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Title: Text of the Memorandum of Understanding between Bodu Bala Sena of Sri Lanka and 969 of Burma
Date of publication: 01 October 2014
Description/subject: "The Buddhist Society of the world has awoken to the ground realities of subtle incursions taking place under the guise of secular, multicultural and other liberal notions that are directly impacting on the Buddhist ethos and space. These incursions are being funded from overseas and have made its impact globally and are subtly spreading into the local situations. Both the Bodu Bala Sena (of Sri Lanka) and 969 movement (of Burma) in realizing the impeding dangers have felt that it must now come forward to derive practical and meaningful ways to address these burning issues which cannot be left for politicians to deal with. We feel that in the light of the same incursions taking place in the Buddhist countries that remain it is now opportune a time for the Buddhists of the world to get together and derive a national and international plan to address these issues without delay..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Bodu Bala Sena website
Format/size: html, pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.bodubalasena.co/memorandum-of-understanding.html
Date of entry/update: 02 October 2014
ML > Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism and Society > Burmese Buddhism and Society


Title: Text of Memorandum of Understanding between Bodu Bala Sena of Sri Lanka and 969 of Burma
Date of publication: 01 October 2014
Description/subject: "The Buddhist Society of the world has awoken to the ground realities of subtle incursions taking place under the guise of secular, multicultural and other liberal notions that are directly impacting on the Buddhist ethos and space. These incursions are being funded from overseas and have made its impact globally and are subtly spreading into the local situations. Both the Bodu Bala Sena (of Sri Lanka) and 969 movement (of Burma) in realizing the impeding dangers have felt that it must now come forward to derive practical and meaningful ways to address these burning issues which cannot be left for politicians to deal with. We feel that in the light of the same incursions taking place in the Buddhist countries that remain it is now opportune a time for the Buddhists of the world to get together and derive a national and international plan to address these issues without delay..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Bodu Bala Sena website
Format/size: html, pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.bodubalasena.co/memorandum-of-understanding.html
Date of entry/update: 02 October 2014
ML > Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism and Society > Burmese Buddhism and Society


Title: BURMA BULLETIN ISSUE 93 - SEPTEMBER 2014
Date of publication: September 2014
Description/subject: KEY STORY: • 6th round of peace talks • Clashes in Karen, Mon States • Clashes in Kachin, Shan States • Chin farmers tortured... INSIDE BURMA: • By-elections cancelled • Parliament's 11th session • Muslim IDPs get citizenship • Buddhists attack Muslim couple • Objections to mining • KPSN critique of JICA... HUMAN RIGHTS: • HRDs repeatedly sentenced • More arbitrary arrests... DISPLACEMENT: • Police target Rohingya... INTERNATIONAL: • OIC, UN visits to Arakan State • UN Sec-Gen on Arakan State • Thein Sein visits Europe... ECONOMY: • Burma's investment climate • More oil contracts signed... OTHER BURMA NEWS... REPORTS
Language: English
Source/publisher: ALTSEAN-Burma
Format/size: pdf (181K)
Date of entry/update: 02 October 2014
ML > Activism and Advocacy (groups from Burma, solidarity groups, campaigns, publications) > Online publications by Burma solidarity groups > ALTSEAN-Burma archive


Title: BURMA BULLETIN ISSUE 92 - AUGUST 2014
Date of publication: August 2014
Description/subject: KEY STORY: • Tatmadaw offensives continue • Tatmadaw attacks civilians • No nationwide ceasefire... INSIDE BURMA: • ASEAN meetings • Kerry's visit to Burma • Rohingya 'assessment' • Census results announced • Viral diseases rise in Arakan • NLD-88 Gen petition results... HUMAN RIGHTS: • Htin Kyaw sentenced • More arbitrary imprisonment • Crackdown on protesters • Police kill Rohingya... DISPLACEMENT: • Boat people exodus continues... ECONOMY: • Energy blocks contracts signed • Protests for fair compensation... OTHER BURMA NEWS... REPORTS
Language: English
Source/publisher: ALTSEAN-Burma
Format/size: pdf (163K)
Date of entry/update: 02 October 2014
ML > Activism and Advocacy (groups from Burma, solidarity groups, campaigns, publications) > Online publications by Burma solidarity groups > ALTSEAN-Burma archive


Title: BURMA: SLIDING BACKWARDS FROM REFORM
Date of publication: 18 September 2014
Description/subject: The first nine months of 2014 have seen a backward slide in terms of reform.... • Instead of reforms to strengthen human rights, democracy and peace, the Parliament has fast-tracked anti-Muslim legislation and pro-investment laws, and adopted rules to undermine free and fair elections. • The regime has failed to fulfill its promise to release all political prisoners by the end of 2013. Instead, the number of political prisoners has risen since the beginning of 2014. • Peace talks between the regime and the ethnic armed groups are fragile and patchy. The Tatmadaw requires the ethnic groups to abide by the 2008 constitution, directly contradicting the ethnic groups’ demand for a federal union and a federal army. • Impunity, especially for crimes committed by the Tatmadaw, continues to be a serious problem for minorities in Arakan, Kachin, and Shan States. Civilians continue to be targeted by the Tatmadaw as the war in Kachin and Shan States continues into its fourth year. • Anti-Muslim and anti-Rohingya violence and hate speech has intensified, with security forces involved in many instances. • The census excluded those who identified as Rohingya. Those who gave in and identified as ‘Bengali’ are now being subjected to an oppressive ‘citizenship assessment’ process that may lead to deportation or lifelong internment in camps.
Language: English
Source/publisher: ALTSEAN-Burma
Format/size: pdf (93K)
Date of entry/update: 02 October 2014
ML > Activism and Advocacy (groups from Burma, solidarity groups, campaigns, publications) > Online publications by Burma solidarity groups > ALTSEAN-Burma archive


Title: Myanmar: Unlocking the Potential - Country Diagnostic Study
Date of publication: August 2014
Description/subject: "...In his inaugural address, President U Thein Sein rightfully identified a raft of challenges. One of these is an urgent need for investment in physical and social infrastructure. Another is the need for strong, growthoriented development, led initially by agriculture and natural resources, and followed by manufacturing for domestic and export markets. The President also emphasized the importance of transparency, accountability, good governance and the rule of law; resolute action against corruption; and addressing the widening income gap between rich and poor. To overcome the obstacles, the government will need to accelerate reforms. Doing so requires a clear, multipronged development that produces quality jobs and reduces poverty. Myanmar has a historic opportunity to develop integrated, comprehensive long-term policies. Getting them right, by learning from the successes and failures of its neighbors—and adapting those lessons to the country’s specific contexts— carries enormous advantages. This report examines how Myanmar can unlock its full potential. It stresses that charting a successful course will involve considerable care in sequencing policies and programs in the right sectors at the right time. It also details the policy challenges ahead—among them, how to strengthen market institutions, enhance governance and institutional capacity, improve infrastructure, develop human capital, and promote regional integration....A successfully integrated development policy framework will need to consider comprehensive development and reform planning and phasing. It is in this context that the Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) Economics and Research Department presents this report, Myanmar: Unlocking the Potential , which is based on an in- depth country study undertaken in 2013. The report examines the most important and immediate issues that need to be tackled to unlock the potential. These include weak infrastructure, creating modern market and government institutions, human development, stronger regional integration, a clear focus on inclusive growth, and environmental protection..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Format/size: pdf (330K)
Date of entry/update: 02 October 2014
ML > Economy > Economy: general, analytical, statistical > Analyses and programmes by international financial institutions etc. > Asian Development Bank (ADB) and its watchers (Burma/Myanmar)


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 1 October, 2014
Date of publication: 01 October 2014
Description/subject: PYIDAUNGSU HLUTTAW: Pyithu Hluttaw session held with 12th day meeting...Amyotha Hluttaw convene its 12th day.....DOMESTIC NEWS: President U Thein Sein’s radio message to be broadcast on 1-2 Oct...Health knowledge shared to trainees of SPEI (Mandalay)...Pyapon Township possesses large share of rice market...Youths participate in chess tournaments in Mandalay...Farmers hope for boosting production of Palethwe paddy...Outstanding trainees honoured at SPEI (Mandalay)...ASEHeat pumps introduced to reduce global warming...Music & JBL Audio shop opens in Mandalay...Farmers get good price in sales of bean...Htilin to erect over 1,000 lamp-posts for electrification...Discussions made to promote administrative sector...Media registration for ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting Retreat.....EXTERNAL RELATIONS: President U Thein Sein felicitates Chinese counterpart, Chinese Premier of State Council...ASEAN’s socio-cultural pillar can help minimize the tension of regional issues, promote more ASEAN identity among member states: Vice President Dr Sai Mauk Kham...Myanmar students throng Japan Education Fair 2014 in Yangon...Vice Presidents Dr Sai Mauk Kham, U Nyan Tun felicitate Chinese counterpart...Pyidaungsu Hluttaw and Pyithu Hluttaw Speaker meets Kokang cultural delegation...Senior General Min Aung Hlaing tours Demilitarized Zone, War Memorial, Namsan Tower in South Korea...World Tourism Day 2014 observed in Nay Pyi Taw...General Hla Htay Win receives Norwegian delegation...ASEHeat pumps introduced to reduce global warming...Myanmar always opposes terrorism in all its forms and manifestations...Union FM felicitates Chinese, Nigerian counterparts...Admiral Thura Thet Swe meets US military attachés...Armenian Catholic Bishop arrives in Yangon....."PERSPECTIVES": "Change is not only individual but also institutional" by Kyaw Thura
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 01 October 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Wednesday 1 October, 2014
Date of publication: 01 October 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 01 October 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Wednesday 1 October, 2014
Date of publication: 01 October 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 01 October 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Sunday 28 September, 2014
Date of publication: 27 September 2014
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: President U Thein Sein visits Myogyi dam construction project, Yeywa hydropower project sites...Tripartite peace process talks of UPWC, NCCT and political parties held for second time...Uniforms provided to traffic rules enforcement committee...Land plot price rising in Natogyi Township...Undertakings of drug elimination disseminated to people in Myawady...Farming rights certificates issued to farmers of Pangsai Township...Fire destroys one shop at Aharathukha Market...Pagoda Pujaniya festivals to attract visitors, pilgrims...Region Chief Justice inspects Mandalay Central Jail...People join public movement of preventing danger of narcotic drugs...Japanese company donates database life insurance system for Myanmar seamen...Public-Private Partnership in education pioneered with the launch of the Centre of Excellence for Business Skills Development in Myanmar.....EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar moves to attract more foreign investments...Senior General Min Aung Hlaing tours Tokyo, meets Nippon Foundation chairman...ASEAN War Veterans Organization meets...Ethnic women complete sewing course...German prof explains tax system, budgetary process...Chairman of constitutional tribunal makes official visit to SKorea...Beechcraft King Air 350i makes its debut at YGN Int’l Airport...Foundations of Journalism and Radio Journalism Basics Workshop concludes...Japanese company donates database life insurance system for Myanmar seamen....."PERSPECTIVES": "Corruption takes two people" by Kyaw Thura....."ARTICLE": "FIGHT" by Kyi Mun..."Second last old capital city “Amarapura” Part IV" by Maha Suddhamma Jotika dhaja Sithu Dr. Khin Maung Nyunt
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Monday 29 September, 2014
Date of publication: 29 September 2014
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: President U Thein Sein tours Thaphanseik Dam, Kanbalu Township...Name Change...Authorities check highway buses for safety of passengers...Cultural dances attract tourists, local audience in Mandalay...Running of trains reduce carriages to save cost...Building for monks handed over to State Pariyatti Sasana University (Mandalay)...Company staff donate blood at MGH...Earthen road being upgraded to asphalt one for smooth transport of people...Police clean township hospital...Yadanabon FC to celebrate its victory in MNL...Myanma Insurance would continue to exit at least 20 years: Deputy Finance Minister says.....EXTERNAL RELATIONS: ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ Statement on the rise of violence and brutality committed by terrorist/ extremist organisations in Iraq and Syria...Rescue helicopter from Thailand participating in search operation for Myanmar mountaineers lost contact...Chinese Consul-General hosts dinner marking National Day of PRC...Telenor sells over 100,000 SIM cards to Mandalarians on Saturday...Senior General visits historic Gyeongbolgung Palace of ROK...Union ministers view round development of sports facilities in Japan...Women in Myanmar’s economy discussed in New York...ASEAN WVO general meeting held in Nay Pyi Taw...Union FM chairs Informal ASEAN FM’s Meeting, ASEAN-UN Ministerial Meeting and Informal ASEAN-U.S. Foreign Ministers’ Meeting and related meetings in New York....."PERSPECTIVES": "Learn thoroughly before buying shares in a company" by Myint Win Thein.....ARTICLE: "Media and Election Reporting"
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: Myanmar Comprehensive Education Sector Review
Description/subject: "The vision of the Comprehensive Education Sector Review (CESR) is to develop an education system that promotes a learning society capable of facing the challenges of the Knowledge Age and that it helps to build a modern developed nation through education. The review will help ensure that there is a full and comprehensive understanding of the current status of education in Myanmar, regarding access and quality across the sub-sectors; as well as current strengths and gaps in policy, capacity, management systems, financing and partnership. This will support the implementation of priority reforms and the assessment of realistic policy options to form the basis of a costed, strategic education sector plan. These, in turn, have the potential to address the challenges and greatly accelerate progress towards realisation of Myanmar’s education and socio-economic goals. The CESR will be conducted through a coherent three phase process, which aims to strike a balance between completeness, quality and timeliness, and will be completed in three phases between 2012 and 2014. The establishment of CESR in 2012 was followed by the setting up by the President in late 2013 of the Education Promotion Implementation Committee (EPIC). CESR is developing recommendations for reform of the education system; EPIC is drafting policies for implementation of educational reform. The two groups work together. A key focus for EPIC is to develop a national Education Law as an overarching framework for education. CESR and EPIC will develop and present one overall, integrated plan. Implementation of Myanmar’s education reform program has already commenced in early 2014, and will continue through 2015-20."
Language: English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Government of the Union of Myanmar (GOUM)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.cesrmm.org/index.php/mm/
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Myanmar Government Education sites


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Tuesday 30 September, 2014
Date of publication: 30 September 2014
Description/subject: PYIDAUNGSU HLUTTAW: Pyithu Hluttaw enters its 11th day with issues of government procurement, unlicensed motorbikes...Private organizations and companies permitted to establish plantations.....DOMESTIC NEWS: YCDC to conduct 2nd inspection of water treatment system of factories...Union minister emphasizes progress of reform processes at PGM Meeting...Youths gather garbage as part of environmental conservation...Paintings of children attract enthusiasts young and old...Fingerlings released into Ayeyawady River...Mandalarians take part in Sepak Takraw tournament...Organizing committee meets for holding performing arts competitions...Natogyi Township to get wooden bridges, culverts...Citizenship cards issued to families of military service personnel...MMA (Mandalay) marks World Rabies Day...Bailey Bridge to be upgraded to RC facility...Implementing Joint Strategy for Elimination of Forced Labour discussed...Deputy Minister views round development of Padagyi Village in Thanlyin Tsp.....EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Vice President U Nyan Tun and wife attend reception to mark 65th Anniversary National Day of PRC...Senior General meets South Korean President...Oil & Gas Myanmar Exhibition to be held from 15 to 17 Oct...Cooperative societies to stand on their own feet in the future...Deputy Speaker of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw meets Canadian MP delegation...Myanmar to cooperate with China on prevention against natural disasters...Myanmar accepts accreditation of chairmanship for 2015-2016...Paintings of children attract enthusiasts young and old...U Thit Linn Ohn concurrently accredited as Myanmar Ambassador to DPRK...17th Meeting of the ASEAN SOM for ASCC Council held in Bagan...Myanmar to meet with Thai, Singaporean teams in men’s Sepak Takraw....."PERSPECTIVES": "When elephants fight, it is the grass that suffers" by Aung Khin.....ARTICLE: "Homage to my Alma Mater, Yangon University of Education" by Myo Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Sunday 28 September, 2014
Date of publication: 28 September 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Monday 29 September, 2014
Date of publication: 29 September 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 30 September, 2014
Date of publication: 30 September 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Sunday 28 Septerber, 2014
Date of publication: 28 September 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Monday 29 Septerber, 2014
Date of publication: 29 September 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.9MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs19/29.9.14_KM-ocr-tu-red.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Tuesday 30 Septerber, 2014
Date of publication: 30 September 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: Education (Wikipedia)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: "Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, or research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of others, but may also be autodidactic.[1] Any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. Education is commonly divided into stages such as preschool, primary school, secondary school and then college, university or apprenticeship.

A right to education has been recognized by some governments. At the global level, Article 13 of the United Nations' 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights recognizes the right of everyone to an education.[2] Although education is compulsory in most places up to a certain age, attendance at school often isn't, and a minority of parents choose home-schooling, e-learning or similar for their children..."
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2014
ML > Education > Education - global > Theory and practice of education - global


Title: EXPERIENCE & EDUCATION
Date of publication: 1938
Description/subject: "... Experience and Education is a short book written in 1938 by John Dewey, a pre-eminent educational theorist of the 20th century. It provides a concise and powerful analysis of education. In this and his other writings on education, Dewey continually emphasizes experience, experiment, purposeful learning, freedom, and other concepts of progressive education. Dewey argues that the quality of an educational experience is critical and stresses the importance of the social and interactive processes of learning... "
Author/creator: John Dewey
Language: English
Format/size: pdf (163K)
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2014
ML > Education > Education - global > Theory and practice of education - global


Title: Democracy and Education
Date of publication: 1916
Author/creator: John Dewey
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pennsylvania State University
Format/size: pdf (1.16MB)
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2014
ML > Education > Education - global > Theory and practice of education - global


Title: Thinkers on Education
Description/subject: "In 1993 and 1994, PROSPECTS published a series of profiles of 100 famous educators (including philosophers, statesmen, politicians, journalists, psychologists, poets, men of religion) from around of the world who have left their mark on educational thought." '
Language: English, French, Spanish
Source/publisher: "Prospects"
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2014
ML > Education > Education - global > Theory and practice of education - global


Title: International Bureau of Education (UNESCO)
Description/subject: "The International Bureau of Education (IBE) is a global centre in the area of curriculum development and a field-oriented institute supporting UNESCO action aimed at attaining quality Education for All. The IBE is working towards enhancing the capacities for the design, management and implementation of curriculum development processes among specialists, practitioners and decision-makers; improving the quality of curriculum-making processes and products; and informing innovative policies and practices in the field of curriculum reform and change. IBE capacity development activities concentrate on the strategic dimension of assistance and advice to, and training of, national teams responsible for curriculum innovation and reform processes. Networking activities focus on the support to a Community of Practice (COP) in Curriculum Development, a unique global network of curriculum specialists, practitioners, national officers and researchers. IBE knowledge base consists of a wide range of specialized resources, including databases, reports, studies, working papers, publications, specialized collections and tools. This comprehensive set of resources can be exploited for a variety of purposes, including training and decision-making, and facilitate informed policy dialogue on specific educational and curriculum issues."
Language: English; Français; Español; Русский; العربية 中文;
Source/publisher: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2014
ML > Education > Education - global > Theory and practice of education - global


Title: Learning Theorists
Description/subject: 1 Adult Learning Theorists:- 1.1 John Seely Brown... 1.2 Alan Paivio... 1.3 David Ausubel..... 2 Organizational Learning Theorists: 2.1 Jerome Bruner; 2.1.1 Educational achievements; 2.1.2 References... 2.2 Elizabeth Tisdell: 2.2.1 Major Contributions to the Field of Learning; 2.2.2 References..... 3 Humanist Learning Theorists: 3.1 John Dewey; 3.1.1 Influences of John Dewey; 3.1.2 John Dewey’s Influence; 3.1.3 Experience and Education; 3.1.4 Criticisms of Traditional Education Theory; 3.1.5 Progressive Education; 3.1.6 Summary; 3.1.7 References... 3.2 Carl Rogers... 3.3 B.F. Skinner... 3.4 Chris Argyris... 3.5 Mary Field Belenky... 3.6 Jean Lave: 3.6.1 Elements of Theory; 3.6.2 Foundational and Elaboration... 3.7 Malcom Knowles... 3.8 Howard Gardner: 3.8.1 Major contribution; 3.8.2 Definition of intelligence; 3.8.3 References... 3.9 Peter Senge: 3.9.1 Who is Senge? 3.9.2 What is a Learning Organization? 3.9.3 Note to Dr. Fowler; 3.9.4 References... 3.10 Edward Thorndike: 3.10.1 The theorist’s major contribution to the field of Learning; 3.10.2 Who the theorist was influenced by, and How; 3.10.3 Who the theorist influenced, and How; 3.10.4 References... 3.11 Leon Festinger... 3.12 Albert Bandura... 3.12.1 Resources... 3.13 Lewin, Kurt; 3.13.1 References... 3.14 R.J. Stemberg... . 3.15 Marsh.... . 3.16 Cyert... 3.17 Schön... 3.18 Jack Mezirow...
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikibooks
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2014
ML > Education > Education - global > Theory and practice of education - global


Title: Wikibooks - Education
Description/subject: "Books in this subject area deal with education: any act or experience that has a formative effect on the mind, character, or physical ability of an individual."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikibooks
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://en.wikibooks.org/
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2014
ML > Education > Education - global > Theory and practice of education - global


Title: Learning Theories
Description/subject: CONTENTS:- Theories: Behavioralist; Constructivist; Social Learning Theories; Post-Modern; Adult Learning..... Organizational Learning: Contributions by Discipline; Triggers; Influencing Factors; Agents; Processes; Interorganizational Practice..... Knowledge Management: Challenges; Processes; Leadership; Change.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikibooks
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2014
ML > Education > Education - global > Theory and practice of education - global


Title: Right to Education
Description/subject: Link to the corresponding area in the OBL Human Rights section
Language: English
Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 29 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Human rights and education


Title: Sustainable Agriculture
Description/subject: "Sustainable agriculture is the act of farming using principles of ecology, the study of relationships between organisms and their environment. ...It has been defined as "an integrated system of plant and animal production practices having a site-specific application that will last over the long term" For Example: Satisfy human food and fiber needs... Enhance environmental quality and the natural resource base upon which the agricultural economy depends... Make the most efficient use of non-renewable resources and on-farm resources and integrate, where appropriate, natural biological cycles and controls... Sustain the economic viability of farm operations..... Enhance the quality of life for farmers and society as a whole..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 29 September 2014
ML > Agriculture > Sustainable agriculture


Title: "Voice Up" Volume 3, July 2013
Date of publication: July 2013
Description/subject: FEATURE: Beyond the male: The case for a gender analysis of illicit drugs in Burma...CHILD EDUCATION: Education reform remains elusive...PUBLISHER'S MESSAGE: Mapping the intersection between women, drugs, and gender inequality...BORDER NEWS: Domestic violence stalks women and children on the border...Tier 2 Watch List mirrors real incidence of trafficking on the border ... Training in Chiang Mai covers women’s protection law in Burma... HEALTH NEWS: Dengue season “came early” to Mon State...
Language: English
Source/publisher: Woman and Child Rights Project
Format/size: pdf (931K)
Date of entry/update: 28 September 2014
ML > Human Rights > Discrimination > Race or Ethnicity: Discrimination based on > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations against specific groups > Discrimination against the Mon > Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP) > "Voice Up"


Title: International Institute for Educational Planning (UNESCO)
Description/subject: 9 links to Myanmar reports and other material, 1999-2013
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Institute for Educational Planning
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar - general


Title: UNESCO Institute for Statistics - Myanmar Profile
Description/subject: Educational statistics to 2012
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNESCO Institute for Statistics
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education statistics and ranking - Burma/Myanmar


Title: Ministry of Education Department of Higher Education (Lower Myanmar)
Description/subject: Lists of pages, some containing material.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Government of the Union of Myanmar (GOUM)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Myanmar Government Education sites


Title: Ministry of Science and Technology
Description/subject: Extensive site with photos, statements of intention and even some research papers online.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Government of the Union of Myanmar (GOUM)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Myanmar Government Education sites


Title: Ministry of Education (Burmese site)
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Government of the Union of Myanmar (GOUM)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Myanmar Government Education sites


Title: "Voice Up" Volume 4, January 2014
Date of publication: January 2014
Description/subject: WCRP releases “Children for Hire” to mark Universal Children’s Day...CHILD EDUCATION: “Tuition” practices continue in Mon State...Village welcomes Mon language instruction back to government school...ANALYSIS: UN Day of the Girl Child and eradicating the “black spot” of harassment...WOMEN'S ACTIVITIES: Universal Children’s Day commemorated on Thai - Burma border...Border communities struggle as monsoon floodwaters rise and recede...NEWS: Brutally Attacked by Burmese Soldier, Victim’s Future is Uncertain...NMSP and border groups discuss child protection in armed conflict...Rise in bars and brothels in Ohn Pin Kwin...Beer, brothels, and bribery in Myaintayar quarter...Rape of local girl at the hands of Infantry Battalion No. 31..
Language: English
Source/publisher: Woman and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
Format/size: pdf (1.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 September 2014
ML > Human Rights > Discrimination > Race or Ethnicity: Discrimination based on > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations against specific groups > Discrimination against the Mon > Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP) > "Voice Up"


Title: "Voice Up" Volume 5, July 2014
Date of publication: July 2014
Description/subject: Mon Women’s Conference calls for Mon Women to Participate in Burma’s Transition to Democracy...New Mon State Party attends Geneva Call workshop for prevention of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict...Another Brutal Assault at the Hands of a Burmese Soldier...Rape Victim Attempts to Flee Burma as Infantry Battalion No. 31 Incites Fear...Children of Nearly Every household in Three Pagoda Pass Suffer from Dengue Fever...Women Attacked by Soldiers Wait for Justice...AMDP Voices Concern that Children in Mon State Will Lose Their Mother Language...Women League of Burma (WLB) Holds Press Conference, Call for the Elimination of Sexual Violence...Geneva Call comes to the Border; Sexual Violence Workshop introduced Community-based Organizations to the “Deed of Commitment”
Language: English
Source/publisher: Woman and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
Format/size: pdf (367K)
Date of entry/update: 28 September 2014
ML > Human Rights > Discrimination > Race or Ethnicity: Discrimination based on > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations against specific groups > Discrimination against the Mon > Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP) > "Voice Up"


Title: Save Our Schools
Date of publication: June 2007
Description/subject: "Burmese monastery school students hold out collection boxes to keep their classes going. As Burmese children troop back to school this month they’ll be swapping tales of what they did in the summer holidays. While most spent their few free weeks at leisure, thousands of others will be recalling hours at the roadside collecting money to ensure that their schools can continue when term resumes. These conscientious kids attend Burma’s 1,300 monastery schools, where free primary education is offered up to grade five and, in just a few establishments, grade eight. The alternative for their parents is to enroll them in state schools, where the fees and the cost of uniforms and school books are a big burden o­n average family budgets..."
Author/creator: Htet Aung
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by sector > Monastic Education


Title: Pedagogy of the Oppressed
Date of publication: 1993
Description/subject: 1st edition, 1970..."Pedagogy of the Oppressed (Portuguese: Pedagogia do Oprimido), written by educator Paulo Freire, proposes a pedagogy with a new relationship between teacher, student, and society. It was first published in Portuguese in 1968, and was translated by Myra Ramos into English and published in 1970.[1] The book is considered one of the foundational texts of critical pedagogy. Dedicated to what is called "the oppressed" and based on his own experience helping Brazilian adults to read and write, Freire includes a detailed Marxist class analysis in his exploration of the relationship between what he calls "the colonizer" and "the colonized". In the book Freire calls traditional pedagogy the "banking model" because it treats the student as an empty vessel to be filled with knowledge, like a piggy bank. However, he argues for pedagogy to treat the learner as a co-creator of knowledge."
Author/creator: Paolo Freire
Language: English
Source/publisher: Paolo Freire
Format/size: pdf (2.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2014
ML > Education > Education - global > Theory and practice of education - global


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Saturday 27 September, 2014
Date of publication: 27 September 2014
Description/subject: PYIDAUNGSU HLUTTAW: Losses of state-run industries dominate Pyidaungsu Hluttaw discussion...Cultivable lands reclaimed for farmless people to help reduce poverty: Lower House...Labour ministry says setting minimum wage is time-consuming process.....DOMESTIC NEWS:Eid Day on 6 October... UPWC, NCCT to hold next round of talks in October...MCDC to renovate Clock Tower of Zaygyo Market...Over 30,000 overage vehicles handed over to DRA in Mandalay...Monsoon paddy in Myanaung Tsp to get irrigated water...Authorities expanding culverts, bridges on road sections...Telenor SIM cards available anywhere in Mandalay District...Equipment, rice, edible oil donated to older persons...Cattle insemination techniques shared to local farmers...Winners in aerobic contest awarded in Nay Pyi Taw...Vendors urged to sell fresh foods to students...FSWG launches photo contest to mark World Food Day...New school building, duplicate tooth relic, chamber donated to Natmauk Tsp.....EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar armed forces will strengthen ties with Japanese Self-Defence Forces: Senior General...Myanmar, South Korea step up efforts to boost business-to-business relations in SME sector...Myanmar, PRC agreed to accelerate momentum of cooperation in potential sectors...Dinner to mark seminar on Germany’s tax system hosted...ASEAN Plus Three civil service organizations meet...Health development discussed at ASEAN Health Ministers’ meetings...Ministers of ASEAN, dialogue partner countries tour farmlands in Nay Pyi Taw...SWRR Ministry organizes meetings on ASEAN Disaster Preparedness and Response Simulation Exercise...U Myint Naung accredited to Italian Republic...European Film Festival launched....."PERSPECTIVES": "Good news for Yangonites" by Myint Win Thein.....ARTICLE: "A Welcome Boost for the Cultural Heritage in Myanmar" by Maung Phyo..."Best ways to develop children’s head, heart and hands" by Khaing Thanda Lwin
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Saturday 27 September, 2014
Date of publication: 27 September 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Saturday 27 Septerber, 2014
Date of publication: 27 September 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: Yangon University of Distance Education
Description/subject: "ရည္ရြယ္ခ်က္ ေခတ္မီဖြံ႕ျဖိဳးတိုးတက္သည့္ ဒီမိုကေရစီ နိုင္ငံေတာ္သစ္ တည္ေဆာက္ရာတြင္ လိုအပ္သည့္ အရည္အခ်င္းျပည့္ဝေသာ ဥပေဒပညာရွင္မ်ား ေပၚထြန္းလာေစရန္ ဥပေဒပညာသာမက အဂၤလိပ္ဘာသာရပ္ နွင့္ နိုင္ငံတကာ အဆင့္မီ ေခတ္မီနည္းပညာ မ်ားကိုအသံုးခ်နိုင္သည့္ လူ့စြမ္းအား အရင္းအျမစ္မ်ား တိုးတက္ျဖစ္ေပၚလာေစရန္ အ‌ေဝးသင္တကၠသိုလ္မ်ား၏ေမွ်ာ္မွန္းခ်က္တြင္ပါဝင္သည့္ သင္ယူမႈအခြင့္အလမ္း (learning opportunities) မ်ားကို တိုးခ်ဲ႕ဖန္တီးေပးျခင္းျဖင့္ အရည္အေသြးျမင့္မားေသာလူ႕စြမ္းအား အရင္းအျမစ္မ်ားေမြးထုတ္ေပးရန္ ပညာေရးဝန္ၾကီးဌာနအေနျဖင့္ နိုင္ငံတကာအ‌ေဝးသင္တကၠသိုလ္ (open university) မ်ားနည္းတူ Online Education System ကိုအသံုးျပဳ၍ ဘြဲ ့ဒီဂရီသင္တန္းမ်ား ဖြင့္လွစ္ ပို႕ခ်ေနၿပီ ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္းျပသရန္ သင္တန္းအမ်ိဳးအစား ဥပေဒပညာဘြဲ႕ (LLB) သင္တန္း သင္တန္းဝင္ခြင့္အရည္အခ်င္း ၂၀၁၃ တကၠသိုလ္ဝင္စာေမးပြဲေအာင္ျမင္ျပီး ဥပေဒပညာသင္တန္း တက္ေရာက္ရန္ အမွတ္မီသူျဖစ္ရမည္။ တကၠသိုလ္တစ္ခုခုတြင္ ဒုတိယနွစ္ နွင့္အထက္ တက္ေရာက္လ်က္ရွိသူမ်ားျဖစ္ရမည္။ (တကၠသိုလ္ဝင္စာေမးပြဲေအာင္ျမင္သည့္ႏွစ္တြင္ ဥပေဒပညာသင္တန္း တက္ေရာက္ရန္ အမွတ္မီသူျဖစ္ရမည္။) တကၠသိုလ္တစ္ခုခုမွ ဘြဲ႕ရရွိျပီးသူျဖစ္ရမည္။ သင္တန္းသားဦးေရ သင္တန္းသားဦးေရ (၂၀ဝ) သင္တန္းကာလ သင္တန္းကာလ - ပထမနွစ္ မွ ပဥၥမနွစ္ထိ (၅) နွစ္ သင္တန္းနွစ္ တစ္နွစ္အတြက္ semester (၂) ခု ပထမနွစ္ဝက္ကာလ - နွစ္စဥ္ ဒီဇင္ဘာလ မွ မတ္လ အထိ (၄ - လ) ဒုတိယနွစ္ဝက္ကာလ - နွစ္စဥ္ ဇြန္လ မွ စက္တင္ဘာလ အထိ (၄ - လ)"...
Language: English
Source/publisher: Yangon University of Distance Education
Alternate URLs: http://www.yude.edu.mm/index.html
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Tertiary (higher) education, training and capacity-building


Title: Monastic Education Development Group
Description/subject: "Vision: Monastic Education nurturing healthy, creative and responsible citizens. Mission: The MEDG mission is to develop quality Basic Education through: Taking an active and leading role in the development of National level quality systems and the promotion of basic minimum standards for all Monastic Schools in Myanmar; Networking with Government, local and International NGOs and donors to coordinate and mobilize support for the development of Monastic Schools; Supporting the development of professional standards and training in order to promote teacher’s capacity to provide creative and child centered education; Leading development of sustainable and systematic reform of Monastic Schools Prioritizing the role of schools in promoting responsible citizenship. Values: Transparency - We value transparency to stakeholders in Monastic education Child’s Rights - We value Child Rights on health and Education for all Mutual Respect amongst partners - We value mutual respect to coordinate and work with partner organizations Accountability – We are accountable to donor organizations and individuals Participation - We participate actively in the change process for a National Education system Mutual respect among Principals, teachers, parents and children - We value mutual respect in relationships with Principals, teachers, parents and children."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Monastic Education Development Group
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by sector > Monastic Education


Title: Search Results on Myanmar Information Management Unit
Description/subject: With links to educational related reports.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Information Management Unit
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar - general


Title: Myanmar Education Consortium
Description/subject: "The Myanmar Education Consortium (MEC) is a program designed to increase access to and quality of early childhood, primary and non-formal education programs in the informal (non-government) and formal sector. In particular, MEC supports the building of capacity of complementary education systems and structures including community and school-based early childhood development, and education programs for vulnerable children and young people who cannot attend primary schools. The Myanmar Education Consortium was founded in March 2013 and is currently funding sixteen partners –Save the Children, the Burnet Institute and World Vision Myanmar have been working in partnership throughout the program. In June 2014 an additional 13 organisations started projects in partnership with MEC."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Education Consortium
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Primary education
Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Pre-primary education


Title: Save the Children Myanmar
Description/subject: "What we do: Save the Children supports the development and improvement in the quality of early childhood education, that helps engage children at an early age and prepare them for primary education. The programme aims to play a key role in significantly increasing the number of children – particularly from the poorest communities in Myanmar – who access and complete their primary education, bringing new opportunities for children in Myanmar."...
Language: English
Source/publisher: Save the Children Myanmar
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.savethechildren.net/
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Pre-primary education
Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Primary education


Title: Burnet Institute Myanmar
Description/subject: "Bordered by China, Thailand, India, Laos PDR and Bangladesh, Myanmar’s uninterrupted coastline extends more than 1900 kilometres along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. Home to more than 60 million people, Myanmar is undergoing significant economic, social and political change since the easing of international trade and economic sanctions. In 2000, the World Health Organization ranked the Myanmar (Burma) among the lowest of 190 countries for their health systems. The relatively poor health infrastructure in Myanmar coupled with a very low GDP spend on health care (below 3%), basic road infrastructure and rural services, there are significant challenges to effective health services delivery. Major health challenges facing the country according to the World Health Organization include: -Low life expectancy rates- 63 years for a male and 67 years for a female; - High mortality for children under five years (62 per 1,000 live births); -High maternal mortality rate (200 per 100,000 live births); -Incidence of malaria per 100,000 population is 3180; -75 per cent of the population lives in high malaria prevalence areas; -High TB burden – more than 300,000 cases of tuberculosis with a five per cent MDR-TB rate; -High HIV burden – more than 240,000 cases with an estimated 10 per cent co-infection of HIV/tuberculosis; -Widespread poverty, lack of proper sanitation and water supply, malnutrition and poor health awareness"...
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burnet Institute Myanmar
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by Field > Health Education


Title: Deschooling Society
Date of publication: 1970
Description/subject: "...Universal education through schooling is not feasible. It would be no more feasible if it were attempted by means of alternative institutions built on the style of pres ent schools. Neither new attitudes of teachers toward their pupils nor the proliferation of e ducational hardware or software (in classroom or bedroom), nor finally the attempt to ex pand the pedagogue's responsibility until it engulfs his pupils' lifetimes will deli ver universal education. The current search for new educational funnels must be reversed into the search for their institutional inverse: educational webs which heighten the opportunity for each one to transform each moment of his living into one of learning, sharing, and caring. We hope to contribute concepts needed by those who conduct such counterfoil research on education--and also to those who seek alternatives to other established service industries. ..
Author/creator: Ivan Illich
Language: English
Source/publisher: Ivan Illich
Format/size: pdf (316K)
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2014
ML > Education > Education - global > Theory and practice of education - global


Title: Laws relating to Education - Burma: texts and commentary
Description/subject: Link to the OBL Education section under Law and Constitutiuon
Language: English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Laws relating to education - Burma > Laws relating to education - texts and commentary


Title: Critical Pedagogy
Description/subject: Critical pedagogue Ira Shor defines critical pedagogy as: "Habits of thought, reading, writing, and speaking which go beneath surface meaning, first impressions, dominant myths, official pronouncements, traditional clichés, received wisdom, and mere opinions, to understand the deep meaning, root causes, social context, ideology, and personal consequences of any action, event, object, process, organization, experience, text, subject matter, policy, mass media, or discourse." (Empowering Education, 129)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2014
ML > Education > Education - global > Theory and practice of education - global


Title: Montessori Education
Description/subject: "Montessori education is an educational approach developed by Italian physician and educator Maria Montessori and characterized by an emphasis on independence, freedom within limits, and respect for a child’s natural psychological, physical, and social development. Although a range of practices exists under the name "Montessori", the Association Montessori Internationale (AMI) and the American Montessori Society (AMS) cite these elements as essential: Mixed age classrooms, with classrooms for children ages 21⁄2 or 3 to 6 years old by far the most common... Student choice of activity from within a prescribed range of options... Uninterrupted blocks of work time, ideally three hours... A constructivist or "discovery" model, where students learn concepts from working with materials, rather than by direct instruction... Specialized educational materials developed by Montessori and her collaborators... Freedom of movement within the classroom... A trained Montessori teacher.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2014
ML > Education > Education - global > Theory and practice of education - global


Title: A. S. Neill
Description/subject: "Alexander Sutherland Neill (17 October 1883 – 23 September 1973), known as A. S. Neill, was a Scottish educator and author known for his school, Summerhill School, and its philosophies of freedom from adult coercion and community self-governance. Neill was raised in Scotland, where he was a poor student but became a schoolteacher. He taught in several schools across the country before attending the University of Edinburgh from 1908 to 1912. He took two jobs in journalism before World War I, and returned to teaching afterwards. He joined the staff of a school in Dresden in 1921, which became Summerhill upon his return to England in 1924. Summerhill received widespread renown in the 1920s/30s and 1960s/70s due to progressive and counterculture interest. He wrote 20 books in his lifetime, and his best seller was the 1960 Summerhill, a compilation of four previous books about his school. The book was a common ancestor to activists in the 60s free school movement..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2014
ML > Education > Education - global > Theory and practice of education - global


Title: Waldorf Education
Description/subject: "Waldorf (Steiner) education is a humanistic approach to pedagogy based on the educational philosophy of the Austrian philosopher Rudolf Steiner, the founder of anthroposophy. Waldorf pedagogy distinguishes three broad stages in child development. The early years education focuses on providing practical, hands-on activities and environments that encourage creative play. In the elementary school, the emphasis is on developing pupils' artistic expression and social capacities, fostering both creative and analytical modes of understanding. Secondary education focuses on developing both critical and empathetic understandings of the world through the study of mathematics, arts, sciences, humanities and world languages. Throughout, the approach stresses the role of the imagination in learning and places a strong value on integrating intellectual, practical, and artistic activities across the curriculum rather than learning each academic discipline as a separate concern. The educational philosophy's overarching goal is to develop free, morally responsible, and integrated individuals equipped with a high degree of social competence. Teachers generally emphasize formative (qualitative) over summative (quantitative) assessment methods. The schools have a high degree of autonomy to decide how best to construct their curricula and govern themselves. The first Waldorf school opened in 1919 in Stuttgart, Germany. At present there are 1,039 independent Waldorf schools,[1] about 2,000 kindergartens[2] and 646 centers for special education,[3] located in 60 countries. There are also Waldorf-based state schools,[4] charter schools and academies, and homeschooling[5] environments. The Waldorf method is a large independent alternative education movement, which has a worldwide following.[6][7] In Central Europe, where most of the schools are located,[1] the Waldorf approach has achieved general acceptance as a model of education.[8][9] Waldorf education has influenced mainstream education in Europe[10] and Waldorf schools and teacher training programs are funded through the state in many European countries. Public funding of Waldorf schools in some English speaking countries has been controversial, with questions being raised about the role of religious and spiritual content in or underlying the curriculum, and whether the science curriculum, which has achieved notable results, also includes pseudoscience and/or promotes homeopathy. The Waldorf movement has said that concerns over its stance on these matters are unfounded..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2014
ML > Education > Education - global > Theory and practice of education - global


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Friday 26 September, 2014
Date of publication: 26 September 2014
Description/subject: PYIDAUNGSU HLUTTAW: Committees, commissions of Pyithu Hluttaw discuss work at coordination meeting...Settlement on land issues reported at Pyidaungsu Hluttaw...Priority given to upgrading bridges on Taunggyi-Kengtung road: Deputy Minister...More measures to be taken for prevention of floods in Hlegu: Deputy Minister.....DOMESTIC NEWS:Underage soldiers reunited with their families...MYANMAR GAZETTE...GIZ, KfW Bank open offices in Myanmar...Chin State plans to recruit new teachers for basic education schools...Basic anti-malaria course lectured to health staff...Staff members, farmers nurture paddy plants of quality strains...Driving course to be conducted for issuance of licences in Mandalay...Unlicenced motorbike to be fined with 50% of its value...Flood victims get relief aid from authorities, SWRR Ministry...Farmers hope boosting production of groundnut...Artists to perform cultural dances hailing ASEAN Summit...S Okkalapa Tsp to get two parking for more than 560 cars...Union SWRR Minister provides cash assistance to Danu Self-Administered Zone...World School Milk Day observed in Ahlon Tsp.....EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar to modernize its military through cooperation with Japan...Indian Embassy in Yangon organizes “Make in India-Invest in Myanmar” event...Parliamentarian relations between Myanmar, Pakistan discussed...Pyithu Hluttaw Committee Chairman meets foreign guests...Union Home Affairs Minister meets ROK Vice Minister...MoU between Governments of ASEAN members and Chinese Government on Strengthening Sanitary and Phytosanitary Cooperation signed...Nerinzara Bridge on India-Myanmar Road...ASEAN air chiefs meet in Nay Pyi Taw to strengthen cooperation among themselves...Bagan to host ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Council’s meetings...Myanmar, Vietnam see improvement of information and communication relations...Good governance forum focuses role of civil service....."PERSPECTIVES": "Success depends on all" by Myint Win Thein.....ARTICLE: "Caring and Sharing University Teachers" by Myo Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.8MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Friday 26 Septerber, 2014
Date of publication: 26 September 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Friday 26 September, 2014
Date of publication: 26 September 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (12MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Friday 26 September, 2014
Date of publication: 26 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (12MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014


Title: New law to see private universities use State curriculum
Date of publication: 03 July 2014
Description/subject: "Currently private universities are responsible for their own curriculum and many receive assistance in developing their courses from foreign universities. This will change after the National Educational Bill, which was submitted to parliament earlier this year, is enacted, said the official, who asked not to be named. “By the time the National Education Law is enacted, the curriculums of those private universities have to be [the same as] those of the state-owned universities,” the official said. He insisted that this would “not degrade” the standards of the private sector. “If they cannot teach it, we cannot recognise those schools. If every school teaches their own curriculum, we cannot know which school is better.” Private universities, of which there are more than 10 in Myanmar, say they are opposed to the provision in the draft law. U Nay Win Naing from Victoria College said students would lose out if the law is passed in its current form. “We are opening this university in this country and so we are going to follow this country’s law. However, the curriculum should not be degraded. If this happens, students will lose out,” he said. The NLD, which has been at the forefront of the push for education reform, is in favour of private universities being independent. It argues that rather than force private universities to adhere to the state curriculum, the state universities should raise their standards to those of the private sector."...
Author/creator: May Thinzar Naing
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times"
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.mmtimes.com/
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Tertiary (higher) education, training and capacity-building
Law and Constitution > Economic, Social and Cultural issues > Education > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to education (commentary)
Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by sector > Private Education


Title: MPs to Vote on Education Bill
Date of publication: 22 September 2014
Description/subject: "The National Education Bill was approved by the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw on July 31. Faced with the choice of signing it into law or proposing changes, President U Thein Sein sent it back with 25 suggestions. On September 11, the Joint Bill Committee delivered its report to the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, recommending representatives approve 19 of the president’s proposed changes and reject six, including one that would delay the full introduction of reforms from 2019 to 2027. U Myat Nyarna Soe, secretary of the Amyotha Hluttaw Education Development Committee, said he was hopeful MPs would vote in line with the committee’s recommendation. “The government needs to undertake reforms to give universities real autonomy within five years,” he said. The Joint Bill Committee also rejected the president’s suggestions to make both primary and middle school free and compulsory, instead advising MPs to opt for the original version, which states that free and compulsory basic education should be implemented “step by step” throughout primary, middle and high school. It also rejected the president’s request to remove a provision requiring the government to get parliamentary approval when forming the National Education Committee, and to place some universities under the responsibility of other government ministries, such as defence and religious affairs. If the original version is maintained, military training schools, such as the elite Defence Service Academy, will become independent."...
Author/creator: Wa Lone
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Times
Alternate URLs: www.mmtimes.com
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > Economic, Social and Cultural issues > Education > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to education (commentary)


Title: Focus on: Open Day, British International School Yangon
Date of publication: 26 May 2013
Description/subject: "BISY is part of a worldwide group of schools run by the British Schools Foundation, with branches in Moscow, Kuala Lumpur, Sao Paulo, Manila, Nanjing, Marbella, Pamplona, Tashkent and Kiev. The Yangon campus will initially cater to students from pre-nursery to primary (ages 2 to 11). The school says classes will be taught by British nationals educated at UK universities and will follow the UK curriculum – the first international school in Myanmar to do so. “Rather than focusing on preparing for tests,” its prospectus says, “[school staff] believe a broad and vibrant curriculum creates the enthusiasm for learning that will lead to success. Good examination results simply follow.” BSF states 95 percent of its students come in at or above the UK average. The school also promises Myanmar language and culture will be a “major element” of its local curriculum, to “prepare children for Myanmar university should they choose this route in their further education."...
Author/creator: Wade Guyitt
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Times
Alternate URLs: www.mmtimes.com
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by sector > International Schools


Title: Class Divide
Date of publication: 26 May 2014
Description/subject: "Since 2013, Ma Mya Mya Thet has been taking a one-year-and-five-month Master of Arts course in management and policy at the National Institute of Development Administration in Bangkok, Thailand, courtesy of a postgrad scholarship provided by the Thailand International Development Cooperation Agency (TICA). Her experience highlights the anxiety faced by many Myanmar students when it comes to teacher interactions in the classroom, at home or abroad. “My worst fear in the class is to ask questions and to be asked,” Ma Mya Mya Thet said in March following a TICA press conference at the Riva Surya Hotel about scholarships for Myanmar students. “It takes time for me to accustom myself to questioning the teachers in the class because we are not in the habit of asking questions,” said Ma Mya Mya Thet, who earned her bachelor degree in mechanical engineering from Pyay Government Technology College, then worked as a vice director at the Department of Labour under the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security. “We used to learn by heart and take exams from what we memorised.” Now, she said, she’s working hard to adjust to a more open, dialogue-based classroom. “I try to get into the habit of asking questions if I don’t understand something. The pedagogy here encourages me to research and think for myself. It is a big difference,” she said. Ma Mya Mya Thet said Myanmar students on the whole are more motivated and disciplined than their foreign counterparts, and study very hard, with a serious attitude. They’re also better at writing in English than their Thai students, perhaps as a result of their diligent study habits. But she said Myanmar students tend to be weaker in English speaking, “because we don’t normally use the English language in the workplace.” That problem is compounded by the fact that they’re not used to raising their voices with confidence in the classroom."...
Author/creator: Zon Pann Pwint
Language: English
Source/publisher: http://www.mmtimes.com/index.php/special-features/182-education-2014/10500-class-divide.html
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Tertiary (higher) education, training and capacity-building
Education > Education of Burmese outside Burma > Education abroad
Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Educational Culture


Title: Concerns Raised over Poorly Built School Buildings
Date of publication: 22 September 2014
Description/subject: "Private developers who flout safety rules and build substandard schools could face prosecution if MPs manage to bring a proposed crackdown into effect. Amyotha Hluttaw Speaker U Khin Aung Myint told the house on September 11 that building codes for school construction had to be respected. The speaker was responding to U Pe Thaung, Amyotha Hluttaw representative for constituency 6 of Kachin State, who asked what action the government would take against contractors for non-compliance with the building regulations and safety norms laid down by the Ministry of Education. U Pe Thaung said residents in his constituency were complaining about a company that had failed to comply with building regulations for three schools in the Indawgyi Lake area and Paung Laung village tract, which they said were shoddily built. “We need tighter supervision of building works to ensure compliance with safety norms. If companies don’t follow the rules, we should take decisive action, including prosecution and blacklisting. We should not tolerate such wicked deeds,” said U Khin Aung Myint. He expressed concern that some MPs might be reluctant to take the issue further because they run construction firms. If the problem is not addressed, one option would be to give building contracts to the Ministry of Construction instead of the private sector, he said. “Most construction companies have been founded only in the past few years, and some of them are owned by MPs and their families. This seems to make it difficult for the inspectors examining the building’s strength and quality,” he said. Deputy Minister for Education U Thant Shin said contractors ought to follow the ministry’s quality requirements and should not alter a building’s type and design at will. “The Basic Education Department will grant permission for changing a building’s type and design only after detailed representations. We will take action against those do not comply with the regulations,” he said. In the event of public complaints about building quality, the ministry generally asked the contractor to re-build in accordance with official requirements under government supervision, he said."...
Author/creator: Pyae Thet Phyo
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Times
Alternate URLs: www.mmtimes.com
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Educational infrastructure


Title: Monywa Students Protest Education Bill
Date of publication: 25 September 2014
Description/subject: "Students from Monywa University in Sagaing Division on Wednesday launched a campaign opposing the National Education Bill. The controversial bill, passed by parliament at the end of July, has been a subject of criticism among educators and students alike. Several student protests have been held around the country, claiming that the new bill would centralise decision-making and grant too much power to the Ministry of Education. Around 50 students from the Monywa University Students’ Union Network on Wednesday distributed leaflets and spoke to fellow students at the gate to the campus, explaining why they believed the National Education Bill should be rejected. “We demand the abolition of the National Education Commission and the Coordination Committee for Higher Education (CCHE), which both centralise control of our education,” said San Wai Phyo, coordinator of the Monywa University Students Union Network. “We want to see the inclusion of articles in the bill that allow freedom to students and lecturers to form associations and unions at their campus.” The protestors at Monywa University also called for a tri-lingual education system – in Burmese, English, and ethnic languages – which, they said, would promote ethnic unity in the multinational Union of Burma. A clause in chapter four of the draft National Education Bill said centralisation of power would be decreased only if teachers and lecturers “display good conduct and attitude”, which students deemed an insult to teachers and education staff. University students across Burma, since March this year, have been campaigning against the bill, even before it was approved by parliament. The CCHE to date has not responded to their calls. San Wai Phyo said the Monywa student protestors will now step up their campaign in solidarity with student associations from other universities."
Author/creator: Nang Mya Nadi
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Democratic Voice of Burma"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > Economic, Social and Cultural issues > Education > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to education (commentary)


Title: Burma: All the President's Men (English)
Date of publication: 25 September 2014
Description/subject: "...To date, the MNHRC [Myanmar National Human Rights Commission] has still not successfully investigated and taken effective action on any case submitted to it. Sitt Myaing, secretary of the MNHRC, stated in January that they haven’t received many complaints from war-torn areas. However, when the MNHRC chairman publicly announces that the institution won’t investigate complaints in active conflict areas, is this really a surprise? Despite the widespread and deeply serious violations taking place in conflict-affected areas, the reality that the MNHRC won’t investigate them is a significant flaw in its claim to take human rights seriously. Furthermore, the situation in Arakan State is deteriorating and rather than even a statement that denounces human rights abuses, as various other human rights organisations have done, the MNHRC has made itself complicit in the persecution of the Rohingya by acting as a tool to cover up atrocities committed by the police force and reinforcing perceptions that Rohingya are illegal immigrants..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Partnership + Equality Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (1.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
ML > Human Rights > Various Rights > National Human Rights Institutions > Burma's National Human Rights Commission > Myanmar's National Human Rights Commission (commentary)


Title: Burma: All the President's Men (Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ )
Date of publication: 25 September 2014
Description/subject: 2014 Report on the Performance and Establishment of National Human Rights Institutions in Asia.....""...To date, the MNHRC [Myanmar National Human Rights Commission] has still not successfully investigated and taken effective action on any case submitted to it. Sitt Myaing, secretary of the MNHRC, stated in January that they haven’t received many complaints from war-torn areas. However, when the MNHRC chairman publicly announces that the institution won’t investigate complaints in active conflict areas, is this really a surprise? Despite the widespread and deeply serious violations taking place in conflict-affected areas, the reality that the MNHRC won’t investigate them is a significant flaw in its claim to take human rights seriously. Furthermore, the situation in Arakan State is deteriorating and rather than even a statement that denounces human rights abuses, as various other human rights organisations have done, the MNHRC has made itself complicit in the persecution of the Rohingya by acting as a tool to cover up atrocities committed by the police force and reinforcing perceptions that Rohingya are illegal immigrants..."
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Burma Partnership + Equality Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (294K)
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
ML > Human Rights > Various Rights > National Human Rights Institutions > Burma's National Human Rights Commission > Myanmar's National Human Rights Commission (commentary)


Title: Teachers’ and Students’ Organizations Join Up to Oppose Education Bill
Description/subject: "The Myanmar Teachers’ Federation (MTF) said it plans to cooperate with students’ organizations and join their protests against the National Education Bill if the proposed legislation is not revised in Parliament in the coming weeks. The MTF also called on authorities to stop their criminal investigations into recent, unauthorized student protests against the bill. Last month, teachers, students and education experts slammed the bill and said the government had failed to properly consult them during the drafting process. Students’ organizations held protests against the bill in recent weeks at universities across the country to highlight their concerns. The MTF, which comprises associations representing teachers in all levels of the education system, said on Monday that it would join the student organizations during future protests. “We have the same intention as them, which is to reform the education system in a democratic way. So we encourage them and we will fully cooperate with them,” Arkar Moe Thu, secretary of the MTF, said. The National Education Bill is a key piece of legislation intended to reform Burma’s education system which suffered from decades of underfunding and overbearing government control under previous military regimes."...
Author/creator: SAN YAMIN AUNG
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Irrawaddy
Alternate URLs: www.irrawaddy.org
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Laws relating to education - Burma > Laws relating to education - public and parliamentary participation


Title: Burma’s Teachers Chime in on Education Reform
Date of publication: 15 September 2014
Description/subject: "Opposition to Burma’s National Education Bill continues to grow as the draft moves closer to approval. The Myanmar Teachers Federation (MTF) has joined the long list of students and educators that oppose the legislation. “We would like to announce to the people that we strongly believe the National Education Law affects not only the education sector but the entire country and the people,” the MTF said in a statement released on Monday. “Therefore, the Myanmar Teachers Federation will fully cooperate with student unions across the country who are pushing for education reform that will truly benefit the country.” Related Stories The bill, drafted by the government’s Education Promotion Implementation Committee (EPIC) and submitted to parliament in March 2014, was recently passed by both houses of parliament and now awaits the president’s signature. Controversial from the outset, the bill has sparked heated demonstrations in Mandalay, Sagaing and Rangoon divisions. The bill’s detractors claim that the education reform process lacks transparency and could ultimately serve to centralise education, granting too much power to the government. History has shown a tendency to marginalise minorities through the education system, which is in poor shape after decades of fiscal and administrative neglect."...
Language: English
Source/publisher: Democratic Voice of Burma
Alternate URLs: www.dvb.no
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > Economic, Social and Cultural issues > Education > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to education (commentary)


Title: University Students Union Opposes Education Bill
Date of publication: 10 September 2014
Description/subject: "The University Students Union released a statement on Wednesday denouncing the National Education Bill; at the same time it launched an awareness campaign in front of the University for Computer Studies, 25km north of Rangoon. A spokesperson for the students’ union, commonly known in Burma as the ta-ka-tha, said the event was not a demonstration but rather “a gathering to raise awareness about the weaknesses of the education bill”, and that they had timed it to meet students who were entering the campus to sit for exams on Wednesday morning. The draft National Education Bill awaits the president’s signature since being approved by both houses of parliament in late July. Controversial from the outset, the bill’s detractors claim that it was drafted unilaterally and without enough transparency. Last month, a group of almost 100 students gathered at Mandalay’s Yadanabon University to voice opposition to certain aspects of the bill, claiming that it creates excessive restrictions on the formation of student unions and centralises Burma’s education system. Related Stories The All Burma Federation of Students Unions, or ba-ka-tha, has also released statements opposing the current draft of the Education Bill, as has the National Network for Education Reform, an independent oversight body. Burma has a high literacy rate – 93 percent, according to World Bank data released in 2012. However, the country’s education system was stymied under decades of military rule, and remains sorely short of highly-skilled instructors. The budget allocated for education in Burma is under six percent of national spending."
Author/creator: KAUNG HTET KYAW
Language: English
Source/publisher: Democratic Voice of Burma
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Laws relating to education - Burma > Laws relating to education - public and parliamentary participation
Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Tertiary (higher) education, training and capacity-building
Law and Constitution > Economic, Social and Cultural issues > Education > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to education (commentary)


Title: ‘We Will Create an All-Inclusive Education System’
Date of publication: 08 September 2014
Description/subject: "In late July, the Union Parliament approved the National Education Bill and the legislation, which is still awaiting approval by the president, is meant to overhaul Burma’s derelict education system. Under previous military governments, the system suffered from neglect, underfunding and outdated teaching methods. The new bill includes a range of reforms for all education levels, but has come in for criticism from independent organizations, who said it continues unnecessary central government controls on education. In the basic education sector, the bill strives to ensure enrollment of every school-age child, provision of free schooling and the use of student-centered teaching methods. San San Yi, director of the Ministry of Education’s No. 3 Basic Education Department, spoke with The Irrawaddy about how the new legislation would change basic education in Burma."...
Author/creator: HTET NAING ZAW
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Irrawaddy
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > Economic, Social and Cultural issues > Education > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to education (commentary)


Title: Burma Ranks Near Bottom in Global Competitiveness Report
Date of publication: 05 September 2014
Description/subject: "Burma was ranked 134 among 148 countries in a Global Competitiveness Report 2014-15, released by the World Economic Forum on 3 September. The report reviewed the competitiveness of countries based on the paradigms of education, governance, technology, institutions, market efficiency, infrastructure and innovation. Within these paradigms, Burma scored extremely low in harnessing the latest technological advances and the capacity to retain talent within the country. According to the report, some of the most “problematic factors” that hinder business growth in Burma are political instability, corruption, inadequate educated workforce and access to finance. Related Stories Despite President Thein Sein’s proposal to increase health and education budget earlier in January this year, the list indicated a severely hit health sector, as well as diminished primary and higher education, contributing to an overall low ranking in global competitiveness. The only segments where the report showed Burma in positive rankings were primary education enrollment and the ratio of women in the labour force."...
Language: English
Source/publisher: Democratic Voice of Burma
Alternate URLs: www.dvb.no
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education statistics and ranking - Burma/Myanmar


Title: The Emissions Gap Report 2013
Date of publication: November 2013
Description/subject: "...The emissions gap in 2020 is the difference between emission levels in 2020 consistent with meeting climate targets, and levels expected in that year if country pledges and commitments are met. As it becomes less and less likely that the emissions gap will be closed by 2020, the world will have to rely on more difficult, costlier and riskier means after 2020 of keeping the global average temperature increase below 2° C. If the emissions gap is not closed, or significantly narrowed, by 2020, the door to many options limiting the temperature increase to 1.5° C at the end of this century will be closed...The United Nations Environment Programme seeks to inform governments and the wider public on how far the response to climate change has progressed over the past year, and thus whether the world is on track to meet the 2° C target. In addition to reviewing national pledges and actions, this year’s assessment, for the first time, also reviews international cooperative initiatives which, while potentially overlapping, serve to complement national pledges and actions..."
Source/publisher: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Format/size: pdf (5.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
ML > Atmosphere (under construction) > Atmosphere - global and regional


Title: The Muslims of Burma - A Study of a Minority Group
Date of publication: 1972
Description/subject: CONTENTS: I. Muslims in Burma in the Days of the Kings... The Beginnings of Muslim Settlement in the Irrawaddy Valley... Muslim Settlement in Arakan... Why Burma Did Not Become Muslim ...... II. Muslims in Burma During British Rule: Immigration from India... Organizations of Muslim Immigrants from India.. Organizations of Burmese Muslims.... The Burma Moslem Society... The General Council of Burma Moslem Associations... The Renaissance Movement... The Japanese Occupation...... III. Muslims in Burma Since Independence: Structural Changes in the Muslim Community... The General Council of Burman Moslem Associations... The Burma Muslim Congress... The Burma Muslim Organization... The Indian Muslims after World War II... Religious Activities... The Arakanese Muslims...... IV. Conclusion: Major Aspects of Muslim Community Life...... Appendices: A. How Many Muslims Are There in Burma?... B. Legislation on Islamic Subjects ... C. Various Documents of the General Council of Burman Moslem Associations ... D. Muslim Press ... E. Persons Interviewed ... F. Burma Newspapers Consulted... Bibliography... Indices... Personal Names... Geographical Names... Institutions... Groups.
Author/creator: Moshe Yegar
Language: English
Source/publisher: Network Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.66MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
ML > Administrative areas > Arakan (Rakhine) State > Arakan (Rakhine) State - reports etc.


Title: Between Integration and Secession (The Muslims of Arakan)
Date of publication: 2002
Description/subject: "The first Muslims to come to Burma arrived in the ninth century. They were seafarers, probably from Bengal, and traded in the areas of Arakan and the coast of Lower Burma. Though Burma was not on the main route between the Middle East, India, and China, it enjoyed a lively maritime traffic. In the ninth and tenth centuries, Muslim travelers, Persians as well as Arabs, mentioned southern Burma in their writing, describing an extensive commercial traffic that was being carried out along the coasts of India, Burma, the Malay Peninsula, and Ceylon. Muslims who sailed in eastern waters were acquainted with the coastal areas of Arakan, the delta of the Irrawaddi River, and the cities of Pegu and Tenasserim. Indeed, the first Muslim settlements in Burma were established by such traders, some of whom came involuntarily because their ships had run aground and they were forced to seek refuge on land; occasionally, they settled permanently. There were Muslim settlers in the interior of Burma as well, but for the most part these were Muslims from India who had been captured in war and forcibly settled in the kingdom. Settlements in which Muslims reached the interior as mercenaries in the service of Burmese kings or local satraps are documented as early as the end of the eleventh century...".....Part One: The Muslims of Arakan: 1. Beginnings of the Muslim Community in Burma... 2. Muslim Settlement in Arakan... 3. From the British Occupation through World War II... 4. World War II and Its Aftermath... 5. The Mujahideen Rebellion... 6. The Mayu Frontier Administration (MFA)... 7. The Military Coup and Its Aftermath
Language: English
Source/publisher: Network Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (236K)
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
ML > Administrative areas > Arakan (Rakhine) State > Arakan (Rakhine) State - reports etc.


Title: Better Growth Better Climate
Date of publication: September 2014
Description/subject: The Global Commission on the Economy and Climate: "One of the most critical and urgent challenges facing countries today is achieving economic prosperity and development while also combating climate change. The Global Commission on the Economy and Climate, and its flagship project The New Climate Economy, have been set up to help governments, businesses and society make better-informed decisions on these crucial issues.
Language: English
Source/publisher: The New Climate Economy - The Global Commission on the Economy and Climate
Format/size: html, pdf (3.8MB-reduced version)
Alternate URLs: http://newclimateeconomy.net/
http://newclimateeconomy.report/
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014
ML > Climate Change (in preparation) > Climate Change - global: policy > Climate Change - global: policy (statements, studies, conferences etc.)


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Thursday 25 September, 2014
Date of publication: 25 September 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Thursday 25 Septerber, 2014
Date of publication: 25 September 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 25 September, 2014
Date of publication: 25 September 2014
Description/subject: PYIDAUNGSU HLUTTAW: Union-level officials explain measures taken for land confiscation issues at Pyidaungsu Hluttaw...Proposal on immediate ceasefire echoes in 8th day of Pyithu Hluttaw session...Biosecurity measures in place to prevent animal epidemics: Deputy Minister.....DOMESTIC NEWS: Republic of the Union of Myanmar President Office (Order No. 23/2014) 1st Waxing of Thadingyut, 1376 ME (24 September, 2014): Formation of Myanmar National Human Rights Commission...Art works of Win Pe, Paw Oo Thet, Khin Maung Yin to be exhibited from Sept. 27 to Oct. 4...Free eye care given to patients in Natogyi Tsp...NyaungU Township saves trees for greening...Danger of narcotic drugs disseminated to people...Artifacts, ancient palm-leave manuscripts donated to Cultural Museum...Buddha images of Inlay PhaungdawU Pagoda starts trips in Inlay Region...Temporary bridges to serve for smooth transport of locals...Chin national farmers earn income from perennial plants...Lighting traps help prevention against paddy germs and pests.....EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar, China to cooperate in prevention of deforestation in Kachin State...The KOICA President in an interview to The New Light of Myanmar Daily...India-Myanmar 2014 Trade and Investment Show kicks off to explore business and partnership opportunities...Myanmar, Mauritius to promote banking services...ASEAN, + 3 countries urged to closely cooperate in implementing activities under APTCS...ETRI of Korea donates machinery to Ministry of Communications and Information Technology...Trust essential for promoting relations between Myanmar and Japan: Senior General Min Aung Hlaing...Air force commanders meet at 11th ASEAN Air Chiefs Conference...Myanmar athletes take part in Asian Games...ASEAN ministers visit paddy and vegetable plantations in Nay Pyi Taw...Myanmar bags three best CAEXPO awards...South Korea to help Myanmar with its infrastructural development...Pyithu Hluttaw Committee chairman meets Mauritius bank president...Plan underway to draft aquaculture development plan: MFF says...MFPPEA to open two-week training for fresher next week....."PERSPECTIVES": "Food security and nutrition are fundamentals for peace and prosperity" by Aung Khin.....ARTICLE: "POWER" by Kyi Mun...
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: Education for Women & Girls (chapter from "Gathering Strength")
Date of publication: January 2002
Description/subject: "Education is a prerequisite to improved standards of living for all citizens o f Burma and particularly for improving the status of women. It is intrinsic to strong economic development of the country. The UNDP Human Development Index rates Burma 121st among 174 countries.3 The failure of the government over decades to provide opportunities for development has created a human resource problem that promises to burgeon with time. With the “brain drain” of older educated people who have left the country over the past four decades, and the dearth of learning opportunities for younger generations, Burma today lacks, and in the future will continue to lack, educated, skilled people prepared to tackle and solve its developmental problems"...
Author/creator: Brenda Belak
Language: English
Source/publisher: Images Asia
Format/size: pdf (167K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/Gathering_Strength.htm (whole book)
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education for Women and Girls - Burma


Title: Reconstructing higher education in Myanmar
Date of publication: 26 July 2013
Description/subject: "The last time the world took notice of higher education in Myanmar, it was in the aftermath of the brutally repressed student uprising of August 1988, which resulted in thousands of deaths and arrests and stronger sanctions from the international community. The political transition that started in 2011 has triggered the resumption of international collaboration in the higher education sector and the launch of a comprehensive education sector review led by the government of Myanmar with strong support from development partners."...
Author/creator: Jamil Salmi
Language: English
Source/publisher: University World News
Alternate URLs: http://www.universityworldnews.com/search.php?query=Myanmar&type=all&mode=search
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Tertiary (higher) education, training and capacity-building


Title: International Help to Upgrade Burma's Neglected university Sector
Date of publication: 25 June 2012
Description/subject: "The United Kingdom has said it will help Burma improve its higher education sector, according to an announcement on Monday pledging support to education in Burma at both the school and post-school levels. “Plans are afoot in tertiary education aimed at strengthening higher education institutions,” said Martin Davidson, chief executive of the British Council, after a meeting in London with Burma’s opposition leader leader Aung San Suu Kyi. “We hope to provide support and opportunities for academic mobility and develop research and teaching links between academics and students in our two countries The British Council told Suu Kyi it would continue its work to develop Burma’s education system, which is seen as vital to generate stability and opportunities for the country’s future. Aung San Suu Kyi described education as key to Burma’s security and development in a speech to the UK parliament on 21 June, during an official visit which included collecting an honorary doctorate of civil law at Oxford University almost two decades after it was first awarded to her."...
Author/creator: Yojana Sharma
Language: English
Source/publisher: University World News
Alternate URLs: http://www.universityworldnews.com/search.php?query=Myanmar&type=all&mode=search
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Tertiary (higher) education, training and capacity-building


Title: Historic Chance for Higher Education in Myanmar
Date of publication: 16 March 2013
Description/subject: "It was the largest delegation of US universities to travel to Myanmar, and we were accompanied by representatives of the US Embassy and the US Department of State’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs. We visited nine universities throughout Myanmar and engaged in in-depth discussions with several government ministries, including the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Science and Technology and Ministry of Health. As the first step to building deeper academic engagement between our two countries, the delegation members gave extremely well-received lectures and workshops for more than 1,000 faculty and students. We covered such topics as finding and making strategic partnerships, faculty development and accreditation processes and procedures. This is a critical juncture for engaging with Myanmar."...
Author/creator: Allan E Goodman
Language: English
Source/publisher: University World News
Alternate URLs: http://www.universityworldnews.com/search.php?query=Myanmar&type=all&mode=search
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Tertiary (higher) education, training and capacity-building


Title: Restoring Yangon University to Its Former Glory Captures Public Mood
Date of publication: 12 August 2012
Description/subject: "The campus of Yangon University, formerly Rangoon University, in the centre of the city, is semi-abandoned. Tall grass surrounds the old convocation hall still used by a number of universities for delivering degrees. But other structures, particularly the old student buildings, are in a dilapidated state. Some classes are still held for postgraduate and doctoral students but the main university, along with other Yangon universities, was relocated to the outskirts of town in the 1990s. With its history of student activism and dissent since British Colonial times, the military government relocated the university in part to quell student activism and prevent student demonstrations gaining support within the city. Ma Ei studied for a masters degree in international relations at the old campus in 2008. “It was very dirty, with old buildings and a lot of [overgrown] bushes. The environment was very poor,” she told University World News. In addition, the once-leafy campus lost many of its trees during Cyclone Nargis in 2008. “Many of the big trees were destroyed, almost all of the old trees are gone.” But now, as the Myanmar government looks to invest in four of its major universities as centres of excellence – part of its efforts to rebuild higher education – Yangon residents have been engaged in excited discussions over the future of the campus. This follows a suggestion by a senior presidential advisor that Yangon University be restored to its former glory as one of South East Asia’s top universities."...
Author/creator: Naw Say Phaw Waa
Language: English
Source/publisher: University World News
Alternate URLs: http://www.universityworldnews.com/
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Educational infrastructure
Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Tertiary (higher) education, training and capacity-building


Title: Building Asia’s Platform for Student Mobility
Date of publication: 02 December 2012
Description/subject: "A time scale has been established for setting up a common credit transfer scheme between several South East Asian and neighbouring countries, which will be crucial for encouraging student mobility within Asia."... "In Malaysia and Thailand students’ credits are easily recognised by domestic and partner institutions. However, credit transfer is at an early stage in Myanmar, and students can only move within the country, rather than abroad."...
Author/creator: Hiep Pham
Language: English
Source/publisher: University World News
Alternate URLs: www.universityworldnews.com
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Tertiary (higher) education, training and capacity-building


Title: Higher Education Bill Scrapped over Lack of University Autonomy
Date of publication: 26 August 2012
Description/subject: "In a major upset, the Education Ministry’s higher education bill was rejected during the final stages of its passage through Myanmar’s Hluttaw, or parliament, after opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi and other legislators criticised it. It is the first time that the lower house has scrapped an entire bill rather than amending it. A new bill to increase university autonomy and place institutions on the road to international competitiveness will be drafted by legislators after the proposed bill was thrown out on 31 July because it would not allow universities enough freedom. Amendments would not be sufficient, Aung San Suu Kyi said, requesting parliament “to bring about a bill that is more suitable, for this country, this era and this world”. Suspension of the ministry’s bill would “enable the Hluttaw to discuss a higher education bill that is more comprehensive, brings more benefit to the country and represents the voice of the students,” said Thein Nyunt, the MP responsible for putting forward the eleventh-hour motion to scrap the bill. Legislators said the ministry’s proposed bill simply mirrored the system set up by the previous military regime, and blamed government control of universities for the collapse of higher education standards in recent decades."...
Author/creator: Naw Say Phaw Waa
Language: English
Source/publisher: University World News
Alternate URLs: www.universityworldnews.com
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Tertiary (higher) education, training and capacity-building
Law and Constitution > Economic, Social and Cultural issues > Education > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to education (commentary)


Title: End of Sanctions may Improve Prospects for Unemployed Graduates
Date of publication: 04 March 2012
Description/subject: "Than Myint said it was heartbreaking for her to see so few job opportunities for young graduates. But the problem is widespread. “I was shocked when I saw a classified advisement in front of a huge house. It said only a graduate is qualified for a job as a security guard,” said Yangon taxi driver U Thar Htet (54). Myanmar has around 616,500 students in higher education, according to 2009 figures, but chances of secure employment once they graduate are poor, and private sector salaries are low. The government does not publish figures on graduate unemployment, but the problem is now being openly aired. “I have learned that most of the graduates here are jobless,” National League for Democracy (NLD) leader Aung San Su Kyi told people in Waa Tin Ka village, 30 kilometres south of Yangon where she has been campaigning for a seat in by-elections that take place on 1 April. “I believe that we [the National League for Democracy] should consider as a first step to provide job opportunities for people who have graduated, not yet graduated, middle-age people and old people,” she said on 11 February."...
Author/creator: Naw Say Phaw Waa
Language: English
Source/publisher: University World News
Alternate URLs: www.universityworldnews.com
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Tertiary (higher) education, training and capacity-building


Title: Karen Refugee Committee Newsletter & Monthly Report, June 2014 (English, Karen, Burmese, Thai)
Date of publication: June 2014
Description/subject: Map of Karen Refugee Camps...Newsletter and Activities report...Monthly Activities Report ...NGO Supporters...Camp Population Report: Registered people in the 7 camps (Mae La; Umphiem; Nu Po; Mae La Oon; Mae Ra Moe; Htam Hin; Don Yang); Unregistered people in the 7 camps; New Arrivals in the 7 camps; Pre-Screening People in the 7 camps; Number of PAB People in the 7 camps; Boarding House Students in the 7 camps; Feeding Figures in the 7 camps; General Population in the 7 camps.
Language: English, Karen, Burmese, Thai
Source/publisher: Karen Refugee Committee
Format/size: pdf (832K)
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
ML > Refugees > Burmese refugees in Thailand -- reports of the refugee committees > Karen Refugee Committee Monthly Reports > Karen Refugee Committee Newsletter & Monthly Reports 2014


Title: International Relations Course for Developing-world Higher Education
Date of publication: 14 September 2013
Description/subject: "The Institute of International Education, or IIE, has announced the launch of a new training course for ministry officials and university representatives in developing and transitioning countries on how to create and manage an effective international relations office. To be piloted in Myanmar over the next few months, the course “Connecting to the World: International relations for higher education institutions” is expected to meet a vital need identified during an IIE-led higher education delegation visit to the country earlier this year. It will also allow universities in Myanmar to link up with institutions in America and other countries so that they can increase institutional capacity and help prepare students to meet workforce needs and support rapid economic development, the IIE said in a statement. On a visit to Myanmar in February this year by a delegation of 10 universities, led by IIE CEO Allan Goodman, the country’s universities highlighted their need to develop existing internal processes and procedures to coordinate international relations and enter into productive partnerships as Myanmar reopens to the world. The IIE said that while the course was intended to address an immediate need in Myanmar, it would “shape similar initiatives that can be used in a number of other transitioning countries in the future”."...
Language: English
Source/publisher: University World News
Alternate URLs: www.universityworldnews.com
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Tertiary (higher) education, training and capacity-building


Title: Karen Refugee Committee Newsletter & Monthly Report, July 2014 (English, Karen, Burmese, Thai)
Date of publication: July 2014
Description/subject: Map of Karen Refugee Camps...Newsletter and Activities report...Monthly Activities Report ...NGO Supporters...Camp Population Report: Registered people in the 7 camps (Mae La; Umphiem; Nu Po; Mae La Oon; Mae Ra Moe; Htam Hin; Don Yang); Unregistered people in the 7 camps; New Arrivals in the 7 camps; Pre-Screening People in the 7 camps; Number of PAB People in the 7 camps; Boarding House Students in the 7 camps; Feeding Figures in the 7 camps; General Population in the 7 camps.
Language: English, Karen, Burmese, Thai
Source/publisher: Karen Refugee Committee
Format/size: pdf (793K)
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
ML > Refugees > Burmese refugees in Thailand -- reports of the refugee committees > Karen Refugee Committee Monthly Reports > Karen Refugee Committee Newsletter & Monthly Reports 2014


Title: Karen Refugee Committee Newsletter & Monthly Report, August 2014 (English, Karen, Burmese, Thai)
Date of publication: August 2014
Description/subject: Map of Karen Refugee Camps...Newsletter and Activities report...Monthly Activities Report ...NGO Supporters...Camp Population Report: Registered people in the 7 camps (Mae La; Umphiem; Nu Po; Mae La Oon; Mae Ra Moe; Htam Hin; Don Yang); Unregistered people in the 7 camps; New Arrivals in the 7 camps; Pre-Screening People in the 7 camps; Number of PAB People in the 7 camps; Boarding House Students in the 7 camps; Feeding Figures in the 7 camps; General Population in the 7 camps...Report in English, Karen, Burmese and Thai
Language: English, Karen, Burmese, Thai
Source/publisher: Karen Refugee Committee
Format/size: pdf (719K)
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
ML > Refugees > Burmese refugees in Thailand -- reports of the refugee committees > Karen Refugee Committee Monthly Reports > Karen Refugee Committee Newsletter & Monthly Reports 2014


Title: Karen Refugee Committee Newsletter & Monthly Report, May 2014 (English, Karen, Burmese, Thai)
Date of publication: May 2014
Description/subject: Map of Karen Refugee Camps...Newsletter and Activities report...Monthly Activities Report ...NGO Supporters...Camp Population Report: Registered people in the 7 camps (Mae La; Umphiem; Nu Po; Mae La Oon; Mae Ra Moe; Htam Hin; Don Yang); Unregistered people in the 7 camps; New Arrivals in the 7 camps; Pre-Screening People in the 7 camps; Number of PAB People in the 7 camps; Boarding House Students in the 7 camps; Feeding Figures in the 7 camps; General Population in the 7 camps.
Language: English, Karen, Burmese, Thai
Source/publisher: Karen Refugee Committee
Format/size: pdf (745K)
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
ML > Refugees > Burmese refugees in Thailand -- reports of the refugee committees > Karen Refugee Committee Monthly Reports > Karen Refugee Committee Newsletter & Monthly Reports 2014


Title: Technology Institutes to Reopen after more than Two Decades
Date of publication: 19 August 2012
Description/subject: "In a bid to improve much-needed science and technology capacity in Myanmar, the government has announced that it will reopen two technological universities – in Yangon and Mandalay – that were closed by the military junta more than two decades ago. Myanmar’s Science and Technology Minister Aye Myint said the two universities, Yangon Technology University (YTU) and Mandalay Technology University (MTU), as well as the newer Yangon Computer University and Mandalay Computer University, would open before others under the country’s new Centres of Excellence programme to upgrade higher education institutions. YTU and MTU will reopen on their old campuses in the centre of Yangon and Mandalay respectively after being closed since 1988."...
Author/creator: Naw Say Phaw Waa
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Alternate URLs: www.universityworldnews.com
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Tertiary (higher) education, training and capacity-building


Title: The Challenges Facing Higher Education in Myanmar
Date of publication: 25 August 2014
Description/subject: "It is not often that countries have the opportunity to undertake major development and reform of their higher education sectors, but that’s the position currently facing Myanmar. And inevitably there is a diversity of interested parties, both domestically and internationally, with firmly held views about what and how much to do. As is so often the case, there are rarely ‘right’ answers. With policy-makers in Myanmar approaching this challenge it is perhaps helpful to stand back and reflect on the role of tertiary education and think about what this might mean for the future development of the sector. The economic contribution of higher education usually features highly in any such reflection – whether because of its direct role in creating the highly skilled workforce that underpins longer term growth and development or because of its indirect role in driving economic growth through innovation. And of course the cases of Korea, China and the developed economies of the West are widely cited as exemplars in this respect. It is this economic contribution that fundamentally underpins what might be described as the ‘business case’ for investment in a country’s tertiary sector."
Author/creator: Christine Ennew
Language: English
Source/publisher: University World News
Alternate URLs: www.universityworldnews.com
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Tertiary (higher) education, training and capacity-building


Title: Navdanya
Description/subject: "Navdanya means “nine seeds” (symbolizing protection of biological and cultural diversity) and also the “new gift” (for seed as commons, based on theright to save and share seeds In today’s context of biological and ecological destruction, seed savers are the true givers of seed. This gift or “dana” of Navadhanyas (nine seeds) is the ultimate gift – it is a gift of life, of heritage and continuity. Conserving seed is conserving biodiversity, conserving knowledge of the seed and its utilization, conserving culture, conserving sustainability. Navdanya is a network of seed keepers and organic producers spread across 17 states in India. Navdanya has helped set up 111 community seed banks across the country, trained over 5,00,000 farmers in seed sovereignty, food sovereignty and sustainable agriculture over the past two decades, and helped setup the largest direct marketing, fair trade organic network in the country. Navdanya has also set up a learning center, Bija Vidyapeeth (School of the Seed / Earth University) on its biodiversity conservation and organic farm in Doon Valley, Uttarakhand, North India. Navdanya is actively involved in the rejuvenation of indigenous knowledge and culture. It has created awareness on the hazards of genetic engineering, defended people's knowledge from biopiracy and food rights in the face of globalisation and climate change. Navdanya is a women centred movement for the protection of biological and cultural diversity."..... Earth Democracy Climate Change... Women for Diversity...Organic Movement... The Earth University - Bija Vidyapeeth Campaigns.....Several useful publications for download
Language: English
Source/publisher: Navdanya
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
ML > Sustainable Development > Sustainable/alternative development > Roots and Resources - global and regional experience and analysis


Title: Network Myanmar's collection of material on Rohingya/Muslim issues
Description/subject: Extensive and wide-ranging online collection
Language: English
Source/publisher: Network Myanmar
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014
ML > Administrative areas > Arakan (Rakhine) State > Arakan (Rakhine) State - reports etc.


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 24 September, 2014
Date of publication: 24 September 2014
Description/subject: PYIDAUNGSU HLUTTAW: Anti-corruption Commission receives 533 letters of complaint, with three solved...Amyotha Hluttaw continues its seventh day session...Pyidaungsu Hluttaw in progress for the sixth day.....DOMESTIC NEWS: Aquaculture sector needs investment to improve infrastructure...Myanmar Railways holds second public consultation meeting on upgrading Yangon circular rail line...Latest treatment for kidney and prostate cancers introduced...Curricula being improved in conformity with present time to reduce burden of students in learning education...Development committee repairs damaged local roads...Fertilizer broadcast in farmlands...Requirements fulfilled for locals in TadaU Tsp...Locals, authorities join hands in upgrading dam...Relief items provided to flood victims in Singu Township...Kalay-Kalewa road section to get six more feet width on either side...Agricultural technology shared to farmers in Yinmabin.....INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS: President describes sustainable agricultural development, food security and nutrition as main duty for ASEAN members...Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker meets Laotian delegates...36th Meeting of ASEAN Ministers on Agriculture and Forestry kicks off...President receives courtesy calls by ASEAN ministers, Japanese minister...ASEAN-China Young Entrepreneurs Forum kicks off...Senior General Min Aung Hlaing arrives in Japan...Capacity enhancement of Hluttaw representatives discussed...Deputy C-in-C, ISDP Director discuss progress of Myanmar’s reforms...Myanmar, Korea see monetary and technical assistance for SMEs....."PERSPECTIVES": "No ‘Plan B’ for action as there is no ‘Planet B’" by Aung Khin.....ARTICLE: "Nascent progress of F.O.C health care service, but much needed yet to be done" by Kin Mg Oo
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 24 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Wednesday 24 September, 2014
Date of publication: 24 September 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 24 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Wednesday 24 Septerber, 2014
Date of publication: 24 September 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.3MB
Date of entry/update: 24 September 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: Mon State - A Snapshot of Child Wellbeing
Description/subject: BASIC INFORMATION...SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONTEXT...CHILD WELLBEING...HEALTH...HIV...WATER...SANITATION...EDUCATION... CHILD PROTECTION...INCOME...TABLE OF INDICATORS FOR MON STATE.
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNICEF
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 24 September 2014
ML > Administrative areas > Mon State


Title: Education, Conflict and Identity: Non-state ethnic education regimes in Burma/Myanmar - Summary of report
Date of publication: April 2012
Description/subject: "This paper is the product of a research project co nducted between May and November 2011. It addresses the research question ‘ How has the agreement of a ceasefire between an armed ethno-nationalist group and the military government affected the provision of non-state education for t he Mon community, and how does this compare to the situation in Mon and Karen -populated areas not affected by a ceasefire? ’ The research examined the provision, funding and r egulation of non-state ethnic minority education regimes in Burm a/Myanmar, and analysed the roles of various stakeholders, including teachers, parents, domestic and international donors..."
Author/creator: Marie Lall and Ashley South
Language: English
Source/publisher: Ashley South
Format/size: pdf (70K)
Date of entry/update: 24 September 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by administrative area > Education by State > Education by State - general