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Constitutional and parliamentary processes

  • National and State constitutions, draft constitutions, amendments and announcements (texts)

    Individual Documents

    Title: Shan State Constitution (2nd Draft)
    Date of publication: 20 September 2008
    Description/subject: Contents: Foreword for the second draft (A- C)... Preamble... Chapter One Chief Characteristics ... Chapter Two Bill of Rights, Guarantees and Duties ... Chapter Three Member sub-states of Shan State ... Chapter Four Shan State Congress ... Chapter Five Shan State Legislation ... Chapter Six Shan State President ... Chapter Seven Shan State Government ... Chapter Eight Shan State Judiciary ... Chapter Nine Citizenship ... Chapter Ten State Defense and Security Forces ... Chapter Eleven State of Emergency ... Chapter Twelve General Provisions ... Chapter Thirteen Transitional Provisions ... Chapter Fourteen Amendment of the Constitution ... Appendix (1) Shan State Flag (Article 76)... Appendix (2) Shan State Anthem (Article 179) - 3 -... Appendix (3) Structure of Shan State.
    Language: Burmese, English
    Source/publisher: Shan State Constitution Drafting Commission (SSCDC)
    Format/size: pdf (681K)
    Date of entry/update: 06 May 2009


    Title: Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (2008) (English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Date of publication: September 2008
    Description/subject: The official bilingual version...The date given here is the date of printing. The date of adoption of the Constitution is 29 May 2008
    Language: English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: State Peace and Development Council (SPDC)
    Format/size: pdf (698K)
    Date of entry/update: 11 November 2010


    Title: Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (2008) - English
    Date of publication: September 2008
    Description/subject: The official English version. The date given here is the date of printing. The date of adoption of the Constitution is 29 May 2008
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: State Peace and Development Council
    Format/size: pdf (748K)
    Date of entry/update: 26 October 2008


    Title: Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, 2008 (Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
    Date of publication: April 2008
    Description/subject: The official Burmese version...The Alternate URL contains a correction to Article 436a.
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: State Peace and Development Council (SPDC)
    Format/size: pdf (468K, 27K)
    Alternate URLs: http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/Draft_Constitution-Burmese-Art436-corr..pdf (correction)
    Date of entry/update: 28 March 2008


    Title: Referendum Monitoring Handbook
    Date of publication: April 2008
    Language: Burmese
    Source/publisher: National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB)- Burma Fund
    Format/size: pdf (552K - OBL version; 629MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ncgub.net/NCGUB/mediagallery/download7791.pdf?mid=20080411161234549
    Date of entry/update: 14 April 2008


    Title: The Referendum Law for the Approval of the Draft Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, 2008 - SPDC Law No. 1/2008 (English)
    Date of publication: 26 February 2008
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) via "The New Light of Myanmar" 28 February 2008
    Format/size: pdf (37K)
    Date of entry/update: 27 February 2008


    Title: The Referendum Law for the Approval of the Draft Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, 2008 - SPDC Law No. 1/2008 - ၂၀၀၈ ခုႏွစ္၊ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ေအးခ်မ္း သာယာေရးနွင
    Date of publication: 26 February 2008
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: State Peace and Development Council (SPDC)
    Format/size: pdf (819K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs16/2008-SPDC_Law2008-01-Referendum_Law-bu.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 06 September 2013


    Title: Announcements 1/2008 and 2/2008
    Date of publication: 11 February 2008
    Description/subject: "...it is most appropriate to transform the administration of Tatmadaw into democratic administration of the people. Thus, in accordance with the forthcoming State Constitution, the multi-party democracy general elections will be held in 2010...Approval of the Constitution draft will be sought in a National Referendum to be held in May 2008... In accordance with the forthcoming State Constitution, the multi-party democracy general elections will be held in 2010...NAY PYI TAW, 10 Feb—The State Peace and Development Council of the Union of Myanmar issued Announcement Nos 1/2008 and 2/2008 yesterday. The following is the full text of the announcements—..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (285K)
    Date of entry/update: 13 February 2008


    Title: The Fifth Draft of Chinland Constitution
    Date of publication: 2008
    Description/subject: PART ONE:(1)Preamble..(2)Part One:The territory of Chinland..(3)Part Two:Presiding Ideals..(4) Part Three:Individual Rights..(5) Part Four:Individual Duties..(6) Part Five:Language..(7) Part Six:Chin Ethnicity and Culture..(8) Part Seven:Citizenship..(9) Part Eight:Suffrage.. (10) Part Nine:The Legislature (11)Part Ten:The Executive..(12)Part Eleven:The Judiciary..(13)Part Twelve:Administration..(14)Part Thirteen:The Civil Service Commission..(15)Part Fourteen:Impeachment..(16)Part Fifteen:Local Government..(17)Part Sixteen:Finance, Revenue, and Taxation..(18)Part Seventeen:Public Education..(19)Part Eighteen:Public Health..(20)Part Nineteen:Public Welfare..(21)Part Twenty:Culture and Media..(22)Party Twenty-One:State Armed Forces..(23)Part Twenty-Two:State of Emergency..(24)Part Twenty-Three:General Provision..(25)Part Twenty-Four:Inter-State and State-Federal Relations..(26)Part Twenty-Five:Amendment of Constitution..(27)Part Twenty-Six:Ratification..... PART TWO:Suppression of Chin National Movement for Federalism..... PART THREE:(i)The Chin Forum Managing Board (CFMB)... (ii) Chin Forum Chronology of Events
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: The Chin Forum
    Format/size: pdf (1.11 MB)
    Date of entry/update: 16 September 2010


    Title: The Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles (Burmese)
    Date of publication: 10 September 2007
    Description/subject: The 15 chapters of principles adopted by the National Convention which the SPDC has said will form the basis of a new constitution.
    Language: Burmese
    Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" via Khin Kyaw Han
    Format/size: pdf (1MB)
    Date of entry/update: 03 October 2007


    Title: The Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles (English)
    Date of publication: 10 September 2007
    Description/subject: The 15 chapters of principles adopted by the National Convention which the SPDC has said will form the basis of a new constitution.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" via Khin Kyaw Han
    Format/size: pdf (546K)
    Date of entry/update: 14 September 2007


    Title: Karenni State: Second Draft Constitution
    Date of publication: 2007
    Description/subject: 1. The Emergence of Karenni State Constitution; 2. Introduction; 3. Preamble; 4. The Attributes of the Karenni State; 5. The Basic rights; 6. The Structure of the Karenni State; 7. The Chambers of the State Parliament; 8. The Karenni State Legislation Process; 9. The State Government; 10. The Judiciary; 11. Financial Ordinances; 12. Citizenship; 13. Maintaining Customs its Chieftains; 14. Institution of the Commissions; 15. Amending of the Constitution; 16. National Emergency Law; 17. National Defense; 18. Police Force; 19. National Economy. N. B. the text is undated. We have guessed at a date in 2007.
    Language: English, Burmese
    Source/publisher: Karenni State Constitution Drafting Committee
    Format/size: pdf (522K)
    Date of entry/update: 23 September 2007


    Title: Draft Constitution of Future Rahmonya Mon State
    Date of publication: December 2006
    Description/subject: THE FORMATION OF RAHMONYA MON STATE; THE RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE; THE STATE PARLIAMENT AND THE FEDERAL PARLIAMENT; ELECTION OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE HOUSE OF RAHMONYA MON STATE PARLIAMENT; RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RAHMONYA MON STATE AND FEDERAL UNION; RAHMONYA MON STATE GOVERNMENT; LEGISATION (MAKING LAWS); THE JUDICIALSYSTEM OF RAHMONYA MON STATE; PUBLIC SERVANTS; NATURAL RESOURCES AND THE ENVIRONMENT; EDUCATION; WORKERS; HEALTH; FINANCE AND TREASURY; TAXATION AND REVENUES; THE ECONOMY; DEFENCE AND SECURITY; SOCIAL SECURITY; FARMERS (INCLUDING GARDENERS, CULTIVATORS ETC.); ETHNIC GROUPS OR RACES OF RAHMONYA MON STATE; PUBLIC RELATIONS; AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION;
    Language: Burmese and English
    Format/size: pdf (361K)
    Date of entry/update: 18 September 2007


    Title: The Second Proposed Draft of Future Constitution of Kawthoolei (Karen State)
    Date of publication: 08 August 2006
    Description/subject: Table of Contents: Bill of Rights; General Provisions; Legislature; Executive; Judiciary; Suffrage and Elections; Local Government; Finance and Taxation; Education; Amendments; Miscellaneous.
    Language: English, Burmese
    Source/publisher: Karen State Constitution Drafting Committee (SCDC)
    Format/size: pdf (222K)
    Date of entry/update: 23 September 2007


    Title: Shan State Constitution, First Draft
    Date of publication: 24 May 2006
    Description/subject: CONTENT Forward; Preamble; Founding Provision; Supremacy of Constitution... CHAPTER [1] Characteristics; Name: Shan State; Supremacy of Constitution; Citizenship; National Flag; National Anthem; National Capital; Nation Seals; A multi-ethnic Nation/State... CHAPTER [2] Bill of Rights; Human dignity; Freedom and Security; Religion and belief; Freedom of expression and information; Freedom of Assembly; Freedom of Association; Freedom of movement and residence; Freedom of trade; Labor Rights; Land and property ownership rights; Right to environmental protection; The right to informed choice; The right to be served by the Public Institutions; Rights Abuse Prevention Measure; Human Rights Promotion Measure; The rights to recall and impeachment; Duty and Responsibility of Citizens and Civil Society Organizations; Duty of Media and its Responsibility; Rights of differently able people; Rights of people to initiate legislation... CHAPTER [3] Legislature... CHAPTER [4] Legislative Powers; National Congress; Legislative Powers of National Congress; Formation of House of Nationalities; Exclusive legislative power; Ordinary Bills; Formation of House of People’s Representatives; Legislative Power of House of People’s Representatives; State Constitution (Constituent State); Special Provision; Formation of the State Legislature; Legislative Power [Const State]; House of National Ethnics; Formation of State House of People’s Representatives; Legislative powers provided for the State House of People’s ; Representatives; Legislative powers provided for the Sub-States and ; Autonomous Regions; Local Government; Municipal of Township Administration; Village Tract Administration; Village Administration... CHAPTER [5] National Executive. Federal Union Executive; Constituent State’s Executive... CHAPTER [6] Judicial Power [Judiciary]... CHAPTER [7] General Provisions; Note: Spread out to other chapters/provisions... CHAPTER [8] The amendment of the constitution.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Shan State Constitution Drafting Commission
    Format/size: pdf (244K)
    Date of entry/update: 18 September 2007


    Title: The Constitution of the Federal Union of Burma (First Draft)
    Date of publication: April 2006
    Description/subject: Commentary and text. This text, based on the draft adopted by the Democratic Alliance of Burma (DAB) in 1993, was adopted by the National Council of the Union of Burma (NCUB) as its First Draft, at the Fourth Conference of the NCUB, May 16-23, 1996..." We the peoples of the Federal Republic of the Union of Burma, with complete faith in the universal principles of freedom, equality and justice, do hereby adopt this Constitution for the Federal Republic of the Union of Burma in order to establish a multi-national country that is peaceful, prosperous, and enduring. In the land of this Federal Union, many different nationalities have lived, each with their own sovereignty and independence, ever since ancient times. Although each nationality lived independently for most of its history, they all fell under the long occupation and servitude of the British colonialists. In order to regain its own freedom more quickly, each nationality joined with the others so as to obtain independence from the colonial power together, and they thus formed a Federal Union at the Panglong Conference in the year 1947. The Conference unanimously adopted the Panglong Agreement which guaranteed ethnic equality, self-determination, and democratic rights. Although the Agreement promised that the new states of the union could govern themselves, those in power failed to implement the Agreement. Civil war ensued for more than half a century, during which countless lives were sacrificed and natural resources wasted. Since 1962, the peoples of Burma have suffered under a series of dictatorial regimes with different names but a common history of denying democratic rights, human rights, and the rights of self-determination for ethnic nationalities who joined the Union as equal partners in 1947. We shall never forget the heart-breaking experiences that the people of the Federal Union have had to endure. In order to prevent a recurrence of the mistakes of the past and to realize the future aspirations of all our peoples, we based this Constitution on the fundamental principles of political equality for all ethnic nationalities, the rights of self-determination for all member states of the Federal Union,and the democratic rights for all citizens. This Constitution further provides guarantees for human rights and gender equality; minority rights for all religious and ethnic groups; and the separation of politics and religion. In order to prevent the recurrence of military dictatorship, this Constitution enshrines civilian control of the armed forces. We establish this Constitution so as to secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and future generations. Banishing all the past outrages, shattering the dark, shining the light, and establishing the dignity of the Federal Union among the family of nations, this Constitution shall become the highest law of the Federal Republic of the Union of Burma. We the peoples of the Republic of the Federal Union of Burma, with complete faith in the universal principles of freedom, equality and justice, do hereby adopt this Constitution for the Federal Republic of the Union of Burma in order to establish a multi-national country that is peaceful, prosperous, and enduring. In the land of this Federal Union, many different nationalities have lived, each with their own sovereignty and independence, ever since ancient times. Although each nationality lived independently for most of its history, they all fell under the long occupation and servitude of the British colonialists. In order to gain its own freedom more quickly, each nationality joined with the others so as to obtain independence from the colonial power together, and thus they formed a federal union at the Panglong Conference in the year 1947. The Conference unanimously adopted the Panglong Agreement which guaranteed ethnic equality, self-determination, and democratic rights. Although the Agreement promised that the states of the union could govern themselves, those in power failed to implement the Agreement. Civil war ensued for more than half a century, during which countless lives were sacrificed and natural resources wasted. Since 1962, the peoples of Burma have suffered under a series of dictatorial regimes with different names but a common history of denying democratic rights, human rights, and the rights of self-determination for ethnic nationalities who joined the Union as equal partners in 1947. We shall never forget the heart-breaking experiences that the people of the Federal Union have had to endure. In order to prevent a recurrence of the mistakes of the past and to realize the future aspirations of all our peoples, we based this Constitution on the fundamental principles of political equality for all ethnic nationalities, the rights of self-determination for all member states of the Federal Union; and the democratic rights for all citizens. This Constitution further provides guarantees for human rights and gender equality; minority rights for all religious and ethnic groups; and the separation of politics and religion. In order to prevent the recurrence of military dictatorship, this Constitution enshrines civilian control of the armed forces. We establish this Constitution so as to secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and future generations. Banishing all the past outrages, shattering the dark, shining the light, and establishing the dignity of the Federal Union among the family of nations, this Constitution shall become the highest law of the Republic of the Federal Union of Burma..."
    Language: English, Burmese
    Source/publisher: Ethnic Nationalities Council
    Format/size: PDF (493K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/ENC-draft-bur.pdf (Burmese)
    http://www.blc-burma.org/lr_con.html#ncub
    Date of entry/update: 08 December 2010


    Title: Kachin State Constitution (Draft)
    Date of publication: 2006
    Description/subject: Contents: Chapter (1) Kachin State; Chapter (2) Fundamental Rights and Freedoms; Chapter (3) Kachin State Legislative Assembly; Chapter (4) Kachin State Government; Chapter (5) Suffrage and Elections; Chapter (6) Judiciary; Chapter (7) Inter-Governmental Relations; Chapter (8) Emergencies; Chapter (9) General Provisions; Chapter (10) Transitional Provisions; Chapter (11) Amendment of the Constitution.
    Language: English, Burmese
    Source/publisher: Kachin State Constitution Drafting Committee
    Format/size: pdf (513K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 October 2007


    Title: THE FOURTH INITIAL DRAFT OF CONSTITUTION OF CHINLAND
    Date of publication: May 2004
    Description/subject: ချင်းလဲန်းဖွဲ့စည်းပုံအခြခံမူကြမ်း(၄): "အပိုင်း(၁)ချင်းအမျိုးသားများ၏နောက်ခံသမိုင်းများ" (၁)ချင်းအမျိုးသားများ၏နိုင်ငံရေးနှင့်လူမှုရေး နောက်ခံသမိုင်းအကျဉ်း (၂)နိုင်ငံရေးနောက်ခံသမိုင်း (၃)ချင်းလူမျိုးတို့၏လွတ်လပ်သောနိုင်ငံတည်ထောင်ပိုင်ခွင့် (၄)ပြည်ထောင်စုမြန်မာနိုင်ငံ ဖွဲ့စည်းမှု အဖွဲ့ဝင်အဖြစ်ချင်းလူမျိုးများပါဝင်ခြင်း (၅)အင်္ဂလိပ်အုပ်ချုပ်မှုမတိုင်ခင်လွတ်လပ်သော ချင်းလဲန်းနှင့် ယနေ့ချင်းလဲန်း (၆)ချင်းလူမှုရေးနှင့်ယဉ်ကျေးမှုနောက်ခံသမိုင်း "အပိုင်း(၂)ဖက်ဒရယ်ပြည်ထောင်စုပြန်လည်တည်ဆောက်ရန် ချင်းအမျိုးသားများ၏တောင်းဆိုချက်များ" (၁)ပြည်ထောင်စုမြန်မာနိုင်ငံအားဖက်ဒရယ်ပြည်ထောင်စုအဖြစ် ပြန်လည် ဖွဲ့စည်းခြင်း (၂)ဖက်ဒရယ်ပြည်ထောင်စုပြန်လည်ဖွဲ့စည်းနိုင်ရေး အခြေခံသဘောတရားများ (၃)ချင်းလဲန်းဖွဲ့စည်းပုံအခြေခံဥပဒေနှင့်အစိုးရဖွဲ့စည်းပုံများ "အပိုင်း(၃)ချင်းလဲန်းဖွဲ့စည်းအုပ်ချုပ်ပုံမူကြမ်း" (၁)ချင်းလဲန်းဖွဲ့စည်းအုပ်ချုပ်ပုံအခြေခံဥပဒေနိဒါန်း (၂)ချင်းလဲန်းပိုင်နက်နယ်မြေ (၃)ချင်းပြည်သူတို့၏ဆန္ဒ (၄)တသီးပုဂ္ဂလအခွင့် အရေးများ (၅)တသီးပုဂ္ဂလတာဝန်များ (၆)ချင်းနိုင်ငံသားဖြစ်မှုနှင့် အမျိုးသားရေး (၇)ရွေးကောက်တင်မြောက်ခြင်း (၈)ဥပဒေပြုရေး (၉)အုပ်ချုပ်ရေး (၁၀)တရားစီရင်ရေး (၁၁)အုပ်ချုပ်ရေး (စီမံခန့်ခွဲရေး) (၁၂)ပြည်သူ့ဝန်ထမ်းကော်မရှင် (၁၃)ရာထူးမှဖယ်ရှားခြင်း (၁၄)ဒေသန္တရအစိုးရ (၁၅)ဘဏ္ဍာရေး၊အကောက်ခွန်နှင့် ဘဏ္ဍာတော် (၁၆)ပြည်သူ့ပညာရေး (၁၇)ပြည်သူ့ကျန်းမာရေး (၁၈)ပြည်သူ့လူမှုဖူလုံရေး (၁၉)ယဉ်ကျေးမှုနှင့် လူထု ဆက်သွယ်ရေး (၂၀)ချင်းလဲန်းလက်နက်ကိုင်အဖွဲ့ (၂၁)အထွေထွေဥပဒေများ (၂၂)ပြည်နယ်များနှင့် ပြည်နယ်ဖက်ဒရယ်ဆက်ဆံမှု (၂၃)ပြင်ဆင်ဖြည့်စွက်ခြင်း၊အချက်ပို (၁)
    Language: မြန်မာဘာသာ/အင်္ဂလိပ်ဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: The Chin Forum
    Format/size: pdf (434 KB)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.chinforum.org/cfconstitutions/4th_cc_eng_bur.pdf (Burmese&English)
    http://www.chinforum.org/cfconstitutions/4th_chin_con.pdf (English)
    Date of entry/update: 15 September 2010


    Title: Arakan State Constitution (The First Proposed Draft)
    Date of publication: 2004
    Description/subject: Preamble: The Constitution of Arakan State is instituted for the preservation of a united and durable Arakan Nation; and for every citizen to be fulfilled in justice, life, liberty, prosperity, respect, dignity, kindness, tradition, and faith... Part One: Bill of Rights; Part 2: Formation of the State;Part 3: Provision of citizenship; Part 4: Provision of Voting Rights and Creation of Constituency: Part 5: Administrative power; procedure for the transfer of power; Part 6: Legislative Power; Part 7: Judicial; Part 8: State Government Administration.
    Language: Burmese, English
    Source/publisher: Arakan State Constitution Drafting Committee (Arakan National Council)
    Format/size: pdf (662K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 October 2007


    Title: Federalism, State Constitutions And Self-Determination in Burma_Report on State Constitutions Drefting Process
    Date of publication: 2003
    Description/subject: Part One: Burmese Section:ပြည်နယ်များ၏ဖွဲ့စည်းပုံအခြေခံဥပဒေရေးဆွဲရေးလုပ်ငန်းစဉ်နှင့်ပတ်သတ်သောအစီရင်ခံစာ (ဆလိုင်းလျန်မှုန်းဆာခေါင်း) Part Two: English Section 1.Introduction:(i)Foreword (Chao-Tzang Yawnghwe)(ii)Report on State Constitutions Drafting Process(Lian H. Sakhong) 2.Federalism, State Constitutions and Self-Determination:(i)Federalism, State Constitutions and Ethnic Self-Determination (Chao-Tzang Yawnghwe)(ii)Burma:State Constitutions and the Challenges Facing the Ethnic Nationalities (Chao-Tzang Yawnghwe) 3.The Role of State Constitutions in the Protection of Nationality and Monitority Rights:Lessons From Other Countries (i)Australian Federalism, State Constitutions and the Protection of minority Rights (Cheryl Saunders)(ii)Federalism, Diversity and Minority Rights: What can we learn from India (Yogendra Yadav) (iii)Nigeria'sExperience in Managing the Challenges of Ethnic and Religious Diversity through Constitutional Provisions (Otive Igbuzor) 4.American Model Of State Constitutions:(i)Model State Constitution 5.German Model Of Local Governments: (i)Federalism and Local Self-Governmennt in Germany (Harald Hofmann)
    Author/creator: Chao-Tzang Yawnghwe and Lian H.Sakhong
    Language: အင်္ဂလိပ်ဘာသာ/မြန်မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: ENC "PEACEFUL CO-EXISTENCE: Towards Federal Union of Burma [Series No.5]"
    Format/size: pdf (942 KB)
    Date of entry/update: 14 September 2010


    Title: The original chapters on Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles
    Date of publication: 1996
    Description/subject: The original chapters on Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by the National Convention These chapters, 1. State fundamental principles; 2. State Structure; 3. Head of State; 4. Legislature; 5. Executive; 6. Judiciary were adopted by the National Convention between 1993 and 1996. In 2007, in the process of completing the National Convention, some changes were made to the original versions and incorporated into the document issued as “Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles” (Adopted by the National Convention), online at http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs4/DBP-KKH-2.pdf For the record, and in case anyone wants to compare the versions, they are presented here, along with the section on Self-Administered Divisions and Self-Administered Zones which was not allocated to a specific chapter. Sources: “The New Light of Myanmar” -- see http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=1314&lo=d&sl=0
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The New Lilght of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (323K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 October 2007


    Title: NLD Interim Constitution
    Date of publication: 28 July 1990
    Description/subject: Amendments to the 1947 Original Law of the Constitution
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: National League for Democracy
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 15 December 2010


    Title: The Constitution of the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma ("The 1974 Constitution")
    Date of publication: 03 January 1974
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Government of the Union of Burma
    Format/size: html, pdf (150K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,LEGAL,,,MMR,,3ae6b5b64,0.html
    http://www.blc-burma.org/html/Constitution/1974.html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: THE CONSTITUTION OF THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF THE UNION OF BURMA 1974
    Date of publication: 03 January 1974
    Description/subject: Printed by Printing and Publishing Corporation Rangoon...Word version
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Printed by Printing and Publishing Corporation Rangoon
    Format/size: doc (103K)
    Date of entry/update: 13 March 2014


    Title: Shan Federal Proposal, 1961
    Date of publication: 25 February 1962
    Description/subject: Document containing proposals For the REVISION of the CONSTITUTION OF THE UNION OF BURMA submitted by THE SHAN STATE, translated by Sao Singha. This document was ratified by the Convention, attended by delegates from the entire Shan State, which was held in Taunggyi on Saturday, 25th of February, 1961.
    Language: English
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 08 December 2010


    Title: The Constitution of the Union of Burma, 1947 ("The 1947 Constitution")
    Date of publication: 24 September 1947
    Description/subject: html version plus a facsimile version
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Constituent Assembly of Burma
    Format/size: html, pdf (2.7MB - facsimile)
    Alternate URLs: http://web.archive.org/web/20110902222123/http://www.blc-burma.org/html/Constitution/1947.html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Government of Burma Act, 1935 ("The 1937 Constitution")
    Date of publication: 02 August 1935
    Description/subject: "An Act to make further provision for the government of Burma. [2nd August 1935.] Be it enacted by the King’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:- PART I. INTRODUCTORY 1. This Act may be cited as the Government of Burma Act, 1935. 2. (1) All rights, authority and jurisdiction heretofore belonging to His Majesty the King, Emperor of India, which appertain or are incidental to the government of the territories in Burma for the time being vested in him and all rights, authority and jurisdiction exercisable by him by treaty, grant, usage, sufferance or otherwise in, or in relation to, any other territories in Burma, are exercisable by His Majesty, except in so far as may be otherwise provided by or under this Act, or as may be otherwise directed by His Majesty. (2) The said rights, authority and jurisdiction shall include any rights, authority or jurisdiction heretofore exercisable in relation to any territories in Burma by the Secretary of State, the Secretary of State in Council, the Governor-General of India, the Governor-General of Indian in Council, the Governor of Burma or the Local Government of Burma, whether by delegation from His Majesty or otherwise..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: HMSO
    Format/size: pdf (407K)
    Date of entry/update: 16 March 2010


    Title: PROPOSALS OF THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA FOR A NEW CONSTITUTION FOR BURMA.
    Date of publication: 1920
    Description/subject: 1. Letter from the Government of India to the Secretary of state for India, No. 1 (Reforms), dated 25th March, 1920: Enclosures in No. 1.: 1. Resolution by tbe Government of Burma, No. 1 L—7, dated 17th December, 1918, publishing for discussion and criticism a provisional scheme of reform ... Annexures to Enclosure No. 1. 1. Budget Committee under the proposed scheme; 2. (1) Board for Home Affairs; (2) Board of Revenue and Finance; (3) Board of Development ; (4) Board of Local Self-Government... 3. Summary of Recommendations..... 2. Government of Burma's first scheme.: Letter from the Government of Burma to the Government of India, No. 21—1—L—1. dated 2 June, 1919.... Annexures to Enclosure No. 2. 1. Speech by Sir Reginald Craddock, Lieutenant-Governor of Burma, 19th April, 1919, (Extract); 2. Proposed grouping of towns for purpose of representation on the Burma Legislative Council; 3. Budget Committee under the proposed scheme; 4. (1) Board for Home Affairs... (2) Board of Revenue and Finance; (3) Board of Development; (4) Board of Local Self-Govermnent ….. 3. Criticism by the Government of India of the first scheme of the Government of Burma. Letter from the Government of India to the Government of Burma, No. 2425, dated 18th November, 1919; 4. Second scheme of the Government of Burma; Letter from the Government of Burma to the Government of India, No. 59 T—1—L—8, dated 22nd January, 1920 .
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Government of India via His Majesty's Stationary Office
    Format/size: pdf (3.4MB)
    Date of entry/update: 04 September 2012


  • National and State constitutions, draft constitutions and amendments (commentary)

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: Constitutional amendment for Myanmar
    Date of publication: 08 August 2013
    Description/subject: "....Finally, this amendment process must open up opportunities for future constitutional amendments. The Constitution sets an extremely high benchmark in order to pass amendments. It requires more than 75 per cent of all representatives in the national parliament, as well as more than half the votes at a national referendum. This leaves no doubt that the military controls the current constitutional amendment process, given that it occupies 25 per cent of the seats in parliament. The provision on amending the Constitution must be amended to ensure that this is no longer the case. The list of potential amendments could on: real guarantees for human rights, independence for the Union Election Commission, greater mechanisms for accountability of government action, just to name a few. Yet the above issues would be a real start. These formal and structural reforms to the legal order would then open the way for more substantive changes to take place. The 8888 anniversary is a time to reflect on 25 years of a heroic and prolonged struggle for democracy, one that continues today. But it must also be a time to look forward, and to see this opening for constitutional amendment as the key to a genuine and fair political contest in the 2015 elections...."
    Author/creator: Melissa Crouch
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 16 July 2014


    Individual Documents

    Title: The Lady Rallies the Masses Once Again - Aung San Suu Kyi wants to change the Burmese constitution. But will the military really go along?
    Date of publication: 05 June 2014
    Description/subject: "During the third week of May, Aung San Suu Kyi's supporters gathered for two mass rallies in Rangoon and Mandalay, Burma's two biggest cities. (The demonstration in Mandalay, the most important commercial city in upper Burma, drew an estimated 25,000 supporters.) Both rallies called for amending Article 436 of the 2008 constitution, which essentially gives the military a veto over any amendments. The article stipulates that any amendments require the support of more than 75 percent of members of the parliament, where unelected military representatives control a quarter of the seats. Aung San Suu Kyi's camp have to get rid of this provision before they can amend the article that prevents her from holding the presidency. There's no doubt that Burma's constitution is deeply flawed. The excessive power that it grants the military and the obstacles it places in the way of amendment are only two of the most obvious problems. Ideally, of course, these provisions can be changed or abolished. In reality, matters are a bit more complicated..."
    Author/creator: Min Zin
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Foreign Policy"
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 06 June 2014


    Title: Myanmar: election boycotts and democracy
    Date of publication: 07 March 2014
    Description/subject: "For many years, we have learned about cryptic events in Burma/Myanmar from rumors. We had hoped that this would change with the elimination of censorship, and there has been much progress. But rumors still abound and decision-making is often still opaque. According to some reports, Aung San Suu Kyi has said that if the 2008 Myanmar constitution is not changed to allow her to compete for the presidency, her party - the National League for Democracy (NLD) - will boycott the 2015 elections. Others in the party say this is not true. She is currently prohibited from being (indirectly) elected by the Burmese parliament (Hluttaw) for the presidency or vice presidency because family members hold foreign passports..."
    Author/creator: David I Steinberg
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Asia Times Online"
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 27 May 2014


    Title: Institutional Design for Divided Societies: A Blue-print for a multi-ethnic Burma
    Date of publication: May 2012
    Description/subject: "The retrospective analysis of an institutional breakdown – democratic breakdown – in the union of Burma demonstrates that over six decades of conflict in Burma is rooted in a constitutional arrangement that fails to recognize the existence of ethno-cultural cleavages, resulting in the denial of power to territorially concentrated ethnic national minorities. Therefore, in this article, I argue that an asymmetrical federation with a written constitution is the most viable governance framework for a democratic future Burma due to its multi-ethnic segmental cleavages such as ethnicity, language, religion, culture, and territory. Such a constitutional federation will ensure shared rule for a common Union and self-rule for federating states drawn upon ethnic lines. To contextualize an institutional design for future Burma in a comparative international perspective, I examine the core arguments put forward by the integrationist and accommodationist camps as a theoretical framework within which to discuss the management of societal divisions, including their implications and applicability to Burma. To prove that a constitutional federation that draws together elements of both integrationist and accommodationist theory, I revisit and analyse reasons behind the constitutional crises of Burma, the basis upon which Burma emerged as a country, the composition of its ethnic fragmentations, and competing visions of the Union of Burma itself. With respect to an institutional design for a future Burma, there are two main components in my proposal: a disproportional upper chamber in the union legislature, whereby I envision an equal number of representatives from each constituent state; and separate legislatures and constitutions for each federating unit, dividing power between central and state governments along the line of US states and Canadian provinces. Lastly, I look at the current provisional constitution drafted by leaders of a democratic opposition – seven ethnic national minorities - in anticipation of a future federal Union of Burma..."
    Author/creator: Zaceu Lian
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Burma Centre for Ethnic Studies (Working Paper No. 1)
    Format/size: pdf (377K - OBL version; 868K - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://burmaethnicstudies.net/pdf/BCES-WP-1.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 17 May 2012


    Title: Preliminary Analysis of Myanmar’s 2010 Electoral Laws
    Date of publication: 31 March 2010
    Description/subject: "This briefing paper is intended to give a concise overview of the main provisions of the electoral laws and bylaws issued by the Myanmar authorities in March 2010, and to discuss some of the implications of the most important provisions. These laws establish the detailed framework for the first elections in Myanmar for 20 years, which will take place later this year on a date yet to be announced. These elections, while they will not be free and fair, nevertheless represent the most important political shift in a generation. A new political space will be created – however constrained it may be – along with a set of new State institutions. The ageing military leadership will also hand over the reins of power to a new generation. It is therefore vital to have a clear understanding of this legislation and its likely consequences; however, much of the debate so far has been based on a hasty and often erroneous reading of the laws..."
    Author/creator: Richard Horsey
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Conflict Prevention and Peace Forum
    Format/size: pdf (149K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 April 2010


    Title: Major flaws in the 2008 constitution
    Date of publication: 06 March 2010
    Description/subject: "Burma’s constitution was ratified in the days following cyclone Nargis in May 2008 by an alleged 92 percent of the population, out of a total 98 percent who turned out to vote, the ruling junta asserted. International observers have said however that voter intimidation and corruption, not to mention the deaths of 140,000 people from the cyclone, distorted the real picture, particularly as the cyclone prevented millions from accessing polling booths. The constitution will play a key role in the results of elections this year; several clauses bar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi from participating, while other deliberately vague laws appear to permit use of intimidation and threats against opposition by the government. Critics of the ruling junta have already said that the elections will be a charade aimed at cementing military rule in Burma..."
    Author/creator: Aung Htoo
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Democratic Voice of Burma (DVB)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 26 October 2010


    Title: A State-run "Market Economy"
    Date of publication: November 2009
    Description/subject: Without the rule of law, there are no guarantees the economy will be free of state interference under the 2008 Constitution... "The economic aspects of Burma’s 2008 Constitution have been notably absent from the recent written analysis of its implications for Burmese society. Though constitutions are not primarily economic documents, Burma’s latest Constitution does contain clauses that have economic import, and it is worth looking at them carefully. There is an important caveat, however, and this is that a regime that consistently honors the rule of law only in the breach and has many incentives (financial and otherwise) for maintaining the status quo is unlikely to change its behavior anytime soon; therefore, the Constitution may amount to little. Regardless of whether the military abides by its Constitution, however, the document can provide insight into the thinking of its drafters..."
    Author/creator: Sean Turnell
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 17, No. 8
    Format/size: html
    Alternate URLs: http://www2.irrawaddy.org/print_article.php?art_id=17134
    Date of entry/update: 28 February 2010


    Title: Above the Law
    Date of publication: November 2009
    Description/subject: Burma’s rulers will continue to lean heavily on the judiciary to impose their vision of a “discipline-flourishing democracy”... "After decades of military rule, many Burmese are no longer aware that their country had one of the most progressive judicial systems in the region after independence in 1948. Judges had secure salaries and could only be removed for misbehavior or incapacity. The courts were not afraid to challenge the executive, and the Supreme Court proclaimed that the 1947 Constitution should be interpreted in a “liberal and comprehensive spirit.” Even at the height of insurgencies against Rangoon in the late 1940s, the Supreme Court ordered police to release men who had been detained illegally. ILLUSTRATION: HARN LAY/THE IRRAWADDY The slide from a judiciary with integrity to its present role as defender of the military began when the late Gen Ne Win seized power and imprisoned Chief Justice Myint Thein for six years—longer than he imprisoned former Prime Minister U Nu. When Ne Win drafted the 1974 Constitution, he removed any remaining separation between the judiciary and the government. He packed the Council of People’s Justice, which replaced the Supreme Court, with members of the Burma Socialist Programme Party. The Constitution required the court to “protect the socialist system” rather than the rights of Burmese citizens. Although the military revived the Supreme Court in 1988, Human Rights Watch maintains that judges still “serve at the whim of the SPDC and must follow the directives of the military.”..."
    Author/creator: Arnold Corso
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 17, No. 8
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 28 February 2010


    Title: MYANMAR: Institutionalized denial of fundamental rights and the 2008 Constitution of Myanmar -- Human Rights Council, 12th Session
    Date of publication: 07 September 2009
    Description/subject: "...The deeply flawed 2008 Constitution further entrenches arrangements for abuses of the sorts outlined above, and any serious attempts from the international community to take up issues of concern to the people of Myanmar in the lead up to and after the anticipated election must respond to the peculiar variety of unconstitutional constitutionalism that it envisages. In particular, the following aspects of the charter must be brought to the foreground and addressed before it is possible to proceed to more in-depth discussion about human rights in Myanmar under a government operating according to its parameters:..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Asian Human Rights Commission via UN Human Rights Council (A/HRC/12/NGO/21)
    Format/size: pdf (36K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ahrchk.net/statements/mainfile.php/2006statements/2201/
    Date of entry/update: 04 December 2009


    Title: MYANMAR: TOWARDS THE ELECTIONS
    Date of publication: 20 August 2009
    Description/subject: Executive Summary: "The bizarre prosecution and conviction of opposition leader and Nobel Peace laureate Aung San Suu Kyi for violating her house arrest has returned attention to repression in Myanmar, as preparations were underway for the first national elections in twenty years, now scheduled for 2010. This further undermined what little credibility the exercise may have had, especially when based on a constitution that institutionalises the militaryâ�" a number of prominent regime opponents have been arrested and sentenced to prison terms over the last year â�" the constitution and elections together will fundamentally change the political landscape in a way the government may not be able to control. Senior Generals Than Shwe and Maung Aye may soon step down or move to ceremonial roles, making way for a younger military generation. All stakeholders should be alert to opportunities that may arise to push the new government toward reform and reconciliation. At first glance, the obstacles to change seem over­whelming. The 2008 constitution entrenches military power by reserving substantial blocs of seats in the national and local legislatures for the army, creating a strong new national defence and security council and vesting extraordinary powers in the commander-in-chief. It prevents Aung San Suu Kyi from standing for president, even if she were not imprisoned. It is extremely difficult to amend. And while not all regulations relating to the administration of the elections have been an­nounced, they are unlikely to offer much room for manoevre to opposition parties. But the elections are significant because the controversial constitution on which they are based involves a complete reconfiguration of the political structure â�" establishing a presidential system of government with a bicameral legislature as well as fourteen regional governments and assemblies â�" the most wide-ranging shake-up in a generation. The change will not inevitably be for the better, but it offers an opportunity to influence the future direction of the country. Ultimately, even assuming that the intention of the regime is to consolidate military rule rather than begin a transition away from it, such processes often lead in unexpected directions. This report looks at the elections in the context of Myan­mar�s constitutional history. It examines key provisions of the 2008 constitution and shows how many of the controversial articles were simply taken from its 1947 or 1974 predecessors. Noteworthy new provisions include strict requirements on presidential candidates, the establishment of state/regional legislatures and governments, the reservation of legislative seats for the military, military control of key security ministries, the authority granted to the military to administer its own affairs (in particular military justice) and the creation of a constitutional tribunal. Criticism of the constitution from groups within Myan­mar has focused on military control, ethnic autonomy, qualifications for political office, and the very difficult amendment procedures. The main reaction of the populace to it and the forthcoming elections is indifference, rooted in a belief that nothing much will change. Some of the so-called ceasefire groups â�" ethnic minorities that have ended their conflicts with the government â�" are endorsing ethnic political parties that will take part in the polls. These groups take a negative view of the constitution but feel that there may be some limited opening of political space, particularly at the regional level, and that they should position themselves to take advantage of this. There are increased tensions, however, as the regime is pushing these groups to transform into border guard forces partially under the command of the national army. The National League for Democracy (NLD), winner of the 1990 elections, has said it will only take part if the constitution is changed, and it is given the freedom to organise. Assuming this will not happen, it is not yet clear if it will call for a complete boycott in an attempt to deny the elections legitimacy or urge its supporters to vote for other candidates. A boycott could play into the hands of the military government, since it would not prevent the election from going ahead and would mainly deprive non-government candidates of votes, potentially narrowing the range of voices in future legislatures. The Myanmar authorities must make the electoral process more credible. Aung San Suu Kyi and all other political prisoners must be released now and allowed to participate fully in the electoral process; politically-motivated arrests must cease. It also critical that key electoral legislation be promulgated as soon as possible, in a way that allows parties to register without undue restriction, gives space for canvassing activities and ensures transparent counting of votes. The international community, including Myanmar�s ASEAN neighbours, must continue to press for these measures while looking for opportunities that the elections may bring. This will require a pragmatic and nuanced strategy towards the new government at the very time, following a deeply flawed electoral process, when pressure will be greatest for a tough stance. The new Myanmar government, whatever its policies, will not be capable of reversing overnight a culture of impunity and decades of abuses and political restrictions. But following the elections, the international community must be ready to respond to any incremental positive steps in a calibrated and timely fashion. To have any hope of inducing a reform course, it is critical to find ways to communicate unambiguously that a renormalisation of external relations is possible..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: International Crisis Group (Asia Report N°174)
    Format/size: pdf (2.5MB)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.crisisgroup.org/~/media/Files/asia/south-east-asia/burma-myanmar/174_myanmar___towards_t...
    Date of entry/update: 24 August 2009


    Title: Comparative Studies: Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (2008)
    Date of publication: August 2009
    Language: Burmese
    Source/publisher: National Union of the Union of Burma (NCGUB)
    Format/size: pdf (971K)
    Date of entry/update: 12 February 2010


    Title: An Independent Analysis of the Principal Elements of the 2008 Constitution
    Date of publication: 2009
    Description/subject: Reproduced, with the author’s permission, from “The State in Myanmar” by Robert H Taylor published in 2009 by Hurst & Company, London..."The 2008 constitution contains a number of points that attempt to address issues that had grown out of the state in Myanmar’s post-colonial history. Among these, most prominently and controversially, in addition to the power and autonomy of the armed forces under the constitution, and the complex issue of political autonomy for ethnicallydesignated groups, was the distribution of power between the executive, legislature and judiciary at various levels of government. The constitution is the army government’s attempt to cast these issues in terms that will be politically resolvable and will avoid in the future both the severe conflicts of the civil war and the popular upheaval of 1988. Whether the constitution proves to be more durable and adaptable than its two predecessors, of course, is a question that future historians will answer..."
    Author/creator: Robert Taylor
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Network Myanmar
    Format/size: pdf (124K)
    Date of entry/update: 10 March 2010


    Title: Constitutionalism Before Constitutions: Burma's Struggle to Build a New Order
    Date of publication: 2009
    Description/subject: "In at least some cases - and Burma is one - seeking trust, integration, and unity in the abstract may be neither useful nor even possible. Instead, a reconciliation process should seek, quite specifically, to find constitutional common ground well before drafting begins; it should be oriented toward developing a shared constitutional vision that will provide the warring sides with reason to commit to the new proposed regime. As the contending sides come to realize that they might share specific and concrete constitutional desires, they also come to realize that cohabitation might be possible. The moral of the story is that constitution making (broadly defined) is part and parcel of the creation of social integrity and not merely its consequence...Part I offers an overview of the constitutional history of Burma to the year 2000. Part II explains the constitutional processes going on today-not only the military government's "roadmap to democracy" but also the democracy movement's alternative process (or processes, depending on your perspective). As will become plain, the two processes are very different: the junta's roadmap has yielded a written constitution that will shortly become the law of the land but which lacks all legitimacy.6 By contrast, the democracy movement's alternative will not become sovereign law anytime soon, but it has set in train social dynamics that might, in the long run, build the conditions necessary for genuine constitutional rule..."
    Author/creator: David C. Williams
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Indiana University Maurer School of Law Faculty Publications. Paper 492.
    Format/size: pdf (740K-OBL version; 2.42K - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.repository.law.indiana.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1492&context=facpub
    Date of entry/update: 17 May 2012


    Title: The 2008 Myanmar Constitution: Analysis and Assessment
    Date of publication: December 2008
    Description/subject: Contents: I Purposes of constitutions and constitution making processes . 1 II Context of Constitutional Reform .. 4 III Process .. 6 Process for the preparation of the Constitution .. 7 IV Constitution. 11 Objectives and Basic Principles of the Constitution 11 Overview of the structure of the Constitution .. 12 Electoral system ... 16 Legislative bodies 20 State and Regional legislatures 22 Union territory legislature 22 Self-administered zone or division legislature . 23 Executives and Presidency ... 23 Constituting the Union government . 24 Powers and responsibilities of the President 25 Accountability of the President 26 Tatmadaw and Commander in Chief ... 26 Judiciary ... 28 Constitutional Tribunal 29 The relationship between the Union, States and Regions, and Self-Administered Areas . 31 Compatibility of laws ... 32 Finance and resources: relations between the Union and State, Regions and Self-Administered Areas . 33 Executive: relations between the Union and State, Regions and Self-Administered Areas 33 Emergency Powers... 34 Amendment Procedure. 36 Transitional Provisions 36 V Assessment ... 37
    Author/creator: Yash Ghai
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Yash Ghai
    Format/size: pdf (217K)
    Date of entry/update: 19 December 2008


    Title: NEUE VERFASSUNG: Burmas Militärherrscher jubeln über ihr Referendum
    Date of publication: 15 May 2008
    Description/subject: Hunderttausende Menschen in Burma leiden - doch die Militärjunta verkündet Erfolgsmeldungen: Den Generälen zufolge wurde die neue Verfassung mit über 92 Prozent Zustimmung angenommen. Ausländische Hilfe lassen die Machthaber weiter nur eingeschränkt zu - die Uno ist frustriert; referendum 2008; cyclone Nargis; UN aid programmes;
    Language: German, Deutsch
    Source/publisher: Spiegel Online
    Format/size: Html (82 kb)
    Date of entry/update: 15 May 2008


    Title: Chronology of Burma's Constitutional Process
    Date of publication: 01 May 2008
    Description/subject: 1947-2008
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Watch
    Format/size: pdf (88K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 May 2008


    Title: Vote to Nowhere - The May 2008 Constitutional Referendum in Burma
    Date of publication: 01 May 2008
    Description/subject: "...On May 10, 2008, the Burmese military government will hold a referendum on a draft constitution that it claims will usher in a new era of “discipline-flourishing genuine multiparty democracy.” However, the generals’ referendum, reflecting 46 years of brutal military rule, will not bring the people of Burma any closer to a democratic and rights-respecting government they so desperately seek, and for which they have courageously struggled. Instead, the draft constitution that the generals are demanding the Burmese people approve is designed to perpetuate military control in Burma, and obstruct any steps toward a meaningful multiparty democracy that upholds human rights. The environment in Burma prior to the referendum has been one of continuing intimidation of the political opposition and general populace, denial of basic freedoms of expression, association, and assembly, and arbitrary arrests and detention. Under such widespread repression and a pervasive climate of fear, no free and fair referendum can take place in Burma. Since the military crackdown on monks and pro-democracy protestors in August-September 2007, foreign governments and intergovernmental bodies have responded in varying ways. International criticism may be partly responsible for the referendum being announced, in February 2008, but it will not ensure that the vote is conducted freely. Concerted public pressure and targeted sanctions by the military government’s international supporters as well as its detractors is needed if there is to be any hope that real democratic progress, rather than further constitutional travesties, can be achieved..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Watch
    Format/size: html, pdf (536K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2008/04/30/vote-nowhere-0
    Date of entry/update: 01 May 2008


    Title: Burma - schon vergessen? Diktatorische Volksabstimmung
    Date of publication: 29 April 2008
    Description/subject: Am 10. Mai wird Burmas Bevölkerung an die Urne gerufen, um über die neue Verfassung abzustimmen. Dabei legt die burmesische Militärjunta ein kleines Lehrstück vor, wie Demokratie bei einer Volksabstimmung zur Farce wird. politische Gefangene; referendum 2008; political prisoners
    Author/creator: Christine Pluess, Arbeitskreis Tourismus & Entwicklung
    Language: German, Deutsch
    Source/publisher: Fairunterwegs
    Date of entry/update: 03 May 2008


    Title: Constitutional Conundrum
    Date of publication: April 2008
    Description/subject: As analysts and activists debate how to respond to the regime’s draft constitution, others ask if it will cement the generals’ hold on power or trigger a popular uprising... "FOR the generals who rule Burma, it is a step closer to the coveted goal of permanent military control of the country’s politics. For its detractors, it is a potential lightning rod for decades of pent-up discontent. But for most, it is still a mystery, as they wonder if this is really a distant light at the end of the tunnel or the headlights of an impending disaster. The Burmese regime’s draft constitution, which Burmese voters will be asked to endorse or reject in a referendum in May, has drawn many reactions from people both inside and outside the country. Although there is little consensus on the constitution, which was 14 years in the making, few doubt that the referendum, if it actually goes ahead, will be the junta’s most significant political move since elections in 1990, when voters unequivocally signaled a desire for an end to military rule..."
    Author/creator: Kyaw Zwa Moe
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 4
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 27 April 2008


    Title: Framing the Future
    Date of publication: April 2008
    Description/subject: Burma has always been cursed by its constitutions. So, is the upcoming referendum a chance for progress or a step back for the people?
    Author/creator: Dominic Faulder
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 4
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 27 April 2008


    Title: Essay on The Government of India Act 1935
    Date of publication: 01 February 2008
    Description/subject: 1. Introduction 2. Genesis of the Act 3. Some Features of the Act 4. Provincial Part of the Act 5. Federal Part of the Act 6. Gambles Taken by the British Government 7. Indian Reaction to the Proposed Federation 8. The Working of the Act 9. Postscript
    Author/creator: David Steinberg
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: House of David
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 17 March 2010


    Title: DESIGNING FEDERALISM IN BURMA
    Date of publication: 2005
    Description/subject: CONTENTS:Forewords (David Williams)... PART ONE:THE BASIC PRINCIPLES: 1. Federalism, Constitution Making and State Building in Burma (Lian H. Sakhong) Introduction ... Federalism: Theoretical Analysis... Federalism in Burmese Contexts: Lessons from 1947... Nation-Building and the Problem of Forced Assimilation ... State-Building and Unity in Diversity: An Option for the Future... Conclusion: Finding Equilibrium between Nation-Building and State Building .... 2. The Basic Principles for Future Federal Union of Burma (Lian H. Sakhong)... Preamble ... The Basic Principles of Federalism at the time of Union Formation ... Proposal for the Future .... PART TWO:CONSTITUTIONAL DESIGN FOR BURMA... 3. Constitutional Design for Burma:The First Lecture (2003) (David C. Williams)... A. The Purpose of a Constitution ... (i) Electoral Systems ... (ii) Separation of Powers ... (iii) Federalism .... (iv) Individual Rights ... B. Securing the Basis of Consent ... C. Federalism ... D. Electoral Systems ... E. The Union Constitution ... F. Judicial Review ... 4. Constitutional Design for Burma:The Second Lecture (2004) (David C. Williams)... A. Introduction ... B. State-Building and Nation-Building ... (i) States ... (ii) Nations ... (iii) States and Nations ... C. Federalism ... D. Federalism in Foreign Affairs ... (i) The States’ Ability to Make Their Own Foreign Policy ... (ii) The States’ Participation in Foreign Policy ... (iii) Political Pressure ... (iv) Implementation ... (v) Direct Participation ... (vi) Permanent Staffs ...E. Electoral Systems ... (i) Majoritarian Systems ... (ii) Proposal Systems ... (iii) Combing Systems ... F. Conclusion .... PART THREE:CONSTITUTIONAL DESIGN AND FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS... 5. Constitutional Drafting and Fundamental Rights:The Example of Religious Freedom (Susan H. Williams) ... 6. Constitutional Drafting and Fundamental Rights:The Example of Gender Equality (Susan H. Williams) ....
    Author/creator: David C.Williams, Lian H.Sakhong, Susan H.Williams
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: ENC "PEACEFUL CO-EXISTENCE: Towards Federal Union of Burma [Series No.10]"
    Format/size: pdf (723.41 KB)
    Date of entry/update: 30 August 2010


    Title: Burma's Ethnic Problem is Constitutional
    Date of publication: April 2002
    Description/subject: Federalism in Burma: "...Has Burma really been on the brink of fragmentation since independence? Are the ethnic nationalities and the politics of ethnicity the root cause of the problem? Was General Ne Win correct when he claimed in 1962 that he had to seize state power to prevent Burma from disintegration? The current State Peace and Development Council also claims that there are 135 languages and 8 major races in Burma requiring a strong centralized military to keep the country together. Is this true? ..."
    Author/creator: Harn Yawnghwe and B. K. Sen
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Legal Issues on Burma Journal" No. 11 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
    Format/size: PDF
    Alternate URLs: The original and authoritative version of this article may be found in "Legal Issues on Burma Journal" No. 11 at
    http://www.blc-burma.org/activity_pub_liob.html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Federalism and Self-Determination: Some Reflections
    Date of publication: April 2002
    Description/subject: Federalism in Burma: "Federalism has, for many decades now, been seen an answer to the challenges posed by multi-ethnic societies the world over. In some cases, the idea has worked, while in others it manifestly has not. Where it has failed, the reasons have often lain as much with human deficiencies as with systemic shortcomings..."
    Author/creator: Venkat Iyer
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Legal Issues on Burma Journal" No. 11 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
    Format/size: PDF
    Alternate URLs: The original and authoritative version of this article may be found in "Legal Issues on Burma Journal" No. 11 at
    http://www.blc-burma.org/activity_pub_liob.html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Federalism as a Solution to the Ethnic Problem in Burma
    Date of publication: April 2002
    Description/subject: Federalism in Burma: "From January 4, 1948, the day the Union of Burma came into existence as an independent nation, the people and their leaders have been divided over how to achieve national unity and structure their state. Until 1988, it was federal in name and theory, but unitary in practice. After five decades of political discussion, peaceful movements for secession or autonomy and warfare, the majority Burmans and most of the ethnic minorities remain disunited. From time to time efforts have been made by the Government of Burma and the minorities, either alone or in groups, to end revolt and disunity, but none have succeeded. Today, the basic problem is the same as the one the nation's founding fathers faced fifty years ago: how to construct a political system wherein diverse peoples feel free and equal, able to govern themselves in their own areas, protect and preserve their languages, cultures and traditions, while at the same time give their political loyalty to the nationstate..."
    Author/creator: Josef Silverstein
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Legal Issues on Burma Journal" No. 11 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
    Format/size: PDF
    Alternate URLs: The original and authoritative version of this article may be found in "Legal Issues on Burma Journal" No. 11 at
    http://www.blc-burma.org/activity_pub_liob.html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Federalism With A New Twist: Burma's Only Option
    Date of publication: April 2002
    Description/subject: Federalism in Burma: "The author of the article "The Panglong Spirit Lives On" (Chao-Tzang Yawnghwe in The Irrawaddy, July 2001) argued that the guiding principle of the Panglong Accord is "unity in diversity". He raised the question as to whether there is a formula for ending Burma's decades of ethnic strife, and answered it himself with "Yes, and it is none other than the political vision that brought modern Burma into existence half a century ago". This is begging the question: what is this political vision, which is abstract in terms of people's understanding? The meaning of terminology such as "unity in diversity" is academically attractive, but in the understanding of the activists it helps little. However, Yawnghwe retrieved much of the ground lost in the struggle evolving a viable concept for the establishment of a stable Burma by stating that the major goal is the establishment of a democratic, federal Union of Burma, to be composed of self-determining states living together in equality and peace. It is argued that core issues must be addressed, and the debate has to be brought to a fruitful end..."
    Author/creator: B. K. Sen
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Legal Issues on Burma Journal" No. 11 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
    Format/size: PDF
    Alternate URLs: The original and authoritative version of this article may be found in "Legal Issues on Burma Journal" No. 11 at
    http://www.blc-burma.org/activity_pub_liob.html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Federalism, Burma and How The International Community Can Help
    Date of publication: April 2002
    Description/subject: Federalism in Burma: "International Community can help via systematic study and consideration of the world's federations, in pursuit of an understanding of what federalism can achieve when presented with a range of entrenched political and/ or ethnic problems. The international community thus provides and becomes the backdrop, and the actor/ participants can research, inform, educate, and consider whether and in what ways federalism can provide some solutions to the crisis of governance in which they flounder. Burma has never progressed past the polarised and prevailing view of federalism, yet for so long an aspiration of many of Burma's leaders, notably the National Democratic Front (NDF) since its formation in 1976, and still today. 1 The United Nationalities League for Democracy (UNLD) an umbrella political organisation of non-Burman nationalities that formed in 1989 likewise embraces federalism as a path to political, therefore constitutional settlement, that will bring peace and prosperity. 2 Until the political actors in and of Burma have this debate, its ability to resolve its political differences by political means to effect a constitutional settlement will elude them. National reconciliation will remain a catch cry..."
    Author/creator: Janelle Saffin
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Legal Issues on Burma Journal" No. 11 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
    Format/size: PDF
    Alternate URLs: http://www.blc-burma.org/activity_pub_liob.html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Federalism: Putting Burma Back Together Again
    Date of publication: April 2002
    Description/subject: Federalism in Burma: "This paper deals with the absence or the non-existence of a functional relation between the state in Burma and broader society which is also made up of non-Burman 1 ethnic segments that inhabit the historical-territorial units comprising the Union of Burma. 2 Introduction: Putting the Country Back Together Again The paper looks into the problems related to the task, as yet to be accomplished, of "putting the country back together again", in contrast to the claim of the military and its state is "keeping the country together". It is here argued that although the military has, in a manner of speaking, "kept the country together", it has also distorted the relation between the state in Burma and broader society by monopolizing power and excluding societal elements and forces from the sphere of the state and from the political arena. The military's centralist, unitary impulse, informed by it ethnocentric (Burmanization) national unity formula, has contributed to a dysfunctional state-society relation, that has in turn brought about the present crisis of decay and general breakdown, making Burma a failed state..."
    Author/creator: Chao-Tzang Yawnghwe
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Legal Issues on Burma Journal" No. 11 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
    Format/size: PDF
    Alternate URLs: http://www.blc-burma.org/activity_pub_liob.html
    Date of entry/update: 15 July 2010


    Title: In Search of a Constitution for Burma
    Date of publication: April 2002
    Description/subject: Federalism in Burma: "Constitution can be a strong foundation for every country to be established as a just, free, peaceful and developed society. Burma is in the process of producing a new constitution. By amalgamating lessons from previous historical experiences and current practical situation of the country, it is hoped that a proper constitution for future Burma might be produced. Major concern is that without finding ways and means to resolve the underlying issues of a country, production of constitution superficially is meaningless and constitution might not be effective from positive aspect in our future society. In this account, the constitution making process or the way, how a constitution will be produced, is of paramount importance. In attempting to produce a constitution, onesided or unproper guidance to the people should be avoided. In a genuine constitution making process, the people, regardless of race, social origin, gender and etc, should be allowed to uncover their sufferings frankly, propose possible solutions positively, and express their will to restructure the society freely thereby leading the process to be more and more participatory. Any kind of discrimination should not be exercised within a genuine constitution making process whether be it federal or state constitution making processes..."
    Author/creator: Aung Htoo
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Legal Issues on Burma Journal" No. 11 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
    Format/size: PDF
    Alternate URLs: http://www.blc-burma.org/activity_pub_liob.html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Interview With Sao Seng Suk
    Date of publication: April 2002
    Description/subject: Federalism in Burma: (Sao Seng Suk is the Chairman of the Shan State Constitution Drafting Committee. Following is a literal transcript of the interview he had with U Aung Htoo and B. K. Sen). "Do you consider the constitution to be the core issue in a peaceful political settlement in Burma?" Sao Seng Suk: "Yes, I certainly do. Because all problems arose since Pyidaungzu was established in 1947 from the then constitution. If all accept democratic constitution, historical problems can be settled peacefully and the country rebuilt according to constitution, as there will be many kinds of freedom, freedom of expression, freedom of activities, etc." "What type of Constitution will be viable?" Sao Seng Suk: "Federal type constitution, federal is suitable for us..."
    Author/creator: U Aung Htoo, B. K. Sen
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Legal Issues on Burma Journal" No. 11 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
    Format/size: PDF
    Alternate URLs: The original and authoritative version of this article may be found in "Legal Issues on Burma Journal" No. 11 at
    http://www.blc-burma.org/activity_pub_liob.html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Secession and Self-Determination in the Context of Burma's Transition
    Date of publication: December 2001
    Description/subject: "The word 'secession' has originated from the concept of 'self-determination'. Apart from its historical context, 'self-determination' can also be seen in its plain meaning. The Oxford Dictionary defines 'self-determination as, 'The right of a nation or people to decide what form of government it will have or whether it will be independent of another country or not'. The second part of this definition is easy to understand. A nation or people has the right to be independent of another country when under subjugation of that country. But sometimes it is difficult to determine whether a nation striving for selfdetermination is actually a nation..."
    Author/creator: B.K. Sen
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Legal Issues on Burma Journal" No. 10 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
    Alternate URLs: The original (and authoritative) version of this article may be found in http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/Legal_Issues_on%20Burma_Journal_10.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Designing Constitution as Policy Formulation
    Date of publication: April 2001
    Description/subject: "An intensive people's movement for the restoration of democracy and human rights has been existing in Burma for more than a decade. In the meantime, both government and opposition groups have been drafting constitutions, to be put into force during the transition to a more open and democratic system of government..."
    Author/creator: Khin Maung Win
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Legal Issues on Burma Journal" No. 8 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
    Alternate URLs: The original (and authoritative) version of this article may be found in http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/Legal%20Issues%20on%20Burma%20Journal%208.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Burma's Election and Constitutional History: A Snapshot
    Date of publication: December 2000
    Description/subject: "...The nation's constitutional and election history highlights the difficulties that have been encountered in securing peace with the people, particularly as the armed forces (Tatmadaw) have long ruled Burma. There is no culture of consent between the governed and the government and this is a constant of political life. Until this is remedied, the country embroiled in its own civil war for 52 years will stay at war in one form or another..."
    Author/creator: Janelle Saffin
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Legal Issues on Burma Journal No. 7 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
    Alternate URLs: The original (and authoritative) version of this article may be found on http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/Legal%20Issues%20on%20Burma%20Journal%207.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Rival Constitution Writing Processes: A Problem in National Reconciliation in Burma
    Date of publication: December 2000
    Description/subject: "One of the major issues proving to be an obstacle to the achievement of national reconciliation in Burma is the rival constitution writing processes initiated by opposing forces. As the competing political forces use the constitutional drafting process as a political football, the chance for dialogue and prospects for national reconciliation remain dim. The State Peace and Development Council's (SPDC) constitution drafting process, which started in January 1993, emerged as a method utilized by the junta to deter the National League for Democracy (NLD) from taking power. As the junta strictly controls the entire constitution writing process, other forces including the NLD and ethnic organizations who have signed ceasefire agreements with the junta, have been denied the right to freely participate in the junta initiated process..."
    Author/creator: Khin Maung Win
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Legal Issues on Burma Journal No. 7 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
    Alternate URLs: The original (and authoritative) version of this article may be found on http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/Legal%20Issues%20on%20Burma%20Journal%207.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Issues of self-determination in Burma
    Date of publication: April 2000
    Description/subject: "This paper seeks to provide an introduction to the concept of self-determination, and to suggest the importance of this concept in Burma. A comprehensive analysis of either topic is beyond the scope of this paper, which is aimed at readers without great familiarity with either area. Suggestions for further reading may be found in the references. The paper begins by discussing the concept of self-determination, and its varied meanings. A brief history of the development of the concept follows, in which the meaning of self-determination beyond decolonisation is touched upon. The situation of minorities within a state is then considered. The second section of the paper is a discussion of the particular case of Burma..."
    Author/creator: Louise Southalan
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Legal Issues on Burma Journal No. 5 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Burma's Future Constitution: Comparing and contrasting democracy and human rights provisions in two draft Burmese constitutions from an international perspective
    Date of publication: October 1999
    Description/subject: "...This article has discussed the draft constitutions for Burma proposed by the National Convention, the body established by the ruling party, and that proposed by the opposition National Council of the Union of Burma. It has reviewed aspects such as the process of constitution of drafting, the electoral system, constitutional supremacy and amendments and appointments to and function of the courts, as well as a Bill of Rights, a Human Rights Commission and declarations of states of emergency. The National Convention's constitution contains many strongly anti-democratic provisions and is silent on several key issues. In contrast, the NCUB's constitution attempts to create a democratic system, but includes several provisions that should be reworked to strengthen democratic checks and balances and prevent future state abuse of power."
    Author/creator: Jeremy Sarkin
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Legal Issues on Burma Journal No. 4 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Burma, South-East Asia and The Road to Democratic Constitution
    Date of publication: May 1999
    Description/subject: Drafting a constitution in Burma. Comparison of the constitutional history of Burma and Thailand and a list of elements needed in a new Burmese constitution.
    Author/creator: Vitit Muntarbhorn
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Legal Issues on Burma Journal No. 3 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Convening the People's Assembly: A Legal Analysis
    Date of publication: May 1999
    Description/subject: "According to Burma's two supposedly superseded constitutions, that of 1947 and 1974, the Pyithu Hluttaw (the People's Assembly) is the body charged with exercising State power. The 1989 Pyithu Hluttaw Election Law (called the Election Law), under which the 1990 elections were conducted, also provides that the duty of representatives elected in accordance with the Election Law is to form the Pyithu Hluttaw (Section 3). The ruling military junta, the people of Burma and the international community acknowledged without qualification that the May 1990 general election was free, fair and lawful. It then follows that those representatives elected by the people in the 1990 election have the lawful right to form a Pyithu Hluttaw that exercises legislative power and appoints a government in accordance with the legal norms of Burma..."
    Author/creator: Burma Lawyers' Council
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Legal Issues on Burma Journal No. 3 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Drafting a Constitution in Burma: A Struggle for Participatory Process
    Date of publication: May 1999
    Description/subject: Critique of the National Convention. Comparison between the constitution-drafting processes and principles of the Burmese military, the NLD and the NCUB, with additional comparison with the constitution-drafting processes in the Philippines and Thailand.
    Author/creator: Burma Lawyers' Council
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Legal Issues on Burma Journal No. 3 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Lessons From the Past
    Date of publication: May 1999
    Description/subject: Drafting a constitution in Burma "As the peoples and leaders of Burma approach the task of writing a third constitution, a good place to begin is by asking the question, why did the previous constitutions fail to unite the indigenous ethnic minorities and the government in peaceful viable polity. At the heart of the problem is the questions which vexed the founding fathers-how to construct a union in which people who formerly were separated could be joined together so as to benefit from unity while remaining nominally autonomous in their own areas on matters of political rule, economy and culture. Probably the clearest and most direct statement on the question was made by the AFPFL- the nationalist party which led the nation to independence- just before Aung San went to England to discuss Burma's future with the British Prime Minister..."
    Author/creator: Josef Silverstein
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Legal Issues on Burma Journal No. 3 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: The Pyidaungzu, Federalism and Burman Elites: A Brief Analysis
    Date of publication: May 1999
    Description/subject: Drafting a constitution in Burma. "Federalism is not quite understood in Burma. In fact, it would not be wrong to say it is grossly misunderstood by -- among many others -- the Burman population segment, or at least by its armed elites (or elites in uniform). To armed Burman elites, Federalism is synonomous with the destruction or the disintegration of the Union. The Burman-dominated military led by General Ne Win introduced and entrenched this idea when they usurped power in 1962..."
    Author/creator: Chao-Tzang Yawnghwe
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Legal Issues on Burma Journal No. 3 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 August 2004


    Title: THE WILL OF THE PEOPLE; HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONSTITUTION MAKING IN BURMA
    Date of publication: 14 December 1991
    Description/subject: by Janelle M. Diller, Legal Director International Human Rights Law Group, December 14, 1991 Oxford, England. "We find ourselves in an era of accelerated change. Many nations around the world, including Mongolia, Nepal and the countries of Eastern Europe, are thrusting themselves into the process of democratization and democratic constitution-making. Such momentum persists even though, in many cases, democracy has not been a part of the political, social, economic or legal infrastructures of the changing countries. Yet in Burma, nearly one and a half years after the peaceful election of a People's Assembly, the people of Burma continue to be governed by the ruling military State Law and Order Restoration Council ("SLORC"). The awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Aung San Suu Kyi this week has helped dispel the prevailing complacency in the international arena with regard to the current situation in Burma. However, just and equitable governance continues to evade the people of Burma. Into the SLORC-controlled environment in which an electoral mandate continues to be withheld and reports of human rights abuses appear with disturbing frequency, the SLORC has announced a plan for arriving at a national consensus which will pave the way for a new constitution to be drafted. How can the Burmese people exercise such a supreme act of popular sovereignty under these conditions? And what international legal standards govern the constitution-making process and its result? Let me briefly review events leading up to the present scenario in order to provide insight into the complexities involved in the establishment of a constitutional culture in Burma. The term 'constitutional culture' here refers to the capacity of political, social and legal infrastructures to cultivate and practice a respect for some sort of supreme law of the land that governs both rulers and governed. Such a culture nurtures both individual and institutional respect for the rule of law..."
    Author/creator: Janelle M. Diller
    Language: English
    Format/size: html (184K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Report of the Government Advisory Committee on the Amendment of the Constitution as Proposed by the Shan State Government and its People, 1962
    Date of publication: 08 January 1962
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Shanland
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 13 December 2010


  • The 2010 Elections

    • 7-Step Roadmap (Steps leading up to, including and following the 2010 General Elections)

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: 7-Step Roadmap (Steps leading up to, including and following the 2010 General Elections)
      Description/subject: See also this OBL section.
      Language: English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
      Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
      Format/size: html, pdf
      Date of entry/update: 12 June 2013


      Individual Documents

      Title: Myanmar leaves old dichotomies behind
      Date of publication: 14 March 2014
      Description/subject: "Speaking Freely is an Asia Times Online feature that allows guest writers to have their say. Please click here if you are interested in contributing. The rise of Myanmese President Thein Sein's quasi-civilian government in 2011 was met largely with skepticism that his administration would be a continuation of military rule by different means. Such concerns were justified, as Thein Sein had served as prime minister under the previous ruling military junta. First introduced as the "seven step roadmap" to democracy in 2003, the entire democratic "reform" process was designed and implemented exclusively by the ruling generals. The culmination of this process resulted in the staging and rigging of the 2010 general elections to ensure the victory of the military's political surrogate, the Union of Solidarity and Development Party (USDP), led by a number of recently retired senior military officers. To be sure, the military's manipulation of the electoral process and new democratic structures has been obvious. The exact motivations behind the military's introduction of a new democratic order and move away from direct military rule are still unclear. The implication of such an extensive reconfiguration of the state is, however, significant in its own right..."
      Author/creator: Adam P MacDonald
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "Asia Times Online"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 28 May 2014


    • Laws, decrees and regulations relating to the 2010 Elections (texts)

      Individual Documents

      Title: Notification No.91/2010 of the Union Election Commission (Rights to assemble and canvass for Hluttaw candidates)
      Date of publication: 19 August 2010
      Description/subject: NAY PYI TAW, 18 Aug—The Union Election Commission issued Notification No.91/2010 today. The following is the unofficial translation of the notification.... The Union of Myanmar Union Election Commission Nay Pyi Taw... Notification No.91/2010... 8th Waxing of Wagaung 1372 ME - (18th August 2010)... Rights for Hluttaw candidates to assemble and canvass
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 19 August 2010
      Format/size: pdf (45K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 August 2010


      Title: Notification No. 87/2010 of the Union Election Commission (list of Region or State Hluttaw constituencies)
      Date of publication: 15 August 2010
      Description/subject: Supplement of Region or State Hluttaw constituencies - "The 32-page supplement carrying the list of Region or State Hluttaw constituencies issued under Notification No. 87/2010 of the Union Election Commission is attached to this daily issued today."
      Language: Burmese
      Source/publisher: "Myanmar Alin" 15 August 2010
      Format/size: pdf (653K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 August 2010


      Title: Notification No 86/2010 of the Union Election Commission (list of Amyotha Hluttaw constituencies)
      Date of publication: 13 August 2010
      Description/subject: Supplement of Amyotha Hluttaw constituencies - "The seven-page supplement carrying the list of Amyotha Hluttaw constituencies issued under Notification No 86/2010 of the Union Election Commission is attached to this daily issued today"
      Language: Burmese
      Source/publisher: "Myanmar Alin" 13 August 2010
      Format/size: pdf (92K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 August 2010


      Title: Notification No. 85/2010 of the Union Election Commission (list of Pyithu Hluttaw constituencies)
      Date of publication: 12 August 2010
      Description/subject: Supplement of Pyithu Hluttaw constituencies - "The four pages supplement carrying the list of Pyithu Hluttaw constituencies issued under Notification No. 85/2010 of the Union Election Commission is attached to this daily issued today."
      Language: Burmese
      Source/publisher: "Myanmar Alin" 12 August 2010
      Format/size: pdf (60K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 August 2010


      Title: Union of Myanmar Union Election Commission Directive No. 2/2010
      Date of publication: 23 June 2010
      Description/subject: "...1. For holding a free and fair multi-party democracy general election in 2010, the Union Election Commission is granting permission to set up political parties and register as political parties in accord with the Political Parties Registration Law. 2. Under Section 9 of Political Parties Registration Law, the parties that have been granted permission to register as political parties shall have to submit a report to the UEC that they have enlisted the prescribed strength of their parties in accord with Section11 and Rule 13(a) (b) after mobilizing their members in accordance with Section 10. 3. The UEC, therefore, has issued the directive under Section 26 of Political Parties Registration Law in order that the political parties that have been granted permission to register shall act in conformity with the law in enlisting the prescribed number of party members..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Union of Myanmar Union Election Commission via "The New Light of Myanmar" 23 June 2010
      Format/size: pdf (85K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 June 2010


      Title: Union Election Commission issues announcement on Rights of Continued Existence and Registration of Political Party (English)
      Date of publication: 19 March 2010
      Description/subject: NAY PYI TAW, 18 March – The Union Election Commission issued Announcement No.2/2010 today. The translation of the announcement is as follows...
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: pdf (73K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 March 2010


      Title: Union Election Commission issues announcement on Rights of Formation and Registration of Political Party (English)
      Date of publication: 19 March 2010
      Description/subject: NAY PYI TAW, 18 March – The Union Election Commission issued Announcement No.1/2010 today. The translation of the announcement is as follows...
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: pdf (72K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 March 2010


      Title: Amyotha Hluttaw Election Law No. 4/2010: Bylaws (Burmese)
      Date of publication: 17 March 2010
      Language: Burmese
      Source/publisher: SPDC via Network Myanmar
      Format/size: pdf (182K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 March 2010


      Title: Political Parties Registration Law No. 2/2010: Bylaws (Burmese)
      Date of publication: 17 March 2010
      Description/subject: No English translation available yet
      Language: Burmese
      Source/publisher: SPDC via Network Myanmar
      Format/size: pdf (2.76MB, 98K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.networkmyanmar.org/images/stories/PDF3/bl1.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 19 March 2010


      Title: Pyithu Hluttaw Election Law No. 3/2010: Bylaws (Burmese)
      Date of publication: 17 March 2010
      Description/subject: No English translation available yet
      Language: Burmese
      Source/publisher: SPDC via Network Myanmar
      Format/size: pdf (183K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 March 2010


      Title: Region/State Hluttaw Election Law No. 5/2010: Bylaws (Burmese)
      Date of publication: 17 March 2010
      Description/subject: No English translation available yet
      Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
      Source/publisher: SPDC via Network Myanmar
      Format/size: pdf (209K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 March 2010


      Title: Amyotha Hluttaw Election Law No. 4/2010 (Burmese)
      Date of publication: 08 March 2010
      Language: Burmese
      Source/publisher: SPDC via Network Myanmar
      Format/size: pdf (74K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 March 2010


      Title: Amyotha Hluttaw Election Law No. 4/2010 (English)
      Date of publication: 08 March 2010
      Description/subject: Official English translation
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SPDC via Network Myanmar
      Format/size: pdf (78K)
      Date of entry/update: 12 April 2010


      Title: Political Parties Registration Law (State Peace and Development Council Law No. 2/2010)
      Date of publication: 08 March 2010
      Description/subject: State Peace and Development Council Political Parties Registration Law (State Peace and Development Council Law No. 2/2010) 9th Waning Day of Tabaung, ME 1371 (8 March 2010)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: State Peace and Development Council
      Format/size: pdf (90K)
      Date of entry/update: 17 March 2012


      Title: Political Parties Registration Law No. 2/2010 (Burmese)
      Date of publication: 08 March 2010
      Language: Burmese
      Source/publisher: SPDC via Network Myanmar
      Format/size: pdf (784K)
      Date of entry/update: 10 March 2010


      Title: Pyithu Hluttaw Election Law No. 3/2010 (Burmese)
      Date of publication: 08 March 2010
      Language: Burmese
      Source/publisher: SPDC via Network Myanmar
      Format/size: pdf (74K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 March 2010


      Title: Pyithu Hluttaw Election Law No. 3/2010 (English)
      Date of publication: 08 March 2010
      Description/subject: Official English translation
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SPDC via Network Myanmar
      Format/size: pdf (71K)
      Date of entry/update: 12 April 2010


      Title: Region/State Hluttaw Election Law No. 5/2010 (Burmese)
      Date of publication: 08 March 2010
      Language: Burmese
      Source/publisher: SPDC via Network Myanmar
      Format/size: pdf (84K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 March 2010


      Title: Region/State Hluttaw Election Law No. 5/2010 (English)
      Date of publication: 08 March 2010
      Description/subject: Official English translation
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SPDC via Network Myanmar
      Format/size: pdf (71K)
      Date of entry/update: 12 April 2010


      Title: Union Election Commission Law No. 1/2010 (Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
      Date of publication: 08 March 2010
      Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
      Source/publisher: State Peace and Development Council - SPDC
      Format/size: pdf (41K)
      Date of entry/update: 10 March 2010


      Title: Union Election Commission Law No. 1/2010 (English)
      Date of publication: 08 March 2010
      Description/subject: Official English translation
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SPDC via Network Myanmar
      Format/size: pdf (21K)
      Date of entry/update: 12 April 2010


  • The 1990 elections and the National Convention process
    In the wake of the SLORC's refusal to transfer power following the 1990 elections, it claimed that a new constitution would first have to be written. The National Convention, most of whose members were hand-picked by SLORC, first met in January 1993 with the goal of drafting the basic elements for such a constitution. However, "the representatives elected by the people are those who have the responsibility to draw up the constitution of the future democratic State" (para 20 of Declaration 1/90).

    • The 1990 elections and the National Convention (commentaries, chronologies etc.)

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: Language on the National Convention in UN General Assembly and Commission on Human Rights resolutions
      Date of publication: 27 February 2004
      Description/subject: The UN bodies expressed grave doubts expressed about the process.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html (20K)
      Date of entry/update: 27 February 2004


      Title: Chronology of the National Convention/roadmap
      Description/subject: "The Irrawaddy" presents a chronology of the developments and setbacks in Burma’s National Convention/roadmap since 1992." Updated August 2006
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 30 January 2004


      Title: Paragraphs on the National Convention from the reports of the Special Rapporteurs on Myanmar to the UN General Assembly and Commission on Human Rights
      Description/subject: Analysis by the Speical Rapporteurs of the procedure of the National Convention (NC) which began in January 1993.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2005


      Title: Search results for "National Convention" from "The Irrawaddy"
      Description/subject: Several hundred articles and news pieces on the National Convention from "The Irrawaddy", from a site-specific Google search (July 2004)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" (2003-2004)
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 06 July 2004


      Title: Search results for "National Convention" from Shanland.org
      Description/subject: From a site-specific Google search (July 2004)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Shanland.org
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 09 July 2004


      Title: Search results for "National Convention" from the NCGUB site
      Description/subject: From a site-specific Google search (July 2004)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB)
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 09 July 2004


      Title: Search results for ' "National Convention" Myanmar' from the Amnesty International site
      Description/subject: Results of a site-specific Google search
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Amnesty International
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 09 July 2004


      Title: Search results for ' "National Convention" Burma' from the US State Dept. website
      Description/subject: From a site-specific Google search
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: US Dept. of State
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 09 July 2004


      Title: Search results for '"National Convention" Myanmar' from the website of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
      Description/subject: From a site-specific Google search (July 2004)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 09 July 2004


      Individual Documents

      Title: NATIONAL CONVENTION: ROADMAP TO INSTABILITY
      Date of publication: 17 July 2007
      Description/subject: "• The National Convention is part of the problem and not the solution to Burma’s troubles. The results will intensify the root causes of the ethnicbased conflicts perpetuated by Burma’s successive military regimes. • The National Convention, which is tasked with producing detailed principles for a new constitution, remains a fundamentally flawed and inherently illegitimate process aimed at formalizing and prolonging military rule in Burma. • Ethnic groups and the National League for Democracy have consistently proposed steps to salvage the National Convention and transform it into a venue for dialogue; however these recommendations have been rejected. • Originally devised by the military regime as a tactic to avoid convening Parliament after it lost the 1990 elections, the National Convention was mothballed in March 1996, and then revived in 2004 as part of the “7-point roadmap to democracy”. The roadmap was a response to heightened regional and international pressure following the Depayin Massacre..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: ALTSEAN-Burma
      Format/size: pdf (138K), Word (177K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.altsean.org/Docs/DOC%20Format/Thematic%20Briefers/National%20Convention%20-%20Roadmap%20...
      Date of entry/update: 17 July 2007


      Title: Burma’s Sham National Convention
      Date of publication: July 2007
      Description/subject: The following 2 articles examine Burma’s National Convention process and its implications: Return to arms? By Mark Farmaner...Boots in Suits By Yvette Mahon
      Author/creator: Mark Farmaner, Yvette Mahon
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Burma Campaign UK
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 03 September 2007


      Title: Beyond the National Convention
      Date of publication: September 2004
      Description/subject: "Burma’s ceasefire groups look ahead... It is never wise to try and second-guess the turn of events in Burma, but it’s safe to say that the current constitution-drafting National Convention is widely perceived as illegitimate—both inside Burma and abroad. This perception won’t change unless the process is broadened to include meaningful participation on the part of the National League for Democracy, or NLD, and the United Nationalities Alliance, or UNA, a coalition of ethnic nationality parties elected in 1990, which has always worked closely with the NLD. Despite the legitimacy deficit of the constitution-drafting exercise, the convention has emerged as the most important political arena since the 1990 election—and perhaps even since the military takeover of 1962. For Burma’s ethnic nationalist communities in particular, it represents a milestone in efforts to have their concerns registered on the national political stage..."
      Author/creator: Ashley South
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 12, No. 8
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 11 November 2004


      Title: UN Secretary-General calls for immediate release of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi - ENGAGEMENT IN 'SUBSTANTIVE DIALOGUE' WITH NLD. OTHER POLITICAL PARTIES
      Date of publication: 17 August 2004
      Description/subject: The following statement was issued today by the Spokesman for Secretary-General Kofi Annan: "...It is the Secretary-General's judgement that the National Convention does not currently adhere to the recommendations made by successive resolutions of the General Assembly. The Secretary-General believes that, unless and until the views of the National League for Democracy (NLD) and other political parties are sought and considered, the National Convention and the road map process will be incomplete, lacking in credibility and, therefore, unable to gain the full support of the international community, including the countries of the region..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html (8K)
      Date of entry/update: 18 August 2004


      Title: Regulations of the National Convention (updates)
      Date of publication: 17 May 2004
      Description/subject: "The following is translation of clarification on procedures for convening the National Convention made by Secretary of the National Convention Convening Commission Minister for Information Brig-Gen Kyaw Hsan:..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (20K)
      Date of entry/update: 18 May 2004


      Title: Burma’s National Convention: The Detailed Basic Principles
      Date of publication: 29 April 2004
      Description/subject: "One aspect of the National Convention (NC) I have not seen widely discussed is the Detailed Basic Principles (DBPs). Step 3 of Gen. Khin Nyunt's "roadmap" is "Drafting of a new constitution in accordance with basic principles and detailed basic principles [emphasis added] laid down by the National Convention". Discussion critical of the "roadmap" has so far focussed largely on the "6 Objectives", especially the 6th one on continued military dominance of the political life of the country, the basic principles (the "104 principles") and procedure, but has generally neglected the DBPs..."
      Author/creator: David Arnott
      Language: English
      Format/size: html (13K)
      Date of entry/update: 11 May 2004


      Title: Burma/Myanmar: How to read the generals' "roadmap" - a brief guide with links to the literature
      Date of publication: 18 April 2004
      Description/subject: N.B. THIS TEXT IS IN A CONSTANT STATE OF UPDATING. CHECK http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/how10.htm FOR THE LATEST VERSION...Introduction: "This guide is not so much an analysis – political, legal or other -- of the “roadmap” as an introduction to some of the elements, in particular the National Convention process, which the “roadmap” is based on. For analyses, see Roadmaps/National Convention in the Online Burma/Myanmar Library. This guide has a limited scope and makes three main points: * The first and most crucial stage of the "roadmap" announced by Gen. Khin Nyunt on 30 August 2003 is the re-launch, scheduled for May 17 2004, of the 1993-1996 National Convention, and there is no indication by Burmese military spokesmen that the resumed Convention will differ substantially in structure or procedure from its earlier form; * The abundant commentaries and documentation on the 1993-1996 National Convention apply equally to this stage of the "roadmap"; * International, regional and national actors should take these into account when assessing the "roadmap" and developing their policies. A frequent comment on the “roadmap” is that details are lacking. If, however, as seems likely, the reconvened National Convention follows its 1993-1996 pattern, we actually know a great deal about the first, crucial step of the “roadmap” by way of documentation and commentary. The present guide sets the “roadmap” within this process, itself a stage in the events which followed the collapse of the Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP) in 1988, the coming of the SLORC[2], the 1990 elections and their aftermath. The guide: 1) Provides a chronology and documentation of the shifting positions of the Burmese military from 1988 onwards with regard to handing over power to the party which won the elections -- from the 1988 promise of unconditional transfer of power, to the NLD’s apparent exclusion in August 2003 from any authority or responsibility at all deriving from the electoral mandate of 1990; 2) Provides introductions and hyperlinks to a substantial collection of commentaries and documentation on the National Convention process, which the “roadmap” is intended to complete (something not denied by the SPDC[3]); 3) Recommends that international, regional and national actors recognise the “roadmap” as an integral part of the National Convention process and that they study the purpose, principles and procedure of the whole process when developing their policies..."
      Author/creator: David Arnott
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: David Arnott
      Format/size: html (54K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/how9.html
      Date of entry/update: 18 April 2004


      Title: Roadmap to autocracy
      Date of publication: 25 March 2004
      Description/subject: "...The “roadmap” envisages a resumed National Convention based on the 104 Principles and the Detailed Basic Principles (which incorporate the six “objectives”, including the “Participation of the Tatmadaw in the leading role of national politics of the State in (the) future”) and the task is presumably to draft the remaining chapters of the Detailed Basic Principles. There is no mention in the “roadmap” of any role for the elected representatives. According to the “roadmap”, after the constitution is completed, it will be put to a referendum and new elections held. There is no reference whatsoever to the 1990 elections... The “roadmap” therefore conflicts with the UN General Assembly and Commission on Human Rights resolutions adopted by consensus for more than a decade which affirm, in various formulations, that "the will of the people is the basis of the authority of government and that the will of the people of Myanmar was clearly expressed in the elections held in 1990" (UNGA, December 2003). It is difficult to understand how international actors can justify support for a process so clearly in conflict with these resolutions which embody the international consensus."
      Author/creator: David Arnott
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: David Arnott
      Format/size: html (11K)
      Date of entry/update: 24 March 2004


      Title: The 1990 Elections in Myanmar (Burma): Broken Promises or a Failure of Communications?
      Date of publication: 23 March 2004
      Description/subject: “Whoever is elected will first have to draw up a constitution that will have to be adopted before the transfer of power. They haven’t said how the constitution will be adopted. It could be through a referendum, but that could be months and months, if not years.” ... Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, interview with Dominic Faulder in ‘Asiaweek’ 1 July 1989 ( reproduced in Aung San Suu Kyi: "Freedom from Fear", p225) ... A thoughtful study by a former British Ambassador to Vietnam..." Synopsis · The National League for Democracy (NLD) won a resounding victory in the May 1990 general elections, but was unable to persuade the ruling military junta to agree to a transfer of power. · The junta (the State Law and Order Restoration Council or SLORC) had initially promised when they took control in September 1988 that whichever party won the elections could form the new government. · But within months they backtracked as democracy activists, led by the NLD, pursued a vigorous campaign for basic civil rights, including freedom of expression, publication and assembly. · Even before NLD leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi was confined to house arrest in July 1989, the junta had redefined their position, which was that they would continue to govern until a new constitution, approved by the people, had been promulgated and a new government based on that constitution appointed. · When the NLD won the elections with over 80% of the seats in the People’s Assembly, they argued that they now had a strong mandate for assuming power without delay. But the regime reaffirmed in a formal Declaration its pre-election stance that the main purpose of the new Assembly must be to draft a new Constitution. · Deprived of strategic guidance from Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, the NLD nonetheless decided to confront the junta which had already shown that it would ruthlessly suppress dissent. · Internationally, the junta could not compete for the world’s affections with the iconic, charismatic personality of the daughter of the leader of Burma’s independence. Accordingly no-one listened to what the junta had to say. · In short, from mid 1989 onwards, the SLORC made it abundantly clear that they would retain power until a new constitution had been adopted and a government set up according to that constitution. Even so, there were hopes that the SLORC might relent in the face of the overwhelming expression of the will of the people. They have not yet done so..."
      Author/creator: Derek Tonkin
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Derek Tonkin
      Format/size: html (101K), Word (143K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/DT-1990_Elections.doc
      Date of entry/update: 24 March 2004


      Title: SPECIAL REPORT: ON THE ROAD TO DEMOCRACY?
      Date of publication: 29 February 2004
      Description/subject: A Summary of Political & Human Rights Developments in Burma September 1 2003 - February 29, 2004... Prepared for the 60th Session of the UN Commission on Human Rights, March 2004... CONTENTS: 2 ON THE ROAD TO DEMOCRACY? 4 Context of the Roadmap; 5 Nation-Wide Crackdown; 5 No Justice - No Accountability; 6 Rise of the Hardliners; 6 Forced Military Training; 8 Dissecting the Roadmap; 9 'Moderate' vs 'Hardline'? 10 Democratisation or Delay Tactic? 13 Broken Promises; 15 Lessons from the National Convention 1990-1996; 16 SPDC Actions Thus Far to Implement the Roadmap; 17 Bangkok Process - Dialogue with One Side; 17 USDA PIan to Destroy Democratic Movement; 19 Ethnic & Pro-Democracy Groups Reject Roadmap; 20 NLD: Dialogue or Detente; 21 Ethnic Nationalities Seminar's Common Position; 22 Ceasefire Groups: Conditional Support, Misrepresentation; 23 Pushed to the Ceasefire Table at Gunpoint; 26 Rethinking the Roadmap; 26 A Starting Point, Not a Fait Accompli; 28 OVERVIEW: HUMAN RIGHTS: 29 Arbitrary Detention; 31 Miscarriage Of Justice; 32 Update on Depayin Victims; 32 Arbitrary Detentions May 31 -Aug 31, 2003; 34 Torture; 36 Exlrajudicial Killings & Summary Executions; 37 Freedom of Expression; 37 Religious Intolerance; 38 Update on Ethnic Nationality Relations; 39 Forced Labor; 41 Forced Relocation & Displacemt; 42 Landmines; 44 Violence Against Women; 45 Child Soldiers; 47 Abuse of Economic Rights.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Altsean-Burma
      Format/size: pdf (371K), html (341K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/roadmap-SR.htm
      http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/OnThe%20Road2DemocracyA4.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 24 March 2004


      Title: Language on the 1990 elections and transfer of power in Burma extracted from UN General Assembly and Commission on Human Rights resolutions
      Date of publication: 27 February 2004
      Description/subject: "Affirming that the will of the people is the basis of the authority of government and that the will of the people of Myanmar was clearly expressed in the elections held in 1990" -- a consistent message from the UN bodies from 1991.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html (46K)
      Date of entry/update: 27 February 2004


      Title: THE NATIONAL CONVENTION
      Date of publication: 21 October 2003
      Description/subject: "Tabayin (Depayin) Massacre which occurred on May 30 diminished all the expectations for the progress of a homegrown national reconciliation process as an aftermath of confidence building talks between Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) since October, 2000 and her subsequent release in July, 2003. Evidences and testimonies of eyewitnesses confirmed conclusively that it was a premeditated attack by the pro-military thugs under the instructions of authorities and thus, the SPDC is accountable for it. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, the key dialogue partner for the military if a substantive political dialogue takes place, narrowly escaped from the attack but was immediately detained by the regime. The entire National League for Democracy (NLD) leadership was either put under house arrest or detained in prisons and all NLD offices were closed down. Tabayin (Depayin) Massacre was the biggest violent suppression of political dissidents after 8888 democratic uprising. In response to such a situation, there has been growing international pressure including countries from the region. Since the possibility for a homegrown national reconciliation process was no longer valid, consideration was given to formulate a framework or roadmap for democratic transition in Burma with the coordination of the UN Special Envoy, taking into account the visions of all parties concerned. Thailand joined the process and took unilateral initiative to outline its proposal and started to consult with SPDC and some countries in the region. To encounter international efforts to formulate a roadmap for transition with a particular time frame and build up more pressure to materialize the democratic transition, SPDC made a reshuffle within its establishment and appointed intelligence chief, “Gen. Khin Nyunt” who was perceived as a pragmatist among Burmese generals by the international community, as the new Prime Minister. Immediately, Gen. Khin Nyunt delivered a policy speech on 30 August and announced a seven-point roadmap for transition to a "disciplined democracy"..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma
      Format/size: html (49K), Word (58K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/briefing-paper-ncgub.doc
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2003


      Title: Burma’s National Convention: New Resolve, Same Hurdles
      Date of publication: 18 September 2003
      Description/subject: "On August 30, Burmese Prime Minister Gen Khin Nyunt announced that Burma would reconvene the long-suspended National Convention, the first step in the "road map of Myanmar" he laid out in his inaugural address. A week later, a panel of high-ranking army officers was appointed to the National Convention Convening Committee. Rangoon has tried for the past eight years to produce a junta-friendly constitution through the National Convention. Clearly, it has failed. But the new moves—the decision to resume the convention and the reorganization of the Convention Committee—may signal that the junta is more resolute about achieving the goals of the convention. Nevertheless, the Burmese generals will face the same hurdles experienced in the previous efforts to draft a constitution..."
      Author/creator: Aung Naing Oo
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 20 September 2003


      Title: Revisiting the National Convention
      Date of publication: 03 September 2003
      Description/subject: "Let’s talk about drafting a new constitution for Burma which guarantees democracy and the rights of citizens in all communities of the country. Let’s convene a National Convention which is fair and workable and gives equal voice to all representatives of the people. It sounds much like the rhetoric that proceeded the first National Convention, when the regime ordered a constitution be drawn up under their direction in 1993. With Gen Khin Nyunt as Prime Minister, the National Convention has been given a new lease of life, but what has changed over the past ten years?..."
      Author/creator: Aung Moe Zaw
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 20 September 2003


      Title: New Approach to Combat the Rhetoric
      Date of publication: 02 September 2003
      Description/subject: "Barely had the speculation formed over Gen Khin Nyunt’s first public speech as Burma’s prime minister when the junta’s mouthpiece newspaper Kyemon blamed the opposition for the country’s political impasse. The opposition National League for Democracy’s (NLD) boycott of the National Convention constitution drafting assembly in 1995 "has been the reason why a parliamentary democracy government has still not emerged 13 years after the election was held," the paper argued, referring to the 1990 elections which the NLD won, but the military ignored. Khin Nyunt has made clear his intentions to restart the stalled 1993 National Convention, followed by the drafting of a State Constitution, holding a referendum and finally, holding a nationwide election. The only trouble is that no timeframe was specified in his policy declaration..."
      Author/creator: Sai Wansai
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 20 September 2003


      Title: In Search of a Constitution for Burma
      Date of publication: April 2002
      Description/subject: Federalism in Burma: "Constitution can be a strong foundation for every country to be established as a just, free, peaceful and developed society. Burma is in the process of producing a new constitution. By amalgamating lessons from previous historical experiences and current practical situation of the country, it is hoped that a proper constitution for future Burma might be produced. Major concern is that without finding ways and means to resolve the underlying issues of a country, production of constitution superficially is meaningless and constitution might not be effective from positive aspect in our future society. In this account, the constitution making process or the way, how a constitution will be produced, is of paramount importance. In attempting to produce a constitution, onesided or unproper guidance to the people should be avoided. In a genuine constitution making process, the people, regardless of race, social origin, gender and etc, should be allowed to uncover their sufferings frankly, propose possible solutions positively, and express their will to restructure the society freely thereby leading the process to be more and more participatory. Any kind of discrimination should not be exercised within a genuine constitution making process whether be it federal or state constitution making processes..."
      Author/creator: Aung Htoo
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "Legal Issues on Burma Journal" No. 11 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
      Format/size: PDF
      Alternate URLs: http://www.blc-burma.org/activity_pub_liob.html
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: Burma's Future Constitution: Comparing and contrasting democracy and human rights provisions in two draft Burmese constitutions from an international perspective
      Date of publication: October 1999
      Description/subject: "...This article has discussed the draft constitutions for Burma proposed by the National Convention, the body established by the ruling party, and that proposed by the opposition National Council of the Union of Burma. It has reviewed aspects such as the process of constitution of drafting, the electoral system, constitutional supremacy and amendments and appointments to and function of the courts, as well as a Bill of Rights, a Human Rights Commission and declarations of states of emergency. The National Convention's constitution contains many strongly anti-democratic provisions and is silent on several key issues. In contrast, the NCUB's constitution attempts to create a democratic system, but includes several provisions that should be reworked to strengthen democratic checks and balances and prevent future state abuse of power."
      Author/creator: Jeremy Sarkin
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Legal Issues on Burma Journal No. 4 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: Burma: Military and Its Constitution
      Date of publication: May 1999
      Description/subject: The Military's Constitutional Principles: Strenthening Military Authoritarianism; Bachground Facts on the 1990 General Election and the National Convention; Detailed Constitutional Principles Approved by the National Convention; National Convention Procedural Code.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Burma Lawyers' Council
      Format/size: PDF (554K) 67 pages
      Date of entry/update: 08 December 2010


      Title: Drafting a Constitution in Burma: A Struggle for Participatory Process
      Date of publication: May 1999
      Description/subject: Critique of the National Convention. Comparison between the constitution-drafting processes and principles of the Burmese military, the NLD and the NCUB, with additional comparison with the constitution-drafting processes in the Philippines and Thailand.
      Author/creator: Burma Lawyers' Council
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Legal Issues on Burma Journal No. 3 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: Burma Beyond the Law
      Date of publication: August 1996
      Description/subject: "...Decades of military rule in Burma have prevented the rule of law from taking deep root during the country's post-colonial history. The concept of the rule of law suffered a particularly severe blow with the accession to power of the SLORC in the coup d'etat of 18 September 1988. Most of the laws passed since that date reveal a persistent disregard for internationally-recognized human rights norms. What is more, the few vestiges of constitutionalism and legality that remained at the time of the coup have been all but extinguished by this military government whose legitimacy to govern is highly questionable both under Burmese domestic law and international law...An indication of its lack of good faith is provided by the manner in which it has sought to force through proposals for constitutional reform which are designed to perpetuate military rule under the guise of democratic government. The National Convention, which it created without any mandate or consultation and whose working methods are so patently unfair and lacking in either transparency or legitimacy, bodes ill for the future of democracy and freedom in Burma. Urgent action is required to establish the rule of law, human rights and governmental accountability in Burma. Many of these recommendations have been made by the UN General Assembly and the Commission on Human Rights in successive resolutions on Burma since 1990..." FOREWORD... INTRODUCTION... 1 INACCESSIBILITY AND VAGUENESS OF LAWS... 2 CONSTITUTIONAL BACKGROUND... 3 THE LEGITIMACY OF THE COUP D'ETAT OF 18 SEPTEMBER 1988... 4 THE SLORC'S REFUSAL TO TRANSFER POWER: 4.1 The Position Under International Law; 4.2 The Position Under Burmese Domestic Law... 5 THE MARTIAL LAW MEASURES AND THEIR COMPATIBILITY WITH INTERNATIONAL LAW: 5.1 Some General Considerations; 5.2 The Martial Law Measures: A Detailed Analysis; 5.2.1 The Right to Life; 5.2.2 Arbitrary Arrest and Detention; 5.2.3 Cruel and Inhuman Detention Conditions; 5.2.4 Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment; 5.2.5 Fair Trial Concerns; 5.2.6 Freedom of Expression; 5.2.7 Forced Relocations; 5.2.8 Forced Labour and Forced Portering; 5.2.9 Citizenship Rights; 5.2.10 Freedom of Movement, Assembly and Association; 5.2.11 Right to Democratic Participation; 5.2.12 Human Rights Violations against Children and Women; 5.3 Violations of International Humanitarian Law... 6 CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS: THE NATIONAL CONVENTION... 7 THE SLORC'S SENSITIVITY TO INTERNATIONAL CRITICISM... 8 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS.
      Author/creator: K S Venkateswaran
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Article 19
      Format/size: pdf (359K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.article19.org/pdfs/publications/burma-beyond-law.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 11 June 2005


      Title: The National Convention in Burma (Myanmar): An Impediment to the Restoration of Democracy
      Date of publication: 02 April 1996
      Description/subject: This important 1996 analysis of Burma's National Convention , which has not convened in plenary since 1996, may be of interest to those who are concerned about the military regime's intention to resurrect it, in a renewed effort to bypass the results of the 1990 elections... "Rather than moving Burma toward democracy, the National Convention is impeding the democratization process by failing to create structures of accountability and transparency and by obstructing processes for growth of independent political life... The National Convention and the SLORC's repression of political freedoms and genuine political dialogue violate Burma's UN Charter obligations, illuminated by the Universal Declaration [of human rights] ..."...OVERVIEW AND SUMMARY; I DEVELOPMENTS LEADING TO THE NATIONAL CONVENTION; II. THE NATIONAL CONVENTION: A. Supplanting the Will of the People expressed by Electoral Mandate; 1. Permanent Minority Role for Elected Representatives; 2. Restrictions on Freedoms of Convention Delegates ... B. Obstructing Genuine Dialogue... C. Dismantling Political Structures and Suppressing Independent Activity: 1. Nullification of Elected Candidates' Status; 2. De-registration of Political Parties; 3. Political Restrictions on Parties and Activists... D. Ensuring Permanent Military Control over Law and Politics: 1. Constitutional Principles that Entrench Military Control; 2. Development of a Nationwide Patronage System for Political Support... II. CONCLUSIONS OF LAW: 1. Obstruction of Political and Associational Rights; 2. Violations of Economic and Social Rights... III. RECOMMENDATIONS... ANNEXES: I Pyithu Hluttaw Election Law, State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No. 14/89, 31 May 1989; II Letter from Aung Shwe, Chairman of the National League for Democracy, to Senior General Than Shwe, Chairman of the State Law and Order Restoration Council, dated 25 March 1996 (to arrange for convening of the first Pyithu Hluttaw (legislature)) (official translation); III Law Amending the Pyithu Hluttaw Election Law, State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No. 10/91,10 July 1991; IV Letter from Aung Shwe, Chairman of the National League for Democracy, to Senior General Than Shwe, Chairman of the State Law and Order Restoration Council, dated 28 March 1996 (protest against lawless proceedings) (official translation).
      Author/creator: Janelle M. Diller
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: International League for Human Rights, Rights and Democracy (International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development)
      Format/size: html (237K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 September 2003


      Title: The observations of the National League for Democracy on the National Convention (22 November 1995)
      Date of publication: 22 November 1995
      Description/subject: Full text of the statement delivered by Aung San Suu Kyi at her press conference of 22 November 1995... "...The National Convention in its present form is not acceptable to the people of Burma and because it not acceptable to the majority of our people it is not acceptable to the National League for Democracy. And a constitution that is drawn up by a National Convention that does not enjoy the confidence of the people will itself not get the support of the people. And a constitution that is not supported by the people will be nothing more than a piece of paper. So we call upon all those concerned to discuss the matter of bringing about a National Convention that is truly acceptable to the people and that will be able to draw up a constitution that will create a lasting democratic Union of Burma. It is for this reason that we have now put out this statement because the National League for Democracy has a duty to proclaim its position to the people who voted for it in 1990. We believe that our statement, our stance will be supported by the great majority of the people of Burma and it is our intention to continue along a path that is always consonant of the will of the people."
      Author/creator: Aung San Suu Kyi
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: National League for Democracy
      Format/size: html (12K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 April 2004


      Title: Lack of Democracy, Lack of Equality: Political analysis of Constitutional Principles Laid down by the SLORC National Convention
      Date of publication: October 1995
      Description/subject: Internet Version (English) November, 2002 English-Burmese Dual Version October 1995
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Burma Lawyers' Council
      Format/size: pdf (214K) html (80K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/BLC-lack_of_democracy.htm
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: Lack of Democracy, Lack of Equality: Political analysis of Constitutional Principles Laid down by the SLORC National Convention
      Date of publication: October 1995
      Description/subject: Internet Version November, 2002 English-Burmese Dual Version October 1995
      Language: Burmese
      Source/publisher: Burma Lawyers' Council
      Format/size: pdf (464K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: The National Convention
      Date of publication: July 1995
      Description/subject: Extract on the National Convention from "Burma: Entrenchment or Reform? Human Rights Developments and the Need for Continued Pressure" (Human Rights Watch/Asia, July 1995)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Human Rights Watch/Asia
      Format/size: html (33K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/entrenchment.html (full text of the HRW report)
      Date of entry/update: 09 March 2004


      Title: The Manifesto of the National League for Democracy
      Date of publication: 06 November 1989
      Description/subject: "1. Throughout the Union of Burma in 1988 there was an extraordinary and unprecedented uprising of all people. They rose up to demand Democracy. Thus, a democratic state was established in order to be liberated from the bitter experience of the society. 2. Now, a chance to establish a democratic system began to emerge that would totally change society. Hence, all the people of Burma, with active spirit and strong determination, would have to elect the peoples' representatives. Those representatives would form a democratic government in accordance with the aspiration of the people and draw up the state constitution that will enable a successful reconstruction of the country. 3. The National League for Democracy firmly believes that, today, in Burma, the masses of people are earnestly aspiring for the formation of a Democratic government that will guarantee basic human rights. 4. The National League for Democracy clearly understands that all the people of Burma are very keen to establish a firmly united "Union" in the near future with equal rights for all ethnic nationalities who cherish democracy. 5. In order to bring about the aims and aspirations of the people successfully, the National League for Democracy, consisting of people wishing to represent farmers, workers, merchants and entrepreneurs, students, youths, women, technicians, academicians, artists and ethnic nationalities, shall let their members participate in this multi-party General Election and pledges to accept the decision of the people. 6. The National League for Democracy, while declaring its principles and policy below, shall accept the wishes of the people and establish a democratic state as desired by the people..."
      Language: English, Burmese
      Source/publisher: National League for Democracy
      Format/size: html (78K), Word (67K), pdf (32K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/NLDElectionManifesto1989.doc
      http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/NLDmanifestoBur.pdf (Burmese)
      Date of entry/update: 20 April 2004


    • The National Convention (preparations, procedures, proceedings, legislation, statements etc.)
      The material for the sessions of the National Convention beginning 17 May 2004 is taken from the online versions of "The New Light of Myanmar". The files for the 1993-1996 sessions are extracted from Hugh MacDougall's "The Burma Press Summary" (BPS), 1987-1996 (for the complete BPS archive, click the link on this library's home page). The reports are transcribed or summarised from the SLORC and SPDC press, "The Working People's Daily" (WPD), re-named "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) in 1993. The record is therefore ultimately from SLORC and SPDC sources. It is incomplete and cannot be taken as entirely unbiased. However, there are many full text documents, including speeches and official announcements, which makes the archive extremely useful, and perhaps the only source for those who do not have access to the original newspapers. The "Reports on meetings of the National Convention Convening Commission" are from the SPDC website. There is a gap in the record from end 1996 when the BPS ceased, to early 1998. It is interesting to note that, apart from the reports of the statements by military leaders, the reports of the 2004 sessions are almost entirely lacking in substance (the bulk of the reporting is devoted to lists of names and organisations and what the general topic was, but no detail) whereas the reports of the sessions between 1993 and 1996 contain summaries and even full texts of the statements of the various delegates -- as well, of course, as full texts of the SLORC statements. The versions of the 2004 sessions in OBL have had the photos removed for speedier downloading. To see the very revealing photos, click on the Source at the foot of each report or group of reports.

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: The National Convention page of the Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Description/subject: Check here for updates. This page will probably comprise a full record of those parts of the National Convention published in "The New Light of Myanmar" and other military-controlled media. Photos, speeches etc.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Myanmar Mission Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Alternate URLs: http://mission.itu.ch/MISSIONS/Myanmar/n-convention/n-convenindex.htm
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Individual Documents

      Title: The Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles (English)
      Date of publication: 10 September 2007
      Description/subject: The 15 chapters of principles adopted by the National Convention which the SPDC has said will form the basis of a new constitution.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" via Khin Kyaw Han
      Format/size: pdf (546K)
      Date of entry/update: 14 September 2007


      Title: The original chapters on Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by the National Convention
      Date of publication: 08 September 2007
      Description/subject: These chapters, 1. State fundamental principles; 2. State Structure; 3. Head of State; 4. Legislature; 5. Executive; 6. Judiciary were adopted by the National Convention between 1993 and 1996. In 2007, in the process of completing the National Convention, some changes were made to the original versions and incorporated into the document issued as “Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles” (Adopted by the National Convention), online at http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs4/DBP-KKH-2.pdf... For the record, and in case anyone wants to compare the versions, they are presented here, along with the section on Self-Administered Divisions and Self-Administered Zones which was not allocated to a specific chapter.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: pdf (323K)
      Date of entry/update: 14 September 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 3 September 2007
      Date of publication: 04 September 2007
      Description/subject: Gen Thein Sein delivers concluding speech at plenary session of National Convention. Delegates adopted fundamental principles and detailed basic principles that are vital for perpetual existence of the Union of Myanmar and peace and prosperity of national races -- Yangon, 3 Sept - The following is the concluding speech delivered by Chairman of the National Convention Convening Commission Secretary-1 of the State Peace and Development Council Lt-Gen Thein Sein at the plenary session of the National Convention at Nyaunghnapin Camp today...National Convention successfully concludes with closing address by Chairman of NCCC Secretary-1 Lt-Gen Thein Sein -- Yangon, 3 Sept - The Plenary Session of the National Convention continued at Pyidaungsu Hall in Nyaunghnapin Camp, Hmawby Township, Yangon Division, at 9 am today and it successfully concluded with the closing address by Chairman of National Convention Convening Commission Secretary-1 of the State Peace and Development Council Lt-Gen Thein Sein.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 07 September 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 1 September 2007
      Date of publication: 03 September 2007
      Description/subject: The Supreme Court of the Union shall have the exclusive original jurisdiction in all matters arising under any treaty made by the Union -- Yangon, 1 Sept - The Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention presented Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by the National Convention in drafting the State Constitution to the Plenary Session of the National Convention. The following is detailed basic principles regarding sharing of the judicial power in the chapter Judiciary, and the chapters the Tatmadaw, Citizenship, Fundamental Rights and Duties of Citizens read out by U Maung Hla (a) U Hla Myint of Delegate Group of National Races...Every citizen who is eligible to vote and who has the right to vote by the law shall cast only a vote for each Hluttaw at a constituency -- Yangon, 1 Sept. The Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention presented Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by the National Convention in drafting the State Constitution to the Plenary Session of the National Convention. The following is detailed basic principles regarding the chapters Election' and Political Parties' read out by U Kan Nyunt of Delegate Group of Peasants.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 07 September 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 31 August 2007
      Date of publication: 02 September 2007
      Description/subject: National Convention continues Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by NC read out - Yangon, 31 Aug - The Plenary Session of the National Convention continued at Pyidaungsu Hall in Nyaunghnapin Camp, Hmawby Township, Yangon Division, at 9 am today. The Panel of Chairmen presented the Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by National Convention...The head of the Supreme Court of the Union shall be called Chief Justice of the Union -- Yangon, 31 Aug - The Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention presented Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by the National Convention in drafting the State Constitution to the Plenary Session of the National Convention. The following is detailed basic principles regarding Formation of Judiciary in the chapter Judiciary' read out by U Maung Gyi of Delegate Group of Representatives-elect...The President shall be responsible to the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw -- Yangon, 31 Aug - The Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention presented Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by the National Convention in drafting the State Constitution to the Plenary Session of the National Convention. The following is detailed basic principles regarding Sharing of the executive power in the chapter ?Executive' read out by U Saw Philip (a) U Philip Sam of Delegate Group of Political Parties...Presentation on fundamental principles and detailed basic principles to be published.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 07 September 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 30 August 2007
      Date of publication: 31 August 2007
      Description/subject: National Convention continues Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by NC read out -- Yangon, 30 Aug - The Plenary Session of the National Convention continued at Pyidaungsu Hall in Nyaunghnapin Camp, Hmawby Township, Yangon Division, at 9 am today. The Panel of Alternate Chairmen presented the Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by National Convention...In connection with the term referring to the Attorney-General of the Region or State, it shall be called the Advocate-General of the Region or State -- Yangon, 30 Aug - The Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention presented Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by the National Convention in drafting the State Constitution to the Plenary Session of the National Convention. The following is detailed basic principles regarding Region or State Attorney-General, Auditor-General of the Region or State, Self-Administered Division or Self-Administered Zone Administrative Body, Self-administered Division or Self-administered Zone, General Administration Department and Administration of Nay Pyi Taw that is Union territory of Formation of Executive in the chapter Executive' by U Myo Thant (Maung Hsu Shin) of the National Convention Convening Work Committee...In connection with the term of the Auditor-General, it shall be called Pyidaungsu Auditor-General -- Yangon, 30 Aug - The Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention presented Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by the National Convention in drafting the State Constitution to the Plenary Session of the National Convention. The following is detailed basic principles regarding Union Auditor-General and Deputy Auditor-General, Formation of Union Civil Service Board, Region or State Government and Region or State General Administration Department of Formation of Executive in the chapter Executive' by Dr Ma Nan Tu Ja of Delegate Group of Other Invited Persons.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 03 September 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 28 August 2007
      Date of publication: 29 August 2007
      Description/subject: National Convention continues Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles laid down by NC read out -- Yangon, 28 Aug - The Plenary Session of the National Convention continued at Pyidaungsu Hall in Nyaunghnapin Camp, Hmawby Township, Yangon Division, at 9 am today. The Panel of Chairmen presented the Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by National Convention...Legislative powers of the State are distributed among Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, region hluttaws and state hluttaws -- Yangon, 28 Aug - The Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention presented Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by the National Convention in drafting the State Constitution to the Plenary Session of the National Convention. The following is the 'Formation of Legislature' in the Chapter 'Legislature' read out by Member of the Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention U Maung Gyi of Delegate Group of Representatives-elect...Region or State Hluttaw representatives shall elect one okkahta and one deputy okkahta from amongst Region or State Hluttaw representatives -- Yangon, 28 Aug - The Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention presented Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by the National Convention in drafting the State Constitution to the Plenary Session of the National Convention. The following is the ?Formation of Legislature and Sharing of Legislative Power' in the Chapter ?Legislature' presented by Member of the Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention U Maung Hla (a) UHla Myint of Delegate Group of National Races...The financial Commission, if need be, may seek advice from financial experts -- Yangon, 28 Aug - The Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention presented Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by the National Convention in drafting the State Constitution to the Plenary Session of the National Convention. The following is detailed basic principles regarding the formation of financial commission and duties and priviledges in the chapter ?legislature' and basic principles regarding the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw in the section of legislation of Hluttaws at different levels by U Kan Nyunt of Delegate Group of Peasants...National Convention Convening Work Committee holds coord meeting -- Yangon, 28 Aug -The National Convention Convening Work Committee held its coordination meeting at the meeting hall of the NCCWC in Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township this morning...To be published -- Yangon, 27 Aug - Fundamental Principles and detailed basic principles regarding Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw to be included in the Chapter of Legislation and formation of executive in the Chapter of Executive adopted by National Convention will be published in the dailies.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 03 September 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 27 August 2007
      Date of publication: 28 August 2007
      Description/subject: National Convention continues Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by NC read out -- Yangon, 27 Aug - The Plenary Session of the National Convention continued at Pyidaungsu Hall in Nyaunghnapin Camp, Hmawby Township, Yangon Division, at 9 am today. The Panel of Chairmen presented the Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by National Convention...Nay Pyi Taw, that is the Capital of the Union, is designated as Union territory placed under direct administration of the President of the Union -- Yangon, 27 Aug - The Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention presented Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by the National Convention in drafting the State Constitution to the Plenary Session of the National Convention. The following is "The State Structure" and The Head of State read out by Member of the Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention U Saw Philip (a) U Philip Sam of Delegate Group of Political Parties...Myanmar Naing-Ngan is a sovereign, independent nation -- Yangon, 27 Aug - The Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention presented Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles adopted by the National Convention in drafting the State Constitution to the Plenary Session of the National Convention. The following is the State Fundamental Principles' read out by Member of the Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention U Myo Thant (Maung Hsu Shin) of the National Convention Convening Work Committee.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 03 September 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 23 August 2007
      Date of publication: 24 August 2007
      Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, the Capital of the Union, is designated as Union territory placed under direct administration of the President of the Union -- Yangon, 23 Aug - The following is the clarification of Chairman of the National Convention Convening Work Committe Chief Justice U Aung Toe yesterday on matters regarding the amendments, the additions and the repeals out of the fundamental principles and detailed basic principles that have been adopted by the National Convention.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 03 September 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 22 August 2007
      Date of publication: 23 August 2007
      Description/subject: National Convention continues NCCWC Chairman makes clarifications on amendments, additions and repeals -- YANGON, 22 Aug - The Plenary Session of the National Convention continued at Pyidaungsu Hall in Nyaunghnapin Camp, Hmawby Township, Yangon Division, at 9 am today. Chairman of National Convention Convening Work Committee Chief Justice U Aung Toe made clarification on matters concerning the amendments, the additions, the repeals and the transfer out of the fundamental principles and detailed basic principles that have been adopted by the NC and Vice-Chairman of the NCCWC Attorney-General U Aye Maung and Secretary U Thaung Nyunt continued to read out the clarification made by the NCCWC Chairman...Clarification of the Chairman of NCCWC to be published -- YANGON, 22 Aug - The clarification of the Chairman of the National Convention Convening Work Committee on matters concerning the amendments, the additions and the repeals out of the fundmental principles and detailed basic principles that have been adopted by the National Convention will be published in the dailies...Adoption of the amendments, additions and repeals -- YANGON, 22 Aug - The following is the clarification of Chairman of the National Convention Work Committe Chief Justice U Aung Toe on matters regarding the amendments, the additions and the repeals out of the fundamental principles and detailed basic principles that have been adopted by the National Convention.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 03 September 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 21 August 2007
      Date of publication: 22 August 2007
      Description/subject: With regard to the judicial matter, Mandalay Region High Court is the high court of the courts situated in Nay Pyi Taw -- Yangon, 21 Aug - The following is the compilation presented by member of the Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention U Maung Gyi of Delegate Group of Representatives-elect on suggestions made by Delegate Groups on matters concerning the amendments, the additions and the repeals and the transfer out of the fundamental principles and detailed basic principles that have been adopted by the National Convention...Agitators taken into custody for undermining stability and security of the nation, attempting to disrupt National Convention -- Nay Pyi Taw, 21 Aug - The government is striving for the emergence of a peaceful, modern, developed and discipline-flourishing democratic nation and proper evaluation of the market-oriented economic system desired by the entire people...The 15 points the Work Committee has explained should be transferred to relevant chapters -- Yangon, 21 Aug - The following is the compilation presented by member of the Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention U Maung Hla (a) U Hla Myint of Delegate Group of National Races on suggestions made by the Delegate Groups on matters concerning the amendments, the additions and the repeals and the transfer out of the fundamental principles and detailed basic principles that have been adopted by the National Convention...Para 15, sub-para 5 in sharing of legislative power no longer needs to be prescribed, and it should be revoked -- Yangon, 21 Aug - The following is the compilation presented by member of the Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention U Kan Nyunt of Delegate Group of Peasants on suggestions made by Delegate Groups on matters concerning the amendments, the additions and the repeals and the transfer out of the fundamental principles and detailed basic principles that have been adopted by the National Convention...Delegate groups and many delegates expressed their support of amending, adding suitable words to, and repealing some basic principles and detailed basic principles explained by Work Committee Chairman -- Yangon, 21 Aug - The following is the compilation presented by member of the Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention U Kyaw Win Tun of Delegate Group of Workers on suggestions made by Delegate Groups on matters concerning the amendments, the additions and the repeals and the transfer out of the fundamental principles and detailed basic principles that have been adopted by the National Convention...Seven delegate groups of National Convention organize group meetings -- Yangon, 21 Aug - The Delegate Groups of Representatives-elect, National Races, Peasants, Workers, Intellectuals and Intelligentsia, State Service Personnel and Other Invited Persons held group meetings at the designated places of Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township this morning.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 03 September 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 20 August 2007
      Date of publication: 21 August 2007
      Description/subject: National Convention continues Compilation of suggestions on amendments, additions, repeals and transfer presented -- Yangon, 20 Aug - The Plenary Session of the National Convention continued at Pyidaungsu Hall in Nyaunghnapin Camp, Hmawby Township, Yangon Division, at 9 am today. The Panel of Chairmen presented compilation on suggestions of Delegate Groups on matters concerning the amendments, the additions, the repeals and the transfer out of the fundamental principles and detailed basic principles that have been adopted by National Convention...Meetings of delegate groups of National Convention held...The term, Chairman of Yangon Council, prescribed in sub-para (c) 6 of para 16 of detailed basic principle for Formation of Financial Commission should be replaced with the term , Chairman of Nay Pyi Taw Council -- Yangon, 20 Aug - The following is the compilation presented by member of the Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention U Saw Philip (a) U Philip Sam Delegate Group of Political Parties on suggestions made by Delegate Groups on matters concerning the amendments, the additions and the repeals and the transfer out of the fundamental principles and detailed basic principles that have been adopted by the National Convention...The designation of Yangon as a Union territory under direct administration of the president should be revoked -- Yangon, 20 Aug - The following is the compilation presented by member of the Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention U Myo Thant (Maung Hsu Shin) of National Convention Convening Work Committee on suggestions made by Delegate Groups on matters concerning the amendments, the additions and the repeals and the transfer out of the fundamental principles and detailed basic principles that have been adopted by the National Convention...The word the respective should be added to the word Union territories for the usage to be more precise -- Yangon, 20 Aug - The following is the compilation presented by member of the Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention Dr Ma Nan Tu Ja of Delegate Group of Other Invited Persons on suggestions made by Delegate Groups on matters concerning the amendments, the additions and the repeals and the transfer out of the fundamental principles and detailed basic principles that have been adopted by the National Convention...The Hluttaw to be formed with Hluttaw representatives elected on the basis of township as well as on the basis of population -- Yangon, 20 Aug - The following is the compilation presented by member of the Panel of Chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention U Tin Kha of Delegate Group of State Service Personnel on suggestions made by Delegate Groups on matters concerning the amendments, the additions and the repeals and the transfer out of the fundamental principles and detailed basic principles that have been adopted by the National Convention.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 03 September 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 16 August 2007
      Date of publication: 17 August 2007
      Description/subject: The State means a body or a person that exercises legislative and executive powers according to this Constitution -- Yangon, 16 Aug -The following is the suggestions of Delegate Group of Workers on matters concerning the amendments, the additions, the repeals and the transfer out of the fundamental principles and detailed basic principles that have been adopted by National Convention...The Auditor-General of the Region or State is responsible to the President through the Chief Minister of the Region or State concerned -- Yangon, 16 Aug - The following is the suggestions of Delegate Group of Intellectuals and Intelligentsia on matters concerning the amendments, the additions, the repeals and the transfer out of the fundamental principles and detailed basic principles that have been adopted by National Convention...The State fundamental principles are the guidelines to be followed by the legislative Hluttaws in enacting laws and interpreting provisions of the State Constitution and of other laws -- Yangon, 16 Aug - The following is the suggestions of Delegate Group of State Service Personnel on matters concerning the amendments, the additions, the repeals and the transfer out of the fundamental principles and detailed basic principles that have been adopted by National Convention...The application of these principles in legislation and administration shall be the care of the State but shall not be enforceable in any court or law -- Yangon, 16 Aug - The following is the suggestions of Delegate Group of Other Invited Persons on matters concerning the amendments, the additions, the repeals and the transfer out of the fundamental principles and detailed basic principles that have been adopted by National Convention.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 03 September 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 15 August 2007
      Date of publication: 16 August 2007
      Description/subject: National Convention continues Suggestions on the amendments, the additions, the repeals and the transfer presented; The term discipline-flourishing genuine multiparty democracy? should be used in drafting the Constitution; The State means a body or a person that exercises legislative and executive powers according to this Constitution; The President of the State shall exercise relaxation of stipulation on age limit.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 17 August 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 14 August 2007
      Date of publication: 15 August 2007
      Description/subject: National Convention continues Suggestions on the amendments, the additions, the repeals and the transfer presented; The President of the State shall exercise relaxation of stipulation on age limit; Nay Pyi Taw, that is the Capital of the Union, is designated as Union territory placed under direct administration of the President of the Union; The Advocate-General of the Region or State is responsible to the President of the State through the Chief Minister of the Region or State concerned; Making the adopted basic principles and detailed principles more complete is practical and reasonable; Mandalay Region High Court is the high court of the courts situated in Nay Pyi Taw.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 17 August 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 9 August 2007
      Date of publication: 10 August 2007
      Description/subject: Meetings of delegate groups of National Convention continue
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 17 August 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 7 August 2007
      Date of publication: 08 August 2007
      Description/subject: Meetings of delegate groups of National Convention continue.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 17 August 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 6 August 2007
      Date of publication: 07 August 2007
      Description/subject: National Convention continues Clarification on the amendments, additions, repeals and transfer made; The State fundamental principles are the guidelines to be followed by the legislative Hluttaws in enacting laws and interpreting provisions of State Constitution and of other laws: Yangon, 6 Aug - The following is the clarification made by the Chairman of the National Convention Convening Work Committee on the amendment, the repeal, the transfer and the addition at the Plenary Session of the National Convention at Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township today.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 17 August 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 5 August , 2007
      Date of publication: 06 August 2007
      Description/subject: NCC Work Committee Chairman's clarification on detailed basic principles that should be adopted for Chapter "General Provisions" presented
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 17 August 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 4 August 2007
      Date of publication: 05 August 2007
      Description/subject: Detailed basic principles that should be adopted for Chapter “Transitory Provisions” clarified: YANGON, 4 Aug — The following is the clarification of the National Convention Convening Work Committee on the detailed basic principles that should be adopted in the chapter “Transitory Provisions” to be included in drawing the State constitution at Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township on 2-8- 2007.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 17 August 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 1 August 2007
      Date of publication: 02 August 2007
      Description/subject: Plenary Session of National Convention continues at Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township: "YANGON, 1 Aug — The plenary session of the National Convention continued at Pyidaungsu Hall in Nyaunghnapin Camp, Hmawby Township, here, at 9 am today..." ... NCC Work Committee Chairman’s clarification on detailed basic principles that should be adopted for Chapter “Election” presented: "YANGON, 1 Aug — The following is the clarification on the detailed basic principles that should be adopted in the chapter “Election” out of chapters“Election”, “Political Parties”, and “Provisions on State of Emergency” to be included in drawing the State constitution at the Plenary Session of the National Convention at Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township today..."... Members of the National Convention Convening Work Committee (NCCWC) presented clarification of the Chairman of the NCCWC on laying down detailed basic principles for the chapters“Election”, “Political Parties” and “Provisions on State of Emergency” to be included in the State Constitution to the plenary session of the National Convention..."...Detailed basic principles that should be adopted for Chapter “Political Parties” clarified: "YANGON, 1 Aug — The following is the clarification on the detailed basic principles that should be adopted in the chapter “Political Parties” out of chapters “Election”, “Political Parties”, and “Provisions on State of Emergency” to be included in drawing the State constitution at the Plenatry Session of the National Convention at Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township today..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 10 August 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 30 July 2007
      Date of publication: 31 July 2007
      Description/subject: Delegate group of Intellectuals and Intelligentsia of National Convention meets: "YANGON, 30 July - The Meeting of Delegate group of Intellectuals and Intelligentsia of National Convention was held at hall-6 of Nyaunghnapin Camp, Hmawby Township, at 9 am today..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 10 August 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 27 July 2007
      Date of publication: 28 July 2007
      Description/subject: Delegate groups of National Convention meet in group discussions: "Yangon, 27 July - Delegate groups of Representatives-elect, National Races, Peasants, Workers and State Service Personnel organized the group meetings at the designated places of Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township this morning..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 10 August 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 25 July 2007
      Date of publication: 26 July 2007
      Description/subject: National Convention Convening Commission holds meeting No 5/2007 Some proposals deserve serious consideration Entire people are aspiring for emergence of a State constitution. Yangon, 25 July-The National Convention Convening Commission held its meeting No 5/2007 at Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township here this morning, with an address by NCCC Chairman Secretary-1 of the State Peace and Development Council Lt-Gen Thein Sein...A Constitution is the main law that reflects a nation's history and portrays the structure of that nation Yangon, 23 July - The following is the collection of suggestions made by NC delegates on the Chapter General Provisions submitted to the Plenary Session of the National Convention held at the Pyidaungsu Hall of Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township on 23 July 2007.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 10 August 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 24 July 2007
      Date of publication: 25 July 2007
      Description/subject: “Existing laws shall remain in force until and unless they are repealed or amended by the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw” The following is the collection of suggestions made by NC delegates on the “Transitory Provisions” submitted to the Plenary Session of the National Convention held at the Pyidaungsu Hall of Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: pdf (175K)
      Date of entry/update: 25 July 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 23 July 2007
      Date of publication: 24 July 2007
      Description/subject: Panel of Alternate Chairmen presents collections of suggestions made by NC delegates on laying down detailed basic principles for Chapters “Amendment of the Constitution”, “State Flag, State Seal, National Anthem and the Capital”, “Transitory Provisions” and “General Provisions” to be included in State Constitution..."The detailed basic principles are suitable to be adopted" : YANGON, 23 July — The following is the collection of suggestions made by NC delegates on the Chapters “Amendment of the Constitution” and “State Flag, State Seal, National Anthem and the Capital” s u b m i t t e d to the Plenary Session of the National Convention held at the Pyidaungsu Hall of Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township today.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: pdf (363K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs4/Proc2007-07-23.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 24 July 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 20 July 2007
      Date of publication: 21 July 2007
      Description/subject: Panel of Alternate Chairmen presents collections of suggestions made by NC delegates on laying down detailed basic principles for Election, Political Parties and Provisions on State of Emergency to be included in State Constitution; "Every citizen shall have the right to vote and to stand for election according to law" - "YANGON, 20 July— The following is the collection of suggestions made by NC delegates on “Election” submitted to the Plenary Session of the National Convention held at the Pyidaungsu Hall of Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township today."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: pdf (361K)
      Date of entry/update: 21 July 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 18 July 2007
      Date of publication: 19 July 2007
      Description/subject: National Convention reconvenes at Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township; "Those with negative views about NC just a handful of people, whereas those supporting the NC majority" - opening speech delivered by Chairman of the National Convention Convening Commission Secretary-1 of the State Peace and Development Council Lt-Gen Thein Sein at the Plenary Session of the National Convention which resumed today; Secretary of National Convention Convening Commission explains procedures of the National Convention) - the clarification on procedures of the National Convention made by Secretary of the National Convention Convening Commission Minister for Information Brig-Gen Kyaw Hsan at the Plenary Session of the National Convention that resumed today.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: pdf (62K)
      Date of entry/update: 21 July 2007


      Title: The KIO proposal for constitutional provisions and clauses
      Date of publication: July 2007
      Description/subject: "...The KIO strongly urges the adoption of the following amendments in the Constitution..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Kachin Independence Organization (KIO)
      Format/size: pdf (25K)
      Date of entry/update: 17 August 2007


      Title: Reports on meeetings of the National Convention from October 2006 to June 2007
      Date of publication: 22 June 2007
      Description/subject: Reports on meetings of the National Convention from October 2006 to June 2007 not yet uploaded to this Library may be found here, on the website of the Myanmar Mission, Geneva.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 21 July 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 5 June 2007
      Date of publication: 07 June 2007
      Description/subject: National Convention final session begins on 18 July After thoroughly reviewing all adopted basic principles, detailed basic principles,some amendments, additions and nullification to some of the points are to be made to ensure that the Constitution is free from flaws and weaknesses
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" via The Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 21 July 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 29 December, 2006
      Date of publication: 30 December 2006
      Description/subject: Referendum will be held after the committee for drawing the State Constitution completes its work according to the principles adopted through collective discussions of delegates of all national races (full text of speech by Chairman of the National Convention Convening Commission Secretary-1 of the State Peace and Development Council Lt-Gen Thein Sein.)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" via The Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 21 July 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 2 December, 2006
      Date of publication: 03 December 2006
      Description/subject: The following is the proposals submitted by independent representatives-elect Dr Hmu Htan of Thantlang Township Constituency in Chin State, U Aung Thein of Ywangan Township Constituency in Shan State (South) and U Tun Kyaw of Namhsan Township Constituency in Shan State (North) on the detailed basic principles for the Chapter “Election”, the Chapter “Political Parties” and the Chapter “Provisions on State of Emergency” to be included in State constitution at the Plenary Session of the National Convention in Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township, Yangon Division on 29-11-2006.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" via The Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 21 July 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 14 November, 2006
      Date of publication: 15 November 2006
      Description/subject: On detailed basic principles for the Chapter “General Provisions” ... “This Constitution is the basic law of laws of the State.”...covering language, economic enterprises, treaties, the Constitutional Tribunal.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" via The Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs2/NLM2006-11-15.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 21 July 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention,10 November, 2006
      Date of publication: 11 November 2006
      Description/subject: On detailed basic principles for "Amendment of the Constitution" and "State Flag, State Seal, National Anthem and the Capital"
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" via The Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 21 July 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 1 November, 2006
      Date of publication: 02 November 2006
      Description/subject: Presentations on laying down detailed basic principles for Chapter "Provisions on State of Emergency"...Delegate groups of National Convention hold group meetings on compilation of proposals.
      Language: Englsh
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" via The Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 21 July 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 30 and 31 October 2006
      Date of publication: 01 November 2006
      Description/subject: On detailed basic principles for "Provisions on State of Emergency", "Political Parties" and "Provisions on State of Emergency"
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" via The Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 21 July 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 30 October 2006
      Date of publication: 31 October 2006
      Description/subject: On detailed basic principles for the Chapters "Election" and "Political Parties" ...Social systems, values said to be best for certain countries may not be valuable for Myanmar Secretary-1 Lt-Gen Thein Sein addresses conclusion of special refresher course No 10 for faculty members
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" via The Myanmar Mission, Geneva
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 21 July 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 28 October 2006
      Date of publication: 29 October 2006
      Description/subject: On detailed basic principles for the Chapter “The Role of the Tatmadaw” for drafting the State Constitution...On detailed basic principles for the Chapter “Citizenship, Fundamental Rights & Duties of Citizens”
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 21 July 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 27 October 2006
      Date of publication: 28 October 2006
      Description/subject: Clarification made on adoption of detailed basic principles for Chapter “Citizenship, Fundamental Rights & Duties of Citizens” for drafting the State Constitution Plenary Session of National Convention continues...It is appropriate that members of Region or State Hluttaw have freedom of speech and voting at the Region or State Hluttaw as well as at Region or State Hluttaw committee and body...detailed basic principles for legislative functions of the Region or State Hluttaw to be included in the chapter “Legislation”
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 21 July 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 26 October 2006
      Date of publication: 27 October 2006
      Description/subject: Clarification on laying down the detailed basic principles for legislation of Region or State Hluttaw and the Tatmadaw Chapter made Plenary Session of National Convention continues...clarification on laying down the detailed basic principles for legislation of Region or State Hluttaw and the Tatmadaw
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 21 July 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 25 October 2006
      Date of publication: 26 October 2006
      Description/subject: NC Plenary Session continues... Members of the National Convention Convening Work Committee read out the clarification on laying down the detailed basic principles for legislation of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw to be included in the chapter Legislation in drafting the State Constitution...
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 21 July 2007


      Title: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL CONVENTION 19 October 2006
      Date of publication: 20 October 2006
      Description/subject: Delegate groups of National Convention hold meetings.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (8.5K)
      Alternate URLs: http://myanmargeneva.org/n-convention/NC_19oct06Continues.htm
      Date of entry/update: 07 February 2007


      Title: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL CONVENTION 18 October 2006
      Date of publication: 19 October 2006
      Description/subject: All are to strive for success of National Convention in accordance with adopted procedures - Secretary-1 Lt-Gen Thein Sein addresses Meeting No 11/2006 of NCCC.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (5.3K)
      Alternate URLs: http://myanmargeneva.org/n-convention/NC_meeting%20No.11_2006.htm
      Date of entry/update: 07 February 2007


      Title: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL CONVENTION 17 October 2006
      Date of publication: 18 October 2006
      Description/subject: Delegate groups of National Convention hold meetings.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (12K)
      Alternate URLs: http://myanmargeneva.org/n-convention/NC_17oct06Continues.htm
      Date of entry/update: 07 February 2007


      Title: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL CONVENTION 14 October 2006
      Date of publication: 15 October 2006
      Description/subject: The Chief Ministers should have the right to send their opinions and hold discussions on the bills passed by the Region or State Hluttaws Suggestions of delegates concerning detailed basic principles for the chapter “Region or State Hluttaws” presented to NC Plenary Session.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (39K)
      Date of entry/update: 07 February 2007


      Title: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL CONVENTION 13 October 2006
      Date of publication: 14 October 2006
      Description/subject: Suggestions of delegates concerning detailed basic principles for the chapters “Pyithu Hluttaw” and “Amyotha Hluttaw” presented to NC Plenary Session.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (51K)
      Date of entry/update: 07 February 2007


      Title: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL CONVENTION 12 October 2006
      Date of publication: 13 October 2006
      Description/subject: Plenary Session of National Convention continues at Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township; Presentations on Pyithu Hluttaw, Amyotha Hluttaw and Region or State Hluttaws to be published; Every citizen has the duty to cherish and value the national cultural heritage; Presentation of the Panel of Chairmen on suggestions of delegates to the national Convention for adoption of detailed basic principles to be included in drawing the State Constitution for the chapter “The Role of the Tatmadaw”;
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (72K)
      Date of entry/update: 07 February 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 11 October 2006
      Date of publication: 12 October 2006
      Description/subject: Plenary Session of the National Convention continues: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw members have the duty to regularly attend the meeting; A person who is not entitled to attend the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw sat, voted, or had participated in the proceedings of the Hluttaw should not happen; Delegate groups of National Convention hold meetings;
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (68K)
      Date of entry/update: 07 February 2007


      Title: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL CONVENTION 10 October 2006 (a)
      Date of publication: 11 October 2006
      Description/subject: Plenary Session of National Convention resumes at Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township; NC delegates openly submit their true desires as they feel bitter about accusation and evil acts of US against the country Special Plenary Session of National Convention held at Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township; Myanmar an ideal in abiding by the Law of the United Nations; With prevalence of peace and stability coupled with national development, all are to get rid of any act to impede the process of transition to democracy; US using the UN as a tool is making attempt to interfere in Myanmar’s internal affairs; All are to protect sovereignty and independence of the State, prevent destructive acts; It is necessary for a country to be free from outside instigation in building a new one; Myanmar people are determined to defend nation at risk of their lives; Accusations made by the US are totally contrary to the present situation of Myanmar; Mediamen cover news on NC Plenary Session.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (69K)
      Date of entry/update: 07 February 2007


      Title: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL CONVENTION 10 October 2006 (b)
      Date of publication: 11 October 2006
      Description/subject: The Plenary Session of National Convention Speech of S1-Thein Sein 10 oct 06: Unprecedented achievements made on self-reliance basis with the people’s strength by overcoming various hardships and difficulties National development in various sectors highlights that foundations for democratic transition are getting stronger.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (10K)
      Date of entry/update: 07 February 2007


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 10 October 2006 (c)
      Date of publication: 11 October 2006
      Description/subject: Internal and external destructive elements resorting to various means to disrupt and obstruct the National Convention... We will protect the National Convention and delegates from any forms of danger..."The following is the full text of clarification made by Secretary of National Convention Convening Commission Minister for Information Brig-Gen Kyaw Hsan..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (23K)
      Date of entry/update: 25 November 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 8 October 2006
      Date of publication: 09 October 2006
      Description/subject: Press conference on matters related to National Convention held.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (3.5K)
      Date of entry/update: 25 November 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 3 October 2006
      Date of publication: 04 October 2006
      Description/subject: Secretary-1 inspects arrangements for National Convention...Shan State (North)’s delegates to NC arrive.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (4.4K)
      Date of entry/update: 25 November 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 22 September 2006
      Date of publication: 23 September 2006
      Description/subject: Coord meeting of NCC Management Committee held
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (5K)
      Date of entry/update: 25 November 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 9 September 2006
      Date of publication: 10 September 2006
      Description/subject: National Convention will resume at Nyaunghnapin Camp on 10 October...All the NC delegates are to report not later than 7 October... Secretary-1 Lt-Gen Thein Sein attends work coordination meeting, 3/2006 of NCCC, NCC Work Committee, NCC Management Committee.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (5.5K)
      Date of entry/update: 24 November 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 17 June 2006
      Date of publication: 18 June 2006
      Description/subject: NCC Commission will scrutinize papers presented by NCC Work Committee for laying detailed basic principles at coming National Convention; National Convention Convening Commission holds 4/2006 meeting
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The New Light of Myanmar 18 June 2006
      Format/size: html (6.3K)
      Date of entry/update: 24 November 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 31 January 2006
      Date of publication: 01 February 2006
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of National Convention Concluded: People in all states, divisions witnessing progress in adopting detailed basic principles unanimously support National Convention... NCCC Chairman gives concluding remarks at NC plenary session...Secretary-1 Lt-Gen Thein Sein sees off NC delegates.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (19K)
      Date of entry/update: 04 February 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 30 January 2006
      Date of publication: 31 January 2006
      Description/subject: Plenary Session of National Convention continues: Delegate Groups of State Service Personnel, Other Invited Persons present suggestions on detailed basic principles to be laid down for the Chapters on Citizenship, Fundamental Rights and Duties of Citizens and the Role of the Tatmadaw...Citizens have to be loyal to the State, and in return the State has to care them...Delegates of other invited persons group pledge to march together with Tatmadaw till reaching discipline-flourishing democratic state... Citizenship, naturalization and revocation of citizenship shall be prescribed by the law... State shall help national businessmen have access to technologies, investments, machinery, and raw materials...Tatmadaw, core armed forces for national defence.
      Language: Engish
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (70K)
      Date of entry/update: 01 February 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 29 January 2006
      Date of publication: 30 January 2006
      Description/subject: Plenary Session of the National Convention continues: Occupying strategic position Myanmar has to take great care in laying down policies on national defence, security and military affairs...As soldiers are born of the people, they have to ensure public security and serve public interest...48 detailed basic principles and 29 paras should be adopted...Tatmadaw has right to independently administer all affairs concerning the force.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (39K)
      Date of entry/update: 01 February 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 28 January 2006
      Date of publication: 29 January 2006
      Description/subject: Plenary Session of the National Convention continues... Right of religious freedom should cover not only citizens but also foreign registration citizens...Mostly, State security and defence task involves secrets that need urgent action and swift accomplishment...High literacy rate plays important role in building modern developed nation.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (30K)
      Date of entry/update: 01 February 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 27 January 2006
      Date of publication: 28 January 2006
      Description/subject: Plenary Session of the National Convention continues...Delegate Groups of Peasants, Workers and Intellectuals and Intelligentsia present suggestions on detailed basic principles to be laid down for Chapters Citizenship, Fundamental Rights and Duties of Citizens and Role of the Tatmadaw ... Discussions held by delegates at National Convention with unity will go down in the annals of history...The delegate group of national races support adoption of detailed basic principles explained by the Work Committee Chairman...Tatmadaw will strive together with other forces to steer nation towards democracy in accord with new constitution...Abuse of religion for political purposes forbidden...Six points on protection of the State according to the Constitution explained by the Work Committee Chairman should be adopted...Obedience serves as system to control entire Tatmadaw
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (59K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 26 January 2006
      Date of publication: 27 January 2006
      Description/subject: Plenary Session of the National Convention continues... Delegate Group of Representatives-elect, Delegate Group of National Races submit suggestions...Only when the Tatmadaw is strong, will it be able to discharge State security and defence duties and protect and safeguard sovereignty and lives and property of the people...The 14 detailed basic principles explained by the Work Committee should be adopted...Independent representatives-elect support adoption of detailed basic principles for Citizen and Tatmadaw...State shall enable any citizen to enjoy equal rights before the law and shall equally provide legal protection...
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (50K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 25 January 2006
      Date of publication: 26 January 2006
      Description/subject: Plenary Session of the National Convention continues... Delegates of political parties, Representatives-elect submit suggestions on detailed basic principles for the Chapters Citizenship, Fundamental Rights and Duties of Citizens and the Role of Tatmadaw to be included in the State Constitution...Fourteen points for the Role of the Tatmadaw appropriate to be adopted as detailed basic principles...Union Kayin League supports adoption of all detailed basic principles of chapters concerning citizens and Tatmadaw
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (28K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 24 January, 2006
      Date of publication: 24 January 2006
      Description/subject: Plenary Session of the National Convention continues. Delegates of political parties submit suggestions on detailed basic principles for the chapters Citizenship, Fundamental Rights and Duties of Citizens and the Role of Tatmadaw to be included in the State Constitution...The principles No 1 to 14 for Role of Tatmadaw the Work Committee discussed should be adopted...NUP finds detailed basic principles for Citizenship, Rights and Duties of Citizens and Role of Tatmadaw within framework of 104 basic principles.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (41K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 20 January 2006
      Date of publication: 21 January 2006
      Description/subject: NCC Management Committee holds coord meeting; Delegate Groups hold meetings
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 28 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 19 January 2006
      Date of publication: 20 January 2006
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of National Convention Continues: Delegate Groups hold meetings.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (6K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 18 January 2006
      Date of publication: 19 January 2006
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of National Convention Continues: Delegates from all walks of life are actively participating in the National Convention to lay down detailed basic principles to be included in the constitution People in Shan State (North) support National Convention; Members of the delegate group of other invited persons support detailed basic principles; Delegate Groups hold meetings to compile proposals;
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (43K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 17 January 2006
      Date of publication: 18 January 2006
      Description/subject: The first regular session of the Pyithu Hluttaw shall be convened within 90 days after the general election commences; National Convention Convening Work Committee and members of panel of alternate chairmen hold coordination meeting; Delegate Groups hold meetings to compile proposals
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (36K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 16 January 2006
      Date of publication: 17 January 2006
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of National Convention Continues: State service personnel getting in touch with the people, see that all the detailed basic principles are in conformity with the nation’s objective conditions; The 28 detailed basic principles for legislative functions explained by the Work Committee Chairman are based on liberty, justice and equality for the people; Delegate Group of Intellectuals and Intelligentsia holds meeting.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (49K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 15 January 2006
      Date of publication: 16 January 2006
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of National Convention Continues: The delegate groups finds the 28 points explained by the Work Committee chairman appropriate for the new constitution; Delegate Group of State Service Personnel approves of 19 points explained by the Work Committee Chairman as detailed basic principles for the Constitution; NC delegates visit pagodas, Indagaw Industrial Region in Bago Township.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (60K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 14 January 2006
      Date of publication: 15 January 2006
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of National Convention Continues: All the members of the delegate group unanimously approve to adopt the 28 paras and their sub paras as detailed basic principles; Detailed basic principles contained in the paras 1 to 19 should be adopted for the Constitution; Members of the delegate group of Intellectuals and Intellgentsia unanimously support all the 28 detailed basic principles for the legislation of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, the 19 detailed basic principles for the legislation of the Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw, and the 23 detailed basic principles for the legislation of the Region and State Hluttaws
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (16K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 13 January 2006
      Date of publication: 14 January 2006
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of National Convention Continues: 19 legislative functions of the Pyithu Hluttaw or the Amyotha Hluttaw are harmonious with each other, reasonable, and satisfactory, and are presented in accord with three noblest and worthiest of worldly values; The bills approved by the Amyotha Hluttaw shall be forwarded to the Pyithu Hluttaw for holding discussions and making a decision; Members of the delegate group of workers have discussed the detailed basic principles that should be adopted regarding the legislative functions of the Region or State Hluttaw
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (54K)
      Date of entry/update: 14 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 12 January 2006
      Date of publication: 12 January 2006
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of National Convention Continues: National Convention Convening Commission holds meeting No 1/2006; Delegates from eight groups hold group-wise discussions and are compiling proposal papers; Delegate Groups hold meetings to compile proposals; The detailed basic principles to be adopted meet the standard of the international principles; “The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker shall convene a special session or an emergency session of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw soonest when the President informs the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker to convene a special session or an emergency session of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw” is appropriate; As the delegate group find the 19 points explained by the Work Committee Chairman complete and comprehensive, it sees them appropriate for the Constitution; All the delegates of the group after making discussions have agreed all the 28 detailed basic principles for legislation of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, 19 detailed basic principles for legislation of Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw and 23 detailed basic principles for legislation of Region and State Hluttaws
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (59K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 11 January 2006
      Date of publication: 11 January 2006
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of National Convention Continues: If both the Pyithu Hluttaw and the Amyotha Hluttaw decide to annul or amend any one of the rules, regulations or bylaws, it shall be presumed that the rules, regulations or bylaws are annulled or amended by the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw; Collection of detailed basic principles concerning the legislation of the Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw that should be adopted presented; The bills approved by the People’s Hluttaw shall be forwarded to the National Hluttaw for holding discussions and making a decision;
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (43K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 10 January 2006
      Date of publication: 10 January 2006
      Description/subject: Plenary session of National Convention continues at Nyaunghnapin Camp; Meetings of National Convention delegate groups held; The State shall, by law, protect the privacy and security of the home, property, correspondence and other communications of citizens subject to the provisions of this Constitution; The State also recognize Islam, Christianity, Hinduism and Animism as some religions existing in the Union on the date of the coming into force of the State Constitution; Harming and jeopardizing of the fundamental rights bestowed by the Constitution is indeed violation of the provisions of the criminal law; Every citizen is responsible to abide by the provisions of the Constitution; The Tatmadaw has the right to administer for participation of the entire people in the State security and defence. The people’s militia strategy shall be formed with Tatmadaw’s leadership;
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (95K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 9 January 2006
      Date of publication: 10 January 2006
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of National Convention Continues: Delegate groups submit suggestions on detailed basic principles for legislation of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, Pyithu Hluttaw, Amyotha Hluttaw, and Region and State Hluttaws to the Plenary Session of the National Convention; Only when National Convention is completed successfully, will the Constitution be drafted; If the Constitution emerges, the government can fulfils requirements of national races according to law for flourishing freedom, equality and fairness throughout nation; It is appropriate to take action against a member of the Pyithu Hluttaw in accord with the law and bylaws of the Pyithu Hluttaw and against a member of the Amyotha Hluttaw in accord with the law and bylaws of the Amyotha Hluttaw; The reports, papers and hluttaw records published by the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw or under its authority shall be privileged; Proposals to be published.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (51K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 8 January 2006
      Date of publication: 09 January 2006
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of National Convention Continues: Detailed basic principles explained by the Work Committee Chairman should be adopted; Members of the delegate group of workers make a suggestion that the explanations of the Work Committee Chairman be adopted; NC Delegates visit Mingaladon Garden City, Yangon Industrial Zone.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (47K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 7 January 2006
      Date of publication: 08 January 2006
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of National Convention Continues: Points in the explanation of the Work Committee Chairman should be adopted as detailed basic principles; The first session that gives birth to the tenure of the Pyithu Hluttaw shall be convened not later than 45 days after the commencing date of general elections.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (18K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 6 January 2006
      Date of publication: 07 January 2006
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of National Convention Continues;The Speaker of the Region or State Hluttaw shall convene the regular session of the Region or State Hluttaw at least once a year;
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (40K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 5 January 2006
      Date of publication: 06 January 2006
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of National Convention Continues... Delegate groups submit suggestions on detailed basic principles for legislation of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, Pyithu Hluttaw, Amyotha Hluttaw, and Region and State Hluttaws to the Plenary Session of the National Convention... The first session of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw should be held within 15 days after the beginning of the first session of the Pyithu Hluttaw...The reports, papers and Hluttaw records published by the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw or under its authority shall be privileged...The State Peace and Development Council shall call the first regular session of the Pyithu Hluttaw after the constitution has come into effect.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (65K)
      Date of entry/update: 07 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 4 January 2006
      Date of publication: 05 January 2006
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of National Convention Continues... Inclusion of the legislation of the Region and State Hluttaws and that of the self-administered division, and self-administered zones significant...State Constitution of a nation will not effectively serve the long-term interests of the nation and the people if it is not in conformity with prevailing situations of the nation concerned... The Wa National Development Party agrees that the points contained in the paras 1 from 23 should be laid down as detailed basic principles.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (38K)
      Date of entry/update: 07 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 3 January 2006
      Date of publication: 04 January 2006
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of National Convention Continues: Delegate group of representatives-elect submits suggestions on detailed basic principles to Plenary Session of National Convention...Para 1 to 28 of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, para 1 to 19 of the Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw and para 1 to 23 of the Region or State Hluttaw should be laid down...23 points presented by Chairman of National Convention Convening Work Committee for adoption of detailed basic principles found reasonable and appropriate...28 detailed basic principles for the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, 19 detailed basic principles on legislation for the Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw, and 23 detailed basic principles for legislative functions of the Region or State Hluttaw should be adopted
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (46K)
      Date of entry/update: 07 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 2 January 2006
      Date of publication: 03 January 2006
      Description/subject: From "The New Light of Myanmar" 3 January 2006... The Plenary Meeting of National Convention Continues: Suggestions on detailed basic principles for legislation of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, Pyithu Hluttaw, Amyotha Hluttaw, and Region and State Hluttaws presented Plenary Session of the National Convention continues... It is appropriate to convene the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw session at least once a year... Presentations of political parties to be published
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (38K)
      Date of entry/update: 07 January 2006


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 27 December 2005
      Date of publication: 28 December 2005
      Description/subject: From "The New Light of Myanmar" 28 December 2005... Delegate groups almost finished compiling proposal papers and will submit them to National Convention Plenary session soon; National Convention Convening Commission holds meeting 10/2005.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (4K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 26 December 2005
      Date of publication: 27 December 2005
      Description/subject: Meetings of National Convention delegate groups held.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (7K)
      Date of entry/update: 27 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 25 December 2005
      Date of publication: 26 December 2005
      Description/subject: NC delegates visit pagodas, churches in Yangon.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (4K)
      Date of entry/update: 27 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 23 December 2005
      Date of publication: 24 December 2005
      Description/subject: NC Delegate groups hold meetings.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (9K)
      Date of entry/update: 27 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 22 December 2005
      Date of publication: 23 December 2005
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of the National Convention Continues (22-12-2005): Although there are vacant seats, the Region or State Hluttaw shall have the right to carry out its tasks; Region or State Hluttaw shall make a decision when Region or State Government submits region or state budget in accordance with the prescribed provisions; The reports, documents and records published by the Region or State Hluttaw or under its authority shall be privileged; Detailed basic principles for the chapter ‘Tatmadaw’ and the chapter ‘Citizens and their fundamental rights & duties’ will be presented.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (78K)
      Date of entry/update: 27 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 21 December 2005
      Date of publication: 22 December 2005
      Description/subject: National Convention Convening Commission, Work Committee, Management Committee meet.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (4K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 19 December 2005
      Date of publication: 20 December 2005
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of the National Convention Continues (19-12-2005):- Matters on detailed basic principles for legislation of Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw to be included in the judicial sector in formulating State Constitution clarified... The first day session of the Pyithu Hluttaw is valid if more than half the number of members who have the right to attend the Pyithu Hluttaw session, are present... Even if there are vacant seats, the Pyithu Hluttaw shall have the right to carry out its tasks.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (69K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 20 December 2005
      Date of publication: 20 December 2005
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of the National Convention Continues (20-12-2005):- Members of the Pyithu Hluttaw shall have the freedom of speech and vote in the Pyithu Hluttaw and the committee of the Pyithu Hluttaw, subject to the provisions of the Constitution and the Pyithu Hluttaw... The reports, documents and records published by the Pyithu Hluttaw or under its authority shall be privileged.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (65K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 18 December 2005
      Date of publication: 18 December 2005
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of the National Convention Continues (18-12-2005):- The reports, documents and hluttaw records published by the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw or under its authority shall be privileged... NC delegates visit Hlinethaya Industrial Zone, Churches on NC holidays.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (24K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 16 December 2005
      Date of publication: 17 December 2005
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of the National Convention Continues (16-12-2005)... The Acts signed by the President and the Acts deemed to have been signed by the President shall be promulgated in the gazette. The Act shall come into force on the date of such promulgation unless the contrary intention is expressed.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (19K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 15 December 2005
      Date of publication: 16 December 2005
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of the National Convention Continues (15-12-2005):- Matters concerning detailed basic principles to be laid down for legislation of Region or State Hluttaws clarified... Plenary Session of National Convention continues at Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township... If there arises disagreement between the Pyithu Hluttaw and the Amyotha Hluttaw concerning a bill, the bill shall be discussed and approved in the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw... Presentations at NC to be published.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (31K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 14 December 2005
      Date of publication: 15 December 2005
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of the National Convention Continues (14-12-2005)... Matters concerning detailed basic principles to be laid down for legislation of the Pyithu Hluttaw and the Amyotha Hluttaw clarified... Plenary Session of National Convention continues at yaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township... Whether a detailed basic principle “The Speaker of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw shall convene a special session or an emergency session of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw as necessary” should be adopted or not is to be discussed... Whether the basic principle “The Speaker of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw shall convene a special session of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw when at least one fourth of the total number of members of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw ask to convene the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw” should be adopted or not is to be discussed... Whether the basic principle “The functions and the records of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw shall be published for public information. But the functions and records restricted by a law or the decisions of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw shall not be published” should be adopted or not is to be discussed... Presentations at NC to be published.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (69K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 12 December 2005
      Date of publication: 13 December 2005
      Description/subject: The Plenary Meeting of National Convention Continues (12-12-2005):- Matters relating to adoption of detailed basic principles on Powers and Functions of the President clarified. Plenary Session of National Convention continues at Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township... The Union Government shall uphold and maintain stability, peace, and prevalence of law and order in the country... As it is the duty of the Union government to draft the bill on Union budget and present it to the Union Hluttaw for approval, no addition will be needed for the para 7 and the wording is already compact and complete.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (61K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 13 December 2005
      Date of publication: 13 December 2005
      Description/subject: Matters concerning detailed basic principles to be laid down for legislation of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw clarified. Plenary Session of National Convention continues at Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township... The provisions in connection with the education sector are stipulated in the Union legislative list for equal development of the education sector in the whole nation... The national races of the Union of Myanmar have the right to solve their problems at the initial stage in accord with their own traditions and customs, except from the legally restricted cases... The President shall be responsible to the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw The Vice-Presidents shall be responsible to the President and also to the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw through the President... Presentations at NC to be published.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (75K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 8 December 2005
      Date of publication: 09 December 2005
      Description/subject: National Convention Delegates Groups' Meetings Commence... 10 points clarified by the NCCWC Chairman in connection with the executive power of the region or state government and duties and rights of the executive power should be laid down as detailed basic principles... Executive power of the self-administered division and self-administered zone appropriate and reasonable... The self-administered division or self-administered zone leading bodies shall carry out the tasks assigned occasionally to them by the Union Government and region or state government.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (52K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 7 December 2005
      Date of publication: 08 December 2005
      Description/subject: Plenary Session of the National Convention continues at Pyidaungsu Hall of Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township... As administrative functions of the State are very huge and broad, Union Government needs necessary authorities in practising executive power... The region or state government is vested with power in accord with policies and guidelines laid down by Union government for the interest of the State and the people...
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (43K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 6 December 2005
      Date of publication: 07 December 2005
      Description/subject: From "The New Light of Myanmar" 7 December 2005... The Plenary Meeting of National Convention Continues (6-12-2005):- Proposals submitted by delegate groups assessed Plenary session of National Convention continues in Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby... According to forthcoming State Constitution Pyidaungsu Hluttaw is the highest organization President and the Vice-President shall be responsible to Pyidaungsu Hluttaw is proper... More review of proposals by alternate chairmen will be published in dailies to be issued on 8 Dec... National Economic Council should be formed with members comprising economy-related ministers led by the President of the State...
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (41K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 5 December 2005
      Date of publication: 06 December 2005
      Description/subject: From "The New Light of Myanmar" 6 December 2005... The Plenary Meeting of National Convention (5-12-2005): National Convention working for emergence of State constitution, first and essential step to democratic transition To build genuine, discipline-flourishing democracy system is to work together in accord with seven-point Road Map... 1,074 delegates accounting for 99.44 per cent to National Convention present; diplomats, journalists observe... Government implementing seven-point Road Map for emergence of a peaceful, modern developed and discipline-flourishing democratic nation; Delegates from all walks of life holding discussions at National Convention, first and crucial step of the future policy programme... Billboard unveiled to hail National Convention.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (30K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 1 December 2005
      Date of publication: 02 December 2005
      Description/subject: From "The New Light of Myanmar" 2 December 2005... Matters related to National Convention clarified; National Convention delegates arrive.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (4K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 29 October 2005
      Date of publication: 30 October 2005
      Description/subject: From "The New Light of Myanmar" 30 October 2005... At the forthcoming NC, approvals will be sought to lay down detailed basic principles in accord with proposals for delegation of executive and judicial powers.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (4K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 8 October 2005
      Date of publication: 09 October 2005
      Description/subject: From "The New Light of Myanmar" 9 October 2005... Matters related to National Convention coordinated. NCC Work Committee, Management Committee, subcommittees making arrangements for their respective tasks.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (4K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 24 September 2005
      Date of publication: 25 September 2005
      Description/subject: From The New Light of Myanmar 25 September 2005... Sustained endeavours to be exerted for success in convening National Convention, very first phase for transforming nation into democratic one. National Convention Convening Commission holds meeting 5/2005.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html 6K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 27 August 2005
      Date of publication: 28 August 2005
      Description/subject: From The New Light of Myanmar 28 August 2005... Secretary-1 Lt-Gen Thein Sein attends meeting No 4/2005 of NCCC. Tasks to be carried out at coming National Convention discussed.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs3/Proc2005-08-28.html
      Format/size: html (4K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 20 August 2005
      Date of publication: 21 August 2005
      Description/subject: From The New Light of Myanmar 21 August 2005... Preparations well under way for reconvening of National Convention. Secretary-1 Lt-Gen Thein Sein addresses NCCC meeting.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (6K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 10 May 2005
      Date of publication: 10 May 2005
      Description/subject: From The New Light of Myanmar 11 May 2005... National Convention Convening Commission Meeting No 2/2005 held.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (4K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 December 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 31 March 2005
      Date of publication: 01 April 2005
      Description/subject: People can now shape in mind the future Myanmar that is exercising genuine discipline-flourishing democracy; National Convention adjourns till end of year 2005.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 1 April 2005
      Format/size: html (21K)
      Date of entry/update: 01 April 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 30 March 2005
      Date of publication: 31 March 2005
      Description/subject: Other invited persons delegate group made up of peace groups will constantly join hands with Tatmadaw Government and wishes emergence of enduring constitution; Delegate groups of State service personnel and other invited persons read proposals.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 31 March 2005
      Format/size: html (18K)
      Date of entry/update: 01 April 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 29 March 2005
      Date of publication: 30 March 2005
      Description/subject: Delegate group of intellectuals and intelligentsia reads proposal papers
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 30 March 2005
      Format/size: html (7K)
      Date of entry/update: 01 April 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 28 March 2005
      Date of publication: 29 March 2005
      Description/subject: Plenary session of National Convention continues
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 29 March 2005
      Format/size: html (7K)
      Date of entry/update: 01 April 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 25 March 2005
      Date of publication: 26 March 2005
      Description/subject: Proposals on detailed basic principles on sharing of executive and judicial powers submitted to NC plenary session
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 26 March 2005
      Format/size: html (6K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 23 March 2005
      Date of publication: 24 March 2005
      Description/subject: 23 March 2005 Proposals on detailed basic principles on sharing of executive and judicial powers read at NC plenary session
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 24 March 2005
      Format/size: html (8K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 22 March 2005
      Date of publication: 23 March 2005
      Description/subject: Plenary session of National Convention continues.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 23 March 2005
      Format/size: html (12K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 21 March 2005
      Date of publication: 22 March 2005
      Description/subject: Proposal papers on detailed basic principles on sharing of executive and judicial powers read at NC plenary session;
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 22 March 2005
      Format/size: html (15K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 20 March 2005
      Date of publication: 21 March 2005
      Description/subject: NC delegates visit pagodas, churches
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 21 March 2005
      Format/size: html (2K)
      Date of entry/update: 21 March 2005


      Title: Works done by the National Convention 1993-2004
      Date of publication: 21 March 2005
      Description/subject: Brief account of the works done by the National Convention convened between 9 January 1993 to 30 March 1996 and 17 May to 9 July 2004.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: www.myanmar.com
      Format/size: html (15K)
      Date of entry/update: 21 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 17 March 2005
      Date of publication: 18 March 2005
      Description/subject: NCC Management Committee facilitates functions; NC delegates continue group-wise discussions; Delegates continue reading proposals to be submitted to NC plenary sessions.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 18 and 19 March 2005
      Format/size: html (15K)
      Date of entry/update: 21 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 16 March 2005
      Date of publication: 17 March 2005
      Description/subject: NC delegates, wellwishers donate K 14.3m hailing 60th Anniversary Armed Forces Day; Meetings of NC delegate groups held.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 17 March 2005
      Format/size: html (9K)
      Date of entry/update: 21 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 15 March 2005
      Date of publication: 16 March 2005
      Description/subject: NCC Work Committee, support bodies meet.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 16 March 2005
      Format/size: html (2K)
      Date of entry/update: 21 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 14 March 2005
      Date of publication: 15 March 2005
      Description/subject: NC delegate groups discuss compilation of papers on discussions.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 15 March 2005
      Format/size: html (3K)
      Date of entry/update: 21 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 13 March 2005
      Date of publication: 14 March 2005
      Description/subject: NC delegates visit pagodas, churches in Yangon City.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 14 March 2005
      Format/size: html (2K)
      Date of entry/update: 21 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 11 March 2005
      Date of publication: 12 March 2005
      Description/subject: Delegates lay down detailed basic principles of legislative sector successfully with Union Spirit; National Convention Convening Commission, NCC Work Committee, NCC Management Committee hold meeting; State service personnel shall be free from party politics; Self-administered division and self-administered zone leading bodies shall, in accord with the law, supervise and coordinate functions of civil service organizations discharging duties in their territory.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 12 March 2005
      Format/size: html (50K)
      Date of entry/update: 21 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 10 March 2005
      Date of publication: 11 March 2005
      Description/subject: The region or state government shall have the responsibility to assist the Union Government in its drive to ensure stability of the State, community peace and tranquillity and the rule of law... In accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, the region or state government shall have the right to submit to the Region or State Hluttaw the necessary Bill relevant to the matters embodied in the Region or State Legislative List.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 11 March 2005
      Format/size: html (50K)
      Date of entry/update: 12 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 9 March 2005
      Date of publication: 10 March 2005
      Description/subject: Group discussions on compilation of proposals on sharing of executive and judicial powers to be included in framing of State Constitution held... Union Government shall submit bill concerning matters Pyidaungsu Hluttaw can enact into law within framework of provisions of Constitution, and shall submit them to Pyidaungsu Hluttaw... By exercising the legislative power, Pyidaungsu Hluttaw shall have the right not only to enact laws considered necessary for the State but also to make necessary decisions in the interest of the State.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 10 March 2005
      Format/size: html (60K)
      Date of entry/update: 12 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 8 March 2005
      Date of publication: 09 March 2005
      Description/subject: Explanations on adoption of detailed basic principles for sharing of executive, judicial powers to be included in drawing up State Constitution submitted... The Union Government upholds and maintains stability, peace, and prevalence of law and order in the country...The President shall sign laws passed and enacted by the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw after taking action according to provisions of the Constitution Such signed laws shall be promulgated in official Gazette.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 9 March 2005
      Format/size: html (72K)
      Date of entry/update: 12 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 7 March 2005
      Date of publication: 08 March 2005
      Description/subject: Work Committee’s clarification concerning detailed basic principles to be laid down for sharing of executive and judicial powers to be included in drawing of the State Constitution submitted... According to already-laid-down basic principles, the President will have to undertake duties of both the Head of State and the Head of Union Government... The President of the State, in accord with law, shall appoint and dismiss heads of bodies of public services.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 8 March 2005
      Format/size: html (78K)
      Date of entry/update: 12 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 6 March 2005
      Date of publication: 07 March 2005
      Description/subject: Natural resources extracted in the whole Union should be distributed to all regions, states under the management of the Union itself... Pyidaungsu Hluttaw shall enact required laws if the need arises to do so for the Union territories in connection with matters for which legislative powers are delegated to Region or State Hluttaws or self-administered division or zone leading bodies... The Union Government is to take necessary steps according to the Union budget law enacted by Pyidaungsu Hluttaw.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 7 March 2005
      Format/size: html (91K)
      Date of entry/update: 12 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 27 February 2005
      Date of publication: 28 February 2005
      Description/subject: Education, health, economic and social infrastructures can be built for the people with the use of revenues.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 28 February 2005
      Format/size: html (20K)
      Date of entry/update: 12 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 26 February 2005
      Date of publication: 27 February 2005
      Description/subject: The budgets of Union ministries and of organizations at Union level are to be checked under the aegis of a Vice-President nominated by the President of the State
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar", 27 February 2005
      Format/size: html (41K)
      Date of entry/update: 12 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 25 February 2005
      Date of publication: 26 February 2005
      Description/subject: Delegate groups meet to submit proposals to NCC Work Committee.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 26 February 2005
      Format/size: html (14K)
      Date of entry/update: 12 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 24 February 2005
      Date of publication: 25 February 2005
      Description/subject: National Convention Convening Commission, Work Committee and Management Committee meet...Panel of chairmen, delegates of national races discuss proposal...Self-administered area legislative bodies are to enact necessary laws, with the legislative power delegated to them, in accord with objectives and essence stipulated in the Constitution.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 25 February 2005
      Format/size: html (19K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 23 February 2005
      Date of publication: 24 February 2005
      Description/subject: Further burgeoning of the noblest and worthiest of worldly values namely justice, liberty and equality in the State...Panel of chairmen hold discussions with representatives...Proposals of delegates of workers discussed.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 24 February 2005
      Format/size: html (30K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 22 February 2005
      Date of publication: 23 February 2005
      Description/subject: Alternate chairmen clarify NCC Work Committee Chairman’s explanation on adopting basic detailed principles for division of legislative power to be included in drawing of the State Constitution...Management task of densely populated urban areas, towns entrusted to Pyidaungsu Hluttaw... Management affairs of villages should be entrusted to region or state Hluttaws which know their objective conditions best...NCCWC, members of panels of chairmen of delegate groups meet...National Convention Convening Work Committee meets.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 23 February 2005
      Format/size: html (41K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 20 February 2005
      Date of publication: 21 February 2005
      Description/subject: NC delegates take relaxation, visit shops...Only when institutes, degree colleges, universities throughout the country adopt same curricula, syllabus, teaching methods will all-round development of education take shape...
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 21 February 2005
      Format/size: html (30K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 19 February 2005
      Date of publication: 20 February 2005
      Description/subject: NC delegates enjoy film... Robust economy required for nation as its economy is serving as main link connecting political and social sectors...The State shall provide inputs such as technology, investments, machinery, raw materials etc. as much as it can for changeover from manual to mechanized agriculture... .Not only do matters suitable to be put in energy, electricity, mineral and forestry sector concern the whole nation, but they also link with regions or states.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 20 February 2005
      Format/size: html (62K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convnetion, 18 February 2005
      Date of publication: 19 February 2005
      Description/subject: NC delegates enjoy entertainment, play games for recreation...Information Minister hosts dinner to correspondents of foreign news agencies...National Convention continues at Pyidaungsu Hall of Nyaunghnapin Camp... Delegates’ proposals to lay down detailed basic principles for sharing of legislative power to be included in framing of Constitution clarified...Myanmar in her exercise of foreign policies plays active part in such campaigns as world peace & security, anti-colonialism, anti-neocolonialists, anti-apartheid and non-interference in one another’s internal affairs and non-aggression.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 19 February 2005
      Format/size: html (42K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 17 February 2005
      Date of publication: 18 February 2005
      Description/subject: To be disciplined, to be tranquil & peaceful, to ensure permanent democracy depend on people, political forces Combined efforts to be made farsightedly, broad-mindedly to address dissention, distrust stemming from personal attachment, sectarianism, foreign provocative acts... National Convention reconvenes 99.44% of delegates attend; diplomats, journalists observe...Delegates to make discussions within framework of procedures to lay down basic principles to be included in drafting a durable Constitution...Foreign diplomats visit Nyaunghnapin Camp...Notes of Panel of Chairmen of National Convention 19 Feb.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 18 February 2005
      Format/size: html (57K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 March 2005


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 18 September 2004
      Date of publication: 19 September 2004
      Description/subject: NCCC Chairman Secretary-2 Lt-Gen Thein Sein calls for timely completion of work for reconvening of NC... Yangon, 18 Sept - "The National Convention Convening Commission held a meeting at the meeting hall of the NCCC in Kyaikkasan Grounds, here, this morning, with an address by Chairman of the Commission Secretary-2 of the State Peace and Development Council Lt-Gen Thein Sein..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 19 September 2004
      Format/size: html (5K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 September 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 11 September 2004
      Date of publication: 12 September 2004
      Description/subject: NCCC, Work Committee, Panel of Chairmen complete all work to resume NC... Yangon, 11 Sept - "The National Convention Convening Commission held its meeting at the meeting hall of the NCCC on Kyaikkasan Grounds here this morning with an address by Chairman of NCCC Secretary-2 of the State Peace and Development Council Lt-Gen Thein Sein..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 12 September 2004
      Format/size: html (5K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 September 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 7 September 2004
      Date of publication: 08 September 2004
      Description/subject: Members of panel of alternative chairmen of National Convention Plenary Session meet... YANGON, 7 Sept — "Members of panel of alternative chairmen of the National Convention Plenary Session held a coordination meeting in the meeting hall of the work committee for convening the National Convention on Kyaikkasan Ground this morning..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 8 September 2004
      Format/size: html (4K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 September 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 31 August 2004
      Date of publication: 01 September 2004
      Description/subject: Alternative chairmen of National Convention plenary session meet... YANGON, 31 Aug — "The members of the panel of alternative chairmen of the Plenary Session of the National Convention held a coordination meeting at the meeting hall of the National Convention Convening Work Committee at Kyaikkasan Grounds here this morning. At the meeting, Dr Myo Thant Tin acted as alternative chairman..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 1 September 2004
      Format/size: html (4K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 September 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 24 August 2004
      Date of publication: 25 August 2004
      Description/subject: Panel of Chairmen of National Convention holds coordination meeting. YANGON, 24 Aug — "The coordination meeting of members of the Panel of Chairmen of the National Convention was held at the meeting hall of the National Convention Convening Work Committee in Kyaikkasan Grounds, here, this morning..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 25 August 2004
      Format/size: html (4K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 September 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 17 August 2004
      Date of publication: 18 August 2004
      Description/subject: Members of Panel of Alternate Chairmen of NC Plenary Meeting meet.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 18 August 2004
      Format/size: html (4K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 September 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 13 August 2004
      Date of publication: 14 August 2004
      Description/subject: Coordination meeting of NCC Work Committee, Panel of Chairmen held.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar 14 August 2004
      Format/size: html (9K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 September 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 6 August 2004
      Date of publication: 07 August 2004
      Description/subject: Co-ord meeting between National Convention Convening Commission, Work Committee, Management Committee held
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 7 August 2004
      Format/size: html (5K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 September 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 23 July 2004
      Date of publication: 24 July 2004
      Description/subject: NCC Commission, Work Committee, Management Committee meet.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: “The New Light of Myanmar” 24 July 2004
      Format/size: html (4K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 September 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 14 July 2004
      Date of publication: 15 July 2004
      Description/subject: Artistes who entertained NC delegates honoured
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 15 July 2004
      Format/size: html (7K)
      Date of entry/update: 15 July 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 13 July 2004
      Date of publication: 14 July 2004
      Description/subject: NCCMC Chairman Maj-Gen Lun Maung visits delegates receiving medical treatment
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 14 July 2004
      Format/size: html (10K)
      Date of entry/update: 15 July 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 11 July 2004
      Date of publication: 12 July 2004
      Description/subject: Lt-Gen Thein Sein cordially meets delegates prior to their departure for home at adjournment of National Convention
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 12 July 2004
      Format/size: html (8K)
      Date of entry/update: 15 July 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 10 July 2004
      Date of publication: 11 July 2004
      Description/subject: Lt-Gen Thein Sein cordially meets delegates prior to their departure for home at adjournment of National Convention.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 11 July 2004
      Format/size: html (9K)
      Date of entry/update: 15 July 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 9 July 2004
      Date of publication: 10 July 2004
      Description/subject: Film artistes entertain National Convention delegates; National Convention adjourned with address by NCCC Chairman State Peace and Development Council Secretary-2 Lt-Gen Thein Sein; Delegates of Other Invited Persons submit proposal to Plenary Session of National Convention
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 10 July 2004
      Format/size: html (46K)
      Date of entry/update: 15 July 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 8 July 2004
      Date of publication: 09 July 2004
      Description/subject: Film entertainment for NC delegates; Scholars from US observe Plenary Session of National Convention; Delegate group of State service personnel continues reading proposal to Plenary Session of National Convention... Contains photos of the scholars from US.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 9 July 2004
      Format/size: html (242K)
      Date of entry/update: 09 July 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 7 July 2004
      Date of publication: 08 July 2004
      Description/subject: Film entertainment for National Convention delegates at Nyaunghnapin Camp; Delegate group of State service personnel submits proposal to Plenary Session of National Convention.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 8 July 2004
      Format/size: html (20K)
      Date of entry/update: 09 July 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 6 July 2004
      Date of publication: 07 July 2004
      Description/subject: Cash and kind donated to hail National Convention; Delegate group of intellectuals and intelligentsia continues reading proposal to Plenary Session of National Convention
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 7 July 2004
      Format/size: html (31K)
      Date of entry/update: 09 July 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 5 July 2004
      Date of publication: 06 July 2004
      Description/subject: “MRTV Modern Music Band” entertains NC delegates; National Convention Convening Management Committee meets; Delegate group of intellectuals and intelligentsia submits proposal to Plenary Session of National Convention
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 6 July 2004
      Format/size: html (23K)
      Date of entry/update: 06 July 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 4 July 2004
      Date of publication: 05 July 2004
      Description/subject: NC delegates take physical exercise, shops kept open; Film entertainment to National Convention delegates
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 5 July 2004
      Format/size: html (9K)
      Date of entry/update: 06 July 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 3 July 2004
      Date of publication: 04 July 2004
      Description/subject: Film entertainment to National Convention delegates; NC delegates visit Drug Elimination Museum, MRTV
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 4 July 2004
      Format/size: html (11K)
      Date of entry/update: 06 July 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 2 July 2004
      Date of publication: 03 July 2004
      Description/subject: A-1 Soe Myint modern music troupe entertains NC delegates; Delegate group of workers submits proposal to Plenary Session of National Convention
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 3 July 2004
      Format/size: html (22K)
      Date of entry/update: 06 July 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 1 July 2004
      Date of publication: 02 July 2004
      Description/subject: Traditional orchestra entertains NC delegates; Peasant delegates group submits proposal to National Convention Plenary Session
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 2 July 2004
      Format/size: html (19K)
      Date of entry/update: 06 July 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 30 June 2004
      Date of publication: 01 July 2004
      Description/subject: Film entertainment to National Convention delegates; Delegates of National Races submit proposals to Plenary Session of National Convention
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 1 July 2004
      Format/size: html (17K)
      Date of entry/update: 06 July 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 29 June 2004
      Date of publication: 30 June 2004
      Description/subject: NC delegates entertained with films; Foreign military attaches visit Plenary Session of National Convention; National race delegates group presents proposals to NC Plenary Meeting. Foreign military attaches observe National Convention proceedings
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 30 June 2004
      Format/size: html (22K)
      Date of entry/update: 06 July 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 28 June 2004
      Date of publication: 29 June 2004
      Description/subject: NC delegates entertained with films; Plenary Session of the National Convention continues
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 29 June 2004
      Format/size: html (24K)
      Date of entry/update: 06 July 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 27 June 2004
      Date of publication: 28 June 2004
      Description/subject: NC delegates take exercises; NC delegates entertained with films
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 28 June 2004
      Format/size: html (8K)
      Date of entry/update: 06 July 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 26 June, 2004
      Date of publication: 27 June 2004
      Description/subject: NC delegates entertained with films; NC delegates visit Kyaikkhauk Pagoda, Union National Races Village
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 27 June 2004
      Format/size: html (10K)
      Date of entry/update: 06 July 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 25 June 2004
      Date of publication: 26 June 2004
      Description/subject: Thabin artistes entertain NC delegates; Political parties submit proposals to Plenary Session of National Convention
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 26 June 2004
      Format/size: html (19K)
      Date of entry/update: 06 July 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 24 June 2004
      Date of publication: 25 June 2004
      Description/subject: NC delegates entertained with films; Delegates of political parties submit proposals to Plenary Session of National Convention
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 25 June 2004
      Format/size: html (48K)
      Date of entry/update: 25 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 23 June 2004
      Date of publication: 24 June 2004
      Description/subject: NC delegates entertained with films; Meeting of NC Delegates Group of State Service Personnel continues; Lt-Gen Thein Sein attends coord meeting of National Convention Convening Commission, Work Committee, Management Committee.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar", 24 June 2004
      Format/size: html (14K)
      Date of entry/update: 24 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 22 June, 2004
      Date of publication: 23 June 2004
      Description/subject: NC delegates entertained with films; National Convention delegates group of State service personnel meets
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 23 JUne 2004
      Format/size: html (11K)
      Date of entry/update: 24 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 21 June, 2004
      Date of publication: 22 June 2004
      Description/subject: “Shwe Wah Win Anyeint Troupe” entertains NC delegates; Cash and kind donated to hail National Convention and for Rakhine State storm relief; NC Delegates Group of Other Invited Persons’ meeting continues; NCC Work Committee and National Races Group meet; National Convention Convening Commission, NCC Work Committee and NCC Management Committee meet.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar", 22 June 2004
      Format/size: html (28K)
      Date of entry/update: 24 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 20 June 2004
      Date of publication: 21 June 2004
      Description/subject: NC delegates exercise, take part in sports events; NC delegates entertained with films
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 21 June 2004
      Format/size: html (7K)
      Date of entry/update: 24 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 19 June 2004
      Date of publication: 20 June 2004
      Description/subject: National Convention delegates go to pagodas, Kanbawzathadi Palace in Bago; National Convention delegates entertained with films at Nyaunghnapin Camp;
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 20 June 2004
      Format/size: html (10K)
      Date of entry/update: 24 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention", 18 June 2004
      Date of publication: 19 June 2004
      Description/subject: NC delegates entertained; Delegates show positive attitude in submitting papers and holding discussions - National Convention Convening Commission, Work Committee, Management Committee meet; National Convention Convening Work Committee and State Service Personnel Group meet
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar", 19 June 2004
      Format/size: html (17K)
      Date of entry/update: 24 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 17 June 2004
      Date of publication: 18 June 2004
      Description/subject: Film entertainment for NC delegates
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 18 June 2004
      Format/size: html (7K)
      Date of entry/update: 24 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 16 June 2004
      Date of publication: 17 June 2004
      Description/subject: Film entertainments to NC delegates
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar", 17 June 2004
      Format/size: html (7K)
      Date of entry/update: 24 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 15 June 2004
      Date of publication: 16 June 2004
      Description/subject: Film entertainments to NC delegates; National Convention delegate groups’ meetings continue
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar", 16 June 2004
      Format/size: html (13K)
      Date of entry/update: 24 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 14 June 2004
      Date of publication: 15 June 2004
      Description/subject: Delegates entertained with dances; Coord meeting of NCCC, Work Committee and Management Committee held; Delegate Groups meeting continues.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 15 June 2004
      Format/size: html (19K)
      Date of entry/update: 24 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 13 June 2004
      Date of publication: 14 June 2004
      Description/subject: National Convention delegates keep fit with help of sports facilities; Film entertainments to NC delegates
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 14 June, 20004
      Format/size: html (8K)
      Date of entry/update: 24 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 12 June 2004
      Date of publication: 13 June 2004
      Description/subject: NC delegates tour Yangon; Film entertainments to NC delegates
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 13 June 2004
      Format/size: html (11K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention. 11 June 2004
      Date of publication: 12 June 2004
      Description/subject: National Convention Convening Commission, Work Committee, Management Committee hold coordination meeting; Proposed papers read out for plenary meeting of National Convention
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 12 June 2004
      Format/size: html (21K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 10 June 2004
      Date of publication: 11 June 2004
      Description/subject: Myawady Anyeint Troupe entertains National Convention delegates; Panel of chairmen of two delegate groups hold coord meetings.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 11 June
      Format/size: html (13K)
      Date of entry/update: 11 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 9 June 2004
      Date of publication: 10 June 2004
      Description/subject: Submission of proposed papers, discussions of panel of chairmen continue
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 10 June 2004
      Format/size: html (20K)
      Date of entry/update: 10 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 8 June 2004
      Date of publication: 09 June 2004
      Description/subject: Film entertainments to NC delegates; National Convention Convening Work Committee meets; Submission of proposals, discussions of panel of chairmen continue.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 9 June 2004
      Format/size: html (16K)
      Date of entry/update: 10 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 7 June 2004
      Date of publication: 08 June 2004
      Description/subject: National Convention delegates entertained; Coord meeting of NCC Commission, Work Committee, Management Committee held; Proposals read, meeting of panel of chairmen held.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 8 June 2004
      Format/size: html (24K)
      Date of entry/update: 10 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 6 June 2004
      Date of publication: 07 June 2004
      Description/subject: NC delegates visit Shwedagon Pagoda, Lawka Chantha Abhaya Labha Muni Buddha Image; Delegates of National Convention take physical exercises; Film entertainments to National Convention delegates
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 7 June 2004
      Format/size: html (13K)
      Date of entry/update: 07 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 5 June 2004
      Date of publication: 06 June 2004
      Description/subject: Film entertainments to National Convention delegates at Nyaunghnapin Camp
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 6 June 2004
      Format/size: html (7K)
      Date of entry/update: 06 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 4 June 2004
      Date of publication: 05 June 2004
      Description/subject: Film entertainments to NC delegates; National Convention Convening Work Committee and Management Committee meet; Group discussions of NC delegates, coord meetings of panel of chairmen continue.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 5 June 2004
      Format/size: html (28K)
      Date of entry/update: 05 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 3 June 2004
      Date of publication: 04 June 2004
      Description/subject: Film entertainment to National Convention delegates; NCC Management Committee meets; Proposals read, meeting of panel of chairmen held.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 4 June 2004
      Format/size: html (20K)
      Date of entry/update: 04 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 2 June 2004
      Date of publication: 03 June 2004
      Description/subject: Film entertainment to National Convention delegates; National Convention delegate groups of peasants and workers hold meetings.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 3 June 2004
      Format/size: html (13K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 1 June 2004
      Date of publication: 02 June 2004
      Description/subject: Film entertainment to NC delegates; Group discussions of National Convention delegates continue.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 2 June 2004
      Format/size: html (24K)
      Date of entry/update: 02 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 31 May 2004
      Date of publication: 01 June 2004
      Description/subject: NC delegates entertained with films; Coord meeting of NCCC, Work Committee, Management Committee held; Members of NCC Work Committee and Panel of Chairmen meet; Meetings of National Convention delegate groups continue
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 1 June 2004
      Format/size: html (24K)
      Date of entry/update: 01 June 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 30 May 2004
      Date of publication: 31 May 2004
      Description/subject: Song and music entertained to (sic) NC delegates; NC Delegates start compiling papers and take physical exercises.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 31 May 2004
      Format/size: html (8K)
      Date of entry/update: 31 May 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 29 May 2004
      Date of publication: 30 May 2004
      Description/subject: Win Thuza, GEC shops open at Nyaunghnapin Camp.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 30 May 2004
      Format/size: html (8K)
      Date of entry/update: 30 May 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 28 May 2004
      Date of publication: 29 May 2004
      Description/subject: Film entertainment to NC delegates; Delegate groups of National Convention hold discussions.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 29 May 2004
      Format/size: html (17K)
      Date of entry/update: 29 May 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 27 May 2004
      Date of publication: 28 May 2004
      Description/subject: Film entertainment to NC delegates; Group discussions of National Convention delegates continue; Cash and kind donated to hail National Convention.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 28 May 2004
      Format/size: html (18K)
      Date of entry/update: 29 May 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 26 May 2004
      Date of publication: 27 May 2004
      Description/subject: Film entertainment to NC delegates; NC delegate groups discuss sectoral proposals; NCCC meets members of panel of chairmen of delegate groups.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 27 May 2004
      Format/size: html (21K)
      Date of entry/update: 27 May 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 25 May 2004
      Date of publication: 26 May 2004
      Description/subject: Meeting (3/2004) of National Convention Convening Work Committee held; NC delegate groups hold coord meetings on compilation of papers;
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 26 May 2004
      Format/size: html (16K)
      Date of entry/update: 27 May 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 24 May 2004
      Date of publication: 25 May 2004
      Description/subject: Entertainment presented to delegates of National Convention; NC delegate groups hold coord meetings on compilation of papers.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 25 May 2004
      Format/size: html (15K)
      Date of entry/update: 25 May 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 23 May 2004
      Date of publication: 24 May 2004
      Description/subject: Music entertainment for National Convention delegates; National Convention delegate groups compile papers.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 24 May 2004
      Format/size: html (12K)
      Date of entry/update: 25 May 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 22 May 2004
      Date of publication: 23 May 2004
      Description/subject: Shopping facilities for the delegates; Delegate groups of National Convention discuss compilation of group-wise proposals.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 23 May 2004
      Format/size: html (21K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 May 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 21 May 2004
      Date of publication: 22 May 2004
      Description/subject: NC delegates entertained with films... Plenary Session of National Convention goes on...Clarifications on detailed basic principles for administration of justice sector, legislative powers, financial commission, taxation and funds allotment made at National Convention - According to detailed basic principles, seven regions, seven states and Union territories will emerge in the Union of Myanmar: Clarifications of National Convention Convening Work Committee Chairman Chief Justice U Aung Toe - Administration of justice sector.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 22 May 2004
      Format/size: html (87K)
      Date of entry/update: 22 May 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention 20 May 2004
      Date of publication: 21 May 2004
      Description/subject: National Convention Plenary Session continues... Uplift of morality and education as well as health and fitness of the entire people are especially required in building a modern and developed nation - Clarifications on detailed basic principles for social and management sectors made at National Convention: Clarifications of National Convention Convening Work Committee members Deputy Minister for Information U Thein Sein and Deputy Attorney-General Dr Tun Shin - The social sector; Clarifications of National Convention Convening Work Committee Member Supreme Court Justice U Tin Aye - Management Sector... NCCC Chairman Lt-Gen Thein Sein asks after delegates undergoing medical treatment... Principles and detailed basic principles laid down in plenary meetings of National Convention clarified.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 21 May 2004
      Format/size: html (94K)
      Date of entry/update: 21 May 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 19 May 2004
      Date of publication: 20 May 2004
      Description/subject: National Convention delegates play golf, table tennis, billiards and other sports... Detailed basic principles for economic, agriculture, livestock breeding, energy, electricity, mining and forestry, industry, transport and communication sectors clarified at National Convention... Detailed basic principles for economic, agriculture, livestock breeding, energy, electricity, mining and forestry, industry, transport and communication sectors clarified at National Convention:- Clarifications of National Convention Convening Work Committee member Supreme Court Justice U Tin Aye - The economic sector; Clarifications of National Convention Convening Work Committee Chairman Chief Justice U Aung Toe - Agriculture and livestock breeding sector; Clarifications of National Convention Convening Work Committee Vice-Chairman Attorney-General U Aye Maung; Clarifications of National Convention Convening Work Committee Vice-Chairman Attorney-General U Aye Maung - Energy, electricity, mining and forestry sector; Clarifications of National Convention Convening Work Committee Secretary U Thaung Nyunt - Industry sector; Transport and communication sector.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 20 May 2004
      Format/size: html (112K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 May 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 18 May 2004
      Date of publication: 19 May 2004
      Description/subject: Shopping arrangements for the delegates... Entertainment for delegates... National Convention Convening Work Committee clarifies matters concerning the detailed basic principles for the Executive, Legislative and Judiciary that are to be included in drafting the State Constitution... Clarifications concerning detailed basic principles for Executive, Legislative and Judiciary to be included in drafting State Constitution made:- Clarifications of National Convention Convening Work Committee Chairman Chief Justice U Aung Toe; Clarifications of National Convention Convening Work Committee Vice-Chairman Attorney-General U Aye Maung; Clarifications of National Convention Convening Work Committee Secretary U Thaung Nyunt; Clarifications of National Convention Convening Work Committee member Deputy Minister for Information U Thein Sein; Clarifications of National Convention Convening Work Committee member Deputy Attorney-General Dr Tun Shin.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 19 May 2004
      Format/size: html (114K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 May 2004


      Title: Proceedings of the National Convention, 17 May 2004
      Date of publication: 18 May 2004
      Description/subject: National Convention reconvenes in Nyaunghnapin Camp in Hmawby Township; Delegates are to co-ordinate, discuss and forward suggestions without bias as regards person, ism, region or race - National Convention Convening Commission Chairman Lt-Gen Thein Sein delivers opening address at the National Convention; Meetings to elect vacant members of panels of chairmen of delegate groups to the National Convention held; Regulations are prescribed in the interest of the national races and the delegates; National Convention Convening Work Committee Chairman U Aung Toe's clarifications.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" 18 May 2004
      Format/size: html (58K)
      Date of entry/update: 18 May 2004


      Title: Regulations of the National Convention (updates)
      Date of publication: 17 May 2004
      Description/subject: "The following is translation of clarification on procedures for convening the National Convention made by Secretary of the National Convention Convening Commission Minister for Information Brig-Gen Kyaw Hsan:..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (20K)
      Date of entry/update: 18 May 2004


      Title: National Convention will be successfully reconvened with the current delegates attending
      Date of publication: 15 May 2004
      Description/subject: The SPDC response to the NLD's statement of 14 May 2004 that it will not attend the National Convention... "...Though the NLD does not attend the National Convention, it will resume with delegates including delegates of political parties, delegates of representatives-elects, delegates of national races and delegates of mass and class organizations. The government will successfully continue reconvening the National Convention, the first step of the seven-point Road Map of the State, as it has announced previously."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (8K)
      Date of entry/update: 15 May 2004


      Title: NLD Statement on its decision not to attend the National Convention
      Date of publication: 14 May 2004
      Description/subject: "Aspiring towards the construction of a democratic union of Burma, the National League for Democracy wished to cooperate in the National Convention organized by the SPDC. Therefore the NLD intimated to the authorities the following minimal conditions that would enable the party to participate in the National Convention..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: National League for Democracy
      Format/size: html (22K), Word (32K), jpeg (120K & 56K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/NLDsmt.14-May-2004.doc
      http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/NLDstmt-01.jpeg
      http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/NLDstmt-02.jpeg
      Date of entry/update: 14 May 2004


      Title: The standpoint of the Cease-fire Groups in relation to the National Convention
      Date of publication: 11 May 2004
      Description/subject: "Being convinced that political issues must be solved through political and not military processes, the ethnic nationality groups reached “cease fire” agreements with the current rulers in order that a true and genuine Union of Burma can be established through a change to a democratic system which will bring about unity, equal status and the right to self government that will be for the good of all the ethnic groups. As occasion and opportunities arise, we have declared this to be our standpoint to the current rulers and all the people of the nation ... we declare our position and stand with regard to the convening of this National Convention as hereunder:- 1. We need the right to revise the 6th objective of the convention which is not in accordance with the democratic system and not in keeping with the people’s wishes. 2. We need the right to revise the principles that do not conform to democratic principles in the stated 104 basic principles of the convention. 3. For the benefit of the Union, participants should have the right to seek advice and consult any person or association on any relevant issue during the period of the convention. 4. Delegates must have the right to freely consult their respective associations and seek their views during the period of the convention. 5. Elected representatives of the people in the 1990 elections must be permitted to attend the convention. 6. Delegates from ‘Cease-fire groups’ must be genuine. Cease-fire agreements with other groups should be entered into as soon as possible so that their delegates may attend the convention. 7. Law 5/96 dated the 7th June 1996 was intended to protect the 1993- 1996 National Convention. It is no longer relevant and should be abolished... Signed by: 1) Head of delegation to NC, Kachin Independence Organization (KIO); 2) Head of delegation to NC, New Mon State Party (NMSP); 3) Head of delegation to NC, Shan State National Army (SSNA); 4). Shan State Army (SSA); 5). Palaung State Liberation Organization (PSLO); 6). Kayan New Land Party (KNLP).
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: KIO, NMSP, SSNA, SSA,, PSLO, KNLP
      Format/size: html (30K)
      Date of entry/update: 14 May 2004


      Title: Work coordination meeting of National Convention Convening Commission, Work Committee and Management Committee held
      Date of publication: 20 April 2004
      Description/subject: Arrangements for the National Convention... YANGON, 19 April - "A work coordination meeting of the National Convention Convening Commission, Work Committee and Management Committee was held in the Pyidaungsu Hall in Nyaunghnapinkwin in Hmawby Township this morning..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (17K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 April 2004


      Title: Announcement on the reconvening of the National Convention (Announcement No. 1/2004)
      Date of publication: 31 March 2004
      Description/subject: Union of Myanmar National Convention Convening Commission Yangon... 10th waxing of Hnaung Tagu 1365 (30 March 2004)... Announcement on the reconvening of the National Convention
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SPDC via "The New Light of Myanmar" 31 Marxch 2004
      Format/size: html (8K)
      Date of entry/update: 31 March 2004


      Title: Chronology of statements by Burmese military spokesmen on multi-party elections, constitution-drafting, the National Convention, transfer of power etc.
      Date of publication: 22 February 2004
      Description/subject: Work in progress.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: BSPP, SLORC via OBL
      Format/size: html (290K)
      Date of entry/update: 22 February 2004


      Title: The State Peace and Development Council (Order No 13/2003): Reconstitution of the National Convention Convening Management Committee
      Date of publication: 21 October 2003
      Description/subject: The Union of Myanmar The State Peace and Development Council (Order No 13/2003) 11th Waning of Thadingyut 1365 ME (21st October 2003) "To enable the National Convention Convening Commission to carry out its duties and responsibilities successfully and smoothly, the State Peace and Development Council has reconstituted the National Convention Convening Management Committee with the following personages: National Convention Convening Management Committee..." The Committee has 43 members, of whom 25 have military ranks and the rest are government officials or hold senior positions in SPDC-related organisations.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SPDC
      Format/size: html (5K)
      Date of entry/update: 07 March 2004


      Title: Reformation of National Convention Convening Work Committee
      Date of publication: 02 October 2003
      Description/subject: The Union of Myanmar The State Peace and Development Council (Order No 12/2003) Waxing of Thadingyut 1365 ME (2nd October 2003)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SPDC
      Format/size: html (10K)
      Date of entry/update: 08 March 2004


      Title: Assignment of members of National Convention Convening Commission
      Date of publication: 23 September 2003
      Description/subject: The Union of Myanmar The State Peace and Development Council (Declaration No 11/2003) 13th Waning of Tawthalin 1365 ME (23th September 2003)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SPDC
      Format/size: html (7K)
      Date of entry/update: 08 March 2004


      Title: Changes in the assignment of duties in the National Convention Convening Commission
      Date of publication: 06 September 2003
      Description/subject: Union of Myanmar State Peace and Development Council Declaration No 10/2003 11th Waxing of Tawthalin 1365 ME 6th September 2003... Changes in the assignment of duties in the National Convention Convening Commission
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SPDC
      Format/size: html (7K)
      Date of entry/update: 08 March 2004


      Title: Adjourned National Convention to be reconvened; New Constitution will be drafted
      Date of publication: 30 August 2003
      Description/subject: Prime Minister General Khin Nyunt clarifies future policies and programmes of State: Adjourned National Convention to be reconvened New Constitution will be drafted in accord with basic principles laid down by NC. Constitution will be adopted through referendum... Official transcript of Gen. Khin Nyunt's "roadmap" which includes the resurrection of the National Convention.
      Author/creator: General Khin Nyunt
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html
      Alternate URLs: http://www.myanmar.com/nlm/enlm/Aug31_h4.html
      Date of entry/update: 03 September 2003


      Title: Reports on meetings of the National Convention Convening Commission (1998-)
      Date of publication: 2002
      Description/subject: Judging by the reports, these meetings discuss and deliver reports. They do not appear to take decisions.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (Internet edition)
      Format/size: html (82K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: The Law Protecting the Peaceful and Systematic Transfer of State Responsibility and the Successful Performance of the Functions of the National Convention against Disturbances and Oppositions - SLORC Law No. 5/96 (English)
      Date of publication: 07 June 1996
      Description/subject: Repealed, January 2013 (see Commentary and Alternate URL)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council
      Format/size: pdf (English, 67K); html (article on repeal)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.irrawaddy.org/archives/24300 (law repealed, January 2013)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: Detailed Basic Principles of the formation of the Judiciary
      Date of publication: 01 April 1996
      Description/subject: Full texts extracted from "The Burma Press Summary". These may be read in the 44 documents in "The National Convention (preparations and Proceedings)" at http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=1314&lo=d&sl=0 which also contain the records of much of the debate leading up to the announcement of the "Principles". See also the full archive of "The Burma Press Summary" at http://public.ibiblio.org/gsdl/cgi-bin/library?site=localhost&a=p&p=about&c=burmaps&ct=0
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SLORC (National Convention) via "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (33K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 February 2004


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, April 1996
      Date of publication: April 1996
      Description/subject: "Explanations" from Plenary Session. The Plenary Session of the National Convention adjourned to an unspecified date on Mar. 31; major speeches and statements issued during the session, though printed during the first few days of April, were included in the March issue. Several excerpts from "Explanations" by Chairman U Aung Toe of the National Convention Convening Work Committee on the chapters on "The Legislature" and "The Executive" have appeared since, and are included herewith [full texts as published in NLM]:..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (36K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: Detailed Basic Principles of the formation of the Executive
      Date of publication: 31 March 1996
      Description/subject: Full texts extracted from "The Burma Press Summary". These may be read in the 44 documents in "The National Convention (preparations and Proceedings)" at http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=1314&lo=d&sl=0 which also contain the records of much of the debate leading up to the announcement of the "Principles". See also the full archive of "The Burma Press Summary" at http://public.ibiblio.org/gsdl/cgi-bin/library?site=localhost&a=p&p=about&c=burmaps&ct=0
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SLORC (National Convention) via "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (70K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 February 2004


      Title: Detailed Basic Principles of the formation of the Legislature
      Date of publication: 29 March 1996
      Description/subject: Full texts extracted from "The Burma Press Summary". These may be read in the 44 documents in "The National Convention (preparations and Proceedings)" at http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=1314&lo=d&sl=0 which also contain the records of much of the debate leading up to the announcement of the "Principles". See also the full archive of "The Burma Press Summary" at http://public.ibiblio.org/gsdl/cgi-bin/library?site=localhost&a=p&p=about&c=burmaps&ct=0
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SLORC (National Convention) via "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (38K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 February 2004


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, March 1996
      Date of publication: March 1996
      Description/subject: Committee Meetings; Plenary Session; Chapter on The Legislature; Chapter on The Executive; Chapter on The Judiciary; Closing Address. "Panels of Chairmen and members of delegates groups met to discuss the chapters on the Legislature, the Executive, and the Judiciary, to hold coordination meetings, and to discuss clarifications of the Chairman of the National Convention Convening Work Committee U Aung Toe:..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (182K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, February 1996
      Date of publication: February 1996
      Description/subject: Committee Meetings; Rallies for Convention. Panels of Chairmen from delegates groups met to discuss the chapters on Legislature and the Executive [no mention of Judiciary], and to coordinate with leaders of paper compilation groups.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (8K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, January 1996
      Date of publication: January 1996
      Description/subject: Plenary Session; Rallies for Convention.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (10K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, December 1995
      Date of publication: December 1995
      Description/subject: Plenary Session--Legislature; Plenary Session--Executive; Plenary Session--Judiciary; 86 NLD Delegates Ousted; Rallies for Convention.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (553K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, November 1995
      Date of publication: November 1995
      Description/subject: The National Convention Plenary Session reconvened, with 631 of 677 delegates present. Chairman Lt-Gen. Myo Nyunt of the National Convention Convening Commission addressed the opening session [see below]. The National League for Democracy, refused to continue to participate in the Convention, and its delegates withdrew. [see below for Commission Press Release on the NLD withdrawal from the National Convention]. (NLM 11/29). Nov. 29: The Plenary Session continued, with 545 of 591 delegates present. [Withdrawn NLD delegates are no longer counted -- HCMacD.] National Convention Convening Commission Chairman Lt-Gen. Myo Nyunt addressed the session concerning the withdrawal of the National League for Democracy [see below, under NLD Withdrawal]. The Session then heard proposals on the Structure of Legislature presented by Peasants, Workers, Intellectuals and Intelligentsia, and State Service Personnel groups [full texts]: Plenary Session; Lt-Gen. Myo Nyunt's Opening Address; Press Release on NLD Withdrawal; Lt-Gen. Myo Nyunt on NLD Withdrawal.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (83K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, October 1995
      Date of publication: October 1995
      Description/subject: Convention to Reconvene Nov. 28. Oct. 4: National Convention Convening Commission Announcement No. 7/95 of October 4, 1995, reads as follows [full text]
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (7K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, April 1995
      Date of publication: April 1995
      Description/subject: Plenary Session; Proposal Papers Read; Panel of Chairmen Findings; U Aung Toe's Clarification; Lt-Gen. Myo Nyunt's Closing Speech.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (300K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, March 1995
      Date of publication: March 1995
      Description/subject: National Convention Working Sessions; Plenary Session; Proposal Papers Read.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (148K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, February 1995
      Date of publication: February 1995
      Description/subject: National Convention Working Sessions. [News stories sometimes list speakers, and often note when the next meetings are due, but very little of substance is included.]
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (7K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, January 1995
      Date of publication: January 1995
      Description/subject: National Convention Working Sessions. [News stories sometimes list speakers, and often note when the next meetings are due, but very little of substance is included.]
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (8K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: Myanmar's junta plans referendum on constitution
      Date of publication: 04 December 1994
      Description/subject: BODY: "Myanmar's new constitution will be adopted by a referendum, and general elections will be held in accordance with the new charter, a member of the ruling military junta has told a Japanese business delegation..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Kyodo
      Format/size: html (5K)
      Date of entry/update: 30 January 2004


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, December 1994
      Date of publication: December 1994
      Description/subject: National Convention Working Sessions. [News stories sometimes list speakers, and often note when the next meetings are due, but very little of substance is included.]
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (9K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, November 1994
      Date of publication: November 1994
      Description/subject: National Convention Working Sessions. [News stories sometimes list speakers, and often note when the next meetings are due, but very little of substance is included.]
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (11K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, October 1994
      Date of publication: October 1994
      Description/subject: National Convention Plenary Session. [News stories sometimes list speakers, and often note when the next meetings are due, but very little of substance is included.]
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (11K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, September 1994
      Date of publication: September 1994
      Description/subject: National Convention Plenary Session; Lt-Gen. Myo Nyunt's Opening Speech; U Aung Toe's Clarifications; Self-administered areas and zones; Legislatures; National Executive; Region/State governments; Self-administered area governments; Union Territory administration; Judiciary.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (342K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, August 1994
      Date of publication: August 1994
      Description/subject: Reconvening of Convention - delegates arriving towards the end of the month.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (6K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: Detailed Basic Principles of the chapters 'The State', 'The State Structure' and 'The Head of State' (original version)
      Date of publication: 10 April 1994
      Description/subject: Two English versions of these chapters exist -- the main URL carries the text as it appeared in "The New Light of Myanmar", and transcribed by "The Burma Press Summary". These may be read in the 44 documents in "The National Convention (preparations and Proceedings)" at http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=1314&lo=d&sl=0 which also contain the records of much of the debate leading up to the announcement of the "Principles". See also the full archive of "The Burma Press Summary" at http://public.ibiblio.org/gsdl/cgi-bin/library?site=localhost&a=p&p=about&c=burmaps&ct=0while ...The text in the Alternate URL is the version currently being circulated in Rangoon. There are some differences. The chapter headings of both texts are taken from from the amended version.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SLORC (National Convention) via "The New Light of Myanmar" and an SPDC-circulated pamphlet
      Format/size: html (29K, 59K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/DBP-state(2).htm
      Date of entry/update: 13 February 2004


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, April 1994
      Date of publication: April 1994
      Description/subject: National Convention Proceedings; Papers from Representatives-elect; Clarifications; Clarification by U Aung Toe; Final Compilation of Principles; Closing Speech by Lt-Gen. Myo Nyunt. Mar. 31: The Plenary Session continued, with 654 of 694 delegates present. Proposal papers were presented by members of the Representatives-elect Delegates Group, representing the National League for Democracy, Shan Nationalities League for Democracy, three independent Hluttaw representatives-elect [see full texts below]. The Alternate Chairman then "clarified future tasks," noting that 53 proposal papers dealing with the chapters the State, State Structure, and Head of State had been presented from Mar. 23-25 and Mar. 28-31. The Panel of Chairmen will "scrutinize and compile their suggestions" and "present clarification for easily understanding by all delegates." This clarification will be made on April 5, and the delegates will be informed when the Plenary Session will resume. (NLM 4/1)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (266K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, March 1994
      Date of publication: March 1994
      Description/subject: [During the earlier part of the month, delegate groups from the National Convention met to discuss the Constitutional headings "The State," "State Structure," and "Head of State." Reports list major speakers or presenters of paper proposals, but without further details. We note speakers only when their identity seems of special interest.] Papers of Nationalities Delegates; Papers of Peasants, Workers, Intelligentsia and Intellectuals, and State Service Personnel Delegates; Papers of "Other Invited Delegates" (including "Special regions"); Papers of Political Parties Delegates; Papers of Representatives-elect Group.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (348K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, February 1994
      Date of publication: February 1994
      Description/subject: Continued Proceedings: Proposal Papers on the Chapters "The State," "State Structure," and "Head of State," were discussed and adopted through the month. Reports list speakers, but do not discuss the content of discussions.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (9K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, January 1994
      Date of publication: January 1994
      Description/subject: Convention Preparations; Convention Resumes Plenary Session; Lt-Gen. Myo Nyunt's Speech; Clarification by U Aung Toe; National Convention Proceedings.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (108K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, December 1993
      Date of publication: December 1993
      Description/subject: Preparations. Dec. 15: "The National Convention Management Committee and sub-committees met, under Chairman Brig-Gen. Tin Aye, who said the National Convention is to resume Jan. 18..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (4K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: The Principles laid down to serve as bases in prescribing State Fundamental Principles ("the 104 principles")
      Date of publication: 17 September 1993
      Description/subject: The main link is to the Principles as published in "The New Light of Myanmar". The Alternate URL is to a January 2004 speech on the SPDC's "roadmap" by the Burmese Deputy Foreign Minister, with the Principles annexed. There are one or two differences between the two texts. N.B. These are the basic principles. The detailed principles, elaborated from 1994-1996 are in other documents in this section.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SLORC (National Convention) via "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (37K). 156K
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/KMWroadmap104.htm
      Date of entry/update: 31 January 2004


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, September 1993
      Date of publication: September 1993
      Description/subject: Preparations; Plenary Session Resumed; Appraisal by Alternate Chairmen; Clarifications by U Aung Toe; Speech by Lt-Gen. Myo Nyunt; Convention Adjourned to January.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (155K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, August 1993
      Date of publication: August 1993
      Description/subject: Delegate Discussions; Plenary Session Proceedings; Plenary Session Proposal Papers (statements by delegates, some full text): SNLD Representatives-elect and Party;; NUP; Representatives-elect and Party; UPNO & SSKDP Representatives-elect; MKNSO Representatives-elect; NLD Representatives-elect and Party; Nationalities Delegates; An Independent Representative-elect; Peasant Delegates; Worker Delegates; Intellectual & Intelligentsia Delegates; State Service Personnel Delegates; Other Invited Delegates; UPNO Party; SSKDP Party; MKNSO Party; LNDP Party; UKL Party; KDUP Party; WNDP Party.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (346K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, July 1993
      Date of publication: July 1993
      Description/subject: Convention Proceedings. Brief summary of meetings.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (8K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, June 1993
      Date of publication: June 1993
      Description/subject: Preparations for Reopening; Lt-Gen. Myo Nyunt's Opening Speech; U Aung Toe's Clarification; Convention Proceedings.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (81K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, May 1993
      Date of publication: May 1993
      Description/subject: Convention Activities; Donations.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (7K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, April 1993
      Date of publication: April 1993
      Description/subject: Papers on Chapter Headings; U Aung Toe Clarifies; U Aung Toe Clarifies Again; Chairman Adjourns to June 7; Delegate Ousted as Terrorist; Table of Chapter Headings; Vigilance Urged.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Working People's Daily" (WPD) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (65K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, March 1993
      Date of publication: March 1993
      Description/subject: U Aung Than on Chapter Headings; Panel Discussions; U Aung Toe on Chapter Headings.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Working People's Daily" (WPD) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (47K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, February 1993
      Date of publication: February 1993
      Description/subject: National Convention Reconvenes; Administrative Matters; Specific Delegates; U Aung Toe's Speech; Panels of Chairmen; Panels Discuss Chapter Headings; Plenary Session on Chapter Headings.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Working People's Daily" (WPD) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (76K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Proceedings, January 1993
      Date of publication: January 1993
      Description/subject: Convention Preparations; Convention's Opening Speech; First Days of Convention; Convention Procedures; Chief Justice's Speech; Convention Recessed to February 22; Delegates Return Home, and Come Back; Rumours Denounced; Subversives Arrested.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Working People's Daily" (WPD) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (167K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: SLORC restrictions on delegates to the National Convention
      Date of publication: 1993
      Description/subject: The following are translated excerpts from the booklet "Discipline, Rules and Regulations for the National Convention", distributed by the SLORC to all delegates to the National Convention.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SLORC (National Convention)
      Format/size: html (44K)
      Date of entry/update: 15 February 2004


      Title: National Convention preparations, December 1992
      Date of publication: December 1992
      Description/subject: Working Committee Established; Preparations for the Convention; Warning from Yangon Commander.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Working People's Daily" (WPD) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (15K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention preparations, November 1992
      Date of publication: November 1992
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Working People's Daily" (WPD) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (8K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: Formation of the Convening Commission for the National Convention - SLORC Order 13/92: (English)
      Date of publication: 02 October 1992
      Description/subject: "... In order that the National Convention may be convened systematically, successfully and smoothly, the State Law and Order Restoration Council hereby forms the following Convening Commission for the National Convention... [the] Convening Commission ... a) Shall convene the National Convention with the objective of laying down principles to be based upon in drafting a firm Constitution of the State, b) Shall, in laying down the basic principles for the drafting of the Constitution of the State at the National Convention, supervise in order to co-ordinate within the framework of the following objectives: i) Non-disintegration of the Union; ii) Non-disintegration of National Solidarity; iii) Consolidation and perpetuation of Sovereignty; iv) Emergence of a genuine multi-party democratic system; v) Development of eternal principles of justice, liberty and equality in the State; and vi) Participation of the Tatmadaw in the leading role of national politics of the State in (the) future..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
      Format/size: html (16K)
      Date of entry/update: 15 February 2004


      Title: National Convention preparations, October 1992
      Date of publication: October 1992
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SLORC ("The Working People's Daily" (WPD) via Burma Press Summary)
      Format/size: html (26K)
      Date of entry/update: 15 February 2004


      Title: Gen. Than Shwe on the National Convention
      Date of publication: 15 September 1992
      Description/subject: Short summary of his statement
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Working People's Daily" (WPD) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (5K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Steering Committee Report Submitted
      Date of publication: 07 August 1992
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Working People's Daily" (WPD) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (5K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Coordination session, June-July 1992
      Date of publication: July 1992
      Description/subject: Second Day Co-ordination Session; Chairman's Speech; Proposals by Political Parties; National League for Democracy; Shan National League for Democracy; National Unity Party; Other Parties; Third Day Co-ordination Session; Chairman's Opening Speech; Party Discussions; Secretary Reviews Proposals; Closing Speech by Chairman. "The Co-ordination Meeting for the Convening of the National Convention, which held its first session on June 23, met again. Following a speech by Steering Committee Chairman Maj-Gen. Myo Nyunt, leaders of the eight political parties, and an independent Representative, made presentations. The meeting then adjourned until July 10..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Working People's Daily" (WPD) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (133K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: National Convention Co-ordination Meeting, 23 June 1992
      Date of publication: 23 June 1992
      Description/subject: National Convention: Co-ordination Meeting Opens; Maj-Gen. Kyin Nyunt's Speech.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Working People's Daily" (WPD) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (31K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: SLORC Notification No. 35/92 of May 28 1992: Formation of the Steering Committee for Holding Co-ordination Meeting for the Convening of the National Convention
      Date of publication: 28 May 1992
      Description/subject: "The State Law and Order Restoration Council has already declared by issue of Declaration No 11/92 of 24th April, 1992 that it will, in respect of the Convening of the National Convention, meet and co-ordinate, within two months with the leaders of the elected Representatives of political parties existing lawfully and elected individual Representatives. 2. In accordance with the above-mentioned Declaration, the State Law and Order Restoration Council has formed a committee to steer the holding of the Co-ordination Meeting for the Convening of the National Convention, with the following persons and has assigned responsibility thereto:- Steering Committee..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SLORC ("The Working People's Daily" (WPD) via Burma Press Summary)
      Format/size: html (5K)
      Date of entry/update: 15 February 2004


      Title: SLORC Order No. 9/92 of May 28 1992: Holding of the Co-ordination Meeting for the Convening of the National Convention (English)
      Date of publication: 28 May 1992
      Description/subject: "The State Law and Order Restoration Council has determined as follows to hold the Co-ordination Meeting for the Convening of the National Convention in accordance with the Declaration made, by issue of Declaration No 11/92 of 24th April, 1992 in respect to Convening of the National Convention to meet and coordinate, within two months, with the leaders of the elected Representatives of political parties existing lawfully and elected individual Representatives..." (a) Date of Commencement of meeting: 23rd June, 1992
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SLORC ("The Working People's Daily" (WPD) via Burma Press Summary)
      Format/size: html (7K)
      Date of entry/update: 15 February 2004


      Title: National Convention preparations, May 1992
      Date of publication: May 1992
      Description/subject: Co-ordination Meeting Called: SLORC Order No. 9/92 of May 28, Holding of the Co-ordination Meeting for the Convening of the National Convention; "1. The State Law and Order Restoration Council has determined as follows to hold the Co-ordination Meeting for the Convening of the National Convention in accordance with the Declaration made, by issue of Declaration No 11/92 of 24th April, 1992 in respect to Convening of the National Convention to meet and coordinate, within two months, with the leaders of the elected Representatives of political parties existing lawfully and elected individual Representatives:..." [full text] Steering Committee Named: SLORC Notification No. 35/92 of May 28, Formation of the Steering Committee for Holding Co-ordination Meeting for the Convening of the National Convention [full text]; Steering Committee Office Opened.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Working People's Daily" (WPD) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (19K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: SLORC Declaration 11/92: Convening of the National Convention
      Date of publication: 24 April 1992
      Description/subject: SLORC Declaration No. 11/92 of Apr. 24, Convening of the National Convention,
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Working People's Daily" (WPD) via Burma Press Summary
      Format/size: html (6K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: STATEMENT BY HIS EXCELLENCY U OHN GYAW, MINISTER FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS AND CHAIRMAN OF THE DELEGATION OF THE UNION OF MYANMAR, IN THE GENERAL DEBATE AT THE FORTY-SIXTH SESSION OF THE UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY
      Date of publication: 04 October 1991
      Description/subject: Contains promises to transfer power.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SLORC
      Format/size: html (23K)
      Date of entry/update: 21 February 2004


      Title: SLORC Declaration No. 1/90 of July 27, 1990
      Date of publication: 27 July 1990
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
      Format/size: html (18K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: SLORC Press Conference (extract), 9 June 1989
      Date of publication: 09 June 1989
      Description/subject: Contains promises to transfer power
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SLORC
      Format/size: html (7K)
      Date of entry/update: 21 February 2004


    • The National Convention (texts of Principles)
      These documents contain the texts of the "Principles laid down to serve as bases in prescribing State Fundamental Principles ("the 104 principles") as well as the "detailed basic principles" elaborated later.

      Individual Documents

      Title: The Fundamental Principles and Detailed Basic Principles (English)
      Date of publication: 10 September 2007
      Description/subject: The 15 chapters of principles adopted by the National Convention which the SPDC has said will form the basis of a new constitution.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar" via Khin Kyaw Han
      Format/size: pdf (546K)
      Date of entry/update: 14 September 2007


      Title: Detailed Basic Principles of the formation of the Judiciary
      Date of publication: 01 April 1996
      Description/subject: Full texts extracted from "The Burma Press Summary". These may be read in the 44 documents in "The National Convention (preparations and Proceedings)" at http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=1314&lo=d&sl=0 which also contain the records of much of the debate leading up to the announcement of the "Principles". See also the full archive of "The Burma Press Summary" at http://public.ibiblio.org/gsdl/cgi-bin/library?site=localhost&a=p&p=about&c=burmaps&ct=0
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SLORC (National Convention) via "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (33K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 February 2004


      Title: Detailed Basic Principles of the formation of the Executive
      Date of publication: 31 March 1996
      Description/subject: Full texts extracted from "The Burma Press Summary". These may be read in the 44 documents in "The National Convention (preparations and Proceedings)" at http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=1314&lo=d&sl=0 which also contain the records of much of the debate leading up to the announcement of the "Principles". See also the full archive of "The Burma Press Summary" at http://public.ibiblio.org/gsdl/cgi-bin/library?site=localhost&a=p&p=about&c=burmaps&ct=0
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SLORC (National Convention) via "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (70K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 February 2004


      Title: Detailed Basic Principles of the formation of the Legislature
      Date of publication: 29 March 1996
      Description/subject: Full texts extracted from "The Burma Press Summary". These may be read in the 44 documents in "The National Convention (preparations and Proceedings)" at http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=1314&lo=d&sl=0 which also contain the records of much of the debate leading up to the announcement of the "Principles". See also the full archive of "The Burma Press Summary" at http://public.ibiblio.org/gsdl/cgi-bin/library?site=localhost&a=p&p=about&c=burmaps&ct=0
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SLORC (National Convention) via "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (38K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 February 2004


      Title: THE DETAILED BASIC PRINCIPLES FOR PRESCRIBING SELF-ADMINISTERED AREAS
      Date of publication: 11 April 1995
      Description/subject: Full texts extracted from "The Burma Press Summary". These may be read in the 44 documents in "The National Convention (preparations and Proceedings)" at http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=1314&lo=d&sl=0 which also contain the records of much of the debate leading up to the announcement of the "Principles". See also the full archive of "The Burma Press Summary" at http://public.ibiblio.org/gsdl/cgi-bin/library?site=localhost&a=p&p=about&c=burmaps&ct=0
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SLORC (National Convention) via "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (10K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 February 2004


      Title: Detailed Basic Principles of the chapters 'The State', 'The State Structure' and 'The Head of State' (original version)
      Date of publication: 10 April 1994
      Description/subject: Two English versions of these chapters exist -- the main URL carries the text as it appeared in "The New Light of Myanmar", and transcribed by "The Burma Press Summary". These may be read in the 44 documents in "The National Convention (preparations and Proceedings)" at http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=1314&lo=d&sl=0 which also contain the records of much of the debate leading up to the announcement of the "Principles". See also the full archive of "The Burma Press Summary" at http://public.ibiblio.org/gsdl/cgi-bin/library?site=localhost&a=p&p=about&c=burmaps&ct=0while ...The text in the Alternate URL is the version currently being circulated in Rangoon. There are some differences. The chapter headings of both texts are taken from from the amended version.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SLORC (National Convention) via "The New Light of Myanmar" and an SPDC-circulated pamphlet
      Format/size: html (29K, 59K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/DBP-state(2).htm
      Date of entry/update: 13 February 2004


      Title: The Principles laid down to serve as bases in prescribing State Fundamental Principles ("the 104 principles")
      Date of publication: 17 September 1993
      Description/subject: The main link is to the Principles as published in "The New Light of Myanmar". The Alternate URL is to a January 2004 speech on the SPDC's "roadmap" by the Burmese Deputy Foreign Minister, with the Principles annexed. There are one or two differences between the two texts. N.B. These are the basic principles. The detailed principles, elaborated from 1994-1996 are in other documents in this section.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: SLORC (National Convention) via "The New Light of Myanmar"
      Format/size: html (37K). 156K
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/KMWroadmap104.htm
      Date of entry/update: 31 January 2004