Agriculture and fisheries > Fisheries (including aquaculture and fishing)


Title: BURMA 2015: BALLOT DENIED - DISENFRANCHISED VOTERS IN KYAR INN SEIK GYI TOWNSHIP, KAREN STATE
Date of publication: November 2015
Description/subject: "On November 8, 2015, millions of voters across Burma went to the polls. Citizens seized the opportunity to exercise their right to vote in the freest election the country had seen for at least 25 years. In many ways this was an astonishing moment for democracy in Burma. However, as international media coverage praised largely successful election processes and excitement abounded at the poll’s outcome, relatively few column inches were dedicated to those left behind as this historic event took place. In Burma 2015: Ballot Denied the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) aims to elevate the voices of disenfranchised Mon and Karen ethnic citizens in non-state armed group (NSAG) controlled areas of Kyar Inn Seik Gyi Township, Karen State. Drawing on 60 interviews conducted in October 2015, HURFOM documents the voices of some of the tens of thousands of citizens in Kyar Inn Seik Gyi Township disenfranchised during this year’s election. In the aftermath of the election, it is important that enthusiasm concerning its outcome does not diminish the significance of these complaints. This report aims to show that concerns over disenfranchisement embody clear violations of citizens’ rights, represent political exclusion of already marginalised populations and constitute clear infractions of international good practices for democratic elections..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland - Burma (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (2.98MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.rehmonnya.org/reports/Ballot-Denied-Full-Report-Eng.pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 January 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Elections (Burma) > The 2015 General Elections in Burma/Myanmar


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 28 January, 2016
Date of publication: 28 January 2016
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:-Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw approves joint committee’s reports, discusses two bills: "First Pyidaungsu Hluttaw continued for the 39th day in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday, with parliamentary approval given to the Joint Public Accounts Committee’s reports and two others, and discussions on two bills. Following the discussions of the members of Union-level organisations on findings and remarks of the Joint Public Accounts Committee on the report relating to the Union Budget for 2014-2015, the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker announced the parliamentary approval to the committee’s report. On the committee’s report, Union Minister for Finance U Win Shein said that the ministry is supervising the budget implementation of the ministries concerned, following the suggestions of the committee in accord with existing rules and regulations and the Constitution. In his discussion, Union Minister for National Planning and Economic Development Dr Kan Zaw said that the ministry is also overseeing projects being implemented and financed by Union, regional and other budgets in regions, states and districts. Daw Khin Saw Oo, deputy governor of the Central Bank of Myanmar, pledged that further coordination will be made between the CBM and the Finance Ministry in accord with the suggestion of the committee. Next, the process of approving the second draft of Myanmar Gemstone Law sent back by the President with remarks followed. Then, Union Minister U Win Shein discussed the Joint Public Accounts Committee’s findings and remarks on the Union Auditor- General’s report, and the Pyithu Hluttaw approved it. During today’s session, committee members read out the Joint Bill Committee’s report on its activities at the first Pyidaungsu Hluttaw session, and a parliamentarian presented the committee’s report on the former President’s security bill that has been debated by Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) and Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House)."...Pyithu Hluttaw: Pyithu Hluttaw sees reports presentation of respective committees: "THE 13th regular session of the First Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) continued for 30th day in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday, with the submission of reports on activities of its committees and commission to the Hluttaw. MPs U Saw Hla Tun and U Nyi Nyi Myint read out a report of the Pyithu Hluttaw Bill Committee and Pyithu Hluttaw Public Accounts Committee. Likewise, presentations of reports by the Parliament by Hluttaw Rights Committee, Government’s Guarantees, Pledges and Undertakings Committee and Pyithu Hluttaw Legal Affairs and Special Cases Assessment Commission were also made. In its presentation, Hluttaw Rights Committee suggested that the future parliamentary session be set to last for six months in maximum and parliamentary calendar for a certain year should be released early. The committee also stressed the need of undertaking parliamentary activities by all MPs in cooperation with Defense Services Personnel representatives."..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Throngs and thirst: Development at Golden Rock has a dark side...Fisheries federation requests permission to transport goods on passenger buses...Five migrant workers fall to their deaths...MWAF’s annual meeting continues...President U Thein Sein to address Parliament...Senior General Min Aung Hlaing donates tooth relic replica to Magway pagoda...Revenue on Mandalay trade falls short of predictions...Sticky situation for sugar cane growers in Bago Region...Developing faster reading...Motorbike accident kills child, injures one man...Man snatches money in Bayintnaung...Opium and Yabba seized in Lashio...Three men charged with two counts of bike theft...Vehicle crashes into the sign board of Myin Mu...Seintalone mangoes thrive in Pinlelbu..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: MNHRC hosts TWG meeting of South East Asia National Human Rights Institution...Japan helps Yangon clear its drains...Myanmar Hotels receive ASEAN Green Hotel Award 2016...Imported beauty products and mobile phones from China fall in price after anti-smuggling body disbanded...Red dot celebrates first year in Myanmar..... "OPINION": "Women’s empowerment versus gender equality" by Khin Maung Aye..... ARTICLE: "The El Nino is Creating Havocs as Predicted" by Khin Maung Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.4MB-reduced version; 2.8MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/28_Jan_16_gnlm.pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 January 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Thursday 28 January, 2016
Date of publication: 28 January 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9.5MB-reduced verson; 12MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/km%2028.1.16.pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 January 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: Second Amendment to the Ward or Village Administration Act - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 13/2016 - ရပ္ကြက္သို႔မဟုတ္ ေက်းရြာအုပ္စုအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရး ဥပေဒကို
Date of publication: 20 January 2016
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: pdf (26K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs15/2012-Pyidaungsu_Hluttaw_Law_07-2012-bu.pdf
http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/?q=laws&page=1
Date of entry/update: 28 January 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2016 (USDP Parliament)
Law and Constitution > Administration > Administration of towns and villages > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to the administration of towns and villages (texts)